Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 24, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 24, 1849 Page 2
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0 NEW YORK HERALD. I RafthwMt earner of Kalian and " 1 MO* JAHE8 OOBOOI BBtlflBn, PROPRIETOR. TBK daily HERALD.?Three editioni, 2 conlt wr ropy?17 peratmmm. The MORSINU EDITION it publiehtdit 3 o'clock AM. and Attributed be/or* brraktntl; lUJirtt AFTERNOON EDITION earn be h?d of 111 aaeaboya of 1 o'clock; and the ?g*?\ Hf'l a dciack.p At THE WKEKL1 HERALD. fen circulation on this Contt?Wli pttbhthed every Su.iurd.ty, at 6% rente per copy or $3 per a an am ; /ar circulation u brapa, nui printed (n French etnd Knylith, at rmta (tar ropy, or ti per annum ; the latter ALL ^TTE/l'/by'^U, /or tuber rtpdent. or wtth adoertUementt. tobe poO paid, or the pmt,let mill bo deducted from yOVuf^fdRtV^C( IRRhSP ONDENCR. containing import art motet. aliflM from any quarter of the world ; if uted, will be ikorally paid for. AHL'MMINIS TXJIB EVEN1KQ. Bi)WBT THEATER. Howaiy?National Qvaeo?Ea, mm Err. IIOlAflT THEATRE. BihUm lai?w Attoawwt? ?>~i> man An Bcvi-Bji Larr Lcea ? BoHSAarsa Fwmt OBO. NATIONAL TMATBB, Ofefttbim Sq?M?Chha or tmi IK Ciurofiu-Ttn add Jbmmt?WMO'l fir Uora*iti>r BCRTOITR THBATRB. rkaq8m ItlUt frn PtT-IU. AMD till. llMKIA UCBiMIW HALL, Bcoadway, MM BiOMM-CiuuRT'a iMMKMA BOClirr LIBRARY, Broadway?Hew Oirnn n*i> MM BROADWAY CIR8U8, 667 BroaAwa*-HoAaotaaimr, P?WY laou, add Duoim Hoaasa?Bt Iuia un A Oo/a iMm BOOLOQIOAL HALL, BowotT?Vu Amkmi k Oa'a iDianuL OH1WHBR HUBBUB. Bmtnr-OiniHi Onioimm VmiTA BOOKS?Koea. Adbixh, Maoio a?n> PANORAMA HALL, 896 Bioadway-PAHoa aha or rue Bumoa Rite i. Hew York, SaluMtay, llarcb M, 1840. The Doable Herald. n> TmiidiT n?xt wo shall Dubllth. aa uaual. our dou hie abect, for the benefit of the rut number of advertisers rapidly coming to ue for the publication of their eards. Thle plan of publishing a double sheet has been taken with great aridity by the business public80 suooeseful, indeed, does it promise to be, that we should not be surprised if, before six months, we shall be under the necessity of publishing a double sheet every day. An advertisement In suoh a sheet is put before thirty thousand readers every morning; readers, too, who peruse what is before them. Advertisers will please hand in their advertisements for the Double Ho aid as soon as possible before Monday night. The Foreign Kiwi. Our readers will Had, in another oolumn of thin day's paper, two weeks later intelligence from all parts oi Enrope and Asia. It reached Il&iifax on Thursday night, in the steamship Canada, from Liverpool. It was then conveyed by horse express to the Boy of Fundy; thence over that bay, in a steamer, to St. John; thence to this city by magnetic telegraph. The news is of considerable importance, both politically and commercially. The advices from India are of the greatest importance to the people of England, at the moment while they are making an effort to reduce the expenditures of the government. They are im poriKUi* ioo, iii uic 1'icocuv aspect ui ttimirn on mo continent of Europe. The intelligence lrom Russia, France, &c., will be found to be of a striking character. The commercial account* are of the highest interest ; but we refer our readers to the telegraphic details in another column. The steamer will probably arnre here early tomorrow morning. The New Cabinet and its Prospects. The intelligence from Washington, disclosing the proceedings and prospects of the cabinet ot Gen. Taylor, is, thus far, encouraging to the Iriends of the new administration. According to the accounts which we have received from there, and which we believe are reliable, it has been decided, after mature deliberation, that any system of removal from, or appointment to, office, looking like political proscription, similar to that which characterized the administrations of Gen. Jackson and Gen. Hamsun, will not be encouraged by the advisers of the new President. Only two members of the existing cabinet?Mr. Ewing and Mr. Collaraer? have signified a wish for indiscriminate removal from office, the majority, with the President at their head, being hostile to aDy such principle in the management ?f public affairs. Those *wo gentlemen, therefore, being the minority, will aitkav fiiikmif tA (Ka mAjJaOofa a?l?J liltasnl CiUll.1 MUFU1U iw IUO U1WUVIOK. ouu uun ai tvUlDC thus marked out by the President and his advisers, or will retire from the positions which they occupy. Wc suppose, however, that they will remain where they are, and follow out the policy to which Gen. Tayler pledged himself, previous to his nomination and election, and to which he till adheres, in opposition to all proscription cliques, now that he is President of the United States. But this determination of the cabinet to avoid political proscription, does net by any means preclude them from making all necessary and appropriate removals, and filling the vacancies by competent, intelligent, faithful, and discreet men. There will, and must be, removals, to a certain extent, in the various departments of the government, foreign and domestic ; but such changes will be brought about slowly, deliberately, cautiously, and without any of the characteristics which were manifested in the first movements of the Jackson cabinet, or that of General Harrison. The high, independent and liberal character of the noble old man who has been elevated to the Presidency of this republic, is a guaranty that the government will be conducted on the most liberal and general principles, in its appointments as well as lb the adoption of its general measures. In