Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1849, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1849 Page 6
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Intelligence from Panama. It very frequently occurs that letters sent" us by tailing vessels from Chogres, fail to reach us in elue season. If sailing direct for New York, our chances of receiving fhrm in shorter order would be much enhanced. A large package ol papers j and letters from the Pacific came to hand yesterday, and although not of a recent date, the contents of the annexed letter, and the desire to see the opinions of all front that quarter, justifies the r..?hli/in?inn i?t fine nnrinil Wn nnnrinf - ? j forbear to say, that the general tenor of this letter c orresponds with the accounts given to us verbally, by those who have crossed and recrossed the | isthmus. Panama, Feb. 25, 1819. In the wet season, the Orus might be useful, but now she is an injury. I cannot forbear to add, however, that all unite in saying that the captain has conducted most nobly, and is peculiarly fitted for so trying a post. A small boat, with very slight draught, and a wheel in the stem, would answer; but in the absence of such, fifty or more whale boats, of iron or wood, might render the navigation of the Chagres not only tolerable, but comfortable. and in most cases agreeable. I joined a party of thirteen, and in a large canoe, carrying all our baggage, propelled by six rowers, we ascended to Gorgona in good time, and without any great inconvenience. Travellers crossing the Isthmus, should have nothing to do with committees, or general arrangements, but rather depend wholly upon themselves. We have all lost money by endeavoring to serve each other. 1 had been led to suppose the transit of the Isthmus was a most formidable, if not dangerous, undertaking. It has proved, on the contrary, not only tolerable, but Suite agreeable, from its novelty, i have been, as have all others, happily undeceived. 1 have travelled more than 2,000 miles, in Mexico and Europe, over worse roads, and encountered more formidable difficulties. Never were there so many scarecrows raised to frighten the timid and wavering. The scenery of the Chagres is beautiful, and repays the trouble manifold, for the Inconveniences he may have to submit to in seeing it. The const, too, on either ocean, is noble, diversified and charming. And here i cannot forget to acknowledge niy many obligations to the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, for the liberality (almost prodigal) bestowed on all their arrangements in rega rd to increasing the facilities of getting to California. No pains have been spared. All their agents I have iound most obliging and efficient; nor am I alone in this j expression?no dissenting voice has reached inc. J can but hope, then, as f do most sincerely, that they will be rewarded as they deserve; and of this no one can judge better than those who have been the participants of their noble undertaking and lavish expenditures. On board the Crescent City, 1 formed the acquaintance of Mr. Slidell, chief of the Panama division of the railroad survey. 1 found hitn an agreeable and intelligent man, and from his commencement at Gorgona, on his arrival at his station. 1 cannot doubt but that the company have made an excellent choice for this arduous post. 'Hie survey seems to be going on finely, although the natives seem to entertain much the same prejudice against the work as the boatmen do against the steam navigation of the Chagres. It seems to me that but a few of our countrymen, and fewer still of foreigners, have yet formed any adequate idea of the vast importance of this enterprise?a railroad across the isthmus. But a reflecting, observing man has only to look at the map of the world, and then make this trip, to have the full importance of such a work impressed upon his mind. Would that 1 might influence Congress to look at the undertaking, free from prejudice, ami as enlightened statesmen should do. It would render any Congress memorable, and almost preeminent, to have essentially forwarded such an enterprise. I Panama is a healthy, to live in, and is beautifully situated. The. scenery, both of mountain and coast, is grand and delightful. One may live handsomely here for one dollar |>er day. 1 have five rooms, and can live for less, and ! am at the same time as comfortable as at home. There is always a fine air stirring; the sky, at this season, perfectly clear, the heavens blue and serene, like Italy; while the nights are cool and comfortable. 1 require a blanket. I am, therefore, most ugreeubly surprised with the place, particularly, as, out ot fkHJ to N00 strangers here, not one, to my knowledge, is indisposed. We are all in good health and spirits, have good appetites, are on the best terms possible with the Governor and the citizens, and are therefore happy, awaiting patiently the means of getting to the golden land. ADTilTTnV 4T. PRflM Till? ISTIIMI'S of the monkey, the pcrecching of the night hawk, I and equalling of the |>nrrot, have given place to the lively eong ot the merry boatman, as he cheerfully plies the paddle in pro|>clling his ancient and rude looking gondola ; the reptiles and crocodile-, instead of being so hideous, afford tine amusement, and a fair opportunity of testing the quality of a > new gun or pistol. Arriving at Gorgona. yvc can find a comfortable house, a good meal of victuals, and plenty of room to swing a hammock. Daily the roads front (.Jorgona are lined with the mules and natives attached to the forwarding line of Messrs. Leetch A' Co , who have, after much trouble and difficulty, succeeded in establishing a line ca|iable of forwarding goods from New t >rlenns to Sun Francisco, or any of the intermediate points. Let any one walk around Panama, and lie cannot tail to notice the marks of the Anglo-Saxon. American signboards, in the regulur catch-line slyle, 'Cheap Goods"?" Prober's < )flic "?" Licensed Auctioneer," 4cc. A-c., meet the eyo here and tlcre. *'Going, going, gone !" in a style that would do credit to I eter hank, in his palmiest days, echoes from different places along i|?. ^treei the horse jockey and the pedlar are not behind the others ; nnd yesterday we heard uttered with an earnestness that would iiave hanored Sum Slick " Vou don't want to buy no dried apples, al)OU't |)H|, a hi led ham, already cooked, nor a little less nor a half a barrel of pickled pork, real genuine Boston harbor, nor nothing, do you V i;Ven Cave Johnson, ihe immortal Cave, would lu re find some one with whom to divide hia honors and share Ins misfortunes. The bulletin board ot Messrs. l^eetch Ar Co., now bears the familiar words of "mail failed to-day," and then adds, " Nothing from beyond < iorgona." Tailors and rum-sellers have become ship-owners and ship-brokers; and tints hti# [From the New Orleans Picayune, April 13.1 The U. S. mail steamship Isthmus, Capt. Baker, arrived here yesterday from Havana, afier a fine passage of seventy-five hours. We have papers from that city of the 10th inst. < >ur news from Panama is down to the 151st of March. lTp. to 9 o'clock that day, the California ' had not arrived there. A whale ship arrived on the 30th, and would take away 150 passengers for I Nan Francisco. People were' daily flocking to 1 Chagres from aU parts of the work!. All the Galveston's passengers had reached there in a brig j and three schooners. It is estimated that there were at Panama, at the end of March, 1,500 people > c? route to California; at Gorgona and Cruces, TOO more. Much distress and some sickness was said 1 to prevail upon the Isthmus. The large number of | emigrants have, of course, nothing to do, and they busy themselves in all sorts of amusenieni. Gambling and frolicking are represented to us as being quite in the ascendant. Some companies which set out for California, pledged neither to noirililo nnr flrtnlr liuVr* fnrnoH