Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 25, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 25, 1849 Page 1
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0mmm????????aw??? Tfl NO. 5406. INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE fhom TH? llfBMTTI and CALZFOB.ffZA. Our Isthmus Correspondence. Panama, Republic ?f New Granada, > February 22,1848. ? The Trip to Chagrei?Vint to the Opera?The Route?The Pleasurei of Bold. Seeking?The Journey to Panama?Arrival of the Mail Steamer Oregon?Her Speed?Neui from California, &c. Comfortably seated in an old bamboo chair, in the house ol M. Ferand. a French merchant, and late American Consul here, with the beautiful bay of Panama, dotted as it is with inuumerabl** islands, in full view, and the glorious Pacific shining in the distance, I write you?trusting that, surrounded by your little ones and well tried friends, you have not forgotten the wayward wanderer, who, let his fortune be good or ill, can never forget you. As you are aware, I left New York in the steamship Falcon, Capt. Thompson, on the 1st of Feb., 1849. The ship had 315 passengers. We touched at Charleston, S. C., Bar, and Savannah, Cra., river, (>r mails, and on the morning ot the 9th amvedat Havana. Here the passengers all went on shore, and I can assure you the old (and unfortunately worn out) simile of the bird escaping <rom its prison cage was most happily exemplified. They danced, they sang, they drank, caroused, rode up and down the streets and all over the environs in volantfr, and at night many paid a visit to the Tacon Theatre, and listened to ike bewitching Tedesco, who poured forth her purest notes in the magnificent 0|>era ot Beatrice di Ten. di. It was indeed a glorious carnival. A Spanish town, like Havana, has always its attractions for an unlruvelled American ; but for the careworn ship bound passengers of the Falcon, Havana proved a perfect Paradise. Vive la bagatelle was the order of the day. If the ship had remained any longer, I verily believe they would all have b< en sick, or, worse than all?fist broke. I never understood before why sudors were so reckle-s and careless ot their money when they arrived in port. The problem is now solved At about 2 o'clock on the morning ot the 10th, we lelt tnis brilliant scene, with its unrivalled novelty, and sailed tor our port ol destination; and on Tuesday morning, February 13th, the joyful news was announced that we were near Ch&gres; and on Wednesday morning, the 14tti mat., upon getting out ot my berth ana looking through the port hole of my state room window, the famous town ef Chaeres, with its strong fortifications,was plainly visible, at the distance ot about a mile. How my heart bounded. Upon going on deck, 1 fitnnd ibot tLa aktrt uroa Vl/f inr? n? .. nnk..? Ait?ai<4<a iuuuu iuov inv. DHip " ho uuiug m auvut'i umoiuc the ba'', u being impossible for u vessel of her tonnage. bo heavenly laden, to go over it with safety? the channel being very narrow and the water shallow. But here I must go back a little in my story, i n order that you may understand exactly what has occurred since. Alter leaving Havana, it wa3 proposed that, in consideration of the supposed difficulties of croseiug the Isthmus, a committee of passengers be appointed, with authority to charter the steamboat Orus to transport us up the river, and to proceed, immediately upon arrival atChagres, to Gorguua, and engage mules lor the transit of passengers and bug gage to Banama. It was at first proposed, moreover, that as bOO mules would be required, and as it was understood that only 800 could be obtained at once, that lots should be drawn to decide who should go first with their baggage. This arrangement I for one strongly opposed, and aided by two or three sensible men, succeeded in frowning it down It it had been adopted, the consequences must have proved most disastrous. It was, in fact,a proposition to gamble fortne chances. Some ft w individuals would, of course, have gone first, others second, aud many would have been obliged to remain at Chagres for weeks It was a proposition, vehemently urged by Bome, to set the freight and baggage against the lives and comfort of tne jMteeiigeis?di v goods, boxes and cast iron against immortal bouIs !? for the proposition was that each lucky person was to take all his "plunder" with him, (and some individuals had tons of freight, requiring a great number ol mules, of course,) to the detnnient of every human being on board who was obliged to remain behind. For my own purt, I opposed ihr formation of any committee whatever. Huving travelled a great deal, 1 had seen the fully of men?selfish men?banding together for aoy such purposes. 1 always have believed, and this journey has strengthened me id the opinion. thht everv inrfivirlnal frMVcllnr hurl much h?t. ter go " on hie own hook," and trust to his own luck and experience. This is selfishness, I admit; but as the world goes?particularly in the unhealthy quarter where the town of Chagres lies? I know nothing which can be substituted tor it with safety. There is no such thiug us a travelling democracy. The good or bad sense ot the majority on board the Falcon prevailed, however, and a committee was appointed. The idea seemed to prevail, that the majority had a perfect right to dictHte to the minority on ship botird?though, lor the lite ot me, I conld cot see the justice of even 314 passengers wallowing up for the nonce my iudividualiiy. The committee appointed were empowered to charter the Orus, engage mules, and make all necessary srrangements tor the transit of passengers and baggage ucross the Isthmus?it being understood that [every man whs to have one mule tor his own personul use, and then, if there were more to be obtained, they were to be distributed, ftr capita, lor transporting the baggage. Th>s was a tolerably tsir arrangement, and met with general approval. And now we will return to the morning ot the Falcon's arrival at Chagres. The c ommittee went on ehoreatSo'clock.A. M., and returned about 10. They announced that they had succeeded in chartering the Orus to take the Falcon's oassengcis to Gorgosa, a distance of 35 miles, for $10 each man, and $1 tor every extra 100lbs. ot baggage alter one trunk and one bag. This the meeting agreed to A Dr. Hieotzleman, an American resident, (of about three weeks' standing, as has since been ascertained, but a pretty good hoBest man upon the whole,) was then introduced, and a contract,which had be n drawn up between him end the chairman of the committee, read. By U Dr. Ilirntzleman agreed to transport,immediately upon their arrival,each passenger and KiOlbs. ot baggage from Gorgona to Panama, for the sum ot $15, and tor every extra hundred pounds of luggage he was to teceive $5, he being allowed eight or ten days from the time of its receipt to fulfil this part ot his contract. This was a so agreed to ; an office was immediately opened on board, and most ot the passengers paid into the hands ot the chslrman the mrrl of $tt efich, h" givmg them a pasp, which the Doctor agreed