all matters of detail, the cabinet will furnish the President with what is necessary to be known or acted upon : but if this cabinet, or any portion of it, should deceive or delude him, in the exerciBe ol their duty according to the programme laid down tor them, they may reat asaurcd that he will act a? becomes an enlightened chief magistrate in the premises, and that the people of this country, without reterenca to party, will support him, to the dismissal of any portion of the cabinet, or even to its complete removal and the substitution of another. We are happy, however, to learn, from the best sources in Washington, that a majority of the cabinet entertain the same views as those which have been brought into the White House by the President, and that they will liberally and energetically endeavor to carry out his purposes to the fullest extent, dunog his term of oflice. Thus far, undoubtedly, with one or two exceptions?exceptions, too, having a beneficial effect?they have succeeded remarkably well. Amid such crowds ot < llice beggars, there must be discontent anil displetisure; hut the great body of the American people willdistinguish with accuracy between the disconieni of office beggars and ihe difficulties ol organizing a new administration on new and en'igtiiencd principles If Mr. Clayton and his colleagues in the cabinet, conduct their several departments with care, deliberation, wisdom, and liberality, there is no difficulty in organizing a national patty, both in Congresa and hroughont the country, that can maintain power -a the general government for a quarter of a cenvury. The opposition of the deleted and broken ? own democracy can easily he met and repelled, I y union, moderation, enlightened and liberal piiucipha of action, and in the circulation and I I* rpetuation of lli* same sentiments, through their newspaper organs m the severai State* TWO WRRI8' LATBR MTB1LIURSCE FROM TIM OLD WORLD, BT THK STEAMSHIP CANADA, IIRUIIOUT BT OVERLAND EXPRESS AN? MAftmnO VBLSO&AFB, riox HALIFAX, ROFA SCOTIA, to -rax NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE. IMPORTANT NEWS FROM EUROPE AN0 ASIA. TERRIBLE BATTLE IN INDIA. Iutcrcsting Intelligence from the Continent Dreadful Shipwreck and Loss of Life Stale of the Financial and Commercial Markets. Ac., Ao., Ate., Ate. The Canada, Captain Judkine, with European news to the 10th inst, arrived at Halifax on Thursday evening, shortly after 9 o'clock, having experienced very heavy weather on her passage. She was detained 15 hours of! the harbor, in one the most terrific gales known to the coast of Nova Scotia. The same trale, which was from the southwest, waa most severely felt in the Bay of Fundy, and, no doubt, has caused many marine disasters. From unavoidable causes, it was 11 o'clock before our express agent could procure papers, with a list of passengers, and other desirable information, from the steamer; and he then had to encounter the dark night, not relieved by a single star, and e road on which the snow lay from two to four feet deep, and rendered nearly impassable from a week of mild weather, to which was added, on Thursday morning, ' several hours of warm rain. Still, every obstacle was overcome, and the express finally reached the Bteamer Commodore, at Merandille Point, at twesty-five minutes past eight o'clocK in the morning?making the run in the I extraordinary short time of nine hours and twentyfive minutes. The express having unexpectedly arrived, the Commodore was detained thirty minutes in getting up steam, and arrived at St. John at half-past two, P. Id., this day; thus occupying but five hours and thirty minutes in passing over the Bay?and making the whole time from Halifax to St. John, fifteen hours and thirty minutes. The Canada left Halifax at twelve o'clock, and will arrive at her wharf in New York early on Sunday. She has ninety-nine passengers. Commercial and Financial Intelligence* The terrible accounts from the seat of war in India, united with the decided tone of defiance lately assumed by Russia, and the attitude the Czar is evidently preparing to assume in the warlike operations m Italy, Austria, &c., has caused an uneasy feeling, and has operated injuriously upon the business of the country. But trade, notwithstanding, continues steady, and prices for most articles of produce aro very a&tisfaatory. The funds, under the influence of the uneasy feeling alluded to above, have fluctuated considerably, and have receded lully one percent within the last fortnight. It is gratifying to observe that, during this time, though it cannot be said that American stocks have actually risen, yet there has not been the slightest reaction. In cotton there is less business doing than when the last steamer left, and a slight falling off in prices has followed. This, however, did not occur till the last week. The sales continued large, and prices were very firm up to the close of market on the 2d inst. There is a greater degree of dulness and gloom in the grain trade throughout all the leading markets, than there haa been for a long period. Prices continue to droop, and from present appearances, under the pressure of heavy arrivals from abroad, the bottom has not yet been reached. From the manufacturing districts, the accounts continue favorable ; there is also a fair business going forward in the prsduce markets on the continent, and prices, on the whole, are steadily maintained. The meal market continues active, and prices are on the advance. Durinc the week endinw March 2. fair A menran cotton not only maintained its ground, but waa a point higher than when the America Bailed. The sales amounted to 