fn the transit across the Isthmus as a contingency not 1 within their contemplation, and act accordingly. ] Many, too. are particularly short of funds, dream- j inp little of a month or two months'detention. \Ve have a copy of the Panama Star, of the 21th of March. Our readers already know something I gf the character of the Isthmus, lite means of 1 crossing if, <Vc., hut will read with pleasure the j following account of the metamorphose it is undergoing from the hands of the Yankees.? [From the Panama Star. March 24.J Never, perhaps, in the history of any country, has change followed change in such rapid succes- : sion as upon this Isthmus witlun the last three j months; everything appears to have undergone a general transmutation?industry and energy are i last superseding indolence and procrastination, j The example ot the universal American nation, \ like the famous pills of the self-propelling I ?r. Jirandreth, seems to be " woiking wonders,'1 and infusing new life into the once almost inanimate natives?examples and constant employment, ot liberal prices, have had a most salutary effect upon one and all. Put a very few months since there was no communication between the I'niied .States or Europe and Panama, other than the single line of English ' steamers, lpon the arrival of one of these vessels I at Chagres, a lew passenpers would quietly pass j over the Isthmus nud were never heard of after- J wards, unless it was to write back to their friends ' the most awful and thrilling accounts of the danger and difficulties they had to encounter, and pourtrav I in graphic style, the terrible and offensive appear- | ante of the ferocious animals and enormous reptiles and iniects with which the whole country was | infested. Now, what has been the result of the ' last few months! Scarcely a week passes without the arrival of a steamer at Chagres, laden with passengers and goods, who immediately on their arrival set out for Panama. Since our arrival, we \ have not seen a person who has not been agreeably j disappointed in the passage over the Isthmus?the dreary and lonesome passes, and horrible mountain defiles, to much dreaded, have suddenly changed into beautiful and romantic scenery, fanned by ex- i hilarating breezes?the offensive and poisonous I growths Into charming evergreens and shrubbery, I studded with blooming flowers, making the air re- i dolent with their aromatic perfume?the chatli rinir the once dull und quiet town of Panama, under the influence of American energy and industry, become ihe scene of activity and business. Several parties are now in the vicinity, making geological and miiierulogical examinations. They are highly pleased with their success thus far, and there is no knowing but that they may discover deposits of gold as rich as those of California. We have seen some of the ore washed out of the beds of rivers and taken out of quartz, and we look with n great deal of interest for their future examinations. The survey for u railroad under the contract of Messrs. Aspinwull Ar Co., is going on with much rapidity ; the examinations of the engineers are proving more flattering than they had anticipated. The building of this road will give a still furthei impulse to business, and make Panama, aside froir all other considerations, an important point for business, and increase the value of property. The climate here is us pleasant as could be de sued, the nights cool and comfortable, and the days warm and agreeable, the thermometer ranging at s pleasant temperature (all the time, while there freshing breezes of the Paeiicc keep up a line ant continuous circulation of pure nir. The heulth 01 Panama is as good as any point on the Pacific 01 Atlantic oceans. Is it not fortunate that our countrymen are thus blessed while in waiting for trans I portation to our destination 1 The advices from the youth by the English steamer, however, inform us that we will shortly be supplied with extensive and commodious means, a large number of fine vessels having already suited for this point. AltltlVAI. FROM THE 11 KG ION. [Front the I'nnaniii Star of March 1H.] We were favored yesterday morning with n conversation with Mr. Anderson, u young gentleman from New York city, on his way home from San Francisco, lie led that port on the 25th November, hut in his delays picked tin intelligence from other other sources much later than his own. fie ! was seventy-four days in reaching Valparaiso, having tnken passage in a sailer, which was be! calmed many days. At Valparaiso he delayed 1 three weeks, and then came an here in the Jiritish j steamer in twenty days. Mr. A. is a modest gentleman, and said but little | of his accumulations; but some of his party give him credit for having in his possession, in tne genuine solids, $l(iO,(i(i() in gold, going round in trie Lexington. J le reports that a large number of vessels, at the time he left and since, were lying at San Francisco, deserted by their crews, and the officers left on hoard and unable to obtain substitutes. t He thinks, as did others, that the California, wished for here, was not more fortunate than other vessels. When he left Valparaiso the Lexington was about sailing, and the Independence hourly looked for from Callao, both bound home round the Cape?the former with a full million of gold from the diggings, for parties in the States. Mr. A. went out in ( ol. Stevenson's regiment. After reporting himself and small change in New York, and converting it into coin, he intends to return for the purpose of operating on exchanges, lie says that at Valparaiso every man from the diggings is loaded down with yellow dust, and that there is room wnere it came trom tor one hundred thousand more diggers. Now, hoys, don't despair after this. Keep hope bright, for better days ure coining. Our Fort Smith (lorreupoiulcne*. Fort Smith, (Ark.,) April 1, 1849. The Turn of Foi l Smith?The Emigration to California? The Military Escort, <$"' .? <51'<' Presuming you would like to know how our company have get along thus far, and what prospects we have ahead, 1 will devote a few minutes in giving you a brief detail of the state of things as they exist at present. You will remember we left New Yoik and came via Pittsburgh down the Ohio; had a very quick passage to this place, and are now making all necessary preparations for our inarch across the vast prairies between this and Santa FejHThe town of Fort Smith is situated immediately upon the right bank ol the Arkansas, and contains a population of about one thousand inhabitants. There are several good stores here, which are constantly thronged with emigrants fitting out for the expedition; and the merchants are in fine spirits, thinking, perhaps, that they will derive more benefits from the expedition than those who go further. There are at least a thousand here now, ready to depart, and more constantly coming. It is supposed that we shall move on as soon as the escort is ready, which will be in the course of three or four days. The escort is composed of fifty infantry and forty dragoons, all unde r the command of Cuptuiu Marcy, who, it is said, is well qualified to conduct I it. lie has been long in tho West, and is a good woodsman. We have had the pleasure of an introduction to him, and he appears to be a very gentlemanly man, and I have no doubt will see us safe thiol gii the prairies. We are to follow up the main foik of the Canadian liver, until we reach nit'pre a i \orui iH*nu. wncn wr snail strike directly lor Santa Fe. C'n our arrival there, 1 will let you hear from us again. As many of our New Yotkftionde are readers of the Herald, they will see how we progrcse, if they should not get our letters. The company are in fine health and spirits, and expect to reach the gold diggins early in the autumn. Movements for ('nllforiiln, IROJI Nt;w YORK. The steamship I'nicom, Captain Dealy, sailed vesterday. 