t* receive in payment. Among others, I went into this arrangement. While discussing these matters on board the Falcon, the bark Marietta, from New York, loaded with passengers, came into the harbor, and wo congratulated ouraelvea on having aet-ured the steamer Orus in advance The Orus, however, instead of coming alongside, ua |>er agreement, aeemed to he busy in towing one or two vessels over the bar; and it was about 3 o'clock P. M. hetnre she came to take oil the passengers uud freight. In the meantime we had removed to a more secure anchorage at Navy Buy, tour miles distant trom Chagrea." At 5 o'clock P M , about half ot the baggage had been gotten out of the hold and placed on hoard the Orus, when the ha'ches were closed, and it was announced that only halt of the passengers wauld be taken up the first trip Other rumors fkw about? some to tne f fleet |that the Orus intended proceeding up the Chagrea river towards Gorgona immediately, with what freight and passengers were rradf; others, that she only intended hauling off a distance of lorty or fitly yards, and remaining all night, to return and take of! the ba'ance ot passengers. Ate in the morning. So far as I was individually conc rued, it mattered little to me whas course was adopted, as all my baggage was on board of her, and hHd, in fact, been ready in my state rnoni during the whole voyage nut. I followed my buggage? left my state room, to sleep on a trunk on Fmaid the other cralt The Oua shortly after drew cH forty or fitly yards, and dropped her anchor tor the night. j?,At 'Ins moment, the Crescent City steamer hove in sight. Her decks crowded with passengers She had just "arrived in lime to he too late " Un board the Orus, I lounil tha' one of the seamen hsd died of "Chagrea fever." while aionraide ihe Falcon, and that his dead body wan then on hoard, it being intended to bury it that evening. ADOther of the ee?rnen was dy wg of the same disease; the pere> 11 a on hoard were all talkiig about ir, and many were prophesying calamities dire. It commenced raining furiously, and altogether I ' thought 1 had get u alight glimpse ot t'tc internal E ; NE regional The "Slaughter of the Innoeents" had already commenced. Mv heart beat audibly A majority of the peraona around me were oi the lowt-n description?paaaeugers in the steer life, who had "left their country lor their country's pood," for a place where no law can reach them. Their oaths and language generally, rneir reeklesamse and remarks on the dead and dying,combined with the duikneas, uiicomfortableriess, and tiltmness of the place, made the ttc-ene unendurable. There we were, however, wrapt in the murky mantle of night, the angel of death, like a bird of ill omen, flapping his wings oYr our heads. I went on deck in spite of all the advice I had received, to keep out of the night air. My brow C, i 1 i T i..i, _??r ,i? i inn mririi, auu t irn uioue?uioiie : tlOllie : thought* ot home?of those I have left and love? the dear ones ol my heart?their images crowded around median Ah! could I hut embrace them once attain, thought I, thia lust tor gold and power should he crushed forever. Hut noT a spirit in me whist* red. "be a mau." These are the feelings which teach us that we are human; th it heneath our covering of selfishness lies a aoul, afFectious, passions, ho|>es Cherirn them; but with a brave heart, go out. A friend spuroarhed me, aud, pointing to the Falcon, which rode at anchor a few yards from us, with her tirea extinguished, pit pored that we should get a boat and go on board, sleep in our Mate rooms, and return tu the morning. The captain of the Oru* assured us that we could do so with perfect safety, as he should not leave uattl after six o'clock, A M , and should ring a bell an hour before departure. With this assurance, three of us started for the Falcon iu a little boat. Upon reaching the side of the vessel, we lound that the stepu which go down to the water, had been pulled up, and tne officers on board refused to lower them. We then called lor a rope to be thrown; .but this was al.-o refused. Upon asking how we should get on board, we were coolly told (I shiver when I think ot it,) that we might crawl up through the wheel! As th.s se emed our only resource, we agreed to adopt it, sooner than return again to the Orus that night. My two friends went up first, and, as it was dark as f lades, suddenly disappeared, leaving tne in the boat I stretched out my left hand, grasped one ot the paddles, when ihijboatman, presuming, 1 suppose, that 1 w us sate, put off, leaving me dangling over the ocean, clinging only to a wet board in the dark. I nevti w as so perfectly cool 111 my life I thought tor a moment thut it I should lull, it would be ruy death warrant. The hay was full of sharks, and it that were not the case, in the darkness I must have disappeared before aid could reach me. But with danger came courage and self-possession I extended my right hand, grasped firmly the second paddlv, and. by a violent effort. threw one lea over the first. Upon reaching the third peddle, I looked around me. The water was beneath my feet, but at the distance of a lew feet, a dark object was visible. This I took ts be a beam. AlriendIv voice called out to me to come on; I made one desjterate spring, and landed safely on the floor of what is called the "bath room." From this the ascent to the deck wub comparatively easy, although there was no ladder That night I slept comfortably in my berth, and in the rooming went on board the Orus in a boat. The captain of the Falcon alto came on board, and begged the cai>tatii of the Orua to come alongside again, and take ofl the rest of the frieght and passengers. But the CB|tain knew very well the capacities of the Orus wcuid not admit of taking any more passengers, ai d positively declined taking any more that trip. He had agreed, ii appears, with the committee, to t.tke only one-half at a time, and very wisely, I think. The nursengers, however, who had made up their mines to wait for the second trip in preference to going first, and who had therefore neglected getting their baggage on board, as soon as they saw the Crescent City coming in with so many passengers, became very desirous that the Orus should come alongside ai d take them up also. But they had elected to remain, and it was too late to repent then. At about 7 o'clock, ou Thursday morning, Feb 16, the Orus started for Chugres, which place we reached in about an hour. Af'er breakfast I went on shore. Clotures (the Oh is pronounced as in chariot.) lies at the mouth of ths river of that name, and consists of thirty or forty huts, built of LoardB rudely jointed, and with thatched roots. The inhabitants are black"nnd dbppt r-colored, being a mixture of the negro, Indian and Spanish races. They are mostly clean, strong, aetive^aod honest. At the mouth ot the river, on the lelt bank is a hill on which there is a rrmarkab y strong tort, built some two centuries ago, by the old Spaniards, for the purpose ot protection from the buccaneers, See. At this point the tamous galleons congregated, and