Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 3, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 3, 1849 Page 1
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> TH NO. 6476. EVENTS IN EUROPE. ARRIVAL OP THE NIAGARA AT THIS PORT. The Details of her News* Ac. A?. Ac. The steamship Niagara, Captain Ryrie, arrived at this port yesterday afternoon, and her mtils were immediately despatched to the post office. We have received by her, papers and letters from London ot Die morning of the 19th instant, and Liverpool of the afternoon of the same day. The N. left Liverpool May 19th, arrived at Halifax night of 30th, and sailed on Thursday morning at 5 o'clock; arrived off Sandy Hook two o'clock Saturday morning, 2d iust., and was detained there by a dense fog several hours, arriving at her dock at P. M., same day. It is almost unnecessary to say that the details f the news, a telegraphic summary of which we gave yesterday morning, are of the greatest interest. To-morrow we intend to give a portion of our orrespoudence, and a few more extracts. A very interesting part of the news may be ound in the following quotations :? American State Stocks. TI1K LATEST LONDON I'll ICES. Friday, if/y II Fri.,Ma ylS. Usitcd States Six per Cent*, 186S Ilii^ulii7 1(M ?'(*. New York Five per Cents, 1836 to I8G0. . Ji n OS !>l & 95 Fsnisylvania five pur tents 78 u 7'> 7'J n "0 Ohio Si* per Cents, I860 !?3 a 94 94 a 95 Ohio Six per Cents, 1868 97 a 99 98 a 99 Ohio Six per Cent*, lNRI !?7 x 99 98 it 99 Fivo pur Cents (Ster. Bonds,)'CM. 101 ? 101 t^X ? 8. C.Five per Cts., lttW-tih.(tlaiiuxe.C?.) 88 x 00 Ml a 90 B. C. Fixe perCts., 1806, (Calmer fc Co.) M x 86 87 x 89 Lonis'aVive pur Cts.. ( Ciiion lik.) 'fiO-62 87 x? ? x ? Marjlxnd Five per Cents. ( Slur. Iionds) 86 a? 80 x 87 Mississippi Six pur Cts., (Planters' ilk.) INI to 1870 60 a ? 60 a ? Mississippi Six per Cts., (Union llank) 1N1 to 1870 19 a a) ? x ? Mississippi Five per Cts., (Ster. Bonds)? a? 20 1 ? Alabama Five per Cents, i863 ........ 67 a ? 67 a 58 Alahama Five pur Cents, (Stcr. Bonds) 1868-8, '(hi (10 a 62 CO a G2 Virginia Five per Cents, 1864 80 a 82 83 a ? Up. Can. Five per Cents, ( Detent ) 1860 . 88 a 90 ? a ? Virginia Six per Cents ? a? 98 aioo Kentucky Six per Cents ? a? 91 a 92 Ntw Y'ork City Fivepcr Cents ? a? 90 a 91 United States Bank Shares ? a? 10s.a lis. The United States mail steamer Hermann, Captain Crabtree, arrived at Southampton on the 17tn instant, from Bremen, with 130 first and firrnnd nadfipnnrpru /?ji f/min tn Wau; V^rL After taking in coals and cargo, the Hermann wili leave on bunday morning, with the American mails from Germany, France, and Kngland. We learn by this steamer from Bremen, that the blockade of the river Weser was closely maintained by the Danish squadron, but that several German vessels had got through under the Russian flag. The Hermann, when sailing into the Weser on the 7th instant was spoken by a Danish frigate, and ordered to lay to; an officer was sent en board, and after the customary formalities, the steamer was permitted to proceed. The Navigation Laws of Great Britain. [From the London Shipping Gazette, May 18 ] We understand that the important amendments to be Introduced in committee on the bill to repeal the navigation laws, have now been prepared and determined on. The amendments, if carried, will affirm the fundamental principles of our existing navigation laws, whilst they wlil admit of certain relaxations and modifications, which are likely to meet with the approval of a large number of tho.so who have given their assent?we firmly believe reluctantly?to the ministerial measure. We aro enabled to state that the principal alterations to be proposed in committee have the support of the influential shipowners of London and several Of the outports; they are. in substance, similar to the principal clauses contained In the draft of a bill prepared some time ago by the shipowners of Liverpool, and which appeared in the Shipping and Mercantile Gazette f the 27th of January, l'erhaps by reprinting here the clauses to which we refer, we shall best be able to convey to our readers the nature of the proposed amendments in the government bill :? No. 1. Ami be it enacted, that goods may he imported into the I'nittd Kingr on, te be used then In, not only in British hips, bat al.o in ships ut any suoh loreijn country of which the goods are the produce, or In ships of any such foreign country froin which the g >ods are last imported, such lestmention-il gcode having hen land.d in such country, certified by consular certificate. Provided always, similar privileges are reciprocally tran'.ed by any sucli last-mentioned other ennmry, otherwise acy such goods solely in British hips: Provided, also, that nothing herein contained shall extend to repeal ir alter the provisions of an act passed in the 3d and 4th William 1 V., cap. 1U1, sec. 1. No. 2. And he it enacted, tl.st no gdods shall he carried from any British posscs.-inn in Asia, Africa, or America, or in ftnv fithflr of mich noKhAisiuni. wi; liiii or wit limit t h.. limit* of tlie East India Company's Charter, nor fr'.m one pait of any of each possessions to another pari of the same, except ia British ships. No. S. And bo it enacted, that Roods may be imy >rtcd into aajr British possawion in Aria, Africa, or America, in ships of the soiatry of which the Roods are the produce, or ia ship* of the country from which the Roods are last impoited, snoh last-mentioned Rends l.aviLg been lauded ia neh country, and certified by consular certificate; p or'ded always similar privileges arc reciprocally granted by any such other ioreiKa country, otherwise solely ia British Ships. No. 3. Provided also, end he it enacted, that it shall be lawful for her majesty in council, upon an nddrem, or joint address, at the case may be, from the lc;isla*ive council, or council and assembly, or proper legislative authority, of any British possession, in the West Indies or America, praying her majesty to authorise the conveyance of goods from one part of such possession to another part of such possession in other than British ships, to declare, hy order in council, that such Conveyance shall he authorised accordingly, in such terms and under such conditions as to her majesty shall soem good, from time to time, and any such order in council to be aituroa or revoked by ber majesty, by any eubso tuent order in council. At the time these alterations in the existing laws were proposed, we stated that we saw no objection to their adoption, as they provided for reciprocal privileges from other countries. We then (Jau 27,) made the following remarks upon the subject:? ' We have always steadfastly opposed any mischievous meddling with our navigation laws, especially when attempted during a period of pernicious excitement; but we have now to deal with the fact that such meddling, on the part of her majesty's government, has not only been decided upon, but a bill hai been actually Introduced and printed, virtually abolishing the navigation laws?with the exception of retaining the coasting trade, which exception is almost useless, as steamboats and railroads are combining to annihilate this hitherto valuable nursery for British seamen. Thus eircumstanced.lt is for the shipping interest to elect between such modifications and the government bill; and although we eonoelve the concessions to be too liberal. yet we would not withhold our assent to the principle which abandons that which we believe is not very material, as far as the shipowner is interested, but which still retains the substance of what is absolutely essential for the preservation of our national defences, and the encouragement of British shipping." The modifications uow to|be proposed in cammittco of the House of Lords meet all the frivolous complaints raised by the manufacturers against the navigation !.? 11. V..