Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 10, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 10, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5483. Interesting from New Zealand. By a lute arrival, we have received our regular flies of newspapers from Auckland, the capital of New Zealand. nr. it. *r s?__i? ? . ? i-s? ?t o uiit uaici ui mti nru f.taianurr, a semi-weeuiy newspaper, from October to 80th of December, 1818. The numbers before us arc the first that we hare ever seen. It is a very well got up sheet, handsomely printed, lllled principally with Kuropeau news and advertisements. and contains very little local (lews, except such as is found in the advertisements ' Or?.!?iN(j ok Tilt New Wttuvis Ciispkl.?This edifice, being now nearly completed, will be opened for divine worship on the next Lord's Day ('did October), when the public services?at eleven in the forenoon, and six in the evening?will be conducted, D. V., by the ltev. J. Watkiu. and the Ilev. J. Wallis. A collection in aid of this place of worship will be made at the close of each service Strangers attending will be provided with scats to tbc extent of the accommodation avuilablu. A Society's Tk.i Mkf.riwo will be held on Monday eveniug the 2'ld. in the Old Chapel, to which members of the congregation, and subscribers to the new chapel building tuud. lire invited. Tickets, one shilling, to be had of the Chapel Stewards Auckland." The idea of a Society Tea Meeting in New Zealand is a novel one. it is nut a great many years since when at a tea meeting of the New /inlanders the probability is that the missionaries themselves would have been served up iusoup. and the Ilev. J. Watkiu. and the Rev. J. Wallls, instead of conducting the public services, would liave furnished food tor the society. The following article relative to the press in Sydney, proves that ueu {tapers have their troubles at the other side of the world, as well us here. The Ih iald is the only paper that had " been in existence four years":? "Tin: Svdskt Parts. ?Tlio.iiMtrafion newspaper died yesterday, it was established, in 18'J4, by Dr. War doll and Mr. W. C. Weutwoitii, then just arrived from Knglund; s'idco that time it has passed through many bauds, and lias for a long time lost that iutluenoc and position which it gained by the ubility which it displayed in its curlier days. Want of support is the reason assigned tor its discontinuance. The .Sydney Clirotlir.Le. after an aaluti.nrn nf ul,-iiif i>i,rlil ?oon will If 1 gt nerally understood. breathe its lust to-ni?.rrow, the Roman i athullrs, whose especial organ it has always been, not having given itsuillcient countenance to unable the proprietors to continue it. There aro rumors of other papers being started; how far they are well grounded we cannot say. We believe, however, that a Weekly paper, on ' the liberal interest," is to be printed with the types hitherto u-ed by the Chronicle. With the exception of the Herald, there will be uo paper in Sydney which has been in existence four years. The changes in the colonial newspapers during the last few years, have been most astonishing ; there is searcely a person now connected with the press who was so ten years since ? the Sydney Gazette, (the original paper of the colony.) the Monitor, the Colonist, the Commercial Journal, the Observer, all papers which, at one time, appeared to bo well established, having gradually disappeared from the political horizon, besides u host of minor publications, which have at different times been started, and, after a short existence scarcely known to the public, have been discontinued, because the printers have refused to givo auy more credit t? the proprietors." Notwithstanding the bad success in startinga newspaper, it would seem that another was about to be commenced. The New Zealandcr advertises the following prospectus :? " On Thursday, the 4th January. 1849, will be published the first number of an English and native newspaper, to be culled the Maori Messenger. In announcing this forthcoming journal, it may, probably, be deemed requisite to offer u passing observation on the motives ot its pablicutlon. as well as tv explain tike manner in which it is purposed it shall b conducted. The Maoii Messenger, then, will tako the field in the absence of any other literary vehicle, exclusively devoted to nutive culture; and as a medium through which the native niind may be enlightened uad instructed?amused, and at the same time informed. Its compositions will be first curefully written in the English language ?simplicity and perspicuity of style, and conciseness of expression, being the leading features? and afterwards accurately rendered into Maori ; so that those un&cquaiuttd with the aboriginal tongue, may still, by judicious contributions on matters of in terest and utility, become practical benelactors to the astute and docile people amongst whom they have willed to cast their lot. Each paper will be so arranged that the respective languages shall appear in immediate juxta-position to each other: presenting a means, it is imagined, which may assist the student anxious to acquire the knowledge of either tooguo. Political and polemical topics will be inadaiie.-able: civilization aad iucuicationj of the moral, social, and industrial virtues,being the leudIng aim and object of both editor and projectors. To enlargo upon tbo advantages derivable by both races, from a well conducted journal of the character which tho Miwri Metirtiger would fain achieve, were an act of supererogation. The task, no doubt, is a mont arduous one, differing as it does so very materially from all the recognised, though multifarious, labors of journalism. But the editor respectfully, yet at the same time confidently, appeals to the sympathies t>f his fellow colonists in the intellectual welfare of the native race, to lighten his labors, and to aid him in the promotion of the houcst cause he humbly aspires to serve. The Maori Mrtiengrr will be printed in double columns. English and .Maori, of a similar size to that of the JVrte y.ratantttr. Its issue will, for the present, be limited to once a fortnight. Its price has been fixed at three-pence per number. In the hope, at so moderate a charge, of insuring an extensive circulation. Communications are respectfully invited, to be addressed to the editor, at tho office id' Messrs. Williamson and Wilson, Shor Hand street. Auckland, by whom all advertisements will be received." The following editorial is satisfactory, so far as regards humanity in New Zealand. Cannibals don't get up ' sweet sounds and soft scenery": ? "We are glad to announce that one of our few .sources of enjoymi nt is, again, about to bu opened up. Tho baud of the 08th regiment, so long precluded performing on account of the Inclemency of tho weather, will assemble in tbo grounds of the late (Jovernment House, every Thursday afternoon, from half-past three until half-past five o'oloek. The spot selected is a most appropriate one, soft scenery and sweet sounds being in harmonious keeping. The following is tho programme of to-morrow's performance ? Overture, Op. . Era Diavolo" Auber. Melange. Op.. . ."The Maid of Honor"' Balfe. <iuadrillo "The Swiss'' lullten. ('a?., Op "Orfuno di Geneva" Riccl. Waltz "Hie Elscn" Labitzky. Polka " Tho Cricket"' Jttllien. In addition to the new Wesleyan Chapel, we have the following additional: ? " Scotch Chi k< n-On Thursday evening an adjourned meeting of the subscribers to this building was held at the hall of the .Mechanics' Institute. The report of the committee having been read and adopted, the completing of the edifice witli scoria, or by substitution of timber, was considered. The latter was n suggestion of the committee, of the propriety of whioh ihey, however, gave no opinion. The motives for the suggestion were alleged to be twsfold ?the reeent earthquake nt the South, and the limited state of the exchequer The lattt r. we opine, was the more weighty objection of the two. Despite the apprehensions of some, not descendants, we imagine, of those 8co?