Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 19, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 19, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 6492. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH ov JAMES KNOX POLK, Late President of the United States. Jatne* Knox Folic, My* the Staleiman't Manual,wa* the eleventh 1'resi-Jeut of the L ulled State*, wa* the oldest of ten children, and was born on the second of November. 1TU0, In Mecklenburg couuty. North Carolina Ills ancestors, whose original name, Pollock has. by obvious transition, a^nuied its present form, emigrated in the oarly part'of the eighteenth century, from Ireland. The family traces their descent from Kobert Pollt. who was born and married In Ireland: hi* wife, Magdalen Tu.ker. was the heiress of Mowning Hill They had ix. on* and two daughters; Hubert folk, the progenitor Of J allies Knox Polk, wa* the lifth son; be married a Miss Gullet, and removed to America. Ksekiel Polk, tbe grandfather of James K. Polk, wa* one of his son*. The Polk family sullied in Somerset county, ou the astern shore of Marylaud. where some of their descendants still sojourn. Being ttie only democrats of note in that county, they were railed the democratic family. The branch of the fuuilly from which the President is descended, removed to the neighborhood of Carlisle, in Pennsylvania, and thence to the western frontier of North Carolina, sometime before the commencement of the revolutionary war. Some of the Polk family were honor..b y distinguished in that eventful struggle. On the klltu of May, 1775, C"U<ei|ueutly more than twelve inon'hs anterior to the declaration of independence of the 4th of July, 1770, the assembled inhabitants of Me?kluuburg county publicly absolved tbi selves from th> ir allegiance to the British crown, and wiled a formal manifesto of iudeneiidenoe, in terns of manly eloquence. similar to some of the expres-lons lu the declaration of the .American Congress, adopted more than a year afterward Colonel Thomas i'olk. the prime mover in this act of notilo daring, and one of the signers of thin first declaration ot Independence, wus the great uncle of the President; and the family is also connected with the Alexanders, ci al nan and secretary of the meeting which adopted tile declaration, as well as with I)r. Kpbraiui lircvard, the author of the declaration itself. The father of James Iv Pollt was a farmer of amisruining pretensions, hut entvrprisiug character. Thrown upon his own resources in early life, Liu became the architect if his own fortunes, lie was u warm supporter of Mr Jefferson, and through life a firm and m.deviating democrat. In the autumn of lHUd he removed, with his famdy of ten children, from the hornestsad in North Carolina, to Tennessee, who re he was one of the pioneers of tho fertile valley of Duck river, a branch of the ( umtx rland. then a wilderness, but bow the most flourishing and populous portion of the Slate. In this region the subject of this sketch resided nntll his election to the presidency, so that he may be said, literally, to have grown with its growth, and strengthened with Its strength. Of course, in the Infancy of its settlement, the opportunities for instruction could not be great. Notwithstanding this disadvantage and the still more formidable one of a painful affection from which, after years of suffering, he was finally relieved by a surgical operation?he acquired the elements of a good Knglish educatlou. Approbending that his constitution had been too much impaired to permit the confinement of study, his father determined, much, however, against the will of the son, to make him a commercial man; and, with this view, plsead liim with a merchant. He re main c"J a few weeks in a situation adverse to his withes, and incompatible with his ts.-te. Finally, his arnt'Ht appeals succeeded in overcoming the resistance of his father, and in July, 1813, he was placed, first under the care of the Kev. Doctor Henderson, and subsequently at the academy of Murfreasborough, Tennessee, then under tbo direction of Mr. Samuel P. Black, justly celebrated iu that region as a classical teacher In the autumn of 1815 be entered the university of North Carolina, having, In less than two years and a half, thoroughly prepared himself ts commence his collegiate course, beiug theu in the twentieth year of bis age. Sir. Polk's career at the university was distinguished, t each semi-annual examination he bore away ths first honor, and finally graduated in 1818. with ths highest distinction of his class, and with the reputation if being the first scholar in both tlio mathematics and classics. Of ths former science he was passionately fond, though equally distinguished as a linguist. His course at college was marked by the same assiduity and studious appiicstion which have since distinguished him. His ambition to excel was equalled by his perseverance alone ; in proof of which, it is said ibat be never missed a recitation, nor omitted the punctilious performance of any duty. Habits of closo applisation at college are apt to be despised by those who pride themselves on brilliaucy of mind, as if they were incompatible. This is a melancholy mistake, titnius has ever been defiurd the faculty of appreciation. The latter is. at least, something better, aud more available. So carefully has Mr. Polk avoided tho pedantry of classical display, which is the false taste of our day and country, as almost to hide the acquisitions which distinguished bis early career. His preference fiei- the useful and suhstantisl, ludicated by his youthful passion for the mathematics, has made him aeleet a style of elocution which would perhaps be denoted too plain by the admirers of flashy declamation. From the university he returned to Tennessee, with health impaired by application, ami in the beginning of the year Iblf, commenced the study of the law (ibat profeseiou which has furnished niuu of the eleven Presidents of the Pnlted States ) in the offloo of the late Felix (irundy. for many years a representative and vnator of'1 ennessee lu Congress; under whose auspicki he was'admitted to the liar, at the clone of 1820 air vwuiuieiitKU um pi uiitmuubi ihi iti 111 mr cvuut^ m Maury, with great advantages. derived from the connection of hiit family with it* early settlement. His warmest friends were the sharers o! his father's early privations and difficulties, and the associates of his own youth, liut his success was due to his personal qualities still more than to extrinsic advantages. A republican in habits as well as in principles, depending for the maintenance of his dignity upon the esteem of ethers, and not upon his own assumption, his manners conciliated the general good will. The eonlidence of his friends was justiiied by the result. His thorough academical education, his accurate knowledge of tua law. his readiness and resources in debitu, his uuwcar.cd application to business, secured him. at once, full employment, and in less than a year he was already a leading practitioner. Mr. Polk continued to devote some years exclusively to the prosecution of his profession, with a progressive ungmentaiion ef reputation, aud the more solid rewards by which It la accompanied. In 1823, be entered upon the stormy eareer of politics, being chosen to represent his county in the State Legislature, by a heavy majority over the former incumbent, but not without foimidable opposition. He was for two successive years a member of that body; where his ability in de1 bate, and talent for business, at once gave him reputation The rarly personal and political frieud of lieneral Jackson, he was ene of those whe, in the session of lH21-'24, called that distinguished man from his retirement. by electing him to the Senate of the United States. in August, 1825, being then In his thirtieth year, Mr. Polk was chosen <o represent his district in Uongress, and took his feat in the national councils iu December following He brought with him those fundamental principles to which he has adhered through all the rnutatlous of party. Krom his early youth he was a democratic republican of the strictest sect. He has ever x* garded tlie constitution of the United 8tates as an instrument of specific and limited powers, and he was found in opposition to every measure that aimed to consolidate fede.ral power, or to detract from the dignity and legitimate functions of the State governments. He signalised