2:id instant, for l!io Janeiro, Valparaiso, and California, with the follow ing passengers:? For llio Janeiro? William II. Heatty. Mr. Millotson. New \ ork. I- or \ alpuraiso?C. T. Ward. Boston; A. ltedi r. Valparaiso. lor San Francisco?R. L. Putnam. Maine: Dr. J U. <iiirlnnd. J. M. (airland. L. ( henn, O. Stlnonly, Mr. Newman. Fredericksburg. la.; Dr. and Mrs. J. de la Montagnin. J. Dobson, J. Finnie, W. C. Distuc.w. it. (ilovcr. New I ork; W. A. Green, Providence. It. I : William Mi Donald. Canada; Theron Minor. George I.i veridge. Mr N< wtnan. It. (ioodrich, ltega. New I oik; G. \V. < offee. .1. Uesotell. T. Manoricy. J. Mieppard. 'i'. J. Smith. T. Jones, F. Townsend. J. B. Brady. New I ork: S. Oshorn. A. Andrews, W. linywood. J. I trry. Massuchusett-: A < oles. Connecticut; I'. Jones. Bridgeport; 0. It. liowes. K C. Jenney, Rochester. Mass.; C. Bishop. New llavon; Mr. Rarenhill, Brooklyn; G. Stimjison. Providence; Mr. Cox. Kngland; )V. P I'eili y. I.. I'. Spofford. \V.( and M. Smith, K. Allen. Total. 43. PK.WSY t.VANIA. The bark Warwick, < apt. Anthony, cleared at Philadelphia, 011 the 21st 111st., tor San Francisco. Annexed ate her passengers:? The Pacific Mining and Agricultural Association of Pennsylvania, vis James It. Saunders, of Woodbury, N. J.. President; Samuel It. Mel Untuck. M.D.. Philadelphia, Secretary; A. J. Ooletreu. Wiltiamsport, Pa.. Treasurer; Isaac l:. I.evan. Schuylkill county, Pa; Hoi belt J. C. Jalnn. Oscar F. I.ivingston. Thomas Curniii Intel. George llucy. J. F. I lngg. Dewith ( ownnn. ('Was, I', king. John J. Bells. Philadelphia; llcuhcn t.areh. Si hucllcrstow 11. I'a; Morris M. Dcmere. Saiannnh, Ga.; \V 111, T ( 'rot-by. Montgi 111 cry county, I'a: John R. Abbott. Trenton. V I Win 1 Miller. Indiana; Joseph ( nwuii. J. A 1 owan. Pittsburgh; Josinti Tomlin. Bucks county. Fa; Jot Croud. Jo* s Sparry, NorHctown, Ptt; -j lios ( oates. .'r.. Indiana. Passengers not belonging to the Association?George 1 alden. I.iincaster. Pa; N. I' Holland. Washington. D. ( John Bratuiiin. Samuel A St. John. New link: hiiw d Bartling. Hicliard Bond, 1 11iladel)diin.? Total '.'It LOIIMAVA 'I lie ship Alhaiiibru, ( nptain Coffin, sailed from New Orlcuna, onthellth instant, lor ?an Fran Cisco, v itil the toiiovv iriu pas-i risers :? Samuel Moss. Jr..(ooigc I.dir. wife, nnd child: P, Johnston and wife. L. Kinilmll. Mr. Tillman and wife; Messrs. < urlton. Bavuian. Skilling. Thomas Menziea, J J. Anson. W oilers. Mj'fr.>. Iluseholdt. Jiroedy. liompars; Dr. "J"<J |"' and lady; \ T. I.add. wife, and three children; Mr. Lane. w ile, and two children; Mr. ( omstock. wite. and thru- children; Mr. Bogart, wife, and two children Hold Phillips. 'J'. Wood. 11. Wood, A Wood, J. Hoot. < aptaiu h'cott. Dr. Allen. Dr. Alvord. II 1 Irish Mr < lark Mr Beiuwt, Mr I hlttwnlw. it. ii May, John a ny, Kichard Ilreen. John Long. Thomas Long, William Smith. Jonas .Mordecai. wite. and boy; J, Much, wife and three children: Samuel Itnssell. John HUewiel,. i ha" II. Smith David I Itomas. J Phelps, tieo I'litlp-, \ntbony Phelps. Otis Wbitcomb. William tftev i ns. .ictni ilntihinus, Win Fleming, ('has. W'ilkin-iii \\ W, Mason It. Itednmnd. D Nappert. Mr. y iihew. John ( base. Thomas Slade. ( liarles Shell, Dr. llaidwin. J. Davenport. l?r. Buxton I lay garth, John W alki r. (.eorget rahhe. < harles IIIitteuliani, Mr. Bel-nnrd. Mi Moore, Dr. l-ee Tidal. Oil. 'J'l.e 1 ti>ik Morula. \va- to have sailed from New t die; us on the 16th inst , for San Francisco, with the following;passengers:? A ll linker. Dr A. Pearson ( oriel, Gilliam, I; i ox s. i i \ Alverson Dr. Rrnndis. U. Vanzandt, A. < rennell. S. (irennell !,. Brnn. Thos IIurk, two ladies nod three children. J. N Dennet.Dr. Houston, lady raid child It. i Slngu. ( Nhuliunk and lady, M. Duncan. A llom.. M \\ ( asler It. Shuhank. II \ilie and t hri e servant s. ( I .dwnrd. D ( onroy, J. Klroy. S. Cunttniiis. ( apt II III/nil (apt. Tlio*. Bernard, T. K. Knauto I M Kuhn. I, Proetor. A A fllmi.n* n it Trutant, W. Jl JuUah.o * lilt. A ltatliff.Ati llriggs. J ii 111 en Johnson. It Itatlill. I! Itrotherston. K. Hays, A. Krlshy, M. ( lurk. I). Imnmlly. (,..ui- / Ilnydtn, lady, daughti r and servant. James Lea. Total. till Naval Intelligence. The 1'. S ship Albany arrived at I'ensaroln on the 7lli inst . <n ni the south side of < uha. fhc ilnys pasi?ng< all well. The following Is a list of her officer* ; ? t oinniander, Vie lor M. Haiidolph. I.ientenani.o, 1). B. Itictgelcy, J. II. North. W. Held .1. A Ihiyle; Surgeon, W A. \v. Spotawood; I'ureer, ' I < utter; Master, ( IV. I'lnce; Ass't Surgeon. 1). I. Martin: I as-sed MidIlilptiien. \V A. Vt'< lib .1. Kcll. <i h < lark K. A. Hoc, i K Hopkins; Midshipman. J. It. Kgglcston: Boatswain. J Kales; Gunner. VV. Arnold, t urpenter, J. O. Itnlli r; Sailtnaker. J. J. Stanford. We are pleased to learn that Lieut George Adams lias beiii promoted to the rank of ( omnia inter, in the plan ot i ommatider Jrtine Shtibriek. ds-eeascd.?A'fltfttik lltrald. It is stati <1 in some i f the eontinental ndviocs. that a report was gi nerally euin lit tothe effect that I t iiitiue lire I in Si i t,f (||,. A mil lean navy. Iiad refused ths i n mi: tid ot i he t lei man squadron, and. also, that ths Ant" .i i ii i If.1.1 jr wi uld not accept their appointments. Our African Correspondence. U. Ss Snir Erie, Porto Praya, ) November 22, 1848. \ The Slave Trade in Afrmi?Rctult of Obtervation and Ivqviry?Aft nun Inititutiont, tf<\ Leaving Madt ira with the setting in of the Bea breeze, we proceeded on our route southward. Passing through the Canary group, we reached Porto Praya, after a passage of fifteen days. This port is the most convenient depot for the supplies of the African squadron; and our stores were here deposited in "i" ??u=r, suujeci to the requisitkin of the v ewe Is which might from time to , time need thcni. To pars over so uninteresting a spot as this without comment, is sparing you a description of one of the most abject and God-forsaken plnces which has ever been recognised as 1 the residence of civilized man. Until quite recently, the Cape Verd Islands were j a sort of neutral ground to the slavers of the coast of Allien. They here took out new papers, purchased their supplies, and watched their opportur nity for securing their cargoes on the coast of ' Africa. An accident has directed my inquiries to " this subject, as a means of occupying my time, and 1 have been greatly interested in the information ! obtained from various sources, which I consider in the highest degree authentic. We have the deI duration of a distinguished member of the British Parliament, made quite recently from his official seat, that all the efforts for the suppression of the slave trade have proved ineffectual to eradicate the traffic, while they have caused it, under the pressure of vigilant and hostile pursuit, to assume new phases < I atrocity. The apprentice system of England has been superadded to the regular traffic, which evades the cruisers; and it has been found that the number of slaves taken from Africa is enlarged in proportion to the amount of the English captures. The commundiuit of one of our brigs, about to join the African squadron, it said to have answered the hail of Hn English cruiser, that " he was bound to the coast to protect the slave trade." I do not vouch for the truth of the anecdote, but heartily join in this grave irony of the project of rooting out the slave trade by means of armed cruisers, and of converting into apprentices those whom they may chance to capture, who are thus made slaves under color of u more agreeable name. 1 do not wish to be understood as underrating the importance of our own squadron on the coast of Africa, for I believe it is at the present moment not only one of the most actively employed, hut also one of the most useful in the navy. So long as any other nation maintains the system of cruising, chasing, searching, capturing, and confiscating vessels on the coast of Africa, under pretext of