* whs did wi' Wallace Meed, the advocates of scoria won thu lay ? an earthquake, amongst exhausted volcanoes, being voted an idle bugbear; anil a decision hifeuig been come to. to build the walls of scoria, to roof tne church, fit tho doors and windows, hut leave the finishings and deooratlons until their pockets had grown richer. Au additional subscription list was opened, to whtcli the worthy chairman, Mr. Shepherd, obtained many names by his tuiitilv mill armui humor." Another:? " PnWBVTr.RIAN CBfltClI. An adjourned meeting of the subscribers towards (lie erection of the Presbyterian Church, Auckland, will be held in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, to-morrow (Thursday) evening, at 7 o'clock. M. VMI\ TLA\V, Convener of Committee. Not. 28th. 1848. ' The hpiscopal rhiirch in New Zealand, is evidently "In bind the age." and don't get along as well in the cthcra. The following extract from a letter of a clergyman explains the matter :? "TUB KPISCOPAt. r ill Ri ll IN PfEW ZEAl.AND. Lkttcr 1.?To the Kditor of the \rw '/.ralamltr. ? Sir: It were umch to be wished, that when new colonies leave the mother country, the wisest .and moat skilful men should be chosen to conduct them forth, superintend them in their initiatory lobors. and suggest such regulations as were adapted to tiieir new condition. A good beginning is equal to half the work A small body acting upon principles to well defined as to avoid the evil of continual debate; so just and liberal as to si cure the good will nud co-operation of every individual. will soon outstrip a larger body, encumbered by inapplleable precedents, undefined principles, or an unfair distribution of executive or legislative power. That peculiar circumstances require the immediate adapting band of legislation, is an axiom iu all systems of government, political, spiritual or social. 'J he early history of tliu Auiericau Kplseopal church should be a naming Co the church In New Zealand, of the evils that flow from the want of a well d 'titled system and of a central administrating body. Though the early settlers In that noble territory were Protestant Episcopalians. tliey soon became Insignificant In tie i lien km n,' Mriniut "l HonianiFiH ami i uriinn*; neither could ilit y lit- raid to hunt been w >rthy of attention, until. lutein,; liukeri off tile burdensome help f the motht-r church, they in tin; close of the i Ijjhtt-i'ttth century, met In convention, nil I framed those articles ot union iin>l r which that branch of tlie htlMian faiiiily ba< eontiniied to Rrow with such asto shin;; unit ii<-1 >nl)t/'lit mpulily U hat will be (lie future ooioiitlun of the New /ealand Kplreopal t'huioh. in, on several grounds. an in-? tcreeting i|M?etir>n Shall we, like the < arly church in America continue to linger on a kiml of dyne.: life.' or ahull we at once take our stand as a useful and Influential bofy In IIin bland' 'fiber t.hrlhtinii bodies. on settling In tliese colonies, have, in mine respicts. a considerable advantage over the l.pbccpil. having at home been thrown atiniunh nu tlielr own rcsnureea, they were obliged to devi-e anrll a systi in lit Would eilnee the I trgest amuuut Mf id from the whole body; in I having within thein a elf-regiilati..|( power, they aoroiiunodate tliem-elrea Maiiy to countries aud circumstances; and Uud Uiein E NE" w selves as much at home in a distant colony, as in the mother country. The Episcopal system, on the contrary, baring been so long accustomed to lean on the arm of the State, and to employ the complicated machinery of government, and nicely balanced laws provided by it, Qnds in its position hire, that it has every thing to commence anew. We are moreover forced to this strange dilemma, that we have to commence, and yet cannot commence. For before we take one step In forming an ecclesiastical system, we are (orccd to these no easy Inquiries?what obligations still rest upon us by virtue or our descent from the .Anglican stock? llow far may we proceed in the modification of our system ? Anil will our measures, Invested with the necessary sanction?" Correspondence forms a very important portion of a well conducted newspaper, both in England and in the I tilted States, The editor of the AVio Zralnnder has copied their" example in this respect, and we doubt whether he can be heat or even equalled in the originality with which he carries out the idea. "OR I CI IMAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor of the AVic Zealunder: of such an inilux of miserable cattle from New South Wales as we have been lately subjected to? If the towuspe?pl?tblnk they will have more beef, or cheaper milk. they will soon find out their mistake. \)f what use are leun cattle, if they cuunot bo fattened Kvory blade of natural pasture is now devoured by these locusts ; antla dairy muu told me that he has to milk tifteeu cows now, to get the same quantity of milk that eight gave him spring. None but those who have enclosure, can now hope to bring a beast toa marketable condition; and how inauy will be supplied thus I need not calculate. They may say. go into the interior, ilnd out new runs. But this is nut u pastoral country; the lund and climate are too good for this region to bo wasted in cattle runs. There is not to be found enough of poor tracts of open land, where you may see your stock for miles, and your sheep feeding at a gallop; but the country is too generally covered with obstructive vegetation. Do you not believe us? Then go into the hush yourself. Truly yours. RURICOLA." "Then go into the bush yourself" Is excellent; If editors of newspapers adopted this suggestion, their readers would he the guiuers of more reliable information. The following advertisement bears conclusive evidence that the New /calauders have a "Mechanics' Institute," "sculptors," and "stuff" to make statues out of. "THK PUBLIC are respectfully informed that there is now exhibiting, at the llall of the Mechanics' Institute, statues of the principal native Chiefs who figured in the lute northern war. made from volcanic luva in the immediate sent of the Waimute. Admission?Is. each, t liiblrtn half price. ANDRKW MONRO." The editor of the AVir Zealander thus discourses, in a leader of Dec. 30:?" The Tasmanian intelligence, recently received, possesses no general interest, unless to those with sympathies to deplore the ultered condition of that onoe noble provluce, degraded and despoiled by the felon brood to whose scourging it has been delivered, tied and bound. Never, since the foundation of the world, has there been a parallel spectacle to that which Tasmania now presents:?a lair and fertile country, blessed with tho most fruitful fields, tho most salubrious climuto, tho most touting territorial attractions, and all the natural advantages that industrious man can demand or desire; to behold such a country rendered the moral cesspool of the widely extended British empire ?however intolerable the curse?is no reproach to its betrayed inhabitants, but the deep, the damning, the ineffaceable disgrace of the whlgs, who first devised, and still enforce, that bestial conception. It is a stain that will cling to their worthless memory throughout all time. It will be written in nauseous characters amidst their ignoble chronicles; and after historians will, in all probability, denounce them as the infamous ministry that paved the way to crime, erewhile destroyed by fire from heaven. Tasmania appears to labor with but one de?ire, one effort to cast from her the incubus that weighs her, morally. socially, and physically to earth. To achieve that aim, her colonists have preferred an ineffectual petition to the Governor to grant tickets of leave, or passes of removul, to convicts as they arrive, so that the festering corruption may be dissipated and dispersed amidst the surrounding oolonies. We cannot blame them for tho desire, although we cannot but feel most thankful for the protective frustration of their prayer. A longing and inquiring