Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1849 Page 2
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I NEW YORK HERALD. ' lortkwctt rorncr of Fulton and lluMuitii JAMKS OOKDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HERALD?Three editions, 7 cents per ropy ?$7 per annum. THE MORNING EDITION is publish ad at 3 o'clock. A. M., and distributed before breakfast: the frst AFTERNOON EDITION ran be had of the news- ? ftovi at 1 o'clock: and the secotud at 3 o'clock. P. M. THE H EEKL Y HERALD, for circulation on this von- ' tinrnt, is published every Saturday, at 6l4 cents per copy. Or tb per annum; for circulation in En rope, a ml printed in French and English, at t?*4 cents per copy, or $4 per an" j num; the latter price to ingivdc the postage. ALL LETTERS by mail for subscriptions, or with ad- i 1 Ocrtisements, to be post paid, or the postage will be deducted . from the monex -emitted. VOLUNTARY CttRRESrOSDENCE, containing im- . port ant news, solu-itrd from any quarter of the worldi tJ 1 need, mill he liberally paid for. 1 NO NOTICE taken of anonymous communications. Whatever isintendedfor'insertion must be authenticated * by the na stand address of the writer; not necessarily f or y publication, but as a guaranty of his good faith. We cannot return rejected communications. \ ADVERTISEMENTS, (reneusod every morning, and to be published in the morning and afternoon editions,) at 1 reasonable prices; to he written in a plain, legible manner; theproprietor not responsible for errors in manuscript. I ' TJIE HERALD EST A RLISIIMENT is open throughout the nioht. PRINTINO of all kinds executed be.autif ully, and loilh < despatch. Orders received at the oltice. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY THEATRE. rn wery.?Bomko and Jumkt? { Slashm and Cnashkk?\\ ankkhiag JJors. BROADWAY TIIEATRE, Broadway.?Richard 111.? Who Spkaks I'litr ? f NATIONAL THEATRE. Chatham Manure.?Jack Shkp- ' i'akd?Nkw Yokk *i It I?-Wh..'i Mv IIuiiiiano? f BURTON'S THEATRE, Chambers atroot.?Rom asce aj?i> I liAun. MECHANICS' IIALI., Bruiulway, near Broome.?Chbis- ( lt'? Minstan.e. CHINESE MUSEUM, KM llroadway.?Chinese Cubioai- ' tiks. r SOCIETY LIBRARY, Broadway?Nkw Orleans SeueMi'taa. g MINERVA ROOMS?Mons. a n n i km.-M agio andFhilo- e OPHV. | New York, Nnlurrtny, Nay ft, 1N4U. 11 11 The Foreign Kews, n On our first page will he found a telegraphic re- ' ' port of the intelligence received at Halifax by the ' ' steamer America, and distributed by express and ^ telegraph through St. John, New Brunswick, to v our office yesterday morning. ' The news is interesting, though not very start- T ling. Every where upon the continent, with the exception of the French republic, war exists, and i blood is being shed. The effect of such a chronic 1 condition of things is to depress the British mar- i kets; and in consequence, consols and cotton are a shade lower. An immense arrival of specie by the i America, reaching n million of dollars, may also i have some effect in this depression of the English j market. j In the French republic, matters appear to be i. taking a very quiet direction. An important vote s has recently been tuken in the Assembly, in favor a of an armed intervention for the restoration of Pope v Pius the 9th to his dominions n the Roman States, b The particular terms or the character of this inter- a vention we are not yet able to judge of with any r accuracy until the arrival of the steamer itself, t and the receipt of our files and correspondence. It ? cannot surely involve the entire extinction of the I newly conceded liberties formerly given by the t Pope to his people, and since then strengthened | and enlarged by the deeds ofnhe people themselves i since his escape to CJaeta. If the restoration of the Pope involves the extinction ot the new Roman republic, this act of the French Assembly wi.l be assailed with increased violence by republicans of all shades, and the friends of liberty throughout Europe. The most important event which may be expected to take place in France, or in Europe, and which by this time has already occurred, is the dissolution of the Assembly, and the elections consequent thereupon for the new Assembly. These elections a will be conducted with great animosity ami heat throughout the French republic, and will be watched with equal interest by all the governments and I all the statesmen of Europe. Upon the result of is these elections will depend the future course of af- o fairs iu Europe. We do net anticipate that any t one ol the five great factions in France will sepa- a rately succeed in this election, but that a certain t portion of the representatives of every idea will be t returned to the new Assembly. In such case, its i future action will be shaped more upon principles < of compromise and expediency than upon radical i ideas, or upon views of monarchical restoration. The war in the north and south of Germany seems 1 to go on with augmented ferocity and intensity. < We are much afraid that this conflict among the I German races will yet involve the whole continent I of Euroj>e in a general conflagration. The war i between Naples and Sicily lias already become i desperate. i The steamer is expected to arrive at the city in I the course of this day or night. In our to-nior- | row's edition all the details of the news will be c given to our numerous readers. i The vinoinia Election in the Sooth.?We 1< have private accounts from Virginia and other li Southern States, which represent the condition of v the whig or administration party in that region of li the country, to be in a much worse plight than even might be expected from the disastrous defeat which t it recently sustained in the Old Dominion. Our 1 cotemporary of the Courier and Enquirer is of < opinion that the extinction of the whigs in Virginia i has been occasioned by the mistaken policy ol i General Taylor's cabinet, in not removing two or three locofoco office holders. This is lik- account- i ing for the immense rush of Niagara Falls, by sup- i posing that two or three old women in Bulfalo had t emptied their pails of water in the channel of die I river, and hence the tremendous fall of rushing t waters ut Niagara. The defeat of the whigs, or g administration party, in Virginia, (and its probable f defeat and total rout which may be expected in a other Southern States) has been produced by the g agitating and unprincipled operations of such poli- c ticiuns as Senator Seward, Martin Van Buren, and r all the oilier anti-slavery agitators belonging to 1 every faction in the North, liy means of those 1 agitators and ultras, the administration of Gen. Tay- t lwr will not only be Tylerized, but it will be left i without hardly a rag of strength in the next House \ of Representatives. It is a fortunate thing for the | i country, that we have such an honest, ui?right, j. fearless man in the \V hite House, as he who now occupies it. Ilis cabinet in nothing; his party is nothing; he belongs to no party, but to the country; and it will require all his nerve and sagacity in the {.'teat crisis which is about springing up in this country, with the commencement uml progress of the next session of Congress?a crisis which was feared and apprehended by Washington, who accoidingly, in Ins farewell address, counselled his countrymen to beware of organising parties on t actional prejudices. The cabinet of General Taylor need not trouble themselves about organising any new sy stern of measures, any modification of ilie tanfl, any change