-,.. lnk?li-?lh>l ?1.? n?fl?n.ll.ln? of goods will, on the whole, be found to be no great detriment to the British shipowner. Provided other countries would grant similar privileges, It would still secure the carrying from the Last Indies and China to British shipowners; and Kngland might become the great depot for the goods of all the world. On the other hand, if foreign countries would not reciprocate by passing a similar law?which they probably would not do-mattes* would remain in statu yuo. with this exception? that in the event of very high prices ruling in this country on the produco of Asia; Africa or America, such goods, instead of being prohibited for use in this country, if imported from Kurope, would afford employment to British ships solely All maritime countries of any note?especially America?confine ths carrying from Ureal Britain in British ships to the goods the produce only of Great Britain;" hence, all foreign goods sent to this country for export te the l!ntted States, are carried exclusively in American ships Thus it follows that, no British ships can carry Trench wines, brandy, millinery, kc., ko. This is. no doubt, detrimental to our shipping; and is more particularly felt by the stcam-shlp companies, especially those in the American trade, which will have to conteud in a sharp competition with the I nlted Stall s government protected steamers. As our navigation laws have been maintained for the better security of our national defences. the protection and encouragement of our seagoing mercantile steam navy should not bo overlooked. We have felt it our duty thus to advert to the contemplated amendments in the bill now before the House of l.ords?wliirh amendments we hava reason to believe will be earnestly urged upon the committee by Lord Stauley? lest it inay be thought by some that such amenmnents would uot secure the vital principles of our navigation laws. . We repeat our opinion, that the proposed relaxations in the priseut laws would not be detrimental to the British shipping interest, whilst they would meet tho principal objections now raised, and in all probability street a permanent settlement of this important question. The Canadian Outhreak. In Knginnd-Official Des]iaUll of Lord Klgln?(Ipliiluns of the Press, 1-OJtD KI.OI.N'S OIKH IA I. llKSPA fCH. Ooir.tstitsT Hoc sr..Montreal. April GO, 184f> Mv Lono,? I regret to unto that rioting, attended with some consequences much to be regretted, though happily with no injury to lil'o, or. except In one in^'Jtanee, to person, hus taken place |in the city of Montreal during llie Inst few days. I hasten to furnish yeur lordship with an account of what lias actually occurred, lest you shonld bo misted by exaggerated reports conveyed through the United States. 2, In consequence of the unexpected arrival of ves aia with merchandise at the port of l^m-ben. it became necessary forme to proceed oil a sliort notice, to Parliament, on Wednesday last, iri order to give the royal aaeent to a customs hill which had that day passed the legislative council ; and I considered that as this ne E NE ewiitjr bad arisen, It would not b? expedient to keep the public mind la suspense by omitting to dlepose. at the tame time, of the other acts in which tne two branches of the local Parliament had at an earlier period of the session concurred, and which still awaited my decision. Among these, was the act to provide for the indemnification of parties in Lower Canada, whose property was destroyed during the rebellion in 1837 and 1838, with respect to which, as your lordship is aware, much excitement has unhappily been stirred. 8. I herewith onclose. for your lordship's perusal, a printed eopy of the act in question, and I shall not fail, by the first mail to furnish you with full information respecting its character and objects, the circumstances which led to its lutroductiou and ths grounds on which 1 resolved, after much reflection, to sanction it. No money can be paid under it us Indemnity, for a considerable period, so that her Majesty's power of disallowance can be exercised with effect, should her Majesty be so advised, notwithstanding the course which I have taken. As i am writing this despatch in haste, with a view to its transmission by way of New York, 1 shull confine myself (or the present to a statement of the proceedings by which the peace of the city Das Decn disturbed. 4. In order, however, to render this narrative intelligible, I must premise that for some time past the House of Assembly, as at present constituted, has been the object of bitter denunciation, and not unfre<|uently of reckless menace, on the part of a certain portion of the press of the province, and more especially of that of Montreal. \ our lordship will probably recollect that the body in <iuestion is the product of a general election which took place about eighteen months ago. under the auspices of the political party now in opposition, and after a dissolution, to which I hud recourse on their advice, for the purpose of strengthening them in their position as a government. The result of this measure was in the tost degree unfavorable to those who had recommended it; not, however, so much so in Lower Canada, where the complexion of the representation was little alTected by the dissolution, as in the upper province, where several constituencies, among which were some of the most populous, rejected conservative in favor of liberal candidates. On a question of confidence raised at the commencement of the session, immediately after the gcaeral election, the administration was defeated by a majority of more than two to one and a change ef government, as a matter of course, ensued. 6. This alteration in the political complexion of the Assembly, and the change of government consequent upon it. were therefore clearly and distinctly traceable to a revulsion of sentiment in the British constituencies of Upper Canada. In Lower < anada, nothing had occurred to account for either. This circumstance has. however, failed to secure for the decisions of the popular representative body either forbcarauce or respect from a certain section of those who profess to be emphatically the supporters of British interests. To denounce the Parliament as French in its composition, and the government as subject to French iniluenocs, has been their constant object, aud the wildest doctrines have been broached with respect to the right which belongs to a British minority, of redressing, by violence, any indignttv to which it may be subjected from such a source. 1 have now before me an article that appeared in one of the principal Knglish newspapers of Montreal, at a very early period of the session, of which 1 transcribe the concluding paragraph, as illustrative of the temper aud luncuaeu in which, even at tliat time, and before the public mind bad been excited by the discussion of the Rebellion Losses Bill, a portion ol the press ventured to criticise the proceedings of the local l'arliamrnt. The article treats of a measure affecting the townships, to which, 1 believe, no great objection was raised in r&rliauient. It terminates, however, in the words :?' We are very glad of it?the sooner the cloven foot is made visible the better; the obvious intention of that majority, composed of Frenchmen. aided by traitorous British Canadians, is to force French institutions still further upon the British minority in Lower Canada. The intention is obvious, us we said, and we are very glad that it is openly shown. We trust that the party of the government will succeed in every one of their obnoxious measures When French tyranny become* insupportable, we shall find our Cromwell. Sheffield, in the olden times, used to be famous for its keen and well-tempered whettles ; well, they make bayoneta there now just as sharp and just as well-tempered. When we can stand tyranny no longer, it will be seen whether good bayonets, in Saxon hands, will not be more than a match for a mace and a majority." 6. To persons accustomed to the working of constitutional government, in well ordered communities, it may seem Incredible that such language should be employed by the organs of any respectable party in reference to a body comprising the freely chosen representatives of a constituency formed on a most popular basis: but the cause of the anomaly is apparent enough to all who are acquainted with the history of Canada. For a series of years, the popular rt presentatlve body and the executive, supported by the legislative council. were, In the lower province especially, in a condition of almost constant antagonism. To revile the one was the surest test of patriotism; to denounce the other, of loyalty. Inn society singularly democratic in its structure, where diversities of race supplied special elements of confusion, and where, consequently, it was moat important that constituted authority should be respected, the moral intluence of law aud government was enfeebled by the existence ef perpetual strife between the powers that ought to have afforded to each other a mutual support. No state of affairs could be imagined less favorable to the extinction of national animosities, and to the firm establishment of the gentle and b?nignant control of those liberal institutions which It is Fngland's pride and privilege to bestow upon her children. 