Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1849 Page 1
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L TH NO. 5496 Memoir of Father Mathew. A* this distinguished man is now about to visit our tksiH, the following memoir, written for the HtruU, M) not be unacceptable to our reader*. A portion of H baa been care fall; compiled from fllee of iriih newspaper*, and other soarces; bat it 1* chiefly original, and from personal recollection. There 1* a small Capoehin Friary hn *e city of Cork, In an obscure plaoe, nailed Ulackaaaeers lane. It possesses some historic Interest. 1mm the ihct, that It was built by Arthnr O'Lea^y, after whom it was. for muny years, called " Father O'Leary's Chapel." It Is a small building, exceedingly plain outside, though It is neat within, and fitted up with some taste. It Is situated in a rery poor and no-fleeted neighborhood, where poverty and wretchedness fcbonnd. Nearly thirty years since, a young Capushin jnpied the mission attached to this Chapel In appearsiaee. as well as reality, ho was very youthful, and he was strikingly baudsome About the middle stature, native and well termed in his body, with a eomely and ingratiating presence, his countenance, iu which natural courtesy and religious toiling strove for predominance, was the index of his disposition, lie had a manly complex.on?eyes large, bright, and sweet in exur^salok? a slightly curveu nose, and rounded cheeks, with black hair. Iu lite words of Aiussiugur? " The fair ontildo Was tut the cover of a fairer uiiinl." To great suavity of mauners. which was a prominent baiacleristio iu his deportment, hvjoiued dignity of carriage, and a compose* sen nlty of mind. A steady, elf control presided over alt his acts aud einolious. A ordial politeness und unvarying affability distinguished him. 'to the higher classes he was exceedingly res pesll'ul. and was ulways considered by them as one of le.r order ; to the pair he was so gentle in his b-arIng. and so patient ol tin ir little requests aud petl tions?so earnest iu pleading their cause, aud wtiat ti sally useful una humane tbul they also, (the more Christian compliment, regarded hi a? oue of thaia selves 'i his handsome, tourp <t popular young friar was a stranger in < nrh i >ri? i n ua?iou. unar Canhsl. In the county at Tipp?- I Ifel IMOilcbrrt j 1710 Theobald i a>h- ? ?' - . orphan at au early age. His lather. Jam' .-h w uf In,-ma-ton, iou of dame* Mathew. of l H hii, brsr t'burlaa, having lost hi* parents when a child ?a? taken under the ?tre and patronage of th? well known >la|or-(i?neral Montagu Mathew, brother of the 1 arl of Llaudatf Mr Jamus JViathuw youuger married a daughter of lieorge Whyte, Esq , ot < appawbyte. who wax married to a Biese of the celebrated tfeneral Mathew. uieutiuned in Sheridan's life of Swift Mr. Matbew had a large family. all of whom were remarkable for beauty of appearance. grace of manner, and energy ot character Mr. Charles Mathew. brother of the Apostle of Teinperauca, acquired a large fortune, aud is a gentleman highly respected In the city of Cork, near which he resides, at a very handsome seat. Two other brothers became eminent distillers at Cashvl When Mr. Mathew loat his parents, he was adopted by the late Lady Elizabeth Mathew, who placed him uuder the tuition of the late Kev. Denis O'Dounell, parish priest of TuUagh, In the county of Waterford. At thirteen years of age be was sent to the lay academy at Kilkenny, where he baoame a great favorite of the Kev. Patrick Magrath. the head of that establishment. After having remained therefor seven years, he was, by the direction of the Most Rev. Dr. Bray, sent to May nooth, where be pursued ecclesiastical studies for some time. Two aged Capaehin friars Induced him to become a member of their order, and he repaired with them to Kilkenny, Where be remained until appointed to Cork By a rescript of the late Pope Gregory XVI., he react ved the degree of doctor, with a dispensation from ail episcopal Jurisdiction, which permits him to possess property and enjoy an annuity as a layman. On Easter Sunday, in 1814, he was ordained in Dublin, by Dr. Murruy. alter having been for sometime Bnder the eare of the Very Kev. Celestine Corcoran. The Rev Theobald Mathew is descended from a very ancient Welsh family. The records of the Principality carry the pedigree back to Uwaylhvoed, King f Cardigan, in direct descent from whom was Sir David Mathew. the great standard bearer of Edward IV., whose monument is in Llandatf Cathedral, as also those nf his sons Sir William and Sir Christopher Mathew, ad about the date of 1580. Edmund Mathew, Eb<i , the grandson of Sir William Mathew. aud heir to the an lent estates of the family at Llandatf and Aradyr, was hlvh ihurltT of the c.oimtv of fvlauioruan. in 159:2 Two of bis sonfi, George and Edmund, went to Ireland about Aha year 1010. lu Inland. in 1620, George married Lady Thurles, widow of Lord Thurles, and mother of the first and great Duke of Ormonde. Thus, closely aUsed by blood and friendship with tbe Ormonde family, and possessed of the vast estates of Thoinaston, Thurles and Annfleld. iu Tipperary, and others in the oouulies of Clare. Galway, Cork aud Limerick, the family eontinued clewu to the present time. Francis Mathew, sou of Thomas Mathew. of Annfleld, was a Cntleman of tbe highest consideration in Ireland, and same successively Huron, Viscount and Earl of Llandaff At hie death, in 1806, the estates amounted to upwards of ?40.006 a year. His successor, tbe last Earl of Llandaff. greatly enoumbered them, and, on his death In 1833. intestate and without issue, the property was entered upon by his sister, Lady Elizabeth Mathew. This old lady, who, before her death, was said to be not unfit tor a lunatic asylum, died in 1842. and, In direct violation of, and opposition to the will and desire of Georbe Mathew. as above named, from whom her grandfather, Thomas Mathew, of Annfleld, had derived the estates, bequeathed the whole entirely from her name aud family te a French nobleman, Viscount de Chabot. highly conneoted in Ireland, but in no way allied in blood to tbe Mathews. Thus were the estates of tbe Mathew family, after the lapse of centuries, conveyed away from them What is singular snough, the old lady, who bad adopted and brought up Father Mathew. made him an executor of the very will which deprived his family of its property. He naturally declined to act. The castle and domain of Thomaston Is.oue of the most beautiful places in Ireland, and Is sltuat ed in whut is termed the golden valley, about four miles from Cashei, in the county of Tipperary. Father Mathew had early given evidence of that beneficence, which afterwards shone forth with such refulgence in bis character. He was the ooinforter of the afflicted, the friend of the poor, the practical magistrate. inasmuch as be was the arbitrator to settle differences amicably among neighbors, and he was the executor to hundreds of wills. He was ever planning something benevolent. Seeing that the poor in Cork were greatly in want of accommodation for burial, he purchased the Botanio Gardens of that city, and con-' verted them into a magnificent cemetery, not for the Catholics alone, but Christians of all denominations, retaining the delightful walks and the statuary, the best specimens of the genius of Hogan, of that city. About the same time, he commenced building a church, of tbe Gothic style of architecture, and expended ' * about $70,(MK) on it. The degrading vice that at that time prevailed in Ireland, and cast into the shade every other, was drunksnness. It was the source of all other crimes. Men who wonld shrink from tbe commission of a deed of blood when In tbeir sober senses, rushed to murder with tbe ferocity of a tiger under the influence of the intoxicating draught. It was the grand stimulant to faction fights and every mischief, among an ignorant population. The glass was resorted to as a consolation of poverty and sorrow, but it only resulted in greater misery. 