Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 29, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 29, 1849 Page 1
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TH % NO. 5410. Our Jalap* Correspondence. Jalapa, March 1,1H49. The Propen of the California Emigrant??Advice to Thote Going through. Mexico?Riley, the De~ tartar. Being on a pilgrimage to the El Dorado of the We at, I seize a leisure moment to give, through your columns, a few words of advice to such a8 contemplate taking the route through Mexico to California. I was one of a company of one hundred and forty-one, called the Manhattan California Overland Association, which left New York on the 31st of January, in the bark Marah, lor Vera Cruz, where we arrived alter a passage of twenty-lour days. We found at this place the prices of every thing much beyond our expectation. A mule, fit lor serviee, cannot be bought for less thaa sixty dollars, and very scarce at that. Horses were promised us at thirty-two dollars, il we would wait several days for them to be sent for. But we soon found there was no dependence to be plaeed on anybody or anything in VeraCruz. Our association dissolved, ana reorganized themselves into parties of from ten to thirty each. 1 attached myself to one of the former number. We soon found, lor even our small party, it would be impossible to get mules enough at a reasonable rate, and so determined to get just enough to take on our baggage, and then foot it to this place, where we heard mules and horses were cheaper. Another party, rather than buy mules, contracted to have their baggage and themselves taken to Mexico in twelve da^s lor twenty-five dollars. vy c icu vcru oruz on sunaay iaai, ana arnvea here yesterday. The read lies through a most desolate and God-forsaken country. The weather la very warm; water to be had only every six or eight miles, and eatables very scarce, very poor, and very high. We have laid out in the open air every night, and walked every step of the way. We have met with no accident, and arrived in good health and spirits. We have here bought horses at twenty-five dollars each, and saddles and bridles at six dollais each. I will now give a few words of advice to emigrants who take this route to California. 1. Place no dependence upon the faith of associations. No large body of men can be kept together for any length of time. They will quarrel and bieak up in three days from the tune of starting. 2. Be careful when leaving New York for Vera Cruz, to provide a good cook, and ample conveniences for cooking. For not doing this, our party have suffered immensely, and wasted hundreds ot dollars worth of provisions. 3. Do not take with you over twenty-five pounds weight of baggage. It is more trouble than it is worth, and many things can be bought cheaper here than in New York. Captain Hatton's party, who are ten days in advance of us, have sold oft tons of luggage, and our party will dispose of probably oneTbalf of theirs. 4. Alter getting your outfit, and paying your passage to Vera Cruz, take at least $ 150. This should be either in Mexican com or in United States gold pieces. On Mexican doubloona, and on U. States eagles, a profit of about five per cent can be made; but on the gold coin of the South Americau States there is a toss ot $ 1 70 on a doublooa; they bring -here only $14. American ten cent pieces fetch here only nine cents. This is a pleasant little city. The weather is not too hot to be uncomfortable. The gardens are full of beautiful trees, in full bloom; range and lime trees are to be seen everywhere. One of the first acquaintances I made here, was the noted Riley, who deserted from our army, end commanded the party of American deserters at the battle of Charubusco, where they were taken and moat of them Bhot. He escaped, it will be recollected, on account of his having deemed before the war was declared; but he waa branded in the face, and I believe whipped. He is very unreserved in relating the facts of his history, and professed to be a great friend to the Amerioans. He is now a colonel in the Mexican service, and says he is worth $18,000. He showed me a letter he had just received from President Herrera, in which he is addressed in terms of consideration and respect. He has just informed me that a revolution has broken out in some of the western provinces of Mexico, but I can learn no particulars. Herrera'a administration is said to be unpopular with the wealthy classes here. He is said to be too democratic. T. F. Affairs at Bante Fe, die. The Indianapolis, (la.) State Sentinel of the 21st met., publishes the following letter from General Lane:? Santa Fs. October 18,1848. Ma. Editor?Dear Sir A march of thirty-sight days has brought us, s'l safe and well, without ths slightest aeotdent, to this snelsnt town. The distance from Fort Leavenworth thither is eight hundred miles. The route for the flrit seven hundred passes over one of the most beautiful plains. The soli is generally rioh, producing fine grass; wood and water are soaroe. The euntry will, doubtless, with a little aid from the general government, soon be settled by our enterprising people, wbe will And water by digging, and who will carry the timber along with them by planting and eultfvating groves sufllslent for farming and otherpurposes. From suoh a beautiful soil the growth will be rapid. For graslng purposes, the eountry is the finest in the world, (er at least that I have ever seen.) Any number of cattle, sheep and goats, can be reared, and at less expense than In any other section of our country. Corn, wheat, oats, fruits and vegetables, generally, can be grown In great abundance, it being only necessary to ditch in as many acres as may be proper or convenient. Break up the ground and plant or sow, and a plentiful harvest Is certain to be realised. Within sixty miles of this place I met with a Frenohman, who presented me with half a bushel oi fine Irish potatoes, large and well flavored. This crop was his first experiment, and it has proved entirely successful; the yield has been abundant. Wheat suoceeds better hero than in the States. Two things only are wanting to develope the value of this beautiful and interesting portion of our eountry; for it is the most healthy region in the world.? You will seldom hear of any one being siek in theee extensive plains, and as there is no looal cause of disease, the country must always continue to be healthy; the** don*, the peopl* will d* the balanoe.? Th* first I* the establishment of * lino of settlement* from th* Counoll Orove, to be under the enr* of th* government f*r the first year or two, *t * distanoe of not more th** * hundred miles apart, to extend to th* settlement* of New Mexico; with sue h *n arrangement, permanent Improvement* would soon b* made, and an abundanoe *f everything neoeasary for *ub*i*te*e* would soon be produced. Then th* traveller could find a resting place and good fare, and accommodations would soon be plenty and cheap; and, furthermore, with sueh an arrangement, th* whole road weald aeon be settled. The next is the establishment of a terrl. to rial government. From the enactment of good laws, and their faithful administration, security and protection