Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 18, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 18, 1849 Page 1
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r ! TH NO. 5460. IMPORTANT EVENTS IN EUROPE. OF nix STEAM-SHIP CANADA The steam-ship Canada, Capt. Judkins, arrived ff thia port at nine o'clock on Wednesday night, and reached her wharf between six and seven yesterday morning. She left Liverpool on Saturday, the 5th instupt, and has, therefore, made a remarkably quick passage across the Atlantic. Our Xtondon Correspondence. SUMMARY OF EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE, FROM SATURDAY 28TH APRIL, TO SATURDAY, 6TH MAY, 1849. The Defeat of the Austrlans by the Hangarlans?Intervention of Russia*-A French Army at the dates of Rome?Riots and Lms of Life at Berlin?Definitive Refusal of the Imperial Crown of Germany by the King f Prussia?State of Paris?Fall of Palermo?The Danish War?Sews from India, tte., die., die. London, SiTvmitr Moaning, May 6, 1849. Since tho departure of the lout moil steamer, on Saturday last, from Liverpool, events of high political Importance have occuriud in Europe. THE HUNGARIAN WAR. The citraordinary dovelopomnnt given te the insurreetion in Hungary, had, for some time, given rise to serious alarm ; but the advantages stated to have baeu gained by the Magyars were regarded as exaggerations. Their ranks, however, swelled continually?the Poles arrived in large numbers from all parts of Europe, aud the kernel of the Hungarian army consists of 15,000 Poles, accustomed to desperate lighting ; and Italian patriots, and insurgents of Vienna of last October, are all marshalled in battle array against Austria. Thus reinforced, the insurgents advanced within sight of Pesth; and near the river Uran,*nd the town f the same name, tliuy came up with the outposts of General Weldeu's army. On the 21st the battle com. menccd. Welden, who commanded the reserve In person, occupied the heights of Gran. Tho Jablonowski and Simunich brigades were drawn up in line of battle on the open ground between Gran and Comorn. The Hungarians attacked the imperialists with such fury, that in despite of their bravery, they were compelled to retreat. Besides a severe list in killed and wounded, the Austrlans lost 20 gunB and 2 000 prisoners. This intelligence caused a regular panie'at Vienna, and "the Mary s aie coming." passed from lip to lip. The yieiitui Gazette published the following account ef the affair Baron Welden having taken a survey of the operations at Comorn, arrived at Oran on the 17th, and then convinced himself that tho enemy, after the demon- i titrations made before Pesth, hud set out by a great i round over Ipoly-Sugh for Leva, with a view to raising i ih? !?*? of Comorn. The five brigades collected on 1 tho Waag, under the orders of General Wohlgemuth, i had meanwhile proceeded to the Gran, which enabled i him to deploy his troops, eager for battle, on the space I lying between these two streams ? un excellent position for us: while Veigl's brigade is disposed as reserve i between Kornend, Kobockur. and St. Teter. This 1 movement would be followed up by suitable attacks i over against Teeth and Waitzen, supported by pruden- < tittl measures for the protection of Gr&n, in ease of an < engagement with the enemy, who are our superior in numbers, and furnished with plenty of artillery and ' light cavalry. j The war in Hungary has lately assumed a character 1 which must be distinctly observed, In order to arrive < at a clear notion of events in that country, past and to 1 some. i After the imperial army, in the months of December t and January last, had occupied, by a series of triuin- ] phant victories, the western portion of the territory, \ and taken possession of the capital, the belief gained * . ground that the affairs of the kingdom would De ad- i justed in a peaceable manner ; and with that object In I view, the attention of the government was primarily t directed to the restoration of the administrative 1 power. That hope has, however, turned out a forlorn t one. It is true, the re-establishment of material order f followed in the wake of the troops, but a moral pacilication was not effected, and tlie time slipped by In the a vain effort?time well employed by the cuemy, who set r very engine of revolution at work to increase their powor and draw froin all parts of Kuropo accessaries t to thelc schemes. A numerous and well appointed t army Is now opposed to us, and it is no longer disputa- 1 hie that ou the battle field alone the fate of Huugary a mast be decided. This truth Is acknowledged by the s imperial government and the generals of the army; and 1 from the present moment the government la Hungary I takes Its stand on a military basis alone. Tho foe must he fought, beaten and destroyed ; till this happens, all other concerns must be trented as of secondary Impor- * tance. To uocomplish this, it is necessary to concen- li tratc all the forces of the Emperor on those points that R Eresent themselves as most fitted for that end, acoordig to strategical calculations. It stands to reason e that, while these preparations are going on, the indivi- c dual and separate movements cannot be made known, and that in the middle of marches and counter mar- _ hes the events of each day eannot be reported. Our *, patriotic fellow citizens may in the meantime console i] . themselves with the assurauce that a bravo army. am- a ply provided with the materials of war, and led by B commanders tried in battle, who are receiving fresh j, reinforcements from all sides, must eventually save 0 the eausc of the country ; and that the determination F to uphold a free, great and united Austria, animates r the monarch and his counsellors, alike with the eblef g populations of our wide realm, and that the convulsive T throes of a criminal faction, who, aidod by foreigners, _ would hurry their country into ruin, through the in- f strumentality of the worst of passions, must bow down ^ in abasement to the force of this united will. ( The following bulletin was also published:? t After the Austrian army had retired towards I'esth, la the 1 early date of the present month, and taken up a eeneeatra- ( ted poeitb n in front of the two citlos, the enemy made almost daily attempts to break through our lines, but without sue- . eete. These attacks, however, afforded them a convincing 1 proef thnt our chief force lay tound Buda-Testh. They then C proceeded to attack Waitien, defended by Goti's two brigades, en which occasion that general was killed, forced our men ap the Danube, over Leld and Kornend, and marched straight upon Leva with two strong Columns, tho ono on the left Gran bank, the other over lpoly-Sagh, supposing us all I the time fully occupied at Pesth. At beva the enemy had, on the 18th, collected about 30.0(10 of hie best troops, under Gor- ' gey, with which be passed the Gran in three columns, at Kal- ? na, Bars, and St. Hcncdek. Field-marshal Lieutenant Wohlgemuth, commander of fire brigades, about lA.OCO men, disposed as reserve behind the 1 Gran, informed of this movement, marched on the lHth and 19th from Kornond to meet the enemy between Malts and Beee, They had, meanwhile.with their whole force, doubled ? our numbers, drawn up in line of battle betweon ? erebely o and Nagy- Sarlo. An attack of the brigate Jablonowsky, on Magy-Sarlo, succeeded perfectly, but tbe place taking Arc, t obliged the enteringeolumn to withdraw. This circumstance was employed by the enemy to surround onr right wing, be- I twven the Gran and Nagy-Sarlo, and the same manoeuvre was tried on onr left, from Verebely. The most obstinate t fighting had lasted from early in the morning till the afterBoon. Wohlgemuth had led back his harassed Croons front ( one post to another with his usual judgment, while the enemy had extended their lines to Neutra. Orders had been previously givon to General Woblge- i mnth to continue his retreat beyond the Neutra, and even ? the Wsag. in ease of an unfavorable turn, for the purpose of oovering Presburg and the valley of tho Waag, and ro-opontng a communication by the Selintte island with the besiec- r tag corps of Comoro, which fortress was being constantly i assailed. The Commander-in-Chief, Baron Weldcn, who \ arrived at Gran on the 17th, pi-rinaded that the main force . of tho enemy, by making a ilrtour over the hills, eonld have proceeded to the relief of Comoro, instantly directed Jollaehich to leave l'osth with his eolleetive force end attack tbe f enemy, hut not to pursue his advantage too rashly. p Oa tbe 19th, tho Ban advanced en all tides, but the foe took to hie beele to precipitately as to be out of reach of our shot. j On the 3ffth, another hostile column, which had stood in re- . serve at I'asslo, on the river l|>oly, came down with the left wing of the enemy, on the right Gran bank, against K rnend and Ornn. and immediately attacked the reserve division, Keortck, there stationed, who retired, fighting, upon Gran, .' ( Wohlgemuth having already passed Ncunausel) and broke up the lirldgc of boats at that place, la order to defend tbe , ^eint as long as possible. On the Wth, WelJcn reached | Under the present sipert of affairs, it struck theenin- j Biander-in-chief that a longer possession of Ruda and I'esth weald lie prejudicial to the further military operations, espe- J eially as tho Danube, from Coinorn to WatUeii, was already ( In the hands of the rehels, and as neither of the two cities in question was a pivot of notion. Hie master ol the or lnanee has. therefore, resolved to oouoeutrate his troop.