Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 8, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 8, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5450. ANNIVERSARY WEEK IN NEW YORK. She Proceedings Last Wight, Ac. dec. 4kc. Missionary Society of the Rlrthodlat Episcopal Church. Last evening wus held the anniversary of ibis society at the VcBtry street Methodist Church. The attendance was not numerous. The proceedings were opened with prayer by the llev. Mr. lledstront, when Rev. Dr. Pitnan, the correspondings ecretary, read the report of the society for the last year. It expressed regret that, notwithstanding former complaints, they were still lett without satisfactory information in reference to a great number of their missions. With respect to Liberia there was no intelligence, except what was contained in two or three unimportant letters, and it was to be presumed that in religious natters it was in the same state as reported last year. As to the Oregon mission.despatches hail b en rec ived which ailorded satisfactory evidence that It was rising both in importance and interest, and that it promised a sanicicnt remuneration for all tliu labor bestowed upou it. Tile aggregate statistics of this mission were 317 church members, 16 local preachers, 1 local deueou, 3 Sunday schools, 19 officers and teachers, 108 scholars, and 300 volumes in the library. In the South American mission there was no remarkable change. The statistics were 35 members and C probationers. Last year, only 34, in all, were reported The number d scholars in the school were 175; teachers, 14 There ire two libraries, containing 700 volumes. The mission in China was proceeding slowly, but with steady and gradual progress. To California two missionaries had been sent. Germany was also a new Held, and two missionaries had been recently sent out there. Tliu domestic missions, including the.Geriuau, Indian and Swedish missions, with those among our uutive population, had greatly progressed during the lust year. 1 here were now, iucluding probationers. 0,350 church members in their German tie Id. 113 Sabbath schools; 1,030 officers and teachers; and 3.330 scholars, with 3.012 volumes in the libraries; 08 churches for German worship; 40 pursonuges, and more in contemplation; 30 local preachers, with u considerable number of ex horters; 83 regular mission circuits and stutions. The success attending this mission hud been almost unparalleled, and had increased, in the lust year, by 1.000 members. With regard to the Indian missions, since the separation of the Methodist Eplscopal Church South, their Held had been greatly circumscribed. The Wisconsin. Michigan. Oneida and black Hirer conferences now included all the Indian missions under the care of this society. The moet of them were within the limits of the Micbigau conference. These missions had been generally visited by their junior bishop, who took deep interest iu their prosperity, lie had, in several instances, purchased cards, wblcli he had secured to the Missionary Society for the benefit of the Indians. Great improvement had been made in the character aud conduct of these Indians. The past year had been one of encouraging prosperity. They had now 10 mission circuits and stations in this field, 17 regular missionaries, with an Indian membership of 003. There were 9 schools and 260 scholars. The sabbath schools were also 0, and 160 scholars. As to the Swedish mission, though they hud heard of one or two others, that in New York was the only one from which they had received any report. It was a source of congratulation that they had the Bethel ship for the Swedes and other foreigners. In conclusion, the native population mission was rapidly extending. They had now 375 circuits and stations, 206 missionaries. 29,134 members, making au increase on the pust year, of missions, 65; missionaries, 40; members, 4.773. The whole balance in the treasury, May 1st. 1848. was $22 150; receipts past year, up to May 1st. 1849, $84,046; disbursements during the past year. $102,030 ; balance in treasury, May 1st, 1840, $3,256. The Rev. Mr. Nadal, of the Baltimore Convention, then proceeded to address the meeting, and said that he was happy to have the privilege of addressing it, and the more especially as they were all engaged in a cause which was dear to the heart of every Christian man and woman. Strange as it might be looked upon, the missionary enterprise was a part of his holy religion, and that followed from the very nature of Christianity itself. It was through the medium of that pure and holy religion that the Missionary Society proposed to check the sinful propensi* ties, and curb the idolatrous vices, of the heathen world, it was not to be expected that the benighted would come und ask for the true religion? did not want it in their natural state?he was wedded to his idolatry; therefore the gospel must be sent to him 1 he missionary enterprise was a subjert of much importance, it was not a mere appendage to Christianity, but it was an essential part of it. He (the reverend speaker) would detine the missionary enterIrise to be the church's sense of the world's anger, and that sense of danger results from the church's knowledge of the fearful existing amount of humau depravity. Who could fathom the depth ofit? It is to be read of in both the divine book and in the history of mankind; and the church beholds, with anxious solicitude, the living principle of power, which threatens to burn mankind down to the very lowest hell. Yes, the church looks upon the iguorencc of truth as a miserable evil, which menaces to doom the human race to eternal destruction. This sense of danger is heightened, when the church contemplates the but too extensive prevalence of idolatry throughout so many portions of the globo, and. still more, when it reflects upon the many instances of divine wrath which have attended the violation of the divine commandment, " Thou shalt not make to thyself u graven image, or bow down before it." The anger of the offended Deity was farthur exemplified in the punishments of Baal, of Nebuchadnezzar, who erected idols on the plain, and of Moloch, who sacrificed, with profane ritos, the blood of infants. In the classic ages philosophers glossed over t'ao viciousDees of idolatry with all the illusions of poetry; but who In the present age has not heard of the devilish rites of the African Fetish worship ; and. of the car of the Juggernaut ; and of the flaming piles on which the widows imolate themselves at the shrine of Paganism 1 All these evils have wakened up the church to a sense of the world's danger, and this feeling is the more increased by the difficulty which the missionary feels in his glorious cndeavorH to convert to truth,, these bo| nighled worshippers of Paganism. It is not uunatural that the missionary should encounter many obstacles in the course of his labors; the associations which are derived from the connection which exists between his ,,religion and the legendary histories of the heroes of his 'country, its literature, bo., be.?the I'agan thus becomes tenacious in hie belief. The church, however, has found a breathing place - a spot from which it .ooks out upon the world, through the medium of the missionary enterprise; it is the thread which is to convey the heathen world from out of their idolatrous maze, and it is the light which is to encourage them to hope for un immortality. But it is also an expression of the church's faith iu the world's salvation?even of the heathen world. Besides, this faith is founded upon the promises which Ood has given to mankind, and upou which the churchj has taken a strong hold. The reverend gentleman then eutered into an elaborate and uoat eloquent review of the many merciful promises made to uiau by the Omnipotence, and alluded to the realization of his promises of love and mercy by the ensuring of uiau's salvation, through the blood of the Redeemer, mid thus fulfilling his oath to Abraham ? that from his seed would spring the redemption of mankind. The fruits of missionary labors are sensibly expei Icuccd (continued tbe reverend speaker) throughout the civilized world. It is bnt some hundreds of vears siuee tbe painted savage encountered the Roman legions, upon w hut ere now tho smiling plains of Lhgland, nor is it long since tho canoe of the Indian paddled In the bright waters of the lludsou, whilst his war-whoop sounded along its shores; ami thronged cities and towns, and temples for the worship of the Most