Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 28, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 28, 1849 Page 1
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' TII 'UsNO. 5470. ONE WEEK IN EUROPE. rhe Details of the News brought by the Caledonia. HIGHLY ZKTO&TANT. ? Opening of the European Campaign for 1849. Approach of the Great Straggle BETWEEN MONARCHY AND REPUBLICANISM, Ac., die., &c. The steamship Caledonia, arrived at Boston early yesterday forenoon, and her mails, inincluding our parcels and correspondence, reached this city yesterduy. Our intelligence from ICurope, it fwill be seen, is to the moment of the departure of the Caledonia from Liverpool. Our Loudon Correspondence. [ London, Friday Night, May 11,1840. l'rlumplt of Fret! Trade?Defeat of llie Protectionists?Defeat of the French at Rome i?Insuntcllon at Dresden, die.?Violent Debate in the French Assembly?Critical titate of Enrojie, die. &?. r THE NAVIGATION LAWS. After two nights of lenghtened debate, in which all Ihe leading members of the House of Lords took parti .he second reading of the Navigation Laws bill, in favor >1 lree trade, parsed by a majority of 10 votes. Tho delate is one of such interest that I abstain from giving i>ou a condensed summary; but send two papers with the debate in full, for you to make your own selections. )u 'change, commercial men bad so nicely calculated lh>' result, that the second reading produced little sensation. Had the second reading been rejected. Lord John's ministry would have gouu out, and we should have hud a Stanley government. THREATENING ASPEECT ON THE CONTINENT. The fluctuation in the funds during the week ha < ,hcen very great ; the unsettled state of Germauy and the continent generally contributing to a heavy fall in public secuiities. 1 have strained my mentul vision to taibom if possible, the depths of the present troubled politirai atmosphere; but in vaiu. 1 can see no end to t The war that has commenced in Europe is not a I-isitigwhich can be put down by a strong hand forever. It is a war id' opinions; it is a war of the people against those who have hitherto been their masters ; it is a 'earful struggle. All Germany is on the eve of civil sur aud France will (I hope 1 may bo wrong) see another revolution. T here is a spirit abroad in Europe, which no uriucd force can quell J hom-audx will be ilniu; but like the dragon's blood In the table, every drop lhal lulls breeds hundreds of lighting men. But to the Icluila. IMPORTANT FROM PRCSSIA. I mentioned in my last that the King of Prussia had letluitively refused to accept the Imperiul Crown of .iermaiiy. lie bus gone further?he lias thrown his glove in the face of the Central i'ower at Frankfort, appealed to his fellow-sovereigns, offered to farm a league with i hem. and to put a stop to rebellion in Germany ! He has addressed the following circular to there pi clive governments of the German States :? In the circular of the 3d instant, a hope was expressed that the royal government would he enabled in a fortnight's lime 10 make a definitive declaration on the German question. 1 his period having elapsed, the ministry, wishing to prerem any doub s respecting its views and the uprigntness of lis inuniiun, fell it its duty to decare.ou the 21st and 23d iuitaut, respectively, to tl.u 1'rureian chambers, how it oould sot advise his Majesty to accept, unaltered, the constitution promulgated In (no German National Assembly. The definitive reply of his Majesty was delayed for a few days, cou(hei|uent i.pon some of toe governments not having declared themselves 'I ho decision of his Majesty has now been given, the enelosed being a copy of the same, us Sent t> the Prussian plenipotentiary. and the central power, to be oommuniIcateJ to the National Assembly. { lu bringing ibis to the knowledge of the German governments, wc < huik thai the reasons which actuated the duci>iou of hie Majesty need no furtlier explanation, and we 'doubt not il.a. every Herman government will render justice to lite noble sentiments of bis Majesty, to his federal faith to Mo the German Fcoeral Stales, and to his disinterested mor'XS': . a lit: i mniuM (iutrriiiucnv in, mi, bhuio iiuiq, nun HWiro 'jf tlic serious character and the perils of the moment, And entertains th? hope that tJie othvr governments Arc equally alive to ihe tame. That the yearning of the nation for greater unity and cou? outrated power mu*t be satisfied, even After the loriu, us oroporcd by Frankfort, has boon proved imi ossthie, will be recognised an un imperious neueb&ity by rverj ronhonable roan ; and the Prussian government is that Hie other governments will lend her their hand 0 r? a il-1 the saiue. In the doelAration sent to Frankfort, he I raitiii prarsiiMi heldoot r.n opening f??r ihe Malional A sum bly to retract from the path into which it had ntend, and to effect a modification of the constitution in Concert with it. It will lo universally acknowledged that this would have been most desirable for the tranquillity of the nation and the interests of the government. But it is also aware of the in all dances there are of this hope being realized ; and ali the German states must, like it elf, Le pr# pored for the contrary; us also that, if the National Asstii.hJy remains obstinately firm to its present rololveSf danger ?us < rues will result in inanv States. It is the BBliittf aaw the di yol ihagovernaant "t Ocraiiy ti Ml ii concert in i pposing t n?*m with a stroiig hand, and. when pohpiblc, to prevent them by decisive and bold measures. The i'luesian government is prepared to do so to every extent. ! Confiding fully in th? approval of the healthy and honest el ments of the country, it is prepared cm rge tic ally and powerfully to OppcM' all r-j\ < luii"i?ur> and destruet ive attempts, and it w ill take its measures in such guise as to he enabled to render any asri-tunco that may ue required by the combined governments. 1 he danger is common to all, and Prussia will not belie its calling to step forward in the hour of danger, whenever and in such manner as the occasion may require. We slurt from the universal opinion of the better minded, that it is time to put a stop to revolution in th rtnany. But its owcr can only be br? ken by dtpriviug it of all pretext for concealing its real view sand intentions from the better poriii it tl the pvtliOi TUfl end olBlet he attained by piMivt waiting and part ial op osition, but roust he effected by bold ant energetic action. In its circular despatch of the 3d inst., the Prussian gnv^ml pici.t pointed out how it proposed attaining the den red end Ihv tie I iM rath t.s in common at Frankfort. This medium has proved unavailable, partly because some of the great States *? ! Cerinany refused to participate in the deliberations at f Franklort, and partly because the majority of the other go(vernii.eiits. laying aside the objections they themselves lisd 1 at utitii i |o ivt their adh talon to tlio dtortti bf -4-'rank fort, and toaocept the constitution decided upon. W e now desire that those (?crmir governments that are inc'.ired t<< < onsult w ith Prussia, as to what further steps shall I. taken hi the dcvelopeinent ot the constitution, will enter i mm nication with Berlin, either by i nding tpe.. i em ye, i r j riiM iiftrai tit 11 their nnibaflMdi rt I > ?' ii?' io an on lei {tun ding with the Prussian government, in which ca^e the latter is prepared circumstantially io explain view*, and to propose measures t? carry them out. The position and further resolutions which the National A n mbly will adont on the receipt of the decision of his Maie ?y he King of Prussia, will shortly denote in how far its co opera lion may le relied udou towards obtaining the de tired vml. Tin- l*iiipninn government huh always firmly conrinoej tli.'it for the constitution of Germany to contain all tho Remit < t a faroiablo davtlopomcnt, and the guuranty.of duration, the co-operation of (lie government* and of the rcpresentafiietol ihe German nation was ncre?*nry. It ftili entertainii, and * ill ever entertain, thllopinion. Should all hope* of the en-operation of the National Assembly in its present form prove abortive, the Trunnion government regard* it at fu much nioro ihe only and the calling of the Gorman govern* to uti to give a prompt and con plete ?al Isfactlon to the vault of tlie German nation, by prif arlng luOcw constitution turretpending to the idea of a federal itaie, und which, by a true representation of the people, will oiler to tho latter a pnaranty of it* legal co-operation. The project of such a ronatiiution ?ould tnkc up nvu.n the work of tho National Af-emhlv, putting aside only those dentrnotive element* which, by a rniiiiii'iii.g tbaiu of eirruuinianeet, hud iniruded themtelvei; it ?ill be I nt< d i n a powerful and united executive pi wer. at d a national reprem ntntii n in the chamber*of the State and of the people, w I' h legislative right*. 