bis hostility to the doctrines of those who held to a more liberal construction of the eonstltatl?n, in all their modes. He always refused his assent to the appropriation of money by the federal government for what he deemed the unconstitutional purpose ef c< nstructing works of internal improvement within the States. He took ground early against tlie (?HHIIUU?D>IIIJ UK wen UK expeuieucy ui u national bank; and in August, 1120, consequently several months before the nppiarance of Oeucral Jacksou'l first message. announced then hia opinions in a published letter to hla constituents, lie baa ever been opf oted to a tariff for protection, and was. at all ttmoa, be strenuous ad vacate of a reduction of the revenue to the economical wants of the government. Knterlaining these opinions, and entering t.ongres*. as hu did. at the first session after the eleetion of John Quinsy Adnata to the Presidency, he promptly took his stand against the doctrines developed in the message | ef that < ht<-f Magistrate, and was. daring the eontinuanee of hia administration, resolutely opposed to ~<ta leading measures. W hen Mr. Polk entered Congress, he was, with one or two exceptions, the junior member of that body. His first speech was In favor of a proposition to a.nend the Constitution In such manner a* to prevent the hoice of President of the United States from devolving on Congress In any event. This speech at once attracted publie attention by the force or its reasoulng, the copiousness of it* research, and the spirit or Indignation. with reference to the then recent, election by Congress, by which It was animated At the same *--s Ion tin-*nbv?i:t of the Panama mission was brought before Congress, and the project was oppo.-l l,y Mr Polk, who strenuously protested against tin- doe.lrinn of ' the f>i< nils of the administration, that as the President and Senate are tlie treaty-making power, the Hou-e of IHipresenlatives cannot deliberate upon n<>r r- fo e the appropriations necessary to carry thou Into effect, j 'I lie views of Mr I oik ho embodied in a series of r-so. ' lotions, which reproduced, In a tangible shape, the 4' ctrines, on this question, of the republican party of 1 17SK. 1 he first of these resolutions declares, tloit it i Is the et iistllutlonsi right and duty of the Hou?e of Representatives, when rnlled upon for appropriation* to (lelrnv the e.vpeoses of toreign mi nion- to deliberate on lite expediency of suck missions, and to determine and act theruoa as in their judgment may seein most conducive to th? poblic go ej " Irom this time Mr. folk's history became tnsepara1 h'.y Interwoven with that of the House- He was promtllently ooBtieeted wirli every important question, and pen every one Look the boi-frst democratic ground lie e iiiluned to oppose the administration of Mr Adams 1 notit its t#rinliiiitin/i. and during the whole perm ! of Hen Jack on'* terms he was one i / its leadlugsupporters, ^id at times, and on certain questions of paramount ,' ^Ti. oriaace its chief relbtaro. iu Heoemli r. livJi. .vlr I P ok wus plsct d i n the miinitlteo of foreign affair*; "'id ' ?< mettme alter as rhairmau ot a seirpt cinni tb?. be made a r<y"it on the surplus revenue, dei ,?lng the eiislilutli sal power if Congress to colli tit f -Ml toe people for distribution, a surplus beyond the wants of I fhe government and maim anting that the revenue | sen.WW WW swwat.J .. Jit V*' HCiel Uf the JVMbllt WU ... E N E' Tie*. In 1830, b* defended tk* act of Qeneral Jackson in placing hi* veto on the Maysville road bill, and thu* hrcklng the eystem of internal improvement by the general government, which had been entered upon by Congress. in December, 1832, Mr. Polk wae transferred to the committee of way* and means, and at that sees!on presented the report of the minority of that committee, with regard to certain charges against the United States Bank; this minority report presenting conclusions utterly adverse to the institution which had been the subject of inquiry. The course of Mr. Polk arrayed against him the friends of the bank, and they held a meeting at Nashville to denounce his report. Ilis re-election to Congress was opposed; but, after a violent contest, Mr. Polk was re-elected by a majority of more than three thousand In September, 1833. President Jackson determined upon the removal of the public deposits from the Bank of the United States. This measure, which caused great escitcment throughout the country, was carried into effect in October following; and at the subsequent session of Congrsss it was the leading subject of decusston In the Senate, the President was censured for the measure; but he was sustained in the House of Re perse uiutives. un imt ueca-iou, Mr. Polk a* chairman of the committee of ways and means, vindicated the President's measure, and by hi* coolness, promptitude, and skill, carried through the resolutions of the committee relating to the bunk and the deposites and sustaining the administration, after which the cause of the bank wa* abaudoned in CoDgress. Tt wards thu close of the memorable session of 1434 Mr. Speaker Stevenson resigned the chair, as well as his eat in the house. The mujorlty of the democratic party prtfi rrcd Mr. Polk as his successor, but iu consequence of a division iu its ranks, thooppositlon united with the democratic friends of John hell, of Tennessee, and thereby succeeded iu electing that gentleman, then a prolessed friend, but since a derided opponent, of th President and his measures. Mr. Polk's defeat produced uo change iu his course. lie remuinud faithful to his parly, and assiduous iu the performance of his arduous duties. In December, 1835, Mr. Polk was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives, and again chosen to that station in 1837 at the extra session hold in the first year of Mr. Van Buren's adminlatration. The duties of Speaker were discharged by him during fivo sussious, with ability, at a time when party feelings ran high in the house, and in the beginning unusual dilllculties were thrown iu his way by the animosity of his political opponents During the first session lu which he presided. more appeals were taken from his decision than had occurred iu the whole period since the origiu of the government; but he was uniformly sustained by the house, including inaay of his political adversaries. Notwithstanding the vioUnue with which he had been a> sailed. Congress passed, at thu close of the session, in March, 1837, a unanimous vote of thanks to its presiding officer. front whom it separated with the kindest feelings. In the twenty-fifth Congress, over which he presided as Sp<aker at three sessions, commencing iu September, 1837 and ending in March, 183V. parties were more marly balanced (Mr. Polk's majority as Speaker being only eight).and thefmost exciting questions were agitated during the whole period. At the close c f ihe term. Mr. Klmore, of South Carolina, moved ' thai the thanks of the house be presented to the Hon. James K. Polk, for the able, impartial, and dignified manner in which h<- has presided over its deliberations and performed the arduous ami important duties of Ihe chair." On this resolution, a long and excited debate arose,which was terminated by the previous question, when the resolution was adopted by V4 iu the stlliiiiativo, to 67 in the negative: but lew of the me:ub> rs of the opposition concurred in the vote of approval. The Speaker, in[adjr>urning the hoitss. made a reply of more loan ordinary lengtli, anil mowing, on his part, deep feeling. Among other remarks, he said? ' When I look bHoh to the period when I first took my seat in title home, and then look arouud me for those who were at thuttline my associates here, 1 find but few, very few, remaining. But Ave members who were here with me fourteen years ago, eontinue to be members of this body. My service here has been constant and laborious. I can perhaps say what but few others, if any, can. that I have aot failed to attend the daily sittings of this bouse a single day since 1 have been a member of it, saTe on a single occasion, when prevented for a short time by indisposition. In my intercourse with the members of tbis body, when I occupied a place upon the floor, though occasionally engaged in debates upon interesting pontic questions, and of an exciting character, it is a source of unmingtedgraUBcation to me to re? ur to the fact, that on no occasion was theie the slightest personal or