Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 11, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 11, 1849 Page 1
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1^1 TH NO. 5453. THE ANNIVERSARIES. American Anti-Slavery Society. THIRD DAY. Yesterday morning, at ten o'clock, this body nraln met, pursuant to adjourumeut, at the Nlinerra Rooms, Broadway. The meeting was organized by calling Mr. W. Lloyd Garrison to the chair. Mr. Samuel Ma* opened the proceedings by reading the following telegraphic despatch, which hal appt ared in the lltrald that morning :? Great Excitement?a* Attempt to Run Negroes to the North Detected. Richmond, Va., May 9?I I'.M.?A man named A.S. Snith, a supposed agent of the abulitiunitts, sent a box to M.ssrs. Adams R Co.'s express office, in this city, marked as merchandise, and directed " To P. Williams, Unttonwood street, l'hiladelphia." The hex was placed iu the freight cars, hut en examination it proved to contain two negro slaves, who Were Drovided with cans and bladders of water, and nther I necessary contrivances to sustain them on the trip. On the discovery being nude u telegraphic despatch was sent to Fredericksburg, where Smith was arrested and taken back to Michmond, where he was committed to jail to await ua early trial. It wan such measures as this that even the friends of the unfortunate negroes were compelled to adopt to save them front the fangs of their master : nten with immortal souls, made after the image of God, unconvicted of oriine. coffined alive, and sent as part of a freight of merchandise?risking their lives for the chance of being delivered from the horrors of bondage under which they groaned. This fact would goto F.urope upon the wings of the press, to the eternal disgrace of this country. Mr. Wkst then addressed the meeting. He said the destruction of the Union hud bevu threatened. The Union he held to be a sheer fiction?a piece of parchment. The constitution was beyond the Union, niul it too was pro-rlavery. ile did not care if both were destroyed together. What was the liberty under the constitution ? If a colored man made his escape even into a free State, he was pursued by two-legged and four-legged bloodhounds, and drugged buck to punishment aud greater degradation. And then what wus the liberty white men enjoyed under the constitution? They were subject to the will and pleasure ol musters who worked them to death for any wages they thought proper to give them. For his part, he saw no difference between the chut tie slaves, and wages slaves ; and as long us the muss of the people were denied a right to a portion of the soil, it was Tain to talk of liberty. Men enjoy liberty, indeed, without permission to use the elements air, water and earth ! They might as well hold a man in mid-air by the breeches, ami tell him he hud freedom. (Laughter.) The Uhairma* said he did not like to restrict tha freedom of discussion ; but he wished to say that the time was limited, this being their last meeting, and he did not thinji it was either fair or courteous to occupy their time with a topic that took away lroin their proper object. The question raised by the speukor who had been just addressing them, was a different one from what they had met to discuss. Mr. Wkst?My friend (Jurrison has forgotten that the same objection was applied to himself?that he had introduced old women's rights, and all manner of things, to promote the common object. He bad advocated the ubolltion of the Union for the purpose. Mr. 8. May?No ; this is what the slaveholders advocate. Mr. Wkst?Yes. and Garrison, too, advocated it. But the dissolution of the Union could never deliver the slaves from their thraldom ; nor could they ever strike the fetters from the chattel slaves, till they had first struck them from the wages slaves. The chairman had said that the time wus limited, and that, therefore, ho I ought uot to be heard. Now. he hud cudeavored to obtain a bearing yesterday, and was challenged? no, invited? to the platform by his friend Foster. Hut what kind of a jury was there tq try the writs pf t.he case ? As a sample, lie might lristutifie an old lady, who c&mo forward to depreeute the idea of his getting an audience, upou the plea that he was mad ! (Laughter.) Mr. Jacobs, a colored man, of Massachusetts, next addressed the meeting. He said he was a dis-umonist. When the chairman first advocated the separation of the North and South, as the quickest way to overthrow slavery, that wus not then new to him. for he was a disunioulst ever since J. C. Calhoun first preached it. lie wanted to see the abolition of slavery carried without the shedding of blood ; uud he wished for justice to the slaveholder, as well as the slave. He asked them, would they send him back to the South, if they were required to do so? They would answer no. But if they did not go with their ninskets. and blow out the brains of every , slave who refused to return, he held they were, in point of fact, dis-unionists. He would now tell them something of a reverend gentleman. A slaveholder, named Skinner, who was a skinner in every sense of tne word, was In the habit of coming, every year, to visit his brother. Hev. Dr. Skinner, who, if he mistook not. lived at 160 Green street; and yet the baby-stealing, womenwhipping tyrant never received a rebuke from his reverend brother, at whose table he sat He (the speaker) had a sister owned by this Skinner. 8he escaped from him; and, rather than go back, she lived for years in a place four feet high. Skinner offered $100 reward for her recovery? not that he wanted her for his services, but that he might make an example of her. So anxious was the old doctor on the subject, that he had a free woman arrested, and put in jail in her stead; and sent a message to his brother that he had secured the runaway. But it was found, on inquiry, that he was mistaken, and the woman was released from prison. There was a time when the fugitive slave could not stand upon any spot of American soil, and be free; but. thank God, that was no longer the case, and they had now many cities of refuge. He had always felt thut if the friends of the slave only did their duty, the bondage would be put an end to; for if the slaveholder only saw that he would not be supported by those opposed to his traffic in flesh and blood, he would have to give it up. He had no feeling against slaveholders, for his grandmother had taught blm to love them as well as any other of God's creatures; but he did not love their cruelty and injustice. If auy one asked him what must be done to abolish slavery, his unswer was, that it lnustciase to be respectable. They must make it disreputable, and then the slaveholders would be ashamed of it. In reference to the church question, his opinion was, that they hud too much religion in this country. If they had less of religion, and more of Christianity, It would be all for the better. What did the board of missions say in Massachusetts? Why, that they would preserve a strict neutrality on all exciting subjects, und that they could not meddle with any civil institution. When they made that state iuii'Dt, ttiey Knew it was iaise; ior wdcd mey preaciica against idols, was not that calculated to produce excitement ! What the hypocrates really meant, though they had not the courage to say so, was, that they would not interfere with slavery; and it was well known that they privately accused Christ and his apostles of sanctioning that institution, in this, they were guilty of falsehood. He had been round Cape Horn, and had never seen anything there to equal the wickedness practised in the United States. On that coast they worshipped idols, and sold golden Chrlsts ; but here they sold Christ himself in the shambles. In returning from ? convention in Springfield, he heard a clergyman say, In one of the cars, that he was of the same opinion as Dr. Cox, that the Bible sanctioned slavery. He (the speaker) had not been before aware that Dr. Cox held those seutimeuts. He took an opportunity of addressing the clergyman, and said to him, " Sir, may I be permitted to ask you a question ! " He (the clergyman) did not reply, but looked as if he would condescend to listen. The question he put to him was, " Did he believe there was any meaning in the passage of Scripture in which Christ said : 1 Forasmuch as ye have done it to the least ot these little ones, ye have done it unto me?'" 1 he clergyman said, ot course, there was iii< aning in it. He (Mr. Jacobs) then asked him whether it was lawful for the slavelftilders to make chattels of those for whom Christ died ? His answer was. that that depended up>n the amount of light they possessed. Then said he, (Jacolis.) in reply, " If they