I\ *? |?: ^ TH NO. 5436. Important from Canada. Our Canadian Correspondence. Montreal, April 20, 1849. iJeetmg of the British American league?Angry Discussion? Address, fyc. The nienibers of the British American League met last night ut the old Exchange Koom, in this city, for the pur|>ose of framing laws for its government, and the issuing of an address to the (>eople of Canada. About 70 members only were present, and the discussion was exceedingly warm and violent on the |>art of the dissentients. I hasten to send you the proceedings of it, in advance of the city press. The meeting lasted about live hours. Tli#' II<in Mnfiuft hitvinir h????n fn iuii 10 ineir eiiuuron; 01 men belonging to tne most widely distributed rare 011 the fare of the globe, anil speaking the prevailing language of this continent and of the empire; who desire the prosperity of Canada, and, with it, the prosperity of the nation of which it forms a part; children of a monarchy, too magnunimous to proscribe?too great to be unjust; inhabitants of a province ceded to England at the termination flfateng and glorious struggle, aspiring to a career of virtuous emulation with the other dependencies of the Crown, and determined to be unchecked by the uarrew jealousy of a peculiar internal and exclusive nationality, which, though entitled to perfect equality with the race of the empire, is deserving of no predominance as a distinct I source of political power. | At a meeting ol' geuticmen, impressed with the importance of ascertaining public opinion upon the general interests of the province, at this momentous crisis in its history, it has been considered necessary only to invite your atteution to the general reasons of the present movement; to assume no right of suggesting remedial measures; to arrogate no power of bitidiug you by our opinions; but. leaving to yourselves the discussion oft auses and the adoption of means of relief, to show merely the necessity of present action, and recommend what appears to us, to be.the best means of promoting regular inquiry, and obtaining ultimate rcdro a. Besides the commercial and industrial depression now weighing upon our community, evils of a social and poiitical character exist among us to an extent unknown . in any other portion of the British dominions. Without descending to enumerate subjects which are touflncd to the narrow arena of party strife, it is sufficiently evident that our political system require* n.f.illH.? ll.m ..j I The diversity of national origin, in itself bo potent an impediment to progress?its bearing an influence upon the general interests of the colony by the mere expedient of junction, apart from principle?the system of representation? the tenure of lands in the Lower Province?the composition of the Legislative Council, and many oilier topics of far too great importance to be approached without caution, or touched without dispassionate inquiry by the people at large?all point to the necessity of concentrating and asserting public opinion upon such matters. And if these, and other weighty topics, partaking, as they do, more or less of a local character merely, were insufficient to arouse the public mind, and awaken the public voice of Canada, there till remains one subject which is not limited in its influence to the local boundaries of the Province, which affects the honor of the British crown, and the character of the British nation, and which, ut this very hour, bows down the heads of the desponding, aud cheers \ the narrow hearts of the disaffected, by the possibility of impending punishment for the duty of allegiance. ft is evident, from the known character of our raee, that patient submission to any ascendancy founded on feelings of nationality alone, and not actuated by any generous or progressive principle, never lias been, and never will be. for any leneth of time, endured liv Bri ton*. It Is equally apparent that whatever may Be the energy or determination of the Anglo-Saxon race inhabiting thin colony, it ha* hitherto been diluted aud weakened by the absence of all systematic combination, and by the waatrful expenditure in unavailing individual efforts of time and talents, which, if concentrated aud applied in a proper manner, would be fitted to uttaln the noblest end*. 1 he meana. therefore, wlilch we would respectfully suggest of subjecting the grievances of the people to regular discussion aud ultimate redress, are simple, uatural and obvious. They arc the means by which, in other countries, all that is great, enduring, and admirable, has been obtained ; before which, evils the most deep-rooted, and abuses the moat powerful.have invariably yielded ; and without whose agency it is, perhaps, not too much to assert that no public object of dignity or importance can, in the present day. be reached. These means, so vast in attainment, so powerful in agency, and yet so simple in contrivance, are exprcssaible in a single word ; and that word is?Organization. Under the strongest conviction of the necessity of such a step, an Association 1ms been formed in this city of a provisional and preliminary character, under the name of the RRITISH AMERICAN LEAGUE. Under the view which has been taken of its duties, by those already enrolled as members of this Association, we exhort the inhabitants of this Province, in its different localities, to the formation of societies for the purpose of promoting discussion of the greut questions now agitating the PmlMt. We recommend the election of delegates by each society, to attend a convention, at tueh time and place as shall be^by a majority of such societies, determined on. That societies numbering 100 members and upwards shall be entitled to elect one delegate ; 300 and upwards, two delegates ; 000 and upwards, three delegates j ana 1,000 and upwards, four delegates. TbAt at such convention a (ieneral Association shall be formed, and called by sucb name an may then be determined upon. That sucn General Association ahall consist of the societies then formed and those which way be formed thereafter. That the societies, no united, shall be dirided into central and assistant societies, in correepondenoe with it at the various places where they may be formed. That it shall le the duty of such convention, by a majority of its no rubers, to deeide upon and publish a declaration of thetr opinions upon the commercial and political questions of the day; and it shall be the duty M sucil societies, belli central and assistaut. to aid in carrying out the views of the convention, by all practical and lawful means. Upon this treneral bast*. allowing, of eourse. for modification iti detail, it. Is lujied Mint something like unity of action nuiy be attained by the inhabitants of tills province, upon matters adreting not only their most material and immediate interests, but also the interests and the honor of the great nation to which we are connected. To mnintaln thai connection inviolate, ha* ever been, jtnd still is, the ardent wish of cTery member of the league We devoutly hope that u? measure of injustice may ever be inflicted: 110 power may ever h? abased to the extent of provoking reflecting men to the contemplation of sn alliance with a toriV power; a-.dlf then: be, us some have said, n time ?t 11 all colonies mnst, in the course of human events, throw olf their dependence on the parent State, anil, if i? our