in ilie financial system of the government, for they never will have a chance to carry any thing into operation, other tiian the general system w hich is now in action. JJoth houses ot Congress, under the lashings of Northern agitators, insulting und abu-ing the .South in every step they take both houses of Congress will be divided geographically, ,,nd will take hostile und violent posiiions on ihut ground; Hnd the consequences who can tell 1 We dr -ad the future. Nkwsi'ai-f.r K.ntkiii'kisr.?The of last evening, gave a portion of the news by the America as if it came at their own expense from Hulifix. t This, however, is nothing, compared with the miscellaneous items of foreign intelligence which are merged in with the commercial news taken from some ixlra of yesterday morning. These items are old, and never came over the wires from .St. John. They were brought bv the Cambria last week. Viva la huml'tig. mk toclnllxm, or HatanUm, In llir Old and Ntw Worlds. During the last few years we have heard n ^reat deal about socialism, both at home and abroad. With an ingenuity and restlessness characterise of the source from which this evil principle emanates, it has presented itself in a great rariety of aspects and disguises. Sometimes its apostles and emissaries have appeared in the shape of tallow-faced bipeds, with short pantaloons, and oiled, mis-shapen hoots?at others, in the form of lice young men, with long beards, (lowing locks, md immense shirt collars of irreproachable whiteness, and starched to an alarming stiffness. Now, lie new philosophy has exhibited itself in greasy garments, and low-crowned hats with awful oreadth of brim ; and again we have seen it in a straw bonnet, full of bouquets, and short petticoats with several tucks in their borders, trying to cttlivate frying or phalanxes. At one time occupying more, and at another less of the public attention? now thrusting itself forward with great noise mil pretension, and anon almost disappearing front 3iij- view; but, never wholly absent or divested of ts virulence, this influence of evil, like an intracable leprosy, seems to have fastened itself upon certain classes of society in our day. Recent vents in France have given to the subject a fresh totoriety; and of this, the disseminators of this system of atheism, disorganization and crime, have, >f course, availed themselves, for the purpose of spreading the contagion and uuginenting the numterof their dupes. If we are to believe these inlividuuls, who address the American public through heir organ, the Tribune, socialism, or satanism, s at this moment making gigantic strides in France, nd anticipates equal success in our own country. We have studied this subject of socialism, or atunism, with considerable attention. We have xantined it in all its varying phases, as it exists at he present time, and have succeeded, we believe, a tracing it to its parent source and origin. It is 10 modern growth; and it owes its origin to a much nore fruitful and capacious intellectual organiznion, than the brain of a half-witted Frenchman in a 'arisian garret. Let usdo full justice to socialism. ,Ve mean to do it justice. We mean to show its enerable antiquity?to trace its illustrious origin? o glance at its progress at different remote and nore modern epochs?and, " Wringing its shy, retiring virtues out," nore fully than tlicy have ever yet been expressed, ;o place socialism, or satanism, in all its lineaments, fully before the American people and the world. It was in Asia, and in the very morning of the existence of our race, that socialism first appeared jpon the earth. A memorable day ! The sun had ust entered on his daily career, like n warrior rcoicing in his strength. Nature, fresh and bloomng as a youthful bride, was clothed in smiles and unshine. l'eace and purity walked hand in hand ,?,A l.illu ainmntrn invnna nntl,?m u ltipl, ?"u 1 ? *??> u"'6,"bMJv7vl"' ? ? ...v.. was re-echoed by thousands of airy voices in the vales ielow. In the garden of Eden, the first pair, Adam nd his lovely consort, Eve, accompanied by the milisteringangels of the living God, went forth together n all the marvellous beauty of primeval innocence, ind made the picture of thoir blissful paradise compete. Such was the charming morn?probably in he month of May?on which the first socialist 'hilosopher set out on his mission of benevolence and retorm. We know not precisely what particular costume his fertile genius first suggested to this early reformer's mind. For aught we know to the contrary, he may have ornamented his person with an old white coat, and nether garment, " a world too short" forhis indefatigable limbs. Or, mayhap, his sense of propriety may have dictated a broad-brimmed hat and sober-colored vestments, if the quaker-cut, most approved in these times of irinievul simplicity. Or, again, who knows but he nay have been disguised as a primitive dandy, with . hairy face, and elegant sack coat, while " Over his arm he carried his tail, As a gentleman carries his cane?" lowever, one thing is certain: as the great social<t approuched the bowers of Eden?the ultimatum f his pedestrian excursion?he found it necessary o adopt the most rigid precautionary measures, nd accordingly he wriggled his way into Paradise hrough the briers and brambles and fences,?if any hey had,?which separated it from the rest of the world, in the shape of a serpent, in an elegant fancy :ostume of green and gold, got up expressly for the nteresting occusion. The result of the memorable interview between Eve and our ancient apostle of socialism is pretty well known throughout all the regions of Christendom. In the too confiding and unsuspecting lieart of woman, the first seeds of that fiendish influence of discontent, impatience, and rebellion against truth and God, which we now call " socialism," or satanistn, were then and there planted. Then it was that w e Imd the first iractical introduction of the guillotine into human society. Cain was one of the first disciples of the lew philosophy, and cut the throat of his brother, itbellion and murder thus annexed Eden to the .ingdem of 8atan; and, amid the thunders and ightnings of outraged Heaven, the guilty pair rere driven forth for ever from their bowers of lappiness. For hundreds of years, the system of philosophy bus introduced by its founder into the garden of hlen continued to flourish with varying fortunes. It obtained a footing among that ancient and peculiar ieople, the Jews, and led them into quite a number of interesting vagaries, which are matter of history. It was not, however, until the Saviour of mankind made his appearance at Bethlehem, of Judea, that :he great parent of socialism deemed it necessary o undertake a second mission, in jro)iriu jirrtnna, or the defence and propagation of his favorite reed. When Christ went into the wilderness to [ive that never-to-be-forgotten lesson of trust and aith in God to those whom lie came to elevate nd redeem, Satan saw that socialism was in danrer. Accordingly, he betook himself to the willernoss, and, with all the impudence which chaactcrizcs his philosophical system, attempted to nuke a proselyte of the Redeemer of the world. With a great deal more eloquence than is possessed by any of his followers, the enemy of God ind Man assailed the Saviour. But all in ain. First, the arch-socialist, just as at the .1.... ,?J ll.n urrrui unjr, <iii< uiiuugu mv an* tv |?ujiciil cravings of the tempted, to gain his ol>pct. Failing in that, he sought to fire his olitical