Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 25, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 25, 1849 Page 1
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Ii TH 5498 Affairs In California. ve again looked over our file of the Alta ita, to the 1st ult., aud muke the following nal extracts:? stkamkk OkKSon ?The steamship Oregon,Capt. I'eur-oii. nailed from this port for P-iuaiau an 1 an Uiate ports, on the afternoon of Thursday I**1 ril li!). at S P.M. She has 19 passenger* and f?ltio 000 ;old duet Annexed is a list of her passenger* : ? it fciinierey?H. F. Teetl uaeher Jas I) Crane, F. i Athrrton I, C. Cray. A H Sibley Fer San Bias ? IVUro l.andecb. Syl?eslef IIunaug. Julio (.'atauo For hl'IBI-Jctn Dickson Geo. Hay, W. J CSSjSf, Jo e Briau J. K. Thorner, Jos O I)en< eke. Florentine I f )r?riM.l?*M HAiiKi.m W11 mi iii. (.hurlttH WttlfurA RaiiiiiaI Il'aekwrx J 11 W. llow.ll Mimionaiiiev Sic. ? The following wer? the passengers lu the bark V\ htton at Sun Kraucisco:?Rev rto rsee Lyman and lady Missionaries to Oregiu; Mrs George Hyde nod mi. Mrs C. L. Rous, Messrs. J. I. I.oring. "1 ( incinuuti; J. N Inuett of llliuon ; C. > > Brewster. of boston: C. Edwd. tiray, of Mabvina; James Kisk S Hurlat. (i C. Bcrkhnlui. of New fork; "Walter anil lienj Naree, of i'hiiadelpbis. lt?BE?:av.?Th? private roam of J. H. Hrown, the proprietor of the i it} Hotel, wits entered h lew evemug-i since. his trunk brokeu open, aud souiu J>700 lu gold purloined therefrom. Married.? Cn the evening of the 14th imt . by the Be*. 1' L) Hunt. Iter ("hauucey O llosford. of Oregon to Miss Aseuetb Glotsr, of San I'ruticiseo. Sachaviesto Cur,?Letters from this place recently receivi d infi rm us thai the onward tide of improvement is rapid Many buildings have becu erected during the winter, and the vuluu of town lots is daily increasing. The population is said to exceed one th. ueaml eauls and the services of mechuniox purlieu- I larly carpenters, are iu demand vlerchaudite genelally is abuudant, and selling quite low: but lumber ami building material < are much wanted, aud bring high prices Every thing seems to betoken a speedy building up of a great luland city. Suicide ?A man by the name of II. B Williams, recently arrived, enuiuut ed -uieide at ibe house of Mr. blrrrill on the morning of the 17th instant, by severing the juguiar veiu with a piece of window glass. He was about thirty-tjve years of age. aud came from N'uw Orleans, aeioss Mexico to San Bias, lroin which place tia aimu li..? l? ?hu h-i.. u'.ml. I.. I... !?.. _ ? " ? 'ft " "* j '?'??) r ucro.-s Mexico. he is raid to have been robbid of Home $6011. lie was tukeu Mck on the passage from Sua Bias to thin placet* ami coon became deraugsd, ami no continued up to the moment of the fatal act When din* covered. ho wan quite dead, though the attendaut liad left the room not live minutes before By papers found among his effects, it appear* I hat ho wan turuierly overseer of the Plantation Millaudou iu Louisiana Found Dead.? Peter Stephens wus found dead on the fieruooti of the 16th inst., iu a large box iu the roar o. the Shades Tavern He was about thirty years of age and came to this country as u private In company F. of the 1st Keg't. N.V. Vol's. He wus honorably dls barged at. the end of the war, since which time he has mostly resided in this place lie bad been for mouths very intemperate, nud to this fact is undoubtedly owing Lis untimely death. To Gui.d Diggers and Others ?Remittances to the T'nited States and Europe, can be tuude in sums from $10 to $10 000. in Bills of Exchange. Drafts, Letters of Credit Gold Dust or Coin, at the same rates as cost of transportation only. Apply to UOACil & WOOD WORTH, Parker House. Highest price paid for Oold Dust, in Gold or Silver coin. ,1 April 12,1819. Thompson 4t Co . Bunurm?Oold and Silver of all kinds, bought and sold Notes and bills of exchange negotiated; Money borrowed and lent on Real Estate and other security Soldiers' discharges bought or Land warrants procured for them; ( untoin Hou-e business done wii h dispatch. Olflce, City Hotel, next door t?tbe Alcaide's. April 12, lb40 Officiai Orders, No. 13. Head Quarters, Tenth Military Defartment. ) Monterey. California. April 13. 1819. $ 1. In accorduuce with instructions from the War \Depaitmeat brev Brig Geu. beimet Kiley US A , esuuies cuuiniuud of the 10th military department, ud the admiui.-lratiou ol civil alfairs iu California 2 I he billowing officers compose tbe stutl of the commantling geiieiai : ? i lire Muj. K. H. S Canby. Aset Adj't. General. Brt Capt H W. Halleck. Eng'rs Act'g Secretury of State, firt. Capt. Geo C Westcott. Aid-decamp I Orders or instructions conimuuicuted by the above named oilioers, iu the name and by the authority of the oiuniamimg General, will he obeyed and respected accordingly. (Sigued) B KILKV, Brevet Brig Gen U. 8. A. Commanding 10th Military Department. Interior Navioation.? We, thu uuderaigued. captaiu nd passougcrs in the brig Sn -aun, a vessel of 2uu tons, drawing nine and a half feet of water, from San Fran I co to Mocklou. voluntarily join in tendering our tliauks to Mr. < hailes Luuir through whose exertion* on board a* pilot w? Lave b ra enabled to reach our UiHitia'ion Wo also wi-h to express our sense of hi* gudlitiratiin*. a. a pilot, ou lliin rirer Considering all I the difficulties t j be cuoauntercd iu conducting a rcsBel of ibis size and tbo tborough knowledge of the cbannei which he bar exhibited. we beg his acceptance Of this testimonial and also recouiuicud Litu to such pete oil- a- may stand ill need of bis servicer. J B liatis*. JEmll Juuge, V. Wuuiletiburg, \Villm N Meokfl, V B to cstboof. Henry J B Carlisle, Christian Mumm, lleury Burke, M. D. Henry Bowes, Luis vi Calkicu, J -\ndirkcn, James Wilson, Henry Shopter, John L. All lues, 11 A. Jos. O. Cadis. April Id, lt-4'J. Hi w Vokk ash CiLiconsiA Exriicss.? Ilaven it I.iv!nir-t..n ln eoQUeetlon with Livingston. Wells & Co.. aunoui oe their readiness to receive parcels, packages, gold dust and huliiun. to forward to the principal places in the iuteiiorof the AtlauUc States and p iris lu tbu 1'aciMC. Drafts ou any part of thu Union supplied. 11 iVEN St Li VINOS I'ON, rorts'h mi , adjufuing the drug storo. April 12,1849 Noricn ?Stock to the amount of more than MOO 000 having been sub-eiibd for tin- construction of a joint tuck wliarf iu San rruuxi-c ; in pursuance of the conditions oi the subscription tuc undersigned lu hereby give notice, l hat a meeting of the stockholder* will beheld on I uet-day evening next at tne School if at 7Jb o'clock, fur the electlou of uhicers. aud for drafting . by-laws lor the association ^ 7 MELLUS, HOWARD St CO, ALEXANDER CROSS, April 10, 1849. #L 11 HARRISON. 