Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1849 Page 2
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ORGANIZATION OF TIIE NEW C0NHON COUNCIL. Message of the Mayor, 4m-. 4m-. 4m-. The members of the old Hoard of Aldermen were called together in tlieir chamber at ten minutes before 3-J o'clock. Alderman Crolius in the eliair. The proceedings of the last meeting were read and approved, alter which the Board retired. At live minutes before twelve O'clock, Mr. Woodhull entered the chamber, accompanied by Mayor lluvemeyer. who took the chair and read the official return, announcing the election of Caleb S. Woodhull to the Mayoralty of the city of New York. Mr. Woodhull theu stepped forward, when the oath of oflUe was administered. lie was next introduced to the members of tin- Common Council as the .Mayor of New York, and took his scat beside Mr. llave leyer. a few minutes past twelve o'clock, the members elect Of the Board of Aldermen arrived, and took their places in a standing position within the circle, and opposite to their respective scats The venerable Jacob Hayes. Sergeant-at-Arms of tin- Board, stood immediately before the chair, with the Bible in his hand, nnd upon the call of the ? lerk. the oath of office was administered by his Honor the Mayor. The following are the names of the Aldermen and their nlucrs of residence :? Wards, frames Residences. 1. Joseph Jamison 7 Greenwich street 2. James Kelly 79 Bookman street. ii. James K. Wood -89 Washington street i 4. 1). Mullins. (contested,)13 Cherry street. 5 Alexander II. Shultz...29 Harrison street. ?i. ratrick Kelly Cor. Mott and liuyard st. 7. Morgan Morgans 125 Madison street. 8. Jonathan W. Allen. . . .1:30 Thompson street. 9. Silas t . Herring ill Grove strret. 10. Robert T. Haws 95 Allen street. 11 A. F' Hatfield. (contest.)277 Third street. 12. George K. Clark Fiftieth *t., near F.ighth. 13. ( handler L. lugersoll. .2311 Delancy street. 14 James M. Bard 201 Hester street. 15. Joseph Britton Wooster street. 15. Charles Webb .210 West Fifteenth street. 17. George H. Franklin. . .52 First street. 18. Moses W. S. Jackson. ..850 Broadway. After the installation of the Aldermen. Mr. Sherman, the contestant of the Kleventh ward against thetaking of the seat by Mr. Hatfield, appeared before the Mayor and entered Lis protest. The Mayor told him kls own convictions were that Mr. Hatfield was elected, hut that would be for the consideration of the Board of Aldermen. On motion. Aid. Wkbb was elected ehairman. nro Irm. Aid. 11atii?:i i> rose and claimed his right to the seat, from the certificate of the County Clerk. Mr. Shkmman. from without, protested. The Mhole subject was laid on the table. On motion, the roll of the Board was then culled, seventeen members answering to their names. Aid. Wood inquired to know if Mr. lluttield would be allowed to vote f Aid. Wr.aa stated that Mr. Hatfield had been sworn into office, und would, of course, be entitled to his seat for the present, or until otherwise considered. On motion of Aid. Si hi ltz. Alii. Jami.s Kf.i.lv was elected President of the Board of Aldermen, the result of the poll being? Holly 14 Webb 1 Hatfield 1 Blank I Aid. Kki.lv was then announced President of the Board. On motion, Aldermen Herring and Bard conducted Aid. Kelly to the Chair, who returned thanks for the honor conferred upon him, to preside over this Board. He entered upon the duties with great embarrassment, and especially so, as lie was to fellow the eloquent Franklin. He was fully aware that It was more from a spirit of t>mn unv merit of his own. He would howev orondeavor to discharge the duties of the olftci* faithfully and impartially, and he had no doubt but he would have the co-operation of tho Board. Under the new constitution, the organization of the Departments would be necessary, previous to the first of June next, lie hoped the blessings of a benign Providence would superintend their deliberations. The rules of the late Board were then adopted for the time being. On motion. David Valentine was unanimously reelected Clerk of this Board. On motion, Jacob Hayes, was appointed Sorgeant-atArnis of the Board. On motion, Aid. Hawes and Barb were appointed a committee to wait upon his Honor the Mayor, and inform him that this Board was ready to proceed to business. On motion. Aid. Weiib and Wood were appointed a committee to wait on the Board of Assistant Aldermen, and inform that body that this Board was ready to proceed to business; who retired and in a few minutes re. turned, and reported that they had performed the duty assigned them. Assistant Aid. Merc er and Sanos appeared and stated that the Board of Assistent Aldermen were ready to proceed to business. The committee to the Mayor returned, and stated that the Mayor would communicntu with the Board in few minutes. Mr. Bi'Kdette, the messenger to the Mayor, then appeared with the message of his Honor, which, on motion, was read JUeiuage of the Itlnyor. With bccntiug gratitude for the confidence reposed n me by my fellow citizens, and with a profound sense f the responsibility cast upon ine. as tbe Chief Magisirate of this metropolis. I enter upon the duties which have been devolved upon me. distrustful of my ability 10 meet all the exigencies of so elevated a position, but. nevertheless, with a firm and settled purpose to employ, under tiie solemnity of my official oath, my best efforts in s faithful administration of the duties of the ofHce. Tbe tinnuces of the city will first demand our attention; the general condition of which will appear, by tbe following statements, brought up to the first lust. The permanent city debt redeemable from tho Sinking f und. May 1. 184!'. was a* follows :? Five per cent? ity Stocks, of 1820 and 1829. redeemable in I860 $260,000 Five per cent $ ire Loan Stocks, redeemable in 1851 500.000 Five'per cent Publie Building Stocks, redeemable in 1860 615.000 Five per cent lire Indemnity Stocks. t redeemable in 1S68 375.088 $1,640,088 Water debt in various stocks, aggregate.. . . 13,006,695 $14,640,783 Lett Amount of Stocks and Bonds held by the Commission' rs of t hi- Sinking Fund. for the redemption oftheeity debt $2,981,001 00 Balance in the Treasury, to Cr. of Water Fuud 27.563 31 Balance in Bank, to Cr. ot I onunissiouers' Fund.. . . 3k,866 48 3.047.420 79 Nett amount of city debt, to be redeemed by the Sinking Fund $11,599,362 21 Beside* the assets ubove mentioned, the Commissioners hold real estate, and bonds and mortgages belonging to the "Fire Loan Account." and also bonds and mortgages taken for sales of real estate, amounting in all to $458,109 32. which are to be applied in redemption of the City Debt. Amount of appropriations on account city government, for the current year $2,165,989 Oi which there waa expended and paid out. between Jan. 1st and the 1st inst 794,705 25 Le&v ing for expenditures during the remainder of the year, and to meet existing liabilitie 76 By an act of the Legislature, which goes into effect on the 8th May. instant, the Alms House Department, including the Alms House Proper, and the support and relief of the poor, the County l.unatie Asylum, and the nurseries for poor and destitute ehildreu. the penitentiary. the city prison and bridewell, and the other prisons and houses of detention in the city, with the hospitals connected therewith, except the sheriff's jail in Kldridge street and the House of Refuge, are placed under the exclusive control and management of a I board of governors, styled " the Governors of the Alms House,"' and is no longer subject to the- government of the Common Council; except that It is made their duty by the 7th section of that act. by committees to be appointed by them for that purpose, to visit and inspect the said department, ami alt of said institutions, at least twice in each year, and they have power confemd upon tbein by this section of the act to impeach before the Supreme < ourt. any of the said Board of Governors, or nnj Hirer connected with any of the institution- and the court may remove them for due ause shown Sueli miii of money as shall be required tor tin- pnrpn . <,f i)?. M,,j Governors, is directed by tin siil :,ct to 1,, annually raised and collected by tux hj tin Board of Supervisors of the < ounty The egpen-o? < >1 tlii- part incut, therefore, as also, 'hose of the I> oi '! t Fdiica'ion and Free Academy, together with 'he amo in' repaired for the payment of the State tax. redemptt. ? t tin- Moating Debt and Water Loan interest, are not under tin c ntrol of the Common Council and they are of , arse relieved from the responsibility of such cxpciidltutcIn relation to ell eity expenditures (including, likewise, the appropriations which tome within tin-jurisdiction uf tl.e l orainon < nunril) tin recent amendment-to the charter have made soil and 1 thing very wise provision*, to which I desire to rail your speciul attention The seventh section provides that "No money shall he drawn from the city treasupy except tile -nine shall have been pri viously appropriated t" tl.r purpose lor which it is drawn; and all appropriations shull b< based upon specific and detailed Hat -mi nl in writing, of the several heads of the departments. through the i omptrollor. By tin- pith , ciion. it i.