Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 28, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 28, 1849 Page 2
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t si Owr French Correspondence* t Paimi, THi'kiuif, M?y 10, 1M1. Important Event i to France?The Fourth of May?The , ^ Erjoditum o Rome?Magnifiernt Dieplay?Ite Effect on I the People?The Approaching Flectione?The next Pre- J tidency?Important from Home?The Cauee of the ( French Intervention- Socio lilt Candidate for the At- . tcmhly. 4"C., fr. The past week hu been hlgnulizod by two conspleu- | OU* events?the comniemoratlou of the opening of the 1 National Assembly, ami of the proclamation of the republic. which took i lace on the 4tli May, 1S48; and the < landing of the French expedition at Civile Vecehia. ' and iLa march te Rome, for the purpose of overthrowing < the Roman republic proc a iued there after the exam- ' pie of France, and of re-nstabllshlng the temporal power of the Pope. H will bo acknowledged that at the first I glance, at least, these two events stand In very curious 1 juxtaposition; nor will a more close examination ren- t (ler the comparison less remarkable. 1 It is pretended by the leader of the Fronoh expedition, that the object of the government is merely to en- [ sure to the population of the Roman States the free 1 exercise of their suffrage, and to ascertain, beyond all 1 question, that the majority of that population are real- 1 1 y in fiavor of the republic wbieh has been proclaimed, t and against the restoration or thu I'ope to his temporal j power ItJs pretended iliat the French hnro a devoted < reverence for universal suffrago? so devoted, that much < as they love republics, tlicy cannot acknowledge the 1 Roman republic, merely because the question of repub- , lie or no republic has never been submitted to nnlver- 1 sal sufTrngc. and because a conviction prevails that an 1 immense majority of the people would vote for the res- , toratiou of thu Tope, and the abolition of the said re- 1 public. Now, all this renders the comparison of thu y two events, simultaneously occurring, which 1 havo t iibovo mentioned, as the more curious, for it is noto- i rious that the question of republic or no republic has ' not been submitted to universal suffrage in France, and j this objection to the French republic Itself, has been 1 again and agnin repeated, until oue is tired of hearing ' it; nny. it is further contended, and not disputed even 1 t-y the partisans of the republic itself, that if the quus- i lion of republic or no republic In France had been submitted, or were it even now suruitted,to universal suffrage. the republic would be revoked by an immense majority. One would think, thereforo. that the grouuds adopted by the French commandor of the Roman expedition were rather ticklish, and that Mazzinl might retort upon him with some etfoct, by advising him to look nearer home. At all events, the matter is too curious not to excite notice. The ceremony of Friday last was surrounded with extraordinary splendor, so far as decoration, illumination. and frux d'ar'ifive went. The vast area of the riace do la Concorde was surrounded by a perfect wall Of lamps; great urns or braziers wero placed at sbort distances asundor, in which bluziug tires wero kept alight. The F.gyptian obelisk in the centre, was surrounded by a magnificent canopy, glittering with gold. A square platform, approached by flights of steps, covered with carpeting, surrounded it, andeolossal statues Of allegorical figures were placed at the sides and corners. The bridge of the Chamber was similarly decorated; four immense columns being erected at its corners, on each of which a colossal statue was placed. Ascending the Chumps Klysees, the great avenue was illuminated aud decorated in a manner similar to the rUcc de lu Concorde, as far as the fountain of the c Ronde Point In the evening, fireworks on an extensivo f>cale of magnitude were discharged from tho spneo around the Are de 'Prima plie of the Barricre de l'Ktoile. A similar spectacle, but on a less extensive scale, was presented at the Barricre du Trone. in the Faubourg St. Antolne. Now, you ran easily image that in other limes, such a Jilt would have attracted half of the population of Paris, and that lft'ge as the area is, of the Tlacc and the Champ would have been densely crowded, as, indeed, it used to be at the annual feltt, ' very inferior in splendor, given before the revolution Whatever may have been the cause, the result was not so. I was enabled to walk, accompanied by ladies and children, with the greatest facility and safety, while the fireworks were being discharged and the interest of the spectacle was at the highest point, through the Place, and along the avenue of the Champs Klysees. The Place was far from being crowded, and the spectators took but little interest, and expressed no enthusiasm. This has risen, in a great degree, from the frequency with which these exhibitions have been repeat. I'd. within the last twelve months. The Parisian population, fickle at nil times, have got tired of them. They are like a theatrical performance, which has been repeated so often that the h u-o lias ceased to fill; hut independently of this, the various sections of the ultrademocrat ic party disclaimed all participation in sympathy eith the celebration. They regard the opening of the Assembly as having been their knell. Until the 4th of May, MM. I.edru liollin. Klocon. Caussidiere. Albert. J.ouis Blanc, and their other leaders, were in the ascendant. The moment the Assembly was convened, If ..viill.,,t fmm I li? elliiruotor nf a main. rlty of it* member*, that this party would be rendered powerless, unless. Indeed, another revolution were to reftore thi ni to their supremacy, by the overthrow of the Assembly. Such a revolution, as you know, was accordingly twice attempted?tlrst on the l!>th of May. and nest on the 24tb of June, and on both occasions was signally unsuccessful. Some of the present leaders Of the party are expatriated, and the others are in anxiety and doubt, as to their return to tho next Assembly. It Is, therefore, not surprising that this party 'should exhibit little enthusiasm on the occasion of the commemoration of what in reality was their downfall The extreme republican party are making many sneering comments on this^ruat celebration. It bas been said, among other things that the circular notes issued by the ministerial officials for attendatice on the occasion to the great public functionaries. announced it. ti"t as the celebration of the proclaniHtion of the republic, but a.-, that of the opening of the National Assembly, the word republic not once occurring in the note. Notwithstanding those conflicting opinions and sentiments the week lias passed with perfect tranquillity. One of the difficulties which beset the government on the occasion of the celebration, was the question of the amnesty They have surmount'd ver. by announcing tbut 1,200 of t lie June Insurgents will ultimately bo pardoned and liberated but that this must be done carefully and by degrees, ns it w ould not lie shIo. at once, to iit loose upon society nch a number of indiiIdual*. .'animated with the sentiments known to prevail among them, and without their having the means of employment. The apathy shown by the people towards the celebration appears likewise to prevail in regard to the ileetiotis These, as I have already informed yon, will be held on Sunday next, the 13tti When it 1- remembered bow Paris whs covered witli bills and placards, presenting every form ol appeal to the public. * before the elections for the present Assembly, the actual appearance of the capital is the more remarkable. There are literally no lists placarded lit nil. and scarcely the appearance of a placard referring to tho elections. Kven in the press, the subject occupies, us you will see, a comparatively limited portion of tho journals. To what is this to be attributed ' 1'erhap" altogether, or certainly iu a very great degree. to the confidence lit by one pmtvand the despair by the other, as to the result. A general confident)*, whether well or ill founded is certainly entertained that the coming Assembly will present an enormous j anti-republican majority. The enemies of the republic are alarmed, or lit leant, nftVct to be ho. nt the extent of tlirir own auccecx. and tliey every where express their tear* of the dangorcux consequences of excluding tho democratic leader* frotn the new ebamber Tho demo- ( cratt. meanwhile, do net disguise their profound diaap{tointineut and disgust. r 1 apeak efthe majority in the coming chamber under . the title of antl-republican, for there I* no other gene J, l-al title by which it can be appropriately designated , (t 1* eplit into faction*, which are united by uncommon bond except their hatred of the republic Let them once triumph over the republic and the.e faeliona will inevitably turn againa icli other, and we shall hare p terrible civil coniiiete rb< (irlcanistx. the legitimists, " tho Philippine, and the imperialist* nil hate each other '' uiore cordially and more Intensely than any of them M