eye is turned towards New Caledonia as a suitable field for the further indulgence of prison discipline theories; and we must say that we cannot but agree that the time has long since arrived when Van Diemen's Land should be freed frcm the further accumulation of pollution. No country has ever been so scandalously outraged. Free settlers were seduced to emigrate in order to neutralize the small amount of crime that had been primarily introduced ; and when that object had been effectually and triumphantly achieved, a ministry of yesterday step into office, reverse the honest and the honorable oourse of their enlightened predecessors, and by a turn astern of the colonial office puddle wheel, submerge the fated province with infamy of their own filthy exportation. The deceptions practised upon unhnppy Tasmania bare been of the most flagitious character. Karl (jrey has been guilty either of deliberate untruth, or of gross prevarication, and, in evidence of the fact, here are our proofs, which we quote from the Itobart Town Couiier of the lfllh ult. Lord (irey instructed Sir William Dcnison to announce in the most unreserved manner, the intention of the ministry to grant free institutions to Van Dieman's Land. Sir William Denison did so. The session of Tai-liamcnt. according to the latest received accounts, was nearly at nn end ; and from a question put to the ministry. it appeared as if Van Uicman'* Laud were not to get the free institutions which it is intended to concede to the other Australian colonies. Sir Willlsjn Denison announced the Intention of her majesty's government to discontinue transportation to VanDicincn's Land. Her mujoety's government has continued it in a worse form than ei er. Local institutions Lave been promised; local institutions have been destroyed. What conclusion are the people to form ?in what promise are the people to put their trust They are to put their faith in themselves alone. They must remonstrate; tlicy must do everything in their power pcuceably and eonstitutionally to secure their rights. All our communications, public and private, are couched In similar strains. Murder and robbery are rife. Iloburt Torn, lato the most safe ami peaceable of aDV of ber Majesty's possessions, is now Infested by wretches who scrapie not at noon-tide violence", t'onvlctiem Is the universal blight?the leprous curse. Convict laborers and convict mechanics come into ruinous competition with the free, who are ' fleeing for their lives " Many have recently arrived hero, and have obtained good employment, and a friend of ours writes that were moderate priced passages from llobart Town to be obtained, and a dozen vessels laid on for this port, they would be filled up In loss than four-andtwenty hours. Desirable as such a consummation would doubtless be to us, is it not deplorable that a onco prosperous province should be so destroyed as thus to crn?li its life's blood from out it ' Alas, Tasmania ! May thy dark hour speedily pass !" Those who wish to know more about Tasmania are informed that it is so called from Tasinau's Land, a peninsula connected with Van Dieman's Laud l>y a narrow isthmus New Zealand, at the end of some of her campaigns. iinfl very unequally uistriouiru ine award*, j no editor of the New Zealand paper gives hli Ideas about it, in the following fashion :? "Sympathixtng, as we have ever done, in the disappointment which must have been felt by those whese gallant devotion merited a very different acknowledgment than that which It has plea?ed the powers that be to bestow, we could not find it In our hearts to suppress a communication (rather out of season) merely because Its Interest is not quite so fresh or so exciting as it was seme eighteen months since. Our correspondent has done justice to a few of our gallant defenders; but his list is still a very incomplete one. and we conceive that good scrvlco in the South was quite a.? much entitled to honorablo distinction as good service In tho North of New Zealand. t'nlucklly. none of the conflicts, either South or North, found so desperate cute a chronicler as the Dmpatch writer of Kuapekapeka. If they had, amid an impartial distribution of decorations and promotion, wo conceivo that Captain Kdward Stanley, of the Calliope, and Major Kdward Cast, ot the 9!>th regiment, would not have gone without their ribbands, Lieutenant Kdward Holmes without his step, nor many other bravo men without their hard won meed. We fear the matter Is not likely to be reconsidered, but that the award of the Horse Ouards. like Lord John Uusscirs measure of reform, rarrlos "finality'' in its face. Had New Zealand, as the Hum Funs of China, produred Its chests of sycoe, a medal might have been screwed from out the captivated tin; but for a kit of nu t. or a basket of hwrn, what better than a beastly bivouac. with abundance of hard knocks, could be expected or extt rted? Alas, for martial glory ! when its outward honors are conferred alien terrifying a horde of wealthy pigtails, but withheld a hen successfully resisting a race ot poor but undaunti d warriors !" In the same number we found no marriages, no deaths, and only one birlh- at follows : ? ' On Tuesday. December )2th. at Quartly Orange, the wife of Dr Weokes. of ason and heir." We suppose that child will bo called a "ereol# New Zta a idi i The weeks" beginning to arrive, It wa? necessary to hnv, a rah uda*. I IIP, A I I M.AIM' AL.MA.A A! l\,mr iu?jrnmw, 1* new imblmhi'd at the A'ric ZtaUtnder office, I'rice? 1" 6d." Our New Zealand editor wiml? lip the year, in the later t ntiuibi r. a* follow* :? ' 1 IHP.vm.I. KoHTT KlflllT 1 Vet ii few brirf hour*, and poor old Korty Kight will hate luldlled Ita deal iny ? ewipt down the all eugulphing tide of time to mingle with the bright or baleful y??ra. It* ebb r born. It W a eolemn lnoinent? t^at pauae. ji t no |.*u*e. between the death of the mature iii.d the lilrth of the unknown year! la It a tit reason for Idle revelry ? Mi think" It la a strange, a mlaplnrrd arrangement of human pleaaure, to dedlente to mlith and merriment the parting momenla of the expiring year?of a period which, truinpi t-fongued, call* for re Meet i to thought a. 4 pnirtve relrnrpection. The close of a year like llie end of the art of a play, rhould prove a Mage at which the aetor may review the eTrora. or the excellence* of the paat: whenoe he may ponder how boat to redeem by gone falling*, to W YO SUNDAY MORNIN avoid future defects, and earnestly atriva to approach perfection at the last. Would that God would inspire our hearts and aoula with a scintillation of his own heavenly wisdom, that when the last and closing scene of life's brief and bitter tragi-comedy shall come upon us, " Like the Roman in the capitol, We may adjust our mantle ere we fall," and conclude the several parts alloted us, with the constuncy, the hepe, and the faith of the true Christian." Tlie Napier Family. The appointment of Sir Charles Napier to the command of the British forces in India having attraction to the Napier family, the following will be read with interest:? [Krom the Dublin Tress.] The Naoiers. of Merchistoun. ure one of the old est families in Scotlund. Sir John Napier, the celebrated inventor of logarithms, was lineally descended from Sir Alexander Napier, who held courtly offices in the reign of Jumes II. of Scotland. The family intermarried with several of the first patrician houses, and wus ennobled in 1627. The sixth Lord Napier was twice married, and the gallant Commodore Sir Charles Napier is the eldest son of the sixth lord's second son Charles, who was also a naval officer. The sixth lord married, secondly, in 1750 Miss Henrietta Johnston, of Dublin, who had isssue by him George Napier, who became a colonel in the army, lie was a man of considerable talents, a soldier of daring courage, and possessed considerable knowledge of the art of war. l ie served in the American war in 1777, and was afterwards on the Karl of Moira's stall' in the Duke of Ymk's expedition. He became comptroller of military accounts