* in a safer Ksltior, and lie is convinced, witli the reinforcement* at are conftng, he w ill soon be aUo to rc-assume the offensit c with advantage. Accounts from Pesth, up to the 21st, state that the foe had made an attack at Csinknta- bnt was everywhere re pulsed by onr men who were sent against them. Count Nugent reports from ftemlin, under date ttie 17th, that tilings look brighter on the Lower Danube. The CtuikIsten trnrt is ileared of the enemy. The position at Peterm ardeiu lias been strengthened by new entrenchments, formed ' r .i 11, f 'clout'1 Unniula. and tbe corn# UIXK'r wic rtio, ii? ,, __ IMNMhIdI, lIM bl tlie IXfCltll rm-Ciin, will sofa a situation tu M-miic tlie offensive, mid nntrcli to Hsegrdcn. Flrld-Marstml I.ieutenunt lltrmi BOiltl. The immediate rt cult was the raise of the siege of Comoro, which gallant fortress hM been rnrictualled and reinforced, the eradiation of the city of Fe.-th, and an appeal to RuchIr. a general inaurreetion In Poland, lialllcie, and theflrand Dnehy ofTosen, is feared. The F.uiperorof Hunsla la, consequently, quite willing to advance to prevent it. The autyolnod letter, from a well Informed person at Vienna, contains the latest Intallifcnca . % Vir.ntA, April 28. 1840. The plot Is thickening. The entrance of the Russian* ?m wmtr is now placed beyond all doubt. Humors of a lluaeiau manifest were yesterday on the tapii, and 1 fnlly expected to see the document In print to-day, but ant disappointed. 1 can only assure yep that it i xi'ts, E N El and contains a dear exposition of the reasons fwflthe Hit intervention. The Emperor Nicola* cornea on hi* own * ><< aeeonnt. to beat the Poles, hi* ancient enemy; and la Kf'' prepared to take upon himself the whole expenava of T the expedition. 0lll Lloyd, in hia yesterday's leading article, led ua to anticipate the blow, for blow it is, look at it in what way '! yon will. *T*| The writer of the article conferee* the inability of prei Austria to cope with her enemiea in Hungary, and ask* urei to whom shall we apply in our present strait? The !"'< 'sentimental politicians" and would-be patriots ex- , J claim against the Russian alliance, because, forsoot'i, a eonatitational land should steer clear ot an absolute ly c one A .Imillln. f n.|n.UI.. e... .... .... applied to the present oriels, and where are wo to look fort for help bot to Russia? Prussia, with her bran-new constitution, cannot afford to help us. France, calling herself free, is the nominal enemy of Austria. Kngland, ? ht that has enjoyed constitutional liberty for centuries, tic i speculates coldly at a distance on the fortune of war in Hungary; besides which, Lord I'almerston has intrigued against us in Italy. This is the sum and sub- 0 stance of the article in IJoyd, which is founded on the an(j urgent necessity of aid from some quarter, and that without lose of time. The same paper attempted to Lot show, in a late nnmber. that alliances have always been mei formed between Status of antagonistic political princi- r0T pies, and that the interests of free States have generally been found to be opposed; instancing Kngland and ' France, Kwpland and America; and citing the friendly mo' relations 0Kngland and Russia, and Great Britainand n'H Austria(anctcnrcgimr)ascasesin point. Yet these powers fi!a neyer dreamt of interfering in the Internal udminlstra- J''''' tion of their respective governments. This may all be a'HI very true and pluusiblo. hut I think you will distin- J',u guish between a friendly alliance and an armed assist- to i unce. The friends of Austria all unite in deprecating eve the entry of the Russians. It is felt to be a national oru disgrace, inasmuch as it proves the incapacity of the Kov country to meet the exigency. The question resolves ,0 ' itself into the dire alternative of losing a neighboring province and the command of the high road to the l"0 Fast, or saving it and the monurchy by foreign aid. rBa< The lesser evil has been preferred by the government, and every true patriot must submit. There can be no 1,a<i doubt that the Hungarian insurrection has assumed a Polish character, and that Kossuth is becoming every day a less conspicuous personage. In the middle of the February there were only two Polish legions. Dem- < bintki now, in his bulletins, speaks of eight. If they are ?1 1 all as strong as the two before established, each stund- : ing ut .1,500 men, there are now 28,000 Poles in the Hungarian army, not to mention the 1.400 or 1,500 emi- *1"' grants, and those from the kingdom of Poland. Podolia, Pf* and Volhynia. Galieia has. however, furnished the Nal greatest number of volunteers. froi Those who apprehend a return to absolutism as a noccssary consequence of this alliance (and there are M?: many such), forget that the rising in Hungary is not n'K intended to overthrow u principle of government, but d* the empire itself, and to set up another ia its stead, or ut all events one opposed to its interests. The pretext lha of Kossuth, that he isttghting the battles of Ferdinand 8UV V., shows to what paltry subterfuges he is driven, to T1'1 provide a decent excuse for tho war. Austria, there- ca'| fore?-the free, oonstitutionul. and united Austria?is en- *hi gaged in a struggle for life, and wages war, in self-dc- en^ fence, against her enemies, who seem, by one common ^ accord, to have met on the plains of Hungary, deter- ' mined to destroy her. Should she succumb, tho rebel- lnK lion will extend to tho Russian Polish provinces, and to Posen. The Czar is obviously interested in preventing this by a display of force, and in enteriuir 11 linearv be will fight his owu buttles. 8c I haieju?t heard that the Russian note will be pub- ?' lisht'd to-morrow, accompanied by an Austrian one. twci From what 1 can learn, Russia scuds into Austria Den 150.000 men. Three corps are to enter Hungary in the the Dorth. three others to occupy the lower Danube and ibc Trans} Ivan ia, and 20.000 are destined for the protection j ,f et \ ienLa on the side of liungury. So we shall hare hacj them nt arenough. They undertake to provision them- ther selves, and ure only to obey n Russian general. I un- Wh< derstand, also, that one of the stipulations made re- n(,t quires the delivery up of all Russian-Polos that have J'**1' been captured by the Austriuns iu Hungary. The in?urrcction, however well organized und extensive in its t?st ramifications, cannot he expected to make head against thiol the overwhelming force now in the field. appr Brcslau papers tell us that the Prussian government * ire taking active measures to prevent an inroad af tho , Magyars. A strong corps of observation is to be drawn horn icross the Silesinu (upper) frontier, it having been as- uaen . ertained that the plan is to carry the insurrection into that -rncow and i'oeen. show We are without news of importance from Hungary. *as rwo squadrons of Kossuth Hussars are said to have enlered l'eeth, tired of bivouacking in the fields, and hear inding the passage clear. They wero received with tatie >pen arms, and the cries of " Eleyen Kossuth" could laugl jo heard across the river in Buda. The Austrian gar- "( y1 ison have Fet flro to the bridge of boats, and Clarke, *1?'" be English architect, and constructor of the uew sus- ,iete, lension bridge, has received orders to render it uua- dent railable for tne purposes of transport. V. From Hermannstadt we hear nothing in a direct ,8 e nanner, the Saxon land being hermetically closed. Ty.'J1 lecruits are being constantly levied from the popula- '\ktb ion best known for their loyalty. They arc pressed be di nto the Bcrvice noltns volent. Thus famine stares to pr hem in the face, the best and youngest hands being nets, orced to exchange the ploughshare for the sword. A 1 Percael has retired within the fortress of Peterwarden, Iter starting his guerilla corps in 1,000 wagons, on 4ndi, tew adventures. vohi! There is a report iu town to-day that Gen. Schlik, behe iy dint of forced marches of fifty hours' duration, has aken Gorgcy in the rear, and broken his columns. me?' 'wo battalions were cut to pieces. This I give you as J?!'