want light, why dont you send some of your missionaries to tltcm .' " (Dear, hear ) He now itsked that assembly, why these clergymen ought not to he designated by their true names, as hypocrites, kuuves, and robbers. (Cheers ) Mrs. Li'csktia Mott. an aged lady of the Society of Friends (1'hiladelpliia) then ascended llie platform, anudst loud sheers. She said she wished to propose an amendment to the fifth resolution, which pledged them to hold no communion, political or religious, with slaveholders; she wished to add the woril"commercial." At this advanced stage of the proceedings, she would not occupy the time necessary to state the reasons why abolitionists ought to lake this ground, even though they might be prepared tocarry out the principle not very imperfectly lu detail It appeared to her to be essential to their consistency to ullirni the principle. '1 hey were just as much involved in the guilt of the slaveholders, by partaking of the sweets that came from the slave's unpaid labor, as they would by holding church fellowship with them. Tliey were in fact, using their neighbor's labor without paying him for it, and that was neither honest uor ju>l It had beeu urged that this, as a principle, could not be adopted, inasmuch as it could not be carried out to its full extent So might it be suid of our relations in politics and religion. She had. however, no wish to make her view of the matter too prominent. They were all perhaps. too apt to have hobbies of their own which they pressed to the exclusion of the main question. Let them, then consider the maintenance of commercial relations with slaveholders as a participation to soino extent. In their crimes, if not to the same extent that other relations would compromise thorn. A young man had asked last night wiiat those who agreed with her would have the society to do. This amendment was what they wished, and if he woa not present, he wuuld see it in tho journals that reported the proceedings. What they wauled was thorough honesty and straightforwardness in all their doings, and to have no participation, directly or indirectly, with the system ol slavery. They were not an abolition society to cut off this or that branch of the tree, but to strike at?thc root, and overthrow the whole system. She recollected a resolution had been passed some time ngo, iu which it was declared, by the meeting. that, however they rejoiced at the mitigation of cruelty their position was one of principle, and not of treatment; and that, therefore, no compromise could be made, as long as niau held property in man. ft beers ) Suppose, for instance, the Bible society succeeded in pulling the Bible into the hands of every slave; would thut satisfy the abolitionists ! Certainly ?,Ol Ignoranee was a mere accident of slavery, not gja wiry it-elf But it was slavery itself tliey wanted to abolish Vt hen they saw ministers of the gospel, who snid tiiat it was a gri nter crime to do an innocent thing ?D a daV which they chose to call the Habhalll. than it * 01)14 he U> kU human beings on th? shambles block, ou E NE any of the other si* day*, what conclusion could they come to but that their Sabbath feast* were a solemn mockery, for the same reason that they were *o of old?? " for re grind the poor," saith the Lord. Abore all, it wa* their duty not to trust to lecturers alone, but to seek, individually, to forward the good work, by dissemluatlng tracts and pamphlets upon every opportunity. Let them lay those papers up. us a sacred deposit, till they were going anywhere, and then let them bring them with them, and scatter the seed as they went along. Kor her part, she considered an anti-slavery paper as sacred as many purts of the Bible. As to the opinions of those who unduly exalted the church, she wished to suy that there was a power behind tho church stronger than the church The Lord gave power to individuals as well as to the church. There were the little Davids, and the little Uiaeons. with whom he wrought wonders. Let them, therefore, give credit to whom credit was due; and in what position, she asked, would the cause of the sluve have been that day. but for William Lloyd Uarrlson. who. knowing the great power he lia I to contoud against, placed his reliance upon u greater power, unfurled the banner of abolition, and raised it high. The ludy speaker thus concluded, amidst loud cheers. Chairman?Does any one second the motion? Mr. Wi:sr?I will second it. ?ith an addition. If " industrial'1 be added to " commercial,*1 It will then be complete. It was then announce,! to the Chairman that one of the soeiety of Friends had seconded the amendment. Mr Fosii.h then TOM to reply. Ha said if the position uH>uuied hy Lueretia Mott be correct, it ought to he udopted, whatever he the consequences. If his commercial relations involved guilt. he wished to ahaudon them?to dissolve those relations. The only inquiry, therefore, was as to that fact There were some relations which invtlve men in the guilt of others. There were other relations which did not. Was this one of the relations thut involved them in the responsibility of the slaveholder? If so, it ought to be dissolved Immediately. llut he had yet to leurn that in trading with a man. he was responsible for his character. Perhaps Lueretia Mott held that doctrine. If she did, he must be convinced of its soundness upon priuciple before he gave his assent to it. For he would not single out the slaveholder from any other wicked man. If the principle be good, let it be curried out, not merely in reference to the South, but to the North, and to the manufacturers of Knglund. Let it be applied to the land monopolists of New Knglund?to every man that | had blood upon liis hands, lie did not object to the introduction of the question, but he thought they ought to sift it to the bottom, and put it for ever at rest, lie held that there was an cssentiul dilt'crencc between commercial rclutions, and religious and political relations. He believed that sustaining religious rclutions with men involved the sunction. the endorsement of their character ; and this gave them the power, if wicked men. of perpetuating their crimes. In political rchtlious the same principle held good, for the fundamental doctrine was mutual protection. If they entered into a political ulliance with robbers, they must protect them with the plunder of their victims. But when a man goes into the market to buy un article from a wicked man, does he thereby cudorso his character ? Let him (Mr. Foster) be convinced of that, and be was for ever done with all commercial relations, not only with the cotton lords of the Sonth, hut the cotton lords of the North. For ho would as soon have alliance with Calhoun In the South, as Abbott Lawrence in the North. There was blood on both. He wished his friend, Lueretia Mott, would give them a reason for the principle she advocated, for if it should be adopted by that society, he wished to defend it out of doors ; but he confessed, with his present views, he could uot. Would she show that it was their duty to dissolve relations with all wicked men because they were wicked. He. for one. detested thut principle. He did uot detest her. On the contrary, lie respected her highly; but be repudiated the doctrine of exclusive dealing. Had they not seen attempts made to crush abolitionists because they were abolitionists? Hud they not justly condemned that pcrffccutioP- would they now Imitate it ? It was hot the sutilimc principle or the 6'Cnj;*?l which taught them to give to him that was needy. Ife never inquired whether a man was a Catholic or a Protestant. a church member or an out-comer, It was enough for him that he bad the article he wanted to purchase. He maintained the very contrury priuciple, that the more intimately the abolitionists were connected commercially with their opponents, the better, for they would thus exert an anti-slavery influence over thuui. He went, therefore, to the stores of the very worst pro slavery irauers, ior 11 am away wiin iiuii mcir imierness to leave them a $10 bill. For tho mme reason he liked to have to do with clergymen. for they were the wickedest of all. (Laughter.) If he were to adopt the principle of holding no connexion with a wicked man, he knew not what he would do for the clothes he wore, the food he ute, or for the many comforts of life he enjoyed. lie wished to be informed what amount of guilt there was (let it be measured out) in those who held commercial relations with slave-holders, while he was innocent In holding relations with any wicked men. Mrs. It oaf, of this city, (a native of Poland.) then rose amidst loud cheering, when she was invited to the plattorm. She ascended it amidst renewed cheering. This lady