their being engaged, or equipped for engaging, in the slave traffic, and that, too, under an arbitrary ( oiiMi uciii II ui wiiwi niiiMHinfw uii uncnce, so long the presence of our naval vessels is of paranioiint importance to maintain the sanctity ol our own flag?to shield our innocent merchantmen from vexatious pursuit, and from arbitrary detention, under pretext that the flag is falsely used to cover slave traffic, and to prevent the complaints, negotiations, and national feuds which would eventually, ensue, in this respect the African fijuadron is in a high degree beneficial and econt mieal, and is profitless only to those who waste their lives in the thankless duty of cruising it|>on this sickly coast. Besides information collected from other sources, 1 have, through the kindness of one of our officers, who has cruised for some time upon this station, been put in possession of some interesting and able manuscript notes on the subiect of the suave trade at large, from a person more competent to write ti| on the subject than perhaps any other tnan living. '.1 his person?firm whom 1 have derived much infoimation tis to the details of the slave traffic, which, if not altogether new. possesses the inteiett of a certain kind of authenticity, confesses to have been engaged as a slave-dealer front 1829 to lyift; to have occupied the several grades in the business, ol captain, supercargo, and factor in the slave country; to have owned establishments, ut several noted places on the coast trom whence slaves are generally shipped; and to have made excursions into the interior and witnessed the method of procuring slaves by the native dealers, with all the aggravated horrors of pillage, slaughter, and cannibalism. lie resided on the_ coast several years after lie retired from the traffic. To these opportunities for observation lie adds an uncommon frankness in his ccmnuinicutions. The history of his adventurous life, us related to nie, is of itself a I re mnnee. lie acouired thnt ascendancy over tin' I native kings, which a strong mind never fails to assert over un inferior one ; often uppeuled to as a conmcn mediator in their quarrels,his decisions, which he often turned to his own interest, had all the lorce of law ; and he was once complimented by a British admiral, 011 the nuarter-deck of his vessel, us the Muchiavel ot' Afriea?and his reply was, that he regretted that he could not, through him, return the compliment to the English nation. 1 no told that he has received the acknowledgements of the English government for an important sci vice rendered to one of their cruisers, which j prevented her rapture by 11 Portuguese slaver. Without pretending to deny, and in some instances rendering unequivocal testimony to the alleged atrocities of the traffic, he still supports the opinion J that it should be tolerated as a benign institution, j improving the deplorable condition of the slave in : Alrica, by a change of masters and country; and | he declares that the present system of espionage I and capture, without cheeking the export, has ug- ! graVated necessarily the horrors of the traffic. In a letter appended to the manuscript, addressed j I to the Rev. .1. M. Trow, Secretary of the English i Feciety for the Extinction of the Slave Trade and ! the Colonization of Afriea, he says:?"I am aware J | that hut little value wilj be given to my labor, as ; 1 prejudice is the predominating fault and true cha- j | rac (eristic of the English, i foresee that when it j I is known that the accompanying answers [to j I | tinted questions propounded by the Society] are j I the work of an Italian and an old slave-merchant, ; no notice w ill he taken of them, and jterhaps not a 1 j wetd believed; hut those who are personally ac- 1 ! quainti (1 with me, have visited Africa, and seen the , j native customs, w ill readily join in my opinion." Muveiy exists throughout Afriea ; from Senegamhia to the Ked Sea, and from Cape Colony to Algiers. The export to the West Indies and Brazil is confined mainly to the Gulf of Guinea on the west and to the coast of Mozambique on the east; hut everywhere the institution exists, and what 1 am about to state will make it the more apparent that it must be universal Ft cm the w ant of any recognised money, the j value of a slave is the sole standard of currency. Territoiy, houses, wives, cattle,fire., are all valued ! as to many slaves or fractions of a slave. Mar- j riugc contracts and treaties in council (Palabras) are all arranged in slave currency. The property 1 1 fiinv chief or merchant i? rpnlinnuJ so iiiHiiy slaves. Thus, slavery is recognised in every condition and transaction of life, and slaves | are interchanged in the a Hairs of business, precisely as geld and silver pass from hand to hand among < urselves. The trade is restricted by no laws, and the p< vvcr of the master is absolute. hucli an institution cannot have been planted curing the last two centuries; it must necessarily have existed firm a very remote period, as it still exists, by virtue of birth or forfeiture of liberty, for misfortune or crime, or voluntary renouncement of it for gain. 'i lie Africans have no charities for the infirm and destitute; no lunatic asylums, hospitals, poorhouses. or jails. They hare adopted the custom, which distinguishes the code of Christendom, of ii.v< luntarv servitude for crime. Having no rece|>ticles lor the detention of criminals, as prisoners of the state, they commit them to the custody of individuals, who have absolute power over their labor, persons, and lives. The African judge, therefore, condemns the murderer, highwayman, incendiary, and adulterer, and other felons to the slave market, a- the more humane and the only means lie has of i hnstising malefactors, save by capital punishment. So, [oveiiy, or some other grinding necessity, nay have (impelled an individual to disburden hiintclf i f theeaic of an infirm or disabled relative, and he is sold us a slave. 1'sage sanctions whnt necessity originally suggested, and the slave acauiesccf in w hat for ages has been the eomnion lot. Takeaway this resource, and the taking of life would he the enlv substitute their condition offers. The mote benighted and miserable islanders of (he South J-nas. under the same circumstances, adopt the latter alternative, and, without the slightest ( < nipunction, destroy the decrepid and diseased, 'i he ug? d parent (often nt his own request) is conlined in a cage and left to starve or he torn in pieces by beasts, oris buried alive and trodden to death by his own sons. This awful parricide is I i-Tj etiated with the solemnity of a religious rite. .wi < h is humanity in its lowest grade?impelled by the n me desperate instinct which leads some ere tznrioUH wild animals to put tin end to the life of (rie < f their number who hns been maimed or wounded. The benighted African tribes adopt the milder alternative, of selling into perpetual and galling slavciy. The brother sells Inn mad dialer, to relieve hnirelf of the trouble of maintaining her, or to avoid mucliicf 01 danger in bin houae. The father hnrieia Imp sickly ran lor weapons of war or the bare, 01 a new wife, or M ine additional comfort to hie household. ICven the maternal instinct, ever an-eitii g its mastery over enptom, privation, and hardship, is lulled by the potent p|iellH of vanity; and the mother |?rta sorrowfully with her imbecile eon, to escape shame and ridicule among her neighbors; for it is the custom i mong the Africans to look upon the bearer of 11) pled or idiot children with contempt and derieif n. It is a most withering rebuke to i.'pbraid a|fircnt with his children's infirmities, and such an intuit is rarely pardtned without the ellusioit pf bleed. As one never rises to much consideration! in Africa, until he has a large family of healthy children, the Africans set great value upon their progeny who are round in mind and body ; but, as in analogous cases in some more civilized communities, they do not care to recognise or support those who are no credit to their parents. The husband will, therefore, embrace the first chance of selling as a slave the barren wife he before purchased according to the custom of the