- further provided that ''no e-.pi ii-1 shall In- incurred by any of the departments, ? (fieri tlierei f whether the object of expenditure still lilt' e bet II ordered by I In- < o|illUOH I ouilci I or not, lit.'. an r| propriatioii -hall have been previously xi" " concerning *ueh expense."' 'I In-e are ri ..sided a- the chief safeguard* of the city against trawignnt and Improvident expend!tui i?, Loth a to the 1> gt-latlve and executive bninehes i'flt?gnvi rnrrn et. And I trust you will not only excrc .o llie utmo*t vigilante in guarding against their infringement or - \ ii n. hut Hint you will also lend your aid in causing them. ut. all tiunin all cases, and by all persons, whose duty It i, to observe them to ho ' strictly and srriipulomly complied with By a iccent act of the Legislature, entitled " tn art to create tlie t roton Auueduet Department." in tie city of New \ oi k the first i ciion ot the act Tor tile appolntment of Water Commissioners t>y the (in rn r and Senate, for the i ity of New > m k pas-i-d May 2d. 1834. is repealed, and all the remaining power- and duties of the commissioners are transferred to tin tin Aqueduct Department, as constituted by the act tir.-1 bore mentioned. We are thus reminded that a period of fifteen y. nr lias (lapsed Stnre tile passage of the act authorising the first appointdh iiI of commissioners for tin- e instruction of the Croton Aqueduct, and Hint ties great work, the boldest enterprise of the kind in tlii or any rtliei age. Is. with the exception of t lie railing i n to i igli t ridge, completed In view of thi>, it would seem proper to remark Ini lit. stupendous aciiitvon.'at, iticaillitd ag .. i .,n I the health. comfort, convenience, end it may be ndded j the pride and glory of the city, will in all coming time | demand from it* constituted authorities. tho moat vigilant attention. The line ot worli traversing a bold and irregular country, in part along precipitous aide hill ground*?tunnelling through hills. and sometime* elevated front ten to eighty feet above the natural surface. passing (dream*, which How at time* with torrent power down their rugged channels, must ever require a watchful and experienced surpervi-inn to maintain in proper condition the general line of the work, mi I the important structure* in hydraulic architecture, which constitute tills great improvement The consequence I ( fatty material failure liy which the supply of water to I the city would be cutoff, even for a short time, will i impress every one witli the calamitous nature of such an event. Thus far the work has proved competent to I furnish un uninterrupted supply from iu first intra| duetion in July, 184'J, and there is no rcusou to doubt lliut the same vigilant and competent management will perpctuute tor ages to come this rich blessing to the city. It is believed that no heavy expenditures will in future be required for its maintenance, but generally such only its may bo necessary ior its couipctoul and fait lilul supervision front statements furnished to me, 1 learn that the reciiptsof the depnrtinent from water rents for the yi ar ending May 1st. were?(tit. against fi-.'l.IhIS 10 for the year 1847. show ing an increase over the previous year of $113,417 99. The same, or nearly tho same rate of increase runs through tho post live your*, front which the anticipation may safely be indulged tluit the predictions concerning this great work will be abundantly verified and that the rents at no very distant period of time will be sufficient to meet the annual interest on thr entire debt. This constant annual increase of r< ccipts added to an economical and prudi lit expenditure, itas reduced the tax on the water from20 cents in 184- to 11 OU-lotl in 1840. and there is no rcusou to dot.lit that this tax will he .-till further re (lured. The Street Commissioner's Department, which involves such vast interests, demands attention at your hands, with a view of effecting such changes in the administration of its affairs us shall be deemed proper and necessary. 11)' existing ordinances, the duty of making up assessments devolves upon thu Street Commissioner, in conjunction with his assistant and the first rlcrk, and lias grown into one of no inconsiderable magnitude. I am informed that, at no period witluu Die past two years, lias the first clerk, (upon whom the calculations are mainly imposed ) been able to keep up with the return of work to the office. I would, therefore. suggest, for the consideration of your honorable body, tlie propriety of transferring this duty to a per' matient board of assessors, to be borcufter organized and whose compensation therefor shall be included in the expenses of the assessments; all of which being on trust account, the expenses should he borne by the persons or property for whoso benefit the duty is performed. The copying of the assessment lists, after confirmation. now entrusted to the second clerk, should also lie imposed on the Bi ard of Assessors. By this arrangement, 1 am confident tliHt this work would be as well, if not better done, than at present, and the department ' would tie enabled to dispense with the services of the j first clerk, while the second clerk would devote more of ! tits time to other important duties in the office. Assessment sales and the preparation fur them, (the details of which require great experience ami a careful examination of the proceedings, in order | to insure full notice and entire fairness to owners of property, as well as security to purchasers at such sales, might perhaps also be referred with advantage to this Board. The act in relation to the Croton Aqueduct Department will relieve the Street Commissioner from an onerous duty now imposed upon him, in the construction, repairing, end cleaning of sewers; these being, by the Jtli section of the act. transferred to the Croton Aqueduct Department. The remaining duties of the Street Commissioner, in relation to wharves uud piers, lands and places, street regulating and paving, the redemption of property sold for assessments, with various other matters, will however still continue to render this department one of lcuding importance in the administration of the city government. I have been favorably impressed with thu superiority of the recent pavement in Broadway in the vicinity of the Park, over that of the cobble stone pavement in ordinary use. It presents a much cleaner, smoother, nud more durable surface, and promises greater exemption from constant derangement, and consequently less frequent interruption to tlie public travel. The annual expense lor repairs, as well as that for cleaning the surface, must be very considerably decreased. It is believed that it will also essentially diminish the wear of vehicles, produce less fatigue to horses, und add much to tlie comfort of passengers. It must also save from greater wear the lire engines und otiierappnratus, whose cost constitutes no Ineousideruble item in the annual expenditures of the Fire Department. The time con mined in reaching the lire will of course be lessened, und the water sooner nnd more effectually applied for its extinguishment. There are other obvious advantages in this mode of pavement, to which it is uot necessary at present to advert. 1 deem the subject of sufficient interest to the public, to submit to your judgment, whether along the thronged thoroughfares of the city. this, or some other similar nu de of pavement, might not. if the public treasury will peiuiit. he advantageously extended. The Department of Lamps und lias is one of groat and growing importance, and froui the report made to me by the present superintendent. It would nppeur that his aim lias been to substitute, us rapidly as lias been possible, gas lamps instead of oil lumps throughout the lump district. Kroni the numerous petitions constantly presented to the I ommon Council for lighting streets with gas. the conclusion is irresistible that the inhabitants, from their experience in hotli modes of lighting streets, have shown a decided preference for gas light over that of oil. The course of the department, therefore, is in my judgment in accordance with the wishes of the citizens generally, and to long as tiie expense is confined to the amount appropriated, the change should be continued, and gas substituted tor oil wherever it can he effected. The number of gas lamps required to light all the streets below 42d street, now lighted witii oil. would involve only the additional expense of the gas posts and fixtures for them. The whole number of oil lamps at present in use is 6.720. and of gas lumps. 