8*? Kmkuico Ikstitutk.?l'rof. Albert Williams, x having reoeutiy arrived at this port will open the San 1 raucisco institute, tor the iisslructloii of pupils of b th tears, ou Monday next, the 2Jd tost., in the public school editice bun Kruncisco. April 17, 1849. THi; O.ICU KXCTfEMEVT. [From the Alia allMruiau. April 24 ] Last suuiuiur. w hen our luwu was dc,-cited by all its male lnatdtauts?when uiore tban one-half of us houses were t. iisillies* ? when the ordinary avuca loan and aniufleiii. uls of the community were appareutiy at an end--and whru uoihiiig but the engrossing pursuit uf gold was followed, we thought that such a sueue of cio.lenient would never he looked upou by other eyes let. if we cnu believe the newspaper account*, the spirt whieh be-eu awakened iu the Uuitud Stales by Shu intelligence of the great nnuerai wraith of this otintry is even more frightful and epidemic in it* effect* ibuu it was iu California toe are prepared for a large emigration, but wc were not prcptnd lor such a Sweeping wave of desire as s< ems to have rolled over the length and breadth of the Cnion ? we bad calculated upou au excitement, but we thought that the M exlrae wur and the Presidential eiecliuu would have vxhaus ed for a time the mercurial portion of our nato'Uai cliuract-r, aud we rai tier feared that Vngl-eSaxCD etui dim - x would prove too muoh even for Ihe g d<l n.auia. But no. the thirst for gold has rode the pubtie Bilr.S like a gnrgon or a nightmare U e impulse seems to liavh aclua i d lbn wiilu balmo, mil liad llm idiuum bran ailbiu alf? ui i u r ilan walk' do|>ut. tbara 1- uot th>- align doubt that twenty out ul k. tha iwan'y-">ur ini|li->un of inhabitants would havo bci n digging long ago Soma afi-Kk Mticr. a# publirhtd a hurt lint of vonacl* which with adiailind for i aliform* Chat. probably did uot cmpi o? ou? half the real number lu ev.-ry pad of lb? country, Irotn Now Orioam to B ing >r, tusiulr ar?ah-<ut to miiI and it Ik prnhabln that two huii dri d wkiI? will ri-aob tain port from tlm Uul.nJ tMa'an within tlm coming yaar Kroiu t-uglauii aud tin- ooutiaant of Kuropn, alio, w??arln havo already aailxii. aud many inoro arc pro pan ok to rail Krmn all tha l.laiida of tho eaoitio. and r Inuu ali hor hhorra. ih? name tiiudiigouou reaction U?, wInlet Ibo oiuriaud route in prulutily already alio* With cungrantn. . * 1 hin wxlraordinary excitement mil a mi a .-at ion till* d on with an uiidetiunble dread Not that ? doubt the 1 li.oxhanetlbtllly of tin* uiuiai but that ?? fear the ?ut/ * li ring aud dl a.ipoihtmout wlnah ho many of Ihi.? va-t " (mad luui-t undergo ti -Id digging. like erery thing me 11 a- itr- toi i ii it at n and liufortuu^.o votartea. and, likr ioiij nt bar pore nil. II ri-<|Uir?M ludu-try, prudauuH, g??d ill-alt h, aud energy Tbuoaaud* of thoee a ho conn hare will do wall, bnt w? cannot but hi I.ay.- that there will b- hundred* who will ha\i abaiidouail roiutoriatila hoinwH to Hack for gold fc. a land ? here pruatimiH only will be iheir reward I ha morning* are delightful, but t ho atti-rno m - ar? diMigre- atda to ni-? Comers Tim north wt?t winds and ih. tog that milieu with tbum, are not an b and an could b? walii-d I TWO UOLDKN I TKMS. Colli rtor Cottle im-irmn u- that a gentleman. J n*t rotnriu d fioni < ailforula wan a pa?ienger on the Kxprann tiaiu which reached harn yesterday, going Want; and that the g-inh uiiin afori-aid liad in iiln posM-slon 1 riy thouraud dollaiH iu nold the result of htn own labor aud speculations in t slif-rnU Alth?iimen1-It tba ininpH. one hundra-i dollar* par in mtb wi-ra La #f-red for ordinary oat-door labor. ? Syravun tUar. Jw.r M I hplain Holt, of thin rity, ha? sh >wii n.? a piece of ft' Id laialy biooght into Naw London, by a whale ahin 1 we ghs a Iritle near hill an wuuc ff-b-ibly. twi | ih rd of it in pnra gold It <ti lurid b> a ymlog . fraud i-f l np'aiu llolt ?h - pioenred impound" in I r glit day* in tbrf d.y diggings of - a.tfornia ? llur /wrd (lull, JuHt iiit. E X E nitcillanfoui California Co rreapon dense. [From the Nauturket Rnqalrrr ] San Francisco, March 14th. I arrived here, a short time since, in 77 days trom Tahiti, in command of a schooner, winch I have since sold for $11,700 ; and am now waiting for the roads to become uisuable, to go to the mines, litre I found my old friend, the captain of the Saendnhock. at work, painting, and I have engaged to work witli hun, l?>r the preseut, at $7 per Jay. 1 wish you were here, tor money is as plen'v us any one could wish. It is difficult to get people to work ; everv body has bags full of gold dust. 1 board in a stied. with ten mates of vessels, at ten dollars per week apiece. One of our boarders, a I ail haven mun, who owns part of the ship In which he came out, has bought a whale boat, and goes in h.*r l.irt.i.-l! u u ia, tl? C Ttft.. ._ seventy-five dollars per day. Nothing sells here for less than twenty-five cents. There is no aristocracy here?no poor men ; the merchant has to do his own drudgery. You will see tile rich tuun wuli a wheel-barrow, carrying his own goods. 1 heard, tke other day, a passenger that had just landed, offer a poor-looking mm two dollars to carry up his trunk, for him ; but the mull looked at BHD with scojn, and said, " 1 will give you five dollars to catry it up yourself." The only law here is pistol law?consequently, any thing in the shuis- of a trun letches from fifty to two huudr. d and fifty dollars. San Francisco, April 16. There have arrived to-uay six vessels, all loaded with passengers: viz., three ships, two brigs, and one schooner. The last named was from the Sandwich Isl nds, and among her passengers were Francis It. Swam, Jeiliro Hussey, Charles W. M icy and James linker, all Nantucket men. This country is filling up fast with pewple from all parts ot the world, and many articles can now be purchased here at ? less price than in the I'titled Stales. Thousands aud thousands who have ship, ed out goods, calculating upon large profits, will be disappointed, especially in dry goods, lumber, bucks, lime, house-frames, boots, and shoes, coarse clothing, provisions, and such like articles, will sell w?ll, and pay a handsome profit, liricks sell for $75 j>cr thousand. I am happy to say that there isu far better state of society existing in this place at this time, than when 1 landed here three mouths ago. Therein a great deal of sickness at the mines, ,,?i ...a? .f ?? 11 i... I I unu uiuuo MIUD \/? iriuma, V> IIU leave line in fine spirits, will nwver retnrn. The first mite of the chip which 1 cume up in from Valparaiso, Mr. Tutch, ol Fairhuven, hid me good bye a few weeks since, on the beach, bound up the river for gold, but he died in about one week after we partedA man's life here is worth about fifty cents on ilife dollar. While 1 am now writing, a poor fellow lies tied hand and foot, raving mad, with the brain fever, and very little attention is paid to him. lie is a stranger 10 all in the houau. llis name is 11. 