generation, thai time should be destined to arrive, we predict that. If true to ourselves, it will not mine until no Bri1" tlsh hands remain ablo to hoist the (jug of Uuirinud on tin. rock of <4Mebee, and no itrilir-li yojeet rut^jrc, able |o shotlt. " God save tile tjueen." G MOl KATT. President. W OOliDOM s'AUh, l or Neeirtary JOAN MX81.K* I8\A< SON He. SureUry diUitfsp hitvj.f b&V" 'Sfitlj tits I'.ev Mi the chair, it was moved tfiut three gentlemen be appointed, to submit a draft of an address to the people of Canada. The committee appointed were, Messrs. F. G. Johnson, W. G. Mack, and T. Wilson. During their absence, the League proceeded to elect their oflice bearers, and the following returns were made:?President, Hon. George Motfatt; Vice Presidents, F. (.1. Johnson, Harrison JStephens, Thomas Wilson, D. tlorrie. Corresponding Secretary, W. (1. Mack. Recording .Secretary, J. II. Isaacson. Treasurer, E. Monfytnori. Executive Committee, J. G. Iunis, J. Orr, A. Mucfarlan, J. S. Mackenzie, J. Jones, S. Godaile, J. Mathewson, W. Speirs, John Smith. The committee bavin" returned with the draft of the address they had prepared, Mr. Johnson delivered the following document:? TO THE INHABITANTS OP CANADA. Pillow Cocnthvmes?It has been deemed by those who now address you. that the present is a flttisw time to ascertaiu public opinion upon many important subjects, intimately eonneeted with tlie social, commercial, and political welfare of the inhabitants of this province. These subjects are neither of transient interest nor of mere local importance. They relate to the existence of the colony itself; they concern the characterof the nation to which we belong; and as they are viewed and acted upon by Ihu men of tlie present day, will all'ect the happiness and the fate of their posterity. That commercial distress and geucral depression in every department of industry exist throughout the province, to an extent unjMU'aUeled in the previous existence of the colony, is admitted by all men of unbiassed judgment and adequate opportunities of observation; by commercial men of tlio greatest experience, and political economists of every shade of opinion, who. while they all bear concurrent testimony to the Itrutli of this statement, as a fact of which all alike must feel the mournful weight, differ nevertheless, to some extent, from each other, as to the immediate euuses from which this result has flowed, and the prospective measures most likely to afford relief. It is neither ncorssury nor proper for us, at this time, to pronounce sn opinion upon causes, with respect to which many intelligent and experienced minds arc in conflict with each other, or upon remedies requiring ! more general concurrence ami authority, than of necessity belong to the limited sphere of duty now allotted to us. The discussion of these subjects will properly belong to the people of Canada. The duty of the association which now addresses you is of a preliminary nature merely. It is for us to point out the exigency of the time; for you to consider the cuuses from which that exigency has arisen, and to suggest the Bcmcdies best calculated to obtuiu relief. To anticipate public opinion upon matters of such deep and general interest, would be presumptuous and unwarrantable; to invite it, we hold to be no less our duty than our right. Many thoughtful and honest minds have been latterly applied to thu consideration of the state of this proviuce. They arc the minds of men interested in its welfare, to the extent of all they possess in the world, or hope to trans E NE Moffatt moved that it be re-read, paragraph by paragraph, so as to afford every member an opportunity 01 making his comments upon it. Mr. Mack, accordingly, was requested to do so ; but I a warm, bitter, and sharp discussion succeeded, t ui>on many points. I may as well mention, that ( the opposition was principally on the part of i the. members of the press party, and several in- t tliiential men far better able to judge than most I of the persons present as to the effect desired to be produced on the jieople of Canada, and what it i was likely to produce. Mr. Kinnear, editor and principal proprietor of the Montreal Htridd, in a ] speech of great effect, moved that the last para- i graph, front the words " to maintain," &c.. be left out. fie said it was all " bunkum," and tlie idea > of the members of a league composed of gentle- 1 men, who had met together for the purj>ose of tak- 1 into solemn consideration the best method for alleviating the present distress of the country, making use of such terms us were there enumerated, was preposterous. We would he laughed at from one end of Canada to another, lie was not an 1 annexationist, hut he did not think the league ought to uttempt to hind the people ; that, no matter what happened, the connection with England would tie maintained. Mr. llay, an influential merchant, backed Mr. K.?that the last paragraph ought to ho left out ; it was contrary to what was every day discussion in our streets, lie had lately come Iroin a tour through Upper Canada, and, he must say, there was a strong feeling for annexation throughout tliut portion oi the province. He hud been told, wherever | he went, that if the present state of tilings existed much longer, without some malarial change, they would join the neighboring republic. Mr. Cordon also spoke in favor of its being expunged. Mr. Johnson was astonished to hear it called " bunkum;" it was necessary, to arouse the backwoodsmen ofCunuda. (Laughter.) Mr.Kinnearconsidered the address a most scholastic production, and that it reflected great credit on the committee. But he must state tnat the retaining of thut paragraph was against the principles of common sense, and would make the league the laughing stock of the province. In the mean time, by the exertions of u few ultra lories, such a clamor was raised unon the question beinc out. whether the amend ! nient should be carried, that the President decided i it was lost. The ministry were about twenty members. The address has, as it was expected by the ? dissentients, caused great displeasure to the majority of the members of the opposition. Let England look after her own interests; we must look after our own. The next meeting ol the league will be a very bitter one; and it is very much doubted if the address issued will not be the means of the league here being renounced. In the House of Assembly, yesterday, nothing of peculiar interest occurred. It is rumored that Chief Justice Holland, of Montreal, intends resigning his office, and Mr. Lafontaine is to resign his seat in the ministry, to assume it. This will make a material difference in the cabinet. As the mail is 011 the point of leaving, I must close this letter. Letter from the t'amargo Company, [From the Philadelphia bulletin.] We have received for publication, the following interesting letter from a gentleman of this city, who left here with a couple of friends, on the 1st of February, for Tampico, where he joined the Camargo company for California, on the 22d. The nurty left Tampico on the 8th of March, and this letter contains many details of the journey, Jwhich will interest our readers:? "San Luis Potobi, Mex., March 21, 1849. "We arrived here on the 22d instant, just one month from the time of arriving at Tampico, and after a journey of fourteen days from the latter place. I