4.510. besides about four hundred which will be ready for use nbout the first of June. Another reason which seeuis to me to justify the speedy substitution of gas for oil. is the reduction i which it would effect in the annual expenses of the department, by dispensing with the services of a large number of lamplighters, wtiose duties are confined to lighting the oil lamps, as the contracts with the gas companies includes the lighting und cleaning the gas . lumps. The statistical report of the condition of the Poliec Department has been so recently presented by my pr.eI decessor, that I need not repeat it here, but would refer you tothat report for the necessary information to eni aide you to judge of its condition. Several amendments to the act organizing the department were pass! ed at the last session of the Legislature, which, howI ever, do not go into operation until June next, and I j am therefore unahlo at present to state how far they J may be beneficial to the interests or efficiency of the department. The Eire Department continues to receive, as it cmllicutly merits, the confidence of the authorises nnd of the community at large. Its condition, at present, for efflcieuoy, has never been excelled, and I am happy to add my tribute of merited praise fur the promptness, zenl and fidelity with which the members discharge their arduous and self-imposed duties. The present force consists of about l.tittO men ; there are three firstclass engines, six second-class, twenty-four small, nine hook und ladder trucks, eighteen four-wheeled car, riages. twenty-five two wheels, and fifty thousand feet I of note. The city Is now divided into three districts, the lower one containing the greatest amount of valuable property, covering comparatively a small space of j ground, while the limit of the other districts is bounded only by the extent of the island. This imposes upon the firemen In the upper,districts an unusual and oppressive amount of labor, and I think the interests of citizens residing in the upper part of the city would be consulted liy the formation of a new district, comprising all that part of the city north of JJd street, and the location at convenient distances of the necessary apparatus. I have received from the Superintendent of Streets tiie following statements of expenditures nnd receipts for the year ending lath May. 1X48: ? Expended for sweeping $55,798 82 carting manure 48,.')56 07 < arting ashes anil garbage, loading vessels, freighting, salaries of manure inspectors, clerks and ticket men. laborers' wages. and general contingent expenses 80,843 00 Total $18* 008 49 Receipts for the snle of manure 29.000 00 Not expenditure $1.15.008 40 There wore removed from the several wards during Hie above period: ? 203.250 Mads of at root manure 131 001 " rubbish isc. Kmm this statement, it is evident thnt this branch of public expenditure has been altogether ton large, ami ihat a very considerable reduction i? compatible, even with a mere thorough performance of the work Among the modes of retrenchment. I would partieularixe that of enjoining on the proper officers the necessity of requiring contractors for sewering, laying pipes, he., to clear up and remove the materials and rubbish remaining in the streets, immediately after the eompletion of their work. Thousands of loads an' sometimes left, until removed by the Superintendent of Streets at ii heavy expen e to ttic eity. The Superintendent estimate iliut the city pays more than $20Out! annually t"i thi- i n ire. which ought to he borne by contractors and individuals, I lie system of cleaning the streets by contract, lias signally lolled of fulfilling public expectation, and I a -nine that It i- no longer outItlcd to public favor. At Inst it . -medio promise Important advantages, both to to leonon.) jitnl efVndeticy; tint in its operation it tin- pi \ t .( entirely Inadequate to accomplish either of "I. " suits 'l he interests of the different pin n- to t In contract are loo much at variance to InM-re sat sta< lien t.. both 1. r wliib one party seeks to .Main cl.an tr..ts the other, according to past expc, rl. . ee. Mr he, ? lie r. intent on ohtai.il.,g clean profit ] he great lat itude ot <-.,.,st r.icti,,,, ?dmi--ihle |n struinent einbracing o wide a rnngc of duties together with the difficulty of making a full aeeurnt.-'snenlI. at ion of the vork re.|uli-ed In all it - numerous details will ever he a fruitful source ot di ugrnmi nt ami controversy between 1 he parties. Inderthe most guarded and skilfully drawn contllieU I lie remedy for alleged violation lias been found nltogel her too dilatory and uncertain; and the provision usually relied upon to insure their prompt fulttlii.cut uutM ruing the Corporation, in cue old, Mult f ii tin part of the contractor, to cau-,- the work to be done at hi-ex) ense. has been proved to he of little av ail. I y r< ns.m of I lie great delay in determining the precise state of facts anil the exact time when the .online! was violated, and by reason nlso of the lurtlu i delay and < inbart'es-ment on the part of tin- eorp rath n m making the necessary ] reparation for the p ifoinianee ,4 the w. rk. I would tl;eiefore, recommend an nhandoninent. as o> n a. pra. tlcabh of the . ontrnct svstf in. and the entin ting ,1 ti e entln business to the Superintendent o Stree t- mid, i the sup.rvislon of the proper department v! el: pi uhl be h.-lil ri -putisllile for its fiillliftil ' ot on 'I'n in i ri a higher degree nf el. silliness In If' "l|, I- ?1 eh Is a st i onnoiilj demanded by all t*< vvsitid al o uggf -i that ll?c sweep pre. inrtond of proceeding in gangs ?f tens or twenties, ' as has heretofore be en tint pructlee. should be scparated. and assigned tocertuin street* or parte of streets, to be swept by tin ui respectively i.ueh should l> required to clean and keep eleun the particular portion ol street assigned to him. and be uljiet, on complaint, to dismissal tor every mglict of duty In thin way. I think the public would be better served, and the expt no s of thin sirvire essentially reduced. It should also be r< quiri d that the work . ball be done in tho evening), and mornings. and not during the business hourx ot the day but while greater cure and vigilance are urged upon the i fllcerx of the r< rponitiou and those in their employ, it will be comparatively of little avail without the aid and co-operation ot Iho.-u who are more immediately interested. and whoso Interest aud duty it is t. assist in accomplishing aud securing the object to be attained. i therefore appeal din rtly and curnextiy to the pride of our citi/.i us, and especially to tliul of ull good hou-ekeepel's, not to suffer their domestics. immediately after the sweepers aud carts hnvo passed, to throw out inu ses ol tilth and garbage into the streets, there to remain an offence to tin niselves Hiul neighbors, filling the atmosphere with noxious exhalations highly prejudicial t- tho eomtort and health of the neighborhood; and if. while the Corporation agents uro required to pertorui their duty, the citizens can be persuaded to aid and co-operate with tin m in the manner and to tho extent thai seems just and reasonable, I feel confident that we may secure for ourselves clean streets, aud at the sauiu lime effectually abate an evil that has long been u reproach to our city, and also remove from among us, what may be tlie incipient or inducing cause of sickness and disease. i Mould limner suggest nun me immure mhiuiu nn put, iii nil coses, alter being taken up. directly into earn or l>< ats. mid not again deposited in tliu streets iu large uia.-ies. as is mid has been the pructioe lor many years, thus removing u ju.-t cause of complaint and abating u positive nuisance to tile residents of these localities. I Mould propose nlso, that the cars or boats designed to transport the manure, be provided uritli large boxes, in wliieh to receive it. und that sucli mechanical arrangements, as may be suitable for the purpose, be prepared at the place of deposit, to take it out, M-itli0111 the further use of carts or shovels?so thut there Mill be no additional expense for shovelling or eurtiug the same. Various other changes and reforms in detail may be introduced, which ought to insure greater cleanliness to the streets, and relieve the eity from more thun onehalf of the expenses formerly incurred, and at the same time essentially Increase the utility of this Department J am not aware that the Corporation have yet attempted to sell the manure iu the streets to be taken up and removed by the purchasers; yet I am persuaded that it should tie its settled policy to effect this object. , I have no doubt adequate arrangements for its collection and removal in this manner, at leust in the lower I wards, may be effected nt no distant period. 