Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 10, 1849, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 10, 1849 Page 3
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PT right and perpendicular on his hind legs, and try to throw the young rider off, while every muscle of the tiiiikI animal trembles visibly with fear nd excitement 1 Now 1 nee what ilia There comes a house nteving along in the middle of the road, instead of standing still by the Bide of it, us houses generally ure in. the habit of doing. No wonder the rtorse is scared at the unusual epectacle, and snorts and ca|>ers about, like Forrest in" Macbeth" when he sees the forest of Dunsinane moving towards him. It is only a small frame, of one room, carried down to the beach for the accommodation of bathers to dress and undress in, and which, mounted up on a large wagon, looks higher .and loftier than it really is. r^utf bathing, as it is called, because the lofty waves, us you are in the water, come swelling towards you, mid rising for a moment over your head, dash the foaming surf over your body, is a very tine and healiliy practice, much resorted to. Many have louud beneficial eflects resuit to their health from the use of it. Opposite Newport, in Narragansett Hay, a short < ride, only, in a ferry boat, there ure the remnants 1 of the tribe of Indians to whose forefathers for- s ineily this country belonged. They are a ntisera- * ble looking I o! people, none of litem of pure ' blood, a mixed breed, ntore like the descendants c of negroes. Tltey receive a small pension from \ the folate, and not a year passes when the l.egisla iuic bii? in hub piair, uiii nicy acuu uvci v/iu .iuc, their chief, a very aged in in, to complain to the t Coventor of the 1 was present ( w hen Old .Toe obtained an audience of his Excel- ( lcncy, t-nd presented the petition from his tribe. It was a few days before the Legislature adiourn- ? ed, which event took place last week, as I nten- ' tioned in n former letter, .loe was dressed very ' decently, with an old, battered, broad-brimmed J fiat on his head, and oat on one of the lower steps ' of the |>onieo, with spectacles on, stooping down and conning over the petition he had to present, * with his back to the crowd on the porch. The petition lie held in his hind was written on a half * sheet of foolscap paper, dirty and rumpled, having r perhaps answ ered the same purpose on former oc- ' casiou. The reception and presentation took ' place on the portico of the Atlantic House, beneath 1 those six tall Ionian columns of which I spoke in s a former letter?not an ignoble place of reception? * by any means. Governor Anthony, n handsome ? young man. with a fine black shining beard, such ' as Mahinoud prided himself upon, sat * smoking his segar close to one of the columns, V against which his feet were raised high above the level of Ins head, and were (irmly planted. Did Joe " was a great bore, and the adroit manner in which ' the Governor got rid of htm was admirable. ' It was easy to see the Governor was a lawyer, 11 and understood the strict and just recpurements oi 11 pleading. After a while Joe stood up, furled his 1 spectacles, and carefully deposited them in his a pocket, and while muttering aud talking to some u who were laughing and jokin" good naturedly . with him. handed the dirty bit of pa|>er to Cover- '' nor Anthonv. The Governor, with some familiar a kindly won's to Joe, took the paper, and lifting p the segar out of his mouth, read out till he cume b to the words, "your honor." "Well, but Joe," b said the Governor, "thut won't do, you know; it a ought to be your Excellency, and not your honor." * Joe assented, and made no reply. "Now, Joe," 6 euid the Governor kindly, "take it back and alter ? it, and cull on ma at my room to-morrow morning." *' Thus the Governor got rid of .loe, and of not a I pleasant public scene at that moment, with much r. tact and hdioitness. It is from these Indians that " your famous Tammany Society and Tammany ' llall derive their name. How the New Yorkers * Happened to tend an tne way to nnode Inland to " fetch a name for to distinguished a political asso- 0 ciation, I tin at a lose to divine, and especially front 