Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 26, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 26, 1849 Page 2
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Tk? Kruikfort Assembly?Tl*? Berlin Con. 1 Terence? I'd* lisrmau UonfedersUsn. [ i rum llie LudUuu Times, June 4 J Tbe Frankfort Assembly has ceased to exist bv i the linai vole of its lew remaining members, which 1 transferred the scsi of its ulterior proceedings to ?5tutgard, where it will probably become the nucleus ot tbe republican movement already raging in Baden and the Paiutinate. The presence ot such a body in tile capital of Wurtemoerg, will scarcely ! be found lo be consistent with the duration of that monarchy. Ai the very same moment when the Frankfort Assembly has taken this last decisive Step, the governments of Prussia, Hanover, and Saxony, have promulgated the constitutional league lo which they invite the assent of the other Sours of Germany, and we have now before us the lesnlt of the strange, and we must s ty tortuous, croct edings of the cabinet of Berlin. It is not the first time, Dut the third time since the commencement of the revolution, that we have had occasion to deplore with amazement the irresolution and in- < consistency with which the hingoi Prussia has thrown away his cau; e, at the very moment h? 6i etned to have won the game. In March, llH8, when Ina troops iiitil juot made good tneir ascendancy over Hie mob, by their discipline auid valor, the King gave in at the last moment, withdrew the Juices, uud acceded to those fatal conditions wliicli made Berlin a scene of anarchy lor eight months. In .November, 1818, a covp rt'i tcit wus tiled, and with complete success ; but no sooner lisd the Grown restored order to the capital and authority to the government, than it threw away these advantages by promulgating a constitution so absurd and impracticable, that it had tint been in operation three weeks before it becunte necessary to resort to another amp d'ftat to save the ,State. '1 hat, too, su?cecded ; I tie army and the landwehr behaved nobly ; the excesses of the republicans weie revolting to the middle classes; tile Frankfort constitution aud the Frankfort Assembly were rapidly falling into deserved contempt, when we are suddenly apprised that the conferences at Merlin have led to no result but the adoption ol a scheme obnoxious to nearly all the objections winch had been urged against the Frankoit constitution. If the King of Prussia is prepared to urge this plan on the acceptance of his confederates, with the sole concurrence of Hanover and Suxony, we are entirely at a loss to comprehend Ins motive lor a peremptory rejection of the Imperial Crown, when otlered to htm by the Franklort democrats aud 28 minor States. For, without descending into the minute cillerences which distinguished the two propositions, they are identical in tour essential points?the exclusion of Austria, the permanent headship of Prussia, the division ot the rest of Germany, and the introduction of a form of government based on universal sulirage, and, us we believe, practically impossible. The immediate result of this proposal is to divide the Geimuiiicconfederation tuto three, aud possibly into lour, pails?Austria, to wtuuh no allusion is made in the project, aud which we will assume, for argument's sake, to surrender her ancient position among the German Stales; Prussia, at the head of tins council ot princes and federal league of mediatized sovereigns; and the republicans, who are actually in possession of two or three States in Southern Germany, and who will doubtless seize every pretence to reject this or any other constitution emanating troni the diplomatists of Berlin. To these three sections may lie added Bavaria, which is now sorely pressed between each extreme. She withholds her assent from the Prussian plan, and nothing but the last extremities of compulsion will induce the crowned representative of the Catholic house of Wittelsbach to surrrender lib diminished sovereignty to the representative of the Protestant house ot ilohetizoliern. But, 011 the other hand, Bavaria ulready sees iter lthenish province occupied by a republican provisional government, and it is not improbable that the Franconian portion of her dotmmons may accep. the Prussian scheme. At any other moment, the natural policy of Bavaria would have been a close alliance with Austria, und that is a course she may still possibly adopt; but the support the court of Vteana can now give to the eourt of Munich is extremely feeble. Bavaria may, it is true, stand aloof like Austria from the new league, ndhering only to the obligations of 1H15, but this suggestion is obviously illubory, since the diet ot the old confederation has ceased to extbt, and incessant attempts will be made by the new bodv or empire to absorb those states and provinces which repudiate its authority. The unity ot Germany 111 tins form, and by these means, implies the severance of the Germanic confederation into three or tour parts, which can only be annexed or subdued by force of arms, and sucn a combination must necessarily commence by a partial, if not a general, struggle for ascendancy and independence. The world has now had some experience of German popular assemblies, and we have no reason to suppose that the litet of (tie new league will differ materially from those which have preceded it. _ The basis of una legislative power is universal suffrage, masked by the subterfuge of indirect election; and it would be absurd to anticipate, 111 the present state of Western Germany, any assembly returned in this manner which should not be of the moat democratic character. The Senate, of which half is to be named by the governments and half by th?* |*cv?|?it7 aim nit CArruuu- tuuuvil \J 1 |?l wuilUl at once find itself in direct opposition to tins popular body, and the constitution could only be set in motion by subverting one or the oilier of these conflicting elements. The continental imitations ofiiritish institutions have, unluckily, always lost sight of two essential conditions ot our system; the tlrst is, that the constitution of this country works by the union of the three powers, and not by their opposition, so that we seek to uvoid a collision between the two Houses, or between Parliament and the Crown, by continual caution, und by occasional sacrifices; the second is, that the Parliament of England scrupulously abstains, by its own good sense and traditions, from encroaching uoou the duties of the Executive government. The tendency of the modern democratic assemblies of the continent, is to tolerate no division of power, to crush all external resistance, and to convert the ministers of the state into mere servants ot a convention. We see no reason to hope that the next German legislative body or Diet will be free from these dangerous misconceptions. The King of Prussia has been accused, by a great authority, ol an undeihaud design to secure for himself , by force und cunning, that ascendancy in Germany which he rejected when it was proffered to linn by the democracy of Frankfort. We are extremely reluctant to entertain so base an opinion ot his conduct and motives, for although he has cunl'a ui.lly been wanting in limitless and judgment, e tiave placed confidence in his rectitude und honor. We trust, therefore, that a full explanation will be given of the reasons which justify the adoption ot this scheme, with the ussenl of Hanover and Saxony only, after the Court of .Berlin had made the most solemn asseverations that it would uct with the concurrence of all the German Princes, and after the declarations recently repeated, that it adhered, in conjunction with Austria, to the principles of union established in 1815. If the result of tins League be to constitute a poweifuf and united Getinuiiy, able to out down anarchy at home and to maintain a proud position in Europe, it would ill become the statesmen or public writers of ibis countiy to disparage so great and obvious a benefit to the cause of peace and of freedom; nor are we culled upon to participate^ in the feelings of those Sovereigns who in.ty sacrifice their own political existence mid the inheritance of their race to the welfare of their ceiiiiuuii country, in the fond belief that her greatness und her glory will compensate tliem for all. If thvse things are to be, itie aggrandizement of one house and the decline of another may be refarded us matters of secondary concern to higlund, and parts ot the vici-situdes of these times, however we tn<v tl?