here Pizzarn and his brave men refreshed themselves, previous to their marches across the Isthmus. Over tile road lrom Panama to Cruees, and down this same Chwgres river, the wealth of Peru was transported, and thia will account (particularly lo any one who knows the Spanish character,)lorthe reason why the roads cl this country ar* so verv wretched. Spain was at war with the world. The wealth of Peru had not only to be collected, but safely placed on board her ships Ti e Spaniard, with tbnt cunning which belongs to him, made it a iule to let all natural obstacles teniain, lo protect him from the invader. Thus he never improved the channel at the mouth ot the liver, or the road, except so far as was necessary for his own benefit. Although we arrived at Chagresat eight o'clock A M., we did not leave there until after two P. M. The Orus, we here ascertained, could only go shout fifteen miles up the river, and the captain hud neglected engaging canoes to transport his passengers ar.d their baggage from the terminus to Gorgon a, until morning. The Ci? scent City passe hgerr, in the meantime, had been ou snore, and chartered almost all the canoes. However, about two o'clock, we started with fifteen canoes, which we towed up. I have not time to describe to you trie exec ding beauty ot the scenery, or the river. It surpnsard scything I ever witnessed, and I doubt much it in Europe you witnessed any thing so wild, luxuriant, and romantic. At six o'clock da Thursday, the IBih ol February, we dropped anchor within four miles of the terminus of navigation. Here the greatest sciamble and contusion ensued Most ot the passengers were desirous ot gelling tlnough, and there were not hall cani cs enough to cum them. What was to tie dm e t Willi it iriend (niter cine consideration.) I ;ui'reeded in tfetttn?e a small lioat, by (raving $15; and having our baggage placed in it, we started at dark, up the river, our boat being profiled by two copper-colored boys, who seemed to jiave a strong dislike to clothing, aa they wore nothing but a palm leal bat AltVr gumg two or thite miles, our canoe stopped. Upon enquiry, I loiinil ihuf the boatmen had determined to wait for the Li n?, olio neither threats, persuasions, or offers ol mi ney. cou'd tempt the yoang rascals to proceed. J?o we we e rbilged to pass the night in the canoe, which is nothing hut the trunk ol a tree hollowed j out, with a covering of leaves over the stern. , Hete myself and " companero " tried hard to sleep ; --but in vain. The bullfiogs, alligators, and millions ot screech owls, of all sorts and sizes, yelled ' until 1 thought their throats would become sore, and my |oorhead split with fH? deafening noise. At ieftgin the moon rose, and I, alter bestowing nearly a pint of brandy on my "peons," they con- I eluded to start. That day (Frioay) we ?(>erit in i the chi oe, under a burning sun, living upon crackers, Bologna sausages, and brandy and water; and ht? o'clcck at night reached (iorgona. Here 1 slept ! in a hammock at the Hotel FrnncaiH-.tuglicouudiug name lor to poor a shanty?and the next morning (Saturday), at 12 o'clock, I mounted a diminutive animal known as a " mustang," and proceeded tow ards Panama. I tomid, however, that my bag- ' gage would be very unsafe if lett at 'iorgona. , laiticulsrly as the Cr< scent City pass* tigers and those of the bark Marietta were coming up the river w ith theirs; and ro, alter a d- al ot chaffering, j succeeded in getting it carried over to P<numa oil the backs of tnrre " |>eons," by paying $15, the arrangement being that it should arrive at the time I did. The road Irom Gorgona:to Panama is nnqut stioiuibly the worst in the world. It is aliui one foot wide in most places, and is up and down hill all the WHy. How I got over, I really don't know. Mi animal whs a good one, a. .1 miA. A I,, o riQ, r ?.l M. v.....,, ... A . _.k... J minicrd to get along A' d' en we fortunate Ijr i? Hikrn some Irpti, < r? etrd by h party of eng'nceta, t?n miles Item Panama. where we slept. T hey i mated uh veiy well, snd I hope one dsy to repay their kindnrea ll we had not met ihrm, we must hsve slept in the woods, eurrouudad by tigers slid reptiles of nil descriptions. On Sunday morning, si 12 M ., we resrhed Panama, in good henlih and fine spirits- and I have the satisfaction of stating, in oroof of my abilities as a travellsr, that out ot POO passengers (onboard the Falcon, Crescent City, and Marietta), I was the tcnih man in Panama. Many of the persons who c- trie up w ith ite tn the Oru* have not yet aimed, and only five of those W ho were lelt on l.oa.d the Falcon have y?t come to hand, while aliiio>t all the Crescent City and Mariietia paas?ngti* are at ('hagies. The prite ot livn e here ia Irom $2 to ft |ier day. I > ln| | cri at a holt I two days, hut have now got a comfortable room in this house ai fl 75 I hope i lie rtecmer will lx' hete soon. It she does not come h) the 1st, I shall manage to get up in a ship. W YO SUNDAY MORNING Panama, Saturday, February 24, 1849 The steamship Oregon, one of the steamer* belonging to the " Pacific Mail SteamBhipCotnpaiy," arrived here at eight o'clock laat evening. Her arrival gladdened the hearts of all thoae who have tickets tor her. Her running time from New York to Panama was only fifty-five days and eight hours; a very extraordinary passage. She sailed Ironi New York 011 the 9lh af December, 1848: arrived at R io Janeiro on the 3d of January?that iato metv in fu'pntv.fiv* Hmvk f .#?#f K in nn the* lltK nf Jsnuaiy, Hud arrived Ht Valparaiso, via the Straits 01 Msgellsn, od the 2d of February?that is to say. in mortem day;. At Valparaiso she remained live dhye, and made the run to Callao in live days sod en ht hours At Callao she was detained five days, hut made the rus to Pay ta in two days, whers she remained a tew hours. On the 19th ot February she left Payta, and arrived at Panama at eight o'clock lust night. recapitulation. Days. Hri. From New York to Rio Janeiro 25 ' Rio to Valparaiso, vim the Straits 10 " Valparaiso to Callao S I 44 Callao to Payta 2 " Payta to Panama 4 (6 8 The Oregon brought three passengers from New York (one in the cabin und two in the Bteerage), one irom Valparaiso, vnd three from Callao? making seven in all. She will fill up here, bowever, vrry last?aa I presume there are at least twelve hundred persons between Ch&gres and Panama. destim-d tor California. Of this number, only about three hundred have tickets lor the steamer Oiegon ; and it is reported that there are no vessels at any ol the ports on the Pacific, which intend visiting nerr to trHns|x>rt passengers to California What will become of those now here, Heaven only knows. Meerace tickets in the Oregon, which cost in New York one hundred dollars, have been sold for four huudred dollars? hnd 1 beard five hundred dollars ofiered for one this morning. 