Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1849 Page 1
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ITH NO. 5448. HE EUROPEAN NEWS. AkIXVAS OF THE PEAMSHIP AMERICA AT THIS FORT. ftae Details of the Intelligence, &c. Ac. Ac. I The steamship America, Capt. Harrison, arrived her wharf, at Jersey City, at half-past 8 o'clock, Bt evening. She sailed from Liverpool, on Savday, the 21st ult. The news, in brief, we received by express and Begraph, on Friday morning, and published it in B Extra HcrcUd. We now proceed to give the I tails. Annexed is a full list of her passengers:? ok Passengers per Royal Mail Steamer America, Kaptain Harrison, from Liverpool to Halifax and pt* York. 21st April, 1849. L ? rilH halifax. IP. Swatlund, Mr. Richards, Pr. Tapper, Mr. Metilcr, Ir. Jardinu, j. [tyuu, I Ma liter Dryfus. I, . for new vonr. Jr. Levey, lady and moid, Mr. Kin*, IP. Bates, lady, and two male Mr. 1'arltes, I servants, Mr. I.ewis, Bliss Erriekson and maid Mr. Mackay, line. Ilolthauscn, 2 children Charles J. Judkias, land friend, Mr. Colburn, (Misses Thomas, Ed. Vickers, (Mrs. Penn Gaskell, Mr. Holland, Mrs. Stephens, William tirueut>ltields. ufr. Cragg and lady. Mr. Torrv, Dir. 1'aterson and child. Mr. Cuvillier, Dir. MUdway, Julius Hess, Dir. Cunningham, Mr. Hruyea 111. Strickland. J. Strickland, Dir. Co?nolly, Mr. Arthur, [Win. Lines, J. I,. Draper. |Mr. Joly, W. J. Bunsoo, Mr. Wainwriglit, S. Pleasants, Geo. Pemberton, Mr. Hockanith, Mr. Holthausen, Mr. Parkin, Mr. Johnston, Mr. Tincket, iJohn Smith, Mr. Howard, W. Weit, Mr. Reilly, Thos. C. Kerr, Mr. Murphy, Henry M. Ulatn, Mr. Dykes, Mr. Whittlesey, Mr. Boekler, Mr. Legh, Mr. Chiiholm. from iialitax to nkw york. Mr. Edwards, Master Ward, Mr. Gammell, Miss Mary Lawson. On the 21st, her day of sailing, she passed the hip Ashland ; on the 23d, in lat. 50 25, Ion. 1-1, exhanged signals with British bark llythe, and on tie 24th, at 7| A. M., in lat. 49 29, Ion. 18 37, exhanged signals with the American steamship Washington, Captain Floyd, from Southampton, ^K.ngianu, tor rnew iorn. The America brings X185,328 in specie. Intervention of France In the Affairs of Rome. In the British House of Lords, on the 19th ult:? Lord Beaumont said ho wished to put a question to ^^fthe noble marquis, relative to the nature of the French ^^Bxpeditlon to Central Italy. It was not his intention o say one word now ns to the policy of such a measure; ^Kut he must say, if the expedition were for the purpose Hf putting down a republic in Home, it was certainly ^^Eather a strange thing that one of the first steps taken ^Hby the democratic republic in France should be to put ^Hduwn a foreign republic, which was only imitating its ^ example, and to restore a monarchy, perhaps the most ^^|absolute in the world. (Hear. hear). It would be a ^Hstrange thing if the head of the Roman Catholic Church ^Hahould owo his restoration to temporal power to the ^Hhands of the French republic. After what had fallen ^Hfrom the noble marquis respecting Sicily, he was only ^Hanxious to ask whether the government of this coun^Htry had taken any part, either in the way of instiga^Hting, or in the way of concurring with the French go^HTernment in the step which the latter had taken.? Alter wo had ceascd to interfere in Sicily, where Hscenes of butchery unheard of in civilised warfare had taken place, and after we had abandoned that island H to the arbitrary control of u most unchristian monarch, Hit would be strangu indeed if we should concur with France in this interference for the restoration of the Pope. H The Marquis of Lajtspowwe?I have no hesitation in H telling my noble friend that the oecurrence to which he has relerred, tho Intended expedition by the French to H Italy, is perfecly corrcct. But 1 may say that expedition has not been instigated nor suggested by the go H vernment of this country, and that it has not been tho subject of any agreement or negotiation. At the same I time, I must say that intimation of that intention has H been received, but I am not prepared to say that the objects of the expedition, as far as I am acquainted with them, are of a nature that this country would disapprove of. At the same time I think it right, after what has fallen from the noble lord on another subject, I to express a hope that the noble lord will not consider me as in any degree acquiescing in his statement, that with respect to another country in Italy unfortunately engaged in war, under circumstances between which and those which distinguished the French expedition there is not the slightest analogy, we hare receded H from the policy we nave heretofore adopted, or in any H sense abandoned any assurance we have given. The Manifesto of M. Gulzot. H The following address from M. Guisot to the eleotors of Calvados, is published in the Paris papers ot to-day, I ander the title of M. OUIZOT TO HIS FRIENDS. Bromptox, April 0,1840. My Mends express to me their iutentiou of bringing me forward as a candidate at the next election, and ask my own opinion on the subject. I consider it an honor to have such a question addressed to me. 1 have only one way of replying thereto:?I will say. without re serve, what, in my opinion, ought to be done now by sensible and honest men, and what are my personal sen timents. When well instructed as to what I thiuk, my B Mends will do what may seem to them good for our country. Only one thing is now important to France?that the party 01 oruer snail ue orgauizeu. urgamieu, it win Lave an iiiimenno deal to do; no one can way all that it may have to do; but what it lias to do now is to organise itself Everybody says that, but I fear that many Xamong those who say it are far from seeing what tho words mean and command. Order is much more seriously attacked than is thought, and much less defended than it ought to be; attacked to its foundations, incessantly, everywhere, in the government, in society, at the family hearth, in the secret of the heart of man, by revolutionists passionate, unbridled, indefatigablu, Insatiable; defended only on the surface at the last moment, on the point on which the evil breaks out, by bonest men full of doubt, who know how to die that society itself may not die, but who close the eyes and go to sleep the moment it becomes not absolutely impossible to believe that society may live. That is a great deal too little: against such perils order should nave other than such victories. The public, the true public, the whole people, with their great instinct, know this, and act accordingly. Why did they not elect General Cavaignac President? General Cavaignac had gained the most decisive battle for the advantage of order; General Cavaignac is an honorable man; he was the representative and chief of force?of force legitimately victorious. But by the acts, either of his friends or of himself, Gvncrul Cavaignac was not. In the eye* of the people, tho representative of order, the chief of the party of order. Not ungrateful, but clear seeiug. the people turned away from lilm, and ranged themselves m matte around a name which bad remained In their memory as the symbol of order and a strong government after revolutions. May the i-ame Instinct that guided the people in the election of the President. animate and guido them In the election of the Assembly. They have raised the flag of order; let them send around it an army, that is to Kay. a great political party, capable of obtaining a definitive victory. The work is. I kuow, infinitely more difficult, but it must be accomplished, for the salvation of society Is at that price. I should offend I'rovidence if I thought that society be destiued to perish. The el< ments of the party of order exist in France. " Three serious governments which lasted?the Consulate. which soon became the Umpire; the Restoration, and the Monarchy of 18J0?left them to the country. Kither from the want of prudence, or force, or duration, the republic thus far does not count among the serious Covvruiiienis of France of the last sixty years Franco as been convulsed or oppressed, never regularly and efficaciously governed by the republic. It Is a form of government, which, put to the proof lia* not yet shown its excellence (fail trt j/remvj) among lis. I'nder very different conditions, the consulate and the empire, the restoration and the monarchy of 18.'i0, were governun nts essentially devoted to order, bound to reestablish it ?r defend it again-t ardent enemies. By thee 'tiles they profess, by the habits they have contracted, by the struggles they have supported, the partisans of those governments, the men formed In their cause and under their influence, are naturally men of order, engaged in the service of the irreat social Interests which order protects, and which in their turn protect it When order is in peril, tho alliance of these men Is natural. At present it. is necessary, absolutely necessary Divided and reduced each to its own forces. neither of tho different parties which are of the natural elements of the party of order i.