r NEW YORK HERALD. BwtliWMt 0*ra?r of Pultoi and Kaaaan iti. JAJtIBB GORDON BKNNKTT, PROPRIRTOR. TUB DAILY HERALD?str ?m?: tT Mr annum Tllk MUR \l.\(, KDirM.V i. pmbliehii t*1 tbsss o'clock. A. M., o nd isti ibuhd before breahfaeI: (??> ?? AFTERNOON EDITION rau bs h id of the noses boy} otone o'clock ; fA. socanil 'it Ikect o'clock, P.M. TDK WEEKLY IIERAI.D. for circulation on Mil /?Hoent, ic published every S :tttrdfty, ot fi1^ ccntc per copy, or $A par onrum ; for etrrul tton Europe, una printed in t\-cnch and Enulish, <f (tl? re>i4? per copy, or $4 per annum?the lotter p ire tn include the poet toe. ALL LETTER S Ay moil, for ubscriptio ?, or irith odmoctieemente, to be p.i.t-p i i.1. or the pott.'ye leill he deducted from the money rrmitlsd KiLUNTAR V Ct)RR RHFUNDENCR. eontonine bnr riant news, solicited from ,my </uorter of the world; lied, trill In lib, r 'llu p <?' for THE HER Al.U KRTA ft I IS II VEN T ? open throughout the ie/ht. NO NOTICE token ot on nymoue commit nicotians. H hotever is intended for insertii . must be t nihentientcd by the nanu owl address ot tor te iter; out nrreieui ily for publication, but ot o on inter of 'us cood faith. IVe cannot return rejerled rornm u i.ir etions. ADVERTISEMENTS Irenrvt ' cry mo mine, and to bt publi'hrrl in ttir n/ternoon rditwiit,) ul r?n??K.!/>/< prim; to hr i'tr , i? n />/ ;<n. Uvihle m.inntr; tJit prop I i. /?/ not or rort in in t nut c ript. PR /jv TlSa o f nil Kim'' t r trutnl hr i utif u!ly, line with drtfitch. (Jrtlrrn rrroirril oI 'hr other AUUHCUENT8 THIS EVENING. bowerv THEATRE. mn*rry?Cl'iidi Dotal?T*vm lirt'i in Uang**?MKt rrx. BROADWAY THEATRE, Br??ilw?j?Foi.btt a? Irm.i X>BAbOCM. NATIONAL THEATRE, ChA*hitm Sqnnm? TIkib at Law ? Tubfic Yuarii ArTH Kivai. Captain*. BURTON'S THEATRE hwt.t.pr. itrmt?How to Pat to1<k it iimehwdman ? i.ia. CASTLE HARDEN ? Pimiit'. a he Concbiit. MECHANICS' HALL. HrAiJwA/, near Bronraa?Chri?tt h minatbm.?. APOLLO SALOON, (In rh? Parlort)?Siaumh Twin?, 8 06. A m 10. Nrw York, Tnciiluy, June 1*4, IM4U. IMtllO]) Donne nlid tile Holy K|tlsnopal Cliurch In Nevr Jersey. The recent txputi of the financial operations of one of the moat distinguished scions of the Episcopalian slock, in tho eminently respectable State of New Jersey, has very naturally attracted a great deal of attention. Among the newspapers which have devoted more or less of their precious columns to this precious affair, wc have observed one which has been particularly zealous. Hitherto, its spasmodic efforts at wit, poetry, fury and bombast, have been aimed at thieves and pickpockets, with an occasional dash at a heroic burglar or chivalric robber of pantries. With others, this print has now got hold of a live bisltop, an^ assumes a great deal of credit for its priority in bringing his interesting peccadilloes to the notice of the sovereign people. In fact,now that Walker has been acquitted, Bit-hop Doane and the cholera re the all-absorbing objects of public attention. They have hud a solemn convention about this case of Bishop Doane?they have; and nothing, since the deluge, has equalled the awful sublimity of that solemn occasion. The lleverend Charles King was there?he was; and the Reverend Charles King opened his mouth as wide ns that of Job, or the ass of the prophet, and delivered himself of an overwhelming budget of pathos and piety. Brundy and bathos are abundant at Burlington ; and the Reverend Charles King, with characteristic incontinence, discharged his share of the religious duties of this tremendous convention in a ppt ech in fuvor of Bishop Doane's immaculate purity, which only the Rev. Charles King could have delivered. The Rov. Charles King, ws are told, insisted, " that whereas, upon rumor or new.-paper charges, the meanest criminal could not be arraigned, it was intolerable that a man of such eminent services as Bishop Doane, of such untiring devotion to the church, of such self-sacrificing labors, should be held up as a suspected criminal."? Bravo ! Nor did King want associates in this cru?ade of affectionate piety. Mr. llslsted, another reverend son of the Holy Episcopal Church in the Jcrsies, took ths opposite side, and actually dared -1 * . - .1 ? r * ? \i? inni hi me neccssiry or some investigation into the case. The Reverend Horace Greeley, too? for we suppose they are all reverends?has his finger in this pie ; as he has his finger in every pie ; just like the awkward clod-hopper, who will, when lie visit? our great city, insist on poking his nose into every mock auction store in Broadway. Now, this whole matter about Bishop Doane tnav be resolved into a nutshell. Bishop Doane is a very pious, eloquent, excellent man. lie is, in fuct, a jewel of a bishop. Since he commenced liis ministrations in the noble State of New Jersey, preachers and piety have gone up enormously. Yet, bankruptcy and bishops are not altogether incongruous. Bishops are human?they are! Bishops cat, drink, sleep, laugh, cry, get in debt.? Tailors, confectioners, bakers, butchers, grocers, boot-makers, wine merchants, are, also, all human. The stern severities of their rules of business are, ahib! liable to be violated one day by an eloquent loafer, and the next by a consecrated bishop! Such is human nature ! A Jerseyman is, it is true, as we all know, not much given to tha " melting mood." More practical than poetical, he does not often yield to the human weaknesses which do prevail in less favored latitudes. But, nil! what Jerseyman can withstand tho blandishliu nts ot a bishop ! " If to lii* share some natural errors fall. Look on bis gown, and you'll farget them all." Yet, after all, our Jersey friends?the confectioners, and the bakers, and the butchers, and the bootmakers, and the tailors, and the grocers, und the builders, and the catpenters, and the hewers of wood and the drawers of water?are not without excuse for their verdant philanthropy?their consuming love of a bishop. Not without effect had Bishop Doane sent forth, year after year, from the pious press of beautiful Burlington, his apostolic manifestoes. Into no unwilling cars hud he, Sunday after Sunday, poured his poetical descriptions of the California of the skies. Not in vain had lie, from week to week, from one collegiate anniversary to another, dazzled the eyes of the too susceptible tradesmen and shopkeepers of Burlington with his gorgeous paintings of the New Jerusalem. A new bank, of inexhaustible coffers and unlimited means of discount, was thus ojiened to the peaceful and plastic villagers. Who so senscas to refuse credit to him who "Heads bis title olear To LuftualoD* in the skies?" What boatmaker. or tailor, or confectioner, or carjienter, or grocer, or butcher, living, moving ?nd having his being in the Christian town of Burlington, could hesitate to give unbounded credit to u Kiwlwm U'hn ilpult rill t Inf o in ?lw. v r __ ? ?