unpleasant collision with uny of Its nu mbers. Maintaining, aud at all times expressing. my own opinions firmly, the ramo right was fully eoucedt d to other-. For four years p ist, the station I have occupied, and a sense of propriety, in tha divided and unusually excited state of public opinion and feeling, which lias existed both In this house and the country, liuve precluded me from participating in your debates. Other duties were assigned me. " I he high office of Speaker, to whichlit liasjbeen twice the pleasure of this bou?e to elevate me, has been at ail tin as ona < f labor and high responsibility. It ha< beea made my duty to decide more questions of parliamentary law and order, many of them of a complex and difficult character, arising oiten iu the midst of high excitemcnt, in the course of our proceedings, than had been derided,it is believed, by all my predecessors, from the foundation of the government This home has uniformly sustained me, without distinction of the political parties of which it lias been composed. I teturn them ILV thanks for their constant sunnort in tha ilia. charge ?f the duties 1 bare had to perform. " but. gentlemen, my acknowledgment* are especially due to the mujorlly ot this house, for the high and flattering evidence they have given me of their approbation of my conduct as the presiding officer of the house, by the resolution you have been pleased to pas*. I regard it as of infinitely more value ttmu if it had been the common, matter-of-course, and customary resolution w hich. in the courtesy usually pro rail lug between the presiding officer aud the members of any deliberative assembly is always passed, at the ciosej .f their delilx raticus. 1 regard this as the highest aud moet valued testimonial I have ever received frmn this house, because I know that the circumstances under which it ban passed, have msdn it malti r of substance and not ot mere form. I shall bear it in gruteful remembrance to the latest honr of my life. ' 1 tiust this high otkee may in future times he filled, as doubtless it will be. by abler men. It eaunot. I know, lie lilltd hy any oue who will devote himself with more real and untiring industry to do his whole duty, than I have done." 1-ew public nun have pursued a firmer or more consistent course tbau Mr. folk, in adhering to the democratic party, in erery vicissitude. In lhl)6, when nil < t bis colleagues of the Tennessee delegation, in the House ot Kepresentatives. determined to support Judge White, ol' that State, as the successor to G? neral Jackson, for the Presidency, he iucurred the hazard of losing his popularity throughout the StafV-, hy arow ing his unalterable purpose cot to (epaiate from the great body of the democratic party, in the Presidential election. He, therefore becume ideutitii d with the friends of Mr. Van Huron, in lcunesrce, in 1836. when Judge White received the vote of that State by a popular majority of over nine thorn and. After a service of fourteen years in Congress. Mr. Tolk. in declined a re-election front the district which hud FO long sustained htm. He was then laken up hy the lriends of the administration in 1'eiinessee, tie a candidate for Governor, to oppose Newton t annon. who was then Governor of the State, and supported by the whig party for re election. Aftor an animated canvass, during which Mr Polk visited the different counties of that extensive State. and addressed the poepie on the political topiosof the day. Hie election took plttee in August, 1831), and resulted in a majority for Mr. Polk, of more than 2.WO over Oovernor i minon. At the ensuing session of the Legislature, Governor Polk was nominated hv that hndu for Vice sldcnt of the United State*, to be placed on the ticket will) Mr. Van Bnren. He was afterwards nominated far the same ofllee In **Teral other 8tatcs, hut at the election ot 1840 lie received one electoral vote only for Vice-President, which wu given by one of the elector* in Virginia. Having served as Governor of.T#nne?*ec for the eon(tltutioual term of twoyear*, Mr. Pollt was a candidate fur a re-election in August. 1841. Hi* prospect was unpromising, a* the State in 1840 showed a whig majority of 12.0011 at the presidential election. The result was the defeat of Mr. Polk, and the election of June* C. Jones, the whig candidate, a* Governor, by a majority of 3.224 Mr. Polk, therefore, retired from public life, at the expiration ot hie executive term. Two year* alter, in 1843. he was again a candidate for the executive ebalr. in oppoeitlon to Governor Jones, but he was the second time defeated, and the whig candidate reelected. by a majority of 3 833. Kioin October, 1841. until his elevation to the highest office in the Union. Mr. Polk remained in private lite, not, however, an inert spectator of the wild and irouli.' <i drama i f politic*. Happy in the confidence ot bis immediate neighbors, and his numerous political fiitnd* throughout the Stat#, in the uffections of a < harming family aud in the ardent friendship of Andrew Jackson, he had determined to withdraw himself fr< m the anxietiee and labors of public llfu. hut the voice of tlie democracy of Tennessee forbade the gratit cation of bis wishes; as we bare seen, be whs repeatedly summoned to stand forward as its reprnscntative Gr 1.oreiin r of the Stale, and he yielded to the summons, whatever might have teen the prospects of success. Mr. I .>ik did not conceal bis opinions on political subjects when relitd upon by his Mlow citizens to exputs ilu in Those w bo difl.ri <1 front him had no difllcolly In aici rlaining the fact of the dilfervnce. A proof of this was found in the chiliiiisUnce which develop! d liis opinions on the subject ot Tetos The ciiirmi s of t inrlnnati had, early in 1814. expressed Ih'lr' fettled opposition" to the annrxailon of Ib.st ripnhlicto the United States, and invited Inm to sn inn nee Ms concurrence lu their Judgnieut. In bis reply. he raid : "Let Texa? he. rii-aniieird,and the autho ...J. ..><1 m-T-.il I ii i- I n III It 00 r??nwinll? 11 ?D'l mi.liitalned within her lirn.it- ?. aUo in the Orci<oii territory. wii?l li t the fixed policy of our j;nvovumcnt be. nut in permit < ii#-kt Br.tain to plant a oolouy or hold ib minion orrr any port inn of the people or territory ol ilthir. Tln-m me my opinion*; nod. without Ui lining it uere*-ary to rati i.il tlit* letter. by atudgnliift 'hi ninny rnumtii which inHm nee uio in tho couclindotil to which I come, I rijtrot to l>o compelled to d'flor ?o ? id' Ij fn in th? view. exprm??tl br y nuno'lree, iml the tin cling of iIIImiii of Ciuelunntl, whoui you riptnu nt " On the 2U'h of May 1M4. Mr Tolk received the nonilnation of the Democratic National Contention, aeriuililcil at Baltimore, lor I'rmldciit of the iill.-d Stale* To till* high i llice lie ? ' elected in tli fall ul tb? (iime y hi hy tin | tuple of thu Lotted Si-ite*. and ni* uiHiority ok r Mr < luy, tho whig o.unlnl.i'o. *. ?xpieutud tlrrut'gb tte tle?toral college*, hi Det?n?b*r W YO MORNING EDITION?TUI 1M4. ill OS. The votes of tha presidential aleators m ware?far Jamea K. l'olk. 170; for Henry Clav. 105 to George M. Delia* ?aa elected Vice President by the aeme majority, over Theodore Frellngbuysen The otea were counted in the House of Reprnseotativea, ? on the 10th of February. 