1 Ho vice wits pronouucuu au incuraote uihease in the Irish character. A law was passed against Intoxication in the directs; but it waa of little avail in axtirpating the evil. At this time the causa of temperance had made great progress in the United States, and benevolent individuals in varinus parts of Ireland bad tormvd themselves into associations. A few members of the Society of Friends, and some others, constituted themselves into one of these societies at Cork. But they found they were no match against the monster vice they batllod with, 'i hey called upon the popular Maihuw to throw the weight of his Influence Into the scale. and one of them, Mr. Olden, told him ha had got a mission from lleaven, and that be must not reject it. Whether Kathvr .Vlathew was ol the same opinion or not. we sill not nndertake to determine; but one thing is certain, be threw his whole soul into the movement For a time the effect was neither brilliant nor en onragiug Still he persevered, amidst ridicule and Blander, and open hostility, till at length the wonderfnl spectacle that has astonished the world was exhibited. and drunkards, by the troops, abandoned their darling vice, from which nothing before could ever tear them. In a plaoe called the iiorse Jiaxaur. be held his temperance meetings twice a wet k ills fame soon ^.epnad to the counties of Kerry and Limerick, and thousands went to receive the pledge at his hauds. la the mouth of August, l&UU nearly ten years ago, the movement burst Into a universal flame. It Is worthy | of remark?as if to bear out the words of Christ, thut "a prophet has no honor to bis own country'' ?that the first scene of great success was not at Cork, but at Limarick, where he made a piofound impression, i he people flocked to him from the surrounding counties, for 100 miles distant, most of theni os foot, i'he nitmbetl exceeded even the most multitudinous of the monster meetings of (yConnell; and such was the wild Dtbuetasm of the peasantry, that they slept in the pen air for a week together tie had gone to Limerick to preach on some charitable occasion at the request | erf the Catholic lilsbop, Right Hev. Dr. Kyan Nowhere I In Ireland did intemperance prevail to the same ex ! tent. Tliu k.nynr of the city declared to father >iathew that half of the inquest* he ha t held for the past year were caused either directly or indirectly by intoxicating liquor*. When the people heard of the ari rleel ot the moral regenerator, iu a ehort tluie the trect* were filled with dense masse* of the populace, and so great was the rush of temperance po-tulaut*. that the Iron railing* oppo-ite to the house of Mr Dunbar. the retereud geutlrmao'* brother-in law. where he wan Maying were rarried away, and a number of perron* were precipitated into the Shannon fortunately, they were all lately picked up and uo further acotdeut Mtirrtd Fonie of the Scmch Orey*. who attended, to keep order, were occasionally lilted with th -Ir horse* i from the ground and borne on tor a short distance by the rushing multitude*; and so densely were the peopie arnwdid. that sere, al In their eagerness to ap proaeh Sit Mathew. ran along quietly aad securely. I Ana the beads and shoulder* of the vast assemblage, to / destination. This was the first lime, perhaps. that a Catholic wriest wit* tnMaiued by the i iiangu party iu Ireland. ' litffeiiug in politic* and religion, and ha< lug their i 'attiolia neighbors, they yet eordia ly united with theui to paying homage to tbia extraotcinary man Among the fort most to do to, was the Provincial Ornnd Muster ot the Orange l odges of Munster One singular thing ( awaaired on thl* occasion The lame pio*sed forward I E N E to he braird and. whether they were tin poet or* or not, a rart load of thrlr erutehee was collected and they walked as if nothing were ever the matter with their limbs ! The multitudes that attended him in other localities. and hie victories over the intemperance that, np till his time, was the curse of the land, were equally marvellous. To trace the progress of his snocess would not only far exceed our limits, but till a large volume, lie visited Watrrford, Llrmore bonis,Clonmel, Thurles, Casbel. Templrinore. Castlecomer Rathdowny, to., Ac . where the tame scenes often of thousands thronging to take the piidge were witnessed At Parsonstown, the scene was most interesting On entering the area iu which siauas me oeauuiui Komta catnoiio chapel. the spectacle impressed bosoms not Tory susceptible with feelings of intense Interest and awe. In frunt ot the chapel was stationed a large body of police, presenting a very flue and well dh-eiplined force Outside these were the rifles, on bended knee, with bayonets fixed and pointed, forming a barrier to oppose the rushing multitudes; whilst within and without this barrier, to keep the passages clear, the cavalry moved up and down in slow and measured pace. Beyond, and as tar as the eye could reach along the streets, were the cougrrgated masses, swaying to aud fro with every uew impulse, and by their united voices producing a deep, indistinct sound like the mnrrnur ot the ruflied waters oi the sea Within the vicarial residence, and iu strong contrust to the stirring scene without sate the mild, unassuming, extraordinary man round whom had collected ibis display of martial pomp aud numeriai force. To give an idea of the most extraordinary impulse which he bad communicated to the public mind ou this subject, we may state thai iu one day, at Menagh, -U 0( 0 persons took the pledge; inUalway In two days, 100 000; in Loughrea, iu two days, 80 000: between Galway and Loughrea. and on tho road to Portumna, fioinlhuotO to'^00 000; in Dublin, during five days, about 700 000 ! There are few towns in Ireland which bather Aiailiew has not visited, and with the like suecess It is true, that the temperance movement ws< begun in this country long bebre Father Matbew took it up, aud. curiously enough, loo, by six gentlemen in Baltimore. tvho had been on a spree together, and who formed themselves into the first tetuperauce society in the world, called the Washingtuuian, iu honor of George Washington; and this is still the designation of tho principal society in the Uuited States The temperance principle had also gained a footing in th North of IreluDd. where the Kev Dr Kdgar. a Presbyleriau clergyman, was its great champiou. though waimly opposed to'-total''abstinence But all these operations were only preludes to the drama in which bather Vialhew was the actor. Before he look tho lead, a controversy sprung up that rsged very fiercely for some time: it was the total abstainers and the men who abstained from whiskey, branny und rum hut contended for the temperate una of beer ale, porter aud wine. Father Mathew sewmed determined to set the controversy at reBt, by boldly promulgating "total ubstinence from all intoxicating drinUs,'' aud discouraging intemperauce in others. '1 be Catholic population everywhere embraced the doctrine preached by him, and those who adhered to th?^ Other nriiiciule dwindled down tn o hundfni '1 lie fidelity with which the pledge was kept by the people wa* extraordinary. They regarded it as a sin? an eportacy of the deepest dye?to violate it; though tome of the ablest divinen had declared that there was do moral obligation whatever to keep it It was conndered. however, disgraceful in the extreme to break it, and those who did it relied upon secrecy, unless the notorious, profligate drunkard, who plnnged deeper and deeper in the mire. Some only took it conditionally, and subsequently applied to Father Mathew to have them rtlta.