7. I am nut without hope that a steady adherence to the principles of constitutional government, and the continuanoe of harmony between the co-ordinate branches of the legislature, may lead, in the process of time, to the correction of these evils ; mcunwhile, however, I must ascribe mainly to the cause which I have assigned, the tone of arrogant defiance with which the resolutions, not of the government only, but also of the Tarliameat, are treated by parties who happen for the moment to be unable to make their views prevail with either, and the acts of violence to which this inflammatory language bos, In the present instanoo, led. 8. That many persons conscientiously disapprove of the mi asure respecting rebellion losses in Lower Canada, which hrs been introduced by the government, and which the local parliament has passed by large majorities. and that in the minds of others it stirs national antipathies and recollections of former ronflicts, which dnsigning politicians seek to improve to their own selfish ends, cannot, 1 fear, be doubted. It is, tin re, emphatically a measure which should hav> approached with calmness and caution, by all at :nt who are not directly interested in the issue. Ui, tn nately. however, this has been by no means tl. Not only have appeals to passion ?f the most reckless description proceeded from the local press, but tlier have received encouragement from quarters from which they had little right to look for it. 1'assages such as the following, in which a London journal of influence treats of the British population as affected by the measure in question, " They are tolerably able to take care of themselves, and we very much misconstrue the tono adopted bv the F.Dglish press and F.nglish public in tho province, If they do not find some means of resisting the heavy blow and great discouragement which is aimed at them," are read with avidity, and construed to mean that sympathy will be extended from influential quarters at home to those who seek to annul the obnoxious decision of the local legislature, whatever be the means to which they resort for the attainment of that end. V. The scenes by which the city of Montreal has been lately disgraced are the natural fruits of an agitation of this character; operating on a people of excitable temper, who have bet-n taught to believe that a race ?1,,.., >tt/1 A??o -KUk hawn Konn T.U.VU .... j UCTjn , auu V/.V. " ??" ???" wont to exercise dominion, bu obtained, through tb? operatioool a constitutional system, an authority which it could not otherwise hare acquired. Hence, more especially, their vehement indignation against me personally. und the conviction, in many roses I doubt not perfectly sincere. that I have been guilty of a serious dvrelirtion of duty, because I have not, as my predecessors have often done before me, consented to place myself in the front of an ugitation to counteract the policy of Parliament. The nature of the constitutional doctrines which practically obtain in this section of the community, is curiously exemplified by the fact, that it is not the passage of the bill by an overwhelming majority of the representatives of the people, or the acquiescence of the council, but the consent of tho governor. which furnishes the pretext for an exhibition of popular violence 10. When I left the Honse of Parliament, attar giving the royal assent to several bills, to which I have referred, I was received with mingled cheers and hootings by a crowd, by n? means numerous, which surrounded the entrance to the building. A small knot of individuals, consisting, it lias since been ascertained, of persons of a respectable class in society, pelted the carrisge with missiles which tbev must have brought with them for the purpose. Within an hour after this occurrence, a notice, of which I enclose a copy, issued from one of the newspaper offices, calling a meeting in the open air. At the meeting, Inflammatory speeches wt re made. On a sudden? whether under the ellert of momentary excitement, or In pursuance of a plan arranged belorehaud?the mob proceeded to tho House of Parlisment, where the members were still sitting, and, breaking the windows, set tire to the building and burned it to the ground. By this wanton act, public property of considerable value, including two excellent libraries. has been utterly destroyed. Having achieved their object, the crowd dispersed, apparently satisfied with wbat they had done. TJie members were permitted to retire unmolested, and no resistance was offered to the military, who appeared on thw ground alter a brief interval, to re (tore order and aid in extinguishing the Itames. Daring the two following days a good deal of excitement prevailed in the streets and some further acts ef incendiarism were perpetrated. Since then the military force has been Increased, and the leaders of the disaffected party have shown a disposition to re ...V.. wuuwvir miu iii (unci llieir energies iw wsrds the more constitutional object of petitioning the <vui i ii for my recall, and the dmallowancu of the obnoxious bill. The proceed Inge of the House of Assembly will aleo tend to awe the turbulent. 1 trust. therelore, that the peace of the city will not be again disturbed. The newspaper* which I encl**e contain full, and 1 believe proltv accurate accounts, of all that hae occurred since Wednesday la?t. 11. 1 be ministry are blamed for not having made adequate provision against these disasters, that they by no no ims expected that the host till y to the Kebellinn 1.oases bill would have displayed Itself In the outrages which have been perpetratedtiduring the last few day*. Is certain. Perhaps ultleient attention was not paid by tliem to the menaces of the opposition press. It must be admitted, however, that their position was one of W YO SUNDAY, MORNI] i considerable difficulty. The civil force of Montreal?a tiiy containing about 66.000 Inhabitanta, of different rmeea, with aeeret aoeietiea and other agencies of mischief in constant activity?consists of two policemen under the authority of the government, and 70 appointed by the corporation. To oppose, therefore, effectual resistance to any considerable mob. recourse must be had in all cases either to the military or to a force of civilians enrolled for the occasion. Grave objections, however, presented themselves in the present instance to the adoption of either of these courses, until the disposition to tumult on the part of the populace unhappily manifested itself in overt acts. More especially was it of importance to avoid any measure which might have had a tendency to produce a eollision between parties on a question on which their feelings were so strongly excited. The result of the course pursued is, that there has been no bloodshed, and, except in the case of some of the ministers themselves, no destruction ef private property. 12. The proceedings in the Assembly have been important. 1 eucloso the copy of an addraas which has been voted to me. by a majority of 36 to 16, expressive of abhorrence at the outrages which have taken place in the city of Montreal, of loyalty to the Queen, and approval of my just and impartial administration of the government, with my late, as well as my present, advisers. Some of the onnosition annrove of the course which I have taken with reaped to the Rebellion Lohw bill, an appears from the speeches of Messrs. Wllaon and Gait. of which reports aro given in the newapapera which I enclose. Mr. Wilaan ia an influential member of the Upper Canada conservative party; and Mr. (salt's views are the more important, because he has been returnrd to Parliament, only a few daya ago, by a I.ower Canadian constituency, which comprises a large British population Generally,however, as the amendments tney have moved to tho address show, they desire to avoid committing themselves on this point. The votes against the address tnay be thus clussed: ?Sir A. MoKab and his party; my late ministers and their party; aud Mr. l'aiiiueau The first acta with perfeot consistency in votiug as lie lias done on this occasion, for he has always contended that government, conducted on British principles, is unsuited to Canada. Tho course of the second class is less intelligible; for, until the day on which they resigned their offices into my hands, they uniformly expressed appioval of the prinviples on which my conduct as Governor General was guided; aud these, as your lordship well knows, have undergone no change with the change of administration. Mr. raplneau's vote conveys a useful lesson. which will not. I trust, be lost on persons who had been induced to believe that the persecution of which i am now the object is really attributable to my having shown undue lenity to those who were led by hiw into rebellion. IB. I have now furnished your lordship with as clear a stateun nt of these Important occurrences as I can give, and I can conclude by assuring you that the city is pcrfecily tranquil, and that there is no present likelihood of a renew ul of disturbances. A few days will show what echo the proceedings of the violent party awaken in Upper Canada, aud to what extent they arc followed by reaction. Meauwhile, it is my firm conviction. that if this dictation be submitted to, the government of this province by