is evidently a woman of a very acute and cultivated intellect; and, though she pronounces the Knglish language imperfectly, she understands its rhetorical power. She said she agreed with her friend Foster, to a great extent, that there was no measuring of crime. If they said a great crime wus wrong, it did not follow that a lesser crime was right. With the whole commercial world, wherever tkere was blood, they ought to break relations. If they wanted to break commerce with high crimes, thvy must first break it with the lower. She agreed with the friend who addressed them in the morning, upon the subject ot wages?that there was deep wrong in it?but she saw a difference; and, though she could not dissolve relations with the man who defrauds the luborer of a portion of the wagea due to him, she could do it in the case of the slaveholder who was guilty of thw higher wrong. She would like to usk her friend Foster, if he would purchuse stolen goods from a thief? N ow, the slaveholder was a thief, and he stole the labors of the slave and sold it. (Loud cheers.) He who took advantage of the necessities of a poor man. and extracted from him mure work than he fairly paid him for, was also a robber. The only difference between tbem was, that one holds a whip behind your back, threatening to scourge you if you don't work as he pleases, while the other holds a loaf before your face and bids you starve if you will not do the work of a slave. (Cheers.) She hoped the day would come when both these forms of slavery would be done away with, if they could not do away with all now, let them do away with what was blackest. (Laughter.) Whut was it made the slaveholder? It was the purchase of the cotton, rice, and tobacco, raised by his slaves; and ii these articles were left to rot with him, he would cease to keep slaves. She no more blamed him than the Northern manufacturer. Self interest actuated both. The way to overturn the wicked system of both, was to cease to deal with them. Compared with the efficacy of this, the dissolution of the Union was a mere shadow. For this would take away the eause. For every additional pound of cotton the slaveholder sells, ho gives an additional lash to produce it. He would say to them, be consistent. If they wanted to dissolve the Union, because they thought it would serve the cause, let tbem do so. But ft would not be half so effectual as refusing to purchase slave-produced goods in a slave market. The slaveholder is a mun-stealer. If he comEels him to work, and does not pay him for it. ho steals is work. "Would they buy that? (Hear, hear.) She concluded, in an energetic tone, with the following words:?Touch not, taste not,handle not. the produce brought out of the sweat and the blood of the slaves. (Loud cheering.) tlr In own, a woll-dressed and educated man of color, complained that the leuders of this movement hud given him a cold shoulder of late, on account of some differences of opinion between him and tbem. He thought this the greater hardship, as there were others, and, among them, their chairman, who differed from them no much a? he did, and yet the same coldness was not shown to thein. He then ftooeedad to explain a vote he gave for Mr. rhilips, as Governor of Massachusetts. Mr. l'liilips was a freesoiler, hut he voted for him solely on personal grounds, and struck every other name off the ticket, lly his personal influence and sacrifices in the town of Salem, the colored children were restori d to the educational privileges of which they had been deprived for some time There was. therefore, a d< bt of gratitude due to him. Having been hissed for uttering an unpalatable sentiment, he said he could appreciate a hiss in its proper place, but otherwise lie regarded it as lie would the hiss of a goose in the barn yard, or of the serpent in the forest, ((treat hissing.) lie then went on (o sav. he differed with his friend Foster. He thought they ought to contiune to pass their radical resolutions, and let those come up to thein who could, lie then adverted to the pine box containing tlie two slaves, and said when lie looked at the gimlet holes through which they had to breath, he felt more deeply than ever the atrocity of the damnable system of slavery. People told him to go into the South and see slavery He would go nowhere to see it, when he found men here hissing an honest sentiment, and calling men of color, ''niggers." For his part, he would neTer let the pule faces rest while there was a vestige of slavery or of slavery spirit in the land. (Hear! hear!) A pious man. who had died lately, said that God had made up Issues with nations over a quarter ofa century. He hopid and prayed that hu would now make slavery the issue, in order tiiat the true principles of democracy and rcpublicauitm might be curried out iu all their perfection. Mr. tnn*< v, of Boston, moved that when this meeting udjoum. it adjourn tint die. which was put and carried. Mr. Quincy then stated on the part of the Treasurer, the niccssity of raising the sum ot J.1U0 lacking for the current expenses. The list of officers of the society nominated for the coming year was then read, and the nominations were adopted. Thu change being tittle if any. from the officers of the past year. '1 lie Chairman then stated that the question now before the meeting, was thu amendment offered by Miss Lucrctiu Motl. to add " commercially" to the pending resolution Mr. Foster then rose and replied to the remarks of Mrs Bore His answer to the question. "Would you buy stolen goods?" is "les." According to his Idea, everything was stolen. Little was sold in this city which was not mixed up with theft, and therefore he would, and must, buy stolen goods A firtri atoR?Do you regard trade as a robbery? A nswer by Mr. ?No. But there is a mixture of fraud nnd robbery in all things Hc|wouldbiiy goods in some esses simply because they were stolen. His principle was ibis, tbut he has a right to purchase a stolen article lor the gol d of the rightful owners. All the slave works for is his?the master is a thief; all he sells is stolen goods, yet it was necessary to buy from him for the good of the slave. If we u?u the products of tho slave s labor, and feed upon the unpaid toil* of lb* W YO MORNING EDITION? slave, we then only conniYe with the master, and an guilty of robbery. Mr. K here proceeded to argue upon Mr*. Rose'* socialist theory, that the capitalist is a robber, and 1* ai bad as a slaveholder. Mr. Kouter concluded hi* reply tc Mrs. Rose, by deprecating the adoption of the amend ment. He said he could uot agree with the priuciplo that because the world is full of thieves, therefore at honest man must iro out of the world and have uothini to do with the people in it. Mr. Wr.?t followed in un argument on the same cub jeet. and in support of Mrs. Rose's views. He main tained boldly and unequivocally that the principle con. troverted by the last speaker could be reduced to practice. and that it was possible to live without paying foi the products of slavery. There wus already a society established in New York for buying and selling withoul having to do with slave labor, whether that slavery be hired slavery or chattel slavery. Mr. West eonteuded that hired slavery ought tirst to be abolished, that there ought to be uo working for others, 110 hired men, ni cupatilists. but each man ought to work for himself, and all ought to be on uu equality, and share and enjoy the fruits of their common labor. Mr. Wesi further insisted upon it that he did carry out, in practice, the principle. He did not, for example, puy any tradesman for unything he bought; they were all robbers He did not puy the landlords any rent. He had been living in u house for seven months in Leonard street, and he paid no rent, aud would pay none; no power in New York could get him out. (Loud cheers ) He held that lie had no more right to pay fa rent than he hud to pay for a pair of boots. "If you can steal safely, you hnve u right to steal," was a true motto. A mau lias a right to help himself to a loat oi bread, or a pair ot unmentionables, if he wants them, for we all have a right to live iu this world,and the possession of the holder of the property is a robbery; his goods are stolen goods, aud you ought not to buy them, but to tuku theui as you want them. The amendment of Miss Lucretin Mott. to insert the word "commercially," wus then put to the vote, and negatived. Mr. Rkmond moved a reconsideration of the last vote, when it wus reconsidered and again rejeated. The severul resolutions before the Society, offered at former meetings, and reported in lull heretofore, were then put and carried, viz :? 1. No union with the church, li. No union with the slaveholders. 