< ahlu to conquer alone the enemies of order, and to found its government. I'ut to the trial, they have ail successively foiled. Of the great le- mis which experience has given us during the U-t sixty j<ars. that is. perhaps th?, greatest and the clearest, The I 'ssoii is a hitler one.^'inl parlies hav<* great puiu in accepting it. kVheii <Mif M' hoped for lii.s Hag, or l r him.-ell llie h"tior of ii,?< Vscountry from peril and of founding Its government. it ?? " profound ni u lit euliou not to Mifflco 1 >r th? lark. Th<?/"'hi'' and selfish deslri I't lie human li 'art svifl'er equally from the dl-appointment. Hut what do i"he r< volts of Wv'iind. d pride ext. pi to d g deep, -i the abyss in wVv'> it fills ' A party r an indlviunul. 111 ?.st tee what '**i' <' ?'>d mn ure what e m tone. I i? long. i| illusV'Us ag/ravate attic* ante Mmthe evil, sod the want ot power f') remove i' It. mu.'t Is* conlinusilv "fed thai all tlx ! in u: * E NE" of the party of order, BonapartUts, Legitimists, Orleanista. conservatives of all dates and all shades ?all have need, absolute need of each other. United. they will have a g?od deal to do to conquer : disunited, thep will inevitably be conquered. And it in not appearunce?.words of union which can suffice. It is not sufficient to give to the necessity of the conccrt between all the men of order a certain exterior satisfaction. and then to continue, under cover of this great peace all dissensions and all wars, great or little. That the uuion of parties and of the men of order may bear its fruit*, it must be complete. Restricted or mutilated, it would be stricken with weakness or disrepute. But is this union, which is fso necessary. and which can only be efficacious if it be serious and sincere, possible ? Yes. certainly, provided that it only be required to do at present what tho present requires. No falso appearance; no deceitful reticence. There is no sadder suectacle, no worse policy, than parties embarrassed by themselves, and accepting, or seemiug to accept, name* which are not their names, and a llag which is uotthrir flag Little matters it that no one is deceived, and that falsehood in only a conventional veil, which covers the truth without hiding it. The great public is there, which docs not enter into such conventions, and which despises the falsehood the more the falsehood is vain. Whether they come from the empire, or the restoration, or the monarchy of 1830, let the men of order, in drawing together, not impose on each other such a falsity; let them mutually give and take themselves for what they really owe. Their union will be so much the more sure, the more it is evidently the result of their decided determination, without weakness or dissimulation. And let not the different elements of the party of order attempt to tie each other down in advance and from the present, on the great questions of the future. It is an immense fault, aud always productive of fatal consequences, to tako up such questions too soon, and to attempt to resolve them by a previous understanding, when their solution is not an actual necessity. Necessity, even when present and pressing, does not always suffice to make parties prudent; but it alone has a chance of succeeding in so doing. And the more tho questions are difficult, tho more important is It only to take them up ut that supreme hour in which events speak high and command prudence, under the penalty of cuuslug folly to be very dearly paid. Aud let there be no retrospective policy, for it would have the effect of renewing old struggles among the men of order. No anticipated policy?it would cause struggles to arise which nothing now renders inevitable, and would render impossible reconcilia lions which are now necessary, t jood sense is the same in the highest and most modest affairs of life. To every day its work. The defence of society, attacked in all parts, is the task of to-day. When the men of order shall have acted together to accomplish it, they will assuredly be better prepared, aud more inclined to accomplish together the rc-constructlon of the government of the country, when the day for that undertaking shall come. Truth for the present?liberty for the future; on those two conditions the serious union of all the elements of the party of order is possible. Let that union be established; by it the present will be saved, and we shall do what the future will do?that part, at least, which God leaves to men In the future. To say what dominant and constant idea should, in my opinion, preside over tho conduct of all tho men of order is the elections for the next Assembly, is to say how 1 should act myself, if 1 were called on to sit there. My past, besides, imposes on me peculiar duties, which I am desirous to allude to. I labored long to found tho constitutional monarchy. I long upheld and practised a policy which was strongly opposed. I do not now regret having been of opinion. from 1814. to 1848, that tho constitutional monarchy was the government best adapted to France. And as to tho policy which I followed, I certainly have not the pretension not to have committed faults in carrying it out?to have never done but what it wan right to do, and to have constantly done all that was requisite; but I am perfectly convinced that the policy in question was an essentially sound one?advantageous alike for liberty as for srder; for pr?gre*s ns for nocurity; for the greatness of my country abroad as for its prosperity at homo. My conviction and my honor alike command me to remain faithful to it, whether it be victorious or vanquished. 1 do not overlook, and 1 desire that my friends should not overlook, the difficulties which may result from this situation. Hecent lacts, 01 great importance, una evident lo all. invite at the mine time their attention. The events which succeed each other in so rapid and striking a manner in France, und throughout Kurope, prove every day that there is but one prudent, honorable. and practicable policy. Without payiny attention to proper names and dates, they every day show that tbe defenders of that policy were right, and they put down those who oppose it. Beyond any doubt it may hold its head high in the midst of events now accomj plishing. For a period of four-and-thirty years, through the trials of u continual struggle, and amidst the cries of a revolution, France enjoyed all the blossings of a free and well-regulated society. Her activity and her prosperity went developing themselves widely in every direction by a rapid and steady progress. Security reigned alike in town and country. Civilization covered the soil with its works, and filled men's minds with the hopes which it generated. Without noise, without display, with peace maintained and right respected, French society beheld its consideration and its influence everywhere extended in tbe society of Kurope. All these blessings appeared full of promise for the future; whnn, all at onee?in a day, in a single hour?they disappeared, as tbe most blooming harvests vanish under tire or tempest. France did not abandon herself in this disaster?she struggled, and struggles still to escape from it. She cannot, certainly, be accused of manifesting in her efforts too much ambition or exigence, since she accepts things which are inlluitely displeasing to her, reducing to the strictest necessaries her pretensions and her hopes of the experiments which are being effected before us. On the other side, the men engaged at present in public affairs do not turn a deaf ear to this great voice of events. However different may be their dispositions, the same light strikes their eyes?however distant may be their startingpoints, they are all drawn to the same ground. The only policy that is practicable at present is also becoming tho only one practised. Thanks to that superior and irresistible pressure, under that hand of Uod which commands all events, to proclaim the same truth, and all men to comprehend it. the barriers fall without a finger being laid upon