Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 23, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 23, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5435. MViinnr and republicanism a europe. XUU ttAUAT 9BBATB IN THE FRENCH NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. SPEECH OF M. THIERS. The Poreign Policy of Prance. Sittino of March 30. M. Marrast, the president. took the chair at half-past 12 o'clock. ^'be order of the day was the discussiox on the affairs of Holy. Th# PrniDcsT?The tribune is to M. Ilixio, member Of tie Committee on Foreign Affairs. M. mo read a paper which stated that the Committal! n Foreign Affairs had met and deliberated on the affairs of Italy, and hud drawn up a resolution which lie "was about t * submit to the Assembly. Vet, anxious us he was to come to a conclusion, he coi'ld not, however, puss over the heroic corps of the Piedmontese army, ["Oh, oh," and laughter. J without paying homage to its generous temerity, and without giving it u mark of sympathy. (Agitation | M. Ftiknne Abaco?The scutiment of nationality was liot a temerity. M. Brno went on to sny that he should not then enter into the question of the conduct of the Republic towards the nations of Italy, hut lie must affirm that it was not a duty towards Kurope, Inwards Italy, which lie was performing in adverting to the present subject, but to France herself, for the ouestion of Piedmont had at wuys been a French one. [Movement.] Under Louis XIV. the passage of the Tieino by the Imperialists was considered almost as menacing as that of tho V'ar. [ Anita t lor.] Negotiations must, therefore, be entered on, to lead to the withdrawal of the Austrian* from Piedmont; but they ought to be of such a nature as not to be tedious or delayed. France had not for thirty years (riven proofs of her disinclinations to conquest, to have her intentions, her moderation, now doubted. tVhen Russia considered her territory menaced she asked perrnlstion for no one to enter Transylvania. The Austrian.s ad 80.000 men in Italy, close to the French territory, and such a force could not but be danger ?us for France. To negotiate with a chance of success, Franco ought to fliug her soldiers in the other scale, and then appeal to her allies?then call on them to join her. [.Murmurs.J Under sueli circumstances, it appeared to the committee necessary to bring the question before the Assembly. In cceisequenee he would read tho resolution which the committee had agreed to. ["No, no.-' "Lay it on the table."] M. Beunard?What right has the committee to pre-* cnt its resolutions to us. [Agitation.] The President?As several members appear to take umbrage at the committee sending in a resolution, i have to pray the honorable geutlcuiuu to present it in his own name. M. Bmo?I present, as suggested, in my own name, the proposition alluded to. The honorable gentleman tin read the following resolution:? " The National Assembly, jealous of securing the preservation of tile two greatest interests 0011 ti.led to it, the dignity of France, and the maintenance of peace founded in respect tor nationalities, and ooncuiring in tho language held in the fitting ?f the UStli by the President of the Council of Ministers, confiding also in the Uoverniucnt of the President of the Republic [oli, nil, interruption J, declares if the better to guarantee the integrity of the l'iediuontcsc territory, and protect the Interest and honor of France, the Executive Power should think it necessary to give force to tliu ucgoeiations, hy the partial and temporary occupation of any tmint of Vpper Italy, it would find in the National Assembly the must sincere and cordial co-operation" [agitation] M. Mole must declare, as a nu mber of the committee, that the report read by M. Bixlo previously to the proposition just licurd. had never been submitted to tho committee, anil was entirely unknown to it [great agitation], The resolution alone liad been discussed and adopted; but the report, undoubtedly did not emanate from the committee [hear, hear, considerable agitation]. M. Gvitave pe Beaumont wished tocorroborate what had just fallen froui the last speaker. Certainly, the report read by M. Blxio had not been submitted to the committee. M Clement Thomas must express his regret at finding the sacred cause of the Italians Injured by the rauladdrcss of the honorable gentleman who had been e?*rged to present the resolution [movement]. What ' rag wanted was, to know iu what state the affairs of Italy really were, and. in eoneeijuence, lie should call On the Minister of Foreign Affairs to come forward, and state what he knew of the affairs of that country. When that was done, the Assembly could vote such an order of the day as it might deem suitable [hear, hear]. The Minister of Foreign Affairs declared that the Government was most anxious to lay before the Assembly an exact account of all the information which it had received up to the present moment. The last despatches received were the following. The honorable Minister then proceeded to read several documents connected with the seat of war. The tir.-t was dated * Turin, March -6. six in the evening." it was from M. Bois-le-Comtc, the French Minister in that city. It ran thus:? "The Piedmontese government, in its uncertainty as to the intentions of the new King, applied to me and Mr. Abcrconmhy, ns already stated, to apply to Marshal Hadutzky for an armistice, in order to protect the city of Turin. IV' at once agreed to uudertake the mission. However, we at once waited on Prince de C'nrignan, the Lieutenant-lienors! of the kingdom, and re<ommended that n council should be held, in order to give us formal powers to treat. This was done, and the result was exactly what wc desired. The Municipal Comic 1 joined with the government in reuuesiing oar intervention, and we obtained that the Syndic ( Mayor) of the city should accompany us. We then proceeded to Novara. undertaking to stipulate for the aufety of the city only, leaving to tho new King to treat for peace as ho might deem fit, overtures to that effect bavin; be n already proposed. H'e were unwiU ling in any way to interfere with the line of policy he might deem fit to adopt. Some persons at Turin spoke of making a desperate resistance, but such w as far from being the feeling of the great mats of the people, who were altogether anxious for order and peace (murmurs on tbe left.) Tne news of onr I intention to interfere was received by the inhabitants with ihl utmost gratitude." (Movement.) A noatcortnt. to this ilosnatoli onnt.innoit tbn bnnoss. ble Minister, dated March 20th. and coming from tho Secietary of the Kini a sy, tho Minister having taken bin departure, said :? "The two Minister* have set out?the abdication of the King has been proclaimed at Turin officially?an armistice h.-s been concluded by the new King, the principal point of W rich is, that the Austrian troops are not to pass the Sesia." Suc'.t were the contents of the first despatch, down to the 26tli. The next was the invitation sent to the two Masters from the President of the Council, General (31 fklo, to repair to the Austrian camp, as stated above; also, a similar invitation from the Municipal Council of Turin to the same effect. The honorable Miuist < r then read a letter from M. Bois-le-Comptc, dated "the 27th of March, in the morning." It said :? "I hare jnst retnrncd from Novara, where we found Marshal Radetaky perfectly well disposed to receive us; the armistice was ratified a few hours after onr arrival. The Austrian General had treated directly with the Kinj, Victor Cut minuet." The following are the bases of the arrangement"Tho armistice is to continue until the conditions of peace lhall have been agreed on; the King is at once to name it Sardinian plenipotentiary. The Marshal will, on his part, have one named by his government in the shortest possible delny. The A us r ans are to remain on the left bank of the Sesia. where a corps d'lirmee is to lie placed; the fortress of Alessandria is to lie occupied conjointly liy Austrian and Sardinian troops in equal numbers." ( Murmurs on the left.) A voice: That is treason. (Agitation ) The Misister of Foheiuh Affairs went on to read lie despatch: " The Lombard troops are to he disbanded, but the King may retain individuals of that nation in his service; the forts occupied by the l'iedmontese in Lombardy shall be evacuated. Such are the bases of the armistice. Mursliul Kadetiky appeared to us most auxious for peace, lie expressed a wish to evacuate Piedmont as soon as possible, and to return to the States of the Emperor his master. If he insisted on tho joint occupation of AUssandria, it was because a certain guainntCc is necessary until tho l'iedmontese army shall be V d lived to a I cure establishment. The new King bad entered T iilr, hut has not yet chosen his ministry." Another despatch, evutiuued tholhOnorable Minister, of the 27tsi March, stated that the King had passed the Nrtlonal Guard in review, nnd been received with enthusiasm by the population. The honorable Minister then went on to remark, that the situation of Tiedmont imposed on France most importaut duties. As the lycni cvcuvs which iiiiu iinciy iiiaeu puice u?