Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 8, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 8, 1849 Page 1
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' TH ^ A i . ??1M.1 I ~ NO. 5481. DETAILS OF EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE. IMPORTANT POLITICAL NEWS. Dffett of llio Russians by the Hungarians. ELECTIONS IN FRANCE. Manifestos of the Ring of Prussia, and the Emperors of Austria and Russia. Affairs in Italy, Turkey, &c., die., 6ic. The steamship Europa arrived at Boston early yesterday morning, und the mails were transmitted to this city by the New Ilaven Railroad. They arrived at -1 o'clock yesterday afternoon, in about 8 hours from Boston?a rate of s|>eed unequalled upon any other line of ruilroud in this country. We are indebted to the company for their exertions in expediting the train, und the community at large are under obligations to all concerned for such nn early delivery of the mails. If there was the same energy exhibited in the post-olhce, the mails went south by the regular mail line yesterday afternoon. Ws annex all the particulars wf the highly interesting and important intelligence brought by the Europa. Onr London Correspondence. The political horizon ol Europe was never darker than it is at the present moment. 1 said in my lust letter that a war of opinion had commenced ? a war of the people against monarchs. The two parties are now more definitely defined. The veil is rent asunder, and the coalition of kings stands confessed in its native ugliness. The Emperor of Austria having appealed to the Emperor of Russia, that monarch has issued a ukase, declaring his intention of putting down revolution wherever he meets it, and his legions are advancing. The King of Prussia has declared his intention of putting down anarchy, and the other monarchs of Europe, trembling for their tottering thrones, at the first shock of this great popular earthquake, seek consolation in each others fate. The sword is drawn, and great will be the battle. T7KASE OF THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA., The following is the ukase of the Russian autocrat:? "Wo. by God's grace, Nicholas I., horcby make known to all? "In our manifest of the 14th (26th) of May, of last year, we informed our dear subjects of the tormolls which had visited Western Kuropo. At tho same time w?r? Biirnifipti our intention in nnnnan amp nnnmU. wherever they might show themselves, and in our own person. In an indissoluble bond with our sacred Russia, to defeud the honor of the Russian name, and the inviolability of our frontier. Since then, the disorders and disturbances in the west have not diminished. Criminal seduotions have carried away a credulous multitude, by holding out deeeltful hopes of a happiness which never arose from licentiousucss and waywardness, and have spread to the Last, to tho principalities of Moldavia and Wallarhia, subject to the Turkish government, and bordering on our States. The entrance of our troops simultaneously with those of tho Forte, has re-established and will preserve. order. In Hungary and Transylvania, on the other hand, the efforts of the Austrian government,occupied at the same time by a war in another quarter? in strife with enemies at home and abroad?have not yet succeeded in suppressing the revolt; on the contrary, the insurrection has rather grown stronger, and increased to an alarming extent, from the influoneo of our Polish traitors of 1831. and swarms of deserters ard vagabonds from other lands. In the midst of these disastrous events, his Majesty the Cmperor of Austria, has addressed himself to as, demanding assistance against the common enemy. We shall not refuse the aid demanded. After having invoked the great header of battles and the Lord of Armies to protect our just cause, we have issued orders to our army to cemmence its march to put dewn the insurrection, and annihilate the reckless men who also threaten to disturb the quiet of our provinces, if God be with us, none can resist us; of this let us bo persuaded; let every man in our kingdom, which is under God's protection, every Russian aud faithful subject, feel, hope, and speak thus, and Russia will lultil its sacred calling (Signed) NICHOLAS. Glvss at St. Petersburg, 8th May, 1840." AFFAIRS IN PRUSSIA?PROCLAMATIONS OF T1IK KINS, ETC, The following is the proclamation of the King of Trussia:? "To mt Psori.e?Under the pretext of tho cause of Germany, the enemies of our fatherland have raised the staudard of revolt?ttrst in neighboring Saxony, and then lu various parts of southern Germany, l o my great grief, some misguided men have allowed themselves to be misled in some districts of our land to fnl. low thin standard, anil to aland in open rebellion against tbe legal autboritlua aud sacred and human lawn. ' in no serioas a time of danger, It beeomee mo to apeak a plain word to my people. "I could not give an affirmative answer to the offer of a crown on tbe pari of ibe German National Assembly lecausc the Assembly bad not tbe right to confer tbe ciown which it offered me. without tbe aanction of tbe German governments, .und because it waa offered to me conditionally, upon the acocptauoe of a constitution not compatible with tho rights and aafety of tbe German States. ' 1 have in vain triad and exhausted every means, to come to an agreement with the Gorman National Assembly; I have in vain endeavored to lend it back to the boundaries of its calling aud of right, whioh did not consist in absolute aud supreme power, but in the putting together ot a German constitution; and even after tbe failure of all my endeavors, i did not break with the Assembly, still nourishing tbe hope ola ffaalund peaceful solution 'But now that the Assembly, by decrees which were in vain opposed by men of judgment, has left the grouud of right, of law. and of duly?when it has accused us of a breach of peace because we gave effleieut assistance to a neighbor in the hour of danger?when it has raised a rail to arms against us, and those governments which, in conjunction with mn, refused to submit to the decrees of the constitution, it has broken with Prussia lu its majority it is no longer that body of men upon which Germany looked with pride and conltdeuce. A great number took leave of it as soon as it entered upon the road of destruction, and by my decree of yesterday I have recalled all the Prussian deputies who still belonged to tbe Assembly. A similar step will be taken by the other Geruiau governments. There exists a put ty in tbe Assembly in alliance with the terrorists, who. under the pretext of tbe unity of Oermauy. wage an iuiquitous war. a war of perjury and rapine against thrones, to overthrow, with them, the shield of the laws, ol liberty, and of property. The enormities which have been committed at Dresden, at llrvslau. aud t.lberlcit, under the hypocritical cry of nuity of Germany, oiler a must sad proof. Krosh euor mules ?l?, liuu will null UI-, |)ii|irbnil?ll. IV flllUL uiose criminal acts destroyed tbe hope of fleeing the unity of I Germany realised by the Frankfort Assembly, I never * doubted of its being realised with royal faith and perseverance My government, with the plenipotentiaries of the gr inter States of Germany, which hare joined nic, have taken up the work of the German constitution. "'this conititution shall and will shortly afford to the nation what it justly demands and expects, ita Uuity, represented by an executive power, which will worthily uphold abroad the name and the interest* of Germany, and guaranty its liberty by a legislative representation of the people The imperial constitution is taken as the groundwork, those points only being altered whioli have louud their -rigiM in the broils and concessions ot tactions, and are detrimental to the real welfare of the country This constitution will be submitted to the approval and sanction of a Diot of all States forming a part of the federative State. Let Germany put its trust in the patrotism and the probity of the i russiau government?Its confidence will not be misplaced. 