1 n asserting tlicee fundamental piincipli *, we may lent c tlie detail* to fnriler conilderation. and we do not douht tliatfrora the nniteii strii ing toward* the great object in view, and from * univer ul ackni wledgen ent of what the nation stand* in b?a!ed 01, a worn will lie brought forth, to which the two ohsml.i n of a German Diet. ancmblt d as loon an possible to revise the constitution, will nut refute their approbation and auction. M'e mu?t thereforo earnestly *ollcit the German government* to tend pleiilpotentiarie*. or give Instruction#, to {enable hi without delay to take another atep in advance in the matter. [Signed] Connt V. BRANDENBURG. President of the Council of Minlsiers. Berlin, April 28, 1849. Scarcely wn* tlila issued, when an opportunity offered Itself for him to keep his word. ifllE TERRIBLE PIOHTINO AT DRF.SDr.N, BRESLAU, AND ILEII'SIC. The Saxony government refused to acknowledge the constitution promulgated by Krankfort, and dissolved It* Chambers. The people rose at Dresden; barricade* were erected, aud a terrible fight commenced between the people and the military. The King tied; a provifionnl government woe established, and for a moment the city was in tho hands of the peoplo. The King of Prussia immediately sent 1 000 men topnt down the insurrection. The insurrection coiumeuced on the 3d, wb? n the arsenal was stormed. 1 he Cob gee papers publish the following details of the events of the 4th and 6th instant:? IP*Ksnrv, Nkcstsdt. May 4, 11 A. M. The King embarked this morning, at half-past 4 A. M., on board a steamer for Konigstein. Until (en A. M. the bridge was free and I took advantage of this to pay a visit to the iuner town. In front of the ( nthollo I Church the squaie resembb d a camp; si* pieces of artillery were dran n up nnd a strong d< tarlnnunt of horse guarded the bridge All the streets leading into the inner town were strongly barricaded. The town council was sitting eti prrmanmtt In the town hall, from tlO'halcony of which the black rid and gold Bag was waving. I entered Ihn < linieat Institution, where I lourteen ib ad bodies, and there are u number of killedam) wounded in the neighboring houses. As I left the Schlosspaase. an officer, preoed. d by a trnmpet?r, made bis appearance and entered the town-hall ? I now crossed the bridge, when I perceived a steamer coming down tho stream. At the same moment the . E NE \/r tlira-Mli iomn*H?i ringing. tb? dragoons jumped Into their saddlae, end the artillery stood to their gun*. The houses near the bridge are occupied by the military. At the same moment some of the royal carriages, with travelling cases, parsed down the street, escorted by a strong detachment of cavalry. As yet the morning has passed by without lighting Noon.?The military are leaving the Alstadt for the Neurtadt. A truce has been concluded Foua P. M.?According to the terms of the truce, the military are to evucuatu the Alstadt, with the exception of the arsenal. Uruhl's terrace, the bridge, the castle, and the square before it. A body of Leipsic volunteers have just arrived. A provisional government has been formed, and has issued tho following proclamations :? Soldiers ! Brothers 1?The provisional government, which, after ibs king's and minster', flight, hsa been established at Dresden, calls upon you to defend, in community with it, the country?to stretch forth the hand of fraternity to the people ?and to stand l,y the constitution of the country and tire 8ta> s Cm many. Follow the example of other bravo soldiers. Do not forget that you aro sworn cttiiens, and that it is youi duty to waieh over'the rights ami liberties of the people. You art appointed to show to the people that you act with mid not against them. Soldiers! Arise! Hold to us ! It is the ilutj of the provisional government to -ho ld tho country froiudangtr. It requires your assistance. The provisional governtneut, (Signed) TZSCH1 KN KK. HEUBNEJt, TOUT. Saxons ! The brave Saxon military has yielded to the appeal of those duties which it owes the holy interests of oui tieruisn fatherland! U, arsenal is occupied in common by tn.litaiy and burgher guards, a. national properly. Ucrmaii} is bound to be gru'slul to the Sat on military [t. e., to thost who have basely deserted their king ami colore.] Saxons Arise, like one man! The pe, pie, tie whole people, as oue All that remain- now is to npnse external enemies! itii lor you to make tisrtnsnv one aid united ! The oouutry ami nrovis, list unvrri insnt 0. i . i.<t onnnvno nit?.l .1..... I Dronlen, Ma.\ 4. Fellow-citiscii*?The King Atxl kit* Minister* have fled. Thl country ib without a m>\eminent?ubanduucU to itnelf; th< State toUHlitulion in belied. Fellow -citin in-?The country ii in danger! It has become neeeiwary to iorin it proviubmal government! The Committee of t'uMio Safety and rcpretcntat iveH of the people have elected the undersigned to bo a ptoviiional government. Tho town of Drondeu 1ms ghcnn gh riotiM example to the country, and I hh sworn to live and die forth? constitution. We place Sux-ny u.ider tho proioction ? 1* the goveiinnentH ol liermany that have acknowledged the conititut ??i>. As-iHtauce is summoned from all plu? et< in the i ? ui.try, and la hen by ordetud to arrive ! \Vi oider pet feet obedience to tho pr< visional governmout and t > the it in if ?t i ?.tr, 1/eutenaut Colonel lleiuzo (a man just a: | oiuted chief), ol the llurgUcr (Juaid. We shall send flag! oi nice to tl e troops, and or lei th?-n? to obey the provisional givtrnimiil. 'fi oy are hound by no other duty than that >\ l it h they i-vt e to the existing (usurping) government, and to the unity and freedom "t our Ucrmau latnorlaud. Followcituenn?'i ho great day of decinion is arrived ! Now or never! lrtttioju or slavery 1 Choose! Wo will stand by you? stand hy us. (Signed as above.) 'J kn at Night ? Tho truco lusted from noon till four P. M During this interval the square before the palace and the bridge were declared neutral ground. At halfpart one P. \?.. Lieutenant Colonel Heinse, in the dress ol a Greek officer, preceded by a civic guard, with a white Hag wait! d upon th*? head-quarters of the troops at the bl ock house in the Neustult. to persudu them to n cognise the provisional government. This was dedim d At four P. M.. the truce wan at an end. The troops occuplt d their former position. The greatest anxiety prevailed, as an attack was immediately oxpioted. Neither party. however, seemed inclined to c niinencc. At six P. M , the Minister of War arrived fr< ui Konigstein, with full powers The bridge is guarded. and all communication between the Alt and Neustudt intercepted, though boats now and then ciors Ihe Klbu. At ten, a regiment of the Guards armed by railway. Dmsiirv. May 6, 1810. The following proclamation has just been issued:? Tl.e liniientuLle events of yesterday and to-day, which ended in an attack upon thu arsenal, and even upon my l'alai e. during which a Hugo portion of the Communal Guard aid not fulfil its duty, in endeavoring to preserve peace and ro-estaliiirh order, compel ine to leave Dresden for a time. ...... ...... ... ..... lui.ionui iwnipHin, ny refusing to acknowledge the Constitution promulgated by the CtaUU Poww at i'ruukfurt. 1 only had tin: interest* of our cc inn on country in view, and did nut outstep the limits of my privileges. Belvipgupon the formerdevotionand loyalty oi in} lu-1 o\ I'd Saxons, their respect fur justice and the laws. 1 trust tl at further coercive measures will not lie requisite, and that 1 rhull shortly he enabled to return to my capital. Tl c nu cssbiy steps I aye, however, been taken to prevent uny interruption in the adiuinistrutiuu of the government during tnv absence. (Sit),Id) VltF.miMCK AT'GUSTnS. (t untcrsigred) FERDINAND ZSCHINSKI. Duihukk, May 4. The undersigned Ministers of State fulfil their dnty in making public the uliove proclamation of his Majesty tha king. The undersigned Ministirs remain true to the king mid to the country. Having provided for the safety of hia Majesty, they have returned to their post. They fsel ft their duty to protest, in tte nama of .ris Majesty, against the installation of a provisional gnvernmmt. Tt ey trust that the Saxon people will shew obedience to the laws, and obey the promptings of duty, and listen to salutary exhortations, (Sigutd) VON liEUST, R.VHE.NXlOitST. liicsi'ts, May 5, 1849. Dresden, NruaTADT, May 6, 1849. The night wua passed over without fighting. At T AM the military commenced advancing towards the Alstadt, with rivals for tho king. At nine, all the alarm hells were ringing. The horse artillery is crossing the bridge amidst loud cheering. The king's proclamation is being distributed. Hundreds are leaving Dresden. Two P. M.?At 1 P. M. tho military commenced the attack at St. tieorge's-gato i hear volley after volley of musketry, and now and then the sound of heavy artillery. All the alarm bells are ringing. TiiKr.s: P. M.?I hear that the first barricades in the Schlossgassu havo been stormed at the point of the bayonet by the military. Fecit P. M.?The military is in possession of all the most important points and barricades. A deputation of the Communal tiuard has waited upon the Minister of War, to demand a cessation of hostilities. Five P. M.