amhition, and, pointing out to him the vcalth and |>ower of the kingdoms of the earth, iromised them to our blessed Lord, with all the |hu1h of office, in case lie yielded to his temptaions. Dut, tallied and repulsed, the tempter was breed to give up the contest, nnd, overwhelmed by he withering rebuke of the Son of (.Jod, fled, with ns tail between his legs, and his pantaloons short >f his boots, howling to the realms of darkness, mashing his teeth with fiendish malignity, as he ( fleeted 011 the future triumphs of the benign and luinanizing system of Christianity. Once more, on the eve of that dark, eventful lay, on which, amid scones of blood and riot, over vhicli good men weep, the down trodden people of 'ranee avenged themselves on the oppressor, and (tempted to establish republican government, the reat socialist again appeared, and,successfully in1 il ling his poison into the minds of Robespierre and is associates, blasted the blossoming hopes of berty and mankind, and laid the first I rencli rcublic in ruins! Then, indeed, the triumph of ncialisni, or satanism, appeared to he complete. Icll laughed, w ith delirious joy, over that scene of narchy and blood, while the angels veiled with iieir wings their weeping eyes. Tlfen was the our and power of socialism. Yet all hope for ranee had not utterly perished. Recovering, as rom a fearful dream, years afterwards, the French icople began to stir themselves. Another revoluion was the result, which paved the way for that (lorious und successful movement which has inully given to that great country?so chivalrtc, heroic ? for the first time, a Bound form of republican government. Then, again, re-appears the archenemy of man, with his old schemes of rebellion against truth and God, gilded over with the most specious pretences and impostures. Brother is arrayed against brother. The streets of Paris run with the blood shed in fratricidal conflict. Amid demoniac shouts and veils, socialism proclaims another short-lived triumph? Again, in this favored land, the same sort of evil influence sets itself to work. Craftily adapting itself'to the good-humored and indulgent character of our people, it catehes their eye by a studied affectation of eccentricity of dress and manner. It plays the mountebank in the public streets. It amuses the hoys and "children of a larger growth," by little tricks, now quite stale, and beginning to be thoroughly understood. Then it rants of a republicanism still more republican than any the world has yet seen; and a social system in which the honest man and the rogue?the industrious citizen and the loafer?will be alike prosperous and resnected. It ridicules the Christian relimon. mid joins its siniflliiig whine willi the obscene ritual of communism ami atheism. Entering another field, it fastens itself on one of the great political purties of the country, and mingles its spurious political economy with its pretended advocacy of respectable and Christian men. It " mouths the heaven in its blasphemous talk;" und, after first attempting to rob mankind of their hopes of heaven, it arrays class against class?the poor against the rich?labor against the results of labor?man against man ?sowing everywhere the seeds of discontent, disunion, confusion, anarchy, licentiousness and social ruin. In all this we see the workings of the masterhand; the results of the same restless genius, in flaming livery or ecclesiastic black, which stirred up revolt in heaven?made Eden a desolation? tempted the Saviour of mankind?polluted France with wild and bloody anarchy; and now, with its soiled hoots and short and greusy pantaloons?its long, dirty beards and immense shirt-collars?and its everlasting whine about the "tyranny of the rich," the "atrocious robbery called property," "phalanxes," "farms," "associations," "attractive street-sweeping," arid " harmonious cobbling," impudently attempts to impose itself u;>on the sober good sense und sound intelligence of this community. liut wc can't grow such things here. Our corn nnd pumpkins do much abound, but socialism, or satanism, is not a thriving plant amongst us. We do not dig in "phalanxes," but in placers ; and the old enemy, disguise himself as he may, cannot conceal from us the horns and the hoofs. It is probable that he is nlready prepared to confess that socialism, hereabouts, is "an obsolete idea," not worth even a pair ofdirty boots orshort pantaloons, or an old white hat on the back of its head. Try again, "old Clootie." Profession versus Practice.?About the beginning of February, 1848, when the Wall street office-beggars made up their minds to support General Taylor, whom we had started as early as the 26th May, 1X46, the following was published in the Courier und Enquirer :? UV nro one . >t" n committee of twenty-fire, working 1 he kooJ of the cause ; anil, we may add, that n< of that committee will either he an applicant 1 iccept office, if General Taylor shall be elected Fr? lent." following persons were members of the V street committee, who concurred in and published their own " self-denying ordinance ? J. Wa tson WTnii, Candidate for Mission to Madrid. J. Pkescott Hall, appointed District Attorney. llcoii Maxwell, Candidate for Sub-Treasurer. Muses H. CJhinnell, by proxy, for Philip Hone, Naval Officer. Simeon Draper, by proxy, for the Consulate nt Havre, for his brother. On these data, we will ask a chemist to tell how much truth and veracity the professions of a politician will yield by distillation on a slow firel Late from Bermuda.?We received yesterday the Bermuda Royal\Gazcttt of the 24th ult. The convict ship Jlseptune, sailed on Sunday, the 22d ult., for the Cape of Good Hope, with 289 passengers from the convict hulks at Bermuda, amongst whom waa the patriot John Mitchell, By the following paragraph from the Gazette, it will be seen that Mrs. Mitchel and family were not passengers in the Neptune :? It is not correct that Mrs. Mitchel nnd family were passengers to these Islands in the Neptune, as stated in some of the New York papers. We understand that Mrs. M. had taken, or waa about to take, passage in a vessel going direct to the Cape, to meet her husband there. The town and vicinity of St. Georges was visited on the 20th ult. with a terrific hail storm, accompanied by lightning and thunder. The hail did some damage to the glass. Anmiykusaki Dinner.?We have on hand an interesting report of the Anniversary Dinner in celebration of the French Revolution, which from want of space and the press of other important intelligence, is unavoidably crowded out until tomorrow. Marino Affair*. An .American steamship was seen on the U^d ult., in Cnlcos Passage, steering south. We think it probably was tlie steamship Crescent City, Cupt. Stoddard, hence for Chagros. Sixteenth Anniversary of the Magdalen lienevoleut Society. The sixteenth anniversary of the Magdalen Benevolent Society, was held at the Hope Chapel last night. 