60,170 bales. The disastrous accounts Irom India, and the news by the Niagara that there was a large excess of the receipts of cotton at the principal shipping ports in America, over the corresponding period last year, gars a decided check to the market in the early part of the last week, and since then, the demand has been contracted to the supply of the immediate wants of consumers, which has caused prices to decline one quarter of a penny per pound. Fair uplands are now quoted at 4|; Mobile and Orleans 5[. Sales for the week 22,220 bales. The importation of breadstufls from the United States, during the last fortnight, has been unusually large. Prices for all descriptions have been in favor ot the buyer. There is a large supply of wheat and flour, Indian corn and meal m the market, and large quantities are being warehoused. Purchases are made merely to supply immediate wants. These remarks will apply to all the leading corn markets throughout the kingdom. At Liverpool, on the 9th, white wheat was sola in small quantities at 6s. lOd. a 7s id.; Southern Hour 2T)b. 9d a 26e.; Western canal, 25s. a 25?. 6J.; Philadelphia and Baltimore, 21s. 6d. a 25s. 3d.; best ^uiuinn ye now corn, a*. ?d ; and mixed, Ma. a 28a. fid. per quarter; meal is quoted at 13s. a lis. perhbl. There is a lair trade going forward in American cured provisions. The arrivals of beef are very heavy. Alihough three times as great as at the lime time last year, fine qualities bring full prices. Other sorts are to he had on very easy terms, say Cos a 70s. per tierce for ordinary prime; n;< sa barely supports Itte rates; lard is in fair demand at a decline of sixpence per cwt.; cheese is steady; bat butter has receded from Is a Is fi.l |>er cwt. and in some instances 2s. has been accepted. J<ice partakes of the dullness applicable to all kinds of birndstufii, and the finest qualities of Carolina are qioted at 18s. a 20s. per cwt. Naval storrs are quiet, snd command former pricss. There is a small decreaas of bullion in the last bank, accounts, which indicates a change in the morcy rriHiket, and that the demand for bullion for the continent ,a increasing I>omcatie securities have b< t u on'he decline, owing to Ktrrope-tu af tarn, and the bad newa from Iadia ; bat console, it will be aeen, Mill sta id at the N?h tig u re. The bank share# ol the Freuch bank have been pushed up enormously during the last fortnight; and now that politics in Pana have become more settled, the fears which were at one time felt for th? maintenance ol public credit have subsided- The riae in French bunk shares is no lass than from 1,700 to 2,500 Irauca. The London money market continues easy.? Discounts of best paper range from 2} a per cent. Consols lor money, loweBt 91|, highest and closing, 92 ; for account, lowest 91), highest ind closing 92}. American stocks fully maintain their prices. 11 wm expected inst wnen trie news of the rise of U. S. 6 percent* to 104 reached New Yolk, that there would have been a corresponding rice were. Had this been so, then another rise here wou'-d have infallibly followed That the Pennsylvania dividends have been paidcne-hatf in relief notes, bus been a source of unmitigated disgust to the holders, who consider that Pennsylvania could have paid if she would; and they poiat at the reverse conduct of Maryland, which, with more or less resources, does not avail itself of such a paltry uberhige 10 plunder foreign creditors. Pennsylvania, 7d a 77; Maryland, St a 85. Interesting Proceedings in the British Parliament* In Parliament, on the 26th ult, Mr. Cobden, in a speech of the most temperate character, brought forward his long heralded financial reform budget, the main object of which was, to cut down our expenditure .?10.000,000 per annum. He was met by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who adduced an epitome on all the arguments which, during the last two months, had impaired the strength of Mr. Cobden's suggestions. The debate which followed falsified all the expectations entertained by the friends of the financial reform champion. It languished from the beginning, and the question was disposed of on the same evening?Mr. Cobden's amendments being rejected by a majority of 197? the number being 275 to 78. Even the radical papers admit that one-ball of the 78 would not have voted for the amendment if they had imagined tfcat it would have been earned. As tar as Parliament is concerned, the project of Mr. Cobden was decided upon. The journals in his interest hive abated their tone of defiance, and now say?what all Englishmen have agreed upon?that retrenchment should be carried out in every wise and judicious manner. The protectionists, through the mouth of Mr D'Israeli, are making an effort to moot the question on agriculture. They have placed a motion on the paper, declaring that taxation lor national purposes would fall mainly, if not exclusively, tj on land and real property; that this apportionment is aggravated by more than one-third of the whole revenue being derived from the excise on agricultural produce, now exposed to the cdmpetition of the untaxed products of other countries, thereby limiting the demand for British produce, and iettering trade and industry. The presumption is, that the discussion of the subject will merely raise the question of agricultural burdens, without leading to any legislative result. Iu loreign afl'aira Lord Palmerston has been supported by Parliament in the course he has found himself compelled to take, especially m the Sictliaa disputes. Mr. Drummond's transfer of property bill has been read a Becend time, but it can, we fear, scarcely struggle through