would be a neoeasary consequene*. Th* country around and adjacent to Santa Fe is mountainous, and th* valleys are adapted to eultiration. Th* mountains, however, are covered with a tolerable growth of timber, and th* creeks of the intervening ratines afford abundanoe of good water. Col. Washington la her* in command, as eivii and military governor. He 1* a good officer, and a kind, good man. and will, no doubt, do much to put matters right in this oountry. Our journey to this place was exceedingly pleasant p to the 6th instant, when it commenced raining and then snowing, and continued alternately raining and snowing for eight succossive days. This mad* th* road* heavy and hard on enr animals, and disagreeable to us. Onr animals, however, have sustained themselves well for a service of thirty- sight days In the harness, and under the saddle, without forage, and subelsting entirely on the grass that they could pick during eaoh night. This shows that the buffalo grass on the plains, which Is very fine, Is better than .any grave In the States From the Gotten Wood Fork, for a distance of several hundred miles, large bends of bnffole were daily to be soon, end also thousands of . antvlepe, until wi arrived at th* settlement*. Of th* former we killed many, but of the letter we killed none ; they are a timid, shy aaimal, and kaop beyond gunshot. Lieut. Hawkine, who commands the escort Is a rood . ofllecr ud hu eon dusted the marsh wall; and Doctor 11a J dan. oar surgeon, la a very clever follow; no wa have everything at band to make the trip pleasant. The boys who oame with me ft on Kvaoev lUe -.Oavitt Jlohols, Wright, and Oratory, and atao my son?are all 'Well, and gatng on to Oacgon. We (ball resume our marsh la a few?say two day*. -Our ahort iter hare haa been made exceedingly agreejabja by the kind, hospitalle treatment wa baae rase ire d from the* offleera stationed at tbla plaee. Oapt. iBrent, the quaaler master, haa rendered ua every aaaletaaoa in his power, by fwnlthlng na additional Animal*, forage, and other things for oar fatnre ionrqty. With linos re rsopeot, I am, air, your obedient sag. want, JOSEPH LINE. M?&E Givj> Km ? From ehs Sand wicb Jai.ANDS.? We have t-ceived Sandwich Inland* paper* hv the Tear, which arnveuaf this port yesterday from Honolulu, whence she eait'ea on the 10th oi November. The T?ar haa a iutf and valuable Irnght? among the reat, a coneign.'nent oi rrul Calilorma gold dust, 100,000 dollars worth The Polymnun hI the 4th of November g.'vp* the tcllowing summary of the news of the previo1" week s? " Since our la?t only a f*sr Inoidenta of Intereat bar* tr inspired worthy of reword. A large number of whaleships sa<l?d in the aariy part of the week The prvelae number of passengers is unknown. Several Individuals V*l?g small biliaabunt tgaawera a-?)ug die imaa E NE" MO] log' about tbo Una the (loop loft for California, and It la supposed thiy took passage for tbo land of premise, forgetting. In their hurry. to proouro a paaaport or bid their friooda good bye. If the; are ineeeaaful In California, no hope they will be Inepired by aomo good genii to remit the amount of their liabilities. A man must be ncrae than a heathen who will not pay hia debta when the meana of paying them are ao eaally ( acquired as they are in California. Saeooea to the gold ] diggers, for with their aueeeae la eoupled the proeparity of the eommeroe of the Paeiflo , "On Friday morning the brig Topic arrived from 1 San Franoleeo. bringing newa up to tne 90th of Ooto- " bar. Thia created leea exoitement than any preTioua t arriral from that quarter ainae the diaeorery of gold 1 A little more of the 'root of all evil' came down in tho Tepic. Two or three gentlemen came paeeengera in ( the Tepio. and are to leave in the Tear, nownd to the > United Statea." . The summary of the previous week contains the . following items. "Aa we predicted in our laat number, some of the . cold diccera have eome. and another 'rush' has 1 token place On Monday morning the Mary Fran- 1 cea arrived from 8an Francisco, bringing a large > quantity of the glittering treaaare. Several of ear residents who left here a fair month* elnoe, ] bave returned. Three or four gentlemen?not *e > greedy a* the reat? eame in the Mary Franoea. and t are *hortly to aatl for the United State*: having, during 1 their etoy in Calllornia. acquired a little fortune by * digging The new* has eaused an inoreaae of the fetor. 8everal natives returned In the Mary Franoea J at $& a day wages- rather good wages for fore-must I hands. One lueky 1 maoli* formerly in our employ, I returned with abeut 9600. He sailed from here In the t Sabine, and was ashore in San Franolsoo only about ( twenty days. Such a dash as be outs, and suoh a lot . of friends as his noney aeourea for him, are not often j seen. The repone of tie natlv.s returned will, doubtltsa, induce others to go. ? ' The measles and whooping oough are prevalent J here. So many ot the native* are siek, that It is im- ' possible to procure servants or laborers, and it is said 1 that soma people have to eook their own dinners. Theso diseases are light among the foreigners, hut , prove fatal to the natives in many eases, owing to the < lack of knowledge and care in the treatment. The natives are great believers in tbe ' sold water our*;' levtrtl eases of meaelea bave proved fatal from ' the external application ofeold water just as they,were ' breaking eut We have notieed an uncommon amount I of drunkenness, and its aoeompanying evils, in our I streets lately. Our harbor le crowded with ships. < Forty-four whaleshlps and six mcrobant vessels are in t the inner harbor: and quite a fleet lying elf and on < outside." The Sandwich Island Ntu-t, of Nov. 2d, is full of scurrilities against Dr. Judd and the Polynesian ' newspaper. We learn, however, by passengers in the Tsar, that Dr. Judo's character stands as high as ever at Honolulu?the prevailing opinion being, that the charges against him, it not altogether ! false, are the affect of prejudice and ill-will, ex- 1 aggerating and misrepresenting errors and impru- j dences ot trifling importance. ' Lelters from Tahiti, Society Islands, to the 8th ' of December, state that trade was exceedingly ' J.,11 .? lol.n^o Tk. I,,, rvi.i? ] had just reached there, and the islanders are reported to be preparing to rush, almost en masse, lor the gold diggings?Boston Trav., March 27. Arrival ol California Gold. [From the Boston Journal, March 37 ] The ship Tsar, which arrived at thia port last evening, from the Sandwich Islands, has on board gold dust to the value of about $70,000, consigned as follows 1 box toD. Jarves; 1 do. C Brewer: 2 do. H. A. Pierce; 1 do. J. Spanlding, (Salem;) 2 canisters do. Howard, Son & Co.; 1 do. J. C. Gould; 1 do. C. J. Hall; 1 do. S. Kennedy, Jr.; and one package do. each to Reed, Wade 6c Co., M. S. Lincoln & Co., Waldo, Noyes & Co., Babson, Deacon & Titcomb, P. I. Farnum & Co , H. I. Ingalls, Loring, Fisk 6c Co., Lows, Ball 6c Poor. The ship Crusader arrived at this port, this forenoon, from Valparaiso, which port she left Dec. 30. She [has, [as part of her Cfreight, two consignments of gold dust?one of $2z.000, to Wm. D. Phelps, and another of $32,920, to Henry