!, mere rumor. We know nothing positive of the po- a ' ition of the armies, nor even the head-quarters of govei Velden. Some say they are at Ocdenburg, others at Th labolua. I have dwelt at some length on this Russian interven" oujh ion, as it is one of those great events which stand as kefoi indmarks in the history of the world. It is difficult to Magi ay what it may not lead to. The war in Europe has ommenced. At Paris, curiously enough, it did not iDK? ause much sensation. (liei The official news, says a letter from that capital, of 1uen esterday's date, received here yesterday, of tho interention of Russia in Hungary, does not create any alarm. funcj 'he number of men placed by the Russian government form t tho disposal of Austria is HO.000 men. By the expla- bear, lations given to the French government by Russia, the " otervention is justified, on the ground that it is the BoF' nly means Russia now has of preventing a general ri- thro' ing in Toland. The principal generals in the Hunga- Vp fo ian army being Poles, the pooplc of that country are in tativ . state of the greatest excitement, and as the seat of ohtal rar approaches the frontiers, there is the greatest dan- Ut * ;er of u rising. Prussia is also alarmed on account of Py' he Grand Duchy of Posen. which also threatens to join had 1 n the movement. It is said that Prussia has not only as w onsentcd to the intervention of Russia, but has offered puni o send an army of observation to the frontiers of Gal- tjoui icia. I have learned, from very good sources, that tho jjf ntervention of Russia in Hungary does not give any {?*,] imbragc to the French government, which sees in it an Tsrj mitation, and. at the same time, a justification of its say t iwu intervention in Rome. Th conn AFFAIRS OF ROME?INTERVENTION OF FRANCE. frun I mentioned In my last that French intervention had rperi icen decided upon, in Italy, to restore tho Pope. The ollowing telegraphic despatches have been rccoivod by the I he French governmente*J1 Tovi.ow, April 2S, 1W9?S o'elock, A. M. the 1 "he Rear Admiral to the Minister of M'ar. bera Civita Vecchia, April l'ii?II A. M. and The unadron under my command anchored yesterday, at 10 with 'clock, Before Civita \cccbia. At mid-day the town v. as Tli rcunied by 1,3-00 men of the expeditionary force. intm This eeiupation took place with the conseutof the anthori- that ies of that tow n. and without firing a shot. Th All the tro< ns h;nc tliscniharked this morning, and I am t] iusy pnttlnc the stores on shore. A <1 1 It,. f..l I !__ n In elt graph is despatch : ? I a MAnsrit.t.ys, April 28?2 o'clock. j fty a Itncral Oudinot to the Minister of War. I , Ci vitA VrcrniA, April 25. | ,e We are masters of ( ivita Veeehia, without tiring a shot.? i com h- authorities hare mudc bo resistance. The inhabitant* ' ly m ,nd National Guard* received u? with acclamations. reap The news from Italy to-day la very important. The i nmb 'rench government has received a telegraphic dcapatch pi*' cltlch announce* that the French troopa, to the num- *be >er oi 6.0G0. had arrired at the gates of Rome, and that t'0!1 he triumvirate had opened negotiations with tho P?m 'ommander-ln-chlef for their admission without oppo- the itlon. The army had not met with the slightest re- the iletanec anywhere. i"g The nme telegraphic despatch brings notice that the oi I dwpdWa* snny lms taken pf->es?ion of Ancona, and *hj hut the Austrian* have entered Tuscany, and are wbh unrthing on I.eghorn. 'Id" The billowing is published in a supplement of the tard ?iniuj>hore of Marseilles :? '"tt The steam frigat"Snne. which left f'lvlta Ve#*hia pari >n the 27th. arrived this morning W* learn by ner whl Jutt the troops forming the fllllh expedition die- see mbsrked at < ivitn Veeehia on the 25th and 2otb. hgh T in y occupied the town without being compelled to and have recourse to force. Immediately ou his arrival, insi lieneral Oudinot, addressed a note to the government, out demanding admittance into the town. The latter con- Mrs suited with the authorities, and after two hours' de- tiirn liberation the gates were opened to our troops, who eubj were received with sympathy by the inhabitants. The be u following order of the day was Immediately issued tie'I Soldiers, the French Hug floats en the fnrts of C'ivita V?e- the chin. It e t.sil expected tlut u e should he compelled to ef- not feet a landing by force, and every measure had been adopted rrB] to insure 1U sueccee ; but we were Inspired w ith the idea of an our government, w hieh, associated with tho generous foei- . ingsef Pins IX.. wished to avoid, as much as possible, the effusion of blood. The authorities of Civita Veeehia. yield- HOD Ing to the wishes of the inhabitants, opened the gates of the town to us at the first summon.-. Tine reception, you will fri 1, adds to our duties. It would aggravate any breach of discipline ; it commands us, not only to respect the people, T hut to keep up the most friendly relation" with them. Tho lige fleet w ill, in a few davs. bring us eonsiderahle reinforce- first menu. Poldirrs of the land fortes, T am your organ in thankin* our brethren in arms oi the navy. It is to their powerful co-operation that we owe our lirst nones-. 1 Dr OUDINOT DF. REOGIO. mos A part of the Frenah troops nro quartered In Clvlta """ Vcachiu. ami the rest ure encamped under the walls anil r"j1 In the neighborhood. The duty of the town is confided I"-1' half to the French and half to the Roman troops The st am llntllla left ( Irtta Veeehia on the 27th for Toulon, ,n where it wHl entbark fresh troops. The Sane will return Jn Immediately with a squadron of chasseurs incl The h'nuvrllittr has the following:? of Not only did our soldiers meet with no opposition, bat Ui#y P'*' were received with acclamations by the people and by thn mot National fluard. Our flag, nnltod with the Pontifical colors, aye has bean hoisted on all points of the town. At tho departure the of Ihe Str-imcr, It wasrrported that the Triumvirate oi Koine w.ii pert' dirtcting ull tlivijdispo-abls Xvrew *a V'lfita V*v?li.a, W YO MORNING EDITION?FRI1 this demonstration w?? not rognrled In ? torionn H (11, TH1 , ?n the <lr?t opportunity, tho battalions of the Rota. B uhlio will not fail to dieband themselves. V 'he following in the proclatna'ion addressed by Gen. Prn dinot immediateely on his landing:? ihabitaut* of the Roman States!?In presenoe of the g, ots which agitate Italy, tho French republic resolved to _ 1 a cor pi d t irmte on your territory, not to d ? icut government, which it has nut recognised, but to avert " it misfortunes from your country. Frituoe does not arro- ecu t to herself the right to regulate interests which arc, before G thore of the Roman people, and whicli extend themeolve- g ho whole of Europe, and to all the Christian world: she only considered tnat, by her position, she was particularnllcd on to interfere to farilitate the establiaumont of a T tme,equally removed from the abuses which have beau o?c] Iter destroyed by the generosity of tho illustrious I'lu- ^ , and fr. m tlie anarchy of late days. Tho flag which I t e just hoistedon vour slmres is that of peace, or order, o rillution, and of true liberty. Round it will rally all those > wish to ro-operatc in tho accomplishment of the patnu- -Li sud sacred work. OUDINcIT 1)C KEGGIO. Tra THE STATE OF PARIS?THE TWO NAPOLEONS. k*|" 1 iwing to the approaching elections and the severe got I tyr&nlcal measures adopted by the government of me: lis Napoleon, Farls is In the greatest state of excite- ^ at, and many well-Informed persons expect another 4<jc olution. lune is fast approaching. tiai ast night, says the Paris correspondent of n London rning paper, the neighborhood of the Portn St. Denwas again|crowded with a mob of persons, ory lng out j* ' inst the supposed tyranny to which they are sub- t0 ' :ed. The whole of the neighboring district was A rmed at the threatening appearance of things, up shops were closed, and a complete stop was put til kinds of business. The people were to be seen, ,ecl ry ten yards, in knots gathered round some club 1 Inr hnlHinir forth Effitinat. tliM nnnrnuoi???i <>?' tl..? eminent. At length the aspect of affairs became icrious that the military were called out. A com- *rc sary of police, followed by two drums. eummoned ditl crowd to disperse, and. as the order waa not ], ilily obeyed, a charge ef infantry atte'imted te dcp tr the strouts This having also failed, recourse was prvi 1 to cavalry, a<nd the object waa at length accomplish- "itt Several persons were urrested and earned to too fecture of Police. and other prisons, for obstructing wj,j military, and refusing to disperse when summon'd mcn lo so. Among the persons arrested wan a lneiubi r a. he National Assembly, ilia name is uot given, bill peri is suid to be one of the representatives for the ColoB. On bis being identilied lie was set at liberty. BjT Fen o'clock the streets ussuwcd their ordinary ;tp itg v runce, with the exception that strong patrols of nior tional tiuarda were to be seen lulling their rounds. dissi n time to time, during the whole night. The ultra- an i aorratlc papers announce, this morning, that the r*th utagnnrd members of the Assembly were all last J| ,*J bt in consultation us to what means were to be 3. pted by them for the protection of tha rights of the witt dors agulust the attacks of tliu government, but carr t they have uot yet come to a resolution on the ject. They promise that something effectual will ' rdily be done, hut in tho meantime they ourucstly 4 upon the people to preserve the public peace. it m ch their enemies would wish them, for their own to tl s, to violate. mougst the persons araested, were three members T lie National Assembly. This gave rise *o an excit- letti scene in the sitting of the Assembly ot . Ionduy. 