them, and approximations are being operated, whether they be sought tor or neglected, whether men speak or are silent. Shame on those who would now remain obstinately plunged in the slough of old differences or resentments ! At the present time it is an imperative duty for every man of worth and sense to trample under foot every petty feeling of sell-love, or of sclf-satisiaction, or of annoyance?to fling aside every recriminatiou. whether proceeding from pride or rancour?and to (think only of his country, and of the peril in which it is placed. Which of us can ponder on tbe position of his country ? Not now is it for the determined advancement of her liberties, or for the accomplishment of her designs in the world, or for her grandeur, or her glory, or for her future position, that France watches and coinbats so strenuously ; but for the most elementary interests of society?for property, for family-ties, for quiet, for daily existence. And that even that. end. modest as it is. France does not attain in a certain and complete manner?she succeeds in preventing herself from being precipitated into the abyss, but she does not succeed in extricating herself out of it. Who can misapprehend the meaning of such a spectacle ? A stable government, a government which contains within itself pledges of stability and which spreads the conviction of that sentiment abroad, is the cry which issues from these facts. There is nothing but a stable government that can extricate France from the abyss ; i,nd no government can become stable unless all the natural elements of the party of order shall join to support it. The three great governments which existed and have lallen in France during the last sixty years have left after them, by the side of the Hepublic, three hopes, or, shall I say, three perspectives of government? There lies the difficulty ; and it is for France herself to remove it. for she alone can do so. At her voice, and under her impulse, let one great party of order be formed, which shall not seek out, exclusively, or reject absolutely, any of the solutions of the problem that are possible, but which shall be decided to solve it, and to remain firmly vnitcd for that purpose for without a firm union the problem cannot be solved. Already that, party is mak iug its appearance. Let it strengthen itself; let it increase : let the elections send It powerful to the approaching Assembly. No one can say what th? future will bring about?perhaps things which are now re purlieu inipossinic. out. nowfrrr inm may dp, 11 wiu great and natural party of order be thore united, it will be the common safety. I have now paid what I think My friends at present know what ideas would regulate my conduct; it is for them to judge of what nature should bo that which would suit thcmwlTCi. If they believe that my presence in the neit Assembly will b? useful to the common <ause. I am at their service. I.ot them decide the matter in the sole interest of the country?the sole law to us all. Ol/IZOT. Tlte Hnitgnrlnn War. Ihencwo from Hungary continues unfavorable for the imperial army. The Hungarian* have not only token Waitzen. but they have also taken by storm St. Thomas, the fortified camp of the Servians, delendedby 26.000 nu n anil forty cannon. In the suburbs of I'estli the Croats begin to plunder S' tne days ago. and their commander decimated them. The Magyars (lid not enter I esth. hot left a corps of observation before the city, white their chief force seems to have crossed the Danube Wlndischgiat* will become Minister president and Minister ot War. <ieii. Bobm has been appointed civil and military gov rnor of Vienna. The letters from I'estli and V ienna in the trerman papers confirm the accounts of the successes of the Hungarian' at Waitacn. and of the destruction which threatens the imperial army before!'orinorn There is positive news nf events, the details of which, and the manner in which tiny were brought about, are still withheld from public notice, The Bau of Croatia. whoM- position was of late nn the railroad line leading frc m Pesth t" Vlbert and f'*egl. d. that Is to (.ay on the bit bank (it the Danube, is now most suddenly found to be on the riwht bank of that river. Nor is it pr"ba8 l.le that be would have ijuitted his former position and cros-edthe river, unlevi compelled by a defeat. The Hungarian ; nerals, Vetter and Demblnskl. following In the wak? of Baron Jellacliteir* ?orp . have likewise cros'ed the Danube, and occupied Wessenhurg; in other words. the Hungarians hud turned either wing of the .Austrian army by a Hank march and Bud* iV?tli. which, n few days ago. formed the e? ntre of the oi, tlons ot efthsr army, Is now in the r. u- of the scene . f var a?ul f the *1? f.rt* < Tfc:!mpr; 1 *r->. b W YO SUNDAY MORNINC sieging fornorn. and which, besides has been weakened by the succor which itR commander, General Wohlgemuth. was obliged to send to General Humbert, who endeavored to oppot-e the approach of the Hungarians from Waitzen to Gran in now ex posed to a thr?e-fold attack from the north, the south, ami from the garrison of the fortress itself The country surrounding Comorn is all but In the hands of the Magyars, und Comoro is but 20 leagues distant from Vienna. The news of the death of tho Austrian General (Jot* is continued by this day's post. Ho was hit by a bullet in the streets of Waitzen. and died at the age of almost 70 years. The imperial party amongst the inhabitants of f'thth are ((Uiltlng the Hungarian capital and (tying to Gran, and even to ltaab and Presburg. The Bombardment of Genoa. In fienoa the reaction has been complete. Avezzana. with his eleven chiefs, kept the city of Genoa in a complete stute of anarchy during about nine days. However. General Marmora having iuvested the city, and the Knglish ship of the line, the Vengeance, together with the American steamer Princeton, having taken up a position close to the Vown. so that the frUuds of order could not be plundered by the convicts and nuu wrrr pn'|jiwi'u 111 ut: in lutim* upon lihmii. wi? rrmK had no alternative but to surrender. Avexzana. (who it appears was formerly a merchant in Newr York) together with his eleven comrades, were permitted to excape on board the i'rinccton; and all purlieu (teem to concur in ascribing the salvation of Genoa from pillage to the judicious conduct of the English and American commander*. Marmora entered the city after the surrender of the rebels; order has been re-established, and the trude of revolution has been put u stop to for loinc time to come. The bombardment which took place has not done much injury. The Dorian palace is only slightly damaged, and the presence o{ the foreign vessels has effectually protected the property of the merchants. The Canadian Trouble* In Englnud. [From the London Chronicle, April 'JO.) When we first announced the Canadian Indemnity bill, and deprecated its probable consequences, we were twitted with having discovered a mare's nest. It was said to be nothing more than the revival of a former measure, not at all favorable to rebels, nor 19 the slightest degree calculated to alienate the affections of truehearted colonists from the crown. Let those who held this language read the extracts front American and Canadian papers which we reprint to-day. and declare candidly whether we were mistaken?whether what they mistook for a summer cloud, or a passing shower, has not turned out the forerunner of a hurricane. It has proved vain to say. that there was 110 intention to 1 grant money to disaffected persons. Ithas proved vain to say. thut the Governor was anxious to hold the scales even, and abide by the strictest rules of impartiality. It , has been useless to explain that tho measure boro no reference to races, and that it was a matter of supreme indif- | ference to Earl Grey, or the Karl of Elgin, whether the French or the Anglo-Saxons maintained or retained the supremacy. The Anglo-Saxons knew better; they distrusted the allies of their natural and avowed ad- ' versaries; they were guided, as loyalists, by their instinctive repugnance to disloyalty: and the result is a ' dogged, determined, defying, reckless, almost rebellious, opposition to the indemnity. You may pass this odious tax. is the language of not a few amongst them, but so long as there is an axe or a : ritle on tho frontier, and Saxon hands to wield them, * not a sixpence shall be paid. You may pass it, but be- f ware?incrdit ptr ignrs?before the royal assent can be ! notified on this side of the Atlantic, Lower