15 Williams, of New Orleans, and he arrived here trorn Mexico last week; twenty four hours *r so will close his troubles. .San FiUncisco, April 2f?th. A great many people are rushing here, with the idea that everybody is digging gold by shovels full, in ihr stieets; butts their sorrow and miserable disappointment, th< y will, in many cases, find the real stale of ihe case quite the reverse of that. When 1 first came here, last May, I fomd a town of ubout 400 |>eopIe, most of them going up to the mines quietly, and a great proportion ot them getting over 2000 dollars in three months' time, though some got little or nothing, and many, more than lour or live thousand dollars. l>ut one side of the story lias not yet been told, except in a very, very few instances? or rather has not been explained. A great many are now lingering with diseases brought on by ex(>osure in the diflerent mines, and their coarse manner of living; and in esses even of slight sickness, an almost entire lack of proper nourishment and attendance, too frequently hurries the victims to their long home. The town of San Franc sco is now over-run with people of ull nations, but a small part of whom are able to tint! shelter in a house or shed of any kind. The beach and hills are covered with sailors, merchants, Cpunturde, <Vc., &c., camped out in tents, with their goods lying about in the greatest profusion. Hoard? that is, if you are so fortunate as to find any boarding place at all?is $16 per week. Carpenters' wanes are nominally $15 per day; but there is no lumber to be had, aud they must of course be idle until some arrives. One hundred and filly to two hundred dollars |>er mouth, for seamen's wages, are advertised daily round the streets. But a tnighiy reaction will soon take place ; people will come to their senses, and go to woik Ht bomr otiter business than mining. There are a number of Oregon men here, who have been down two or three months, and have got front one to four thousand dollars apiece: but tney are tired of the business, and say they had rather return home to their farms, and put their seed into the around. About one hundred of thern ate going hack immediately, aud many have gone to other (>arts of the country. The banks ot the rivers in the mining region, are now crowded with people of every ktud aud description. There is no law among them at present, except what they nuke for themselves. Many i who go up to the mines are sadly disappointed : i instead of being able to shovel up the gold by the buckets' full, as some of them seem to have expectt d, they find there is a great deal of toiling, hardship Hnd privation to be endured?camping out in the <>|>en air, and living on the coarsest fare, at exorbitant prices. If they are taken sick, they must get along the best way they can, because tliey are far away from any assistance, except whMt they could have hud when well. We had one died out of our company, last summer, for want of proper nourishment. Folks at home, that are at ull well situated?either with farms or with business of any kind, that will support their families and enable them to luv ui> anything at all?had better May iuet wln-re they arc?there "is no mistake aboutthis. There will be more misery h'-re, the next hx months?in this very country?than people can have any idea of at home. gWe learn from a letter received in town, dated t^xii Francisco, Apiil 26th, that Mrs Simmons, sf Woodstock, Vt , wife of Oapt. B. Simmons, late master of the ship Magnolia, of New Bedford, died ] at San Francisco, of Punumn fever, soon after her arrival there. Capt and Mrs. Simmons left New i Yotk on the 1st of February, in the Falcon, and went up from Panama in the Oregon. It was their intention to make California their home. Capt. S. ' will bring the remains of his wife to the United j Stutes by the next steamer. [From the Syracuse Star ] San FkaMCISOU) May 1, 184.9. In great haste I write to you, only to say that I htn well, and doing well; also, to udvise you uot | to ihink of coming to this country. Do not tie lured by all the stori'-H you may hear of immense wealth being accumulated by gold digging. 1 assure you they are only individual instances. There are many here who w ill never be able 10 get mosey enough to take them home. I have forsaken gold digging for a business that will clear me 15,000 a year, independent of all other speculations. 1 wish you to send me by Express, on the Horn rout, a full tea set, s|ioons, dec. Arc., and 1 will remit immediately. It your friends wish to make consignments here, 1 will attend to t,\.m. I have very arivantagmus opportunities for the prosecution of ifie commission business. 1 would write you a tall description ol the country, people. Arc., had I time. As to ihc country, suffice it to say, that it is a perfect pundeino mum. There are more of all classes and grades emigre?ui' ri here, than there ever was in any oilier pa 11 of the globe. It is now one, P.M., and the steamer leaves ut two. [f mm the New Bedford Mercury, June 33 ] A I. lier reoeived Irnm M r Tuniced Trim, .laloii S?n Francisco, April 7, 1H49, report* hia arrival ih? re, in * pleasant (Msa.ig'- ot nineteen days from l'unatna Mr T. writes that tmnirn cannot be obtain' d at that |>ort at any price? $3X1, $300, and even $400 ;>er month having been relumed. Some tony or fifty vessels were in jairt, and with no prosed of obtaining crews. Capt. Neither, formerly of ship Maine, of thin port, had the good fortune to obtain a i hip's long-boat, which he had lengthened and built up, and employa on the Sacramento river, and lealises from $HtO to $1,001) per week, for passenger fares Hiid freight. Capt Parker, of the ship Mniy, of Boston, i* doing a profitable business between San Francisco and the Sandwich Islands Heal ertate in San Francisco already commands t price* unknown even to New York or Boston; lots putt hum d one year Hgo for 430, $40, or $100, now leadily command an many thousands. A lot, purchased hy Capt. Simmon*, of New Bedford fer about $100, I* now worth $20,000, and ine lot of hx or seven rods np?n wiiieh stand' the sh.ui1 iy, where I am now slaying, has hren sold for JS.COO. Hente are proportionality high; two rooms or a small l. nilly are rented for $160 per month ; 1 and one houec has been rented for $1(1,000 for one yeur bouid from $15 to $20 per week. Dry I goods, particularly fine undines, are a drug in the ii ark' I, and all kinds of mariiifarinred goode will l e solo here, six months from this date, cneapcr prof,?bly ih..ii they can lie in uiufactured at home, ua every vessel that arrives brtngn a large quantity- | W YO MORNING EDITION?] Libor is the only otnmod iy that will main'ain a p rnmneni value here. A man that can and wiU woik, may in a short time accumulate a fortune here; house and ship euro<*ntcrs readily command firm $ 12 to (16 a day, hut cannot be obtained Lumber is worth from f&OO to (600 per 1,000 feet ?none in market. Persons coming here should take with them only u ftw indi?|a*nsible articles, us luggage cannot be conveyed to the mines, norreudily deposited lor safe keeping. The inexhaustible abundance of gold at the mines is tnoie and more confirmed, by the observation of every day since my urrival here. It is in the hands of the diggers who daily arrive here ftom the mines, and at all hours of the day you will see the shopkeepers weighing it in exchange for goods; 1 might almost say that 1 have seen a cart loud of it since 1 have been here; and notonc man whom 1 have seen from the diggings, but s|>e?ks in the most glowing terms of the productiveness of the mines. It is true some are more successful than others ; some will make thousands of dollars in a few days, while others may not get more than u few ounces in the same time. San Fruncisco is, however, no place to bring a family to; and all ihalhave families here are about serid'iig them home, including Governor Smith, whose lady is to tuke passage iu the next vessel. T' II any friend that may he coming here not to ormg tiny Kind 01 goons oil speculation, hut simply a bug, as light us possible, as goods of all kinds in abundance inuy be purchased hero. Mr. Tripp states, ihut in order to