High, are now erected upon places which were once desolate wilds, and frequented but by the hunter. What then can equal the blessings of missionary enterprise ? But, above all. what meed of merit is not due to the missionary, who is ready and willing to give himself up to sulfer on the altar of sucriiice ? he goes even into the charnel house, perhaps never to return,to comfort and preach the Word to men whose doom is inevitable. The reverend speaker then narrated an exceedingly interesting anecdote,cxempll. fying the fervent c< al of some Moravian missionaries, who for the purpose of propagating the gospel, actually entered into the leper hospital, In one of the missions, on the coast of Africu. all hough they were informed by the king of the country tliat, once having gone in. they would never be ullowed out again The reverend gentleman resumed: The missionary enterprise is the church's grand scheme for tiie conversion of the world Who was the founder of it??No philosopher or statesman ever suggested it; but it remained for Jesus, our diviue master, to develop the great ideaman's regeneration. He was the founder of the missionary enterprise. Tho great plan of this enterprise, in the Scriptural sense. Is the taking possession of man's inmost soul, regenerating him. and drawing liliu from the grovelling depihs of ignorance and idolatry to the contemplation of truth, with the expectation of salvation. A power accompanies that piun it is the divinity which dwells within it?and it is that, and that alone, which makes It effectual. Armed with tliat power, the missionary confidently sets out upon his labors, and leads iulo the fold of Christ the lost children of the house of Israel The reverend speaker then went into a very lengthened narration ot the missionary labors of tho divines of the Reformation, and concluded by observing that a missionary bill was tlrst rung in Germany by Martin Luther who continued tolling it. until at last he scared the I'ope and frightened tile devil himself. Kev Dr Dermis then rose to address the meeting, lie said lie did not Intend to trespass long upon their Attention, as the broile r who had preceded him had left him but little to do. lie tnought, as bo observed his tye when lie east It round upon ttie audience, that then? ens in it a feeling of disappoiuim"Ut that the audiune*' n,lt so large as expected But the first mlf-i lunar v meeting thai, had th en held was smaller idBu thai He alluded to the meeting held by tho apostles at Jo. Iisaieni where the IkiII which they had Ik ard of l.o-nigtlv had been lirsL rung; and lh uigli it had bun untitled )"r ? thousand years, ltd vtbeations would never c? ase lit* they had awakened the world. E N E The history of the modern church, beginning with the reformation, wj divided into three epochs. Klrst. there was a reformation in external forme, together with some reformation iu doctrine. But with al the compliments bestowed upon Luther and Calete by the speaker who bad preceded him, (and he had seldom heard a more beautiful eulogy uttered, to say nothing of its justice.) if they looked into the hearts of these meu, they would not find thero the life ol' religion. They would find, indeed. the true theory of religion, as in Luther's Commentary upon the Lpistle of Paul to the Oalatians, where the doctrine of justification by faith was expounded; but they would not find the exposition of tlio application of religion to tho soul, and its influence upon thu conduct It was almost one hundred years after, tho first reformation gleamed upon the world like the first rays of the risiug sun upon the mountain tops. It dawued iu Moravia, and illustrious as Germany stood in tho page of history, there is no portion ot it his mind rested upon with such pleasure as that littlu spot. The stream of life that gushed out of it had flowed to them. The heaven-guided founder of methodism gave his followers the true exposition of the life of God in thu soul, and he got it from the huinblu Moravians. Religion followed the analogy of temporal tilings. Discoveries in science, to he rendered useful, always required some master genius to do with them what the mint d'R'.s with gold. The miner in California dug the coarse ore from tho bowelH of the earth, but it only received its currency from the mint. There was currency given 100 years ago by the genius of Wesley to the practical truths of Christianity. Whitfield, who rose before him, had more of fire and of love, but he hud not the reach of mind, the mastery over spirits, that royul sovereign power to subsidise the hearts and iniuds of other men, that John Wesley possessed in so eminent a degree. This was the second era. But there was a third, and that was what he wanted to talk to them about to-night. Whitfield and Wesley had raised the wull of the church, and stored her with provisions. But these walls were not mouutud with guns pointed at the heathen. The impression made upon the church at home, stimulated it to send the gospel abroad, und thus there grew up out of the very soul of the church, another spirit aud this was the missionary period of her history. This was the strong characteristic of the present day The same spirit had come back, that existed in the days of the apostles, and the sume means were adopted that they employed, to achieve the peaceful conquest of the world. That spirit was the desire to impress upou the world, where it did not exist, the living impression of the gospel, the manifestation of the divine being in human nature. The means upon which they relied for success wa neither divine nor human agency alone, but a combination-of both. One of the means used by Providence, to extend the gospel, was " the signs of the times." Were these sigus ever bo remurkuble as in the age in which wo live ? Perhaps, men living in the present day were not competent to judge of the entire stream of history. They had only the reflection on the page of history. But they should bear in mind that that page, like the earth on which they trod, only received the impression of heavy bodies. Let them look, then, ut the uvents of the past; and was there ever, he asked, such a period as the present ? The bush that Moses saw burning and not consumed, was emblematical of the deliverance of the people of Israel, and the overthrow of their oppressors. And when they looked at the revolutions that had agitated the world during the past year, and found society was not consumed, it was evident that the finger of God was in the matter. Never bud the world seen such an upheaving of society.and yet society not destroycd, and everywhere, except in Switzerland, had the gospel been advauccd by these commotions. It was not so in Krancu in 1793, when the Church was almost lost, and with it the gospel, too. How different during tile last year, when the whole earth seemed as if it would go to pieces; but every upheaving of the political earthquake only opened another entrance f?r Christianity. In Spuin, where in the darkest ages the Bible used to be shut out under the pain of excommunication by bell, book, and caudle light, it was now the only book that always remained open and was never shut. All this displayed the divine agency of Providence. In the apostolic missions, individual agency always preceded the operations of the church. It was so at Antiocb, and in every other part of the world where the gospel came. This they would find by a perusal of the Acts of the Apostles, a book that was the mirror of hlsj tory, and did not contain one false circumstance, yet had more of romance than all the novels in the world. Among all the rapidly shifting scenes, so full of life and grandeur, there was this one thing commou to all?individual energy went before combined effort. It was the same in modern missions. One singlu man, Dr. Coke, went about from house to house before the church ever thought of missions. When he died, the church awoke to the consciousness that there was something she had to do. V ith the Apostles the individual agency passed away, and the responsibility rested upon the church. Individual agency had also passed away In the present day, and on the church devolved the responsibility. If Coke had faltered w-hen he received such a call from God, would any one say he was not guilty? If we falter, are we not equally guilty? Let the answer be made en the plate to-night There were croakers here, as well as everywhere else, who would probably ask where was the fruit ? Ho answered, and he had the authority of a Professor in a University In Switzerland, who had compiled the statistics, that during the last fifty years more had been achieved by missionary effort than had been done by all the Apostles and their followers for one hundred years after the ascension of Christ, to say nothing of those silent influences it exerted in India and other parts of tlic world, in giving a new tone to society. Rev. Dr. Pitman then said, that he requested the audience would delay for ten minutes longer, till the collection was made, as that was the proper time to make it, when their minds were impressed with the eloquence of the brethren who hud just addressed mini. . The collector then proceeded to collect the stray dollars, when The ilev. Dr. Pitman resumed and said, though he would not press for pledges tills evening, but It they were disposed to give them, tho Secretary would tako down their names. He hoped the new and important mission to Germany would induce them to sustain the society with more than their usual liberality. Here there was a pause of several minutes, and no response. Hcv. Dr. Pitman?Who will give?who will give ? (After a pause.) 