0 a race of people so ignoble and degruded. They had in former times a chief or sachem, whose M name was Wonnernetonnatny. There is a hill S1 about a mile from Newport, st anding in a pleasant ? situation, and commanding a fine view of the ad- H tacenl beautiful country, with the grand Atlantic c heating eiMiiist its shores. This is called Turn- w many Hill, from the Indian above mentioned. w Wonnemi loinmany, the white race which has sup- " planted tin in, and which is famous for quick " speaking and slew hearing, having for abbrevia- ui tion, sake cut off the first three syllaldes of the long name. Hrd changed the "lonnomy" into "tarnmany." This is an interesting piece of etymology; " if I can paihersome more precise particulars, 1 may ? prcbnldv communicate them in a future letter, lor " the edification of old Tammany. The .Scectatou. " Our Liverpool Correspondence. U Liverpool, June 23,18-19. The Crt)> of Potatoes?The Mail Steamer?A ' / tooting Pott Office, 4*e., 4fc- 11 Thursday, though nominally the "longest day," Jj was by no means lengthy. It was a dull, stale, j, -comfortless day?just what you could imagine the n longest day in tlie sulks. Hut 'tis gone, and there h k is no se complaining. Yes, Christmas, with its JJ icicles and its mincemeat is upproachiog, and here j Wc arc, without a tidy bit of summer yet. As to n dog days?it seems that they have left us alto- jj gelher. llerc wc are, with a scarcity of goose- n berries?end apples do not seem to have gone in r pairs (pears) this year?complaints amongst fruit ^ growers are naturally current. The potatoes?ah! j talking of potatoes. I must be serious, for whose , |, toes, 1 should like to know, may I not tread on. I it Potatoes are certainly of prodigious importance, i u to almoft every, i<eThnps every nation under the ; sun; and to what country m?re than America! ! In u word, then, we hear no mention of disease amongst ih< m. There are in our markets to-day , unmense quantities to b? had, of eicellent quality, j This wi ek, having been pariinily wet. has done | ti wonders for vegetation. Hy the way, how deli- j. cious do i how ers in summer weather tnake na- 1 ture. I have not sufficient poetry in my nuture to i c speak touchingly of skipping lambs, or frisky old i ruins in the scene, but 1 allude to what painters de- \ v light to h'ok upon?nature, wa-hed and varnished. 'liie editor < f ihe HcraJit has, 1 know, travelled the l( civilized woiId over, and mu?t often have gloried J ? in such a prospect. To return lor n moment to ! , cabbages und the like. I have to assure you that j through the length and breadth of this land, our n fields promise ua abundance of everything. Trade, ( however, remains in a .sadly depressed condition f, ?tne rnidUir ma i?w<t classes in inr commercial ? ll world In ii !' only hull' pml, r.innoi bo mora thin ? I half ! <!, inid what matters to many of them how \ clu si;> li . .1, if tln-y li.ivi' not money In buy it with! Am to rail way a? why ditch water, that or* dinary emblem ol flatness?t* rhmiiji unc in com* {airiaon w .: ilif tn Mtare brokers, who, throe or our year :o, were ms ph-ntiful na blackberries, r are never heard of. Many of them have become that nio.'t indefinite t f all specie.*, "nccoun'ants;" v other* ofi'et to collect rents for you, who find tl mi- . possible '< colli < t their own rente, or make taut iul'iIine Imttona in their wardrobe. Well, "limea ' ialntd," and .lure share broker* have only got the t] broket* thnre. The old ( dedonia reported, in the nanal nciay Style, r errtval here ut twelve o'clock (noon) I ist M L Mi n ay You ire, no doubt, awre before this, tl P tl at she ii v the Kutopt w ithin foity miles of y Boston. At twetily-fivr iiiintitea pact four I*. M., on . the 17th, -heS|K>fce the llibernia, off Youghall. " The t'ul < ni i came within three miles ot Cape H Race, at ' on her homeward passage, as well as on n the outv d, mw m?y iceberg*?one aliout two \ riiilea roi.i d, and '2i*> feet high. A friend o| mine, 0 who lia been at ecu foity Tears, and who ar- tl rived by tie Caledonia, say* he ne. r recoUerta j, I seeing m b a wwinwance of smooth water M they | r hi d on t t inanii' hotm the : en Was like a ponf. n The Cele enia