-ed from what they considered a kind of vow. Such was the glowing enthusiasm that at one time prevailed, you would behold ladies of the first respectability, meekly kneeling at the feet of the Apostle of Temperance, to receive his blessing, and bringing him their little ones, whom he was always glad to see. The despatch with which he touched tbo beads of bis audience as they kneeled in groups,and repeated the words of the pledge after him, was truly wonderful. He always estimated the numbers who had ' taken the pledge,'' by the length of time It took to get through with the ceremony For whole days together in some of the churches and late at night at his lodgings. did this indefatigable man pursue bis vocation.? borne of the aristocracy of Ireland took him by the hand, as the greatest benefactor of the country. Among the distinguished men that joined his cause, were the judgee of the land, and the clergy of all denominations. Sir Philip Cramp ton. the first lawyer in Ireland, Judge Crampton, and Lord Trimbleaton were among bis followers Even in England. which he visited in 1843 and 1844, be was received with the most unbounded enthusiasm. The Earl of Stanhope was the Urst nobleman who took the pledge; and in honor of the occasion, a set of qnadrtlles were published, bearing his lordship's name. Loid Shrewsbury was also a prominent follower ef Father Mathew. Many of the Catholic priesthood In Ireland were not friendly to him, and Mr. O'Conuel never liked him ? Both the arch-agitator and the clergy, an a body, were jealous of hie influence and bis fame. He was never a politician, or if he bad any leaning, it appeared to be on the conservative side, end in support of the existing order of things, for he believed the evils of the conntrv were social, and not political. Recently be lost muon of his popularity by accepting a pension from government. Though be made a considerable sum of money by the sale of the medals which were made for hioi at Birmingham, bis travelling expenses were very great, and he wus very ready with bis purse to support a weak temperance society. He frequently, too, made presents of silver, and even ef gold medals, which, no doubt, tended to diminish his funds. There was a movement seme time since set on foot to raise him a testimonial, and a considerable sum of money was subscribed ? There was much discussion as to what the nature of this testimonial ought to bo. Some were for erecting a mnnnmnnt onmn f/iw nnw/?Kaal?? faw Klw. am But nothing effectual <u done, and the potato famine intervened, and knocked the project on the head. No doubt it waa the extreme pressure of financial difficulties that induced him to aceept the goveruuent pension. A writer in a late number of the Dublin Unittikily Magazine, observes:?"How have these labors been requited? By stripping him oi his private fortune, and hampering him with debt; for. unlike all ether reformers of this age, those philanthropists of the platform, with sounding sentiment and selfish purposes, Mr. Mat hew has lost his means by his labors for the people, and embittered his life by the pressure of heavy pecuniary responsibilities. The pension of AdOO per annum only keeps up an assurance on bis life, effected lor his creditors, For live years speech making in free tradu agitation, that pure and unselfish being, Richard Cobden. netted about ?SO.OUO. And Cobden was paid just as if no one else bad ever done anything for free trade, though the future historian of this time must record, that, in point of fact, William Huskisson did more than a dozen of Cobdens to carry out free trade principles; for the Manchester agitator oame upon the public after the Edinburgh and Westminster jfmrni had sapped the ground on which our economical svstem had depended in the minds of the reading public?alter Colonel Thompson had written his Autl.Cc.rn Law Catechism, which alone was worth a thousand of Cobden's flippant speeches?after the English philosophical radicals had familiarised the publii for years with the doctrines of free tiade! Again, Mr. O'Connell was paid three or four times as much by his agitation shop as he could have possibly earned at the Irish bar. lie said himself hecusedto get ?6 000 per annum by his profession, but that was a monstrous exaggeration?it was simply a bounce?for it Is well known that such an income is not to be earned at the Irish bar, where the fees are extremely small, and, besides, the Agitator never was in a large equity business, lather Matbew's private resources, not very largo, consisting chiefly of legacies from relations, he cheerfully expended In the temperanoe cause, lie was left a distill) ry at I astle Lake, in I Ipperary, with a good deal of money. He broke it up, at a vast loss to himself, and | refused a large rent for it. when it waa offered to be taken by parties in a distillery. He had one brother | embarked in distilling, one of bis sisters was married , to an eminent distiller; and another brother was married to a lady whose family were extensively engaged in the manufacture of whiskey. But. regardless of the commercial Injury his own iriends and kindred must . sutler fiom the cause of temperance -regardless of his own pecuniary losses, he entered on his course of exertion, and never slackened in his toll. One cireum- ! stance in this movement of Father Mathew was vary remarkable. The "Liberator" was by no means one . ot its most ardent admirers. A jealousy of all who threatened to rival his influnnee was a mrrkvd feature . in that gentleman's character, as his treatment of Lord 1 ( loueuiry, Mr. Shiel. Mr. Sharman Crawford, or even i pud) mob orators a* Jack Lawless and FeargusO'Conrfor. proved at various time*. The moral miracle of Father .Natbrw distracted the attention of the myriad dupes, who beret) fore gaaod with the eye* of iailh at the glltt? rirg bubble ol Repeal, with ite rainbow hue*. Fatner Mathewwas a rival "Liberator," of a greater and nobler kind ; and the glare of the Conciliation Hall ay*tem, with ite mock glitter and theatrical vaxnUh. might lore its tinsel. and cease to be admired. It waa no wonder, therefore, that O'Conmll disliked Father Malbcw ! To the editor of one of the Repeal organa he paid. ' You are making Ja>o much of Malhew!" And in various ways he 'id^MV insinuated his opinions about the worthy friar. praise. in public, lie gave the worthy Father enough el; for Joseph Surface was not a gr< at) r adept in the art of substituting sentiments tor act'?w< rds lor deeds. lie made a llauitng speecu at the meeting in Ltublin. got up by Cuter Purcell, for raising a testimonial to Father .viathew. After the Duke of Leluster hud put down his name for one hundred pounds. Peter Pnreell also gave In hia for another hundred, w^n O'conpell cried to one near him, " What impimvnce Peter has ! Cut my name down for Ave pounds " Shortly aftir Father Vathew's return from F.ngland. Mr Vt illiam O'Connor, ot Cork, erected a tower to him at his own residence, Mount Patrick. It is a beautiful and rbasle specimen of the ilorid liothic. Interiorly being en.bli in Mitral of both cou utiles in armorial bearings medallions and emblems. It eommands a view over sixty miles, faking In the Bantry chain ot mountains and the harbor of Cork, with the wide Atlantic: the tower cost JC2M0. Fir O'Connor also gave Hogan ?360 for a monument placed In Father kflalbew's e?ni*tery. I he tower was built at the sole expense of Mr. O'Connor. A more U aultous or animated scene could -carce bo imugli.stl tban the place so judiciously pelected for toe erection of the monument. The scenery in every oileetion from the conimanding emiuence ef Mount Istiick is ot surpassing beauty audattraction Standing ou the opposite side of the intended building tl.e landsi npe In front is lbs most varied and ro n antic thai, can bo presented In any other pDillon which the unrivuilDl scenery that siitrouuds the ' LsaUti'All Clly ' might Ise wil.uossed 1 he 4 h w ?r^rarar win wunnanK Mi '?iwi i? W YO MORNING EDITION?SAr lovely u4 fertile valley of Glanmlre. with its rich plantations ud handsome dcmrinw. extended far sway in tbo rear and m front the highly eultirated land of tho little and great Island stretched along to the left, intersected in several places by tbe estuaries from Lough Vlabou. which spreads its broad and plaeid surface in tbe foreground, studded with many a noble craft Still further in the distance may be discerned the noble barbor of Core, witb tbe forts of Spike and Haulbowllne: and to tbe eastward, an extensive range of country tetminatiiig in a fine view of Youghal bay. To the right tbe city is seen to mnch advantage, and the " pleasant waters of tbe river Lee" can be traced along their devious course, through a rich and lovely valley, almost from tbe romantlo spot wbenoe they spring. Indeed in every direction tae prospect is most enchanting and the changing hues of tbe luxuriant to nage at ids opposite oauas 01 tn? river, gives a pleasing ana almost panoramic effect to the contrasted verdure ol the fields and ahrubberlesthat surround many of the splendid and tasteful residences which spread over the lace of the country. The tower was opened in November, 1840, being the anniversary of laying the foundation stone. The