- ? new Jerusalem, with its streets of gold und its palaces all studded over with jewels of inestimable value 1 lcc cream and mutton chops in exchange for houses in the Jhcavenly city ! What Jersey man could resist the temptation 1 Nay, what New Yorker would not have plunged head and ears into the business 1 Great is Diana of the Ephesians! The Iloly Episcopal Church grows apace in the affection its regards of the faithful. Every day reveals new glories in the hierarchy of this genteel denomination?this respectable phase of Christianity, which clothes itself in fine linen and purple, and, faring sumptuously every day, turns up its lordly nose at the miserable creatures who are content with the humble fsrc and unostentatious worship of the fishermen of Galilee ; or Him, the holy and the blessed, who trod, eighteen hundred years ago, the streets of that Jerusalem which stoned the prophets, and crucifli d him, the Saviour of mankind! Glorious successors of Peter, and Paul, and the beloved disciple whose golden p n h is recorded .hoee daaudbg visions in the isle of Pattnos, which our modern apostle, Donne, has turned to such good account in tb" intelleelu tl regio n ?of New Jersey ! The lustre of the < hiderdnuks already begins to lade before the new Kp scoptl tlai. What is to conic ne-vt wt know not. The P&st, however, is full of oaeouragement for the future Cut as for the Catholio church, we have no hope. That hierarchy is so entirely under the influence of the Blessed Virgin, that we cannot anticipate any of those romantic developements which have, for sortie years past, given so much interest to the study of episcopacy in the United States. Who is the next customer 1 Bishop Doane'a creditors will he paid in full, by receiving bills of exchange at sight on the kingdom of heaven. _ Modern Reformers?Their Consistency.? We have frequently taken occasion to point out the glaring inconsistencies and incongruities which the would-be philosophers and reformers o every shade and dye in this region, are guilty of, in their advocacy of the peculiar reforms in law, morals, society, government, and everything else, which they take up for the time being, Had then throw away as a child treats a sixpenny bauble, nfier it has ceased to attracttis attention. Those inconsistencies and incongruities characterise, in a remarkable degree, the conduct of their high priest or head devil, Massa Greeley, and his journal, the Mew York Tribune, each issue of which contains sufficient evidence ot the crack-brainedncss of the reformers which it represents, to satisfy any well regulated mind. it is well known that the Tribune took a decided stand in approving of the imbecility of the city authorities, in managing, or rather mismanaging, the riot which led to the massacre of twenty-four innocent people, in front of the Astor Place Opera House, in obedience to the behests of a few individuals, some respectable, and some net respectable, composing the left wing of that order or brunch of New York society generally known by the very appropriate and very expressive term of codfish aristocracy. Those individuals, under the impression thut they, ]>ar excellence, were the ninthly men of the land, the favored few, who, by successful speculations in codfish and molasses, repudiated the counter, and, in one hound, jumped from the shop or the counting-house to the pinnacle of aristocracy, were more deserving of importance than five times their number of the lower orders forsooth, and that because they desired that a mountebank play-actor should perform for thrir satisfaction and gratification, the wholecivil and military p#wer of the city arid county should be brought to their assistance, although it would be disagreeable to a large and equally respectable portion of their fellow-citizens, for the uctor we have referred to to again make his appearance. Their behests were attend eu to; nnu me consequence was, mat innocent individuals, who, a few niinutcs previous to the sad and terrible catastrophe, left their firesides and the company of their wives and families, were shot down, and their blood shed in the streets of their own metropolis. In the imbecility exhibited by the authorities, in not averting or preventing that catastrophe, mid in their orders to shoot down uitufleiiding and innocent people, which were the natural consequence of that imbecility, the codfish aristocracy and the authorities aforesaid have had a d? h nder and supporter in the New York Tribune. No later than yesterday-, it published a long and artfully written defence of that wholesale massacre of innocent citizens ; while in another part of the fame fheet was a lachrymose nppeal against the propriety of executing an incendiary, who was arrested in the act, tried hy an unprejudiced jury, according to law, and found guilty of applying the torch to a habitation occupied by a number of men, women, and children, in the most densely populated portion of our city. It inveighed, in its usual style, against tke law which condemns to death, and very properly, too, the man who, with malice in his heart, fires a building, and jeopardizes tho lives of a number of unoflending people and the property of our tax-payers; while, in the same breath, it supports the authorities in their imbecility in the Astor Place tragedy, and ^indicates the shooting down of twenty-lour unoffending citizens, in order to support a fraction of our population in the maintenance of an usurped and altogether factitious influence in the community. Thus, in the one case, the dreadful loss of life occasioned by the catastrophe in Astor Place, is nothing; but the death of an incendiary, tried and convicted according to law, and of whose guilt, even if he never made a confession, which lie haa done, not even the shadow of a doubt could he entertained, is everything. The whole machinery and working of our institutions must be set nside, for ihe purpose of saving the life of an incendiary, caught in the act of firing a building; but the Iojs of.life of twenty-four unoffending people is as nothing in the balance. This is a fair sample of the consistency which characterizes the journal we have referred to, and of ihe )>ttudo philanthropists and reformers whose sentiments it reflects. What encouragement it affords?what temptations it holds out for the people of this prosperous und happy commonwealth, to change their aysteni of society, reorganize the framework of their laws, and with a hop, skip, and a jump, take a hound into that delectable paradise of absurdity, which those modem reformers have in their