Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 11, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 11, 1849 Page 2
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y+mmmm???mam Tk? JVmerkan Medical Convention In Boston. Thursday?Moamwo Sessio*. The Association met at the State House. Dr. Jon* C. Warre*, rresident, in the Chair. The Faculty of Harvard University were invited to take seats with the members. Prof. Louis Auassiz, M.D., the eminent naturalist, was elected n permanent member of the Association. An invitation to the members to visit the Boston Locomotive Works, was read and accepted. The report of the committee to nominnte suitable persons for the Tarious standing committees,'was received and adopted. Dr. Stevens, of New York, moved the appointment of a special committee on Forensic Medicine; another on Indigenous Botimy and Msterla .Medica; and a third on Hygiene. Dr. Bell, of the McLean Asylum, offered, as an amendment, the following:? Resolved. That the consideration of that part of forensic medicine touching lunacy in all its relations, be referred to a special committee of three members. Tlie amendment failed, and the original resolution was adopted. The report of the Committee on Medical Education. Dr. F. Campbell Stewaht. of New York, Chairman, was * neat railed for. l'rof J. M. Smith stated that Dr. 8. had recently been appointed to a high and responsible office, (Physician of the Marine Hospital.) by tlie Governor of the State of New York; that he had just entered upon the discharge of his duties, and that it wus impossible lor him to be present. Ills ropo.t had. however. been prepared, and at the request of the committee. would now be rend by Dr. M. L. Takt, a Delegate from the New \ ork Academy of Medicine. Dr. Taft was then formally introduced to the president, and read the report, which embraced a complete account of the medical institutions of Europe and of this country, with the requirements for admission and graduation; the number of students, graduntes. professors, branches taught, terms of study. &c. Slc.; the regulations of tlie army and navy bunrds of examiners in Great Britain and this country; the lcgul requirements exacted of medical practitioners in the severulStates of the Union; tugeiucr wiiii rciiiui us mi iuc general conmjion <u medical education in the United Slutos, as compared with other countrien. and suggestions fur itii improvement. Appended to this report were curtain resolutions (to ho given hereafter.) which were mode the special matter for consideration at the afternoon sossion. The report was accepted, and 11 furred to the publishing committee. I)r. John Waiii:. of Ronton, then rend a communication from the medical faculty of Harvaril University, being objections to the former action of the association in recommending that the course of lectures to medical students should he increased to six months, instead of four, as formerly. The faculty of Harvard prefer to go on as l'ornii rly. with a lour months course, which they believe to he more bcncflciul to the students than u longer teiin Dr. Taki presented a copy of resolutions adopted by the New York Academy of Medicine, on the subject of separating the teaching and licensing powers. A.comiuutiicatiun on the subject of medical education, from Dr. John Watson, of the New York City Hospital, was also presented, and laid upon the table. Tlio nominating committee reported the following names:? For Committee on Forensic Medicine?Drs. Stevens, N. Y.: L. Bell, Mass.; Pliny Karle. N. Y.; Rockwell, Ta.; R. Watts, N. Y.; T. K. Bond, Md.; J. Knight, Conn. Kor Committee on Indigenous Botany. Stc.- Drs. Ives, Ct.; Corbin. Vu.; Frost, N. 8. Duvis, N. Y.; Lenoir, Cochrane. Hanson. For Committee on Hygiene?Drs. J. M. Smith. N. Y.; A. K. Gardner, N. V.; Jurvis, Ct.; Cook, Ya.; Holmes, Mass.; Kmerson, Pa.; Symonds, Ives, Ct. The nominating eouiuiittee also recommended that the next mcetiDg of the association be liuld at Cincinnati. The nominations audrecommendation were unanimously adopted. 'i he report on Hygiene, prepared by Dr. James Wynne, of Baltimore, was. in his absence, presented and read by Dr. Isuac Parrish, of Philadelphia > Dr. Samuel Jackson, of Philadelphia, followed witli a paper on the influence of tea and coffuc upon children and the laboring classes. Dr. Curtis, of Mass., also read a paper on the hygiene of Mass . and more especially of the city of Boston. T hese two papers were portions of the report on hygiene. The association then adjourned until afternoon. AFTERNOON SESSION. Dr. N. S. Davis, of New York, Chairman of the Committee on Indigenous Medical Botany, presented a report. of the contents of which he gave a brief synopsis, instond of reading the whole. l)r. Davis stated that our acqaintance with the medicinal properties of our indigenous plants wan very slight and unsatisfuetory. The committee, during the past year, had been making careful investigations, both by analysis and experiment. to discover the actual value and precise action of a number of substances admitted into the materia mcdica. concerning which the books gave no satisfactory account. As illustrative of this, lie stated that of 1,000 plants, reputed to possess medicinal virtues, but 150 are even slightly knewn. Of 280 native and naturalised plauts mentioned ill one of our best works on botany, we are told, concerning 150 of them, merely that they have been employed by the Indians for such and such purposes. This kind of information was not uchaathe presi nt state of scientiflcucuuraey demanded. Very little is known of the real virtues and uses of our native plants, but it is hoped tlint the investigations which have been commenced, under the auspices of the Association, will be continued and perfected. The report was referred to the Committee on Publication. The Association then resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole. Dr. Jonathan Knight, of New Haven, in the chair, for Hie purpose of considering the resolutions appended to the report of the Committee on Medical Education The tirst resolution was then read, and is as follows:? Resolved. That the attention of medical colleges be again directed to the resolutions of the Committee on Preliminary Education, adopted by the convention of 1847. and that they be advised to require from their students that they shall. In all instances, possess certificates of primary acquirement prior to graduation. Dr. Harrison, of Ohio, moved, as an nuiendment. to strike out all after 1847, ns it would be impracticable at the West to curry out the recommendation proposed by the committee. Students there came from tho forest and the plough Where are tliey to procure these certificates ? Tito reform desired must commence with private preceptors, and not wit It the schools. The students cannot procure such testimonials, and murt we refuse tlicm admission to our colleges, because they do not psssess wluit cannot be liud ' [Prom the doctor's remarks, the reporter infers that the general education of medical students in our Western States is jn a deplorable condition, and that they aspire, and arc allowed, to lie practitioners of medicine before they bave acquired even the rudiments of a good English education.j Dr. Stcrcsi, of N. Y.. opposed the amendment. He wished to know whether the colleges in Ohio looked to preliminary education at all. or whether it was a matter of no account. 