1 he meeting was opened with singing and prayer, after which tlie report of the treasurer, which showed that the receipts for the year have been $400 less than the current expenses, besides an indebtedness of $1,500 due on a mortgage. During the past year, out of forty-two, five hare been restored to their friends nnd two have been converted; several have withdrawn nnd gone bnok to tlx- pntli- of infamy The most interesting case was tlint of a German girl, who two years ago, left her native land and came to this country, but was by some means conducted to a house which proved to be disreputable. She threw herself away, nnd soon she was In the penitentiary hospital, where she first beard of the institution, and which she sought. She lias studied the scriptures, and there is a reason to believe that the light of tlie gospel tins shone into her heart. She sometime since wrote to her mother in Germany, and soon received an answer that she hud a married sister in Baltimore, and advising her to go at once to her sister. She was restored to her sister. The report mentioned several other cases of an interesting character. Kcv Dr. )) Witt being called on. rose and said: There were many forms of christian charity, which presented a more popular aspect than the one for the advancement of wliioh they bad met, but lie believed there was none more in concurrence with the gospel, " We,'' said he. " are all lost, and God gave his only begotten son to die for us. that he who believed in him should not perish, but have eternal life The gospel lays not the axe at tlie branch, but at the root We have stood a loot from this work, society lias frowned upon the degradation, but *re shall go out among tho r.lgliwnya mid the heaven, and compel them to come In T he spirit of this world it ' I tlmnk God tlint I am not ah otlnr men. or. I am not like that man.' The true spirit. that of the publican, la the proper one, when he cried, without looking up to (leaven: ' God be merciful to me n dinner ' The Pharisees were fnmilinr wdli the gospel religion, hut they closed their eyes M l n t tl,. light l.et II do what we ran in the strength of God. for those whose souls are steeped in sin, and upon whom infamy has taken her hold The ehristian c< mmiinity Is not sufficiently awake to this matter, It d' < n to t command that considerution which it deserves True, there are not many who have been redeemed at (lie Magdalen Institute, but one Is worth all the labor of love " IJr Lansiwo. of Brooklyn, said I had the pleasure of meeting with this society upon Its organisation, and this is the thiid time that I have ever met with it. I 11 111 it I y I In re III so few present It shows that the people are not properly aroused upon the subject Our ysipathy is railed lor and wi limit I not shrink hack In m a fallen fi male as from a viper fearful lest, should we a| pit arh them we shall contract pollution It is ourduty to take them hy the hand, and lead them to the paths of virtue Jesus died for them, and why should we not point them to the l.amb ol tied. We pu s through the streets, and hear these poor miserable creatures using profane language, and we start from tin Ui, Instead ol speaking to them of the gospel o colli rllon was In re taken,ufter which the llcv. Mr. Stotrs of Brooklyn made a brief address There were vi ry lew persons present, and caeept the report, the meeting was devoid of Interest. Movement* of I mil v l<1 mala. 8 A. Yti ibid, W ashtngton, lion A. T. Hose, Suffolk; ( nptain Brewer! on, I. 8 A .; IJr Smith, Cumberland; Mev. J Bowden, Ltica; Morgan Johnson. Virginia; ( apt. A. 1) hryanton. 1) S. A., and J. Bclknop, Boston wi re among the arrivals yesterday at the Irving Hon O. U. Wale, N J.; Hon J Nnvlna, do ; Major W Itichop, and It. C Blake, tJ S A , ( apt Julian Bos- ' ton; II M < oiler, fllnghamton; T Osgood, l,lvorpool; and J I lay Mudd, Washington, liava arrived at the Astor lioueo i I.ati k i rom Rio Ja.rfiro and Motkhhko.?By the arrival of the bark. Kraatus Corning, Captain Corning, from Bio, w? an- in receipt of files of tho Jornal 4<> Cnmrrrio to tho UTth of March. They coutain but littlo new*. Notwithstanding th? vast crowd of North Americano that had been congregated during the month of March in that port, we do not find one syllable about them in these papers. Those Purtuguese editors are but slow hands at making up interesting papers. From rerunmbuco ami Daliia. accounts had been received to tile 11 tit and 14tIt of March, liahia continued to enjoy perfect tranquillity; the announcement of the dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies had not produced any sensation whatever. In I'ernambuco everything was tending to the perfect re-establishment of order. Krom I'orto Alegre and Rio Grande. also, accounts to the 13th and 18th. had been received. Nothing of importance had occurred in either of these provinces, and they were in perfect peace. The U. S. surveying schooner Kwing. Lieut. Commandant W. A. Uartlett. arrived at lliode Janeiro February 25lb, in forty-five days from New York. Having suffered materially from the badness of her iron work and running gear, she was compelled to repair, which detained her till the 2'.'d of March ; when she put to sea. but the same day parted her chain bobstuy, and v as compelled to put back for another. The Kwing sailed again on the 23d, P. M., for her destina'ion on the coast of California. All well. Tl e following are the names of her officers :? Lieut. Coin'dt, W. A. Bartlett; Acting Master, A. C. ltliimt; Assistant Surgeon, It. Itusli Mitchell ; Passed Mid? sldimivii, C. f\ Simms, J. P. Thornton, William Gibson; Acting Purser, W. It. McMurtrie; Clerk, T. A. Uartlett; Master's Mute, I'raneis If. West. The U. S. revenue brig C. IV. Lawrence, Capt. Frazer, having completed iter repairs, sailed from Rio de Janeiro for the Pacific on the 21st March. The Fnglish man-of-war packet, the Spider, had returned from Rio La Plata. She brought accounts from Montevideo to the 10th of March. There was no farther news from Buetins Ayres, and nothing now had occurred at Montevideo. The French admiral, Le Prodour, was expected there every moment. M. Guillemot, the French charge <0 affaires to brazils, who made a trip to La Plata a short time before, returned in the Spider. We annex our correspondence and market reports from Rio Janeiro;? The following letter is received from David D. Porter, Esq., commanding U. S. mail steamship Panama:? Rio dk Janeiro, March 24, 1849. Dear Sir? I wrote you the day after our arrival at this place, by a vessel bound to Bultimore. We leave this to-morrow, and Capt. Coming will take you the news of our sailing I bad hopu, when 1 came in. to get tiffin five days; hut the first threo days, including a Sunday, were lost to us. Since we commenced work, we have kept coaling night and day: every one tliiuks we have accomplished wonders, taking into consideration the liahlts and customs of the people. Our ship has been visited by the Secretary, or ''Minister of Marine," and many of the public officers; though the ship was somewhat in disorder, owing to refitting and coaling, great admiration was expressed for all her arrangements, and the engine attracted universal applause, from the beautiful order in which it is kept, it looked more like a beautiful toy than ?. machine that had been working constantly for twenty-six days; and our chief engineer. Mr. Murphy, deserves more than orillnnrv eommemlntlon The emrlne wnnteit no re