1 therelore eommetid the suggestion to your serious consideration. but owing to the present exigencies of the city, do not recommend it for immediate adoption. Improvements that would ornament the city, attract the visits of strangers, promote the comfort uud advance the interests ol eur citizens, and thereby con tribute to the growth and prosperity of the city, are, ut all times, worthy of your attention; but wheu they seem to be immediately demanded by the wants of the public, and can he carried into effect without any ultimate cost to the treasury, they deserve the earliest consideration. With this view, the re-building of Washington Market, which lias been repeatedly railed for by I lie public, us well us by those more immediately interested in its business, is a measure which, in adjudgment, is entitled to your favor. The present structure is iu a very dilapidated condition, and will require frequent and large expenditures to keep it in repair. Being also insufficient toaccoiniHodute those doiugbusiness there, the contiguous streets are occupied by venders, and the public thereby incommoded, i would, therefore, suggest flint, ou the site of the present market. n ncwuiid substantial building, of several stories in height, he erected, which will afford to vundurs more nmplc accommodations, and at the same time contain rooms for both public aud private use, that would yield to the city a profitable revenue, it is believed that a building thus constructed, so far from increasing, would tend to reduce the tuxes of the. city. in connection with this subject, I would nlso suggest Hint the wants of the raDidlv increasing DODiilation iu the upper part of the city, may require, at no distant day. the erection of a commodious market more immediately in their neighborhood, than any now existing. The opening of extenslyo railway communications with the surrounding country, will render such a market the more necessary as a depot for produce; while, as an improvement tending to invite the residence of persons within the city, it should receive amide encouragement. The grent number of emigrant boarding houses, and the condition in which many of them have been kept, are subjects worthy of careful consideration, with a view of promoting the public health, and placing the eity, in regard to its sanitary eonditton. in position to avert any threatened pestilence, by removiug those causes which at once tend to generate and nourish it. 1 would, therefore, earnestly recommend the adoption of such measures as wilt insure a rigorous examination of emigrant boarding houses, especially those most crowded with inmates, and a thorough cleansing of the yards, cellars, ccspools, and all offensive localities throughout the city. The experience of the past two seasons abundantly justifies the exercise of the utmost care in this regard, lor. by caution only can we securo exemption from those diseases which so recently threatened sueli desolation. Kvery precautionary measure which prudence, and a proper regard for the great interests entrusted to our charge, can suggest, should therefore be promptly adopted, and every facility afforded to those officers who are more immediately charged with the cleanliness of the city, and for the enforcing a faithful aud rigid observance of all the ordinances and regulations enacted for that purpose. Should the aid of the Police department become necessary, orders will be issued to the proper officers to render such assistance as may be required by the exigency of the case. In this connection. I deem it my duty to suggest for your consideration the expediency of providing, by ordinances. to take effect as early as may be practicable, consistent with existing rights and interests, for the establishment of aha/lairs, or sluughter houses, to be located 011 the margin of either river, and prohibiting the driviDg and slaughtering of cuttle within the crowded limits of the city. Suitable buildings may be erected on the banks of the two rivers, with every arrangement for cleauliness and convenience, together witli such mechanical aid as may be found necessary; so that offal, and all other offensive matter may he thrown into these rivers, aud carried away by the action of the tides, by an arrangement of tills kind, which, it is believed, would not only be attended with no detriment, but rather with great udvuutngc both to tlie convenience uud inter) sts of those now owning and using the slaughterhouses throughout the city, our citizens might be relieved from the danger and annoyance attendant on the driving of cuttle through the streets, and from the Offensive inconveniences resulting from their slaughter in the densely populnted localities of the city. When the number of oxen, sheep, calves, ami hogs annually slaughtered in tiiis city is taken into consideration, it will he generally conceded, that the further continuance of the present system must be attended with serious inconvenience, if not with actual detriment to the public health. The establishment of nhntton s in the suburbs of the city, would entirely abate an evil which lias long been a subject of complaint?contribute essentially to the health and comfort of the inhabitants, mid while it would, ns is confidently believed, pxove highly acceptable to that very respectable class of our citizens into whose bunds the correction of the evil would be committed, it would greatly enhance the value of property in tho. c localities where the slaughter houses are now located, and which, it is well know n, they have tended greatly to depreciate. The most prominent among the subjects to which I derm it my duty to invite your early consideration, is the action whirh may be necessary to conform the administration of the city government to the requirements of the amended charter, recently adopted tiy the Legislature, and sanctioned by the suffrages of a large majority of the people. The last section of that instrument provides that if it should be approved by a majority of tin- electors of the city, and become a law, it will go into effect on the first day of June next. It therefore becomes the duty of those who are to administer the government of the city, and especially of those w ho are required either to recommend or to enact suitable laws for its better administration, to turn their attention to the subject at the earliest moment? to inquire what action on their part Is necessary to ghc immediate and full effect to tiic fundamental law. and to legislateas promptly with reference to that ebji rt as due and careful examination and reflection will permit. This dutv becomes it,,, more apparent when we reflect tbat the charter is in its eery nature designed to embrace only an outline of th? new system of administering the affairs of the city. leaving the details to bo carefully digested by others, in harmony with its spl " I""-' HI.- . ..Ill TIM >11 Council tlie moot ample puwiT to till up those details in compliance with the direct rci|ulrcincnIk and prohibitions <it t lie tiiiulnniental law, in such nimmer aw in their wisd( in thi jr limy ilieinthe public interewt requires. In this respect the v hnrter bears the same relntiun to the city government aw does the constitution to that t>f the State. 'J hey both limit and define, within the sphere of their operation, the functions of the government. as well as the general powers and duties of those by whom it Is to be administered, and the mode of their election or appointment; bllt leave the details by which these gc. m ral requirements ate to he carried out, to be regulated by legislation. Without this, lioth would ly inoperative; and those for whose heneflt they were designed, would he deprived of the adiautages Ihey were intends d to secure. 'I he li ailing principle which distingul-hcs the nmrmli d charter trom those under which the atlairs of our city liavelncn In retofore administered, consists In the separation of the executive from the legislative functions of the government. The legislative power is vested, as fornit rly. in the ( nmmon l ouneil. while the executive power Is vested in the Mayor, the heads i t departments, and such executive officers as sliall in in m l ine to time mated hy law : to which is a elds d the (mphalic provision contained In the ninth section, that neither the Comiuoti t ouneil nor an> [ (.li,mil tee or tin mher tin reof shall perform any cxcculivc business whatever, except tieli as is or shall he p. (dally imposed on them hy the laws of t lie state, and exei pt that the Hoard of Aldermen may approve or roieet t he m mlnations made to l In m as provided In the iwintielh vectlon. This power of approval or rejectb i has referenee to the appointment. IIpoll the noiiiiiiiitii.n i,t tlie Mayer, of iliet l.amberlaiii of the city, tin (Met ( Hirers of the < roton Aqueduct Department and the Keeelver ot TsX'S and of the head Of a dc| ailment to till a vmatiey , to the appointment of the beads ( f I nil mix ami the clerks ot Departments, upon tin nominal Inn of the In ads of I (part imnts, and to ll'C app< intment of elerl, . of bureaux, upon the ituiiiiliation ot tiie hi mt? of the respective bureaux. With ll.esc exieptiins. thi new charter ix -tricts tlio Common I i uiicil to the performance ot legislative duties exclusively ; tbu* placing 1 li a t bodv in tlio smmv rei'vtlon to the govcrnmi nt oi the city which the I.egMa- I ti re oci uples to lhut of the Stale It t'irn goes on to en ate specially the various Departments and tlielr i subordinate bureaux a-Mgiilig to e.-,cli its gem-rst