mind, as a cure for all the evila that afflict mankind, u preventive ugainst empty stomachs, und a panacea for rents in old coats and breeches. Fudge?all fudge. The Tenth oh May Massac r.a n asmn pn ?Tins melancholy imrute is still discussed, in various ways, in the newspapers throughout the country, as well as in many of the weekly and Sunday papers in this and neighboring cities. The account of the first portion of the business having reached England, the papers there nave commenced the discussion; but when they receive the full uccount of the massacre of twenty-three citizens, and the wounding and maiming of fiftyone more, on account of a quarrel between two miserable play-actors, we may expect some curious dcvclopements of tin* feeling excited by such occurrences in a Christian und enlightened city. Various efforts have been made by the authorities to shift the responsibility incurred by these events; hut in vain. They cannot escape the consequences, whatever they may he. The Corporation have h id the mailer b'forc them in various ways? sometimes in the form of a hi!! from n tavern-keeper, for furnishing oysters and liquor to the police on tli" r .'fit in question; at other times in the shape of a aici approving ihr conduct of all part, - c?f rued; and lastly, we have had notice of he . n of a bill of damages claimed by th?- msnag' merit of the theatre. We ha*e already stated, that if any one ought to be paid damages for the melancholy result of that night's proceedings, the families and connexions of those who were killed should come first on the list, and we trust that efforts will be made by the friends of those unfortunate individuals, to collect lntnrmation us to the facts of the case, and take the 1 steps necessary to secure this object. A highly res. 1 pectuble father of u young family, was among the killed on that terrible night. Many others, no doubt, were in the same predicament; but of the particulars of other cases we are not so well informed. 'Ihcrc ought to be a meeting of those in tercsled, in order to have the rase brought before the Corporation in the proper way. A vast body of evidence, taken before Judge Edmonds, in relation to this case, haa gone before the Grand Jury, and will, doubtless, forin the subject of th<ii official action. It appears that several ol the individuals who signed the card calling on Mr. Macready to fulfil hia engagement, actually furnished the rioters with tickets. If so, the Grand Jury mint indict those persons for a conspiracy to incite a riot. The codfish democracy and the codfish aristocracy are thus brought together in a very f curious and interesting melunge. We have no doubt the Grand Jury will do its duty, and we await the denouement of this strange business with | \ no little interest and unxicty. | Govbbnmkjvt Contbact?? Tub Wbst India Maii. Stkambrb.?The completion of the line of fine steamers built by Mr. A spin wall for the Pacific mail service, and its recent organization, under the most difficult and trying circumstance*, serve to chll the attention of the public and the government to one brunah, which, although of much importance to the entire success of the enterprise, does not appear to make that progress towards completion necessary for the fulfilment of the object far which the liberal appropriation was made. The question baa been asked from various quarters, how it ia that the ffvo steamers contracted for two or three years ainee, and for which the parties are now in receipt of $23,(XX) per month, have not been put in ojieration 1 The new mail route between this city, Havana, New Orleans, and Chagrea, established on paper at Washington, ami for which the people now pay a heavy tun, is, as far as can be ascertained, still iu embryo; its actual benefits, thus far, are unknown to any but those who are the recipients of the monthly bonus If we recollect right, the original proposition made to government by the gentleman who first obtained the contract, was, that for the consideration of $290,000 per annum, or $2,900,(XX) for ten ycurs?the duration of the contract?five bteaniers should be constructed, of such capacity as would warrant their transfer at any time to the naval service of the United States; and that the said steamers, or contracting party, would, for the above sum, carry a semi-monthly mail to and from New Orleans and the ports already mentioned. Years have passed: advances have been nittde, and an euornious quuntity of words have been expended upon the consummation of the coantruct ; hut as yet nothing hus been heard of the ships, beyond the mere fact that one only will be ready to commence operations in the full. When the others required to complete the line, as is specified in the contract, are to be brought forward for service, in accordance with the legal compact, signed and sealed by government officers, is pcrhups asking too much. Somebody may be able to tell us when the service was to have commenced, and il the time has really been extended, until this late day, by order of the government. It is quite unnecessary to speak of the importance of the connection in the chain of intercourse between this port and San Francisco, for which purpose this line of steamers wus originally intended; nor can it be too deeply regretted, that in almost every instance where government enterprise comes in contact with private parties, the former, although backed by wise heads and an abundance of means, is last in the field, and in nine cases out of ten fails to become either a source of profit or usefulness. As we hare already said, the interest of the most extensive portion of this line, and the people at large, must feel the necessity of having at once a communication on this side, equal to the facilities on the Pacific ; and if government still persists in the very questionable course it has pursued in regard to this matter, it should he so shaped that private enterprise at least might escape its injurious effects. As an illustration of the truth of these remarks, we have only to refer to the last intelligence from the Isthmus, where it is stated that the mails by the Oregon, which arrived at Panama, on the 4th of May, would be detained until the arrival of the Falcon, making a loss in time of thirty-three or fotu days. It is right that government should asssist and encourage our foreign lines of steamers to enable them to compete with lines fostered by other governments, as is the case with the Cunard vessels ; but it is unjust in the extreme, and a vile abuse of authority, to aid one line of steamers to run ag linst another in the coasting trade. Upon the same principle, government might as well advance sufficient funds to a certain house or establishment, that