'Ibis is the road upon which I have entered. Madness alone, or falsehood, dare assert in presence of such facts, that I have reliii'iuisbed the cause of German unity-that 1 have proved false to my former persuasions and my promises. "it is the calling of Prussia. In such difficult times, to ahield Germany against external and internal enomles, and it must and will rulnl this duty; therefore do I at once summon my people to arms Our task is to restore order, and insure obcdisuce to the laws in our own and in the other sountries of Germany where our ,assistance may be needed German unity is to be ^ tablished: it Is our task to defend its liberties from tbt 'sign of terror of a faction wbioh is ready to ImUe morality, honor, faith, to its passions?a faction wines' i'*' succeeded in casting a net of deeett and delusion "*cr a portion of tbe Jveople. * '1 hw danger I* great; but in presence of the sound feeling of my peop.'e, tbe work of lies cannot stand piussiau L'jalty of i^'d renown, and the traditional lame of tfa? j'russiau ar.^i will respond to the call of Prussia's King "if my people will stand b." ? . ** 1 wm ?Und b7 m7 * people, fanbfully and with ?ouOd#nce. with God Messing a ftlortuus victory will n b" wanting to as. (Hlgiud) FhKUKHIC ^ WILLiA.M. (Countersigned) COUNT V CucaoeTiaskoae, May 15,1840," E NE1 Tbe Prussian Gazette, of the folDjlri d Bnk||.h?. the subjoined address of the Kl^g to the ,rmy . l' Soi.UIKK# OK THI LlS? ^ THK LaNOWKHH : ' Whin, six month* ago , required your service* for the protection of the ta*V. the heart of the enemy failed before your firmness '^j,d loyalty But they secretly endeavored to> un ?frmlue your aentimenta of duty, honor, and tnil't.ary discipline. thereby to annihilate the Prussian '^rmy, the firm support af the throne and of legal order. I " Those criminal attempts have become open crimes. Tbe events at Dresden, at Breslau. and at Uuaseldorf. I There the outbreak* of bloodthirsty revolutionists have been victoriously put down by the arms of your brothers and of yourselves give a proof ( the unshaken loyalty and bravery of the Prussian army. " Insurrection is again raising its head in some of the western districts of the monarchy, and in other States of Germany. I'nder the pretext of the unity of Germany a strife has besn incited against law and order, against ull established authority-a strife against our glorious Prussia, which its enemies wish to destroy? against the throne of your King, which they seek to overthrow. It Is our duty to tight and overcome perjury, falsehood. treason and murder. It Is your task to defend the throne from its enraged enemies?to preserve our country from lawlessuess and a republio. It is your task to preserve intact Prussia's power and Prussia's honor, and thereby to establish on a firm basis the greatness and unity of the Gerinun (atherland. " This is why 1 call to arms my army, accustomed to victory. " Soldiers! recall to mind tho glory of Prussian bravery and military faith of your forefathers of bygone times Derail to mind the victories gained by Prussian arms in the years 1813. 1814. and 1815. against a foreign oppressor and you will prove yourselves now by Prussian loyal valor the protection and the safeguard of the most precious treasures of a tree and intellectual people, and preserve ibem to the Prussian and German fatherland. to your etcrual honor. ' (Signed) " FREDERICK WILLIAM. '(Countersigned) " VON STKOTllA. " Churlolteuburg, May 16, 184a." The latest news from Prussia is of tho 22d of May.? The arrival of his Imperial Majesty tho Emperor of Russia at Warsaw, upon the 17th. is new officially ascertained The yuuug Emperor of Austria, on the 16th, was on his way. by lailroad, from PtSSHIM and 1)1niutz. to visit and coufer with tho Czar at Warsaw. '1 he Emperor Nicholas will, ic is believed, make some stay at Warsaw The Emperor is not expected at Berlin. uorawill the Prince of Prussia, nor any of the royal family, proceed to YVarsuw. A correspondent says:?The arrest of Waldeck for high treason is confirmed. Waldeck has already undeigone two or three examinations, and, of course, denies the accusations brought against him. with skill; but there appears to be little doubt of the charges being 1 ully proved, und of his being condemned to the penalties uttached to high treason. D'Estcr and other individuals said to be implicated with him. are denounced in the Hue and Cry. and are to be seized wherever they can be met with in the Prussian territory. 'ibe grand question between this place and Frankfort has made no further progress. Conciliation or arrangement between the Prussian governmeut and the Natioual Assembly is utterly impossible Both parties have burned their shins I'musi* Kranktort will not yield, and it iH to bo feared that iu lieu of Raving other*, the Archduke John will but ruin himself by lemuluing where he in, aud abote all by retaining a ministry which persists In holding office, in despite of an almost unaniinoue vote declaring its nomination to be an insult to the National Assembly. In the course tif two or three days, perhaps sooner, the decision of the Bavarian Chambers will be known. VVe shall then see whether rruseia can rely upon assistance from the south, or whether, renouncing all aid, she is able to carry out her plan single-handed. THE GERMAN STATES?ARCHD1KK JOHN DEPOSED? DEMAND ON THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY TO DECLARE WAR, ETC. The latest intelligence from Germany may be stated as follows:?'The hussiaus are as thick as bees on the Danube and around Vienna. The Hungarians are making every preparation to resist them. All Prussia, and every Statu In Germany, are arming. The insurrection war hereafter. The Insurgent towns iu the KKiue provinces have been mastered by the Prussian troops. Frankfort stands exalted?the central point, however, of the popular party. The ,Prunian Stat Gazelle, of the 15th, publishes the following royal orduunai.ee, countersigned by the Ministers, and dated atCharlottenburg on the 14th :? "Art. 1. The mission of the deputies to the National Assembly of Frankfort, elected iu Prussia according to the federal resolutions of March 3 and April 7, 1848,'and the ordonnance of the 11th April laet, is extinct. Art. 2 This present ordonnance shall be notitled to the deputies to the National Assembly of Frankfort, and they shall be enjoined to abstain from taking any part in any future deliberations of the said Assembly." This announcement was received with shouts of scornful indignation when made to the Frankfort Assembly. Wmr.NMANw immediately moved as urgent, that no individnal government bad a right to nullify the elections to the National Assembly and thereby threaten the dissolution of the Assembly; and that the order of the Prussian government was accordingly invalid, and in no way bindiug Wid.nmann added that it would be only offering an insult to the Assembly to waste a werd In the defence of bis motion. (I.oud cheers ) The motion was cariied-ayes, 287; noes. 2: majority for the motion. 285; noa-voters, 10 (Loud cheers ) In the sitting of the Herman Parliament of the 10th, the following resolution, deposing the Archduke John fFom the Regency, and ordering another to be electod, was carried by a majority of 120 to 110:? " The Parliament resolves to elect immediately?if possible, from among tho Herman Princes ?a Regent, who. tcrording to article 3 of the constitution, shall have the rights and duties of the head of the empitfe up to the period assianed in the resolution of the 4th of May. 2 The Regent shall. In the presence of the Parliament, take hie oath upon the constitution. 3. It is the Regent's duty to take immediate steps to the taking of the oat ho on the constitution by the eivll and military officers of the individual States. 4. The Regent will take all neces-ary steps fur the elections to the new Parliament. 