<> wui uvi-u altogether unforeseen, government had determined b relinud to not so ns to guarantee the integrity of the Plrdmoatese territory, and preserve tlie dignity au4 interests of Frauce, For that purpose the government would. If necessary, demand full authorization from the Assi tuhly to act; and would accept iwith eo rncrs w luitever powers the Assembly might t^'nlc fit to acct rd i? by a resolution or order vf tie day. in accordance with that which had Iji'Mi just rend. Bui the government had not waited for any special authorization; it had already acted with energy and promptitude; It had, by its agents, communicated to the Austrian government the apprehension which it entertained of tlie possibility of Piedmont being occupied by Austrian trisips. The Austrian government had hastened to give the most satisfactory assurance* of its desire to art in a manner culoulateil to satisfy the go. Verumcnt of the republic of its pacific intentions. On frlarrh 16. before any despatches could liuve been received, I'rince de Schwarxenburg had declared that ,'tustna war moil anrious for peace; that she did Hot with for a'i ieith of Piedmontetr territory; that she trat ready to giurantee the integrity of that territory on conditions satisfactory to F.nglaiid and FVance; that all it should demand was that Piedmont should pay the expenses of ti.u war?the justice of such a demand being incontestiblc On March it. the same Minister declared that the imperial goveriimi ut had no desire whatever to extend it* dominions?that all it wanted was to have tlicm liuiintuhu d as gcarantecd by treaties. (Loud murmurs ) A Voice on the left?Ay. the treaties of 1815.? (Noise ) The Misisnn or Fottrin* Alexins?The next day, tlie 34th, the Prime Minister renewed his assurance", declaring that Austria desired, not war, but pence, and ti remain without taking the smallest portion of the Piedinontesc (errit >ry. M Drouyn dc l'Lhuys then went on to say that it > w facts called oil tlie French government to act, it should not hesitate to apply, as he had already stated for authorisation from the Assembly to do so. The Assembly might rest assured that the government would so conduct itself in the matter as to fuily ma>ntnn the great principle of the integrity of Piedmont (Hear, hear ) M Bin xi i.t i aid that tns facts just ment o:ied must fc* accepti d? but he could nut agree thut the government ought, in consequence, to lie given carte hlanake Kact in the pr?s?ut conjuuclui'D as it plvasxd. The E NE previous conduct of the government did not. he though warrant the Assembly in placing any such rontldem in it. As to the integrity of tlie riedwontese turritor he did not imagine that any one entertained at serious apprehension* on the point, and when tl government spoke of whut its intentions were relati to it, its declarations simply amounted to nothin The honorable gentleman then entered into an exalt nation of the government in the ltalinn question, ai in particular. nianicu cerium instructions given to i agents. sonic of which lie read from the tribune. 1 vu well awnrc. he raid, of what were the principl proclaimed after the revolution of February by tl provisional government, and at a later period by tl Assembly; but since then, they had been very sensib departed from. The provisional government had, clear terms, declared that it would give all the aid its power to bring about the enfranchisement of Ital and the Assembly, on May 24, had adopted that d claration as one of tiie bases of its jiolicy. liad t! Italians now a right to entertain any better hopes effecting their independence than before! Certain not. All that was now spoken of. was the integrity riedmont. (Hear, hear.) The question of the eut'rai ehisement of Italy was to have been treated in the coi fercnce at Brussels; but A ustria. after having ut tir delayed to send in her reply, at last declared plain that she would not admit uny such condition. Tl honorable gcutlcuiun here read two despatches rel tive to the Anglo-French mediation, and then tflnu that the mediation wns mere words, and that what tl several governments were endeavoring to keep up, we the treaties of 1815. Tin' honorable gentleman he: quoted, in support of this opinion, some despatch from tiie Austrian government, published in a foreiji journal, in which Austria declares that she wou never suffer the slightest alteration in the treaties 1815. The honorable gentleman then remarked, ho great a change had taken place in the conduct of tl French government from the time when M. Drouyn i I.buys, as President of the Committee of Foreig Affairs, had presented an order of the day in favor < the enfranchisement of Italy, France had not abai doned the idea of mediation, or ut least she gave tl Austriau government such hopes of having tho Italia question settled uecording to the wishes of the Imp rial court, that this latter hud ut once communicate the fact to the courts of Berlin and St. Petersburg. call on the government." said the honorable geutb man. '* to come forward and declare wbut it intern, doing. Does it intend to re-establish the Pope as temporal prince? Whatever you propose to do. di clarc it; do not wrap yourselves up in a diplomatic r< serve; come forward and speak." (Approbation os tl left.) The Minister of Forktni* Affairs.?A policy ha just been suggested by the honorable gentleman's fane iftril.iilu.l I.. .... /I......hi... .... <1... ?I.-l.A 1 ,.l..l.._? i. terruption on the left.) Honorable gentlemen iute: ruptcd. He wished to remark that what he had to sa required great liberty, and a good deal of calm, and that liberty were refused him he should be obliged t leave the tribune. (Approbation.) The tactics of tl opposition were to demund explanations from the g< virnment, and then render them Impossible, in ordi to be able to say that the government had not give any. lie had then said that a policy dictated by tl fancy of honorable gentlemen had been set forth, an he would prove it. The Assembly knew what was tl policy of the Provisional Government?it was fully d clared in the circulars and in the manifesto af M. ( Lamartine. What had the latter said It lutd pr mired the assistance of France to the Italian natio But when did that gentleman make that promise .' Tl day after the revolution. Well, there was no necessil for him (the Minister) to dwell on the prudence ar precaution which were shown in that promise. Wliei iu fact, assistance was referred to, the conditions o which it was promised should be remembered, an when the treaties of 1815 were spoken of. they were d dared extinct in principle, hut nevertheless were mat the starting point of the relations with foreign power The Assembly saw then tliut the promise which wi made at a revolutionary moment did not amount I an absolute engagement. At that time had any act i war occurred ? The members ol the provisional g< vernnient would not, assuredly, bring forward the expi dition of Chambery, or of tlie Black Forest. (Murmui on the left.) The Assembly saw then that the jirov sional government had measured its words, and dii played prudence in its acts. And when the Nationi Assembly met, what language was employed ! Libert; it was true, was spoken of, but so also was peace?peat which M. dc Lamartine called, amidst the applause i the Assembly, the bread of the poor. (Approbation 'I'll.. Inm,ir?l,i., .n.n?l..n...n ?l,n u.w.L.. I,..t I,..I to an onlcr of the day which he (the Minister) hn presented, and which liad been unanimously adoptei He would not say that the reporter of u committee onl expressed the opinion of the committee (murmurs u the left); but would meet the difficulties which ha been raised. How had that order of the day bee brought forw ard The Assembly would remember tha owing to the petitions of the Poles, orders of the day wei referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs ; and th committee had adopted tliut which had been alluded t and which was the resutni of the traditional policy < France, which policy had alwuyi turned special utter tion to three things, viz.: a war in Italy, the Interu constitution of Qcrinany, und