'J he arguments of the gentleman from Ohio he considered utterly futile. Education wai valuable, or it was not. The gentleman seemed to conrider it a matter of no consequence whether the student of medicine was prepared or not. by a proper preliminary cnducution. to enter ution the study of the most difficult and intricate subjects?the study of a science which embraces every department of human knowledge, and to which all other sciences are collateral and tributary. Dr. J. C. Warren, of Mass.. argued that it was impossible for seed to produce a proper crop, unless the ground had been carefully prepared tor its reception. Tt is the saiue with the itudeut ot medicine. His mind must be prepared before lie can understanding^ enter upon the study of so difficult a science, lie wished the resolution to pass without amendment, and that the Association should recommend an Increased and mofo rigid attention to the subject of preliminary qualifications. I)r. O. B. tVoon, of riiilndelpbia. admitted that all agreed on the importance of preliminary education, , and that the profession should be roused to the con- j eid? ration of the subject. But he agreed with Professor j Harrison, that it would be impossible at the present j time to exact such certificates from applicants for gra- ] duation. As a professor, however, he was not unwilling ! to be advised by the Association, and would support the resolution. Dr. N. 8. Davis, of N. Y., thought the Association liRd airendy made a good beginning, and that it ought to progress rather than recede. Much good hail al- | ready been accomplished. The Near Vork State Soi-lety had recommended the creation of preliminary board* of Examiners hy the county societies. Ho hoped the ; example would he followed by other Slate societies, lie oppoaed the amendment Dr. Calkimi, of New Vork. thought that the colleges ought not to object to receiving good advice. The resolutions ofleri d by the committee were not eompul- ' sory, but merely re< ommendalory. The colleges were the creatures ot the profession Tin y could not obtain their charters without the onsen! and co-operation of the medical faculty, nor could tliey survive without their support. The colleges must he improved. They must advance in their requisitions, to keep pace with the progicss of science and literature, or the profes- , nion must cast them uside. and disown them. The veneruble Dr I?? ?. of ' onnecticut. related an anecdote of the late Dr Nathan Smith, who. when he . applied for admission to the oflice of liis preceptor, was toldtostay at home a yuar, and complete ids preliml- i nary studies, before he ventured upon medicine, lie followid that advice, and was very thankful for it in | after years. The question wns then put. The amendment wai lost and the original resolution prevailed. The second resolution was then read :? llesolvcd. That the several Slate and county societies. as well us all voluntary medical associations, throughout the country, be advised and requested to adopt the plan propo*? d by the Medical Society of the State of New Vork. at it* last annual meeting for insuring due attention to the subject of preliminary education. Dr Davis, of New Vork, explained the plan of the Slate society referred to. Kach county society was to appoint a board for the examination of students, on preliminary education, prior to their reception as medical studi nts Into the ofllco of any private practitioner l/ie"lent to enter an ollicu. until he has received a ? t"1" U'" ''' rl'0'"K that such examination has bet n satisfar tory atin.laVd Of I'wit'/-"">???> fa vara hie lo a high hm U .M.I SSm1'1 education, thought the resolux,u iomm! hi"u8 u,"u -' Dr. proposed the following a an arnendm, ,,f Resolved That a. Undents an generally Induced to the profession by private precentors U i? mended that no students be rScei^d Z they come up to the standard 4f preliminary , ,.U1. prescribed by this Association. Dr Psasi s. of New York, said, that an effort had been made for two or three years, to throw all the responsibility of this question of education upon the -olioots He was glad to see that they now began to lo,* at things In a true light and to place the burden where it belonged. 'J lie individual doctors were those who furnished the raw material The responsihity was a personal one. in which each individual preceptor was f??oun;ahlc tv hi* brethren, If the profession is to be elevated, it mupt lie dene by the private preoeptom. It I van their duty to nee that no luipropor or unqualified a person was sent to the colleges. j Dr. - thought that iibout nine-tenths of tho i (lectors theniM Ivca were unqualified to decide whether s students t?i<r: essed tlie requisite knowledge to com- < nunc, tin- study of medicine. Ho considered both the 1 resolution and amendment absurd. Suppose the county i societies pive certificates, who will answer for the quali- I ficutions of their boards of examiners? [The gentle- i man's aigument amounts to this:?There are some unqualified and ignorant persons now in the profession J'. jiv. no atUnipt should bo made to prevent their iucreuse ] Or. thought there was liul one way to reach this subject. '1 his Association must adopt a standard of preliminary requirements and then the colleges should announce that no pupil wilt be admitted to attend lectin es unless ho can pass an examination such us mnybu agreed upon by this body. The sutnu course should bo pursued as in our literary colleges. In all of them, u certain preliminary education is requisite before admi.-"Siorrlis freshmen. I>r. Bonn, of Baltimore, said It was far belter to do nothing, than to make laws or recommendations which eowld not be enforced The association, by such an impracticable course, would bring itself into contempt, and ri ndcr all its actiou nugatory. A resolution similar to the one now proposed was passed two years ago. What good lias it done? What can it do? The county societies are not very likely to be much better than tho individual preceptors. The great difficulty is, that tho standard of medical education is now higher than tho public requires, and the higher we go the greater will be'the danger of overrunning the country with irregu lar practitioners. How much respect does the publio entertain for your diploma* anil nil your testimonials of a thorough medical education? None The regular firofesslon is unpopular. It in not respected. Quackery ] s far more esteemed than education and medical skill. For my part. sir. 1 would rather have a certificate of professional ability signed by a fashionable clergyman, 1 than a diploma backed up by all the colleges in the 1 country. In Maryland, those who are regularly edu- ) rated pay ten dollars for a license to practise; but any iiuuek t an practise without one. The laws do not pro- ' teet us '1 he newspapers hold Us up to ridicule; we are burlesqued on the stage; the public, the legislatures. ] and all strive to Injure rather than protect us. Wo j must stick together if we calculute to maintain our , position. f)n. J. C. Wamien, of Massachusetts, could not conceal Ids littoiiislinieni at tlie gentleman's remarks, lie ' felt indignant that such us.citiotis should be made 1 They were untrue. The profession was not unpopular. I but far more highly esteemed than any otter that \ exists?that ever did exist?or that ever will. In proof f of the respect which was entertained for theiu as a (1 body, he referred to their reception' in Boston. The public bad thrown open their institutions to them, treati d them with the highest consideration, and had J shown the strongest demonstrations of respect in every ' quarter. Would the highest legislative body of this s State have Invited you to meet iu this hall. nay. would a they have permitted it. if the members of tills asso- f elation were, individually or collectively, unworthy of the respect and esteem of their countrymen. The H circumstances by which we are surrounded are. in i themselves, a sufficient answer to the remarks of tho gentleman from Uullluiore. It is unnecessary to do ( more than refer to tlieni. f l)r. Bon o replied, that ho entertained for himself, the highest opinion of the character and merits of the pro- ( fesslon. But the public In Baltimore entertained dif- A fercnt opinions from those in Boston. Of the gentleman ] from Massachusetts, he might say?"Ilis lines have fallen ill pleasant places, aud he has a goodly heritage." The profession in different parts of the country are i >t so pleasantly situated. They hud trials, opposit. ' and difficulties to encounter, of which their friends in > Boston knew nothing, lie was willing to be rebuked by age and high professional talent, and Id not forget C that he was in Boston; clscwhen might think and J act differently when charged wi misrepresentation ]\ of facts. c Dr. O. B. Wood, of Phlladel . h i 1 seen the pro- ? fesslon abroad and at home. N the world do j? its members maintain n higher u in America. *' Tliey are found foremost in nil prizes, literary, scientific, or liumano. 