6 Kor the effectuation of sections 77 and 86 of the constitution, the present Assembly will continue to ezercire the functions of the future Parliament 6 The execution of this resolution ends, according to the law of the 38th of July, 1848, with the activity of the provisional central power, of which the rights and duties will be conferred on the new Regent." The following resolution, proposed by Ubland, had bceu previously agreed to ? "If the Regency whirh the Parliament created were to attempt, as, indeed, it has been threatened by its ministers, to deliver the pawer of government created bt the law of the 26th June, 1848. into another hand than the central power which the Parliament will appoint. the Parliament declares such an act to be void, and not binding on the Uerman nation." At the commencement of the sitting of the Frankfort Assembly, of the 21st May, the President read a message which he had received, recalling the Saxon deputies. The deputies thereupon protested, declaring their recall illegal. Thirteen more members tendered their resignation. The President communicated a declaration, signed by G6 members, amongst others by H. du Uagern, Simeon, | Beseler. and Dnhlniann, throwing up their post, as not being compatible with the views of the Assembly, to which they saw no chance of an issue A short discussion followed, and the Assembly then adjourned to four I'. M. In the cvtning sitting the President announced that the Administrator of the Empire had nomi- ' nated i'rince de W ittgenstein. Lieutenaut-Ueneral in j the service of Hesse-Darmstadt, to the poet of Miuleter : of War. The Assembly then rejected a proposition for adjourning to the 20th June. They then proceeded to vote upon the motion tending to fix at 100 the numbor of members necessary to make valid the deliberations. 101 members voted for and 3W against the motion; but as. according to the terms of the still existing regulations. no decision is valid unless sanctioned by the presence of 160 members, the vote was declared null. The , Assembly adjourned till Thursday. According to report, overtures have been made to the King of AVurtemburg, offering him the post of Archduke John. A letter from Frankfort, dated the 21st Inst., says:? " The days, or perhaps hours, of the National Assembly are numbered. As a last hope, the left have sent a private deputation of their own to the King of Bavaria, praying him to make up bis mind quickly to acknowledge the German constitution. In which case, they will ensure his election as Stadtbolder of the Empire, which dignity, they ray. he may possibly improve into that of hereditary empire The deputation left early tbis morning The King is to be requested to give his answer within twenty, four hours. The left have but little expectation of this offer being accepted, and there are great fears abroad of the bouse being numerically incomplete even to-niorrow.and of its never being able to rally again. There Is a sort of understanding with the I President, that the election shall not lake place till Thursday or Friday; by Thursday evening, however, an I an.-wer ran Fcarcelv have reached Frankfort. ?n that tlie maltir will probably be deferred still longer." Kh< uld the king accept. the left trust* to the assistance of Bicdvrmann and ISies-or's party, and really expect* to carry Ha point, provided there are member* enough to form a home. While all thi* I* going on, thn Prince of Prussia I* expected In Kraukfort; It I* possible that he I* here at thi* moment. There have been many thing* in the la*t few day* to betoken that the Administrator I* on the ere of departure for the Tyrol. It I* said that hi* Imperial highnesa intend* transferring the central power to the prince, and If not sure of effecting the matter in tho way of abaolnte transfer, it ia supposed lie will do it in the form of temporary delegation, h avll.g it with the King of Prussia and the prince to battle wuh the people about the question of r'ght, and mnke good the prince'* claim to a definitive tenure. 1 he ideaof something of thi* kind being In'eontemptation is strengthened by the lactof the very large military fbree that te being concentrated In the neighborhood of Kraukfort inla force. It Is well known is to amount to 00.000 men. of whom 15.000 are to be Prussians. fl.Oi 0 Hanoverian*, whila Mecklenburg i* to lend from 4 0(0 to 6.010. 1 he city and fortress of Nfayence are now declared to he on a military footing ; thi* 1* preparatory to the state of en go being proclaimed, and the inhabitant* thus have time to lay In the preeeribed eeinn week * provision*. 1 here I* a great display of artillery In the out-work* of the cltadvl. and the garrison la being aoalidera^ly strengthened. W YO MORNING EDITION-?! MANIFESTO OF THE EMPEROR OF AT'STKIA?EXCITEMENT THEREAT IN FRANCE. The following is the manifesto of the Austrian monarch "A criminal party, led by unprincipled demagogue*, alter committing outrage* innumerable, and exhausting the source* of taleehoed to seduce you from your allegiance, and dissolve the tie that for a long series of years has bound our peple together in uninterrupted harmony, declares war against your king, to rob him of his hereditary right*, and assumes at the same time authority over you and the property of others Under the cunning pretext that your liberties and nationality are endangered, the blood of your brothers and sons Is spilt and the possession* of the peaceful citizen aud the weal of your thriving country are offered up You are required to take up arms against us?against your king, who has given a free constitution to ail his people, including tpose who hud none previously, and who guaranteed to every one full equality of rights Not content with this villsnou* commencement,'but despising our expostulations, they now leau for support aud derive their chief aid from tile outcast* of foreign lauds. Thousands of adventurer* and disturbers of the peace, men equally destitute of property and morals, whose only bond of union iH criminality of purpose, are In their pay: these individuals have already become leaders of the rebellion, and with your blood and at your cost their abominable plans are Jo be carried out. " You yourselves are made the blind instrument* of foreign s< dition. having for it* object the subvendon of all true liberty aud law in ether countries. To put an end to such sinful machinations, and deliver you from y?ur oppressors and secure to our monarchy the peace so ardently desired by the majority of nur people, it is noi only (Hit- uuiy uui eur nieuuciermiuauon. una llio task of every government whose calling it is to watch over the peace mid welfare of tile nation* committed by Providence to their hands and to guard them against the common enemy of both Our illustrious ally the F.uiperor ot Russia, entertaining the same sentiments with ourselves, lias united with us to subdue the common enemy. In conformity with our wish, aud lu the fullest accord with us, his armies unter Hungary, in order to assist our forces in terminating the war that is desolating your fields Consider them not as the enemies of your country, but the friends of your King, come to support him to the utmost of their power in freeing Hungury from the gulling yoke of dowestiu aud foreign scoundrels. They will observe the same discipline as my troops, aud will protect every liege citizen. The same severity will be shown in overcoming the rebellion, till, by the blessing of the Most High, our cause shall prosper. " Given in our i'aiacc of Schonbrunn, May 12 (Signed) "FKAsVZ J08KPH. " Prince Sehwarseuburg." if tbis does not mean coalition, what does? The publication of these proclamations has created the greatest exciti ment in Paris, which is on the eve of 8OI110 great event The red republicans are furious? lliey demand war! war! und the Cosaeks are coming is past from mouth to mouth. To illustrate the state of excitement at Paris. I enclose you a full account of the debute in tho French National Assembly on the 22d Inst. HIGHLY INTERESTING FROM FRANCE?THE MINISTERIAL CRISIS, ETC. Paris hss been in the pangs of a ministerial crisis.? The cabinet is in a complete state of dissolution; but at the present moment it is not positively known whether the present ministers, with the addition of some fresh blood, will endeavor to form a new cabinet, or that a completely new set of men will come into office. The position of the ministry since the resignation of M. Leon Fuucher. had been most difficult, and it was evident that tt could not stick much longer together; but the catastrophe has been hastened by the vote of the National Assembly yesterday, by which It rejected the bill introduced by tlia ministry for the prolongation fur three mom lis of the double command which has been for somo time past held by General Changarnler. A serious division arose between the members as to what ought to bo done in the circumstances. Some advised resistance, others compliance; but in the end the advocates of conciliation carried the day; and the result w as the order announced in the Muniteur of this morning, by which General ( hanaarnicr's