both houses. Amongst the useful bills which are in progress through Parliament, is one facilitating the transfer of policies of assurance. By this bill, the most simple assignment with a registry will suffice to make a legal transfer without a deed. An important document has been laid upon the table of the House of Commons, showing the disposition of the various governments of Europe to reciprocate similar advantages with those we propose to concede to them, by the abrogation of the nnvivAtion laws. Austria oromiees to instruct Count Colleredo on the Bubject. Belgium is not prepared to abolish differential duties, as no Belgian vessels could compete upon equal terms with England. France adduces her well known liberal and friendly disposition as an earnest of her endeavor to do all in her power to reconcile the interests of French commerce and navigation with the principles ot perfect reciprocity invoked by the English government. Greece declares her commerce free, except for coasting trade, and no restrictions there contemplated. Havover avoids an explicit answer; but Hamburg, Bremen and Holland all declarej for freetrade. The Portuguese evade an answer by referring the case to the fiscal authorities. Prussia promises perfect reciprocity; and Prussia asks for reciprocity when she will also concede equal advantages, reserving the coasting trade. Sardinia, Sweden and H or way are generally favorable, and the cabinet of Washington promises an early answer to the points submitted by Mr. Crampton on the 16th ot Jan. last. That this reply will be satisfactory, Mr. Bancroft's assurance leaves us no reason to doubt. The debate on the Irish law has prevented the navigation laws being resumed in the early part of the week; but the subject stood for discussion last night, when Mr. Laboucherl was to move the second reading of his bill. Drendmi Shipwreck and Ijoss of Ufa. The frightful wreck of sn emigrant ship has taken place on our coast, off Harwich. The bark Floiidian, of GOO tons, E. D. Whitmore, master, from Antwerp for New York, the property of Messrs. E. D. Hurlbut & Co., chartered by a German company to convey emigrants, was wholly lost on the 28th ult., and all on board perished. The master and crew, exoept three men, together with 126 passengers, were drowned. 126 green hides, 125 cases glass, and various other articles from the wreck, were carried into Margate on the 4th instant. Other articles also reached flamsgate on the same day. Great Battle In India. The details of the late warlike intelligence from India are replete with more than ordinary interest, but we can at present make but brief allusion to the subject. The Bombay Ttltgraph says another murderous conflict with the Sikhs has occurred, on the left bank of the river Ihelum, near, as some say, the identical spot which, 2,000 years ago, formed the battle field of Alexander and Porus. scene, rich in classic associations, has been the arena of a fierce and protracted struggle between|ilie|anny of the.Punjaub, under Lord trough, and the Sikh forces, under llsjah Shirere Singh? a straggle in which the British have to deplore the loss of at least W officers, and 2,600 men killed and wounded, 4 guns captured and 4 or6 regimental colors taken bythe enemy. The struggle terminating in victory,was disgraced by the flight of the Bengal cavalry regiment, and the retreat is as yet scarcely aaiisfactonly explained of two British corps of dragoons?a struggle which left the contending hosts so weak and shattered, that it was doubtfnl which had sustained the greatest injury from the conflict, and which yielded so few of the badges of triumph (or the victors, that their opponents took a new [toBition and fired a salute in honor of its termination. Though masters of the field, our laurels are drenched with blood, and it is the universal opinion that two more such victories would be virtual ruin. No attempt is made by the English press to disguise the fact that the news from rndia is of ihe moat disastrous character. Lord Couch has been promptly superseded in the command by Sir Charles Napier, who was to hjiW* urr l><>! flf/l tA tliii 4.1 I, ASlililid ill. 20th ult. A (Intra In (rr*nce( The French Hovernment continues to gather strength, biid there is evidently a growing dis|K/riticii on tlie puit ol the nm ion to crmli any at tem|tat ptih'ic difOider. I'jmn the whole, tlie j>rt ei? t"a oi I/4H jut/I ty jr./~or: la. ?. ihey bave been during the punt year. The labors ot the AwrmWy hire cased to be of any interest ? they have oven chiefly occupied in pushing the electoral laws. As Hn evidence of the strength of 1 the government, it may be meotioned that an attempt to censure the minister for calling out the tr<4i|?onthe 29ill January, was defeated by the large majority of 264. Public attention seems to be divided betweee the intrigues ot the vaiioua parties respecting thn el? ction and the proceedings of the High Court at Bwurges. Barbes and Louis Blanc, with other State prisoners, have been transferred to Bourges, which is strongly protected by troops. The counts of accusation agitoat the prisoners have been published, and recspitulatedand all the acta of the accused on the memorable 4th and 15th May, last on which latter d?y, it will b? remembered, Barbes and Louis tilaoc invaded the National Assembly, and succeeded lor a few hours in seizing the reins ot government. There can be no doubt that the guilt of most of the prisoners will be clearly established; and it is supposed to be the intention of government, should any oi the prisoners be sentenced to transportation, to send them to the Marquesas