1845. The Preaideat elect having repaired to the aeat of government, Informed cc the joint committee of Congress, who waited on him, " that, '' in signifying hi* acceptance of the office to which he had been chosen by the people, he expressed his deev sense of gratitude to them for the contidence whleb they had reposed in him, and requested the committee to couvsy to their respective houses of Congress ai assurances that, in executing the responsible duties u which would devoir*upon him. It would be bis anxious desire to maintain the honor and promote the welfare li of the country." w In person. President Polk was of middle stature, with C a full angular brow, and a quick penetrating eye The ft expres<ion of hi* countenance was grave but itsserious a cast was often relieved by a peculiarly pluaraiit smile, tl indicative of the amenity of nis disposition. His pri- tl rate life, which had ever becu upright and pure, *ecured to him the esteem and friendship of all who J bad the advantage of bis acquaintance lie married li a lady of Tennessee, who Is a member of the presbyterlau church, and well qualified, by her virtues and d accomplishments, equally to adorn the circles of pri- d rate life, or the station to which she had been called. r They had no children. ^ Our Southern Correspondence. * Charleston, S. C., June 13, 1S19. n Trip to Charleston?Observations En Route?Ser- 1 mon at Sea, &c. fyc. f The steamship Northerner came through from f New York to Charleston on her last trip, in pre- 11 cisely 5H hours?dock to dock. We left New J York at 5 P. M. on the 9th. Your friend, the {" amiable South street merchant, Mr. T., was down at the pier when we started, and very kindly gave me au introdaction to Captain 13udd, whom I iound a most compunienuble person during the trip, and he in a man who perfectly understands ths duties of his profession. ^ j ouppvoc mui juu uuu t nnui, ui ca}?cii lit* ?u |j go into all the details in the progress of nty pro- 1 poeed voyaging?yet I ahull occasionally do so, t particularly when I have nothing to communicate respecting the great object of my mission, * which I assure you will not be lost sight of for a moment. As a general rule, in my correapoitdenee with the linuLi, while my roving commis- , mod lasts, 1 shall endeavor to portray things in the < most eusy and simple manner, and as they strike t rue. As you are aware, the Southern country is " a land 1 really know nothing hbout, except from u hearsay ; but in this respect, 1 don't fancy 1 ain J much behind uiue-tenths of my Northern brethren, the mass of whom are profoundly ignorant of the real state of matters in the slave States. What I see, if it is a new feature to me, 1 shall write you about, and speak of Southern folks, crops, commerce, slaves, manufacturers, conventions, Arc. ?Jcc., as I find them, and relate facte, without any comment. Having said thus much, as a sort of preparatory to my letters, 1 will go back to iny tart from New ^ ork. The Northerner had very few passengers out. The tide of travel at this season of the year runs the other way, although the cholaru in your city will materially affect taut. We had twenty-five nntkpnir-.ru In t'hnrlpof <>n omnnir tliom a 1- ,.C very interesting young Indies, who were returning ' home in the Routh from a New York boarding * school, where they had been to finish their educa- * tion. This is a common thing, und all very well, ,, no doubt; but I question seriously whether it t would continue practised if the South had ever e lived in the vicinity of a " New York fashionable female boarding school." 1 iiave; and I must ex- 3 press my opinion, frankly, that 1 think riding horses, fishing, sailing, shooting rattlesnakes, u jumping tences, swimming creeks, and a few otker ? unuising resources of the South, are fur better cal- b culatcd to promote the future domestic happiness * of Southern beauties and belles, by developing t< their physical proportions, and making tlieru ti hourly wives and healthy tnoihers, than the edu- 11 Cation they will get ut any Northern female board- * itig so heel, where they are sure to learn Knglish, " French, Italian munic, Dutch wultzes, and a variety of pretty tricks, which are only to be acquired v by ussoci.iting intimately under the same roof with foreign teachers and knowing New York ! guls. If the planters talk with me on this inte- B r< sting topic, 1 shall explain to thein my ideas more fully. Chris should be kept ut home. They never improve in an outside atmosphere. ^ \Ve had u very pleasant run after we left Randy llock; there was just sea enough on to give a spe- & men to the "verdant" passengers, who keptto their ?; staterooms; and the first night out 1 spent walking B the deck, conversing with the captain on subjects * appertaining to his profession and to mine. The captain spoke learnedly in regard to light-houses. *' lie ih evidently "down" on the whole arrangemen', und he expressed his private opinion to in", q that our Anu-rcan light-house system was a t, humbug and a delusion, and carried out on the smallest kind of national way that existed in the tl world. lie added, that, us mi American navigator, D lie would vote for blowing out every light on the l' crust of America, from Maine to Texas; and not a u doubt seemed to exist in his mind (hat hundreds of * vessels and valuable lives would be saved annually by the experiment. There is no doubt ubout it. n, Our crast lights are of little account; unless a n m- 4,i gator is veiy caieful, he is liable to he deceived by ?i lights on other vessels or in houses ashore. 1 saw ti several lights as we came along by llutieros. Ho- " inaine, ( haileslon, tec.; and it is impossible to distinguish them from each other, or from the ^ lights on other ships: unless you know positively ci where you ure, from other sources, tlis light-house *<' is an embarrassment to navigators. What a con- n trsst with the light-houses in Great Britain! On f? u)l her coasts you are sure to see the light-houses; * uiul w lieu you once catch sight of one, you liava fnly to refer to a book for description, and you !| know what lighthosue is before you, as if its name ni were blazing in letters ol fire. Ro it ought to be in ? the United Riates: but so it aint. b The next day after our departure was the Ribbatli, und in ihr morning we bud a very excellent n extnupore sermon, from a very intelligent cler- v gyiiuui of the Presbyterian Church, who is tl stationed in Georgia. Our congregation met in oi the after cabin. It was small, but extremely select, consisting of Captain lfudd, a pleasant ir old pent!< man from Georgia, a connection of tl " Rcenes in Georgia," the minister and my- l' oil" Tl.? ..I.. -I f .U . ll si. jiic rciiiii'ii nun |iicu?;iicu liuui mc ir*i, "Seek ye lift t the kingdom ot' Cod, and hut * righteousness, and ail these things rVall be added unto yoa."_ The moment lie got fairly under way, nnd I perceived tiiat Ilia style and language were a . touch above ordiuuiy shore preaching, 1 was nrixtous to get out my note hook, (prepared for the k M< :ci| hiH Convention,) and take the sermon entire for the lltrald. It would have been a novelty, hut . 1 did not do it, L> ing afraid of searing our minister J'j from bin text. It whh an excellent discourse, and m suited my ease, lor in " all these things" 1 ain 1< sadly deficient, and uin anxious to get tlietn.? ?' There is more in tlint text than I had pre- tj viously discovered. There are an inuneitse 11 I number of very rich jxople :n New York who he! long to the cliurch. As a philosopher, 1 would j_ ; nek were they rich when they joined! No! | They were as poor us church mice. 1 know myself K| : several Wall street ducks who had not u mag, and b; who have had all these things added to them long " ago, and who are now rich nabobs?fashionable ?' people who live in places, and are directors in all the christian arid benevolent institutions about t'( tewn. The text uccounta for it satisfactorily; hut ,, in these respective cares, the righteousness part of u the arrangement is a matter that will be more pro- R1 perly appieci ited when these rii h Christians reach lithe Kingdom of Heaven, which will nrohuhly he at a very indefinite peiiod of lime ahead. Our * minister finis lit d his sermon, gave out a hymn, and *' asked me to lead it; but us i have had no practice ' V in Singing since 1 lilt oil' leadline' Smiduv achool. many ycuis ago, (declined; no tiid the captain, it -j not being exacily in his lino; Hiid the Georgia gentleman who lly modest; consequently we halt- 1? i d in the rending of the hymn, not being ahb to t> tnise a sing on it, w hich answered perhaps equally l' well under (he circumstances, though not us orihodox us it should huve been. A sermon on u tmnday ut n u in what luncheon nt II o'clock is on week th \s ui soj, both help to pass awny the time pleasantly. and is a relief to the terrible monotony in of even h shoit sen voyage. Ni It id a wonder tome why people whohave nothing in to do, and have got loose ohuiige, don't take n trip 1,1 in a rteerner to Charleston. It is * delightful trip u U> make, only occupies days, costs only sixty * dollars; Mnd they could, ever after, talk of life on jt' die tei-an.i.iid sj>eiik scientifically of steamshi|H, n i.rhiiieiy, antl foreign parts. Tne Northerner is h, . magnificent sea-boat, and sits as gracefully as a hi durk open the billows. There is nothing in the tl way rf comfort and convenience that you can't I'M on loiiid of h'-r. and the captain is it captain. rt' llrr < wners seeni to have spared no pains or money J'^ to make the Northerner a safe and pleasant sea t l st? > liter lor | ,ti*i peers. For my |>art, 1 would soot.er ci< >s the Atlantic ocean in her, than I would m, in any of the crack Lnglish steamers. We crossed < Utf I u.fiit baf Hi' ? k'it Jt is s.w m ii k n SSDAY, JUNE 19, 1849. iles from the town, an ugly spot, and will be a bar Charleston ever being the resort of steamers at draw more water than the Northerner. At daybreak on Tuesday morning I walked on