it might be enabled to monopolize a particular branch of trade, and ruin the interest of other houses doing a fair arid legitimate business in the same line : or is it anything less than giving favor. ites all the advantages the power of money can j purchase, to cripple and discourage private enterprise 1 Yd, with these disadvantages to contend with, the efforts of private individuals have been most sucsessful?a fact which, in connection with the experience we have in our public works, goes to prove that power or money, unless discreetly used, often forms an impenetrable barrier to the accomplishment of good or useful objects. Here we have in the bunds of citizens, efficient and well organized lines of steamers that were built nnd put in operation, independent of official patronage, nnd whose services none can better estimate than the people of Charleston, New Orleans nnd Savannah. These lines have bjen firmly and properly established, and are now yielding a suitable return. The Mator asd the hew City Charter.?Un der the new city charter, the Mayor and Common Council arc empowered with the appointments of heads of the different city bureaus, and these bureaus, it seems, have the power to appoint their own clerks. Previous, however, ts the first of J one, the Common Council, in conformity wiih the law, made a large number of removals and appointments to office. Among this number, two clerks, designated for the Chief of Police, were appointed.? These two latter apjiointmentsliave been considered by many as illegal, as the Chief of Police, being the head of that bureau, was entitled to appoint his own clerks. Under these circumstances, upon legal advice, the Mayor has refused to swear tham into office ; and thus the matter rests at present. The charter says the Mayor shall nominate a ( hief of Police, to servrfa term of four years, and that nomination is to be approved by the Common Council. Now the question arises, whether Mr. Matsell, i the present Chief, can be removed before his term of office expires, or whether it is imperative on the part of the Mayor, in conformity with the new charter, that the appointment should be m tde ?? The latter course appears to be the one intended to he adopted, from the decisions of legal authority. The inquiry is now, who will receive the nomination and appointment ? Mr. Matseil, in all probality, does not expect it, being opposed politically tr the present party in power; although Mr. Matsell has fill. d the office with great ability, yet there are others who have a claim for the office, and are considered equally as capable. The Mayor has several applicants lor this office now under consideration, the most prominent of which, we understand, is Sidney II. Stewart, who for some years past has been very actively engaged as clerk of the lower police court. It must he understood that the duties of a Chief of J'olice are very laborious and responsible; therefore, we trust the Mayor will select a man from ,V.? naaaa, Jjiauk .-.II lu-J . I? ?uiv..b ?..w 1'ivrt'M. * j'i'i'i.ciii i.-t, new II llCU iur HIP ofT'ce, and, at the name time, meet the wishes of the people. Pacini Man. Sttumkrv.?We are requested, by the proprietors of the Pacific mail steamers, to stale that they are connected wiih no line of steam or sailing vessel* hence to Chagres, and that their arrangements relate only to their own line on the Pacific, to which their whole attention and energies are directed. Mf.etimo of the ilrnoariaw at Newark, N. J. ?A numerous meeting was held on Saturday evening last, at Newark, N. J. The Germans of that plaee constituted themselves into a permanent club of republicans, in order to support th- general movements in Knrnpe, and to aid, with all possible means, those of their brethren who intend to go to Germany to fight against despotism and slavery. The club inlenda to call for in" assistance of the American citizens, with a hope that they will find svtii|iuthy with their brethren. I/OorsT*.?The locusts have made their appetrance, tn great awarnt*, in the neighbor!)#*! of I'lttj burgh. Italian Opkka in this Cohntrt.?One of the mobt vensible articles which we have seen *n this subject bus recently appeared in the Savannah Repullirnn Here it is:? The New Yoke OrxRA.? Another attempt to support ?n Operain New York baa failed signally, like all tbe etl eri that have preceded it, and Mr. Fry baa re t riil fioui his managerial perplexities, miaas some thousand*. 8ome yearn since thorn was not a New \ ork population devoted to music large enough to supI Oit an Opera. That can hardly be the case now. however. for a i alth. poTiulation. and musical taste hare tun eased theie prodigiously. Iti<. we think, an incontestable faot, that New York ran sitppui t an opera but nut one like that of last winter which was on tbe name scale with those at Berlin. Naples, 4c . without something in the way of government uid?a thing of course entirely out of the question An Opera can bo supported, but not one that leasts of two first-rate injirunor. two (snort and two hattos. each receiving six or eight hundred dollars a week?which maintains an orchestra of fifty-five or sixty pilots, and as many chorus singers For such a com J any the New York people uio neither able nor willing to pay?certainly not under the miserable syst* m which gave to the subscribers all the best seats in (he house for one dollar, for which tbey ought to have paid more than twice that sum People who have the best oirhi rtva stalls ought to pay more for tbuiu than the public who arc compelled to take the back seats in the pariiuet. ev? n though they lie original subscribers a o.nipanyg like ihat organized for the Astor l'iuce last wliiterj can only be supported by vastly incriasing the price of subscription, or. what would, perhaps amount to nearly the same thing, by throwing open tbe abele, or the greater part of tbe bouse, on stntid nights, to the public, competition, at tbe same time reducing the length of the opera season In New York by tending the same company (entire) to Bo.-ton and Philadelphia, for such short seasons as those cities can afford lo pay for. Something like this was atlunptid last winter, but Mr. Fry divided his company, leaving a part in New York ; the New Yorkers being discontented with less than they had been accustomed to. while the I'hllatlclphiiins were little flattered with h iving any thing inferior to the New Yorkers From all that we have learnt orally and road, the arrangement in New I ork was nearly this: Some of thn New York fashionables wanted an opera, and they subscribed enough to support only a very inferior company. In other words, the manager engaged artists eu<.ugh to foiin two very respectable operatic companies, while the subscription lint was not near oue-half large enough to support one. Of course, therefore, the pni'llc were relied upon to make up the deficit; but the public found itselt accommodated with inferior seats,