1 md direct T public sentiment. Their influem there felt n and appreciated. a Dr. Austin Flint, of Buffalo. N.Y.?Tin j an of pre- v liniinary examination recommended by the committee, is a good one. It lias already been acceded to upon the recommendation of tlie State Society of New York, by the physicians of Yates county, and found to work n well. f n Dr. Ramset! of Tennessee, said the plan might do in New York, but could not be carried into operation at P the West. The only question a man asks himself 1 there, is, " Shall 1 attend a course of lectures, or go to 1 practising at once without lectures?" ( The question was then put upon the amendment, which was adopted. ? The next resolution was as follows ;? Resolved, that this Association docs not sanction or 1 recognise " college cliniqucs" as substitutes for hospi- f tnl clinical instruction; and that the medical eolleges 1 be again advised to insist in all instances, where it is v piaeticnble, on the regular attendance of their pupils. r during a period of nt least six months, upon the treat v meat of patients in a properly conducted hospital or ' other suitable institution devoted to the reception aud care of the sick. ' . Dr R Watts, of New York, moved to strike out the '' first clause, as useless. No one liud claimed that the P ' college elinlqties" should be recognised as substitutes 1) for hospital instruction. ] Dr., of Philadelphia, objected to tho amend- J mi nt of I)r Watts. It was well known that, in schools j where cliniqucs were conducted, hospital attendance x was not rendered obligatory. Dr. James R. Wood, of New York, objected to "college cliniqucs.'' where hospital attendanco could ba attained. C linical teaching in our hospitals is comwi- P rnuvciy a new tiling in this country;"but it has. not- < withstanding, been well condurtod and productive of I grout benefit. Tbe college clinbiue was a very different iitinir. not as beneficial to tlie student, and injurious f. to tbe junior members of the profession. The cases j presented at the colleges uro mostly surgical, or chronic. The student has no opportunity to watch the progress of disease, from day to day, to witness the effects of remedies, or to see the results of operations, as lie J would have at a hospital. A young practitioner, in a ' large city where there is a college, rarely lius an oppor- J1 tunity to perform a surgicnl operation. The cases which would nuturally fall to him. resort to the profes] ? sors whose reputations are already established, and are t by them exhibited to their classes. He considered t lie , whole system of college cliniques wrong in principle, , and Injurious in its operation. So long as there were { well conducted hospitals, with ample accommodations ' lor clinical instruction, college cliniques wero entirely I unnecessary. J The amendment was lost, and the original resolution o adopted. Resolved. That it would conduce both to the eon- j, venience and advantage of students, if the subjects ^ taught in the colleges were divided into two series, the one of which should be studied during the first year's c attendance on lectures. and the other during the se- '' rond session; nad that examinations should be instituted at the close of the first course of loctures 011 the C subjects taught during that course, certificates of a w hich should be required prior to the dual examination. j, Dr. Geo. B. IVoon. of Philadelphia, admitted that '*> the pla* here proposed was the true one, hut it could not be put into practice As the resolution, however, was im rely an expression of opinion on the part of the Association, he had no objection to Its adoption. I)r It am si: v. of Tennessee.?A large proportion of ill the practitioners at the South and West, attend but ft' one course of lectures, and this Is the case even In 0 States where a license to practise is required. Ills idea | was. that the whole object of the resolution was to I strike at the medical colleges, and destroy them if pos- J slble. it behooved the Association to lay the axe at ^ the root of the evil, and not to waste their time in * lopping off tlie branches. |Here the gentle man wan- C tiered entirely from the subject under discussion, and y we omit the remainder of bis remarks ] u l)r Sami n. Jacks*)*, of Philadelphia, approved of the resolution, as one that expressed the views of medical men on this subject, but thought the desired reform ronld not be introduced. The law reouire* ?n nnoe on two courses of lecture*, but the two series. on ! different studies, n> now proponed, would. In effect, form J but one complete course. If we could Ret student* to attend for three yearn, and subject themselves to In- I en a < il expense, the proposition might be adopted by tbe college*. y |)r N. P Davis. of New York, thought fieri' was too p much of a tendency to meddle with the detail* of th" schools. 'J lie school* hud their light . end the profession should hare theirs. I. >t the school' manage tlieir ^ own affair*, and regulate the d? l ill* of their in id of ' iustnielIon : but allow tli profession to decide who f shall be udmitted into its rank*. The power which the .1 schools possess of turning whom they please lido our 1 ranks, is the great evil w hich should be remedied, bet ( tlie schools teach ?that is their huslne- but the pow- j, er to examine their pupils and grant licenses, should be vested ill other hands. 'I he resolution was rejected. Resolved, 'I lint it is the deliberate opinion of lliis 1 n--oeislioii that tbe plan of examining students for c medical degrees ill private, and before one professor u only at n time, is highly defective, and should be at once discontinued. / On moI i' n ' t I'r. (tiasoxs. of Pennsylvania, tills rcsolution was laid upon tbe table without debate I lli .-olvcd. That examination* fur medical degrees j should lie practical, nnd that it Is desirable, as tar as procurable, (hat tiny should be conducted in writing us well as t iro i ocs. I.aid upon llie table without debate. p Ite-olvi d, That In view of tbe importance of a due n knowledge of practical pharmacy, the medical schools 0 l.e udvi, 'd to rei|ulre from candidates for degrees that j, they tin uld produce satisfactory evidence of their having hei n engaged in romp minding iiicdielnes and putting up prescriptions, either under the direction of tin ir private preceptor*, or in the shop of a recognised and qtmllfh d apothecary. t I.aid upon the table. tl lie si lved. 'that the interests both of the public nnd "1 lire tnedie al profession would be promoted by the en- r.ttililis hnicnt of bonnls o| examiners in eneli of tlie sev? tnl Ktutes of the I nion, to examine candidates for lirifiMS to engage in the active practice of medicine J, and turpi ry. I aid upon the table by a votoofCO to ft. Dr St? ?ss?. of N. Y., moved tbat the whole subject I matter of the report and resolutions on medical cdncalion, be M-fcrrcd to a special committee, to report thereon to-morrow morning Decided to be out of J! order. Resolved. That the standard of requirement* csta- w blithed by the examining board* of the several States t> should be uniform, and that the examinations should, n us far as practicable, be conducted inn similar manner. Laid upon the table. .1 Resolved, That the examiner* should, In nil in- J stances, satisfy themselves that candidates arc familiar n witli the eli mi litary branches of general knowledge. I aid upon tlie table. Resolved. 