Melius. Captain Phelps, it will be recollected, arrived in this city, from the gold diggings, a shoit time since. A little more than one hundred thousand dollars worth of gold dust has been entered at the Custom House, this forenoon, brought by the Tear and Crusader. There is also a large quantity, some $50,000, as we understand, not yet entered. I From the Boston Traveller. March 37.] Yesterday afternoon, the ship Tsar, Captain Kennedy, arrived from the Sandwich Islands, with seventeen boxes and parcela containing California gold. This gold, we learn, cost more than $75,000 at San Francisco, and is probably worth considerably over $100,000. It will, no doubt, be forthwith sent to the Mint. [From the Boston Transcript. March 37.] The attention of receivers of California gold is directed to the advertisement of Messrs. Adams 6c Co. We learn that $50,000, received by the Tsar, in nold amies ar prams. will he forwarded by this house to the Mint in Philadelphia, this afternoon. The gold ia contained .in small tin canisters. flsTtmenli for California, MASSACHUSETTS. The ship Mayflower, Captain Randall, cleared at Mew Bedford on the 26th inst. for California, with the follow lug passengers Tbe members of tbe New Bedford and California Joint Stook Mining and Trading Company, vis:? George Randall, Jonathan B. Meader, Alexander Hathaway, Dr. Jno. Henry Drinker, Cbas. H. Randall, Mlebael MeLaaghlin, Ebeneser C. Clark, DleydBrooks, George Fletcher, Daniel Sullivan, Thomas Buchanan, of New Bedford: George R. Deane, William Merrlhew, Joshua Grinned, Hardy Hitch, Dr. Esra Thompson, Aaron 8. Taylor, of Falrharen; Wm. B. Hieks, Albert Seabury, Frederick Gilford, Isaac Howlaad, Jaa Man- 1 Chester, Bradford Coggeshall, Geo. B. Maoomber, Jaa. Bassett, R. C. Hioks, Lewis Albert, Israel Washburn, John H. Washburn, Leander Brlghtman, Charles Allen, Cbas. Ball, Edward S. Gilford, of Westport: Edward F. 8toneJGeorge Fierce, of Boston; D. K. Ritchie, of Needhan; Henry Jenkins, of Barnstable; James F. Dexter. Freeman B. Howes, James Smellee, Robert C. Randall, jr, of Rochester: Thomas B. Meader, Nantucket; Isaac S. Chadwiok, Dartmouth; Wm. 8. Church, Little Compton; Thomas Stead, Jas. P. Mantor, Henry C. Johnson, Wm. J. Pleroe, of rroridenoe, R. I.: Wm. Llndley, Downlngtown.Pa.; Seth K.Leach, Harrisburg, Pa,; McThereon Barnltt, York, Pa ; 8aml. Warren, Brooklyn, Ct; James H. Whaley, Mentrllle, Ct.; Oliver Allen, Norwich, Ct., Joaiah Doe, Vassalboro, Me.; John A. Rhoades, Robt 8. Williams, Joslah Crosby, Watervllle, Me.; Joseph Huse, Nswburyport, Me.; Robert C. Randall?Total, 00. BOB WI8CONSON. The Milwankie Sentinel, of the 10th mat., says: ?Two more "California wagons" left our city yesterday, the one belonging to Mr. Jennings, ot East Troy, the other to Mr. C. Nunn, ot this city. Mr. Nunn takes with him his wife, brother and father; the latter, eighty years old. They go by land to Galena, thence down the Mississippi to St. ' Louis, where they intend to lay in their supply of provisions, and then push for Independence and the Plains. For the information of California emigrants, we may add that a letter has been re- ; ceived from Mr. Joseph Ludington, who left here | eorne weeks since for El Dorado, stating that supplica of all kinds can be purchased at St. Louia on ' the most favorable terms MISSOURI. The St Louis Republican, of the 16th instant, says i?Four mining companies arrived this morning on the steamer Bay State, from Cincinnati, en 1 route for California. The California Mining and Trading Company of Cincinnati consists of sixty ! members, who carry with them lifteen tons of mer- I chandise and ten wagons; the California Miners ' and Traders ol Cincinnati number four members, and they have with them three tons of anode, one wagon, and five mules; the Californ ia Traders of Lockland, Ohio, number eight members, and have with them four tons of goods and two wagons; the Iioney Creek and Wbitc County Miners number eleven members. They intend leaving shortly tor Independence, designing to cross the Plains.? Captain Swift's company of miners, consisting of foity-seven members, and possessing eighty-night bead of cattle and horses, arrived last evening, on the stesmer Belle Creole, from a plaoe in Tenensee. This company will proceed shortly to California by the way of the South Pass. FUtE ARMS FOR CALIFORNIA. The following, from the Washington National H7.ig of the 27th inst, is a letter or reply to one ask ing the terms for su|>ply ing emigrants with arms by the government:? OSnifANCB Orrics, ) Washington, March 13,1840 j | John Powi.r.R, Esq., Citt or New York Mm I reply to yoar letter to the Secretary of War of the 9th Inst.,J have to state that the reeolntlon to which yon tafer, provide* for (applying each per eon abont to (Migrate to Oregon, California or New Mezleo, with sufficient arms and ammunition for hie own armament end equipment, on hie paying the ooet thereof; providtd that the Searetary of War la latlsfled (by affidavit from each applicant) that he really and h*nn JU* intend* to emigrate, and want* the arm* for ?uoh uea; and provided, aleo. that the arm* applied for are in possession of the government, and eaa be sold without detriment to the pnbltc interest On (emptying with there terms, and stating daflnitely what arms are wanted, an order will be given to supply an appll eant at cost price The evidence of Intention to ami g at* and application for arms, should bo sout to tho Secretary of War. and tho plaeo of delivavy desired by the applicant shruld be stated. Muskets, rifles, or horseman'* pistol* can bo supplied, bnt there are none bolt's pistols available for the purpose. 1 Hst pvutfully. your obedient servant. | O. i'ALCOrc, Col, Qrlasnc*. W YC RNING EDITION?TI rn? InUivlcw b?tw*en Utncral Taylor and Ueneral leott. ? Yon might hm rufuM mo your loo# ; But why did yon kiok mo down stairs Sowu. colonel webb's account. [From tho Courier and Enquirer, March 27 J "On Sunday, the 18th inar., President Taylorsaw jeneral Scott in the Rev. Mr. Pine'a church, and lot having met with the General since the Mexi:an war, determined to evince by hia reception of lim that he bore no malice for what had occurred -that however muctfne may have telt at the time, he mode and manner ot taking from him all his egular troops, he was williug to forget it. Accordingly, be met General Scott, after the :ongregation was dismissed, in the moat friendly nannei?shook him cordially by the hand, ana kvin/io<4 a <lunrriiA t\f nlnnnnrat ot tns mnntitin mihiak ? ~ lUVvU II UV|IVV VI flVWUIV Ulv UIVVMIIg TT H1VU could only have been demonstrated in a stronger nanner by pubhelv embracing ! That, he did not bink was called for. The interview in preieBce of the congregation, terminated by the President inviting General Scott to call upon him. On the following day General Scott called at the President's, and sent up his card. Two gentlemen were with the President when it was received; ind, instead of inviting General Scott to come to 11m in his office, whieti is up-staira, he promptly tent a message to the General, inviting him to go nto his private parlor below, when he would join lim with the least possible delay. Within five milutes he dismissed the gentlemen with him, and