worth all they gave for them, and more too, but relatively not worth so iuueh as subscribers' heats. '1 be expenses incurred, as compared with the re cripts. (luring Hit) lulu operatic sciihoii id Now \ ore, Kimble onu to form a pretty correct opinion an to what the New York of tliix day enn support properly of itself in tin way of an operatio company. Tlia basis ol ouch a 01 npnny would be four principal artists mot four seconds an orchestra of not more than thirty-five to forty perfonners. and not more than the same number of chorus singers. Pcrfoi inances to be on three nights in thewisk alternating, the artists tube liberally paid, but bound by stringent rules to prevent, their flaring np; dedue.tions to be made for non- purformance. which would materially diminish the number and severity of those fniiey colds uuder which artists so often excuse tin mselves Such is ahout the operatic arrangement which New York can bear at this time, so as to leave (all the other enormous expense* being paid) something to remunerate the manager for all his exertions auil vexatious 11 sponsibilities. If they want things on a royal scale, they must pay royal prices, and not expect the public to help thi in out win ti tlie choice seats aro taken by the lavrrcd few at one dollar. This is an excellent, practical, common sense view of the subject, entirely accordant with what we have presented on more than one occasion. City Intelligence. roantcATio.v or mr. St*>:kts.?While wo are far from being satisfied with what has been yet done to purify the surfuco of the streets, we fuel it but justice to say that the operations in making sewers urn most extensive and highly creditable. They are goiag on in several parts of the city, ami were greatly wanted In fuct,tbey are mementos of past neglect anil incapacity. The only drawback upon them, Is that these works are obstructing the tree passage of the streetj, an Inconvenience, however, that is patiently borne for the future good that will be accomplished. It tnay however, be as well to take this opportunity of saying I that had pa.'t gonerauons 01 (vow i oraors neen expeI rienced in eomo of the modern improvements in tile great cities of Europe, nil the obstruction and inconvenience, and disfiguration of tb? strooti, and a vast deal of expense, would have been saved; while tho health of the people would not have suffered, as it has done, for wa'nt of sewers. In London and Taris, they construct those works before the streets are built, and the tax is put on the building ground when the streets are laid out. Instead, therefore, of ripping up tha streets, as now. all is done from the beginning, and the new streets are the healthiest of any. It is not posriblo to remedy the omission, in New Vork, in those streets that are already built and have no sewers, except by making those conduits of filth ; hut the power is in the hands of the city authorities to have sewers constructed In every new street that Is laid down, before it is yet built upon. Tbi.r is what ought to be done ; and, by th? doing of it. much future sickness. annoyance.. and expense, would be saved to the inhabitants. Further, the proprietor of each new house built ought to be compelled to erect a sewer from the rear of his building communicating with the main sewer, an arrangement whioh, at a trilling expense, would obviate the necessity of throwing any water in the street or gutters. Were this done, we should see no more of those black infernal Hoods running down the streets, reminding one of Acheron and Styx, Cocy tut- mid Peripblegethon, and ull tin- fabled river* of the Tartarean regions. Wo naw a Kurnpoan yesterday, who had just arrived in this country, and while he could not contain his admiration at almont everything he saw. he was utterly disgusted at the ubomlnablo condition of the streets, both lis to filth and ruggedness. He seemed lost in wonder at such a phenomenon, and the more so. bocaure. us he justly observed, there la not In the whole world nclty which has such facilities for drainage. There are one or two other poinia relating to the purification of the city, in which tbo civic authorities would do well to borrow a leaf from a book in the old world. In Pari*, an army of sweepers are sent out at midnight, and there is not an atom of filth to be found in tin- mcrnlng. In London, too, the operations of the sweepers are all over before I lie Inhabitants are out of their b< ds; and thus the stench and other disagreeable concomitants of cleansing are completely avoided. In New York tiie reeking smells attending the sweepings, during this hot weather, are almost us bad as the tilth itself in a state at stagnancy There is ono other execrable practice that is a disgrace to our city, it is the exposure of dust boxes in the streets?an abomination that would not be permit- | ted in any well-regulated city in Kurope. Home of our finest streets, with their handsome rows of trees aro rendered hideous by these nuisances. Those ought to I be strictly prohibited,and. in their stead, let every house ; hare a large dust bin in the rear, the contents of which j ran be discharged once a week, into carts sent round j l y tile proper authorities, ami removed to some Comnion receptacle, where it might lie sold for manure, and ! thus be made a source of revenue. This, too, could be ' done at an hour so late at night, or so early ia the | nu rnlng. as to prevent all inconvenience to passers by. These are reforms demanded by the spirit of the age, \ and the progicss that pervades our institutions. Thk K.vriXK STiAwr.R.?The ship carpenters were hard at woi k yesturdsy. repairing the breach in tho i bottom of this vessel It is a tremendous hole, six i < timbers having bpen stove in. The body of Ladd was 1 removed to Stonington, ( onneclicut, for interment, i an iaqumt having Mra held?and a formal verdict of | found drowned in the hniplro steamboat returned. I Asotukh Boov fiiosi tiii. KsirisR.?Tho Coroner held ' an ini|uvst yesterday on board tho steamboat Kmpiro, I on the body of a boy 11 years of age, born In Connect!