-t-|>{?-er the ambition | winch has wrought in m> tpji-siionubie a gaifa. liut we can discover nothing in the project now before us to justify these lofty hope*. It appears to us to tend to disunion utid civil war, ratlu r than to unity and |>eace; and, under the long-dasired forms of | constitutional government, it once more evokes and ciithroiies tlie < vtl pow? rs ot uncontrolled democracy and snatchy. l'ossibly, however, the worst of these consequences may not be immediate; by great ability they may perhaps be avoided; and in the present state of Getmany some good will be done it the public mind is for u tune calmed and satisfied, and if Prussia be enabled to take vigorous military measures to tjuell the revolution which is rprending with frightful rapidity in the southwestern !">tiites. [Krom the Louden Chronicle, June ft ] The deliberations ol the lierliii Goniorence have teiinitiated, as our readers are aware, in a proposition, emanating from the three governments of Prussia, Saxony, and Hanover, for the form ttton ol a league, or federal Male, i,pi>u a basis closely resembling 'hut of tin- constitutional scheme drawn Up by iJshlniaiin, (iet *m mi l their rulleroies, I ill Ihe spring ol |a-i \ r. Ai'tiia Mid lliv.iiia, the oil" r puities to 111 < ot> , an- not p lines to the lean ue. ton,' V.o P.oh' a, ,i-tJ ten, the Austrian plen i pot em i .< i v, uutlei wnose presidency the proceedings wre opened, appears to have retired from them very soon slterwards, those proceedings having speedily assumed n shap- which deluded the active participut on of Austria, and reduced her share m the transaction to a passive acquiescence Tin Court of Munichsuspends its adhesion, which it has the str<iiig"?i reasons for desiring to withhold, an<! which it is, indeed, not authorized to bestow without the sanction of the focal Legislature, the form and practice of constitutional government having survived in Havana? unimpaired and uninterrupted?the convulsions which have subjected the rest of Germ ?ny to the alternate extremes of anarchy and military despatisni. At present, then, we hive, an the result of the conference, n league between the three Northern pn* rrr, which the other members of the German confederation are solicited, but not required, to Join. The three governments recognise as subsisting in their plenary integrity ins reciprocal rights and duties resulting from the federal arrangement of 1815, and profess an intention to fulfil those duties, and insist upon those rights, towards such slates (if any) as stiall not think proper to accede to the new union they uropose to engraft upon it. This is consistent with the line which the i Prussian government has constantly in untamed i ever since the accession to office of the Brirtdenburg administration. Denying the pretensions of I the Frankfort convention to treat the confederation as dissolved, and to impose a unitary constitution, issuing directly from the popular will, upon the whole German nation, with or without the assent | of the existing governments, it has always cou| tended for the right oi individual States, or groups ] of States, within the federal circle, to enter uito i such combinations us they might deem expedient, ! consistently with the general principles on which I the confederation was based, and the objects for which it was created. Whether this vie w is corS rect, or the contrary, it is not for us to determine. I The substantial question is, whether the circumstances of Germauy are such as to justify the proposed modification, and whether tile scheme itself is likely to meet the requirements with a view to which it has been framed. And a very grave question it is; for it is clear that this new crystallization within the exterior surface of the federal system, it partial and local in its operation, mast very materially weaken, and may, perhaps, burst quite asunder ilie federal ligament watch the three governments profess themselves desirous 10 preserve. if the new body politic shall embrace some States, and not others?if it shall bind together the IS'orth by a bond from which Francoiiiu and Suabia are excluded?if it shall intersect Germany by new lines of demurcation, stretching south wards from Bayreuth, or eastwards >roin the Ulnae?the unity f the confederation is in effect destroyed. From the brief hut careful outline furnished yesterday by our Berlin correspondent, it will have been perceived that the project, though coinciding, as we mt'iuionea uijuvc, 111 un jinin'tp u iciiarra, with tliut elaborated at Frunklort, dilters from the latter ill some particulars ot no trivial importance. The powers ol government, instead of beiug centred in the King of 1'russia alone, ure to be snared by a F\nstrn-cMegiwn, or royal board of six mem. , bers, associated under his presidency, and composed ol the reigning princes, lite minor sovereigns voting by their representatives, and enjoying an influence proportioned to the extent ol their territories. This board, besides acting us an executive council, will loriii u third legislative chamber, with an absolute veto ou the decisions of the two others; whilst a like absolute veto, in place ol the suspensive one offered by the Frankfort constitutionalists, is reserved to the King ot i'l u.ssia, in his capacity of President or Directors! the empire. The King is also to possess a casting vote as Chairman of the Jtoyal Board, so that in the event of any disagreement between the .Southern and Northern States, the influence of the latter will invariably preponderate. The individual governments are F it to dispose of their own mi'itury forces in tiru of peace, subject to the right conferred upon the central power *f calling them out lor the preservation of order. I uiversal suffrage is "ranted in terms, but the concession is abrogated i .i client by an apportionment of the representation which secures the privilege of electing two-thirds of the deputies to the upper and middle classes, leaving only one-third to be chosen by the indigent majority of the population. We entertain very grave doubts whether this very complicated piece of mechanism can ever be completed in working order. We question lite wistloni of attempting to change a conlederatioa into a State, by simply attaching the proper machinery of the one to the proper m ichinery of the other. The objections which we have more than once urged against the project of a general popular representation for Germany apply, bf course, with equal force of the moditie ition of it adopted by th Berlin Conference, and they are rather heightened than removed by the urtilicial system of cheeks by which it is proposed to counteract the influence of tin representative body. But we must, at the same time, own that we do not think ourselves at liberty to disregard altogether the strong, it" not unanimous, feeling in favor of this very unpromising experiment which exists amongst the great majority of the German people. Whilst we criticise the work of the three governments, we must not forget the heavy and multiplied responsibilities of their position, and the difficulty of (lie task they had, rightly in our judgment, undertaken to perform. Germany is still calling aloud for unity, us the only escape from the ctiaos of hopeless anarchy mid disorder. The cry may be rational or irrational. To some extent, we believe it to be hut u symptom of a transitory fever fit, the offspring of a morbid and temporary agitation. But it is not, we repeat, altogether factitious and unreal. There are impulses at work which it would be the extremity of short-sighted folly to dream of stifling und crushing by the iron weight of military coercion. Coerce the populace if you must?but pacify the people. And pacified the German people will not be, until their federal constitution shall have been transformed into afchnpe more coniformable to what they believe to be the normal state of the nation. Now, a German constitution, be it federal or be it national, cannot possibly be a very simple affair after all. We never yet heard of a good working constitution, that was not more or less intricate ; ana we shall not be at alt surprised if it should turn out that, to conciliate interests so diverse, so powerful, and in many respects so conflicting, requires on intricacy of arrangement