and Upper r Canada may be numbered amongst the United States J of North America, and the Stars and Stripes may have 1 replaced the Lion and Unicorn in Quebec. We will not ' submit to the insult, we will net bow to the humllia- 1 tion; our honor as Englishmen, as men of your own ' blood, faith, and country, is at stake; and come what 1 come may, we will not be robbed of it by the mistaken candor of conservatives or the pseudo-liberality of whigs. " The undercurrent leaning of tho Adglo-Saxons here towards an annexation with their brethren of the United States, unjustly and untruly attributed to . them by Lord Durham in his tinie,ast.uc us the Gospel now." Such lathe deliberate assertion of a writer iu one of their leading newspapers, and we trace in all of them abundant indications of its truth. " Our good, loyal lellow citizens (remarks auother) are cogitating, ruminating, shivering, growling, grinning, and every thing but barking. They say tney must have annexation, for they cannot and will not do without it. One old tory. we heard, the other day, who, after coming home full of indignation, d?d the Queen and Lafontaine, and swore he could stand it no longer." Tho taid old tory gave, it must be owned, one very good reason, assuming his calculations to be correct, for he computed that annexation would add tenfold to the value of his land. The opposition is not confined to words. The leading supporters of the ministerial measure have been hung in effigy,and the utmost exertions of an armed force have been found inadequate to suppress the rudest ebullitions of popular feeling. When the mob act upon purely mob impulses, their violence may excite only ? transitory alarm ; but a popular movement must be deemed of the highest importance, when it is the outward and visible sign of incipient agitation and deeply-rooted discontent in the community. We would fain Indulge in another reflection. It is both unwise and ungenerous to trust to the unaided operation tlon that a royalist can never become a republican, whatever pressure may be put upon bim, or to whatever temptation lie may be exposed. Let every philosophic observer reflect, bow tho Roman Catholics of Ireland have gradually been alienated from that respect for order, and almost servile obedience to authority, which religious teachers of the same persuasion have inculcated on their flocks in every other quarter of the world in all ages. Men are the slaves of circumstances; and we very much fear. that, when the Canadians are compelled to make their choice between Great Britain and tbe United States, they arc much more likely to be influenced by resentment, wounded self-love, and selfinterest, than by historical reminiscences, country, consanguinity, or the more exalted motives of puro patriotism. We need hardly say that th? Americans are evidently on tho look out, and prepared to profit by the opportunity. They know full well that they could not forcibly dispossess us of the Canada*, but they may fan the fire of rebellion by their suggestions, and enforce the policy of annexation by their arguments "If the Canadians (suggests the York Herald) do not get up a respectable revolution in less than nine months, we shall consider them a noisy, empty set of fellows, who deserve no encouragement at all from this side of the border." The .American Gazelle, with less appearance of mischievous intention and infinitely more point and argument, comments upon the conduct of the Canadian government as "the strangest example ?f infatuation aud want of principle?for we bold ingratitude, even in gwvernments. to be want of principle?that has occurred in modern times. A new political morality is to be introduced into the world. England improves upon the Christian precept?she not only forgives her enemies, but she abandons and outrages her friends * * * The Governor-General of Canada has nww in bis bands, awaiting the decision of his wisdom?or his folly?a far more momentous issue than that of a mere rebel compensation question, or even a question of rebellion and revolution in British America." By a strange coincidence, Lord Klgln has resorted to the same expedient as Harley in 1711. He has added twelve members to the I pper Mouse. We are not informed whether they were asked by any Canadian Wharton if they voted by their foreman; but even with this reinforcement, the Governor's majority only amounted to four. In this state of things, it is said, he has suspended his assent until her Majesty's pleasure shall be made known. In other words. hn trembles at the responsibility imposed upou him. and waits to hear whether the English t abinet will confirm tbe rumored decision of fcurl Grey. Judging from recent specimens of vacillation, we should inter that they will not. Lord John KusseU's nerves are by no means what they were when Sydney Smith described him as prepared, at a moment's warning, to take the command of the Chunnel fleet, or perform an operatiou for the stone; and Chatham himself would hesitate, when a single falsa step might dismember the empire, and permanently alienate the most important colonial appendage of the Crown. The Navigation Law* of Great Britain. In thi' British House of Commons, i.u the l'.ith ult., on the motion that the Navigation bill, as amended, by considered. < aptain Hahhis moved the insertion of the following clause:?And be it enacted, that the mastt^or owner of every ship belonging to any subject of her Majesty, and of the burthen of HO tons and upwards (except pleasure yachts). s lii? 11 have r?n board, at the time "f her proceed Ulg IKIUI UIIJT |)urt III fclir I lllll'U l\ 1 >111 . tll'J IVL 1111 J time* when absent from the I. nited Kingdom, or navigating the sea*. one apprentice or more, in the followug proportion to the number of ton* of bis ship * ad mt n-uri nient. according to the certilicate of reentry ? that it> to say. for every chip of eighty ton*, ami Under tliree hundred ton*, one apprentice at the least; for every fbip ot three hundred ton*, and under fix hun- , drcd ton*, two apprenticed lit the least; and for every | ship Of six hundred tons and upward*, three apprentice* , at the leapt; all of whom, at the period of their being , bound respectively. shall bo subject* of her Majesty. ( and above twelve and Milder seventeen year* of a#", and | he duly bound for the term of four yearn at least, and , if any Mich mauler or owner sball neglect to have on | lii'aid bin chip the number of apprentices in hereby re- . quired. together with their respective registered Inden- , lure*, alignment*, and register ticket*, he sball. for , every Mich oltenee. tortcit and pay the sum of ten , pounds in respect of each apprentice, indenture, aasigu- , mi nl Off ri ^'ifli-r ticket >o wuutiug or deticient. , iVr l,ino( iiii n? considered the clause uncalled for. I at- there wan at pr< rent sufficient inducement f ir lad* t to enter the merchant service, us was proved by the ' tact that there were in that service from 11 fMiU to I 12,000 apprentices more than were required by law. < S.r KiM'iM r< commended bin hon friend to with- I draw the clause. i ( npt llAnsii withd'cw the clau<u accordingly i Mr. A *r hion moved in clause 1 page 2. line 43. after i tb' wuid " deficient."' to itoert " and that any seaman <|Uittiii^r m.y vessel whatever, in order to enter her 1 v.ajfrfty ? nutttl service, and being r> ceiled into suah sei vice. * hall be ex-mpt tr<>m :my penalty nr forfeiture to which they would ?therwise Im. liable as deserters." i j r I.tnoi't iicii*: said he ?ould net convnt, iu iho i anietiduii nt. which would rul-e one * l a i.'la s of i|ucnlni'S he hmi determined le t lo ml*". | li manning nl Hie navy was of er??t. Importance and on a future i tcii'lcii lul/lit be properly illicuwi'il and Improved. I but it would be Inexpedient to mix It up with the pre- i r. lit h II. vr Hi v> raid tlnit .iltb'U^li lie hud M-cond- d l'ie 'I i 11illn* ut. he t'l'-i"jhi Ho le v.?s a v-p, -i. >) !ue.? a llie i 1 ermlioit i t t,i? re. lit lioU 'latiie / mleoeia lie !':vil'!< l.l r.f ibe Hoard of Trad*, ill w Mil. RR H i, MAY 6, 1849. fore, adviie bin honorable friend to withdraw the amendment. and wait for some more favorablo opportunity to call attention to the subject Mr. J RiCA*no trusted that his honorable friend