3. No hope of overturning the Union. 4. Overthrow the Union, and overthrow slavery. a. All this is a moral and religious duty. The following resolution, cuinplimentary to Mr. Calhoun. lor his consistency in " going the whole hog" for slavery, and not hiding his opiuions, or disguising thim. wus then passed unauiuiously :? Resolved, Thut even in his magnificent failure to rally the South, we recognise the evidence of the sineerity of Calhoun in representing the great idea of his life, the perpetuity of slavery ; and. amid the crowd of American statesmen living in expediency, ready, doubtless. to sacrifice principles to profit, if they had any principle to sacrifice, we welcome the right of one who assumes, at least, to represent an idea, and professes to act on conviction. A resolution against the "vile imposture" of the American Colonization Society was then passed unanimously. The following is the resolution, which wus offered by Wendell I'hillips :? Resolved. That the American Colonization Society is still to be regarded and denounced as the enemy of the colored people of the United States ; ill short, it Iihs no testimony ugaiio-l slavery ; unit it keeps ieiiowsuip Willi slaveholders ; that it make* 110 effort to Improve the condition of colored people at home, and utters no protest against the bloody and cruel code ot the slave States ; and. in view af Its attempt to gain the sympathy of the English people, we would call to their rcuirmhruncc the noble protest of O'Couuell and Vfllberforce. of Clarkson and Macaulay. against the vile imposture. the fact ot the deep and unceasing hostility to it of the whole colored race, the suspicious sympathy between it and the American church, which any truu friend of the slave knows, and even doctors of divinity have allowed, to he the bulwarks of slavery. Mr 1.ppyp y*n|ii50.N; the I hairniHii, here made some remarks upon, and in support of. this resolution, which wus passed unanimously :? Hvsolved. That while we recognise the free soil party as an honest effort to effect a good purpose, and while we know such attempts must even be the unavoidable result of such ugitutions as ours, and with full disposition to appreciate cordially the energy of many of itfj advocates, we yet regard, us its most valuable fruit, the palpable evidence its failure gives of the utter impracticability and inefficiency of such efforts us those of the free soil party, and we foal hound to declare that that party is to lie placed in the saute depth of criminality with the whig and democratic parties in regard to the enslavement of three millions of our countrymen, Mr. Bi'rlkkiii spoke upon the above resolution, lie thought the free soil pnrty was dangerous, as a weak and artful compromise, calculated to lead away abolitionists from the high ground on which they stood, and to lower uud stitle the principles of abolitionism. He regretted that many abolitionists had united with the free soil party. His objection to It was.it leaves out the two ideas of abolition and of immediate abolition. It does not go for abolition. It does not declare slavery to be a sin. it begins with a compromise, and would establish slavery iu the laud. Mr. Van Kennssalkar, of the Ram'i Horn justified himself as a colored abolitionist, for voting with the free soil party at the last election. The ('resident, Mr. Garrison, replied, and urged that It wus free to all abelitionists to follow their own opinions. There was no proscriptivc opinion laid down. Mr. l'lLLSHt RY objected altogether to the introduction of any such resolutions, as he thought the free soil party calculated to lead honest abolitionists to make shipwreck of their abolition faith. The following resolution was then rend, and being put to the vote, was adopted unanimously :? Resolved. That the American Colonisation Society is still to be regarded and denounced as the enemy of the colored people of the United Slates, in that it lias no testimony against slavery ; that it keeps fellowship with slaveholders : that it makes no effort to improve the condition of the colored people at home, and utters no protest nguinst the bloody and cruel code of the slave Stales; and in view of its attempts to gain the sympathy of the English people, we would call to their rt mi mbrance the noble protest of O'Conuell and W' ilberforee against that vile imposture; the fact of the deep and unceasing Inutility to it of the whole ro loii'd race; the r-uepieioun sympathy between it and the American church, which every true friend of the Mare knows. and even doctors of divinity liuvc allowed to be. tlie bulwarks of slavery. Unit ack L)kks8i:r. Esq.. then addressed the clialr. and said he had a question to ask of the Chairman. Now that the liberty party had gone to the tomb of all the Capulets, lie was at a loss to know w hat he ought to do, or where lie ought to go. What shall 1 do. Mr. Chairman (said ttic speaker)? lain living under a government which is hound to the wheels of this Juggernaut?the system of human slavery, and what am I to do? The United States Senator, Mr. Dickenson, was his brother-in-law; but he looked upon him as detestable, mean, low-lived, and a man unworthy of being a Senator, for his support of slavery. What was he (Mr. Dresser) to do? The free-soil party did not satisfy him, though he had voted for it. Where was he to go? The chairman replied by saying in substance, that the anti-slavery party hud most influence by being alone, and standing alone. When they were joined with the whigs, they found themselves among slaveholders. When they went with the democrat*, there, too. they were mixed up with slaveholders. When they went with the Church, they found themselves head over heels among slaveholders, and jus tillers of slaveholding. What could they do? Where could they go ? Ought they remain in such company, and slander their principles ? Certainly not ! The only thing to be done was to leave such company; and therefore the society had separated itself from all such. So with the Union?it were better to dissolve the Union than remain in union and connivance with tiiose who uphold slavery. The Cimihma* then read the following resolution, which had been offered :? Resolved, That we would hold up to the indignation of Christendom the heartless and cruel proposal which licDry Clay has made to his fellow-citizens for the abolition of slavery?the best plan which the long experience. the boasted humanity, and vaunted devotion to liberty of the idol of America, has to offer- a plan which only frees Kentucky, by sending the colored mini to New Orleans, or at best by transporting hiin, torn from kindred and home, across the ocean; and all this, after long and weaiy years. S? foolish a waste of the resources of the State; so idle an effortto perforin impossibilities; so palpable an attempt to secure the credit of humanity, while we leave the performance of acknowledged duty to another generation ; so gross a violation of all right, such seeming unconsciousness of the cruel and atrocious plnn attempted to be applied into philanthropy is. doubtless, a fitting close to a life passed in the polluted atmosphere of American politics, and (losing in the stilling embraces of the American church, Which wns put. and adopted unanimously. After which the meeting adjourned, tint die. Antl>C?i>ltal Punishment Association. The members of this association, and a very large and respectable assemblage ol both sexes, met in convention on Wednesday evening, in the Minerva Rooms. At a quarter pxst eight, the meeting was called to order, and-Dr. Hanon was appointed chairman. On taking the ebair, Dr. Hanon said it was expected tlmt the president of the society, Hon. George M. Dallas, would be in attendance this evening, but he was prevented from coming. He then introduced Wsmikll PniLLira, Esq., of Boston, whosaidhehod great pleasure in speaking for a second time to a New \ ork audience, on the subject of the abolition of capital punishment. He is always delighted to address American audiences on this subject We ought to be the model community of tiie world, not because we are more intellectual than others, but because we are bctl? r circumstancid than any other people to be foremost in the work of reform Yt ith England the case is different Slie is old- but we are a young, vigorous people. with none r.f the interested feudal distinctions, taxes, lie., of ancient times, and a virgin soil of aurI assing richness. Let us see. therefore, that we arc i ue to our position, in leading the van in every reform I be t? mptations of Kranee, the degradation of Russia,