duties nod kuving the dvtiulvi iugu. t'.tous ju . t to each and the creation of additional departments u i d buriuux. if deemed necessary, to be prescribed by tbe ( in.men Council. " lie atlvantages of a system like this, cannot, in my judgment, be to(> highly eatimnted. Instead of tlie irn spi.mibility which is inseparable from the course nowr adopt) d. id conducting the alfuirs of the city, partly by un uus of departments, and partly through executive i'i iiiBiilices of the C ommon Council, the various duties incident to its government will now be placed in the bund.- of responsible department!, accountable to tbe i orpi ialion for all their acts, and subject to the constant supervision of the Common Council?a supervisii ii v.liii h it cannot he doubted, when it is remembered it constitutes tIn ir chief duty, will be faithfully and v ijriluntly cxi rcised. 'J he doty of organizing the several departments of the city government in conlorniity with the new charter. will necessarily devolve upon you. Some of those departments must necessarily be organized iniuicdii.trly. inasmuch us provision is made fur the appointmint nl their eliiet officers by the Mayor, with the advice and consent of the Board of Aldermen; while I lie remaiud) r must bo organized, at the furthest, by I lit- next general election, inasmuch as their chief officers are to lii' tin 11 elected, and mud enter upon their duties on tli** first of January following. To prevent a conflict between these departments of the city government, which must be immediately orgauizi d. and those which must be organized before the November election it seems to me thai they should all be rgauixed and put in operation ut the same time, in conformity with the principles prescribed by the in w charter. I aiu aware that a doubt has been express* i il how far the Common Council is required by the charter to enter upon tbe immediate organization of these departments. This doubt is bused upon u strict construction of that portion of the charter which postpones tin* first election of the hcuds of the principal departments by tlie people, until the general election in November next, from this mode of construction, the argument is drawn that until those officers shall lie elected, the government of tile city must remain as li if, mere uciug "o |"'wi r cuuierrcu upon me 0,0111iii< ii Council to till tin- iii w departments, in tbt' meantime. should they be created. The practical result of this argument is, that tho benefits which are anticipated from the new order of tilings are to be withheld from the people for nearly, if not quite, a yeurj and that during the interval, a state of afTairs condemned in the most emphatic manner, by the public voice is to be allowed to coutiaue. If such a result should fairly (low from the requirements or restrictions of laws, much us we might deplore the necessity, we would be bound to yield it our obedience, but in uiy opinion it does not. Until the first of June next, the existing cliurler remains in force, and I refer especially to the charter of lsao. By tho 21st section of that instrument, it is provided tliut "tho executive business of tho Corporation of New York shall hereafter bo performed by distinct departments, which it shall be the duty of the Common Council to organize and appoint for that purpose." Under this provision, it is clear that it is not only the right hut tiie duty of the Common Council to orgunizo departments; to appoint their chief and subordinate otlieers; and to prescribe their accountability, and the manner in which their duties are to be performed. This power they may iindeniuhly exercise, until the first of June. If they should do so, in such a manner as that ull the departments of tliu city government arc rendered conformable to the now charter, it will he perceived. not only that the objection to the power orduty of the ( oiiimon Council in this respect is obviated, but that the people will ut once derive, by the voluntary action of the Common Council, all the benefits designed by the charter In this event, ulso, when the officers to be elected in November go into office. they will do so with the routine of their duties fully prescribed, and with the departments upon which they euter iu full, and. it is to he hoped, successful operation. On (he other lutud. should the action of the Common Council be postponed until after the first of June, and the departments be left until that time, as they now are, it is umuifest that great embarrassments must he the result. The powers of the executive committees of the Common Council will then have ceased, and the transfer of those powers to the existing departments will he a work of no easy accomplishment, for the reason that in many instances neither the officers nor tho bureau within whose appropriate sphere they might fall, will have a legal existeuae; and should the attempt then be mode to remedy the defect by creating those bureaux and appointing the proper officers to fill tbem, tiie question may well arise whether the power to do so Is possessed by the Common Council. By exercising the powers in this respect now vested iu the Common Council, so that the departments and bureaux can be ereated and filled bv tbem before the first of Juno, those difficulties will be readily removed, mid nil questions or criticism as to the powers or duties under tho now charter will bo set at rest. To accomplish this result within the time which remains before the new charter takes effect, is, 1 am well aware, a work of great labor, but it is one which 1 hare no doubt can be accomplished. it will require a careful revision of the ordinances now in force in reference to the existing departments, and their adaptation to the principles of the new charter, with the addition of ordinances defining the powers and duties of the new departments nnd bureaux as created by that act. To insure the efficient performance of this duty, it would be well to assign it to some suitable person familiar by experience with the machinery of our municipal government, and who will bring to the task a thorough conversance with the principles of the new charter as well ns of the existing charter of the city, and his exclusive devotion to the performance of the task which the shortness of the time allowed him will necessarily require. The necessnry ordinances can in this manner be reported to the Common Council, and passed by them during the present month, so that before the first of June all the departments und bureaux can be filled, and their duties performed in strict consonance with the amended charter. Deeply impressed with the practicability nnd wisdom of this course, I have no hesitation in recommendiag it , to your favorable censideration. The public voiee has, in a t?ne not to be mistaken or misunderstood, condemned the system now in operation, and substituted, in its stead, one based upon the separation of legislative nnd executive functions, nnd upon the strictest accountability of the administrative branch of our city , government. For one, I am uu willing, even if the duty of carrying this system into immediate practice be not expressly imposed, to withhold the effort, if the power to do so. be clearly shown to exist. Kntertniaiug no ; doubt that it does exist, I feel impelled by every consideration of what is due to the interests of our constituents, to urge upon yeu its prompt and efficient exercise. it is made the duly of the Mayor, by the provisions of the charter, among other things, to communicate to the Common Council, at least once in cuch year, and oftener if necessary, such measures connected with the , jiolice. security, health nnd cleanliness of the city, as lie shall deem expedient. Not being at present possessed of ns full information ns i hope shortly to obtain, of the laws nnd ordinances , relating to the city government nnd their practical bearing upon its interests, I shall avail myself of this provision to make such further communications hereafter to your honorable body as the condition of the city nnd its good government may seem to require. CALEB S. WOODHl'LL. After the reading of the message, the Board voted that the usual number of copies of the same be printed. ' On motion of Aid. Ingersoll. it was determined to meet on Monday evening next. 1 The following standing committees were then announced :? ^assessments.?Ingersoll, Jnniieson, Kelly. Ml and Sciences.?Allen, llawes, Webb. tfji/i/Mmi/or Office.?Ingersoll. Kelly. Bard. Ferries.?Wood, Schultz. Jackson. Finance.?Jnniieson. Britton, Wrebb. Fire Department.?Franklin..Jnniieson. Webb. I.ampsand Has.?Allen. Franklin, Mullins. i Laws and .applications to the Legislature.?Wood. | Schultx, Webb. Lands and Places.?Franklin. Britton. Bard. Crotnn .hpiedncl.?Allen. Schultx. Hatfield. Cleaning Strrets.? Britton, Morgans. Webb. Markets.?Morgans. Srliultz, Bard. urumniirts. ? uiiwr*, ni rrii)^. i\t*ujr. Police. Watch and Prisons.?Mown. Clark. Jaokpon. Public Offices and Repairs.?C lark. AHcn. Hattix!