command is restricted to the army, while General Perrot | the head of General ( hocgarnier's stuff] is placed, ad interim, at the head of the National Guards of tho Selue. While 1 write, the whole of the ministers are assembled at the 1 uluce ol the hlysce. >du it ih probable tbat somo definite arrangement will be arrived at in the course of the day. In the meantime, there is a vast number of rumors abroad as to the composition of the new cabinet. Marshal Hugouud has arrived in Paris from Lyons. His return has quite taken the publio by surprise; but I understand that he was sent for by the Presideut of the Republic himself, and that M. de I'ersiguy, one of his aides-de camp, went to LyonB, at the President's request, lor the purpose ot hastening his arrival. One of the rumors abroad is that Marshal ilugead will be charged by the President of the ltepublio with tho formation of a ministry, and that it is his intention to form quite a military government; that he is to have a general officer as Miuister of War, another as Minister of the Interior, an admiral as Minister of the Marine, and himself, a marshal of h ranee, at the head of the cabinet; but this report proceeds probably from those who fear that the confusion into which things hava fallen will lead to an attempt to establish the empire. Krance is not at the present moment in a disposition to receive a military government. Marshal Bugeaud has addressed tho following order of the day to the army of the Alps:? " lii.aoqrahtkrs, Lyons, May 10. "Soldiers of tbejArmy of the Alps:?You have freely exercised your rights by depositing your votes ia the electoral urn. This mission of cltisens. which the constitution confers on you, is terminated for three years. Your military mission, which is not less patriotic, resumes all its empire. You will never forget tbat the army is constituted to cause the independeuce of Krance at the exterior and the laws in the interior to bo respected. Your duty is to defend the constitution wbioh lias founded the democratic republic. Y ou. consequently, owe obedience to the President of the Republic, who tion confers lh? executive government. You must de fend the tricolor Hug, tho only natiouafone? that which Much the old republic has guided our victorious armies. It is the symbol of the imperishable glory which the nation has conquered in the greatest warlike actions that history records. Those who would wish to display other colors would be traitors to the constitution; and you know what is due to traitors. The discipline which constitutes your force and your dignity is one of the most powerful national guarantees, as it is the resume of all military virtues; you will therefore pronlously preserve it. Such is the line of conduct which your old brother in arms, who until death will feel himself honored by havlDg been a soldier like you, traces for you. Tike you I have borne the haversack; and it was only with my mueki t. and later with my sword, that I raised myselt. after forty-six years' service, to tho gr>at honor of commanding you. Much are my rights to give you these counsels of a father and a friend." Disturbances took place at Aurillac on the 12th and 13th. On the previous day. a crowd assembled before the prefecture, and with gross vociferations demanded that the pref.-ct should communicate to them the con tents of a teli graphic despatch he had just reeeived. lie, however, rctused; and at length the crowd dispersed The next day. another telegraphic despatch arrived. and a crowd again a?sembled. and attempted to wrest the despatch from the employee who was conveying it to the prefecture; but he violently resisted, and, by great ext rtion. succeeded in throwing it over the railings oi the prefi ciure. Having read the despatch. the prefect ordered a chrj dr iurrau to convey it to the printer, that It might be forthwith priuted, and communicated to the public. The prefect went with him. and on his return from the printiug office was surrounded and seized by a crowd of ill-looking and drunken fellows; but he succeeded In breaking away from them Scarcely, however, had he entered tho hotel, tbuu the mob clambered over the railing into the court yard, and broke open the door; after which they began to roar the "Marseillaise." Detachments of the troops and gendarmerie were accordingly called out to clear the court. The rsppel was beaten for the National Guard At length the crowd dispersed, without coming to blows. Tour of tho principal ringleaders were arrested. The Mrstarrr dn Midi of Montpetlier, of the 20th says:?"We have learned this instant a frightful misfortune. M Adam, procureur of the republic at l.odeve. was attacked yesterday, a little before midnight, at four steps from the hotel of the suD-prefecture. His state is desperate." The latest advices from Tarls are of Thursday (yosterday) evening. They are of an alarming character. Paris, Thursday Kvening. If any dependence is to be placed on public rumor, we must be on the eve of a roup d'etat. Every one you meet in the streets will tell you the same thing, l'he day is even fixed, and according to the very latest and most authentic accounts, we shall see something important before the dawn of next Monday Dnfortuuately. no one seems to know exactly what the nature of the roup d'etat is to be, nor are people quite agreed as to whether it is to be on the oart of tho Asrcmhlv I against the government. or on the part of the government against the Assembly It t? generally admitted that tbo ikI republicans ?nd socialist* hare no Inti'iitlon of committing themselves by raising an imeule. M hat could they gain by a movement? 'I hey have uccecitd in the eleotioua beyond their hopes, and they bare nothing to gain by fighting in the * tree in, while they have everything to ioae If there should be umovmient at all, it will no doubt be in other ijuarter*. and not ouiong the red republican*. The government made great preparation*, a* if soinetbiiig serious were expected Pert* 1* full ot troop*, and the port* everywhere are tripled. The Prefect of I'ollae and General I hangarnier have taken energetic measui e* to repress euy attempt at (llrturbance. In the neighborhood of the palace of the National Assoinbly there are almost a* many troop* an we u*cd to see there after the revolution. Noilnng ha* been arranged with re*pact to the change of ministry. and it 1* *uppti*ed that the prevent Minister* will now remain in ofltce till after the meeting of the Dew Assembly Marshal liegi-aud ha* expressed seme nnwillingnv** to enter the cabinet, and would pnfi r a military command Natiohal A**kmhi.v?'Hitvino or Mat 23. M \ ahha?i took the chair at half pa*t two. The Pnr*inr*T?1 elm 11 proci ed to take the vote on the proportion of Oeu < avaignae. wbiuli ia aa follow*?: ? ' '1 he National Assembly call* the serious alien lion of ibe government to the event* and movements of troops now taking place in f.tirope ; and seeing. In the staie ot aflair*. danger tor libcily and for the republic rac< n mends the govrrninent to take energetie uieasurea fur their protect ton " hi. k Laooa ot'Uhded thag the order of MM day of RK I RIDAY, JUNE 8, 1849. MM. Joly and Bastide wan better suited to the state o affairs, and should have precedence. He should, how ever, propose on bis own account a new order of tin day. The hou gentleman proceeded to read it. bu he wan perfectly Inaudible from the noise and con fuslou in thel hamher. M. Bsstide said, that as it was desirable that th Tote should be as unanimous as possible, he and M Joly bad derided on uniting with the order of the da of Gen ("avaiguac. with a slight change, which merrl consisted In adding the words at the end. ' and to pre tect the independence and nationality of all people " M. Gustavk nu Bkaomowt said he feared there wa something concealed beneath tb? apparent unauimltj as it was inconsistent with thu previous declaration of men whose cry had yesterday been for war. General Cavatowac said, that to put an end to an equivocation or doubt he would insist on his proposi tion without any addition M. O de Dkji most said he was satisfled with th