1 join it:? "W NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. Oeri Sitting ok Monday, April. .10. W unc sensation was created in to-days's sitting, by the fol- berg ing incident. 4 jlu . lioi: ran had to oomplain that on Saturday eventa*. b?en eight and nine o'clock, whon passing by the I'urto St. is, behind the groups who were assembled In that part of capital, he had been prevented from pursuing bis way by Ai police agents, and when he hud announced himself to |D y representative of the people, ho was treated with great to n gmty. When he persisted in bis right to nast slnmr l,? been tiikcn by the collar and hii coat torn. He was 4?. i forced into a coach and taken to the l'rcfecturo of police. K'DI :n in the can-lace, the police agent inquired If lie had ut!T< the honor of speaking to M. Ureppo. That question exiled why such brutality had been manifested towards him ? Duutre). He was afterwards let go when ho had proved lie was a representative of the People, but he must pro- 1 in the strongest manner against being thus treated like a kille I', and lie demanded a most murked reparation. [Loud bc-hs obation on tlie left. 1 T] Matiueu-Soviby (a negro.) next ascended the tribuno, man excited some curiosity, lie suid that lie resided lietweou I'orte St. Denis and tlie I'orte St. Martin. He waa going Ior<M e, on Snturday night, when he waa stopped liy the police acco ts, w ho refused to let him pass, lie represented to thein Ol he was a member of the National Assembly, und even the s red his medal, lint to no effect. When he persisted, ho (lilu treated with violence and abusive language, und being were ited, was thrown into a dark hole. [Here the honorable J, . scntative uttered a moat strange sound, like what waa rauij d some years back in England by parsons who gave iiui- marl ins of negro characters; this unusual sound excited great thiffi liter.] lie went on to declare, thut, by articles 3d and 3/ Two e constitution, the person of tliu representative was in- whic iblc. In his case, although lie had shown his medal, he not set at liberty. It was only after a certain length of ?nc? ntion that he was at last allowed to go to his own real- town e. [Hear, hear.] couri 0. BsaioT, the President of the Conncll, said, that for parts i days baek assemblages had disturbed the capital. He yu, j ed to siieak of the subject with great reaorve, but it was ?/> snt that a certain provocation was hold out to the poorer ! , es to assemble in the afreets I'erhupa one day it wonld ' scovered who it was that tried to persuade these persons both oduce such an agitation as to disturb all kinds ui busi- Ol Voice on the left?It is you yourself who have get np i assemblages. (Great uproar.) e President of the Cooncil denied, with the ntmost V'"" (nation, the truth of such an insinuation. Far from pro- quai ng the people to assemble in the street, the government sulil Id, with grief, the oourse which was adopted, and did ill wit* i power to repress the agitation. To say that the govern- a ; attempted to induce misled men to produce disturbIn the public streets, was a declaration of an odious scter. (Cheers on the right.) " Voice on the Left?It is impossible to calumniate the tint rnment. Iiuvl e President of the Council regretted exceedingly the num kkc which had taken place with respeot to the honorable lilt,, isentatives who had Inst spoken, but he thought they . t to have waited until the matter had been inquired into ' e they mentioned It In the tribune. (Oh, oh.) But what SoiBt t to be the conduct of the government when sneh assein- klllt cs were taking place t Clearly, to nut a stop to such codings. (Murmurs on the left.) What would honorgentlemen have the government do 7 Allow the worklasses to become familiarized with disturbanco? to excite other, as had taken place just before the days of June! ptdit ir, hear.) That aould not be permitted; and, ounce- 27th, tly. the government agents must be looked on with a ? / .in indulgence, when acting in pursuanoe of their duty. o-j (overnment, at the same time, would direct that those . , ' iion-, always of a disogrceahle character, should be per- ' . ed with as much respect for cltiscns as possible. (Hear, rxapl ) com) Covin complained that he had been arrested on the need evards on Saturday, at a time when there was no crowd, then aken to the Prefecture of Police, w berg he had been ? , ji sn into the comnon prison, amidst a crowd of mentaken ., r various offences, lie declared that he was a raproscn- lu e of the people; and even then with theutmost diltU nlty view incd ptruiission to be placed in a small oloset adjoining. shun as not let at liberty until the next morning at half- Inipll ten o'clock. (Movement). ( olci Dcgoi/sre (one of the qmstors) stated that measures , been already taken to prevent a recurrence of suoh acts sre just complained of. The offending agents should be army shed, and the prefect of police had already called on M. diehs n to express his deep regret at what had occurred, lie Atigt cd to direct the attention of the Assembly, to the fol- for U Dg fact, us being evrtaiuly highly improper : A captain wher he loth legion, on hearing, when on duty, on the Duals- , s, that a representative had been arrested, was heard to ?"'iu lhat In- should like to see tliem all so. (Laughter.) Rlt'llS e President had to read to the AssomLly_twn letters tier i crtod with the mntter under consideration. The first was estnl the Minister of tlie Interior ts tlie President of the As- nistr ,ly, deploring tlie mistake that had taken place with re- ,i l ; to M. Gouin; the other from M. Marrast, requesting that he future, shonld, ky any ebance, a representative be aestaily arrested, he may he taken at once to the hotel of (tent President of tlie National Assembly, where his Identity whir >e more suitably proved. two Pcii'ilka deviated that if there waa any intention on qj ;,art of the Prrsldetit of the Conncll to charge the tnetn- , , of the left w ith a design to encourage the p-'ople to meet 4'i produce agitation, he, for his part, repeiled the chargo I' i indignation, a* a calumny [hear, hear]. reae e I'm evident of the Council had not charged any hon. seco ber with sneh couduct; he had only expressed bis regret towt sneli tilings were dono. r , e licldent then terminated. ? ic ahove wll] show you that Taris la not exactly in qq inqull state. advt considerable Herniation has beon eroatod In Pari*, J''"' quarrel which took place two days ago, between ' , President of the Republic and hid cousin, Napoleon UII,J< iparte, the late ambassador at Madrid. It Is hard- n tcessary to state that the quarrel has arisen with "J'PJ? cct to the dismissal of the latter from his office as J"'n assador. It appears that Napoleon, In the first 1,e r* e. called upon his sister, the Princess Demidoff, *"nJJ n his language with respect to the President was so . nt, that she Intimated to hint that she would ills- "u <e with his further visits. He then proceeded to 'T'P' Palace of the Ely see, and had an interview with I'1"' President A very violent scene took place respectthe letter written by the President, on the subject r~*xx S'apolco* Bonaparte's speech, to the deputation " rh waited on lilm at Bordeaux, in the course of *' ' ch, and after a great deal of recrimination on both ''', r s, Napoleon suddenly railed the President a ba?I, and told hlin that he was not only n kite's egg put i the eagle's nest, but that the whole of the U?na- ^| te family knew him to be so. A scene lollowid . rh battli s description The President llew to his ( j'1 rd. and declarid that he would immediately j ' t the slanderer; but the attendantr Interfered the sartlis were separated. Still the President jU(1 sted tlint the stain on his houor should be wiped qub by a duel, and appointed two friends to make the ngemcnts on his side for a meeting. In the mean- . jftn e, however, n council of ministers was called on the jjla| jeet. and It was resolved that the duel should not ? , .Uowed. M. Odilon Parrot, and all the ministers, laird that the President, as the llrst magistrate In .,)lU state, could not fight, and that such a thing could Il((V be thought of. In this state the affair at present alns. but It is unnecessary to say that it creates _ immense sensation at l'aris, and greatly cunpll' the position of all purtlcs at the eve of the elec' den ORTAN'I 1'RHM PRISMA?DISSOI.t'TfON OF THE doul MET?DISTl KHANCKS AT HEREIN, he Berlin Journals of the 27th bring startling Intel- j , nee. The Second Chamber has been dissolved, the , prorogued for an Indefinite period. This sudden l'n" i d'tril spread like wild Are through the town. nigl i left received the announcement with a shout alt of exultation, whilst the light benches were silent. Hi i exeltemeut Itf the city itself assumed a more s?