through which an English observer may be unable to see his way. we may entertain serious misgivings as to the success of this or uny oilier plan which may be devised for the removal of obstacles apparently insurmountable. We may shrewdly suspect that the normal state of Germany, if she have not already uttained it, is something very different from that which the three Kings imagine. But we do not think it necessary to impute to the Government of Prussia inconsistency or selfish duplicity for adopting a scheme of union which, after all. assigns to that power no greater preponderance than she must necessarily and unavoidably possess in any system of States from which Austria is excluded. To restore the old confederation in its pristine form would be impossible, and to attempt to do so, worse than useless. Should the endeavor to tighten the hoop in one place cause the framework to start in another?should the southwestern States, clinging to the relicts of their Frankfort convention, now on the point of migrating to Stutgnrdt, determine to group themselves round a distinct neuritis of their own?we should lament a disruption which we may, nevertheless, see no means'of preventing. But it is not by denying the principle of a national representation that Prussia would have conciliated either the democrats or the moderate liberals of Suabia and the South ; nor would she, we believe, have won their adhesion by surrendering that hegemony to which her vast resources justly entitle her. Not insensible to the increased influence which Russia must inevitably derive from the unfortunate conjuncture of circumstances which has thrown Austria into her arms, we are fully alive to the reasons which render the union and internal pacification of Gcrminy at this moment peculiarly desirable. If ttie German States cannot combine with Austria, they must combine without her. And should the time arrive, as we trust it will, when the ancient Empire, with recruited powers and consolidated strength, shall be enabled to follow the bent of her natural policy, and to seek in the West that support which it is the interest of the West to ufford ner, we do not abandon the hope that she may, hereafter, find it in a close and indissoluble connection with a free and united Germany. The Poles In Hungary. [From the London Post. June 2 ] Affairs in Hungary have already assumed an aspect which, while n fully justifies our recent ob- j nervations on the war in that country, illustrates the danger of sn alliance with Polish proimgandism] 1 When annrchv and rebellion are to lie fomented? i when order is to he attacked and law defied?the ertant Poles arc invaluable councilors and energetic auxiliaries. Put when any ho|>e appears of returning peace?of adjusted iiiisunderstandings and restored authority?the spirit of these would-be heroes displu)? lUelf in bitter hostility to all that can tend to the welfare of society. The Hungarian* lubored uadei some local grievances, which the government of Austria might easily have been induced to remove. But revolution had been busy in the world, and their restless neighbors seized upon the topooitunity for mischief. Some liltten thousand of these^desperadoes, led by men mote wicked tliun themselves, entered upon n territory with which tliey had nothing to do, and appeared in arms lor a cause with which they had no concern. Wsrethev " employed," as we have been told they were, by the dissatisfied Hungarians'? If so, surely those who availed themselvesof iheir services have ii i ight to dispen-e witti tin in so soon as they ale no longer requm d. hit w Ii lie* e ?v hi ,y Mate w iHi jn i f. ct safety 111.11 i In- I' !i i v e i -1 proved bow truly they are, in tuts en , i.o- eucioy era, rather than the persons employed. The Hungarians, coiiieiiiplutnig the advance of an overwhelming foice, to di-.ti ibuted and so led as to leave no doubt of the speedy success of the imperial cause, have very judiciously taken into consideration terms of submission. No sooner, however, Ii is this idea been suggested by those who have an exclusively legitimate interest in the issue, than their Polish allies have pronounced their emphatic veto. It is by no means in accordance with the humor or the aspirations of these zealots for human freedom, that Hungary should decide in her own affairs. Hungarian liberty, in their sense, means Polish dict .tion. A schism, therefore, has risen in the councils < | the insurrection. Kossuth mid the Hungarians are inclined to peace?the "voice" of Bmi and In- Polish hordes "is sn I for war."? This, however deeply to tie l. rnented, is nothing wondeiful. Thensfiv?. I Hungary have cverytLir.g to hop- t ' re-., ablishmvnt of order; their dictatorial auxiliaries desire nothing 90 much mb contusion. Nothing, in short, Mauds between Hungary and an honorable and highly advantageous |>cace, except the firebrands whom they have unhappily admitted into their armies. The fact which we have thus announced is of gre hi importance to Eur?pe. Tli* II tissinn Auuy ot Intervention* The following detail.-, contained in a h'tu-r from bilesia, adorersed to tlie llerh'i Vimstttluioncllr, ax'piouch nearer to tlie truth than any previous c? mmuntcations upon this subject, and limine merit attention Up to the present day (June 1) the troops upon tlie right flunk (Russian), which is muted with the left tiunk (Austrian wing) oy Uradi.-cu, and thence to Tyuiau, dot ? not exceed l"i,tX)J intautry, 4,000 cavalry, and dhlield pieces A corps of 30,000 iulantry, 7.000 cavalry, and 00 liel i pieces, wiiiiih debouched by Cracow, is cuaciiitraiiiig Tardanow, on the Skawa (one oi the passes into Hungary from Gallicia.) A corps of 40,000 in'it, of which 6,000 .re cavalry, with 101 field-pieces, h tve advanced hy Brody and Lemherg, upon tho (Jarimtliiaii pusses, leading to Kashuu and Lpeues. Neither of the two lust mentioned corps had, up to the latest accounts, penetrated into Hungary. Their advances, consisting of Gossaeks, are push-id up to the pusses, with orders to avoid partial encounters. I11 the course ol this week, the second, third, and fourth corns will follow; thus linking it total of 160,000 iiil'u, Willi 1321) field-pieces, exclusive of the grand reserves und communicating detachments, intended to net either ia combination with the Austrian army, or independently upon the right flank of the Hungarians. A corps d'armie, of from iorty to tifiy thousand men, is advancing upon Transylvania, und will thus prevent Jiem front assisting the main body of Hungarians on the right band of the Tlieyss. This operation will eaubte Pueltner to manoeuvre in the directtonof lVun-swar. The 1st Russian unity corps is concentrated round Kulisclt watching the X'rusitaa Posen frontier; watlst tlit* corps of grenadiers, comniandi d l?y tit* (irau 1 l'ulie Michel, is steadily advancing upon Warsaw. The guards, under the Czaro witch, have left IVtersbnrg, and are moving down in the direction of tlie !<ontier. The totul force put in movement, a ml destined to take an immediate share in the operations, may be calculated ut 2(10,000 infiuiry, 00,(?00 oav dry, und upwards of -150 field pieces. The grand point of concentration is, and will lie, Waitaw, where immense depots and m igaziues of ammunition und military stores of all kinds are collected, and will be daily augmented. Snail ir depots are being formed in Cracow mid at Teraow. Tne half-ruined palace of Ivasimir the Great, uhout three miles distant from Crucow, is converted into a powder magazine, where enormous quantities ol powder, projectiles, and cartridges, have already arrived. The churches and convents of the vicinity arc likewise converted into magazines for commissariat stores, of which immense quantifies, such us flour, rye, oats, und biscuit urrive hourly, either by rail or ordinary land carriage. It is calculated that the daily arrivals exceed 7,00!) cwt. Magazines, to an extent exceeding nil ordinary belief, and such only as Russia can bring together, will be established at Cracow. The hospital preparations are upon the same immense scale. The great nunneries of Swiercynees und Wyzykli, with the Carmelite and Franciscan monasteries, have been converted into hospitals, while the medical officers are hi vely engaged in providing, with every possible r pupae, Tor the reception of from 2, >00 to 13,000 sick or wounded. _ Hospitals are also preparing in all the great Uallician towns. The 