explanation of the gallant general, and would new vol for bis proposition without any addition, (loudexclt motions on the left.) The Phs'sioent? I shall now proceed to put the pre position of General f'avaignac to the vote, and utei wards the proposed addition A division will aftui wards lake place on the rtisrmhle. The order of the day. as drawn up by General Ch vaiguac, was then put to the vote, and adopted almo> tVb PnuincriT?I shall now put the second part t the vote. containing the addition of M. July and A: Bustide. A division being demanded that course was proceod ed vtItb. when the uddition was rejected The mumble of the order of the day of (Jencral C? TolgnRc was then put to the vote and adopted by 42 to 184. '1 he remainder of the sitting, up to post-hour, wa without interest. At the meeting of the Assembly on the 24th, the Pre sldent of tile t (iineil said that lie I Hid demanded oi planations from lieneral Changurnler. respecting th charge made against that officer, who had replied, tha he had never thought of calling in question the right of the Assembly, or of its President; but he was no awure that the President bad intended to deinam troops M. Ledru Hollin urged again an inquiry.whe he would prove that a plot had baen in conlemplatla ? tbat ni< n had been paid tocry "Vive Napoleon !" a the last review, and that the same men were to tak part in the covji d'etut The President of the republi was capable of any ioolish act after the folly he hai eeiiiBiitted in lKitl lie could not be in hiasenses whei be attacked Louis rhilippe, who was then so flrinl seated on his throuv. On being pardoned, he wrote i letter to tbat monarch, expressive of his eternal gruti tude, and. in 1S40. accompanied by a few inou. disguisei as soldiers, and crying "Vive l'Kinpereur !" landed oi the coast of Boulogne. Was not that lolly? Here th most terrific murmurs arose, accompanied by loud cHe of " order !" "order:'' M. Odillou Barrot said tint soch outrages against all deeeucy and propriety reu tiered discussion impossible. M. Ledrti-Kolliu con tended, tbat after two such acts as ho had spccllied. th Pirsldrnt of the Republic would be guilty of anything He accused not the Ministry of couspiraey. but < blindness M. Kalloux vindicated the conduct of Uer Irangamier, from the cbarguH alleged against him. IV Hocon was speaking when the post left. The greater possible eaeitement prevailed within and without tli Chamber; notwithstanding wiiich , the funds somewhu recovered fri w the prices on the previous day. The powers of the Constituent Assembly expire oi Sunday, the 27th at midnight, and those ol fho l.egis lutlxi iiwn.Ui #.,,111 ,,i on hi. #in th. '>S?h 'I'h## K~ . of the new Assembly will hold a preparatory nittinx 01 Sunday or Monday, before the public sittiug, to fori) tin* provisional bureaus. /.? Prtue announces a plan, which U to bo carriei out. by wliirh the National Assembly, having pruden motives in view, will declare itself on Saturday night in prtmarirncs, under the presidency of Gen. Lamori cure. until the moment in which the oldest mombur c the new Assembly shall have taken the chair. Thu there will be no gap In the legislation. DEATH OF MISS EDGE WORTH, Maria Edgeworth. the celebrated Irish novellsl died at KdgeworthstowD, couuty ot l,ongford, on tb morning of Monday last, after a few hours' illnesi She had reached an advanced age, and the last yeai ol her life were passed in her native village in trai quillity and peace. Our Purls Correspondence. Paris, May 24. 1810. There is but little that is Important to add. Tlier was another tumultuous sitting in the Assembly yci trrday. A succession of charges of conspiracy agalns the Republic and against the Assembly, was brough by the Mentagnards against the government. Genera Cavaignac proposed a resolution respecting the Italiai and Hungarian question, which received the dissent o the government, inasmuch as it pledged the govern meat. Paris Bourse and Morev Marret.?The funds wer quoted at the date of my last report at comparativel; high prices; and as I informed you. the results of th elections which were calculated on with nresumed eer tainty. an about to be altogether in favor of the mode rate party to the almost entire exclusion of the ultri democratic party, were looked to as a certain meana o at til further augmenting prices. The fluctuations of tbia week will show how falla clous were the anticipations. The flee per cents hare fluctuated between SO and 71 the three per cents between 5H and 47; Bauk of Kranc shares bare turn J several hundred francs, and al other securities hare undergone like changm 1 he main cause of all this has been the unlookedfo returns of at Irnet one-third of the members of the <: eialist party to the new Assembly. The excitcmen caused by the attempts of the violent party of the pre sent Assembly to bring about andnsurrectlon. and th alarm entertained (and I fear too well founded) that n such an event the army would be with them, am would not act In the euppreseion of disorders ; th manifesto of the Kmperor of Kussia. and other foreigi events aud complexities, may have bad some, but it 1 but a small share in the fluctuations We are too inucl < ngrersi d by t he formidable character of our interna difficulties. to allow the Bourse to be materially aclci on by anything not immediately domestic. It was expected that some few candidates of the ul tru demon at ic and red party would bo returned ifoi Paris ami the publication of the Paris lint, therefore did not of Itsi 11 although the number returned exceudei thai anticipated create any alarm or even uneasiness but reports arrived one after another from the Depart uiruts. snnouuciug the success ot the red party to ai extent, previously conceived impossible, and a pan! i nstu d and attaim d such fearful proportions that th funds rimed on h riday with a full of nearly 3 franct and again on Saturday with a further decline of up wards of 3 francs, and went down on Monday nearl 7 francs more?making in three days nearly 13 franc lull The premium on gold advanced lot) per cent Speculators, as often happens, suddenly passed fron an excess of confidence to an excess of fear Alarn seizid the holders In the provinces, and numerous or ders to sell arrived from the departments It was ii vain that, it was urged by the bulls that the reviei which took place on Monday morning to test the sentl merits ef the troops had passed off very satisfao torily ; that the moderate party in the nei chamber was sufficiently in a majority to cont.ro the vii lent pariyn; that the French republic ha certainly been recognised by the |t.inperor of Itussil r.vn > nrjiiiiujrijt wun uiihvniiiu^, auu a k<mhthi ioui i/ii< fiful was t)i<> order of the day On Thursday th patnc was considerably alleviated. and many of tt: speculator*. having *? tiled their differences an to tt Hctual Male ol the market. withoul linking the waitic f< r i lie rhai ces id the and of the month an advance i a hi ui 6 franca look place. Urrat apprehensions at entertained for the settlement at the end of the moHtl aft i r such fturfnations, and a considerable want of cor tidenre m entertained accordingly in the market* gi nerally 1 send yon the price* for the week:? 3 per el. 6 per et. A p. e. Loan. Hk. Mi Ifay 17 ? #i.40 f Thi? waa the price in it J Passage du 1 Opera, tli | Houses being closed o I account of th? liuliday. 18 64.90 ? hi] 10 62 26 83.20 ~ 211 2 1 47."? 7/1)0 ? 1W 2 2 fd.7A 81.75 ? 211 2 3 50.60 80.25 ? 201 Italy. Bovk. May 12 ?All continue* quiet in the *lty tt dey ; hut though the trench are nowhere, having I tact taken kreuch leave of uh for the present, as i ei plained in my letter of ycatrrday. the Neapolitan et ill ream to maintain an aggressive. or would be ag gressive attitude 1 hey are in considerable fotee o the krarrati road about two mile* off. and a body c troops, c niprlslog the bulk of the regular soldiers I Ben a. the myrnndona ot Garibaldi and Vanara. tb carabitieere or gene H'urmet. (an amphibious body, eithe hi.rn1 or foot at need, with the cocked hat of th ulu Irmcli it.faulty ) the tappnhiri or sappers and on< *r two bettalions of the line, have sallied forth to en render thrlii. No flrinir la heard as vet. (10 o'clock. Iiut Ihm will no doubt, be partial engagement*. I not xntnntblog mere xeriou* during the day Aprnpo i f the fStapolitau*. n number of letter* and journal have come to hand at the pout office here. fr >m Na pie*. directed to the xupcrlnr officer* of the inva<lii)| curp*. in Home. "1 hi* wk* reckoning a little wlthou their boat; thing* are not quite eomc to that poia yet 8*rlou* event* are taking place In Tuxcany In conxe <|timre ot the A uetrlan occupation of the Ttixcau ter rltory V (in will have received, aomo day* before thli letter cen reach you. the reinonetrancc of the Kloreu tine muiiiclpallty. addrneaed to Count Sorrlitort. ex traf rilinmy eominlialnnrr of the (fraud Duke, again* the Aurtnan occupation, aud the proceeding* of thi NHlioiiNl <>u*rd of hlorcnce, in the name venee, am the reiIgnatiuii* of the member* of the Provlsiona government A eorp* of 20.000 Auxtiian*. It appear* have entered the ligation* at Kerrara and marched 01 hili pi a win re at last arc< unt*. a canted woe goln| on and blood flowing In abundanea With regard t 11 rial* we hate a etafentent thai, on tlie 6th current the A Oftruitie rent a di potation to the chief of the ntu mripality, to know if tlir council dealrcd the return c i h?. i ope or the preaervotiun of the republic) tha ibin of the councillor* voted for the former, an tbittj-xi veti for the latter alternative I pun thl*. I learned the Auetriau* withdrew toward* Cento, o W lo hi lopna road. By a decree of the Triumvir*!