1 wait for your response. There was again a pause, und no dollars. Kev. Dr. Pitman (excited)?Not a single response at the anniversary of the parent society in New Vorkf I beg Brother Nadal will not tell it in Baltimore. After another long pause, a stranger at length came forward (a European) and gave his name for $5. Hvv. Mr. Hedsthom said, he wished to state that the brother who had just contributed was a European, and that he belonged to the despised society of Stockholm, that ltev Dr. Pitman (warmly)?I must interrupt Brother iiedstrom. Let the business be finished, und then ho may talk as long as he likes. Kev. Mr. Hedstsom?1 hope Brother Keller, tho European, will be admitted a life member of the society. Dr. Pitman again insisted on silence, and said Brother Keller was one of twenty who was willing to give $100 for the German mission. tl here was another pause, but no money, or pledge ] lev. Mr. Lane then related an anecdote of a lady who had handed him a communication, which gave him the greatest pleasure he hud ever received in his life. She was only 18 years of age. and the communication enclosed $1,000. She had since died in the faith, and she would witness the passage into heaven t>f many huppy spirits saved by her means. He hoped they would imitate her example. This seemed to have the desired effect, for, in a short time. $B0 were announced, and the doxology having been sung, the meeting separated. Anniversary of the Anti-Slavery Society? Adjourned Meeting at the Ahyaatnlan Church. Tho meeting was opened at a late hour, by a prayer made by Mr. John T. Reinond, pastor of the Abyssinian church of colored persons, in Anthony street. Mr. Thomas Downing was then colled to the chair, and Mr. Jackson appointed Secretary. Mr. Van Kensselaer, editor of the Ham'i Horn, for whom the pastor prayed in his prayer that his subscription list might be augmented, was present on the platform, and being called upon. arose to state to the meeting the object of the assembly. Mr. Van Rensselaer having concluded his statement? Mr. Charles Lenox Rr.MonD then rose and read a preamble and resolutions, of which we were not able to obtain a copy, tbe substance, however, of which was te the effect, that the colored people being subjected to degrading proscriptions, and being compelled to occupy un inferior situatiou in society in this country; '1 borefore. Resolved, That it is their duty to promote the elevation aad improvement of the oolwred race by all means within their power. Resolved, That the apathy hitherto shown by colored people in the pursuit of their elevation and dignity, Is gristly to be regretted, and we pledge ourselves for the future to renewed efforts to attaiu this object. Resolved, That if it was necessary for the poople of Europe to rise In their might and cast down their oppressors. and fraternise to produce an amelioration of their political condition, it is equally necessary that the colored people of tho United States should do the ,tne. following their noble example. Therefore, Resolved. That societies be formed, committees raised, fcc . for the purpose of effecting, by the press, and by public lecturing, as much of these great objects as possible. Mr It(.hosd then proceeded to urge tho importance of the subject contained in these resolutions ; he regretted that a stranger like himself should bo called upon to move tho ndoption of these resolutions. The battle was to be fought by themselves, and now was the time for the battle. There was a moral battle to bo fought as well as a physical one. He regretted tho apathy of the colored citisens of New york to the antislavery cause Their satisfaction with their present condition was wrong ; he could feel no sympathy for them. Ho was among the dissatisfied colored Aineriraus in the United States, and those who were satisfied were guilty of an outrage against their oppressed brethren He is a base betrayer of the cause of the colored people, who, being a colored man, had any sympathy clihelr for wbigs or looofoeos, and did not devote all bis energies to tho anti-slavery cause. Mr. Rrmond concluded, by inoviug the adoption of tha resolutions. KacoMica Dooolasv being called npon, then address W YO MORNING EDITION?TU ed the meeting. He was not taken by surprise; it was I a movement for the promotion of our glorious cause. < The preamble states a broad fact, that we ure compelled I to occupy a degraded position by a corrupt church. I hut this is a very tame stutemeut. We are not only a proscribed people?a despised people < ?a contrmued peoule?an insulted people?but an < outraged people?weighed down uuder greater oppres- i sion thau any other people. Everywhere we are treat- < ed as a degraded people If we go to the church, we ] are despised there, and made to take an obscure place. i though the preacher talks of all men being made of < one blood. In the State, we ure taxed equally with all i other men; we pay for the education of the whites, but 1 when it comes to rights and privileges, we are regard- i ed so mean and degraded, that, by State enactment, i we are not trusted even to carry a mail bag twenty yards across the street, or even to lift it off from the top | of a stage coarh. An ignorant Irishman, however, but i just come to this country, und totally unacquainted 1 with our institutions, is, the moment lie lands on our < shores, thought tit to be entrusted with the mail bugs ( we are never irieu oy our peers. out uy our enemies. ' On steamboats. in hotels. or in the streets, wo arc always reminded that wo arc a degraded people. Our children are driven away from the schools which we pay to support. Wo are compelled to be, by potent circumstances. hewers of wood and draw-era of water ? everywhere outraged, ill-treated, iuaulted. hut tho worst part of all Is. that we are contented under these circumstances! lie was asheraed! ashamed! ashamed of ilia identity with those who wero thns indilTeront? with oppressed cowards! (Hear, hear.) Our whito friends may do much for us, but we must do much for ourselves. Kquallty and respectability can only be attained by our own exertions. We require respect?not merely sympathy. We have no right to respect, if, being under the hoof of oppression, we are not manly enough to rise in our own cause, an I do something to elevate ourselves from our degraded position. The colored people do not appreciate sufficiently the instrumentalities which have ' brought about a great chunge in public opinion. They see colored people occupy a better position, but they say, ' What has Frederick Douglass done for us!" They do not understand what the Downings, the Kemonds. the Van Kenssalaers, the Sweets, have done by moral foreo. lie had no doubt the time was coming when tho colored man would occupy the same platform with the white man. The sword might be required at the South, but it was not necessary at the North, to promote the elevation of the colored people. Colored people are now beginning to exercise their gifts. They are now in a position to lie heard. Jiut we have no organisation among ourselves, in tho Isbiuaelitish situation in w hich we are. The clergy are to blame for tho apathy of the colored people to their own cause. Tho text, "Seek ye iirst the kingdom of heaven, and its righteousness," Sic., has been grossly perverted by the ignorant colorod clergy, so that the people wait for Hod to help them. (Great