- exisl is aspect; knots of men began to assemble In the the i icipal squares, patrol* were oalled out. blow* wer* her I hanged, and some arrests made. At eight o'clock the evening, as duak *et In, the crowds for j, the street* Increased, and the peaccablv- true ined wer* startled by tb* sharp rattle no* a volley of the muaketry on tb* Dom- and I*. An officer who was ordering his detach- V** at back to their barracks, was struck, and hi* man j , nged the laault by discharging their musket* at aggressor*. One man la reported to have been and ed, and atben wounded. Cgai I ? V- | II K H DAY, MAY 18, 1849.

: DIMOLtTION OF THE SECOND CHAHBEE, AND th?| I K ROGATION OP THE FIRST. bs fl 7e, Frederick William, by Qod's grace. King of ssla, orduin. in virtue of Arts. 49 and 78 of the ('on- Jt?, ution of the 6th of December. 1848, at the sugges- ,tll( i ol our Ministry ot State, as follows?hl< ec. 1. The Second Chamber is dissolved. men ec. 2. The First Chamber is prorogued. add ec 3. Our Ministry of State is charged with the extlon of the above ordonnances. the riven under our sign manual and Royal seal. Mnl ellevou, 17th April, 1849. the (Signed) FREDERICK WILLIAM. rlod 'he following notice was issued at Berlin, at six rea< lock in the evening on tho 28th :? to a fter the dissolution of the Seeond Fhamber, assemblages in I he lower classes of the people took plaoe in the vioinity of nad house and in the adjoining streets, when tbo military woro tioe osed and insulted. They were compelled to use their lire- wel is, whereby six persons were killed and six wounded.? H nquillity was soon restored, and the puhlia pence has not eom a disturbed to-day. MANTEUFFKU the 'he dissolution of the Chambers was followed, on the b, by the publication of an important state doou- ftU(j' nt. The Prussian Gazette of that date published the it w Inltlve refusal of the Imperial erowu by the King of licv issia. This document, which is of great length, is (<l>cl tressed to M. Camphauscn, the Prussian plentpoten- *' r ry to the Central power. It boars the date of 23t!i "y ril, and the signature of Count Brandenburg. M. not nphausen Is requested to present a written copy of Uo\ the Central power, and to make its oouteuts kuowu hy | ,he National Assembly. ^ L idvives have been received in London, from Borlin pub to tho evening of the 1st of May. Berlin was pertly tranquil. bad 'he Frankfort Parliament passed the following de- j,lc( es on the 26th, which are rendered superfluous, as ^ deriek William will not have the crown on any con- whi Ions:? ,y,1 The Imperial Assembly decree, iu accordance with the wbi utation scut to Berlin, that tho acceptation of tho su- ing me dignity conferred by the Assembly on the King of Ihrus- the Implies the acknowledgment of the coustitutiou on tho con lot his majesty. I ceei The Imperial Assembly resolves that those governments Hot tu c IIUV uniarog tiiruincivi-ti tta 10 [no at-KnowiilUg- r. it of the Imperial Constitution, are to be called opon? taki To pronounce at odcu their acknowledgement ol' the iin- had al eomtitution, of the election of the supreme head ut the loit ire, and of the electoral law. fieia To refrain from all decree* by which the constitutional evei lawful mcana appertaining to the peoplo of pronounoing gan rill can at this critical moment be restricted or denied ; L< t especially to avoid all use of the right of proroguing or expl living the assemblies of the State, (such procedure being mpeaiment to the enunciation of the people's will,) but , er to further and promote the activity of those ossein- T until such time as tho eoustitution shall have boon madu Wi ttter offset. aubl The Iniperiul Assembly cills upon the cantral power, j,.-, I a view to the general safety and welfare of liorinany, to 1 y oat the aforesaid resolutions; and it expects that tho tics crial Ministry will lay a statement before the house, he 3d of May cusulng, of the measures it proposes for ition. The committee of thirty is to bo permanent, in order that mi ay deliberate on further measures, or make its proposals .J ic Assembly, accordingly as circumstances may require. his i IIANOVER. nerl lie Diet of Hanover baa been dissolved by a Royal uint er patent, countersigned by all the ministers. Tl WITtTEMBERG. cn?" 'urtemberg lias been bullied into recognising the sing man constitution. then e learn from Stutgard that the King of Wurten- bert. ; has ceded to tho wishes of the Ministry, the nibcr, and tho |>eopie, by promising to recoguisc J5Bj, German constitution. J,rjt BAVARIA. Th a agitation similar to tluvt which has taken place IDaD< I'urtemburg, isa-foot in Bavaria Tho Kingrefusus "mi [ knowledge the German constitution. The Munich mila stute that at a recent fete at the court, tho uf hi 5 of Bavaria publicly suid, " Be assured that I will Bu :r become a Prussian prefect." ratio THE DANISH WAR. Shan very severe battle has been fought near Kolding. "ji official report of General Bonin gives u return of tock si and wounded at more than 1,000 The Danes entii tved with great gallantry. onab is Nordde.uttcht i'reuc, after stating that tho Gcr- . troops twice advanced against a superior Danish ?, and were twice driven back, gives the following jn<|/ unt of the battle :? By ir troops haviug been driven back, the fighting in itrcets commenced. A division of Danish Hussars os) made a dash Into tho centre of the eity, bat completely cut up. They, however, broke the s of the 6th battalion, which was drawn up in the let place of Kolding. Of 761 hussars that made charge, only sevun are reported to have returned. p,tp< pieces of artillery fired grape and shrapnels, h oommitted great havoc in the ranks of the Ha' ay. The Danes were finally driven out of the ter i. and were pursued us far as Voile. When the <] )] ler loft, the town of Kolding was on fire in many . . i The victory on our side has cost as dear?the *n<* 1 juttulion has lost 160 killed and wounded, the 10th been nd tho Jngers 33. The official report of the Gene- thc 1 In command gives the total amount of killed on . sides above 1.000. until a Lehman, the ex-Danish minister, was mode a day, >uer at Kolding. and is now incarcerated in the ?wce le of Gottorp. According to a letter in tho Iiidtance Be'gr, much ill-feeling exists at the hond- tmo' tcrs of the German army. Tho Duke of Coburg is long! to have sent a hostile message to General I'ritt- pTOd letter from Altona, dated the 24th, in a Hamburg ^ly i nal. says; atta< e bear that the town of Kolding has been the vie- -,p>r of its fanaticism. Yesterday, our troops, after tig attacked the Danes, were obliged to yield to l"? hers, and to withdraw into the town. Many were the . d and wounded There the inhabitants east tiles, C(j ? Dg water, hot eoals. and stones on our soldiers.? u of them wero horribly mutilated, and others m,nt J " the 1 ITALY tion ic grunt evert of to-day in the fall of Palermo, of _ 1) the confirmation had been brought by the Nea- "rFf< au steamers. The NouctllitU of Marseilles, ot the of tl Mflol tb it laet we have news direct from Sicily up to the ?, by the Sicilian steamer Independenza, which camo or port yesterday. Am our last communications from gTcai cm led uk to expett. hoHtllitiea hare ceased. and the don >lcte pacification of the whole inland ia probably tnplitdicd by this time. The Sicilian insurrection, 0,1 . in at an end. Admiral Kaudin again accepted the beini alien, and went in conoert with our ambassador Ol e King of Naplra at Gaeta. After the Orat inter- t , , the King consented that the military operationa Id be suspended; <>n condition, nevertheless of an J" f Irit llhaMoi of the government of I'alermo. ? ael Nunziante. aide-de-camp of Ferdinand, act out "'"J"' sdiately for the head-quartera of the Neapolitan r!" The Sicilian government. on ita part, already . . artetied by :ho enpturea of Catania, Syracuse and ustn. seut delegate* to General Filaugieri, to treat J*v . rma of pi ace. The confvrencea were atill going on ,5, i the Indi peiiden/.a took her departure, but the J"*", question waa considered to be decided. A Provl- P'*T il J ust a was assembled at Palermo, to maintain or- V' intil the roya! autliority should be completely redished Nearly every member of the Sicilian Ml- ? J y. with ita chief. Itugglero Scttimo. embarked in a' *', English ship Jlellerophon for Malta. Other person- y? compromised in the Sicilian revolution, including , ral Miriu-laowki, emliarked in the Independent, 0 ap h lias brought them to Marseilles, with more than 'TFa hundred refugees." ?? * ic same jouruul has al?o the following, from Genoa, , Athdtttkt- Jn" le t' nna of peace with Austria have this moment J*" * bed us. 