(Mr Anderson) would withdraw hi* amendment, and wait for a future opportunity to iutroduco it. Alter u few words l'rom Captain Btticui, Mr. Ani)?h?o?i expressed hin willingness to concur with the feeling of the House, and withdraw hioamundment. The amendment was then withdrawn. Mr. Lamuninn: said that with regard to the two amendment* which the right houorable gentleman the member for tho I'niversity of Oxford (Mr. Gladstone) had upon the paper, he was willing to agree to the first, but that he could not. iu justice to the interest# of the colonies, agree to the second. The first amendment was. in lieu of clause 14. to move t he following : ? ' Provided always aud bo it enacted, that it shall be lawful for her Majesty in Council, upon an addreM, or joint address. an the case may be, from the Legislative Council, or Council aud Assembly, or proper legislative authority, of any British possession. praying her Majesty to authorize the oonveyanei! of goods and passengers from one part of such possession to another part of such possession in other than British ships, to deelare. by Order in Council, that such conveyance shall be authorised accordingly. in such terms und under such conditions hs to her Majesty shall seem good." The other amendment, to which he could not give his sanction, was iu the following terms : ?" And be it cnacted. that upou a like address from the proper legislative authority of any two or more colonies which her Maje?ty in council shall declare to be neighboring colonics tor the purposes of this act. praying her Majesty to place the trade botwetn such colonies upon the footing of a coasting trade. It shall be lawful for her Majesty, by order iu council, to declare that It shall he deemed and taken to be a coasting trade accordingly, for all intents and purposes: Provided, (tlways. that the privileges conferred by this act upon f?*eign ships shall not be diminished by such order in council, unless by regulations which shall be equally applicable to British ships." Mr. Gladstone was understood to express his willinging to consent to the proposition of the right honorable gentleman In answer to a question from J. Kicaiido, Mr. Larouchkhk said, that although it was originally proposed that the bill should come Into operation at the end of throe months, it was now proposed that it should not become law until the 1st of January, 1850. Some verbal amendments were then agreed to, and the report was ordered to be brought up ou Monday. The Dcbti due by Fortlgn States to llrltlnU Subjects. The following circular has been addressed by Viscouut I'almereton to licr MujeHty'g representatives iu foreign States, respecting the debts due by foreigu States to British subjects:? Foreign Office, January, 1840. licr Majesty's government have frequently had ocea?ion to instruct her Majesty's representatives in various foreign State*, to make earnest aud friendly, but not iuthoritative representations in support of the uusatis] lied clunns of British subjects who are holders ot public bonds and money securities of those States. As some misconception apucars to exist in some of hose states with regard to the just right of her .Ma esty's government to interfere authoritatively, if it ihould think It to do so. iu support of those claims, I lavo to inform you. as the representative of her Maosty in one of those states against which British subects have such claims, that it is tor the British govern- ! nent entirely a question of discretion, aud by no ncans a question of international right, whether they 1 diould or should not make thia matter the subject of ' liplomatic. negotiation. If the question Is to be 1 considered simply in its bearing upon international ' right, there can be no doubt whatever, of tho perfect right which the government of every country possesses to take up. as a matter of diplomatic negotiation, any well founded complaint which any of its subjects may prefer agaiust the government of another country, or any wrong which from men torrign government tnose subjects may havn sustain! d ; mid if the government of one country is entilltd to demand redress fur any oiid Individual among its subjects who may huve a junt hut uusatistied pecuniary claim upon the government of another country. Lbe right ho to require redress cannot be diminished merely because the extent of the wrong is increased, md because, instead of there being one individual :laiming a comparatively small sum, there ure a great lumber of individual* to whom a very large amount in lue. It in. therefore, simply a question of discretion with he British government whether this matter should or ihould not be taken up by diplomatic negotiation, and .he decision ?f that question of discretion turns enirely upon British and domestic considerations. 1 It has hitherto been thought by the successive go- , rernnients of (treat Britain undesirable that British j lubjects should invest their capital in loan* To fo- , lign governments. instead of employing it in prolit- , ible undertakings at home ; and with a view to dls- \ -ouriigr haxardous loans to foreign governments who , may be cither unable or unwilling to pay the stipulated | ntercst thereupon, the British government has hi- ( Lherto thought it the liest policy to abstain from taking up. as international questions, the complaints made by liritish subjects against foreign governments which 1 liave tailed to make good their engagements in regard to such pecuniary transactions. For the British government has considered that the MM of imprudent men. who have placed mistaken sonfidence in the good faith of foreign government", sould prove u salutary warning to others, and would prevent any other foreign loans from being raised In jreat Britain except by governments of known good faith and of ascertained solvency. But nevertheless, it might happen that the loss occasioned to British subrets by the non-payment of interest upon loans made by them to foreign governments.might become so great :)iat it would be too high a price for the nation to pay for such a warning as to the future, and in such a state if things it might become the duty of the British gorcrmnent to make these matters the subject of diplomatic negotiation. In any conversation whLrh you may hereafter hold vith the minisik ? upon this subject, you *111 not fail to communicatethem the views which >cr Majesty's government ent>-taln thereupon, as set orth in this despatch I am. fee., (Signed) PALMERSTON. China. Our Hong Kong advices are to the 27th of C?buary, from which we learn thai the Peninsular and Oriental ( ompany's new steamer Malta arrived on tho 6th inst.. having left Singapore on the morning of the ith ; and the t anton steamer, belonging to the same :onipany. arrived on the 19th Inst. The question of opening the city gatos at Canton has 1 >ecn the engrossing subject during the month : we beieve tbat nearly all the respectable part of the native < immunity of (anton will be glad to have the matter 1 ettled. as they are getting tired of It. and it is not ar- < ;ued by them now with the same angry feeling as on I ormer occasions. 1 he fear of the Ladrones and of the ' die portion of the working classes seems to be the chief ause of alarm, and not the question of the right of 1 ipt ning the city gates to us. The authorities can and i uunt be mnde to carry out the convention, or the 1 :onsequcnces, indirectly, may be injurious to Briifh interest*, not only at Canton, but at till the other >orts. The conference between her Majesty'* Plenipoten- 1 iarv and the Vlccroy of Canton, on the 17th instant, it the Bognc. which lasted long, must have been important. Nothing lias transpired ; but it is reported hut Seu ban sent to Tekin for positive and fltial orient from the hmpcror about opening the gates at anton There in a general feeling of confidence in the flrinifis and determination of her Majesty's plenipotentiary 0 accomplish thin and other important points. Trade las felt the effects ol the agitation; but, once this i|tiesion set at rest, it will improve, and the feeling that it will be settled gains ground. Her Majesty's iihip Hastngs. Sir F. Collier, returned from the Bogue on the i [Oth instant. with her Majesty's steamer* Fury and 1 Medea; her Majesty'* brig *rub returned to Whampoa, 1 md the Hon. Company's steamer Vblegethon. to i an- ' en. 