country. The deaf, the dumb, the blind?even thore afflicted with hernias, fistulas, and other diseases which their doctors cannot cure?the insane and the feeble-minded?instead of being sent, as with us, to charitable institutions, are soul into slavery; nnd being the least valuable of slaves, these, more generally, find their way to the slave factories of the coast, where they may be received and sent out of the country. Just so, it is said, the same miserable and decrepid creatures are shipped from the poor houses of Kngland, and landed penniless and destitute upon our shores. It is thus extremes meet, and the most civilized and benighted of the old world, resort to the same expedient of freeing their country of those who cannot support themselves;?only the African has practised for centuries what the more enlightened nation has just begun to learn; and the African leaves them in charge of a muster, whose interest it is to take care of them; and in the other case they are left to starve, without a protector, unless rescued by the chance humanity of the stranger. In addition to the abovementioned classes of slaves, are tfiose who are born in that condition; others are captives taken in war, orkidnapped during the night, who may or may not have been originally free; and others voluntarily reduce themselves to slavery, to find the means of gratifying their passions. Thus, the gambler will sell himself, his wives, children, brothers, and all over whom he has control, to find ilia meansof gratifying his insatiable appetite. Such are the institutions and customs of Africa, by which men become slaves. 1 dp not learn that any of them have been introduced, in consequence of'the foreign demand for slaves. On the other hand, they appear to have been of indigenous growth and not of foreign planting. How far an impetus muy have been given to the domestic traffic by the transportation of slaves ubroad, is a question upon which opinions may be divided; buttnere can be no difference of opinion, as to the degradation and guilt of those white dealers, who, outraging the sentiment of the whole civilized world, huve allied themselves to the barbarous customs of the African tribes, and have added to the lot of the slave the atrocities of the middle passage. I will close this letter, already loo much lengthened, to resume the subject in my next. J. II. American laid Canadian AfTalra. In an Rnir Halt Point of View. I From the London News, April 0.] l!y the last arrival from America, we are put in ci mplete possession of the personnel of General Taylor's cabinet. From the standing and character of the men summoned to conduct the new administration, we are satisfied that it will be both advantageous to the country and creditable to its chief. In Mr. Clayton alone, who fills the post of Foreign Secretary, we have a sufficient guaranty for prudent and peaceful counsels. No one labored more strenuously than he did, t? turn away his countrymen from the precipice to which so many of them were rushing, in connection with the Oregon controversy. It was Mr. IIevenly Johnson, now Attorney-General, who, by his amendment, adopted by a large majority of the Senate, took the sting out of the warlike resolutions of the House of Representatives. It is not likely that either of these men would enter into an administration whose chief mission was not peace, both foreign and domestic. And whilst the new cabinet is eminently inclined to peace, it is not irretrievably protectionist. The chief feature of our news from Conada, is the passage of the Rebellion Losses Rill, by large majorities, through both houses of the legislature. The measure, therefore, now awaits the sanction of the executive government. Lord KIgin has two courses before him?either to reserve the bill for her Majesty's consideration, which would be virtually to negative it; or to give it his assent and let it become law, in which case it might still be disallowed within a year, by the Queen in council. We cannot anticipate its disallowance in the latter case^for even should the Governor-General reserve it, w e do not see how the Colonial Department can do otherwise than advise her Majesty to give her royal sanction to the measure. Nothing can be more palpably unjust than to characterize the present contest in Canada as a war of races. Lvcn it were so, and the whole British - 1 * ...U TA 1. rs l >vnr ftmgt'u uic wuuie rruiiuii aiuuiian population, tlint would not prove tlie measure lo be necessarily n reprehensible one. It is the subject matter of a contest, not the parties to it, that determines its merits. But there is no such division of races in the present instunce. Those who maintain that there is, talk very indignantly of the Anglo-Saxons in the province being subjected to French domination. But they talk in utter ignorance of the facts of the case. The Anglo-Saxons are quite able to take care of themselves. In United Canada they greatly preponderate over the French population, ft appears, from the census of 1848, that the population of Canada West is 715,000, and that of Canada East 780,000. The population of the former is entirely Anglo-Saxon, whilst 130,000, at least, of the latter are Anglo-Saxon also. This makes the entire Anglo-Saxon population of the united province 815,000, leaving buj 650,000 as the number of the French. To talk of French domination, with such a division of races, is simply puerile. The numerical inferiority of the French race suggests at once that, without the concurrence of some portion, at least, of their Anglo-Saxon fellow-subjects. they could not press the bill complained of to u successful issue. In other words, the bill can only have been carried by a fusion of races, to seme extent, in its favor?a fact which takes the cc ntest out of the odious category in which it has been placed, that of a war of races. It is worth while to inquire how far this concurrence has been given by the Anglo-Fuxon population of the provinee. The bill has been unanimously acquiesced in bv the Mipporters of the government throughout Canada. And who are its supporters 1 In Lower Canada they are undoubtedly the French Canadians. To receive support from such a source at till, is treated in some quarters, at home, as, in itself, sufficient evidence of the criminality of the government, llut those who so regard it forget that the Canadian opposition, who are now raising this hue and cry against the government, made, when in power, the most desperute efforts to gain this very support, which the government is now Recused of receiving. Jf we turn tol rpper Canada, we find the government sustained by the majority i f the constituencies. Nor is this all. The liberal constituencies are all large?the tory all small. The liberal majority returned by Upper Cunada to the legislative Assembly represents about twothirds c.Tthe inhabitants of I'pper Cunada. This 1 tench Canadian government, then, ns it is termed, has the support oi two out of every three of the Anglo ^R\on population in Upper Canada?that is to say. it is twice as strong as the opposition in this exclusively Anglo .Saxon section of the province. In addition to this, it has the support of tho majority < I the Anglo Saxons in both sections. Making the opposition a present of the UK),000 Anglo iSaxons in Lower Canada, theyfmuster in the two provinces about 370,000 followers. The government, on the other hand, musters, in addition to the whole Franco Canadian population, upwards of 470,(MX) Anglo Saxon supporters. The parties, therefore, stand thus; 060,000 French )Hm 470,0(H) Anglo Saxons vrrtvf 370,(MM) Anglo Saxons. And yet this is the war of races, in which we arc told that the