Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 18, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 18, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5491. The Chinese. We have been favored wiih the following extract of a letter from a young naval officer, at Canton, to Lt. Ileal I, now at Washington, for which he has oar thanks. U. S. Ship Pkkiii.e, i Canton, January 2-1, 1-S4H. > Cui.nk*k New Year's Day.) Dear B.?The " Plymouth" and " Preble" are now lying at Whanipoa?officers and crews all well. The Preble droj?3 down to-morrow, on her way to the porta of Shunghae and Ningpo, touching at Macao, on her way to sea. We expect to return to Canton on or about the 1st of April, and start for home via Cape of Good Hope, on the 21st of May. Our presence may, or may not, be necessary about that date. It is uncertain whether the Kngln-h government will insi>t upon entering the gates of Canton on the (>th of April, as per treaty of 1HK?, between ID-lug und lion. John Davis. It they do, a disturbance must ensu*; if they do not, then the pride and arrogance of tliu Chinese must, sooner or later, bring things to a crisis. Admiral Collier, Kear Admiral of the White, nrnved from Iridiu a few weeks since, in the ship-of-lhe-liue Hustings. He is congregating, at llorig-Kong, a large naval force, seven or eight of which will he steamers. The K. 1. Company's strainer Flugthom, is anchored opposite the lactones at Canton, and the British steamer Fury, and brig of war Arab, arc now at Whnmixia, 12 miles below the city. The feeling of the Chinese government is rather friendly than otherwise, towards the Americans. r>ue, tiigu 1121}>* 11 11 ummniesioner ana uoverncir of Canton, dines, by invitation, on board th< U. 8. flag ship Plymouth, on the 1-tih of Feoru?ry. He is u gruff, stiff old fellow, and keeps up more dignity, in hie intercourse with fireigners, than his predecessor,"Keing. He (Sue) would rather liuvo nothing to do with, foreign merchants and tltc representatives of foreign governments, if it were poss'hle; hut 44 treaties" are more powertul than his individual opinion, and lie submits widius much grace us he can. 1 opine that the demand of admitting foreigners into the city of Canton will, for the j?re.-enr, he made the subject of diplomacy. Allaire being threatening in Europe, a year or two consumed m the passage of diplomatic notes, may suit the ministry ot Great Britain much better than an appeal to arms. Bat tlmt a crisis of this nature wll arrive, no one for a moment doubts. It must come sooner or later.. The U. S. brig of war Dolphin was at Singapore on tiie 15th December, to sail for Canton on the Iblh. Sne is now hourly expected. The California fever has extended its area even fe the Celestial Empire, and tnany merchants have already bid adieu to the silver chop dollar, and drank the last cup of refreshing Oolong, and gone to the wilds of California, to drink of her cooling streams, and taste of her " mint drops." 14 Westward," 44 westward," is all the cry; hut they go east to California. This is the first day of the Chinese new year. All business is at an end, and the Chinese?niandurins, merchants,, shopkeepers, boys, and coolies ?are dressed out in their peculiar winter costume, jmying congratulatory visits to their friends. The expenditure of gunpowder and crackers has been armtwr nn in flip miKf I'V-fi'iisiVi* WiiV KII1PP fWt'lvK fust ;ht You are deafened at 'the noise, and | stifled by the villunous saltpetre exploding in your face. The contusion is terrible. 1 huve perused ihe account of your trip overland. You are an indefatigable traveller, and, 1 may say, an ingenious and successful one. Lieut. T. M. Mix was left at Honolulu sick. Acting Lieuttenant II. C. Blake has gone home in the Panama, which sailed Irom hence on the 22d for New York. He goes on sick ticket. I have troubled you with a longer letter than I intended. I trust you may be enabled to master its contents, and And news of interest. Yours, truly, H. W. Edward F. Beall, U.S.N. Our German Correspondence* Berlin, May 29, 1&19. Approach / Great Kvcnti in Germany?Preparation for the coming Struggle. Matters in Germany are becoming more desperate every hour. What with revolution and bloodshed in the west?invasion of a powerful enemy in the cast?a war going on in the north?vast internal commotions, and the prospect of a civil, and perhaps a generul European war, the seat and centre of wluch is to be in this country?what with all these calamities existing and impending, Germany, at the present moment, is without a hand to guide its destinies', without a head, without government, without a constitution, and without unity. The National Assembly has been dissolved, by. the recall of the deputies of the principal German States; the r*mp of that Assembly, which is still sitting ut Frankfort, has assumed the ground of the revolution; and the bannerol' insurrection has been raised in Baden, in Khenieti Prussia una Havana. Provisional governments have been appointed in the Palatinate and in Baden. All authorities have been forced to recognise them. One hundred thousand nu n of military forces, consisting principally of volunteers, but including thirty thousand Baden and Bavarian troops, are at iheir disposal, and ready to take the field. The fortress of lias tad t is in their possession; Landau and (iennersheini, two important fortresses in Rhenish Bavaria, are about to surrender,the greater part of the garrisons having gone over to the people. The latest accounts we nave from Buden and the Rhine state, that the excitement has notubaled for one moment, and is still 1 lnereshinu throughout that part of the country. A collision had taken place between liessian troops and a number of from (MOO to 8U(K) people, near Lauteiback, on the frontiers of Hessia, who had assembled for the purpose ol holding a public meeting.? On their having refused to obey the summons to disperse, and killed the commission iry o| the government, three battalions of Hessian infantry were ordered to advance, and a fight took place, in which fifty of the people were killed, and a great niuny wounded und made prisoners. In consequence of this event the Grand Duke,of lies <ia has prohibited all public meetings; hut the feeling against the troops who support the governments has been excited to the utmost. According to all reports, the rage of the people against these troops. er|?ecmlly thePrus lans, who have just suppressed revolution in Saxony, and have now been ordered to the Rhine, has become interne; and tins collision, it is believed, will be but the commencement ol more serious conflicts mid a general bloodshed. The number of Prussian troops who arejto combat against the revolution in western Germany, has now been definitively fixed at fid,(MO; a part of the troops destined to trie Rhine lias already arrived, another is on ihe way, but the main body lias not yet left; ilie directors of the railway, however, Lvs. ua I learn. hIu'ikIv received orders for the conveyance of the latter on the southwest line. By fetters from Munich, we le.irn th it the Bavarian government is about to take most active measures io quell tlie insurrection in the Palatinate, am) that it lias likewise ordered all di-posa1 ble forces to the west of Germany. A proclamation of the government, at Munich,just issued, declares the whole of Rhenish Bavaria in a state of war, the establishment of a provisional government us an act of high treason, and th<- paymen t of taxes to the