will not t ike her turn out. In* I p 1 stead of I rsiihng on iturii it ne v. although at y preset t ti e only ate mer in p ?rt, the .vi g.m, t who h we |)((.k for on Monday morning, w-ill go, n so that I'>t e and Ina chums will scarcely have n time to ci i their sliirts and vitra" got op before r he will I tv to bawl out again. "Turn ahead? j j| slow." ) on *vtll remember that aome three I weeks eco I told you that the steamer i-itellite, f , that w i ? on the mail steamers h?re. w as likely to j, become n pott*ofliee. This, anre enough, will p shortly lie th?' case. The object is to give the j public an opportunity of |>ostmg their letters opto the laet minute ?>f that vessel being alongside the [ great landing stage, previous to departing with r . th i : mails to the -ti nnier: and I am as* f ^ allied that in three wteks time this will be in I operation. It will he a grand hit, and a vast con* t venit i c?- to us to he able to send a letter an hour later than w e can under the present arrangement. | j1 . To-dav,for instant i\ we can't, for hive or money, , ' (and tl.? . e is not a snt>era!iundnnce of either,) get ^ ' ? a letter lor America into the post-ofiire, to go by p the Cannda, after ten o'clock, A. M , although * that ve?-e| will not sail until after forty five t wmitfac .. f#sr ?'Isvm \V)it>n tKn .S if/vllifg? ia nnrp ertabiohed m a floating |>oat-ofiice, she will perhap* become a buoyant custom-house, too; why I not I I must not forget to inform you of the reopening of one of the moat delightful hotels in the neighborhood of Liverpool. I mean the ? Hirkenhead . Hotel," close to the Liverpool corporation ferry at South llitkenhead. The housa (o well a< the ferry) in the property of the cor|H>rati<>n of Liverpool, and it haa just undergone audi thorough cleansing and painting that it is quite refreahing to look at it. Ymi may recollect that it ta on the bank of the , Mersey, and front its windows, which overlook the river and the town of Liverpool, there is one of the moat charming protqiecta to the south that la to be met with in England Yon look up tha river aa i far aa Ktincorn, Weston-Point, Cheater, tYc., a 1 do/en miles It ia n moat healthv an I inict place | ' plenty af entertainment for man and horae," and i v ith aneh a host aa Jones, what more can man de- t aire ? The place, once aeen, commends itaelf; i and aa Captaina Kyrie, Lou dc Co. know Jones of t I .. Jl ? I I.I v old, (who formerly took an active and prominent share in catering for the visitors at the -'George Inn," in Dale street,) no doubt ".Iones'Birkenhead Hotel," will come in for a fair share of those passengers by the British steamers who wish to spend a day or two in the neighborhood of Liverpool. The hotel, too, is within three minutes walk of the Birkenhead and Chester railway, by which you can as easily get on to London us from Liverpool, and you may be in the heart of north or south Wales in two hours. 1 would strongly recommend any one to give Jones a trial. Our London Correspondence. London, June, 1819. May Day tn London?Ih/tr and Sullivan?Jenny l.ind?Hcr Condescension?Her Majesty's DirthDay?tVur of the Panoramas, <Jr. The packet-ship Devonshire arrived here m wenty days from New York. She proves herself o be the fastest ship in the world. Captain llovey, irr commander, will sail her against any ship or tailing craft from New York or London, to the Junks of Newfoundland and back. For several lays, she nvulr upwards of 2t>0 miles in twentybur hours. In all winds or weather she was sure o out sail any cruft we met. The passengers in he cabin presented the Captain with a purse oj itty guineas, on his arrival at Portsmouth; while he steerage class gave him a kind letter, for the ittendance and care bestowed upon them by him. ie has several amusements, or games on board his ihip, by which the passengers can exercise thein lelves, such as shuttle-board, See. She is the avorite of bsth lines of packets; and if Captain ttorgan turns out her equal, in the new ship Southinipton, he will have done wonders. 