the situation of Polnn since its division. He said then, thut France ought to r< ninin faithful to the tradition of her history?that sh ought not to sacrifice Italy to Germany, nor German to Italy, but that she ought to adopt a policy of cot ciliation and arrangement, which should effect or grand end, whilst taking into consideration those thrc different objects. (Approbation.) The Assembly ha desired thnt those three objects should be attained, an they had been. It knew also that tlie question of w? had never been formally brought forward in the tr buue; it had only been raised before the Committee o Foreign Affairs, and had been reserved by It. He woul now proceed to notice the policy of General Cavaignac (Marks of attention.) At the time he entered on powe France had offered assistance to Italy; but Italy beiu victorious, replied that she should be able to dispone with it. Soon, however, defeats succeeded to victorie and then Italy demauded the assistance of France; bi General Cavaignac replied that France hnd not mad an absolute engagement, but had only manifested hr intention in the midst of peculiar rircuuistances, be that matters having since changed she would see whs should be done. And when military assistance was d< manded, the honorable General replied by offerln diplomatic assistance. In the days of the triumph t the Italians, what were the bases of the proposition made by the Austrian cabinet ? Independence fc Lombardy. a separate government for Venetia. an e<iu: table division of the debt, and an advantageous treat Thry wore rejected. The war accordingly continuet and I'iodmont. the strongest part of Italy, sustaiue reverses. She then demanded assistance lrom Franci but mediation only was offered The French govern ment wished to enter oil the mediation on the banc* a first proposed; but Austria being victorious would n longer treat on them. Her pretensions, she said, ha changed with victory. Since then, things had ad vanced but slowly. A long time hud been employed i Selecting negotiators and the place of meeting; fi Austria, which stnrted from a different point of view t that she had just adopted, feared that the negotiation would not succeed; whilst on his part. King < hiirli Albert?on whom, now that he was unfortunnb ho would be sorry to express any blatne. (Mm murs on the left, and violent interruption.) H would stop to answer the interruption from tlu quarter by saying, that, at the moment o which the son of Charles Albert received sixtce balls in his uniform, a certain famous agitator ha quietly slipped out of Turin [approbation]. But to con tinue ; Charles Albert also had no confidence in th issue of the negotiations. It was therefore necessary t make both Austria and Piedmont understand that tri bunals were invested for the express purpose of makin opposed parties agree. The French government lm< said to Charles Albert?and In so doing only repcatei what its predecessor had stated?that it would tak part in a work of peace, but that, if he attacked th Austrian*. France would not follow him in his adren turcs [murmurs on the left]. He repeated that the go T rnnient had to offered armed, but diplomatic,nssist ance. The Assembly knew the events which had jus occurred- The entry of the Austrians iuto Piedmon was only too clearly foreseen^ and the government hai said to Charles Albert that. It lie attacked Austria, i would not undertake to defend his territories if the; should be invaded. In that, he declared It had onl; followed the policy inaugurated by General Cavaignac But if no engagement obliged France towards Plcdmonl it was a point of honor n.n<l duty for her to protect th integrity of the Sardinian territory, and it was to tha that M. Odiion Barrot had alluded on Wednesday. A to what >1. Billnult had said about the ministers enter taining the idea of restoring the treaties of 1815. h asked on what defc'uftlt fits tuat assertion was baseu if on '{*.[. despatches in the Timet, lie would declare tha those statements were erroneous. It had, it was tru< been proposed to the French government to take par in a congress, by which a new sanction should be give to the treaties of 1815; but the government had nc consented to do so; France could not place the date i 1848 on the treaties of 1815. There were three ways c resolving such questions as the present?the first was t leave them to chance; the second, to act alone; the thiri to act in common with other governments; and it wa ii._ i--a follow mm htnir as t?ORsiblo. I lie 1UM WHICH lit '???" O r [Approbation ] With respect to the Pontifical quw tion. he could not accept wluit M. Billuult had said. f< the government would not allow, as that honorable gei tWmau had insinuated. any power that might think f to Intervene, The government considered, and car< fully weighed, the interest of Italy, religious interea and liberty in general [Approbation,J To prote< those three Interests, France ought to ooine to an ur deretnnding with as many powers as possible, for tl more powers there were the mare impartial would be tl solution of the question. In conclusion, he had to d< clarc that he was ready to ascend the tribune as ofto as any member of the Assembly should think right I require any explanation, or when he (the ministe: should think It right to correct any inexactitude. [A| pluuse] M I.i dbi'-Roli is : To the friends ol liberty the d feat of the I'iedmontese wns an Important and lameit able fart, but it wns only an Incident in the gre; Italian question. It would, however, be for ever fat and Irreparable if it were employed to cause France forget the engagements entered into towards Ital The government had employed innguage which bottom contained the idea of the abandonment of tl Italian cause. It said that the Austrian governmei bad declared that it would not take possession of tl territory of Piedmont : ami that it?tho governme of France?would employ Its efforts to cause t'icdino tese nationality to be rcspoated. The Assembly, 111 him. must be astonished at such a declaration, ai could not understand the utility of it. What did tl government say In the councils of F.urope ' That would prevent precisely what Austria did not want do Was that a serious part to play ? Piedmont w W YO MORNING EDITION?MC it, to bo obliged to pay the cost of the war ; but did they ce not know from their own history that the Austrian* y, would not abandou or refrain from oppressing Pledly mout so long as the tribute should remain unpaid .' 10 The struggle teal between absolutism and liberty, and the re Jlustrian now dominated alt Italy. Rome anil Tuscany g. leer* at much threatened at Piedmont [approbation on the 5- left The question of Piemont, therefore, did not reid solve that of Italian independence. There was a war ts to the death between the rerolutionary idea and the prejuIe dices of despotism ; and he hud said on a previous ores ension that Russia and Austria were preparing, and lie that from Hungary the Austriau unuy might coiue to lie Italy. The prediction had been realised?the Anstrily uns were how ut the foot of the Alps. Was it with in Austria, then, that they should ully themselves uuder ill such circumstances ? No. but with the Italian repuby; lies. [Laughter.] But could a compact destroy the e- revolution ? It was forgotten that from 1792 to 1S14 lie all the efforts attempted had been useless?they had of not prevented 1830 or 1848 ; the lesson of history, then, ly ought not to be neglected. The policy of the governor went ought to be democratic if it would not perpetun ate war. He saw with regret that the government had a- commenced the old comedy of answering reproaches st ugninst its policy by saying, that that policy was not ly worse than that of its predecessors The lion, gentleic man then proceeded to contend that the provisional a- government had declared that, if necessary, it would d assist Italy by arms, and he maintained that that gole verninent hail done all that it could, und would have re done more if Piedmont herself had not opposed it. re Now. however, he added, the Italians?their brethren? es appealed to them, and they could not refuse to listen ;n to their cry without rendering themselves guilty of Id unti-nationul uml auti-h'reuch policy. The honorable of gentleman then quoted some observations in favor of iv the independence of Italy, made by M. Odilon Barrot te at a banquet at St.JQuentin, and after some general oble nervations he concluded by saying, ' Either the governn ment is with the foreigner in favor of the treaties of of 181b, or it is with the republic against them." i- M Billaii.t observed that the government had not lo sufficiently explained what its intentions were, nor ,u sufficiently replied to his remarks, e- The .Mimstkh ok Kohkiun Assairs said that he id thought that he hud sufficiently answered M. Billuult 1 already. e- Mr. Jules Kaviik entered into an examination of the Is Italian question, the polioy of the provisional governa went, and of that of General ( avalgnac He then a- summeu up me recent events, ana snia. that as tlie d- Austrians were now on tho loft bank of the Scisa, le France had tho right to rant her sworil into tho scale. Sucli was the idea under which the resolution of the ,d committee had been drawn up. The committee was of y opinion that the safely of Franco required that such a t- resolution should not bo hostile to the Ministry?that r it should not appear to be an attack on the cabinet to y cause its overthrow, it ought to be tho expression of if the whole country, whieli, forgetting its internal diviio sions. demanded that Frauco should act. The comle mlttce desired that at Rome and in Tuscany, so far us a- vti possible, and to the utmost limits of poeaibility, Br the government should cause nationalities to be rein speetcd ; and, in order that it might act efficaciously, to it was absolutely necessary that it should be supported id by the Nutionul Assembly. [Prolonged cries of te " F.nough, enough.'