lore from the bout, and, cari?*t-bag in hand, pro eded to the magnificent building known as the Charleston Hotel." YourB, drc. Commissions*. Brooklyn City Intelligent*. Citt Court, June, 18.?This Court met yesterday, ad not having any business ready, discharged the jury nttl Thursday. Polick Court, June lfi.?Before Judge King.?1Thre* ttle colored girls, sgi'd respectively 8, 4, and 2 years, ere brought before this Court, charged by Mayor oplanil with being vagrants. It appeared from tho tots elicited tbut these innocents had hhaucfuliy bven liandoned by their mother, and left to starve npon be highway. They were sent to tho poorhouse, where bey will be properly eared for. /'. .... fl 1'............ l..M. 10 11 ttfi \Fil uilge Morse, Justices Hughes and Wright -Three ttle boys. uaiued Richard Meadows, Robert Thouip n and William Thompson, were arraigned on an in.ict merit charging them with burglary In tho third ogree Tho Court, after mma teeling and affeoting cnisrks, suspended sentence, on account of their oulh. Tlie fattier of one of them was in court, and ad lately arrived from Kuropc, only to learn of his evert- family atlliction in the crime of his aou. lie was nuch affected by tho remarks of Judgu Morse. and 11 anv sympathizers likewise. The children left court n charge of their friends. Grand Larceny ? reter Smith was placed upon trial or a grand larceny, In stealing a boat, valued at $30, | ruin a Mr. John V. Bergen The evidence being > iretty conclusive, the jury found the accused guilty. Church Kuhhrry ? John Kdmonds, James Collins, and ohu Brown, were placed upon trial, on the charge of | iurglary, in having entered Uraoe Church. Brooklyn ieights. and taken therefrom property to the value of | bout f>600. The evidence went to show that the prloner went into the house of a Mrs Taggart. in Orange treet, with a bundle, and accidentally left theru a fan, ihlch whh idvu tilied by one of the ladies who frequented lie church as her own. and the one she bad left In the Lurch the day previous to the robbery. The primers are very intelligent, und seemed to be old otfentt(. A large number of wituusies were examined, rho clearly lized the guilt ou the accused. The jury ound the prieouers guilty, and the Court Nrtlllsi h< m to three years' iiuprlsoument iu the State prison. I'eter Smltb, oouvicted of a grand lurceuy, was tcuencrd to two years' imprisonment iu the Slate prison. Cosmo* Council, June 18.?Present, ills Honor tba lay or, and all the Aldermen. Tliu roll was called, nd the minutes of the last session read and approvud. JPsHtlilie, CoT/imuuiculiunt. ^c- -A large quantity of apera were disposed of, the principal of wbich are as allows :?Krom John Druseu, lor conveyance, referred o attorney ; of Jaeub Kupelye, in relation to well in clutubiu street, to well and pump eouiuilttee; of Peer l.inan, asking te have the report of the (ire depart ji nl committee Iu his case, referred back te the commtie. to aivu him a chance to auuear before them ? laycr of the petitioner grunted, communication from i tin Shields. askiug for the enforceiueut of the law >l?tive toibc protection of licensed cburcoai dealers; lesolution km offered by Aid Spinula, for the eu>1 cement of th? ordinance already pureed In relation u this subject. I'atltion of Henry Clark and others, to lata Ked Hook lane, to street coiumittea; from Pater I'ilara. James ilagm. and Thomas llallaban. asking or n muneratlon (tl.&OO) for a vault iu tbe Catbotlc, ay street burying ground, winch thoy bare baeu at eat expense in building, being prohibited from buryng their relatives In this vault, by an ordinance which oibids burial lu tbe first fiva wards of the city? tbe uiuinumcaiion was laid on tbe tbe table; from several lereons, ashing a prohibition for tbe erection of a irewery, on tbe ground that it will be a nuisance in .be neighborhood?to police committee ; from several nbabltauts of the blxih ward, asking to buve the yslcm of cleaning streets by contracts abolished as ar as that ward is concerned, to street c uuuiitttee; letition in relation to an appropriation fur the lialaucu if tbe amount expended at the funeral of ('apt. Tearon?to flnauce committee ; bill of JobD B Kiug. Jusice of the I'eaee, far tbe past month?to the finance ommlttee. A petition was road In the board, as follows "o their Uonort, the Mayor and Common Council of Iht City of Haooktyn:? Honorable Gentlemen:?I beg leave to recommend ijself to your notice, as a proper, intelligent and trustortby friend, which tbe honorable late .Mayer, franc is . Biryker. and tbo present Mayor, Judge hoplund. as I so tbe Common Council. kn?ws tbe applloaul; as will ratify underneath. Gentlemen, I tbe applicant. John 1. Paiker. applies for the situation of public watchman r lamp lighter. Gentlemen, I request an answer, as I ill wait in the hall until 1 have tbe purport of the pedum. 1 remain, gentlemen, your moat obedient and umhle servant, JUliN G. TAKKKK, Petitioner. No testimonials required, as tba applicant ia wall now n. Tbe petition iras. on motion of Alderman Wsrowkll, rid upon tbe table, aa being too oomplimentary to tba oard. Hiitcial Order.?The special order being tin* finishing f the appointment of ottieers for the ensuing year, the oard went into axecutiva session. The appointments re a.-, follows:? tavifi Intytctor?1st ballot?James Van Dyke received voter; John C. Kpinola 0; Win. M Boerum J; no boice. St rood ballot?Jauies Van Dyke 0; BptuolaU; otroin, none; blank 2. John (J. Spinola was declared uly i-lretid Staler oj and ijrutitrtt.?Klrst ballot?Charles lolrncs 0, John Kidder ft; T. Koreninn 4; Win vlaconaid 1; blank 2 Second ballot? lloliuee 0; Kidder I; oreuiuu 1; Will Macdouolil 1; krancis U. Spinola 1 bird ballot? Holmes tl; Kidder 11 John Kidder having jcelvcd a u.ujoiity oi vol us, wue declared elected. jjfjiininietUfJ Water Camuutsioiuri. ? A motion was ben made by Aid. Taylor, to postpone tlin app.iiutirnt ot *al< r commissioners until the next meeting of lie Ley it latum After comideiuble discussion. in which it rt oi the aldernuit took part, the resolution was dnptrd. ay rex 11. nays 0 Jieyotl ij Officers ?/ the Board?his honor the Mayor resented a ct tiiiuunlcation from thn Secretary of the uvy Department, in lelatioti to lands in the vicinity r the tiaiy yard, and n qui sting the appointment of tents on the part id the city, to confer with similar ttict r?. to be selected by the dupartiaent. The coin.uliirullon was laid on the table. 1 lie Mayor also Titurm d a resolution, with his veto, Beri d by Alderman Hawksburst at the last meeting, hith piovided for the removal of the squatters on the ty property. A motion was made to re-adopt the relution, which was lost. The motion to reconsider the -solution War cairled A motion wua then made to rwr the rexi luilt n to the committee oulauds and places, hicb wus adopti d 'J be Mayor ulxn returned a resolution offered at lbs ot meeting of tin- Is aid. providing for the purchase of ic revile d statutes, for the use of the members A lotion was made to reconsider the resolution, whieb us left. After the transaction of tbc usual amount of miners, the board adjourned. r.ST ? Coroner Hull held an Inquest yesterday, pon the body of a man fonud lloating in tho water ? ordiet, found drowned. Also, upon llio body of a lite boy. at tiowanus. who was killed by a ladder falling a hiBj. Verdict accordingly. Kiev ?An alarm of fire was given yesterday mrrrnig at shout 7 o'clock, which was found to proceed from lie Oly tuple theatre, at the foot of Kullon street, to ar be ferry It was qnickly extinguished, however, after oing trilling damage. The lire was suppose* to be the ork of aD incendiary. Sporting Intelligence* CiHTlttTitlK Comm..?A trotting mutch for $400, no oiile htat*. to 260 lbn wagons, will nine oil thl? litrnoon. The match in between Stranger and Kauny in*. Sr. Levi* Cour*e, Friday, Join 8?The rain of the rcTloun nigtit bad mini* the track (oft and heavy, and ic ott< i)dance was very fpare Idttle Kniily *ai a rong favorite at odd*, while Sport'* Mi*trcK*. a tine.oking tonal, had many friend*, who nibblril a little L tbiee n.d four to tru*tliig to her rtrcngth and j? severe race of f.niily on Tburvday. Willi all thin, lire *n* much *hyne?