in Ireland, und was also town major of Dublin tor some time. While he was residing in Ireland, about the period of 1781, he made the acquaintance of the celebrated t oiu Conolly. of Castletown, the first Irish commoner of the day in point of family and fortune. Conolly was at the head of the country gentlemen in parliament, und possessed considerable influence, lie had married Lady Louisa Lennox, the second daughter of the second Duke of Richmond, and there resided at Castletown, with Lady Louisa Conolly, her younger sister, one of the most remarkable woman of her time. That younger sister was the celebrated Lady Sarah Lennox, of whom George the Third wus so enamoured that it wus believed he would have made her his Cjueen. She was a woman of dazzling and magnificent beauty, und her manners were most captivating. She was the first of her sex who inspired the heait of King George with a tender passion, and his udmiration of her was no secret. Lady Sarah's eldest sister (the Lady Caroline) was married to it t?? t i i i r. * 1 c ill-Ill V X" I'A) lilt: ill ESI iiUlU XlUlltlllU, UI1U IdllltT VI the illustrious whig orator. Lady Sarah had fallen under the tutorage of her brother-in-law Fox, than whom u more artful man of the world never lived, and the young Lady Sarah spared no pains to captivate the heart ot her youthful sovereign., She used to appear every morning, in the spring of 1761, in a lancy habit, making hay in the lawn of Holland house, close to where tne King would pass?(Vide Walpole's lieorge III., vol. 1, p. 64.) But the king married a much less handsome woman, though the intimacy had gone so far that Lady Sarah did not despair of receiving the crown from her royul admirer. Lady Sarah,however, had,to bear Queen Charlotte's train, as one of her bridesmaids, and she afterwards married Sir Thomas Bunbury, of Suffolk. " Iler union with a clergyman's son, in preference to some of the greatest mutches in the kingdom, proved," says Wulpole, " that ambition was not a rooted passion in her." Did Walpole think that one of the Suffolk Bunburys was disparaged by having been in holy orders f The marriage did not prove a happy one. It was dissolved by act of Parliament, on May 14, 1776? (Collins's Peerage, by Sir Egerton Brydgep, vol. 1, Cige 210.) She alterwards resided with hersister, ady Louisa Conolly; and her residence in Ireland was rendered more attractive to her, from the fact that another of her sisters, Lady Emilia Lennox, had married James, twentieth harl of Kildare, and afterwards first Duke of Leinster. .Lady Emilia brought not less than seventeen children to the bed other liege lord, and was mother of the ill-fated Lord Edward Fitzgerald, her fifth son. It is observable that the eecond Duke of liichmond, father of the Countess of Kildare, had not less than twelve children, of whom the eleventh was the beautiful Lady .Sarah now spoken ot. In society in v/usueiown, i.aiiy ounui mei me uon. i>oionei George Napier, betore mentioned, and was united to liim at Jiengrove, in Sussex. Castletown, in Kildare, was one of the most splendid residences then in Ireland. Mr. Conolly maintained extraordinary hospitality, and arranged his house on the plan which Mr Mathew, of Thomastown Castle, first exhibited, of having a coffeeroom for his guests, where they might live as at a hotel, and nothing to pay. (See Sheridan's life of Swift.) The whole country about Castletown teems with interesting associations, to the Irishman of taste and reflection. There BOWS the I,iffey, and yonder is the sj>ot, sacred to n true romance?more strange than any fiction! There, under those trees, stood Vanessa's bower, and there, too, is the garden where, to quote front < irattan's fine lines? "The stern satirist and the witty maid Talked pretty lore, nor yet profaned the shade." There, on that sloping bank, in the grounds of Celbridge Abbey, did the famous orator of Ireland pace to and fro, meditating those snblinie speeches which carried the paint of superior eloquence in his own country, and disputed it with the effusions of Fox in England, and of Mirabeau in France! Vanessa's bower, and Henry Grattan's haunt!? what associations of romance and history are joined to that lovely spot! The very oceneiy itself is rendered more beautiful to the refined inind that muses by the river which flows on as calmly as when .Swift strolled with the beautiful Vanessa on its margin; or when the great patriot of Ireland dreamed true dreams while he soothed his excited mind by its murmuring course. There is nfkt nnrlianfli nn<tlhi>r ctt/tf in Trnlunfl ounfml h\ ua many sentimental associations! (See, for particulars about this interesting place, Scott's Life of Swift, second edition, 1824. p. 246; Monek Mason's "Hibernia Antinua," n. 816; Grattan's Life, by his son, vol. 2, p. 42; and Bremer's Beauties of Ireland, vol. 2, p. 78.) Not far from the spot associated with the names of Swift and Grnttan is Daklev Park, the residence of Mr. Maunsell (High Sheriff ia 1H41). In 1781, Oakley Pork belonged to Mr. Conolly. of Castletown. and was let by him to Colonel Napier, who married Mr. Conolly's sister-in-law, Lady Sarah. There they dwelt together, and there was born their third son, William Francis Patrick Napier, the incomparable military historian. The eldest son, Charles, the hero of Scinde, was born at Whitehall, on the 10th of August, 1782. The second, new Sir George Thomas, K.C.B., Arc. fee., 80tlr June, 1784; and the historian, 17th Dec., 1785. (Burke's Peerage. 734.) Besides these children were IlichnrH, Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford; Henry Edward, who died a captain in the navy, 1836; and Emily Louisa, who married, oddly enough, the present Sir Ilenrv Bimbury, of Suffolk, nephew of Lady Sarah's first husband, and second son of the celebrated caricaturist.?(Burke's Baronetage, p. 146. Lady Sarah Napier was a very remarkable woman, and in Moore's Life of Lord Edward Fitzgerald (vol. 2, p. 230, supra), will be found some very interesting letters from her pen, which attest her mental vivacity and genius. She writes from Castletown to her brother, the Duke of Kiclunond, not long after Lord Edward Fitzgerald died:? 'This whole week (August, 1798) has been passed in accusing, judging, condemning, and ruining the charaeters and properties of poor Edward and his family, and on Sunday Ixml und Lady Caetleresgh. and others have made a party to come and dine and stay here; so that all Dublin w ill hear that ihc very people who passed the week in plunging daggers into poor Tyouisa'a heart hallow the st-ventli day hy a junket to her !" The eieters were uncoiiunouly attached to each other, as may he seen from the correspondence in Moore's hiographtr of I/??rd hid ward Fitzgerald, and tiie letters of botli upon the last days of Lord Ldward Fitzgerald are as striking n picture of tragic emotions in real life as any artist could depict. The young Nupiers were all sent into the army when tney arrived at the proper age. They arc still well remembered in the county of Kildarc by s< rue old people; and about ten years ago, Nir Chnrles Napter paid a visit to the scene where he pw fed his early dnys, and taunted out the spots where, with his gullan, brothers, he had performed many boyish ejt|Uoitr. The young Napiers were famous for their activity and courage, even in their etrly days, and a spice of eccentricity; the oddity of genius wus discernible in their characters. For a long and interesting biographical account ol the hero of Scinde, the reader may he referred to the Ihiblin Univernty Magazine, for November. 1W8. llut none of the Ngpicra have earned a brighter name than the third son, fhr William Napier, the author of the ablest military history in any langu: ge. I !e has reaped laurels which one may v -nture