same lis illegal. Th ? II ivariau goIveruinenl has resolved, in conjunction with I'ruscia, to put down revolution on the IMune, and wherever it may exist. Bavarian troops, however, according to all statements at the present moment, can, by no means, lie relied upon in the crusade j which is being undertaken against the revolution | in western Germany. Ih-nff.ction among the Bavarian militaiy has, of l..te, made great progress. ! Neurly all the troops stationed in the Palatinate I had gone over to the people; and I Know, on perfectly good authority, that great apprehensions are entertained, at Munich, that the disaffection will increase throughout the whole army. In seveU ral provinces of Bavaria, movements have [ lately been made to join the insurrection in the Palatinate; bit we are assured that these movements would to a c-i a n'v assume a mora loiiiiidshle character it the armed intervention of Prussia in the south and west of Germany should become u fml urcvinp't. Public feeling in Bivaria and throughout the southern Elates, has always | been against Prussia; and in the present Mite of * tilings, there is every reason to believe th it the irsi conflict between Pi ussian troops and the |ieopic an the Rhine will in- the signal for general demoni nrutions against Pi ussian intcifercnce in southern Geiinuuy. l'.ven ilie government* of tin-south in States, though anxious at the present moment IO I suppress revolution, still look upon Prussia with jealousy nnd distrust; and th? most trikoig proof of s is tfie failure of the efforts of the i'rm-ian government, at tile (lipiwuiatic conferences liehi iu this city, to bring about an agreement hmweeiiUte f iilcn iii States ou the German constitution. 1 ui r I E .NE1 formed you, in previous letters, that no result as yet had been come to. but that differences had arisen with regard to the project proposed by Prussia. The objections which have since been made by the Austrian and Bavarian commissioners have almost caused the complete susjienslnn of the negotiations; and I have now to inform you that the propositions of Prussia may be regarded ns altogether rejected. The principal reason assigned by all well-informed persons for this failure is, the refusal of the Austrian and Bavarian plenipotentiaries to accept the condition on which the propositions were made?that Prussia was at once to assume the provisional direction of the government of Germany. It is now stated that the government hero, in concert with Saxony und Hanover, is about to issue a constitution, and that the two latter States nre willing to recognise the King of Prussia as the head uf the provisional government. AH that is known, however, up to the present moment, on this he id, is merely that negotiations to that effect have,been commenced. But the breach between Prussia and the southern .States, under existing circumstances muy be regarded as a most liiijiuiiuui cveiu. i\ emulations wttn Austria ami Bavaria are, nevertheless, not yet entirely broken off; and therefore a hope is still entertained that some agreement may yet be elfeoted. The Reiehsverweser, ut Frankfort. It is recently been summoned by the government here to resign the central power into the hands of the King of Prussia, 6ince the position of the former, in the present stale of things, has become too precarious to enable hint any lontier to stem the torrent. The unhappy selection nnule-iy him in the appointment ot the (iruvell ministry, has deprived liiui of the last pow cr and influence lie possessed. According to the lutost accounts, however, lie It is signified to the Prussian government that lie should not resign the central power, except into the hands of those from whom lie had recsived it, viz : the princes of all the States of Germany. It is believed that he has given this reply agree tbly to instructions front Austria and Bavaria. Our latest advices from Franklort, state that the National Assembly has resolved m jssue a proclamation to the German nation. In it, the i kerman people are exhorted to adhere to the constitution, and organize armed corps for the purpose of resisting those governments who had refused to recognise the same, and now attempted to suppress the movements which were hcingmade to establish it us law for the country. With regard to the National Assembly, we learn that 150 members were still present, the greater part of the Saxon deputies having likewise declined to obey the summons of their government to resign. The substitutes for all members who had left already. were being called in, though it was not believed that they would attend, in which case, new elections were to be made. The Assembly had passed the resolution, that the troops of those States who had not recognised the Joonstitution, should he removed out of the territory of such who had accepted it. A Commissioner of the Danish government has arrived here, for the purpose of settling a peace between Denmark, Prussia and the Northern States of Germany. Dert.in, May 8, 1841). Trade of the Zollvcrein?Exhibition of German Goods in JVtw York and Philadelphia. The object of this is to give you some account of the production and manufacture of silk in the Zollvcrein and adjacent countries. It is known that the first silk worms were, in the sixth century, brought by ntonks from China and the East Indies, and carried by them to Athens, Thebes and Corinth. The intercourse between Venice and Greece soon brought the silk trade into the hands of the Venetians, and they succeeded in keeping a monopoly of it, although, in the 11th century, the cultivation of silk was carried on in Spain, and all over Italy, and front there it was transplanted into France in the beginning of the sixteenth century. English writers pretend that the culture of silk was commenced in England in the fifteenth century, but acknowledge that only in the sixteenth century it beenme of any importance. In Germany, the culture of silk first began in the reign of h redcrick the Great; but notwithstanding all the patronage he cuvc it, at his death the total amount ol silk producsd in Prussia was only 14,000 lbs.; now mulberry trees are cultivated all over Prussia. But the southern States of the Zollverein produced more ; thus? Bavaria bad in 1844 517,370 Mulberry tr*M. Wnrttmberr do....? 90,800 do. Saxony andlleseinn provinces do.... 400,000 do. Hut the Zollverein continues to import large quantities of silk for their own consumption, viz:? 1841. 1847. 184.1. 15,603 18.396 16,114 ewt. of 112 lbs. In France, the climate of nearly the whole country is favorable to the mulberry tree, and it is greatly increasing. The amount of silk produced jn 1836 was valued at 60 millions of francs, and in 1843 at over 115 millions of francs; yet France imports annunlly, for its own consumption, from 60 to 72 millions francs value of raw silk. Kngland's production is trifling, but imports largely, say over four millions pounds sterling worth of raw silk, for her own use. Russia requires annually about 1,200,000 lbs. of silk, and is supplied with a part of it from its southern provinces. Jn .Switzerland but little silk is produced, and moptly in the Canton of Tessin? say 65,000 lbs. of raw silk. The export of Rilk from Italy (inclusive of the possession of Austria in upper Italy) can he seen fiom the following table:? EironTF.D fhom Mailakd and BraoAMO, to 1342. 