* in laying out monvy, the new* Wing abr< ad that the bad a " leg." r Ilell'ncb in. I.it'le h.miljr, ill year*old. . .2 l I . Bin fold * a. m Sport'* Mlslre**, tlx yr*. old. .1 2 ilr /'ml IIrat ?Well together to the back stretch, where port'* Mil-ti e"* rliowi d In r bead In front, wa* oaustht 1 Kniily on the home utretrh and they panned the and niHily touching each other, both taking the outde ti ark a* I he beet Mist re** again took a trilling ad to ihi third quarter. wa* eollared at the turn by mily. who bail In d the ircond tnlle about a lengi li be ii.d. J bin wan lt.cr<a-e<l to two length* on the back ritrh where I.wily ? *< laid to her work; went up in ic lliird quarter kept with her to the draw gate* neck nri ticck. made her brtirh. and wan h alen by two rglh*. Time, <l:24j*. Sin nil that - flctting four and five to one on F.niily Inning the heat arnl Iho ran-. in the hirk itretcli IMre** took a lead of a length, but resigned it at t'<? nn in the Frcond nitie. Kmily now forced the runi g nti( * k Mt?!re?a off in tlin back atretch, never lUght and won tin; beat by two-third* of a dlataucc. ime. G:ilO, Tbia beat deeidid the rare. Sport'* Mietro** having t do* n. *11* withdraw i). Some anticipated fun in the ottii g line, but it did not couie olf in cinaeqiicaau of < iii avy cut 5 of the ground ?St Jaiiiu Dmily Oigtn. i* b. Client t Court. Before Judge Jone*. Ji n; 18 ? John l'vr 11 Mi-hard Roe.?'fln'real parti** till* raute are Itir* Magdalene Mchtern. and Pima* . f'lebtirn. her huthntul Mr*. Niehtern tiled a bill the I- ijinty *!de of tVn Supreme Court, againet her urbitnd, praying for a divorce, on thegroai d of adully A feigned Irene wa* Iliad" up mid aent into the euit < oert. to he tried by a jury. The aaae wa? ily (lpcbid ai d one wit no** tinmfiied, from which appeared that the defendant had. in the euiiimer 1M7. hired lodging* at the corner of Church d Huron* it net* and that, the day after the ring, lie brought a fem*le named l.oiaet.t* l.ttlger, en; gave ber |>e*MF?imi of the a|mrtment*. wliicti e (riiipieil lor about. three month*, and that the fei dent flailed lor there frequently during that, rind 7 he foregoing fart* are the only part of ii' rare thai ha* a* yet tranrplred, hut It u?>mi the 11 charge* the defendant with four dUtlnct. act* of lultery wiih dlfleient women, whleli are embraced in e ictur, and arc to be paved upon by the jury The lurt ctiyi urnid aficr the examimatioD of tb* Unit wiii?. [ERA Central Station*. Btfort tht Rttordtr, and Aldermtn Franklin and j Jaekton. Jl'RE IS.? T7i t Catt of Iioat: j3. Hifgi, ace turd of landing Thttalening LtUtrt to H'm U alitor.?Kotaa i Wahh i i. awiirn for thu tipnifAiifinn ? i um hark at. Lhn United State* Motel; I recollect teeing Mr. Biggs at the hotel; he a*ked me for a package for Mr. tireen; 1 looked on the deck, and taw one marked ' A. K. I). Green;" he taid that wai the one; I banded It to him, and he took it. (Package shown) That 1* the package. Kkxheiin L. Bsxi.o called by the proeecullon. [The defence objected to the testimony of Bragg being taken, he being Included with Bigg- In the iudictuient. aud not as yet in any way, cleared from the petition of a co-defendant of Bigg* The <|iioHtlon of Urugg'* competency won argued at length, by couusel on both tide* J The Cot'bt decided that Bragg i* a competent witne**, and bo i* therefore sworu ? I am a brother of Biggs; I have been iudlclcd with him for this transaction; about the ]Uth of March Bigg* railed on in* at 117 South Rtreet, at Mr. Munson's otlice. uenr Peck *lip; he sallt d me out of the oflloe. aud asked me if I wa-engaged at tiaie for a few moment*; I told hiiu that I was not; lie asked me to taku a walk fir a short distance; I did io. and whilst we were walking a tew blocks, he exited me if I would do an errand for him; I united him what it wax; he xuid he wished me to go up to 34 Lafayette place next dey. at 10 o'clock, for hiiu (ho gave meu paper afterwards). and call for a package which was there, or was left there, I cannot xay which; to receive tbut package, aud tako it to the United State* Hotel ninl I, nve it at the bar; he asked me if I knew where Lafayette place wax? I told him I thought I did pretty lilgli; then he gave me the number on a lilt of paper; I went, and did a* he had told me; I went there at nearly ten o'clock the next day. and received the package from Mr. Artor,and left it at tile United Stataa llutU (laekage iliown.). That resemble* the package; he xaid he would pay me tor doing it; but he did not give uie anything; I know uothing of the letter*, or the making up of the package; the tlrot 1 saw ot the HUMP ? pp mv mi! ouicu ui me i,mm ui lonco. By Piniuk t Aiiohmv ? llow much money were you to get ? Wnane? lie said he would give mo * dollar; Bigg* did not tell mo what was to be done with the package; he twld ni? to leave it at the bar; h? said some ene would call for it; 1 did uot axk hint wliat would be iu thai package. To thu locbt?He gave me a paper to tie on the package; (pap?r shown, addressed A. It. 1>. (Ireen.) that Is the paper; he requested me to do up the package iu a newspaper and lie that paper on the bank of it; be said some person would oall fir it; I went into a grocery store. corner of t niton and ClllT etrcet, uud put the uewepaper on the package. Cross-examined ? Biggs and myself married eiatera; I don't know that I ever received any information from any oue that 1 wus to be used ax a wituexx; one or two perrons have asked me if I wax going to be used as a witness. and my answer was that 1 expected wot; never told my wife that 1 wax going to be so uxed; there were prisoners at the Tomb* 1 think, to whont I spoke ahutit being ured aa a witness; have not apokeu to an officer upon the aulijeat since 1 wax arrested; I may have bceu rpokcu to al>out it by an officer, but I don't recollect it; I cannot tell when I tlr.-t converxed upon the subject of being a aituesx; I have got counsel; I called Mr blunt on my arrext; I called him the same day or the next day after ray arrest; I never have told iny counsel that I expected to be or wished to be a wliners; i expected when I came here last Thursday to bellied; I did not expect to be tried till aftar Mr. Biggs; i r?quested my brother to ask Mr. iiluntto have iny case tiled last; my brother told me that he thought Mr Biggs would be tried drst; be said he had seen counsel and they had told him so; relying on that. 1 rauie here on '1 hursday prt pared for trial, but not expecliug to b? tried till alter biggs' trial was over: I have never seen Mr. Blunt, my counsel, siuce I saw him at the t.hief's office, on the occasion of my arrant., until this moment; 1 came down on Thursday last because an offiocr brought me here; I did mot expect to be tried that day; I had uot sent for my ceunsel nor euppa naed any witnesses; I did not demand a separate trial; I did not kuow until I was put upon the staud, what I wax here for siuce Thursday morning; I do not know whether 1 can or cannot be prosecuted now tbut i have been put upon the stand; I expect to be discharged; I don't know at what time; I don't know whut the inIV is; I expect to be discharged when this triuj ia over; I did not expect to bo discharged when I came here last Tburtdny; 1 expected to have a separate trial; I hud no idea in wbat shape it would go; 1 cannot tell; I tii'ght burr hoped to be used as a witness; I don't knew that I can tell why I entertained that hope; oo the 12th of Marsh I was at Mr. Muuaon'n. in douth street, when Mr. Biggs called on me; Mr. Munson ships teamen for whaling vessels in the right season of the year; I was there, then, with a company who were shout to tail for (ulifornla; Iliad prepared to go. by s* lling tvy furniture, and was looking about for an opportunity to sail; the company expected to get off between that time and sometime in April; Tlent Mr. Ilaiuliu $125 towards paying for a vessel; 1 wanted te go as soon as I could get a passage in suoh a vessel as would suit me; I was calculating to take my wife and children with me; I was in no hurry to go; all the money which 1 had amounted to $Cw or $700, and I had furniture worth less than $300; when I was arrested, I had $40 only on my person; I had leut $126 to Mr. Hamlin; Mr. Thomas Biggs hail $36; Mr. Isaac Biggs had some of my money; I think that all the money which I had upon my person, or under my immediate control, was less than $100; 1 expected to have collected money that I had lent out, 1 could have gone to California for $.'t.0; I had been in a store that belonged to my brother, within a year previous totbe 12th of Marsh; I had failed lu business pievlously. and had within the year been doing business as tbe agent of my brother. Witness decliuid answering several questions relat'ng to his havI ing previously sworn that he bad no property except such aswas exempt from execution; his having b''en ar| let ted on a Kill well warrant Ac.; also declined answering whether he had represented himself as Henry (). Bragg. Witness stated that he had a power of attorney from bis brother to tranruct btuiuesa for bim; declines answt tiug whether he sold ?ut the store at tbe corner of Factory and A tuns streets, end put the proceeds into his own pocket. It wa< between 10 and 12 o'clock on the 12th of March, when lliggs came to Munsoa's to rail me out; I rannot lix the time exactly; it was after b o'clock and it was not yet 12 o'clock, 1 should think it vs- shout 11 o'clock. 