went down stairs to receive General Scott, lie lid not find him in the parlor, and enquired of the >oiter where he was. To this enquiry he received or answer, that immediately on receiving the message from the President, General Scott got into ms carriage and drove away ! On Wednesday, he ell the city without seeing, or making another atierout to see, the President. These are the tacts of the case. I voueh for their iccuruey, and wish them published without commentary. Very ftbssibly, General Scott did not precisely understand the message sent to him ; but if >o, it was his duty, alter his reception on Sunday, ind uftcr being specially invited to call, to take the tCCMMIf means to arrive at the facts. It was not or him to assume that there was unnecessary lelay in his reception ; and least of all, is there in he facts as stated, and which I Know to be tacts, he slightest grounds tor the charges in circulation, hat the President has exhibited towards General Scott a want ot courtesy. J. W. W. another account, "by a reliable person." [From the Courier and Knqulrer, March 28 1840.] Thr President and Gen. Scott ?The annexed reply to the article in this paper, yesterday mornng, referring to these two distinguished persons, comes to ub under the signature of a perfectly reliable and responsible person. Reluctant, however, aunecesBarily to obtrude namea on the public, we withhold this signature, only adding, what indeed may aeem superfluous, that the communication is not trom Gen. Scott. naYiug ore 11 a tunic mum m me courier ana Enquirer, of this morning, which purports to give the facts connected with General Scott's late visit to Washington, and having been in the way ol seeing and knowing what occurred during thai visit, 1 beg you will publish the following, u correct the errors into which Colonel Webb hat fallen. " Gen. Scott reached Washington on the even ing of the 13th instant, agreeably to a notificatioi which he had, about the 2d instant, despatched ti the Adjutant General, at Washington, ezpressini his intention to be tharo about that time, for tb purpose of paying his respects in person to the ne? President oi the United States, and to learn el th< Secretary of War the military views of the latter in connection with General Scott's position. " On the morning of the 14th, Gen. Scott callei to make his respects to the President; but learn ing at the door, lrom the porter, that the Presi dent was engaged, he left his card, saying tha he would call again; meaning, when the presi ot business upon the President should be lessGeneral S. himself having no business to transac with the President, except such as every rule o official propriety required should pass through th< Secretary of War. "General Scott did not, at the President's door nor anywhere else when in Washington, receive any message whatever from the President. "Gen. Scott, after leaving his card at the Pre sident's house, drove to the war office, where he had officiaUrusiness which could only be transacted with,'or through, the secretary. "The meeting at the church took place on the Sunday subsequent to the day upon which Gen. Scott called upon the President, under the following circumstances:? "Gen. Scott being nearest to the daor, was the first out of the church, and he there waited some minutes for the President, advanced to meet him, and accosted him with civility and courtesy. The salutation was reciprocated. General Scotl said he had not pressed himself upon the President, but had waited, or should wait, before repeating his call, for a period of some relaxation of the President's business. The reply to this wai courteous; and if Gen. Scott did not again call, it was because, as the Secretary ot War knows, public duty required that he should leave Washington earlier lhan he had first expected. "Gen. Scott has not spoken or complained of any want ot courteay towards him on the part of the President on this occasion, and it is to be reget1 + A that onv Mimnr nf thtfi r>bnrar>fpr ahntilH hnvp been deemed oi sufficient impottance to be brought before the public. "It is scarely necessary to aay that any papei which may have published the original statement should also copy this." Important Treasury Circular. INSTRUCTIONS TO COLLECTORS AND OTHER OFFICER! OF THE CUSTOMS. Treasi/ry Department. March 23,1848. The set of Congress approved 3d of Maroh, 1849, en' titled " An set requiring all money* received from customs, and from all otbsr sources, to be paid lmme dlately into the T reatury, without abatement or rtduo. tion. and for other purpoiea," contain* the following provisions In the fifth reotlon thereof, to wit:? " And be it farther enaoted, That from and after th< thirtieth day of Jnna next, all import* snbjeot to duty and whereon the duties are not paid when assessed shall he deposit td in the public warehouse, from whenoi they may be taken ont for immediate exportation un der the provisions of that act, at any time within twi years; and on payment of the duttee, may be withdraws lor consumption within the Unltad State*, at any tlm< within one year; but no goods subject to duty eball b< hereafter entered for drawback or exported for draw hack after they are withdrawn from the custody of thi officers of tha customs Provided, however, that no thing herein contained is intended to modify the lawi relating to the export of goods to Canada or Chihuahua if the goods when entered foT export are immediate!] taken ont of the United States, nor Is it intend** hereby to modify the laws in relation to pickled fish o: refined sugar." It is to be remarked that this section modifies thi provision* of the warehousing act of the eth August 1844, by the extension " from end after the 30th oi June next," of the period for Import* subject t< dnty to remain In warehouse under bond, from on? to two years, with the privilege of being wlthdrawr from warehouse for immediate exportation, under thi previsions of the warehousing aot, at any time within said period of two years; bat still requires good* to bs withdrawn from warehouse on payment of duties, foi consumption within the United States, at any time within on* year, aa enjoined by the net of Oth August 1840. The extension of the period to two years, also applies to any good* snbjeot to dnty heretofore import' ed that may remain In publlo warehouse on the 30th day of June next, on wbleh the duties shall not havs been paid, and which aball not have been depoeited in warehouse beyond one year; all each goods will be entitled to the extension of time given in this aot and remain in warehouse with the right of exportation at any time, within two year* from thair reap** tlve dates ef Import entry. Consequently any goods snbjset to duty, Imported from and after the 80th ol June next, es eleo, goods imported prior to that date that shall not have bean entered and withdrawn foi consumption within one year from the date of the import entry, eennot after the lapee of on* year be < entered end withdrawn, but may remain in warthonM under bond with the privilege of being exported beyond the limits of the United 8tet*a, at any tims within im period or two year*. Any good*, however ob which tk? dntiee ibw.ll not have boon paid, that any remain la warebonae beyond tbo aforaiaid period of two year*. moot ba npprnlaad and acid, to raallM tha dntlaa and charge* thereon, Is pursuance of tha warehousing aat of 1th August 1840. and tha Inrtruotloaa