laughter.) It is u ridiculous and absurd notion to expect God to deliver us from bondage. Wo must elevate ourselves by our own efforts. Mr. Douglass concluded by a stirring appeal to his colored brethren, to rouse from their lukewarmness and apathy. Mr. H. II. Garnet then addressed the meeting in support of the resolutions, and particularly advocated tho necessity of supporting the press which was devoted to their cause, especially the Ram's Horn, whose able and talented editor was present among them. After some further remarks, a collection for tho support of the colored press w as then taken up, und tho resolutions having been unanimously adopted,the meeting adjourned. American Seamen's Friend Society. A. Fcrct, Esq., President, in tho chair. Last evening the twenty-flrBt anniversary of this meritorious society was held at the Tabernacle, Broadway. The attendance was in every way worthy the object contemplated by its members. The number of ladies present was immense, which showed tho doop interest w hich they take in the welfare of the sailor. Hitherto, unfortunately, ho has been regarded as a mere machine set in motion when necessary while his social and moral condition lias not been deemed worthy of consideration by those for whom he lias toiled, endangered his life, and made fortunes. But, thanks to the lau- I dable efforts of the philanthropist, we may now say tempera mutantur, the times are changed. The meeting was opened with praying and singing, ' after which the Kev. .Mr. Spalding, the Secretary, read j an abstract of the report, irom which it appeared that ' the receipts for the past year had been $18,582 00, aud ' the expenditures $18,407. The number of boarders in ' the Sailors' Homo in this city, for the year ending this ' month, has been 3,035, and for the last seven years has 1 been 25.554. The Rev. Dr. Scott, of Newark, moved that the ah- ' ?tract of the report just read be adopted, and printed J under the direction of the Board of Trustees. He said 1 that the importance of that society, to promote the interests of which they had assembled there, must be manifest to all. There was a oneness which constituted the whole class of society?a oneness of hope and sorrow, of joy and pleasure. Were they not all brothers ? Was there one among them who had not been called upon to weep over the ashes of some dear departed friend ? No man's nature was different from his. They had but one common interest in every thing which related to the sea and the land. The interests of the seamen were those of the landsmen, and vice versa. Threequarters of the globo were covered with water, and only one-fourth was land. The raeiflc Ocean was larger than all the sontinens and islands of the globe; and therefore, according to the law of promotions, a greater importance was to be attached to the sea. There were three millions of men engaged in marine and naval business, and who could cnlculatc the amount ol human capital that was investedf No man bad ever risen . upon the earth who could make the calculation.. Let them think of the wires aud daughters of the suitors, the merchants who employed tbem, the store-keepers, and the number of men who were engaged in building the ships;?lot them reflect upon thut array of great facts, and they would have some idea of the magnitude of the interests which were involved in the sailor's life and in his welfare. The sailor promoted, in the highest degree. the industrial interests. What could the planters at the South, the merchants in Caston and Ceylon, do. was it not for the sailor ! The sailor was the great importer and exporter of the world. Ho was the spirit which moved the wheel of commerce in the hands of God. The sailor was intrusted with a vast amount of human life ; thousands upon thousands of 1 men, women, and children were entrusted to the care aud guardianship of the mariner. Was not the sailor a brother whom they ought to cherish and protect f j Who that hud witnessed a storm at sea had fulled to regard the sailor in his proper light at such a critical time, a period fraught with such imminent p?ril? Had not prayers been offered up that his (the sailor's) health might not giva out, but that he might be enabled by divine , providence to brave the tempest, anil conduct the gallant ship safely through It. The sailor hnd rII the interests of the landsman, but few of his blessed and en- ' dearing enjoyments. There were no monuments over ! the lover, the brother, and the friend, who were at the ' bottom of the deep sea. the perils of which commended ! tbem to the special attention and care of that society. 1 it was a noble institution. The destinies of the world ' were in Ilia hands of sailors. Had not the sailors of thu ' Mayflower carried the destinies of their land ? Had \ they not, by the providence of God. borne the destinies ' of the gospel. He could not describe the value of a hu- ! man soul. No, that was beyond the power of the most profound?the most learned?the most philosophical. ' It was a point, the sublimity ot which no mind coma ream, out ny mo proviuencc 01 uoa i uai so- , cicty, through Christ, had raved many soul*. The time would come when tailor* would be fouud hanging 1 lamp*, more brilliant than and which he saw around hini, upon the battlements of every nation on the face of the earth, lie (the Kcv. Dr.) thought he heard a voice saying that the harvest of the sua was ripe. Let all rally around the sailor, to enable him to take the silver trumpet to proclaim throughout the uttermost \ bound* of the earth his own regeneration through the saving graces of the gospel. it was the sacred duty of every citisen to use hi* most strenuous exertions for the benefit and prosperity of the society, upon which so much depended, and In which were Involved interests of the deepest and dearest character. 1 After some other remarks, tho learned gentleman con- 1 eluded a very able speech, and resumed his seat j amidst continual and general applause. The motion,having been seconded, was put and carried unanimously. The Kev. R. 8. Sroans, Jr., of Brooklyn, moved the next resolution, which called upon the friends of this good cause, and upon all Christians for their sympathy and co-operation After some prefatory remarks, he said that there were passion* at sea worse than storms. There were ignorance and deep depravity there, out of which, if the sailor was to be bene- j fitted, be must be lifted to the light and glory of the Gospel. The sailor came to htm a* a man by that title, he (tbc sailor) had claims upon his sympathy and affections. The sailor camu to him and related what lie had seen; he was a man in God's image, and was to lire as long as God's throne stood ; and when the Heavens , had rolled away like a scroll, he, the sailor would live. Had he not claims upon his (the reverend gentleman's) alfectimi* ? Some noble persons wero to be fouud among sailors. The careless student who had been expelled from College for having got Into some scrape? who could not bear to meet un angry father, or whose feeling* were overpowered at the thought* of coming in contact with a fond mother?those who might have commanded the applause of the Senate, and marched at the head of armies : such were the person* to bu found on board their ships men who were superior to him. and should he not work for them ? He must work for them, and lend his aid for the purpose of rescuing them from the rapacity of the land sharks. He must ' co-operate with others in bringing them from the ! temptations of the bottle; In giving them libraries, and ill terming temperance societies for them. Their 1 friends could establish their chaplaius for thoin, ' not men eminent for their dogmas in theology, but who could, in a plain and simple manner 1 preach the Gospel Tbey could establish sucli places, and men for them, along their roast*. They could establish savings' banks tor them, and bestow upon them the means of cultivating their mind* in a moral and literary point of view, and they eoiud throw around them Influences which would make Christianity 1 as omnipresent as the atmosphere was it had b.-en 1 said that there was no eoltegc on board a ship ; eould ' a grander cathedral than tnat which was overarched ' by the vault of heaven he conceived, and could music more sublime than the sound of the winds and the [ tempest be In-trued to 1 lie that t'lveth the soul of a i-atlor doth a mighty work '1 lie rev. gentluma i hat .ug dwelt, in a strain of thrilling eloquence upon the importance of the Society, and upon tho groat aud v.tu: 1 interests which were in*c|4it.tbly ttiUi it railed upon nil present to loud iiiclr prompt a . rd . . ' that the saJlor might gvtovth a glorious ttnisrV" ' RK H ESDAY, MAY 8, 1849,