114.1. London, raw .ilk, lb* 1,231,000 1,467,000 aptin do 108,0011 81,000 Lyons, raw do 17M.OOO 801,0)0 " spun do 499,000 <Hrt,00U Switzerland and tierm ny. spun do.... 5^609,0)0 Russia,rift Brody. sp'in J?MN)0 79.000 Lubeck, Ki.OOO 142.000 Vienna, " ?l 901,000 173.000 " from Propria, pj do 40.000 32.000 " '* Verona aud mage, do... 244,000 200,000 " Udiuo, do Z14.000 ZIO.UOO I.tndon, 1.3-om Rod Switivrlund, 2d SURlitles, raw and spun d" 1,454,000 },05<i,000 Fro ? Tl'RIN, TO Louden and Lj-onj, raw *ilk, lfcs 121,000 1/19,000 " apund" 74.HOO 700,000 " " 2d <iu?litv, do 03,*10 OH,0)0 Swilioiland and Cormauy, ?pnn do..,. 40,600 401,000 " 2d qual. do. ?/7,000 9?!,000 From the Dominions or the Pore, to Frunoe, spun silk, lb* 900,000 From the Kirudom or Naples, to France, I pun silk, lbs 900,009 Total annual exports of Italy, about nine to eleven milliodt of pounds. Next to Italy, the Austrian nionaicby exports the greatest <pianU'y of silk, and in Hungary the production is very large. It is supposed that the total export of Austria annually smounts to nearly four millions pounds sterling, to France, England, and other countries; but 1 there are no actual returns, to ascertain it with.! certainty. Silks, and stuffs of which silk forms the chief 1 material, were first brought into Germany by the Huguenots and fugitives from religious persecu- [ tion in France, at the end of the sixteenth enntury ; and by the protection afforded to this trade by the German princesand governments,it was established, und continues increasing, as will be seen by the , following table:? Silk Uoovi 111 run tip arc Exported in the Zollterris. Mor* Intpnrt. Erpori. Erpl'd. Trnn*it. \ 1*41 i.rv.) li.Min 4,1*5 4 *12 owt. ?f 112 lb*. 1H42 2.710 5.443 2 73d 4.110 " 11-43 2,533 0,301 3.603 4,214 " " IlALF-SlLK (lOODB. 1841 1,929 X/K'2 1,573 954 " " 1M2 2,173 3,248 l.Sfa 719 " " 1*43 2,361 4,071 1,729 903 " " The chH-t manufactories of silk in the Zollverein | are in the Prur-sian Rhine provinces, and annually increasing ; and the export* to the United States I alone now amount to nearly one million of dollars. | The following is a list of the principal places where silk and hall-silk goods are made, and also the names of the chief houses:? Bihiis?C. llcrold, manufacture! moire tatin and striped silk. Bmi is ? W. A. Meyer Sons employ about 800 workmen In the fame articles, and particularly exoul ingros nolr and Id black satin Bhslis ? f a. Wolf extensively In the same article*. Bk.hi.is? Broth# rs liimpler. do. do ; also in velvet*. Br.Ri.is?C. Ilandoln & Co . do do. Br hi.is?Adolpb Itzlgfc Co., do. do.; also in (ilk waitteratitig. br hi is ? George Groplu* A. Co., do. do. Biirlis?(i tv Ochme. do do ? m.uiD-Kr 11 and K Von der I.eyen A ('? ? One of the oldest and ino-t extensive silk houses in Germany. particularly t xeel in relents, whieli they make to the breadth ol il" inches, and In all kinds ol atlas, grus de Swisse, velvet rihbons. galoous. Ate. Cell rid- ilonlghaus du lircilT St Co. do. do. Csr.rxLD?C. It I l|"n. do do. t.i Rrsrr i.D?John Bnnon*' heirs?Very extensivo factory of smooth aud light tlik good*, shawls, foulards ealMeoaling iir K.t.ar err.i.o?Bchmitn !k llolthans, do. do. Ki m.M ki.d?l- iinke. Itm-dinhau* it Co., do. do. Bshmin?A lilttrrbaitr it Co . d > do. BxiiMrs- Pooch it llageu. do silks for Altar. Vnioi ? Frederick I n< rgnidt?The most exten?lre silk inattufarturir in '.ernoiny; employ* ab ort UOoo workmen in making silks, e lects, velvet ribbons, and tl.awlr. gio- de lltrlln. i.c itc Virris ? C Me I. gen Makes half silks and stnlTs for forn.M re kt In li? uvy rilk good.* Lyons and I'.iri* mill h tve fonie ndvi.nt gce; but in all oilier kinds of silks and half nlk goods the fh rtn ins sm sell chc titer. Fiuime manufacture:* aiiiiu.illy lor 112,500-, w ro MORNING EDITION-?MO 000 frarcs, and exports 180 millions of francs worth of silk goods to foreign countries. Great Britain employs, in London, Manchester, Macclesfield, Glasgow, Paisley, and Dublin, Jec., oves forty thousand workmen in the manufacture of silk, and the total value averages annually over nine million pounds sterling, of which only about one million pounds sterling is exported to foreign countries, and the rest required for home consumption. Many Germans who nave hud long experience in the culture of the mulberry, express their surprise that it is not more extensively cultivated in the ITniteil nn the rliiuate of so nisnv of our States is betted adapted to it than any part of Europe. There has been a plan started here of having a general exhibition of the produce and manufactures of the Zollverein in New York or Philadelphia, and thus at one view giving the Americans an opportunity of comparing the fabrics of Germany with those of England, France, and other countries, and thus becoming better acquainted with the names and capabilities of the German manufacturers. A New York merchant, who has long experience in the German trade, has proposed it to this government; nnd our Minister, Mr. Donelson, aware of the advantages it may produce to both countries, will support this plan with his usual energv, and there is every probability of its being carried out, so soon as the present political fever subsides. Amkiucanus. BEitr.tN, May 2,1849. 77/e IVool Traile of Europe, fyc. In my last letter I gave you a statement relative to the cloth trade, nnd will now give some statistics relative to the production, import, export and consumption of wool, in Europe. The Zolverein since its organization in? Imparted. Exported. Imported. Exported. 112 fhe.F.uy. Eni. 112 The.Eng. 112 Ibe.Ene. 1M4... S7,7it J2H.7,- IS*).. 128,478 148,11*4 IMS... 112,l?4 17S.it! 184)... ltiT/.USi lis,281) IKVi... 114,58.3 171.51> 1841... li"J,i37 143,480 lK87...1I?.0a> 117,481 1841... 163,309 12t,ii!W 1838,,. 150,U77 131,62)843... 150.2M 132.1)83 But as regards the wool trade, it is only possible to form a correct opinion by stating the exports of the chief countries to Great Britain, since the begiriing of this century, as follows:?England imported from? TJit Total import 16C0?1812. Spain.., . 5,586.680 into ngGermany 300.543 land. ?- 7,315,608 1814?1818. Spain 7.588.890 Germany 5 009.041 llusstu 203.061 Australia 41.260 15,674,370 1819?1823. Spain 6.031.070 Germany 8,723 001 Russia 221.488 Australia 192,978 ? 16,577,743 1824-1828. Spain 4 499 800 Germany 20,328.021 Russia 468.758 Australia 808,348 28,311,569 1829?1803. Spain 3,506,r.54 Germany 22 914 896 Russia 072.693 Australia 2.200 504 30,621,402 1834?1838. Spain 3 520 229 Germany 25.888 858 Russia 3 520,229 Australia 5,498.096 ? 63,34.5,580 1889 Spain 2,409 034 Germany 23 837.805 Russia 7,906.594 Australia 10.128 774 Kast Indies 2 103.540 Cape of <2 Hope 020.214 Peru, Chili and La Plata 3,725 891 57,379,923 184 0 Spain 1.200,506 Germany 21 812 OOi Russia 4 517,998 Australia 9.721.243 Kast Indies 2.4(1 370 Cape of G Hope 751 741 Psru, Chill aud La Tlata 4,370.900 49,436,284 184 1 Spain 1,068,200 Germany 20.058.775 A 111 AKD jvurmtt. ? 1.101.U04 Australia 12.399 O'.H) Fact Indie* 3,008.664 Cape of U.Hope 1,079 910 Tern, Chili and La Plata 9.173.901 ? 50,170,974 1842 Spain 670 230 Germany 15,013.260' Rus-ia 4 568.634 Australia 12.950.671 F.uat Indies 4,246 083 Cape of (i. Hope 1.265.768 Peru, Chili and La Tlata 8.202.883 45,881,639 1348 Spain 710 160 Germany 16.806,448 Russia 3.511.916 Australia 17.323 111 Last Indies 1 888.023 ' Cape of G Hope-'- 1.728.453 Peru. ChUi and La Plata 4 414.853 49,243,093 By the above table it appears? 1st. That Si?uin, which so many years was the greatest exporter of woo), has, since the last twenty years, little more than is required for her own cansi niption. 