palm whatever, and we could have gone to sea again an hour after we anchored. Those of our grumblers, (and there were but two) feel quite satisfied with their fare since hearing of the difficulties of other ships; and I hear of nothing but congratulations that they urn on board the Panama; and so much superior is our forward cabin fare to the best fare in any other ships, that I have been offered four hundred dollars for a passago there, which I was obliged to refuse. I have refused a great many passengers to San Francisco, particularly forward passengers. I have little left to tell you, excepting that every department of the Panama goes on harmoniously. Passengers are all in good humor, and have behaved, without exception, as gentlemen, while in this port; so different from the conduct of many other Americans that it lias at rue ted notice. They mostly live on board, and I make very arrangement, at their own expense, for their convenience to and from the shore. Hoping that you will hear of our arriving at ranaraa in 36 days, I remain, ice. Jcr., DAVID D. PORTER. Rio Jam.iro, March 29.?Imports from the United Slates this mouth, 6.074 barrels flour, 48 packages domestics 200 boxes sperm candles, 140.000 feet lumber, 450 barrels rosin. 120 dozen chairs, 13,000 lbs. wax. and sundries. From Valparaiso, 500 bags Hour, and 700 do. wheat. Flour?the sales have been greater than for some time past, but at no improvement in price?being 15,500 barrels for consumption, and 2.600 for export. The prices have been 10|| a 17|| for Richmond; 14||500 a 16|| forColumbia Mills,Columbia.and t) Dansc; 14;, for Bultiiuorc; 13|| a 14|| for Philadelphia and New Orleans. The purchases have beon only in moderate parcels, the bakers showing no disposition to lay in storks, expecting continued shipments from the United States. An entire cessation of imports for a month or more, will alone enable an advance to be obtained. The stork in first hands is 11.000 barrels Gallego, 11,OOU do. Ilaxnll, 3.000 do Col. and O. Dansc, 2,000 do. Baltimore: and 3500 Philadelphia, New Orleans, &c.; total, 32 500 barrels, nnd the import from Chili. The bakers are estimated to hold 30,000 barrels. Dates from Itio Grande to 14th. quote Hour very dull, at 14|| for Baltimore, 17l| a 18|| for Richmond. Stock, 14,000 barrels. Domestics remain in the same dull state, and quotations are nominal. at250rs. for blue drills, 180rs.for brown do., 150rs. brown shirtings, 30 inch. DumberSales have been made for export to California, at 40|j, on board; for consumption 45|| could not be obtained. Sperm candles have been sold at t'OOrs. The stocks in second hands have at last been quite reduced, and moderate imports will command the quotation. Provisions aro in demand, and beef would bring 30||, pork 40||. and lard 280, nnd hams 400. Tea?Sales of first quality Hyson at 1250 and 1300; good and superior, 1||600 al|"00. Salt is abundant; last sales nt OOOrs. Wax?Sales at 760rs., fair demand. Coffee?The arrivals have been limited, and the quality generally quite ordinary. More favorable accounts from Europe, to 4th of February, have given animation to the market, and large purchases have been made at 50 a lOOrs advance on prices. We now quote superiors 2,100 a 3.200: good firsts 2500 a 2900; ordinnry do. 2ti00 a 2750. The stocks are reduced to 20.000 bags, and holders arc very firm. The article has an upward tendency, which will continue henceforward, ns the receipts will be limited The ucconnts of the deficiency of the new crop are daily coufirutcd, and there is not the least doubt of its bvlng one third short of the usual average. The general opinion Is tnut it will be nearer one-half. The quality will be better than the last. The export this month will be about 120,000 hags, of which 32.405 will be for the United States. The exports to the Atlantic ports since 31st December, has only averaged 24 546 bags per month, against the average of 43.860 hags per month during 1848. Hides?The demand lias been brisk, and prices have advanced to 150. and some are held at 155. Favorable accounts from Europe aud the L uited States, also from the south, that they are scarce, are the causes The stock for sale is very trifling. Freights continue very dull; to United States, 5l? cents; Europe, 32s. Cd. a 45s. Exchange was iione to a largo extent, by the last packet, at 26il. per ||. it is now firm. i/ouuioous,,.ih; uonars, -t\ uuv. From St. Domingo,?The schooner O'Brien, Ctipt. Sargent, arrived at this port yesterday, in twenty da) s from St. Domingo City. The intelligence received by this arrival is not so late as that hrotiaht by the Silenius, at Boston, (published under the telegraphic head in Friday's Herald,) but, o far as it goes, it is confirmatory of the accounts < f the successes of the llayliens in their warfare upon the Dominicans. From Port mi Princ e, Haiti.?The brig Ilayti arrived at this port last night from Port au Prince, April 17. Her news is unimportant. Business was very dull; but little coffee coining to market. Spanish doubloons were worth $200. The place was quiet, notwithstanding the state of war existing between the Ilaytiens and Dominicans. Court of Sjicclnl Session*. Before the Mayor, and Aldermen Fllxgerald and Podge. Mat .?This was the last day of the Special Sessions under the existing government. The casus that were tried were, for the most part, petit larcenies, with hero and there a ease ol'assault and battery, just by way of vnrying the scene. Amongst the rest, one Harriet I'luuis was brought to the bar, charged with having assaulted and beaten Ann Kli/.a Plains hot li complainant and defendant were black, and the difficulty it seem*, originated in each one for herself instituting a claim to the hest place in the nffoctions of one William Plain, also black, who is now at sea. The c< mplainant produced a certificate of marriage, and the prisoner con leased that she never bad buen married to Plain, but lliat she had lived with him five or six yi nrs, and that she had presented him in the meantime, with a child which still lives to gladden his eyes, whin he returns from sen She had "raised this inuaa," i. e. she had assaulted the complainant in order to oblige her to show her certificate of marriage She thought she had tin- best right to Plain, but must now jiild. 1 he court sent hor to the city prison for tun days, to atone for the assault and battery. hourly mill Crime ? John Praneisco. John Penman, and Anion Baxter, were charged with stealing several pairs of Imot* and shoes from Oliver Hutchinson John b rati risen is ? Spaniard and keeps a room somewhere in the Ninth waul In niiian and Baxter are buys whom he i mployi d to sell certain articles for him. I he b iota slid sin*'., wi re among the articles which they peddled about the streets, and Mr. Hutchinson, seeing his propert y in ihoir possession, questioned them as to liow lliey obtained it 'J hey very frankly answered that they wen imployid by the Spaniard to sell them, and sis. aid thai lie had more at li is house. The Spaniard had been at Mr. Il 's place ot business frequently,with out punha-ing any thing 'J he hoys appearing to bo innocent, were allowi d to go a', large, and the Spaniard was n iiti nei d to llie I ity prison for twenty day* It hile i xiiiniiiing the boys, the Mayor a?knl one of Mum how lie i sine to gel into tills employ merit The hoy. w ho certainly did not look like a liiiel replied Willi tears in Ins i y is, Dial lie had tor a long liuu been at woik in a ' gum factory'' up town, but that he could not make i iinliglt by his labor to pay Ins b rard. and Mist he w as ion i d to look lur some mora prolllable employ merit /Mli r s few of her unimportant cases had been die|Hiscd ol, tiie court adjourned. ( oust i nlciulivk?