constitutional means will be impossible; and that the struggle between overbearing minorities, backed by force, and majorities . resting ou legality and established forms, which has solong proved the bane of Canada, driTing capital from the province and producing a state of chronic discontent, will be perpetuated. At the same time. 1 think that if I am unablo to recover that position of dignified neutrality between contending parties, which it has been my unremitting study to maintain, and from which 1 would appear to have been for the moment driven?not, aa 1 firmly believe, llirough any fault of my own, but by the unreasoning violence of faction?it may he a question w ith your lordship whether it would not b? for the interests of her insjesty's service that I should be removed from mv hleh oitic.n. to mikv for should not indeed bold view* at variunco with mine, with respect to the duties of a constitutional gOTernor, but who should hate the advantage of b?ing personally unobnoxious to any section of her majesty's subjects within the province, 1 have. &c.. ELGIN and KINCARDINE. The Right Hon. Karl Grey, &c. OP1KIONS OF THE TRESS. [From the London Times, May 17.] Lord Elgin's despatch, with its important enclosures, has been presented to Parliament, and will be found in another part of our columns. In our opinion, it leaves in thing to he wanted. The ronduct of a public man under trying circumstances will always be open to discussion ; but the present question, in its raw state as imported from the colony, is a political, not a personal affair, and England has really nothing to do with it. Considering the vast number of very troublesome questions pressing for decision in the legislature, the tribunals, the church, and every other arena of discussion, we think we snull do the public some service if wc can strike otf from the list one superfluous controversy. We will do so at once. The British Parliament has not the smallest call to put its foot Into the Canadian quarrel. If it chooses to enter into the . particulars of Lord Elgin's administration, or to canvass the conduct of the Montreal authorities, or of Sir Benjamin D'Lrban, or auy other colonial officer, it will probably find the subject at least as amusing as the Rajah of battaru's claims. But such a discussion will be wholly gratuitous, and. we are convinced, utterly unprofitable. Kvery political i/ueetion connected with the Montreal riot hat already been definitively if tiled. Canada it one united province, and we are not now going to disunite it. We have granted it a free constitution, as much on the model of our own as tbo circumstances of a colony will allow. That constitution we are not going to recall. We have given it a representative legislature and a responsible government. There is no English statesman who would venture to move the revocation of theso liberties. Canada is now walking in the light of its own constitution: and acting therein with freedom, deliberation and L'? IV-- .11,1 ?1 ....I l ? l- . ? -III. -nil. cv, we should still be undoing the good we hare done, the good we were compelled to do, and scarcely did In time, if we were suddenly to Interfere by some act of imperial absolutism. Has Canada, moreover, abused the liberties we have lately guarantied her, or bas she exceeded their just and proper range ? Most certainly not. As Lord Ligin observes in bis despatch, the present House of Assembly has every possible claim to be respected as the free and genuine voice of the people. It is the result of a general election which took place about eighteen months ago, uuder the auspices of the political party now in opposition, and after a dissolution which they bad advised for the purpose of strengthening their position as a government. As it happened, the result was in the last degree unfavorable to them; for. while the ' representation of Lower Canada was little affeoted by the change, in the Upper Province several constituencies, and among them some of the most populous, turned out the tory representatives and took liberals in their place. No objection, therefore, can be taken to the peculiar character of the present House. The tories appealed to the people, and, in all fairness, should stand by their appeal. They were beaten at onco in the new House, and forced te retire, on a question of confidence, when they did not muster a third of the votes in their favor. In this country a party thus defeated sets about recovering Its ground by converting its opponents or partially conforming to their views. In Canada, the men who call themselves the British parly, and who had hithertorelfed on the imperial support against the people of the colony, had no idea of so ueoci tul and constitutional a method. They took up a hostile position to the House they had themselves called inta existence and the people who bad returned it. Throughout the province, and particularly at Montreal, they made It the object of bitter denunciation and reeklets menace. Lord Klgin quotes a passage from a Montr< al journal, written before the present agitation, and relating to a different measure, which betrays a temper so savage and brutal that every genuine Kngiishman j will nt once put the party which could sanction such sentiments wholly out of the pale of his sympathies. It i I professes to rejoice In the success of the minority, as 1 being certain to end in a war of races and an AngloSaxon rebellion. It threatens Kngland with a colonial Cromwell, and. with a sort of uniutended presentiment ' of Mr. Ko? buck, proceeds:?"Sheffield In the olden ? time used to be famous for its keen and well-tempered ? whettles ; well, they make bayenets there now, just as n sharp and just as well tempered. When we cau stand ? tyranny no longer, It will be seen whether good bay- t onets. In good Saxon hands, will not be more than a 1 match for a mace and a majority." This can only d mean an intention on the part of a confessed minority a to try physical force against a majority and against tho n regular operation of law. Such was the temper which t i the lualecoatents brought to tho [present question. '1 he seditious passions. the rebellious intentions, the 1 attempted war <>t raora, the appeal to Sheffield bayonets, the cry lor a Cromwell, the denunciation of the legislature, and tho menace pointed at its official emblem, I all existed before the present controversy. The material of the quarrel was of no importance. As soon as the lories found themselves not a third of the House, they took forthwith to rebellion?rebellion against the legislature and agaiust the crown. As If to show that the quarrel bnd no other ground than their own political disappointment, they have broken out?for so wo must expiess it?on a measure which is no new measure. but which has been adopted by successive parliaments and governments now fur four years, and ouly delayed by certain difficulties of execution. The preamble of the act Just passed, and which our readers will bnd below Lord Klgiu'a despatch, traces the history of the measure through the administration of the very persons now moving heaven and earth against it. 8u far from proposing to indemnify rebels, the act only recognises claims on account of wanton injury to property, and especially excludes convicted rebels, as well as those who being charged with rebellion bad submitted themselves to Her Majesty's plea?ur*. To paes such a bill is no stretcb of liberty, no insult to royal authority or law. It is inereiy the seUiiniint of existing uod admitted claims by a rigular process of adjudication. The British public will not meet the question whether the ooloiital legislature had a right to pass such &u act: or whether Leid K.lgln might properly allow his cabinet to introduce it, and so give it a speeies of sanction.? 1 heie must be a discretion in rulers; and we cannot tbiDk that Lord Klgln exceeded that discretion in consenting and assenting to the hill. We are equally certain the iiiitirh public will not expect the Crown to prevent or dilay the operation of a measure, In ilecll unexceptionable. and passed by a decided majority in a House of ltepreseutatives ireely and fairly elected by two millions ol our fellow subject*. In truth, the pretMislcna ot these tor* desperadoes are such ae are utterly inadmissible in this eouniry and this age. In the tace of a solemn treaty by which KngWlimt ii slid hrenebmen. 7'iee 7 are bound to live in uatly and equality, Bir Allen M Nab and hie ae ei mplin s are conspiring to <ii-tian< h.-e enslave, and crush uot lar from a million of Her Majesty yeas*able RK H HG JUNE 3, 1849. Butyeets. Their claim 1*, that the " Anglo-Saxon" minority,