:he workings of Christian benevolence, and the a tenlard bearer of the gospel. The rev. gentleman was oudlv applauded throughout his excellent and power'ul address. Mr. 1Uki.ii was introduced to the vast assembly as >ne who had lately come from the sea. He said he was lellgbtcd to hud that such deep interest had been svincrd on behalf of the aailor. The subject was one _>f magnificent importance, lie did not regret, the experience which he had of the sea; it was the best <chool he had ever been in. Sailers were men of pe:uliar feelings, and therefore of peculiar character; uid if there was an uncouthness of manner about them, it was because they were, by the nature of their Avocation. removed from the influence of the softer sex His description of the perils to which the sailor was exposed on u stormy night, when he was obliged to go aloft, to take in sail, was very touching. He concluded a very eloquent speech by saying he was sure that the appeal of the sailor to the heart of the Christian would not be made iu vain. God hud already lone much for the sailor, but a stupendous work still remained to be done. The Rev. Dr. I)> > < ><? a, of Itoston. next addressed the meeting, and with bis usual ability, advocated the rights of the sailor. He spoke of the necessity of eduration for the sailor, and remarked tliut, if the working lasses w ere to be educated, let sailors, by all muaus, be the first to receive utteutlou on that ground, Let their 'rieuds eutertain high hopes, and by that means they would float iu the current of God's heart. Why should not sailors he educutcd, and become the most intelligent men in the commuuity Let them make the ffort. The proceedings of this truly important and splendid meeting were appropriately concluded with a benediction. On the platform were men eminent iu divinity, itcrature. and eommerce. and all seemed highly gratified at the imposing demonstration which the society iiad made. Hew York Stale Antl-Cupltnl IMinlsUincut BUCIVlf! The Minerva Room was crowded last evening, by ,arge audience? among whom were numerous ladies ? in attendance on the unnual ceremonies of this So:iety. The President introduced the Rev W. S. Balcii to the audience, who read the annual report of the Executive Committee. The committee, although they cansot congratulate their friends on the entire success of their liberal and Christian enterprise, were happy in the conviction that their labors were not in vain, but had wrought a great cbango in public sentiment, that si list eventually producu the repual of the law of blood, md the substitution of a penal code, which would butter promote the objects of good government?the reformation of criminals. In the Legislature of this State, ilthough it was believed that u majority was in favor if such a law. yet owing to the lateness of the period to which action was postponed, there had been so full voto or flnul decision on the subject. Karly action in the way of petition, was urged is accessary to bo adopted for the next season. I'rogress had been made in other States, la Vlichigan, a restoration of the gallows, abolished three rears ago. was sought, hut ineffectually; there was no nrrease of crime exhibited as the consequence. It vas otherwise in this city and State, owing a-s the 'oinmittee thought, to the death penalty. In u circuit of iweuty miles, four murders had been committed within i few weeks after the execution of a man. Similar in'tanccs were adduced in other sections of the State, us dinwing the pernicious influence of the death penalty. It had become proverbial, also, that murderers were generally acquitted, and turned forth on the community to repeat their deeds. Particularly was this the fact in regard to those who possessed the means of employing able counsel. Abolish the death penalty, and there would be uo difficulty iu einpunnelliag jurors or securing convictions. During the last year, there had been a great amelioration in tlie system ot prison discipline in this State, and the universal testimony was, that it had been productive of the most favorable rosults in all cases. The men improved in conduct, and did also a greater amount of labor. The committee, limited as was tUfetr means of action, hud distributed over a thousand pages of books and tracts among tho people, and especially legislative bodies, embodying arguments in favor of the abolition of the gallows, and, as they belicTed, with the most beneficial results. This had been lone only by an expenditure of no little labor and expense. ft was desirous to continue these labors, and the committee hoped for the active co-operation of the members of the society, and the friends, generally, of this great reform. The report concluded with a congratulation on the brilliant prospect whicV opened, of the speedy abolition of the gallop for ever from tho land. ThO report was then adopted arm. con. The Fvesidknt then said he had the pleasure to introduce to the Society Mr. Mendklx TiiiLLirs, of Boston. Mr: P. said that his remarks might be considered as a reperrt of what they had been doing in Massachusetts in tog good cause. The gencrul subject he would leave to those who followed him. The question of the abolition of tho gallows was to some, perhaps, a trite subject. and one which, looking at the familiar faces collected in that meeting, might be supposed to have made very little impression on the community at lurge. lie could congratulate them, however, on the fact that there was a general awakening in rommunity on the subject. He had jam burned a fact which had just transpired in Massachusetts. which was illustrative of the immense progress of public sentiment there on this sulyect within the Inst twenty years. Until within a third of that time, its agitation had been confined to an attempt at legislative relorm of the penal code, in which, however, despite eloquent speeches, logical reports, and convincing statistics, very little progress was made. Last month a miserable colored sailor, Washington Goode, was convicted of murder, and sentenced to be hung. When a few men undertook to rouse the public sentiment of Massachusetts to a grave and solemn protest against his execution, in seventeen days 120,000 names were seut in to Governor Briggs? remonstrances against the execution of anybody under the laws of Massachusetts. And if it was of uny consequence, three-fourths of them were voters, too. In 18".r>, Governor Morton was acting Governor of the State, and he had stated, that on one occasion wishing to commute the punishment of a man sentenced to death, lie could not secure a name to support him iuit; hut on the contrary, 3.0W petitioners urged him to speed on the execution of the criminal. A few years ago. a young man named Clark, some sixteen years of age. was condemned to death at Newburypnrt. for burniug a dwelling-house, liis aged, heartbroken father made his way on foot to Boston, begging from village to village, for petitioners for the pardon of his son. and yet he eould secure but one or two in all that distance of 160 miles. In 1840. the seed had fallen in goodly places, and brought forth slaty and one huudredfolu, and with scarce an effort, 116.000 people had called upon the Governor to allow no more executions. (Applause.) it was a gratifying evidence of the change in the public sentiment. Mr. P. then referred to the (act. that the doctrine of the necessity of capital punishment was an article in the orthodox creed of some uf the Kvangeliral sects of New Vork, as being merely t theological, and not a L hristian or Bible one. The mass, he said, did not argue, nnd the prejudices In favor of the gullows wero never argued up. und, therefore, ?never would be reasoned down. It was to be rrowned down by the spontaneous conviction of the human heart. Why was it that in all ages and in all lands, the executioner was regarded as a disreputable und disgraced man?that in Spain he was obliged to skulk into the village and perpetrate the deed ere the common people of the village could lay hands upon him. It was tliut there were something in the liuinau heart that revolted against it. Mr. I'. urged that the agitation should be shaped so as tw urouseand excite this innate feeling. It would be of great service to < hnsliunity. The Bible gave no sanction to the death penally, and be