of the department to eollaatora and athor of letta of tha ruatoaa, laaaad nndar aaid aet, on the 14ih Aognat, 1840. 'ft* aactloa of tha aat aadar eonaidnratloa, alae preside* that " no gaoda anbjaot to daty ahail be hereafter entered for drawback. or exported for drawback, attar they are withdrawn from the custody of the ofIcer* cf the cuatomn" with tha exoeptlon of good* exported to Tantda or Chihuahua, as alae pioklad ttah and refined auger. Tha oonatruetlon given by tha department to th? term* of the not above quoted, la, that the right ol drawback axial* under former law* In the eaee of all good) In tha country entitled to drnwhaok on the 84 of March Inet.. the date tf approval of thla aet, and that in regard to all good* Imported eubneqnently t? Lat date. th> y became subject to the provlelon* ol :hta act, with the exoeptlon of those epaeially exempt . d therefrom W. M. MKRKOITH, Secretary of the Treaaary. Coring <1>* ?B'.w storm of Toeeday la?t. 13 epana oi the bridge arrci* the Surqu?hann* river, at CwXe'l Tosr.l's vrntl 'vn iff It telooged to the feuo jhauia Itat'ta^wsk (.oupanj. IRK F IURSDAY, MARCH 29, Our Montreal Correspondence. Montreal, March 22, 1849. The Threatened Crtstt?Annexation to the United States?The Trade of the Colonies?The Expectation from the American Republic. The aspect of political affairs in Canada is every day becoming more threatening. Petitions against the measure for indemnifying the rebels, pour in from all parts of the province. Up to the present time, about sixty meetings have been held. The tone of some of the petitions is exceedingly violent, particularly those from the townships bordering ou the republic. They state, that, it the Hnvernnr General mvpa his aaseat to this bill, the annexation of Canada to the United States will most certainly fellow. On Thursday last, the bill passed the third reading in the Upper House, by a majority of tour, after a most determined opposition on the part of the British minority. The thirteen members composing this minority have since entered a protest against the measure. In the meantime, the utmost anxiety prevails as to the probable course likely to be pareued by kis Excellency. It was rumored, yesterday, that he intended to reserve it for the assent of the Queen; but there is no confidence to be placed in the report. Many plans are proposed to be adopted, should this bill become law, and clearly shew the excited state of the publu mind?"annexation to the United States," "the union of the British North American provinces,' "independence, under the protection of England," " a civil war," dec., 6cc. Of these, one of the two first will roost likely be adopted. The first, no doubt, is the most feasible. Men. on this subject, who would have rcouted the idea a few months ago. are now actually rampant for the carrying out of the plan, and every day become bolder ana bolder. The papers teem with letters on the subjects It is asserted that England will only be too delighted to consent to it; that the colonies are looked upon by the home government as a useless burden. My| firm belief is, kthat, every day, the annexationists are gaining ground, and that, before the year 1849 shall have closed, these valuable dependencies will be lost to the British empire, and will go to add additional strength to a great nation, the growing power ot which England already regards withlear and distrust. Let this bill receive the royal assent, and the second ministerial measure, of " increasing the representation," be passed, and the struggle will have commenced. Canada will go peaceably, if possible?forcibly, if necessary. The year 1860 will see the stars a id atiiiiga floot nvor fha Knttlpmnnfa th* f^ihrnlior of the New World?Quebec. The inattentive observer of affairs and events may doubt the piobability of such an event; butj .ei him care1 iully look into the causes which are bringing about this event, and he will at once see those shadows which portend the coming ' events The colonies have lost all protection I in the home markets; they therefore can ao longer compete with the American exporter. The Unittd ' States Congress have retused to pass the reci' procity bill; Canadians cannot, therefore, reap any advantages from the republic. And, lastly, the hatred ot race against race, has risen to sucb a pitch I * that nothing but the succumbing ot one will ever " allay it. The Montreal Courier, one of the organs ot the ? British party, in an able article (in its number ot B Tuesday last) on the present state ot affairs and ' their remedy, observes:? B " Again, we ray to our fellow-countrymen, be pra? pared for notion, instant and energetic. Thres things have been set before you?to continue, not as yon are, 1 but as you will be, mart and mora, from hoar to hour, the slaves of Franoh masters or, to put tham doe a atleotunlly and forevar, by a union of the whole of the t provinces;?or, to go to the United Statea." , A correspondent ot the Bame journal suggests that? , "A wall Informed man, of deolsion and prudanoa, , should be at Washington, and a newspaper in Torento ' and Montreal, eaoh expressly to advooate the prlnoi' pies and views of this how-to be the great movement." The metropolis is at present quiet, but it is rui mored that secret arming is going on. TheOrange men number about 2,000 men in Montreal- it has been pretty wtll ascertained, too, that were tl-e troops called out, and the distuibaace a mere war oi races, that is, not having for its object annexa* tion to the United Stales, tney would not act. The artillerymen are all Orangemen and protestants, : and have ssid ihey would turn the guns on the infantry, if necessary. The 2<id Welsh fusileers are also a protectant regiment, aud would act agaiust the 19tn ; the latter is chiefly composed ot Roman Catholics, in whom uo reliance can be placed I he urongemen throughout Canada number upwards of lorty thousand mena form dable force you will acknowledge. No action will he taken till the determination of the Governor is known. Yesterday, in the Court of Queen'* Bench, Col Sugry, obtained, in an action of damages for libel, against the propietor of the Pilot ncwspapei, a verdict of jCf>00. The Pilot is the organ of the party in power. Even in the pursuance of justice, political feelings are introduced, which is another proof, were any wanting, of the hatred with which the ministry is regarded. In the commercial world everything is at a stand still. Politics abtoib every person's attention. A Remarkable Plea.?In the Municipal Court, yesterday, John Mintern, black, was tried for assaul'ing his wife, and for adultery, lie made his ' own plea to the jury, occupying an hour in its delivery. According to the Bee, ne represented that the woman he was charged with assaulting was not his wife, legally, because he bought her in Virginia, where the laws did not recognize marriage between a master and his slave. He acknowledged that he had lived with the woman, but having become attached to a white woman, he took the advice of