as they tgnorantly call It, shall give laws to the majority, though the latter contains as many of British as of French extraction. For months they hare been lneesrantly laboring to Intimidate the legislature and destroy its free action. Take it all in all, we do not hesitate to say, that neither the chartist nor the Irish rebels exhibited such a complication of wickedness as the Canadian tories. Our demagogues at home had at least some honorable pretencen. They took un the cause Of DOTertv and nnnn-ulnn Th?? umiirht liherf w for those who. at Uai>t. had never enjoyed power. They Imagined their side to be the majority, ana, consistently with that belief, they asked for a perfect representative system. Beth In Kngland and in Ireland, a popular legislature was the immediate object of agitation. In Canada we behold an oligarchy, whloh has long revelled in the plunder of a province laboring to overawe a Senate, to bully a Governor, to paralyse a majority, and to degrade a people, merely that they may again monopolise office and divide official booty, l'ho rebels of 1837 were patriotic aud honorable men compared with their present opponents. The former fought for free and equal institutions; the latter for the ascendancy of a factiou and a race. The true rebels are those who. having provoked the rebellion of 1837, now show how unfit they ever were to govern, by rebelling themselves the moment they ceuse to be paid for obedience. (From the London Chronicle, May 16.J. The disastrous intelligence from Canada which we Jiublished yesterday in a second edition, and of which urther particulars will be found in our columns this morulng, confirms but too faithfully the views that we have taken lrom the outset with respect to the gravity of the question lately under discussion. That " war of races," whiclv ministers even uow alloct to treat with rcornful Incredulity?and yet perhaps, after all, It is not affectation- bus actually commuueed. with a signal aud unexampled outburst of popular passion; and although we are glad to perceive that the latest accounts contain nothing to show that further acts of violence might be immediately lnokid for. it is inconceivable that we ran have yet secu neither the last or the worst ConsequcnccB of that monstrous policy w hich has been udoptcd by the representative of the British crown in < ur.ada, aud which her Majesty's government are evidently dt teimined to make their owu. .Neither historical unulogy nor morul probability will allow uh to believe tlial so portentous au outrage as the sucking and burning of a I'arliameut House by a mob, can be the conclusion, as well as the commencement, of a civil war. For all details of the occurrences which ufford so dismal a commentary on the Klgln and Grey policy in Canada, and on the recent ministerial assurances that uiu cxciuuirni wii? uuuuug, we reier tue reader to the accounts elsewhere published. We willingly content ourselves here with the brlufcst possible notice of evmts which no loyal subject of the crown can dwell upon without indignation and shame. The itebullion bosses (ompentauou Bill bus received tho assent of the Governor-General. and is now (provisionally) the law ot Canada; but the hall of Icgislatiou which witnessed the consummation of that iniquitous project is a heap of ruins. 'I he sumo mail which brings her .Majesty's government Lord Klgiu's flrvt oillcial communication respecting that bill, ulso informs them that, in consequence of it, and instantaneously on its passing, the I'arliument House of our chief colouial dependency bus been burned to the ground?all the archives and records of the two United Provinces destroyed?and the (Queen's viceroy himself personally insulted and attacked in the public streets of his own Mpital. llis Prime .Minister's private residence has likewise been gutted of all its contents, aud burned, and several members of bis government have been severely maltreated. Legislators proceeding to a pro tempore place of meeting under military escort, but not 1 secure d (hen by agaiust outrage,State prisoners released in a fright; a partisan constabulary armed one hour ut the bidding of a panic lear, and disarmed the next at the dictation of a mob?complete, for the present, the picture of popular violence and official fatuity. We are thaukful to have it in our power to add, that the worst element of civil commotion is absent from this calamitous record. No lives were lost in the tumults of the 2/ith and 2dtli of Vpril. Vet it Is impossible to overlook the circumstance that this fortunate characteristic of the late riots Is, in all probability, solely attributable to the imbecility of the authorities. The outbreak was not sanguinary, because it wus unresisted; find it was unresisted, berause it was unforeseen. 1'he first we bear of military interference is. that as the rioters were coming from the scene of destruction Lhey met the soldiers going, and that '' both parties passed on." This seems incredible?yet it ought not in the least to surprise us. all things considered. The utter want :>t any sort of preparation for the crisis Is, after all. only in extreme instance of that amazing ignorance of tho tatc of popular feeling which Lord Klgiu and her Mausty's government have manifested from the first. We perceive that Sir Allan McXab, (who, by the way, honorubly distinguished himself by endeavoring, at the imminent risk of bis life, to rescue a portion of tho parliamentary library from conflagration.) strongly cenlured the Governor, at the next day's sitting of the Assembly, for " not having made due military preparations. for which there was ample time, and by which > lie public property might have been saved." Wu are 1 aotsure. however, that this censure is altogether rea- ' lonable. Why sliould Lord K.lgin have made *'duo I military preparations"?or any preparations of auy 1 tind? for a contingency of which he would not foresee I the possibility, and which he does not seem even to Front tbe reiterated official tale of ' abating excitement') in hi* private letters to the (Queen's Ministers? It took bint totally by surpriso. Ho bad beard much, t>ut believed nothing, of tbu passionate indignation that would be excited among a loyal British population 1 by tbe exhibition of French aecendancy in it* worst tnd moat offensive form?that of a tax for? compensating rebel* against tbe British crown. When star- 1 tied out of ltia lethargic security by aeeing the aeat of rovernmrnt and legislation a anioklng ruin, he did what weak men will do when frightened?he resorted < to an expedient of rccklesi and almost criminal vio- 1 lence, without, however, having the courage to persist >u it. Nothing but the rashness of panie terror can ] ven palliate Tiin devlco of arming a French constabuary force?in other words, organising a partisan sol- 1 iiery; and the subsequent disarming of those French ' constables, on threats from the "British party'' 1 that they would disarm them if tbe government would not, was (though the least of evils, under the 1 circumstances) as disgraceful a concession to mob ' intimidation as ever was made by a British viceroy. < AVe shall wait with deep solicitude the further issues J id this most shameful and perilous business. In the ' meanwhile, it is at least satisfactory to perceive that ' the insulted loyally of tbe British population oft'anada ' sas. at the date of the latest accounts, seeking expres- ' don in legitimate and constitutional methods which ' is, we suppose, what Lord Orey means by " tranquillity ' licing restored." Their leaders weru making every ' xertion to preserve the public peace from renewed in- 1 Faction, and crowded meeings had been held at Mont- 1 -tat. Toronto. Kingston, and other places, for the pur- ' rose of petitioning the Queen to recall Lord Klgln?a rirayer which, if any other man than Lordtlrey were ' ler Majesty's responsible Secretary for the Colonies, < vould be granted before It was uttered. For, whatever ' ilse it may be right to do, or to undo, in tbu state of hings which .tbe (lovernor-denerars fatuitous blind- 1 less has produced, it is certain that tliie is right. Fven 1 bough the Rebellion Losses Compensation Bill were 1 ictually ajuft and legitimate measure in itself, he Is 1 tot the man to be trusted with the peace of Canada and 1 .he integrity of tbe British dominions in North Ainerl:a. Neither the honor of the British crown nor the Invests of the British empire and people can be safe, ' ror one hour. In the keeping of a viceroy whose adninistratlon will be Immortalised in history by the quite unexpected) conflagration of a Parliament loufc. and flic (entirely unforeseen) insurgency of a j irovlnce. Affairs In France?Tha Klretlona, ?fce., Ac., 1 In an Kngllth Point of View, die,, Ac. t [from the London Times, May 19 j I The result of the French general election and the f uture policy and composition ot the French govern- t r.