Islands. The trials commenced on the 7th instant, when the court was constituted ; and such was the interest excited, that reporters from the Unitsd States attended to take notes. The celebrated Vidocq is one of the witnesses, as sIbo Lamartine, Arago, Marrast, and about two hundred others. It is thought that the trial will elicit some curious facts relating to the provisional government ot last year. An interesting debate took place in the Assembly on the 8th, with reierence to the attitude to be taken by France in relation to Rome and Tuscany, and whi?h is the cause of much uneasiness at present, in which Lamartine, Drouin, Delhuys, Ledru K oil in, Gen. Cavaignac, and others, took part. We have a report of the first day's proceedings at the trial of the prisoners for political offences atBourgcs; but there were no cases elicited of general interest. It is asserted that the French government has resolved to withdraw the troops from the island ot Otaheite. The marriage of General Caveignac with Mad. Baudin, widow of the former Receiver-General and banker, of that name, is talked of in the fashionable circles of Paris. Mad. Baudin possesses a private fortune which is estimated at three millions ot francs. Continental Intelligence. ? The continental news will be read with more than ordinary interest, and is, in fact, of the highest importance. Perhaps the most striking feature is the march of the Imperial Guard of Russia, from St. Petersburg. These men, numbering 52,000 strong, have net quitted the capital since 1331; they have proceeded through Wilna, to the frontier, and will no doubt take such a position as to be able to keep in check the diBafiected Poles, on the Prussian frontier, support the imperialists in the Hungarian struggle, aud assume such an attitude as shall plainly indicate the intention of the Czar to control as much as possible any disposition to revive the scene,which se unhappily occurred during the last year. A Russian note has sppeared, in which the Czar declares his resolution of adhering firmly to the treaty of 1816, and any attempt is made to in' fringe them, he Bhall decree a causa btlli. The entrance of 10,0U0 Russians into Austrian Transylvania, only evidences the disposition of the Czar, who assuredly will not consent ts any change in the territorial districts ef Italy, unless with the entire consent of Austria. The armistice of Malmo will cease after the 20th March, and the King of Prussia declares that he will no longer be bound by it. TI*a iim Ia vnanma 1*Aatilitmn nn?| I Aiiv i/cuivp aiv av auj iv ivpuutb uvviuiviva) auu are concentrating large forces at Koldnig. It is very doubtful, however, whether the belligerents will again come to blows. We cannot doubt but lhat the Danish right to the Duchies will be maintained inviolate. Russia has refused to admit the Schleswig-Holstein vessels into her ports, unless under the Danish Hag. The King of Prussia opened the Chambers on the 26th ultimo. The royal speech possesses no particular feature. The Austrian war in Hungary has proceeded with variable success in the Bouth of Hungary. The German population, finding the insurgents carrying destruction in every quarter, called on the Russians, who now occupy Cronstadt and Hermanstadt. Several serious battles have taken place?one m the neighborhood of Ohlau, lasting two days, with considerable slaughter, and the Imperialists seem to have had the advantage. Reports have been circulated that in one engagement Bern had both his legs shot of!'; but the last report is that he had left Transylvania for Hungary. The insurgent troops amount to 140,000 men, split up into many divisions. It is difficult to ascertain the actual progress of the war, the termination of which seems still to be very remote. Whilst Austria is pressing on the war Tn Hungary, she is not unmindful of Italian aflairs. She has marched a body of troops into Ferrara, and seized upon the city and levied a fine upon the citizens of 200,000 scaddi, whioh she handed over to the Pope. The revolution of Tuscany is complete; the republic has been proclaimed at Leghorn, Florence, and a central Italian republic has been formed, in union with the Remans. The Grand Duke has protested against this revolution, and has entreated all the powers of Europe to refuse to recognize the new authority, which he declares to be a violation of the constitution, agreed to by all parties last year, committed by a factious minority. The Prince of Canmo has been elected Vice President of the republic of Rome. The pope, after halting between abdication and soliciting foreign intervention, has now, it is said, made an application to Austria ; and it is confidently stated that Spain is about to send a division of 10,000 men to aid in restoring his Holiness. The latest intelligence from Italy states that the Reman Ministry had communicated to the Assembly that a joint intervention of Austria, Spam and Naples is announced. France had not decided what part to take. Piedmont has resolved to intervene in Tuscany, to hinder civil war, and oppose the Austrian intervention. It seems probable that Naples on the south, and Austria on the side of the Pope, will overrun the Papal States; bat etui, the question of constitu. tional government at Rome and Florenoe can scarcely be settled at the point of the bayonet. The relations of Sardinia and Austria add fur ther difficulties to the general contusion which prevails from the foot of the Alps to the Mediteranesn. From Turin all is in a distracted state, while Genoa seems ripe for some republican movement; and, altogether, the elements of disorder were scarcely ever more rife in Italy than at this moment. It is only the quiet attitude of France, and the peaceful efforts of England, whicn prevent these combustible material* Iroin bursting a tlaine. The latest intelligence from Vienna is to the 4th inst. A'l bt the capital serve in thinking S(hat many each victories as the Austrian* won at Ohlau would, ere long, bring the Magyars toathe gates ot Vienna. _ PsMrngere Par Steamship Canada. Mr'.Kiltn Vr? Ford end 4 chi'dren and i nraa. Mr*. 