who claimed it us being arrayed against the re moval of the abuses of the past, injured Its cause far more than the infidel or the habitual sneerer or scoffer. Mr. P. dwell on this point, illustrating it by references to the history of the past and present. He referred to the fact thai convictions nmong respectable men were rare, as another lustauce, evincing the growing dislike of the pet pie to the death penally. In Massachusetts not a man scarcely, who had money enough to secur Ihe services of HulusChoate, could bo convicted by u Boston jury. Such had always been the progress of reform. In Kngland. in the age of t^ueeu Aune, no [ erson charged with a capital offence was allowed th i assistance of a professional man. but was obliged to derend himself. To the peasant who hud never spoken in the presence of a Judge, thus brought before u tribunal he had beeu ever accustomed to regard with awe, it was virtually depriving him of all defence. But when the higher classes were subjected to the law?when the Lord Lenoxes and other* in their treasons caused the street* to run with blood, the Driti'b Parliament grunted them the u*e of a-*ixLant counsel, though still refusing it to the peapeasant; ho in F rance. It ?v supposed that the revolution, in it* first breath, bad abolished the deuth penalty Not at all; It merely exempted Irom death the l.amarlineH and the Ledru Kulliu*. and the law still remain* on the stutute book, to operate on the laborer of F rauce, who may lake a r ingle life, iij*tuad of thousand* lie despised the reformation confined to the upper classes alone. (Applause.) Take the case of Washington Uoode, whom Mr I'. described us a common sailor, born in Pennsylvania, living most of his time on the bosom of the Mississippi river, and then, as a sailor, belonging to a degraded class, through the prejudices of the American people, ignorant alike of the laws and the bible, which Ur ihoever quoted ill favor of the gallows. (Laughter.) He comes to boston, where his class i* pinsswlssd in the churches, the schools, and everywhere leu. and yielding to temptation or the influence of intoxication, neither of which he ha* ever been taught to roost, commits a murder Mr. IV, in au eloquent appeal, denied the propiiety of banging such u man. It hud had no riled in rest ruining crime, for since the sentence of Horde, several atrocious murders liad been committed In the neighborhood ol boston. He believed that such Sad been the change in the public sentiment of iloston, ihui not another execution would take place 1.11111 they bad another Oovernor IJriggs and another col >red man to hang. Mr I at gi< at length continued ins remark*, LTguiitg, from the lad that execution* now were required to Is1 private Instead of public, there wo* no longer ?ny beuclicial li'tct to bo derived from the public sample and deducing therefrom that a* tile people thus began to close their eyes to the sight, it iiiust s'-oi become so unpopular a; to b<fdispcr?-d witli cliopllur He uigi d that the agitation should l> .11inmd vigorously, not entirely willi arguments, but with novel 1, newspaper caricatures, and every m ans I 1 rousing ibe prejudice* of Urn people A collect ion was then taken up, in aid of th- foods id I he oc.lety; when f r ils;' ,i ib "er d e. hrb'f a/lure*, r> " i ring to [ERA what he considered tha growing progrro* of the principle, and urging its continued and rigorous agitation, lie combatted brietiy the objection of the clergy on the subject, and referred to what he considered the ridiculou* position of others?urging upon them, that they should furrn a new society, with their anniversary, to be styled the Gallows Uuion. The l'KKaiDrNT then proposed the following named gentlemen, as officers of the society for the ensuing year, who were adopted und continued as such by the meeting:? President ?Mr. T. MoCoun. fire Presidents.?KichnrdS. William". Uenjamiu Ellis, Jacob Ilarscu. M. U . James H. Titus. 7 reusurer.?Freeman Hunt. foreign Connponding Secretaries.?J. L. O'Sullivan. Rev. W. S Balch. Domestic Cnrr'esfionding Secretary.?George K. Baker. t^Recording Secretaries?Josiah Hopper, M. U.,Hcucy \V. inlth. Executive Committee.?Horace Greeley. I'arko Godwin, John F.Grav, M. I).. A. J. Spooner, Kiuits eouutv: llov. K. Buckingham. Oncidu; Joseph Post. igneous county; C.j Brlgga,Kiehnumdeouaty; itev. s t. May, Onondaga county; John 8. Oould, Columbia county; 1 howas McCllntock, sen., Abtjuh Ingrahum, M I) ; l.cwii B. Ilardcastlo, James 8. Oibbons, T. C. Have- , incyer, John 8. Ferguson, Ulster couuty; John B. Silkuian, Westchester county. Thi' President then introduced to the audience Dr. Finns, of Philadelphia. The Dr. expressed his reluctance at hcinn culled upon, unprepared as lie was, and just arrived in town, to make a speeche. However, he did not care, for hitnseif. much about argument on questions. With him it was a matter of feeling?of impulse?a part of ills very nature, to revolt at the idea of linking himself in with. or. at least, not rem xwlru- ; ting against therhoking to death, by community, of a single wretch, deprived at the time, too, of further ability to do harm. Dr. K. referred to his practice as a lawyer in capital offences, drawing therefrom illustrations, showing the utter inutility of capital punishment us a preventive ot crime, whicli he contended was, or should bo, the chief end of punishment. Otherwise, it became a more retaliation and iguoble revenge After briefly touching on these points, the Dr. concluded, when the society adjourned. American Protestant Society. The Kev. l)r. Murray, of Klizabcthtown, (Kirwun.) preached the anniversary sermon before the members of this society, in the church on tho corner of Eleventh avenue and Fifth street, in this city, last evening. The audience was very large and very fashionable, and the discourse was very attentively listened to. The reverend gentleman selected the aevAth to the tenth verses of St. TauTi Kpistlo to tho Thessalonluus as bis text. They read as follows:? ' For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only ho who now Icllcth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that wicked be revealed, whom tho Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coining Kven him, whose coming is after the working ot Satan, with all power, and signs, and lying wanders. And with all deceivabicnren of unrighteousness in them that perish; I because lliev received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.'' Such iH the nervous and emphatic manner iu which 1'aul terms the mystery of iniquity?the doctrine which led to the groat upostncy, which was then working, as instanced Yiy the corruption ef the clergy, &e. Dy tho iniquity, l'aul meant the Church of Koine, and the term wicked applied to the papists. The remainder of > the text predict* its overthrow. So that tho text do pieta the rise and full of 1'opery. One after unothor tlilH church ]>ut out the light* of religion, till at last the son of Bethlehem set at Rome. A* Popery rose gradually, fo gradually it will lose its power. It is an old tree that ha* overshadowed the earth, and whoBO root* have stretched down to hell. It will, therefore, lake some time to die?but the Lord will consume it? it must die. What is popery? Ah to its polity it is glaringly antl-scriptural and unholy. Ah to the eiternal organization of the Church according to scrlpture, it has been settled long ago. l'opery ia despotic and pompous, and whence came it so ? Ah it increased in wealth it grew corrupt. It became allied to the State. As Home was the metropolis, her bishops became influential ; the State sought its aid, and the Church sought its Interest. It imitated the State in every particular, and the consequence was, that it wan converted into a kingdom of this world. The Roman Empire lias passed away, but in that ecclesiastical organization called Popery, we see the lineaments of the system bv which the Czars ruled tho world. The same fate awaits the Church. The Pope has fled ; the successor of the voluptuous Leo Is begging for Peter-pence ?thesuccessor of Gregory is calling for aid on the Catholic countries of Europe. It in equally inconsistent with scripture in its doctrines. The doctrine of Popery is just as opposed to Christianity as truth is to falsehood. The speaker here reviewed and denounced all the doctrines of the Romish Church, especially those on the subjects of the atonement?mediation?baptism? tho confessional, and tho mass, and said : ? Popery teaches that although th? Bible