1 would earnestly advise all persons intending to visit California, not to come this route, unless iliey have tickets in the Pacific Mail Company's steamers. There in no possibility of tnnr temng up tne coast tor montlia? and perhaps not at all! The news from California continues to be favorablf. I saw a letter, this morning, irom a highly resptctnble grntlemun at Valparaiso to a gentieinsn el high standing here, from which I have been allowed to make the following extract. The letter is dated Valparaiso, February 6, and was brought by the Oregon. The extract is aa follows:? ' 1 wo Teatel* arrived here yesterday from Oaltrornla. one with $100 (100 In gold; the ether, although supposed to hare a l?rg? quantity on board. Keeps the matter a Moret An American sloop of war is shortly expected, with $400 000 on hrard; and all the speculators who left baie six months ago, have raalicedon their osmoea at Immense profits. An Amexioan propeller arrived yesterday." Panama, Feb. 15, 1849 Our Journey up the Chugrei River?Practicability of the Propottd Railroad?Newt from California ?Storethip Lexington?Gold tn Oregon?U.S. Contul, frc fyc. I have now been here in this castle city four days, having left Chugres on the 7th, in company with the Panama Surveying Expedition, which is now encamped at the Indian town of Gorgona, about twenty-eight or thirty miles from (his i lace. The expedition, Bumbering thirty-eight persons, with their servants, were transferred from the Templeton to the steamer Orus, and carried up the river sa far bb Trinidad, which is reputed to lay eighteen miles from Chagres, being the point at which the navigation terminates?at least, so tai as it is practicable tor the Urns to run In order to facilitate the transit ot the party and the stores, a flotilla composed of about thirty of the most fantastic boats, peculiar only to the Chagres river, whs made fust to the steamer, each having three or tour of the nude Bdlives on board, who were engaged to carry the freight and passeugers to the rendezvous at Gorgona; but before the steamer reached her destination, thsre was not ?>ne 10 oe been, me rapidity with winch the little OiUb glided through the chrystu) lake or river, and the commotion her wheels cmw-d, were to.< much tor the courage of the Indians ; tor ever and anon a poor fellow with his cun?e might be seen, at a short distance, just rising to the surface to catch hia breath, ana make all haste for the shore. Although almost amphibious in thsir nature, they were averse to such treatment, and cared not to bediawnundet the water at the rate ot tea miles the hour. The starting of the exp-dition from ('liagres, with this unique flotilla, was the most novel, and at the same time the most amusing, spectacle ever beheld. The whole town of Chsgres was in commotion?every man, woman, and child, to say nothtug ol the parrots and monkeys?-the dogs and porkers-^mingled their musical voices, pitched to the highest in te, in one harmonious concert. The clatter snd medley ot sounds which rent the little val ley, would have made the contusion at Babel appear insignificant The old but noble walls oi the castle of ban Lorenzo, which have tor ceuturi? a trowned with bitterness and contempt upon the puny town of Chagres, appeared to have smiled through their vens"of wild vegetation, upon the ludiciou* scene enacted before them. The expedition arrived, however, at Gorgona the tollowing day. with but little difficulty, and each member in perfect heaith. The tents were pitched on a plain just outside the town, from which point the respective divisions will proceed upon iheir duties in a day or two As theie happened 10 be a number ot Americans at this place, it was proceed to Mr. hoiris, ihr present chief, to cell brate the event by some little demonstration. The prohibition wae l&vornbly received. and on biaturduy, the lOtii inst , the encampment v> u.- c mpletrd, u llag etalt elected, and the ?Lbitn that wax cairo-u by the Maryland regiment, nud waved victonoubly over Jalap* at the taking ot that city in the war witu Mexico, war imi up under a mime trom about loriy-tivc puna and rifles collected tor the occasion. Three rhe? re w ere given, and a /m* tit joit filed by the peity ii honor vt the hi at American Hag that r ver waved u, on the toil ol Ni w Granada. The Imie town ot Goigona waa in a Mate ol i fit i vescence uurnt the o?v, and the good teeling and hilarity among our own people soon affected tl.e natives, who in a short time enlered the held i nd ifie sports with heaity good will. The naitnony of testing, the sameness of purpose, and the ii entity ol interest which exist in the party upon the git at enterprise on lot t, airoagiy indicates ercei and peace annd the trying scenes and privations winch ihey certAinly must encounter on the isthmus. 1 hey are mostly young men, in the lull vigor ot lite, and the princ pals, although al.o young, are person* tf great experience, and enginetuo^ ai know ledgi d atulit)'. The practicalulity ot constructing the railroad trom Panama to Lum n Kay, a beautiful ami healthy port a tew miles from < hagres, is, accordtug to the views ('apt Tilglnnan and oilier euginreis in the exted'tinn, peitecily consistent, ai d maybe accomplished, when auce sta'ted, in the r| are ot a tew years. It lias been stated here, that three companies ot government eoldieia are now under orders to proceed to ( ruces or Gorgona, to ro-operate or assist the expedition; but for my part 1 am inclined to believe this aid intended tor the repairs ot the muie path between this city and Grimes, tor which an approp'iation oi $MK 0 waa made some ten months since tiv the directors of the llniish li'oyal West Irdia mail steamers A paity ol nmii landed at Chagrestrorn an P.ngiish so-ainer twro weeks since, and are now in thta town, no i I i.lit lor the i IIII I.BU ullnPxl in Our lit w it trom California cvmn down to the 111li ot Ufccniber, brought I>y the brig Belfast, v nit !) ninvrd u tew days since ; Capt. Stout, of Nr? \ oik, mi i,lilt* and iju tipeririirtd navigator, v 1 o l na been appointed commander ot the stvam I.t|> f'arama, came passenger in iht Bellas! lit* ik counts tor ?>j?nnJ in eveiy particular with those ut hfcbt d on tin- i2d of January, troin Mr. Larkin. (V|t. M?ui having nmch preeaiiig business on h*nd < onto I'ttd with Mr. Ai-pinw ail's line, could hold no time in the collection ot news; but what little ne <!i en bring, confirms all that baa been previously r? | orled. Many persons weie coming dow n ftcm the m nea with a vn w of starting a trade w itfi the in nerp, all having done well. Every ne w annul trim ike gold region brought addilonal evidence of the exiateucc of the ore in parte ot -the eonniry it wua leaat expected : large piecea writ.' pit Ittd up upon the surface of the earth, prenind to have bttn washed from tta bed by the raine. ('apt. Mailt | ut in my handn laat evening, ii solid pifc e weighing five ounces, and one among other spstitnena in hta poasi aaion, in the form ol a be a It, w eighirg in ounce. 'I Ik Mote ship L-xiugt' n sailed from San Francisco en If e 8d o! Ueceinber lor Valparaiso. .She had 11. l"?Ki twi ive pamecera lor the United Mates, vi a w? ulii coiue here in the English 11? aire r sno i roes the I tfnus She had also on cni fn tit fGt.O.t(Oto J <<?,( !0 ni.-i 'd. The ship RK I , MARCH 25, 1849. Ibfiack Walton had sailed on a cruise; and a bark I