'I he Columbine remains at Amoy. and the Mariicr at Shanghae. Her Majesty's steamer Scout has not et come down from Fooohnw. Her Majesty's brig 'Hot arrived on the 21st instant from Labuan. Her njesty's st< auier Inflexible ruturned from a cruise on lie ldth instant, without having found any trace of the 1 elpie. Iler Majesty"s steamer Kury is to proceed on it 'bit to the northern ports with the admiral, on the !Mh instant. \\ e have to communicate the distressing news of two nissitig i flicers I aptain Da Costa and Lieutenant )wyer. at Cbuck-chu. and it is feared that some sad caustropbe has befallen them, as no trace of them has iet been discovered. The Marriage of Jenny Llnd at Bath, [trout the Bath Looker On ] This event (respecting which there have been so unny conjectures and so many rumors) we are into! med. on the best authority, took pUcu last week; imlwith such privacy was the oeremony conducted, but many of our readers will bo surprised to learn, ihut the inarriaKc of the Swedish nightingale was perIctined. by spu-inl license, on Thursday week, at the residence of the bridegroom's family. No. 40 Great I'ulleney street. Hath. The engagement of Jenny Llnd sith V r Harris has long been publicly announced and mnienti d upon by the dai'y and weekly journals; ind so strict a record has been kept of the movements if the fair cnntatricethnt It is somewhat surprising the inm unccuii nt of hi r marriage should have escaped imr larger l.ondon contemporaries. Such however, Is lie fact. J<nnj l.lnd is married ?married In Uath to i native of Bath; and henceforth, we understand, she sill retire into the privacy of domestic life; she will b< come one of our residents, and will shed over the irele in which she moves, those graces which have made her such an Idol with the public. The history it Jenny l.ii.d. both before and since her nppearmce hi this country- her extraordinary triumph us a vi enlist lier unbounded benevolence-are ' I hemes on which the journalists and purlod- 1 iinl writers of the day have dilated a I na tteam but nine particulars respecting the firtuuatc vutitb," who has wooed and won the enchanting eungtrtss. may not be unacceptable. ,\ir Harris is the on i t the luti* Vr Harris, i t 40 Ureal Pultcney strci i i alb and It we understand Mated to the Bishop ol Norwich, liis enrly educational studies were pur-ued ?t tirosveiior Ci 11 |r". in his native city, where li -1 eiit IV ilistingul-hi <1 himself a* a cla.?leal mid matin inatirai scholar his cugagenient >vitli Mdlle Mini ''as It il to her retirement from lb stage; and although (to use the well-known quotation) - we neVr shaii lo< k u| on her like again'' as an exponent ,f the lyric ilr;iu.a and Iter wit hdia at from toe public will er- al ? bin ok In out amusement* net to ? ? ily iin< il up : E R A yet, amidst all the regret* which wilt be thus oeea ioncd. sore we arc that there is no heart no selfish a* not to join with u? in the aspiration. that many, many year* of that domestic happiness which has been said to be"the only bliss that has survived the fall," may bo in store for her in this the country of her adoption; and that if wo are no more to be charmed by the inagic note* of Jenny Lind. we shall, by many an act of that unbounded and expansive charity which has equalled her vocal fame, be often reminded of her existence an the no lunger ipOMTfhll character " Mrs Harris '' Mfyrrbffr'i New Opera of the Prophrtr Thin opera in characterized by that powerful intricate instrumentation, that sombre loftiness of lutention which characterize Meyerbeer's genius. Harmony there is of the amplest kind, but generally it has not llie mellowed grandeur suited to the oratorio, whon style it approaches nearest, and of which Mendelssolit was so complete a mnster To the lyrical operatic style it if greatly opposed?having none of those con trasts of light and tdiade, and bnt very few indued ol those melodies which the ear seizes imd the memorj retains Meyerbeer appears hern to have forgotten more than iu any of his more recent works, that tlu rich and the powerful, aid those whose days ur< spent in labors of commerce and ?f urt, do not g< to an opera for fierce excitement, to renev the fatigue of the day, but for repojo of tlu mind l>y change of impression, which nothing drnmatii or musical can afford when It is constantly overstrainei and of lugubrious sameness, and t lie appeal to the ea und the understanding are carried ouby the sheer phy sical lorce of voiccs and instruments. In the choice o " John of Leyden"? a choice clearly dictated by Meyer beer?a greater error has been committed than in th< -election ol Kobwi b DUble," In which the occa sional approach to subjects which all men of good taste not to speak of the religious, repudiate on the stage, if veiled by tho distance and the mingled superstitious ol the medieval period. Whether as a tailor, an enthusiast an usurper of power, or a religionist?the selection ol ''John of Leyden" tor a hero is a most extraordinary thought, and his irreverent doings in his stage character are not likely to please either the Catholic, 01 the Protestant, or the Dissenter ; still more certainly would it be offensive to the Anabaptist, since the stern devotee here lias revels worthy of Julius II., if not of Borgia. The socialists alone will bo perfectly suited by the libretto of this opera ; therefore way I not astonished to see amongst the audiencu Count d'Alton Shee. one of their leaders, the tirst to applaud, the las t to cease You will see that whilst it cannot afford desirable inspiration to the composer, its hero and its plot exclude it from performance in most countries. It is surely not under the dominion ?f the Austrian*. or the Pope, it is not at Vienna or in Italy that it will be performed. The king of I'russia himself. Meyerbeer's royal master and liege lord, will not like the rxamplu of the burning of palaces in religious and political enthusiasm which thin opera affords. As to Kngiand, of course a new libretto must be written, If as it is raid. Madame Viardot is to have leave, on th? 7tli of July, to go over and perform it. I need not say that whatever the defects of the work generally, then are some portions worthy of the palmier day* ?f Muy beer's genius. The two first acts are heavy aud en nuyeum. but the others offer some bright exceptions amongst which I must particularly mention a singulai buffo trio, ofliighly artistic construction, betwixt Oberthai and two Anabaptist preachers, supported by the chorus of Anabaptists, in the third act; and the stanzas sung by the Prophet, with a goblet of wine in his hand, before he accomplishes his destructive purpose ^>u the palace, in the fifth act. There is also an excellent trio in this act betwixt Kidcs (Viardot), the Prophet" (Roger) ami " bertha " (Castellan ) As regards nine tit settle, nothing has been spared, pictorially or [Uherwise Duponcliel, who was the tirst to make vocalists sing a trio 011 horseback, spares nothing for costume aud other theatrical effects of appearance. Nothing is wanting, not even dancing or skating. The dancers were I'lunkett and I'etitpas, and the skaters performed a bulliibilt. The conslaut rehearsals of tho music of this opera, which keeps the voices of the singers perpetually on the stretch, lias so much strained those of the vocalists who perform the principal parts, that It would be unjust to judgu them by the result ol the first night, when some emotion must have added to their fatigue. Castellan, who has a secondary and lesf burtbensome part, written expressly for her alone, canu out witli full effect As further proof of bad taste ir the h rench capital, 1 will only add that besides till: Anabaptist prophet, there has been another hero of tin same kind enacted on the boulevard; whilst even tin martyred Louis XVI. is not respected?Frederic Lc maiter playing this royal personage with every probabli horrible detail, at the Porte St. Martin. The Lutrit Continental IVcwa by Mull. Pa his. Thursday K veiling. April 10, 1840. The Bourse to-day has been much agitated by rumors. It was said that Lord Palinerston had protested tgalnst the French expedition to Civlta Veccliia; that Mazzlni, the Dictator of Koine, had confided to Kersanlie. theFrench red republican. thedefcnceofCivita Vec"hia with instructions to bury himself In tlir ruins rather tbau surrender; that the French government had sent 1 formal prutest against the acceptance of the crown of Ihe German empire by the king of Prussia, and a note to the Diet of Franklort with a cuius belli. These are only a few of the rumors in circulation to *ausu or account for a fall of nearly one franc in the priec of the Hentes. My own opinion is. that the nearer we approach the elections th - greater will be tliu agitation in the money market; for the red republicans tind Socialists finding their hope of success by legal means rapidly less founded, will resort to violence, and great precautions