* the day for rant in m tin ineul of pecuuiory ?lainix, by trader* and oiben CERA f Id Rome. Use been further postponed from the 10th to the 30th cf May The following proclamation!* (the ? first of them addressed to the Kronen army in their own t language) are already untiijuatrd. being Issued in anticipation of a reneweil attack, but I had not time to translate them ymterday. and it may now be worth e while to send them, as completing the series of vlooumcnte of this kind:? y "Soldiers of tbe French Republic!?For the second time ? tou are driven as enemies under the walls of Rome, of tlio republican city which was once the cradle ?f liberty and military glory. It is an act of fratricide, which is imposed on you : and tins fratricide, if ever it could lie consummated, would etrike a mortal blow at tlia liborty of France. Tlio two peor, pic arc bound hv mutual tics. The republic extinguished ih anionit us. would bo an eternal stain on your ting, one ally tho less for France in Europe, one step the more on the road to a monarchical restoration, towards which a deceitful or de ceived government impels your beautiful and great country. I " Rome, therefore w ill combat as she has already oom[ bated. Shu liuou s that she fights f. r her owa liberty and for a yours. S?ldter? of tic French Republic! Whilst you are ;o marching against our tricolor fitg, tbe Russians, the men of IMA are mulching into Hungary, ai d dreaming of a march into I ranee. A t some miles ointaiiue from you, a Neapolitan corps, w hieli we hsve attacked, In Ids tho banner of despotism and liitolcrui ce displayed. At some leagues from you, on jour left, a republican city, l.cphorn, rosists at this moment r. Austrian i> vasion. There is your place. Tell your luaders to k.cp their word. Remind thcin that at Marseilles and Toulou thoy promised y 11 a hat tie against the Croats. Ron.lnS ,1 !... I/. U ??ia:?. 1...1.1, ,u. 1 -r i.i_ ' ba\onvt the honor and liberty of Franco. Franch soldiers I Soldiers of liberty ! March nut Hituinst your brethren. Our 0 battles art yours. Let tbo two tri-color Hags ally themselves, [ and march together to the liberation of nations ami the deI St ruction of tyrairs. G'td, Franco, and Italy, will bless your arms, Long live t!.e French republic ! Lung live the Roman republic. "The Trlomvirs?AH1IELI.INI, 8AFFI, MA14ZINI. 1 " Route, May 10, 1819," id "Romans! Vt ith inexpressible jov I have received an I pnbUihsd tlie bnUstin of General OwttiMii relative to the > hiilliant feat ol arai* at I'uleatrina, performed yesterday. ( itiirnt! Modern Home is like the ancient city, surrounded with enemies in the infm cy ul its republican life. Hut if the i? tirsi canto forth urn ed and powerful in war from being so often ast ailed, the second, innocent, pure from Iduod, cleansed B fiint ambition, and aspiring only to the exercise of buinan . rights, ?i,l be encoumscd in tier glorious mission by i he ssnct ty of ber cause, and protected by the justice of Uotl. 1'ar severe, therefore, Romans, with all courage. VFo will overt eome our enemies: we will iiuard our rights; wc will be tho d ooi tier-stone of the rebuilding of Italy. a "The French threaten yet once more to return to the assault: we will chase them back again in the tracks they j have left Irom the HOtli of April At tlie lirst discharge of v cannon, let ail the citizens run gallutitly to arms and lly to o deli ml the walls and barricades, (iod is with us. Theoterual o I right, of the people shall not perish. d "JOfcEl'll A V IC/.Z AN A. the General-in-Chief, . Minister of War and Marine. . "Roiif, May 10, 18-19." Y Home. May 13.1819. 14 The nfTnlr of yesterday turned nut it mere military " promenade, the Neapolitans having very properly made tin mrelvt s n iti ce in timu to obviate unpleasant oouse11 tjuenees to either party This isa very uouchalant and " gent It manly way of conducting nil invasion, and I am * not aware that any fair or well founded objection can I be made to it There is for the present almost an ah| solute lull In the political atmosphere hero, the decl'* Mon of Ibe Human question having been, in fact, trans0 ! fcrred to an extraneous point by the mission of Signers It Ilurcuni and FsnmIW to whose return people are al'r ready beginning to look forward I'eople are engerly I' expecting news from I'aris and London, aad watching ' Willi feverish iuterest the progress of Austrian intervention in Tuscany and the Legations, and. in oonnec" tion with that subject the affairs in f icrtnany uud tbo 4 war in llungury. Bologna appears to have made a desperate defence ageinst the Austrians. This morning a the courier ban not arrived, which has induced the bet lief that the town has surrendered s 1 send this, as well us yesterday's letter, by the a steamer from < ivita Vecchia. us the speedier, and, u under present circumstances, the safer channel of con 1 '1 he decree of tin- Triumvirate for tho liberation of t the French prisoners. issued >?aterday, In as follows : ;, " Iu the name uf God anil the People. "Considering that bet ween the Fruuoh people anil Rome, r the elate nt ?nr does ! ( and saa 101 exist| " Tliat Hume defends by right anil duty its own invinlahllity, but deprecates as an offence against their common ureed vert colliMon between the t?nrepublics ; " That the Kuuian people does n t hold responsible for the , sets of a misguided guveruinent the soldiers who obey its or'' dtrsSby Itgliting : " The Trininvirate decrees : I. "Art. 1. The Frenchmen taken prisoners on tho ilay of the m 30th of April me free, anil will be Sent to tbu French oninp. "Art. 2. The Korean people :vill sulute with applause nnil fraternal demonstrations, at aid-day, the brave soldiers of the sister rcpublio. "Tho Triumvirs, "CARGO AKMK1.L1NI. "GUISEI'FE M.VZ/INI. "Rome, May 7, 1849 " " AIJKK1.IO 8AFFI." The legations have now declared themselves in fae vor of Rome and the acts of the Central Executive, as decidedly as any other portion of the Roman States. The Mmiilorr Romano of last night contains addresses of adhesion from Kerrara and l-aenza; and similar adt dresses from every municipality in the province of I | Bologna are publish) d in the journals of the chief ; town. On the 3d and 4th current. Bologna was 1 1 the scene of a grand demonstration in favor of the ref ! public, consisting of processions of troops, National Guards and students, from the house of the prefect to that of Gen Gulletti. of an illumination at night, &c.~ It thus appears that the accounts circulated of renc9 tionary t? Ddeticies and uiovenieDts at that place ware, f to say the least, much exaggerated. 