- < cut by the nsuie of f.lias Ladd. who was found in tho cabin of tho Umpire, evidently drowned at tho timo of 1 ....II ...... ..Ill, ?!.. ...v. vr. ? l. ii "--'i-' draili by drowning. , 1 K?s>it Hii.i.?A correspondent wishes to know who J in the Fanny Hill referred to in our account yesterday, of tlM IhlBfl fNltf In the I mplre on Sunday after she was raised. I'army Hill is a fictitious character ; and ' the book bearing her name was written by one of the ' profligate Knglish n> iatooraey, who had not the courage ' to put ills name to his infamous production, whoso an- ' 1 thorrhip be fastens upon a woman. It la a memoir of a lady of easy virtue, j urpi rtioR to be written by j 1 herself. New Fisk Coupawt ?'I he new fire company which I , haa Ih en leerntly formed and located in <louvarneur j , in et. len ivod their new engine yesterday from Mr. .1. i , Smith. V\ i at broad way, where utter giving it a trial, i | tliey proceeded to their new house, ami spent together I , a very pleasant and jolly evening We raw them on | ] their way with their engine l:u.t evening, and never , saw a lim r Nt of fellows. | , A< i inr.aT.?At 11 > o'clock. A. M., on Sunday, a small bey named i iiarlea Towner, fell overboaril nt tho I Sectional Dry Dork, and was rescued from drowning < by officer f.oultas. t T*ni;rT TaACTirr. ? The Plumber's Guards and Wilson < iuards passed this office, yesterday, after returning from target practice. The targets were well riddled. An excellent band of music accompanied each of these ] In," bodies ot citizen soldiers. Jlarlre AfTntrs. I Tun New Weni.u.?This magnificent vessel, which , bad been lying in the dock at the foot of Twelfth street , in the Fast llivor, moved round yesterday afternoon, i between f> ur and live o'clock, to tlio North River, at j the foot of < hamhers street, preparatory to Iter start- ( leg this day on her flrat trip to Albany. The notice 1 in yesterday's llnuU brought thousands upon thou- I ands down to see her. and so far from being disappointed every one expressed the most unbounded ad- 1 miration Indeed, so far from having exaggerated ' anything vrc felt on looking sgain at her last evening. I that w? did not and could not do her full justice I '1 here wms the mo>t kind pcrmls-ion given to the ctti- ' tens to et a every | art of her till about eight o'clock, j winn admission was permitted, and her deck wa> I washed for I he night. Tho pillar* and oi naiootttal work arc Ot the (.tuinthlan rffder. ??I??? III ???MK=oe-i ProfrcM mt lh? Chultra. 1.1 THIS CITT. Mayob'* Oi'I'icb, Nr.w Yobk, June 11, 181#. The Sanitary Commlttce of this city report 94 new uim. and lit death*, ot cholera/ a? having ooourred daring the laai 24 hour*. IMM1IT. Caere. Deathe. I In Centre etreet Hospital f i In William triwt Hospital 3 I Reported by physicians in private practice.14 $ Total 24 11 By the weekly report of tho City Inspector, It appear* ' that the number of Interment*, for the week ending on Saturday. ?ta 40V. of winch 121 were iron) cholera. 'I he tollowiug table exhibit* u comparison of the uuuibei of Inteiim-nt* during the first three week* of the epidemic in 1832. 1834, and 114'J .? 1KB. I.SS4. 1*49. Deathe.By Chol.Death*. liu Choi. Death*. By Choi. FiMt week. .121 66 221 8 21 M Second <1e. ..MO 330 1M? S3 574 2? Third do.. >87 7l6 SOT 134 40* 121 Tetal.. lJShS 1,103 077 l'JC V71 163 F'latien, about 226,000 2U>,UM 425,000 IN BROOK I.TN. Orricr or thk Hasan or IIkalth, ) June 11, 1840. ] Since Saturday, there liuve been but two case* of bohra reported to the Hoard and ono death. C. 8. J. tiOOUKICll, Physician of the Board. IN OTHKR I'l.AOES The St. Josephs (Mo) Uaxetle, of the 25th ultimo, cays ;?Curing the pa->t week, tire case* of cholera have terminated latally in this place Two brothers. Thos. and Daniel Pepper, from Green county. Kentucky, died of choK-ra. the one on Sunitov evening and the other (iu Monday morniug On Saturday morning an emigrant. whose nauie we diii not learu. (lied very suddeuly; and on Tuesday morning, a boy about l<*years of age. On Wednesday morning. Mrs. A Houston, wife of Mr. Hubert Houston, died after a few hours' siokuvss 1 his. we believe, embraces all the cases in Ml. Joseph, since our last publication Tour of the above persons are emigrants, and we have every reason to believe that, so soon as the California emigration shall have passed over, and the boats are no longer so crowded. there will bw but few cases of cholera here.? The cholera has made its appearance among several of the Indian tribes ou the opposite side of the river, and a large number have died, it is said to be raging to au alarming extent among some of tho tribes. Several have also died with small pox. The Fine Art*. GARUEILLK's STUDIO. Under this head, tbera is scope for the exercise of a gifted and refined pen, upon subjects which relate to tho highest faculties of the human mind in its most profound and elegant form, which tower far above the coarser propensities of human existence, and reflect a grandeur of character upon human nature generally, which compensates for the unworthy acts by which it Is too often degraded, disgraced and dishonored. What is more calculated to ennoble the fuelings, to expand the mind, to premoto civilization, and to form an Intimacy with those achievements of the intellect which exclto astonishment, than the appreciation of the tine arte?tho proud and lefty pinnacle from whloh the glories of genius may be contemplated, and where Us illustrious possessors may receive those marks of honor which the wise and the good pay to yuelleotu&l greatness ? How delightfully refreshing it is 10 me nnnu constituted lor tne study ot tne productions of art, to dwull with emotions of delight upon those powers of conception by which all that is grand, eubliiue. and holy on this earth hare been handed down te the present time, as the bequests of the pencil and the chisel ! One of the most conrincing proofs of an advanced state of civilization is the existence of a desire to patronise the fine arts, and to uphold those who incur the trouble aud expense of so truly laudable an undertaking as that of briugiug thein forward. Yesterday we had the pleasure of paying a visit to the studio of that distinguished artist, Nl. Uuibeille, where we saw many splendid triumphs of his noble art?that art by which, from a piece of shapeless and unmeaning matter, the godlike image of man, ariayed in all the dignity of his nature, aud in all the n sjeetic externalities of the Ueity. is carved out ; that nri by which, as it were, the "breathing, living form" ? the impress of Heaven itself, is stamped upon a portion of that perishable material, which, by the operation of the sculptor's phlspl. is made the witness of a victor; of Blind OW'r matter, that challenges the admiration of all. While gratifying our taste iu this noiseless and almost sequestered scene of this gifted man's labors, our mind was hurried back to former times ; and we thought of Angeio, who wa9 a painter and au architect, as well us a statuary, by whom St. 1'uter's at llomo was designed ; of hernial, whose works at the age of 17, enriched the