proceed to the new diggings in the Stanislaus river, he bad, in company with several others, purchased an old whale bout, which was considered u great bargain at four hundred dollars, although in New Bedford it would not have brought fifteen dollars. They refused an oiler of $550 for it on the same day, arid having piocuied a split, worth about 25 cents, for which they paid $15. a nd fitted then craft for sea, they were to proceed directly for the mines. [From the Salem (iazette J Ft. Fkancisc ), April 3,1849. Thank God, I tuu at last urrived at the place. We urrived on Sunday, April 1, and start up the river to-morrow morning, 1 shall first go on board the brig Mary and Fllen, Captain Kuitleston, ot Salem, and take breakfast- He will multe a great voyage lie told me he had sold some woollen shirts, that cost u dollar each, for $81 a dozen, and boots $18 a pair. He pays his crew $120 a month. I have been offered, as clerk, $3,000 a year. This is a country ! Money is used like water; men get $12 a day, and $2 an hour; carpenters get $15 u duy; powder is worth $8 a pound, and shot $1; eggs, $3 a dozen ; beef, pork and flour are cheap, about $l5 a barrel. You will ask it I have seen any gold. Plenty of it. I saw one piece that weighed fii pounas troy, worth $1,218. and a good many smaller pieces. Gold is found plentier every d..y ; it goes here for $15 50 an ounce. Sahcratus is worth $8 a pound, and a boat that is wordi $100 si home, is worth $2,000 here, and they a>?k $100 a day f<>r the use of tkem. Frank Bates is at Sutter's Fort, and very rich. When we get with hint we shall be all right. The greatest thing is to see them drink and gamble; the most disgusting scenes tott ever witnessed. Bum is 25 cents a glass. They bet hs high as $10,000 on a game of cards. It is 120 miles to Sutter's, and 40 from there to the ! mines. They ask $30 a passage, and $<? a hundred for baggage, up to Sutler's Fort, aud ubout as much more rnthe mines The Gazette adds:?We learn, from other tetter*, that the brig Mary and Kllen, Qnjuin IJ igleston, of this city, referred to above, which Bailed I)era Salem, in October last, has been advantageously sold in California. Mr. John Henry Proctor, a passenger and part owner, was taken sick shortly after leaving Salem, and died otl Cape Horn, of consumption, January 25th. The annexed are extracts from a letter from Paymaster , dated Montebey, April 4,1S19. In answer to your inquiries about California, and whether I would udvise you to coine here to live, and bring Mrs. ? , 1 will say, that as to bringing Mis. not think of such a thing. Some three or four of the officers have brought their families by the steamer; and I believe they all repent having done so. 1 know that the ladies repent it. Several of them?among them Generul (Ninth's lady?intend returning by the first steamer. You would have to pay here $lo() pel month for a cook, and a very inferior one at that. As to servants, we never think of such a luxury! We have to clean up our own rooms, make up our beds, bring water, attend to our horses, and, in short, do everything. 1 see it is reported in the papers that the officers are making fortunes. It is all a humbug. Cupt. Murcy is reported to be worih one million in gold dust, Arc. As to Murcy, who is my messmate, I can speak with certainty. He went to the mines last fall, and was absent some two months, and I am ture he did not make more th in his expanses. His friends here think he lost on the trip I think not one of the officers has ever any i ng by "diggug gold." J^onie have, no doubt, nude a little by ejaculation in gold duet and town lota. Those who purchased lots in this country when Gen. Kearny wsshere, have made money. As to your proposition to go into a mercantile operation here, ] would huve been glad to have joined you some nine mouths ago; hut I would not advise you, or any of my friends, to bring goods to this country at this time, as there is already a heavy mo< k on hand ; and from the number of ships on their way laden with goods, I should not be surprised if they were lower here next fall than in Nt w York. The merchants who have a large amount of stock on hand are very uneasy, and are atixioubto dispose of them at reduced prices. 1 think, if I were in your place, beingugood clerk, I would come out and see the prospects. Clerks are in demand, und when here you could embrace sny opportunity that might offer., Business is cusilv obtained for almost any capacity, from shoebluikupto lawyer The only objection I see to your coming would be leaving Mrs , for it willbc yeaiB before the country will be a fit one for ladies to live in ; and 1 know, from experience, it is no small matter to be separated from one's family. 1 am much in hopes some paymaster will get the gold fever, and ask to be sent to relieve me. As to ugricultuie in this country, the gold has destroyed all hope of successful fanning. Cold dust is selling a*. $14 60 per ounce. Last year, in the fall, it was as low as $10. If they establish a mint in California (which they shonkl do) the price will go up much higher. (From thn Powell Courier.] Fan Fkancisco, California, April 27, 1849. * * * # ' * * To see how certain other articles are selling, look on ike other side Fine shuts, $1; all kinds of sheetings and shirtings, a drug?cannot find purchaters. 1 raw silk shawls, which cost in New Ynik $60, sold lit auction for $6 or $7. The best of kid and buck gloves sold for 25c. per pair?cost I 60 to make. Board for $.5 per'day. ! There has been a new mine discovered here, called the Stanislaus, very rich indeed. We have secured our passage to Stockton, only a few hours' sail, paying $115 apiece. From thence we have to walk S9 miles with our baggage, crow-bar, washbowl and shovel, and blankets. The mine of,Stanislaus is situated on the San Jodquin. The rivers II., u...k TL. ,i... tl I niento are ntill sought for. The Indian* attacked the Americana above Sutter's Fort, and many were killed. Many men, also, have been killed in the mine*, and many bodies found iu San Francisco, mound the outskirts. I only wish I could tell you all, but I cannot. I have not the first cent in the world. Hundreds are leaving daily, on account of the sickness at the mines. 1 have got along well, so far. I have been oflercd $400 |>er month, and my board. as Inspector at the Custom-house, which 1 refused. You can have no idea of the kind ot persons wno have the (irinci|>ul charge of the place, and are the business men heie?ilie Ion ot the place. I am sur{ineed?indeed, I never was *o much so in mII hiy ife. 1 heie are men who came out here in Col. Stevenson's regiment, abandoned to vice and dissipation?many o! thi ni immensely rich One, a young man from New York, ia said to be worth mote than a million, lie is S|MMiding $.100 per day, and don't know enough intake his money snd go home. I was introduced to him the other duy, and, immediately tiixiii our introduction, he mined about to hia clerk, and said? 'Unng me some money." (le brought him out a bore lull of silver dolluie. lie took it, and threw ii a* far as