lawyers and married her. He implored the jury, in the name of Patnek Henry, the "inventor" of American liberty ; in the name of his grand father, who fought in the revolutionary war, and his father, who fought in the last waj with Great Britain; in the name of hie aged grandmother, who was looking to him tor support; and, finally, in tbe name of Virginia, the State of his birth?to give him liberty. He gave a very lucid diequieition on the marriage laws of Virginia. This plea, however, did not avail him, as the jury found him guilty on the charge of assault, ana on one count of the charge of adultery.?Button Traveller, March 22. Maple Sugar at the West.?Few persons are ] aware^of the large amount of this article that is yearly manufactured at the West. A late number of the Toronto Farmer says that the northern portions of Canada settlements, will produce the greatest quantities of sugar from the maple. The forests on the south shore of Lake Huron, as well as those on numerous islands on that extensive sheet of water, contain a verv large quantity of the lamest aire ainrar manle iinH in mat resmn nf country, the sugar season lasts oar-third longer thai tiroes on the borders of lakes Ontario and Erie. A merchant, who trades extensively in the aiticle of maple sugar, manufactured by the Indians, has repeatedly assured us, that if proper encouragement was given to the business, the sugar manufactured in that region, by the Indians and white population, might be made to yield an annual return of upwards of ?100,000. On the great Manitou Island, even as un avorahle as was last year for the business, the abongiuees made and sold upwards of 100,000 pounds of sugar; a considerable portion of which was bought by Michigan merchants, in exchange for woollen and cotton goods.?Detroit (Mich.) Advtrtiter, March 22 The Storm at thb East ?Snow fell in considerable quantities in the interior of the State yesterday and Monday. At Worcester the rain changed to snow in the course of Monday, and in the evening and night accumulated so fast that yesterdtvy morning there were three or four inches ol snow on the ground. The Albany train of cars left Spnngfielcf at 1 o'clock, with two engines, which were necessary for the first fifteen miles eastward, there being ten inches of snow at that time. There had not been sufficient to accumulate, however, west of Chester. In this city no snow has fallen, and the ground is not white within twenty miles of the seaboard.?Botton Advertuer, March 28. Roao from Fort Smith to Santa Fk. -The Fort Smith (Atk.) Herald. ot the 14th ult , says:? A cotps of engineers, with a detach inert of U. 3. 1 dtagoons, and one of infantry, have been ordered by the Departmental Washington to survey,mark, slid cut out a road from Fort Smith direct to Santa Fe. The intantty w ill start in a lew days to open ihe road up the Canadian, beyond the South Fork, where the prairie commences. We understand the engineers will proceed Irom thence to Santa Fe I with the dragoons. Political Intelligence. Cbarlss < after F.eq. ha- bean nominated for f Csngrees by the whig* of tb? Richmond (V> ) dlafrlot. ( In plaeaof John M Bolts. Tbera la soma di?*?M?fact'fn at this, and another eonrsntiow alwwhterj Is t?l!l?d P( on the 6th of A jell. [ERA 1849. Dom?iUe Mlseellany. A fatal malady ratambling cholera In lta symptoms, tai appeared at Camlllne, N. Y. On the let Inet., there wa? In store at Chicago, 111, 018 000 bushels of wheat, and 18 000 barrels of floor. The name of the Tillage of Little Kort, Wleoonaln, hae been ebaaged to Waukegan, the original Indian name of the place Mules are aelllng at Independence, Mo., for $110 pe* head. There was in store in Mtlwaukie Wisconsin, on the 1st Inst.. <48.366 busbels of whrat, and 48,210 barrels of floor, being an inerease equal to 360,000 bushels orer the last year. The lard oil factory of James W. Sandford, Mass., was destroyed by fire en Sunday night last. Loss $6 000. Ierael Phillips was stabbed to the heart, and InstantlT aspired, at Indianopolla, Ind., on the 19th Inst., b7 Merrlt Young The President of the United States, by appointment, received the officers and managers of the Washington National Monument Soolety, at 1 o'olook, on Monday last. They called to pay their respeots to him, not only as Chief Magistrate of the natien, but as the President ex-officio uf the Assoolation. He reoeived them with bis usual affability and eourtesy, and expressed gTeat interest In the patriotlo objeot of the soolety. Th* Late Tornado in The West.?The Shelby (Kv.) Aries of the 21st instant gives the following additional1 particulars ot the late tornado which swept over that section oi the country:? At a quarter before ten o'clock last night, our town was visited with the most terrific storm thut has ever been witnessed in this region. It came in from the southwest, striking first the out-houses ot ts- t _i? n ? *4? i? ur;iaa?). WIT. J villi vaiTCi. mm. mu, liouu o oiautra, uairiage and wood-house prostrated to the ground ; damage $300. Mrs. McGrath's stable and outhouses thrown down; damage $100. A house belonging to Mr. James Bradshaw, unroofed, and outhouses thrown down; damages $200. Colored Baptist church partly uncovered. Mr. Crapater's large brick stable unroofed ; damage $200. Several old stables and carnage-houses on the same atieet blown down. The front gable of the Masonic Hall blown in, and chimney down. The dwelling house of Mr. Abram Smith, second story thrown down, house greatly damaged; less $2,000. The dwelling house belonging to the heirs of N. D. Vandyke, unroofed and partly demolished. Mr. J. F. Chinn occupied this house, and a full wagon load of brick. &c. fell immediately upon the head of a bed in which himself, wife, and a child were sleeping; and remarkable as it seems, they all escaped serious injury. JoBephus H. Wilson's stables, carriage and wood-houses blown downdwelling houses half unrooted; damages $500. Wm. Caldwell's out-houses and fencing thrown down, and his dwelling slightly injured! J. W. Hickman's family room, bed room, kitchen, and smoke-house down. The house of Mr. H. A. Bailey was injured considerably. A house belonging to Mr. John Willis was razed to the foundation; a part of the adjoining house, occupied as a sleeping room by Mr. William McCampbell, was blown down. Thj dwelling house of Mr. Stanford is literally a heap of ruiUB, and his loss not less than $2,000. Mr. Fry's carpenter Bhop levelled to the ground. Mr. McCampbell's blacksmith shoo, a i mass of broken fragments. A part of the dwelling oi M188 Dupuy s was thrown down, and they escape i death by the joist, catching on the mantelpiece A prnt of the shop of Mr. P. S. Coots, wagon maker, wrecked; loss about $250. Mr. Coots' dwelling and out-houses, <.Vc., also c< > rably injured. Mr. James L. O'Neill w e principal suflerer. The greater part of his lot asists in the destruction of part ol his rope walk d the upper part ol his hemp house, the root which was carried away, and part of the wall mm $800 to $1,000 will cover his most imp< ut damages. i ne eastern ena wi me aweinng, occupied oy iur. O'Neill, was torn out, the smoke-house unroofed, kitchen, &c., blown down; and, although containing a very large family, and every