to predit will live as long as the language in which he has w ritten. His mind is masculine, ardeiit, and imaginative : riehly stored with the lite rat ate of unci ml and modem tunes,an \ lie is music i ofan impetuous thsjucjics, wluch routes by its RK H G, JUNE 10, 1849. energy,and delights withits picturesque and vivid illustrations. To criticise so masterly and justly renowned a work as " The History of the Peninsular War" would he superfluous. With a full acknowledgment of Macaulav's marvellous brilliancy, it may be doubted whether the great essayist could produce so massive, so scientific, und so original a history as Napier's Peninsular War. The siege of Badajoz?the death of Moore ut Corunna ?the battle of Albuera?contain passages of composition which are masterpieces of epic prose. Public characters are painted with critical skill, and scenes described with a graphic force that neither Thierry nor Macaulay could excel, while in weight of matter and"in sustained energy of execution, the reader is reminded of the stupendous work of (iibhon. It is a very curious fact that, after the first volume of this noble history was published, the late John Murray, of Albemarle street, repented ot his bargain, which was XI,000 per volume. The house of Boone then took up the offer of Colonel Napier, and published the succeeding five volumes. Never did any publisher make so great a mistake as Murray did then. But probably he was led into it by his toryism, which was alarmed by the liberalism of Napier. Besides the history ol the war. Sir William Napier has written ' fhe Conquest of Scinde," una a vast number of articles and pamphlets in the reviews, t >ne of his most remarkable articles is a slashing review in the Edinburgh Review, tor 1835, in which lie gibbets to public scorn Mr. Carrick Moore's miserable memoir ot his illustrious brother, Sir John Moore. The reviewer wus indignant at the wretched attempt ot lus author, and indignantly winds up with the question, " Cain ! Cain ! where is thy brother 1" la the same urticle, at page 17, the writer cu-iunlly glances at his eariy nit* in ivuaare. "\vt^ ourselves were tnen vi ry young," he pays, "but being connected with the in my, we were constantly amongst the soldiery, and we well remember with indignation the tales of lust, and blood, and pillage, perpetrated on the Irish peasantry, and recorded by themselves." When a young man, Sir William Napier possessed extraordinary activity, and it is tola of him that h?; could jump his own height i:i a standing leap. His regiment was the "alialit -CM. unci he was severely wounded at the buttle of the ('on, his arm having been amputated by tbe lute Surgeon Lanierte, of Cork. Some few yours since a gardener was excessively insolent, at Hath, to Sir NVilliam Napier and his eon, (who is dumb, but u most intelligent and handsome young man,) when, with his one arm, Sir W. Napier knocked the gardener down. On the case being brought before the magistrates, no fine was inflicted, as it was thought the gardener deserved his punishment. Sir Win. Napier niurried Caroline Fox, neice to the great whig btuteamun, and daughter of Hen. Henry Fox. Thus the Napier family, independently of its own ancient descent, is connected by marriage with the clueul houses of Richmond and Leinsier, besides the illustrious house of Fox. The sons of the hirtoriun of the peninsulur war can thus boast that they have in their veins the blood of Churlcs the Second, King of England, and the family blood of Charles, the great king of all whigs, past, present, and to come. Snowy Mountain In Africa. [Kroui the London Atlicnnuni, April T.J The announeement of the discovery which the Rev. Mr. Kebmaiin, ofthe Church Missionary Society, has made of a lofty mountain covered with perpetual snow, in the parallel of Mombas in Eastern Africa?about four degrees south of the equator?induces me to trouble you with a few observations with reference to the subject. Several years ago, Mr. Coolcy wrote as follows:? "The most famous mountain of Eastern Africa is Kirinianjani; which we suppose, from a number of circumstances, to be the highest ridge crossed by the road to [the country ofl Monomoezi."?Journ. Roy. Geo. Soc., xv. 213. I have it in tnyj?ower to state that the mountain discovered by Air. Kebmunn is named by him Kilimandjaro; so that it is no other than the "famous mountain" of which Mr. Cooley1 had thus heard. Its elevation cannot well be less than about 20,000 feet?which is much highpr flian. nnvflnncr u p vpt knnwnf in l?ni?fprn Afrif?n* the loftiest neat of the mountains of .Sumen in Abcssinia, Abba Yared, being only about 15,000 feet above the ocean. Hilunandjnro is evidently tlie "white mountain" reported by M< d'Abbadie [ Ath., No. 1,111] as liaving been described to Ihtron von Muller's boatman on the Nile by Nikla, the king of the country on the banks of the llahrel Abyad under four degrees and five degrees north latiiude. "In my youth, (said Nikla j I travailed a gfeat way towards the south, and found there men white like Turks. I saw there the origin of the lhihr el Abyad?so named (suid the boatman) from a very large mountain, whose peaks are completely white. The river threw itself from this mountain, which is culled the White Mountain."' It is added, that "this boatman, who hud visited Nikla four times in order to purchase ivory, had never heard of snow, and could not give an exact idea of the distance from Nikla's country to the far distant White Mountain." The interval between Nikla's country and the snow-capjied mountain seen by Mr. Kebmann?from four degrees north to lour degrees south latitude?is about 600 miles, which is not at all an unreasonable distance. This accords, too, with M. Werne's statement, that the Bahr el Abyad comes from a distance of thirty days' journey pouth of the extreme point readied by the second Egyptian Expedition up the Nile, which he accompanied. On a comparison of these various particulars, it seems to result thHt the Bahr el Abyad, the direct strcum of the Nile, has its origin in Mount Kilimnndjaro, in or adjoining to the country of Mono-Mopv.i. I have on freuiicnt occasions explained tsee especially Edinburgh Neic Phil. Journ., xjv. 221, tl tcq.) that in the lunguagc of the Sawahilis, or natives of the Zangebar coast of Eastern Africa, Mono means king, and Moezi means moon; and 11 lit t it was from these ptopls tkli Ptolemy derived his name of the mountains of the moon, (Moezi), in which he placed the sources of the Nile?the lakes of that river being fed by the snows of those mountains. It is now shown to he more than probable that the words of the Alexandrian geographer will, after the lapse of 1,700 years, be found to be true to the letter. This result 111 no way militates against the statement of Herodotus and other writers of antiquity, that the Nile rises in the west. Two different main branches of the river w ere known to the ancients. The one of these is the liahr el or Ke'tlah, with which llerodotus and others anterior to the time of Ptolemy were acquainted, and of which they heard from the natives of the const of the Mediterranean; and its sources must be looked for to the west of 1 tarfur, towards Lake Tchad. The other is theltuhrel Ahyad or White River; the knowledge of whose sources and of the snowy mountains in which they are situate was acquired by Ptolemy though the Greek merchants of Alexandria trading with the east coast of Africa. The Church Miuionary Record for February last (vol. xx. p. 30, tt tcq.), contains a brief but very interesting account of Mr. Robmann's excursion to the mountainous country of Taita, situate about ninety miles to the west of the missionary station at llabbuy Empia (Now Rubbay), near Mombas. lie was accompanied by only eight persons, and tnet with a very friendly reception from the natives in the interior, lie states, that "the character of the pesple is free from that savageness which would rentier it unadvisable for one or two individuals only to reside in their country?and rather displays much composure, gravity, and quietness, as is generally the i ase with people living in mountainous countries." llence, there is every reasen to hope for a favorable issue to Dr. Hiulloblot/ky's ex|s?dition into these regions. It may b<- jicrniitted me to recall to the remembrance of your readers the plan of his journey, as settled w ith myself before his dopaiiiue ft out Knglond in June last. "Proceed... Mombas, on the >-nst coart of Africa,in about I deg. S. lat. At Mombas. or in its vicinity, niskc arrangements for travelling Into the interior Willi u native cnruvnn or ouicrwisc. ii is iiiimcipated llmt a journey of about !