-Thl* Day. ( in tin l on a i I n iji -Phi to MM. Oily Inlrlllxriirr. Tiie Weatiiek.? yesterday was the warmest day of the year. and though there was a gentle breesi all day, in the nftiriiof.il it wiut unpleasantly warm The ctrei ts were again tilled with dust, which rendered It extrt inely dlsag reetihle The sky during the morning was nvcihung with elouds. and there was every prospect of ruin hut as the diiy advanced the sky became clear, and the rays of the warm sun poured upon the city. As night eame on tin' horizon looked thick and hazy, tlie general precursor of rain. Removal oi the Oas House.?This long talked of nuisance, in Centre street, now begins to show signs of removal '1 he workmen were yesterday engaged in taking down Ihe wall of the building on the Ka?t side ot the street, unit from the manner in which the work . was conducted the removal will hu very soon. It is a nuisance which should long since have been abated, though better now than not at all. Thg improvement the < Imnge will make to that immediate suction is incalculable while it will render it a iili<an*nt location lor business. Ki nmul of Jamf.h Watson.?A large number of the members of the police department yesterday attended tbc funeral of James Watson, late of the Sixth ward police, who fell dead on Thursday morning, at the police station in the Tombs. The military companies, Emmet (iuard and Montgomery Guard, uttended the remain* to the i athcdral Cemetery, at Green I'oiut. Mr. Watson was a valuable member of t lie department, always displaying great perception and energy. Collision ok the Fehhv Boats.?Two of the boats of 1 the Jersey City ferry?the Aresseeh and Worcester? came into contact on Thursday evening, by which the Worcester had a large portion of her sheathing torn away. The same boat which had injured the Worcester then rau into a large brig, by which the top and side of one of her saloons waH stove in. Certainly there in list have been some carelessness about the collisions, and tile mutter should be at once ferreted out, and the offending party held I'lihle. About a yeur siuce it was quite common for such accidents, until a narrow escape of several hundred lives took place; since that time there have been few or no accidents, and the natural conclusion is, that if the pilot* of these ferry boats would properly atteud to tlieir business, no no would now occur, and at least not two within uu hour by the same bout. Citv Improvements.?The bright weathw.of late has served to inspire the people of the upper part of the city with a spirit of improvement. Upon utmost overy vacant block the spade of the laborer has commenced its excavations, and by the end of the year will havo been reared entire blocks of inugnitlcout edifices, where but a few weeks since nothing hut a rougli bourd fence was to bo seen. The entire front on Twenty-third street, between Lexington and Fourth Avenues is now being prepared for the erection of seventeen buildi-ngs, each of which will cost $1*2.500, making a total or $212,500. These buildings will be, doubtless, the most splendid in that section of the city, and will vie with many around Union Square. On the opposite of Fourth Avenue, between that and Madison Avenue, several very line buildings are in course of construction, which will very much add to the value of the property in the immediate vicinity of MudiHon Square. The many sunken lots, some of them twenty feet below the grade of the streets, are rapidly filling up. and in several of them the piles of brick and mortar begin to riso. If such signs are evidences of prosperity, surely New York must be in n most prosperous condition. But this is not all. At the corner of and adjacent to Loxington Avenue and Twenty-seventh street, are eight or ten handsome stone front houses, replete with every convenience while in Lexington Avenue are just completed; several beautiful building*. Most of these buildings will be lighted with gas us far up as the second, and many to the third story. During the lust year, so great was the demand for houses that runts advanced twenty-five per cent, and thero is every probability, that in the course of another year, the ordinary residences of that section will command as great a price as the best in the lower part of the city. Shameful.?The Coroner was yesterday called upon to visit the Catholic burying ground (Potter's field) at the corner of 60th street and 4th avenue, where three cofllns. about three feet long, had been thrown into tho enclosure without the knowledge of tho kecpor. Tho Coroacr accordingly repaired to the spet. and investigated the matter. The bodies which tho colllns contained were thoso of infants, and appeared to have died from natural causes. Tho Coroner, while on the ground, took occasion to look at the mode of burial in this cemetery, aud his investigations resulted in the discovery of a number of trenches about 100 feet long, 20 feet deep, und about seven feet wide. Into these trenches the enftins are tilaeerl in liivers and nut. en vered with earth until tho trenches are tilled. We are informed by the officers attached to the Coroner's office, that there were hundreds, if not thousands, of these coffins exposed to public view. Who is to blame in this mutter? Somebody,surely, is obnoxious to loud censure. It is. indeed, shameful! Mechanics' Institute School?Tenth Annual Exhibition.?The tenth annual cxhioition of the school attached to tho Mechanics' Institute, of this city, took place last evening at the Tabernacle, and a very interesting and entertaining exhibition it was. The building was crowded to overflowing, by the pareuts and relatives of the scholars, as well as the friends of the Institute. The number of the pupils of the school is about, we should judge, two hundred and fifty, boys and girls, all of whom, neutly and gaily attired, were present on the occasion, the latter all dressed in white, and varying in age from five to thirteen years. The chair was taken by Alderman Leitch, ana at half-past seven o'clock the exercises of the ovuning commenced by the pupils singing, in a very creditublo manner, Ileethovon's Song of Friendship," accompanied by the organ and orchestra. The performance wus warmly applauded. Tho remaining exercises were as follows :? Kccltation?"Time," R. V. D. Reed. Original Composition?" Pendant que nout vii'ons riHM,1' Augusta Bassford. Recitation?"impromptu, on receiving an Eagle's Tinion from Lake Superior," Wm. H. Mairs. Original Composition?" We should keep the Memory of Friends and Favors Forever Green," Julia A. ltodgurs. Recitation?" The Welcome," Edward Matilo. Music?Sncred Melody. Original Composition?" Tho Power and Wisdom of the Deity inferred from His Works," Eliza Prico. Recitution?u J.r Lion ile Florence,'" J. Cormier. Recitation?"The Candidate." Charles Austin. Original Composition ? "Influence of the United States upon the Condition of tho World," William M. Mason. Music?" Swiss Shepherd's Song." Recitation?" Passing Away," Cordelia H. Mackay. Recitation?" Report of the Committee on Swine," Edward F. Mabbatt. Original Composition?"Hope," Charlotte E. Cook. Dialogue?" Scene du Joueur," V. Herb and U. Courvoisler. Recitation?" The Wish," Emma Heath. Recitation?" The Sexton and the Thermometer," Wm. Rankin. Music?Cantata, "Spring." The exetclses being concluded, the next thing in order was the distribution of the prizes, which, to the pupils ut least, was the most interesting portion of t"e entertainment. The prizes consisted of choice standard English and American works, beautifully bound. The following are the names of the young Indies and gentlemcnto whom they were presented:? Biebard V. IV ftcid, William II. Mairs, James Robinson, George Long. Vandusen Mairs,Charles Austin, tilwaid A. V atideiiholl'. Charles Urombacher, John Johnson. J ules Cormier, Willinm Uailmann, Peter Burbttok. George C. Ellison. Calvin Barker, Theodore Halhuwuy, Alfred C Smith. George Arunts, David Prince Ed ward S. Mnbbatt, George W. Rodgers, Wm. Hobirtson, \ ictor llerh, Washington M. Thompson, Charles li. Woodhull. William S Gutierrez. Francis A. Mason. Robert Kimpe, I-rank Mnckay, George James. Female Dejartmrnl.?l.ouisn Itiblelt, Julia A. Rodgers, Elizabeth 8. Price, Charlotte Dodge, Anna W. Outwaler. 