^ Roads and Canals.?Brittnn. ( lark. .Mullins. I Sheets.?Morgans, Allen. Jackson. i Salaries.?Herring, Hritton, MulliiiP. 11 harres. Piers, and Slips.?SchultSE, Wood, Bard i Joint Committee mi I'uhlic Uuildin/fs on HlnckweU's , Island. Uitndall's Island. Ism/; Island Farms, and Bellevur. Establishment -Sehultt, Ingerpotl, HitMd, Petition of Peter tl. Sherninn. for Ills neat hp Alderman of the Kleventh ward, and trom Areliihald Hall, for hip veat nn Alderman of the Fourth ward. Referred to Special ( onunitteep. the tirst to Aldermen Allen, 1 Wood and Webb; and the latter to Mordant*, Haws and ' T. Kelly. J Petition from Hiram Fuller, for a phare of the public 1 printing. Laid on the table. The Board after pome other bupineaa, of minor 1m- ' portnnee, adjourned. lionril of Aaalatniit Aldrrmtn?Organization of the New Hoard. J Tr?*D*r, May 8. 1840. The new Board of Assistants were, aecordlng to law. J and in due form, sworn Into ofllcc at a little past II ' o'clock to-day. At a quarter pnst 12. hip Honor.? nleb S. Woodhull, : the Mayor, came into the t haniber, epoortcd by the ' ( hief of Police, and a poppe ot officers. The .Mayor J took hip peal In the chair usually occupied by 'The ; Chairman of the Board. * j At the direction ot the Mayor, the Assistant Aldermen elect took their places. by turiip. ill front of the J I lcrk's desk, and assumed thcjfol low ing oath, as dictated by the Mayor :? ' I [name of the candidate] do sob iniily -wear tliat I will support (lie coiistl tuth ii o! the I nilod States. the " rotiptilution of the State of New Vork. and faithfully " discharge the iluth p of Assistant Alderman of the ] ward, according to the brat (>l myabilltiep, go help me ! Otd.? 1 lie oath of tfHci having been administered to the in ii. in i <t the tow Bi nut, the Mayor left Ho- chain- " bcr. and the ( Icrk proceeded to call th" roll, to which 17 ineiiihi r.? an.-wered We give the name- and residences of Ihe new A.- i-laul Aldermen : H ards. Fames, Residence. 1 F.diuund tiriffin. .14 tireenwich street. FilninJ Ah, 2h Ann. cor Nassuu street. 1!, Oscar II Sturtri aiit. . . APtor IIoupo. w 4 Jacob K. Oakley RDomrtntl ! .1 ll'u, nn Chapman 17 (ireenwlch street tl. l.brnizirlt Fetrls 6'J Chatham at reel. t 7 Join II. H'el.k. . -71 least Broadway. 5 k. Ftia Smth 77 Thoinppon ptrt et. ji !' Churlis Cram T-'it) Washington stri ct. 10. Dai id Nilhr 0.1 Allen street. 11. (C onterted.) a J'. Wnrrin Hind,/ ISHIli Pt . btw ..d arol 4tli n f> John Pear sal) 'JiO Helaney street li 14, Itonm ; A Sots Cor. Spring st. and Bowery. ? 16. Filuin D Martians ftt Front Ptrcet. ? 10. A.-alii I lieninan 23V Wept It'tli'street. it 17. limits ( hran.,', last 11 tli street. tj 18. Jonas F Caniklii Kit-Third avenue. p [Whigp in liallc- ; democratic in ronian ; free 'oil In w small enj ital.v ] '1 he ineniberp above named are for the most purl i Intulllgiut H t i".pi ci.ibi" looking gentleman r? 11. J pt>. I Ii I t" liu.-iiu - wilh great d'-eoriun. hut . i. ><uio ?n-l t. to pu' h; tin .tr.sca pltbahty 14 ui in 1 lie fact, that nencofthum were ever before in a legislative body, and want u little practice before they can become expert in the mechanical part of their duties. On motion. Mr. Dctnuan. of the 16th wurj. was appointed President yro hm . for the purpose of conducting tlie business of more perfect organization. It a us moved that tliia Hoard now go iuto un election for a peiiiianent cbuirtnaii. Carried. Kdwiu 0. Morgans, of the lath ward, was the only nominee. Messrs. Griffin and Sands were appointed teller*; mid ('It counting the ballots, announced that the vote stood :?For Kdwiu IJ. Morgans. 14; for , 1. Assistant Alderman Morgans was therefore formally announced as President of the Board of Assistants for the i nsuing term. Messrs. Conklin and Crane were appointed a committee to escort the President to his chnir. They porf< nned this duty in u handsome manner. The President in his place returned thanks for the honor conferred upon hlur, in the following address :? (ji nti ran ok the Board ok A8sista'.t Aem rmk.n : ? Before entering upon the performance of duties for which we have this day taken the until of office. i desire to present to you my grateful acknowledgments for the distinguished honor conferred on me in the vote which has just been uiinouueed. whereby you have assigned to uie tile presidency of this Board, the duties ol which I shall endeavor to perform faithfully, impartially. and to the best of uiy ability. At tile same time, it is praper to say, that they are duties witii which 1 am not familiar, and I might well hesitate in accepting the same, did I not believe I should receive much indulgence at ycur hands. Yes. gentlemen, 1 shall rely with confidence upon the same partiality which summoned ine to the occupancy of this chair, to overlook the errors front which i by no means elaiut to be exempt. No Common Council, gentlemen, has ever bofore been elected for as short a tenn, and seldom, if ever, has there devolved upon any greater responsibilities. In addition tothe ordinary aud extraordinary ri i|Uin mi nts of this commercial city, rapidly increasing in population, in wealth, and in all the elements of greatness. lunula ring near littlf a million ot souls. and rc'iuiring an annual disbursement of little less than I lin e in 11 lions of dollar*, all ucoiliug your care and closest scrutiny. there are new and responsible duties growing out of the late amendments to the charter, which this Common Council may not avoid. Our citizens had so Ion;; and urgently demanded a change In the laws governing the city. that, when made and submitted to them, as it has recently been, less than eighteen hundred of the electors saw fit to record their votes against it. So elear a manifestation ot the public will is not to tie mistaken or disregarded; nor any the less so our duties under it. tientlemcn?This brunch of the Common Council may be said, ina pre-eminent degree, tobe fresh from the people?every member composing it having, for the first time, the honor of a seat in either board, and, as far as I know, of holding any offlse within the gilt of the city. With some, this may be deemed a misfortune; with others, the reverse. However this uiuy be, is it not tobe supposed that, to a great degree, you reflect the sentiments and understand the wishes of our citizens? And are you not ready, as far as in your power, during your brief career, to embody and carry them into effect.' 1 anticipate your response. Ves, gentlemen, a faillifill discharge of our duties, uuder whatever circumstances, ut all times and on all occasions?one that our own consciences will approve, even though we may fail fully to sutisfy all, whose good opinions we value, is the paramount obligation incumbent upon us. and which I believe we have brought with us here a determination to perform. Thanking you for this indulgence, 1 am ready to proceed to the further organization of this Board. Moved, that Richard Scott be und is hereby appointed clerk of this Board for the ensuing term. The motion was carried, and the president announced Mr. Seott as clerk of the Board. A committee from the Board of Aldermen here came into the room, and announced tiiat tlie Board of Aldermen had organized and were ready to proceed to business. Moved, tliat Mr. John J. Doane be and is hereby appointed assistant clerk to this Board?curried ; und Mr. Donne announced assistant clerk. A committee of two, consisting of Messrs. Mercer and Sands, was appointed to wait upon the Board of Aldermen. und inform them that this Board was organized aud ready to proceed to business. The committee retired to perform their duty. Messrs. Dean and Oakley were appointed a committee to wait upon the Mayor, nnd inform him of tlie organization of this Bonrd and of its readiness to rereive from him any communication whjph he might have to make. This committee soon returned, and reported that they hud performed the duty assigned to them, and that the Mayor would shortly send in a communication. The rules of the last Board of Assistant Aldermen were adopted, for the government of the present Board. The Mayor sent in Ills inaugural message, and the lerk proceeded to a reading of the document. Hu had read but a few lines, wbeu a motion was made to dispense with the farther reading for the present, and that the message be entered on the minutes and priuted The motion was adopted. Mr Dean, of the 17th ward, moved that a committee of five be appointed by the president to investigate the subject of the claim of Samuel P. Patterson to a seat in this Board as assistunt alderman from the 11th ward. The petition and claim of Mr. Patterson was rend, nnd the president appointed Messrs. Dean. Sturtevant, Deninan. Penrsall, und Sands, to act as said committee The president announced the following standing committees for the ensuiug year :? 