>>< or 400 miles from the coast. in a diiection between west and northwest, will hring the traveller to the edge of the table-land of Lantern Africa, at the water-n irting between the basin of tlie I nner Nile and those of the river?- Lufidji, O/i, (Pokomezi or Maro) nnd Sabnki, tlowmg eastwards to the Indian Ocean. On reaching the table-land, determine the southern limits of the basin of the Nile, or that extensive tract of Africa which drains towards Kgypt; and visit, if possible,_ the sources of the principal streams ?l.ich uistite lo form that river," Arc. it isagieat satisfaction to ine to find mys"lf so inech mistaken as to the distance of the eastern edge of the table-land front the const?which would now appear to he only about 100 miles, insteud of SW) or 4t>ft, as I had been led by various circumstance* in conclude. And it is not less gratifying to know that Dr. Hiallohlotzky wdl find so much i f his work prep- red to his hand hy these preliiniiiaiy labors of his worthy countryman, ?.f whose expeiicncc he w ill enjoy the inestimable benefit. I am, iVr , (', '1'. IIkkk. The Indian mail has jurt brought me news from Dr. Hi.ilb' fht tin- 4th id January ki*i he w as ai M meat; whither In: hud gone on from Aden and M iculln, and where lie was looking for a ves- I *?1 to lake him to Mcuibas or Ziuuibur. [ERA The Oold Region, The letter from which the subjoined extracts ere made appears to have been written by a member of the commission for running the boundary line between the Called States and Mexico. It la addreesed to a gentleman in Charleston, and published in the Mertury:? .Bav or Sav Khaml-ixco, April 10, 1S49. 1 arrived here on the 1st Instant. Our commission ' had a meeting the next day and became organised, . but have not been able to commence our duties for the want of means. The Commodore and all the navy officers are well disposed to co-operate with us. so far as regards the lending of boats and crews for theui, but the many at tern pts of the sailors to desert from boats when a?hore, and even from the ships at | anchor, will not justify the employment of the sailors upon cur work. There appears to be a wild phyenxy j amongst all classes to get at the diggings. The most l extravagant estimates are formed of the gains to be | derived from tbut occupation, and the cost of labor ! procured lor ordinary purposes is proportionately ex- j was nt Sail Francisco a few days ago, and received the offer of ono hundred dollar* u month; and. on his refusal. it was intimated to him that hu might make double that mm. 1 waa. a few day a ago, at Benicia, a new town, laid out, and about to ba built, gome twenty- live or thirty miles frem thin, in the direction of the mines it lies on the Horth aide of the: strait that connects the Bay of San Piil/o with Soisurv Buy. into which the Sacrnmento and Sun Joaquin rivers are discharged. A large party of us, including General Smith and Commodore Jones, went there in the steamer Kdlth While at anchor there, three of the crew of the F.dith deserted, although their wages were one hundred dollars a mouth and found. These facts will illuFtrute the wild notions of the working classes as to the ralue of lubor. Success at the diggings depends on luck in finding good spots Many lull, and none succeed who lifte labor. So they say. [From the Illusion Transcript.] San Francisco, March ft. 1840. I embrace an opportunity to write you by a vsssel to Muratlan. it being impossible for thu steamer to leave for souto time, as every man bus left her, except Captain Marshall We left Patmmu on the first day of F ebruary, and arrived here on thu 28th, stopping on the way at Tabasco, Acapulco, San Bios, Maaatlan. and Monterey, lit ft re we got to tho latter place, our coal was all gone, and we hud to burn up the spars, hencoops. and everything else we could iHy hands on. Were detained there four days cutting" wood, which brought us here. The steamer brought up about J75 ,.,..1 I 1?.IU?.. II,..V ?ll I. ,11 l,?|. .liw.ll.lUfl...I in every particular. Our lure was miserable, and II I live to come liouie. I will bring a sample of the beef sucli as was given us to eat 011 the voyage. It is very colli here, and lust Saturday we had a severe snow storm, ivhich affect* us very much after such a long stay at I'anauia with the thermometer at tH); however, we are getting used to it, and waiting for the weather to moderate so ss togo;upto the mines, which seems to bo the object of ull now. although you know they were ashamed to own it before leaving home, saying they intended to go into business. &n. 1 have bueu offered two hundred dollars a month, as clerk, it I would bind myself for a year, but I prefer trying the diggings one saason at least. From all I can icaru. tbcaierageot the miners is about $>20 to $30 per day. D?? and myself continue together, and so far, to our mutual advantage. Wo tried to hire some kind of a shop, but found It impossible, nor could we get u chance to sleep in a house, unless we paid something like fitty dollars a month, and at that, would he obliged to sleep on tbo lloor. Not being in a condition to pay such extravagant rates, we bunted round on the second day. found an old shed, without floor or door, which we hired for $40 per month, and yestcrdav wo opened an "Auction and Commission Store," and are doing very well. We had a large sale yesterday, and to-morrow have another, which rather disturbs the old merchants, who. until now, have had everything their own way. You recollect the pair of horse blankets which you wrapped around some of my things, and will hardly believe me when I tell you 1 could sell them for $30; woollen socks will bring almost any price; lumber is worth from $800 to $000 per thousand. A good carpenter can get from $lu to $20 nor day, and If any fault 18 found, will drop bis tools anil gi, us it Is easy to get another job. I sold pistols at auction for $40 ajpair, which cost $8 in New York; and fine ivory combs at 60 cents, which cost about 60 cents per docen, nod other guuui m ]Tiii univD. iruu iu? iicnmion 01 ini> rem [ of the "old shanty," wo manage to get along at small expense, keeping bachelor's hall for about 7o cents a day. I have a little bag of the real stuff, which I shall end by the first opportunity. It is plenty enough here, and every poor devil, with hardly any clothes on his back, will hare a pouch full of gold. It is taken In payment generally, at fourteen dollars and a half an ounco. From my own observations and inquiries, I should say, that the stories published in all the papers before I left, were uot exaggerated at all; in faot, I do not believe the half has been told. I shall write you soon after I have been up to the mines, and give you a description of the country, ku. it Is very peaceable here, but there is no law. Movements of California Kmlgranta. [Corrcspondenco of the Little Hock Democrat.] Va? Di acs, April Id, 1849. This has been a busy day in town; many of the California emigrants took up their line of march. In consequence of the miry coudition of the roads through the Choctaw Nation, and the. delays aud obstacles met with by the parties that went that route, many of the migrants who wore encamped on tho south side of tho river, rrosstd over and took the road on the north side, up to Webber's f alls, following llregg's route from Van liuren to Sauta Fe. Although the road to Webber's Falls has not been worked upon tor several years, and Is therefore in a bad condition. It is far preferable to the one through the Choctaw Nation, because it has a Laid Lottoin abounding in neither swamps nor miry places. It is easier to get a wsgon over a rough rocky rend than through inud up to the axletrees. and hence tho emigrants that had not left up to this date, adopted this routs. Tho Little Rock company left on the 16th. Having some up all the way on the south side and being encamped on that side, took the route through the Choctnw Nation, but had selected a different road, going some eight or ten miles up the i'orteau before they erssfed. 