he could, saying. " Here, God d?n you. 1 want some money!" The clerk went and got a hag of ge.ld doubloons. He filled his pockets, and turned around to me, and said, " Now let us go and dunk " That is the nun that is called the first man of the place?drunk hall'the time. They sre Hying to establish laws, hut cannot succeed. Soon, a different set of ja-ople will be here?Yaokes s, who will turn the tide of attain. It is no use for any man to come out here, unless lie has plenty ol money speculate upon If I only had $6,000, I could ne<ke $100.000?of that I am iuie There i* a lack of rm ro here?all .re gHmbling. begun a wh uf, which 1 they csnnnt finish Therein n tvaniif il h irbor | I'pc n my wind, lumber is selling lor $ UK) and $600 RR E VIONDAY, JUNE 25, 1849 jwr thousand. One of our party has engaged h'* frame house, boaids and all, an 1 is named, tor i>00 u thousand, which cot>t, freight and all. here, Jf-0. If 1 onlv had a cargo here, 1 could mak? my fortune term lete; but plenty is coming soon. Nine \ eta els hi rived here the day we got in, and they are arriving daily. There are now in port 65 yeas' la. The Ohio is h>^p\nd imagine my feelings, ?fter travelling l,60?^!7es, on horseback, to see the American flag once more Moating in the breeze. All the crews are deserting here, as soon as they arrive; our crew ure uii tiand-cutled. Ail l want i8 u> goto the nunea and get a little, and then come 10 8en Francisco and e|>eculatc, as 1 think 1 c tn; tune will tell all. 1 advise no one to come out here, to make money. There is plenty of gold; hut to get it is like a lottery. Some work for one day and co home; others stay months. 1 have not ,-u-en a man who has been digging gold a year. 1 have made up my mind not to drink a drop of liquor. ."Mich men as manage San Francisco now ure rascals, with few exceptions?generally drunk. I will u ii $ ou a positive fact?that land sold here the other day for ftiOOa lout. Wnv, money is not considered here of anv value. Can such a state of things remain long t No, no. Who is to give such enormous pries for articles'? Certainly a reaction is lo come ; ait.intities of the higher articles I mentioned arc snipped continually from the Pacific coasts. Yesterday, gunpowder was worth f 10 per lh , to-day $5; to-morrow, probably $-10 again, llere you see all nations. The regiment of infantry rent lrom New York has just urrtved, and many of the officers 1 know well. Some w agons shipped on board a vessel by which A sent some things around on the 2d of November, sold for $800 a piece ; and the boxes they came pMcki d in sold for more than the original price of wagons, freight, insurance, and all. No one | knows what is coming, and therefore cannot send for any thing, because he either makes his fortune in tiymg it, or loses all. J am now making arrangements to leatn at the mines, while 1 am there, what is going on ut San Francisco. 1 can get $5,000 per year; Governor Smith has offered me that. San Fkancikco, California, April 29,18-19. Having a few leisure moments, 1 will improve them by writing another letter from this ini(>ortant i city of San Francisco. 1 expected to leave immediately after writing the other, but having got on boHid a brig for Stockton, below the Stanislaus ... ,1... 7. II .1 ..J > milter, inc urn un ucDnnru uw?ttllU HOW WP, Willi all cur luggage, are on hoard this same brig, in San Francisco li,.y, expecting to get of}' to-morrow.? Th< re urc now lying in this harbor, a number of U. S war vcsbcIs; the Olno is here, and sloop ot-war St. Mail's. 1 have concluded to go to the mines till my instruments arrive, and then try tny luck at engineering. There Bre a number of new cities building in the vicinity of Sacrumento and San Joaquin?the lutter, where we are going, a place yuu probably have not us yet heard of. All is luck here, respecting the gold. I saw, yesterday, two men juit from the mines, who had been there six w?eks, and one had $1,640, the other $l,H01 ? Seme woik weeks, and do not muke one single cent. The blue laws nrevail, or rather, Lynch laws. If a man be caugnt stealing, he'receives 150 lashes on the bare back, aud letters are sent to all the other mines, stating his crime and appearance; and if lie is caught again, at any other mines, he receives 200 more ; if aguin, he is taken to u tree, and thot. Some have, made $1,000 a week. Provisions are exceedingly high at the mines, the cost of transportation is so much. 1 am informed by everyone that the labor is much harder than any other kind of work ; that it is excessively hot there, and there are not less than 20,000 people at work, digging for the yellow ore. I just came Irom an extensive house here, and they showed me an invoice ot good goods which tliey had just oflcred for the co*t of the things in New York, (just the face of the invoice.) Salerutus is $M per lb,: butter $1 per lb.; shovels only $1 a-piece, ana crowbars $H. At the barbers they charge $ I for editing your hair, $1 for shampooing, and 50 cents for shaving. It is singulur, how some things that are sent, supposed to be wanted most, are cheapest, and as ch< up as in the Slates. Furniture, there is none. A man with steam engines and saw mill attached, might nmke his fortune; for across the bay, is some of the finest timber you ever saw?and near San Francisco there is more. But you cannot make money here, unless you have capital to start with, that is certain. The land of San Francisco is very uneven indeed?laid out with no regularity, and comparatively nothing done for it, as a city. There is no lime here at all; and so cheap is cotton clath, that it is taken to answer the purpose of ceilings and walls; painted, after being tacked on to intermediate joists, placed to receive it. 1 understand, after the first of May, no foreigners will be allowed to enter the port or lund. The Outpouring to California. [Srorn the Boston Journal. June '13 j We understand that about seven million feet of timber, including frames, nus been and is shipping for Sun Francisco, which is considered but a drop in the bucket, to what will be required for one hundred to one hundred and fifty thousand persons w ho are there this year. By the Crescent City," letters from responsible houses have been received, saying that lumber will be required, and must pay a high profit. Bricks will not be worth less than sixty dojlurs per thousand, for many years; all other building materials will he wanted, and mechanics will have their own price. Mr. I.arkin has sent to the United States for material for a block of ware-houses. lie is considered the richest man theic, end is said to be worth several millions. Many vessels must, for the present, be used as wate-houses. Coal was worth sixty dollars per ton, at which rate five hundred tons were sold to the steamers, as men could net be procured or relied upon to mine it up the coast. Flour in h ilf barrels, for transportation, of approved brands, which will stand the voyage and climate, will p.iv well, snd is worth more than the coast flour, which is in bags, and will not keep or bear transportation. Provisions, properly put up, will be wanted ; preserved meats, in tin canisters of two pounds euch, sold lor seven dollars per pound, to take to the mines! Clothing, Arc , made up, sold well; but materials to make up were unsaleable, for want of niakeis. Articles of luxury, especially in eating and drinking, sell at high prices, to persons wun bags full ot cold, who think little of one or two ounces of gold. The population increasing so