'J lint, for the purpose of carrying out ( tlie objects contemplated in the foregoing resolutions, a spi rial committee of seven members be appointed, to ^ prepare a nit mortal and form of law in reference to the I sul.ji et of the establishment of boaids of medical exa- Ji Uiiui rs. to lw submitted to this Association at his next Hi annual meeting , i" ''"i!1,1"f'VY., moved to postpone indefinitely l>r J. H ooi>, of N. Y.. objected to the ooarne which I liadfccco pumtcd *ith the resolutions. IU rofiewtj ' 01 iriofly the hiidory of the proceeding* of the Aaaociath incc iU first organisation ho far a* related to the hu ?ct of education. All had agri od that a change w irgently demanded A convention was called-an A lociutii n formed Itcport alter report had been prenen d, urging the Importance of reform The Assoclato Had already repeatedly coinuittcd itself to some of tl ir.i amies now offered in these reaolutioiiH. and ?hen 11 lime ha* conic for advancing u step furllier, tlie win <oh.i? 11 h disposed i t in u w holcsiilc uianner. liy Inyii it upon Hie table. Now we may go home?complain ll'i/ ichools and the professors?enll our uciglib' ijuacks?say thai they are practising wit hunt due qua ficntiona- and who w ill h< lp us when we have utter refused to aid ourselves. The indefinitely postponed, and I committee of the whole rose and reported their actio Dr. Sinus*, of New York, thou ?ffered the folio irg Kcbolved, That tho whole subject of medical educ tlon. together with tho resolution* which luivo he: pasted, and those which have been laid upon tile tali id committee of tho whole, us well as thCcouimunioati from the New York Academy of Medicine, and the it ter from Dr. John Watson, of New ^ ork, lie referred n special commitUo of three member*, with iustru tlona to report to-morrow morning. Carried ; and the President appointed Dr. Steven*. New York, Dr. (>eu 11 Wood, of i'lilladelpliia and L J. Knight, of New 1'avon. all of whom nro professors. The Association then udjourned until Kriduy uior ing. at JO o'clock. ITiui i'innio ui vmiiuniin iLllllgrniltili [Correspondence of the St. I.oulv Republican ] Sr. Joseph, April I I, 18 lit. In my two last from this |>oiiit 1 gave you tl nanu s of a number of gentlemen, comprising con [>anies that are in camp, in this vicinity, as em urants to California, and ready to move so soon i nature provides sufficient grass upon the plains h the sustenance of their stock. In uddition thereti 1 forward you the following, which comprise tli whole number in camp at this date:? A company from Wisconsin, consisting of Abi Minaid and family, J. A. Short, Anson (Hand, ( IngenoU, Dr. E. B. West, M. Connover, (1. ( Hone, John I'oliver, h'andall Fuller, E. Lymai lohn Howell, W illiam II. Elder, Lcander 1 fill, J ishelor, J. Goodrich, Henry Hoot, Win. Wes ieo. Woodward, T. C. Ward, and Dr. E. h loyt and family, of Wacashu comity; John E( yards, Geoige Villinger and family, I>r. Slve an ainily, F. A. Ostraiider, James Cline, and Fre< mil Weahe, and A. Lewis, of Milwuukit fliia conipnny is organized into messes, and pr< ided with wagons, ox teams, and every necessar or the journey. A number of persons from tli aine .Stute nre cn route, overland, for this poin nd intend travelling in company with this part} )i them I will apprise you upon their arrival, A company from Ionia county, Michigan, cor isting of G. S. Isliam, Susan [sham, and W. \V "itch, provided with u tentt wagon, three yoke c ixen, and necessary provisions, are also ready t sore. The " Pokehagan California Company," of Cn? ounty, Michigan, consisting of Ilenry Muss, '/ a' Ashley, Wm. Welsh, Esquire IIhsh, Ilenr inner. George, E/.ekiel. ana Leonard Bentoi |. nrv Snatlock, < 'harlc Snntlock, and J. S. Brad v, is in camp, rt uly to move. It is a joint stoe ompuny, and pro\ i Jed with live wagons, fiftee okc ol oxen, om tent, in cessury provisions, \*c. A company from Mackinac county, Michigan onsisting of Win. Crawford. John 18. Dunn. Johi !. t arter, J\ Burns, J. Gardener, E. P. Ilill, o Jackinac; and P. M. Itorsey, of Buchanun, is ii amp, ready to move, and provided with three wa ons, twelve yoke of oxen, one tent, and provision ir one year. A company Irom Adrian, Michigan, consisting o Iphraim Lephnm, Edward Lajuiain, John Dens lore, II. French, and II. Crandull, provided witl tent, wagon, four yoke of oxen, and necessay pro isions, are in camp, ready to move. A company from Kalamazoo, Michigan, con isting of R. Barber, S. llagen, and E. fobir re encamped, with their wagons, &:c., ready t love. A company from New Haven, Connecticut, coi isting ot Dr. J. K. Wakefield und wife, and Lieu lea A. Stoddard, are in camp, ready to movt I'liese several parties, although independent t hemselves, will travel with larger companies, fo >rotection. The following families, from New Albany, In liana, ore in camp, properly outfitted, and ready t nove :?John Keller, wife, and five children; Di j. Hoover, wife, and five children: John Abbot rife, and child; G. Abbot, wife, and three child en; Ira Gilchrese, wife, and three children; Mi khuller, and four young men, and three hirei ien, as drivers. Onto has eight companies in the field, in addi ion to those previously forwarded, suitably eouip ed and ready to move. The first is from Colum iana county, and consists of A. V. Kinnear, F Inholtz, II. Jordon, /. Downer, A. McMillan, A . I lagan, S. M. Holland, J.S.Smith, E. O. F lus-tings, J. W. Evans, J. Lindsay, A. Schinsllei L B. Wean, A. Anderson, Hugh Lee, Georg irice, and Daniel Williard. The second is from Medina county, and is corr osed of George Case, J. Sawyer, I >. Pullman,.! 1. ltrigg-, 15. B. llriggs, lv. Chandler, und It. un '. Chandler. The third is from T^oraine county, and compose if E. W. Brooks, A. Forbes, L. I. Hurrill, J. W lull, H.Garfield, and P. Gar wick, of Loraint md S. Bethelt of Morgan. The fourth is from Allen county, and compose >f James A. Hoover, Joshua 15. Hoover. M. Mi hub, J. A.,Armattong, W. H. C. M itcliell, an Stephen Clingaman. '1 he fifth, " The Cincinnati and California Joii 'lock Company," is composed as follows:?J. VV A'ilson, w. 1\ Harrington, If. J. Richards, Wn Conway, Samuel Ayres, Wm. Huntington, F iurr, W. Endicott, P. Chambers, T. Morrow, J ..each, James Foulds, John 15. Louck, ? Frisbee Charles Kobinson, D. S. Ross, of Cincinnati; Di . F. Ankney, of Kenton; and Dr. J. F. Robintor f Heaver, Pa. The sixth, underthe style of " Experiment Club, j composed of H. Winslow, Samuel Wright, M Villiams, Silas Smith, and William Poor, of Gin innati; G. lv. Fitzgerald, A. P. Rarison; and I'e er Myers, of Philadelphia. The seventh is from Cleveland, and composed o >. J. Chapman, F. Hooper, A. Curfes, A. Allurdt nd 11. Fuhrup. The eighth is composed of George Parry am r>hn Evans, of Cincinnati, and Isaac Parry, o ichmend, Indiana. New York has several companies in the field juipned and ready to move. The first is fron uflalo, under the style of the " Buffalo Explorinj ad Mining Company," and composed as follows I. W. Burnett,captain : James De Ilois, secretary i. A. Post, treasurer; William II. Albre, II. S lodge, J. Mcintosh, W. 1). Witmer, II. II. Ru banan, T. Winn, Geo. 15. Fifner, 15. F. Smith, II .. Currnn, C. l'utton, M. Mcintosh, and Wm. J Williams. They arc organized as a joint stocl empnny, and |>rovided with five wagons, sixteei oke ot oxen, two tents, six months' pllliiaiWI nd other necessaries for the trip. The second hails from Sclingticoke, N. Y., nni s composed as follows: A. Boomer, captain; Di I' Small, physician; 11. Bowers, 15. I). Bowers,M iver, J. Hurley, T. Cain. J. T. Bowers. A. Buttor A . Good, Schagticoke; E. McClellan, Cambridge N. \ ., A. G. Eldridge, White Creek; OHM ireatruke, Alleghany city. Pa.; Francis BurzeT k hohnric co., N. V. Tlicy arc provided with tlire lllEonS. ten voke ot oxen, one Inrrre t?..t rovi.sions, and go as a joint stock company. The third hails front Washington county, and i ornpoM'd as follows:?Samuel MeDoul, A. I' Hiss, A. Mr Norton, W. Harrison, John l!ol?ert on, J>. F. Ilarshaw, 1*. M. Hall, John II. Ttlford ohn Cowson, Jantt s Hill, James H. Newton, A. Gilford, II. S. Crandall, Wm. Owen and Itobei ottrley. '1'hcy tire provided with throe wagon* wclvc yoke of oxen, necessary provisions, and s a joint dock company. The fourth is composed of J. T. Clark, nni dessrs. Johnson and Sargoant, of ('atturaugu ounty, N. Y., who arc provided with one wagot nd other necessaries. The fifth is front Albany, tinder the style of the ilbany Overland Association, and composed a allows: James It ouch, 1 >. If. lluswell, II. F. Post . A. lleckcr, llenry Steele, l>r. II. Taker, N in/uwoy, Charles S. lVrry, and A. S. I'.rayton. These several companies are encamped on tin uhurhs of St. Joseph. In their vicinity is a coin any from Khode Island, consisting of P. It. At old and S. J. \ ickory; and a company, consistin; f J. CI. Westfall, of N. J., I'hilip Hume, of N. II. nd Williitm Smith, of N. Y.j each equipped ant s i tly to move. Several companies from St. Louis are in camp ady to move. The first is* composed of M. P 'Connor, Thomas Murphy, Andrew Murphy, Ma lew Morally, John Drum, James Garvin, anc Itomas Flinn. They are provided with one wa on, six mules, one large tent, provisions for nim icntlis, and hound together as a joint stock com iny for one year from the time of their arrival a the dipgins." The second is composed of T. S. Wright. .Tohr isher. A. S. Currie, J. A. lludd, A. jN. Peters nd John Atwood, and organized us a mint stock ampanjr, under the style of the St. Lowe Pro< tmpany. They go by wav of Fort Kearny, anc ill move in a few days. They are provided witf ne wagon, four yoke of oxen, a tent, and othei eeersaries for the expedition. The third is composed of Patrick McLaughlin