2d corps d'armie (28,000 men) will pass by Cracow to-morrow or next day. The corps march in masses, and either bivouac or occupy contiguous cantonments. Nothing is decided as to the exact period when the Russian corps will make their simultaneous entry into Hungary. This operation cannot commence until the whole of tne concentrations have been effected, the reserves arrived at their destination, and the magazines complete, especially those ol the artillery, reckoned at a minimum of 500 rounds per gun. When these operations commence, they will take place simultaneously by liradisch, .lahlunka, and Jardanow on the right; by Seypush-Neumurkt and Dukba on the centre ; and by the passes into Transylvania on the left.? llut so strictly Becret are ail plans and projects maintained, that the If ussian generals themselves receive sealed orders, not extending beyond two or three days' operations. The whole ol the corps are admirably equipped, and in the most effective state for field duty. The infantry, sun-burnt soldier-like looking men, are all good-sized, and perfectly. although somewhat heavily, clothed and armed. The Prussian helmet has been adopted.? The artillery is remurkable for its efficacy and rapid manoeuvring. This force, as well as the cavalry, is beautifully horsed, and in a state ot discipline and martial steadiness not to be surpassed. The 12-pounder batteries,drawn by eight horses, move with the celerity of the ordinary sixes. In short, the whole of the troops, horse and foot, may be taken as military models, and allbrd striking proofs of the talents of the Minister of War, Prince Czernichef, for military organization. The Ifussian troops appear to have progressed a century since the close of the last war. Nothing can exceed the perfection and regularity of the discipline, or the soldierlike appearance of the men even when off duty. With few exceptions, they are old soldiers, accustomed to long marches, 10 carry heavy loads, and to a diet at which, perhaps, delicate stomachs might teel squeamish. Their clothing is excellent and well fitted, and their large great coats most useful, though perhaps cumbersome The greater part, however, are still armed with flint lock muskets. The formations are nearly us follows:?An army corps consists of 12 regiments of two battalions (each of 1,000 meti), 36 squadrons (150 sabres each), 12 batteries (d guns each), a battalion of rifles, a battalion of sip. j>ers, and n pontoon train; forming a total of 26,000 infantry, 5,000 sabres, and nbout'2,000 artillery, or a grand toinl of from 32,000 to 33,000 men. The reserves are composed of the 2d and 4th battalion of each infantry, and the 5th und Oih squadron of each cavalry rrgiment. The troops curry with them three days' biscuits or meal in their havresacks. 1 wl .? 2*. 11 ' A! ri?. I uiiu luur uii;k mure iuiiuw in me rear. ine latter is replenished, so as to keep up the full amount of the first us fust as it is consumed. Taking (he whole us a grand military force, it cannot he surpassed for efficiency, readiness, and independent utility. The honor of having established this efficiency must he divided between Prince Czernichef and the Emperor. The most perfect cordiality exists between the Kussian and Austrian soldiers cf all ranks, twin high to low. There is not a word i f truth in tin* reports circulated of enfngements between the Kussi ins and flungartans. Tp to a recent day such encounters have been impossible, as the leepective advanced guards have not come in sight of each other, unless it may have been a few patrols of Cossacks, ordered to feel the ground. Th? Late and Present French Assembly. [!"rom the l.nndon Times. June 2 ] Whatever may be the uncertainty which still enshrouds the proceedings of the French Legislative Assembly, the fears which have accompanied its bitth, the suspected violence of its character, and the burlesque absurdity of its first ejaculations, it has, at least, the great merit ot having supcrueucd an unpleasant and intractable predecessor. Public justice has been done u|hmi no less than A?2 members of the late Constituent body; lor although some have been excluded from the |?-gi-.| itnrc, hy the acceptance of other functions, and 150 members ' huve disappeared by the reduction of the whole number from 900 to 760, vet it is to be rem.irked that the entire race of adventurous politicians, hy whom ami lor whom the revolution of February was siiecially effected, have been swept from the scene, not so much by the triumph of their opponents as by the contempt of the nation. Tin- lesson there men have received deserves to h? a memorable one. They made a revolution which has cost France thousands *>f lives, millions ot r-venue, and years of prosperity?they convulsed Europe?they overturned monarchies?they threatened society ? they have bequeathed fous the chances of all this ha* been done for some 19 months' purchase of power. The eloquence of Lamartine, the cunning and the ostentation of Marrast, the financial eh ,ncL f Gamier Pages and (loudchaux, the foreign policy of Bustide, the invectives of Jules F.ivre, ih>- impudence of Clement Thomas, the low intrigues of Flocon?have all failed even to renew then legislative |iower on the second h|>|>chI to universal sulirage. The nation scarcely knows what it w?>uia nave, out one point is ascertained?it will t have no more of these men. They are remember- ' ed, for the most part, by an incapacity for govern- c inent, which was only surpassed by th'-tr audacity 1 and ambition; and to complete their discomfiture, , they are rejected, not only because- more moderate men, connected with the old parties of the inonir- r cliy, have, for the most pair, been preferred to tin hi, hut because the republicans themselves ' despise them, and prefer the leckles-extravagance 1 < t I .? diu Ilo'iin . ud I aiiunge 10 lie- p.ihtic ?l creed < t ill'- NatUmnt or th* niod ru ' bro i lm -. Of this ' pull), it would Mem that ihe military chiefs hive , uloiie retained a prominent pn.-itiou in tin- ."St tie.? during the last days mid ineliis of the Constituent i Aisinibly, when tin se inenfelt how rapidly th it powei wfiich they had bought so dearly was de- 1 parting from them, their minds fluctuated between ' intense excitement and discouragement?between 0 the most daring designs and the most abject f fears. The secret societies of the capital wereoon- , stently sitting and in full activity; every exertion , had been ninde to corrupt a null of the army and i to have in readiness the dis.ifn oted portion- of the j National Guards of Paris; consideiahle detach- ^ nients of working men and popularb uidsco.iu -cted with the socialist party had Mucked lb Pan- from 1 the provincial towns II -d the government ) Iter il in its measures ol hml resistat-i -, or r had it provoked a collision hy i mored'-cit' iter- ( iuptit n ol the leral emit- oi'evel.t hvi .. . ' would probably li v?- n- i impression set m I' I >' * - I ?populace I that the forceb of the State would prove too strong tor thriti, and unquestionably the leaders of the I tut) did not dare to give the signal of a revolution, whose i nly chance ul success 1 iy in the uinmeutaty panic ot their opponents. Fortunately that y.idic was, not oflong duration, the Aisrm'ily itself si? toed i xli.tiisied by its owo violence; the funds I niiiily recovcied from their sudden and eaor- j n ou.? depression; and although the pulse of the nat.on bcut fur niauy days with h tVvertoh and con- | M.ltiive throb, the passage eti'ected without a I iuve c iiaaliophe. This being the case, all iin- i na ilirte danger iiuH r iibsided. New perils will ante, ! end the farmer perils will revive in n-w, though j tut unforeseen positions; but at present tin; 1 tHum hiin idowo over. An Assembly just entering upon the dignity and the prolils of its new i uiiee, is in a very dills rent mood from the h.te (Joiit-litueiit. body, exhausted with the labors n.d conflicts of ibe past year, or lufurotted by i i n expulsion which reduces in my of its uinu- i I i rs to beggary; and tiie novsliy of its power i.- for a time a guraaty against any flagrant abuse i i I st. The danger t/f iiisujr.; iion wdi probthly I i ot be renewed until the minority finds Mself driven 1 to uppi'ul for support to the party which is still organizing itself with incie.ised skill and activity t ut of doors. At present all looks fair enough. T lie two-thuds ol the Assembly which assums the collective appellation ol the moderate party, ; have voted together, and even m the choice of tin ;