1 heard from them yesterday; they had reached the I'orteau, and so far bad gone on very well. The Van Buri n company left to-dsy. tnking the routs by U ehber's f alls, and will uuito with the Little Rock Company at Little river. The Rev. W. W. Stevenson, who has been very sick. Is convaloscing and will talcs the raddle to-morrow, in coinpuny with his son John, audprocecd l>y modern journeys untilthey overtake the company. Among the emigrants who left this plaee, to-day, ? . I. - L UUin. i.-A?iullnn far.! I.' A U.I/I ".""J'"? - * m-nu?.,...?... V !>., ... ... U..Uwin, taking with them 35 pack miller, and one two-horse wagon. hauled by four mules. Thoy intend to make tlie wagon keep up in a park mule rate of travailing. They will go through all the "nigh cute." and will take the old Spunisu trail from Santo Ko toCiudad do Ion Angelas: and expert to get through in (to days with good lurk. This is one of the beat titled out companies that I know of. being provided with all kinds of machinery and India-rubber flxin's including u life boat, capable of carrying 12 men at a time. In this company nrv dome young men. sons of the wealtbot families in New York they go to dee the "elephant," and they'll xee it. Left to-day. also, the Vasblngton City Company, Captain L. B ltobinson. They have all ox teams, aud arc taking along harness for inuled, when they get to Santa Fe. il tbey xee fit. Along with ttda WMipay, a re lev era 1 rcieutiflc gentlemen, geologists, racneralogisti, ' assayers. Ac.; one. Mr. Bucbel, brother-in-law to Mr I'reuxs, the artist who accompanied Col Fremont in his ! expeditions. 'This company has a gold washing ma- I chine, which will do the work of 150 men. The Louisiana Mining Association. Captain Pebrah. bud all horse and mule teams, they were well organised and fitted out. Captain Mctcalf and party, from St Joseph. Missouri, j went with pack mule*, expecting to unite with Bald- ' win's and other pnek mule companies at Little lliver. , where tbey will number about 200 strong. It is strange that Independence claims to hare the best raute. jet the cltixenx of Missouri come from the \ very neighborhood of that uity. through by the Canadian. Although several hundred left here to day. and thinned out the crowd, yet there are small squads that will ! not leave for three or four days, and some not for a week. They are detained waiting far friend' who hava not vet arrived, and parties will continuo to leave here, '.I-.- ... .V f,., ..I 1, U C?rl?l,rl,? An,,. rjvry mg vr lutro vi?j- ?v. ... ... . w ... n thor party if fixing up to leavifIn May; thin will afford a faint able opportunity to thoau who cannot got off un- i til next month Many letter* have horn received here, | from othor Status, stating thut number* will be h?ro to leave In May. The Cotton Plant aril Ted this morning bringing tip a few more emigrant*, among tli.m. ( apt. I'mia. and Mr. ' llaya, of New Orleana. They are ahead of soma friend*, } and will either stuy here or a few mile* hack of town. j a few daya. until tfio Penny wit com? up. wltli thair fill uds. numbering some 40 or Do emigrants. If tliey I should not be ab<.aid, tliey will then lwtve with the Urbt tompany. The fort Smith Company, Cant. Dillard left on the 14th. 1 lie t an Bui en fidk*. although they ouly Uft to-day. expert to bo at Camp llolinu* first This < ahi'ornla emigration has been the source of immense prolit to the citireus of Arkansas, and should be oneomiiged by the pre**, the puldle men. and every one. '1 hey have left at thi* point, alone, about jfiO.IHK) j for oxen, horse*, mules, baeon. Hour. le,. x.c.; an I probably n* much more at Kurt Smith C.very branch of bustur** Hoiirlshi d. Next year, after the advantage* of this route over all other* hi come published to tin world, the whole etulgruthin will go through Arkansas and onr merchant*, farmer*, flock-raiser* and ell. should prepare thenmelvr* to meet the demuud* for Hie i.ulht Although 3 000 emigrant* liavc left liere. tliere ia yet a surplus of stork and provisions at both plana. The St Joseph Qasrttr of the 27th ult my':?During the pa*i week. *nme twelve htiudred rmigrauta liavu arrived at St Joseph, by land ami water A large number thnt have birn encamped at tin* place lor aeveral day* have left for (all lorn la. Cp to Thursday, near brei hundred wagons had rroaaedthe Missouri river at Hunan s ferry, four inilesabove town, while more than double that number have rro**ed at the St. Joseph tarry W also learn that aeveral hundred have oroased at the diffi lent ferries between thi* pl.iceaud the Bluff*. I Wr think we are safe in snying that one thousand wa- I gon* are now over the river above thi* plaeo. The .4ifnn/*i t of the same dale *ay?: - Wa are infvirnvd ty a genliauiao. jnat from Council Bluila, that, LB. TWO CENTS. judging from the numb?r already there, and those known to be on tho road from Iowa, Wisconsin, Mtohlgun, and the northern part of llllunls, there will be at least fitehuudred wagons cross the Missouri at that point, and that they will average four wen to a wagon; equal to two thousand persons. On Sunday and Monday last, some of our citlxens berule alarim d in consequence of a few cases reported to Lu cholera. The truth is, a< near as we can learn, there have been ten ruses reported to be cholera; of these, five died on Sunday and Monday. Of these tive. three were residents of St. Joseph, and two emigrauts. Wo liavo been informed lhat two deaths, reported to bo troni cholera, occurred yesterday. The majority of tho physicians say there is not a ease of Asiatic cholera in town. (Correspondence of the St I.ouls Ttepiihlican.] IsDrrrsDRmc, April 'J7. 1849. There are a few eases of sickness here; some two or three deaths within the past week, supposed to be cholera. We hear that the cholera and email pox prevail 'osome extent at St. Joseph, 'l'he California emigrants are fast moving out. There is a report in town, O. W. I'aul's company have lust thirty mules, which at rsvnH uwuv front punm ?ltl-> un.t !..? LTonuuj TiVer. The first train of the ' Pioneer Line" hue moved out, and la now In ramp about ten mile* from here. Tho lireprietors have secured the cervices of the celebrated ".loses Harris, known to everybody who has lived in tho j mountain*, or passed the road to California or Oregon, as "black Harris." As a guide, you are probably aware he lias hilt few. if uny superiors. A second train will start on I tie tlrst of June. Ouo hundred and eight passengers go out in the first train, if they all urrivu hero in time. A Victoria letter of the ultimo, from Iter. Mr. Weld, chaplain of tho Kreuioot Association of emigrants to California, shows that the company, on reaching that point in Western Texas. h< came dhhoartcne I ? the Indians, cholera, poverty, and some '2 000 miles of wilderness yet to be traversed, being too milch for thrni The company was organized in New V'ork by j Mr. Jtaac brower, all of whose calculations hud proved | allariouH. and he had honorably surrendered every| Ling to his associates. Mr. VVeld says compauie.s were onstantly passing them on their return home, coin| fletcly broken and discouraged. The route is fraoglit, I e says, with immeasurable difficulties, front disease, accidents, and attacks of the savages. And yet a por| lion of his aaioeiates had csnoludod to go on Among I those who were to return, we notice Mr. Thomas ilulden, ?f *ldv. CONNECTICUT. The bark J. Walla, Jr., Cttpl. Sanford.wastowed to the mouth of New lluvcn harbor on the 26th inat., where she anchored, te wait fair wind and ;i _ ?J i u . i. i . J _ >L wpiuner, anci wuw rpjumeu in iinvt; Hautu on uiu 27th. The following is u list of ull on board :? Officers aud crew:?Jostah Sail ford, jr., master; Nathaniel M. Wullls. 