never saw such travelling in my life. There was nothing but what we would call a cow pain ior days, over mountains and through chapparal, and we were of course obliged to go single file. We took up our inarch, on mules, at from three to six in the morning, ana travelled on a walk, about thirty miles per day, nearly the whole distance; eating two meals per day?one before, and one after the march. We sometimes went all day without water, and when we did iind any, it was about 'as clear us mud;' under any other circumstances we should have hud to hold our noses when drinking it; but we had to swallow it, together with our fastidiousness, and good it was. Our food has consisted of tortillas, a bread prepared from corn over night; grinding it on a fiat stone with a stone rolling pin, then drying it over a slow fire in small, thin, round cukes. Sometimes we had coflee, but it is high, being a prohibited article. We had ulso rice cooked with onions, garlic, pepper, Arc., in such a style that we could scarcely eat it at first. We had ulso sometimes jerked beef, prepared in long strips about an inch thick, and dried in the sun without salt. At some places we could get nothing to eat, and were forced to make out with a few buiscuits, some tea and coffee we had in the company lor such emergencies, and making a half meal, trusted to Providence for a better one on the morrow. Frequently our horses and mules hud to do with corn once a day, and once we had to drive them three miles to water, and then had the water to pay for. In spite of every tiling, we have kept our health, and are all icuuv iu muii u^uiii in mr uiuriiiii^. uur company numbers thirty.nine, all well armed and fearing no attacks of robbers. \V*e have got over all the worst of the travelling, huving crossed all the mountains except one range, which will be crossed to-morrow, raising us some fourteen thousand feet above the level of the <.iulf. We then descend to the plains. "The country, so far, has been very barren and uncultivated, though the soil is very heavy and rich. It is, however, so dry that nothing will grow, and there is very little cultivation at any time. In crossing the mountains, we found pure lime?places where the inhabitants had dug for several feet into the side of the rock to get lime to plaster their houses. Their salt they collect from the surface of the table lands. We were two or three days traversing a region covered with salt mixed with dirt, making a vast white plain, with scarcely say vegetation, "The country is very interesting, but had I to start again, knowing as much ns I now do, I think 1 should go around the Horn, though I have not much reason to regretcoming this way. As it is, we have got along without any mishap, except one day when one of our number got lost in the mountains. We had a searcli for hint all night and the next day, until 11 A. M., when we found him. He had shot a wild duck just before, huving kindled n fire with his pistol to cook by, and keep off the wolves, any number of which were howling around him all night. San Luis is a beautiful city, with a great number of churches, several of which Mr. W. and myself visited this morning. They were such as we had read of, but never before seen; splendid beyond all my powers of description. Some of these were founded by the old Spaniards, and are ( full of line paintings, statues, and gold and silver ornaments. One that we visited occupies an entire square, being, in fact, four churches under one roof. In the largest of these we I met a priest, who showed us through the build- 1 inp, pointing out an tue ornament*. Me was very kind and polite. The |>eople here arc not mo well disposed towards us as they have been at the other places we have stop|>ed at. This is probably owing to Santa Anna's having raised 11 large army hera 1 during the war, (the army defeated at llueiia Vista',) very few of the soldiers of which ever returned.? "None of us have been sick, nor has anyone had occasion for medicine. We leave this, as I said, to-morrow, and expect that our journey to Mazatlan M ill occupy twenty-two days." Latest FttoM lfavANa.?The steamship Isthmus, Captain Baker, arrived yesterday from Havana. Hhe left on the 10th inst. Below we give such items as we deem of interest to the American reader. : Count Alcoy, the Captain-General of Cuba, had ordered a compilation to be made of all the laws and regulations respecting the entrance, residence, and departure of foreigners, which is published at j length in the Gacrta. It is in the form of a code, and comprises ninetyone articles, the details of which sufficiently show the despotic |>ower now wielded by the .Spanish authorities over that beautiful and wealtliy island. The adoption and execution of laws imposing such restraints and degradation upon the citizens of other countries, prove rheir authors to Ire desti- 1 tute of the elementary principles of freedom. The journals from the interior of the island repre- 1 sent that a drought had prevailed for some, and had done considerable dainace. The steamer isabe.l arrived at Havana on the 4th instant 1'rom Charleston, and left on her return, on the 101 it. The Isthmus arrived o/t the 6th, from thin port; ' and Falcon on the came day front Chugress, with ' thirty-seven passengers. The papers are filled with (inscriptions of the rerent religions festivals throughout the island.? t Ntw Orlcant Dtlta, April IB. , , Death or Mns. Trpman Sunn.?We regret to \ announce the decease, at the residence of Charles i Treiehel, Esq., ol Mrs. Marta Smith, wif* of lion. 1 Truman Smith, of Connecticut.? Phil. Mullet in ? W YO MORNING EDITION?TU The Appropriations for 1S4V. [ From the Albany Atlas.] By the new constitution, no legislative approbation can be made in advance for a longer pe- t iod thun for two years. The annual stipends to i -olleges and charitable institutions have to be re- i lewed every third year. I'nder this requirement, i he practice haH grown up of making appropriations < :or the two consecutive years, in the same act. < l'hus, the appropriation acts of 184H provided, in an 1 inmense number of casesv for that and for 1849. i l'he laws granting the public moneys passed this pear, therefore, ure in a great degree but supplementary to those passed tne previous session. we nave UdlllCiru, an lira! piavuvauic, uiv amounts of the appropriations passed this year other than for the ordinary support of government, the public works and common schools,- of which we append a list below:? New York Deaf and Dumb Asylum $15,000 Repairs old State Hall 1,600 Refunding estate of Douglass. Dutchess Co. . . 857 Compensation to Presidential Kleetors 2,750 Binding and lettering documents 2.000 Kxtra services, tax department, Comptroller's office 1,500 State Reporter 000 Deficiency of clerk hire in Comptroller's office. 1,300 Sheriff" s guard, Columbia Co.. April 10,1848... 2.100 Normal School Building. Albauy 10,000 linos Steele, for constructing a dlteh and bridge on Rkajaquody creek 14,185 John Commander, for informing of escheat. . . 844 John Ferris, horse shot when in service of Sheriff of Delaware Co 110 Ring Sing Prison 25,000 Books for do . 60 T. A. Van Duson, capturing escaped convict. . 225 Francis Bates, do. do. do. .. 345 New York Arsenal 0.000 do. do. (toberc-imbursed by aity).. 