1'reaidents of the bureaux, or standing committees, i the lesuh has been precisely what it might h ive | i?< * u in iiir v imiiiiht *ji i^rpuiieH, ijj uui vii ilit; 15 bun aux having elected would It ive been culled conservative hi inbi'm. The new ministry will probably i>e formed on the sum principle and of the Miiiie elate* of men. The foreign and do- j mesiic difficulties of the republic ure so urgent, wliatevet cabinet be formed must bvpieptr?d ; to deal with them vigorously; and it cannot tie j forgotten that t ieiiernl Cavnigitac and his friends j have already recorded tlieir opinions agiin-t the I iutt iveiliKin at Horns, ami ui 'ir undisguised Ion- j ility to the Russian advance. At home, with re- j ference to the political associations and the press, still greater differences will probably arise. The i foreign question is, however, ihut witicli lirst pre- | sents itself. The ambiguous character ol the Ho- I man expedition, which was maintained hy the I government as long as the Constituent Assembly I was in existence, has now been dispelled by the ' protest of the Papal Nuncio at Parit, and hy the disavowal of M Lesseps' ucgnti itton witti the Roman Triumvirate. The whole expedition is one of those untoward enterprises to which success or defeat are almost equally embarrassing. It is impossible to withdraw the forces without being laughed tit by the worst soldiers in Europe; it is impossible to remain another fortnight in their present quarters without exposing the whole army to perish by malaria; and even in Rome it is probable that the troops will be decimated by the unheal tiiiness of the season and the spot. The consequences which these occurrences are likely to produce on tli deliberations of the French Assembly, arid the language in which they will he described in the President's expected message, are not very easy to be foreseen. As far as this country is concerned, we congratulate Lord Palmerston on the decisive advantage which he and the British name derive from the policy of non-intervention in the only instance in which he lias adhered to it; for the greatest compensation we have to boast of for the failure of ourpelicy in Sicily, Lombardy, Denrtitifb uti/l pigpvi'liHi'M in fhstf no Uririsili fiirp04 officers, or British diplomatists are participating in the tolly and embarrassment of the intervention at Rome. Scenes In the French Legislative Assembly. Sittino oe June 5. M. DufiN,scn.,the President, took the chair at a quarter past one. The conclusions of the bureau, on the returns for the Loiet-Oaronne, were put to the vote und validated, and all the members who had beun returned admitted. The order of the day was interpellations, to be addressed to tho government, relative to the dissolution of the National Uuard of Chalons sur-Sa6ne, M. Menant entered into some details of the circumstances connected with the election at Chulons-surSaCne, maintaining that nothing had occurred which could justly attract the attention of tho authorities. Some assemblages of young lads and boys had fallen place, and a red flag had been displayed; the whole proceedings, however, would have died away of themselves, had not the military been sent to interfero. This interference had called forth opposition on the part of the population, and there had arisen some acts of violence. The Hotel de Ville had been entered by the troops, who had acted like the Algutzils of the St. Hermandad (Laughter.) The National Uuard. seeing that the population were most peaceably inclined, saw no reason to imitate the conduct of the agents of the public authority and the troops, and allowed the tranquillity to be restored almost of itself. But the government was not pleased at such a mode of terminating the matter; and, en the 24th, came an order to dissolve that body. This conduct appeared to the population so despotic, that 88 officers of the National Uuard out of 90, had protested against what had been done; whilst 27 members of the municipal council, on their part, had protested against the invasion of the Hotel de Ville by the troops. But the real motive of the conduct of the government was this, that the department of the Saune-et-Loire had returned members to the Legislative Assembly, who were not of the opinion of the majority of the House (Oh, Oh!) Was it, he would ask, a moment to dissolve the National Uuard of a town like Chdlons-sur-Saone, when the Russians were ready to knock at the gates of the country I (Laughter) He considered it his duty to direct the attention of the Assembly to the conduct of the government, and he hoped a severe blame would be expressed against it. (Applause on tho Left.) M. Leon Faucher asocnded the tribune at one side, whilst M. Lacrosse went up the steps at thu other. The latter gentleman gave way. M. Leon Faucher said that as the dissolution of the National Uuard of Chalons Mir-Sanne was one of the last acts of his administration, as Minister of the Interior, he thought it necessary to come forward and explain what had really taken place; and first, he must protest, in the most formal manner, against the imputation of the honorable gentleman who had just spoken, that the government had shown undue severity against the National Guard of Ch&lons-sur-Saone, because the members returned vuro not of the moderate party The government, wnen it had determined on the dissolution of that body, could not know anything of the result of the elections in the department. But to show how matters had really passed at Chklons-sur-Saone, he would ask peimission to read to the Assembly the report of the prelect of the department. (Hear, hear.) The bonoiable gentleman then reud the documeut in question, from w hich it appeared that a red flag bad been displaced as a railyiug-sign. and had been attached to a trie of liberty; that the agents of the authorities, who had been sent to remove it. had been ill-treated ; and that, when the National Guard had been applied to, to support the agents, the colonel sent back a formal refu>al to stir. He (M. Leon Kaucber) on the receipt of the report, had at once laid the matter before the council. und the dissolution was at once pronounced He could a: k with confidence, was not such a mark of disapprobation loudly called for? (Hear, hear ) Wasnot the display of the red fing an act of decided illegality ? Was it not the negation ot the principles set forth in the constitution? The government, besides, felt that if such conduct was to puss unnoticed, it would ouly be an encouragement to other localities to act in a similar manner. He believed, iu his cou-eieneu, ill it tile decision of the government had been a wise one, aud he accepted the entire responsibility of It. (Hear, hear.) M. Mcsakt repeated his former assertions, nnd concluded by recommeudiug the government to at once reconstitute the National Guard, of whoso dissolution ho complained. M Lacrosik, the Minister of Public Works, replied that the government was but little inclined to acospt or iollotr the honorable gentleman's couusels. There wu, but one legal Hag, and that was the trt-colorel one; any other, be it red or be it white, was illegal, because seditious The government had nothing whatever t? i-epri itch itself with in the dissolution of the National Tuard of Chalons-sur-Saone, and it left with conilJcuee the appreciation of its conduct to thu judgment uf the Assembly. (Hear, hear.) Al. Mk.nas i again ascended the tribune, and said that Lli" white llag had been more than once displayed in the bouth, without auy notice being latieu of the mailer by Ihugovi mou nt (Loud mara* of dissent.) M. Oim: said that be was au inhabitant ot the town if Toulouse, and. if the honorable gentleman alluded .o that place, lie mil t give a decided contradiction to li a -i. th ? (Hear ) M. U? Lahcv must declare that, if the hon. gentleMa nari, in hi< M*evtt*a. ipoksi vf llodpslllet It* hum ui rim I- ii i in mi ne m ion--1 ii? r i n ? rror. i un p?*|> u lion of ibitl town ??{? amongst I lie uii-l zealous de'endera of onlt r and public tian>|uillity. Ho stood here not to neeurc but to defend \Vcr?