Intention of this testimonial is to commemorate the kind reception given to Fatber Mathew by the Londoners, in the year 1843. upon the occasion of his first temperance visit The apartment in the tower, that may be callsd the dining-room, is circular, about sixteen feet in diameter 1 he windows are in Gothto style, the upper portions bring filled with stuined glass The window ffames aud cases are of tluted oak, and the latter are surmounted with carved heads ; over thege is some splendidly executed stucco work, which is continued along the entire ceiling, and gives the apartment a classic air In a niche bi tween two of the windows, stands, on a handsome rosewood pedestal, and covered with a glass shade, an exquslte uiarble bust of the very Kev. T Mathew, by llogan; and above this is a bust of the late Bishop. Kev lir. Murphy. This apartment is also adorned by a massive cbimney-piece. on the front of which is a small Aaiso rrlitt o figure of Father Mathew. holding Britannia and Krin by either hand, sur rounded by the emblems of both countries; and from the centre of the ceiling hangs a very beautiful chau deller Two years ago, Father Mathew was one of the candidates for the vacant bishoprick of Cork, and we believe be obtained the highest number of votes; but an influence was used against biw at Komo, and such repiesentations made to his Holiness the Pope, that the office was given to the next worthy. It has been stated that after the election, and in anticipation of a ratification in his favor, be invited ail the clergy of < ork aud its vicinity to a sumptuous banquet. Wines of the choicest vintage and most costly description flowed in abundance, aud even " the mountain dew" had an honored pluce on the table. I'se was made of this against him. But it ought to be recollected, that Father Matbew never adopted the cynical principle of refusing biandv. or whiskev. or wine, to those who il?. siredit. A.any of bin beat frlouds rejoiced at his defeat. though the country generally wag indignant at it. Had he been made a bit-hop it could not nave added one iota to his greatness, while the dutiee of such an office would necessarily hare interfered completely with hie peculiar calling. He had labored for. gome time, under eerere illnesa, induced we believe, by paralysis. and that waa brought on by excessive mental and bodily exertion. He used to b<> ant of hli robust frame and ruddy countenanoe, aa a specimen ot a water drinker: but he is now close upon 00 years of age,and his venerable head is grey. Nothing can exceed the insinuating grace of his gentlemanly manners or the sweetness of his Munster brogue, refined as it is by education and a highly cultivated intellect. In Father Mathew, the Catholic priest la completely lost in the.Chrlstlan. To him Catholics and Frotestants are of equal interest. They are men. Again, no man ever evinced a more disinterested seal. He has spent all that he had of his own, and reduced to bankruptcy a brother-in-law who waa a distiller. His own brother, also a distiller, died suddenly in the prime of lite leaving a large family to be provided for. His death is said to have been hastened by the reduced state of his business through this reform. Yet this man, and other branches of the family, which was particularly connected with the wine and spirit trade, supplied Mr Mathew with large sums of money for the prosecution of this work. The circumstance is beautiful beyond expression. Mr. Mathew holds the distillery and lands, or about live hundred acres, of bis late brother. He has had many offers tor the building, at a large rent, for a distillery, which be has refused; but he hopes to let it soon for a cotton or carpet manufactory. Thus, suffering himself, and innocently causing his ntarest connections to sutler, Father Mathew goes on his way, as if there could be no care in his heart, while he is expelling it from others. Some time ago, on hearing that Mr. Mathew had incurred debts on this account, which hampered him, a subscription was raised with creditable alacrity,aod these were cancelled. But he is still at work without sufficient means, and without a provision for his old age It is difficult to aoeount for the great success of the "apostle of temperauee" upon ordinary principles. He Is modest aad unassuming. and has no ambition, except the noble one ef doing good. It may be said tnat he had a very impulsive public to deal with?a puople that actually, spite of his own protestations, believed that he could perform miracles, and touched his clothes, in the assuranoe of some virtue flowing to them. But nobody else ever succeeded as he did, and why the people believed him, above any other man. to be commissioned of heaven for the work of temoerance. has never been satisfaeto rily explained There In one lecret of success in great men,which he possessed in a high degree, aud that U enthusiasm for his vocation He was thoroughly in earnest. His eloquence is not of the highest order, but there is a persuasive simplicity and directness about it, that befits his mission and character ilia style has been cempared to that cf the apostle Paul. It cannot bo expected that the same success will attend his labors in this country as in the old world, though, God knows, he is as much wanted here as any where. The time of his arrival is not the most propitious, for. in this biasing weather, most people have got the idea that brandy cannot be dispensed with; and, certain it is, that many die from drinking cold water, when their bodies are heated. If his pledge was the same as that of the New York Catholic Temperance Association, there would be little difficulty. That pledge, as given by the Very Rev. Felix Varela, U as fallows:? I jdo solemnly promise to avoid iutem- ? peranee, and ebonld it be necessary, in order to attain this object, to abstain totally from all intoxicating liquors, 1 do hereby pledge myself to abstain frem every one of them. I also promise, by my advice and example, to induce others to do the same. This is eondttional. Father Mathew's is absolute and unconditional. We eopy it from one of his silver medals. given by bim to an Irieh Protestant youth, seven ytare ago, who has religiously kept it ever slnee:? PUthOR. "I premise |to abstain from all intoxicating drinks, except nred medicinally, and by order of a medical man, and to discountenance the cause and practice of intemperance." Inauguration of Jared Sparks, as President of Harvard College.?The inauguration of JaTfd RhAlkN I.I. D . nji Prnnirlont. nf HftPvird fnllofrn took place yesterday afternoon, with the usnal ooremonie* and festivities. It was a delightful day, though very warm, and the concourse of persons assembled to wit near the oeremoules and enjoy the festivities, waa very large. An interesting preliminary ceremony waa performed In the forenoon by the student*. It waa that of planting a tree, in commemoration of the occaaion. The students went In procession, accompanied by the Brigade band, to the duelling of Mr. Sparks, where, after they had complimented his lady, by preaenting her with a handsome bouquet they were joined by him, and proceeded to the College Yard, wbare. in front of the university Hall, the tree was to be planted. On their wey, the procession stopped at ex-President Kverett'a.presented a bouquet to his lady and were addressed by him in his usual felicitous manner. The tree (which was a beautiful Norwegian spruce) baring been placed in the spot destined for it,the earth waa thrown upon its roots by Mr. 6parks, assisted by members of the senior class. The tree being (irmly planted, Mr. Sparks addressed the students proposing that the tree should be called tbe Tree of the Class of 1840. and expressed a hope that It might grow so that if a future Inauguration should take plaee on as warm a day as this, it might give shade te the assembled people; aud thet there might be a corresponding growth of the Influence ot the ela as of 1MB. shortly to be graduated from this venerable institution. Tbe exercises of inauguration took place in the eburch. which waa not sufficiently capacious to aeremmodate the crowd of lad lee and gentlemen which had assembled A procession, composed of under and resident sraduade*. member* of the aorporation. officers of the coTlrgs, dignitaries of tba State overseers, ho., was iotmrd at Gore Hall, and having arrived at the rburrb. tbe students and alumni occupied the body of the house, and the officials and Invited guests, the platronn. After a voluntary on the organ, by Mr. Webb, and the singing of "Gloria.'' by a choice choir of students, a prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. Walker. 1 he ceremony of inducting tbe new President Into f ffiee was then performed hv his excellency Governor Bnggs Ilavlag presented Mr Sparks with tha keys