French arc all on the one side, and the Anglo Saxons all on the other. This isthestateof things which threatens the Anglo Saxon population with ! touch dominatjon. Laying the French altogether aside, the majority of the Anglo Saxon population itself is decidedly with the government. How otherwise could the measure in question have received the sanction of such lurge majorities in parliament 1 Hut to meet those who charge the present provincial government with being a French Canadian government, it is not necessary to look beyond the cabinet itself. Wc find it composed partly of men of British origin, and partly of men of French descent. Hut so was its predecessor. If Messrs. llaldw in and Blake arc leagued with Lnfqntainc, so were Messrs. Daly and Drajter with Viger. J'he only diflcrencc is that the former, by coalescing with Lafc.ntiiine, carry the French Canadians with tin m. v liereHs the latter failed to do so, although they associated Vigcr w ith them for the very purIt se of securing the habtlam. Again, it may be utgt d that, at all events, the majority of the tory cabinet W ere AnL'lo-Ssxnns. ltiif en sire n mninrirv of the present caTiinrt. The unfavorable imprest-i< n, therefore, attempted to he created hy .illusions to the mixed constitution of the present, would have been equally applicable to the late cabinet. It is childish to base an accusation on such an assumption; and those who do so would do well to remember that in conducting the provincial government 'ii n responsible system, the French Canadian section of the population cannot he overlooked. Jhit it may he urged that we are running off upcn collateral ismes, and that it may he all as we my, and yet the measure itself be of the most repnnoieible description. We have already explain"! the nature of the measure, and defended it both in principle and detail; and if we take issue ?n matters aside of the main question, it in because ? or antagonists will not confine themselves to it. llesides, the Chronicle, the chief accuser of the Canadian government, has virtually abandoned its case, so far as it was founded upon the merits of the bill itself, and now attempts to prop it up by inuendo and detraction. We nave shown that journal to be w rong in all its assumptions. We have rhown that the contest is not one of race egainst race, except so far as a reckless faction endfkW to make it k>; that the present government is not more a French Canadian government than was it* predecessor, except so far as it has from the French Canadian people that support which its predecessors endeavored, but failed, to obtain ; and that, in the present state of parties, Canada cannot be constitutionally ruled by any government which does not secure the ci -operation of the French Canadians There is still another assumption which we have to contradict. It is said that the present cabinet consists of men who were leaders of the party which rebelled. If I-afontaine was implicated in the rebellion, so was Vigor. There were in the late cabinet men who risked their property and their lives in defending against the rebels the supremacy of the crown There are in the present cabinet men who did the same, and who were not only loyalists, but even tories. at the time of the insurrection. As to loyalty, there is no essential difference between the parties. But there is this difference?that the oneconsists of men of liberal views, whilst the other is composed of men of selfish purpose and frothy pretensions. The great excitemcnf nf which wc hoir ?n much is tiffcr-.tll hnt u mere party squabble; and the lines of demarcation between the two parties are singularly coincident with those which separated them at the lust general election. Tlte Mexican Treaty?The Depredation* of the Indian* 011 the Mexican frontier. [From the New Orleans Delta, April 13.) In a conversation with an intelligent gentleman, who accompanied Col. Hays on his late expedition to El l'aso, we learned that the depredations of the Indians on the Mexican territory have become even more extensive since the conclusion of the late war, than they ever were before. Our informant describes the terror and affliction of the Mexicans in the frontier towns ns approaching to absolute despair. Even in towns of considerable size, tliey are kept in constant dread of the sudden inroad of these savages, who rush .in upon them with the quickness ot lightning, and seizing their wives and children, their cattle and moveable property, disappear as mysteriously and suddenly as they come, bearing their spoils afar off to their distant camping grounds. The scenes of distress, of barbarous violence, of cruel und remorseless ruvages, which have of late become so familiar on the northern fronteir of Mexico, exceed even the records of anything that can be found in the settlement of our own country. (>ur settlers were not onlv bold, strong, and courageous, but they were well furnished with arms and accoutrements ol war. But the Mexicans are weak and timid, and have no arms. They live nn idle, enervating life, rt moved alike from the invigorating employments of a civilized state of society, and the stirring scenes of the chase and of war, the pastime of barbarians. As a consequence, they have become degenerate, and the victims of a race of warriors, oyer whom even the old Spanish colonies exercised a doubtful domination, a race equal to the famous Mniiiiilukes, as horsemen?as cunning in Cruel?as fearless as skilful. This band of savage depredators bus been, for years, the scourge of the northern country of Mexico. Hundreds and thousands of Mexicans have been seized by them and kept in ignominious captivity, or only restored upon the payment of enormous ransom. Others, when captured quite young, are reared to savage life and habits, and become members of their tribes. It was with a view of putting an end to these distressing scenes, that certain clauses were introduced into the late treaty of Guadalupe, bv which our government solemnly pledged its faith to restrain the depredations of the Indians on our boriU?v nrmnpl thf?m tn snrrpnHpr thoir TVTpvipim uri. toners, and to punish them for any barbarities against the Mexicans, which might come under the observation of our authorities. In addition to litis treaty obligation, it is certainly a matter of deep interest to our border settlements to remove this great cheek upon Mexican settlement and prosperity, as the trade with that people promises to be mutually profitable. The great body of both the Camnnches and Apaches, the constant and most formidable of these savage depredators upon the Mexican territory, reside within our territory, chiefly on the Western plains of Texas and in the valley of the Ifio Grande. Here, they find themselves pressed on one side by the vast, sterile plains of the West, and on the other by the advancing settlements of our own people. (fame is yearly growing sctirce. The buffalo has, in a great measure, abandoned the dty plains of the South. Thus, then, these Indians find themselves driven either to steal or work for a bare subsistence. The former pursuit is much more congenial to their tastes and religion than the latter. Stealing is the only art known to them. Their skill and cunning in this pursuit are equal to those of the ancient Spartans. In driving off cattle, Hob Hoy's men were to the Camanchcs mere bunglers unci triflers. Thousands and thousands of horses and mules are every year driven by them out of Mexico into our own territory, where they are either sold to Americans, or eaten as food by the Indians. Though the duty of pur government to suppress these depredations is clear, and admits of no doubt or misconstruction, there is certainly considerable difficulty in practically and efficiently performing the duties thus incurred. If lhe Indians are prevented from depredating on the Mexicans, they will be thrown hack upon our r ur own settlements, and will transfer to our own