* it f >f th* torso' r pi i pom*, he could show that it was nitt the hon. [t'Dtb niati. or bis f: t"to)s. who ought to coin" forward, nut to nuate calumnies (I.'did interruption on the .. ft ) ' i nsiiAMAi i.iadcelariol tb: t ho could pledge himnlf that if tin white I'ag had b'"'i displayed at Minitower tli" National (i tiard would at unco liaro coin" r?mid to pot it doe n In c i elusion lie must d-clan. hat It was iho duty of all colors, white, red. or trlii lori (I to unite together to forward the interest* of he country (t rios of- The order of the day The A - o in hi y bt ilig oou.-ulted d -oldttd that It passd to the order of tho day The matter then dropped. The next order of the day was reports on election eturDa. *1. i i K i presented the report of the l.r>th btieau. in the election return* of the Yon nr. The b i all had exMlo I lied s?ver*l protest* Sent in, hut del ml coin til. i tloilniiyiif til" facts alleged Was of a o i111 in iiii annate iii" "turns, in c dpseiiu.-uoe. ill" nil mi recoil.Uienrted Ilie adililisioli ot tile g-ulle uau iho had been reioioetl. >1 Isicio.a maintained that, looking at M. I,"on amber's leligraphic dispatch, and the intliieneii nxirind by M. Krcmy. chef du cabinet of the Vlinlsler I the Interior, it ?a* impossible for the Assembly nut o o.der a pai liameniaiy iuquiry. II" considered It In luty to propose thai, course. Ai. I.pu n t- ari hp n '1 tin I'.oiistituent Assembly. bn oie it sepaiated pa-aed a cen lire on my conduct. I iiltillid a (luty, which tuy dignity as a pubc. man tin 0 I d en Ii.e. In resigning the post -va ell lia I li-on con ided to me I reserved to mysell to subnit to lh" I'.ilyineiit of the logilillve Assembly, and i await lis 1 elsloil '1 he As-eilitpiy is pe, ll ips astonished that I .aie not befoie spuken, hut I nwurri ii a la t effort for bis dlscusso ii A V on s on I Ii" I.eft Speak louder 1 M 1.1.on Kii i ui.p - I a ui male What la igil -d, a "I linnet sp<ak very loud y I lo.p , lo.e. >> . ton <m his occa-jnu, the lib-iij "1 t'l" iillioe- ?u o. r |.l Sle(| V i ii tin I ill? . .I.u. a. -mi 'l Till V o H J M. Lion Kauchbb-?It appears to be m dmmwj now as lu the last Assembly, to learn to treat insults with contempt (Iletr. bear.) 'I be fuMiiMt?Ldil at tne character you are glrii>K to Ibe discussion. Whom oan It serref Not eren those who luterr. pt. (Hear, hear ) JVI Laos I aim iiita ? I cannot confine myself to the i]iifftinti rairot l>y the present di?ousoioa; 1 shall reply to in) opponents in u geurel manner A Venn: on the Loft?l^uesltoa! question! 'I ho I i kmuaat?Vou hare no right to interrupt in that manner, I call you to order (Approbation.) A Voir r.? The dlsom-siou is not general. Tlic Cm siiui.nt?You bare no right to speak. '1 lie ,-amu Voter?I howerer take it. The Pke?idk*t?I call you to order. If you are obstinate, 1 ihail he lirrn. (Applause from the right ) M Li.on Kai dixit?I have patieutly listened to the inrcsraut provocations which for the la-it week nave been uttered from this tribune The moment is now C'Dm to it-ply to i ho in. At tile moment of th? elections the Munition of France was not nn ordinary one. It ?as not the destinies of a party which was at stake; it ?u thoi-n of the whole of society Caere were on one eid- men who wished to maintain society with reasonable progress, and no the other, those who wi-.h?d to abruptly change its form (Interruption o.i the tclt ) M. Cmmixajx?(Turning to the left)?Bo silent then ?It in a defence A Yoick on the Right?Bo quiet then yourself. M.Creinieux; the honorable gentleman d ies not require your protection M I.sop. Fauchvii.?The authorities, under such circumstances, have never played a passive part ; untiling has reninncd in complete neutrality, and iiuve< lti?< Use. we ran say that W" cams out of Uiu trial pure and unsullied. (Hear ) A Voice. on ttie Loft.?And the despatch? M. Li.on I4 svchi.u.?I cannot *p .-as of every thin? at once. I shall count to the despatch in duo time, i mint, in tliu hist piece, make known to you what was the general spirit of the Instructions given to the prefects 1 will not pass any judgment on preceding ml ministration*, hut I ean a**vri that no ?1 do not say monarchical, hut republican government j eier indited luoie liln ral iuslruciiuii*. 1'im lion, gentleman here read i lie dixtuineul* in i|Uestlou wtuch a rvu been beiure published, and in whiou thu Minister told the preti (its I hut I he govt ruineut did no wi?h to direct ilie eleclions. but that it could not abandon them to chance or to the stortus of passions The government would remain impartial, hut not iiulilferent The pre ieotH wire tol that while respecting the initiative of the electors, t. 'r liberty and their independence they yet owed nor ice -o those who consulted them. and their paiamount counsel should he to rady together all shades of thu party ot moderation and of uuii n. us the only ooiiditi"U on which that of order could triumph (iood . governments, it was said, were those who directed uien . towards the path which they naturally followed. ( Vp- ' probation.) Such continued tnc lion, g -ntieuiau is the language which was used by the goreruinuut. It told its ugents that they were not to interfere, either directly or indirectly, in the elections; that their mission was not to g > beyond a recommen lotion to union and concord. I'o one prefect, who a>ked me whether it would not be desiruhle to issue some publication in order to oppose bad duotrines which were put forth. I replied, that the government was not to furnish subscribers to those journals who hud them not. and that since the socialists hud found the means of supporting publications which were detestable and without talent (laughter on the right, and loud ?iclaninlions on the left). the friends of orde.r should also find the means of disseminating those journals which were conducted on a better system. Ou another occasion. I reminded another prefect thathu was uot to take on himself to Uestiibute the circulars of the Klcctoial j Committee which, nevertheless, had all my ?y ui pat hies, but I would not have the law violated, or u manifestation. which would be the more powerful, as it would be the free and spontaneous expression of tho sentiments of the citizens, weakened I addressed to the Prefect r.f I It n 11 ii ill n. iVI uwiiu nhuni'vutinnii u j tit thu lttiet 11 u should take iu the Council General. I explained to liim that 1 t-a>v with pleasure leading and houorable men of a department put themselves at the head of the electorul movement; but that It was not neceseary for theui to aot In any way but as simple citizens, because, in acting as members of the Councils General, they would establish a disastrous precedent. I now come to the telegraphic despatch. ( Marks of curiosity.) 'I'he opposition has, particularly for some time past, been accustomed to severe discipline. It has at its service the action of the secret societies. (Loud explosion of exclamations on the left.) A Voice on the Left?Order, order. The President?Silence. Another Voice on the Left?Mons. lc President, oall M. Leon Vouchor to order; he insults us. A Voice on the ltight?No, no. (Violent tumult.) M. Char has?The honorable gentlemau has said that the opposition had the secret societies in its service; I demand that he he called to order. (Mingled cries of ' Yes, yes," and " No, no.") The greats st confusion here prevailed for some time in the l. haniber ; the whole of the Mountain Lad risen, and were loudly addressing M. Leon Kaucher and the President. The President?The words of the hon. gentlemau in the tribune do not Hpply to the members of the present Assembly. (" Yes, yes " Murmurs on the Left) M. Leon Kaucher?We are not speaking here one of the other. (Hear, hear) Just now, in speaking of parties, I referred to persons not in this Assembly. (On the Left, " No, no," interruption.) The President?1 must again call on hon. gentlemen to keep silence?not thus to constantly interrupt. M. Consider ant.?If oue of us had spoken like Al. Leon Kaucher, you would have called him to order. (On the Left, " Yes, yes, there is manifest partiality." The President?M. Considorant, I call you to order. (Tumult) General Subervik?Well, then, call us all to order. (Agitation.) The President?I must insist on silence. Respect 4 the regulations; public opinion will uiterwards decide. (Hear, hear.) A Voice on the Left?It has already decided! On the Right ? Y'es againstyou ! ( Tumult.) The President?Public opinion, above all things, wants the legislator to respect the legislative forms. (Hear, bear.) The calm of this side of the Assembly (the right) already condemns you (Interruption on the left) It is