and charter, avid seals of the corporation, Govern- t Briggt addressed him.? 15?ttvn Trar , Juru 21. The Maine Legim-ati-re on Slavery in ihe IhNTRiCT ?>k Coli'Wbia.?Iii the Maine House ol Representative*. on Wednesday last. the following resolve wee passed by 112 j(M to 14 nays:? "Whereas the people of Mnine regard slavery with fcelinga of profound abhorrence aa conflicting with the gr< at principles of fteedcm and free government, detrimental to political progress. andunghinot to be upheld nr lanctioiad In the capital of our glorious Union, the ?ery tanctnary ol liberty, therefore, 1(embed. 1 bat our B< nator* and Representatives in < oi gri p* be requested to use their utuioat influence Vo hbolah rlsrtry and the elave trade in the District of Columbia by all constitutional means" A h'-ar was killed at North Twin Dam, Me., a few tiny* which nuaxtiredT feet 4 iuehea long, and alien art( fed weighed 44U pounds. n x H rURDAY, JUNE 23, 1849. AAlri In California?Interesting Items mr lute 111(4 nee. We have received a large file of the Alta Oali- 1 fornia, a newspaper published in San Francisco, to the let ult., from which we extract the follow' ing items, for the purpose of giving our readers a t bird's eye view of that interesting country. We h give a mtlangr of business notices, advertisements, t editorials, Sic., dec. i Attssd ? The undersigned has several lots In San r Franeiseo for tale, at from 600 to 10.000 dollars each Also, two dwelling houses. All of which will be sold 1 for account of parties, who must realise the gold dost a or coin, to meet their engagements. u. v. mili.esne, conveyaaoer, rortsmoutn ?q. Extract from a letter, dated 1 Sacramento Citt, April 14,1849. ] " Sqnire Wheeler has just come in with the newe that Richard Johnson, and a man named Wood, both of Oregon, with three other*, hare been killed by the In- I diane on the Middle Fork. Some men were also killed j by the Indian* on the Mokelumn, a few day* since. J " They bare lately opened some rery rioh and exten- . sire new dry digging*, between Sutter'* mill and the North Fork. Lump*, weighing four pound* each, are : taid to have been found; but thia 1* probably an exag- { g truli on." i Extract from a letter, dated . " Benicia, April 7,1840. ' " Yuba la entirely de*orted. There may possibly be ! lire families on the whole river. There 1* plenty of 1 gold there, but diggers became dissatisfied with '20 and 1 3*2 dollar* per day The greater number have gone < South." SuiriiiE.?John Whiley, an American and a carpen- j tor by trade, formerly from New York, but recently ( from the Sandwich lelanda, was found (lead In hi* bed , at the City Hotel, on the morning of the 12th inatant. : From tne fact that he had purchased considerble quantities of laudanum of late, and the appearance of the c body, it 1* presumed that be committed *uiuide. * Beware or Alloy* and Syelter.?By the arrival Of 4 the Swallow, from Mazatlan, a gentlemen of this plaee has received the following extract of a letter from the < branch house of Jecker,Torre k Co.. city of Mexico c ' We have just been made acquainted bv attache* to i two of (he embassies to this government, that they had j, recently received positive information, that from se- r vrrul ports in the United State* package* of worthless j metal, worked to imitate the gold found in the placer ? of Alta C alifornia, had been shipped for the ports on 11 that coast; wo therefore advlno you to exnrciso great muuuuiujuuiiuiuio purcuun ui wig iidu 01 DU1- I lion." C Every person who is dealing In gold, should look out h for thin kind of fraud. It is most likely that the base f metal or alloy will be mingled with pure gold, aud close s scrutiny is necessary to secure the public aud tndlvl- 6 duals irum imposition. v Latest from the Mines.?In the failure, from some J unaccountable cause, of our regular correspondence * from the mines, we are compelled to make up an arti- J ele from the meagre and uuauthenticated particulars 1 in gem ral circulation. in most of the rivers where the process of gold dig- * ging is carried on, the waters aro still too high to work ? protitably In most of the drv diggings the searcher is 11 well rewarded, though we have not ascertained any precise information as to the quantities extraoted. We understand that many of the new comers are . sorely disappointed, and some from the United States " are about to return in the California. We believe their J disappointment does not follow so much from any doubts they may have as to the existence of great quantities of ths precious ore, as from the life of toil, 0 eiposureand pilvation to which the gold hunter issubjeeted. * The most reliable accounts state the number of per- j sons aotuully cdgaged in the mines at about eight 0 thousand; and probably one-half of these are Americans, and au additional eighth Califurnians, The j, tcelirg is very general among iliu Americans and Call- * foruians that foreigners should not be allowed to dig for gold. They think that they alone should be entitled ( to all the advantages of the mines, and they believe that such course would seeure the permanent prosperity J of the country, by preventing tbu mines frunt swallow- ] ing up its whole productive industry. Public meetings ( on the subject are talked of, aud ft is proposed that ( memorials be sent to Congress, requesting a law grant- , ing permits to dig. and authorising such permits to be given to none but American citizens ( There has been considerable difficulty in different j Fortions of the mine- between the whites and Indians. j t is impossible to say who were the aggressors in the j first instance; but it is no doubt true tfiat the whites j. are be criming impressed with the belief that it will bo f absolutely necessary to exterminate the savages before e they can labor much longer In the mines with security. 4 Two weeks since we published an account of the j murder of five Oregonians by the ludians, on the 0 Middle Fork, and gave the names of two of the mou / killed We have since learned that the names of the # other three were Kobinson, Thompson, and English. t On the receipt of this intelligence at the Saw Mill, a a party of twenty-five Oregonians went in pursuit of the Q 11,Ann *nit nifiuM unnn a Irtish rRticheria on Wehrr's creek. A fight occurred, in which soiue fitcen or twenty Indians were killed, and fifty or sixty taken prisoners. 1 he prisoners were driven down to (Jullouia. where all but Fevcn were released. About sundown the seven ? prisoners made a concerted attempt at eseapo, when C five of them were shot, and two suoceeded in getting c away. P We hear a few complaints of sickness, but generally, * we believe, the health of the miners is good. 0 Accidentally Dhowned.?We learn, verbally, that l lingh Agnew, a blacksmith, and formerly a pritate In t Company H., 1st New Vork Regiment, was accidentally n drowned in ihe Sacramento river, at Sutter's embarca- f dero, a few days since, lie was originally from Albany, a N Y., where we believe he now has a mother and other ^ relatives. a Death ?Mr. Hans L. Borkholm, a passenger, died of tl consumption. 12th February, 88 days out, lat. 41) 17. 8 , A long. 13. 