9 The Monitore further stutes "From all the provincesof the republic, tu pursuance of addressees protesting against the violation ol our territory, the NaJ tional Guards are mare) lng by companies and batta' | lions, resolved to sustain the aiicitj of our right, aud I the liberties we liave uulDid." Anstrla and Hungary. Vienna papers and letters of the '.'Oth Inst, state I tl nt the Rut-stan force at radish is above 25.004 men ; I that they are using many precautions to prevent being | surprised by the Hungarians; and that they have | captured several spies The Vieiiua paper. /./oyrf. has advices from Duda of the ICth Instant stating that all ths attacks of tha Magyars upon that place remained fruitless, but from the Si lesian papers and tha Kolntr Zritung we learn that Huila has at length fallen into thu hands of the Hungarians. The fact, though still open to a doubt, appears as authentic as any fact aan bo from a scene of war like that in Hungary. bnda was taken on the 14th lost. The Schtrtitche Ztiiung states thai the Hungarians. In taking lluda. came in possession of the military cheat, 20 044 muskets, 14 batteries, and a vast quantity of , ammunition. I Ituasla. { Tbe St. Petersburg Jau- val. of the 11th, has the following article on the manifesto of the Emperor on the intervention of Russian troops on behalf of Austria:? j " We publish, to-day a new manifesto, which the Emperor has just addressed to bis people on the occasion n of the entrance of our troop* into (Jallioia. Tbe prin0 ciples and motives of this important measure are too 0 clearly indicated torsnder it necessary to develop them '< here at any length. The intervention is based on two " prinsipal reasons?the moral duty imposed on us by y the formal demand of a cabinet with which we ara 1 united by the engagements and transactions of an old alliance; and the positive right which wo dcrivo from the nrcesslty of providing on this occasion for our own 11 defence V\ hoever may take ths pains of oasting an eye over the whole of our geographical situation, and n up( ii the state of the populations along the Carpathian " Mountains and tbe Danube, will find it evident that the Austrian monarchy camint be. on this side, wrongod, ' either In Its possessions or political power, without crew atlng a violent perturbation in our relations with neighboring powers and in our most essential Interests. J These interests the breaking out of the Hungarian ' Insurrection has put at slake. Iiut within a short '* time, and by a concurrence of aircumstanccs derived 10 from the obligation accidentally imposed upon her, 10 Austria has found herself calleJ upon to watch over '0 the security of her teriitory at several points at once. 'K T his insuirectlon has suddenly become more formldably developed, arid the nature and tendency of which rs we can no longer mistake Erom the borders of the T hois it has advanced rapidly to the shores of the I- II,.mil... I neer 11 r ? end I'minln.l. ?r.. .1. ' , ready in It* possession. With tht focus of itsactlon it lm* prnporti.nably increased the circle of its revolutionary influence. The ue rmn'it in no longer purely r. Hungarian ; it has bi-rnmo half Polish. It servos as tbo ba-is of an in-urnction much moro extended, 10 much more ambitious. wliiob aspires to raise all the " countries nf old I'olaud. and to revive for us the disaslj trrs and the calamities of 1831. This new spirit manlKt tested Itself from the day when the Magyar camp bell) mure the rendezvous of the remnants of the l'olish K' (migration, i f those soldiers of anarchy which are to w he found in all countries, in the service of all revolts at the bottom ot ell conspiracies which have for tkolr object to overthrow the fundamental principles ot soi ciety. and to substitute iu tneir place the sanguinary a dteams of the most hldeoui demagogy. More than E- VO.000 Individual belonging to tbis category are at is this moment eu rolled under the standard of the llungariau ainiy. They form rrgimouts and entire orn gimised corps, t It is to their chiefs, and particularly if to Bern and to Dembinski, that principally belong the n conception of their plana of action aud the direction e of ths warlike operations Their projects against usare r no longer concealed ; they are openly declared It is te e carry tha theatre of insurrection Into (lalticla. and a eventually into our Polish provinces. Their plots have alreauy tak< n root in (lailiela aud at Cracow On the ) side ot 7 ranrylvaeia they tend to paralyse, by exciting f and encouraging the dirconteuted .Vloldo-Wallachlana, a the efforts which we are making in concert with Turs kry. to maintain culm iu those principalities. In a word, thiy keip up a permanent state of agitation ( along the vast line of our frontiers. Such a stats of t exctiement cannot be prolonged without endangering t our situation. It calls for the most prompt and energetic measure* oil our part. It is without d >ubt to be regrettid tliat Hussia could not Indefinitely maintain the jassive altitude which she adopted in the origin of the ) uiopean eriris For mors than an entire year she has shown no desire, manifested no impatience, to engage piecipltately in the struggle of the two principles of moral order and anarchy whieh continues to convulse society in Lumps. As long as tho social tempest 1 raged at a distance. Russia remained calm aud mullonl less in pretence of the agitation of the world Shu saw >, war lighted up. institutions falling, and the forius ?f l government changing, without departing from the % neutrality which she liad imposed upon heraelf. But o the hour in which It might lie necessary ho act had not I, escapid the foresight of the Imperial goverment; and i- II It at length <! parts. It spite of itself, from the ex>f pieiant policy which it had maintained, it is not t the lis* taitlitul to the spirit of its former declara11 tioas. In lact. ir announcing on the occasion of the It manifesto of the 14th March last, that it would serun pulonsly abstain frmu any intervention In the domes) tic aflaiis f foreign countries and that it would tl i leave rach free to modify according to Its own views, *, I its Internal doustitulion, it nevertheless took ears to LD. r-> TWO CENTS. reserve to itaelf beforehand an entire liberty of action in the event of the revolutions of foreign states plaiinf ite own security in dang. r or if the territorial equillbrlum established by treaties on Ite frontiers should Incur the risk of belug deranged or modified, to th? prejudice of Russia. Now that our eecurity la somewhat menaced by what la g >lng on or preparing In Hungary, which appears evident from the efforts and avowed project* of the Insurgents themselves?and any attempt, which even for a time ahould ou thin elde bo made by a revolutionary government on the integrity and unity of the Auetriau monarchy, would be aa attack upon the etaln of possession, which in accord with the epirit of treatiee the Koiperor regarda aa neeeaaary to the balance of power iu Kurope aa also for the rspoee of Ilia own states?the imperial government is bound to provide against the eventuality whieh it hail foreaecn. and the preHent aituatinn ia too pregnant with complicaiiona for it to lie permitted to allow the germ to fructify. By pr> venting these evils, and accelerating. by the co op. r:it ion which lluasia lends to her ally, the extinction > f a lire whieh threatens to extend from the Dauube to the Vietul t. and which keeps In a state nt ferment all the nationalities in that vast empire. Russia does not inert ly exercise the incontestable right conferred by the uiiirent of self.preservation, hut she believes that she acta In behalf of all powers who are the true friends sf peace, aud thpt she will contribute to the maintenance nf the repose of society, and of the balance of power i? t.urope." The Treaty brtwren IliiHaln and Turkey. Tho following letter, whieh appears in the Dibatt, I r..ii., .......1 .u . . .. e, . . . > V intelligence wnien we nave aireauy published, relative to the terms of this Important treaty "CoN*T?MTiNori.?;. April '29, 1840. "It was yesterday. in a conference which General Grnbbo hud with the Grand Vuio* and tho Minister of Foreign Affairs. at Hull a I.euian. that the principles and main conditions of ton treaty were settled The arrangement is concluded tor -even years; and all the derogations to the treaty of l kerman. that of Adriuno* pie. ami to that of Si Petersburg. which it may contain. are stipulated for a- being merely provisional. Tlic treaty consists of eight articles, ami all of them have reference simply to the affair* of the principalities of Moldavia and u allaelna to thu nomination of the hospodars. to the ?outiugent of troops to be maintained In them, and the mode of evacuation. " 'i lie first article exposes l he motives which have rendered necessary that arrangement, namely, the exterior circumstanees the disorders which have broken out in the principalities, and the occupation wbiob has been the consequence of them I'ho hospodars, who were named for life t?y the General Assembly, will this time lie appointed for seven years only. The twosuscrain ami protecting courts are to agree as to the choice, and the nomination.