-Au estaflette lias just beeu received at tlie town bull, announcing the immediate Arrival of one thousand I ruxsians. A cessation of hostilities took plnee on the Oth. but fighting wax renewed on the 7th inat. The following are the very latest accounts received iu London, eta Berlin :? Br.Ri.iv, May 8,18-10. After a truce of twenty-four hours, fighting was renewed on the 7th. At Leipxic, the military have put dow u the insurrection, but the contagion hux spread to Breslau, where fighting has commenced between the people and the troops. The Prussian government has issued orders for troops of all arms to march upon Dresden. although the reports received this morning announce that the Saxon garrison, aided by the Ight infantry battalion of the Alexander guards, had already rendered themselves masters of three parts of the old town, defended by the insurgents, and were drawing completely round the Altinarkt, which bad been converted by enormous barricades into a fortress. In lieu of sacrificing life in attacking these barricades in front, the pioneers cut their way from house to house, whilst tlie artillery kiep a heavy fire of shot and shell upon the impediments. Tho following is n summary of the operations given in the evening edition of the G-rman Rrfurm, the bestinfoi med journal of Berlin : ? About the half of the Aitstadt (occupied by the rebels ) is in the hands of the troops. Dispositions are made not to attack the Altinarkt and Schloss-sflvet. nil f< rmiJably barricaded in front, but to move round and enclose them tvilh a continually advancing wall of troops Ker this purpose, the artillery is kept playing upon the barricades and contiguous houses, whilst tho wings advance. The right wing mastered the portbouse last evening,the left was pushing on to the Kleischschanrn (butcher market). Tho result is not doubtful. The whole of tho Aitstadt is probably at this time in possession of the troops. It Is doubtful whether, hut unlikely, that a combat will take place iu the suburbs of the Altstudl with the Communal (iuard assembled there, who have hitherto conducted themselves rather tranquilly At all events, the greater part of the fugitives will full into the hands of the 3d Saxon cavalry, which lias surrounded the southern side. Prussian troops nre on the march, not only from (iorlltz. hut the tl (i-il Prnci(nn I,-t - -.v.. ...... ...... |F.c."?>' ???.iis^f ou Dresden with the utmost speed, and will he there tomorrow morning. (Wednesday, the 8th) Ten prisoners have been token and the loss of the Insurgents In not known. On the otln r hond, the Alexander (luard butlallon has only lost onu officer, (Lieutenant du Lie. bi In n.) and one fusilvor killed, one non-commissioned oft cor and two private* slightly wounded. It Is stated that of the rebt 1 triumvir, Trschirner alone remains at the head of the so-called provisional gofvrrnnent; his two colli agues have concealed themselves or fled. The iormcr has put forth a proclamation promising the treasures of the cell 1 rated eioue gtwrlbr to the populace, if victors. "Let ui bolil together," he says, "only two days, and the German republic will have received ita baptism of blood." .Accnrdirg to the latest accounts, the troops were steadily and surely pressing forward, but not with undue precipitation. '1 h? object is triumph with the least risk of life, hnd the greater certainty of ultimato . uccess. 1 he defence is obstinate, and each house requires to be stormed. '1 he separation walls are consequently broken through, and passage thus effected with less exposure. In one of these houses, lleintr.e, the so-called commander of the insurgents, was taken. At the d< parture of the courier he was undergoing examination hi fore the .Viinlster of War. It is rumored that the whole town would be conquered litis evening. '1 lie Fusilier battalion of the l?th foot, which left Berlin last evening, reached Dresden this morning, at 5. wtthi ut the sl'glitest inipi diment I look upon this but as the commencement of a ge norm ii-mg 111 mi |?i 10 hi uciiumij, 'J lio i'Miiiiin Slnalt .1men<rr announces the resignation of Count Arnini. Minister of Foreign Affairs. 1 lie porttollio il enlru.-tcd, nil interim, to Count llruudenburg. 'I UK EFFEFT OF THE STKTOOr.E IN FRANK FORT. Tbe excitement ull this lias produced at Fraukfjrt is verv groat. 1 lie sitting of the National Assembly of Frankfort, of the 7th Inst., was extremely violent After the rejection hy a majority of 2Wi against 140, of a proposition of M. tt esendocek for the immediate election of a ri nmn der-tn-chlef of nil the troops of tho empire hy the Central Poser, demanding, also that all the troops cf the i mpire should, without delay take the oath of allegiance to the Central Power, and imperial commissaries ho sSnt Into the different Mutes to see tlio same enforced; alter the rejection of tills motion, an ad trees wa? rend coming from tho srlf elcrted provisional govimmcnt of Saxony 1 hl? address Invoked tho assistance of the Assembly, and gnve rten to a series of mill' n? to Induee t lie Central Power to afford energetic assl-tanre to the Insurgents of lirrsdtn, and to oppose the aimed Intel vention of Prussia. 1 he extreme h ft immed ately moved. In very decided language, that the central power Immediately take meat m os for the support of the new Saxon government, by placing military at their command, and by pmhlIntii g all Interference on the part of Prussia. A vote of thanks was al-o moved to the Saxon people, (great exclltnu nt en the left and in the gallcriwe ) W YO MORNING EDITION?MO Gagcrn intrrated the honse to await the report of the Imperial commissary. Von Watidorf. DieUch urged the Assembly not "to leave the Saxon people in the lurch." Better would It be tor members to be iff at once, than to do so. Loud applause ensued in the people's gallery. The excitement of the house rose to a great heigbt. and the President found it necessary to suspend the sittiug for half an hour. The fitting was resumed at half-past two. P. M., and ftava briet but warm debate, a motion of Soiron's. for referring all the motions relating to the Saxon affair to the Imperial ministry. and recommending the speedy adopt ii n of such measures as might be necessary, was carried by a fair majority. The house adjourned immediately, I. e., at three P. M . imid hisses and cries of "shame" from the gallery. Never was the aspect of the House, says a corres. pondeut, not even on the lUth of Scptomber. so ominous | 'i hree times the President had to rebuke the galleries in a formal speech. He bad also to call Gagern himself to order for applying the expression " boyish laughter." i or some similar term, to the ridicule in which the Left ; indulged, when, deprecating the mistrust with which the ministry were regarded us unfair, be said if a civil war were to break forth, he would throw himself between tip- contending parties. He begged the President's pardon tor having allowed the above expression to eacapo him. adding that it was ditlloult to restrain him self whin his putriotisui was thus called into question. Yogt, in a very animated speech supported Weseu! donck's motion. He made two wtntrtifii statements I ?the sensation tliey caused in the House was a power, ful one ; first, thut the King of Saxony had been on I the point of signing the constitution; that the printed I di duration of his majesty was already in the court piinling-office. when a Prussian adjutant arrived, and i lagged him not to yield. In consequence of this, ko swervi d again from his purpoeo. and then it was that ! the fiarlui combat commenced. Secondly, he knew that a Wurteinbcrg minister bad told members of that House that the King of \\ urtembi rg had received, i some days sgo. a private letter from the Archduke I Administrator, in which thi Archduke urged the King i-iii in give way a n u tusisieti on me pnuciplu ol a , as the onlr nuans l.y which a constitution could be , 1 ruined. "No one," said Vogt, with increased warmth, 1 " dare come forward, and deny tliat; the truth of the t statement la as clear as the ruin at noon-day. Them i are witnesses hi re.'' (pointing to tint Left. Cries of "Trailor, traitor." in the goltiry ) (Jag< rn said it was ' only n pity that a private note, which bud no heating in uny way upon the Administrator's official capacity, should have been made the subject of ceusuro in that lostrum Time does not allow me to say more of this rtmiukublc sitting 'i liirtccn llavui'ian and one rrusslun deputy announced their resignation. movements OK russia?'I'llR ENTRANCE OF THE COSsacks in austria?T1IE HUNGARIAN WAR, ETC. The entrance of a Russian army of 120,000 men into Austria, against the Hungarians, ia fully continued, 'i he following is the latest intelligence from Vienna :? Yikvwa, May 6, iS4t?. Tlte Kmpernr arrived from Olmutz