1fi;t*ab, Hit T. t Kym, Mrs. Heron and a m. lira P .11, H * oM d i,a aim*, Mlnta Kulnu, Ptaldr. Sin:lh and Male. Hi-aura Kniaw, Brer* Ciadln. Pell, ('amnrrn, Taylor, tall, Hcmnhtun, Oo-d v m.Oai l-i-llv Capt. M?nrae, ('apt. Seaaa, Route Rnt'-aram, / Poor, Mr Johnaion. Doatty. Ran. Iltnknp, tt nriiuy, 01 loepl?, SM titwi, Hayeaand atrvfc C'nlrllln Nap'er F alia,''Ofliarell, S iama.n, l:urkln(Iam. Hydo, Daaaldann, ?"jwill, Sherman. Pntta, l*?a laran*. Soijnatte, Cfc'ldwall. Wrrl. Manlanri, .orlon. Tl rmpaoo, Mitel .Ml, MoMnrray, Raid, Qill.iry, Morrtaoa, <>,?? iter, ThinIna, Void. ?o?Rtiai-n, R.ichraa. Puno. Loxtroft, lai i '.iria, Co"k M<k I'aonla. < n*. Kt'ip ai.d aar??.: Wintarvhl'd, 'i?doie ?r4 d>n-H-*r Sail t'?d??. Salt ir* Till), Ha/qwniL |-< 4^.1^ a Kloti, 44 A 441*'4-11 MSi li4*1 tif. ( TELEfiKATiUi INTKLLMKNMS Summary, Our dpapatehes from Wai-h'ngton furnish the closing up of the business of the United States Senate. A resolution was offered by Mr. Foote, declaring the protocd to be not a part of the Mexican treaty, which would undoubtedly hive been passed with but one dissenting voice, had it not been ordered to lie over (or one day, under the standing rule. There was no other business transacted; and, in consequence of a previous resolution, the Senate adjourned sine die. In the New York Legislature, in Senate, an interesting debate was had on the bill veating the government of the Alms House and Penitentiary department of the city of New York in ten Governors; and the Senate refused to concur in ths amendment of the Assembly, changing tho names of five of the Governors, inserted by the Senate. The Syracuse and Rochester Railroad bill was under consideration, and postponed till Thursday ext. The following bills passed the Senatci? The bill regulating the Code ol Practice, with an amendment providing that defendants in the Superior Court and Court of Common Pleas ot this city, must be residents of the city; a bill appropriating $30,000 to Sing Sing State Prison; and th? bill providing for the election of two Judges of the Marine Court of this city. In the Assembly, the following bills were passed! ?A bill amending the Emigration law; the bill for a suspension bridge over Niagara River, at Lewiston; and the Ten Hour Labor bill. The reat of the session was consumed in the consideration of the Appropriation bill and the Free School bill. An important despatch will be found below, giving an account of a serious net in Toronto, Canada, which originated from the proposed measure of payment to the rebels for losses incurred in the insurrection of 1837-38. A number of houses were assailed, and several prominent individuals burued in effigy. From all appearances, we are nclined to think a heavy squall is brewing in the political atmosphere of that country. Th? Protocol?The Adjournment of the Senate, Ac. Ac* Washington, Maroh 23, 1840. After tbe Senate went into executive session to-day, a resolution was offered by Mr. Foots, deolaring tbe protocol no pare of the treaty; and, farther, that it dees not eonfliot with tbe provisions of tho treaty in anv manner. Mr. Hals objected to Ita immediate consideration, so I that it should be laid over for one day, under the rule. The resolution would hare passed with but one die* anting voice (Mr. Benton's). Mr. Halo did not understand its tendency, and could net bo induoed to withdraw his opposition until too lata. The Senate bad agreed to adjourn to day, and it adjourned accordingly. The failure, through want of time, of the passage of | this resolution, does not at all alter the attitude of the question. This administration will be found, in all its relations towards Mexico, ooeupying tbe same position as the last. If any hopes have been built by the Mexloan Minister on the statements of Mr. Benton, that the present oabinet would oonstrue the protocol as a portion of the treaty, or view it as conflicting with the treaty, those hopes will be disappointed. Terrific Tornado In Kentucky, attended with Loss or Lire and Croat Dos traction of Property* Cincinnati, March 23,1849. A tremendously and severe tornado or whirlwind, 00ourred in Kentnoky last Tuesday night. It passed over the beautiful villages of Shelbyville and Bards* town, and the counties adjoining. In its course it prostrated the dwellings, tors np the trees, and spread general destruction throughout. Many lives are said to have been lost by this frightful calamity, and the damage to property is said to beimmsnss. Full particulars as to the extent of this dire misfortune, have not yet been ascertained, and probably will not be for several days. Fatal Casualty* Alsant, Mar oh 23, 1849. A man named Michael Daly,'while laboring under an attack of delirium, induoed by violent slokneaa, threw himself from the upper story of a house in Grand street, early this morning, and falling upon a pile of bricks, was killed. Destructive Fire In Ware It am, Mass* Boston, March 23, 1849. The Fraker mill, rolling and nail factory, situated in Wareham. Mass.. was totally destroyed bv fire last night. The leas la estimated at $60,000, on whloh there was inraranee for $80,000, which was equally divided between tbo Washington office, Providence, and the Hartford, -Etna, and Protection