. Sage, and ifedinond Sage, of St. Louis, anc umes McCann, of lfandolph county, III. Tltey re provide d with one wagon, four yoke of oxen, t? nt, necessary provisions, undgo as a joint stock ompany. The fourth is tinder the style of "Mound City sm eiation of St. Louis," snd composed of J. C' avis, John Stiydam, J. ('. Smith, CharlesCutter, iinies K. Gallaway, James K. l)ewitt, C. II. Suytm, Hnd W. 1 luck holder. Mr. Davis, who hottai lis company, is an intelligent young man, expeenced, and well informed hs to the route, having ice iiutde the voyage in contpnny with Col. Fre >? niont. The company is provided with 3 wagons, an >- two light spring curnages, lour inulea to each, two BM tuits, necei-sary provisions, tfcc., and bound to?" get her in joint stock for one year. Several parties ' " w ill go in company with the above, under the gui? dei ce ol Mr. Davis. The fifth company is under the direction of S. ilo Tl.orpc, of ^ t. J .onis, and consists of Job Newton, njt Miller, William States, William Cooper, and Mr. Williams. They ure provided with two ** widens, a tent, and other necessaries. Two companies from Virginia, are encamped in y the Indian territory, equipped and ready to move. I,e The first is under the style of " Sacramento Union n. (,'t inpany of Wheeling, ' and composed of W Mcv? K. l.ambdin, 11. II. M ood:., J. A Agnew, J. 11. M ade, 11. T. Morrison, C. J. Chapman, George Rigby, Moses Kay, Dr. J. it. Brothertou, George !'n Iitbbe, K. K. llumilton. It. S. Hopkins, John ' Burgy, V. ltrown, IS. P. Buckley, J. McCulloeh, G. D. Curtis, G. Arthur, G, Currey, A. 15. Gluey, i0 William l'rennon, B. A. Goode and servant. They ic- arc provided with live wagons, six mules to each, six tents, and provisions for six months. They are of hound together as a joint stock company, and have shipped provisions. Arc., for their use after arrival. The second company is from West Wheeling, u" and composed of Charles Thompson, John Curley, Joseph 1 utile, Charles Hull, K.Thomas, P. and F. Tnomas, and Amos Curley. They have two wagons, ox team, one tent. Arc., and go as u joint stock company. Encamped in the vicinity of the above, is a company of fifteen Germans, suitably re outfitted for the expedition. Supposing nieto be a- u government officer, seeking their names with a it- view of taxing them, they refused to give any inis foimation. 1 was unable to relieve tnem of this >r impression. After leaving their camp, I usceri), tuined they were under a Air. Pettit, who was then ic Hot-cm. A company consisting of .T. B. Forye, W. II. pi Chever, John I^ewis, 01 Davenport, Iowa; and J. A. : llcddison, of ltock Island, Illinois, is in camp, ! ready to move. i, A company consisting of William McDowell, I. Dayton, Ohio; J. II. Boyd, N.C.Cannon, and t, Charles Cannon, of Peru, 111., is in camp, ready to !. move. I- A company, consisting of Dr. J. S. Onnsby, L. d 1'. Ornisby, of l'eru; Major Wm. Ormsby, and J. 1. K. Trumbull, of Kentucky; A. McLain, J. Moats. ;. J. Shutt, M. L. 1 tetter, .1. McManus, and Samuel > Stoufer, of Westmoreland, Pcnn., is ready to y move, provided with four wagons, six mules to e each, necessary provisions, Ac. t, The following companies from Wisconsin, are in r. camp, equipped and ready to move: 1st, J. B. Ilowe, I.. Dutton, E. Cordon, E. Stebbins, A. II. i- Blake, W. Dodge, E. Lowrv, W. SpoHord, E. r. l'earce, Simonds, II. Blake, Kimball, )i" and two names unknown, not in camp, of Racine o county; and 2d, Jonathan Muvey, wife and six children, ofBock county, is The following from Indiuna, in addition to those ;. previously forwarded you, are in camp, ready to y move: 1st, W. P. Mc John II., M. D., i, and John N. Manlove, of Tipjiecanoe county; 2d, I- John Bartlett, James Ilammin, J. Ridgeway, A. k Staunton, W. Woodfon, and A. Leeds; and 3d, B. n Ivamp, wife and eight children, David Anderson, wife and two children, of New Albany; and in i, company, Andrew Jackson, of Ireland, and Thoriin as Kyle, of Kentucky. f The following, from Tennessee, are in camp, ii rendy to move:?Albert Moss, Charles Berdew. James Brown, Montgomery county ; Thomas and s William llart, of Campbell county ; William Wayinan and son, and Allen Thorpe, of Summit county; f and .T. O'Cnllahnn, Patrick Kinney, F. Kinney, F. i- A. Goole, 1). Miller, J. O. Gprdon, Thomas Coffin, ti William A. Boggs, B. Finnin and ludy, of Nuslii. ville. The following, from Pennsylvania, in addit jon to those previously forwarded, are in camp:?William i, Bancroft, William Nash, M. Nash, A. De Foe, of o Erie county ; D. Evans and It. Carter, of Philadelphia ; and J. D. Thomas, George W. und Charles i- Jacobs, of Chester county. I. A company, consisting of J. R. Wheeler, Ilarri?. rison county, Ohio; James R. Wiley, M. W. Wi>f ley, C. Boorsman, John Days and lady. Columbia ir county, Ohio; Samuel Snende, Lyncnburg, Vn.; James Ladew, Galena, 111.; J. M. Brumbarry, Nai co^doches, Texas; .lames and Charles Casey, of o Ireland; John Heager. of Holland, are in camp, suitably equipped for the trip. ;f A family from Hampden county, Mass., consisting of Hector Campbell, William B., Samuel L., 1 lector B., and Chas. A. Campbell, and six females, j are in camp, ready to move. The following, from Illinois, in addition to those previously forwarded, arc also encamped, ready to ? start:?James Bobinson, Peter Hoffman, Coles county: John Gordon A" Son, Arthur Carr, E. Gilford, John Johnson, of Shelby county; Calvin lfowley, James II. Tuylor, William Patterson, of Will county; George A. Sanford, of Kane county; , A. F. llngan, William Lawrence, Amos Church, e of Lasalle county; and Dr. Autees, George Perry, Henry White, Samuel Ayres, Henry Brown, S. i- K. Turner nnd Mr. Pierce, of < Irundy county, f. This, with my previous letters from this place, d gives you the names of 1,124 persons that are in camp, in the vicinity of St. Joseph, equipped and d ready to move. Some of them are already on the \ road. Four hundred would be a large estimate for those yet boarding in town?thus giving 1,500 as the highest number of emigrants ut St. Joseph, d Even1 boat that arrives adds to this number; of all i- new comers I will apprise you in time, d The weather continues cold and disagreeable. Last night there was a heavy frost, and this mornit ing ice, three quarters of an inch thick, was found r, on still ponds of water. Camp fires are blazing in i. every direction, around which a shivering mess, J. wrapped in their blankets and robes, arc huddled f. together, cheering each other on the prospect before them. Insubordination has been manifested r. in several companies; many members have bolted the camp, and took to the hotels, having become tun? iiiccu uiui u is nine enougn ior a man ? to do camp duty when he has no other accommodation. [Correspondence of the Missouri Republican ] !