-] e- The Prknident then read from the chair the proposlle tion brought forward by M. Bixio, and said lie should o- proceed to put it to the vote. (Loud cries of ' No, n. no!" 'The order of the day pure and simple.") 10 Tlie Minister if Forf.ion Affairs had only to repeat ty w hat he had already said, that the government would id accept tlie proposition just read, but the responsibility a, of the language used must rest witli tlie reporter. >n M. Flocon said, that in his opinion the Assembly id could not vote tho order of tlie day presented in the e- name of the Commit tea of Foreign Affairs, since it im10 plied a certain coutidence in the government which ho, s. for his part, was fur from feeling. [Laughter.] Ou the is other hand, the order of tlie day pure and simple might to be deemed to imply u feeling of indifference tor tho pouf sition of the people of Italy. lie should, consequently, j- propose the following order of tho day motive :? o- " The Xutionui Assembly, persisting in its order of the day r9 of May 24, authorises the government to tuke all measures i necessary to guarantee the enfranchisement of Italy." ("Oh, oh!" Laughter.) I Ucnerul Baraouay D'Hu.i.if.ns said, that the order of " the day of the Committee of Foreign Affairs was so ob*> scure. so strangely worded, (laughter) that many pcrson-, did not exactly know what it meant. (Renewed laughter.) In order, therefore, that there might be no J doubt iu tlie matter, lie should propose the oilier of the i day pure und simple. (Hear.) i A division then took place on the order of tho day * pure anil simple, when the result was :? y N umber of voters 700 " Absolute majority 380 tl Ayes 3l!7 11 N oes 44Majority. ?115 l0 In consequence, tlie order of the day pure aud simple, 0 was declared to he rejected. jf The President?M. Psgnerre proposes the following as r modification of tlie nronosition of M. ilixio. " The ,r National Assembly declares that. in order to guarantee j tha honor and internal* of France, and to preserve th? integrity of Piedmont, the Executive Power, if it should l0 think right to aupport the negotiation by a partial or ? temporary occupation of any point of Upper Italy, it would find in tho National Assembly tha moat sincere 1C and uioft active co-operation.'' (e m. Flocon objected to that resolution, on the ground q that the Assembly could not offer iti co-operation to j the government tor an eventual casa. He thought that ir they ought to forget the dissensions which existed bci_ tween them and the cabinet, and that the best plan was n to recall the resolution of '24th May. lie therefore proj posed that the Asaembly should adopt the following : ? I " The National Assembly, persisting in its resolution f of '24th May, invites the Executive Power to take all the incus-urns necessary to ensure its execution."?[ Agitation.J ? M. 'i'Htiti?1 have neither the time nor the strength ,* to treat the question fully. which I regret. I must, ? however, say that the Assembly ought to call on M. ,r Flocon and his friends for a frank and clear explanation. I wish to cause every one to display the frunkness which ought to be shown in such an important de, bate (cries on the left.) It is very late to interrupt , and create incidents. If the Assembly will not hoar mo now. let it postpone the question till to-morrow (cries lg fr'-m all purts of "yes, ves !") ,r The postponement of the debate to the next day was i. put to the vote, und carried amidst great agitation, y The sitting was brought to a close at a quarter past > six o cl ck. 1, Sitting or satracar, March 31. d After a few words from lieu. Cavaignac, in defence of 5, his policy, and in praise of that followed by the present i- government. it M. Thiers rose, anil said he had to apologise for o having come forward the day before, to propose to add journ the discussion, (no, no) ; but the question I- was of such importance, that it appeared to him n necessary to have it clearly set forth before the Asir sembly. lie had, in particular, to refer to the ,o language of M. Ledru Rolllu, which he could not ceris tainly imagine to have been serious. What! because is he (M. Thiers) had some years beforo disapproved of e, the conduct of the government, in theaffair of Ancona, r- he ought to recommend that a general war should bo !o declared at present! "Why," said the honorable genit tleman, " that would be the same tiling as to say that, it because I disapproved of tho arts of the government n under the monarchy?because I formed part of the opd position?1 am at present obliged to be a democratic i. republican like you [loud murmurs on the left; laughe ter on the right ] '1 hat would certuinly be an axtruoro dinary pretension. I- A Voice on the left?We have no such idea, g M. Thiers?So much the better, for in that ease we J are quite of the same mind on the point, [l.anghter.] d But let us place aside my pnst ucts and speak of the o present, for certainly the matters now passing before o us are of quite sufficient importance to merit all our attention. Italy has fallen [Loud interruption on > the left, in the midst of which M. Uent's voice could be heard.] t The President?Let M. Tillers speak; you can reply t afterwords. And you, M. pleased to be eft M. Thiers?I comprehend the motive of this intery ruption. You wish to say that all Italy was not on the r battle-field of Novara. '1 hat is trui ; and 1 regret it for her, mid for tllOSC Ot WllOm yoil *ei jruurscive* up m-rr un t, the defenders. [Hear, hear.] For the present, then, c Italy ha? fallen. [murinur?;J ye*, for the moment. I do t not say for alwnys I hope she may rise again But ? the fact is not to be disputed?for the moment ?hc has succumbed. Is France engaged towards Italy? Beyond e any doubt, no. Under every government France lias not ceased to repeat?" If the armistice shall be broken t by your fault. It Is on you alone that t'nc responsibility !. of the cousequeticea must full!" And it is not merely t the various ministries who have said so. but every man n of consideration whose opinion itofvaliicln snrh a case it But does it mean that P rance is to remain indifferent to >f tho fate of Italy? Br no means. Let us. then, >f examine what her policy ought to be in the ruse >o There are three courses to pursue; tho first Is to 1, cross the Alps and earry assistance to tho Italian is cause; the seroud is to negotiate; the third is to - do nothing, whilst inning the uppearunee of doing i- something I consider tills last as tho worst of ir all: and I look on tho second, that is, negotiation, as i- theb?st. [Agitation ] I will briefly examine the three It courses I have just mentioned, and in doing so. I must s- ask you to listen to me with thut attention which every t, conscientious opinion merits. (Hear, hear.) When it socialism stalked forward In this Assembly. I said to it l- ?Bring forth your system, and let the world see what ie it r< ally is. In like manner. I say to those gentlemen ic who cry out for the anfrancliifement of Italy produce 8- your menns of effi rting what you want. What was the n programme of the '24th of May ? Alliance with tieriualo ny?the enfranchisement of Italy?the reaonstltntlon r) ot Poland. Well, then, as far as regards Italy, this is p- what jou wanted?to wrest Lombardj and Venotiu from Austria. But how can you effect that? What are your e- means of action? If you have nothiug else hut force in t- view. It is war which you want to wage without being nt prepared for It. Uentlrmen, I confess that I dread war al lor my country; but 1 dread one tiling still more?nnd to that. is. to giddily engage In it without having sufficient y. means for the purpose. (Hear, hear.) Tile only means at that I can see for wresting Loin hardy frtuu Austria is tic to engage in war to throw one, two. or three armies nt into Italy, and another on the hhiue. Well, then, as