or the conflicting legislation of r.iiglund. cann.t be .ny excuie lor us to hold back in the way of reform I ugland herself has moved and Is moving, in modifyn g her death-penalty code, but we must outstrip her in the good work Nor are the friends of the abo.itlou of the death penalty hound to prove that their iRK E FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1849. > farorite measure would bo a pnnaroa to nooiety, and curt- all it* ills; thono who think ao, mistake the problem Wo nay, ail unnorcnaary punishment is cruel; and i wo aay. giro us an opportunity of tenting our principle. > inow wny Niiouid we hang a wun? Kor nimsetr.' is no dangerous? We can put him within four walla, where , we need not fear him, and where society would noon i forget hiin Is it for the sake of example that we should { hang a malefactor? Mr. Phillip* then reviewed the rcligiou* prejudices of the opponent* of the reform. Sonic say that nothing but death will deter people from eriuie; but why not restore the ancient instruuieuts of torture? Why not crucify him?why not use the torture* of the I mjuisition? You will say. it would be cruel to restore any one of them. Well, it is cruel tobaugauuin If you hare descended one foot in 1 the scale of humanity by abolishing those torture* i and painful mean* of depriving your fellow creatureH I ot life, you can discard another by saving the man i alive. (Applause ) Now we summon those who repu) diate the one method, to prove that the other would not succeed. In reference to the religious prejudices i oi a portion of the people, he said that when the AlI mighty tried the experiment of frightening mankind i into love and obedience, and. humanly speaking, failed, be then tried love, which has succeeded much better. He thcu argued to show, that society should, by moral eulture and education, so train the children of , the land, that when they became men, they would be iucupable of committing crime. Society has nothing to I do w itli sin. hut to prevent it. A man may take your property, or destroy your property, but that is not sin; it is injury, whieh society van repair, Hod alone only can say wliut sin is. ' Mr. K A. Bt < kiNciiiM. of Kngluud. was then Introduced to the meeting. I it responding to the invitation exteuded to liim to spi ak on a theme bearing on vas alterations in the national polity of this country, li had a timidity, stranger as he was, in stating, um h ? would, somo of the grounds on which lie and hi* coiaborers in the cause of anti-capital punishment rested in advocating their views. One of the obstacles which they meet, is the religious feelings of the people, whieh connect Christianity with the gallows. A few days since lie was in one of our courts, and saw there a poor, trembling wretch, who had been driven from his native land by oppression uud hud government? he saw this poor wretch, on whose countenance vice had set its stamp; into whose ears perhaps no mother's advice was poured. This man had eomniitled an atrocious murder; uud while he was standing there, lie heard the embodiment of the majesty of the law declare that oil a certain day to arrive, he would he hanged till lie was dead ! I could not help thinking, said lie. wliut is the line distinction whieh makes the killing in one ease murder, und in the other, justice, or an uctof Christian duty. Looking at the ease, as it stood, there certainly seemed to be a difference in the two. In the one case, a mau hud been brought up immorally; while iu the other ruse, those who condemned him were virtuous, intelligent, and educated. But lookiug further, lie could not help thinking that wln-rea* in one case the murder was committed by one inuti, in the other, millions of his feilnw-uien commit the sutnc crime on him. This law, therefore, is nothing hut the record of the wills of muuy men; and why is it that if oue man can't commit murder, that millions or thousands ran? This, on the fucr of it, must strike you us an injustice. If the law is nothing but the will of your citizens. und as no individual has the right to take life, so it follows that right cau't be possessed by the State. This is called?as is everything in advance of the agouti infidel doctrine. Now, our opponents, logical as they are, do. in this denunciation, commit a great absurdity. They leap from premises of one description to conclusions of another. They tuke for granted the divine prerogative of the Legislature. Our opponents say no man has a right to take his own life. On the same priuciple, he cannot imprison himself, and therefore he cannot concede to the legislature what he does not possess. This is the rtduilia ad ubiurdam. Now, we couccdo the legislature lias no power to do this without some ultimate object; but we believe tbat society bus a right to imprison the criminal for tlie purpose of reformation, us a mail lias the right to do the same with himself. This is one of the arguments brought against us, and it covers one of our grounds for opposing eupital punishment. Ho then examined the grounds on which the friends of capital ...I.. r.,? ....ntin.iin- W L'ivuS 11... .i-l., self-defence, which they say society possesses. On the part of individual*, however, there are, in many eases, conscientious scruples against taking life in self-defence. There are some who think tliutit would be better to die a violent death rather than imbrue their hands in human blood, but concede this right of self-defence, and apply the principle. There is no use in defending a murdered man, for he is beyond it; but society is to he defended, because the murderer may again take life. And how is it to he done? Are we to put hint to death because we hive no alternative? When we have the criminal within stone wulls, have we not the means to preveut him front committing murder again? The Mosaic law. too, is put forward as justification for hanging. Our opponent* think that this law, being of divine origin, it must be good, and we must not contradict it. in regard to this law. his opinion, is that the ground on whieh punishment was inflicted in that day is altogether different front that on whieh it is visited in this day. The end to be attained under the Mosaic law?the cleansing of the land from the defilement of the sin? the expiation of the sin?cannot he acc implished by our modern legislation. Again, our opponents say what God has once declared to be lawful can't be unlawful. l)r. (Jheevcr says not one ot the principles of the Mosuie law lias been abrogated by our Saviour, but if lie take up his New Testament, he will tind that several of them have been. The next point of the Scriptural argument is the very citadel of the argument.? It is the text, "whoso sheddeth muu's blood, by man shall ids blood be ahed.'' This is the citadel of the argument of our opponents, as Dr. Cheevcr terms it. He denied that this was a command, but only a sacrificial dispensation, and not mandatory Now take it us it is. The command, as they term it, does not make any exception. and. therefore, the man who sheds the blood of the murderer, must himself suffer, llut our opponents say that their version of this passage was the right and authentic one. Now. If we take out of the seutence the two words " by man.'' it loses its wbole force as an arguincut. In the vulgute, in the l.atin. these words are not inserted. In the septaguint, whicil is much older than the vulgute. those words are not contained. We might stop here, und not go further, liut we will go to the ll< brew, too.nud there we will Dud the absence of those words In the Hebrew, the quotation. Recording to llo la st critics, is, "Whoso sheddeth man's blood that Is in man. Ills blood shall he shed " What perversity, o use no stronger term, does not therefore actuate our pponi nts in maintaining this quotation from Scripture as a ground of argument for continuing the gal |f?wp. s\ ^HI it. yr. * nn:ytT pnp, mr mini win* uwrm violence to the blood of another shall fly to the pit." and that the pit means death Now the only way in which a mun ran tlvu to death, in by his own free will -by committing suicide, hut if we look at the vulgate, we shall see that this is incorrectly quoted t?o. The speaker then, at length, argued from the original vulgate, that the text says, that the mail who doctli violence to the blood of another man. no one shall prevent him. even It lie flee to the pit. Alter reviewing another position taken by l)r. Cnecvor. he said we have now found that the Mosaic law has passed away, hut the decalogue remains. '1 hat says, thou shalt not commit murder and therefore, it is against our duty to liod to take the life of another. We have also to perform our duty to our fellow man. The Christian religion teaches us to use all measures for the prevention and reformation ot sin. In conclusion, lie said, that the arguments of the gentlemen of the association are based on