early this morning, quite unexpectedly. At the railway terminus he got into a hackney coach, aud drove to the summer pallace of 8choubrunn. The strict incognito observed by hia Majesty, and tlte fact of his coming ulone and unattended, gave rise to various rumors, none of which had a particle of truth iu them. The fact is simply this s?The Kmperor is heartily sick of Olmutz. and Is ccnte to place himself at the head of hta ariuy In Hungary. The rest of the imperial family will follow shortly. with tho whole rturt. It is supposed tho Kmperor w ill remain here a few- days, receive deputations and the like, and then set off for head-quarters, which i imagine will be in Presburg. There is a tulk of the arrival of no less a personage limn the Emperer Nicholas, who will also proceed to the theatre of war, hut I am not aware of any reason for crediting the report, i hare no fresh intelligence to communicate. There haa been a council of war held fit fret-burg, attended by i'rlnec Schwartsenburg, Weiden. and the liussiitn utaut General Berg (others aay Kreitag) ; but of course the public know nothing of what took place The bead-quarters of Welden, now ut Carlsburg. (the seat of the family Zichy Ferraris.) are about being transferred to I'resburg. The chief of the Hussion stall' will, I underaeand. be quartered at Schlosshof, n village with an imperial palace and park, situated midway between this and rresburg. on the left Danube bank. Moat people are of opinion that ihe itussians will not attempt to share with us the honors of the first grand set-to with th? Magyars, but will remain passive spectators till either attacked ' the in selves, or called upon to interpose What they may do in Southern Hungary, is quite another question. The long looked for note, which is to satisty the radicals, and allay the fears of the Sc hware-gelben, (Anglice, the well-meaning conservative patriots.) has not yet come to light. You must be aware by this time that the siege of Comorn has been ubundoned by our troops The Magyars have now their outposts along the Basb, on the right Danube bank. Our troops are ut ilochstrasse. Th e Kussians liave entered Cracow from all points. The news of I heir uppronrh has caused constcrnatiou in the Sclavonic regions of I'ppvr Hungary, which Kossuth has tasked his utmost to win over. The impetus thereby given to the I.aiidsturm is quite surprising. One Blondek. who hud organised a small bund for operating in the right flunk of Benclek's corps, was attacked between Arva and I.iptau by a superior force of lionveds and Nationul Guards ; but he managed to scatter tbem. and cut bis way through to the JablunUa fase. 'Twenty of the rebels tell on this occasion. THE INDEPENDENCE OF HFNOARY. Kossuth has formally proclaimed the independence of Hungary. and has been elccti d President of the independent kingdom. A general risHSgin I'olaud is feared. JMI'ORTANT FKOM FIIANCE AND ITALY. 1 ho political events which have exercised tho greatest influence on the funds during the week, arc those connected with France and Italy. 1 have already informed you of the departure of a French expedition t? Italy, with the ostensible purpose of helping the Romans to restore their Pope. The Romans, however, have received their French friends with a shower of bullets, have driven them back from the banks of the yellow Tiber, and are determined to resist. A Neapolitan and an Austrian ariny are by this at the gates of the Imperial City, which is, ere this, in the hands of cue or all parties. The best joke is, that the Pope refused to he restored by foreign bayonets. If report spi aks true, the old Roman blood is up. ' The Gauls are at the gates of Ronje," and the Romans are i going to act lloratius ('oeles over again and defend their hi ai I hp. I send you extracts from a correspondence published by a morning paper, written by a well inhumed person at Rome; the latest intelligence is, however, contained in the despatches from Paris, the news being telegiaphed from Marseilles. This defeat ot the French has given lisu to tho most violeut debates j in the French Assembly. 1 hern were reports last Friday of a cheek reeeired ! by General Oudinot at the gates of Rome, hut the thing I appcured so improbable that no one would believe It. j \\ e have it now, however, on the authority of the ; French government itself, and the news lsconlirined by I the following extracts from a Toulon paper, from which it will be seen that the French have had litO men killed , and 400 wounded. | 'J he SentiiitlU of Toulon says:? We have received news from Rome by the Veloee, I which li ft Clvlta Vccchiu on tho 1st. The army set ! out on its march on the 28th ult., and. in spile of the obstacles which it met with on its way. arrived on tho Colli under tho walls ol Rome. The geueval-ln-chlef si nt forwurd < aptain Oudinot with a flag of truce, hut he was seized aud detained. Our soldiers then ad| vanned, and were received with firing from some houses in which a nutnberof Lombards and other Italians had 1 enlioncbcd themselves. Our troops returned the fire; hut from the moment that a resistance appeared determined on, the geueral-in-chief withdrew his troops to ..... u? ...... ..nku^n . ..... i .......... i.r ?..<..? not perhaps have advanced. hnd lie seen the slightest reel, lance on the part of the Italians. He does not int< nd engaging in any nndi rlnking before receiving reinforccments frctn France, and,above all. siege-artillery. A rumor him been In circulation lure that we have lost COD men, but lhat is inexact. We have bad only one man killed and twenty-five wounded. The tamo Journal, in a subsequent paragraph, lina fbe following, which, however, in probably greatly exngg< rated :? liy the frigate Oreno<|ue. which bus arrived this evening (Tbuisday) from Civlta Vecchia. which she quitted i on the 2d at noon, we have re ceived new details respect| ii.g the situation of our expedition, it appears Hint I our troops, in greater numbers, made a second attempt to penetrate into Home, aud that they experienced a shaip lesislnncp. A company of the tirailleurs of Viuri-nncs. hai it g advanced too lar in a street, an attempt was made to extricate it. but this was not without loss. A c?m puny of vohigi nrs of the 2Clth was entirely dcslriyrd l y a w< llsuppo; tod from the windows. Wo hsve also to di plore the death of a captain of artillery, the aide-dr.cHiup of General Cudinot. We reckon ISO kill, d .. ud *100 woundi d. Our at my has retired to St. 1'aolo a li spue cud a half from Home. The news of the defeat of tho? French expedition rami d a gieat sensation in I'uris. In thu silting of the Asm n.l ly, of Monday, thu 7th instant, the following important discussion took place :? T1IK DIl'ATC IN TITK FRENCH ASSEMI1LY OF THE 7'JH INSTANT. The rarsinrsT?1 ho tnbnne is to M. J. Favrc. for il.tcri Ulal.ous repectliig thu udulrs of Italy, (Murks ol atti ulion.' M. J. I* *vak expressed his surprise that the govern n.em not ci me loiwnru unit siann wiini 11 Knew oi the aftn.r* if llm I tench troops in Italy. That not hitting been done, he had cotiiideri <1 it hi* duty to bring lorwuid the natter himself. Ho had. however, |iti t i< U; ly sp< km to the IViiulxter of Foreign Affair* on the i til j' ct and hud learnt d front him that the inlidltgtnru tthith t lit! government ltatl received was not Milbcirnlly prt die to allow him to ct me forward and tp. akto the Alien.bly 011 the subject, Cut the que*, ton H|]Mtirid to him (.M.J. bat re) too important to adu. t t.f diley; ho. tbeiefuro. now hnd to address the Amen.hly on the point. '1 lie honoiable gentleman tin it ril> it. d to the circumstance* eonnented with the ' (ailing t.f the lull t.l April 17 authorlxtng the expeditlott tot i v it it. \ ecchia. and rt fern tl to the declarations id the ft IliiMer t.f Korelgn A flairs and of the President 11' the Council, that that expedition proceeded to Italy ft r the purpose of securing llm liberty of Ituly, and ti at its grt at oMt ct was to prevent Austria from interft ring alotit in lite aBaiis ol the I ope. '1 lie houorablo gt ni l> man iben gave a sketch of the proceedings attend! nl on the landing of the brent It troops at t ivtla Vt celtla and at gin d that I lie miiducl of the (ietierai in(. liteI *a* niiylliing but I hat t.f tiie leader of a frieudly foice 1 lie I leterl of ( Ivtla Vccr.hla hud boeit impended, and in a j.r tlainati. u which was b?u< d the next RK II iNDAY, MAY 28, 1849. day, It win stated tli?t had not the French troop* been to ml] amicably received, an entrance would bare been made sponsi good by force, (mark* of dissent from various part* of pose 1 the chamber ) The honorable gentleman then alluded thee: to the resistance manifested at Rome, and declared done, that the responsibility of the blood of the unfortunate bis sy soldier* of I-ranee who had iallun, niuat fall on the ing or Ministers who bad directed the French troops to march legisla