* St. Joseph, April 25, 1849. From what I have been able to ascertain, there ' nppears to be a greater number of emigrants ren? dez.vousing at this point than at Independence. At the commencement of the season this was not an\ ticipated by the good people of the latter place, or 1 expected by the business men or citiseilSof St. Joseph. The arrangements of the merchants to ? meet any demnnd that might be presented, ore amt pie in the extreme, and atlbrd facilities for procurl ing everything necessary for an outfit. The stock : market is well supplied?mules ranging from $45 ? to $7(1 per head, and oxen $45 to $55 the yoke. While these facilities to the emigrant are afforded him. there is gross and unpardonable remissness on the part of landlords to provide for his comfort and sustenance; at least such is the case at the 1 Kdgnr House, the place at whieli 1 sojourned du1 ring my stay. At dinner, April 24, 1 noted down ? what would have been the bill of fare, had such a document been presented the guests, and to show J the high living indulged in, inclose it, as follows: ' boiled ham, two dishes; fat pork, six dishes; fried b ham, six dishes ; (Hitatoes, ten dishes ; anil about b a dozen dishes corn and wheat bread ; desert, ' peach pie. At this table about forty persons were n hicu in umr. ?'iic gniiiiic'iiiion is, mat none ot '? us arc likely to be troubled w ith the gout, previous r to moving to the pin ins. To say the country does 8 not nfiord sufficient supplies to enable those catering for the public to spread at least an ordinary 3 table for their guests, would be a slander upon those whose avocation it is to cultivate the rich and looming soil which for miles encompasses this , vicinity?yet such has been the plea presented. To admit its correctness would be of small avail in t extenuation of their remissness in other respects. , The appearance of the rooms and sheeting to the > beds, indicate great scarcity of water, or gross negligence. The river being contiguous, and the 1 town plentifully supplied with welts, leads me to k suppose the latter to be the case. For these ac\ coniniodations, it is true, you pny but the moderate sum of $1 per day, yet fully enough, 1 should > suppose, to enable them to do better. Landlords, k to study their own interest, would make better , provision for their patrons, even though "they urc only California emigrants." In addition to the companies previously forwardp ed you from this point, I have to add the follow ing, which are in ennip and ready to move:? A campnny from Cincinnati, Ohio, consisting of > P. G. Israel, President; .1. C. Crane, Secretary ; j Samuel Barret, Treasurer, and J. A. Drake, CupI tain. Members?C. L. Inglesbe, J. R. Wright, .Tames W. Caldwell, ('. M. Shays, C. L. McCarty, ? Robert Thempsoi, William Mullowy, B. Fitzpatriek, William (Hover, .lamesO. Burne, S. B. Wei ler, and J. A. V.. Jones. Tliey are provided with four tents, four wagons, twenty-three mules, and three horses, and will leave the frontier Monday * next. A recond company from Cincinnati, who intend ' moving with the above, consist ing of .1. If. Ilubhell, W. J. Sporty, J. II. Moore, Barry Jones, (f. W. i Harrington, and A. W. Griffin. They are provid, cd with two tents, one wagon, seven mules, and go as a joint stock company. ? A third company trorn Cincinnati, consisting of I .1. M. Iserr, George Krausz, 1). ( lappenburgh, and i J. W. Way. Tliey are provided with a tent, war gon, six mules, and go as h joint stock company. A fourth company from Cincinnati, consisting of , C. P. Coovcr, K. Stockton, 0. lliddon, George I Mower, J. 1!. Johnson, .1. It. Smart, and L. II. r Brnley. Tliey are provided with a tent, wagon, , and three yoke ot oxen, and seven mules lor pack- | l ing. A fifth company from Cincinnati, consisting of ' Jacob Son and eight (iermans, whose names I was unable to learn. Tliey have two wagons, eleven , mules and one tent. _ . , i A sixth company from Cincinnati, consisting of i Pnvid Prheafler and three Germans, who are pro vid? d with a wagon nnd two horses. ; A seventh company from Cincinnati, consisting of Isaac Plckcs, Arcn. F>e Butts, Wni. Sloan, Jas. I V* IT. llaslett, II. MeConnelly, and A. J. Atherton. They are provided with two tenia, u wagon and eight mules. An eighth company from Cincinnati, to travel with above, consisting of Joseph IVance, John, shiner, Hoheit Gillmnre, J. C. Arnold, .1. C. Wingate t.nd A. C. Baldwin. They have two tents, one wagon, and eight mule*. A ninth ci mpany from Cincinnati, consisting of John Miliikin, Silas 1'renell, C. li lieII, John Deliiiiy, William D. Lawrence; and L. D. Sunderly. Tin y have a tent, wagon, and nine mules A tenth company fmrn Cincinnati, consisting of Samuel N. (iomu 11, Theodore Ogle, M. Ogle, and Thomas lhunctt, who have a tent, wagon, and six mules. An eleventh company from Cincinnati, consisting of J. V. Vredenhurgh, J. S. V redenhurgh and Mallow K tickle, who have a wagon and six inules. 'J he twelfth, and last company from Cincinnati that 1 have found since my Inst, consists of Joseph Howard, Joseph Gill, Joseph liinney, Ashury Malay, J. W. Shaw, and A. Culverson. They arc i i r, i I?u?>luc ij wim une wMgua uiju seven mines. ii?ucn of inese companies have necessary provisions, and are suituuly equipped tor the trip. 0 A company from Trumbull county, Ohio, consisting of C. W. Bidwell, W. \V. Hyde, George S. Chbp, and Win. II. Bobbins, wlio are provided wilh a wagon, eight mulea, and go in joint stock. A company from New Cailyle, Ohio, consisting of 1). Hubbard, F. P. Wura, and Jacob Stitzel, who are in joint stock, and provided with a wagon and five mules. A cunpany from Columbus, Ohio, consisting of II. L. Morgan, B. Oaroenter, L. E. Green, S.~ Y. Hoyt, B. John. J. W. Cowan, and II. C. Rareden, who ure provided witli a wagon and eleven mules. A company from Monroeville, Ohio, consisting of VV. C. Cook, Willunn I'. Thompson, (J. l\ Ross, Timothy Baker, and George Goodhue, who are provided with one wagon and six mulea A company from Miatnisburg, Ohio, consisting of William Anderson, William Keller, Robert Stewart, Charles Kurtz, D. Botts, Samuel Loree, John Genheart, Joseph Howard, C. Watson, M. L). Whithridge, and l'eter Backenbaugli. They are provided with four wagons and sixteen yoke of oxen. The Pittsburgh Independent California Company, consisting of John 1). King, W. T. A. II. Gioss, George Stewart, William Gay, D. Bondelear, C. Robins, Alexander Moore, and D. C. Ellis. They go in two wagons with eight mules. A company from Hancock county, 111., consisting of D. C. Miller, Thomas B. Melts, Joseph Garrett, Jas. Garrett, and J. M. Oosad, who go in two wagons and eight yoke of oxen. A company from Mel tonough county, III , consisting of T. Chandler, James Lupton, -? Harris, L. G. Furwell, G. Chitliam, L. II. Rohinson, J. L. Anderson, D. Hamilton, John Wilcox, J. II. Updegraff, John Wiley, J. \V. Dellani, Mike Martin, Charles Fox, J. Naylor, R. H. Broadus, l)r. Thos. Luster, E. Beau, George Boughman, John Hunt, (Jeorge W. Head, Joseph Neitesky, Geo. W. Ayre, Edwurd Ayre, Elijah Step, Frank l'ierson, Michael Yost, James Morrow, ana P. Cormuny. They go with ten wagons, forty yoke of oxen, and two yoke of cows. A company from Galena, 111., consisting of Win. B. Whitesides and lady, L. McGowan, B. B. Steiihenson, und Urial Gates. They are provided with three wagons, four yoke of oxen, and eight mules. A company consisting of A. Pcttibone, R. A. Drummond, David Wade, from Galena, 111.; W. Galord, S. and Joseph Galord, from Schuyler county, 111.; Dr. J. E. Outman,Dr. Asa Clark, Mr. Medium, and James Middler, of Chicago. They are provided with three wagons, eight yoke of oxen, seven mules, and three horses. A company from St. Louis, consisting of J. M. Sewnrd, James McFurland, and Mr. Ililt, who are provided with one wagon, four mules and a pony. A company from Adrian, Michigan, consisting of S. Richmond, C. King, James Skinner, and II. Crandall, who are provided with a tent, wagon, and four yoke of oxen. A company from Steuben county, New York, consisting of B. F. Dudley, Eli liidwell, jr., H. M. Miller and Joseph Melburn, who are provided with a wagon and four yoke of oxen. A company consisting of J. D. Van Allen and eon, from Buffalo, New York, who have a wagon and five mules. xi. i-uiiipuuy unuer i api. in. i layucn, composed ot George li. Findley, .lames Ilillman. M. Sexton, \V. Piercy, S. Bratton, A. J. Crawford, George Stone, R. Beall, J. Aldridge, Samuel Diffenduner, II. E. Carr, M. W. Cox, Wm. B. Maddox, J. J. Nichols, J. II. Carr, O. Posey, J. Murphy, Joshua Woll, ? Buchanan. .Tames Wildridge, Charles Points, John W. Malone. William McMuth, and Smith Scott, nil of Rushville, Indiana. They are provided with four tents, ten wagons, twenty-seven yoke of oxen, four mules, and two horses. The roads, jn every direction, are lined with the wagons of emigrating parties from the lower counties of Missouri, and from Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Illinois. The inujority of these intend moving leisurely as f ir as Fort Kearny and Council Bluffs, and there make their final start. I'p to this time at least three thousand emigrants have arrived at this point, en route for California. Several companies have already departed, and are now about one hundred miles from the frontier ; they intend remnining in camp for some days ot Grand Island, which is about two hundred and eighty miles distant. From that point you may