lento the" republic They all agree. nevertheless. to tolerate the republic lie short a time as poe-ible One of tlie result* of the , owing election* which is " already known with considerable certainty in. that tho Prjnoe de Jotnvllle will be returned by a? immonee majority, for the department of the Haute Marne Tho Prince UdDg under n decree of exile, this ruturn will 1... , null- ?.u? It. is ?al#l llmt Hi. ..i....... ... V again and again return him. as they did I oni? Napoleon, iiutil the power of suffrage will force the \asetnbly to admit him a* it did the members of the Napoleon f?. miljr. and a* the House of Common* was forced to admit O'Connell alter the < hire election. It may be intercstirifr to say that It is agreed here, on all hamla. that if the republic should outlive the duration of the present Presidency, it* next President will be the Prince de Joinvillc. All the parties who voted for Louis Napoleon would, it is said, in that case, combine their suffrages in favor of the Prince. In short, you see the French must have a I'rince. in one way or anotner 01 f (hey cannot haTe a crowned Prince, they will have a President Prince. On Monday night took place one of the most impor- r tant dcbatesln tin \ umbly, which has slgnnltxed that s body sinoi the election <>f the President. The news which bad arrived from Home by telegraph, a ltd by va- " rlous private letters which had appeared in the Journals h durtngthe day created murh excitement It was slated . that Hen. Oudlnot h id effected an entrance Into Home, as was supposed. l(y thi gate of St. Paul; that the " troops bail first pa>M-d ovi r c 'me ripen ground, nnd that a icompany of sharp-hooti rs had incautiously ventured . into some sir.. u where they were immediately ex- 11 posed to a destructive fire of musketry from the win- B ilows, and frr m behind barricade, thai bad been pre- a' viously erected Not baring the topography of the town, they were unable to extricate th. masfves from K' this situation. A company of the 21th regiment ru-bcl " to their relief, and according to tlie reports received sr !i three were soon surrounded and alt d' t-o?,..| sfl.-r iliis, the Omernl in-t Uicf rvtvvutel, a is statu! c< o a place about four miles from the gate*, called Caatel leguido, there to await reinforcement* from ClTlta fecrbla. In thla affair, It le reported that Oen. Oudilot himself had a narrow e*eap? of bctng taken prioner, the orderly who followed him baring been sur'ounded and captured Such ie the substance of the -eports which formed the basis of interpellations adireesed to the Minirters on Monday, in the Assembly. A committee wa* appointed tooonsult with the government on the subject, and to report Immediately. A night sitting we* held, and the committee which had been nppointed presented its report, recommandlng to the Assembly the adoption of the following resolution. Tlie National Assembly invites thu government to take, n itbout any delay, suoh measure* as may be necessary, to the iffect that tbe eMwdltioa in Italy be not any longer turned wide from tliu objeut wbiob had been assigned to it. This was followed by a sharp debate, resulting In a llvlsion in favor of the resolution, and therefore against he government The debate was not concluded until icarly two o'clock in the morning. Notwithstanding the news of the cheek sustained by ho French at Home was known at the Bourse on Monluy. its effect on the funds was not considerable, the dosing prices of the Ave per cents, as compared with hose of Saturday, not being more than half a frano ower. Your readers will, doubtless, bs puzzled to get at a dear knowledge of the real state of this Homan quesion. amidst the clouds of contradiction, from every part n .which It is enveloped. The real truth, however, Is bis. It is inevitable that Home will be occupied. The tustrlans have resolved to march upon it. So have he Neapolitans; and it Is not improbable that before .he departure of this letter, we may huvc intelligence if the advance of both of those powers. Now, if the "rencb do not interfere, one of two things must happen. F.ither Austria and Naples will r<4p*tate the Pondff in the plenitude of his former authority, temporal is well as spiritual, and will utterly orush every liberal principle in the ltoman Institutions, or France, and ons ir more of the oiher constitutional power* of Western Europe will reclBt such interference, and a general European wur ensue. The present movement of France jpon Rome has for its object to prevent this, by anticipating Austria, and by bringing about a pacific, comirouilse betweeu the Tope and his people, in virtue ol which the I'ope will be restored to his former spiritual authority, and such modifications would be made In the emporal government as the spirit of the times requires, ind us would leave no pretext tor the intervention ol Austria and Naples. This Is the simple aud easily intelltgiblo state of the ease. This, however, is opposed by the Montgnards and ultras here, because these parties desire a foreign war, as being more favorable to the establishment of their principles at home. In my last letter. I mentioned to you that the central electoial committee, composed of delegates selected from the several legions of the National Guards ot I'aris, and the banlleu. had chosen u preliminary list of 50 names as candidates for the Legislative Assembly Tor the department of the Seine. Vou will reoollect that it was intended, out of these iO names, by a subsequent ballot, to select the *28 which should be finally submitted to the electors. The final ballot has taken place, and you will sou the list of 28 names thus selected, iu the journals. Upon this list I have some observations to make, which will not be without Interest. In the first place, you will observe that the candidates of the ultra-democratic party, composed of the red republicans, the socialists, communists, ire , are utterly excluded front it. Secondly, you will observe that the large majority composing it belong to the parly which has been understood to be adverse to the republic, and favorable to constitutional monarchy, but which; nevertheless. lias accepted tho republic, at least for the present. Of the present ministry there are but three members upon the lixt: M. M. Odillon Barrot, President of the Council; I.eon Kauolier, Minister of the Interior; nntl Do Kalloux. Minister of Public Instruction. Now. the last two are precisely those who, in the cabinet, have rendered themselves nest obnoxious to the republican party, and sho have been openly denounced by that party for icing secret enemies of the republic, and ail but de lared partisans of monarchy. Upon the sume list you sill find almost every leading person of the ditferent Motions of the parties Orleanists. I'hilippists and legitimists. Thus you will see there, Count .Mole. Thiers, Btigcaud. and iMontalainbert but on the other hand, there is a show of tnlcrauco towards those leaders of the pure republican party, vho. during the last year, hare done service to the ause of order, and have openly declared against the Joutnln. Thus you wilt see upon it the names of Cnaignao, Pufaure. bixio. and Marie, formerly members f the provisional government. On the whole, however, the list, as you will see, oxlibits a decided anti-republican spirit. Now this is the lore striking, as Paris is the stronghold of the repubIc. There, if anywhere, its partisans muster in the lenitude of their strength and of their talent; there hey have concentration and organization, and there here great organs of the press are in most ofllcient opeatlon. We shall see. however, next week what tile eflnltlve result will be; meanwhile, it may be consticred as tolerably certain that this list?or card, as you rould call it in America?of the Central Committee, rill be carried, most probably without modification, is the election takes place on Sunday, there can be no loubt, that before Thursday, the day on which I des>atcb my next letter. I shall be able to Inform you of be result of the elections, not only in the department >f the Seine, but in all those departments which sur ound It. P. S.?1 received to-day letters from Rome dated the evening of the 1st, in which a flaming account is giveu [>f what my correspondent calls the total dsfeut of the French Invaders of the Romans. I give you this letter more for the purpose of showing the spirit which prevails among a certain party in that city, than for the jurpose of information; for 1 must tell you that the mallest possible amount of reliance is to be placed ipon the statements it contains. The writer, howver, my a that the French under General Oudinot atackrd the Roman suburbs on theCivlta Vecchia side, Old that, after a blo.-dy resistance, he was utterly derated, and retreated in disorder, leaving 000 killed. 52 prisoners, and about 1.000 wounded. On the side f the Romans, according to this correspondent, there rere only bO killed and 170 wounded. I give you this ? I receivi d it; but despatches are expected here from iencral Oudinot this afternoon, or to morrow mornng, which will, no doubt, arrive by telegraph and I.onion In time for jeu to receive thorn by the stcunier rbich takes this letter. I have also received a letter from Turlu. dated Saurday lait, which anuounces that General ltomorino, londcmncd to death, aus to have been shot on Monday. Paris, Thursday, May 19. 