then capital of the ( hristian world; of ';auova, who executed the monument of 1'ope CUmeut the 14th. aud who was afterwards created Marquis of Tschia, and of Pigalle. who finished the statue of Voltaire. the hurts executed by tiarboille are striking likonesses?they cannot be mil taken. That of Dr. Valentino Mott is udmiralily d me. The intellectualoxprestinn fit t hit n iiMitpnaiiPii ia irl vun In tint nuur style. The full length likeness of n laily is now being executed, and. whi a finished, it will bn a splendid production. V-'o wire net permitted to sen tho bead, hut, judgiug from what wu did sue. we feel quite eertaiu that our opinion wilt be fully horns out. 1 'he ukst fashionable and sciontilio dross or robemukir in this metropolis ?f fa hion could not haro made a dress to sit more elegantly than tho ono which langs so gracefully upon the laily in question. Her fl-nre bcinir tall and commanding, those parts wJjIqIj encircle tl.o dress, Which Wo think aro called bounces, giro it a fullness anil finish whioh ( tenders it a dashing tout mwuhlt, and which always look well upon a lady ot high stature. The dress will alec be embroidered, and when the ability aud taste of the artht shall be fully exerted upon the form and features of this piece of art. ho will liare added another laurel to the many which now decorate his brow. The busts of Brougham, Novulli, and Martini, are faithful likenesses of the great originals. Seine ol the members of the press have been iui- I mortalizrd by the magic touch of the artist. Among these is tho bust of a distinguished member ot thai niest honorable, important, and powerful corporation , if gentlemen, which is the greatest thing of the kind we have ever seen, for expression, formation of thu features, and preservation of the general characteristics of the countenanco, it is in our , opinion the most perfect work of art. in its way ever executed, and it is au eloquent tribute to the genius of the gentlemau front under whose I chisel it has come. Among tho " caricatures" are ] thu busts of Burton as Captain Cuttle, Lynne as Horn bey. and Loder the musician No one that has ever seen these gentlemen can mistake them, iliirtou t is the " dintMi" < utile, as he appeared on the boards ( of his own theatre; and Lynne the very stiff-necked, anti-social and anti-friendly iudlvidual who figured in 1 the same place, as the here of the play. The likeness of Mr. llelawny. cf Wall street, is al-o good. It has e about it all the aristocratic airs of the banker and though last not least, tile bust of General Taylor com- ^ pitn-n HIU biiuiu^iu. 1IIV innnfl.-b |jI Jfci-t- mm, can IJ? I bestowed upon tin* is merely to say that the execution of it called forth, irom the general liim-elf. the most unqualified approval, the greatest compliment that could have been pronounced upon it. The time wo spent in this studio passed over most agreeably; and whenever our duties will admit of it, it will afford us 1 great pleasure) to repoat our visit. TIIK INTERNATIONAL ART TTNION. This title is expressive of the object which fJoupil, Vibert & Co. have in view The undertaking is entitled to the highest consideration, and as such we trust It will meet with decided success. With a view ' to extend over a broader field a taste for the fine" ( arts, some of the most splcudiil pictures have been sent to Boston. Providence, Philadelphia and Baltimore for free exhibition. The '-Belle of Newport." expressly painted for the International Art Union, Court; and the "Forgot .Me Not," by Sohlesln- I per ; a grand historical picture by Marterstelg, and c some beautiful crayons by Brockiiart. are daily expectid from Kuropo. Anion;; the pictures which are now to be seen in iiroadwsy. are tho " Dead Christ " The expression ot the countenance Is serene and beautiful, which is in strict keeping with the sublimity of the design The holy women are weeping over t he v body, while Mary, his mother, embraces him for the last time. An engraving from SchoiTer's pioturo of '(kt istus Consolator" Is very well done On it aro these eloquent and consoling declarations? ' iI'tit nit imcre rim ritlm cardr pracilirnrr raptii it rtmmiantm." I'll- picture cutithd "Meditating Vengeance." by Schlesinger, is a very fine one. I'he figure is that of kfi male whose countenance exhibits intense thought. !uln< ph. descriptive of what is panning within, while it c tlso conveys aFFiiit of remorse and futuro responsibility, rhr picture of" I.oute Philippe em) his sons departing from the palace of Versa! 11ms." by Scliloepke. is iv hold reprcsentai ion of regal pomp The coloring is good I'hat :?f the ' ! a*t French devolution.'- by Leromte, is a very trnphic representation. The picture of the " blonde not Brunette." by Court, who is considered one of the a most distinguished painters of female loveliness of the rnodorn French school, is remarkable for the brillianey at the coloring, and for the sweet and amiable expre<lion of t he countenances of the figures which it pro<ents, About the beginning of July, the pictures which ti e now in other perls of the Initio will have returned, when the collection will he very well worth seeing, ts B t is. a visit would b<i amply repaid. To inspect the c aoiks of the ' art divine" is. at all times, it rare treat. It.calls to mind the great deeds of a bright galaxy of s en. around whose names fame lias shed an imperlshiblo renown, and a never-fading lustre ? Raphael, Lilian. Outdo. tli?tti, Vandyke. Rembrandt, La Urea, md others the mighty and matchless exponents of one ( if the noblest aits that ever adorned man, or blessed .lie world. Nalla for the Pacific. < The 1'nlted States M en in packet falcon will be dlspatched from the port of New Vnrk on Thursday, the tWh instant. I The public is hereby notified that mail* may bo sent t lo N. w \ nrk ' hailesion, South Carolina, Savannah, [Jenrgia and New Orleans Louisiana, to be conveyed hy the Falcon, which will sail from New York on the I With instant; from Charleston on the 1st of July next, $ (morning), from Savannah on the same day. (evening); and from New Orleans, te be conveyed hy the steam 1 packet Isthmus, having that port (New Orleans) direct r rov (hagres. on the 11th of July next .Mail hags , should be made up at New York, and at the other points named for ? hsgres, Panama. San Diego, Santa ' Barbara. Monterey. San Francisco, and Astoria 1 he enllra poslage for a single letter, not exceeding half an ounce in weight, will he 12H cents to Havana, ifi cents to < hagres. ikl rente to Panama to bo pre-paid in all cases; and 40 rents to San Dingo, Santa Barbara, Monterey. San Frsnri-oo. or Astoria, to be pre paid or M iit unpaid at the option of the sender. Newspaper* ind pamphlet*, st a postage throe cents each, and in- ( latid postage to he added. I i OLL tMF.U, Postmaster Oencral. Tost On it i Du-saistMrr, June 8, IBM. 1 usam- ??????? TMLKItftAFUIC IKTkXLIUWCA. Cbh||i taalonal Election In MauitehaielU. >' orreN, Jane U-0 C d. TLe election for a Congress-men iu the leurth district, < aiue off to-day; and the following It the result of nine towns being all we hare yet received:? For Benjamin Thouipeoo (whig) there U a aet fata of 108 over J (J. Palfrey (free soil). HKCtWIU DESPATCH. Boston, June 11?0 P. M. Nine towns iu the fourth district glre a small gala lor J. (J Palfrey (free soil) who runs eery close It is somewhat doubtful if there is any eleetiea bp the people The rete is a very email one. thjitb despatch. Boston, June 11?10 P. M. Wo bare the returns of but ten towns out of thirtyseven, the whole number in tho district. In then* Thompson gains 'Job o?er Palfrey. There is probably no choice. The Southwestern UitI.Ioii of the Army. Washinoton. June 11. 