territory those distressing events of which Mexico is now the scene. This would lead to n long, bloody warfare, which must operate unfavorably np< n the progress of our new settlements, and lead, eventually, to the extinction of the aborigines. These Indians, too, unlike those which have successively disappeared before the civilization and settlement of the whites on this continent, have no territory to fall back upon. The snows and cold of the North offer to their .Southern blood and habits, obstacles scarcely less formidable than the settlements of Mexicans; Navajos, and other half-eivili/.cd Indian tribes, have already 1110 n? polized the best portions of New Mexico. W'liitlier then can they go, and how can they he supported without depredating upon their neighIn is, are questions which should employ the mast anxious concern and investigations of our Home Depailnient. .wtnie mode by which agriculture may he introduced, and the peaceful arts inculcated, is the only means by which these savages can be induced to abandon their hereditary habits of plunder and war. The bayonet will be found inefficacious. A jo! (e double that of our whole army would be found inadequate to restrain the depredations of these liumetous, cunning, nnd active barbarians, flying as they do, with the speed of the wind, from place to place, over the vast prairies. Now and then wc might possibly be able to capture and punish them, lint there cases would hear but a small proportion to the number and extent of their depredations. They would, toot arouse a deep feeling of revenge, which in the Indian is not easily sated. The Caliiunc lies have two main points in their religious creed, two virtues which they cultivate more ardently end devotedly than most Christians do the articles of their faith: they are theft and revenge. A wrong is never forgotten or forgiven by them. It may not be to-day, to-morrow, this year, the next, or ten years hence; but sooner or later, the C'fimunche's revenge will fall upon his enemy, when he least expects. At present these Indians profess a friendly dispo! it ion for our government and people. Hut this f< i ling proceeds from an npprehcnsisn that ourliostilitv might seriously interfere with their deI legations upon the Mexicans, and cannot bo conlided in. It will, therefore, he necessary for the government to increase our force on the southwestern frontier, (ieneral Worth has already commenced the organization and establishment of various posts in that quarter ; but the ( ieneral's ability to restrain the depredation* of the Indians, in addition to the smallness of the force placed at his disposal, finds a serious obstacle in the fact, that the territory where the Indians' camping grounds lie, is included within the boundaries of Texas. All his measures, therefore, would have to be atki n with reference to the will of the so\ereign State. Despite these embarrassments, however, we trust that the sagacity and ability of (ieneral Worth will enable our government faithfully to execute the obligations of the treaty with Mexico, and thus to terminate the most distressing scenes of barbarity and cruelly which have ever bet n exhibited on this continent. Foreign Miscellany. The annual cost of mninfnining criminals in Lngland is upwards of X-1()0,0<H). A new journal, entitled The Irish Apostle and American Herald, has just been stnrted at Dublin. " It lias originated in the ardent longings of Irish pntnotism, and it is designed to serve the best interests of Ireland, by diffusing' the great ideas of social progress in connection with the principles of Christian piety." The dispute ar-ongst the Liverpool cotton brokers lias been amicably adjusted, by the extension of the time for payments to a quarter of an hour later. Letters from Athens of the 18th ult.f announce the resignation of the Minister for Foreign A flairs. Londosj Nolle, the Minister of Justice, lias been appointed Ministrr for Foreig'n Affairs ad interim In the flitting of the Konian Constituante of the 24th nit., Sterbini stated that news arrived on that morning tlnit General Zucchi, with n sniall army, wne inarching on Home from the Neapolitan frontiers. The (Uvea (iazttle of the Hint nit., states tlmt the Tuscan Confltitiient Assembly, in a secret sitting htld on the 27th, hud determined to eontide the dictatorial nowerto the hands of one man; and that, on the following day, Gucrrazzi had been accordingly entrusted with the dictatorship. The Prince Pemidolfhas sent to this country, for transmission to Canada, a case of silver plate, as a present from him to the officers of the 79th Hifhkadert. Trial and Conviction or M. Pronation, th? ( Socialist, In Prance?Court of Anlitl or the Seine. March 20, 1840.?All the entrances to the court houae were crowded at an early hour in the morning, by an anxious crowd, desirous of witnessing 1 lie important trial about to conic on. The greatest number of the assembled multitude appeared to be socialists. It was known that the accused,. I'roudhon himself, would lie present; lienre the eagerness of the disciples to hear something from the mouth of their teacher. The interior of the court was filled at an early hour. There was a considerable number ol ladies in the crowd among whom the color of violet predominated in their bonnets, ribbons, and bows, (a color, we presume, indicative of socialist propensities.) Many among these ladies wore spectacles, to give them, we suppose, the air and appearance of philosophical respectability. After some time, M. Proudhon made his appearance, and took his place at the side of M. Montjau, his lawyer. His well known figure was the object of universal attention, and he assumed a stiff, immovable attitude, lie seemed, however, to be highly delighted with being so evidently the object of so much popular curiosity. This ephemeral attention, evidently happifled" him, us the Methodists would nay. Near to him were obBerved several members of the Assembly, belonging to the mountain party, viz M Gent. M. Joly, and Charles Dain. All the editorial corps were present. At half-past 10 o'clock, the proceedings were opened. M. lWynard do Franc occupie 1 the bench, as Public Minister. The several articles from The People. (the journal conducted by M. Proudhon.) on which the accusation was founded," were theu read. There were two articles published in The People, on tile 20th and 27til of January last, one of them entitled, ''Sitting of the National Assembly?War;" the other entitled "The President of the Republic is Responsible;" both signed P. J. Proudhon. It was charged against M. Proudhon, that these articles contained attacks against the constitution. and were intended to excite the citizens to hatred and contempt towards eaeli other; also, that they contained attacks against the rights and authority of the President of the Republic; that they tended to disturb the the public peace, by exeiting hatred among the citizens towards each other, and were calculated to excite hatred and contempt against the government o the republic. M. Duciiene, the conductor of the People, was first examined. The President?Duchene, the accused, what arcyouC names T John Duchkne?I am 26 years of age; 1 am the manager of the journal. The People; 1 acknowledge having published the articles criminated; 1 take the responsibility. The President?(Addressing himself to M. Proud hon.)?Proudhon, the aeeused, what are your names ?, The Accused?Peter Joseph Proudhon, > . j Pbes ?Your age? * Answer?1 am 40 years old. Pres.?Where were you born ? 1 A.?At Besancon. Pres.?YVliat is your profession ? A.? I am director of the journal, The People. Pres.?Do you confess to the authorship of the two articles signed witii your name, and published in the numbers of your journal on the 26tli and 27th January! A.?Yes, 1 do. Pres.?Do you assume the responsibility of these two articles! . A.?