18-19. The Bowrat and Money Market. The last settlement gave riso to very serious apprehensions. for it was well known that the hulls had been "peculating very deeply, and doubts were entertained if it would pass over without occasioning, within a few Jays, a violent reaction In the funds. The settlement took place, iu fact, with some difficulty. Important deliveries of stock were made, but prices were not affected as had been anticipated, because tin- sellers renounced the delivery of stock so soon as tlicy found the bulls disposed to accept the hardest conditions of continuation rather than abanion their position During the last days of the month, die continuation on the 5 per cents was front GO to Go mutinies, and before the termination of the settlement, t rose to 90 centimes, and we have heard the selleri ho had stock iu hand could not agree to a cunt illusion at u less rate than would correspond witli a rato of nterest of 10 or 12 per cent. When the mass of spc. niators found that the leading parties had expected wiitiuuat ions until the end of May, and thus held heir position as bulls, they concluded that a new a--ebsional movement was intended to lie effected before he elections, w lienor the general operations of tile ,iarkct at once took their tendency Still, the more rudcut held aloof fur the present, being desirous, beurc purchasing on account, of seeing the 6 pur cants i-tltiitively puss 70. It was expected, at the end of last rn-k. that this quotation had been definitively atalncd since price* readied 91.10, hut the roulinuaiuns had the ctlvct of causiug a decline to S9.15. wita jut little doing The rise hud been so rapid, In ttie month of March 11X1 me OI ovappiareu I'xaKKrrtli'il, winch millet U Die holders to pell; hut the fluctuations of the i per rente during the tnouth of April, which were buween hf unil Uli, would hare appeared to havo created illicit confidence and to hare occasioned a certain flrineea in the market. In truth, however, our great raItiiliete do uot concur in this confidence. and avow heir belief of a tendency to n fall, whilst the present ispo'ilion in the mark tie eiidelitly to a ripe. 'J'he lection* will pnhably givesotm.' tie .mlire character to he market If we may judge liy nil we hear in Paris nd the Dt paitment* there ip n doubt Dint the party f order mid modt ration will b iu the utijority. and hen aiTairs will rt kame their natural course All kindp of news utid rumors of uewp were afloat at he lii.ur.-e yesterday An iuipeaehm lit n;aiii.l the resident, on account of hip letter to (ieiieral t linlinot. y the parly of the mountain; the entry of thekrennh ronpp at Home, a revoluthui in tiaiony; a provisional ovei nuieiit and a republic, and itssupprcaeion by Prus lan troops, a protestation by P.upland against Kusdan itervrntion in Austria w> re all bruited about by the arties whose interests Were to be served by them; but lihough there were Irom time to time during the day >nie llucttiations. there was little husinepa doing, and tie 6 per cents ultimately closed with a decline of only Jc. on the prices of the preceding day In oilier securities there is nothing worth notice. I subjoin the prices for the week :? Thret per Kite per Rank C'ctifs. Cents. Sharer. ay 3. . . hh.oO IS) SO MOO 4. . . Holiday ft te of commemoration of rmuhlic 6. . . 58 30 00 36 2 405 7... 67.86 80 45 2.400 8. . . 67.70 80.75 2,405 0. . . 57.20 89.20 2,390 Our Ctrmtii Corrcapondencc. Bcklii, May 8. 1849 i/iprvark oj ili, Or,at Shuttle in Europe?Terrible Conflict! in Iheiden, Hretlau, urul I*iptic? Mr,ling, arid Preparation, in fit, many - T\e Imuh Stmt. I lie hour fur n new un<l terrible conflict between the evolutionary and reactionary element* in Kurope in act approaching, nud the *lKnal for great political lovcmanta has already been given in <>*rm*ny W< avr now arrived at the moat important ataxia the volution of Orrmany and Kurope. 'I'he great ttragplo hit b In to precedo the triumph of liberty or d??p jo in in thin country, and on thla continent, la uu? at and. Indeed that atrugglc ha? commenced alrcaily; nd on the barricade* that bare riecn at Dreaden. has [ready been hol*tcd the flag of the revolution. The nateit excitement at tlic prcM-nt moment prevail* lronghout tiermat.y. and it ii iinpoaailde to *ay how xii tlii- excitement may prcml throughout the whole ntlLvut An liiburieotlon in i'olaud, Auittta, nul | Lombard/, would b? sure to follow tho ribing of Oor- Fra mao/. "rl From the Rhine, the > lbe, and the Danube we dally receive intelligence of movement* whloh havo already are taken place, or will shortly. Public meetings are held In every part of the oountry, in which it is resolved to adhere to the German constitution and to support the whi National Assembly. For the purpose of carrying the jjj'j constitution into effect, and defending the Assembly, <j,.r In case of attempts made to disperse it by main force, of t armed corps of volunteers are being organised in Western Oermany. A great convention has been held at Hll(j Kaiserslkutern, near the Rhine, in the most western ptw province of Bavaria, in which the separation of the J ju( province from that kingdom, and its incorporation n?,i with the German Kmpire as an independent State, has and been resolved upon. A provisory governmeut for that J1"' purpose bus beeo appointed. Movenionta to the same p0t effect are going on in tbe Prussian provinces of tbe ten Rhine. 1 havo lately seen letters from the Rhine, addressed to persons in this city, on which every the reliance ran he placed, and which all concur in Ass stating the feeling in favor of separating from ^r'( Prussia and Bavaria to be unanimous in that part of the country. The town council at Cologne has is- av:i 1 sued a summons to the whole province to send delegates to that city, for the purpose of consulting upon act) the meank hy which the German constitution is to be two put into operation throughout the country. Accord- Kur ing to the latest accounts, this convention, though it <_,'ei has been prohibited by the government, is about to -j' take place. From Darmstadt. Brunswick, and other nr,,, 1 cities, we have accounts that the olvlc guaid has al- jjrit ready taken the oath upon the constitution. Hut the pUUI ' centre of the movement, ut the present moment, is th)d Saxony. In consequence of the refusal of the king to tfc|Y, ' recognise the constitution, the population of Dresden , j ] i lias risen, and l.eipjdc and other cities are about to do j. ral ' the same. A desperate struggle betweeu the citizens. bin. 1 who are supported by th? civic guard, and tbu mill- by ; tary 1*. nt the present moment, going on in tho cjtpi- p'pp tnl. It is impossible yet to state what tho issue of the j sunguinary conlilct will be. 11 y the last traiu from jnu> Dresden, we have been in form od that the troops had W(. t advanced into tho purt of the eltjr called the Allstadt, jjisi ' which had been exclusively occupied by the citizens niIin for the last three days, and that several barricades cent had been taken by tho military. The king has lied to r,.aii the castle of Kieiiigstein, and a provisory government, t, which conducts the operations of tho insurrectionary Cl forces, has been nppoiuted. Two thousand troops the from this city have been sent to the assistance of the .ltt|p Saxon troops, and several more Trussiau regiments scbe have already received orders to proceed to Dresden.? p?ri< The military forces in that city will soon amount to thes a number, against which it is believed the citizens tri,u will not be able to hold out, if ruiniorcoments from ever other cities will not be sunt. From Leipzio a corps of obvi volunteers has already proceeded to the capital. At H0? the commencement of tho tight, attacks were made by ?l tl the people against the royal palace, and the arsenal subr ?a- stormed and plundered, but the latter has silica ? egaiu been taken possession of liy the military. I shall jj- ti give you the very latest intelligence of tho state of bori tilings at Dresden, which 1 hope to receive this even- ?bje ing, before 1 close this despatch. ,,xlI The negotiations between the central power and this to tl government, which had been resumed since the arrival of a Frankfort Plenipotentiary here, have again been suspended, in consequence of resolutions recently Tl?