lie you evidently want to commence a war. let us examine nt the question tigethcr, as if w? were slttiug quietly n- round a table In conversation tientlcmen. war is alke way* a most serious matter, and the first point to dcid tcrmine is. are you in a position to enter on It? They tie who for tlie last Iwinty years have been speaking of an it immense coalition In lug organised against France, carlo tainly cannot now imagine that that coalition lia? been as ghscivid. But, supposing that it is with Austria atone RK E )NDAY, APRIL 23, 1849. that we should hare to deal, do you suppose that that would be a trifling matter? (Murmurs on the left.) 1 am proud of the power of my country, but 1 do not carry my well founded pride to the extent of puerility. 1 tell you that a war with Austria would be a yery scrioua matter. I know the resources of that country. I have studied the subject carefully, and I aftlrm to you that her forees are great. Do you know what the war with Austria required in ISOOf' Two marvellousbattles ?Marengo and Hohenliudon. (Agitation.) Yea, two of the moat magnificent event* of our history. And, bear in mind, that then we had AustriA alone before Hi; England had not then joined the coalition; I'rus*ia was neutral; Russia had not a soldier out. Hut at present it would not If merely a war with Austria, lut with the whole continent. [ Movement.) %rlt a moment when a coalition was most s/Hikm of, the union of %Hu stria anil Jltissia was doubtful; whereas at liresent. the alliance is certain. Ilussta has declared that she should consider as a casus belli the armed intervention of any power in Italy. It it, therefore, with the whole, continent that you would hare to contend. liut you have, you say. the alliance of tiie populations. Certainly. I admire u* much a* any man. the great sentiment of national enthusiasm which urge* a people towards independence and liberty ; but permit ineto say that you havejust hail an example given you of what this sympathy of the population* may hecomo in the presence of an organized force. If any nntlon ought to feel a lively sympathy for Italy, beyond uny doubt it wa* the Hungarian*. It was loudly"aflirmed that they would abandon the Austrian army?that they would never fight against the Italians- and yet you have seen that they fought with the greatest determination [agitation] Yes. you will have the sympathies of tho populations with you if you are in the right: you will be strong when you respect what ought always to be respected before tho sword 1* drawn?namely, the right of nations [hear, hear]. But do nit deceive yourselvos ; you cannot at present reckon on these sympathies of he populations of which you speak, because the mas* of populations an' torrlfleu at the agitations which tiny havejust passi ! through [loud exclamations on tho I.eft ; cheers on tho Right], At present you would linve witli you only some agitating and powerless minorities. You will not hove on your side the opinion of the population* [hear. hear]. If you are wise, you will continence by firmly impressing 011 your mind* that truth. At present, if you declare war, you will at once have England against you. 1 defy any political muu to deny that assertion. You must therefore prepare for a contest witli the whole rontincnt. without being able to reckon on the neutrality of England. Our interest in Italy is solely one of Influence : and I ask. is such a motive a sufficient cause to engage in a war with the continent of Europe [interruption on tho Left]I That is the whole question ; you may rake up the past, exhume documents, torture texts?you cannot change tho question, liulare wc to remain passive in this conjuncture No. We ought to look carefully to tiie interests of Italy, but only by means of negotiation [murmurs on the Left.'] You do not approve of that course ; yet. still it has I your own since February 'IA. as I shall prove. It was that.too. pursued by (jcnorul ( avuignnc. with great, prydenco and good sense, as 1 alii well plcasedkto declare. When, fifteen or sixteen months ago. this very question was brought befo/o the old t hainbcr of Deputies, what was the luiinnmsrm otna 11... niuuullino t Al lhal II... former government, l>y an error, which 1 deplore, and whirli I will not further advert to, since that government has fallen, had broken all its alFacces by tho Spanish marriages. Then Italy seemed to thiuk of striking for liberty. Well, what was our language? Wo said, " ltnly is composed, in great part, of independent States ; if the spirit of liberty manifests itself there, let them make the cause a common one ; and France will say that the liberty which shall arise out of the range of tilt! treaties of 1815 slinll he sacred and uiiattackaule; but as to the portions of Italy comprised in the treaties, France can do nothing, for the treaties exist.-' When I employed this language, I was strongly opposed, und an outcry was raised that such a policy was that of the treaties of 1815. 1 smiled, and left to time to demonstrate the truth of the policy which was so sharply attacked ; but I must acknowledge that 1 did not expect to see my pre-visions so promptly realised (movement). In the pluec of that policy you placed M. de Lemurtiuc's manifesto. At first I was uneasy (interruption) ; yes, but my mind was quickly set at rest (laugiitcr). 1 was alt-aid you were about to throw your legions into Italy : but you reflected ou the matter, and you did nothing (laughter), 'i'liut manifesto had two bases?the people, and peace. We ulso fully recognise these words, liul do you think that there wasany dignity in saying, as was then done, that the treaties of 1816, Ifthey existed in fact, did not exist in right ! Was it dignified to pronounce sneh dangerous words .' Arc you aware what those treaties arc There is, in the lines of territorial demarcations which tbey establish. a generous sentiment. Alexander desired them to be a sort of consecration of the right of nations (loud interruption). A Voice: on the Leit?You arc putting forth an npo logy for the tri aties of 1815. M. Thiers?1 am told that I am defending the treaties of 1815. Let me remind you of certain words used by me under the monarchy. In the sitting of February 1, 18-48, I said: " We must observe the treaties of 1815, until such day as war shall be proclaimed, because no other rule enn be found for our relations with foreign countries. L'ntil then, we must observe them and detest them." (Movement.) Ves, we must protect tho liberty of Italy, but not go beyond that point. It is that which you must have intcudcd to declare in your manifesto, as otherwise you were prepared to tear the treaties to pieces. Hut the manifesto speaks only of tho independent Stntes of Italy; therefore neither Lombardy nor Vcnetia is meant. (Movement.) Such is the declaration of the manifesto; and your acts have been in accordance witli that declaration. Last year, one of the greatest causes of regret which was expressed was, that, since 1815. France had not made any effort to organize a powerful army. After February, in considering the position of the country, 1 said to myself, undoubtedly nn army will now be orgunized. But I saw three months pass over without any step b> ing taken, and I spoke to several generals on the subject. 1 implored them to bring the matter before the Assembly. 1 spoke to them in preference, because military men are pardoned for hating served under another gevcruuicut. (Intenuption ) M. Chaiirai?It has been done. What you speak of was neinre ucncrai i uvuigiiur k limn. M. Tineas?Nothing was done. M. Charras no doubt imagines that I allude to what has since been effected ; but I am speaking (d the first three months. At a later period, General de l.nnioriciere und General (avuignac did all tliat the finances permitted them to do ; but facte could not be fftimajred. In May. the army was r< m pond of 378.000 men; in June, 431.000; in July, 463.000; in August. 406.000; in September, 503,000. 