will be necessary to prevent tintulr ; you may judge of the desperation of these men by the manifesto put forth to-day by their central committee, and to which the members of the Mountain have nearly all adhered. The committee refuse to admit any man as a candidate on the red republican and socialist interest who does not pledge himself to advocate all their principles, and. above all. proclaim that the republic?that is the republic as they understand it? is above the right of majorities ; thus repudiating the principle of universal suffrage, and establishing th* right of insurrection by the minority, against the ma juiujr. j um ib HiiiipiwiuiTinrttiiuu ui rmruic, uuu i.tciy man elected to the legislative Assembly muHt pledge himself to respect none of the decisions of the majority against red ropublicnn and socialist principles, and to hold himself ready to take the command of the troops of unarcliy whenever they uiay think fit to attack order and property. A declaration of thin kind i* of a nature to alarm the timid, it will not terrify the rresident of the republic or hid minister*, nor will it terrify the men of action on the good Hide ; but it will have its efTect with the multitude of peaceful ?itizcns, and, until the elections lire over and the nation ran derive confidence from tho lirni attitude of ltd representatives, there will bo jreat agitation. Our account* from Florence in the regular course are sf the 1'ith They confirm the telegraphic despatch published by the French government, with one or two 'xceptions. (iuerazzi. for instance, i? stated to have led, whereai the despatch said he was in custody, and ire have no account of the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly. This body was almost the first to proclaim the authority of the (irand Duke. Tho reaction origluutcd in a quarrel between the ruffians called the Leghorn volunteers and some of the people. They fired upon each other, and several lives were lost. The people generally then turned out. and becoming suddenly loyal, cut down and burnt the trees of liberty which they had planted, and shouted "Long live Leopold." Tliey would have massacred all the Leghorn volunteer? if the latter had not been saved by tho National (iuard and the troops of the line, wh? had joined the people The volunteers fled from the city on their way to Leg horn, but on their way several were massacred by th? pt ai-ant*. whose indignation against the repuldicaiiM had no longer any bounds. T he letters from Leghorn of the 13tli lead us to expect dreadful scenes. for the republicans there are of the most ferocious character. All the respectable inhabitants who hud the means were flyiug. for part of the Leghorn volunteers had arrived from Florence, iind threatened to massacre all the royalists One ot Ike furls journals of to-day states that the government has received accounts of the quiet return of Leghorn under the sway of the (irand Duke. The Corn Trade of Europe. [From the London Mercantile Gazette, April 20.] A material change has taken place in the tone of the irain trade within the last fortnight. The value of wheat has risen from Us. to 4s. per quarter in most of the principal markets, and the advance in prices of ither articles has be?'n proportionally great. This mprovrinent has not been caused by any decrease in the supplies, or apprehension relative to the future ?s respects the crops in the ground, but must be hholly attributed to political events on the continent Almost Immediately after the receipt of the Intelligence communicating the fact that hostilities Imd been actually commenced between the Danes and lietinans, and that the principal Haltic ports and river Kibe, kc were about to be blockaded, holders of rorn raised their pretensions purely on the assumption tlint tfimnlies from the north of Kurone wool I he interrupted, and might be w holly stopped. In case, therefore, the difficulties arising out of the Schlcswigllolfteln question should be arranged. and shipments rem the Baltic allowed to proceed, tbu upward movenent would unquestionably be die. kod , and the probability is. I hat under such circumstances the late advance would nguin be lost, provided nothiiiR should occur in lie iiiterral to occasion uneasiness in reference to the )? xt harvest The weather has recently been of a very wintry character, bint we do not apprehend any mis hlef fr< 111 the frost, beyond that of retarding vegcta ion. The young barley if ay. perhaps, be somewhat ut up by the hliarp winds, but wheat is too hardy n slant to run much risk of being Injured thereby; and 11 one ri speet we may expect benefit to result viz: the icstruction of Insect*. The mildness of the winter hud he efleet of encouraging the ravages of the slug, wireworm &e The evil was partly cheeked by tliu sharp 'light fronts experienced In .March, and the last few lays must liave been very destructive of insect life. I he reports from nil parts of the kingdom continue to peak well of the appearance of the crops and if Mar -hould prove warm, vegetation would soon recover from the chick given by the present low range of temperalure. The advance demanded on all kinds ot grain has bad the cllect of inducing caution on the part of pur' hiifcrK, and within the last few days the transaction* have been less extensive than previously. I he arrivals . f w hi at. of home growth, ml- the port of London, have bet n rnisii and the .inutility brought forward at ni kin He by land carriage samples from iho home connt j, |m. i,, ,.ii quite moderate. Nearly the Wbole of tbe w V,i in i xhibiti <1 "ii the Ksm-x and Kent -lauds on Mon.litv * a.- placed early at an advance nt fully J- per i|Uarti r on tbe rales current on thai, tlay se'n night Here the .1 <e has ho??ver stopped dn Wednesday there was hardly anything di'ing and tie- few pure is fre-h up ihis morning were placed wi'h ?"me difficultyat t be cu I j 3). TWO CENTS. hanceuicnt named. The supply of foreign wheat hat) been tulerahly good, and the attendance or country purchasers lees extensive than wan the case week. On Monday, only a modcrato extent of business wan done. Holder* were, however, very firm. and needy buyers hnd to pay full priced. On some qualities the udvance from the lowest point of depression haw been 3s. to 4s per quarter. Polish Odeau wax Hold on Monday at lrom 42s. to 44s , and superior sort* of red at 46*. to 48s . and even 60s. per quarter, nor has any abatement from those rates been since submitted to, though the demand has certainly slackened more or less, and the operations to-day were on a comparatively retail scale. ' The millers advanced the top price of dour 2s. per J sack on Monday. Other kinds of sack dour, Including French, rose Is to 2s per sack, and AtM' rirun Is per barrel. The iuquiry has, however, ' fallen otT. the bakers being unwilling to take more J than they require for immediate use at the Improvement Hurley was held Is. per quarter higher on Mon' day than on that day week, anil a good many parcels of ' foreign changed hands On Wednesday and this morning the transactions were not of much importance, still the advance was maintained The arrivals of oats cooat' wise have been good in addition to which several car' goes have come to hand from abroad The total supply 1 having been larger than expected and the dealers hav' Ing, during the last week or two. been induoed by low ' prices to get into stock, the trade has again beeume : quiet. The sales made to day were, however, at similar prices to those realized at the beginning of thu week, r which, when compared with those current on the 9th " instant show an advance of fully Is. per quarter. The 1 value of beans has crept up about Is n?r quarter, without much activity in the demand. Peas have, within ' the last eight or ten days, risen Is. to 2s per quarter. There have been inquiries fur floating cargoes of Indian i corn on Irish account, but the high preteusions of sell ' ere have prevented many bargains being closed. i Flnnnclal Affair*. ^ London Monk* Market, April 20. 2 P. M.?The market for public securities to-day has been steady, tho kavU. ao iv ? i? , !' ,vv "-'"'p ? ?? viiij >|"ui i'? h' 4, vi iu 'nun words. they bavo been buyers and sellers at 02>?. There Is tt little better feeling in the market, and somo pur' chases or money stork bare been mudo. which, though in small amounts. have contributed to make the market a slight shade firmer. The money quotation boo 1 been from92>#' to 1%, Heduced-Thrce per Cents. 0O>? ' >j. Tbree-and a Quarter perCents. 