< passed by tho National Assembly. These resolutions i ore to the elTect that the Assembly summon tlio different governments, legislative assemblies, and all T authorities In Oermany, to unite their elforts in it hi petting into operution the constitution of the German to tl empire; that the Assembly fixes the 22d of August as posi the day on which the ilrst Uerman Helchstag is to was meet; and that the elections for this Kcichstug are to nlni take place on the 1st of August. The Prussian govern- urci ment. which has already deolarcd that it refuses to Jut; recognise the constitution, lias now entered a formal fstei protest ag Inst these and all similar resolutions which deni the Assembly may form, in a note to the Central treu Power, issued yesterday. A compromise between the the i Assembly and the government here, after these resolu- Very tioiis, has become impossible; and the Imperial Antbas- tiori sador who was sent here from Frankfort is about to 0rdl leave. According to diplomatic usnge, the departure m,.n of u Pleuipotentiury, generally, Is equal to a declare- 'fhe tionofwar; and we may, iu the present iustance, fully the regain mm puitu. i in- i tuwuiu goveruiuoui lias. long whe ago. commenced hostilities against tho Frankfort As- a i? senibly and the Central Tower. I believe I am perfectly jnto well-Informed in stating that, long ere the present l rupture with Frankfort bad taken place, an under- r(.H0 standing between the Prussian and Austrian cabinet r,.|g on the German (juestion bad existed. I uow learn, from sici a very reliable source, tliat un agreement betwueu these ??pU two cabinets, as to the best manner of disposing of the 8t,n National Assembly, lias already been come to, and that fUHt. the project of a constitution for Germany, which is to C],(M solve ail difficulties on the union |uestion, will ere long cbui be published. It has been stated hero, to-day. that in- tlon telligence of serious disturbances at Frankfort had been insti received by the government. Private letters from that an j\ city state that the excitement there was increasing t.Xp( every hour. From Leipxic, we have reoeived accounts ttj0, that on the evening of the tith. several public buildings (I(] t] were stormed, for the purpose of obtaining money and naH provisions to supply the population at Dresden. A ,|ou) movement was made, at the same time, to proceed en twee maue to the capital. The civic guard, however, had impi resisted this attempt. sute 8 O'clock, P. M. Oud I have just been Informed that tho united forces of But the Prussian and Saxon troops have succeeded In carry- J ng the principal barricades in tho Altstadt, at Dresden; Wus and that it was believed, yesterday evening, that the tho : military would be In possession of the whole city until the next morning It is stated that a great part of the it <ii insurrectionary forces was about to leave the city, and Tl take refuge in the mountains in its vicinity. The pro- mar visory government had issuod another proclamation, anm exhorting the citizens to hold out to tho last. A rein- the forcemeut of a body of one thousand men from Alton- ?till burg, was on the way to the assistance of the popula- K0Utlon of Dresden. unM The Three (treat Kvents In Europe?The '"th English View of the Crisis on the Con- Tit,,i tlnent. i,,,,,, [Prom the l.omltin Times. May 10 ] \ eo In tlie present crisis of the a Ha i in of Kurope the nrf/ rapid transmission of persons and of intelligence, the sole unrestricted activity of the press, aud the common toui interests which hare sprung up in Ihirty-four years of |\ . peace, have rendered the reverberation of each sue- posj cessive explosion all but instantaneous, and concen- |mv tinted in the action and reaotion of a few days those r.,rj impulses and results which were in former times sus- \0? pnided in their operation by dlatance, secrecy, and will the sinuosity of political art. In consequence of this ?))<decided change in the mode of conducting all human bctv atTairs. evt ry incident is added with instunt rapidity mvi to tlio sum total of political motives, and has its visible M rv effect on the next result; so that, to form a correct proi estimate of tile gi-ucritl causes which hear most closely pp t on the peace aud freedom of the world, it is necessary UK)t to embrace the whole complicated subject from Jut- arm land to Palermo, aud from Paris to the Dardanelles, In mi \ all this va.-t and intricate scene it is scarcely possible tion to affirm that any one point is of paramount impor- busi tance over the rest; we have not to deal with any ?ftl single evil, like that of the military genius of Bona- to l parte when it soared to universal monarchy and em- j;, u braced the continent of Kuropc; the phenomena we |exc, witness are infinitely various, and yet they are so reou closely connected together that it is scarcely p ij.siblc othe to consider tliem apart from each other (lf tb Three greut ninth however. claim at thr present moment enco our i hitj attention?the adnmce of the Hussion hoops into ]ai ]( llimgari', the approach of n Trench army to Home, nu t in w lastly the prospect of a serious contest between all the eaist- Iron tug governments of Girmanyanit lor '^e mossesoj the people, It niteutly pledged to risk everything in defence of notional j.oin unity uud dimocratic institutions. We believe that in ed w this country these events are unanimously regarded by been men oi all parties with serious apprehension and sincere cute regret, l he.v bode uo good to Kurope or to the times than we live in. 'i hey menace the world with a coulliot of risen i p.'M IMIl-S.'Ilt u.iy l>y re II, | Is impossible to deny tlinl tho chance* of any | rational compromise or adjustment of theso differences rati! diminish, and they are left more and innr? to the ar- ?fa bit rait on of the sword. Vet. even when this conflict Hem has been fought and won. the victorious party, which- hare over it nay bo. will be alike embarrassed to restoro the Horn tranquillity of society and the authority of government. from either by the force of military de-potism or by tho head license of unlimited democracy. hatit Our intention is not to recriminate upon the errors nn. , which may have been committed by ministers o! this |l lF, , country, under circumstances of such novelty and horn difficulty an to embarrass the inoet candid and enlightened judgment. But we at least are completely forCe innocent of them. We do not ascribe to any British jt Minister absolute control over surh events; for the wlilcl prudent neutrality to which Fdigland is resolved appri to adhere leaves hr.rj'representatives abroad with audi very diminished Influence, and we blame no the |. uian for mi.-rhances which fell out beyond his reach or power, lint, as a mattar of fact, we observe that al A* It is the unhappy debility of Austria which hat prop* given the llussians tholr present footing on the Da- k, nube Bnd bus given the F rench their present footing on have the Tiber If any F.nglishniaii has ctntributed, di- now rectly ?>r indirectly, to prolong the embarrassments or Rnd ( to incn ase this debility of Austria, he has likewise and then by contributed to these two foreign Interventions. ,i|irr.i 1 here was one moment, and hut one. that we know of, puiii when this catastrophe might have been averted, it Ylic was about this day twelvemonth when Austria suppli- t0 ,) 1 nuUi.H to eW. , t .. HI. O--.11-1- .1? Iia.-i* of the cewlon of Louiburdy If tlint proposition K,. liHtl been vigorously acted upon, the greater part of fr,,ni Norllitrn Italy would have been independent, tbe ar- ,1,.,,. niken of Sardinia and Maple* might bare defended the Italian government* against anarchy, and tbe Imperial ?n(| | force*, not being dividi d between u foreign and a do- p(,p?. in< etic war. would probably have terminated tbe latter j, )y before the Hungarian* hud had the time to organiae nilIJi their prenent aruiy or the arrogance to propore condi- WpU tion* incompa'Jble with the existence of the empire. nial, '1 he fact that the Au*i.i?" empire in held togethor by anU little uiore than the name of a lorereign and the di*cl- forn pline of an army? the faot that *ome ph 'ta chief citie* grea' are (JI'hITi cted. it* race* incited one agalnai another, 1'lie and that it* kingdom* of Hungary and bombard/ hare nt b repudiated the Imperial authority the fact.that in galiu Herman/ itself Aiirtria la foreaken by her natural bl? natl' Ik - and availed by a strange combination of demo- Mapl er*> y and Imperialism?are all inconlrorertibln. lint it wn It i# preenely because tbi* power ha* been reduced to prri. a''i.,.it n ?o far l>-neat h her aiicieiit dignity and tha u ?' -t ha' hitherto filled In Kurope, that we are the ho-, ir, and lh? Sf neb armie* In their respective po- liar* on '< ' frontier* of Uermany and In Central conn ?iy f * 'ho' jcb Loth these Intervention* have boen toolt i. ?,*.*?. tbe revolutionary principle of the elthf I . ' aod the Roman tfeniagogua*, we print " t'vlblt to the blow which they are ,IM.? '* '' ' i" t'othe political independence of from the Austrian ir.pir* ja \\'bet' > i teii'tr to waken or disunite tho force* nf ,?ri ei uliid [, ?bi, J, are n presented My the tierma- whin lu< t"lilt (K ration and lhn A u-Irian empire, lead* In nhnt ill' i in e proportion t limren o iho relative power and toco to ? * at t ii the u .i.i'itlr a at tin greRt miiitai jr n?Uba? of tlfin nre snd Russia. That 1? the plain and Inr on trouble principle which we apply to the great occurecu of the present time, holding it to be a fundaittol proposition of British policy, that our intetests oppose d to the ascendancy or progress of either exne. whether it holet the banner of the French reillc or ot Russisu absolutism. For this reason we e deprecated, and we deplore, the political contest ch threatens t<\dl vide and dismember Germany, untlic pretext of unity, and to reduce bur to the conon of a federal republic, uuder the pretext of a fe111 empire. I or this reason we lament the division he resources of the Austrian empire against itself, ch bns left the ministers of that crown no better xdicut than to accept the succor of a Russian army, i lias ended in the resolution of the Magyars to doe the House of llaprburg Lorraine; for, even if the ngariun campaign were successful, the difficulty of irganising the government of that country wilt rein extremely great, the dissension between Festh I Vienna is Incurably deep, and not only Austria, Germany itself, is threatened with the loss of those torn auxiliaries which huve invariably played so irntant a part In the defence of the whole Germanic ritory. For the same reason we regret to find that French expedition to Home is calculated to raise gravest suspicions, and that the soldiers sent by 1'resident to restore the Popn are enjoined by the emlily to fraternise with the Roman republio. lilst Russia is enabled by these event* to turn her