<.nt ni thi.v must he affected bv the prevailing color f f tbe now Legislative Assembly. nr? matter* of para- t lount Importance to tbe tranquillity of the continental i tatea and to the peace of tbo world. It depends on I lie laeue of tbia great conteat whether tbe i'reaident of be French republic will be enabled to form and conmet tbe government of the country with tbe aaalatnce, not only of tbe ableat atateanien. but of a steady nsjortty of the representatives of tbe nation; or whaher, barraaaed by the jealousy of angry factions, foiled y tne weakness and irresolution of|tlio friends of order, indermined by the subterranean intrigues of tbe revoutlonary party, and discredited by the political tbeolea which have plunged tbe public mind into the wildst anarrhy, Louis .Napoleon will be compelled to throw limsclt upon the resources of a military government lid the boldness of his Algerfnu generals, to save his uiborfty from ruin and the stale from dissolution, ( 'or ia this great alternative confined to France alone, f any untoward, and we trust unlikely, convulsion k re again to bring the revolutionary party into the j-rendunt. iticanuot be doubted that this freah outneak would give u decisive impulse to the fatal powers Jriady engaged elsewhere in so fierce a struggle. The li mociatic portion of tiermany would at once throw fl all restraint, and brave the last efforts of royal au> bority; the French army in Italy would Instantly delare lor the cause wlneh it went to suppress, and re;ind!e a fiercer conflagration.by turning lta arms against Uislria and the I'ope. Frrm tlfbse ivil* the world may be delivered by the trength of tbe French government and the wisdom of lie new Assembly, but upon thsse conditions everylung depends. It is premature to speculate with eonidencu on the result ot the present crisis, both in the Ministry and the Legislature, but wo cannot conceal ur spprt hension that neither in one nor in the other >ranrh of the supreme power are the results which are iow to be anticipated as favorable to tbu cause of rcgilar government as bad been hoped some weeks or ni nths ago 1 lie President's administration has lost an active and i vcnlous servant In M. I.eon Faucher. It Is, however, o be regretted that lie displayed too mnch impetuosity n tbe execution of tbe strong measures which be bought nscessaiy for the public safety, and betrayed in aluuptness of manner in the Assembly,which at last xcltid tbe rancor ot personal animosity. The attempt nade by his friends to save him from a vote of censure. >y withdrawing, in the hope that the numbers remaining lould not suffice to make a House, (for which MMJ votes ue requisite, was not successful, apil it gave additional verity to his defeat, by reducing the minority to ouly ive votes Without undervaluing hi* services, howvsr it appears that a considerable portion of the Mi# terial parly withdrew their support from n statesman bote I lie i ns ids i ate aeal frequently compromised their srinriples, and uflmded avau hie colleagues in tlic aab- j [ERA lnet. Ths foccMMr of l(. Faueher will probably ba ] taken from the leetion of moderate republicans, such i as M. Dufaure or M. Lacrosse; bntit remains to be seen 1 what will become of the Barrot cabinet without its most i energetic member. From this, and some other dlsaen- i slons and Imprudences, the administration is virtually 1 dissolved; it is still doubtfhl whether M Mole will at- I tempt to take a more direct part in the ministry wlih 1 the assistance of Marshal Bugoaud and M. Fallout; but I M. Thiers is said positively to stand aloot. i : Upon the whole, it would appear, from tho imperfect i returns which are at present known, that if any one expected a material change in this Assembly from that which is on tho eve of dissolution, those hopes will not be fulfilled. In many of the departments a Urge number of the most eminent names in France, which belonged to the ministerial party under tho late monarchy, have doubtless boon returned; but these are men who. like tho Due de Broglie and many others, did i not present themselves as candidates on the former occasion In the company of these illustrious and eminent names we find others, who owe their election to the ignorance and illusions of the peasantry und tho grossest electioneering stratagems. In the Nievre the Tied list has prevailed; in the army the socialist candidates have been for the meet part adopted; in Paris a large portion of the list published by the great electoral coalition has trluuiuhed. but in immediate contact with men wholly devoted to the cause of order, we Hud ' the old aud the new idols of the revolution?Ledru Hollin Lagrange. Sergeant Bolchot?the very type of , military anarchy, who in at this moment a prisoner in ' Viseeunes, and several of the most contemptible agents of the revolution. Their numbers in the new Assembly I may not bo sullicient to arrest the course of legislation ; ] or command the policy of the government, but theyare there to raise the standard of insurrection whenever it suits them, and to encourage the desperate efforts of ] the minority. i The new government and the new Assembly will lave immediately to make their choice between the i prolongation of "the present state of things, with In- ( surrectiou impending over them| and with the conti- i nual progress of anarchy beneath them, or u policy of I resistance to the excessive license of the press and (be I uncontrolled power of the political associations Wo 1 hove no doubt of the desire and intention of the Tresi- j dent, of ihe ministers he may summon to his councils, aud of the country at large, to endeavor to arrest the 1 progress of the evil at any cost. But it is impossible to i di ny that such a counter-revolutionary policy is peril- I oils in the extreme, and may eud again, as it has so 1 often done before, in the temporary triumph of those destructive elements which it seeks to repress. In a r community which is supposed by its constitution to be prepared lor the exercise of universal suffrage, it Is au < obvious contradiction of tlrst principles to impose shuttles on the press, and to insist on subjecting every public meeting to domiciliary visits of the police. The only justitieatisin Of such measures?which must be arbitrary, since they are at variance with the principles of a republican constitution? is their absolute and evident necessity; but the form of such measures of public safety, when required for the protection of society, is hardly distinguishable from military power. With a view to the permanent establishment of free institutions, it is wiser, In the present age of the world, to accept a large share of the incoureniences arising from Ihe abuse of freedom, than to attempt a stern and uncompromising Tcsistanvc; and the great art of government in many states ut the present time would scom lo resolve Itself into the question?where concession is to end and repression to begin. In France this question is doubly difficult, for the same measures which may establish a government will establish a powerful opposition; they may have the support of men like Murshul Bugcaud and^Jcncral Chaugarnier, who still retain considerable asccudancy over the troops,by personal influence, by strict discipline, and by the weight of the government, acting in the nuuie of Frauce; hut on the other hand, the highest ranks of the aimy and the benches of the new Legislative As? ?. u.uij oiw iiwv naming in mi-u wuu nave uwo u disappointed In their uuiblllon and thoir con- li c<'|>tloDH by tho election of Louie Bonaparte, and v *ho even new look towards him as Morvau, Picncgru, F and Cadoudal looked upon the first consul. Tho exist- d ing constitution ol the republic inay be an lmpractlca- c Me one, but ; as M. Gustavo do Beaumont observed to c his constituents, the space of two years is not an un- t reasonable period for the trial of a form of government; t and we are satisfied that tbu difficulty of conducting t the government of France under these adverse circum- I stances is far less than the danger of attempting a mo- t Hfication of it by sudden or violent means. We there- t lore hope that an administration will he formed from the majority of the National Assembly?whatever that u may be?and that the President will reiect all rash and A peremptory schemes for turning aside the great current p }f events. The consequence* of the revolution of Fe- c! Isruury must be allowed to exhaust themselves in a itate where no institution has escaped their influence, a: ind no man can subdue their power?nay. not even the n ombinrd desliesof the majority of the nation. Interesting fiom Prussia. tl Our advices frem Berlin are to May 16. si The conference of the Prussian, Bavarian, Saxon, 01 ind Hanoverian Plenipotentiaries, called by the Prussian p government to consider the draught of a Federative w Constitution, is sitting. Its labors are likely to come j< lo come to a more speedy termination lhan was