1 he District Attorney now offered to read the letters which were addressed to Mr. Astor and which were alleg< d to be threatening letters, but which letters wert not included in the Indictment. 1'riennir's counsel contended that the reading of these letti rs < eglit not 1o be permitted by tbe f.'ourt, inasmuch us they were not introduced in the bill of indietmeiit. and further because they bad not been traced to the prhoner 1 h<- court ruled that the letters addressed to Mr. Astor might he read. The Asrhtaut District Attorney proreiili d to rrud the letter dated Marsh ttth, and signed L- L 11.. The prorrriition here clo*ed tbelr en**, nod ait the Board of Aldermen met nt 5 o'clock, and it now wanted but a quarter of an botir of tbat time, the court adjourned till to-morrow morning at 11 o'clock whcntbii tidioua ca*? will be resumed and flnUh?d. It baa ocoul>i? d too long u time aln ady and baa well nigh consumed the patience of the court and the pnblic proeccutor, | both of which par to * are mod autiou* to clear the city priron of Itr too great population. But for the meeting of tbe Board of Aldermen la?t evening, the case would have been continued to a inueh later hour. To the Young Men of Aatrrlca. It in the opinion of intelligent men that a war ie about to cover Knrope. Not a family quarrel of king*, urh a? have hithertodelugedhrrfleldelnblood-n.it tbe poaching of one fyruni upon th? humaii-etocked manor of bin weaker fellow?but a war belweeu two great principle*?1 he principle* of monarchy and republiraiilcni. On one aide will he ranged king* and their cringing boktn; on the other, the enhliern of liberty. At Hue moment it *<em* likely that the physical centre*, around which three principle* will rcvolru, and from wblrb the ronli mill g parliu* will radiate, are to be St I'etereburgh and Pari*; and though Germany may furnbh the battle field and fling In r mu*>lvu weight into the *cale. the "tug of war" will bo between the brutal horde* of Iturria and the brare citizen* of franc*. On one aide, it will be a* holy a war a* ever braced the toldii r'* heart; on the other, a* guilty a eauRc a- ever Haloed the ae-arfin * *teel. It would be auperf'uou* to polut out to you the Irupotlant bearing ot thin war upon the future interest* of the human raco. Tbe time aeem* *badoweil forth, when the propheey of Napoleon I* to be fulfilled that Kurope must be either tepubllcau or Coavack tan pen cot,template tVic alternative with Indllferetice? Kaucy the latter to have reeulted. It I* true tl at we. pern nally. would have noth'ng to foar. for it i* li y tub mn bi lie 1 that the whole world In arui* could in t 'whip''there twenty lullllon* of freemen But you n ay fret tbe lion without bearding him in hi* den -by c< nfltilrg liiui in it. We have vbown to the world a truth long hidden, that intelligi nt men ran g< vern themcelve* Let ua prove *iiotln r tl eoreiu that nil men ran g ivcrn themaim lie b- but a poor advocate of republican principle* who *i uld utter the rullenloit* dogma that thing* made in the Image ot tied tunet be trained before they ran endure frerdi m ! Tbat it I* the doty of all repuhlienu government* to t*k it I hhiI Id t).i? quarrel, there t-annot ho the Miadow 11 a doubt. but tin* Indlcron*ilnttrlncn of iiitoviiat.innal law unit the bypctrltleal aubterfngo of non -intervention, will privent thin To jon. who. a' tmli?ldu?la, art- ?ioi onibid in lliln ancient network of tyiwnta, au ?l fit ill will uot bo at vaiu. It In not bereatary to couiprowtlae thi> neutrality of r iir pi'ti ri.uiont or tin- p-aee of our fell iw-eitlewna. 1ba "l.i||i' D of Liberty" will eoiiot ntrate o.i a ac?ne I ran i tbo field of bat tlo If not otherwise, fling yourarlvoe Individually Into tho republican ariuy ?t Miropa, and. with the intelligence for wl.lt-h yu nmeojaatly celebrated. anil tho courage you hare lately proved, you u uy i (Ti rt mui li It it tin r wo rhoulj pay back to the goneroua (.eople < f kranee the debt we owe to tliolr grandfather* It la tinn* mo hunld lancil our obligation* to Poland l.?'t ur pro?!- to tho former that wo atlll remeuih. r Lafayette; to the latter, that wo here not forgotten Koaoiinkn. Lot or aid thorn In dtlving haok tho d"epot, till i ur blade* glitter umb r tho dark elite* ol H n??l* ' f; rot hi ra ' do not wrong mo by fancying that I thu* fiing my r.ame boforo you from any irnw of a higher nniioraiai.ding?from any Idlo wl?h for uotorioty I haro ho-n alioadv too gonrrou?ly Vroatod In thu rail irt No: it la t ho cauao that haa tempted loth my pin and my awurd. and neither aould be handled iu a tu In r l et u? then arek glory together. Death we eannot find, fot death tn auah o caure la not to die MA y N T. ur.m. fit* Yen*, June 18; 1?49 LD. TWO CENTS. Theatrical and Koalral. Bowret Thutii,-The One tragedy of -*Jane Slior? ? commenced the entertainment* here la*t evening, anil It wan played In fine etyle. Mlae Wemyaa. whuee acting I* *o much admired at the Bowery, and. Indeed, wherever ehe ha* acted, played the part of the unfortunate Jane 8hore, and the rendered the language of the part in the ms*t lmpre**lv? and thrilling manner; ; wmim Mrs Jordan, as All' la was also very elective; and the applause bestowed on both of there actrsisea was well deserved. Mr. Mef-'urlaiid's name was announced in the bills for the part of Lord Hasting*. Mr Dud however, played the part In bis stead, and acquitted himself well in it Mr. Gilbert, a* Ulostar, whs what he always is. exoellent Tile out ire tragedy i was played in the best style as was also the new romantic spectacle, entitled "The Secret .Mine," which succeeded it. Mr. Lierr's horses, which hive beeu so much admired during the last fortnight., appeared In tills piece; and the scenery, ballet, dnertuement, and grand effects of the piece, elicited the most hearty applause. Mr. Stevens, the stage manager, ha* put the niece llnely on the stage U'e tiave no doubt it will have a long run. Kor to-uight's performance w? refer to our list of amusements. Bruauwit Thvatrk.?The grand ballet of tha "Greek Triumphs" was performed for the fourth tlma last evening. The sceuery. which Is striking and appropriate, represents the harbor of Morea, interior of the harein, Garden of the Surail, seaport, flotilla at anchor, Aie. The militury evolutions, which were gona j through with admirable precision were again loudly and generally applauded The fifty teuialc w.irrlora reminded us of that passage in Virgil, winch is ? IJuiil amazonidum lunitu ai/mma ptllit, i'cht/utitia Ju rent, midiit/m in inillibtu Jtirhi lubnectem extrh.t cii.uuhi. m immr, Hrllnti is, auilttque ei ii concurrere vii'po. Prntliesilia through the martial Held*, lli r amuiunians led ?itli lunar shields, tier golden i ell bvusath i,or lir-nt ill view, Slie fiercely 'laid til* embal'lnd squadron H?w, Among the thousand* braved the d're alarms, And iho' a maid, eneouir.srud men iu arms. With the fact of u female carrying a gun, and proving that she knew how to carry it aye. and to use It too, there arc associated ideas ot a very impressive eliirao iit. especially lit ini.i gloomy peri, 1,1 or Hi,- world',! hltttory. Wbtin Irlla, Aeiriiiu Or Hi w.trs, dreadful ware ari< about to plurigu the wholw of F.urope Into hii abyss of desolation and mourning c,>ns.?