15.000 Albnny city, for Basin improvement 168.000 Pier Co.. Albany 30 000 Wm. Turner, ex-health Commissioner 805 Buffalo Hospital?Sisters of Charity 0,000 Clinton Prison 30.000 Western House of Refuge 2.600 " " 200 ? " 800 " " 700 " " 400 " " 60O " ? 3.500 Dneida Indians 1,003 J. R. Church, expenses of libel suit 000 Drphan Asylums, out of New York city 5,000 State Library?Books 2.800 " Bindina 800 ? " " 200 Contingent expenses 600 ? " 400 Salaries 1,860 International exchanges COO " " 400 ? " 300 Secretary of Regents, Messengers, fee. 1,400 9,260 For printing for the State, including gcologicul survey 60,000 Incidental expenses 760 Rewards for convicts 2.000 " fugitives 6,000 Commissary department 14,000 Keepers of Arsenals, 260 Onondaga Salt Springs 26.000 Kxpenaea of Capitol repairs, fee 6.000 " State Hall 3,000 Salaries Lunatic Asylum 4.MOO Kxpenaea of Lunatics 3,000 Books, binding, blanks, postage, charge, fee. of State offices 3,600 Geological Museum 800 Old Stute Hall 1,000 Promotion of Agriculture in several counties.. 8.000 Postage of Governor and State officers 2,600 Sheriffs transporting convicts 10,000 Travelling expenses of prison agents 300 Apprehending convicts 600 New York City Hospital 22,000 Foreign poor New York. 10,000 New Y ork Orphan Asylum 600 " Prince street 600 " Colored 600 Deaf and Dumb Institute 26,800 Blind " 17,480 Juvenile delinquents 8,000 Purchasing Indian lundB 4,000 JieUlUTlllg * ?w Governor's House 1,160 Costs of Attorney General and District Attorneys suits for State 1,700 Legislative Committee to examine Treasurer's aeeounts 1,100 Levi 8. BackiiB, newspaper for deaf and dumb.. "200 llcports to Governor of murder trials 600 Erection of Gun houses *200 Binding laws 1,600 State Engineer, travel fees 200 Rensselaer county, support of foreign poor ... 1,000 Albany county " " ... 1,000 Monroe county " " ... 1,000 Washington county, " " ... 2,000 Western House of Refuge 6,000 Adjutant General, for books 1,000 Secretary of State?extra clerk hire, collecting documents 800 " " Copying maps 350 " " Printing laws 100 Regents of University?printing catalogues.. 760 Ed. Giddings, Comptroller's office, clerk hire.. Ill A. W. Davies 60 Costs and charges, and expenses of copies of opinions of U. S. Court in regard to Health Commission 2,000 Legislative Chaplains , 600 Geo. Jenkins, Superintendent of Capitol 800 Margaret Jenkins 160 lee 16 Four Assembly Clerks, and three Scnato do, $0(JO curb, and mileage 3,600 Messengers of Commissioners of Code 75 W. C. Fairly, work on State Arsenal, N. Y.. 160 Crier of Court at Rochester 44 Wessel S. Smith, Ch'n of (Quarantine Comtee 627 G. Nowian " 650 Alexander Stcwurt " 622 Jus. M. Baker. Clerk for do 200 Alexander Donaldson, Messenger fordo 60 David A. liokte. C'lerk lilrc for Canal B'k Com. 190 Wm Turner, llealth Commissioner 30 Porter of Assembly 300 Slate Agricultural Society 183 Professor Emmons, quarter salary 370 Professor Hall, Paleontologist 1,026 " " expenses 343 " " drawings 701 K. Williams, Engineer of Kurnaoc in Capitol 300 A. II. Green, extra clerk hire Atl'y General's office 200 A. Campbell, Engineer, lost deposite in Cauul Dank 207 Abraham Koyser, clerk, Comptroller's office, extra 72 D.8. Van Itensselaer, Engineer's office, extra. . 210 Kodmnn Ilurkce, Canal Appraiser's office, extra . . 676 Ilegcnts of University, for Cabinet of Natural History. 600 Governor, for Sworil to Worth 1.818 Governor's private Secretary, extra 200 S< cretary of State for expense of ascertaining post office address ot Superintendents schools 341 Thomas Kurrington, attending Legislative ( cmuiittec 70 Ilepairs of new Slate Hall and fencing park 3,600 K. II. Pease. Gavit fc Dulbe, Jas. 11. Hull, getting up Geological report 9.000 George Dexter, chemicals 106 Edward N. Kent, " 22 J. V. 8. Vlecher, cleaning State muskets 07 Keziuli Williams, (widow of Senator W.) 102 State Treasurer, extra clerk hire 0O0 Senator M. Geddiugs. extra services 342 A J. Coffin, chairman of Scnute committee. . . 47 Wm ..J. Cornwell. Sing Sing investigation 4 K. Van Valkcnburgh. attending Presidential Electors 6 for select committees to sit in summer 1.200 Court Martiuis and ot Inquiry 1,000 Kcpnirs and expenses of old State Hall, and Mipply of Cabinet of Natural Hi*tory 1.200 Annual mlary of Curator 000 Kxtra clerk hire Comptroller'* oflica, forgetting up report* 1,200 To Governor for interchange of law report*. . , U00 Promotion of Agriculture 8.000 Auditor off anal Department extra clerk lilre.. 1,000 Public printing, extra 20.000 To each Academy in the Stale, for iuetructing t< achcr* 2.'>0 Thc?? appropriations do not, mi we before said, include till the public liioneyn devoted to public purpurea. The laws of 1S4H provide, for iiiBtuiice, impropriations for Ccnevu C ollege, Madison I'nivereity, I Ininiltun College, New York University, St. John'* College, of eueli for ltftB, and lor various other public institutions. Sikgi i.ar Anui < -non.?A cum- of abduction has recently occurred in Fairfield district. An individual ban been indicted under the statute law of Philip and Maiy, (made of force in this .State,) for id.ducting and imirrymg u "woman rhild," (so sty h d by tin1 act.) under the age of sixteen years. It is stated that tlie gill stolen and married in tins case, is only eleven yeuis old. The ceremony of niainege was actually performed by a magistrate. The bride (xwi itcii her determination to stick [rt her liege lord, and as she weighs, us we egjn, one hundred and sixteen |>ouiids, and seems 0 understand what the is about, we should not be illicit astonished d she tarried tier point in spite of he stat?'tt.?l'altmtto (.V. V.) Stair Banner.
f nimii i* i" i'owi.u ('akaoa.? In consequence of he pieai rise 'he M. laiwienee, a large |Mirtion 1 the land bA'w? n Hcrthic-r and l^nebee, a disnnce i l up*aid* " ' Be hundred miles, was under satrr. At Thtet* the inhabitants were saih i g thri igb the nrsv Thursday hot, and the nidges |?>tvrcn lhaf i *and tQuebec had been w?|' aw i.y. RR H ESDAY, APRIL 24, 1849. Texan Wool. fCMMn (>iii lliMiulmt Toloivminh 1 The farmers in Western Texas are beginning to urn thair attention to the rearing of sheej>?and it >s by no means improbable that in a veiy few years ihe culture of wool in that section will be found more profitable than the culture of cstton or any Other of the great staples of the South. Thousands ol Mexican sheep have recently been driven into our weBteru settlements from tne Kio Grande, and several large flocks have been brought to the counties along the Brazos. A few hundred have also been driven to this city, but these were probably to be slaughtered and sold at the butchers' stalls. It is estimated tliut more than thirty thousand sheep have been driven into Texas this year. The average increase of these sheep is about seven to one in a term of five years. A nerson therefore who should continence with a flock of one hundred sheep, might expect to have this flock increased to seven or eight hundred in the course of five years. The quantity of wool would be greatly improved by crossing with the Merino or Saxony stock; and there is scarcely a doubt that, with judicious management.Lour western farmers could raise wool that would equul the ordinary Merino wool of the midddle States. The climate is so dry and warm that we can scarcely expect that they would be remunerated for any attempts to equal the Spanish wool. A few bales of wool that were raised this season in the county