fast by immigration will require a Urge supply of all the neceesai ies ol life; and all the "notions" of Yankee land, of small value, bid fair to pay a great profit. This trade will undoubtedly help our shipping interest, and relieve the general dullness in this summer's business. The number of vessels which have left the United Stales, mostly the Northern ports, to this tune, cannot be, much short of two hundred in all. It would be desirable to have a regular table of exports to California 'published werklv, that merchants and ship owners can judge of the quantities shipped, Arc. We understand our old friends, Macondry & Co., leave here on Monday next, and from New York in the next steamer, 30th inst., for California, via Chtigrrs, &c. They go well provided with facilities to make remittances by drafts oh Messrs. liarinif llrothers At Co., and on their agents here and otfiera. From the well known reputation of Capt. U, we doubt not he will have a large share of New Fnglmid business on commission. We learn that there are some ten or twelve vessels from one hundred to seven hundred tons, now loading for California. Also, that one ship in 3<tlem sails soon, wiili all her crew ttnd passengers composed of masters of vessels, who go out at twemv cents per month wages Stint- vessels take out all niHtes tor a crew, with liberty there. Several vessels pity no wages at all to the crews, Jack thinking the prospect m California equivalent to Wages and lime. The fine ship Oxnard, Capt. Cole, cleared this forenoon for San Francisco fc>he has twentyleven passengers, and a very large assorted cargo, among which are ihe frames ami In Hires of twentyfive houses ?Motion Journal, Junr'?l. The Vinryurd Gasvttt says, that the owners of ship Splendid, of that ia?rt, have decided with great unanimity, to st nd her to California. .She will go out under the-coinniHiid of Captain James Fnher, an old and experienced whaleman. The Tit-bury people are now building a vessel for California, and ih* Chilinarkers will have a brig of their own, it they cannot embark in the Spleudni. Rail mail Intelligence, * TF.NIHO OK THE \KKMOKT t^ENTHAl. HaIMIOAO 10 klnvi i ei.ikh ? We It-Min from ilie M-mtptlwr htruld thai the work of laying down tho tr.iok to Moiit|X'lier, on the Vermont Central Knlroxl, w?.s c< m|il< r?d on Wednesday, ?t noon. Ai threo o'clock, I' M., h trwiii of car* Iroin Northrield me hi to i ho stuuni-houer, bearing the 1'ie-ideni ? f tho ( i tiii*!!), onet n numb'T of our cnutih. A link' after hve o't l**oki I'.M , th* first train of passi i f r? cms from lioMini arrivi il. mid worn greet< ci li\ :n immense ihrentt of people fioiu this and I o ?d aconi towns, who hurl m?r entitled to nee tlir .m ii horn* in the miilst of the Green Mountain*, i rl at ilio ?.i| ol tlic Suite Thotr arrival wawiloini ii l>\ ohori-. firing ofcuiiiioii .mil inu-ac,? bith.ii luirtHiT. Juut ?'? [ E j\ Our Missouri Comi|Mn4rn?e. | Ht. Joskpu, Missouri, June 6,1319. I Hit Ovtrland Emizration to California?AnticijHitrd Suffering and Dittrete, fyc. To you, from this remote frontier point, I propose to communicate some items of intelligence, which, at this extraordinary immigrating era, may be interesting to the innumerable readers of your Hirald, though doubtless you have been constantly advised of the prciuirations and progress of the immense throng of eager adventurers, who have set out to cross the seeming endless plains, tor that delusive country, called Golden Kornin: and. oh! what patient toil, privation, and suffering, are to be endured by them, before that far distant region of ininerul weujilt will be reached! and oil, what intolerable anguish and agony will overcome muiy a stout heart, and cause them to fall a piey to the devouring monster in a desert country! Alas! how mournful to reflect, that many hundreds of those gay uod jovial spirits, who left the frontier with such buoyant hopes, will strew the long, lonely pathway with their bones. ^ our reudeis w ill probably term this a horriblv ( Hik picture; but when the utifortunale truths of the great disaster, to lliis season's overland immigration, shall reach you, and be printed in the columns of y our Wmi/t/, next spring, then, indeed, Will your teadeis be staitled by lis tale ol horrors ?for think lightly of it now us they may, 6uclidisn-tiousimmigration never before ou tins continent bus lo en In aid of, as this present season will realize; und thorn-ands have lu.ioly rushed to encounter the perils, when the f.u-ts were so strongly evident ol the (lungers, for, at other seasons, when large numbeis have Httempied to nuke tne journey, immense lorscsmid mi tiering lias been the consequence, and the Inchest number, at any previous time, did not t*c< m above bono. What must now be the result in the mountain pisses, when there is mora than film nines (hat number on their way; mid y< t ru well u> it is known, tor lite want of subsistence 111 the mountains, and on the great Basin desert, u large |>ortioii ol their mules and cattle there perished, and left the immigrants to the mercy ot chance. Still the hazardous adventurer, with his senses open to thefucts, ra -lily persists in attempting the desperate chances of Ins getting through. Many who had advanced neurly 500 miles on the journey, having become sensible of their desi erate charies Imvu miiimnl m ?liij point, disposed of their eflecu, here, by private and public sales, and have l?*ft for their respective tunes. NttabtiV ve now dally returning h?re, wfio have been out only from five to teu dtys; ecnie from causes of disseuiion in their party; others, from causes of sickness und great mortality: and others, from causes of great perplexities und discouragements with them, unaccustomed as they u ere to the exposed hardships of such a tedious loutiicy; and great numbers will be returning during the season, even some who have gone beyond the South l'ass. Some live to eight thousand will, in all probabiliij, get suceessfully through, of those who were the first oil", and in ihe advance, but after they shall have gone through the mountain passes, tiiuf the subsistence for cattle been exhausted by their stock, then disaster and calamity will be severe upon i hose to follow, who, unfortunately,will be compelled to make the best of their chances for wintering within the mouutuin snows. Within a lew days, we have received intelligence through the Mormon mail, from the great Salt Like, and a considerable number of the immigrants had passed Fort Laramie, as early as the 20th May, and were then pressing onward with ull possible haste. The Mormon train, which is to leave Council Blufl about the 20tli of June, will number about 3,000. They expect to reach their settlement in September, and have been commanded to take six months" stores of provisions extra, in order to meet such emergency ns may arise from the apprehended inundation of their settlement hy the thousands of unfortunate California immigrants. California Emigrants Ketcknino.?Yesterday morning, the steamer ' Kansas" arrived from St. Joseph. She had on hoard, as passengers, some ten or twelve persona who are just in from the cncunipmeriis of the cmi^iauU, now crossing the Plains for Cnli orria. Sonic of these persons went ! as fur us three hundred miles out. when, becoming discouraged