1 take into account, also, the army of the Alps. .M. Iiinmik I'sue*?The truth ought not to be go misrepresented. (Noige.) M. Tim:**?I quote figure*?oflieial rvturns ; they cannot be contested, and from them it in evident that it whs only in June that any attention wax paid to the organization of the army. M. Lcdru llollin ha< spoken of tIn- army of the Alps, and their desire toetner Italy. All that may bo very true: but what was the number of that urmy in May ? Not more tiiun 30.000 men; that is to say, thnt from 22 00# to 24.000 men could be put iu movement for active service. Uut. is it possible that you could have had any idea of entering Italy with such a force? Impossible! you could never have dreumed of risking the destinies of France in sucli a manner.? [.Agitation.] Thus you yourselves acted altogether on a peace policy; you acted as your successors did. and yet you now condemn their conduct. But you. yourselves. what did you do besides? Why. when you had an occasion presented to you, when Loinbardy was close to her enfranchisement, when Austria was worsted and enfeebled, you did not seem to be aware of the fact; you neither had eyes nor ears; you remained Inactive when the chance was offered you?when fortune favored you more than you deserved. [ bong agitation] That, too. be It remembered, was taking place at the date of your 24th of May. That [ date is fatal to you. You then. I say. did nothing! Why ? Were you waiting for all Italy to rise: or were you rather unwilling to go and svrvc a king in his dlj plomacy. by entering Fledmont. [Hear, hear] ? I am well aware that in Lombardy there were senseless men who refused your co-operation: but were you so weak as to recoil before an energetic intervention. (Hear, hear]? What! your policy bad prod I u< d protection to Italy; you followed that policy; und when the opportunity of acting ariivcd, you drew hack. [Hear, hcuc, h<ar]. And here I must declare that whatever you may have intended or wished, there is no doubt what ever thnt General Cavalgnuc was sincerely desirous o." pence; and I am glad to pay him this public homage for his conduct. He ei i tc:nly acted lis the most faithful j interpreter of ','ne wishes of tlio Assembly; and yet' when (luring the time of his being in power, an inter Ventlon was demanded, lie replied by a mediation. You, therefore, evidently desired peace, for no person was for a moment the dupe of the word Italia fara da it. Facts have proved that what was impossible was hoped for. General t'avalgnac. I repeat, made a formal d< - ui a lid tor intervention, aim y<-i n" mm.' place. I spoke just now of MKl.OOO men: but are you aware that with that amount ire could have but two ami I os of 75.000 men each at the Alps niul on theKbine. General < avaignnc found HOO.OOO men necessary to negotiate he had enough to negotiate, hut not enough to tight. But the Assembly did not engage in war. and I honor it for that eonduet. When Austria was weaken* d. and the < mperor in flight' an attempt might li.v is been made, and perhaps it would have succeeded at first: but no attempt was made, and I rejoice at it. Two months later, innttrrs might have changed: the chances might have turned: hut I Imve not to examine that point here; all that I have to show is that war was not der.lared by the Assembly, ereu|when the very best ehunce of sueeess presented itself; nud consequently it must have wished for peace. [Hear, hear.] The provisional government and the executive committee were both agiia'i d governments? that of Gcneritl^'avalgnae was a rigniar one. T hey all, however, acted in the same way; they all avoided war, even when an occasion presented its. If for doing so. And now. alien Italdy is ci ni|iieri d at least for the moment?when she has fallen troui the bunds of the ridiculous perturhators. who did not know how to defend her [great agitation ou the icft:? hi. I.H-wokihi -Itis you who nrs a perturbator? II. Tunas? W hen tlie army of I'icdinout la disorganize!; when all enthusiasm Is deadened ? M Pi.vil'.k?That is not true. [Gnat uproar arose at this rude interruption ] H Tiiii as?When agitation is succeeded by the keenest desire for peace, von come here and ask as to send our generals on the battle-fields of Kuropo. Ah! at i w it. that yon are doing what we assert?demanding the most wild and senseless demount ratisns (I nstrs ) Cease, then, to atlask the policy of the present government. To go to Nise audi hambery is that what you want' But yon forget that you have to trots th* Alps ) oar lbs fa art [ERA change It. M. Leilru ltollin then repeated his arguments of the preceding day. in favor of aiding the cause of Italian independence liy arms. w. (>. Uakiiot. the President of the Council, observed, that if the question lay between war and dishonor, there could be 110 dnuht that the former ought to bo chosen; but he denied that the question could be so set forth, since the honor of France was not in any way engaged. f ranca was not bound to repair thu checks which certain men had fatally caused to Italy. Whatj was France to give the blood of her children, and to expend her treasures, to repair the faults of a set of clubbists and demagogues [hear]! ' I do not fear," said the honorable gentleman, " to speak in the name of my country, and say that. If it feels sympathy fur any one in Italy, it is for the soldier who has courageously fought with the government under the ting of his country, and not for the peturbutors who broke up the forces which ought to withstand the enemy" [groat ap prol alien1. He did not think that such men wero do serving of consideration, lb' did not think that the French government was to send troops into the counry. and declare (in the words of one of tho most noted < rgans of extreme opinions in Paris) that " war to the knife was now to bo waged" [tremendous cheering greeted this allusion to a shameful article which appeared some days back iu tlie Ptuyle], No; Franco ought to tell Italy to prepare herself tor liberty by a serious self-investigation, by paying attention to tho r glits of others, and by so acting as to merit respect [hear, henrl. Although three lines of policy had been spoken ot. there were only two that could be considered serious; for that of M. Lcdru ltollin, which consisted in occupying u point of Piedmont, being without necessity. and without a determinate object, was puerile, and must he set aside. As tho resolution proposed by the committee of Foreign Affairs armed tho government with powers for sueli event utilities as might occur. the UoTertinent accepted it. hut entered into no engagement [movement], M. I.odru ltollin appeared to regret that the Provisional government hud not, after the revolution of February, excited insurrection ever) where, and appeared anxious to induce tho prosent government to enter on such a course. Such was not tlie mission of the men now at the head of affairs; tin y did not take office to remove M. l.cdru llollin's regrets, but to repair the ruin which he hHd dung over tlie rouutry [loud cheers on thu Jtiglit; exclamations I on the Left]. i A Voice on the Left:?He gave universal suffrage I The Pa Est nitKT of the Council?It washy the aid of universal suffrage that the government had commenced that v ori- ; and the Assembly might be certain thut .t would not stop short. (Ilenr. hear.) After a few words from M. Diposr (de Bussar), The question of closing the discussion was put from the rhulr. and pronounced in the affirmative. 'i id-i'rkhidcnt?i wo oruers oi me auy are now ocfore the Assembly?one from M. I'nyer, being the resolution proposed yesterday by M. Bixio, but without the considerations; and tho other from M. Klocon, declaring that the order of Muy 24 is to be carried out. I concult the Assembly,to know to which order of the day it will give the priority. M. Klocon paid that ho pliould certainly demand priority for that which he hud pro poped. Could the Assembly believe that, for the lard two dayp, the government bad been refuging passports for Italy to Frenchmen. Italians, and Polesf A Voter.?And Chinese! (Laughter.) M. Klocon?Sucli conduct showed clearly that tho government was not inclined to do much for Italy. M. Cuarar* Thomas supported the demand of M. Klocon for priority to hip proposition. 1 he Appi mbly. being consulted, decided that tho priority sliould be given to that of M. Payer. 