to Rome. (Tremendous cheering on the left here burst an act forth.) The Miuister of Foreign Affairs, when inter- bio? regaled two days back by the committee of foreign I'reeid affairs, had declared that ihe French troops had been The n called on to advance to Rome by the population. Far spoke from that. howcTer, it appeared now beyond any doubt bute t that the French corps, tar from being received with a liable frieuuly feeling, had found barricades drawn up in their the m way. and bad been obliged to retreat, and remain at unpnj some distance from the point at which they had at first Prion arrived. \ et. notwithstanding this sad catastrophe, indlvl the government, the evening before, in the Putrie, letter which was the organ of its communications, (laughter) him t and in the Munitrur of that morning, had spoken of the was f< matter as to a certain extent unimportant. Ho, how- ed tn ever, thought it exceedingly grave, as here waa a body < fleet of French troops looked on in Italy as intruders, as parte foreigners?for certainly the French were so to the is for Italians? nay, as robbers who entered the oouutry with- now | out leave, aud contrary to the wish of the people. The world lionoiable gentleman then proceeded to read from the while Muvitrur. passages from the speeches of M Drouyu de at ill l.huys and M. O. Uarret. with a view to show that the most present conduct of the French troops in Italy. here, was altogether at variance with the language thun of th used. If the ministry had then entertained any other concealed thought, lie, for his part, must de- the li uouuee sueli conduct as shameful, and highly Th: disrespectful to the Assembly (Hear, hear, hear.) At 111! events this was certain, that Ills nnsllliin of tliu expeditionary corps wan most critical, and whether it ^ j|( had Hrisen from neglect or treason, was to htm alto- (er.,,. titer Indifferent (obenrs on the left.) TtMdMM* ti r of the French aimy had been dt liu-. d and Its co- r,j^jit lore sullied l?y the clu ck thus given to the corps under 11oni> Ueneial OuUinot. New reinforcements were, it ap- wag' ] tared, to be sent out; but he should certainly refuse, tjsbet in the uio.-t positive manner, to extend his coutidenee j o the ministry. In any such act as that now c.intern- iiere I plated?(bear. hear, hear) lie trusted that tlio As- if tliu scuibly w?.uld iusl-t on having a committee appointed j j( tenure /rrioitfe to examine the instructions sent to the ( geucrnl-iu-chief et the Frencli troops at Rome and to j-. nB send in a report at once- (loud cheers on the left ) lie C(.'jT0 lepeati d it, the position of the French troops was most . j crillrul. lie had before him a privute letter, and an Jj1(( article which would be published next day in a public ^ journal declaring that live a-saults had been given by ( the trench troops at the barricades, though without t j success; that 160 men had bet n killed anil 600 wound- the a: ed?(movement) Such was the bulletin of the last ci, ?t| act ol the expeditionary column to Home If tlie As- tlic It senilily. under such circumstances, did not protest, by jj,rH u soli uiu vote, age 111st the conduct of the government. the influence of France would be lost in Kuropn. and p,|va the expeditions of the monarchy to support the cause {j of liberty would be found intluitily morn worthy of praise than those of tlie republic. The honorable gen- |j| tieman then alluded to the fact of France having for- that' mcriy sent troops to America, to free that country ^ from, he said. Knglish tyranny, and concluded by call- vviilth ing on the mlnistiy to come forward and declare what p?rv course it now intended to pursue, under the sad cir- ,|j,.ro cumi tanees which he had spoken of? (loud cheers on ?juht the left ) hail m M. O. Babrot. the President of the Council, thought .)I( that before any representative came forward to bring L.i,t, .. ,..(.1.1... I... I.... I ^ VUD v, ?... gur inin.ruj . ??? fc? vabuiiuo (.(| carefully whether hid facts were true. What had beea to wit the wishes of the Assembly when the question of tho iiniv 1 Human republic hail been discussed? Wan it thftt the fnuiid Fremiti republic ought to ndmit u conjoint rcspon.ibili- f.'.iir.w ty with the republic of Home? No: on the contrary, ?i,H? ? ith vote went the other way. It had decided that France t. ibould abstain from all active interference in the affairs . .. ' of the lloman republic. No doubt M. I,rdru llollin hud ,? r advocated another line of conduct-had thought that the republic ought to aid another, an being the only ,.!i means of defending liberty throughout the world. The government refused to adopt any such line of conduct, . ' . and the Astenibly approved of what it had decided on. Why then did J> ranee interfere in the affairs of Italy, . and rend a division to Civita Vccclila? Because she ' , could uot allow another great power of Kuropc to inter- '', feiealoi.e in the affairs of Home. The honorable minis- r\ '\.f ter then expressed bis di.-upprobation of the manner in d in which M.J. Kavre had endeavored to irritate the winds of the Assembly hy bringing forward exaggerated account* of the position of the French division in Italy, and cf the iMN Which it had ItUtliMd. lie ? ," could declare that tiie government had not reeeived ^ ' other intelligence than wliat had been published. the tc- t legtaphic di speteh having been stopped abort by the | (( clinkuc. Thr ?/,#* likely lotuhon oj the affair at ll>mt ' vo$. that the amy had Jullrn into some snare. Ad to * ^ thinking that the Ueneial iu Chief had departed from nienti his instructions. he would not believe that such was a?jt the rase; the cattfe of the attack mudt have been different. In conclusion, the honorable gentlemun declared ow.ti tbut to name a committee such as wad proposed would !?.hv be unti-coustitutlonal us it would be judging without j ?j due knowledge of the facta, and lie expressed his con- jj)( viction that the Assembly would not accede to the inntru course proposed. tions 1 Oi:s. pxbiMoticixdt said, that certainly the atTuir , ? inbl wus grave. It had hi en decided in the committee of .lUbli< foielgn afluirs, that a position skould be taken tip at Civita Vecchia, even by lorce. It had aim bmi derided, (0 be that if Austria marched on Home, or if thr Unman iinpttla- ... tivii required the advance of the French troops, an advance . tlun.hi hr made on thai city. Knowing aft he did.the cha- ' . new efOenenl Onduwt, bene) ImcIm that lie 1' '' liinl bten deceived as to the wit-lies ot the Romans, and so had advanced. He could not see that anything could V'n, he decided until further information arrived, but he " '? did not see that there could be any objection to exhibit . . v the instructions given to the Generul-in-chief to a com- ' ' * uiittee. f""? At. F'ioion read some letters which, he said, had been ' received irom '1 oulon. giving accounts of the atTair at . ' Rune They gave the details sucli as M. Favre bad fli A ipoki u of. One of tlo rn, alter speaking of a great loss i? the sustained by the French troops, declared that the hunch inhabitants at Rome would tight against tho ' ' new comers; also, t]int. now the barricades were erected, . tiie deelaiiition that the Fronch republic would respect J! c.' j all uationnlities should be adhered to. ' M Dnouv n i ?; Lhuvs. the Minister of Foreign A ITuIrs, . ' . said that Al. J. huvre wi,h< d to bring forward a sort or ' luw against suspected persons, and to punish on mere suimise. For Ids part he could say that the General I 'V . ' had acted withliie utmost loyalty. and lie was quite f nady to appear before uny comuuttee and explain his conduct, and state what instructions were given to ' General Ondinot, M. J. 1'ivit supportidhis proposition for the appoint- (j n:eul ol a committee. , , Al. O. Basroi agreed to the committee. ,^| . it wus tlx ti decidtd thai the representatives should (j,,,,, at once wilhdiaw to tlx- bureaux, and appoint tbe committce as proposed vh?tt 1 he committee was appointed, and the result was a ^ .. defeat of thanlaiiUy. ji"a( , 1 be Asiiuibly metugain a V o'clock at nigbt. ?, M. Sknakd read tbe ri port, which, after some prelim I- ^ 1 narics. states tliut the mnjority of the committee cousi- wnt, 'r der that the direction given to the expeditiou is not jav ot consumable to the idea in which is was conceived and lj at accepted, Tho InatraetKma given to the genaral ooai- tainlv noii ding the expedition appear to us to be ditferent ijrlin from tbe declarations made in tho tribune by tlx; goTunmvnt Tho conceal appr urs. uiso. to have gone be- ti ( jotid Ills instructions, since he has attacked the Roman llHn'v K'puhlic In consequence, the committee proposes the t. * following resolution:? " liie Nutional Assembly invites the government to take, .' w It hoot dt lay, tlic- nx amn s ne ccr.