is inspired, that it cannot be understood by man, without the aid of the Church. It claims that its system supports the Bible, but it claims the right of revising and expounding it. Again, It altera aud changes the Bible, and even after doing all it could to I'apalirffe the Bible, it will not allow Its votaries to read it. It has not left a doctrine of Christianity in its prfehitlve purity : there is DQt a truth in the system which it has not clouded. Sucn is Popery ?a mere caricature of Christianity iu doctrine, and a despot in polity. It sits in the temple of God, claiming to exercise the power of God. Standing upon infallibility, it cares neither for God nor man. Like tyrant kings, she can do no wrong; its spiritual tariff, its taxes on the bread of life, its levies, aud its tyrannies, are not to bu borne. The Lord will consume Hwith the breath of his mouth. Now, how to exterminate Popery.' Its peculiar doctrincN should be clearly spread before the world. That is the moeteffuctual way of destroying it. Of its real doctiiues. the Protestant world is very ignorant, aud the Catholics are moro fo; and be would assert, that a plain and lucid explanation of its doctrines and polity, would be the best way to exterminate Popery. Let the mind understand them, aud it will reject them; hold up its damnable delusions as they really exist aud the end will be reached. In holding them up the pulpit and the press should unite. The pulpit has not labored in this cause for some years punt as it ought to have done. Our Protestant forefathers called Popery a gangrene. Are we to be silent about Popery wiien we warn mankind against infidelity and atheism, which it resembles ' The press, too, should speak out with its ten thousand tongues to put down the pernicious influence of Popery, which, as history shows, is nothiug but a system of pulitics, artfully contrived to control, not only men's minds, but the State itself. Who eau believe that putting salt iu a child's mouth, or applying priests' spittle to its ears, will drive out the devil? Gur Hytrin.. ll,.? Iu thul If um -I.I, ,l,,u ? |i?n.,r. we must educate the people. The Bible, the prayer book, and spelling book vill do the business.? We must scatter lar and wide the doctrines of the Reformation; for wherever those doctrines have been spread. I'opery has declined?or, at least, bus not advanced. '1 he right of every man to read the Bible should be vindicated. Those means are to be used civilly, morally and religiously, in order to destroy I'opery. lu order to show the necessity of the worn let us ask, what has made 1 ranee, Austria, Italy, Spain. Ireland, Mexico, and South America, what those countries are f Nothing but I'opery, which keeps the people in ignorance, so that it may the belter control their niiuus. And if it ever get the ascendancy here, then the knell of our liberties will be rung hut it is painful to define such a system at length. How it is that such a system could live at all in th? present age,is a wonder. Ou and see Its votaries doing penance on their knees; to set the decrcpld going around the holy wells; go to the confessional, and see its victims kneeling to the wicked priests; go to mass, (and a greater liia-s of absurdity was never know n) and see the deluded victims of popery making the sign of the cross, and wetting themselves wit.i what Is termed holy w ater. (Jo to Mexico, and see the priests atleuding thucoek lights- and yet these are th damnable delusions which one hundred and twenty mill.onsof people believe to be the religion of our Saviour Again, what difference is there between I'opery an Paganism.' None at ull; and why should we try to re form one and not the other.' II prance, and Italy, and Austria aud Spain, were only Christian nations, what a tide of salvation would be let loose in Kurope ' Such ate some of the motives we have for destroying I'opery. Iti conclusion, as to the means to be used. Unless love goes hand in hand with zeal, the work cannot be accomplished; the system and the priests should be indignantly denounced, but the prejudices of its victims sboul 1 lie regarded; we should deal gently with the latter, but no consideration should be showed to the other In conclusion, be said, it was a settled principle lliul I'opery n.ust become extinct, for its overthrow is predicted. It umrt die; and if it tail not by the weight of its own corruption, the Lord will Consume it. There was a lime when I'opery was young?when it exercised a powerful influence- when the Pope's smile was life, and ids frown dialli; but Is it so now, when her chief iinposter is a refugee at <iaela, prayiug Catholic countries lo restore him. aud when gunpowder is being sent for his relief, to aid him in potting down the spirit of freedom in Italy ' lias its power, then, not waned ! Its - upiTslition has reuchvd the age of dotage, lu the last pisce, he mid. that tins country has uothing to fear lrom I opi ry. Kurope. it may b<- said, is pouring on us her thousands of rapists; hut for every c irgo of them, find sln uld be thanked. for he has raised up this country as tin-or < xotlus. The work must be carried. The Bible is with ibe enemies of I'opery; tbe spirit of tho age is with tbein, Uod Is with them. .'.tli r the sermon was concluded, a collection for putting down Popery, wa i made. The FT rut. National Council of the Catholic Ulturtli In the United tttatra. i I-rum the Baltimore Sun.) The first National Council of the atholie Church in the United Stales, was convened yesterday. (Sunday) the tilh of May, in the Metropolitan Church, of Baltimore. Preliminary meetings of the prelates have been held in the Arcliii pin-opal mansion during the pa-t week, at which thu officer* of tho council were chosen by the Most llluetiions amlMoct Reverend Archbishop of Baltimore, as fellows:-l<t Itcv. Michael rortier, Rt Rev. John J. ( banche, i nu?t? r *. llcv Kdward Liamphoux,!). D.. Kev Kranci* t/hmnmc, Secretaries. Iter l.i wis wllh-t, Rev Win. 1). Parsons, ( haulers (in Bnndny, about 11 o'clock, tho prelates, lu grand j proevesloti, each cue wearing full pontificals, loll the { LD. TWO CENTS. Archiopiscopal mansion, and passed directly into the Metropolitan ( hureb by the entrance in the rear of the altar The procession was as is usual headed by the magnificent gilt crucifix, then followed the Ktolytet, bearing lighted candles, the master of ceremonies and liis assistant, the chanters, the theologians, (one to each bishop either brought by hint fiomhln diocese or selected by him from among the priests resident elsewhere) then followed the Kight Reverend Bishops, then the Most Kevereud Archbishop of St. Louis, Peter Itiehard Kcnriek and lastly, the Most Kevereud Archbishop of Baltimore. Samuel Eeciestou. The reverend bishops take precedence accordiug to priority of consecration. '1 he prelates present were, 1 archbishops and -4 bishops. viz:? 1. The most illustrious and most reverend Archbishop ot Baltimore. Samuel Ecoleaton, consecrated September 14, 181)4 '2. The nuat reverend and most Illustrious Archbishop of St Louis, Peter 11. Kenriok, consecrated November 1)0, 1841. 1. The Kt. Rev. llishop Martin J. Spalding, eoadjutor of the Bishop of Louisville, consecrated September 10. 1848. ?. The lit Itcv Bishop of Philadelphia, Francis Patrick Kendrick. consecrulcd June 0.18110. 0. The lit. Itev Bishop of New Vork, John Hughes, conseerated January 7. 181)8 4. The lit !lev. Bishop of Boston, John Kitcpatrick, consecrati'il March 'J4. 1844. 5. Tltu Kt. llev Bishop of Charleston, Ignatius Reyolds. consecrated March 10. I?|4 ?. The Kt. Rev llishop ot Klehmond, Richard V. WQCiN, .>inrcn <i\, im-h 7. The Rt. Kev Bishop of Cincinnati, John B. Pur ell, consecrated Oct 13, 1833. 8. Tho Rt. Rev. Bishop of Mobile, Michael Porter, consecrated Nov 5, 1828. 0. Tno Rt. Rev. Peter P. Lefevre, coadjutor and administrator of the Diocese of Detroit, consecrated Nov 21, 1841. 10. The Rt. Rev Bishop of Dubuque, Matthias Lorafl, consecrated July 28, 1827. 11. Tho Rt. Rev. Bishop of New Orleans, Antony Blanc, consecrated Nov 22, 18.)5. 12. The Rt. Rev Bishop of Nashville, Richard P Miles, consecrated Sept. 18, 1828 13. The Rt. Rev. Bishop of Natchez, John J. C'bancbe, consecrated March 14, 1841. 14. The Rt Rev Bishop of Galveston, John M. Odin, consecrated March 0,1842. 16. 'Ihe Rt. Rev. Bishop of Pittsburg, Michael O'Conner, consecrated August IS. 1813. 16. The Hi Kev. Bishop of Little Rock, Andrew By rns. March 10,1844. 17. The Rt Rev. Bishop of llnrtford, William Tyler, consecrated March 17,1844. 