twenty persons who insult four hundred, for there are certainly four hundred here who keep silence. (Loud interruption on the left.) A Voice on the Left?Go on, M. Loon Kaucher, insult us, since you are permitted to do so ! (Noise.) M. Leon Kaucher? Whea the tempest arose on that side of the Chamber (the Left), I was about to insist on a fact?viz.; that secret societies are numerous in the country. Ob the Left?We do not thiuk so. (Laughter on the J Dl.,1,1 \ 1 Auothcr Voice on the Left?There is only tho Society of the Kriends of Order, aa a secret society. < M. Leon Kaucher? I regret not having anticipated f this interruption, as I should have brougnt documents here. \ es, there were in the country two secret aoci- j eties. On the Left?We contest the truth of the allegation ! i (Noise) j On the Right?This la really too much, Monsieur le r President, put an end to the sitting. Ins I'nesioent to the Mountain ? What idea have you of the liberty of the tribune? Your speaker was listened , to with attention; now, in your turn, listen to M. Leon Kaucher. M. Laoranoe?The liberty of the tribune is not liberty to calumniate. (Noise) M. Leon Kavcher? I was observing that there wore f two secret societies?that of the Krienda of Order, and : that of the Solidarite ltcpublicuine. The former yieldtd to the observations made by the authorities. (Noise ? on the left.) The President to tiie Mountain?1 tell you, for the twentieth time, that you prevent any one from apeak- * iug (Hoar, bear ) f A Voice?We are calumniated. (Allons done ) 1) M. Consider ant?When the hon gentleman says? t A Voice on the Right?Order, order. You have no t right to speak. * The President?M. Considerant you are out of order I sit down. M. Leon Kaucher ?In order to dissolve the Solidarite a Reputlicaine the interference of the tribunals was ne- e pessary, and they designated it as a secret society. (Interruption) Yes, I repeat, there are secret socle- n ties in the country. p A Voice on the Left?No. no. (Laughter on tho ft right) tl '1 he President?No one here ought tn be interested n in defending them, since no one has made use of them. a] (tieueral laughter, with loud applause on the right) A Voice on the 1,eft ?We deny that there are any. .. The President?You cannot enter on a denial unless trom the tribune. M. Considerant?I must say? The President?Pray be silent, M. Considerant. ei M Leon Kacher?The socialist party is well disoi- < plined; it responds to a watch-word; it professes im- h plicit obedience. (Interruption.) There is nothing in Tj that remark to offend any one ol A Voice on the Left? Yes, there is (Laughter on the f, right ) p| M. Leon Fauciier?I add, that the party of order has w been divided?it has not come to an understanding to- hi get her- which is a very disastrous thing If the par- U1 ty of order had displayed half the energy which the other party had done, the result would have been very .. different. (Loud interruption from the left ) M. 15oi riat. ?We are also of the party of order 11 A Voice.?Call the speaker to order, Monsieur le President. *' A Voice, on the Left.? You say, then,that wo are the parly of anarchy ? * ct Another Von r. ?It I* the pretended party of order which is the pat ty <>f anarchy ( vgitalioii ) The I'kesii > .vi. addressing a mi ni tier of the Moun- T tain ? V ill you sit doe li and be silent ? W M. Lion 1av< her ?No one cuu here speak of either W moderation or order. ?| M. I hark as.? Y ou are s man of dis < rder ! j, A Mi vi.i n, rising ?I beg. .Monsieur le President? | 0| n.r i Bisn nr, nuurc.'Miig me interrupter Will yeu Allow thi- Legislative A.->< inlhy to continue Ha . labors ? You prevent the business of the VsAenibly A member of the extreme left here descended into vV tlic hody t-f the t ham Imr. and addressed the President VI ill the midst of the greatest confusion (ll .M i uaa*a?-(ro on. cittxrn KuBetier. V< JVi I i.i-a Kai elite i now r.oiin'to I lie despatcn of the J,, It'll .Vai. i e ihe eiii iim-la e s roouio teil wiIh j it 'i it m eoiliri pnrty were p> opa^a'tog *iie loo t stniiiii it|i'io III) weie sprtail.i'g terror ?ltnl loon -iiii nil it my duly lo mil a eouirAdu'li"n. I should hate tulit <1 ii. niy duty. If I had nut eot'il a' I did A . pleficl hud wiiIIid lo nie lo s?y that a report ha* evety a here spr< ad the President of the reiuiblir. had 'll hei |i put under iuipeaehmeut by the Assembly th?t " d.M 0 1 11 t.rli soltlioie had gotie over to the Human* tt liaiojiillllty vas thus eouiprouil-ed and the prefect* ('. eallid i o tor to give the most proitip' c nitradicllon to (j| i Lei e 11 mm s ht i\i I ii'O' in Ttlm *ur the authors of these re- jporti? (I eoghter ) jy N 1 11 n 1 ai < ii i a I reft ITi d fot ty letters dated the , | Jf.ih nod 1 I'll May. all repealing th ' -aiiie thin* !! ridi s. Led in I a mantle r declared from iIlls trihu leilevl ee I . il ArMteti troni Hie tsei-iiih!) ti wlf that the vlio- " -iiis v le HI* pi e i lo d a nil lie' his imi ml.. Uuiu lie.i I ' | s 1.1 i n 111 > add1 d Ih i' tlo I id-tee 'e 1' ;v 1 liiiLliis1 I n 11 hi r ih | 11 - . i i a as sail I.. at Ii I >i 1.1 el I I ? S M I n ' " I'l Is'li S i e el e III' j| I . (II I ' (T"| eg A I I I I I .? I, . A . , "is . . ; ii i i nr ..| ? to I 11."t i i.l I wif . n t ic t i III o . t i) lorrlble nenuM were ottered. (Denial on the le' ) >oubt appeal* to be thrown on what I ear, bat the eoei Uet journal* in thedepartment*prove what I ?ay. I here ilrrady had occaeion to read aquotation from a Jouraai >f the flaut Khln. I will now beg to read a few line* from .he Dimoermit of the Hautea Pyrenees, in which that jonrlal. after eta ting that the oppeeltion had gained a fcriimph over Drouyn de Lhuys and Leon Kaucher, (laugtier,)adda that the people wiehed to take up arms to hare lone with the traitors, and that aeveral regiment* were 'eady to join the people, but that the representative* >f the mountain bad prevailed on them to remain juiet on condition that the Ministers should be imleacbed that very evening -which, the journal adde, lad been done by sixty member*, among whom were M. Seville and M. Viguerte. (Laughter ) When auoh ibomiuable report* as those were spread, was it not the luty of the govemmeut to destroy the hopes of their aotious author*, by making known the truth? it was hen that, under a feeling of danger, 1 published the .th-graphic despatch, which i persist in considering at ipportuue (Murmur* on the left.) We wished to put tn end to the terror that was felt. M. Laohaoox?1'he (humher has declared that you ied A scene of great agitation here prevailed, and the -renin ul 1 or a l uig tunc vuiuiy ruu.??jn'U to obtain silence M. Lkois Faccm-ia.?That in whut I have to say on the subject of the telegraphic despatch The uiues md the voted i f the reprc-euta'ives wero only added for 10 departments out of 80. and these tea were th ine it which the Mmnieur arrived unite its .soon as the despatch. It in attributed as a iiimo that tho signature if M Krcuiy win attached to the despa uh published iu I lie* \oune. I iuu?t. however, declare that hie no uo will be found affixi d to tlicui ail t here uothiug * n the cirouiustaiioo that could bsueiit his raudiduteslop 'I hue peutleuiuii had declared himself t caudiJate before he caine in:o hia ol8oe J hut he had used no exertion* to secure his election wli , assert' i'd the contrary did not know him. With regard to the ciroulitl ol the Prelect ol the Vnuiru, 1 cali only say lliat, the moment I heard of it, I wrote to that luogistrate. telling ii'ui thai be bud departed froiu I bat reserve which Iliad rcnuilii'ndi d to him. ill . sending lists Lo the elictora, lu.'.tead ot couhuiug himself to giving lln-ru advice. Although the circular may have been irregular. 1 do not, however, think it has operated in lay illegal manner on the opinion ut the electors Lot as he just. If any action has bnuu exercised by fuo?. tiooa ies on the elections it has been tiy those who are nut removable ut pleasure. I be leacUers have til ire particularly evcrywin ie oppo.-ed the candidates of the Luoderatc fatty ih- opposiiin lias vary skiilully trailed it.