of Fort Bend, by Ur. Hunter, were sold in New York at 16 to 20 cents per pound. The sheep from which the wool was sheared reauire no more attention than the common prairie deer. A single shenherd could easily manage a flock of four or five thousand head, except during the shearing season. The wolves that were formerly so troublesome that the shepherd wus compelled to pen his flock every night, are now con siyereu an lnsigniticunt enemy. The shepherd, with a small vial of strychnia, tliat costs but f t 25, can readily destroy all the wolves within a circuit of ten or twenty miles of his flock. "Whenever the wolves make their appearance, the carcase of a sheep is exposed, and a few grains of the strychnia are sprinkled in several gashes that are cut in the carcase. The wolves on reaching the dead animal, invariably begin to eat the parts that have been gashed with the knife, and thus eat the poison. It is seldom that the wolves that have once tasted the poison escape: they nre almost invariably found (lead within a few yurds of the carcase they fed upon. The wolf, that was once the most terrible stourgu of the shepherd, liiav thus be exterminated in our Western prairies, andf that delightful region may become the Estremadura of America. Previous to the revolution, the high rolling prairies around Bexar, tloliad, and San Patricio, were literally whitened with flocks. In the vicinity of the lutter town, there were several flocks that numbered upwards of five thousand heud. The raising of sheep was found so profitable at that time, that it almost supplanted the culture of grain. Now that the culture of cotton and grain will not remunerate the planter for the expense of tillage, it is important tliut some other staples should be cultivated. The farmer of Illinois can afford to raise wheat at 20 cents per bushel, and corn at 10 cents. The over production of cotton has reduced the price of that staple to 4 or 5 cents per pound. Wool can he raised hv the Texan farmer nt a mat nf scarce 7 cents per pound, and millions of acres in Western Texas are as well adapted for sheep walks as the most favored regions of Europe. We are confident that the farmers of Western Texas may, at no distant day, sell wool in the Northern markets at 10 cents per pound, and derive from the sale more profit than the planter can derive from his cotton at seven cents per pound. Indeed, we consider that the day is not fur distant, when the strife between the woollen and cotton manufactories for supremacy, will be renewed, and woollen fabrics will supplant those of cotton. During the last thirty years, cotton has been gradually driving wool from the domestic circle, and cotton clothing has almost superseded the snbstantiul and more comfortable woollen clothes of former days. But whenever wool can be allorded at 10 cents per pound, the cotton fabrics will be coin|>vlled to give way to the more durable and comfortable woollen fabrics; and the increasing demand for these will doubtless sustain the price of wool, for n long series of yours, ut such a rate as to enable the wool growers to derive a large profit upon the capital invested in its culture. Affairs of Venezuela.?The Spanish schooner Evelina arrived nt l'orto If ico on the 14th ultimo, from Lagunyra, haying on board four sisters of charily and three priests, lately resident in Caraccas, but who had been ordered by the government to quit the republic. The cause of this expulsion was not known at Porto If ico, but the llishop of that diocese bail tendered them everv liiiamtuliftr in his |iowfr, and assigned them a suitafde residence in one of the benevolent institutions of the island. Curaccas papers state that the Venezuelean Congress and Monngus were at variance. The Mouse of Representatives had refused to confirm his decree of the 9th December, in which lie levied u contribution on the people, stating that it was an infraction of the constitution. The exigencies of the administration were great, and yet the Chamber, although it had assembled several times to discuss the subject, had separated without giving the government, to use the words of a representative, "bread for the morrow." The situation of the government is represented to be a critical one. trough t/iese collisions between the legislative and executive jiowcrs Meanwhile, corruption to an alarming extent is said to |iervade the administrative departments. A fraud of $40,000, in the Caraccas Custom House, the most productive in the republic, was denounced in 0|>en Congress, by n member; and the prineipal collector of the internal revenue at that place, had beenptit on his trial for peculation. To add to the difficulties of the administration, who knew not whither to turn for money, three dividends of the interest on the external debt remain unpaid; a fact most humiliating to Venezuela, who had hitherto sustained her credit on the Ixindon Stock Exchange, equal to Chili, by the uninterrupted nayment of her creditors'claims. It is expected that a heavy tax will he laid on cocoa, one of the principal urticles of ptoducc in Venezuela. Guzman, has been elected Vice President; nnd letters front Caraccas state that it is very probable that he will govern the country, as Monagas, with whom he cannot agree, will lie obliged to give tihioe to linn i- The guerrilleros of the province of Cumann, according to u letter from Laguityrn, reject every proposition of nn amnesty, una continue to make head against the troops of Monagns. InCarupano several persons have been arrested on politicalgrounds; among others, the French Vice Consul and some of his countrymen, which has led to a strong protest from the Consul General of that nation at Caraccas. In the province of Margarita the ports have been closed to prevent the escape of certain influential individuals, whose arrest has been ordered on a suspicion of being engaged in insurrectionary projects. The prisoners who had heen languishing in the dungeons of Luguayra had been transferred to prisons in Cameras, where they are treated with exceeding rigor. In short, says the writer of jhis letter, persecutions still continue, and with all this, can it he said that Venezuela is at peace 1?New Orleans Picayune, Ajntl 15. Hoiihiw.k (>i niaoi;.?I'noBAnt.k Muiiokr.?A correspondent of the I'liiladeliihia Ledger, writing from I larrisburg, under date of the 22d inst.,suys:? " Last night, at a late hour, three young men, about lb or 2<l years of age, prowling about the lower end of town, in nursiut of a girl of doubtful character, stopped at the house of Mr. Neip, and raised a disturbance. Mr. Neip's son, a returned volunteer front Mexico, desired them to go away, which they resisting, and insulting him, he struck one of tlx in, tunned hemble, the son of a merchant tailor, who thereupon drew h dirk knife, and rep-Mfe llv stabbed him m the region of the heart. His wound* are said to be mortal. Mr. Neip eanic out of tic bout e to the rescue of his soil, when he was iiia ii and slabbed by another of the party, a son of Mr. (Hnumgiirden, the keeper of n tavern at the ruiliimil flfiidt Til#. ntlmr tmninr^toe i? j.I, J-'fil?