(With much solemnity,)?Yes, I do altogether and entirely. Pres.?Sit down ; you will now hear the charges made against you. Hereupon the Attorney General rose, and entered upon the public accusation. He went into a lucid ex- I position of the theory of the new constitution, and expressed his astonishment that this great instrument should not bo respected by men of all parties, inasmuch I as it was an emanation of thu will of the people, and was the work of representatives of the peopio, elected by universal suffrage. He then proceeded to depict the situation of affairs, and the circumstances under which these two articles were published. Grout agitation was then reigning in the capital; important questions were I being debated in the Assembly; among them, the famous proposition of M. Rat can; public opinion was deeply agitated; and, under sueli circumstances, the thoughts of a public writer, which may be in themselves worthy of respect, become n matter of culpability if they are uttered in such a shape as would be capable of stirring up tbe popular passions. The Attorney General then proceeded, after renting and enlarging upon the articles, to set in full light before tlie iurv the iruilt which attached to them u? con eluded Ly "expressing the hope that the jury would partake of his opinion. When the Public Accuser had concluded his address, llic counsel for the accused, M. Montjan. entered upon ! the defence of the two accused persons. The Court, having heard the whole on both sides, reserved its decision to the next day; when Proudhon was sentenced to three years imprisonment and a lino of three thousand francs?his associate editor being condemned to one year of imprisonment and a fine o.' one thousand francs. The Coal Trade for 1S49. [Krom the Miners' Journal.] The quantity sent by railroad this week, is 7.820 17 ' tons ; by canal, 3.730 14 ; total for the week. 11,551 11 tons?only 104 tons more tliun last week. Krom this section of the region, there has been a falling off of about 1,700, and an increase of 1.800 tons froui Tamaqua. During the corresponding week last year, the-shipments from Schuylkill county were 34.550 10 The dccreaso this year from the Schuylkill region, so far, is 121,350 07 tons. Krom nil the Information we can glean, there will be nn increased demand in the consumption of coal on the lines of the Lehigh and Schuylkill canals and railroads, ranging from 75.000 to 100,000 tons, this year. We consider it our duty to warn the purchasers and consumers abroad, of the state of tho coal market: and if they do not come forward and take our coal at fair living prices, in time, the responsibility of a short supply and high prices must rest on their own shoulders, nnd tne "middle men" at Philadelphia, who have exerted their whole influence to keep purchasers back. The experience of tlds season, we think, has sufficiently demonstrated that no combination to control the coal trade, and prostrate our operators, can succeed; and that the transporting companies will, hereafter, find it necessary to pay some little attention to the views, feelings, and interests of the trade here, who give them their tonnage, in making their future arrangements. 1 he proceedings of an unusunlly largo meeting of our business community, held in this borough, on Monday last, approving of the course of our operators, will be ft.UDd in another column. Several meetings of miners nave aiso do in noia in tins region, also approving of their course. In one of the mcctlngathe reduction of tolls was broached. We think, ourselves, that 1 lie tolls are a little too high for the present state of tiic trade; but too low a rate, also, would prove injurii us. in crippling the futilities of transportation. We arc tii inly under the impression that no abatement will be untde this year by either of the companies, and no purchaser ought to hold back on that account. On the contrary, in the proceedings of the trade in the city, an advance, instead of reduction, is hinted at. The committee on the state of the trade visited Philadelphia. to confer with the trade there, in the early part ol the week, and have not returned. It is rutnuri d that an arrangement lias been made, but we have no authentic information on the subject. We know that difficulties existed, and arc. therefore, unable to stato * what will bo the result of the meeting to-dayj but we feil satisfied, that if a resumption of business is decided upon; it w ill only be a partial one. and several week* must elapse before the trade will be fully under way. Amount ?t C'enl sent over the Philadelphia anil Kculing Kuilrcad nnd Schuylkill Navigation, tor the week ending on Thursday evening lust: Kaii.roah. Cava i? H'tik. Total. \\'erk. Total. r. Carbon 1,540 1)4 .11.SOU IS 1,618 W) 4,647 18 Piitteville 1.863 02 27,284 05 WJ 01 1,40100 S. HHIIII 2,228 14 61.069 09 1410:1 1.082 08 P. C linton 2,68817 30.087 00 1,162 00 2,43110 7,820 17 100,860 12 8.730 II ~1.1,512 111 11.512 16 Total by linilroad fc Canal. 174.373 OS To same period lust year by Kuilroad 208,700 14 l)o. do. t anul 27,032 01 206,732 13 Decrease this year, 121.3./' 07 tons. Minkkai. ok Texas.?The Caddo Gazette, of lhe 2d inst., tells a story about the gold region of this ^tate, that corroborates and settles entirely the views of our friends of the TcU^rnph upon this subject. The Guzetlc savs that there is now living, in the neighborhood of Mansfield, an old man, who nvers most solemnly that gold exists in as much abundance in some of the mountniit valleys of Northern Texas, us it is represented to do in the placers of (California. The individual alluded to is an old hunter, and hits often trapped tl,? ?C .1.- U? I--- 'I i s * u.v i/ hi nit- nui nv -.?!(Kinlit 111s ami oatnea with the wild tribes of the western prairies. The discovery was nitide by him whilo a prisoner among n wandering band of ihe red men : but, owing to his situation, he was unable to avail himself of his good fortune at the time, and has since been prevented front returning, by so many circumsuuiees, thnt until the late California excitement, he had, in his extreme old age, almost ceased to think of his golden adventure, and remembered it of late but as an impossible dream. lie is a man of undoubted veracity, and his story gains implicit credence tunong tltoso who are ncquainted with his character. Several respectahle gentlemen, we hear, were, making preparations to accompany him to the valley of gold, and they are sanguine of success, while he has grown quite youthful again in the glow of his golden hopes. The editor of the Ic.vns Slatrtman lias been informed that a silver mine lias recently been found in (irayson county, extending into Colin county, lie says " there Mats no doubt left in the minds of [ preens competent to judge, that it will prove one of the richest mines ever discovered on the continent of America. The ore, by simple fusion, yields forty per rent of the pure metal." VV'e think there is some error in this statement. The geological formations in thnt section, so far as we are acquainted, belong chiefly to the recent secondary strata, and we consider it \cry doubtful whether any valuable deposits of silver ore ran lw found in them. The mineral that is stfled silver ore, will probably, when assayed,be found to consist chiefly of lead ore. An extensive mine of lead ore was discovered in that section about four years since, end the mine Utely found may be but a continuation of the lend mine previously discovered. There are doubtless several valuable lead minrs ex tending from Keel River, through Crayson, Colin, bime Mone, Jtorirnson, minim. nnu l rnVIS counties, to the sources of thr Smi Saba. Extensive deposits of copper or?- nre also found above them, toward* ilie sources of the Hrazo*. This mineral region may, at no distant period, lie found us pro I net ire in lead end copper, as the famous mines of < mien* and I.ake Superior.? //eus/on (7V.c?*) Dtlrifrii/>,'?, jij* il - i

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