the principle thut man has no right kill. '1 he following olllrcs were then elected for the ensuing year President. Cieo. M. Dallas. Vice Presidents, i has Sumner, of Ma-s.; Hon. Bcnj S. Porter, Ala ; lion Wm. T. Me( sun. N Y.: Henry S. Patterson, M. D . I'a.; T. C. rphain, !). D., Maine. Treasurer, Jacob llarsen. M. 1)., N. Y. Corresponding Secretaries, Freeman Hunt. N. Y.; Jno. K. Oray, M. D. Recording Secretaries. Horace (Jreeley, Rev. Win. S. Batch. Kxe. entire Committee, Wendell Phillips. Mass.; Hon. < has. 8. Adams, do ; Clmuueey K. Cleveland, Conn.; Chas. A Loomis. Michigan, Wm. W. < huso, R. I,; Isaac T. Hopper. N. Y.; lion K. J. Hurlbut,N. Y.; Dr. F. King, N J ; Judge Strong. Palma.Pa.; Wm. Kelly, I'a.; Robert J. Walker. Miss.; T. 8 fc'eranton. La ; Aaron V. Brown, Ten; Hiehard M. J ohnson. Ky ; W'iji. Riley, Md ; Oliver Jobtisou. Ohio Fifteenth Anniversary of the American Female tinardlan Society. The fifteenth anniversary of the American Female Onardian Society wns celebrated, on Wednesday evening lust, at the Church ol the Turitaus, corner of Broadway and Fifteenth street. The ceremonies were opened with an invocation by the Rev. Mr. l'ork,after which an appropriate hymn wa sung by the choir. Trayer was then altered by the Rev. Mr. Sedgwick, and the following hymn, composed fur the occasion, sung by the choir :? O Cod ' who wandering Israel led, And when the host, by hunger driven, I'nto the prophet cried for oread, Didst feed tlieui with the dew of heaven ; Behold our purpose now. and ble?* The work our feeble bunds would do ; Help us to suceor, in distress, 'J he child of poverty and wo. Thy love o'er all protection flings. It g'ntlier let our hcitilees fold fie guarded by thii?c angels' wings, Like to thy merry-seat of old. And while in pity, Lord, we bend, To aid o'erburthen'd misery, O, may our deed* from earth ascend, Like Inccnie evermore to thee. The report of the treasurer was neat rend, showing, that during the past year, the rvceipta auiouDted to 612P44 73, and the fame amount applied to the disbursements ot the society. The annual report, allowing the condition of the oeiety wax read, of which the following Is an abstract : During the past year there hare been furnished large quantities ot elothing and provisions for the inmate* of the Home, and for the dixpoxal of the visiting committee 'J here have been added to the society two hundred and nineteen life member* Various committees bare united in suataining tlm missionary department, by whose instrumentality hundreds of poor families have been visited and relieved, and many destitute children sought out and provided with proper guurdtaiifbip. Y\ rckly visits were made to the prison as during the ten years preceding The number of garments distributed was two thousand. A House of Industry and Home for the friendless, emit'mplated by the society, has been erected during the pant year, at a cost of >18,677 67, of which sun [ERA] there was paid $15,777 07, leaving an indebtedness of J"'< $2800. 8li The whole number received in the institution sine* ap| its organization was 1,240, of which 741 were adults, and ! 508 minors. During the past yenr. the number re- of cclved was 644- adults 467, children 237. The instltu- li>f tiou hits enjoyed generally good health, and but one pui death occurred during the past year. At the recent ha session of the 8tate Legislature, an act of incorporation. he liberal In its provisions, and which it is hoped will meet pai the future wants of the institution, was granted. j for After the reading of the reports, the children of the i 'J Home sang a very beautiful little song It is but jus- vol tice here to say, that they looked remarkably well, aud Mr were dressed in a style fur superior, and in better taste, of 1 than those of any other charitable institution in the tin city. They seemed happy, and the little creatures I sounded their shrill voices as merrily as though they im were provided for by the puternal hand, aud not de- elf pendent upon the benevolence of those estimable ladies pa who hare tin in in charge. be Itev. W. W. Kvakts wus introduced to the audience, ail who said he should speak in such u manner as should fer not offend the most fastidious. There wcro several bii organisations for the suppression of vice, and there atf were those things which, though professing to oppose wil lie.. O...I In 1.. ..I.I...I 1 - 1 . - I)i<' former. There wan in thin city a portion of the press iui which placarded their news in tile streets, and associu- nil ted tlie profligate with the lovely This portion of the an press pretended to sustain virtue, while reckless of all law tie ami decency, the most perfect libertines in the Union, pu who would desecrate one of their fellow*, who would de shoot the inau who would invade his family circle, and i x yet themselves pander to vice. There were, too, those ex whose business it was to destroy virtue. They arc up always speaking of their virtue and upbraidiitig vioe, id but they lie in the whole course of their live*. At vei night such 11 man wraps himself In the mantle of re- wli flection, and calls upon the stones to be still lust his usi footsteps should be heard. What base hypocrisy, that tor men should not kuow their walks! They would prowl pre about to rob the memory of virtue, and almost pray to that the objects of their seductive lies may not go 'J bark to the paths of virtue. People may talk about tio temptations, but they were ronnertcd with the high principles ot virtue, and it is an evideuce of manhood to stuud up against It The Scotch bard truly said? , " It casts a stuin of infamy Which no repentaure can wipe out." Ihi lie recolh cted the case of Kobinson, aud tlie press said Koi lie sought honorable alliance In respectablu families, but with the liatehct hu struck his victim. Such was what every libertine would do if the fear of the law 1' was not before him. There were numberless cases obj where bloody tragedy or suicide had been the result. mu When this vice appears in tlie family clrolo, the foundations ure broken down and virtue takes it leavu. lie bus bad In ard of the sorrows of intemperance aud seen Its tici effects; but this was u vice far worse than that, and , dark scene* are gilded over in this city. Not long ' since, word came to one of her friends, and she stood Vn tre in tiling like an aspen leaf. 81ie said she would be pu' willing to go to tliu most lulKer&hlu hovel coubl alio 111,1 have a faithful companion. She was unhappy, aud the ?tt prospect was dark before her. llut a short time since, bu in France, a noble family gave a tragedy in which two dal were murdered ; but what was the murder of a man f"r and his wife? It was the dark scene behind. If tlie Wi vice was not suppressed, he was feurful that the ''b city would conic to the degradation of licensing vice. u*( It would be but u sacrifice of one portion to the other, nin ami tlie roiiiiiiiinity cannot fuel that the vice is a sin r'n when the law countenances it. lie hud bccu watching ?aI1 ten years, but so tur be bad not seen suflicieut law to *'d ' sufficiently defend the fumily circle. There is no safe- ue'1 ty to virtue. The families of the widows arc sought cnn out. and if there cannot be iuws to protect, it would be " better to abolish all law and let every fumily take care lupt of itself. He now fouud that many were going to ami- "v* ther part of the country, which might prove a place 1 where virtue would prevail. "t" The llev. I)r. <iii:s:vi:n said, ho regretted that the c'ut society was disappointed in the uou-uttendunce of the " n Rev. Henry Ward Bcccher, but it was in cousci;ucncu * b' of his recent Illness. , bis The following liymn was then sung by the choir :? l'TV Blest who with generous pity glows, J'"". Who learns to feel another's woes, Bows to the poor man's wants his ear, Aud wipes the helpless orphan s tear ; In every want, in every wo, JliuiM.ll thy pity, Lord, snail know. Tby love kin life shall guard, thy hand Co] (Jive to bin lot the choHen land. be Nor leave bim in the dreadful day bet To unrelenting foe* a prey. iu( In sickness thou shult raise bin bend, opi And niuke with tcude-rcst care hie bed. hi-s Rev. Dr. Trso next addressed the society.?He said, P" lie should be happy to speak,but knew it wan a difllculty to keep up after u whole evening ?f listening; bow- bin ever, be would net be wanting In aautributing bin aid to the cause of the society. A year ago, the noeiety the met in that name bouse, whan it won spoken of to build ' bi a house, and lie thuuked God that house, for the pro- w"' tection of the friendless, had been erected. Much was 11101 said about the name of the society, and ninny objected 'be to it on that account, but lie did not feel disposed to to sacrifice the souls of those beloved children for n name. *ai) If they should get to heaven. God would not ask them fo tlie name of the soeiety which picked them out of <H. < misery. It wus an enterprise that God had started, J''s that God had blessed, mid he knew it would give him heri no sorrow in the hour of death, that, he had given his i to aid to such a cause, lie did not believe that any man | w''( could give 11 thousand dollars for an institution that ' would tend more to the glory of God than for this. In tiai this great city, man was forgotten very soon after liis j the d? atli. and lie did not know but that very institution 1 her which he aided, would be an asylum lor his own flesh j wel and blood, where they could get religious instruction, ' 1""' and be pointed the way to heaven. He believed that no- j *b tiling bud been done in the eity more for good than by lias this society, and they should be thunkl'ul that God . ,rt" had permitted them to work in it. They should dou- | *?