from the fatigue and hardships of the . journey, they gave up the trip, and are now on their way back to their friends. Two or three are ( fioni the vicinity of Chicago; others reside in I >hio and Kentucky, and they all agree that the under laking wuh more than they could conveniently j ttand. They aLo give anything but n Mattering account of thp health and harmony prevailing in the different compnniea, and seem to think that large numbers will be returning, before the main body gets beyond Tort Laramie. These rumors, however, are to be taken with some degree of allowance, as the dissatisfied ones now coming back may view matters in a worse condition than really exists. They ull state that the sickness was not as bad as when they first started, but their accounts about the grass, water, See., materially disagree. Some say the former was fine and the latter in great abundance; others that the horses and mules were starving for the want of both.?St. JsOvis, Alo.Rtjntblitun, Juve 18. Another Mirder in Florida.?We learn that another murder was committed in Alachua county last week. Mr. Cornelius Kain, a man of property, was heard to say that he intended to bid for a family ofnegroes which were soon to be sold. He afterwards returned home, and on perceiving two men riding toward the house, apparently friendly, he advanced to meet them. As ne came up, one of them shot him dead. The daring villains then passed hint, and entered his dwelling, and although Mr. II ain's wife and family were present, they robbed the house of the sum of f t,000, and then fled They were nst recognised, and had not been taken at the last accounts.?JacktonviUe (Flo.) Rtyubluan, June 14. Temperance Lost the Bet?A good looking and jovial friend of ours, a day or two sine-*, related in our presence tlin following good 'un. At one of our first hotels, a stout, rod faeed gentleman, in a wliite beaver blue coat and buff vest, offered to wager a " ten spot ' that he would close his eyes, and simply by taste name any hind of liquor in the house. The b?t was taken, end the process ot winning or losing commenced forthwith ' That is genuine (Hard." said the fat gentleman, tasting from a wine glass?"and this?this is whiskey." and so on throngh the hotel's "manifest" of hardware. A wag then ponred a few drops of pure t ccbitua'e into the glass, and handed to the connoisseur?"This Is-sh?ah-this is,? (tasting gain)?by thunder ' gentlemen. I lose the bet I never tasted this liquor before !"?Hni'on Veil. June 18, Theatrltal and musical. National Theatre?The hot weather seems to agree well with the fortunes of this home, as among all the theatres in town it is tho only one that remains in fall 1 operation; and as a full dish ?f the local drama, which is sneh a favorite with the public, is to be presontod this evening, wo presume there will be quite a gatherj ing at the house. A ose will shine out in all his glory, in the two dramas of the " Mysteries of Miseries." and 1 ' Three tears After" Sy kes< y wnll be on hand; and Mrs. McLean, the original representative of Big LUe, will appear in that pari An amusing farce will also be performed, so that the evening's entertainments will be aid g* ther of ibe most intere-tiDg nature - and, though Hnbson's choice 1- left to the public, as to w hich theatre tbey will goto, night we are sure all the doings at the Nst I nit I will he so satisfactory that they will n?t desire auotber place of amusement. Christ*'* Minstrii.s have screwed their banjos up tn rtiliCt rt i.itrh rohliit'tl well th?? Iwiur* i.f t.hoir vi .linj turnd their arcordennH and Bou?* bat adjusted hi* in nn rial instrunn nit to a nicety; besides which their voices Mre an clear, their dancing an elegant, and their alt an sbarp as ever; no that we may look out for a On* series ol coiicertn thin coming week To-ulghl they will give a gland one Ctttit Oard?i ? Every evening this cool and refreshing rt treat U visited by humiredt It In really a splendid night while indulging tn the comfort of nn boor n sail on th? bay. to behold the array of beauty and ta bion ibat |ironienadn on the ba eonie.t. What ran eireed the p|. a-nre and delight of lounging on a rota and I'Ofln g dull care away ainidnt the fanning bri which conie from tea bearing with theui tlia bsgt slice and |ierfumen of the shrubs and gardens w loeh mil round thin healthful location The mind In nitaUd With tt view of one id the iiiont beautiful hayn In the world while at the name liine, the Iim-t thrillU'fr and bai nirtitoun tonm from the Matins' na* horns and tuhan vihta'e upon the ear in perfect luelndy ? I hen the inspiriting dance follows; and we miet nay, Imni the I *C< llet.t order now preserved, there Is every pn liability the present will he one of the m >?t |t fllah.e that the worthy and exn Kent proprietors have exprrli liC'd lor some years. They richly derive It Bshspwav Tni:*t*r. ? This theatre opens nn Tups. day eientr g with an exhibition ,,f necromancy. The i iiiertaii no nia atilx niieed are the H i, tie h anted I'a are ' and the''Two breams'' Mt. viaoallistcr la eonrut i t> d t he g I eat est u.agieisn in the world T mi Psvii i ion, A -tor Pi arc ?The diorama of Brest, u f tsi cv. puitited hy I tag it-rte and h union, and the I mi s 11 11 Iy pood ( hapel. will he exhibited at the above place on I lie-day oral.. The painting- are of the le 11 di scripiioh, and worthy I be att< utiou of coulialMtWI ?wr???K???????i?? L D. ' TWO CENTS. Note* on the Santh, Charleston, S 0., June lfi, 1H49. Society in Charleston?The Different Cutlet?Thy Social Cliquet, tf< , tfr , fyr. So much has lately been said about aristocracy, in New York particularly, since that Italian Opera concern wns erected in Massacre Place, and the codfishes came out as an organized and generally recognised body, that I was anxious to ascertain if tliete was anything similar in this ancient ami historical old town; und if so, how the tiling is managed. In your Gotham, mouey is the only test, I believe, of " Who's wh<?'!" There is no Wall etiect here, to take precedence, mid give t?ne to the commercial, and even social, circles. Charleston is evidently behind New York in this regard, but is fust coming up with her. The wtute an I black inhabitants are pretty well clarified here, particularly the former. There are ihtee main divisions, or classes ; and these, again, are cut up into differ* em cliques und grades. Though the classes arc all arbitrary distinctions, yet they ire fast running into each other, by intermarriages of wealth ami former obscurity wrh poverty and great names, in old families. The first class are those families who arc descended from the Huguenot;?clique No 1. '2d clique of this das.