offices. Hartford, Ct. Death of Captain Samuel Howe. Boston, Maroh 28, 1840. We regret to announce the death of Capt. Samuel Howe, of the steamer State of Maine, one of the boats on the New York and Boston lias, who died at Cambridge laet evening. Important from Canada?Oreat Bxeltemeut and Riot at Toronto. ?fcc?, dw. Buffalo, Maroh 28,1840. The Representation bill was lost in the Hones of As. sembly, on Wednesday, by oae. Mr. Paplneau against It. The sonne to bo panned by the Governor on the Rebellion bill, has not transpired. JC500 damages has been given against the Pilot newspaper, for libelling Col. Gngy. Tho ministerial measure for the payment of the extra rebels of 1887 and '88, ha resulted la a serious riot In Toronto. Last evening, Maroh 22d, Messrs. Baldwin, Blake, and Maokeaale, were burned In effigy. They were carried through several etnets, elevated upon long poles, passing from the naldenee of Mr. Baldwin to the residence of Mr. Blake, and then returning to Mr. Baldwin's. The effigies of tho two wore then burned. The mob,ato the number ef some thousands, then prooeeded to the house of Mrs. Melatoab, where Mr. MoKeacle was stepping, where his effigy was burned, and the house assailed with stones and all manner of missiles, completely riddllag the windows. The gas light# in the vloialty were pat ont, and the police resisted. The bouse of Mr. Montgomery, which la situated nearly opposite, was attacked, and the windows mush damaged. Mr. H. Prioe, son of the Hon. J. H. Fries, was severely beaten, and on being eonveyed to the resta# Df Rrilnh tkffit nantlnnam's kmisn mmmm sailed by the nob, and slightly damaged. Tbe residence of Mr. Brown, of the BMt, wm alio Injured. Report of the Attorney General to the So note, on ImmlgntUon. Albary, March 23, 1840. Tho Attorney General will, to morrow, eeod hie report to the 8enato, In answer to their reeolntlon Instructing him to report to the Senate what meaanree ought to be adopted to proteet the people of thla State from the Introduction among them of diaeaae and pan* perixm, from foreign countries, and from publle bnrdene oomequent upon eueh introduction. The Attorney General takes tho ground that, notwithstanding the decision of the United 8tates, the authorities of this State bare jurisdiction over emigrants, after they set foot within the borders of this State; and that they hare a right to oempel owners, masters, or consignees of the vessel In whleh sueh emigrant arrises, to give bonds to indemnity the State authorities for any ' espense they may inour, lor the support of such ami < great. I NkAV YORK I'BUISLATI/RR. ! SKNATK. t Ai saisr, March 23, 1840. , THI TSOT ATD Rt'TIATD RAII.ROAD, A remonstrance from the oitixens of Washington i county wes presented against the bill char tori eg the f Ttoy em Ho'lend Railroad, on ttis ground that by the | ooiistTnetlon of ths Troy and Saratoga, the Saratoga and Whitehall, and other , ail ways in that rlolnlty, the people of that seotion are well enough aoaemmodeted ? with inilaay 04iiiiDaaicatimi a oil that the chattering of th? toad would embarrass the construction of other roads. , t TOR Sl Htuittor A.TD AI.BATf BAii.aee. . , ?1*' I U a^-kWihg tiW w*Ji.ptO?i*i ** .evetie 4 ^ I to tba Sobeneetady aad Albany Railway. ?a nonneed nneonatttntlonal by tha Flnanoi Com. It MIDI tba railway o^mpao) d?eire to pay bi monay nbioh tbe8tate loaaeJ tbana, but tba Sta not contest to reoeiva it In tbla way. near psraaTiiawT or thi oit* or raw rai Mr. Johoiob. from tba aolaot eommitUe, re in favor of non-oonourrlag with tba Assembly amendinenta of tba latter to tba bill vesting i vernmrni of tba Alma Home and Penitentiary [ nient of tba olty of New York in tan goverao will be recollected that tbe Aaeembly obangad tba name* of tbe governors, wbioh tba gena lnrertad. TbU la tba only point of difference b< Mr. Corrin, of Pongbkaapala, said, tbnt wh? bill waa flret proposed, tba delegation from both I representing the city of New York, met nnd i IB this rwpsot ?ino? the eeleot MmmittM had organised. The deleg ation from the New York ration bad oppose d the bill and remonstrated aga Mr. Johnson said the present ooadltlon of tb House and Penitentiary establishments la New was as bad as bad eonld be. It otuld not w worse. The oppressions of the pablte by border three causes, amounted to more than half a i dollars each year. They bad beoome eo grievoi sundry gentlemen, not usually taking part la affaire, bad aseoolated tegetber la order to ta object under consideration Liberal minded m looked upon the horrible condition of these c meats, and this scheme bad been proposed, by the public wonld bare their services without tb oeirlng any payment, and with perfect equality ty. He believed the law agood?a wholesome oo all be wanted Of the men seteoted as govsrno that tboy should have tbs ability, tha disposltto leisure to attend to the subject. The names Is la the Senate bill were those which bad beea upon, and from that agreement the Senate bad t Mr. Bush, who bad been one of the eeleot oo tee, observed that there was evidently very gr vrrslty of opinion In the olty of New York in r to this bill. He thought a unity of sentiment be promoted by having a oommlttee of ooafere the two honios. Mr. Fins wished to leave the decision of the tlon to the Senators from Now York?on whloh' names they should agrse, it would bs to him sa . tory. Mr. Come said tbs wbols of tbs Senators frsi York were for oononrring with the Assembly names oney nad selected. Of the delegation In the House there was 01' 'anting member. He under'tood that twelve for the Assembly names, and four against them. , Mr. Johnson said he wanted the governors st from men who did not oare who got the offloe. 