*r, endeavored to separate the parties. rlie wIk le town is in h state of excitrmentat this bloody outrage, especially as the public mind had hardly rccovcied lit in the murder of Mr. Knepler, hy his rin/y k 11, a week ago. iiattmgardeii has tied, and hciiihle is arrested. Imhan Coi'ni it..?It is stated that n grand council of Prairie Indians, inhabiting the territory bctw< < n the lloi ky Mountains and the Indian country west of Missouri and Arkansas, is to be held this summer. Its object is believed to be in reference to the new movements in California mid Njw Kc.sico, corsequent u(K>n the ehange in government title and the discovery of the precious metals in < nhloriiia. The l.ittlc Kork (Ark ) Democrat uigeH the government to take measures to extend to i migirr.t? on the prairies and the dwellers on the fi<>nti? rs of die bordering States, the protection of a sttoiig milituiy foree.?PhUadtljit,iti Sorlh Amt\.???, A fi tl 23. T lie trial of .lolin W. Crafts. In Boston. i? "till pro( itlrp The lion. Itufus ' Xoats is nvnKinggse?t*?''rlin.f for his tIW lit, the areurrd. [ E T? A Theatrical and Mnilualt 1 Bowery Theatre.?There *u an immense audience I assembled here, last evening, te witness the performance of "Richard the Third," by the Wallacks and the talented stock company. Mr. Wallack was the"crooked- a back tyrant," as he has been termed, but we were glad c to see that Mr W. did not follow out this idea of the character in that literal sense wheh actors usually take it in; 1 he showeii|by making Richard really and truly a humpbacked, deformed object. The view he took of the part was mueh similar to that whichCharlcs Kean has given of it, and by his consummate acting aud perfect conception of the part, how deeply he has studied and appreciated the glorious works of Shakspeare. His acting in the funeral scene, with Lady Anne, (Miss Wemyss) was most admirable., This, wc believe, to be the difficult scene of all to represent; but Mr. W. and Miss Wemyss did their parts in it most nobly. Mrs. Wallark. as Queen Elisabeth, played with dignity and grace. The house, as we have before stated, was crowded in every part, and the utmost enthusiasm was manifested throughout the whole performance. The various characters were filled in good stylo by the company; and the general getting up of tho piece was magnificent. The scenery, dresses, fcc.. were all most appropriate and elegant; and, altogether, ono could not wish to see this great masterpiece of the immortal bard put OB the stage and performed in better style. After some beautiful dancing by Ciocra and Neri, the amussing new force of "Taking the Pledge," was played with much eclat. There may truly be said to be a great dramatic revival going on at the Bowery at the present lime. Every evening vast audiences assemble to witness the elcgunt and intellectual eutertaiuments offered; and the Wallueks, Gilbert. Miss Wemyss, Stevens, Duff. N. B. Clark, &e., all perform most admirably. Tonight,'Ti/.arro" will be played, with Mr. Wallack as Holla; Mr. Gilbert as l'izarro; Mrs. Wallack and Miss Wemyss us Elvira and Cora; dancing by Ciocca and Nerij and the new drama of "Tho Malediction," (got up with great eare and at much expense) will conclude the entertuinmeuls. Biioauway Theatre.?Mr. Edwin Forrest, the celebrated tragedian, commenced an engagement at the Broadway Theatre last evening. Previous to the rising of .the curtain, the house was comfortably filled, but before the coinmcuccmcnt of the performances, it was literally crowded to overflowing?every standing plare even being occupied. On mnking his appearance, Mr. Forrest was greeted with enthusiastic applause from all parts of the house, which lie returned in a dignified manner. Tho principal piece performed was Shakspe are's tragedy of "Othello." Of Mr Forrest's acting, it is unnecessary to say mueh, because it has been criticised so often and so thoroughly as to render any further elaborate notice of it superfluous. Suffice it to say, that It was worthy of his great name aud fame. Indeed, iu nit- opinion til many, in ins wrung lust evening <H Othello, he excelled himself. At the conclusion of the tragedy, he was called vociferously before the curtain, lmt lie made no remarks, he siuiply bowed his HknOWlodgements for the honor thus conferred upon him. We must say a word of the general cast of the tragedy, and the manner in which the other actors and actresses Lerforuicd their several parts Both, indeed, were ighly creditable to the establishment and to themselves. Mr. Dyott's I ago was u muster-piece of lino acting; Miss 'Wallaek's Desdemona reflected great credit on that talented actress; Mrs. Abbott, as Kmclia, acquitted herself very handsomely. Indeed, throughout. the ueting was very tine. We regret that Mrs. Abbott experienced an attuck of illness during the evening, which prevented her from appeariug in the afterpiece. "Box and Cox-' was accordingly substituted. National Tiif.atne.?A new drama, entitled the " Lost Diamonds, or thu Banker's Clerk," was played here last evening, for thu first time in this country, and with much mtccess; it Is a very interesting story; the principal male character, Mr. Darbert, a bauker, (Mr. Ilield) is somewhat of an Othello In private life, and his jealousy is excited against his clerk, Charles Saville, (Mr. Tilton) whom he suspects of being too intimate with his wife, (Mrs. Woodward) who. notwithstanding strong appearances against her, is really innocent. A casket of diamonds lost by Madame Darbert. and offer r<l to her husband for Kale under suspicious circumstances, Increased his fears, and goes f"r to confirm all liis thoughts of her infidelity. Wo will, however, spoil the interest of the piece to those who have not seen it, by detailing the entire plot: the piece will well repay a visit to the theatre, were it the only one performed; but as Mose, the New York Il'hoy, lu the "Mysteries and Miseries." is once morn 011 the stage, and nil the doings of Sykesey, the Lizes. Messrs. Precise. Tobin, (ienlis. &tc., ure played, the house is crowded at any rate. The "Mysteries and Miseries," went oil very spiritedly last evening, und the "flre&iu of Life" concluded the entertainments. To-night the saute bill will be repeated. Braiosi's Thkatfi:.?The very excellent comedy called " John Bull," was played last evening to a very full and fashionable audience. The part of Job Thouberry was taken by Mr. Burton, and never, do wc think, was it better performed, lu such pieces Mr. nurton stands unequalled. Miss Chapman, Mrs. Vernon, Mr. Brougham, and. in fact, all the performers making up this pit using comedy, were excellent; so much so that the uudleuce expressed themselves delighted, by repeated rounds of upplause. The entertainments of the evening concluded w ith the local, cotuirul. iunuy. and laughable satire, called "Socialism, or Modern Philosophy put in Practice." Mr Fourier (irisley, takt 11 liy Mr. Uroughnui. Is the principal object of admiration. The Kxclmnge market scene Is very laughable, us the money system haling been abolished, the public are compelled to adopt the exchange of one article for another; for instance, if a man wants some meat, lie brings on his shoulders u feather bed to exchange. Scenes like this, showing the folly of sueli philosophy, created immense applause from the audience. To-night a very attractive bill is offered?" Sociulhin," " Perfection," and " Torn and Jerry in America." Tiif. Distin's ff 11 ani? Cohckrt.?The Distln family, who have caused such a sensation wherever tlicy have performed, since their arrival in this country, have just returned from their Sourthern tour, atid will, this