-elf of the a->ls u Ce of subalt-'rn agi-uls to appose the Candida lis which it knew to be favorable t* the government. The e a:u ihu tacts which ni :n. who xre jealous of the siiieoiiry of the elections, should point out, instead ol accusing a government winch oils present itself wnIi cmod uce to the judgment of history. (Ironical luuguterou the left ) We neither Ii ar tho j uUguii lit ol til Tory uor tiuit of our u ia cm poraries- he certain that neither one nor too other will be Unfavorable to tin. ( Ypprohati in.) Tile honorable gi ntlemau in leaviug the tr'.bUue, was warmly congratulated by bis l lends H. itKKsiiKiia? I have but little fancy for these reIrospective di cu-sifiiis. (Laughter ) A V oice?d'hat is easy to he explained ! J M LiiKMittx proceeded to justify the conduct of the I soUimissioners of the provisional govormucnt He ' rendertd juelicc to the circulars read by VI. Leon h aui her. hut declared that iu practice they had buuu ' departed from He had iu his possession a letter ail* dressed by the committee of the Hue do Poitiers to t.Ho < (tiijzetfc ii1 viw rr^ne, In which the electors were called an to support such a candidate, b cause bis candidatehip would be, it was said agreeable to the President of [die republic Tho doouuient was signed by MM. Mole, Montali inlicrt, Thiers, liurryer, Droglie. l?.o 'l'bus, ihe ifOVeriillieut. bv thn (ll'iran of its President, r-eitm. mended the candidate* of tbo Hue do Poitiers (Noine, l\o. no !>' " V es. yes "1 M. Leon Kauciiih ?The hen gentleman was certainly mii-stating tlio lnct, as what lie was attributing to the roveri.meut fmuhalcii from the committee of tho Hue Jo Poitiers. (Hear, hear ) M. Cjo.mikux ?France bad been dreadfully agitated under the Ministry of .vi. Leon Kuucber. The Munttr.itr . aery day gave news ot movements in the provinces which every one considered exaggerated The nbjeot evidently was to cause the country to liiug itself into the uruis of what wore called moderate men. What was it that was spoken of in certain pamphlets issued by the committee just alluded to? Whs it not to save ihe Je| artments from the action of Paris ? (On the right, 1 es. certainly !" On the left, "it is most shameful :") When the hou member who has said "yes" should be less new in the Assembly he would profess other sentiments; when he became better acquainted with Tarls, ind bad seen its intelligent and sublime people alwuys ibeying the inspiration of patriotism, be would never ,hiuk of separating the departments from Paris. (Loud ipplause on the left ) The President?The unity and indivisibility of tha Republic are iusunbed in the constitution, (liear, lear ) M Cremieux?Whoever attempted to separato the lepartuients from Paris would be sure to perish in the ittewpt. (llear. hear, on the left.) Such were the ;eueral observations which he had intended to offer.? Now Numerous Voices?To-morrow, to-morrow. The discussion was then adjourned to the next day. Foreign Theatricals* A letter has been received front Madame Rossini, ot he mast satisfactory description, with reference to the date of health of the illustrious maestro. He was per J >ectly weil, but had been obliged to leave Bologna prs- * dpitately in consequence of a riotous mob having enured his house and threatened him with personal vioeiice. To the number of losses we have recently had to de>lore (states a Paris journal) we have to add that of rindlle. Naldy, a young cantatrice. carried off at the larly age of twenty-three years, and almost by sudden lcath. She had been playing for the last twenty lays at Nantes, in the principal parts of Pascarello. ind of the Val d'Andorre. Madlle. Naldy perceived he first symptoms of the epidemic (some say the choera) of which she died a few minutes after having sung it church a "Hyme a Marie,1'in which her charming roice was beard to perfection. This circumstance inipircd M Milhes, vocal professor, to compose an elegy, vhich be recited at her tomb, of which the following s the concluding verse:? " Oui, quand ce? jours panes, dam one hyrame a'Marie Tu chautaia a realise, Iraplorant son amour, I.a Vierge t'aura ait; visas amoi, suia beuie, Tea chants me seront dona au bienheureux scjour." Kalkhrennpr th* ia1*sf?it ntantat *Vin S,o In * leclining state of health, haB*just left Paris for Naples, 'or the benefit of the baths of lachia. Dupres, the favorite vocalist, after making a professional tour in the departments of France, intends visiting London. At the Vaudeville Theatre, Paris, there has already seen produced a parody on Meyerbeer's new opera of 'The Prophet," under the title of "L'Ane a Baptists " rhe best plaisanterie is in the play bills, where appears, n large letters, the followlug words:?11 On jour la paodir dt ctt outrage tur It grand thiaere de la Nation!" A letter from Paris states, that at the Theatre Histoique, a new grand drama by M. Paul Feval, entitled Les Puritains d'Fcosse," has been produced The nusic of this work has been composed by M. Varny, he/ d'orchttirt of this theatre, and is of a very pleasing lesoription. M. Albert Uaraude has just been elected htj du chant by the Society des Concerts Mdlle. famine I're/ost has thrown up her engagement at the )pera Couiique, and with her mother aud Choltet, reently named dirccteur of the theatre at the Hague, lave left Paris for Holland. A London paper says : On Thursday evening nest, rill be repeated " Don Giovanni, which was so sucsessully interpreted last week at Her Majesty's Theatre, iy artittei o( the highest merit, all in the plenitude of heir powers, and each finding a position appropriate o their genius. Uosati and Marie Taglioni and the rhole ot the choregraphic troupe, support Parodi. AliodI Giuliani. Coletti. Gardonl, and Lablache; a brillant tnirmble, to which the beautiful and appropriate cenery and splendid costumes give reality aud striking fleet. Mr. Stammers, the manager of the Exoter H ill Wed esday Concerts, has takuu Drury-lane Theatre for the urpose of opening it for operatio aud dramatic pnrirmances. Mr. Sims Heeves is associated with hiui in lis bold attempt to restore the fortunes of our degraded ational theatre. Mr Anderson and Mrs Waruer are Iso spoken of as taking share in the projeot Mr and Mrs. Kean are performing tragedy at the ay market. Sadlers Wells was closed on theHOth May. The London Sunday Timet rays: Mr Hudson, the debrated Irish comedian, nod the only legitimate soossor of poor Power. In the delineation of Hibernian unior, undefaoed by vulgarity ha< determined upon siting America about the end of the month of August, the beginning of next September. He is at present dhlling his last metropolitan engagement at the td?ltil Theatre, where his genuine humor is uigbtly reardid by crowded houses, and shouts of laughter from is auditors W e anticipate for Mr Hudson ofost triiiphaut success on the transatlantic stage. We may name among the recent arrivals in London dlle Agues Hithring, Mdlle. issaurat, who Is to apiar as auothvr of Mr Maddox'sjpr??n? donae of pas- 0 ige'-?also, Uerr Stigelli, Herr Damcke. dignor Tessa, B . SiC. Mr*. Mnwstt win a little indlfpowd at the last mmnts. Tiik Stat* Prisoners?Wooi.wich, June 6.? he Mountstewart Elphinstnnr, Captain 11. Coney, hicli recently left the Royal Arscnaj, Woolwich, ith convicts, under the charge of Dr. Moxay, ter calling at Portsmouth, will proceed to Cork i receive on board Mr. Smith O'Brien and the her convicte found trinity of being engaged in the cent outbreak in Ireland. The lir.-t domination : the Mounttewurt Elphinstone is Mnr"lou-bay, ew South Wales, where a number of the conicts will he landed, and beat once free, on conition that they never return to this country. The ttel willihen proceed to Sydney, where who will nd Smith O'Brien and the other convicts, and en return 10 this country with a freight of geneI goods. Mi riikr in Ci.inton, La.?On the night of Monij.ihe 11 th inat.,on the plantation of Mr Frankii Ilaidei-ty, about lour miles ram of thin place, cold blooded Hud inhuman murder was p?rpenied on the body of the overseer, Mr. Fletcher ampbell. The deed was committed soon after ink, end, although there were no witnesses i?ng circumstantial evidence warrants the bei( that the deceased waa waylaid by a slave o Ir Tleiilr tiy, nnd beaten todeaili l>y a succession 1 blows upon Ins head wiih n hoc. The supposed J itircierer is still si large, notwithstanding the ost strenuous efforts have b en to afreet in. The deceased leavi s a widow and family. ewiir 1.11 estlinablc citizen, very g''m rally br>i c . loni hit eiti' I 1111 ah 1 has cieat-al . n ini -o*r 1 lilig in ll 1 reiiiiiiunit) / rltimr't (1.1 )'F'"V 1 Vn I 1 sbint ?'t t < 1.. 1 c I '.ml m Ij no Mr iif lit < at Inst

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