1st mate; Daniel Drew,Jr., 2d do.; Charles t arter, 1st cook; Charles Johnson, 24 do.. New York; Charles 11. Taylor, 1st steward; Joseph Alexander, 2d do.; Sherwood Wildman. Hugh McNeil, Kden Booth, William A. Noyos, Abel Robinson, 1'bilip llunersey, seamen. Williams' and Stanley's company:? John Williams, William L Farley, James Audruwe, A. H. Glover. William Llbbey, E. Churrington, George Wllsin, J. II. Lounder, Joseph II. Mack. Brother's Mining and Trading Company.?Abel H. Cook, frcsident; George 11. Koote. Secretary; Wellington TuHle, Treasurer; Wm J.Smith, Horace W. Byington, K. Edwoudson, rhysiciau; Mattbalas E. Willing, Chaplain: James K. Barnes, Stephen Bldwell, John Cunningham, William Dnnn, Wm. M. B. Oorham. Monroe S. Oillctt, Ilenrv Leonard, Jlolajxt W_ Monson, George Pratt, Samuel L. Potter, Leverstt 1 Stevenson, G. Smith, Henry C. Smith, M. P. Thomas, L. Wheeler. S. F. Hicks, A. T. Bunnell, G. A Cotton, T. F. Castle. Charles W. Foster, Nathan E. Hawley, Hiram Jerccfie, Walter L. KUbourn. Levi Langdon, Wm. Morgan, Charles I Moses, Joel II. Root, W illiam M. Warren, Salmon P. Burdict, John F. Beach, John L. Clark, Samuel H. Clark, Theodore Green. Isaac 11 Higby, Nathan Mansfield. Eseklel W. Nettleton, Sherman D. I Steel, Henry K. Stowe, Samuel Tkbbats. Isaac N. Gilbert, Ambrose Hall, Richard M. Ktrkham, Joseph W. Narramore, Alanson X. Welton, S. B. Blakeslee, George L. Goldsmith, l.ewis Cleminons, Lyman Smith, Robert C. Bronson, Henry Betts, Thomas B Davis, Thomas Jones, Austin W. Dorman, Samuel D. Hills, Giles Stillman,Jr., Norman Mills, Charles Stone, Zina Mallory, James Smith. Georgo Jacobs, Wm Smith, Nathaniel W. Wailis. Silas T. Gammons, Daniel Drew, E. H. Hunting, Henry D. Plait. Thomas Bishop. Godfrey Blnloe, Henry E. Johuson. Hiram J. Wallace, Thos. A brums. New York ; Nathaniel M. Hioks, Isaac H. Mcrriam. Henry W. Stlllman, Albert B. Candee ?Total, 104. MASffACHTTSRTTS. The brig Ann, Captain Burnham, cleared at. Boston on ike 1st inst., for Sun Francisco. Ths following are the names of all who go out in her:? The Matte pen and California Trading and Mining Company?liosea 11. Smith, President, of Deerfleld, New Hampshire; J*? K. Gardlaor, Vice President, or Saco, Me.; Isaac F. Ryan. Secretary, of Freetown, Me.; Capt. 8. r. Burnham, of Gloucester; Joshua C. Grafton, ol Boston, Lorenzo Law ton. of Frestown, Me., and William Austin, of Boston, Directors; Dr. John May, of Burlington, Vt.. physician; Matthew Stuart, Edgar Humphrey, 11. Peeler, J. W. Rico, W Hooage. J.Cheever, T. C. George, Enoch Strout, of Boston; Jas Nalan, John Donald, Edw. Thornton, of Maiden; Heed Welch, Jas. Lowcry, Edw. Short, of Lowell; Henry Lour, of Fort Covington, N.Y.; Wm T.Thompson, of Jericho. Vt.; Thos. wiuthrop. of Ballard Vale, Ms.; Jona. Hopkins, of Burlington, Vt.; John Goodrich, of Concord. N. 11.; Thomas Sheridan, of Roxbury; John Sweeney, of Stowe, Ms.; Thomas W. Southard, of Salem; Wm. Benton, of Gloucester; Dunbar AreriU,of New Fame, N. H.; Daniel L. Smith. George Goodridge Jr., of Charlustown; Henry Hansen, of Boston; Jona. P. Lnugee, of Manehester, N. H.; James C. Tuber, 1st officer of the alii p. of Freetown, Me.; Wm. Allison, itd do., of Somrrrille. Ms; II. B. Thomas, seaman, of do.; lly L Hlnke. Francis o Smith, seamen, of Boston; Fredk E. Luf kin. seaman, of Concord, N. II. Passengers?John Smith, of Orleans. Mass.; Wm. H. Bailey, of Portland?Total, 44. The ship Jacob Perkins, r.apt. Collins, sailed from Boston, on the ild inst , for Kan Francisco, with the following passengers:?Messrs. Edward F. Baker, of Roxbury: John Kayner. of Sonlh Reading; F. G (-'itch, of Cbariestewn, N.ll.; Thus. Rogers, of I'ittsfield. N. Y.? Total, 4. Louisiana. The steamship Isthmus cleured nt New Orleans, on the 28th ult., tor Chngres, with the following passengers:? Mrs. Irene McCready, Mrs. E. llust. Mr. P. M. Seoof. fy and lu?ly, Mr. William Greene and lady, Messrs. Antonio Gobi. H. Hart, J. S. Moors, Julien Gallard. B. 11. Howell, Wm. Corcoran, Kobt Ura<ley?Total 13. M. Proudhon ?The mystery which envcloncd the abode where M. Proudhon hud retired, nas been discovered, he lives now in Geneva, in the house of M. Kasy, chief of the democrats in Switzerland, and has changed Ilia name for that of M. Fronient, professor of mathematics, ami political refugee from Belgium. It appears that M.Proudhon, when he was living in Paris, was courting the daughter of a lace maker, and had for a rival a young tnun employed in the store of the future latin r-in-law of the celebrated^socialist. When M. 1 roudlioii wa.H obliged to tly out ot Paris, by the failure of the " Bunk of the People," hm<J the verdict rendered against him for article* published in thu journal 1st PtvjAt, a love correspondence took plnee between hiin and the young lany. The rival ot M. Proudhon intercepted one of'her letters, which, very curious to suy, was tcriniuatcd hy n niece of poetry, directed to the old and ugly French Fotirriei ite, in whichahe calls him "My angel!" Our renders who understand the French language, will appreciate the poetry, which is as follows; ? Du desert do la vie. en piircourant In greva t'n ange est npparu, un anno do bonheur, Hui vient a mo* ennuis appellor tiaalque trc ve. i.t. par son doux souris. atth dir ma doulcur. Pour iiiol, mon soranhin, tu i|ulttes ta deuteure, Sans crainto do fouler la tango d'iol-baa. Tu souris it ma jole. ot. rpiand mon tune ploure. Au li?u do t'envolor, tu uio t uis pas a pas. Fi oods in Syria.?a letter from Beirut, in Syria, published in the Aleut Pnqluiut Puritan, gives the following description <>f the destruction mu.d by tlwods of rain, in that country:?The pa-t winter has been unusually severe. For sevau wo. Its from the beginning of the new year, the rain?with the exception ot u dav. now end then- hits to.tirod ilimn in one eon tinuoua torrent. That you may Mr* some idea of the storm allow me to moutiou a tew particular*. Many of the house* in Beirut have been pulled down, owing to the large fissure* that appeared In the walla. *o that it ? tt dangerous to lire in thrui. Other* that have n"t been injured an much, are supported by prop*, to prevent their falling Among other buildings, tha printing-office ol the tire, k ' hurch haa been deserted a* no longer tenantable At Nalir Beirut. tihudlr and KiTr Sheema a great deal of property haa been destroyed hy flood* in tbe river*. In \\ ad.v Shahrur, there have been several land-elides. I'pward* of one hundred bouse* have fallen hi the large village ofShuweifut. which lie* between kefr Sheeumand the sea Matty house* in other parts of Lebanon have shared tho siiine fate. NearStdon.aUud-*lid*eompletely destroyed a village, burying it i* raid, the inhabitant* in ike ruin*. Tiik Tradk of run Uhtu Lakks ?A glance at . the* tupping list of the Hutialo Comtntreial Adverlittr of Monoay. give* a fair idea of the extent of tho commerce of the Lakes. That paper reported a* having arrived at KulTaln. front various port* on tha upper Lake*, front Saturday noon to Mon-lay noon, la steamers. 5 propeller* 1 bark S brigs, and 70 schooner*, freighted with 'JtHi (MM) bushels ot wheat. 180.0IM) bushel* of corn, and >4 000 bhl* ot Mos.r?eijual to an aggregate of b*lf a million bushel* < f grain, beside* the nsual quantity ot provision* and lumber which accompanies a fleet from the West. (?f the mode in which these large receipt* are to bo disposed of. the Comimrrctal JlHctrHttr remark*: ? " Tne elevators are nearly *11 full, and a* near a* wo aan get at it. there is not storage room for over IdO.HUO or 160 (MiO bushel*. Some 100 (MM) bushel* have been sold to arrive, and this quantity will go loto beat* Tha balance will have to be provided for in soma way or other and a* the break in tbe canal will detain boat* some three or four day*, forwarder* who are fortunata enough to have boat* here, will obtain a slight advaaaa in canal freight."- ?M*wy Argut, J<tn* 0.

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