from the United States had arrived at San Frm risro- vapi. oiouinaa leu urfKvu v>uy uu uie am of November. At that time, the discovery ofgold mines at Fort Vancouver, and at another point about ! 300 miles from the city, was attracting much attention. Borne of the dust that bad beenorought troin the former place, was shown to Capt. S., and pronounced by htm equal to that he had seen from the California minau. A party of sixty peraoiiB chartered a schooner, in lbs early part of November, provisioned her tor six months, aud left Oregon City tor the point alluded te. They were absent some thirty days when Captain Btout sailed; and it was naturally inferred that they had met with luck, or had fallen into a train that would lead them to the depositee. They had but three hundred miles to go, which could be performed in two days. The brig Belfast saiU again with passengers for Ban Francisco. She hed been iu the employ of Messrs. Howland $z Aspinwall, and I believe will be retained in the same service tor the purpose facilitating the transit of passengers. The steamsrs cannot carry all who come here?hundreds come from all oarts of the world, expecting to get berths and to be accommodated before th?se who have regularly purchased tickets, and because they aie not supplied with their illiberal requests, or rather demands, reports ara circulated and letters written d? fuming the character of Mr. Nelaon, our consul, and the. agent of the steamers. He is most unjustly abused, simply because hs attends to his duty without partiality or favor, yet civil and courteoua to all who do not act the bruie. His position, at this moment, is not the most enviable. He is not allowed a moment's peace; hordes of excited beings, rough tr< in the wilds ot the West, assail him in his private apartments and in presence ot his family. His position as consul offers him neither protection or remuneration, but has subjected nun IV iirau wuuayo iu iimiuiniII nit* dlguuy ui uir piBitioii he hold*, to nay nothing of the coat in entertainments which necessarily follow the office of consulship. The British bark John Ritsou sailed on the 14th for Ban Francisco, with 120 passengers, all she could accommodate. Tne hark was forwarded bi Mr. Lewis, the British consul, who, by the way, has proved himself one of the best friends the American has in Panama. His exertions iu iheir behalf, and his good advice given in a kindly manner, and his readiaets to aid them, have given him a great name with people from the United States. Mr. J. B. Ferrauu, a long time U. 3. consul at this place, and at p-esent Senator to the Uranadiun chamber, has also been conspicuous in his good works to our pe ople. He is ever ready to serve the American, at almost any sacrifice, and is happy to be enabled to show every courtesy aud attention within his power. He speaks Knglish fluently, has been in the United States and in England, and ib possessed ot a fund of valuable information, which, with his kindly offers o f hospitality ate always at the service of any respectable American. Then are but two shipanow in port?the Bremen ship Humboldt, from Bremen, with coal, watting the arrival of the Oregon. Sue leaves for th? islands to load guano for home. The Belfast tathe other, and will leave in a tew days. Capt Stout, ot the mail line mentioned above, is doing much good here in assisting and advising emigrants. At present, there are but about one hundred and fitly persons here waitug tor an opportunity. Tiie greater part of these take the steamer. Tne arrival of the Falcon and Crescent City are looked for every hour. We have beautiful weather; no diseases, except those arising from excesses, and they are tew, if any. A gentleman, connected with the custom house informs me that 900 persons only left this port for Ban Francisco since the excitement broke cut, all of whom, with but few exceptions, behaved themselves worthy ot Ame rican citizens I have a number of incidents connected with the route from Chagres to this place, with a few words of oniittou and advice to those purposing coming, which I will reserve for the next, lu the meantime I beg to ofler the enclosed list of the persons engaged on the Panama survey. They are ah from the United States, and many of them have figured conspicuously id the war with Mexico:? Col. G. W. Hughes, Gen. William Norrls. Cautaln Lloyd TilgbmBu. tclwaril W. Smell. Jamra Baldwin. John May, J J. William*. A. H Mandvvlll*. Gacrgs Stoddsrd George Waleott. Jchn J. Ifl*p?*. englneera; H T Stows. O. W Brown. W G Norrl*. William J. Garvy. H M. Mtlnor. Clarkron P. Hall. Benjamin Burns. James O'Brien, E. H Burr. John Wright, Wm. S Ogden. Charles H. Khrman John H Ballman. John W Stump. H. H O'Callagban. Hotiert B. J?rvis, Wm. J. Corooian; J. Dnngliaon, Wash Hopper, James Armstrong, Fraud* H Cole. William liindea, H W Petherhrldge, James W. O'Brien, David falsi, rod, chain, and flag men. Pa nam a, February 6,1849. American Character?Influence of the Dttcovery of Gold on the United Stutet? Gen. Smith?Steamer California, 4*c.?Howland <J- Atpimmll? Amerleant Deceived? Information at to Clui^ret Routt?Hon. J. (?. Feiraud and Jut. G. Bennett. I left New York, accompanied by iny lady, on ihe 6th January last, lor California. I propose a voluntary letter, touching on general subjects interesting and to the interest ot Americana. Amcricans ate noted throughout the world for nobleness of character alone belonging to them? disceniable in the high and low. I ain happy in saying this has been acknowledged by many d stiiiguirhed gentleman here, ol diflcrcm countries, notwithstanding the mixture ot characters necessarily be longing to a general emigration. Never ; has a circumstance in the history ot any country i tended to draw bo much from tne intelligence of j its people as lias the discoveiy ol gold in Caiifor- | uiu troin the United States. It would seem Pro- ! vidrnce has, by the discovery,given ihe only means | losaible lor the extended power and wealth of I America, making California and Oregon at once | ihemoet prominent poitionsol me world. Tnis I latltr idea you would have readily conceived had j you been here at the uepaiture ot the steamer j California, or, 1 may say, the " May Flower," v* nh passengers ready to plnnt the standard of tree ml equal rights. General fSrnith Itele happy in Ins responsible situation, having no doubt of receiving the aid of Aiuei icana id maintaining laws he w'll luskc agreeable to government instructions. General c-nil.h is the ablest and best man that could have been appointed. The apjiointment j Hill honor the administration of President Polk, ; tndbeever associated with the early history of Hie settlement of San FriMIMo, v.cnuty, and tiie pi Id it gloria, as im at prominent and indispensable to the well-being of Americans and the American government. He hue now with hint a strong body guard ot true Americans, the strongest consisting ol many of the most intelligent and resectable A me i tcan ladies. The g'earner California left on the 