- Vill subsequently be made by a huHi'thfviJ) front the Hultan The Porte and Russia will each keep a commissioner in the principalities during seven years The commissioners will assist tho hospodars with their couueilx and will address to their respiotive courts amount* of what is done. A council of revision will lie estatillsliad at Uucharost and at Jussy. to consider what chat g s are necessary in tho organic laws of the principalities, in the formation and convocation of the Gem r?l Vsseuihly. and in tho election of tlie hospodars. I he members of the eouncil of revision will be chosen hy 'he two courts from among the principal in-yards of the 'wo principalities. "The most Important article of the treaty is the fourth. It is that article which regulates the force of the occupying army and tue mode or evacuation. (Jn Hint article tlir (libcut-nil'ii wa* a long one. Inconsequence of the nil uathm of foreign atfair*?that In teray. tbe troubles which exist in neighboring countries ?the contingent of troop* that each will bu allowed to maintain in the principalities will be from 36,000 to 36 000 men. 'I lie I'orie Insisted for a long time on fixing the number at 20 000 to -26 000; but on this point Russia would not yield The reorganization of the national militia, capable of maintaining tranquillity, in to be immediately nounui'Ueeil in auoh a manner that in a year and sooner if possible the oontlngent of the occupying troop* of euob of the two court* may be reduced to lOOOU men '1 he complete evacuation will take place a* noon a* the *tnte oft be principalities will penult. It t* understood but not formally stipulated, that tbe maintenance of I he contingent! of occupation 1* at the charge of the court*, aud net at the charge of the principalities " It I* also understood that Russia must withdraw from all tho prineipalitie* the troop* that she ha* now there, with the exception of a corp* of 26.000 to 36,000 men; but she may keep them on the frontier, so a* t? be able to *end tbeui hack ugairi in concert with the l'orte. if tbe circumstance* should require. " These are the base* settled yesterday. They are very different from lho*e flret prepared by Russia. It 1h I.at.1 II,-f II... .a .............1. ...? ....r.-... K.r? jr. irUUH W tbe measures of precaution to bit taken with respect to the troubles of Transylvania ' E?ypt. His Hlgnbess A bl>a? Pacha remains at Cairo. Egypt s tranquil, and likely to continue, at least from internal causes, undisturbed In saying this much, 1 hate well nigh told the political history of the country for the fortnight. The consuls hare, however, been making a noise about an attempt that has recently been mad* to establish a system of Internal pa-spurt* While they complain of an abridgement of mat freedom, the treaty guarantees to European snbjeets resident in the eounry. the Government, on the other hand, grumble at the inconvenience and cost it is subject to in watching and controlling the movements of a set of European adventurers, who. without reputation or means, seek livelihood in Egypt by piuiid' r and fraud. The question is under discussion and. from the angry feeling shown on both sides, it is uot likely eoon to be terminated. By a recent " ukase" of the Pacba, the authorities of the country employed in eivd others are required to resume their old custom of wearing beards?the military alone being peimitted toapprar with tbeirfaces sbaren. There are indications, in this nod other recent acts, of the revival of the old Mussulman school of prejudices, and of the grasp of comprehension which seems to guide the grave councils of the lo w State pilot, from which the world will draw its own aoncltislous The Prime Minister -\rtin Itey, has been ordered to Cairo, whither he proceeds in a few days, in order, It la said to settle the difficulties between the consuls and the authorities there r? gauliug the alien question. Two sous of the late Ibrahim Pitcba. aud the second surviving son of Mehemet All. arrived by the Ripon on the tith inet from Marseille* These young gentlemen had been for five years at the Egyptian seminary established at the cost and under the auspices of Mehemet Ail in 1b41. and are said to have distinguished themselvee by their attainments in several branches of science. Greece. CnaNOK OK VHi*ISTHV. By the I,event mail we have received the Athenft jcumais up to the htb in-tnnt A change ef ministry took place on the 2Stb of April Tbe following is the list of the lev ministry : ? / lln.IS.nl ?e IV.. C/v.i-.tl Rear-Admiral Casaris. . . } ?ud Minister of Ma( rine. M. Ch iustiiiis interior. M. hrcwM<;( h KRr.ArKioiTRii Finance. General Tzavkila War. M. As'tos.oroij i.o lu?nce. hi CAl.i.irHhoifA? Public Instruction. M. Ularazi Foreign Affair*. | Opltnlonln. | Letters from this Island to th<- 10th May (received by tho way of Malm) announce that an armed band of | dwyiWll OVS*lii. IVm tho Mina had Invaded ths Island. and ensconced themselves in tho wood*, making occasional sallies therefrom for purposes of plunder, (nptain 1'srker. on ihi- half-pay of tho 90th regiment, holding the civil sppiiintinent of captain of the wood, had b< en abut near hit residence on the Black Mountain, whilst tnkitig a promenade with hi* wife, who was taken aside whilst they committed the murder; they afterwards carried the lifeless corpse Hit* hi* house, and set firs to the satna Six or seven other murders have been committed outside the town, which are attributed to the same parties. Two companies of British soldiers have been despatched into the wood to captors or terminato tho villains. Annexation of the Ptinjanh, ("From the B- mhay Times of April 17.1 At the date of the last summary. General Sir W. Gilbert had reached A Hock and was In hot pursuit of the flying AfTghan* lie crossed the Indus on the 19th and 20th and pushed on by forced marches for Peshawur, where he arrived on the '21st and 'HA The Affghsns. flying in terror of their lives, without baggage or impediment, bad proved too fleet for him; they nad ascended the passes, and got beyond his reach, befors be could approach within twenty miles of them. Ths Kim-it mi reenawur nad tie. n i?nu* ngain?t-thens. but they burnt the cantonment* ami house of the resident, ami icitrojfi the nuhurtw ami vlllagea aroond. Tha war wan now entirely over. and a" ??on aa the Intimation of tho eompb-te annee-a of tleneral (filbert reavhfd the Oovernor-f General a proclamation waa laaued Intimating that the ?ei*h aoverelgnty had eeaaad. and that the Punjaub we* anneit.d to our dominion*. The Chief .Secretary, * r Klllott. proceeded straight for f.ahor* ?n the 2f>th accompanied by a atrnng escort of troop* Ho arrived on the 29th, and next morning read before the aaaembled Durbar the determination of the governor-general. The prince, no longer eovi retpn la to receive an allowance of X40.000, and to reenle within the Britiah dominions : hie mother will be permitted to Join him. Poona It la eld will be the place of their abode. The few shlsfti not convicted of treason are ta retain their eatatea? the property of tbo e who have appeared In arma sgainet ua la all conft.?ci*ted. I'tae Heikh aoldlers are not to be entertained in "ur eervice The government la to be managed by a council of three?Mr. J. Lawrsnea Mr. Manreil, and < nl Mir H. Lawrence, ofwhishfbd ia*t I* preaidenf. with a enlary ot ?9.000 a year?the othera have each ?4 htiu Knur commissioners with a large array of deputy eomaitarionera act under these. Our new doniieiona con,price ludtMN) square mile* of grownd. yielding a revenue of about a million, and oimxtelning a pnpnlailon of ?bo?? three railli'fns. tor at me time to come It will in alt Uklthood prove a htavy drain on our fluaucea. its revenue* hilling abort of ii* military oxpemilt uree?the ehargea of government derr.iving on India. Thirty-three thousand troopa hate been ordered to aland hit for tho prevent within the coiiutry thlrty-vight thourand more are maintained close at hand. we were, however, left but little ahoiec: annexation latterly wae aimoet forced upon ua. r. very thing that can be Hect mplirbi d ia at preient being at tempted te keep down our sxpvases. Klfteeu regnuvnts from the Ma