45. W., on board of the American bark Whltoa, h Gclsten, master, from New York for 8an Francisco. w Notice ? Having been informed, from various sources, * f the great suffering and needy condition of many of 1< those deluded and thoughtless persons, who. in viola- h tion ol their plighted faith to their country, havo do- P serted from the Pacific squadron, since the 0th day of ? October of this year, and who are now paying the pe- " nalty of their transgression, under the combined ?uf- * feting of disease, famine, and exposure loan Inclement b winter; and that many of said deserters, truly repent- ? log tbeir rash and ill judged act of desertion, would b return to their allegiance and their ships, but for the fear of the penalty which the law might impose, I do t! hereby say to all such persons, who are chargeable ' with no other offenco against the laws ot the navy * than that of desertion?great as is the enormity?re- S turn Immediately to your duty, and you will have no " cause to regret your confidence In my clemency and K forbearance. Thomas Ar. C. Jones, " Commander-ln chlcf U. 8 Naval Forces, '' Pacific Ocean. " San Fnancisco, December, 1848 1-tf d Official Notice.?All persons are, by law, forbid *' taking horses or cattle from any raneho in the district ? of San Francisco, without the permission of the owners, er other lawful authority. h J. M. LcAVENwoaTH, Chief Mag., D.S.F, K. T. Ridley, Justice of the Camp. San Fbancim.o, February 1,1840. b-tf Fbom this date Hotel at 8ntter?vllle. GEORGE McDOUOAL k 00. J Snttersville, March 16,184?. 12-tf { Stoskshis Tiiii.i will be laid up at Suttersrille for the t reception of goods from this date. GEO. McDOUOAL A CO. . Snttersville, March 16,1840. 12-tf g SuTTtasviLLc, Removal. George MeDougal k Co. t have removed from the embarcadero to Suttersvllle. o Suttersvllle, March 22,1840. 12-tf Cne Hvndbed Men wanted to chop wood near Suttera- e Villa. O. MoDOUOAL k CO. ? Snttersville, Mareh 22,1840. 12-tf The Steamboat J. A. Si'tter will commence running _ between this place and Snttersville on the 1st of July \ next. GEO. McDOUOAL k CO. " | Mareh 22. '40. 12-tf J Notice.?The "Mormon Mining Association," having j, at great cost and labor dog a canal, and nearly com- t, pleted two dams, with a view to change the pr?- e i innt Knit op rnrrant. nf th? AmsriftJUi Fork of the Sacramento river, near or at "Mormon Island," and being at prevent unable to go on with ? raid work by reason of fraihete, have adjourned iurther prosecution of the same until the first of June, or until the weather and water will admit of a renewal y ' f the work. All persons are therefore notitied that the members of said association, (being entitled to the q exclusive benefit of all mining or other advantages ac- , eruingfrom said work.) will allow no person under any n pretence whatever to interfere in any way with said a work or the ground connected therewith, inasmuch as they are determined to realst all encroachments upon , their rights. The above is published by order of the Association. CHA8. MACKAY, Pree't. ,, Jsmt.s Q.i-?:kr, Treas. and Sec'y. p April 12,1849. U-tf A Si-rr.aioa llocsi Frame for sale, enquire of li A. POLLARD, Clay street. tl April 17,1849. l?-tf j&>- After two weeks silence, from want of printing 11 paper, we are again before the public. Wo are happy to ray tbat we have now made such arrangements as will prevent any interruptions in future. To do this, however, and to insure Ibo continuation of the paper during tl.o summer season, we have been obliged ' to raise the price of yearly subscription to twelve > dollais. 1 We again call the attention of readers te our adver- 11 tiring rupphmeut, this day published. *' I'll o?At the rancbo of Ueorge Yount, Fsq.. in Nappa ValUy, ?u the 14th of February laat, of disease of the ^ h< art, Capt. Johsi G*.?it. lie was formarly In the , I ruled Slates military service A large eirele of f liirnd* and acquaintance# lament his loss. St. Louis papers please Copy. We might give much more matter of thin kind; iiut the above is suflicient to give a bird's-eye view of California. James Coltagln, James Wiley. Juuiea f'oswell and 'I hi ma> Linton, were killed in I'biladelpbla on Monday , vetiitig lart, by the caving In of a b&uk in Spring liar >! u Ui-triet. e n a Our Baltimore Correspondence. Hai-timors, June 22,1849. lottest Day of the Sea eon?Tribute of Reepect? Prite'e Trial? The Markett, +C. Yesterday was the hottest day ot the season; he lowest point of the mercury being 85, and the lighest 93. This morning, at 8 o'clock, however, he thermometer stands 5 degrees higher than it vas at the same time yesterday; consequently, iresent prospects are that we will be longing for he cool weather of yesterday before night, which, it the time, was thought to be unbearable. The cleiks in the Post Office, yesterday, preented a pair of silver pitchers und salver to James luchanun, Esq., on his retiring from the head of he establishment. The presentation was made >v Mr. O'Brien, and in his reply Mr. B. paid a {lowing tribute to the character of Mr. Maddox, lis successor, whom he characterised as a genlemun of high and Dure principles, and every way qualified by enlarged experience and ability to fufil the duties of his important post with honor to limself and usefulness to the community. Messrs. Pitts <V Preston, the counsel for John Price, churged with the murder of Geo. Campbell, pesterdny, Die day on which the trial was to comnence, threw up the case. The cause is said to >e a difficulty hs to the fee which his counsel were :o receive from the father of the prisoner.. General Thomas, of Maryland, has issued a iroclamution, officially announcing the death of 'X-President Polk, and after paying a brief and Mowing tribute to his many virtues, recommends he people of the several cities and towns to aslenihle and udopt such measures uh may be deem d best to do honor to tho memory of the deteased. There were two deaths in our city yesterday from Irinking cold water, one of which was an Irish migrant named Walsh, lie had just arrived here n the steamboat from Philadelphia, and after lunting for his friends, returned to the boat without tinning them, quite exhausted with the heat.? le drank a tumbler of cold water, anJ in a few lours was dead. Flour Is rather depressed. Sales to-day of 000 bbls. toward street, at $4 60. and 3,000 olty mills at $4 62>f. torn meal $2 76 a $2 67,'v Hye flour, $S. Grain is leavy; sales ot red wheat atOBo. to $1; white $1 08 a >1 06. Corn le somewhat depressed; sales to a eonlderable extent of white at 60c. a 62c., and yellow at 6c. a 67. Oate 25c. a 28o. Rye 60c. Provisions are 'cry quiet; mess pork Is selling at $11, and prime $0. lacon?Sides, 6c. a6Xc.; assorted, 6>ic. a6^o per lb. or shoulders; hams, 7o. a 9Xc. Lard, 6\c. a 7^c. per b., in bbls. and kegs. Whiskey is dull, at 20c. a 21c , n nhds and bbls. The following were the sales at the Baltimore Stook loerd, yesterday$461 Mil. quur. 5's, 88)f; 1,400 City 's, pleas, 100; 600 B & O. R. Bonds '67, 00; 6 shs. Firetens' Ins., 17; 46 Bait. Fire Ins., 8; 26 do. do., 8.02. Fnnu KimccTnii. Tim ?He arrival nf lti? rig Sarah Vose, Captain Burns, from Kingston, am., wt are in receipt of our files of the Morning 'onrnal, to the 26th ult. The annexed are the nly items of interest:? The revenue continues to decline. The import duies, for the quarter ending the 6th of April, amount to ;37,8b9, against ?32.128 for the corresponding quarter f last year, and are less by ?2,000 than for the January uarter. The decrease of the half year ending April th last, compared with 1841, is ?12,232. The stamps or the quarter ending &th April, are less than for the lorresponding quarter of 1848, by ?381; for the month >f April they are in excess of the like period in 1MB, ?212. The nett decrease for the half year, compared with the half year of 1848, is ?1,008. The Treasurer bad also been enabled to meet all the more pressing dalms against the public, excluding the loans and lebts due and beooming due, for the payment of which 10 provision has been made. 7 he Court of I'olicy of British Guiana has again ieen adjourned, sine die, by his Kxcellency Governor larkly, the court having refused to pass the civil list, or the payment of thu salaries of the public officer* n the Governor's address to the court, on the occasion, te says Having now, therefore, exhausted evary ffort te induce the court to provide the supplies neessary for the safety of the country, and the majority leliberately refused, for the eighth time, I believe, luring the present session, to proceed, upon one plea r another, with the estimates submitted to them in Lpril 1848, I am under the deplorable necessity of again djourniug this court, line die, and. in doing so, I proest, in the face of the inhabitants of the colony, gainst being considered responsible for the conseuenees which may