- are the rice planters, and also the fcku Island cotton planters on Cooper Kiver. t lid clique are the glorious names of our revolutionary days, and those descended from the old ( hurch of England families. Of the second class :? Clique 1st, the rice aud cotton factors, or merchants. ' Clique 2d, the common upland cotton planters. Clique Ikf. Judges, editors of newspapers, bank and railroad presidents and directors. Of the third class, are the wholesale jobbing dry goods merchants and wholesale grocers. Below that are retail grocers und shopkeepers, clerks, ho in mechanics, and n soil of general outside class ill it. I have not yet got down to; hut tln-y are allowed to live in tnia community unmolested, and will be unable to shine until they supgur a penny paper. Pome of these inherited names, of die first el is-1, have become very poor, and their former large fnitunes huve dwindled down to nothingness, and it is very natural that these names should wish to I be kept up. at uny cost or any s icrifiee. It is u highly creditable propensity. But there is only one way to do it. There is only mi ft broker that can muke the negotiation, and his iiuine is? money. There, are found, lower down, a merchant or factor, who lias a family of sons und , daughters, to many and to each of whom the head 1 can give money The old families have an equal quantity of educated eons and daughters, who I have no money?the quui pro qun is given?one l side has the name, the omer the money, and thus j mutches ure made ii|> with the beet possible results. There are females m this city, who came here front the North, who came out us nurses, who are now rolling in wealth and splendor. Their husbands were poor when they married, have made money, and their children form the most aristocratic alliances with those who are willing to cross with money. The Yankees are gaining ground here, hand over fin. 1 should think the most progressive men here are from the North. The wholesale merchants are nearly all so. I don't think Charleston can ever he a great commercial city, and the reason why I think so, is that bar; 16 met is all that is on it at high water, nnd steamers of a large size cannot come here. But of the commercial resources of Charleston I will write at another time. Commissioner. Charleston, S. C., June 17, 1849. Cotton Factories in Charleston?The Profits?The Quality of Goods Made, fyr. The Northencr left last evening with a large number of passengers. Since I last rote, 1 have been through the mano. fuctory which has recently been erected in this city. The building itself is on what is called the neck?in rculify apart of Charleston city. It was finished in 1S47, nnd commenced operation a year from that day. The building was commenced in 1817?viz., July 18. It was built by contract. General C. T. Jantes, of your city, whh the contractor. lie agreed to build the factory and have all the machinery in working operation for a round sum. The amount was $85,000, and there are some 75 stockholders, most of whom reside here. The comimny is named the Charleston Cotton Manufacturing Compiny. The factory runs 3,000 spindles and 100 looms. The machinery is driven by steam. It makes 100,000 yards of cotton cloth in a month. 4-4 and 6-4, and twine and batting. The sheetings sell lor belts. the 3-4, and 7i cts. for the 7-8. The twine sell* for 20 cts. per lb. readily, nnd the batting ut 8 cts. per lb. The fac tory employs wnue moor omy, aim gives employment to 110 persons, male and female. There were tome 8 operatives brought here from the North to show the others, who are picked up in the neighborhood. ! This experiment here has been so successful, that another factory, which will run 10,000 spindles. will shortly be commenced. The company have been ottered $10,000 a year, I for 5>eare, for the use of the factory. This would pay them more than 10 per cent, on the investment. A new factory h is its diHdnonjM, and yet it has been completely successful. The cloth manufactured here, and sold for the above prices, would cost a cent higher the yard, it made at the North and brought here. The cloth made here is heavier, being yards to the pound. The twine from the North sells here at 22 ets? and this company can make the same article and sell ut 15 cts. per lb. The operatives earn from $ 1 to 5 per week, and are nearly all girls and boys The steam power has its advantages?the furnace consumes only li tons cf coal |?er day, which costs, delivei?(f at the factoiy, $5 per ton. Tne cloth I is belter, and the steam is used hi the dressing I room, and in the winter the fire heats the building, and, on the average, is about as econoini; cal as wuter. The company were oll'ered $100.0.10 before it had been in operation six months. Tne difference between sending the cotton ts the North to he manufactured, and returning the m-inufactured goods back here, snd w.'ial the raw material can be manufactured here for, is about 15 percent in favor ot southern manufacture. Tuts seems, from the expertm* nis, to he an established fact; and, as a very natural result, ' he attention of capitali-ts at the South is turned to this subject, and in three years you will see factories going up m every direction. It standi to reason ; and the experimental factories iiHreorgm and South Carolina prove that New IJnglmd Cannot compete with the 8outh in manufacturing goods, file tranM>ortation of the raw m .tonal makes a tremendous dtflerence in the c?stof the manufactured i.rt ele. fs-veral factories are hi progress in this region, and upon the line of r.iilioad at Augusta Avery l?rge one is nearly ready, built ot granite, at Granitevijle. I shall give you a doseriptioM of these lactones as 1 progress in my route. The .South is moving in eainesi in this matter, and a few years w ill make great changes in the factories North. In 1832, there was a small locomotive sent from West Point to this city. It hid worked but a little Willie, when Minis norlioii of it ./ot out ot nr.iiir. There wus not a machinist in I .'harlestoii, who hud tnvrz enough to re..air it, ^tt>l the owner was obliged to t?end to Writ Point lorn workmen to C( Ilie out. A jouiiieyiiMii was sent, .nid, on his i hi rival, he made tjie necessary repairs in a few honra IIis name was JuIiuhJ. IVitoh. He looked about him, saw there was an i>|f'iiiiid. and availed hilt.fell of it He if now rich; and mere are several niHchine simp* ann foundries in the Iowa. 1 All the furniture in ihi* Ch.nle*t<>ii Hotel was made ut Augubta, and it in ot a biijeTior nnke, I I HfMire )?'U I J Iih\c visited the different rice tniIIh about here; and, if a description will interest your r-aders a-1 much rinse mills did me, I eha.ll be a itished. I will give you an account of th in in mvnext. Govt ?l*S|O.NER. Affairs in Okkoo.n? A letter from lie v. G. H. Atkinson, missionary eent out by ti e Home Misi siouniy Society, dated Oregon City, January 30, i elates that many ot the cui/.--n* of Oregou were i et 111 going to the mines, and others were returning I attli gold C>< Id ilini was becoming plenty. Proj visions had doubled in price; all Kinds of good.* n Id lor cash, ut hmli price*} the gold dust i told (or $11 to $ 12 hi coin per ounce. tXjrruT| chsnis were growing nch. One vessel or about i 200 tons made $10,000 m one fr>|> to t.'alitonus. J-mull vessels coinriiand $50 lo $100 ,<rr day : price] ot passage to California $100. Lai nor w is difficult to be (Plained, ami consequently hut liitle wheat would be |>ut in. Agriculture would be n-glect?d. i and other kinds of business must atop for want of men News had come in, a day or two pievmu*, thai gold klad been found on th" east branch of the 11 illmiiiette This, il true, would cause a rush to Oregon Mr Atkinson slates tnat Oregon is by lar the lost country for settlement on the west coast, arid simika in very encouriyn< terms of tus pio.-jact lor usefulness in his new held of labor.