:es with greater effect and lens resistance against tern Germany or Turkey, K ranee may gradually il herself of similar advantages and opportunities inst WfKtlili (ierniuny or Italy. If Germany horsbould lull from her present state'of division Into ital civil war. it is by no means Improbable that thn great conti ndiug principles of h&stern and Western ope would, ere long, join In the mortal conflict on man soil. hose practical results of tile present slate of affairs we presume, equally distasteful to every class of irh statesmen ; but those who have ventured to esse the revolutionary cause with an ardor and a eonnce which wo do not profess to feel, console themes with the reflection that these evils may be avertby the triumph of tile Germanic Convention ut ikt'ort?by the creation of u powerful Polo- Magyar [dow Interposed between Russia and Germany?and ho ercctlou of an equully powerful kingdom of er Italy, prepared, under the house of Savoy, to it the influence of France as effectually as that of tria. These are the three great schemes which, If imlerstand their policy at all, I.ord I'almerston and iduiircrs would oppose to the triple danger of Geranarchy, Russian aggrandizement, and French asinncy over Italy. It these projects were likely to be ized, and if it were as easy to reorganize F.urope as it r> write diplomatic notes, we are not prepared intend that some such views might not conduce to advancement and freedom of the nations princif concerned in them. But the authors or such met have mistaken the commencement of a great od of revolution for the termination of It. Noue of o plans can be carried into execution without a lenduus conflict; all of them are totally opposed to y existing right in F.urope; Bomo of them would ously fail to accomplish the proposed abject. They Id make a tabula rasu of the whole political structure ie continent, not lor the purpose of ruining another itantiiil fabric, but of lighting n protracted battle; . in our opinion, the world will make a bad bargain he entire present generation be sncriflood to the ors of war and the miseries of revolution for no better ot than to grutily its passious, to try its most avngant theories, and to consign society for a time be last extremities of democratic government. e Engllih View of the French Intervention and the French Heverae tn Koine. [From tho Loudon Times, May 11] be situation of tho French expedition to Itome. if us ceased to be critical, is not the less humiliating be martial character of the French nation; and the tion of the government by which this expedition undertaken, is even more critical than that of the y. A more remarkable series of blunders and faili. both political and military, it has seldom been our y to record, and even in the last moments of the exnce of ttje National Assembly, this unlucky insil bus given a degree of passion and force to the exic republican party, which has well nigh crushed administration, and which threatens to exercise a ' unfavorable influence over the approachtug elecThe root of the mischief seems to be the extranury equivocation practised by the French governt to conceal their real object in this expedition, y bud the courage to undertake it. but not to avow reason for which they had undertaken it?nay, u that reason was suggested to them in the form of lunt, they donicd their policy and disowned their uuuur. i " ??" """ "" auuurulllglY. tin result of the conferences of Gneta, bail been a lutlon of the Catholic power# to restore the sovenlty ot the Tope in Home. Austria and the two lies were ready to take the lead in this enterprise; in encouraged it. and the French republic, which kept its ambassador at the i'apal court, and had roil to acknowledge the Komau republic, (li.t not so that this restoration of the head of the Cutholio rch should be effected without her active oo opera?the moro so, as she hoped to secure the liberal itutions granted by Pio Nono to his subjects, froui lustrinn re-action Under these circumstances the dltion started, taking advantage of the resolution ted by the Assembly u month age. which authoris. tie French government to occupy some point in r?for a very different purpose. It can the less be led that a virtual concert had been arranged bcn France. Austria and Naples, inasmuch as the trial and Neapolitan forces have simultaneously red Tuscauy and the Pupal States, whilst General inot was marching from Civita Vecchia upon Route, far from stating or even acknowledging this to bo lose, the French government continued to assume :redit of a demonstration ngalnst Austria, for what in reality a demonstration approved by Austria for restoration of the Pope. Be the policy of a governt bad or good, just or unjust, none is so dangerous absurd as that which the minister who has adopted ires not avow. lie instructions to General Oudlnot bear evident ks of this false and equivocal position Instead of uunoiug that the French troops landed in Italy at rtniiiPHt nf thi? HonlifF whnm tha .nn>.Lii. , ? ir|i|iuuc recognized us the lawful sovereign of Home, they ;ht to evade thin engagement by language equally itisfactury to the Papal and to tho revolutionary y. as If tho defence of their own influence was a cient justification of the Invasion of a foreign terry Willi these instructions (ieueral Oudinot lid. nud immediately possessed himself of < ivilu eh in as completely as if it had boon a French tons relurt. Hail the restoration of the Tope been his and real object, it would have been at least deeoi to have occupied this place in the name of I'ius and if the I'apal standard had been raised, It is >it?ie that some portion of the population might i' rallied round it. as the Neapolitan army at Perua was acti Hlly received witli cries of " I'ira Pio a'' No precaution of this kind wa< taken, and i a very imperfect knowledge of the state of Home, division moved towards the otty. It consisted of recti 6.100 and ti 000 men. with guns and no endry, though liencrnl Oudinot himself has only cd elsewhere as a cavalry officer. The Kontnn 'isioual government, upon the receipt of this intolice. very naturally scut to tiii|uiro what was the Ive and the object of the presence of the French y in the Human territory. Here, again, tho Ueuowrs cempelied, by his position, or by his inslrues. to ei|Uivocato; instead of saying boldly that his nec's vias to restore the J'opc and put down a stat lings which France and t.allioltc Kttrupc refused cei gni/.e. he preteuded that lie c tine to protect 10 against the Auatrians, anil to repress anarchy, i i'pt as an ally, either of the I'ope or of the Roman 1 bile. He had no business to iio either one or the < r. This language was intended to suit the temper ic National Assembly at Paris, but it could neither urage the Pope's friends nor subdue his enemies I i joe. JVIaxxitii whs perfectly nwnre of the position i Inch he stood, and lie ncted accordingly when tho | cli troops ad vani i d to the gate* of the cily. I has excited grout astonishment that a well-up- i ted corps of breach troops not wholly iinaC'iiiaiutilli street WHilare anil barricades. should have I foiled, with considerable loss, in their Attempts to ] r an open city like ltome, witli no better defences i the emergency had supplied and no str inger gar- i I than the partisans of Muzzini and the degenerate iant of the lloman people. No one. certainly, minted that this modern invasion would Hint an Hois Codes on the bridge. Dm this circumstance is piece with all iu know of the dominant faction ill | e. As Florence was lu ld, till the other day. in the ; best durance by n party of Livornose facrhini, so j e is occupied and ruled by a uc.-i of adventurers < i every part, not only it Italy, hut of Kumpe. The Is of the Itouillll government. ami of the popular la In ilii- revolution. are all foreigners. The fall- r pf the revolutionary party in Sicily anil l tenon, j lliven tin1 soldiers of anarchy to Home ami Legos their last retreat. The French red ropubfl- | themselves, liavo rent no iiiconslkcrablo rein- ^ incut* to .M. .Vae/inl's ' Koine of the People," and ?, by nOBicana. Improhahlv that the aauie hands h barrlcadi (1 the I'nrta M /'?;>?