}, ble their exertions and seek for the friendless. Ah! ' "is where were the friendless? Where were the bounds of wl" the friendless? The society would be like a tree?like , ''J" the cedar of Lebanon. It would grow and cast its , brunches out. and always work for the glory of God. j The audience were then dismissed W|tll the beucdic- "'< tion. after the singiDg of the doxology. 1 sp? Tlic New York Deaf and Dumb Institution. ! be Tlie anuual meeting of this must philanthropic so- < J," ciety was held in the Tabernacle yesterday afternoon, j thi It was one of the most crowded meetings which we have ever seen assembled within the walls of that ^'j'i building; it is not an over estiuiutc to say that there . nat were about four thornund persons present. The '??1 pupils of the institute, male and female, occupied the seals behind the rostrnm, and presented an appeur- thu unce which was peculiarly interesting; the array of ?1'11 beauty and fashion wbicli shed its radiance all around, p,.*] added a considerable amount of attraction to the en- tub tire roup d'ail ol the scene; and what with the earnest ^ " gesticulation of the mutes, their varying expression of j|1P countenance, and tlie association of ideas connected |qr( with llieir seclusion from the colloquial charms of so- j ciety, the entire appearance of the assembly was pe- _ culiurly interesting. The annual report states, that U1(, the receipts of the society for the year just closed.from ; fo every source, including the balance of >11)0 37 on bund at tlie close of the year 1S47. have amounted to >43,- 1 pt. 353 10; and the disbursements have been $42.058 34, WI1 leaving in the '1 rensmer's hands on the 31st Decernber. 1 s4!S. a balance of ftib4 7ti. <jj,j 'i he sum total of expenditures for the year included r(.j; the interest of tlie debt of >20 U00, contracted for tlie purpose ol enlarging the building* in 1*40. ami ulso a H|? payment of 46 OhO on the principal of the debt, which 0| . has bten rtduced to $15 0<K) aI L The exercises of the day were opened by the Iter. ?|)0 Dr. He Witt, and after prayer had been ottered, sa? Mr Psct. President of the Institution, said that ho T(,r would take that opportunity of thanking (Jod fur the ,uj, smile* which his Prorideuce had slicduputi the institu- jlll(. lion during the last year, iu the continuance of health, j,0, in the muiiilcstutiuns of public upprobalon, for the j,cl' prompt aud munificent assistance which it had re- tjUI reived from tliu Legislature, and above all. for the Dlu ipiritual blcs?ings which he hoped were ensured to tiio j pupils of the Institute. The object of the society was jj,e to make them good citi/.ens. good men in all tiio rein- pcr tions of life, and more especially to make them cogni- (.tp zant of their duty to the divine commands. In refer- pjC( nice to the intellectual pr< gr> as of the pupils under his care, ho would refer the audlcucc to the exercises of the ver day. ajr < iroxr.r U Rt'Rwrt.L, a mute, then advanced to the front ef the platform, and commenced an exercise, jg. which he expressed with tnost feeling gesticulation, ri,, dercrlptivc ol the po|iti>'al events wliich had occurred jp,, in Luropo during I he lust year. Mr I'eet explained to Wlt, tile audieiicu the signification of his gestures, |,0] which were to the effect that the institution was most u i, pi an fid aud liappy during the year, lie perceived t(jt in kurnpe the tali of throne*, revolutions, and nill lutcly commotions in u neighboring province, the con- ,11U sei|ui nee of the outbreak of public opinion lie then alluded tot alifomia. to dig a great ijuantity of gold: f(lj but be feared that robbers uud murderers would despoil ^ri many nf their properly, lie was thankful to (tod that tl, t?actors had bein given to liiui. to instruct liim both ?n intellectually and r> liglously, and hoped that at the j'p ind (this education he would be able to read the Bible, pj, iiewspupers, books and by these means increase his Infoimntion. Although lie could not speak or hear, yet Mr he w ns thankful to Providence for ail the blessings r,, which had bi en bestowed upou him. and he hoped that j. r, alt) r tins life, his ear* aud his tongue would be free to /,r ling to the eternal praise of his Redeemer. urn '1 he next exercise In the programme was performed f.,.i by a cIbss of six. three male aud three female, who bad r, t been under instruction but seven months By the dlrcctlon of Mr Spoffoid, (a deaf mute) their teacher, e(t. thiy wrote the names of different objects upon large . slates, combinatioas of words, showed the use of ttie numlx rs of nouns, and the tenses of verbs Ini a manner dri whirh evinced a gn at amount of skilful training on the a|,j, I art ol their teachers ami which satisfactorily demonstratrd that the pupils understood the meaning of ? hat they were doing A young pupil then came lorward, ro?? and amused the meeting highly by his expressiveges- 11)(? lures, descriptive of d.iter, nt animals; monkeys cats, horses snd indeed these dellm atlons were most truth- "K ful The class which was next introduced, was three it v rears anil a half under instruction.and the exhibition j0|, of their profieti ncy was as satisfactory as the fornirr In this exercise, the pupils showed a ,ul inifect acquaintance with the daily avocations of ?or lite Not ilie least Interesting portion of this p rloriii- j,,, slice. ?ns tlie aiuonnt of luforiuation which the pupils ivmcrd. in reply to question* asked them upou the l'" history of America, trout its discovery down to the I ? ^ LR TWO CENTS. sent time; with the political history of the United itos. since til e declurutiou of independence (^ey jx'iirt'd nuite familiar dr. l eft then introduced a young gentleman, one the teachers in the institute, who nave an interest; delineation of the passions, in the most forcible utoniiiulc gesticulation If this young gentleman il the gift of speech, in addition to the power which possesses of portraying tho involuntary signs of <sion, he would make an unrivalled dramatic pernier. I lie third class introduced to tho meeting were Ave irs and a half under instruction, and were trained by '. T. (iallaudet. The exemplification which be gars their training was of the same description as that of two ding classes, and proved nuite satisfactory. dr. I'm then suid that tiie number of pupils in tho itilutiou consisted of 2*20. They were divided into ven classes, each being under the instruction of a * rtieular teacher. Trades were established for tho nctlt of the pupils, so that, by these means, they bad opportunity afforded them of expressing their prc ciice, whether for eabinet-makiug, tailoring, b'Kikiding. shoeuiakiiig. or gardening They were thus nrded the rudiments of a trade, by means of which, tli a little additional instruction, they were ena'd to support themselves after leaving tho dilution, lly these means, they contributed as ich to the general prosperity of the country any one situaUd us they were ; anil they couslred that, after getting nil education by means of the one provision, u woulil be it shatue to thein to bo pendent upon any other than their own individual crtions to obtain a livelihood. A vary interesting enipliflcation of the efficiency or signs. as a colloquial cut. was neat ufTorded l>y oue of the teaeliera. usslstby several of the pupils, male and female. A eoursution, as it were, was curried ou by signs; and icli proved that the alphabet for the dumb run bo d a* a very efficient medium of conversational incourse. There wero some other exercises on tho igrnmme; but they were not gone through, owing I lie lateness of the hour. "he Hev. Dr. Mason then pronounced the .beuedicn, after which the meeting separated. The Kvnngollcal Alliance. it half-past seven o'clock last evening, a meeting of s body wus held in the Datch Reformed Cburofa, irth street, corner of I.al'ayuttc Place. The prodings were opened witli prayer by Iter. Dr. Skinner, lev. Dr. PiHH reported to the meeting. He said, the cet of the Society, since it was set on foot, was not so ch to olituiu numerous signatures to its doctrinal is, us to diffuse its principles, and realise their praerl results. They had been greatly aided in their lie alliance by a monthly periodical, tha Chrittian ion, under the diructlon of Dr. Ruird, as its editor, blisbed by Mr. Hewston It is true, the Society was t ushered into existence with that excitement which ended tho birth of the kindred Society in London; t its progress has been steady, and Its inttnenec is Iiy increasing. In the last year, there had been mud three auxiliary societies, one in the North est district, including North Pennsylvania, one in ilndelpliiu. and the other in Troy. They had no ury us yet. except what they had during the last nth. in which Rev. Mr. Beech, of the Presbyterian ireh. circulated tbeir tracts, and extended their orlization. 