expect my next communication. The roads from Independence, St. Joseph, Fort Kearny, and Council Bluffs, there connect; and in order to obtain a full and accurate register of those emigrating, (which it is wholly impracticable, if not impossible, to obtain at any other point,) as well as report the progress of the various companies, I have deemed that point advantageous. The trying times to many will arise before they succeed in reaching Grand Island, of which, as welj as other matters of interest, I shall endeavor to inform you. Postal communication ceases after leaving their several places of rendeyvous, and the emigrant has no ready means to communicate to his friends his progress, A*c. Reports from that location will, therefore, I trust, nrove of interest, as well to them as the public. PANAMA. The following is a list ol the names of those who crossed the Isthmus in the boat Panama Express:? Captain Ryan. of Now Hampshire; Frederick Collins. Thomas J. Coffin, H. S. Putting. L. G. Austin, J. A. Richardson. George rtnrnor, James Smith. Enoch CoflV, William Kansdel, Cook D. fioncsell, J. W. Noble. J. Miller, J. II. Chapman, A. Cook, L. Aulden, A. Vanderbeck. Howard Tan. R. li. Quick. John II. Jackson, Jas. W. Gowen, H. Tooker. Robert Phlpps, James Scott. Nathaniel Don nan, W. Southerland. Samuel Clap, Alfred M. llerry. Frank Moses. James F. Wheeler, F. AUerton, S Shofelt, J. Cornwcll, Robert Walker, John Thouipkins, Benjamin Johnson. from massachusetts. The ship New Jersey, Capt. Boss, sailed on the 1st inst., from Boston, for San Francisco, with the following passengers:? Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Pelton. of Andover; Mr. and Mrs. 11. Brynnt, of Boston; D. Shepherd and servant. M. Shepherd, of Hnlem; F. Faxon, of Quiney; F. Dingley, Rev. C. A. Farley, of Boston: J. Ross, S. S. Faton, B. J. Beal. M. B I.ucaa, A. Spear. A. Mellow, I). Taylor, and A. Linn. Members of the Suffolk and California Mutual Trading and Alining Association?Beresford Boynton. of Boston. President; Wm. H. Hardy, of Contooookville, N. II.. Vice President; R. C. Marsh. Jesso Morrill, of Boston. Snfford Towers, of Richmond. Vt., Edmund Car dell, of Warren, Vt . John Patch, of Ipswich. F. C. Hanson, of Lynn, Directors; J. Coffin, of Newbnryport, Secretary; Rev. Barlow Dyer; of Contocookville. Chaplain; Dr. C. Oibbs. of Warehain, Physician; R. P. Boss, of Chavlestown. Captain: Wm. Snow, ot ( hnrlestown. mate; A. S. Crocker, of Sandwich. 2d mate; Robert Griggs. Franklin Jones. John T. Buntin. II. M. Waiisworth. Asa Waloott, L. 11. Colburn. C. A". < heney. j. C. Heath, tl. C. Lea. E. J. Maun, and II. O. iijiiNu. i'i ixi-mn; 11 it. i run. oi watertown; Hansom Tillt. Olney Dodge. of Slatcrvillc; Austin Thompson. A. G. Hastings. of Contoeookvllle; I. Spnuldlng. of Kui Lexington; O. B. Lawn nee. Charles lllood. 8. P. Wood, of Groton; W. Hooper Sheldon, of Gardiner, Mo.; C. Grlncr, of Watertown: Wm. Henry Harrison Hall, of Warren. Vt.; J. I,. Foster. of do ; 0. A. Stevens, of P. AhiuKtnn; C. K. Blood, of Groton; L. Morse; J. C. Gleason. of Warren. Vt.; J. B. Grant, of Salem; J. Plympton. of Jamaica Plnlns; 11. O. Folsom. of Gilford. N. 11.; Joseph Meers, of Charlestown; G. H. Webster, of Roxbury; Jackson lleed. of Newport. N. H.; Lewis Morrill, of Pembroke, N. 11.; II Gove. T. 11. Bailey, of Walthnm; G. N. Seott, Albert Keith, of Uxbrtdge; James Tuft. Jonah Williams, ot Plymouth; John Ayres. of i helsea; G N. Flake. of Bedford: 11. Wheeler. Joseph lleilly, G. K. Rogers, of Watertown; L. D. Smith, of Warren, Vt ; Driver, of Lynn; J. B. Cole, of Beverly; John MeDonnld, Z W. Smith, of Richmond. Vt ; I). L Swain, of Chichester; J. B. James, of Smttliflcld. R. I.; W. P.. Crowell. Jena ( rowoll. of Newport. N H.; Lemuel Nell, of Athol; J. A. Sonthworth, iTDuxbury; C. K. Wnleott. of Watertown: T. Dyer,of Portland; W. W. Reed, of Danvers; J. C. Aluen, of Leeds, Me.; T. J. Week.), Wayne, Me.; G. P. Morrill. Jnmes llootcn, Augustus Reed, T. P. Merrill. W. R. Merrill. R. Merrill. Jr.. J. 11. W. Merrill. L. G. Merrill. N. H.Pike, L. F Merrill. Hansom Merrill. J. Weed. Henry lloolon, J. 11. Depeaux, I,. F. Tarbctt, W. S J P. Kilts, of Boston; Timothy < liillls, D. L. Page. Joshua Sargent, Contocookville; R. W. Knox George Bickford. C. G. Plans, Kpsom, N. II ; Dnniel ( boate, Portland; J. S Williams. Jos. Dunn. Past Aliington; K. R. Woodbury. Pembroke. N. II.; W H Hill, Watertown; C. Richardson. Cnnihridge; J. C. lb mis, ( old Brook; John Kiske, Bedford; G W Atkinson. 1). P. Ring. Me.; II II Goddard. I.itehfield, Me.; Royal Boston. Dorchester; John Ilogan. L. Gillson. Lynn; C. Tappan, Manehesler; P. B. Leach. Lover, man Duel. B. A. Goldiinllh, J M. Ginn. ' harloHtown; W.F. 8lblcy, Keene, N. II ; M RehBsli, Montreal; C. (.. Parsons. Manchester. Mass.; A. 11 Richardson, Lynn; C. M Kemp. Dunstable; Prost, D. 11. Morrill. G. W. Hobby. (> W. Ilrandenbcrg, J Shadd, J L. I Dkc. J. Httnncwell, P < lowry, J. A. Meyer. W. l-riuch. P W inn. Tlios. P.mi rv. Dr. Thomas Welsh, of Boston; W. II. J'nirtlelt, of South Natick; S Whitney, of Fitchburgh; W. P Johnson, of Attlehorough; C. Hewitt, of W arren. Vt.; J. ( a h. W. A. Metvin. .lason Riihardson of Wohurn; I). A. Mowry, of Burrlllvtlle, 11. I.; A Dennlson. of Lowell; B. Haley, of South Bo-ton; A . Burke, of Halloweitj W J Bryan. fT South Boston; Alphonso Benson, of Worcester; n r i ross, S S Gri m, of McdPord. S Llbbey. J Besom, J. ???stv, John Adams. Bewail Goddmrd. N A Gordon,of Lynn; (f A liailey, of Watkhaui; 8 P (iilman. of Hingham; T. 11. Borden, of Chelsea; li. Fornnld, of Cambridge; 1 1 C-. T. Stuuioke, of Charlcstown; C. T. Cohaudit.? Total, JMThe hrif? Susan A* Abigail, Capt. Pcaroe, nailed from Boston on ihe JWtb ult., for San Francisco. She took out Stephen 1$. Flwood, of Boston. The bark Susan Jane, Capt. Prior, sailed on the 1st from Boston for Sun Francisco, with the following passengers: ? John It Butler, John Givcns. Geo. W. Ad ims, John Gilbert, Thomas 1' Lilth field I'u trick Mathews, H.J. Keene. Win. 1-dinainls, Joseph M. Davis, of Boston; Tin man Murphy, of Salem ; Jumes A. Sniitliworth. of Biixhury ; Samuel E. Cook,of Warwick, H. 1.?Total 12. Ship Walter Scott, for San Francisco, will sail from Fdgartown, Mass., to-day, 7th imt., wind and weuther permitting, The following persona comprise her company :? Ilenry Pease, 2d. of Kdgartown. Captain nnd Treasurer; John K. Norton, of do. 1st officer; Wm. W, Huxloul. ol" do.. 'Jd ollleer; Mom s Adams, of ChiliAark, chief director; Daniel Crane, of Berkley; James MoNiel, of Boston ; Moses Me.Vlel of Boston ; William 11 Leonard, of Middlcborough; John W. Ceflin. Cyrus W Cease. Daniel C. Cease, James .VI. Coombs. John A. Cease, Kdmuud Lewis, Henry II. Mar- 1 chant. Hiram Jernegiin. Jeremiah Robinson, Win H. Coffin, ( has. Mayliew, Theodore fisher. Oliver M. Vincent. Maybew A. ltoblnson. Isuiali D. Cease, Jr.; Hamuli S Stewart. Isaac 1). Cense. Wm. It. Norton.Charles 11. Norton. Matthew C. Norton, Charles IV. Cease, Charles A Bunting, Crlnce S. Hart. Tristram K. Butler, Kdwnid Smith, Henry M. Norton. William A. Cease, Sylvester II. Hshur. Icliabod N. Luce, Theodore A. Maybew. kreeniiiti Butler, Jr ; ( liarles Bunker. David Butts, all of Kdgartown. Nathan S. Basset, Henry ( hn.-e. William (iotT. James Weekrf, Win S. Weeks, of Chilli.aril, Joseph Nickerson. Samuel Look, of Tisbury; tieoree Koluer. of Nantucket, blacksmith: and one othvr, cook, unknown. Total. 