ex- rl prcted. as considerable progress is already made with w Lhefwork. The basis of the new plan will be the pro- n visions of the constitution as drawn up by the Na- si llonai Assembly, with alterations necessary to removo w the already expressed objections of the above powers, d The new confederation will form an union with Aus- q tila, and in this manner two reigning powers will be g formed, ono exclusively Herman, the other German, o: Sclavoriian. and Magjar. under a royal German bouse, si 1 liey will form a power of middle .Kurope. including n fo,Ooi i.Cbf. of people Of course the calculation is made ti on tho supposition that Hungary continues united t with the crown of Austria ; but as the event of tha f< war Is so uncertain, much reliance must not be placed a iin that part of the scheme that creates a mixed tier- n man and Hungarian buad. n The telegraph between this city and Frankfort has fi been broken, and our intelligence thence is in arrear. e TV. slnu ?)v<> Aocml.lv ...ill w?.a;?A waa.II II? V. Prussian deputies. which inust prove a last anil fatal ti blow to Its present constitution ; but there Is little doubt those who are left will forma ''rump':or convention. and endeavor to keep at tho head of the move- ai uient it has created throughout Germany, but which, ii In some places, has got beyond its control. It will bo r< driven by necessity to "feed contention in a lingering h ictand if it can procure itself to be at all recognised b In its reduced form, as the German Parliament, even G thougli Austria and Prussia have deserted it, anil 8ux- ei 3ny and Bavaria must soon do the same, it has, in the ri excitement and political enthusiasm of the people, a ti jrt at source of power. It will have its difficulties as ol sell as the government; for, unless the avowed repub- b< deans of tho body become the majority, the central ti power must act represslvely against such movements ol is that reported from Itastadt, where the military havo b< urncd against their officers, killed four of them,seized g< hat Important fortress, and proclaimed the republic. I p Hitherto, the function *f the Assembly has been to in- p ite to resistance; will it be able to maintain its influ* n ji.ee. If it begins to put down and suppress ? ti In Klberfrld. the barricades still stand in all their | n pride, It may be said, for, as before stated, many of ; p i h< m are highly ornamented. To explain this fact, it t bould bd remembered the military retired soon after ' i the outbreak, being too few to act with any effect; and q since then, the barricades have been cultivated to their , pre sent peifection with a species of foppery. One of w them is described us containing property to the amount n pf 60 000 thnlers. The people are complete masters of : tl the city, and have, for four days, held tho brother of the j T Prussian Minister of Trado, Van der iiuydt, prisoner, as n i hostage, with threats that he will be banged, if the H government make any hostile attack on the city. Tho b rouse of M. Van der lieyilt was with difficulty pre- ai irrved from destruction. The citizens have been able to tl ceep order in this extraordinary state of things so far, b bat there bas been little or no plundering; though It a' nay be guessed they keep asbarp eye on the barricades, tl UumiDated with their wax tapers, and draped with w heir silks, for more reasons than one. To-day wm n Ixed by the military authorities of the district for m wringing the reinforcements from Cologne against the tl dace, which will be taken hy force, if not surrendered. w n either case, the measure which has been taken b. very where else will be adopted here also?the citizens tl will be disarmed, and the state of siege declared. Some ; t< >f the inhabitants think if tho barricades were left si done, the people would grow tired of the inconvenience tl key cause to the traffic, and remove them of themwives; and that things would return to their usua s? date without bloodshed, if no attack is made by th tl .roops. < In Dusscldorf, Breslan, Leipzic and Dresden, there tl iss been no disturbance since the suppression ef the g lots; Berlin is also tranquil; the only movements havo | isen attempts to hold one or two public meetings, tl *h:ch have been prevented hy the police and military. M. Nlcolau, the director of the orchestra of the Royal il Dpi ra, died suddenly two days since; the funeral took dace this morning, nnd was attended by all tho mem- 1 a ier? of the establishment, ills opera, founded on t iiiskspeare's " Merry Wivesof Windsor," was produced t >nly a short time since, and is still occasionally per- t ormed. i 'J he Staatnavzrigtr contains the following Royal >rcclaciation:? s ' to mt rxori.r.. p " The enemies of the country, pretending to favor the n . IHK r.f C..T I,in. Ih.1.1,.,1 11... .1. ,.r ...I...I. u ion In Fiisony, and In some part* of Southern flermany. I have found to my deep grief that some deluded people n k me parts of our country have likewise allowed In mselves to bo persuaded to follow that standard, and, * n open reb? lllon against legitimate authority, to ?ubert all order divine and buman. "A time of such dangers compels me to addreis '' tandid word to my people. ' I could not accept the offer of the German crown >y the National Assembly, becauae that Assembly had ' no right ta dispose of the crown without the assent of Dl the Oerman governments, and because it was offered to 1 me on the condition of my accepting a constitution J" ebichaae Incompatible with the right# and the secu- ' rlties of the Oerman States. " I have vainly tried all means to come to an under- f standing wi Withe National Assembly. I have vainly I ' alt i mpti d to cause their return to justice and t'> their J' mission, which was not to arrogate to themselves the ' right ot irrevocably tiring a ronstitution. but to open 11 an agreement upon that subject; and even when all my * i Locators were ralu. I had still hopes of a peaceable lolutlon. and I refund to break with that Assembly. *' but that Assembly having now altogether quitted ^ ihe path of right of law. and of duty, after Its having secured us ol breaking the piace, merely because we I ' irantid our help to a distressed neighbor after Its I ' having summom d the people to reFist us and the other ( 1 (ovemmenu which refused their assent to the fatal | 1 LD. TWO CENTS. provisions of the constitntlon? after hII this, that Anicinbly bus broken with Prussia It* majority la now do longer composed of men In whom Germany places uiy confluence. A number of members resigned thell cats when the path of destruction was entered upon by that Assembly, and my decree of yesterday recalls til Its Prussian members. The same steps will be taken by other German governments A party is now lording It over the Assembly?a party which is allied with the men of terror that pretend to fight, for the unity of Germany, but who are engaged in u cruel war of godlessnrss, of perjury, aud of rupine. against the thrones, against Justice, freedom, and property Tho shocking scenes of Dresden, Brostau.aud Klberfeld arc sad proofe of this statement Other deeds ot horror are now doing and preparing. Such crimes destroy all hope of ever seeing the unity of Germany brought about by the Frankfort Assembly: nevertheless. I. with royal loyalty and perseverance, have not despaired of it. Mygovernment. acting with the plenipotentiaries of other German States, has resumed the work of the German constitution. ' That constitution is speedily to give to the nation "iim njusuy rimms una expects It* uulty represented 1>> an executive power, and It* liberty secured by a popular representation, with legislative authority (if/urn ??.) It I* rounded upon the constitution of tha Frankfort Parliament und an me such points have been altered, which. resulting from the contlliit of (aetlona, are derogutnry to the welfare of the country. This constitution shall he submitted to the examination and assent of a Diet of all the States which will loin tha 1 edrrnl State. I.et Germany rely on the patriotism and the nice fence of justice of the Prussian govern lent. ''Such is my way. It is hut madness and tha spirit [flying wliieh in opposition to sueh facta can dare to pretend that I have been fintliless to the German unity itid to my late eonvictions and promises, "Prussia is called to protect Germany against foreign and domestic enemies It will and must fulfil that luty. Therefore do I eall uiy people to arms, to restore Drib r and law in our land, ami in other German countries. We are called to found the unity of Germany, md to protect her against the terrorism of a party that would immolate civilizatiou, honor, and loyalty, to its passions. " The danger is great but the work of falsehood canaot stand before tint sound sense of my Ipeoplo: tha incii nt Prussian fidelity and the ancient glory of the 'rusflan arms will answer to the voice of a Prussian ting. " i.et my people stand by mc as I do to them, und wo hall have God's blessing uud a glorious victory. "HtKDKKIi: WILLIAM. Countersigned " BR.vNDLNUL'KG. " ( harloltciihurg, May 15.'' Important from Central Germany. We have accounts from 1< laukfort of the 13th Inst. A letter of that date says:?Last night the Margrave Maximilian, brother of the Graud Duke of Baden, arrived here from ( arlsruhe with very distressing aelounts. .The authorities at Itastailt. not considering .hut fortress a safe place to keep Struve and Blind in, the rcnuhlican lender* of Ihe ln?iiro?,?ii>t? In n<isS.