room beiag tenanted, the inmates all escaped, with the exception ft a bruise on the side of a negro woman.? One ot his horses was killed, a barouche and buggy greatly injured, the top ot the barouche was carried more than one hundred yards. A house occupied as a carriage-house by Rev. Messrs. Harrison and Bruce, blown down,and carriages crushed. Rev. G. N. Robinson's out-houses greatly injured. Mr. Robb's carriage house unrooted, and part ot his ropr-walk ; his dwelling slightly. Many thrilling incidents connect with the terrible moment?hairbreadth escapes, which fill us with gratitude. Silently this morning, neighbor met neighbor, and thanked God that death came to none of the many sufferers. The loss falls most heavily upon the mechanics. Their shops are in ruins, their houses unfit lor occupancy, and their families exposed to all the inconveniences incident to such circumstances. The entire loss to the several individuals is little less, if any, than $10,000. The Cincinnati Commtrctal of the 21th inst., says,:?Passengers from the South represent the tornado of last Tuesday night, on the Ohio, as violent in the extreme. An eye-witness who came up on the steamer Saladin, describes its desolating eflects along the banks of the river as exceeding anything he ever beheld. In some places, for miles along the sides of the mountains, the forest trees were uprooted, twisted from the stumps, or shivered in atoms. He saw several houses unroofed and many barns blown down. In one instance, at a point about fifty miles above Evansville. a dwelling was overturned, and the barn escaped?and into the latter the family had huddled. Amid such terrible devastation, it is reasonable to suppose many persons were injured, or perhaps lives lost? knv tli- S-l-iliB Ufa, nnl nnll-H fiht* Hut nrtt lanH | at any point within the track of the hurricane. Shocking Mi roers.? Lieut. Harrison, 5th Infantry, U. S. army, left this place a few days since, with a wagon train, tor Fort Towson, ana on his return wnh^three of the wagons, a young man, a Choctaw, by the name of Scott, who had been going to school, near Doakville, O. N., started home in company with the teamsters; when within titiy miles of this place, en Monday night, the 26th ultimo, they camped, aud Lieut. H. and a Mr. Cooper, a collector, from Boston, passed the camp late in the evening, and came on about four miles farther, and put up for the night. One of the teamsters, by the name ot Gardner, and the young Choctaw, slept by the fire, on the ground; the other two teamsters slept m their wagons. In the morning, the two that slept in the wagons called once or twice to their comrades to arise, but no answer being returned, at length they went to them and found ihern both dead, their heads being cut with deep gasheB. with some instrument, supposed to be a tomahawk. The other two immediately pursued atter Lieut. H. and informed him of the (act, when he returned and found the two men lying upon their pallet, dead. He represents it ns an appalling sight. No suspicion has fallen upon their comrades, as they gave no evidence of alarm, nor even attempted to escape, but came on with their teams to this place. The supposition, however, is, that some person or persons followed Lieut Harrison and Mr. Cooper, with the intention oi robbing them, and killed the two men, ssppoeing them to be the persons they were in oursuit of, but discovering their mistake, they fled. But so far, no clue can be hsd as to the perpetrators of these horrid Murders.?Furl Smith (Atk.) Herald, March 7. Melancholy Occurrence.?Miss Ann Thompson, daughter of Mr. Anson Thompson, privately left her lather's house on the 21st inst., and haa not been heard of since. She had been for about a year paat, suffering under occasional alienation I of mind, and had frequently alarmed her friends by talking of drowning herself. She attempted it once; but was prevented from effecting her fatal purpose. The whole neighborhood is in a state of excitement. They have searched th? fields and wor ds in the neighborhood, and draeeed the river: but all their efforts have (ailed to discover any trace o! the lost one. The general belief is, that ?he mutt have thrown herself into the river, which is now high and rapid. She left some very touching lines in her mom, which she had apparently just written, indicating her purpose ot self destruction. She was a young lady of respectable family, and exemplary character.?Btnehamton (IV. Y.) Iris, March 24. Thb Cholera at Nash villb, Terr*.?The Nashville (Tenn.) Union, of the 20th intt., says: ?We have heard of tour deaths by cholera since Saturday noon. There may have been others, but Irom diligent enquiry we believe there have been but four. We have nc means of ascertaining the number of cases that occur, but shall exercise the utmost diligence in keeping the public correctly nfoimed upon the subject IIkath of an America Abroad.? Information has been received Irom Thomas W. Siemens, Esq , Consul ot the United States at Matamoras. of the death, in that city, on the 6th instant, of John L>. Chamberhn, acitiwn of the United States. Mr. Siemens has sent lo the Department an inventory ol the eflects left by the deceased, an<1 states ih?t his lelaiives reside in Baltimore, Maryland. 1 L D TWO CENTS. Our Boston Correspondence, Boston, March 23, 1840. The Chit-chat m Botton relative to Meurt. tVt biter and Ijawrenct, ami the Cabinet?The Office Seekeri. jrc., jc , tfc. A iew days before the inauguration, all Boston was thrown into a state of intense excitement by the announcement of the fact that Mr. Lawrenoe had received a telegraphic despatch from General Taylor himself, offering him his choice of offices, as between the departments of the Treasury and the Navy; and requesting his immediate presence t o.j ;? ( ^ ? *?. J ? UMM.U6.vH| ??/ UIU AM lUIIUlUf ?uo tic w auuunistration. The Whig Reading Room was illuminated in honor of so happy an occurrence, and it was astonishing to hnd how numerous were the people who had all along been certain that Mr. Lawrence was not only one of the greatest states' men of the age?" one of our most remarkable men, Bir "?but that he was aure to be the masterspirit of the Taylor administration. And, to do these gentlemen justice, Mr. Lawrence's prospects of power and politicAl influence, wore, according to all ordinary reasoning, as well-foanded as those of any public man in the country. He was a Tay lor man so far back as the first part of the summer of 1846; he had used his lull personal influence, which was great, in laying firm the foundation of the Taylor party ; and after the General's nomination, which he did as much to promote as any one individual in the nation, hethrewhimsoll valiantly into the fight, and preserved the whig party intact throughout New England. There is no denying these assertions, the truth of which is well known to all New England men. Had Mr. Lawrence taken as determined a position adverse to General Taylor as he did in his favor, Massachusetts and Vermont would have voted for the free soil candidate, and General Cass would have probably been in the Presidential chair at this moment. There was, then, nothing absurd in the belief that General Taylor was about to