1840. It is stated on good authority, that Quartermaster General Jrsup, will bo assigned to the command of tfea military division made vacant by the death of Geaeral Ldmond P. Gaines. Appointment* by the President. Washinoton, June 11, 1840. roiTMASTKHS. Joeoph Allen, at Columbus, Georgia. uistsict attobnxts. Robert Hughes, 1or Texas, vice Morriman, removed. Francis T. Bartoux, lor Georgia, vice Jackson, removed. ?. S. Johnson, for Delaware, vice Rogers, removed. i ifiB nrrisiKia Thomas T. Russell, ll.eceiver of Publio Monoys at 8ta Augustine, Florida vice Foutin, resigned. II. W. Andn ws Winchester, at Tallabagae, Florida vice Hudiiou, removed. OOLLROTORI. Robert Walston, at St. Marks, Florida, vice Walkar, removed. APPRAISERS. John C. Martia, at Philadelphia, vice Thomas Steward, removed. BT1IIK SEORKTART OF THE TREASURE. ASSISTANT APPRAISERS. R. Fisher. vice Reubcu lliinz. and Fdward M. Donaldson. vice William Little, ut Philadelphia. Death of Hon. Augustus Porter?Steanabsat Collision and Lett of Llfa. Buffalo, June 11?P. M. The Hon. Augustus Porter died ut Niagara Falls last night. The steamers Hudson and Saratoga came In collision yesterday morning on this side of Brie, by which tho former was much damaged, and her two cooks, both colored, were killed. Indian Out rngen?Attempted Kobltery Baltimore, June 11?0 P. M. By the Southern mail this evening, we have datoa from New Orleans to the 4th Inst. They give accounts of bands of hostile Indian* beyond San Antonio, who were committing the moat daring aud high handed outrages, carrying off women, KO. More paiuful rumors were afloat of their doings, but thoy were not authenticatnd. On Saturday evening, tho 2d inst., a negro entered the dwelling of Judgu Alexander Walker, for the purpose of robbery The Judge, however, awaking, discovered nnd immediately seized him, when a desperate encounter ensued, in which knives and pistols were used. The negro was mortally woundod, while the Judge escaped unhurt. Latest from the Crevasse. Nk.w Ohleanb, June 8,1849. There is at present no better prospoct of stopping the great crevasse, and the water still oontlnues te rise. All eiTorts to check it have been abandoned. Illness of Kx?Prcsldeiit Polk. Cincinnati, June 11?P. M. The Nashville papers, received this aftornoon, state that ex-Fresident James K. Polk is lying dangorously ill of the cholera hater fi'om Prrnambnce. Boston, Juno 11?2 P. M. By the arrival of the Canton at this port, we have ridviccs from Pemambuco to May the 8th. A pro found calm has succeeded the late desperate attempt at revolution. fish were quoted at 11 milroas. Several cargoes had recently gone to the south. Issue at Bonds. Bostos, J une 11?J P. M. The Vermont Central Railroad Company voted on Saturday to issue two million more bonds at 50 per cent discount. Cholera at the West? Steamboat ISxpIoslou. CiNctwitATi, Juno 11--6 P. M. The Board of Health report C2 new cusei of cholera >nd 12 deaths, since Saturday. The Joan of Arc. with 30U passengers, from New Oreans, mostly all Germans, had 25 cases of cholera on joard. and 17 deaths. The Benjamin West, from this city, for Pittsburgh, ras met yesterday at Purkersburg, baring on board 7 isk'h of cholera, 2 of which had proved fatal. The/ rem passengers in tho ladies' cabin. A private despatch from Kvansville says that ths drainer Embassy had collapsed her flue, and that soreral persons had been badly scalded. No further pariculars. Cholera at St. I.ouls. Sr. Louis, June 11,1840, Tho number of deaths by cholera to-day roaohod 28; >j other diseases, 20. The Cholera la Cincinnati. Cincinnati. June 10, 1849. Twenty-six rases of cholera anil six deaths, hare oejurred within the past twenty-four bourn. Tk# proluce markets yesterday were unchanged. The Cholera at Klchmoiid. B ALTIAIHRR, June 11? 9>? P M. The Board of Ileal th at Richmond report eight now o<o'a of cholera since Saturday. The Choleru lit Fittsburgh. riTTSBURoii, June 10, 1849. A rase of cholera occurred in our city to-day ; the dctim waa Mary P. Glass, who died in a few kourn ,fler the attack. Cholera at Home. Utica, June 11, 1849. Two sercre cases of cholera were reported yesterday .s baring occurred at Home, fll'locn miles west of thia ity. Utica slill remains healthy. Cholera at BoNton. \ Bovrot, Juno 11,18-19A few cases of a mild and probably harmless type, *o all we hear of in the city to-day. Ileal 111 of Albany. Ai.na.ay, June 11?T P. M. The Board of Health report three new cases of cholor ince Saturday, onu of which lias proved fatal. The >tber two parson* are convalescent. Accident nnd I,n?.i of I.lfc. BiKiiiAMToi, June 11?9 A. M. About twenty minutes before eight o'clock on daturlay evening, a man by the name of Smith, having a ady, and girl about fourteen years of age. In a wagon vith him. attempted to cross the track at Nautiooke reek, ahead of ?hn pnsseuger train from Now Vork. I'he engine came in collision with the horse, killing nni iiiMtuntly. and pitching the girl out of the wagon iiidor (lie engine, killing her on the spot, npsotttng he vehicledown an embankment. breaking the lady's g iu two places and dislocating one of her shoulders. Imlth was somewtiat bruised, and is wholly at fault, as in saw the tiain spproaeliing before he attempted to roes the track. (Inn of tbe passenger curs wan thrown IT hut foi innately no one was injured. The coroner's erdict attaches no lilanie to tbe railroad company. Klrc_ln IHilln<1cl]ihtn_Chnters, Ate. Phii-adki riiia, Juno 11 ? 10 P. M. The building situated at the corner of Second and hesnut streets. formerly occupied by the Bunk of iinnietce. was considerably damaged by firo about ? ilie o'clock this evi fling No cases of cliolera Jiave occurred In our city si net Ihursday.