-nry thai tlie expedition to J' "J"1 Italy sl all not he any longer turned aside from the object for ",l1 t v? Mi h it w a s ii Ignea, MtAl 1 his motion was strongly opposed by M. Drouyn dc tliistl I.IIUJP. Ill l<lir Iiuui; UI i ut? m'Tri iiuiruv, uubiiivi n?c- linviit nil nun ndments liud been rejected. tt wax carried by ' libert; 8t'H to li41; majority tipuinot nilnlsti rs ST. . libi ri; Tbe result was received with loud cries of " fine la j Jibirl; R pi hlii/iir,'' from the opposition. : chi rm The most injudicious stop of all followed. In denance of I'm of the National Assi tnbly, the Moviteur next morning down published the letter of the President to General Oudi- Mondt not. (given in the AVie i'nrk JftralH on Saturday last ) Mich ? The letter of the fresident of the Republic, saysia j for a c will informed pmoB at I arii. to lietu rnl Ottdinot.ix ilitiou the ceneral subject of conversation here to-day, and it | desire ha? excited the utmost indignation among the republl- , If a re| caiiH. and especially among the nivmbera of the Assent- i acta ol hly. who are attacked in tho letter in question. I llontni certainly dies appear extraordinary that the chief , wastl n.agist i ate of the republic should throw so disdainful n ludid di liance as this letter is, in the teeth of the reprrsenta- public tires of the nation. It is only on Monday that ? niajo- I interfi rlty of the Assembly declared tlint the expedition to then ? (. It ita Vreehia bail been turned by the government to di nt i objeeta ditlerent from those assigned to it by the Assom- j that it biy ittelf, and ralli d upon the government to take teimil iris asures. without delay, to prevent I he continuance of that s MtcIt an abuse. Louis Napoleon repllea to this vote by puldic publishing on the following day n letter ill the official a) plat journals i f the govi i ntneni, not only setting the reso- 'j he lutton of the Assembly at defiance. but declaring that that II since the ltomsn people linvii not chosen to receive the anil ui Frtnrb expedition as friends, they will be forced to re- it befo ci ive thi m as enemies; that the military honor of the (Limp ration Is cngagi d ; that he will not allow it to be at- recess tackia; mill mm mt army may uepm<t upon rocuving nInfotctmen!*. 1 ho def,hce in ado by the to m ) poller* of the government ia the old one?that th< pun ot Asxinbij wit* elected under different circuiiirtai.cee ; {Jiat it uoea not represent the true t feeling* of the country; and that it* only object 'ley I 1* to itubnnnrN the ministry on the eve ot the election* To a certain extent thia may be true.? doubt M. Julia I nvre and hie friend* have personal ibjectato ynin and their attack* am therefore tn be loe.ktd OB with III*pinion. Hut tf the attack* tiny make are Will foundi d?If tbey expire the weak nea*. ti.c nsistt t ry. and duplicity of the government, the accutalh u* ate a* will entitled to attention a* If the atctiM rs wi le the the moat upright and litgh minded petrol)* in Kiance General de Lnntorieiem and M Juhs Pane ha?o rhown. beyond a doubt, tVat M. Odilon liairot cbtalin d the Function of the Aaeembly to the ( it ita Vi i ehiii expi oliti' ti under a fulae pr< text, ntid thiit lie bar nmde lire ot it to forward an ohjeet which the a*h n.My did not contemplate. M. Odttea Hatrot ni.d hie colleague* have not been able to r? pel tlie (hatge. but. unthe contrary tiny admit it; and it i* no jiiiltfcallon to tin m to my that M M Kavre and I atui tieiere wire artuuti >y>y unworthy motive* i a 1 lie it iter of the I resident of the Kepuhlie I* not only n dangerous one. in a constitutional point of view, hut ill* ixceedii.gly imprudent a* r.garde Prince Loul* Mpnleoti personally Vt by It 1* asked ihottlal the President mix hirnn it up witlt tlie policy ot hi* Minister* ? I.e appoint* N.tiilsler* who are responsible for their act*, both to Lint and to tbc country; hut he ought not ERA! i himxclf up with them, nor ininmn a pcrxonal re- bur ibiltty from which be ought to ho exempt. Sup- ?uh, he next A**embly rhnuld adopt the name view of hi ipeditlon to Italy a* the prexent Ax*emhly hn ed. how could the Prexldeut. after thi? letter ch ?nge fon ptem T How could he work with a ininixtry act- hi i a different policy * Il?wcould he agree with tho moli kture in condemning act* in which lie had taken tlon live part, and made hiui*elf pereonally rexpnnxi- lie i The rumor here to-day l?, that the letter of the tior lout 1* the act. not of himeelf. but of hie minixterx ten ipme of the mtnlxter who drew It up i* publicly tcr n of and the object whieh Ill-natured people attri- T .o the government I*, if true, not altogether cred- mei to iteelf or fair to the Provident It ix *aid that to j iuhtiy feeling that it* act* are likely to make It 1 Hilar with the country. I* determined that the bill e *ball be a* muoh eunipmiuixed by its act* a* the not dual member* themielve*. Kor thi* reaxnu lha unl wax written to Napoleon Uonapartu which forced ol t ' ...?iu ro um|jujr II U1II nurlU ? a teller WHICH II >utided an a circumstance which is now a-certain- Jon ver to Iiutu taken placa. and of which the only 'I is to disunite and throw discredit on the Bona- the family, while it weakens their adhereuta; an l it A tins purpose that the letter toOeueral Oudiuotis 'ay lObltfBM? a letter which can btniOtl|iitt in the '1 hut to implicate tile President witli his Ministers, gov insulting the I.ibeiHl party, and hurling detlanco salt e National Assembly. 1 lie affair has created a Asr painful sensation among the llonapurllsl party slni who see in this, and some others ol the recent acts auti e government, the ruin ot the party: but. on tho A hand, it rejoices the hearts of the adherents of *?' ourbons, whose objects it so well tends to servs. I?is letter led to the following violent atid DKHATK IN THK ASSKMItl.Y THE 9 fit INST. ae local bills were adopted without discussion. jS(] h I'm s niuENi ?*1 he tribune ia to M Orevy for in- ^ llations to the government? (marks of interest) (Ikkvi said that the Assembly hinl on Monday (*ri adopted a resolution relative to the Kronen . h in Italy, 'l ha first aet whlah was to ha noticed * letter front the President of tlie Hepublic, puhI in the fairit ot last night, and not reproduced coming in the Mnnitrur. (1'he honorable member read the letter in question ) lie wished to learn foil tdocuincut which was not countersigned by any ter. was to be considered as an otlteinl or private n ? lie wished to ascertain what feeling hud dintated m | d necoicling to the answer wliich lie might re- i i be would propose suelt measures as might up- I j.r, lo him railed lor by tliu dignity and interests of giy, ipublio. (Hear Inar) , I). BaIiiuit, the President of the Council, replied, jn | lie very manner in which the honorable gentle- 'j mid picpored his question dietalid the terms of ! ((IU uswi r wliirli lie had to give, t'he letter was evi- 1 y one ot a private cbuiaeter, (marks of dissent on I It); was one of encouragement given to the sol- , in Italy, of sympathy, of gratitude. (Renewed * probution on the left ) It was he repeated, a te letter, addressed to the general of the expedi- , ru|'< and the very fart that it wus not signed by any ter. proved that it wus of u private character.? ji it did not follow from that circuiu-taiico I wu the government declined tlie responsibility On the contrary, it saw nothing in that letter rnll it ought to disavow. (I)isapprobutFoa on l lie left.) I liat was therein that letter that could lie con- i j| d c ontrary Io the resolution adopted on Monday p,,r u; iuu nnmuuijr : lie wuuiu HSK II IllerUOIPel ut presmi the committee on thut day. to state i rtl) i ly what course the government ought to lake tr(l( tsp? cl to the army ill Italy? It had requested | p?u muilltee to say, whether the French troops were hill aw to Clvita Veerhia? Were they to evacuate 1 \ Hut not one number of the committee was 1 Up? prepared to pay what ought to he the couran to u 1 he committee had unanimously declared, I f,.r, hey did not by any mean* intend to hind down p|u( iverument to any tixed line of conduct; that they i at). d to allow it every fair liberty of action. In fact, j o fcusslon of Monday night had been at the same l e) HI ,oo early and too late?too early, because the lull I .4 ulurs of the case had not heeu received; and too Hj,a because tliu troops had become too fully engaged I BU , mit of uu honorable withdrawal Kveu now fact* 1 t(, t anting; but beyond any doubt the government i I toon be in pm session of tbe details, aa a tele- ' j lie d< spatch bud been received ut Toulon, staling 1 q |, letters had arrived there from the generai-in- Wl. and that their contenta would be forwarded with- t?i elay. 'J'he Goremmnit had reason tu believe, howerer, pri f the three tnirMrin at Home, two had declared in ?? oj admitting the French Iron fit (movement ) He, ler. did not take on himself to afttrui that as a C]H ince it was only communicated In a private lot- p In the absence of authenticated facts, he consld- resi bat it would be wisest to adjourn the discussions, vol; II g now at the questions of >1. llrevy. he had to te,i itli respect to the letter of the President of the eT^ lie. the government fully agreed in the sentl- q 1 which it set lorth (interruption on the left.) p?r rilli respect to the resolution of the Assembly j Bn( 1 on Monday night, he had to declare that the | pj|, rnnent intended to carry it out most fully. Al- 1 q (hn rri'.wncnrvwitif V? n <1 us.