confer some signal mark of his favor on the man who had been thus prominent in bringing about his elevation. It soon leaked out, however, that the fact waB no fact at all?that the despatch ne more came from General Taylor than it came from Prester John, but was simply from Senator John Davis, requesting that Mr. Lawrence would visit Washington, as thereby his influence would be j more felt?and that no promise ol a cabinet seat [ had been made by the President elect to Mr. Lawrence. The cooler whigs saw this from the commencement, but the mass of the party can hardly be made to believe it now. Mr. Lawrence did go to Washington, but it was only to find himself beaten at every point of the game by Mr. Webster. It the assertions of the latter gentleman's friends are to be believed, he teld General Taylor that in the event of Mr. Lawrenee being called to any place in the cabinet, he (Mr. W.) could not promise to support the administration in thn Senate. The result was, according to the Webster men, that Gen. Taylor did eurreuder, and that Secretary ) ton was the agent in the transaction. For and in consideration of Mr. Webster's support, I the President, through the Secretary of state, agreed to give up Mr. Lawrence, ana to appoint Mr. Wtbster's friends to certain places. The tesLT of Henry Clay is said to have operated in Mr Webster's favor, and Mr. Clayton convinced the General that the government could not be carried on without the effective support of one or the other of these great whigs. Mr. Clay's support could not be obtained, it was thought, except by the administration surrendering to him at discretion, which would have been anything bat a discreet proceeding; and Mr. Webster was willing to do much in return tor something being done fur himself and friends. Such is the amount of what Webster whigs openly say here. The wiBdom of frankness, in their case, may be a little doubted. The distribution of the great offices is looked for with unendurable impatience. Mr. Hudson's appointment to the Naval Offiee la not looked upon with much disfavor, as Mr. Parmsnter is regarded with no very affectionate feelings by democrats, and the whigs are pleased with the promotion of a gentleman who ia an object of especial hate to the free soilers. As all the subordinate places in the Naval Office are now held by whigs who ware retained by Mr. Parmenter, Mr. Hudson will be saved from the unpleasant duty of aiding in the great work of reform. Collector Morton expects to retain his office until the expiration of the time for which he was appointed, which would carry him over to June, 1880. It is understood that he was warmly commended by the late administration to their successors, and the Boston custom house was pronounced the "model custom house of the United Sta'es." lean hardly believe, however, that our Collector will hold on for more than a year. There are too many illustrious gentlemen who want the piace, to permit him to entertain a rational hope of the kind. Prominent among them m Gov. Lincoln, who received the place at the hands of Mr. Tyler. The Lincoln influence wan necond only to that of Mr. Lawrence in piomoting the Taylor cause in Massachusetts. The tVareetter JEtit. a whig journal, and conducted with a good deal of tact ana vigor by a member of the Lincoln family, early took ground in favor of the old hero, and was instrumental in breaking up the Clay party. A iPtr or fvn nino^ (lov f.inonln fell heir in a large fortune, and some of the poorer whigs are sufficiently democratic to think that the codectorahip should not be imposed on a wealthy man.? Mr. Philip Greeley iB another applicant tor the place; but as he linked his fortunes to those of Mr. Lawrence, his prospects are thought to be not the most brilliant. There are a number of patriotic individuals who are extremely anxious to serve their country and promote the cause of sheap postage, by taking Mr. Greene's place as Postmaster ofBoston. The office is a good one; and Mr. Greene has held it some eighteen years, and, therefore, the chase after it is great, the hounds havingopened on a keen scent, ant following it breast high. Mr. Hayden, formerly of the Atlat, is a leading man of the number; and Mr. Coffin, a young man, and a very energetic laborer in the whig vineyard, is not behind him. These are the most prominent, though there are some others who have hopes. Fletcher Webster has been named for the place, as he has for some others. * The Navy Agency is eagerly sought for. A Mr. Chandler went to Washington, armed with a cord of recommendations for the office; and Colonel Wright, who bolted from the democratic party is also after the place; but I understood, from good whig authority, with not very great chances. Me, too, enlisted in the Lawrvnce set, and is obnoxious to Mr. Webster. The present agent's commission does not expire until fourteen months from this time. He got the office when Colonel Wright left it. The District Attorneyship is sought by a Mr. Francis Bnndley, and ta assigned by ths public to Fletcher Webster. Ths latter can have it for the asking; but some think hia ambition will take a higher flight. He ia a popular man, and hia elevation to some distinguished post would by no meana be an unpopular act on the part of the President. Of all who have been spoken of for the cellectorship, he is ths most liked. The democrats would prefer him in that post to any othsr whig. It is currently said that Mr. Rantoul has sent in his resignation of the attorneysnip. The place of Marshal, now held by Mr. Barnes, a near relative of Judge Woodbury, is desired by a number of persons. It is not a very lucrative ... . _ .1 It would be idle to peculate on me prnoame eflecta ot these official affairs; but if the coldness of the regular whigs should continue to increase at the rate it has for the last fortnight, it will produce frightful effects on the party here by the next tall election. The free soilers are in good spirits, though they regret that Mr. Hudson is so situated as to make it impossible tor him to be the whig candidate for Governor; but they console themselves with the knowledge that there are in the whig party a great many men who unite in themselves the desirable elements of ambition and unpopularity. The fact that, at the last trial to sleet a representative in the fourth district, the free soil candidate received more than nine-tenths as many votes as were thrown for him at the regular election in November, when there were a score of reasons to bring out voters, that could not operate at the special trial, is significant of the vitality of | that party in this quarter. The democracy are apparently enwrapped in a slumber deep as the united somnolency of the Seven Sleepers ol Eohesus. People are said to sleep soundest just before awaking. Mr. Bancroft's movement is regarded by democrats here as having been made of his own "mere motion," and as intended to aid him on his return borne. It has had an amazing good effect for him already, and he will be more popular than he evar was an nia return. 1 be furs has been redueed oa several of the boats I'ljlrg between this city and Albany, to M oeotsanih .to cents. J

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