'J his Society, lie felt convinced was destinto be ininiortnl. It had uo antagonists but selHshs and sectarianism, and heaven knows these were ugh for prior human nature to contend with, ev. Dr. Chkevkr then proceeded to address tho ting. He said they hud doubtless,all read the lata s from Kurope, and it hud formed a text for many address in the various Societies now holding their itings in this city. There were none of those 80ies c<|ual in importance to the Kvangelical Alliance, ppeured from the news received front Kurope that uly alliance had been formed to restoro the Pope to evacuated throne. The object of his discourse this uing was to show the difference between this and gospel alliance, whose anniversary they had now L to celubruto. The speaker then cited a number of sages from Scripture, with a view of showing that l'ope was "the man of sin," ''the sou of perdiq,m and that tho Church of Rome was the scarlet ore of Babylon. He also quoted other texts, to ive that the time was at hand when bsth the |ic and the church of which ho was the head, should utterly destroyed. In tho book of Revelation, the 1st was represented as opening his mouth aud speak;. after receiving his mortal wound. I'liu Pope bad sued bis mouth at Guclu, aud what did he say ? Ho ertcd liis dominion over all Christendom, and he lyed?to whom f?to (tod Almighty ! No ; hut to 1 Virgin Mary. But liis prayers were in vain, for days were numbered The army of intervention uldbe destroyed with him. when (Jod pourud out vials of liis wrath; aud the adulterous union of Lirch and State, whether in Italy or in Kngland, ild be overturned. Dr. Philpots might imprison re martyrs, for bearing witness to the truth. But re was n power, stronger than ho could resist, sustain the truth. Christ said, his Kingdom not of this world The Pope, who claim* be his vicar, has declared that his kingdom if this world, aud that ho must have it, and servants will light for him. Trance had proved self, by the assistance she was giving the Pope, be one of frogs described iu prophecy?France, > had sent bruudy and priests to the Sandwich lads. and waged hostilities lorPopery against the Chris1 and enlightened tiueen of those realms. Nor wero wanderings alter the beast coutined to Kurope. for e, iu this 'republican couulry, Protestant writers e found whs advocated the restoration of the Pay by force of arms to Italy, that beautiful country, Irh had been so long priest-ridden anddowu-troddan the mystery of iniquity. Dr. Chocrers then quoted ui the Frttman'i Journal a passage, which, ho remarkwus so different from the liberal sentiments of hop Hughes last year in Vauxliall Gardens. The rds ol the Frtrman were, that tho Pope must be rered, or one stone mu-i not be IcM upon another. But ! alliance between rhurrh ami state would be deoyed, notwithstanding this threat, ami then would re be an evangelical ullinnre all over the world, lev. L>r. Kcnnkdv, of Philadelphia, was the next alter. He mid unanimity of seutiiuent was not to expected in this world, but there was one ^rand itfoirn on which .*11 Christians. who loved their Lord us ( lirist, might meet ami t11*' "u# to be found in .s society. '1 hey nil acknowledge buJ "O# Lord ami eter? Christ, lie had been greatly struck with 'hv ily of an A rub of the desert to the traveller Stophentf, 0 asked hun who was his master ' The child of ure stretched himself to his full height, and king up to Heaven, said, "Ood is my master !" How utilul Irom a child ot nature ' llow much more utiful from a child of God ! Till they all went to t home where should be no more dilTerence of uioD. he hoped they w*uld cherish the noble sentiut of Lord Littleton, who said that the spirit of 1 utid ot heaven could not he more remote from other thaii the spirit of bigotry and true piety. ..-biuglon Irving bad said that it was fortunate for a ii to be born at the loot of a lofty mountain, or on batiks of a majestic river, for the first objects that rck the uiiud being objects of sublimity, gave exision and a high impulse to the soul. Tills was a utiful utid a true seuliinenl. He hud ever been a uiber of that church of which they hail heard much to-night; but when lie was a little boy met with the bible. In its sublime pages found embodied the ennobling vigor of truth. He uld never lorget those throbbuigs of heart he hud I, fifteen yiui's ugo. when Dr. Skinner prayed, as lie i to-night, thai they might all he omt. lie then at< d an ant rdute of Rowland liill, who had said of ne preachers, that they were alw ays preaching cither .ut physics or uirtapliysics When they preached physics, they prcucind of what uobody understood: 1 win ii they pn aclied ol uie.apliyslcs, they preached ul wiial they did not understand themselves. The ic Rowland Hill was one time engaged in u controsy with a presbytery, and after it was all over he tbcluuciid lie tell the devil clapping him on the k in the pulpit, and heard him saying. Well done, * laud ; give it to llicin inuu When you were here ore you took away many souls from me, but thia ie you have attacked the presbytery; give it to them, ii? give it to them." (Hoars ol laughter.) lev Hr. t ox. of brooklyn. next proceeded to address meeting After recommending every one to sub. I be to the L'hrittian I'nion. ho went on to say that leal truth did not deja-nd on majorities like polii. '1 lie uiuii who was guided iu the sublime and trial principles of religion by majorities, was in a y bud way uud grovel,ed in a very low stratum of lie would give them an Interpretation of a text; cripiure. He then read the text from Matthew lti, ?'1 hou art l'ctvr. and on this rock I build my ireh. aud the gutes ut hell shall not prevail against e."' Now who was the rock? They contended it < Peter aud all I'opes down to Pio Nono, the i'sld ui Peter, who, solartrom being a rock, was more like cap of mud (Laughter.) 1 he Doctor then went on elate an anecdote of a conversation he hail with a u. whom lie convinced of the error of I'opcry by ex inttig to liim that Petros (P?t?r) was a different rd Irom l'elra, (the rock.) Why. my dear girls, u t in ui d the l)r . the t liurch l? but one How many ides had Christ' Just ?? m?"> ?* Adam in the Garii of i den t brist bates putting ussy, and has but e wile She is not the < hurch of Rome, but tho irlslluu body scattered throughout Hie world. H? i n suti d ibat lbe Hon baptist Noel, from Loudon, was out to come out here. They had invited him; bu tit wu tr?iige coiiicluvure that lie had hinisnll resolved tu m, bel?re liny bad written to him A celebrated pi,rli preacher was also about to visit them. Tho tie u went on to describe Ids visit to London at thn cot the meeting of the evangelical Allianee, in ,don. and his shipwreck iu the (.real Britain on hi* urn lie would never forget that awful night, when ry one believed the) were wilhiu the minutes of liiliy. Kev. Mr. ffraynftrd had just commenced his ajss. w hen the uumistaki ublc roll of musketry. In eloso iroximallon to the spot, startled every ?ne present, by surcei did volley; alarm was visible; many t and ran out; the ladles were appalled; the rnectwas suspended as the eonfusion increased. On go to the door, we learned what we anticipated- that ia? a bloody acene at the Aator riace theatre, adding. The multitude preened down Lafayette placet 0 Fourth ftraet; and lu two or three niinutee. w pee woe borne. In a cab pant the church and left n<> ibt of the fatal renult of the firing The whole of 1 Md tragedy, however, wan not yet known.] [Wnnit crnertcn c?ntirnn1m th* ?>fW? l

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