2d. The exjiort of Germany to England, which in the years 1814 amounted to only 3.595,146 pounds, exported the greatest quantity of wool, 29,000.000, in 1838?since then the export has greatly diminished, and the chief reason is that Germany now requires the most of her wool for her own manufactories | 3d. Kussia's exi>oit of wool to England, since the last leu years, lius remained stationary, which is caused by the increase of her own manufactories. and the great difliculty to produce the finer qualities of wool. 4th. Australia began its exports of wool in the year 1806, with 245 pounds; in 1824, continued with 200,817 lbs.; 1834, with 3,099.793, and lias since progressed so astonishingly, that 17,323,111 were exported in 1843, and Australia is now the chief exporter of wool. 5th. More wonderful than even Australia are the exports of wool from South America, which only commenced about ten years since, say Peru, Chili, and La Plata, who ex|w>rted in 1883 only 223.832 lbs. to England; in 1834 neurly 2,000,000 lbs.; 3,000,000 in 1835. Since then they have only exported annually about tour and a half millions of pounda, but this, no doubt, is owing to their continued disorder and revolutions. The great demand in Europe for Alpaca wool, f white, black, nnd brown,) of which they shipped in 1843 about 14,000 bales, will henceforth greatly increase the bill The East Indies, which in 1831 only sent 265, K40 to Eni'land, eight years afterwards exported four and a half millions of pounds, and the exportation from the Cape of Good Hope increased nearly us rapidly, viz:: (>20,214 in 1839, and If j millions in 1843. The wool which arrived in England from 1W. 1^42. 1R43. I Ttritislt Vrtsrslilnii* win. ,lb?. 12.!?H),IKV) 18,467,212 51,1.12.3.12 ' Firrifil eonnlritl 44,4>0,U0U 27.411427 58,110,741 France imported, averaging annually from 1834 J to 1843, for 32,420,088 francs, in following proportions f xtr* troil, for 1,016,260 frinti. 3 -1 p?r Fiue J " as?2 " Ordinary du 1?,018.787 " t8?7 " Btlpium imported, 1^42 fur 10 200.000 franca. I?f>. do. 1S4.1, for ]A,.%I0.(IU0 Of which A),' million of franca were from the German Zollverein. Tlie production of the fine wool is known to be i most expensive and difficult Germany is now ihe chief exporter of those kinds; hut Hungary, Russia and Poland are greatly improving their flocks, and will soon be grout rivals in Electoral, llegretti, and other fine breeds of Merinoes. Of these sheep in Germany, n to 24 lbs. is the usual crop of the ewes, hiid ine rams give 4| to 7 Ills, at each shearing, whilst the common sheep only produce 14 to 2 lbs. Great exertions have been made in Germany to munnfacturc Cashmere shawls. The wool required is produced by a particular kind of gout, which ure imported from the highlands of Luc link and Lossa ; hut the climate in the /oilverein ana-ars too cold for tlieni. In Vienna they import in<- wool, but cannot rival Paris in the imitation of real Cashmere, or Lyons and Ninies in the less expensive Hindoo Cashmere shawls. There is an idea in Germany that the total production of wool in the world is not equal to the consumption Caused by the increase in population; Hud that if the United StHtes and other growing CMJliti ies do not henceforth hiiooIv their own wiinta for wool, the poeterity of Hiirh Koroirim and othei* who live in cold countncc. will, in 1<*?h than ii cntuiy, be without warm paletote, and have a \t'i> cool time: AjUIIUUl. Ihimmllr tllMrrllaiiy. The thermometer mood at t?4 degree* In Boaton, at 1 o'clock on Saturday. II111 Vat.hook, the eelrhrated burglar, has e*?ip?d fr? in the l.otthlatiik penitentiary. The city i f koclittlir. N. \ , vi.llid by a violent thunder-florin on thu 16t-lt lurt He?. H??eri". (? W roan and lady, and R. Breath and laily. einlMrked on Haturiluy. Iroui Ho.ton fur ttl* Pyrlau uiimUii, in tin intra luv. RK II NDAY, JUNE 18, 1849. The Alitor Place Riot* mid the London PreM. [From th? London Times. May 31 ] It perms reserved for the propagandists of the Vtanehotir irhool to repeat a wrif> of protests against tlie character of the tiuiex in which tbuy live, anil the sir- I cumstatires hy which they arc surroundod. Kvery I axiom which they propound is met by aoiue startliug I confutation K.very appeal they make to cotcmporary history is rebuked by come singular coiideninati"ti of the bypothreia from which it proceeded. l)o they itiaug urate au hegira of pi ace und proclaim the cessation of war? Forthwith all K.urope is In a blaze ot martial con lie strut ion l)o they celebrate the termination of dynastic struggles. and the burial of national sectarianism in a wide and comprehensive pliilantiiropisy! Straightway lialf the kingib >ms of K.urope are at logg?vhiuils for nothing else but the vindication of uatiouai'tie' and the revival ('fold traditions. Do they herald the approximation of a commercial era in whlelfall men and all nations arc to merge their distinctive characters of history, race, ambition?all their memories of the past, ail yearnings after the future?in the relation

of buyers and sellers ? immediately we hear from the popular leaders, of atiermau movemeut a loud cry for protectiou of Herman industry and a clainorou' jealousy of Kuglish commerce Worse lliau this ; while the < xample i t lh>- great Transatlantic Ilepublifl is appealed to as the incomparable example of the most rational liberty and the most popular government, its capital city is disgraced by u riot not only as tumultuous und dangerous in its character, but mora anrcasoinible in its origin than any of those which have involved Baden. Berlin, and Dresden in terror and hlondslied during the lust two years They have hardly i nundated a single principle of national policy or of individual action against which there has not started forth some remarkable antagonism ot fact. And what Jo Ihc example of the lost year teach us? The people nave had it ull their own way; and what it the result? They have thrown up barricades, beateu regular troops, ami (Jietuted constitutions And what are the fruits thereof ? Germany convulsed; Italy upheaving with threatened war; Franco again committed to a conflict of balanced parties; traffic checked, commerce hampered mid mutilated; and Furore tilled with new projects of sorlal?rhetigo. which exclude the idea f property I It t- only a day or two since thu Chamber of Universal Suffrage in Paris held its llrst meeting under the protective auspice s of horse, foot, and artillery. It is only a few weeks sinco New York was perilled by a violent rablile. iudignant at thu ' arlstocrstlc" pretension of kid gloves aud the "aristocratic" prescription of reserved seats. Tho satno feeling which in America exploded in vehement nb.ise ot Mr. Maeready and the British, would, if it had the power, annihilate all property, all order, and all dl ii'ldl' n whatsoever between man and man. In America the unexhausted'resources of nature preclude (he realization of these Mirage theories. They will nit be tolerated there. becau>o there Is not even the pretext of a necessity for them. But at this moment Kurope is in the hut tie-Held of opinions more violent and desperate than ever raged before. It is not only ugaiu-t dynasties and ministries, or classes, but against the ideas and consciences of mankind that war is waging The men who shouted /'ice I JJmviitie at the gates of tho legislative Assembly, in'cud a reign ot plunder and confusion, just as the Bowery boys, who cheered for Mr Forrest, would