'J'hey are?first a war-tax of 80 000.000f. ; P'"* ud. the occupation by 3.000 men of the citadel and . i of Alessandria. There was no change in the State ? * Khm. 3K. private letter from Noploa, of the 21st says : ? j | je Neapolitan banner Hosts over Palermo! The . j( ince of General Filangieri, alter his recent sue- WJJjj rs. caused such n sensation, that the Parliament? ^ peers unanimously, and the deputies by a large .. >rity?voted an immediate submission to the cle- ^ ' cy of the King. The leaders of the late revolution , ii ted the day following for Malta. General Filan- . , will take possession of the capital, and peace will storid, not without grief, however, to some thou- . is of the ioi-di?un/''Patriots of Europe," assembled . e for the scramble. The steamer A legan left Gaeta 'liursday. with the Grand Duke of Tuseany. Ilia i rial liighniss would probably land at 8an 8tcin. Ml aerount of Leghorn being still disturbed by JJj . fiud.i of the lower orders, tho refuse of other '.. itries. The Neapolitan force assembled at Uieti, ut,l ivig to 12 0C0 men of all arms, will march npon le on the 20th. hut the re-action now in progress ll"1' e may po?*ibly, as In Tuscany, render this Inter- a , ion unnecessary. tiie at*? question. ''j1 he courier who arrived at Paris from Turin yester- ' l"< , brings the news that General Dabroiuida and the n*"* taller lluoiicumpagnl, wi re on the point of returnto Milan with such instructions from the Pied,tise Cabinet, as It ft no doubt of a satisfactory eou- * Ion to the negotiations. It appears that the young i n of Sardinia has received letters from her lather, cept Aichduke Hi guier, Viceroy of the Loinbardo-Venokingdom, giving her the most positive assurances ' l'* I tlie Court if Vienna was about to authorize Mar- ' W flndetaky and the Chevalier do Ilruck to maku ^nit t impi riant coueesaion* with respect to the qiics- " 's of the money to be paid by Piedmont a< indein- J"'1 to Austria for the expenses of tho war; and this * g the only question on which there was any differ- |'r<>' between the two parties, there b every reason to ri eve that there will he no further difficulty on either 11 In diplomatic circles, tlie negotiation Is const- Ij10 d as being now in such a shape that there Is no J1"' bt of the speedy arrangement of u definitive peace. j'*^ england. cum ivi ly fummcr weather, and nothing particular stir- ||r . Jvuny Lind Is drawing crowded houses every fri n it mc lings. i the House of Commons, en Wednosday, ,.^p Hvh m?:s, having briefly adverted to the anxiety which lh :ed rwi'i'tUn* the eundition of aflniri in Cannda, asked , it tle rren.iir the folio* ing questions:?first, whither lntf dsjcstj's Ministers * ere prepared to oommnnlcite to the no re extracts from the votes aad proceedings of the I<eglsla- nint As*< n.bly of Canada on the bill for framing indemnity |sjnt usees during the rebollioa In Canada ; also, copies or ea- i-..' ts of the correspondence hetween her Majesty's govern- . , t and the Governor General of Canada relating thorite; . whether or no the sanction of the crown has, by the ad- *n(1 of her Msjeity'i government, been given or refnaed to nmf meeeure F thrj rd J. Ki'sss i.i. stated, in answer to the question* of the ||re I honorable gentleman, that ne axtraete from the vote# proceeding! sf the Assembly and 1 agialatlve Coanetl ef , Ida bad beea pmived hy bet Majesty's gorsiuaeat, aatl ERA l there was bo rorrespondeace relating to the bill whlol me lay upon the table. He should, however, obscrv , hie noble friend at the head of tho Colonial Departmcn hai ded to him several lettera from the GovernnrQonera anada, in which it wae atated that they were privet tra, and that at present any public despatch, copies u sh might be laid before Parliament. misht lead to exoitet, which it was desirable should be allayed, lie migh that by tho last accounts the government had received ; excitement did appear to have been in some measnr red. With respect to the noxt question? whether it wa intention of the Governor General to vivo the royal as . to the bill for granting Indemnity for losses sustained I rebellion in Canada, he eonld only sey that when the M I came at which the bill passed by the two houses In Cs a should be before the Govtraor General, ho would k ly to exercise his discretion on that subject, lie had onl >"d that her Majesty's government had entire oonftleiu he discretion of I.urd Elgin, tho Uevornor General of Ci a, and that they btlleved he would cxereise that discri i to the advantage of the colony and the satisfaction ai fare of this country r. (ii.Anarost hollered that in Canada the bills Jid n e up to the Governor General immediately after passii Legislative Council, but were reserved to a certain pern rwarda. urd J. the bills had passed the Assemli Council, lliey were sent up to tho Governor General; bi as not necessary, and speaking from recollection, he b< ed it was not usual, that the Governor should declare h isiun until the end of the seesiou, when the various bil e under consideration, At the proper time, the Govern itral would no doubt writs aderputch upon tho subject. r. Henley wished to know ir tie had understood tl le lord correctly, that the communication between tl rrnor General and the hotne government wan earned i private let tore, and not official oominuuicutious ? ord J. Russell?No. that was not the oase. On suhjoc reon the Oovernor General thought it fit to eommunica -llclv, he did ?o by puMio despatch; hut on other snhjeul a which he did not think exp< dient to write a puhliu do eh, he wan at liberty to state in a private lotter why not written a public deepatch. lie might bo allowed ifii r to say, in explanation, that he had himself expcrinnoi tuvenienoe in the Colonial office, front the production patches. I.ord Metcalfe had complained of the nroduotit \ despatch liy him (l.nrdJ. Itnnacll) in that house, at eh had made the whole community of J amnion excoeiiin, angry. t the IIonse|or horde, last night, Lord Stanley ado jther any private correspondence had taken place respeel the Rebels' Compensation Kill in Canada, and nhetln report was correct which asserted that this course i imunicutlott hud been adopted in order to obviate the ui lity of laying any official papers, on the subject, before t! ire. ail Grey replied that no official correspondence hit lu place on the subjoct. lie lied, as all his prodoeoesoi done, written private letters to the governors of oolnnie he should think lie was departing from his duty if tlio ol J correspondence with thoso authorities did not coutai y informal ion that could be useful or necessary, witli re I to the government of the oolonioa under their control, ird Brovuham expressed his entire satisfaction at tk anation given by Earl Grey. TERMINATION OF THE WAR IN INIHA. he India Overland Mail, which reached town o dnesday. hits brought important intelligence, th stance of which is contained in the sutuonud officii intch :? sit At. oncin tiv the right honorable the oovkr nor general of india. foreign department. Camp Feroxepooh, March 17, 1h(9. is Governor General kas the utmost satisfaction in diro< that the despatches which he has this day recoiled fro rxcellenoy the Commander in Chief, and from Major Oi il Sir Walter Gilbert, K.C.B., he published for the infos ion of the army and of the people of India. io British subjects who wepp prisoners in the hands of tt ny have all returned in safety. i the 14th instant, Sirdar ChuOnr Singh, Rajah Slier h, and the principal Sikh sirdars aud chiefs, delivers r swords into the hands of Major General Sir H'ulter Gil rty-ono pieces of artillery were at the same time sur i red, and the remains of the Sikh army, to the numbe i.Utd) men, laid down their arms in the presence of th ish troops. e Governor Genoral offers to his exoellency the Com dir In Chief, to Major General Gilbert, and to the tvhob r, his heartfelt congratulations on this giorlonx result o inttle of GooJerat, and the operations subsequent to It Imirnbly conducted by the Major General, in fulfilmcu k excellency's instructions. t the war is not yet concluded; nor can thoro be any ees n of hostilities until Best Mahomed Khan nnd tlio Aft army are either driven from the province of l'esliawu istroyed within it. e British army has already resumed its march upon At ; and the Governor General confidently hopes that tli e success which, with God's blessing, will attornl It, ma; lc him soon to announce the restoration or peace, e Governor General directs that, in honor of the impor events which have now been notified, a salute of twenty tuns be firod from every prinoipal station of tho army i order of the Right Hon. the Governor General of Indii (Signed) H. M. ELLIOT, Secretary to too Government of India, with th Governor General. Our Pari* Correspondence. ranis, May 3, 1840. arationt for Elections?State of Parties?Ertraorili y Disclosure concerning the Socialists?French In tenfi'on in Rome. e excitement produced by the elections continues is even augmented. Tho attroupemenis which hat formed when I last wrote, on the Boulevards, noai Porte St. Martin and tho l'orte St. Denis, could to Increase in number on the evenings of Thurs ? ....j . ? I ?