>*4 M -I.. t * - 0 ? ss~ -. uiw. u? i.cwcjin vunillim, j),,, *r to communicate to the government at home 1 -j it passed. '1 liat gentleman had received precise ' sr,. ictions ah to what he had to do and those instruc- i j,tie was quite ready to communicate to the As- , pM; y Looking at the relations of the French re- )ru] ! with foreign powers, he must dwell on the no- I j jr of not allowing the force and influuuec of France weakened I y internal divisions (hear, hear.) In 1 p rs of such gi avity, all passion ought to he most ' \ i?.'ly put aside. Ilow many instances could there p,,., e brought forward of other nations, when in crili- j.-r, sitious. Hinging away private causes of dissent \ nun ntrating all their forces to meet the hour of thj ilty! He thought such was the course which would | sent be most worthy of adoption in tltat Assem- 7 irar. hear ) As to the supposition which some his as bad breught forward, that the President had an 1 Jed to adopt an independent lino of conduct, he die declare that never Lad that functionary con- an I the idea *f acting contrary to the intentions of js;,, siembly (bear, hear.) The course to be pursued adi present conjuncture had been dtdiberated ill duu s in council, aod it was only after such preliini- * ict that an agent was sent on with instructions T ' ifoimity w itli t lie deliberations ot the Assembly. 0f Msg the ease, it was unnecessary for liirn to say It here was no conflict between the powers (hear, sr.ft 111c jiivvv said, that as It appeared from the explanaid the honorable minister that no new despatches ,,]. ' fsn received from Italy, he should propose to ad- (1 the discussion to the next day [Agitation] ro\ 1 iiiiim Tiiomas ascended the tribune but b> lug c' 1 y M. Ledru-Rollin. gavo way to Um l itter. (i .enat-Roi said that he conceived Unit the un,( r was too grave to be adjourned As M.Orcvy nounced proceeding with his interpellations, lie tut edru-ltollin) took on liiuiself to proceed with i v<r? 1 he language <if the latter was ex dingly 'nil ?.. <i ut . mit u lum nir writer syin7.* a wun .he aimy in Italy endured [Loud laughter.] jj|,. OICE 0M THE lllUIIT?Wl'll, Wlllit is tllO ll.Trm of bill, i 1.1,11 ?i i hi -Hoi.i.ii* must maintain that the letter was '""f confidi ntial. but an official one?one that the seemed desirous ta have wad iu an ordrr of tho the g< net al-in cliief to his troopa But however y% mint might be. the letter In question most cer- U.e was not in accordance with the ideas of a repub- t"i government. What d'd it. in tact, aim at f To J'.'1 in intiuiatlon that the chief functionary of tho ^ li Pepublic wasinelined to giro his aid and sym- 0, , to those acta which weru directed against the mm n government. Such conduct, in his opinion, ? ' . to he considered as nothing else than the lie- rnr< I of the republic. [Great cheering on the left ] txt ueh conduct would hereafter cover the govern- of\. with shame. [ l.nnghter on the right J Was lie nu de of carrying out the repuhliean ideas of *l,n y? No; for I lie present government looked on <i"r y in a different point ot view?with thcin. it was y to ace the Austrian* again at Milan ; it was y to sec the IN mail republic laid low [Loud ion the left.] But. at all events, the Assembly Ilia .lire wi i,bt not sanction tbo present design to put I" tlio Itomini republic. The resolution adopted on J'" ?y niglit bud placed an impassable barrier before .J'" ii intention. When tin; government had applied 11 Uit to defray tlie expense* of rending an ripr- Ml,j to Ituly. it liail formally declared Dial it had no the | whatever lo put down the government of Kerne, ? ?J* fiulur one?it deaired only to discountenance the " I u hand of adventurers. It whs aifirtni d that the n republic at its last gasp lint now, what p le caref In place of the band of adventurers al- nml to. a regular governnn ut existed?the Itoman re- * ul was not nly alive, but prei>ar?d to check the '?' icnce of France ! The honorable gentleman rent on to miiititain that the letter of the I'real- |nil' L>f the tepiihlio niurt be conrldereil official. and drtr ; war of a nature to bind the government to a de- W tale line of conduct in coucluaion. he inhaled J"'1 uch an act wa? ngainrt the iurtitntiona of there- ['1 ' and ought to ho subject to reprehonaion. [tireat " L,1 lie ' II the left | ( , Paini i\T of the Council expreaaed his regret dn,t lie ill bate bad not been con I i lined III the grave will nobjectionabln manner which liad distinguished " le the last rpeaki r luid ascended the tribune. . M probation on the lelt.) 1 he government had no J; ny t dlrnvorv the n n?iments expressed in tb? j..,, alluded to Thank tJod! the feeling which ought II nipt every man to express sympathy for onu's tie ijn.i n, v lien In a dillicult position in a foreign '' uid not yet abandoned the nil of franco; and, ie the government had no hesitation in exprea- s, s lull concurrence in the generoua laugnage cm- It by the President of the r? public (lu iaendoua r g wlich waa r. pi alt d ov. t and over and a.piio, d I hie declaration ) **||.''kaaid tile hono/able je ii an. lurning round to M.' I.eJru-Kollln -you a cm ii accusation to hiing against the President of tiy public, do so; yon bavu the light. But we can- i oa >ou to inanll him by your nippo?illona that cling against the republic " (fireat cheering.) | |u((( 1 a< tkhli i, cut Ii uiuii i lien concluded by uiaiutatn- f(tn at the language of the latter In nowi.e c .iniuit- p n, ? tUUl.or eciiulirt ef the government, who wire inci Mi n.ihi d lo carry out the rerotution ol the A* p < (, , ' I hlj\ ( l?ar. Inar ) i xir av 7 piiwii raid that the real cbaructcr of (JI|| tir ri 1 Id be boat nndexatw d from Hie Ungnage KDji in i hi k?>v number cf the i'efrir. which had. IB , p.. Mi-iaire pirn ( I in: honor- | J? i, r. i r hi-e t> ad a b adlog article of th it joar- , naik.lg In IB'her sharp lelui? onthe result of \ ) lilt (ill \ ?I day night I lla conautcr. d the l-tIs ii. r .J. <lj f? i tiaiy lo the sp rit \4 the c ni-ll- | i and tie ugly ?t the imp. rial mode of .ii cot | e y nation ) \ .1 alt, wm- Maxl lar- I ii ii v sin so to a tali b. ?, bi op in | >r< ign | J i ii., bat the rase aatwfiH that 1 'hid |Hoporc that acolixIk-'.Uh U a,, ..xxxsaXUUx* , L D. TWO CENTS. raoz to draw up an address to the President on tb? |ei't. (-Oh. oh " and loud laughter ) liatttnr considered I ha' the only pUn to be adoptwa? to adjourn the dlscus-lou until further innation war recrived . Flocoh proposed the following order of the day ?# ?"Considering that article 97 of the eonstitui declare* that no art of the President of the repubis rolid without the signeture of a minister, the Natal assembly hereby affirm* the letter lately writby hiin. to be null, and of no elTent " (Loud laugh) he Prksideitt.? M. Orery ha* propoaed the adjournal ot tin: discussion until to-morrow, aud proceeded jut it to the rote. he I'srsidint or thr Council?We shall. moet proilv. receive despatches tomorrow, but ae that may be the race. I propose that the debate be adjourned il after they arrive I shall iuforin the Preaident hi- Avaeiiibly when tl.ul taken plat-it t wmh then decided that the iliaeuttainn nhould baadrned until after the despatchea were received. he Avt-ewhiy then proceeded to the dincunaion on budget (I.eft aittli g ) livicea from Pari* of Phurnduy (yesterday) eveuing he dispute between the National Assembly and the eruiin nt Iiiin ai-auun d a eery grave shape. It lit 1 that the government, tl nil tug the nppniiti in in the imhly mi Killing inti tided attempting a <:<iu/i d'rlat iInr to tiie one wit ch failed on the '2Uth of January, I that il liaa again failed . meeting of the ultra-rrpubllean representative! i held yesterday at whteh a proposition wa? agreed to the effect tliat the election* should tin ailyourned, 1 that the Ministers should bo impeached The iitaguutdH hatte uut atmndnued tho plan, and il ia tight tliat if persisted in, wo may expect another li lirunutire. he ultra-ropuhlieau papers ur uxcemlitigly violent lust the I resident I he JV iple calln tiim an adveui-r and an itifame. Tho exuiteiunut among tbo peo1s hi coming daily greater lie lollowiug ure the luti-st details from TilK ROMAN REPtrBMC. lie Purls Patrir of \V eduoaday everting pithllahca a i owa the concluding part of the tlr.-i telegraphic patch from (lelieral Oudilint. dated I'm In, the 4lh. pleat's that tint vending the whole of the despatch lie rame lime hud been prevented by the weather, lie Niapohtuna are marching upon llo no. Thench will tecupy tbo city before them Nothing can v an idea of tho ardor of our soldiers Our iiidi-il to the number of 159, are leaving for Uaatiu, he Kane 1... I/......... II..III-',., i.rihpM altfAu !?,? rilljliulnM ... .... ........... ......... ... ...V ?"V p,i?wn ? "ft nt of the attack of the French ou the .'loth nit :? Rumk. April 30, 1840. 