substitute a state of Juck < 'udeism fir tiin preseut order of tldBKS in America Mr t'obden and hU followers may say that such are the natural fruits of rnvolutloua and that- great evils as they are?nations would only have encountered them in order to escape far greater ones. This is not so. The nations of F.urope have valuntarlly substituted a worse tor a bettor order of thlugs- disquiet. turbulence, uncertainty, wreck of fortune, for oider and stability. It is of no use to say that they have been fighting for liberal institutions. Many of them had constitutions. Saxouy had--linden had ? I'russia was guara ntied one. Those very cities wtiich have been signalized by tho most desperate carnage were practlcnily in the enjoyment of oivil liberty Besides, we knov that it was not for free institutions that the barricades of Fehruarv or of .Itinnwere raised in I'aris We know that there in in Franco an in Germany. and as In Rome a party reckless of institution*. I regardless of law, hostile to all order and all peaco; loving tumult, lusting after pillage, thirsting after blood This party, though fierce. I* still small True. But if?as the Manchester School afllrms ?great communities always know their own interests, and how to promote them, let us ask, would wh"le nations hare tamely succumbed to minorities so wicked and worthier as thenf And what?let us further ask ?what ure to be the criti ria of popular wisdom, or the just limits of popular power? Alleged Discovery of Another California. '1 he London Timet, in its city article, contains the following announcement of a golden discovery which, if true, threatens to rival the luck of brother tonathan: The papers received from Port Philip to-day. couio down to the 7th of Fehraary. and cohtain some curious though vague accounts of ullegcd gold discoveries in the neighborhood of the i'yrennees district The party said to bo in sole possession of tliu secret was a shepherd lad. who refused to divulge the exact spot where the auriferous deposit was concentrated; but he had o far gives color to his statements by having disposed [ of specimens of the ore to individuals who had brought them into Melbourne Two persons-Messrs. Bretani and Duchene? are actually named as the fortunate purchasers of "lumps" which separately weighed twenty-two and twenty-four ounces each, and this circumstance is alluded to by more than one respectable journal So great was the excitement occasioned by the various ieports in circulation, tliat It was feared that a menla would set in. and that attention would be diverted from ordinary agricultural pursuits, "which, after all," it is remarked. " are likely to prove the true wealth and resources of the settlement." Exploring parties have been formed with the view of proceeding to the " run" where the shepherd was presumed to have made his discovery; and as the prospect existed of farm laborers deserting tludr musters, and mixing in the general rush of adtenturers who were preparing to leave town it was hoped the government authorities would interfere and prererib? regulations i f< r arresting any precipi'ate ubondonment of such eni gagements It was also asserted that, in further mineral n searches prompted by this movement, lead had been found in another district in considerable quantities Bills on London. atCO days' eight, were quoted ore per cent, dls count, with half per oent additional for i very CO days. As furnishing a graphic illustration of the position of ailairs in Melbourne. since the reported g ild discoveiies, the annexed extract of a private letter, dated the Mh of February, may be quoted :? I " 7 hv good people of Port I'hilip have all gone dorrwTift r) (in tin* itf rrnlil ituiiklrio V Irnt un count wan started of gold mines In California. where it could he (lun "kc 'and upon the pea chore, whereupon tour or Arc vessels departed, crowded with passengers, troin Sydney, and a like number from llob.irt Fown. Meetings for a similar purpoce were held at Melbourne, and jiIhuc were being niatured for emlgraiIon to California when the tide *us turned (and men's headsiilong wiih it) by the reported discovery of gold nearer home (at the Fyrennoe*. 120 niilec to the westward ) Ml eorte of dories arc afloat ; hut one thing in certain ? that gold ore. in largo masses. has found ttH way luto Melbourne. There are many reaconc for doubting the reports and as many for believing them ; at any rate, the town bac gone mad : tradesmen, publican", and cinncr". have chut up their place* of bustnecc, and gone to seek for gold. < arte, horses, spades, pick*, and hammers are all put iu requisition, and Melbourne i? gone out of town It 1* Impossible to give any idea, upon paper, of the ferment this gold mania la malting." Sporting Intelligence, C * n nit mo s: Pakk Tsoitisui Course?Kninar, Juno 15. ?Notwitbctanding the announcement that tbu trial between I ndy Suffolk and Mac would not take place, in consequence of an accident to the latter, a large number encoded the I'ark yesterday, and although 1 disappointed iu the great event, were yet considerably dlfh d by the sport gotten up for the occasion. The | indomitable l.ady Suflolk appeared ou the track, punc- j I toal to her appomtiu ut. and Mr. Hryant showed her ! tepa ill hartic-K to the crowd She appeared as fre-h | and vigorous as a young colt, notwithstanding her hard work the day before. She is truly a wonderful animal. ! After travelling the two miles without a competitor, j Mr. B. claimed his reward, and with his nag left the tra-k A nia'ch, mile beats, fo saddle, vra' then gotten up, for which there were the following outrleg;? II It nod ruff named Dick Turpiu .. . .1 1 Llijah Simmons named Waterloo 2 'I Time?2:4?2:47. Hiram had it pretty much his own way throughout) and won easily. After this, a walking match between two repawned I pedestrians was made, und the ' Klowcr of the Turf" cam* off triumphant CoakvctioS-? In the report of the pacing match between l.ady ifevins and the Cayuga Maul, it should 1 ate been stated that both went In harness. Instead ol Lady U. to wagon -HutIon llerahl. Rrooklvn Cltv Infelllircncr. Citt Coukt.?The following sentences were made by liin Honor Judge Greenwood at a late hour on Saturday :? Lawrence DnfTy. convicted ouacharge of receiving stolen good*. *h,> sentenced to two year*' Imprisonment in tilt* State prison at King Ring Bernard l.ynrh. found amity of assault and battary. wa- tilled $60; also Jinn Vctomb same olfcnce and same penalty. William. ( l'.arles, Joseph and Mary Unardman. save rally rorivicted o! an us-ault. were lined $16 each. Benjamin Me U"oy and William II Ward' il were each ailjudgid to pny a title of $60. for selling li pK.r without license '1 he l.aurt then adjourned to Monday. Si Hiofi Akssat.?A Tory serious affray took plate at about 10 elork on Friday night, at a house No 192 Jay it i iel. at the residence of one lames Dunn It appears that lin e, bk.ii. named Hugh MoGonnegal, a bro. thi i-'mlaw of Dunn's. John Hawkins. and George ' asciiddeu ennie to Dunn e house and committe d a most vi<;lenl Hiivl unprnvoi d assault upon th? pei aou of said Dm ii who hower, r. being a vigorous man, succeeded not only in repelling i lie attacks of the ruflhius. hut of loo i k i g one il th.m down with the breech of a gun w'.i ch happened to he near him This trait faction took l h ee in ilie uaik and when objects could be di-ilngtibhed. it ?