/?, had served an nilcohip in I hi in. on the barricade* of February / it .Iiino The hiding apirit of the insurgent*, in alter contest, is known to have arrived in Koine y time ago. arid it lias been h"a*ted in the Nation- p aembly. bj the extreme party, that these French igandists will he llie first to mount the barriende one against the Freneh troopa Hence no effort? been span d to debauch the French regiments in Italy by the inilueiice of their ntvu language " Lbelr own countrymen, even in presence of the en- J and the uncertain spirit of the army, both ? id uml at home, is a formidable addition to the a of the government, and of society in France. revolutionary parly in that country looks le anarchy of Kuropu for the restoration of its f , I inforccments have, of course, been despatched i Tonion to the coast of Italy, but we should be ou- a i to li Hrn wliat instructions hare aecompanied < ? reinforcements, in coiieeqnencu of thu last liostile t Imperative vetee of the Assembly. To proclnim the t and depose the Konian triumvirate is openly to the voice of the National Ae.e&uiyknd uxpoae Iho 1 try to impeachment, if the next Assembly be as t hiican as its predecessor, to acknowledge the llo- a ItcpuMie is to lanrtlon the il?nn?itinn ..? is to break faith with Austria and "Naninii"Vha?e ) * are pr< bnbly before this at Home, in numbers h tly superior to the trench uriny already there? former alternative la to kranee a violent contest I run a. In which the extreme party have already t fd a? advanlage on the first onset; the other alter- n re is to pluuge into a foreign war with Austria. r ea and Tuscany, and to alwt the very eaitae which j ih the object ol thla expedition to put down. The rh And themselves in Italy the cneinlca of Aiiatrla t teir prejudices and traditiona- the eneiniea of the tu republicans by their present policy and their : they raunot adopt either the revolution or the trr-revolution a* their own cause, and they lenrn, ite. that the more prudent conrae would liOTe been v r to have rtartrd upon come clear and definite 4 jlple which they could avow to their own country- 4 and to Kuropa. or to have abstained altogether f fills intervention. To withdraw from the country mover, mere difficult, and we shall probably aee a 1 considerable trench army aaseinbled ere long a in 1 lie Papal dominions, without distinctly knowing 1 nhjeot It is intended to affect, against whom it Is 1 nlend.or whether It Is to bo used for the dastrua- 1 >r for lha defence of tha legal garsnauients of Italy Atpttt of Ike Canadian Question In amc England, tin [From the Louaou i'iui?a. May 11 ] on The political experiment now making in Canada of 1 might have been expected to provoke greater attention all than it ha* yet received in Kngtand on account of the 4ft < rapid growth, the augmented wraith, and the increas- win ing population of the province The attrntiouof most in I F.ngLUhnjcn ha* been recently diverted from tha Ams- tiefi ricmn colonies by the attraetinns of South .lustraliaaod in or the exigencies of New South Wales; *0 that, in eul- thai templating the prospective glories ot our possessions at ami the Antipodes, we overlook the immediate importance bbl ofagriat continental empire within a fortnight's sail of V f the British shores. heel it may not be generally known to the people of Kng- diai land that the united province of Knot and West bett Canada extends in length (tram Auiher-tberg to lost Sublon Harbor) no less than 1 f>00 miles ; that it 31s ha* an average breadth of 300 miles, and oou- for ifhina tan i>n>u civ tinntg mm ivrokt mm tlmt fif h'.nirl&Ull C'Ull and Wales. Nor In its population insigaificaut ; for, I although its capacities for supporting a nunc- mot reus rare were either unknown or disregarded till within the I(ih? quarter of a century, it* nuut- ... bers have, within that period increased most rapidly. According to a document, which evince* much care and preparation, published by the Montreal Board of Statistics, it appears that, in the year 1820. the pro- J10 vincn of Kastern (then Lower) ( auada. contained ^ 428,000 inhabitants, in the year 1831.511 000. which *rj; had grown to 000.000 in 1844 and that its present population maybe calculated at 760.000 or 7701)00, ("of , which not more than 650.000 are of f'rench descent.'') The records of Western Canada present a 1 more striking increase, in the year 1811, thia part of the 11 colony (then the separate province of Upper < auada ) J"1!"' had 77.000 inhabitants, who. by the year 1824 bad been J1 increased io 151.000. and in 1842 to 486000. and at the .' present moment ran Inn illy be less tbau 720 001). Upon c a moderate rnlrulat ion. therffolta we may presume that uja'. by the year 1874. the aggregate population of the whole * United Canadian province, will bo not less than fire 1 million souls. But should Canada resume its iuiportance as the reelpii nt. not only of Irish, but of British emigrants, we may reckon that what with the accus- 1. slon of settlers from every part of the empire, and the ...u" natural preponderance of births over deaths in the j colony, the inhabitants of Canada will, before the ox- !S 1 piration of another quarter of a century, possess nearer .. six than five millions. . As it is impossible as yet to estimate the inlliienoe which so vast a territory, peopled by British subjects. . and commanding the navigation of three suah great ' lakes us Kric, Ontario and Jluron. may hereafter oxer- ..'j *: else over the whole North American continent, so it is J above all things essential that its inhabitants should ,, be inspired with love aua attachment tu the interests and institutions of Great Britain. We kuuw not what . V, is the destiny reserved for us and tbeui. We may be doomed to an early separation?they to a premature iiule ptndmct. Bo thin an it muy. our duty unci tliclr prosperity are identified with the eaored observance of Knglish laws and constitutional rights. By no other \\ course ran we insure their present attachment or their full future happiness. By this means we soften the yoke tore of u nominal submission, and anticipate the consuin- tag niation of an ostensible independence; for, enjoying the all the realities of self government, they have the less Vet reason to alter its form or its name. Agaiu. should un- uan fort tern scents force n/nm both oj ui a disruption of our aboi jrrrsrut ties U't shall leare to inn1 colonisti the noblest lega* y cow etrr bequeathed by rulers to subjects. In either case?that a sa of our union or that of our separation ? our best and the safest policy will be found to b< that of allowing a free li and responsible government la the one it prevents a don thousand complaints of metropolitan tyranny aud op- low pression; in the other it leaves behind it a powerful qua sentiment of blended gratitude and respect. That the colouy which has been governed after the type and inqi pattern of the mother country will not rashly nor pas- the sionately rise in arms against htr; nor will it, when rule emancipated from an imperceptible thraldom, w.intou- T ly assail the parent aud guardian of its political non- pris age. But to inspire such sentiments as these in a and colony, the self-government oT which we spruk should 'i he real, genuine, and undoubted. It should possess a sup vital enetgy aud aetiou; und should be free from all 10s. semblance or imputation of pretence. Such a self- K government lis Kngland desires tor herself she should A accord to her colonies; and such a self-government Is woe that which she is now according to Canada. X'7 Only a few weeks probably will elapse before Lord hav Klgin gives ids sanction to a bill which has been con- O tested with much fervor in ids province. and under vloi other circumstauees might have been discussed with A considerable warmtb in Kngland. As It is. we cannot tbre help deeming it a most fortunate occurrence that u ' toiu mutter which has caused such excitement in the I'ar- the llament of Canada should not have been brought for- effee ward too prominently in tbo Parliament of Kngland. cwt. Canada has ere this hi on made the buttle-field of Kug- real lish factions, aud the success of the experiment was sligl hardly such as to justify its renewal. .Nothing could at i huve been more injurious to the tranquillity and free llan agency of the province than the agitation of a question sale: like the Rebellion Losses Bill by Kuglish politicians ut yest heme. It would have given u metropoiiUii and iinpe- ordi rial character to a subject entirely local in its bearings; free it would have stimulated one provincial party by un laci external alliance, and affronted another by an ex- ccii ternal interference I list end of leaving the Canadians Mb. to aduiiuister their own alfairs and disburse their own find money according to their own wishes, it would have rent controlled their action* and assessed their tuxes by the will urbitrury caprices of an alien majority; it would have sgni kept alive bad pulsions