ensue." Brooklyn City InttHlganee, Ortsisn the City Hall?JtccarTie* Day.?Yesteray was the auspicious day appointed by the Common ouncil attho last session, for the opening of the preincts of the City Hall, to await the inspection and aprobation of the fair ladies of Brooklyn. In accorduce, the ladies mustered strongly, in uo mean show f femenine endowments, sparkling in all the lustres f Chinian silks, and radiant with smiles of healthful cauty, and a number of the city father* attended to ecelve them, and exhibit to them the beauties of the cw building, as well as to explain the various uses the ocms were occupied for. Among those most assiduous nd polite in the discharge of their duty, were the two ecbelor members of the board?Aldermen liawxhurst ud Lefferts?who seemed to vie with each other in heir efforts to entertain and Instruct the fair visitants. ifter viewing and inspecting tb? whole tenement, the idles, on invitation, repaired to the Governor's Room, here a sumptuous and excellent repast, prepared in ccordance with the weather, consisting oi tee-creams, ?monade. cake, etc. etc., was ready for disposal. The idles, without further ceremony, partook of the hositality of the city proffered to tnem, and devoured se-cream and sponge cake to their heart's eontent, tuch refreshed, no doubt, in the present state of the 'eather, by the treatment prescribed. Mueh approation was elicited from the visitants, who expressed uiversal satisfaction with tho arrangements of the uildlDg. and the affair wound up In a manner which eflects great credit upon those who managed the affairs; be table was decorated with some magnificent bouquets, everal distinguished gentlemen attended the fete, mong whom were Judge Morse. ax-Mayor Hall, Truman mitb, Charles C. Betls, John B. King. John D. Lawmice and Dr Goodrich, the health physician; the latter entleman seeming somewhat to conflict with the preemptive practice of physicians, who exclude toe-cream l cholera times, except when taken with a sprinkling of iu-dt-vit, by being very assiduous in assisting the laics to this same, minus the brandy, (the affair being Lrictiy on the teetotal principle.) The celebration ontiuned till dark, when the ladies dispersed to their espective homes, with an evident smile of satisfaction epictcd on their countenances. Ths Mayor shook ands with all the ladies, who were presented tndividully to him, and used all endeavorB in his power, to pronote the comforts of these present on the occasion. InqvcsT.?An inquest was hsld at the Navy Yard, resterday. by the Coroner, on the body of a man named 'atrirk Michael, who died from a stroke of the sun. on >oard the United States ship of war North Carolina. Verdict of the jury in accordance with the above facts Cisai'it Coo St.?Before Judge Morse.?in the caseof Lrrnt Schuyler and Klizabelh, bis wife, and Letitia chuyler. against Joseph C. Ashley, was pnt off for the erm. the defendants giving security for the payment f $1,000, in consideration of such postponement. Char In W. I.yndr agt. Turn's T. CawtnKovrn ?This ause. by consent of both parties, was argued before the onrt, instead of a jury. The Judge reserves his decllon for a future day. Citv Court.?Before Judge Greenwood and Aldermen eet and 8piesIn the caseof Captain Freeman, inloted for grand larceny, reported yesterday, the jury rare unable to agTee, and were discharged. The court ben announced that there would be no more trials by ury this term. Special business will, however, be atended to to-day, and the sentences of the prisoners onvicted will be announocd. Genet nl Seaalona. icfore Jndge Ulshoeffvr and Aldermen Franklin and Jackson. Jt'wx 22 ? Trial far Grand l.arerny.?A man named Villiam Barker was called to trial, on a charge of gran 1 irceny, is having, on the 6th of April last, stolen a uantfty of clothing, valued at $35, tho property of harles Lelghton. of No. 10 Tark place. A scarf and pocket handkerchief were found upon the prisoner, nd were recognised by **r. Lelghton, as part of the roperty stolen from htm. The jury found the prisoner nitty of petit larceny only, and the court sentenced im to the penitentiary for six months. 7Yi<d and Jlcyuitttd.? Robert Williams, charged with rand larceny, in stealing $45 worth of clothing from >o. 26 Fast Broadway, and a young Oerman named iiiguste Bottles, ehiiiged with burglary and grand irciny. were tiled ; but the evidence not sustaining be indictments, the defendants were both acquitted. The rntirt It,en all inli r mot 1UI K.luil.- It 1,1.7 B(r, at 11 o'clock. Superior Court. Before .Indue Vanderpoel. Jrar. 22 ? D H Hacktt vt Van HrwttHotm 4r Dt Mtrtt ? hip wax an action of replevin, to try the right of the artie* to a quantity of household furniture. The laintiff claimi d under a mortgage, and the defendant nd?r a judgment ngaiuxl the mortgagor. Sealed veriict to-morrow morning. Before l-hief Ju*tlce Oakley. Jl'nr 22.? Jthn liuddrrautl ml. vt F. S. Hunting ftml*.? ["hlfwa* an action on a pronileaory note for $176; the Ignature waa admitted Itappearcd the note wax given or ltt boier ot eye water, whtrh defendant allege, waa old a. 1 hompron'* fcyo Water,"'but upon utipackng turned nut te bo epurtoua. The jury, under the lireetinn of the ourt. found a verdict lor the plalnlfl. reserving to the defendant* the right to appeal Favour I vt. fc'rekei* -Thl* waa an action for libel, ludpmtntwaa allowed to paaa by dateudant, and injuria taken tbla morning The jury rendered a verlict for tbe plaintlO for $10 000. A recent aenau* of South ( arolina chow* a large In;tea?e in population in the laat nine year*. LD. TWO CENTS. I Theatrical and Musical. Bowrsv Tiicatbc ?The excellent drama of the " Tower of Gold," which ha* always been SO tasty reeelrvd on the Bowery stage, was performed, ladt evesing, before a eery Intelligent and numerous audience ; and never was it played better. The principal, or, at all events, the most prominent part, is sustained by Mr Gilbert, than whom there are few better actors on the stage. He Is always most perfectly prepared with his part; and his jnst eon ception or every character he ingmN, makes a due impression on hie hearers. Miss Wemyss, as Esther. also woa much applause. Never have we seen a more excellent company got together than the oas bow attached to the Bowery. The " Power of Gold" passed off with much applause, as did also the amusing masical fares of the "Female Massaroui," and the over pleasing equestrian drama of " Maseppa " To-night, a capital bill for Saturday evening, will he presented? " The Sergeant's wife," one of the most interesting dramas of the day, will be played; tbefareo of tho " Secret," the fifth act of " Richard III," in whleh tho young Denlna appear ts such advantage; a ballet dtTcrtisement, and the romance of" Timour the Tartar." Broadway Thcatre.?The engagement of the kloaplalsirs, at the Broadway theatre, Is drawing to a elose, this evening being the last but one of their engagement, when will be produced the first act of the grand ballet called "Greek Triumphs," in which ecvera grand tableaux are formed, and quite a number of military evolutions gone through with, by ftft.y female warriors. The favorite ballet of " Aurora." and tho grand divertissement of " Foletta," will also be produced. To the lovers of the agile art, Mous. Monplalsir's dancing presents numerous beauties, and he increases the opinion in his favor at each ro-appsarancs. The performances of this evening will assuredly afford a good opportunity to witness the beauties of th? ballet; and, as the present engagement closes so soon, wo have no donbt the attendance will be large. National Theater.? Notwithstanding the wank 1 weather last evening, Mr. Booth had a very fair attendance at his benefit, and the various entertainments passed off well. The first piece was the " Whits Horse of the reppere;" Mr. Macarthy and Mr. Booth ploying Gerald Pepper and Major Mansfeldt. We have seen I these two parts played, lu other times,most admirably, and feel soareeiy warranted in making comparisons, | which, as the saying goes, "are odious." Booth's | Mansfeldt was a very funny piece of acting. His osto' nisbment at the country and tho people, and his wild gooso chase for Ballygarth, w?r? all very amusing. Seymour, as i'helim, was much applauded, and