# f ind that one of the assailants I ci onnepal) had lcrelved several sevare contusion* i pen hi- l.i ad. dl'ab'.iog him from committing more vtul" t.ee It was d? enn U advisable to lock all the par tics up for examination, which will be made at an aarly day. A runaway slave, from New Or., am recently sued his master at lorunto (f a ). who happened to visit that stiy for $M'll lor alleged .n vitts while in slav< ry ids was of ('Bus nsnuilsd. E RA. Progress of ttut'Cliolcrn. IN Til IB CITY, hftrear's Ovriea. Klsw Yea*. June 17.1840. The Sanitary Committee of this city report OH new ruti. en>l 18 deaths, of eholeru, an baring eeourrod during the last 24 hour*. iriiNiir. Cater. TUmthi. Dttch'J. In Centre street Hospital 5 3 3 In William street Hospital 5 0 2 In private practice 18 ? Total 28 18 5 Sudden Attice* or Cholehi.?On Saturday evening, about ft o'clock, officer Wood picked up a man at the comer ofCourtlandt and Washington streets, suddenly seized with cholera. He conveyed liiin in a spring curt toWilliain street hospital On the name day another case occurred in the Bowery, as we were passing down on one ot' the care? a gentleman was so suddenly seized ; that bin friend had to support him into u liou*e oppo- , site In Avi nut* 1). on the day betore. lu the neighbor- 1 hin d of Tompkins Square u man in rather comfortable cirruiuetuucea wus attacked at 11 o'oluck and died at 1 o'clock IN OTHER PLACES. The Potion Traveller, of the 16th iust , saysIn this city, only a few isolated case* of cholera, in a mild form, are known toexist We understand that several ot our citir.rne have hi en seised with all thn symptoms of rholi ra during the past week, wiiiln uliout the city in the performance of their duties, but in every case the disease readily yidda to medicine lu one case, a elti- j sen was M ired with vomiitDg. purging cramps Aic .and , hie distressed cries could he heard tor some distance. Powerlul ri uicuies uhati d the diaordcr, and the patient j was well arnt out in a day or two. Smith, the seaman of the brig Buena Vista, from Newborn N C.. who was carried to the Chelsea Hospl- , tal at the lime his compuuiun t bauncey died on the , way, is dead of cholera The Lowell ,'lmenr<rn quotes a rase of u gentleman ' lately arrived there from New \ ork, who is sulferiug J under an attack of what is supposed to he cholera There was another fatal case of cholera at l'roviduuse yesterday. The < hiriign (111) Democrat, of the 12th Inst , soys tlm total number of deaths by oholera in that city, for the kill. Idli and 10tli iust . was 10. . '1 he Concord. N. II . Reporter says:?It Is reported that a man by tin- nuine nt ilmoru, just arrived from New \ ork city, died of cholera at Sanb >rntown on Wednesday. Several severe cases of cholera morbus have occurred in this town within a day or two past, which some people would like to magnify into the real Asiatic cholera 'I he Newburtt.N. Y., Courier. of t.bo lflth inst.. denies that there has been or is any case of cholera in that city. The steamboat. Iviitilinn arrived at Cairo, 111., from New Crleuus, a few days since, having had twenty-five ca^cs and seventeen deaths from cholera, on board. I'otlcc lute I notice. Lrfore Justice Hi. Gruth.?'1 ho police court yesterday morning presented the usual scene of mixed characters. consisting of some forty prisoners, blacks and whites intermixed together, sending forth an odor of not the most pleasant flavor, as the one half of these miserable creatures were almost dead from disease and dissipation; from among thU crowd of fallen humanity a l.ttlcsnubbed nosed woman, calling herself Mary Cavanah appeared; her countenance was anything but prot ossetsing. being mluus of her upper front teeth, with thiu compressed lips, small grey eyes, freckled face.and wretchedly dirty besides, giving her attractions which are more easily appreciated by night than by daylight. Officer ( lillord stntej to the magistrate that he arrusted her during the night ou a charge of snatching a purse from a man in Orauge street, which was alleged to contain $tiO; but the complainant did not appear. The officer. however, said she was a very bad woman, that Hhe was all the time seducing men in the street, and taking tin in into her room and robhtug them of their money. Mauibthatk?Why, Mary, you don't appear, from your looks, to be a very seductive creature. I should think you would drive more men away from you than you would seduco. What have you to say to this churge made by the officer ? Many- Why. Judge McOrath, you have known me for a .long time, antl you knows I never seduces no men; they comes after me, and what can I do? (Laughter ) Thej won't let ine alone hut as for touching the man's purse, that I never did. Judge; this man came along Orange street, and took me into Dan Sweeney's in Orauge street, where ho treated all hands to drinks. After taking drinks he went up stairs with me. Magistrate?Well, what did you do up stairs? At this question .Mary put her baud over her face, and endeavored to lookba-hful. (Laughter.) " I didn't steal any money from him, causo ho hadn't any to steal." Officer?I found the purse, and all that was In it was ten cents I don't think the man had $60 Mauy?No, Indeed, be hadn't; and I'll bet you twenty-five cents. Judge, if you bring the man here now, he won't suy I stole $60 from him. The M. P. knows I wouldn't steal. Officer?No, I don't, because I know you will steal ? ..... ? .. -h?rw.? a i.il ,. 11 ,, f fnil In th?l nplh 1 i V A " )"" b-* - -? v .... by stealing. Miiiv? fudge, this M. P. is down on me, 'cause I wouldn't let?? "Silence .'.' said the magistrate, " or I will eeml yon up !<ir six months Our policemen never do such things." (Much laughter from all present) The policeman * luto d to explain to the justice; but be raid it was not necessary. As to the prisoner, he said?"IT she gives you the tronble to bring her In again, I shall send her up for six months. In this case the ci uiplainant doi ? not appear; therefore, 1 will allow her to go thi- time ' ""lhn>k you, Judge," said Mary, giving a very pleasant smile to the magistrate, and. turning around, gitTe the policeman a look of oonlempt, and left the court with two tr three loafers, who were waiting outside the railing to eseort her back to her domicil at No. I'J Orange street James boyln was the next prisoner railed. This prist ner was one ot the loafer order, bearing a head on his shoulders indicating his business completely. His hair was black ami trlzzy. mixed well dirt and liiuo wush: hi* tace wus very remarkable; the nose thereon was one ot those short turn up noses, rather sharp at tile end and elevated towards his eyes. The organ* of vbien were two little grey spots, set well back in the h?ad. and hi.'lnioutli?Oh! such a mouth ? it opened almost lioui iar to ear. showing a pair of red gums an I a set if strong teetb. As to his chin part, that was all in fustiion. as no is/.or hail pus-od over it for some mouths. '1 he polieeman ssid ho picked him up drunk, lying on a i loop in the street. k ii.ittkais? Vv h< re do youlivt. Boyle? Pinsi sis (smiling) luith, Judge McUraw, and I live at lit! Anthony street Maoisi katk- U hat do you do sitting around on the stoops at night. like a pel feet loafer ! 