30th ult, with I i < at 3C0 passengers. Americans, since lenving New York, have 1 til loan deceived and dienpi>ointcd. I was an ; innocent victim, with thirty-live others. A j vessel was chartered at New York ; arrangements j made lor conveyance to &>an Francisco, and pna- I sage paid to Panama. On arrival at Chagres, the agent ot tne New York house politely informed the party he had no money?they must take care of ; tut us elves. The non-lulfilment ot contract to j ot, is an additional expense ot five hundred dollars 1 htieforc, with reason, advise payment tor promta* s only to end ot route, by the conveyance taktn. Jt is a bud policy to anticipate others, to do w you and chance can alone j so with reptesfniaiiosa regarding tne Chagres route; [was convinced before leaving New York they were undue. f find Chagres, Gorgon a, Crucea and Panama, as l.t ai'hy as any tl the West Indus; I nny say in re so. Panama, lit particular, is delightful. The only incouvt t.ierce experienced is the heat; 1 h ilhoul tit Mia ik n advise the Chagres route, especially t?i Iauies. On arrival at Chagres, they *ill find tlie hospitality and kindness of Captain 'I ticker, en board the steamer Orus, cheering. I X) o-ure lo mght air, liuits nod liquors, should be avoided; imall qiiHDittu s of provisons should be lukrn. ?ni hut* on the w ay to Piichma resorted to The unlive* Will I P found kind and hospitable, hut extumely extravagant in charge* under the new atete i i thin#* Old tHies will so. n rule. The most inlluertial people at thin piece have taken boarders, li r the BicnmniodHiion ol lespectable Americana. "I lure ?n two lintel* ?*mbliehed, one American aid < lie French It rnuy be well to mention that ,1 >n nil pai ?* poanble should be brought, 11 iJ n. liwiiki. ea baggage. In that cane no duly ir rhaigrcl. lly e luw passed by the Congress of Unvote, all Hiucleaot inerr bsiidire are subject to b24?. per ICO lb* duty l.nrgritntshriHging 10 cent, ."> cent, end franc pure*, will realire 26 per cent pt?fit. For the consideration ol entrrpilsing men desirous of making m<ney nearer home thao | ( aliforma, I would tnputst the eriidiair of very >n i.ll i.m ciuer* fur ihe ( hsprt s river, and Ihe eatobliel'me lit of general foiwaidmg houses at dingle*, tioigi iia, and Ciuces. I I'hie the plehaure of the eritiAintunre of I I' i eit' od, F.rq.. af tbi* place. He la one ol the [ERA most distinguished and influential merchauts. and a hospitable gentleman. He has Keen established here twenty-eight years?during that time Consul lor several countries, Senator, President, Arc., and American Consul nine years. He desires to give advice and information to all respectable Americans calling on htm. It was pleasing to hear Mr. Ferrsud allude tn his acquaintance with you when in Amenca, many years since, and to commend your astonishing rise, power, and indc|>endence, in the conducting of your journal. He believes?what your enemies must acknowledge?you deserve the thanks and | general honor oi Americans, for the aid you have extended to them in the great, commendable, and successful part taken in the progress of America. God s|>eed you! Desiring, here, to iniorm my friends of my purpose to drpart from this place, in a few days, for San Francisco, with in view the opening of a commercial house, I remain your friend. Arc. Arc., WM. Cornell JKWETT. P. S. The Philadelphia and John Ritson?only vessels up?full. 260 passengers here, on the way from Chagres, unprovided for. One veasel here, only, that will be put up. Arrivals hourly expected. Chagrfs, Feb. 28,1849?Midnight. Ttie Oregon?Travel over the hthmu*, g?c., Ire. Tins place is at present very healthy ; I have only heard of one case of sickness since we have been here. We have news from Panama this day; the steamer Oregon is now there, havinir onme in on Friday or Saturday; the other steamer haa been | there and gone up. There are about one thousand persona now at Panama?the inhabitants throwing i open their nouses to them. There was no other vesael there but the steamer. There are about 150 mules between Gorgona and Panama ; the natives assist in carrying the baggage over. Gne vesael at thiB port has been deserted by her crew, and the captain cannot obtain any hands. There are five brigs, beside ourB, now in here ; three of them proceed to sea to-morrow, it it is possible for them to get out with the assistance of the Orus. The mail steamer Clyde is still at anchor ofl the harbor. She has taken, it ib supposed, on hoard this day, about two millions of gold. Some of our paity saw them take some out of the vault into their bout. The steamer that left New Orleans on the 13th, with some 800 passengers in her, has not arrived at this place, although a schooner that left two days after, has arrived. E. H. it. The American Proclamations Against In frlngcment on California nines. In the Panameno of the 11th ultimo, we find the following remarks regarding these proclamations t? "Before seeing the proclamation which Gen. Smith issued here we had read a somewhat sumI lnr one of the American Charge d'Affaire* in Peru, Mr. J. 11. Clay, published in the J'eruano. We are certainly surprised that almost simultaneously two United States employees, of higii rank, should have been so much disturbed because a handful of Chilians and Peruvians have gone to Calitornia to scratch the banks of the Sacramento lor gold. "Although this proclamation does not at all affect us, because as New Granadians we are as much entitled to go there and dig as much gold us the first North American, we cannot pass over the occurrence without alluding to it, and hoping to bring it to the attention of Mr. Bennett, of the celebrate d JVrtv York Herald, in order that he may comment on the false step made in this matter by Messrs. Clay and Smith. Mines of all kinds of metals abound in Peru, Bolivia and Chili, and if lu California there is not gold mm>u#Ii for the I nunii nmriicuiiB, wr mvue mcni, in ine name 01 | these governments, to go to the rich cerroi of Pas* c?, liualgayoc, Potosi, and lastly to those immense deposits of almost crude silver lately discovered in Chili. La*t them to to Copiapo, where they will meet Komeio Gavin, Trespuentes, Holnes, A*c., who will receive them wllh open arms. Thev may not only go themselves, but th? y may lake with them Musselmen, Hebrews, Gif eke, and any one thuy please, lhvy may dig as much gold, silver and copper as they please, without paying one cent ol tax. IF, however, after digging it, they wish to remove it from the countiy, then they will be charged & small tax. Hut to euve them tne trouble of such a long journey, here, right in sight of our city, we have the hills of Hau Burtolome and Mariprieta ; they contain cold, and they may go and oig it without any one molesting them; if they wish, we will show them the n>aa. For the benefit of those who are coming hereafter, we would advise them to take (he Poriubello route, and they may there see the minesot Pei|ueni and Santa Kita, where, also, there is gold, Hud it they please they may dig down the hills and carry them ofl altogether, and