'J lie Pr( followingis the order of the day in question:?" The National Assembly declares that if, in order to better guarantee the Integrity of the Piedmontege territory, and better protect the interests and | honor of France, the Kxecutlve power considers that , it is bound to give to its negotiations the support of a partial and tem|iorary occupation in Italy, it will tlnd in the National Assembly the most complete co-opera- j ticn.'' A division was then proceeded to on the latter, when the numbers were:? Number of voters .7<?4 Absolute majority .'183 Ayes 444 N oes 820 Majority 124 In const queuce, tin- order of tho day proposed by M. Payor, and accepted by the government, was declared to be udopted. M. L. on Fa? ciilr, the Minister of the Interior, proposed that the third reading of the bill to close the clubs sliould take place on Monday. The Assembly rose at a quarter past si?. The Pestrtctive Fuie at Windsor.?'The fire at Windsor, Canada, directly opposite- this city, destroyed the principal business portion of I he place. The fire firsi commenced on the roof of the storehouse on the dock, to which was attached the Rioie, cooper shop, hardware establishment, and packing noun*, occupieu nv v nuncn num. x m-nc buildings were owned by Messrs. J. te J. Dougall, i id VHlunl nt $14,000. l'liey were mostly built of b.iek, nnd the best and most substantial buildings in the place. Mr. Hunt's loss it is impossible to estimate. The store-house contained a large amount of goods, salt, barley, provisions, tec. '1 here was an insurance on these articles, to the amount of $5,960?$1,650 in the Ktnn, and the remainder in the Hartford Insurance Co. $2,000 of this insurance was on a lot of goods belonging to the Hudson 15ay Co., that was waiting for s7ii|>nient. The fire spread to the adjoining buildings, sweeping everything along the docks un to the street, among which is the following:?The building owned by Mr. Ruby, und occupied by Michael Richards as a grocery and bakery, whose loss is about fVHO; die btick store occupied by Messrs. Dm gull: the goods in the it re were principally removed ; supposed loss on the goods, $2,000; James Mills' grocery: Cant, linker's dwelling house; and William I[ennill's grocery establish- 1 nient, furniture and goods partly consumed. The lust three named buildings were owned by Mr. I Baby, whose loss is about $3,000. No insurance, i The hotel kept by Klin Beeman, and owned by Charles Crawford, was also destroyed. Loss on furniture and goods. $500. The collector's office was swept along with the ruins, but the papers and bocks were all saved. Four horses were burned in a barn that was destroyed?three owned by Mr. Hunt, and the other by Mr. Cooper. There was very little property saved from the premises of Mr. Hunt.eicept his pApers and books.?JJttrtil Frtt Prttt, J frtt 17. I'lUTincrs w nose mieiiiy in siiuaen; you are going wit.Iiuut doubt to unite them to tho King of Piedmont. (Laughter.) You are, therefore, going to airordHid to that monarchy. (Cries on the left of ' No, no.") In America, homage ban always been rendered to monarchical France, for having aided in founding that republic. Why should you not now return the compliment, by permitting the young French republic to consolidate the throne of a king. (Loud laughter)? You want, gentlemen, to go to the aid of that kingdom, and you think you can do so by acting as you propone. (" No, no.'' on tho left.) Well, no much the better. For in that rase you want to negotiate. In that case we nil think alike. What remains for us to do is to ncgotiutc on the basis of the independence of Piedmont. It is suid that we are foreiug an unlocked door. 11 ut do you really imagine thut Austria would stop short, if France was not there? Do you suppose they would not go to Turin? (Movement.) Bo more just to your Frauce?she has a great weight in the destinies of Kurope. (Cheers). 1 admit that the situation of Italy Is a great cause of affliction to France; hut look round- what nation is there thut has noeause for affliction? lias not Austria, though victorious. Russia on iter frontier? Is not Germany in agitation? is F.nglund herself content to see Russia ou the Lower Danube? All uutions in Kurope but one have euuso for uneasiness. That one profits by the general disorganization; and why is it in a position to do so? Not beeuuse it it an absolute government, for certaiuly I do not intend to uttrihute that lienor to such a cause; hut because it is quiet at home, whilst all tliu others are out of their uuturnl condition and policy, and because tlicy yearn to return to it. (Violent interruption on the left.) Such are tho ohserration* which i desired to lay before you; and I doubt that my adversaries ran destroy the validity of my arguments. (Renewed interruption on the left.) I say that tiny cannot get over the evident truths which I have brought forward. (Continued interruption.) Ah ! you interrupt me for my observations respecting Russia, and you want it to be thought that 1 attack the present institutions of Franco. But I will not give you that advantage I do not attuck them. It is you who have given a false interpretation to my words. Besides, supposing that I did attuck tlirui,wliut would you gain by it ? (Laughter.) I repeut what I said before, and I maintain, tiiat the only governments which are strong abroad are those which have order at home. 1 add, that, for a. simple question of influence, in l nil I'll riaocc m oilier nil war would OO UlailUCSg. (Loud ami long-continued applause.) Thlri speech, though tho honorable gentleman t/L pntrod somewhat suffering, wan delivered with gr^R energy, and tilling effect. The sitting was suspended for a quarter of ail hour. M. Leiuu: Kollin said that lie must deny that there was any similarity in the conduct of the Provisional (iovernment and of that of General Cavaignae. M. do l.nmartino'a manifesto liad declared that armed ussistam c should lie given to Italy if applied for ; hut no such aid had ever been demanded from the provisional government. On the contrary. ( luirlus Albert had always rejected the idea of intervention, whilst both Lonibardy and Venice had applied for aid to General Cavaignae. That application was answered by negotiations, and, wlint was worse, by negotiations based on tho treaties of 1815. As to ,M. Thiers's declaration about his horror of war, it ought not to he forgotten that that honorable gentleman had supported the doctrine of war in 1840. M. Thiers?No. M. Lehrv Kollin?M. Thiers must have believed in war in 1840. since at that period 1500 millions was expended in provision of a war which did not take placo. M. Thiers?No. M. l.nutu Kollin?Certainly, in tlio Chamber of Deputies, it was often shown that in Unit year sums had been expended for measures of defence, which sums live country would long suffer from, it was not. therefore, enough to soy " no': to eaeli assertion. At present, tho honorable gentleman supported a policy which differed in nothing from that of the peace, at any cost. That svstein had nrevuilod too*lime It was surelv time to h a ^ lesqui-s una Italian scrims provo. r.very cvuuing mesa are cheered und applauded, without stint or measure Let every one hear the New Orleans 8urcnader?. Yankw IIii.l has been engaged at Vauihall (iardera for a few evening*. To-night he will give one of hi* famous entertainments, full of comicalities as they ran hold; and his imitations, anecdotes, tee . will he of the raciest kind. Vauxhall Garden will, no douot. bw crowded. The Grind Can*!, Circis will exhibit In Brooklyn this day and to-morrow Sporting Intelligence*. Orleans Jockey Cli ii Uai :e??Binoaman Coi-rse ? Second Sphinii Mektino.? Vesterday those who attended the Bingiiman Course witnessed quite a firm race. The announcement that Slangy. Little Mistress and Rigadnou were to come together for the purse of $'2.'i0. at heats of two miles, drew a (fondly number of spectators, amongst whom were several ladles, representing our city s beauty and fashion Thedaywasa little too wurin for comfort; but the course, though dry ami dusty, was In excellent condition. There was a rood deal "f betting in small sums. We think each ring bud its backers ; but in the main it was the " field ' against any "named one.'' The story is soon told. Higadoon won the race and pnrse in two heats. Ww must say that Higadoon seemed to win perfectly at hi* rase, nnd could have made the time much quicker. '1 he following is the summary Friday. April Id? I'urse fi'.O?Two mile heats. A. H. Camel s eli c Higadoon. by imp. Glencow, out of Fandango?3 yrurs old I ( Andrew Hell's eh f. Blangy. by imp Ainderby. dam by Bertrand?4 years old. 3 2 T B. Goldfby s cli. f Little Mistress,by Shamrock. dam by Wild Bill 4 years old 3 <tl?. 1 ime, 3:4ft? 3:44. N. O. Picayum, .Sprit 14. IltiRitim.E Mckueii.?A young ntan l?y the nam* of Warner Miller, wus most brutally murdered at Onk Shade, Cul|?epr>er county, Va., on Wednesday night week. Mr. Miller was engaged in keeping a store ut thai place, and it is supposed was induced lo open lite atore at night, to wait on some one whom he believed to he a customer; his skull was fractured, it wus thought, by a weight, while he