1'iiisosrs?Oh. Judge now I was only sitting out to keep cool Sure, such a hot Dight you would not wl-h me to slape up up 'taire in the hot garret, whin the bugs bits* so that a crater ran t slape no how Sure, you would like a poor man a little slape wouldn't you ? Maaisiatik I I sve no ohjeollon to how much sleep you have, hut we eannot allow you to sleep on the stoops. I'sitOMk ? liiderd. Judge. | have lived 18 years inthls ward, and always voted the democratic ticket, and that's a fact, Judge .Met;raw, and I kuow you wou't bo hard w id me. Matisthaie.?Well, that long residence In the ward is ccitainly some recommendation and if you promise not to tall asleep on the stoops again. I will discharge you; hut if you don't, I shall, the next time you are brought before me, send you for six mouths on UUckw? ii librad hoy le laughed, thanked the Justice, and bolted out f e< nit, ten id ul tliul the Justice might rererse his decision. The next two prisoners created some fun; the first called. William llunfleld. looked like rather a decent mechanic; the other was a perfect dock loafer, ...ll, . I fi.. t , .0,.,. ml,...... M,f?l i..t ,,r th. T hi p.! ward. testlAcd Dial he (ticked both these wen up in tlto street. in a gross Mali* of intoxication fioth those man. it seems, wptb lucked up iu a ell at the station luu.e during the nigh but the old loafer, Collins, woke ii|> raillrr in lliu morning than Dutilleld, and tuiug etrr r? H'ly to go in for the chaucea. seized upon Ihp opportunity to wake a new pair of boots. and to tfliel llila object, lie drew thu new boots from the feet it Ount.ild put. tbeui on. tearing an old broken out I nir in their place*. Now tin* job wan how to disguise tin 1*1 hinitul that iiuutii id, on waking np. wauld Kii a id* ntity hi* own boot*, thu loafer anon hit upon a plan and rinding a pail of lime w,i* close at hand, he t i k tbo l.ro h in-d whitewashed the boots Upon the p: boncra being muttered by the eapiatn of police, for tin ii appearance before I be niagisti ate, Duntteld mis-cd hit to w boots upd iritoruied the captain of the fact. Hearth ??* made. and the re*ult wa* in llndlDg the to* t? <n the h lifer's feet nicely whitewashed In order to disguise tin iu '1 lie h afcr was noon directed of the b 11* hi.iI botii were cent up to the police court Dunfii :d win* Hi ml fit for being drunk in 'he ?treet. and wa* beiLg com eyed to prison in default of payment, wl.iti the loafer complained to the magistrate that I imtield hail u pair uf bis boots on his feet. "Take llieni i II." said the Jutlee. with which instruction the h ulli seized Duufield hy tlie leg and laying bold of our boot. b. |(an to pull it off. This impudent movement on ihe part of the I.Hftr created much laughter I he uiagtntiaic committed hint likewise to prison for hie <iny* A ntiuiber o| other loafers and drunkards wue d'spoi ed **f according to theF merits. Variants in luce, an old French woman, keeping at No. lit, TVill ntn street. ?a* brought up by one ot ihe Si cond ward officers, charged with throwing a lot if garbage in the street 1 lie court lined her $1. which division tlie old lady considered rather bard, hut finding there was no appeal, paid up and was di.v el a i gid DlfASTHOTtJt Kkws from rim Essex Minivo OtiwrASiY.- 'lite Nilem Vbren-er, of thin morning, contains a letter from <?. P. AO maul, of the Ks-ex b?. lifi rtiia kilning t ompnny. dated Monelora, May J. j 1 hi* letter announce* the death of two more of the no n h?r* by cboUra. rig:? ( buries Hobin*on. of l.ynu; I and (ialm lTr?*er formerly foreman in the bo 'khlu'bry | i f U ^ t? B Ires, ol Salem. Mr Kubinson lirud after | hi* attack only ah. ut twenty-four houra. The exi*n-<*<'f ttie aompany bad been double what was ei! pcel.d; hit as t.ey grt on prorWoil" a? cheaper, I M ben the letter was written, they bad got Into a I healthier entiiiiry and antiuipated that their troabla* | rrt ta orar ?ftaiica Trani/sr ban* IB. LD. TWO CENTS. Thratrlral mid Nailtal, Bnwrnr TiiKAT?r.?The additional lint of attraction* to be presented at this truly magnificent And classia temple of the drama, for the present week cannot fall to make it in ore interesting than those of the pact, and brlDg into the treasury return* rommen*.irate to the talent engaged and the great. outlay in the produetion of those piece* which the Bowery is so auecesi-ful in putting upon the stage To the energy and enterprise of Mr. Hemblin, the hirers of the drama owe much: for hia management h?? always been characterised hv those peculiar points of attract! >n which ! render his tbeutre a favorite place of evening resort. H? still has an eye to the public taste, and every thins which can pnsi-iiily tend to the amusement and Intel tactual inteie.-t of hi* patrons, I* always nought out and |im?titeil In the most gorgeous style. while those pieces of it cnmicnl or farolal nature ere alway* supported by a c>>rps whieh kuows no superior. Fortius evening, * J it it? Shore'1 will be ono of the principal attraction*, ami those who I-now any thing of tho biography of that famoua woman, cannot but be interifted in the performance of the piece Ml** Weinysa will appear a* 'ane Shore The Secret Mine11 will also he performed, in which nil the principal members 11 the corpe of the theatre will be engaged It will ba a pt lforinanee of rare interest. and well worthy the attract Ion vf the lover* of the drama. Such a bill should draw a crowded hou.->c. Biioaowat TiiKAitir ?Thia evening the "Greek Triumphs'1 will be performed for the benefit of Mile. Bulnn and Mons. Corby. Beside* this grand representation, some excellent pieces have been played duriug the past week, which have afTordod the most unmixed grul titration to the audience. The School for Scandal11 was well acted; the follies, ninl vices, and malignity of fashionable or high life, (low, very low life, say we ) were strikingly portrayed, anil their disastrous effects but. too clearly demonstrated Then there was the comedy of " W ho Speaks First?'1 in which tho wayward wife and the unphil isophiesl husband were represented the one tu all her idiosyncrasies and tho oilier iu nil Ills foolish and ridiculous resolutions which alter all. he hail not the resolution to ku-p Captain Charles (Mr Lester.) acts as a mediator. Ileals all diffetenees. and instead of being looked upon as one who hud by the basest means endeavored to InvuJn tho saeu d dominion of the husband, nnd as one therefore, who deserved to bit shot, or horse-whipped, ho is hailed as u pt ace-maker ono of the noblest titles that any man can bear, higher than that of a lord a marquis. or a duke and as a badge of distlnctisn more houoralde by far than all the stars and garters, and clasps, and crosses, anil rlhotids, and medals, that ever were conferred by crowned ra cat- upon their cringing and crawling parasites Such representations as these are calcu'ateil to elovate the character of the stage.and to improve the morals of the people. We hope to see a National Theatre.?Tbli evening will commence another week at this universally popular theatre, whers thousands nightly rcsert to drivn dull care away. Singe the introduction of the local drama of Three Years After." the micro* of the thoatre ha* boen unprecedented, and ?n several occasion* numbers of persons have been obliged to leave the house for the want of even a place to stand. The continuation of the pleoe only adds to it* already great popularity. Not only among the cititens, but stranger* froin every part of the country seek to witness it* performance. It is worthy of all the patronage which ha* been bestowed upon it. and if possible more, for every scene is full of deep and thrilling intere*t. Mr. Chanfrau is just the m?u far the publiu, who have manifested every disposition to reward his labors most liberally. One visit to the National only creates the desire to go