evening, give a grand concert at thu Chinese Assembly Dooms in Broadway. Their programme consist < of no I less than fourteen different pieces; und as in addition to their most remarkable performances on their splendid silver Sux horns, the three brothers. Miss Di>tin und .Miss Morhitt O'Connor, will introduce a variety of vocal music, consisting of new songs, duets und glees. The entertainments will be varied Hnd Interesting. In the course of the evening, the celebrated fantasia on ' airs sung by Jenny I-lnd. will be performed by Mr. llistin nud sons; II. und W. Distiu will also introduce their original and famous Hunting Kclio duet on two Frenrh horns: Mr. II. llistin will perform his admired solo fri m Somnambulic, of "All is Lo?t." and Mr Distiu the solo of "1 he Soldier Tired," which has been so nun li admired l>y all who have heard it. The concert will be one of the mwt brilliant they have ever given. Nm Om.k ani Si.rf.nadkrs.?To-night these performers will give a splendid concert, Collins will king some of Ills best songs; the young Ole [lull will ill-course most eloquent music on his violin; Mux Zorer will give his remarkable imitations of various instruments; the iucloplioiic and haujella will be lnaile to pour forth their beautiful sounds; the musical panorama and grand operatic rehearsal, will also be done, besides a vast nunilicr of other elegant pieces of music. All ought to go. M Wai.i.owski, tiiv. 1'iAMsr.?The last arrival Irom K.urope lias brought to our shores a very talented pianist. a Pole, whose relative is one of the representatives at the Krcncli National Assembly, and wlio riclily deserves to be favorably noticed by the amateurs ol music of our city. M. wollowskl Is a young man. very modest in his appearanee; ne possesses an intellectual fare, and though young, lie lias already attained the point of superiority which many performers only reach after long labors We had the pleasure ol healing hlin privately, at the estaldishmentof Mr Chlckering, where for at least an hour he delighted us with the most melodious and difficult fantasias of Shoppln. Thallwrg, Prudent, and Lltx. ne well as with some of his own compositions. We were delighted at the strength and ability of his doigle. the clearness of his execution, and , the perfect ease with which he performed the most dlf- i lie nit passages ill the different morcraux in which he displayed his talent under its several fatrtln. We ! have no doubt this young artist will become a favorite I when he appears in public, and we hope he will shortly ( tuke an opportunity to do it. M. asp Madami: Lrati.?These talented artists, who received, on their arrival in tills country, about one year ago, such an enthusiastic reception, when they gave tlieir concert at the Apollo Rooms, returned two days ago to our city, after a very successful musical journey through the 1'nited States. All over the r'Uintiy. in the different places where they gave coni i its. llie sweet voice, as well as the natural charms of dime L? ati have gained her many hearts, and no doubt she w ill find again, in our circles, the warm feelings she first excited. As for M. I.eati^his voice, a barit one, is very elegant and cultivated, and lie will always please his hearers. Vt liy do not M. and Madame Leati give a concert? Sam.ii IIiii. will give another of lit* verv mm en ti l tulninent* ?t Vniixhnll Garden Saloon. this evening. I lie Is always sure to !ruw a crowded house and he 'lis uii-m s tlii'in perfectly satisfied with his funny doings ainl piij lugs. I M. Ai mis, tim Mauii'iaw.?This wonderful nr* I ti ur) w ho in admitted to bn the uiopt successful juggler j and necromancer that ever visited our country, con- j tin ties nightly hie exhibitions at the Minerva llooms. Many of his tricks ami acts startle human credulity, and air luurh appreciated by the Intelligent and fashionable audiences who are nightly thronging Ills lillle Ho litre, and there Is no l>etl' r way I" while away a tew hours more agreeably than by attending the eutertaiu* inetit* of M. Adrian. Ill*year rf< ;.i??e hi- me- I ehauiral pieces, and the U.gascorauia. are really sur- ( prising As lor his "Indian Metamorphoses they are | i lie ik ylus ultra "I the legerdemain, and leu re tie be ( holder stupefied with astonishment. M. Adrien will mm ii 1< ave our idly, and all those who wish to see him must hurry lo the Minerva Hooina. Straps*. Ilie composer, will arrive in London the third we. k iu April, with his baud ol thirty-two performers. J.I) Booth, jun . is playing in B?st"n. Signorina T?d? 'CO, SigtMira Plcovietli and Signor Vietti were to piv< a cone'it last evening at the frvinont Teuiple, LD. TWO CENTS. CViu R/ta^onintiB dfiKm tf\ h? /UllnKu-i ? :*u *? -.v ? -- ? vi awi mese secern dished vocalists. The theatre at Milwaukie wan to haw rlo?ed on the 2th inst. Mies Logan's benefit was to take place on the lSth, ,t Cincinnati. She was to play Pauline, in the ' Lad; >f Lyons." The Baker Family have been giving concerts at liarrlsburg, Pa. Master Wood was to take his benefit at Pittsburgh, )n the 20th. Maeready's performance of Cardinal Richelieu, at Louisville, is said to have been a masterly performance, lie was to appear on the following night, as Macbeth. Court ot Oyer and Terminer* Before Justice Ldmonds, and Aldermen Adams and Downing. trial of matuew wood for ml'rdkr. Aran. 23.?The Clerk was directed to call over the petit jury, after which, Wood, who stands indicted for the murder of his wife by administering arsenie to her on the 20tb of February last, at West 20th street, in this city, was put to the bar. and notified to make his challenges, lie is about thirty years of age, short, stout built, and seemingly of the lowest grade of intellect. The following gentlemen were sworn of the jury:?Nathaniel Bassett, Charles Fletcher,Seth Dean, Jonathan Smith, F.ftingham Cooke, llarmun Tense, Jas. W. Newton, James W. badger, Jacob Tompkins, Wm. II, Weed, James H. Perkins, and William A. Branson. The Associate District Attorney briefly stated the case for the prosecution. After some preliminary remarks, he said the prisouer was charged with the highest erimo known to our laws, namely, with the murder of his wife. It was committed under circumstances evincing the greatest depravity of mind, and if he be guilty at nil, he is guilty of the highest degree of homicide. He continued to say thnt the prisouer was the husband of the deceased, between whom and himself there was a disparity of yvurs. She was about forty-two years of age. aud he about twenty-nine or thirty; they had no children, and there was, of course, unhappioesri between them; they bad separated, and continued to live separate until some time before the deceased's death. On the 20tli of February last, they resided in 20tb street. ?