'he French arc iu full lunrch upou Home. The foling plurai d busjurt beeu issued:? n tic tirsi tumid <>t' the. Hturin I.cIIh, the holy sacrament I he uxpoted in the principal churahae, to implore the ity of home, and the triumph of the good cause. '1 he Triumviri?A KM tI.I.I N I, MAZZINI, SAFFI. Jino o'clock. A. M.?The corps of (lurrebaidi Is iting to receive the enemy The enemy, without r ofliriel notice, has conic in view of Rome with a non. In the direction of the Portusu-gato firing ie ,rd. ulf-pn.t Tou.?The default has commenced at the tu Cavcllcggieri. quarter before Twelve.?The van-guard of the ill} lias mude a retrograde movement A body of ipe is taking up a position near the church of St. 1. Our people are advuuciug to the Porta Cavel;icri witli a red flag quarter-past Twelve.?The French cannon lira it the bastion. alf. past Twelve ?Garribaldl Is attacking at dlfiiit points An exchange of musketry has taken e 'J here Is lighting st the Villa Paiuflli. Rocket* throw n> at the greater bastion nc o'clock.?The tiring at the Villa Pamflll has led. quarter bi fore Two.?The firing has commented iuundir the walls of the Vatican. According to estafette from the Vatican, there was a false attack, nnke our men turn out. Thu bastion most warmly licked is that which occupies the most advanced nt of thu V atlcan. at which there are two howiteer*. esc howltiers have been removed by our men, but do not know where to. The enemy's cannon have it ii up a position at this part. French rather lose mud at the V ilia 1 auhli, and they have moved to nthcr part I he Triumvirate has published thu following promation:? luiuant?Our honor if su ft; (lad and cur muskets will da the t. Energy and order. Bo worthy ofyour fathers, bet no re spread alarming news, but no snot he tired in thu lnur of the elty. bet every shot he for thu enuiny. and let ry ore i iv " Viva In Kenohlica. TUE TKICMVIKS. |.ril 311. llalf- past line P. 11. nree o'clock P. M.?Our people have fought at the ta i'.rtese with great courage, lu the uhiuo of God I the people. Thu French cannon have become lit 'en minutes past Three.?The French appear to be souraged. wenty minutes past Three.?The French tirailleurs falling back to their centre. orty minutes past Three ?At the Porta Saneto cmssiii the French are bcatiug a retreat; our tlrailrs put them to tliaht. our o'clock ?The French cavalry fell back, routelie it* menaced. ive o'clock ?All firing ha* reasod . teUgruphic despatch has reached the government lay. which announces, it ia said, that both the neb and Neapolitan troops have entered Rouie. S QlrAKKEL BETWEEN PRESIDENT BONAPARTE AND NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, he row between the President of the Republic and couain. Napoleon Bouapurte. of which I sent yon account in my last, is quite correct, though contraled in the Monileur. This Napoleon LLoiupartc i? nnicitious man. uuel the very image in features of poleou rhmievrur. lie baa Jlist issued the following irem to the electors of Paris I>1 RK8S OF NAPOLEON BOSAI'AHIF. TO THE ELKf.'TOAS. iti/.*>s? Eveiy man that is desirous of the honor of resenting his follow-citiiensowes them a faithful accouub lis past life. i is not nn excefs of vanity that induces me to seek your laars. Circumstances independent of my will have caused to ho persecuted and inxnsed hy men dangerous to the otry. I accept ?-i tuo position, uud in t>rt*ci>ce of the r sovereign i ackiioxs I .go. tic jm: ??!?!? , I may not remain ut. It is imperious to explain ail my political career, n the 1241>1 <1 TYhruary. ! hailed with joy the full of ilty. It vn* with a t ot enthusiasm that 1 protiled the republic. i the first days of the revolution, I thought danger wits to it red from the anarchists. After the terrible days of May dune, 1 resolutely voted for measures which 1 thought ;?*hty '< r the l.rni est at ID htm nt ol socloty and the main?in e of order. M I did w n-to establish the new goiiueut, not to evv? a reaction which I detest, t the great ot ion <>u the 10th Jjcceynher, my choice could he d ubtful; tie occasion present* .1 itself to serve my I'lncthns ar.d my sympathies. The dnam of my whole was to fee flie nit rot of Napolf 'ii the standard of the relie. J siplhd r! 1 my endeav ;s to i .sure tne triumph of iftXfpoleun lionapur' Hy his nume, his writings, his C captivity for the popular vanm, I ha i always thought more til than ai?.v one eice to establish the republic on a basis. entered i I ut !y and before any oth^r into the straggle, citizen sustain'd it with greater ert1 igy or conviction. In pul.lic piets, from the tribune, \x hen it was, perhaps, hart mi e to oppose u clouded government in ptuseucu of a hosamcml ly. I struggled alone with the people,at a time wuen rem tioi aries. the men of 11? - old rvyime, cousulted the iicff ol sncct *> * hefortfeexpres?iug aii opiuion. 51* millions t< s rei lied hy an immense acclamation; and on the imrtal lUtli of Decern her, the actual President was proclaimby in Ally the unan imous voice of the first people of the h. H'tere/orc should a deplorable policy, directed hy ini-iicni ed men, throw discord between us? fter the electi n of the President I took a silent attitude xpcctation. I endeavored to warn the government of the that sought to mislead it; and filially, to avoid blaming t I could not approve of, I accepted the post of AtuhasHAlo Spain, bp a port of re?reat. D xx days after my arrival at Madrid, I received, through medium of the public journals, a oopv of a private letter i tl e President. I dm not receive the original until the alter. Tl e chief of the State reproached mo for a speech d made at I lord i mx. i? regarded a cruuc under the republican presidency of is Mora parte to show in: at rust, of t lie leaders of the Boarrtnctioii; toshu* sympathy f r i hu viaiims of absolutism ad. when Louie lb impuilo hitnrclt f-ught, in INil, in the is of the Italian rex olc tbnfst*; when, by his writings. fr?.m my intimacy w ith him, I was aware how he d*v4pf*e<l policy of the-?' very men who at. the present moment are nd weight upon hi* government? .? only charge brought against mo was, that I had ?pokcn ura^ingly ol those men whom 1 regard it as an honor to Bordeaux, moreover, I wm a candidate for the election, not an ambassador Hut. w hat I was reproached with, out throwing of! the responsibility, 1 shall simply declare it v t'ts completely false. irins my toy age I did not attend any electoral meeting. I not my one word on j ditlcj. >Iy friends of the dement do lu (liroi d? . those whom I am acouaed of hivmi eased, have atsted iht* it, tin authentic manner ho IB to he made anew oraMe for tho calumny of 'hi* Inid apeech, for th? publicity given to Km PAnllBinotl r ul lliu l'rcaidi in f | a.,nil not seek him "Ut It is ulli lue to took to unravel ti e intrigue* of a waiting old a man with any aelf-r pect admit Ihat the I'rrsl. ! of the r<| til. ic hi-friend, ht? relation, woi I I correspond hia anikaoaeai, hi* tro'iol, bis euutdnt through tho eol.? ol I ruvimial joorimif hat c iilrt 1 do after -""I inutiler ivlmt every man >f I r WI nld have dour in in/r'n Semi in my r??ig. alien, at on?turt to place it In tliu hands of tha Uuii-t-r of e*Y!i * of''my departure (hy tha telegraph from Tlayonne) Ministry niMoo-ol ii e i <Iim.u? ? I 'll lit functionary, who was 1 tinging hia rent to 0. is a aalletactinn of </ in our prof it whieh 1 w tiling !y 0 , PhitUvrt Iti .iiioitli e >. <h is tl e linth. ia f,,r you, vleetnrs, to Judge of thii Intrigue and ita era, then*. what I desired before the KJlli December, I still e ti -day. t the shame of thirty-time years he obliterated abroad! rrt fi'ii n of eighteen years no lunger gnaws our due connI el II o[ir>i oft those men of the pint who could not foretry ti ll g. avoid anything, surmount anything, and who iWijip urns ? lint I hey ever haec been, hull continue to vote for the inaintcnauce of the eonstin and of m.r lit eniea, by energetic conduct in our forlelntlnns alone worthy of revolutionary France: fir tho taty ?t tie trail -1ortod wtttont a judgment; fur tneii in li.trra-e ir.e sro y ; for all reforina to which the pio?ve a 1 1*1 t, and whuh do not oha met the rnareh of the n n int I filially deait" a union among the democrat*,' g enough to reaiat welly and perveiae Utopia*. wlilih only sine to ottT'hrow aoclcty wtthnat racouatruosinif I. ng. aa alio a fatal reaction wleieh leads ue toward* a 4 lee. ti*fla tnyialf fo the men of order, to republicans, to the people. i ti r? i,f raria? I aw nit yonr derision with eonndenee, with the iranunillltv of an hoiieai and patriotic intnd. h A i til F.tiS liOta t'ARTE, (son or Jerome.) S.?The conviction of Smith O'Brien hae been con1 d this day In the Hnusa of Lord*. fintiiv* rmrv of lh?* f-'n tich Republic pfV,?*a ovnr i flint rejoicings and no disturbance. Ittoohplauw no the ncwe (row llwuti had arrived.

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