1. Finance.?Assistant Aldermen Smith, tirifliu. nnd Denman. 2. Police, IVatch. and Prisons.?Assistant Aldermen Chapman. Dean, and Oakley. 3. Markets.?Assistant MdermeuPcarsall.Sturtevant. and Ferris. 4. Charily and .'llms House.?Assistant Aldermen Webb. Crane, and Sands. 0. Issessments.?Assistant Aldurmeu Crane, Mercer, and Dean. li. lioads ami Canals.?Assistant Aldermen Brady, Conkliu. und Oakley. 7. Ferries.?Assistant Aldermen Dean, rearsall, and Sands. H. Streets.?Assistant Aldermen Webb, Dean, and Ferris. 9. I'ire Department.?Assistant Alderman Griffin, f'oncklin, and Oakley. 10. Jtpplications far Office.?Assistant Aldermen,Mercer, Miller, and Ferris. II. %'lrls. Sciences. and Schools.?Assistant Aldermen Btwtitnait hnwa, nod Bandi. 12 J.amps and (ins.?Assistant Aldermen Corcklln. Chapman and Denmnn. 13. 2. a vis ami .2jiplical inn to the legislature,?Assistant Aldermen Mercer. Sturtevant and Sands. 14. Public Offices nod Repairs.?Assistant Aldermen Smitli. Brady and Ferris.* 15. B'harres. Piers and Slips.?Assistant Aldermen Crane, Webb and Oakley. 10. Salaries.?Assistunt Aldermen Miller. Tearsall and Denmnn. 17 Ordinances.?Assistant Aldermen Sturtevant, Griffin and Oakley. IS. Public I.ands and Places.?Assistant Aldermen Miller, Sturtevant and Sands. 19. Joint Committee on Croton . h/wduct.?Assistant Aldermen Dean, Brady and Dcnm&n. 20. Joint Committee on Public Jluildings ?n Bhu kwell's Island. Itundall's Island, l-ong Island Farms, and BelUvue Establishment.?Assistant Aldermen Chapman, Smith and Sands. 21. Cleaning Streets.?Assistant Aldermen Griffin, i rane and Ferris. . The subject of cleaning and repairing " this room" was on motion brought up ami referred t<> the committee on Public Offices and Kepairs, and the Board adjourned to nieet on Monday evening next ut 5 o'clock. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Cocbt ok Appeals. Mav 8.?No. 15. The cans of Edward If*. l.eggett and Wife, plaintijf's in error, rs. Erastus G. Perkins, defendant in error, which was partly argued on Monday, was concluded to-day. No. 1. Clarke, et a!., rs. Sawyer, et at.?This cause is now on argument. The bill was tiled 21 years ago last March, to set aside the last will of John Fisher, on tile trround of incapacity, lie was the owner of a very large property in Brooklyn, which lie willed to his wife, and it is alleged that lie was induced to do so by persuasion; but the wife's nnswer denies that I'. V. Cutler. Ksq., opened the cause for the appellants; W. U. Silliman. Ksq . is to argue for the respondents. The case was still on argument when the Court adjourned. ArrmjiTMKXT or Cm Clkbk.?The Common ( ouneil last night appointed Mr. James ('. Watts, who has for a iotig time been the reporter of the Brooklyn Daily .Idcrtiser. The appointment is a very good one?probably is (Toed Ms eolllit hnve been inn,!,- unil will .litnhllusu iicet with the approbation of the citizens of Brooklyn New Police Clf.uk.?Mr. Birch, ? promising young awycr of tliis city, whs nominated last night for the illtcc of Police Clerk, ttutlcr the new Court law.by w hich lie judiciary in this city is now governed. Mr. Birch mis been acting In that capacity during the past week, ind l>y hi* gentlemanly deportment, ami attention to lie wants of tlic public, ami especially the press, wins he regard of all who are brought iu contact by business >r otherwise with him. rot.icr Cot rts.?fir/ore Justice King ? fc'nur boys, lamed Richard Meadows, William Thompson. Robert 1'hompann and Kdwnrd A llireli. were arrested yesterlny by officer lliggins. on a eliarge of having on Sunday ast burglariously entered the store on the corner of ttnte and Columbia streets. South Brooklyn, la-longing n Messrs. I- itz Si fiavls, and stolen therefrom aliout S'2U n silver and n pistol nortii about f.'i Upon hearing he OTi'Jenee ill tile ease. the Justice discharged Birrli Willi rnstody. there being no evidence against liim I lie others were committed for trial at the I onrt of yer and Terminer. These young depredators are not et sixteen 3 i-nrs of age?tin- youngest is but eleven? nit they sei m to lie old in sin. .Inothir Y'uusiif 'i'hii f.?A little girl apparently about .'! years old was arrested in New York yesterday by tin er William White, of the Kleventh Ward Police, on charge of stealing a gold pencil, ring, bracelet, and a air ot steel spectacles, worth aliout >10. from a Mrs. lenriettn bunk, residing at No. 1MI (Jold street, In oklyn. 'I lie girl itateil that she had recently came rem .Albany, and that she stole the articles from iter nut. w ho lives in that place. The property was idem ified by Mrs. l- unk. and Justice '1 ruumn Smith sent lie girl to tile House of Refuge Court of Common Plena. Before Judge l.lshoetTor. I Ms* 8.- Mm tine vs. Dtinninu. unit others.- This cause as summed up to-day, and the jury found n verdict ir plaintiff.assessing the damages at yti.'it), 'J imcthy II Mnirr n. Om ul huitty l itis wnsanaelon on two checks, one for and the other for j S6Mt The difence is that the checks were paid Ad- , in in J Before Judge Ingrnkam. ('a thai ire Swie I r Christ'v Kussevhcook. 'litis \ra. ii action of trespass on the case to recover damages iv an oiligid forelhle entry The parties owned two oiiic In Orange street, adjoining each other, between iiicli there is un alley way; tin- pluintill claims the xelu-lve ow net ship ot the alley, the defendant claims ; to belong to him in common with the pluintitT; the nest Ion, t hcri tare wa- does it belong exclusively to laiDtifl. to fui" the defendant n rlgliti in common toil ilh her. Sialic! verdict to-morrow (this; morning. Court of Opi r niol Tninlnrr, efrre Jlidgi llui lilit, Aldeiuun VP ml and .Vu'leni- ^ A..v> v. I he < out I W7' f iieitil, opened, and lui- ' it i.&lii) i;K< ?'il'--u. .sC a t ' Inqm-et on the Body of Mrs. l>r. Ilnrilenbrook. Coroner Walters held, yesterday. an ini|oeet at St. Paul's church on the body of Aim M. Iiufdeubro'ili, late wile of Rr Hardenbrook. who in now oil his trial at the city of Rochester, on a charge of poisoning a Mr Nott. The following is the testimony taken on the inquest, and the verdict of the jury :? JiMi. S. Marti*, residingnt 211 Barclay street, bring sworn, says that he is Sexton of St. Paul's church; Ann M. liiirdenbrook. the deceased, was interred ill Capt. Uooke's fuinily vault between the 21st aud 2Sth of (October, 1848, the vault has not been opened since that time until it was opened by direction ot the Coroner; I found the coffin in the suuie place in the vault, and in the same position as it was left when the deceased ws< interred, the body wus brought to this city from Rochester iu a rotttn; was opened in the lobby, aud several of the lumily saw the deceased previous to her interment. Joiim A II aiuumikook, residing at No. lu Centre street, being sworn, says, that he is a son of the duceused; the deceased died Sept 26. 1848. In the city of Rochester and was brought to this city for burial; 1 was present and saw the deceased after she had been taken trum the vault by direction of tile coroner; I recognised lser; her features were not much chaugud; the deceased hud. for many yeufi. been very feeble, and complained of rheumatism, pain In her limbs; after moving to the city of Rochester, her hoaltb was rather worse; 1 saw her several times siuce she left the city; 1 did not see her during her illness which result cil ill death; 1 heard that she died of an affection of t!jj heart,produced by rheumatism; this was my own opiuion as to Hit' ruui-u of death. John it. Wiiiitakkh, physician, residing at No. 51!) Broadway, being sworn, says, tiiat lu* made a /wst >??