still we shall not gel in such u state of excitement > B Messrs. Clay and Smith." Gevebal Tayi.or and thk Buffalo Dblmation. ? A lew days since, a delegation of the cinzeiis of BnfTalecity, N. v., called Upon (lenentl Taylor, ei d niter one of their number having addressed hiin, particularly on (he subject of the navigation Of the lakes, presented him With several choice cute ol beef, rxised and fatted in that city, to which t >e i) T. replied as 'ollows:? (it sTi hikn I am Uerply impressed by the sentlnriite sbicb the people of Buffalo entertain for me, hi <? the fluttering languege In which they have been iprrMid. forty ynare of my lite have been spent In the rut p a portion of which was In tha country of tie Lakes. The aggTt-ftHte value of their p rod nee for expoiihtlon can only be compared with that of the guar ruWey ol Ilie Mif?l?sippl I sinfully aware of ifc? difficulties in the navigation of these Lakes, and elaii at alt limes most cordially no-operate with llongrrre in any measures for tbe relief of their rapidly glowing eoinmtiee. Gentlemen. cinch of the eomicenGallon bestowed upon me Is really due to others, and I have entered upon the duties of the high station to wbicb I have been called with diffidence, tiusting tfcat tb? intiloaeiee of government will yield te perseverance in faithfulness to the people. I am every where enoonisgrdby the kind grsetlngsof my fellowcitizenr. none of whleb afford me more pleseore than those of the oily of Buffalo. I estimate their present and their Dotivee fer above all pecuniary considerations, and unite with tbem in the fervent hope that abundance, prosperity and happiness may sitst thrcngbont tbe Inud. I beg that yog will ooovsy to them my most sincere thanks for their kindness end lay tbat I not only wisb. as Henri IV. did for his eonntrj men. th?t I hey may have a fowl in tbe pot on Sunday. bnt plects of beef llhe these on tbeir tabks every day In tbe week. A Littl* Mokk Grape, Captain Brass !?The Boston '/Vseirrtyt of the 22d instant gives the ioll< wing, relative to the Brags and grape affair, from Colonel Bliss, trom one who was present at the time. The occurrence was on the occasion ol the reception oi General Taylor at New Orleans:? The hotel was illuminated, with the huge transparencies in front, containing the words " A little more g>H|?e, CaptAin Bragg V' and "Never mind, Major Bliss and I will reinforce you!"?"Neither of which phrases." said the gallant Colonel, did ever Grneial Taylor utter. ' On our inquiring more particularly, he gave us a graphic account of Brngg's exploit, end showed that General Taylor was not and ought not to have been within speaking distance of Bragg during the fire. " Besides," the Colonel politeiv added. " Bragg knew how much to put in his guns?ana, moreover, there was no grape used at all!" He said the General looked at the transparencies with amazement, but was loo gocd naturtd to say anything about them to the people. Oi TRAOiora.?The JVcw Yutk Herald, an exchsnge pa: er which we most highly prize, seldom comes to hand oltener than once a week, and r.ot unlieqiiently they are three weeks old. If the Tolt do Postmaster wi uld send nackaue* declined for p<.iota en tho Central rend, to"Detroit, thf ne defayV, Tw ',H\P d?t?bt, would be avoided.?Nilu (Mich.) Rtytd/ltcam, March 10. Ooineette liirtlUnfi Three Indictment* egainvt John W Croft*. ehanred with bring t catfe detate in thrLtiirut; of tba ?hlp burblin.hntf brin fraud In tbo Halted State* District < nurt it Bnrteo. and ho woo hold to boll in tbo mm of $10,Ceo lot* t r.e ni otlll olcred ot Bolfolo on Tbureday loet. hut tho tco woo fort dlroppeorlrg The ateam*r Arrow arrived ot Cleveland from Detroit on Tuidif evening and returned the neat Theeteam tow-boat Amenoan Kegio, ftoo vprtnglng leak, tusk 10 h?r gaarda at Albany, on Ibnraday A|fr??b aalmon weighing tl pound*, andjoeld for >60 waerervedin ene of tho hotel* in Boston. Mao*., on V. nitride* lnot. It waa the Bret of tbo araann. Dr Jot n H.kffwm I* on trial at Boston, charged with producing an abortion on a woman naaod Ana fianvgbrr The mail we* rtolen from the ?t*g# between Cheator Arid and Brattleharo' on Katurdey. loth tn*t No traoo of It hae jet been dle?rr> red. or of tha robber. IT* note for gt.lOtl. which watt lodged In beak.sad revere) of the n> tea. ft nod open II. N Betty, ta Boa I 'on and wMeb were loppareu forgtrlaa, bavo proved to U |(i buiua LD. TWO CENTS. Forrlgn Miscellany. Cieneral Floras, at th?- last accounts, wu at Pi' m.niu. IIi8 former aide-de-camp and envoy to England is in London. Bolivia is in a frithtful state of confusion. Three rival chieftains, viz., Ballivian, VeUaco, and the actual President, wee in the field, contending tor the government, exclusive of oiher fietty rebellious pretenders to authority in various separate localities. Hanovkk ?The resignation of ministers was officially announced, on the 19th inst., in the socond chamber. The ground for this step is, the vote of the above chamber respecting the recognition ol the bill of fundamental rights (as drawn up by the Frankuut Assembly), ministers not being prepared to make ihat bill unconditionally binduue in Hanover. In the sitting of the Second Chamber, on the 16th ult., every at at in the house was occupied, in the galleries, the diplomatic bench, and the reportera' seats, the matter under debate being the discussion of the ministerial letter relative to the introduction of .the fundamental law. Mr. Strter, i the Ministerial Piesident, spoKe above an hour; in the course ot his speech, he said :? I fear that Austria, which U depleted m being weak end torn by internal discords, docs not possess a fore* capable ot preisrvtng the unity cf Germany. Ittic duty Incumbent upon every government to conolliato and to maintain peace. It 1* important to aaaora tha unity ot Germany, and no percon is more senalble or this than I am ; but let not princes be furoad to hare rrcouiss to extreme measurea ; let them aot be compelled to make nae of a power which thsj still pecasar. Austria.?It is asserted in one ot the Vienna journals that the town of Arad has been taken by the Imperialists, who tound fifteen cannon in it. The Austrian Parliamentary committee on con stitutional matters has finished its labors and sent in us report, with a dralt ot the plan of the constitution of the empire. That plan is very liberal, and almost democratic, and haa a tendancy to federal principles. The empire is to consist of ten " crown-lands," with a Governor, an administration, and a Diet to each of them. The Diets are proposed to sit for two months in the year ; and a General Diet ib to assemble at Vienna. That General Diet is to consist ot two Houses or Chambers; the parliamentary duration of the Lower Chamber is fixed ter a period of two yeais, and that ot the Upfier tor six. The draft gives the Emperot the usual prerogative ot executive power. Each province is to have a separate financial administration. Macassar and Csi.ebes.?Accounts, via Singapore, have been received from Celebes to the loth ot November, which represent matters