91 J* X- Bank Stock 102 3J?. India 246'^, Exchequer-bills 44 47, and India Bunds 07 pm. korelgn securities remain without 1 material alteration. Mexican Bonds being quoted 20% to 30with coupon, and 28 ex-coupons. Peruvian 60, llia/.il . irannda Deferred 37^. Equador 4, Spanish 17 M. Ditto Three per Cents, 32X H- Dutch-Two-and-aHalf per Cents. 50}* Ditto Four per Cent Certificates 77 J.j %. There haH been rather less business done In Hallway Shares this morning, but no change hati taken ' place in prices. Qnnrfer before Three.?Consols for Account, 02. j The Bank of Kngland. uavt iPKHiiTMtur. Notts issued ?27 .l?4,400 Government Debt.?11,018,100 Other securities... a,IW4,9M Gold Coin and bullion 13,104,MSI Silver Bullion..,. 323,568 X27.W400 X27,928,400 ba.nkinu depaRTM?i*r. ' rr<iprietor?" Capi- (Juvorument Seeutai ?U.fiM.n00 ritios, (including Res' 3,12!, 153 dead weight an: 1'uhlio Deposits, nuity) ?14,302,241. (including Kx- Other Securities... 10,0fil,S5W chequer Savings' Notes 8,875,888 | Dunks, I'ommis- Gold aud Silver | sionera of Na- Coin 77**,93# I tional Debt, and I Dividend Ac'ts.. 3,4M,0fl,1 1 Other Deposits... 11,7*0,250 Seven day and other llflla 1,120,401 ?34,088,932 MMMtju Dated l?th April. 1840. M. MARSHALL, Chief Cashier. Bleasrs. llrown, Shipley A Co 'a Circular, Liverpool, Ap' il 20th. 1840, i Our cotton market continues dull and declining, and i the quotations are again reduced !?d per lb generally, > j excepting only fair and good Orleans, suitable for the i j export demand, which are relatively scarce. Fair Up* land and Mobile are quoted 4?*d., and fair Orleans, n 1 4%d.; middling Upland and Mobile. 4d , and middling b j Orleans 4\d.; ordinary ;i>?<l a3^d. perlb. The busi. j ness for the week ended to day, amounts to 32,210 bales, i? | ol whicli 2.300 are on speculation, and 4.850 for export;. I and the American descriptions consist of 0,010 Upland, at 3J? a 4s,,d.; 10 350 OrlcanH, at 3*a aOd.; 7,050 Alabama and Mobile, at 3^ a fid ; and 320 Sea Island, at 7 a 13),d. per lb. The import, for the same time, is 28 600 bales, and the stock in this port now amounts to I 457,000 bales, of which 300.000 are American. ; | After some further improToment in Hour, and considerable wiles of Philadelphia. Western. &c.. at 24s. a 24s. fid. perbbl.. the article has become dull again, and lias declined to 23s. fld., at which it is offered to-day in quantity exceeding the demand. Wheat is dnll at one , last quotations. For Indian corn, however, we bare bad a fair steady demand, at rather better prieee?white j selling at 31s. u 31s. 0d.. and yellow at 32*. a 33s. per quarter. Indian corn meal. 14s. a 14s. 6d. per bbl. The business in turpentine is confined this week to 300 bbls. only, at 7s. per cwt., the demand being very limited; and only about 500 bbls. common roein bar* been disposed of, at 3s. per cwt. Meaara. George Holt & Co.'a Circular. I.ivi.RruoL, Friday Evening, April 20, 1840. There has been some slight variation in the proeeed; ings of our market during the week. On Monday and Tuesday, owing to the Danish war. we were dull and depressed. On Wednesday, there being more hope of an early settlement, and good accounts arriving from India, we had more activity and confidence, full 0,000 bales being sold, at firm prices. Yesterday, again, we bad later advices from the United States, by the steamer, showing the receipts at the ports to be keep, ing well up, and justifying the expectation that the crop would prove abundant?say 2.800,000 bales. The consequence upon our proceedings was duilneas. and , an increased desire to sell. This morning the demand is fair from the trade, the market, in consequence of late arrivals, being abundantly supplied with all descriptions. The result of tho week's proceedings is r&thcr lower rates?nearly ,'*d.; and therefore we adiust onr quotations accordingly, applying more obviously to the common qualities of American than any other descriptions. I ne public saw or sea island wnicn too* place on Friday lust wax a dull affair, and Mold at nearly Jfd. decline. Long stapled cotton o( all kinds, Sea Islands, Kgyptians, Brazil, tic., are heavy and dull, the aommon and ordinary qualities being almost unsaleable, even at the lowest quotations. Depressed as things are at this moment, there is no doubt that 4d. per lb for ''middling" Bowed* will be regarded as a moderate price, calculated to give encouragement to a large consumption. 2.380 American have been taken on speculation, and S.940 American. 100 Madras, "90 remain, and 30 Marnnham for export. Sales to-day, b to 6.000 bales. Mcasri. AVm. Gardner At Co'a Circular. Liverpool, April 20, 1849. We continue to experience a fair retail demand foe Beef at about previous prices.?the arrivals have been light, and holders show more confidence. In Prime Mess I'ork the sales have been to some ox' tent at low prices for ordinary Western, up to our highI crt quotation for choice Kastern ; a parcel of 400 bbls. Mei-s lias also bi'en taken at A&s per bbl ex ship. The demand for Bacon has been active, but some > holders having withdrawn their stocks the amount of t business has not been so extensive a-* previously. A slight advance lias been established on ordinary VVestern sorts, and the market is firm at our quotation*.? Hams being in increased supply, middling qualities have receded os. to 4s. per cwt.?Shoulders are also lower Is. to 2s per cwt. There has not been much variation in Lard, fine qualities have been most sought after, and, for sueh, higher prices have been paid, but buyers are not eager. F or want of assortment, the operation'* in cheese have been limited; a line article is very scarce. At rather lower prices, there ha<< been more doing In tallow. Linseed cake remains dull, with an accumulating stock. The speculative feeling in the corn market., referred to In our last, continued throughout Saturday, Monday, and tin; early part of Tuesday, when the highest point was touched; subsequently, there was a pause, and holders having pMt their stocks freely on the market, a slight re-action was the tesult To-day has been very quiet in wheat and Hour; Indian corn, however, has teen taken pretty freely, at full prices Liverpool Prices Current, Import*, Ac. for the H'ti k ending Jjftrii 20 lb49. AKRANUKII HV A COMMITTKK OK IIKDKKH1 Sugar?'I he demand has been very limited, and thu si tes of B. T are under 200 hhds without material change in price; 1 ,'iOO bags Bengal sold at last week's puce*, and 2 700 bags Mauritiu-a* .W? rtd to 4Js 0d. per cwt. h ortigli?The market qdieter and the Mies are only 2U0 cases. 1,41*0 hags Ura/.il and 40 hhds,, 80 bbls. Torto liico. lit fount r rates Viola-sea continues in good demand but in the absence of stock there are no ales on (he fpot; to arrive 1 SOU puncheons have been sold; Larbadoes and Antigua at 21s to 22s ; Porto Rloo ' and Tuba Muscovado at 21s. tld. to 2Js with a paroel of rhived at IDs. per c*f. In coffee uot a single transac tlen is reported"; nothing having been dono at the public fnli- of ordinary Rio brought forward on TuesdayI A miall lot of pepper brought lij^d pur lb. Rlev?JOO i tiiicix ( arolina sold at ID* 'Id. to 17? fid , and 2500 bap- li" ngnl at Hs 3<l to Hs. Ud for broken, and 10s. i foi good middling The demand for ruin is limited to ih< i>iiin*-dinto want* of the trade, and the sale* con st ol Co puncheons Ocmarara. without change in price i ottou?'1 lie unsettled state of affair* on tho continent continue* to haw a very injurious effect, not only In > anchester. but also on thin market ; the tradf till buy iparlngly. but the operation.* of exporter* are daily to a fair extent. The t-ame desire to Mil. a? noticed la*t week, leinains unabati d and ha* caused a further decline of *,d. In nearly all description*, tho market, cloung heavily Kxporlers hare taken 3tt40 American 780 I'crnains. 30 Matauhaui. and 100 Madron, and Kp? culators 23*0 American Of ltlOO Sea Island and stained offered at auction on Kriday last. 700 were sold at a decline of > ? to J$d per lb Tea?There ia no alteiatii n to notice iu the market which is inanimate; at the public fale yesterday little sold but the damaged lots b>ewood?I he transaction- are not worth notioe. 1 be di man.I for turpentine is very limited, except for good soft parcels, of which description ,k?0 bbls hare been fold at 7s per cwt No .'ales rep >rted in tor. Hoiin bai- again declined, and 400 to ,VK> bbls of oou?uion quality have bet u taken at J- lid I") ii >d<I some lew parcels of tine at 4s tid to IDs . according to