1 thing In the Capitol took a political notion. Mr. Tamblin, of Jefferson, suspeoted some c trouble, beoanse the whigs bad found out then too many hunkers among those name a In the bl. One of the Senators suggested that all the Ne* Senators were hunkers. Mr. W. Hall, of New York, said both sets c named were highly respectable men. The vote was then taken, and by one majori Senate refused to eonour with the Mouse. H the fasallel railway from byeaousb to uooht Tbe bill for the direct or parallel railway from ense to Rochester, was then considered. Mr. Corrwrll said, the distanoe bstwssn thl (Albany) and Buffalo by this route wonid be shot 25 miles; that the surveys made and perfected si this. That tbe road was of probable utility, and so, tbe Legislature was bound aooordlng to the i ing expressed In the general railroad act, to give applicants the charter they asked; that its com tlon would greatly reduoe the price paid for f I I and Ihre by the people. That capitalists had im money in the read on the other routs, and at twn risk, tntlreily, and voluntarily. That poo, tbe proposed railroad, were entitled to this asso ^Hj dation. That sven if this road were built, tk I I road would yot be a good Investment. That in to make the line of tbe Canal better, the Commit ers bad in some sections entlrsly ohanged the t Tbe parties living in places now left aside, might damages from the State, with as good reason as the old road should oomplaln beeause a shorter was to fee built. Mr. Wilein, of Orange, spoke ably and at le against the bill, as not of so probable utility, all t MluM.Mll u ?uiIA (n.tlf. tk. I ..1.1. - - lug the charter. I Mr. Martin, of Cattaraugus, also opposed It. constituents bod b deep interest in the notion o Senate on this bill. To them the construction o Erie Railroad was everything, and he believed th< sage of this bill would be destructive to it, for it virtually saying to capitalists you may constrn H road when or where yon please; bat if anybody wants to eonstrnot a road by its side, we will give' a charter. The system of railways, so essential tc H welfare of the conntry, was yet la its Infancy, as H bring it to the proper advanoemeat, a large amom capital was neoessary. If there is any oeasorvi ptitclple remaining in New York, it oaght to be 1 and it ie better to build up what what we have,' to go about new projects?erpeclelly when, as in eise, so small a section of territory Is to be bsnsfl an d that, too, where the road is to begin and to en a line already constructed. and to the oonstractlc which four millions of dollars had been expends The road, too, wss built within the paints preset in the charter given by the Legislature. Mr Wilkin urged that the present roads were 1 *ompet*nt to afford all neoeebary facilities fer eravel of that seotien of the eountry, as they wore so furnished as to be able to do eight times the ame of businem they really do. H The further consideration of the bill was poetpo till Thursday. EVENING SESBtON. the code op practicb. The great code bill, 147 pages long, and contain 467 sections, was passed at the last moment. It *o amended as to provide that defendants saed In ' New York Superior Court and Now York Comn H Pleas, must be residents of the city of New York. 1 H net takes effect let ef July, 1848. It received 30 vo H ALTnoaillRO the citizens of scheneotasv TO s BOW monet TO build A plank road. A bill pasted, authorizing tbe city of Soheeeoted} borrow money, if tho people of the olty approve., build a plonk rood?tho people to vote on the questl ot the next chorter election. ArrsoroiAViow vo? una una rtitoff. . A hill woe pooeed appropriating $00,000 to Sing Si Stote Prison. A hill woe peeeed, allowing stote oBcar* to oudit i oeoounta of oonnMl employed in the greet marine t i oeoi. Sum to be poid not to exoeed $6 000. KLtoTino judos* roo tho maoiwo couit. i~ A bill providing for electing two Jndgee of the N rine Court of the oity of New York, oome up. T democratic) Senators oppoeed It. , Mr. Flotd, of Suffolk, idd if judge* elected by t ' people were thu? to be removed for petty grotlfleotle the party In power muat net he surprised If the leao oome* hook with on Improvement. Mr. W. H*m. eeld these Judge* new hold over oi were not to he legiateted out. Mr. Flotd oeked If the count of tho whiff Sena only extended to Judgea of the Merino Court, why n atrlke down tbe demoorotlo Judffea of the Court of A peola end Suoreme Court. The demeoratla nar strike* At the head. A motion to reoommlt was lost, and the bill passe rrov lying just rote* enough. Onedemoorat voted for 1 AsnraiLT. amkndino tki rmiorattow laws. A bin wae peered to farther amend the Kmlgratio tone. It prortdee that ne emigrant boarding honi hall have an/ Uen on the baggage of emigrant* ft warding, iterage, or on any eooount, for any great* mm than (hall be due aooerding to peeted rate*, rbof* agent* offending the law to be punished by da tad imprisonment. No person i? to sollelt paweager rbo ha* not a lleense for whieh he shall pay |M, an rive bond* and wear a badge. The penalty for dlsob* lie nee la Imprisonment aad Una. Bnt thia la not t orbld the keeper* of emigrant boarding honao* froo eliciting passenger* on their own aeeonnt. utrnnviort iiiob at Niagara tali.*. The bill passed to authorise a new anspeaalen br)dg< >r*r Niagara River, at I.ewlaton. Most of the remainder of the session was eeenpl*d In he eenslderatlon of the great appropriation bill, pre idln* for th* expense* of government, saleri**, th? meant ?m w M patois aaht, to, nag torn ft*

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