1- ranees W. ( bapman, Mary E. Wright, Agnes W. t bapman. Eh auor E. Sayre, Elizabeth lladdeu. Julia A. Sharp. Martha L. Sharp. Cecilia Urosclande, Julia A l.ibeutlml. Ellen M Cook, Malvinn Heath,Cordelia Mackay. I hnrlotte Constantino, Margaret Irwin. I.ouisa J lliithnwny, Mary Dodge, Elizabeth Dodge. Eugene llnssi-llulte, Adeline Heath, AdelineTownseud, Eliza J. Switison. ( ecllta Fraster, Aloxina Green. We run ssy of the exercises, that, taking into consideration the iarly ages of the pupils, they were highly credituhle mid satisfactory, and must he so considered by ihe parents of the pupils, the teachers, and the ui<rubersol tlic Institute. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Court us Am-lalk?'1 he C ourt heard two cases yesterday. nud part ol another, and made one decision. The following were the eausea tried : ? Cyrus Harlow, ap/iellanl, against Mary Harlow ami another, rrtponiirHU. ? John Thompson, Ksij., tor appellant, aud \\ in t no I-.m| . tor respondent James litre, ylaintij) in error, vs. Kdward Floyd, difenHani. i?i error --This cause wax in relation to an oxrcution levied on it sol of harness, worth nhout $100. and ha* proliHlily coat more than tire time* the origtnul value <1 the articles The justice of (he oouuty in winch the execution wax levied tir.it gave judgment in accordance with the verdict of the jury, against the plaintiff, litre. 'J he County Court, to which the matter wax carried, reversed the judgment, and the Supremo Court sustained the position taken hy the judges of thn County I mil t and yesterday the Court of Appeals has decided against the Supreme Court, and sustained the original judgment hor plaintiff in error. Win. Wickhain jr. I r d, hiidant in error. A. ii Ketrham, Ks,p .tllherl IFyckoJ). piaintijf in error, vs. I'etrr ImH, and Matin hrs ti'ifc, tleirndanis in error.?1 his cause was not coticludid win u i lie eourt adjourned it will probably lie finished to day l.ott. illurphy, ami Vaudmb.it, Kh|k wi ic tin-counsel for plaintiff, and Win J. Cogswell Ks<| , fer the th frudantx. Awmm.s ami Awsisu I'osti.?The enterprising store ki epeis in the burnt district, are taking down tliu last i > in mints id what was formerly old llrookiyn. and , placing m at iron ones in their stead. The old awning pi Is l< ok as it some giant ot the forest had been hewn I down, and. with the outer covering stripped off. made ' In stand erect and support the massive weight of a single sheet of canvass There are many ot those. Ii iw | ever, iu other parts of the city, which ought to have ' be< n un d lor hiewood long sinee, instead of taking up ' rm in on I lie sidewalk, which is none too wide at the 1 licit ll imij tiuly be said of tbcui, that "their room is bettir than their company." Si ii no 'J lie l oroncr was yesterday railed to hold ' an inijiu >t on the In <ly ol a man who was found In a 1 iiilndpait id (ireeiiwood Cemetery, with Ins brains ' blown mil and a pistol lying beside lilm. The name 1 and ntidctiee of (iiis unfortunate individual is nut known '1 lie juiy rendered a verdict "that too deems! (I runic to Ills death by shooting himself with a pistol " , Supreme Court?In Clin miters. In fore Justice liurlbut Msv 4. Louisa I*>wning ts Hubert I. Downing.? 1 'I Ids v to a proceeding supplementary to the is-ulng 1 ol ii n igiculion, In ! < in iinryr, 1H4H the pl.tinnif ob- ' tail cd a di rri'd for a ilivotre from tlin defendant and Ii r alimony for which ami the costs of the suit an Minium war issued and returned unsatisfied, whereupon milium was olitainid under the code for thn eguli.lliHlii ti ol flu ill ti nOant On the examination, it w or riiow n thai the lit fondant had in his hands, ah ml IS months ago, $lll.'i, and, it appearing to the Judg, , r) hi In bsu nit satisfactorily accounted for that sum Pi, I i noi toadi an inilei Hint lie should pay mil of it f ti,, i.l no i i ami costs, log, titer with $-W, thn ousts of this preevi ding ' I . i TMLKUKIPHH! WfELLWBWli Parliamentary Prorrrillngib-Prlltloi# for n 1<< < ull of (he Governor, Signed l?jr ThoimniKln?Street* Clulet?First Arilrnl till* Season. Moithk?i.| May 4?3 P. M In Hip Assembly. to-iluy, Mr. Holme* gave notice of m bill to incorporate the St. Lawrence und Ih.implalu Canal Company, stating positively that the necessary tunda were all ready The petitions for a recall of the Governor, Lord Kt gin, have been numerously signed, and it is thought that a request to this effect will pass the present session. Navigation to this point having op -ned, the first ship ol'the season arrived to-day. There is nothing else important worth transmitting. Things rumtiu perfectly quiet. l.ntcr from St. Tluniias?Los* of the Brig Harnlt ('. Iluse of Pl?llutlel|?lilu?Importing from Venezuela. Boston, May 4?0 P. M. The schooner Tain O'Shanter has arrived at thla porl. from St. Thomas.Laving picket upon her passage Captain Spedd, and the crew of the brig Sarali C. Iluse of I'hiladelphia. which vessel sprung a leak, and wad abandoned on tier voyage from Charleston to Boston. I.ato letters received here to-duy from Venezuela, stale the government had passed two laws, one, that a creditor shall not recover by legal process under six years; and if the debtor resist, the creditor is to wait three years more ; another law enforces that all vessela entering a port shall discharge all cargo. This is done with a view to help the coasting trade of the country. Against the first law all foreign consuls have protested, as conflicting with the law of nations. Guzman was intriguing to supplant Monngas, and the latter was muting an attempt to be declared dictator. Suicide In Philadelphia. Piiii.ADEt.rHta, May 4,1849, Jacob Pllstine Taylor, living in Second street, Konsington, Clerk to the Board of Commissioners, committed suieide this morning, by shooting himself. The act is aupposed to have been caused by pecuniary difll- .. culties. The Telegraphic Wired. New York, May 4?9}{ P. M The Southern line is interrupted by atmospheric electricity, and has not been working since C P. M. The Boston line has also been out of order since car y this cvcuing. Markets. Buffalo, May 4?6 P. M. Receipts within the past 24 hours :?Hour, 850 bbls., wheat, 14,000 bushels. For flour the market is active, and free sales are making at $4 a $4 00; wheat continues Arm, though the market is scarcely so active?a sale of 1.400 bushels Ohio was made at 90c. Whiskey is quoted at 17>ic., with moderate business. Albany, May 4?6 P. M. The steamer's news unsettled the market for broadttulfs. and nothing of importance transpired. Corn was held at an advance. . Shipping Intelligence. Boston, May 4, 1848. ' Br:g Sarah C. IItire, (of Philadelphia,) Shcdd, from Charleston, S. C., with a cargo of sawa timber, commenced leaking ou tho li!th ult.. and tilled on the 2,'ld tilt. Cut away ha masts to keep her from rolling over. Same day the crew was taken off by Lark Jaue E. Williams, (of New York,) Captain Mason, from Boston for ApnlnchicoU. On the 2tiih ult. waa taken on board schooner Turn o" Shantor, (of Gloucester,) C'apt. Bennett, 14 days from St. Thomas, and arrived at Boston this morning. Spoken?March 25th, off Pemnmhuco, hark Ann Welch, from New York for California all well. (Jiiltetl Stated