and old antipathies by extrinsic dint encouragement aud factious intermeddling. As it is, U Great liritain has. in a spirit of unreserved confidence, has conceded to the people of Canada, as represented in Oat their united Parliament, the disposal of their own taxes Ami and the adjudication of their own controversies. due Whatever may be the present and immediate result of dial such confidence, its future consequences are of incsti- ad\i mable value. The recognition of a great public prin- ivel clple lias been evidenced by a seeming sacrifice on the A part of the crown. The people of Canada have learn- mod ed that they are governed by their own representatives, nott not by a majority in St. Stephen's, or a back room lloli in Downing street. Every Canadian, therefore, feels a wen renewed pride and reliance in the worth and strength in o of the institutions under which he lives. He feels tbut acti he has a real aud tangible interest in their safety aud lifts, preservation. Whatever exultation may be lelt by the was French population after a party triumph, will soon be sobered down into the more general and more patriotic appreciation of a principle which secures the administration of the Province, not to one sept, ot nation, or arbi clique, but to those who possess the aggregate confidence of the whole Province. The French know that St: the fortune of this year may not be theirs next year; the hhdt IJritish know that Parliamcnsury majorities are tiuntua- l.oot ting majorities; that they depend upon conflicting into- been rests, antagonist talents and tactic*.a thousand aeci- hhdt dents of passion, indifference adroitness, mismanage- from ment. fusion, orillsruptlon; that no parly in any ropro- brovt tentative c bant bt rever remained intact or unbroken for In tl a d<>zeu years; and thut it is the most absurd tiling in sold ine woini 10 appri-ucnu rnai wncre two | arlies are so vsdi nearly e qual an tin y are int'unadu. one should the i perpetual domination over the oilier. Nor need they 21*. look lar for an illustration of this. They have it. at the i hand. The very majority which carried the rebellion 114*. | losses bill melted away before it cotild carry the bill for men electoral reform The 1 reach parly, which held Inge- larly tlier for one project, lost its coh< -ion when it attempted 3d. t a timilar one. liut if either class or race is destinud to very be subordinate to the other, we need only look at the Its statistics of population to see that that cannot be the tino nun of British race. |tM We do not tear, therefore, ihe Britl-h confederations llli of which v.c hear North America is now rife. Wo be- rate In \e that the dlaCOBtl 111 Of the loyalists la, OTtOOO will ( Hi t be. at an end. If Ihoy are men of sense, they will see bujt tlie great absurdity of whining about French ascend- Tt iii.ry ; if they nru loyal men, they will See tlie only folly and wickedness of mouthing about annexation, sold [ cugn s-es and confederation*. therefore, for the pur- cnrei I iim of rebellion, we regard as childish threats Who- per I ilit r for other purposes, connected witti the trade and 26a. Intercourse of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nora with Scotia, and not wholly unconnected with tbuir future Gt political del tiny, when they fliall hive advanced fur- itnpi ihcr in greatness and wi altli, such confederations may liy III t be Uvlful, we da not pretend to decide; but of tills. Dotn ire ere ore, tliero Is no intelligent British subject in upwi Lho whole length anil breadth of our North American tld. f iirovinics, who can help feeling proud of the mother go. s i initry. when hi see-nor institutions and her polity 50 to o truly and literally transferred to the greatest of her !?0 tc American colonics. also ragu American State Stork*, wood rilK l.-MKVI' I.ONDON I'KK'I-.N, MAV II, JK49. sist I L'liilcd States'Six per Cents. 1868 10tl?4' a 107 Is lot \i w A ork h ive per i < nts, 1835 to 18(H),. . . 94 a 05 rleai 'ennsylrftita Fire per I ents 78 a 79 ond i Hiio Six per Cents, 1850 03 a 04 P<arl l)o? 1836. 07 a 09 rat*'1 Do., 1st>0 07 a 99 to linss. I ive per I cuts. (Stcr. Bonds.; 1808.. .101,a ? ?wt. I. ( . 8 ive per Cents, 1868 us. Glaring A, Co.) 88 a 90 vers Do , (Palmer A Co.) 1306. . 85 a 80 U?h< .oulsia Five per Cents, (Union Bank)'50-62, 87 a ? lar) land Five pur Cents. (Ster. Bonds) ... 80 a ? t?rlississippi Six per Cents, (Planters' Bank.) 2*. 6? 1841 to 1870 50 a ? bhlnt Do. Six per Cents, (Union Bank) 10 a 20 f" ilabaDia Five per CuDts, 1803 57 a ? and 1 Do do.. (Sterling Bonds.) 1868-0-60 00 a 02 ",nc 1 'irginla Five per Cent*. 1864 80 a 82 Can. Five per Cents. (Debentures,) 1855. 88 a 90 dono THE T.ATE8T .MARKET REPORTS. F.rettxaoi. Chamrcr*, Ltvrerooi., May 12-12 M. rathl Sib- I he sale* of tuition, to-day, may reach 4.000 to nuuti 000 bales. There i* a fair Inquiry for cotton, this mad, tu rning, but no change in price. Our market remains a'2o 1 lat. a* reported yesterday. ( per ? Financial. have l.oxinv Mom.t Marhi.t.?FIiiiiav. May 11, 1 o'clock. low< s '. M - The new* from Paris and Saxony is still very us- *-'32 I aviirnble. but lias not exercised so great hu iiitluenco limit* ipon the English stock market. I'rlc.cs nre steadier, tblnj Old have an improving tendency. Consols aro 91.1^ to porn , for mom y and to count . uduocd three per cents 89>i ' o X, long Hiiiiuitii 1 Hti-lti. ( xchcquor bills 40 to 4V Wl" item., I link stock Yvzyi to 164. l'4rc< Tho foreign flock market in doll, and rather heavy. cwt)utch two mid a half fur rents hare boon dona at 49P* , n 60. ditto lour per cents 76ts. Spanish throe par cent* ... 1 ?). ditto five per cent? 17 V Knwlan 103Jf ta 104, Tor- until llgursu 28V Moxiran ditto ex-coupon* 28*4, good 'qnndor 3H to V, Krenrh three per cents 66f. 60c , at on nl in exchange ot 26 US. No"1 'I he railway niatkot I. a shade firmer than yesterday. ccuin iut no further rise than then orourred can he noticed. rent Western cloned at a rlso of ?1, Northwontnrn nd Midland at .11 each per share Improvement. Pur- j|a bases have to duy been made in all at tho highest proai ilce* current ourli Three o'clock ?Console for money and account 90T,' aurlt o 01. _________ sales Meaara. Ilrown, Shipley A t'o.'a Circular. J^an' Livaarooi. May 11, 1849. taiio The quotations for cotton nre continued just as |t,K i re gave Ihim In onr Inst circular of Kriday tho hot ( Ih Tnst . say 4>,d. for fair upland sod fair Mobile. p( r I %d for Mr Orleans. 4!,:d for middling upland and ni w i iloblle, 4>td a4';d for luiddling Orleans, and .1,'4d. a ink ?td for the ordinary qualities. At the close of last ibe ; vi ek and in the i m ly part of t his. the market was firm liccai md buoyant, giving sellers some advantage but the hales s-viTse has sinrc been the rase, the quantity offering 1 liliS seceding flie dunned and th<> turn being decidedly In J , gts merit hti The .-ohsfor the with ended U-day ti.i p: 1 - \ >unt to 42,680 balm, (th* largest portloa the Or j * day* (lit), of which .1.000 Ik for export aod 3 ? I peculation. aod the American deecriptlun* con 1 2 900 upland at S*^d. a 6S? ; lXi'iO Orleana at 3, 0 *d and 6d. 9 060 Alabama and Mobile at SV- a. J 1. and 800 Sea Inland at 7d. a 11.'jd per lb * I de bating been unfavorable for arrival*, the Im'pv " the tame time 1* only 25 000 bale*. Th* vary uniaictory political etate of the continent, lu been t> sensibly felt on the Manchester trade til* week a pr*victi?ly. The flour market, after hook* little 'iidment. ha* become heavy again, and 22*. fd per ha* been accepted for eome considerable parcel* Victi m Canal. Some email sale* of Baltimore have n made nt 22* , and of prime Ohio at 21* Od In\ corn wa* aleo in improved demand and at rather ;i r price* early In the week; but that advanoe 1* the liiet two day*, the preeent quotation* being - *>0 f... iVU* ---I *>'>. U-l - ? 1 " * - n iui niiur nun oof*, uu not*, uu per l|U?rvir yellow. with a moderate demand. Id turpentine about HO libls have chunked hands tbt* week at for ordinary to 7a. per ret for good quality. Comt tosln dull at 3a. per cwt. trie, 'darnri, & Wltlitlnghani'a Circular. Liverpool, Hay 11. 1819 allow - fiOO casKH stranded I'. V. C. fold freely by Hon. at 37a to 37a. 9d ; and 176 bosea K. I were loatd of at 37a Od. The aalea of South American confined to a few retail lota, at quotation*, nil Oil?Small parcels continue to inovo off, at to ?31 10H. uu ?The sales of lard are about 100 torn, at 31*. 4a. for ordinary; tine quality in more nought after. loviaiona ?3.0oo boxes American bacon, and a scl in bulk, were brought forward on Tuesday; lera showed uo disposition to meet the wants of the lo consequently only 300 to 400 boxes were sold; ? then sales to a considerable amount have been te for Western long middle rib-iu at 32s. lid to34a., 35s. to 33a tor tho same, tree from bone. Fine tern long middles bave attracted more attention, 310 to 4u0 boxes have been disposed of at 37s. to A large parcel of shoulders and hams iu bulk was red by auction, but withdrawn for higher prloes. us meet no alteration, aud can be bought at 28* to , according to quality. Beef and pork are selling etail lots for the immediate wants of the trade. ? cheoeo is wnnted. and is iu good request. Kins ani> Flour.?The demand for wheat and flour been quite of a rutull character during the week; formi r has receded Id to 2d. per 70 lbs., aud the er fid per barrel. Indian coru has bo.