50. MISSOURI. [From tho Weston (Mo.) Journal, April 14.] Tbe reports which wo see in the newspapers of the day give hut a feeble representation of tho real extent of the mania fur gold, which ia raiting through the length and breadth of our land. We hud thought that our own town and county presented as fair an example of the " reigning passion " as any other, but. comparatively rp< uking we urc nowhere St. Louis is Hooded with emigrants destined for California by tbe overland route. Half of the city scouts to have raised the California Hug?id ,td, u wool hat. a calico shirt, or u belt, sheath, aud shot-pouch. California is the grand theme of conversation. It is upon t he lips of every man. It is the unitersal topic at every public place and at every corner. Steamboats are urriviug almost hourly from the Ohio river, freighted with adventurers, and covered covered with wagons, mules, oxen, tcc. Hundreds, and we may say thousands, have already left St. Louis for the frontier of Missouri, and thousands are waiting for an opportunity. '1 betide lias just begun to set in. and we are told that already the Suutu Fe trace from Independence is lined for utiles out wilhcmnps. At Wayne City and at Kansas the hanks are covered with tents and wagons. It is astonishing-our country ba< never seen anything to equal it. How many will cross the plains this seuson it is impossible to estimate ; but the number will not, we are contldi ut, be lsss than ten or llftecn thousand. The Highland Mary, to leave this day for Indejwndence, will carry up a party of gold-seekers from New England. We recognise many of the names. These gentlemen are all trom Boston? line looking men, and wear the ntein and hearing of the sons of the North. They style themselves "The Mount Washington and California Mining Company," and are composed of the following named persons:? Joseph Thing. President; E. S. Ferklns, Vice President; Wni. Trumbull, Secretary; Edward Willot, Troa- I surer; T. A. B Norris. IV. B. Turner, 11. C. Shaw, W. L. Jordan, T. C. Green, Directors; 11. A. Lewis. F. Fersaith. C. T. Kaulbeck, j Hull, C. Marcy, L. H. Richardson. S. 1) Murdough, J. Begun. E. Hinkley, C. F. Winship, A. Nye, Jr., D. K. Knowles, J. A. Morse, S. Southwick. J. Mills. C. F. Toby. C. Houghton. Virgil Woodcock. Jr.,C. B. Law ton. C. Whittemore, J. M. Ross, J. Guild. C. Snow, J. L. Carpenter, Geo. F. Sand ford, Wm. White, Nathan Watklna. Wm. Wallace, H. D. Uuller on. R. Ellsworth. 8. Matthews. J A. Wioship. 1-our of the number, including the President, Capt. Thing, have heenj to Independence, for the purpose of procuring the animals, tents, camp equipage, ike.. \*c. The President is perfectly acquainted with the route, having been four timea from .St. Louis to the Pacific.?St. Louis Reveille, May 1. CALirOKNIAN MOVEMENTS IN FRANCE. By the last arrival from Europe, we received the two lirst numbers of a French newspapor, dated ISth and -4th of March, published at Lyons, under tho above titlo. This paper, the view of which is to spread before the people of France as much information us possible about California, and to chr-aiclc the movements of the emigrants thither, is edited in a very excellent manner, and contains very valuable documents, ably translated from our columus. We understand, by one of its articles, that a company of two hundred people is forming in Lyons, in ordur to proceed to El Dorado, and erect there a city, which will be named Lyonsville. It contains a notice to the leaders of companies bound to California, requesting them to send to tho Monittur an account of themselves, their laws. Co.. sail they will receive, gratuitously, information on all points they may desire, relative to the journey, stations, food, tbe different routes, kc.. kc. The French Turisien Company, for the gold mines at California, has its olHcc at Paris. in No. I ltuo l.atittu. It has a director at Lyons tor the departments. An article by the editor is designed to remove tho fears which the proclamation of General I'. F. Smith had criatcd in France, in rnlution to the emigration of foreigners to California. The editor labors to prove that no alarm need be felt. Ho says thu proclamation is merely intended to keep foreigners from coming for a few months to California, and then going off again witli loads of gold. He says, justly, it is not intended to prevent the colonisation of the country, aud explains. that a foreigner, on arriving, by declaring his iutiDtion.s. will immediately obviate all the difllculty. Then follow copious ex t roots, chicily taken from the Ni iv York Herald anil the California Herald. j?i Vinx full accounts of the progress of affairs in California hitherto. Great activity in preparations for entigntion prevails in all the sea ports of Krauce. Several vessels are announced as about to set sail from Marseilles for the Kl Dorado. The California furore seems to race in franco more strongly even than it lias done in New fork. A Mjmovrian's Accocnt of California.?The Independence Expositor contains a letter from Mr. T. McClellen, a gentleman of intelligence and veracity, who, with his family, went to California about a year ago. lie made the trip out overland in five months and five days, with the loss of only one animal. lie writes us follows:? " I brought every species of property I started with, whicn is worth more here in gold than all I ever was worth, put together, in my life. I sold, when I landed at the mines, the wagon T bought of Oldham, and three yoke of oxen, for $I,(KM) in gold, and was offered $1,200 for the other wagon and oxen, but I would not sell them: they are worth hs much to me as a steamboat is to its owner on the Missouri river. 1 have given them to young Nottingham, who drove out for me, on the halves: he hauls from Gmbnrcados, a town laid out near Sutter's fort, forty miles fiom the mines, and the head of navigation at this time. The road is better than the road from Lexington to Independence, lie hauls from thirty to forty hundred, and the price varies from twenty to thirty dollars per hundred pounds; so that he clears for himself over fifty dollars per day. Time in making a trip, four to tix days. I sold off all my horses?three at one hundred dollars apiece. The common price for horses and mules varies from three to four hundred hollars per head?a great many sold at the latter price. The great demand is for transporting provisions and tools. I sold the pistols I bought of Henry Childs for two hundred dollars, and the belt for seventy-live dollars in gold. 1 have been in the country some three weeks, und have raised above $3,000 in gold. Nly little girls can mike from five to twenty-five dollars p r day, washing gold in pnns. So soon ns we get ready, 1 expect to ship nt this place lor .lackson county, Mo., where I intend to spend the rest of my days in , l>ence nnd cpiictness, and in the enjoyment of family and friends?where, of nil places. I most most delight to be. My average income this winter will be about one hundred and fifty dollars per dsy; nnd if 1 should strike a good lode, it will he a great der.l more. The large majority of persons who have done well in the mines?and all have done so who have tried?are going back to ihe States to live; at least, nine out of ten. You know James M. Ilarliii : he has just bought a Mexican ranch, for which lie has paid $12,000 in gold for the stock and land, nvcraging the stock nt |60 per head ; nnd it is thought tint he has made nt least $12,000 hv the operation, which makes him stand monarch of $24,(WO; but this is nothing. Jesse Beasly is paid to he worth $10,000. (iovernor Hoggs has made an independent fortune for all his children. ^ ou knew a carpenter named Ihyant, who used to work for Lbenezcr Dixon: he has dug more gold the lust six months than a mule can pack." The Anti-Kent Movement.?The friends of "equal rights" held a meeting at Middletown, Delaware county, on the 2d inst., John, ( haiiinan, and James Archibald, Secretary. 'lha following platform was presented by the Committee on Kesolulione, and udopted with tremendous cheering)? llc?olv? d. That the members of tills society are ready arnl milling to contribute an equal eliare to defray the expenses of obtaining counsel to assist the \ttorney (leneralin prosecuting the suits commenced on the linrdenl urgb patent. Itcsolved Tlmt we consider the granting of an Injunction to stay (lie collection of rents on lands where i ults are commenced, just; that such injunctions can and should bo served Immediately. Ileeolved, That we will pay no more rent after suits to test the validity of the title are commenced; there can he no injustice In waiting until soueh suits are decided; that while the landlord has tho land to secure him the trnnnt has nothing. (>n motion, there was n society formed for the pur- *? l?ofe of protecting the tenants against the incursions of the " pretended owners?' Fihe in Stamford.?The extensive drug mill o Ilrnry Sanford, of Stamford, was destroyed br fire on Sunday night Inst. The loss is reported fn lie |t2f>,(l00; insured at A'jtnn, Hartford, $>.000. It is supposed, set on fire by an incendiary. Mr. Usniford is a member of tho Legislature at ibe present time ?Jian/onl Tim*.. i