Circuit Court. Before Judge Nelson. May 4.? Gilbert T Ererion and other* t>s. Cornelia* W. Ixtwrence.?This was an action to recover about $900. together with interest, on that sum. The plaintills in 1847. imported an article from England known as tastings; it was formerly used as clothing, but it seems that latterly it hns not been used for that pur pose, hut is mostly used for makiDg covers for buttons, and for boots and shoes, and bootees. The defendant insisted that it was liable under the acts of 1842 and 1846, to a duty of 30 per cent, and compelled the plaintiffs to pay that sum; the latter paid it under protest, and now seeks to recover it back, with interest, contending that the article in suit fell under the 12tn subdivision of the 5th section of the act. His llonor charged the jury, that it was admitted on ull sides that the article in question fell within the clause of the tariff act of 1842, under which a duty of 30 per cent is properly chargeable, unless It can be brought under a lower rate, ou account of some pocu- > liar characteristic belonging to it. The following is the clause of the act, vIil: the tilth subdivision of the first section, "On all manufectures. not otherwise specified^ of wool, worsted. and manufactures of worsted and of silk combined, a duty of 30 per cent is charged." It in conceded this article is composed either of wool in the whole, or wool and silk combined. If, therefore, the case stood on this clause of the statute, it would be Tory clear that the duty charged in this case was in pursuance of the provisions of the act; but it is insisted en the part of plaintiffs, under tho proofs they have given, that the article fell under a different clause of the statute, namely: under the 12th subdivision of the ,r>th section, which is as follows:? ' Provided, that iastings. prunellu, &c., of simi'tr fabrics, not otherwise specified, when imported in strips, pieces, &c., suitable for the manufacture of boots, shoes and bootees." This is the clause uuder which it is insisted that the article properly falls; and if ao.it is only chargeable witli a duty of five per cent. Tho only question, therefore, is whether the position taken by plaintiff's counsel is correct or not. I apprehend. from the examination we have given the case, that it does not mean that if tho article in question is suitable for the manufacture exclusively of boots, buttons, &c., that it should be charged only with a duty of five per cent?that, I think, is not the meaning of tho clause; on the contrary, it seems to me that the terra t in which the clause is framed necessarily excludes thin interpretation. There must be something more in the case than the mere suitableness of the urticle: in other words, in my apprehension, it means that the article must be suitable in size, shape and form, for the exclusive manufacture of boots, &c., and that that Is the true meaning of the clause. It therefore seeins to mo that it is impossible to give effect to every part of tlie clause without coming to this conclusion; and unless we give it this construction, it seems to me we obliterate the clause altogether, ilia honor then referred to the succeeding clause of the statute, which provides for the duty on mohair, figured satins. &c., which embraces every description of worsted cloths, and said they might be brought under this clause provided it could be shown that they were urticles suitable for covering buttons, yet all these articles are specifically charged with a duty of twenty per . cent. Alter making some remarks on the nature of the article and the purposes for which it was imported, ho said tlie quertioii was not whether when the article was imported it was suitable for the mauufacture of shoes, boots, SwC., but whether it hai been imported in size and shape suitable for tlie manufacture of those articles : il so, it was only chargeable with a duty of live p< r cent, and plaintiff would be entitled to recover the amount he now claims, but if the state and condition in which it lias been imported does not bring it within this clause, then it comes within the 5th sub-division of the first section, and defendant is entitled to a verdict. Mis Honor next referred to the tariff act of 1848, and said that nlthough there was some obscurity in the phraseology of this act, lie was inclined to give it tho same construction as he had given to the clause of the net of 1842. Si aleil verdict tomorrow (this) morning. After the jury had retired, tho District Judge took his si at on the bench, and the Court took up the equity calendar. Slrjthrn R. ParMiiirat r?. Isrnrl Kinsman and Others.? 1 his is a hearing on pleadings and proofs. The plaintiff obtained n patent in 1845. for the invention of a machine for rouibiiig wool, and ginning cotton, lie. Ho afterwards assigned one third of his interest in it to the defendant, a citizen ol the Stale of New Jersey; and again, on the 9th of February, 184<J, a second agreement was entered into between them, whereby, amongst other thim'*! tin, ,l?l',.., not in future mil any of tin- machines at less than $100 profit. T hi* complainant alleges that he violated this agreement, and the bill was tiled for an injunction to lestrnin him from mauiiliieturing and selling said machines and for nn account of the sales, &c. The case is likely to occupy several days. Common Council. Mat 4 ?Boahii or Assistant Ai.or.asic*.?The Board met at halt-past seven o'clock. Present, the President " in thu chair, and a quorum of members In their plaoea, '1 he rending uf the minutes was dispensed with. I'ciUwtu.?A number of petitions were presented, and appropriately disposed of. .Among them was a petition lor lease ot ferry privileges at I ho foot of 141 li street, K. K., for a ferry between this city and Orounpolnt. Long Island. The petition wa-laid on the table. Hrf-mtt nj' Committer!.?The Committee on Wharves, Piers, and .Mips, reported in favor of leasing the pier at the fool of lgMh stiect, North llivcr, to Kranoia It. 1 illou for a term of years, at $10 per year, for the purpose of eslsblisliing n ferry to the Jersey shore i'ha report, and Meconipanying resolutions, were adopted. J he ( oinuilttee on Streets reported sdwrso to opening SlliyvesHUt street, froin gd avenue to Ihe e'.ast llivi r and a-k< d to he discharged from the further con itleiiiiioii of the matter. The report of the Coinmtti e wa. adopted. St V* ih 1 papers of Importance were upon the Prosf. I, ill's desk. but as the Assistant Alderman of the l:!th om11iiii d the time by speeches, motions tor amendunits. &< ., the Hoard adjourned without c uapletlng heir business, 'ihe Board will meet to-day at twe 'clock. United Ntntrs ftlnrntini'* Office. Mav 4.- Cm eland Unumat Hunithmml.?Joseph AlexII,dt r. master of the ship 11.11. lloody. was arrested this Homing by Deputy Marshal Flanagan, on a charge of idlieliug cruel and unuaunl punishment on Thomas llo>t rls, one ol his crew, on the passage froin Liverpool ta his port. < urtls Seovi II, mate ot said ship, was uresis d by the same Marshal, On a similar charge. They sire both held to bail. Aiipeiliitinciita l?y the I'l.alrlcut. ?e TKKASPHV liKl'AK f ill:,ST. ( oi.in iuhs or nit Customs Jacob Russell, Chiago ill , Daniel Kiiliy. Passntiinquisly, Me ; t harles ins 1< rcncliuian's hay, Vie ; Jiuebrud W Hinckley, i.i In cot, iVie ; W in ( Hamuli U. IJeugor, .Vie j Jerei a i alley, W Iscassi't, Me ; benjaiiiiu Randall, Rath, tikine . i.voas or tiiv. Customs.?Joseph (iunniaon, ,*ste n, a e , iiuxalleel i usliman, Portland, Aie