- "" OTCU1UK D? a 400 and 500 persons were arrested by the police ig whom wero three members of the Assembly, be ing to tho party of the Mountain. This, of course need a violent debate at the meeting of tho Assom in Monday, in which the ultra democratic part] eked the government with great asperity ging them not only with violating the liberties o people and the freedom of election, but insultlni Assembly; and also, with having themselves adopt leasures which were the very cause of tho aitroupt i. All this was, of course, indignantly denied b; President of the Council; and a letter of ex plana addressed by the Minister of the Interior to th ident of the Assembly, on the subject of the arres ie representatives, was read, as well as the nnswi is President to that letter, and an tho matter endei Lhe last two evenings the attroupementi hare iu t measure ceased; the firmnoss and determini of the government to diepurso them, and to indie Lhofe who formed them the pcnaltios of the lav gmade manifest. t Saturday an ordinance of tho Protect of Police ther with tho law against ittrouprment?, was placard trough the town, after which tho penalty lncurret hofc who persevered in these disorders, bccumi i certain and more severe. i the whole, you will perceive, that the spirit of re n, which I have so often declared to you to ts nntit here, is now more dominant than ever. Th< -democratic' party, the mountain, the socialists communists, and the red republicans,tare iu abso despair 'i'hey, on Monday, put forth anothci iftsto,which you will seu in the journals, addressee c people; the gist of which is this, that the part] ires that the elections, as they are About to|be held be illegal, on tho ground that the people are no red to meet and freely discussfthe question of thi idates. u must rccolleet, however, that the public are fro semble for electoral purposes, atjall legal times an sions; hut the law, as it at present exists, requirs an ugent of police should be present at these meet , as at all other public meetings whatever, in orde the authority of the law should be respected, an dotation, if any such occur, may be] witnessed an igbt to punishment. The democratic comuiitto* ever, lay it down as a principle, that the presenc ie police, which the lawr authorises and requires a torul meeting", is equivalent to an imposition o ice on the people, end that an Assembly elected uu ?ueh conditions, will be vitiated In its very priu i. The party, therefore, has auncunced, tbat i rlore its clubs and suspend its meeting", has been fairly enough observed on this dociara that to be consistent, the ultra-democrutic part; lid go one step further, and refuse to vote for au. lidate for aa Assembly, wherein they hnvc alread; xred thi ir vote to he illegal. ie trutli Is, tin; party of communism and social have become sensible, that universal suffrage i r ac am-warrant .a nrigiiieii at me ('mailing pro ition that they know la about to come from al tern of the country upon them, a* the reault of tin Ing election*, they wleh t > conceal the smnllncs* o r party, and abstain from all Interference, lie different committee* have meanwhile put fortl r respective lists of candidate*. Th? central oom ,?e of tlic moderate party ha* cau*ed a prevlou*. o rt of pn paratoiy i lecti n to be made, in order ti de upon th lr card.a* you would call it in America lieir lict of' " I'Miidldateii for i'stis In the flr*t bal which ha* already taken place, it wa* agreed ti >*e f O name'. 'I he?e have 1c < n already published ,be-ides the actual mlnletry. and all the leadin iber* of the legitimist parly and toe UKalerate re entatlve* It contain* Hie limner of (Jen, Cavaignac . (inrnlir Page*, Marie, and other nu mber* ot th provi-l'nal government. with, however, a few c> ion*, among which are M. Arniand Marrast atnl th ,ber* of ilie mountain. *ueh a* MM. Ledru RoUli on ke. Anothi r ballot will take place, to *'leet 01 hose fifty name* the twi nty eight whleh will l?o di Ivelv presented to the elector* by the comniUtc pr( balile that I may lie enabled to give you the r< of thi* second ballot before 1 despatch "this letto (ill he the more interesting, inasmuch a* it wl laldy include ait or most ot the member* that wi rturnrd to tlie new Assembly for Pari*. Is now generally agreed M. Annan J Marr?? I resident of the Ss?< mbly. the former Mayor of I'd anil nember of tiie provisional government wh figud so conspicuously in the history of tin- Is* V( months?will not he returned Thi" *ingtilarrir i tancc i* ascribed to the effect produced liy the pub Hon ef the accounts ot the provisional govern men ] Kcb. to May. by which it appear* tint an enormmi of money wws received by M \rmaud > arra't win Ived. at the runic time, the -aiutic* of three or fon e*. beside- fund* from the secret fund- n Ministry of f oreign Affairs and the Ministry of tie rior. For the expenditure of these large amounts documents or account are forthcoming. M. Ar id Msrrnst affirm* that during the cm.uir of the lfdi r. being In the Jfolel de Vllle, he was frlghteuei t'h* insurrection sliould be puree.<*fiil, and that ii alarm he thru and there hurncd the document] voucher* showing the manner in which these largi iunt* were appropriated lie affirm* moreover, tha r were (hlefly expended in paying a body of secret po to surround hi* [ arson in order to protect him fron violence on the part of his colleague* M Ledru Kol ind the other member * of the party of the Mountain L D. TWO CENTS. i From these circumstances it appears that th? provl sionnl government was then divided into two parties, ' the moderate, consisting of Lamarline, Marrast, Oar l ' uler Pages, ko., and the Mountain consisting of Ledru f Ilollia. Flooon, Albert. tc. These twopiurtles distrust il uod feared each other to that extent that each of t them thought it necessary to protect themaelrea I. in thia way by a fpecial police not recogniaed by the 8 government, l.auiartiue, however, deniea having had " any such police, or ever having bad any knowledge of b itk oxiatenco or ita neeeaalty All these thinga eoming - out at the moment of the elections, bare, aa may be - cusily imagined, thrown great diacredlt on the metabera 18 of the provisional government generally, and on the party of the mountain in particular. It la even thought ,. probable now, that the leaders of that par-y may fail ; to ebtaiu returns In the next Assembly. If each a rent , suit were to ensue, It would be lamentable, inasmuch ! aa they would immediately become the leaders of eonot ! spiracles and secret societies, which thev are mnah leas 'I likely to do while they have a vent for their discontent in the tribune of the Aaaembly ly It is also considered certain that, unless General Cant vaignnc he returned for Paris, which is very doubtful, -- he will not bo returned at all. j" It is now calculated that, among the 760 members of " the next Aaaembly. there will not bo so much as 160 belonging to the sincere or free republican party, lie It is usual, at this season of the year, in Paris, far be the assemblies, receptions, bulls, and other social re3n unions, which run through the season, to cease. ,ts Thia year, however, appears to form an exoeption, and tB wo havu still the official receptions of the ministers La, going on. The private parties of the Minister of tha ?