> ast.) directed a detachment of troop* who were still itlibful to their oath, to transport the two prisoners to Iruchsul. where a tine prison on the Pcunsylvanian rinclple was to shelter the worthies. They fulfilled heir inisrion honestly, but apeut a few hour* in drlnkng at Bruchaul The consequence was that, as they retimed through t'arlsruhe in the evculng, they began a rent row there. Now being drunk and calling ''the rpublic forever" is one and the aamu thing with a ierman soldier of these southern States. No long time lapsed belore a regular tight commenced in the tieeti, a portion of the < arl-ruhe garrison siding ith the tn, whilst the whole Burgher Guurd assisted he rest of the troops, under the command of General lofTmann. to put down the mutiny Duriug this Sucre fight, it uppcars that Margrave Maximilian was cspatcbed by the government to Frankfort to request nmediate help from the central government. He rus en the point vf leaving the town, when the Grand luke and his family declared they would not stay luring the midnight combat, and joined him. Ksorted by artillery and cavalry, they left (iarlsruhe in larriuges, in order to reach one of the nest railway itatious. Here, then, in the bustle tad confusion of he night, it is reported that the Margrave lost tho Iruiiil I Ink a .. r.,1 I, I- 1 <v.? 1 > <_ - - ?uu r>mr, aim mat in; arriTKU in "raukfort without knowledge of what has become of hem. We are without accounts, too, of the result of he nightly battle. The sham monster meeting at Offenburg resolved lianimously that either the Grand Duke must name 1. Brentano. (a pestilent demagogue of Manheim.) his rime minister, or be deposed, and a republie prolalmed. A provisional government was attempted yesterday fternoon at Hastadt?Christ, Brentano, Ac., are Its lembers. Mst 13, S o'clock P. M. If the Prussian cabinet does not hasten to meet be present crisis by a satisfactory and honest eon] itution. and if it does not manage to win over the Lher cabinets to the same straightforward national oiicy, we uiay indeed have to pasa over a few ecks or months in the delightful capacity of subsets of a republie. The Grand Duke of Badea in hured flight to the fortress of Ucrinershelm? almost the hole Badish army In a state of total dissolution (the ten quietly walking home tu their relatives), a provional government proclaimed -that is the state into liich. ngainst the will of Its population, the grand uchy is thrown by the uncertainty of the German ucsiion. and the zigzag policy of its arbitrators. The ot d burghers of ( arlsruhe succeeded, with the help f some Isitbful battalions, to protect all the military Lores and establi-hments, and finally drove the muti< ers out of the place; but they are said to be In great rror of the. provisional government, which was first nnsiitutcd at Hastadt That place begins at ready to vrni the basis of.tlie revolutionary movement. Poles nd Frenchmen manage to get in; and of the 2&,000 icn actually under aims in the ilhelnpfulz, a goodly undier are on their way towards that fortress. Many unities have arrived in the hotels at Frankfort, In the nurse of the day. from arlsruhe. and from Manneim. which plaro, though, was perfectly quiet up to he moment ot our last news. 10 o'ctoca. An nld dc-camp of the Grand Duke of Baden, just rrlved. post haste, to order apartments for bis sovereign l the Hotel de l'Kmpereur Komain for to-night. It is ported that the authorities of Germersheim requested is royal highness not to stop in that fortress, and that e had to proceed on his journey to this place. The rand Duke's ministry, although not dismissed, are so rtlrely supersede!! that all persons on trial for polltlil offences have been quietly let out of prison; and vo *t them, Struve and Blind, have entered the gates r I arlsruhe, surrounded by their partisans, as memers of the provisional government. From that town rey begin to extend their salutary influence, and ona r their friends. Peter, has arrived already in ileidelorg, as commissioner, with unlimited powers. 8truve's overnment will not be viewed with content by any ortion of the middling classes, for the man, in all his ublicatlons last year, declared that contributions, at a stlo increasing with the fortune of each rich man, must zke the place of taxation altogether Gen Hoffmann larTOwly escaped being hanged whilst attempting to ierauade the Rastndt mutineers. He lost a portion of he troops accompanying him, and remains in th? leigbborhoed unable to do any good. Mannheim is [Ulet. i o-aay m conservative majority was ror me nr?l time on in the National Assembly. where Mr. Schloeffel bail loved that all troops of such States as had notacoepted lie constitution should be ordered out of Frankfort.? bis was negatived by 18'.' against 121. At the comlencement of the sitting a letter from thn Archduke .egent was read, to the following purport: ?That ha ad succeeded in finding the persons be meant to nama i his ministers, and that he would hare communicated no list to the National Assembly, but that at a lata our last night a telegraphic despatch from Berlin had nnounccd the arrival of a commissioner to him from lat court with highly important communications; he onld. therefore, delay any further steps until he should ave received that commissioner " Perhaps the eomlunicatlon in store for the Arehduke is the request on le part of the commission now sitting there, that ha ould choose the present moment for resigning, as ha ad so urgently desired to do; and the declaration that le King of Prussia would be called upon by his allies > became regent in bis stead. This la a pretty general ipposition. but. like true Germans, we shall only know le day after ta-morTOW. The Prussian government Is at present naable to rad troops to serve under the central government.for so suppression of the republican movement in the rath of Germany; for the Hblne province requires le presence of every soldier on the spot. Besides, the overnments in Thuringia have called upon Prussia to retcct them, if an imitation of the rule in Saxony tiouid be performed on them. In the sitting of the Frankfort Assembly, of the 16th nst., the following resolutions were agreed to:? "The Parliament places the Bavarian Kbine-P(Us nd its movement in favor of the coustitutioa, nnder he protection of the empire, petitioning the regent o take Immediate steps tor the realisation of that proeetion te which all rights and interests arc entitled." Lnd? "The Parliament resolves to urge the regent to end two commissioners of the empire, with extended i.were. into Baden. instructing them to take all neces(i j steps in the Interest of the country, the empire, nil the constitution." Denmark mid the Dachlee. Our Hamburg papers and letters are of the 18th Inat. hey contain advise* from Berlin of the 13th inat., tiling that the foreign ambassadors at the Pr ass tan ourt base been officially informed that Prussia had guested the Danish Cabinet to aeud a pienlpotenor y to Berlin to open the negotiations for peace. Ine latest news from the seat of war in Jutland is to le effect that the Scbleswlg Hulstetn troops wsre locbailing the fortress of Krederisa, and that they were Drenching themselves to preveut the garrison from iskitig asaily. Moetof the inhabitants of Krederioa have iken tiighf,(r< ui fear ola bombardment. The Jutlanders ave to lurnish 48.000rations aday to the invadingOerian troops, which is no doubt agr?at hardship to them, bo I iolsteiu government, on theother band, seems to bw ti<.roughly lited of the war. They have published a mg proclamation, in which they discuss the stats of tie country, and the chances of a peace, and having xprested their readiness to do all in their power to obiiu so desirable an end. they express their anxiety to ave the preliminaries drawn up by a conference of ielfgates from Denmark and the UuuQies. A letter from Kiritsoe, near 1 redericia, of the 13th nut., in the tu,ruS.illt. makes mention of a ally by the Dani-h garrison of 1 redertcia, which was int. however, aerouipanied with any success, and in I hil l) the til ru am had two men killed and six wound

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