18. The Rt. Rev. Dishop of Milwaukle, John P. Ilennl, consecrated March 10, 1844. 18. The Rt. Kev. Bishop of Albany, John McClaskey, consecrated March 10, 1844. 20. The ltt. Kev. Bishop of Cleveland, Amedeus Rappc. consecrated October 10. 1847. 21. The ltt. Rev. Bisiiop of Uuil'ale, JohnTimon, consecrated October 17, 1847. 22. Rt. Rev. James Al. Maurice Do St. Paluls, Bishop of Vincennes. 23. Rt. Rev. James Van Do Velde, Bishop of Chicago. The following Prelates were absent:? Tho Most illustrious and .Most Kov. Archbishop of Oregon (,'iry. Francis N. Blanchet. consecrated 1845." T he Rt Rev. Bishop of WaPa tVulla, Oregon, Maglorie Blanchet, consecrated Sept. 27. 1846 The Rt. Rev. Bishop of Louisville, Benedict J. Klaget, consecrated Nov. 4. 1810. The Oregon Territory is divided into 8 dioceses, forming an Ecclesiastical Province?of which Oregon elty is the Metropolitan See?three of their diocessce, via., Vancouver's island. Princess Charlotte, and New Caledonia. are not within the territory of tho United Stales. After all the Prelates had taken their places, the Council was opened in a solemn manner, by the Archbishop of Baltimore, who addressed these words to the Bishops?" lteverendlsslmi Patres, venerabiles Fratres, placetuc robis ad Dei Ulorlam et honorem. et ad Catholics Kcclwite amplificatlorem. concilium Bulumureuse legitime convocatum. et hie congrcgatum liodierns die, I apereri et inehoari?" [ ' Most Reverend Fathers, and Venerable Brothers, is It pleasing to you for the glory aud honor of God and tor the amplification of the Catholic church, that the Council of Baltimore lawfully convened, and here assembled this day, shall be opened?] To this question each one replied?" Placet aperiator " I ("It pleases me. let it be opened.'') Then the piost illustrious Arehbishop of Baltimore, in his own name, I and in that of his co-bishops, looking towards the people, said, " Chritti nomine incocato, deceminut mvctan | Synodum Rationale Baltivioreutem ene apertam at ita judicamui." (" In the name of Christ, we direct tnat I this holy National Synod shall be opened, and thus we j order.") The most reverend Archbishop then ordered the names of the officers of the council to be read aloud by the Secretary, after which he addressed the bishops ? "Placet ne vobis, venerabiles Fratres, boscl In ConcHU officiates eliquedos?" ("is it pleaslug to you, venerable brothers, that those persons shall be chosen officers of the council."'] to which each bishop answered? "Placet." or "it pleases me." The Secretary then read aloud the resolution declaring the election of the officers, which being done, the Right Reverend Promoter thus addressed the most reverend Archbishop "lUustrisslme ac Kevend'sslme Domino, Peto, ut leqautur dccreter Coucilil Trldentini do Profeeiimc Udet et dn Kesldentia." fMoet illustrious and most revered Master, I ask tnat the decrees of the Council ot Trent, touching the profession of failli and residence,may be read.''] To this each bishop replied: " Placet leqautur" ["it ple.ises me; let it bo read." The Archdeacon then read aloud the dvcreesof the Council of Trent, treating of the profession of lalth and residence of Bishops, to which each of the Right Rev. Prelates gives his consent. liraud lligh mass was then executed, with a solemnity of manner which held chained the vast assemblage, in the most unfeigned devotion. Tke " te deuin," the ' gloria in excelcis." fcc.. were suug with an excellence rarely, if ever equalled in this country. At the conclusion of the. mass, the most Reverend Archbishop of St. Louis. Teter It. Kendrick. entered the pulpit, aud taking his text lroin the 18th Psalm, delivered a forcible and lucid discourse on the relation existing between Christ and his spouse, the Church; examining, with the clearness of a master in speculative theology, the ubiding Influence and necessary connection of the attributes of the one, with the functions and doctrines of the other. The style of the sermon of the most Reverend Archbishop was simple and lucid, and, therefore, necessarily forcible snd compact. Vt'hcu the rcverened gentleman had concluded |his discourse, the episcopal bodv proceeded to sing a series of other rerruiouics. cliiiuntiug the miserere aod litany, ui'iJ terminating with the solemn benediction by the most Kev. Archbishop Kcclcston, after which the procession moved froui the < athedral, passing out by the rential aide to Cathedral street. and thenco by ,Mulherry street to Charles. to the residence of Archbishop P.cclestwn. in the order iu which they entered. Among the many eminent prelates and dootors present, we observed, as familiar to us. the Kev. the Provincial of the Society of Jesuits, of the Province of Maryland; the Kev. Dr. Ryder, President of Georgetown College; the Kev. J. 1'. Douelan. Kev. Jas Bloxy. &c. The scene presented ut the cathedral was of the most imposing character At an early hour, not withstanding the inclement character of the day. the immense building was crowded to overflow, with tbo-e who bad assembled to participate in the devotions of the day, or that lurger number attracted by curiosity to wituess them P.very avenue ot aecess?streets, yards, doorways and aisles?was thronged by the living mass, pressing and eager to obtain a view of the proceedings It is possible that there were reasons a ide from and in addition to the bure occasion itself which tended to heighten the interest of the Catholic community in the Ceremonies attending the assembling of this council. Its novelty, as the lirst national as well as the most imposing assembly of prelstes and clergy ever conv nod by their denomination in this country, coupled with the pt culiar position of affairs in which tne great head of t atholic Christendom is at present placed -and the rare congregation of ecclesiastical wisdom and rOpntalion likely to be present, all helped to elicit the profound iuterctg which yesterday manifested itself. On Thursday next, the next public session will be held in the Metropolitan Church, and on Sunday next the third and last public session will pe held. All the meetings for the transaction of business are private, and are usually held in the Archleplscopal Mansion. and the language of the Prelates is the imtln. One ot the principal objects of tills Council is to determine the boundaries of thu new .Metropolitan See of St. Louis Arrival ok Traders.?Mr. Samuel Truaedale* arrived on Friday night, on the (Reamer Tamerlane, bringing with him the remains of Major Samuel llackcllou. of the Illinois rogiiueut. formerly Spoaker of the House of Representatives in Illinois. Air I'russdaie left Santa Ke on the 18th of March. In company with 40 Mexicans, with a train of lo or wagons. In the town ul San Miguel, where tliey passed a night, the party was robbed by .wexicaiis of a great many articles of smsll value a- fuus. blankets, Ac. Among other articles stolen was ? velvet pall which covered the cofflu containing the remains of Major Hackelton. Complaints weie lodged With the authorities of the town and also with 'br Prk"1- wbom tho' fouad bu8,l> engaged at a roonle table, but to uo purpose. tin reaching the Arkansas river the party encountered large encampments of the ( ayugas and Arapalioeg The Indians stated that they had taken their position there in order to collect toll from the traders and emigrants who should pa?s over their territory. 'I hey said, moreover, that tliey expected a reinforcement daily from the Cnmauches. They were quits friendly and received the little presume of tobaoeo, Ac , wlih much thanks. '1 lie company met parties of Indians along the whole route, whose manifestations were all however of the most triendly character. They met the mail on Its nay to Santa ke at Council Grove This mail will bo the first that will have reached Santa Ke for months '1 he company arrived at Independence in thirty days, 'i hu grass ou the plains. Mr. T. slates, was very good. Owing to the failure of the mails the news of the California excitement in Ma States had not reached Santa pe everything with the exception of the marriage of several American- to Mexicandnanut, wasquiet 'I'nere wus but a moderate activity in bo mess andgixxis wore selling at low prices.? St Lotm HivtiUr. Jfpril il#Hundreds cl emigrant - are passing on to the far VVest every day ( ays the Albany Journal, of Saturday). 'I hey appear to be. generally, forehanded por several days past, we have observed an unusual number of Scotch and Cngltsh, well elad and healthy lookiug.