- Interior, hold on Suuday evenings, atlll continue, and lie are numerously attended. The publlo balls, whiah T r~ have so often mentioned, at the Holel do Villa, have ceased, but there are numerous and brilliant privato ,B parties continually going forward. We were present id lately nt a splendid musical ontertainment, and seirse 5- dantanlt, given by the Baroness de Godlnot, where Mud'selle llabi and Mad'dumolselles Duex and Nantler executed with great ability and taste a symphonic ode, ~ called the SirCnei. On this occasion almoat all the fashionable amateurs In music were present. St. Leon, the husband of the pretty Cerito, also executed a piece '? on the violin, <t la Tsganini. Auother brilliant hull has beon given by Madame la Viscountesse de Lucoussaye. at her splendid hotel on the Qua! d'Orssy, at which all the distinguished foreigners In Paris figured, among whom was Lord Brougham, a the Prince and Prinoess Ctartoryskl, and the beautiful Countess Suuuxolf, who passes here by the loutriqa*t of ' VJlngt du Xord. ' ? In inv former li.Mur I muntIS (kn nmJh.1I.. Meyerbeer's opera of the " F'rophete," and gave you my commeuts ou it. according to the Impressions produced n by first lunring it. On hearing it a second time " my opinion In modified. Though a magnificent l' and highly scientific musical composition, it is dramatically rather heavy, and will not, i think, be a favorite with thu gencrul public, although it* *cleotifl? excellence will procure for it tho approval of professional men and tognoirmlt, and thu reputation of the author will secure it a run. You will see it inflnituly s- lauded in all thu journals. You must receive these ,u panegyrics, however, rum grano lalii. Most unheard of efforts hare been made by tho groat master and hi* friends, to propitiate the press; and be assured that io whatever might have boon the merits or demerits of this grand opera, its unqualified laudation in thefeuilo letous of the Paris journals was quite inevitable. The '* house was parked for soveral nights, and even now a largo portion of It Is reserved each night for the friends ot the author and of the manager. You will ask, then, r what is the truu stato of the cuso in reference to this s long talked of composition ? " I.e Prophete" Is a grand opera in fivo acts. In its ~ style it bears a close resemblance to tbo " Huguenots," by ( tbe i ante master. It Is remarkable by an absence Of tan , takile. or, to use a morn common phrase, of thoso popular t melodies which seize on and captivate the popular car. Thu chief merits of tfiis composition lio in its orcbes" trai and choral effects, aud in the extraordinary skill ~ of its instrumentation. These aru the merits which e&nnot and will not be appreciated by the public in goneral. Even musicians agree that the work Is heavy, 0 allowing it ut the sumo time thu highest praise for those y qualities in which thu author lias been so distinguished. It is unquestionably a production which is listened to 1 a second tlmu with u feeling of uneasiness and impau tlencc. l.ike all good works, however, It will no doubt improve on repetition; and 1 have no doubt that when L heard so often as to render the music familiar to the ear, it will at length please tho musical public generally, * though, as I have said, I am curtain It will never become popular. .Anoth< r theatrical event Is tho production of tho new drama of the Kruncals, by Scribe, called "Adricn le Couvrour." All I'nrls bus goue distracted after this piece, and especially after the actiug of MUe. Kachel 111 it. The whole liou -e is taken every night by forestalled. mid up to thu preseut time tho stalls cannot be obtained under 40 or 00 francs. I shall be enabled , to give you a more full account of this In my next, I when the present furor subsides. These are the only theatrical events worth notice at r present. I may observe, however, generally, that tbo theatres are now well attended. Koncoui has a grant of thu Italian Opora until the end of the next season. I can. however, inform you that a project is afloat, which, if realized, will produce , at this theatre a most brilliant company next October, including the celebrated Jenny Llnd herself This project is to induce Ronoonl to resign, and to give a i concession of the theatre to Mr. Lumley, the proprietor of the (Queen's theatre, London, who will . thereby be enabled to combine the engagements for the two opera* of the two great European capital*, a plan which will be quite practicable, inasmuch as the opera in Tari* open* in October anil close* in March, when a* the opera In London opens In February or March, and clones in July. In our Iloinan news, we have the following anecdote : ?" The Geneva Colonel, Kllllct Constant, a superior oflicer, who distinguished himself In Switsorland, I having been named Minister of War by the Roman government, an honor which he deolined, asked the envoy who brought him thu nomination, ' Have you plenty of muskets?' ' No but we are going to send for 30,000.' 'But where will you get the 30,000 men who are to make use of them? Have you any cannon?' No! but we are going to cast them from the bells." 'That's well; but out of what will you cast the gunners?" ' A great sensation was produced here yesterday, by . the publication In the journals of some documents, ; which were found in tho searches made bv the police in the apartments occupied by some of the socialist | clubs. Among those is a programme of the decrees, ! which were to have been pa**ed as soon as a proposed insurrection should be successful. I The programme fucludes the following decrees :? | 1. To repeal the decree which abolishes the punlshI ment of death for political crimes. ! 2. To suspend payment of all debts and obligations for six months. 1 3. To discontinue the payment of all rent, and to render illegal any proceeding for the recovery of the I same. 4. To suppress the Bank of France, and to seise npon Its capital and bring it into the treasury. 5. To reduce all salaries to a maximum of 5,000f. 0. To impose a charge of AOOOOf. on every passport grautcd to person* going abroad. 7. To abolish the salaries of the elergy of all denomi' nations. 8. To create an indefinite paper money with | forced circulation. 0. To disband the National Ouard, and organise a ! popular force from which all bankerspsmcrebants and j trsders should be excluded. ' 10. To prohibit and inflict excessive fines upon all reactionary journals. 11. To raise the red flag. A plan of proceeding to be adopted Immediately on the success of the insurrection, is also given, whieh eontains the following memoranda :? To shoot instantly nil the enemies of the republic. To shoot all individuals who may Interfere between the justice of the people and any guilty person, i To seize en the Ministry of the Interior, and lines ef telegraph, and iorbld nny one to leave the French territory on pain of death. To seise on the i'refectnre of Police the moment the insurrection is successful, and to shoot on the spot all the employees who shall be found therein. Every oDe demanding a passport after the success of insurrection, to be shot. The aristocratic quarter to be surrounded by the people and immediately purified. Purls, and all the towns of France, be declared in a state of seige. A11 dealers in provisions to be compelled to giva them in exchange for popular bens, which may be bad at the Mairies. All National Guards refusing to deliver ap their arms, to be shot. Besides a long catalogue/!* other i lasses of person*, who were to be subject to a like summary execution, it is stated in the legal journals that the extracts which have boon published from thoo document* contain by no incau* the worst of the project* of the Red party. lire report of the march of the expeditionary French forces from Civita V< cchia on Koine, is confirmed to' day. Government received. l?*t ulght, a telegraphic iui- A reinforcement of 5.'KX> ' troops, with two batteries of artillery, and some siiuadrons of cavalry, were embarked yesterday at Toulon, . uud expected to fall last evening, on board the steam ers. for t ivlta Vecehia. The latest dates we have at *' present from that place, came up to midnight, between the Ulilh and 2Cth. It was expected that a division of *" the troops would march for Koinu on the evening of tho T; 2?th. f Humors have been very generally circulated, to-day and yeettrdty. of an imrutt intended for to-morrow, being the anniversary of the convocation of the National Assembly, which will bo celebrated, aa you will have hi ard. by festivities ou a grand scale. It ia said that large bauds of workmen of cvory class, but especially those employed on the railways within a certain | radius of the eepltal have been discharged, or have voluntarily quitted their w<yk, and have obtained meana, with tlu-ir families, to come to Paris. Several establishments, employing large numbers of men, are, It le said, uearly or altogether suspendod Althongh there Is probably much exaggeration in these reports, they bad. nevertheless, obtained much credit. Foreign visiters arc quitting Paris In large numbers. Great numbers of French families, anticipating their usual time of dsparturv, have left and are leaving for their chateau* In the provinces. Stat* of Ireland. [From the London Times, April 30 J I Tie horrible details of Irish dUtreea wbieh wojrlvo elsewhere arc only tome out of many wc receive. They prove a fearful aggregate of misery, even though we may sometimes be allowed to susptwt the national spirit of exaggeration. When we are told that landlords, tenants, clergymen, Roman Catholic prissts, bad pon*?*

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