>n the morning or tliut day the defendant came homo as hid wife was preparing their morning tnenl, which consisted of cake*. The prisoner desired her to go out for molasses; after xho left the liouxe, he put nrxenic into the cake: wheu xhe came back, she partook of It. hut lie did not. and xoou after, she sickened. and. before 12 o'clock that night, she died. Thexe fnctx they would prove; und they would also prove by tlie physicians who examined the body afterwards, that the stomach contained arsenic. Dinky McFahi.and, examined for the prosecution.? Knows the prisoner; is a brother of tlio deceased; hsr iiinne was Susau; she was, at the time of her death, about 42 years of age; they were married three years the 10th of May coming; witness wax. present at the marriage; they were married In Irelaud, and were two years in this souutry, the 27th of April; they did not live together after their murriage, until they came to this country; after they arrived here, we all continued to live together for about two or three months, when he went to live with a man named William Logan; they then si ; mated, and lie lived with her for only ubout six or el; lit months out of the two years they were In this city, they hud no children; I saw my sister on the Wednesday before she was poisoned; she was then in good health; she lived in Twentieth street at that tiiue; I saw her the next day; the prisoner came to my house that day. between 2 and 3 o'clock, and said that 8usan was very had. and asked me to hurry up, or I would not sec her living; witness went up iu a great hurry; tho prisoner went uway before the witness; when witness got to the house, ho found her iu bed, very sick; xho said, "Brother, dear, you and I will soon be separated'1; witness then went aud fetched Dr. ltoss; at 0 o'clock, he went, by the direction of Dr. Ross, to the corner of Broadway and Fourth street, for medicine: she complained all tlie time of a burning heat from her throat to her stomach; Dr. Ross was with her ubont 3 o'clock; Dr. McKenna coinu there before Dr. Ross left; the latter returned about 0 o'clock; it was after he returned tlint I went for the medicine; the prisoner wax there all the time; Dr. McKenna said she was poisoned; he was in the house until between 11 and 12 o'clock at night? until the officers came to arrest him; when they nunc, tlie prisoner said to his wife the officers were waiting for liim ; she turned round and said, "Mathew, if you have done anything to enuxe this, Ood fongivo you ;n he said afterwards that she was sick from eatiug cakes, und that Mary Iteiil was also sick from rating them; the first time I thought her to be poisoned was when 1 uiw her after prisoner came for me; her hands and nails looked quite black; when I went to Reed's house afterwards they talked of it there, and they said she was poisoned ; when 1 returned with the medicine. Dr. McKenna said it was only "live or die'1 with her; she died soon after taking it: jallap was given to her between four and five o'clock that evening, by directions of Doctors McKenna and Rom; witness wrote to his mother that prisoner had poisoned Susan. The Court here adjourned. Domestic Miscellany. On Suuday last, a riot, which at one period assumed a rather formidable aspect, took place in Ann street, Boston. The police officers being unable to copo with the rioters, the fire bells wero sounded, which brought Kngine Company No. 1& to the scene of action, by whose inlitancc the ringleaders, seven In number, were arrested. The crowd soon after dispersed. Mr. Whitcomb. one of the proprietors of theTremont House, Boston, died on Sunday last, after a short illness. The number of deaths In Boston, during the woo it ending at noon, on Friday, was 100?males, 40 ; females, 60. Seventeen millions of passengers have been carried over the Massachusetts railroads, within the past three i years. Fifty-six killed and sixty-five Injured. The Pennsylvania Legislature has passed a resolution to amend the constitution, making the Judges elective by the people. An old man, who fought under General Wayne, in the desperate battle of Stony I'olnt, was, it is said, lately to king alms, in Cincinnati, from door to door. We hope Hint this Is not true. Dr. JlHjwsrd has resigned the Professorship of Surgery In llarvurd University. 1 he inauguration of Jared Sparks, us President of Harvard University, is to take place in the latter part of June next. The pine forests, in the vicinity of Wilmington, S C.. have been again attacked by the worm which did such fatal mischief last year Tho small pox lias made its appearance at Ataianla, Ob A gentleman had died of the disease, at the Atlantic llotel. Many of the nogroe-j have also been uttacked. und conveyed to the temporary hospital, outside the town. The royal ninil line of stenmcrs, between Kingston and Montreal, commenced running on the 21st Inst. The Michigan Central ltailroad is open to New Buffalo. The New Orleans papers, of Saturday, announce the demise of Col. II. T. Williams, the State Kngincer. He was much esteemed, and had filled many places of trust, in Louisiana. Captain William Say ward, who was the principal pilot of Gloucester harbor for seventy years, has paid the debt of nature. On Saturday last, the Maiden Woods were again on fire. A very large tract lias been bnrnt over. Within live weeks, these woods have been set en lire as many times. A reward of $200 for the apprehension of the inrendnries lias been offered by the authorities. The quantity of maple sugar made annually in Vermont, areording to the best estimate, is about five milii?n* i.i ...i Ivn:Ki.*Tivo from Ivdeievpk.ick.?The number of California emigrants continues to increase at Independence, Mo. A letter to tlie Pittsburgh Journal, dated the 0th .instant, says The number of |K'rsons here, on their way to California, is immense. Judging front the number of tents which are pitched on every hill and valley, I think there nre not less than 6,000 persons here who are ready to start as soon us the grass is sufficiently strong enough, which will be in a short time. Mules here are worth from $50 to **); rattle, $40 to $5() |>er yoke; wagons, (tor tour mules, carrying 2,000 lbs.,) $.so to $90; carrying from 4,000 io 0,000 lbs., $125 to $150; bacon can be bad lor 6 cents per lb.?perhaps k*ss. There are about forty stores here, where c.m be li id every article necessary for an outfit. There are also gunsmiths, harness makers, good hotels, in fact everything necessary for a thorough outfit." Nkw York am> Kkik T?:i.kokai*h Live.? fiii* line is now in successful operation. It extends from New York to Kredonia along the line of the Krie Kailroud, where it intersects the line and Michigan line, which reaches from Buffalo to Milw aukie- Conimunieations can, therefore, be transmitted by this line from Milwuukie to New York. 'I I,,. proprietors are the same on both lines, and arrangements are being entered into which will enable the public to transmit communications from Biilislo to New York at the saute rates as arc charged by the New York. Albany, and Buffalo line. The intermediate places where the line passes through and where otlices nre already opened, hit Sinelairville, Nunda, Dunsville, Jefferson, llliaca, Oswego, Kinghainton, Middletown, Montrose. tJoshon, and Newburg.?Bnjfulo Commercial Ad vert iter. Ili.Mtv C't.AV.?The health of our distinguished talesman wax so fur improved on his return home Toni Louisiana recently, that he attended the Cir- uit Court at Winchester, and argued a very important case. lie spoke with much energy and fleet, and the court was thronged by those desirous o hear him.? United State? (mzette. Aped ?i Honed of Suirervlsors. Amu. 2.1. The Hoard "t J4ii|>rr?is"r? no t at 4 o'clock, received smile petitions for the e rreetlon of ta its ? It lets sere referred ; a few hills were then audited ami ordered to he paid. and. upon the ro iiino iol.ition ol the financeronimittee. remitted the luxe* id seieiul tiertons, and adjourned.