as quiet in that quarter, if we except the irequent attacks of pirates on defenceless prows in the Straits ot Macassar, and the carrying otl ol the inhabitants oi villages on the sen coast, lor the purpose of selling them into slavery. From these accounts it woula appear that notwithstanding the very severe chastisement the pirates received from the Nemesis steamer and Columbine sloop off Borneo Proper, and from the Spaniards at Balangignt, they have this year been as determined as ever, although it is probable their number la somewhat less. The Dutch have a great many guu-boata in Celebes, but these are no match lor ine Urge fleets of piratical prows that intern the Indian Archipelago. What is wanted is a lew steamers ot small draught of I water and of great speed. Since August last mere than thitty trading prows left Macassar for Singar pore, mostly wun valuable Bugis cargoes, but which have never reached Singapore, owing, it is believed, to their falling into the hands of pirates. Oi these a lew instances may be cited, and may explain the reason tor others being no more heard ol. On Oetober 15, a prow was lost on the island of Areatus, on her way to Singapore; her cargo consisted ol six picu's of tortoise shell, a quantity ol rice, and from -1,000 to 6,000 dollars in specie. While on the island they were employed in constructing a small vessel horn the wreck, when they were suddenly attacked by Menado pirates; several were wounded, but all succeeded in gettiug to Mucssear with the silver and tortoise shell. Again, on Nov. 7, another prow sailed for Singapore with goods, valued at 30,000 guilders, which ? as attacked and takeu by pirates, when between Kangeelan end the Paternosters. Not less than seven pirate prows attacked the vessel, firing inio her all day, without attempting to board; the srew delended themselves until iheir ammunition waa expended, and two of their number killed, with six wounded, when, finding no hope of holding out, they escaped in the darkness ot the night ana returned to Macassar. These pirates threaten to injure our trade in the Archipelago to a greater extent tnan anytning that can possibly be attempted by the Dutch tu throwing open their ports to induce native traders to resort to them in preference to going to Singapore. Some of our countrymen are attempting to settle at Mticaesar as merchants, but meet with so many annoyances as soon to take disgust. The Scuttenj, or militts, is a very heavy drawback which English merchants have to sufler, although foreigners; whilst Chinese traders, also foreigners, are freed from service, notwithstanding the latter's property receives as much protection from the Sullen; as other merchants'; and, whilblihe latter are being drilled, under a tropical sun, the wilv Chinese pursues trade wiifiout hindrance. The markets at Macassar were well stocked with gsods imported by the Bm (avian maatschnpp'j, and these monopolists* wnh the viw of preventing English traders from doing any business, continued to retail their merchandise at wholesale prices. T? counterbalance these evils, Great Uiitmii must establish a trading depot cu one ot the islands to the south or east of Maeabsur. Ily the way, it is reported that the Engiikh government is in treaty with the Portuguese to purchase the latter's naif share ot the lslarri 01 Timor (the Dutch have the other part), lor the purpose of making it a coal depot for the steuiriers on the Sydney line. Should this report turn out to be well founded, Timor would form an ad mi i sble place tor trade, and defy the Dutch port* Macassar and Menado to offer competition. II trtwtA.?A Vienna letter, in the Reform of Berlin, slates that the Cabinet at St. Petersburg had b?en invited to send an ambassador to the Conferences at Brussels, but that it has declined giving nn answer until it shall have learned the reault of the mission to London of M. Colorcdo, the Auntnsn plenipotentiary. Anecdote ok Gen. Twioaa.?Much haa been said ol the peculiar manner and characteristic during of this gallant officer; hut we have been told an unec ote in regard to his fearless spirit which equals anything of the kind we ever heard of. _ Af in mr cny ?n i?ii*xico nua neen lanen, or at least eumndertd by the authorities to Gen. Scott, a severe fight ensued in the blreets of the city, in coneeaumce ol Santa Anna having turned loose several thousand convicts, and ar>.ied them, on condition that they should keep the Americans at buy, and ttiua preventa pursuit of him. They fulfilled their agreement, and a severe fight took place, in which many individual acts of bravery took pi?c<- on both aides. It was on the morning of the firet day's fight that a portion of the cavalry were rent out trom the main piazza on the street Ubdmg to the gnrita de San Antonio ascertain whether the Mexicans were hang<ng in lorce around that entrance. They had not proc< eded over two or three blocks, before, from the ti pa of the houaes and the coiners of the streets, a hmvy fire was opened on them by the enemy, ant b< tog mounted, they were unable to return it with any efiect. Several horses had (alien, and the ranks were considerably thrown into oonlusiott, when a tumbling notes was heard towards tne plaza, and looking in that direction, they beheld" I tj? n Twiggs thundering on with a six-pound cannon st hia heels The Mexicans had taken up a pceitinn behind an old gateway, whieh completely raked the ernes street next the* cavafrv, and down which they kept an incessant hre, filling it wi n whistling bullets. The old General came rapidly forwsrdfand motion, d tor the horsemen to retreat, .Vj " ... "it "r m i.iher. both officers and men, daphed actOM the street. bending down to the saddled Low to ascst*- the Hying miaetiea. In the mean tune Twigfcs advanced into the middle ot the eirret with his enp thrown buck, his white hair eir'aming in the wind, his form towering upright, and MP eagle ?>e flashing with excitement at the aiouud him His cominaiiding form and hi ight epaulettes made him a conpp:cuou* mara, art! the enemy turned their whole lire upon hun, while the bulb's flew I ke hit11 in the direction he I a ae afHDdiDg?killing two or three artillery inn I and rattling IcHrtully upon the pavement behind him After gazing for a tn .meat steadily at Uw gale way, he rote up in hta stirrup* and exclaimed.* I believe the yalle r devi's Hre shooting at m-? bring forward that vannon " The piece waalum berid forward V etude him, and a few effectual fete drove the Mexican* from their |<>sition.? hltiladtlj'hia Awn, Murth 21. Ot'FMSO ami Clom.vo of tut 1Ici>.non Rtv*a ? The Hi oron If .v? r dosed Feh 3, 17H0; Jan. 12, n?6; Jan 23. Hffi: Jan fi, l*Ki. Jan 3. lbfit; li ii )2, 1N)4; Jhii. "J. ItwWi; Jan. 4, ISlW: Jan. 13, Ibid; Jan A, IK26. Jan. 3, InIU Tn- earlieat time ol cloting the nver waa Nov 30ih, 1H20 The earliest opening. in being entirely free from Ice, was Feb. ft, ls2?? This year ifc gi-amlto it t'oi.aitna KTivid at Albany from New York on the ii oinifim.f the Ihih ot Ma ch ? Albany A'ui k<r?

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