was standing behind the eounier, and alter the murder tin* body was dragged out of tkc store and throwe under a platform in front ot it. Suspicion kus fallen U|x>n a negro man by the name oi Hill Creyson, as he was known to have made some threats previous to tho murder, and disappear**! the next day. JL j J. J. TWO CENTS. Manifesto of the Turkish Uorernment. The following is ii ropy of the manifesto of the Sublime Porte, explaining its motives for making military preparations- it is translated from the Turkish official gazette, the Tacvimc of the 5th ol" March, 1H49:? The extraordinary events which have succeeded each other in Europe, during the past year, are known to all (tie world. Notwithstanding the expectation hitherto entertained of the general restoration of perfect tranquillity, it is truly deplorable to find that hopd still unreullxed. We know and we perceive that tha majority of governments, in the exercise of their vigilance. keep an attentive eye on passing events, and maintain an attitude of armed peace. in this state ot tilings it would appear, at first sight, that tlie Sublime Porte ought also, as a matter of necessity, to maku great preparations ; hut as the preparations to be made have dilTcreut degrees, it has been deemed wise and prudent well to weigh this consideration. as well as the internal necessities and the external ilitficullies of the Stair, and to adopt a resolution accordingly. The Sublime Torte lias, therefore, maturely reflected on tile question of preparations, in order to ascertain how far it ought to proceed. Now, if, on the one hand, it bus not been possible to discover motives sufficiently strong for the making of such preparations, it cannot be denied, on the oilier, thai there is a real necessity lor taking ccrtuin measures f precaution. The disturbances that broke out towards the close of last summer in the province of Walaohia, have boot* quelled, by the grace of Mod and under the auspice* of the Sultan; and the tranquillity whirlt it was Mm object of the government to re-establish, is perfectly established, if the military force, which the Sublimit Porte has despatched thither, lias not yet been withdrawn thence, it does not follow that it lia< any secret object in view : it is a necessity, resulting from certain iiiiliortant questions relating to the ucovinco itself, and which arc m arly arranged. Wlicu, therefore, the statu of affairs in H'nluehia and Moldavia are taken into consideration, no motives art* discernible for inducing the Sublime Porto to act on a large scale?no motive is discernible why it should act in surli a manner, when by the mere effect of tlna system, so full of justice and equity, which lias been adopted by the Padichukh. our benefactor and master. wh<? is under all circumstances the object of the divine l'.ivor. there are not discoverable, God be praised, in any other part of tho empire any subjects of uneasiness oe any sources of embarrassment to the government. So much as regards the interior. As regards our relations abroad our ideas are as follows :? The (rank, sincere, and friendly relations of the Sublime I'oite with ull the neighboring and distant powers with which it lias treaties are on a very good footing, and a reciprocal security exists between the Sublimit Porte and every one of these powers. Sucli being the real slate of the case, tho slightest reflection will show, ami common sense sufficiently point out, tliat there does not exist, either ut home or abroad, any wull-fuuiv.loil motive for going to an immense expense by adopting; und undertaking vast measures. At the same time, however, it cannot he denied by prudent and enlightened men that, in order to maintain internal tranquillity as it ought to bo maintained in these times of general effervescence, and in order to observe tho principle of neutrality adopted by tho Porte, certain measures of precaution must absolutely betaken. Such has been the unanimous opinion of all, and iiis imperial Majesty lias consequently giveu corresponding orders. '1 bus, the imperial fleet will he prepared this year for the spring season as every other year; and. as a mensure of precaution, there will he an assemblage of Irnirns In rcrlnin omvenlMit. luces: iliiiI ill nriler that. every oue may be apprised ?>t the real motive of theso movements. and that no other interpretation may bu admissible, we publish the present manifesto, Ate. Thcuti'lcol and Musical. IIovmihv Theatrk.?The manager of this house intends producing a series of the most classical drama* this week, and will commence this evening with ' Itiehurd the Third," altered and adapted front Colley fibber's condensation, with further retentions from tha original Shnksperiun text. The characters will be sustained hy Mr. and Mrs. J. Wullurk, Jr., as Richard und Klixubelb; Mr. Gilbert, as Henry VI; Miss Wetnyss. aS l ady Anne, {and the other parts by Messrs. Meeker, McFurlund. Jordan. Moore, Ate. We need not say that with sueli a cast this play will bo most admirably performed. We have never seen the Wutlacks in thesa characters, but we have full confldeneeiu their capabilities of performing them most perfectly. They will, no doubt, have a very crowded audience to hear them, as their performance* during the past week have created a perfect furore in their favor. Nor must we omit complimenting tlie company generally, on tho very artistlo manner in which they havo seconded the efforts of the Wallacks?Mr. Gilbert, Miss Wemysa, Mr. Clarke, Mr. Jordan. A.c.. all deserve mueli pruise The ballet company. too, hare done much of late, and Ciocca and Norl will this evening appour in a grand divertiseiuunt from the ballet of >'Nina." These artists are very popular indeed at the Bowery. The very comic piece of " Taking the Hedge." will conclude tho entertainments. Such is the excitement caused by the very elegant performances given nightly at the Bowery, the house is crowded at a very early hour, almost as soon a* tha doors are opened?those, therefore, who desire good seats, had better procure them during the day. Broadwav Theatre.?Mr. Forrest appears at tha Broadway this evening, in the character of Othello. Mr. Dyott is to personate lago. Miss Wallack will play Desdcnionn. and the remaining characters arc handsomely cast. The afterpiece will be " Your Life's in Dauger," which is to bo brought out hy the best tulent. The preprietors of the Broadway are determined to persevere in the employment of tho first talent they can procure, Mr. Market having just finished an engagement. Mr. Forrest is next on the tu/iii. anil he will be followed, undoubtedly, by other acMR-s of merit. National Theatre.?To-night there will bo flrst-rnta p Tformances at this elegant house, as Mose, 1 a ring journeyed so much to California, has made enough of the dust, and will remain in New York for some tima to come, to expose the ''Mysteries and Miseries" of this great city, which drama is to bo produced this evening, with all its original raciness: and Mr. Precise, Big Lire. Little Lire, Sykesey, and all the dramatit I.. will nn.i, throunli [in aunu: in nun F"ru1**' l"vvv ""* VMVW nv nil their remarkable adventures. The performances will commence with an entirely new ilruma just received from London, entitled "The Lo?t Diamond," said to he of great interest. Messrs. ilicld. TUton, Dawes. Mr. Woodward. Mm. Uherwaod. and Miss Mi lea, all will appear in it. The very successful domestic druma of ' The Dream of Life" will conclude the entertainment*. Thia lust piece is a very interesting one. and waa playedflast week mnelt to the ailmiratloti of crowded audience*. We perceive a new spectacle underlined as in active preparation, Dim on "a Tiikatrk.?Thi* evening will be presented, at Burton's Theatre an attractive bill of performance. In the first place will be given the pleasant little drams of-'John Bull," in which Mr. Burton, Mrs. Vernon, Mis* Chapman, and Mr. I.ynne will appear. The satirical piece entitled " Socialism'' will be repeated. This place of amusement in becoming a popular resort for those who wish to spend an evening or an hour agreeably and without restraint. Mr. Burton keeps something new before the public, and this ensures success. N's.w Ori.v.aks Skrf.sadkhi.?' Some men are born great, some men achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust on them." says Sliakspeare. These serenaders have achieved their greatness by their very admirable and scientific performances in all parts of the Union, and in Luropo; and now they are reaping a rich harvest here in New Yolk, for their room is crowded nightly. Besides their admirable singing, they are ' fellows of infinite wit," as their racy bur