|ueot upon the frightful carriage which must ousuw b- lorn the groat struggle for liberty ii won or lost It iv In the power of woman to play an important part in rh? bloody tr.tgady. For the rude and terrible conflict of arms, atiu ha! apptared. and done good rervice to her country, f'liilippce, the wife of l.dwurd the Third, while her husband, and eon were reaping honor and achieving viotoriea on the heights of t:re.<ey and m ar the Tillage of Poiotiara, headed the troops at home, marched against the Scots, who had ihreatcutd to melte an irruption Into tingland defeated them with immense slaughter at Noril'i dross, near Uenhatu, took their king prisoner, and led hun In chains to Loudon. 1 he woman of Brussale. in the revolution of 18U0. charged and repulsed tin, cavalry of the Dutch King So much tor women In the hour of eiuergeucy. Mllilury evolutions by a number ot feinalis, have led us to make the prom-ding ob.-arrations. which,if not withiu tbeexact lunits of theatrical clitic inn. will, perhaps, be regarded as a relief to thoaa dull and uuuinlabie strictures which a stern aud morose critic iudulgcs lu. 1 t,e perforiuanne of the evening was for the jolut benefit of Vid'lln. Uulan and Mona. Corby. The house was welt atleaded. National Tiicatbc.?The favorite piece of "Jonathan Bradford" was performed last evening, at thia house, and it was got up In flue style. It Is a most interesting story, and points out. most strongly, the dinger of convicting presumed criminals on mere circumstantial evidenor. no matter how strong It muy be. The famous rcrne of the murder, where tho stage Is divided Into tour compartments, was well mauaged Chaufrau played the part of Maoraisy. the Irish,nun, very well; sunt his assumption of the Irish dialect gave another proof of the versatility of his talents Burke, as the ! runaway apprentice, was very comical, and kept the audience well amused. The celeb, ated drama of "Three , Vears After" was next played; and M?.se, Tobin, Jaok Circle, aud the rest of the Hramntii perton<e, were finely received. Mrs. McLean (uo stranger to the National audiences, by the bye) made her itrst appearance at this house, for several months, in the eharaoter of Isabella Meadows. Sbe is an excellent actress, and we ara glad to sec her once more on these boards. The farce of " His First Peccadillo" concluded the entertainment#. To-night, an excellent bill will be pruseuted. Blbton's tniatkf.?The performances commenced, last evening, with the " Wind Mill; after whieh, the first act of the grand ballet of "Olselle" was performed. Madame Augusta, who experienced another moct gratifying reception (aeveral bouquets having been thrown on the stage), sustaining the principal character with her usual grace and elegance. Mr. Frederick represented the 'lllustrious-by-oourtesy" Prince Albert; ana Mr. Mammon, ins Duko or Weimar. The parts of Bertha and Mathilda weru taken by tha Misses Walters and Coeke. iu tha course of the evening, tha archestra played the overture* to ' Zampa,'' "Millar and hi* Men," " Velva," and *' La Bayadere;" and between the balleta. a polka, composed by Madame Augusta, was danced by her and Mr Fraderiok, which was complimented with a burst of applause. The entertainments concluded with the tlrst act of the pantemiuie ballet of " Nathalie." In this, also, Madume Augusta appeared; Mr. Frederick, as La (Jointo; Miia Illtlert, as the Duchess; Miss Walters, as Ketly; and Miss Cooke, as Mad Burckinan The whole of the performances gave the highest satisfaction Ml. we are happy to say. an excelleut audience. The musie wan v? ry hue. and was warmly applauded. Cnaisrv's Misstsfi * are doing wonders, these warm eveniDgN. No better place of amusement oau be fonnd than their concert room, and that we are not alone In I this opinion, the crowded condition of Meohanlcs' Hall, any evening une goes there is a sufficient proof. Tonight, they will give una ef their very best programmes. Chili: Gar oris wssmost, numerously aud fa?lilonaWy attended, ngain. Inst uight. and one of tho most powerfully attractive programmes yet olTercd was performed, to the admiration and delight of tho whole of the vast assemblage. The immense and beaut ifully proportioned hall, fllled. as it was. with happy pronienaders of the | Crst respectability, clad In light and tasty summer costumes, revelling In melody, and evidently enjoying themselves to the utmost, presented a coup d'ait at onna charming and beautiful to took upou. Kach eomposltion performed ellsited hearty applause; tho flurissnia aDd the (jung'l bands appeared to be animated by a ; desire to surpass all former efforts, for never before ; hove we heard them discourse such brilliant and spiritstirring music 'J he gem of tile evening, however, wae ; the " Distins' Military <duadrlllu," lnwhichth.it ta| leuted family performed in n injunction with both the ' above bands, and several additional players, who had I buen engaged to tn?ure the grandest effect possible to : this really magnificent composition. Word-are quite , Inadequate to express the variety, brilliancy, and grundeur of the effects produced; and the cat*, or I finale, was so rl?b'jra!?dy worked up and splendidly i playtd as to rail forth unanimous applause. VVe are ! glad to find Hint this piece is to be repented this evening, unci that that suhlune composition, the Prayer fn iu "Moee iu Fgytto," is also to be performed hy thirty I vocalists and fifty inrtiuiiirntaliafs. Such attractions as tiiese. at only twenty-live cent* admission, are no; paralleled, and well deserve the immense success they j hare nut with 1 tin bulls, whieh conclude tho avo ! iiiufr > auiurwineui. oecetne m-TH popular than erer; I in.d the vurt bnll room floor 1* nightly criwded by tbooc m l.o tirliglit ill i he many dance I!ut wo would otiggcft that pernmr not dancing rhouid bo stated, and Better order prittrvid on the liuor Va. Jrn.i r.ivrv Thin highly cut-erned actor and very worthy nnm leave* Aiu.-riia. to-day. for Old fcnghurt accompanied by I.;w qiimIly c tiuiablu Motor. Mr*. 1. l ikI t in the lino packet rblp Ynrktewu commanded br the u teres ?ud ever popular! aplaluSebir. During the 'art ft w w?u ho. the friend* of John Porcy hare rall>< d aiouTid him. to t?*t ly to him. ere he leave* them, tte Mucerity of their rvie-m and friendship for hita Mil] ?t lor Court. Fetore Judge Vauderpoet. Ji * i 1R ? Jihn Dor (i,K?. hat d Kim ?Thin eauoe, whieh * or aim a feigned tr-ur. to tiy th<- ralid.ty of an a<oignn et-t to preterm! creditor, whicli wa.reported in iba I trvld of 1 huiortay. who given to the jury tin* evening. Sealt d verdict to-morrow (thiol morning. B> fore < lili f Jurtice Oakley. F>'th rt ol M Lit mutton ri at ?Tbl? canoe, whlel* wu? began on Wednesday. w*r aloo given to the jury thb evening Staled veritn l to-m rrow (this) ra >rnlng, Ol'K' Ml. TERM. Before Judge FanUfurd. Jv>f IS.?J K. Inland m D. I*coil.?Defendant nr; dertd to apply his curt. Me , oil the judgment; th* lior e i? en n.pt j j 4 J /,. Hating r*. Hnrtinglnn f Smith?JudgH elit ii rrale of one of the into mortgaged, with leave ti apply l" ""11 the other .t hen balance lallo due A u l aw.trim ti < H (fuinry ?Principal part of n ply otiickeii out. at r. du idant n-.d irrelevant A' Tracy t?. Jar 1 tun and Oihtri.? Motion f irjtnlgu.i lit on the ground of frivolouoneo* of the demurrer, I dtnii d JtU<n <f Whittlrtry ad-m If Dainhcrr.?Default and judgment net aMde. on d< fr.nrtant* ringing ilie answer or all davit annexed aiil verifying it anew ? /. r. l atu adtm i'n? n/.y Sin'UiHy for eoata nrdarwdl to be lib d J *ti C I'trm it. Susan C. ./aAiuim. ~C*u?b tried Judgm lit for plaintiff It whole amount ol iliau/te, wliii Ibtcrwti. I _ Fihkf iw nit VV'?oii*.-\Vf learn from different I wrt- ol 1 !?* I'ounirj ,th>it vety serious lirea are ru^irg in the W(<i d? ami which hare canned ninoh Imam", l.d UIiliM WC fthntllil O'in b - ftturrd with iwiuin raiu, the Shneaqneoeaw will b" vary dtaaHroun. Our wily has lw? n an thickly sowi-hiprd 1ft tinnke for th? laat latr i day*, that It hs? I?itd liu|"??lbla to dlaosrn ohjaata at eweii a rhott diatance. owing to tha flte? wtiiah ara raglr f in lha ? m il? in tha rirlnlty H'a learn that at black Klmra iiuuiIht i f daelllng bouaaa and barns have h< en giuiaumril >t tirend l,ak? a nmabar of niHla have been deatroyed and tha ilaatruathm ?C pro-, parly iii warlnna ? alien* cf the prvwiwta will, wa r?i\ be itiy jjuat. A'rw Ihr.wM; a

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