/ tern examination of the deceased. May 1st. 184U; the externid surface of the body was a little darkened in many places, and did not present but very little appearance of deccuiposit ion; on opening the abdomen, the muscles forming the parutuswere found healthy aud but slightly decomposed; the lining membrane of the abdomen was healthy ; on examining the stomueh it was found to contain n small <iuantity of ttuid; the mucous membrane of the stomach was more vascular, redder than natural and slightly softened; there was no more evidence of decomposition thau is usually seen in persons recently dead; the intestines also presented u healthy appearance, and no evidence of decomposition: the kidneys were perfectly healthy, except the left kidney was u little the largest; the other organs of the abdomen, liver, spleen, and the rectum and its appendages were healthy: there was seen on the lining membrane of the stomach and pericouium small bodies having a chrystnlizcd appearance; on examining the chest, both lungs presented a perfectly healthy appearance, and no evidence of decomposition; the pcudiug part of cacli lung was congested with blood; this congested state is universally seen alter death; on opeuinginto the pericardium, 1 found it healthy, and the heart al-o presented a healthy appearance; I examimd the heart; there was not as much blood in the cavities as is usually seen after death; the subftnnce of the heart was healthy; there was no evidence of disease either in the thorax or abdomen; in fact, in no part of the body, except the lining iiiunibianu of tho stomach; the brain was in a state of complete decomposition: from the examination I made. I am unable to come to any conclusion as to the cause of diath; 1 did not tiud any uppearunce which could account for death except the condition of the stomach; alter examining the viscera of the abdomen and chest, 1 hand* d portions of them to Professor lteid to undergo an analysis; I would not say that the condition of the stomach was sufficient to cause death. Benjamin R. Koiison, physician, residing at No. 224 Fourth street, sworn, says?1'hut he knew the deeeared during his life time; 1 did not see the deceased after diath until her body was taken from the vault, for the purpose of n post niortrn examination; I recognised the deceased; the features appeared to have undergone but little change. I was present at the past mortem examination made by Dr. Wbittaker; the general appearance of tlie internal organs of the body presented a healthy appearance, except the stomach appeared to be unusually vascular, and had a redder color than is seen in health; fioui the post mortem appearances, I did not st e cviu? ne.es of disease sufficient to account for death; there was very little decomposition except of the b.ain. Lawhknci: linn, residing at -I'd Tenth avenue, sworn, lays, lliut he is a praetlral chemist; iny laboratory is at the I ity Hospital; 1 was present at the post mortem examination of the deceased, and received from Dr. Whittaker the stomach, a portion of the intestines, the liver, the spleen, the kidneys, one lung, the heart, the rlterus. and its appendages, and the rectum; 1 subjected the parts named to a thorough examination, the parts were examined separately ; the liver, stomach, and rectum I was directed to examine for the purpose of detecting the existence of a mineral or vegetable poison; the result of my analysis was, that I was unable to detect the existence of either; there is more difficulty in detecting the existence of vegetable poisons than mineral. At the conclusion of Mr. Reid's evideuce the case was submitted to the jury, who rendered the lollowing verdict:?'1 lint the deceased, Ann M. Hardenbrook. came to her death by causes unknown to the jury. The deceased was forty-eight years of age, born in New York. Circuit Court. Before Jastioe Hurl but. May 8.?Breach oJ Promist.?Ben jam hi Wood and Maria his Wife ri. Btnjamin Hazzard.?This isan action for a breach of promise of marriage ; the damages are laid at $."> ODD. 'J lie plaintiff is u resident of this city, and thedefcmluut resides in Orange county. The action was originally brought by Mrs. Wood, by her maiden name ot Maria Sutherland. Subsequently she became the wife of Mr. Wood, and he was. by an order of court, made a party to the suit. It appeured in evidence, that in August. 1843, Mrs. Wood wcut on a visit to some friends in Orauge county, and there met the defendant. A mutual attachment was the result. He afterwards accompanied her liomeon her return to this city, and wns introduced by her to her father, mother, and other friends, as licr professed lover, and was by them received as sueb. He made several visits to her lather's house afterwards in that character, and continued tlio courtship until 1814, when he broke it off, and btctat the husband of another lady. The plain- > tiff felt the disappointment so keenly that her mother testified that her nerves beenme seriously atfeeted. dyspepiia set in. and she has siuee, notwithstanding her marrluge, continued In a very precarious state. Tha suit was commenced ill 1840 Two or three witnesses were examined, one of whom was the mother of Mrs. Wood. She testified to her daughter having gone on a visit to Orange county; that defendant cuinc bnck with her ; that afterwards he made several visits to this city; stopped at witness's house and was received there as the suitor of her daughter; that Mrs. Wood, after hearing of defendant's marriage, beenme very ill and continued so for over a year. The other witness proved the marriage of the defendant to Miss llyder. The counsel for the plaint iff then rested. The defendant's counsel opened the case for the defence, and said he would rely on the fact, tiiat no promise of marriage. either express or implied, was ever made by the deteudant; he would also show, that the defendant was, at tlie time, a rery young man. and that his father expressed his decided disapprobation of the connection. The plaintiff had got a husband, the loss of whom could alone entitle her to come into this court; that excuse was taken away. He would, therefore, under all tho circumstances, call on the jury to render a verdict for the dclcudaut. Adjourned. Superior Court. Mai 8. ? Samuel Brooks ri. Wm. Judson, Wm. Rider, et. ol.?Tliis wns an action on the ease to recover damages for an alleged trespass. The plaintiff was engaged in tlie manufacture and sale of India rubber goods, at 10<l Broadway; the defendant Judson was in the store in some capacity, but the plaintiff alleges that he was not there as a partner; Mr. Judson, however, as plaintiff's partner, executed a bond and wnrrant to the Riders, upon which they entered a judgment, issued an execution. and caused the Sheriff to levy on the plaintiff's . goods, and sell them. The plaintiff Insists, that as Judson wns not his partner he had no right to execute the bond and warrant upon which the execution issued?that. therefore, the execution and levy were illegal and void, and that defendants are bound to respond in damages for the trespass. Adjourned. Supreme Court. Present?Justices Jones. K.dmoiuis nnil F.tlwnrds. Mat 8. -The prcsidingjusiieeannounced that the court would trnnefer to the Superior Court, under the recent, act in regard to that court, those causes on Its present calendar. In which the issue was Joined before the 1st. of July, 1847. where both parties should request such transfer Komonii*. Ju-tiee. dissented, for the reason that those causes belntr hy the constitution vested In this court, he doubted the power of the Legislature to divest tho constitutional tribunals of the State of their business and vest it in tribunals of thrlr own crentlon. The calendar was taken up and cause No. 6, John J. rainier, special receiver vs. Obedlah Piatt, was called A lid argued No. 9, Powell, ct. nl. vs. Striker, was then called and the argument concluded as the court adouracd. Court Calendar for Tlila Day. t in t-it CornT.*?JNoa. 6, i. 19. 20. 21. 21, 20, 2, .20 to 43. inclusive. Si rrainn I.'oprt.?Nos ,.0.21. 24,32. 11. 44, 51, 61, re. 08, 02. 06, 6. 00. 70 to 77. 70. SO. 61. 62. 81 to 101 306, lOft to 124 Common Pi.fas. 1st part.?N'os. 19, 25.33.36.39.41 43. 46. 40. 61. 2d ] art.?Nos. 60, 68.60, 02. 04,06. OS ,| 70, 72. 74. 26. 42. Tin: Uf.vf.ni i: of Frav k.?The Drhnfn tjives an analysis oi the revenue returns, which is worthy of notice : The total receipt for tho tirst quarter is |i s ::44.00uf . ?idle for I lie corre ponding quarter of 1848 it w as 177 1 s4.P0(if . making a ililference nf 0 620.0001.; I lit it ailowiiuce lie made tor tlie reduction of ihti sail lav. (lie difference would, in reality, lie reduced t<? 472.0001 'I in re is. therefore, but little ilitl-retire be. Iwi' n the two periods. The difference, moreover is ii pi n (lie two lies t mouths, fur Mareii pre (tuts a siirpiu? II :iitOT.ocof. Several branches of revenue show, notwitlistandlntr a deficiency lieuistry duties are less b\ 5.913 COOL 'I lie sliitufi duty lias lost tiOI.UOOf; salt, ; e."i7.0(H'l : pntfihle liquors. 643 OOtlf.; and the p v-t ulhc i lls oi of It is to lie hoped, however, ttint thoadviiiil:i'. fiilnul by the country by llio reiluetioii of |h" |io.f.office tnx w ill atone tor the loss incurred by tho pi venue (Mi the other hand, the customs sliow I in provt menl Impoit ilutles givi an inert us of ft.ft'JO.OOOf . ind on the side of exports there Is an amelioration, which i< encouraging for commerce and national inliisiry. An uti'aiornble side of the pielnre is that ivliii li relates to illrect tnxiition. 1 here remains to Tcovered, of tho 45 entlaw, a auia o4 IIJM/INf i m ,?h ?h is not veiy large, considering that It is au extrj I >i ill tin i y Impost |i nt there is, besides that on the or J! miy liixes. a nni of 19 862.000f not yet oolleete I ** I" I hi -9 nuns ir.nl-.i> nearly 30 millions due outheyeii 848 : no great burden if business should resuni it. routed activity. j IVroFiA younff man in llie Rank oJ'Trij I, \! t> litre- nl to-ilny tiir lor .lug n cln !, i 'I R 7 / / ;ln i v t X:>y 7. n

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