his Irish songs were well received. Tho ever popular "Three tears After," and tho rest of the entertaln1 ments, passed off well. To night, a first-rate bill will ' be presented?" Jonathan Bradford." "Three Years | Alter," and " Simpson So Co " All tne members of the .ill .......... in ... - w"f""j " ?ri"? ? ? Bcrtoh's Theatre.?Last evening the successful dramatic version of the novel of Dombuy and Son waa performed at thia theatre. The houae, considering the aeaaon, was well attended, a proof that Burton'a management haa. throughout the entire aeaaon, given the utmoat aatiafaction to the thousand a who frequented his estublii-hiuent. We have ao often apoken of the respective talents of the excellent Rtoek company attached to this theatre, that wo must confine ourselves now to one observation, namely, that on the fourth of July Burton will prove that " Richard's himself again," by all that indetatigable exertion can do, to produce everv novel feature that can pluasn his host of patrons. We hope Brougham's genius, during the recess, will Inspire blm with mind to present to our citisena many ether happy productions, such as we have already seen from him. Christy's Minstrels will, to-day, give their usual Saturday afternoon concert, as well as their regular evening one, and, on both occasions, the programme will be full und varied. The voyage musical, the Kthioplan ditties of all kinds, grave and gay, sentimental and comic, the violin aud banjo solos, dancing, &o , cannot fail to please all who hear them. Castle Gar den.?The novel features of concert and dance seem to take well with our citizens, as this theatre of amusement is visited every evening by at leant two thousand persons. We are uot surprised at this, as lielser, always alive to please the patrons of his es| tablishment, has, at present, employed some of the flrst musicians of the day. 1 he Dlstius are well known for their musical celebrity; also the excellent musical company. the Uerm&aia band, whose Inspiriting quadrilles, executed as they always are with the utmost science and harmony, have so impressed their hearers, that wherever they are announced to perform, some of the freatest critics and musical connoisseurs In the United tates are sure to be present. In addition to the soulInspiring touches of these accomplished musicians, many vocalists of great talent contribute ts Oil op theme atu re of happiness enjoyed each evening by the thousands who nightly visit this charming retreat.? We are pleased te see that our suggestion regarding the order which should be preserved on the floor, during the hour ot dancing, has been strictly attended te, as last evening the entire amusements passed og with such order and regularity, as to please the visiters of this City of Cypress In New fork. Anotheb Wonder.?We are soon to be astounded by the necromantic performances of Mr. Mc-Vllister, who appears at the Broadway theatre on Tuesday evening. I It is said that bis magical performances were wonder ful indeed; and tftat so enchanted were the frequenters of the Tacon theatre, Havana, with hie doings, that they kept him for eight nights, on the occasion of his late engagement there, playing to crowded houses.? There is no doubting that Mr. McA. will become a great favorite. Our neighbors of Havana are somewhat fastidious; and the fact of their having so long patronised the new magician, is a guarantee of his excellence. City Intelligence. Si'n Strokes?Yesterday there were sii eases of sun stroke in this city, and two in Brooklyn navy yard. Two of their names were John Doran and Patrick Lunny. '1 bese men were laborers; and between the beat of the sun and driuking cold water, they are all diad?four at the city hospital, and two others, on whom the coroner has held inquests. No donbt there are other cases of which we have not yet heard. Violation or an Act of steamboat Harlequin was libelled this morning, and taken poeeession of by the Init'd States Marshal. for a violation of the act of i .ongress ot July 7. 1838. for neglecting to have her boilers, machinery mid hull inspected, in pursuance of the requirements of the act. Litfrast Larceny.?A most flagrant theft was perpetrated on. the evening of tbu 'Jlt-t, or early on the mornlDg of the 22d of June, lust, by some individual who got into the conversation room of the 8oeiety Library, in Broadway, and stole from it" frame an ancient and curious relic?a Proclamation of Governor Androis, dated from Ilnmnioquid, in New England, and printed at Boston, in 1688. This document is valuable for its historical interest, having reference to the invasion of Lnglund by William III. uud calling on the people of New England to resist any attempt on the part of the Hollanders to seduce them from their allegiance. It is also remarkable, as a specimen of early Vmeriota typography, and was presented to the library by the late Major Poplium. if revolutionary memory. The rage for collecting literary and historical curioaitiee has been increasing In this country, until, whether from motives of mere cupidity, or the unnatural desire for possessing them, which is known aa " Bibliomania," the offence ot stealing them has become notoriously prevalent. As the gratification of collectors chiefly consists in the egotistical display of Iheir hoard, the miserable creature who obtains it surreptitiously it . | doomed, after all liis misapplied pains, to but asolltary and sorry enjoyment of bis ill-gotten treasures ; for the ' instant he exhibits them, he proclaims hit own infamy. I He is even 'bilged to cancel er destroy them, lest, after ' his death, his heirs should receive the braud due to hit own brow. | Accident.?Michael Kreish. a night scavenger, in the employ of John Y'ilbing fell Into the privy of bouse No. : Uli Centre stri ct, at 3 o'clock yesterday morning an t was attended by Dr. Jackson, and sent to the hospital, | Ctli ward. | Death ?Yesterday afternoon, a man by the name of i Joseph Coaklcy, employed in a new building, No. 30 Oak street, tell from the second story to the ground, i lie was immodiaitly taken to the hospital, where he | died in about two hour* afterward*. ! /mother.?j nine* Harper, a boatman, wa.* seised with ! crimp*, at the foot of Hoeer *trect. yesterday about't o'clock, P. M , and died before medical attendanei arI rived. The body wa? taken to the almshouse yard. 1>? atii from Cholera.?Policeman Reuben, clerk of tth district, wa* attacked during 1'bursday night with cholera and died yesterday morning about 7 o clock. Acciuemt.?La*t night, about 11 o'cloak, Jeremiah F.ldridge. who had bem confined to the house fur the last two month*, from an attack of brain fever, took * ! udvantige, when unwatohed, and jumped out of the 1 second story window of house No. 76 Went Broadway, { striking on the back part of hi* head. He was seen to fall by officer Struble, who picked him up and iminedlaUiy sent for a doctor. ' dicadrt'l Accident.?At 7 o'clock last evening, the inhabitant* of Fourth street were thrown Into a state of alarm, by a tremendous report, louder than cannon. The cause wa* n* follow* :?There hail Icon some cask* of alcohol at Begeman'* door corner of avenue B and Fourth street. wb<> le a *niiit dealer, and a little bey named John Smith, of bO'J i ouri.h street, aet lire to It with a fire cracker. HI* hand wa* blown off, and and he rau down the street to his home, crying " morder mother, murder!1* Court of Common Plena. Before Judge Daly. Jt'we 22 ? Franklin Map*!, oy hit nut fritnd. r? Wm. Prckham.?This wa* an actlou for assault and battery. The defense wm. that the plaintiff had provoked the< d-fendsnt. and that It was a regular pitched battle. I Sealed verdict to-morrow (this) morning. Howemestta of IndlwiduaUa. The German republican, Mr. Frederlo Meeker, haa just arrived here from his farm at Belleville, near M. Louis. He Is nrgsd to return to hi* oatlr* country, and to flgbt against tyranny, and for the Independence of bt* own laud Many Germans are anxious to return with hint. He Is at the Shakspearc Hotel. The annual catalogue of Georgetown College. Kentucky,just published, show* a total of 166 student#. The Institution seems to continue to flourish, under ths efficient presidency of Kev Howard Alaleom, D. D

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