again, and the consequence 'is that the house 1* frequently found too small for the accommodation ?f all who wish to patronize It. A hill of more than ordinary attraetion is announced for tide evening whieh is sure again to All the houee; but everything requisite fur the c> na ortand convenience of those who attend is carefully attended to. The ci mpauy has no superior, and thu attractions are put upon the stage la a manner that caunot hut win the admiration of every one who witnesses their performance. Burton's Theatre?Tiik BevrriT and Last Appearance or Madame Augusta.?To-night this elegant arliile will make an appeal to her friends and the publis* of 1 n first on/1 w? hovst ?vnr? Annllilnnri fhnfc It will receive u hearty response W'tiat more truly interesting object can be beheld than that of a fair and amiable lady, eminent for her professional attainment*, ami endeared to the social circle (as wo believe (ho is) by the possession of all those qualities which impart to life a large proportion of its real value, which render tha fireside a terestrial paradise, and all happy who come within the range ot it* sweet, delightful and consoling influence, soliciting a well deserved support? We thinlc that|?uch an appeal as this, made uader such peculiarly Interesting circumstances, is ho irrosistible that it cannot be withstood When such a question ia put by a lady, graced by all the mild charms and modest fascinations which distinguish the ladles of that land of chivalry, and song, and classic lore, which Madame .Augusta calls Im lirllt France, and which she claims as bur own, it would be impossible to meet It with a negative (iallautry shines too conspicuously In the American character to permit this occasion to pass by without giving it that valuable consideration which it merits. These terms may savor a little of Wall street; but, nevertheless, tliey are suggestive of our meaning in a neat mode? The ' dross ' or the " base lucre," as It is sometimes called is indispensable to human existence. The most refined the most uiairuauiuinus. the most virtuous, and the most dieiutcre* e I must submit, to its potency ; but th> n there is a polite war of asking It for a lady, which, while It does riot woutnl the feeling* of the recipient, comes with uudiiiiiuiehed force to the heart of the generous .1 adatuo Augusta has triumphantly shown that opera dancing In Its most scientific form can bo practised without h-lug obnoxious to any objection on tho giound of vulgarity or immodesty. We are extremely gralitied at this, because a more elegant public entertainment cannot be presented ; nnd uow that graceful dancing I as proved itself to be the art and has been ststnpeii witli the approbation of the public we incline t.> the opinion that a new era is absut to open in reference to it To Madame Augusta belongs tho honor of the improvement. She will appear this evening in two pieces : " (Jisille," and "Nathalie." iu both of which she sustains the principal characters The performance* will commence with the ' Valet do Sham," and, tiikmg the bill altogether, a mure attractive oue could Hot have hi en pretentcd iiKisTtMinsTat i.s ?The abatement of all kin 1 of uneasiness about eh' b ra ?r any di ea*? in the elty, 1 as been materially brought about, hv the hnopy state of mind into which so many thousands of U citixena hare been put by listening to the pl-a*ing mi l delightful ent? rtainmeiits of the unrivalled i lirlstys, who, banjo in hand ure able to conquer any panic whatever. 1 hey will give a grand concert this evening, in wbtcll their most famous pieces will be introduced CssTi.r Ospnr.iv. ?This evening, one ot ttkC most af.? tractive entenainmi ats ever otfefgd. for the amusiv uivnt of the thousands of patrnus who nightly visit this charming, health giving location, will come off at v | the u-ugi hbur l'n those w!?o have already heard the mill.Inspiring music of the frermania Hand, the priorii ) al members of (luiig'i's celebrated musicians and tho iniuiitsble performers on the sax horns and silver tubas. the Distin f amily, who wiil tills week perform, for the fir ft time fri America a military quadrette. repreI venting a grand review of an army, and the assembling of cavalry and Infantry regiments, we need snaroely ssy go To these wiio have not as yet visited this theatre of rations! amusement and pleasure, wo say, try a dose rd f reuch <L lleiser's medicine, and we promise | you will admit that you have received full value for the small amount o| money charged fir the prescription)* of health given by the Indefatigable doctor* of t.'aatlw tigiden whose dimes consist of tho Inhaling of pure nir and the melodious. Inspiriting sounds of pure harmony which proceed from the uiosl accomplished musicians in the country Tho Segniti troupe will give a concert at Albany, this en nmg. The Pavel family arrived in this city, from France, on Saturday In-t 'I hey will appoar on the opening of Nlido's new theatre. Revoi.ttno Case of Adultery.?Ourvill.ige h is been thiown into quite n state of excitement tlio part week, from the den Inpement of a case of adultery perpetrati d bv parties who have heretofore moved in circle* of the highest respectability among us Thw main facts in the case are. as near as we can ascertain, as follows:?The Kev K J. Smith who has been connected wllli the Onldi-n Utile Insiltute of this place, ever since lte foundation and vug tired in travelling about the country collecting funds for Its advancement, and In procuring teachers mint pupils fur the same, brought a teacher to the Institute about a year ago, from the State of Maine by the name of vttss Maria J. Trtbou .Mrs vi A Smith, (the wife of Rev. R J. Smith ) under whose eitprrvislm the institute was, In the courir of a few mouths, was cwn-ctons. from circumstances wlcch came under bar observation, that Miss Trihett could not he a girl of good moral character nod uiaile known her convictions to Mr Smith expressing a wish st the >ante time, that she might he dismissed at once from the Institution lie replied that kins I rilion should in t leave, and gave his wife to undi r-tand that she might gv as eoou as she wl.lsed or to that effect As time pa sad on, >lrs S. saw still on re 11 lasiu c to cm flriti her foruiar convictions as to the respectability of oiss T ; and alter matters as.1111,1 u mure revolting eimiart r and t he guilt of tho pat tire Int'i become apparent th? ctiar?ed thein wittt Lnr iig illicit tnti rcourt with etch other rhey aokm>?li their criminality and rile* Trlbott certlfl< d in writing to the fhliowlug 4 I hereby aeknnw. j thbt I have at dlttereiit tnue* during Nome m>?tb.W ?a>t. been aullty "f adultery with Kew. It. J Smith " Mr. Btuiib, ere unrteretaud *a?e hi* wife a eerttiieat* airii11 mr to ihenbnee; whereupon, wire tiled a bill for a dlvc rie. ahii'h will he grained la a few week* Mr. SuiiiIi, ?lili hie trinity paramour, left the eillaxe fir paiti unknown oinetluie laet week. We under-tatrd tin y were laei mm in the car* itoIiik toward* While* ball?J.eti.iukui? 1 ,V K ) Wartl'c J ttit IS Mnweinrnta of Individual a. ; K. P Traeiy bearer of ilaepatuhe* for California, ar* ' rited at New O" lea tie nu tin lib m l Burnett, j*raea i,'. Hall, and Jainee Lawrence, f'< nniilr eieiit re ? f llie Stat* of Indiana, to r aaiuiue into tl.e practicability of a canal around the fall? of the Ohio rtwer mi ilie tud aoa lide, were at Loureeille, Ky., oq the Ib IBel. I ...rtJftkJ

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