-n more ;bt niter for the Irish market and at an advance of per quarter. N'ochaugu in bcuns and peas. (JsU oatmeal remain steady. e bad a fair attendance at our grain market to* day. have no change to uotu in price of wheat or flour, an coru was fully dd. lower, with less demand. AInr<it?la, Hunter, dt Co.'a Circular. Liverpool, May 11, 1919. 'o have bad a better demand for raw sugar, at prices lor colonial, and (id per cwt advanoe on Ign; the sales of the former are 7.>0 hhds. B.I'.. 0 000 Bengal, aud a small parcel of Mauritius; and of latter 10 hh'ls.. 30 bbts. Porto ltieo and &0 bags lerucla ut 30a. 0d. to 42s. per cwt.. 3.100 bags Poribuco at 18s. Od. to Ills. In bond, with a cargo of linental port. Wc have only to report in molasses i|ji ie of 160 casks Domeraru at lt?s. Uil. pur cwt. from quay. i retmid sugars a moderate business has been e; crushed luy- been in fair request at the present rates. There is a steady sale for syrup, of good lity. at about previous rates. Although we have prospect of diminished supplies of t reacle, yet the airy for the article remains exceedingly limited, sales being only in retail quantities, at about the s ol'last week. jj, be transactions In tallow are very trifling, coming a few task* South American at 35s (id. to 30s , 17b cases East India at 37s. 6d. per ewt. be palm oil market having been rather more froely plied, tlio price lias varied from ?31 10s. to ?32*. 1 per ton. the buslucsg nt these rates being limited. ! it r: is du.l of sale, at our quotations, few parcels of linseed cuke offered throughout the k. have been withdrawn at ?0 for thick round, and per ton for thiu oblong, about 10s. per ten less ing been bid in both coses. t'sao has been sold to a tair extent, at about preis rates. mkricax Provisions.?I,nrd lias been in fair request lughout the week, the sales amounting to about 100 i at 33s to 34s per cwt. At Tuesday's auction, large quantity of bucon brought forward hud the it ot d< pressing the market to the extent of 2s per , at which reduction, importers being unwilling to i/.c, little business took place; sinee then, with & iitly improved demand, a few sales have been made rates about Is. per cwt. under those of last week is ofulmost every description have been nearly unable since our last, except at ruinously low tlgureH; erday, 28s per cwt was accepted tor 100 tierces of nary quality, in dry salt, flood shoulders meet a sule. at about previous rates. A parcel of bulk Mi. bums, and shoulders, of a very rough out, reed from New Orleans, have partly sold at 26s. to Cd. tor, and 23s. for shoulders, the ham; ing no purchasers. ( lieese has been in ordinary lest, line realising full prices Beef moves oif slowly, lout change in value A very limited business has n been (tone in pork, at rather lower figures for orirv r.rim?? hain.?Sine .* this day week tho demand for whoat been limited, nt a decline of Id. to 2d. per 70 lbs. s and outmcal are without change. The sales of i-rican barrel flour have been considerable, at a ration of dd. to Ud. per barrel. Indian corn and Ini corn meal continue in good request, and n further Mice of In. per 480 lbs., and lid. per barrel respccty lias been realized. t to-day's market tho nttoudanec was fair, and a iernte business whs done in wheat at the aboro d decline. Outs were held lirnily at our quotations, lets of Hour were rather firmer, and where sales i effected, prices were in favor of sellers. No change atmcnl. The inquiry for Indian corn lias been vo; white brought 32s. to lids , and yellow 34s. to per 480 lbs., at which rates a moderate quantity disposed of. Liverpool Prices Current. For the week ending May 4. 1S49. Lfn.EO bt A COMMITTER OK HHOIiKtlS.?T. M. MtERI. Sacil START. oaii.? There has been a moderate demand, and 300 IJ. I' . chiefly new Bnrbudoes, sold at 37s. to 43s.; t bags Bengal and 400 bags Mauritius have also i disposed afi, at rather easier prices. Foreign?200 i. I'orto Rico, of the now crop, have been sold nt i 40s to 42s 6d per cat. duty paid, and a cargo of rn Pernauibuco ut 18s Cd. afloat, deliverable here, le early part of the week. 400 puns Molassos were to arriie. at 22s. for Porto Rico ami Cuba Musco>; since then, however, tho demnnd lias abated. and r>niy tale i n the spot is 240 puns, now Dnrbadues at t'd per cwt. t'nlfee?Tho business i< confined to ale of 060 bags damaged C Oct ft Rico at 25s. Pd. to per cwt. No sales of Cocoa, Uinger. Pepper or Pile llico?There has been more inquiry, particular eiport, and 11.500 bags Fast India sold nt 8s. o 8? fid for broken and eargo. up to 10s, Ud. for good new white Bengal, and 150 tcs. ( arolluaat to 17s (id pi r cwt. The demand for Rum cones limiti d. and rather lower prices have boe\i acid; the sates are 150 puns. Deuicrnru. nek Tens continue wilhout change, with a moJ.>amount of business doing; the market is well sup i ?.iu S.v. nr. uuu |iilivn an- ill m v? vi.v re. le sales pf East India drysaltery articles liar 'ben to a moderate extent; small parcels of (la in bier at 10s.. 200 baps Sago flour at 13s. (id.. and 110 > of castor oil. of due quality, brought Hid. to 10'?d. b. In Saltpetre, ubout 1.800 baps disposed of at 6d. to 2Ps. per cwt. Nitrate of soda rather dull, only small lots sold, at lis. 6d. per co t. lano?A fair extent of business done, and at rather ovinp rates. woods?Several recent arrivals of Jamaica and St. ingo logwood ba\ing been brought to public sale, irds ol 400 tons found buyers, at. XI 10s to .?4 17". or Jamaica, and X5 2s. tid. to X5 6s for St. Pouiinvilb 20 tons good Campenchy at XO 5s ; of fustic ns Tampico sold at Xfi 17s. (Ids to XO 2s. Cd., and >ns Cuba at XO 15s. to X7; sales of this sort were made last week at X7 per ton; .'10 tons Lima Nicaa wood brought A17 16s. to A18, and 20 tons Camt X20 per ton. Thu only sales of turpontlno con}f 200 barrels, nt 7s from the quay. American tar vcr, 600 barrels having been sold lis. Cd. Of Amv i rosin. 700 to 800 barrels sold, at 3a. for common, at higher prices, according to quality. Pot au<l 1 aslies go off in small parcels, at about previous ?New Fork pots at 42s . and pearls at 38a.; a few Is Montreal pots brought 4Ss., and pearls 38s. per Seeds ?Heyoud the sale of 45 bags. Dutch red doped, at 34s. per cwt . duty pnid. any business la immaterial, and tho season about elosed. 3f)?> East India linseed arc reported at 30s per qtiarAbout a ton and a half of boes' wav brought X(J 1 per cwt. for fine Jamaicn. Hides?There Is not of moment to report. ore continues to be a good demand for Brimstone, !0'.? Ions have been sold at full pricos. Sicily Suhas been less inquired for; small lota continue to buyers at 12a. por cwt. Nothing worth notice in Angola. Croain of Tartar is held at advanced Tho sales in Quercitron Bark are 200 hhds . at > Ps. Cd. per cwt. For Olive OH there has been . r moro inquiry, and upwards of 68 tuns sold at tho itlons. Fish Oils.?Detail sales only have been at the quotations. 20 tuns Cod are rnported at 10s. to X2C per tun. 25 tuns Linseed Oil realized id. to 27s. per cw t.. and small parrels of Hape 41?. :wt. 80 tuns American Spirits of Turpentine been sold at 30s. per cwt., and 31s. is now tho it prico. 8niall sales of I'alm Oil arc reported at Ids., but the market Is flat, the demand being very cd at the present comparatively high price. No; doing In Bnltfc Hemp. 1.200 hales Jute are re d at 4.T3 to jtllil 10f. per ton. TIio Tallow mariF steady, at 39* (id. for Y. C., In Fmnll lots; '400 i North American (D. M ) fold ut 38h , and aereral da of South American at from 34f. to 37 s. Cd. per Abont t*) tonF of l.ard are reported at 33?. to 30*. wt , and tlie demand ha* rather increased, rin.? Wheat If without change. We* tern ( anal If Fclllnft at 43*. per barrel Indian Corn in di utand nt an advanre of If. to If. rtd per quarter I Kind.* Indian Meal is .riling at the jantation*. t< ration to notice in Irish Oaf. Kgy piiau fleam land 24f per 4*11 lbs. Ilarre Prlcea Cnn enl. vrf, May 10, 1849?8 P. M.? Cotton?Tlif ap liing elrctiona nnd the important receipts since ?Ft. have rendered our market extremely heavy ig the week, and from W? dne?day to Saturday tho Fcareely reached 300a 400 bales per diem; in coti ure. our priceF were lnring ground, and severe artlona even took plare, under the annexed quons, after receipt of advices per Niagara, announeievente?n new ship* on the berili for our port; n Sunday last we rvrelved three days later new* Hermann, from New York, mentioning only on? ship, and nn improvement in that market, which place on receipt of our aihlcci from Kurope of i111 April; on the Monday following, our market lie more animated, with firmer price*, and 1.809 changed hands, and yenterday'f sales reached hali'f, at steady rates. The nomination of the lative Aae< iribly pre-ocrupli s the public mind fir n : rlit sen. at, but does u t gli ean> appri hen-ion

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