1 would here speak of the manner in which May )ay is celebrated in this great metropolis. In the norning, hundreds of the lower order of inhabtunts may he seen wending their way towards -.oycock's Milk Dairy, carrying with them quautties of rum and sugar, mugs, See., where they get a upply of milk, thus making what we Vankees vould call punch, on which they live during the lay, dancing during intervals around their Muy iueen. Laycock's Duiry is the largest in London, eeping sometimes as great a number as nine hoared and ninety-nine cows; but could never raise he one that would make it a thousand. They are .ept in sheds, which are supplied with water from he New l\iver Water Company. The cost of urnishing the pipes was ?5,000. The cows are uilked twice a day, by some fifty voung women, uost of whom ure from Ireland, fne milk is sold o four or five venders, who go to his place for it. t Islington, Liverpool road. The cows are fed ipon grains, procured from various breweries. flyer's light with Sullivan created no excitement lere, and some of the out und outers in the listic rt say weight will tell, and that Sullivan was reatly overmatched. The prize ring is fast going elow par here. The last match of any note here was etween Boh Caunt? him who fought Sullivan? nd Burton, who proved the victor in a short hut evere fight. Caunt, previous to the light, was conidered by the knowing ones, as having, as Sullisn would say, a little of the washerwoman about im; but now he ranks number one among the ame ones. Burton, since the fight, has gone quite razy, caused by huving so much money,and being be victor. He imagines himself married to Jenny dnd, and goes about with a small drum. The 'ipfon Slasher is out with a challenge, in which e otters to fight any man in the world, regardless f size, weight or bottom. Jenny Lmd is married ne day. and unmarried the next. She is, one will ay, anu she is not, says another. An English idy gave ine this instance of her great condescenion : "Why, what do you think! At her majesty's |>era they nave a policeman stationed behind the [ flies, to keep the nobility, who attend in great towds, when she u engaged, from annoying her ; fell, she went to Manchester to sing, was gone a ' s? Ir un/l u'lton fills* poturna/l cku uiiAnL ith this policeman as if he hud been a lord or h uke!" " Wonderful condescension,"exclaimed I, nd departed. All London was in a blaze on Saturday night ist, in honor of the birth-day of their Queen. All le West End was illuminated with gas; the fronts f the several club houses shone out in great splenor. Soon the excitement of tlis illumination was ver, for down came a report through the city that er majesty had been shot at, and the offender un nsbiiian, all of which turned out true. He is now l confinement; and as it is nroved there was no all in the pistol when fired, he will receive a uund whipping at the cart's tail, and be sent adrift. We have what may be called a war of panoralaa here, between 1!isley and liunvard. At this lenient Hanvard has a frrtlr the best of it, from le fact of having shown his up at the palace; and 1 consequence of it he dubs his the royal picire, and sports a large crown over the entrance ! isley' is the great American picture,and be is now inking preparations in u magnificent style, to reeive her majesty the Queen, at his splendid rooms, le is an enterprising man, and will come out Winer. Hernandez, the American horseman, isastoishing every body; in fact, nothing is in fashion ere, but what is American. He has made a trelendcus engagement at v'auxhull. A large Aineican bowling saloon has been o|wned in the trand, and three or four more are in progress?in ix months tune their will be twenty. roll's Scrnaders, with our black Juba, are doing a good iimiicss. I thick tuba's oompb\\i?n j luces hint i the ascendancy, for niggers in this country are | t a premium. The great l>eiby day is over, and the favorite one, Flying Dutchman wins, upto a late hour, or t least a fiw moments before the start, he stood ivo to one: there were four horses w ho were j?rohet-ied to win by the several cone ipondents of the porting papers; the renowned Vates failed this j me, as ne placed Nannykirk the winner, with lying Dutchman the s?cond. Hotspur not named j i the betting.but was second, and, in my opinion, ould have won, for it was neck Hnd neck, the Htuhman under w hip and spur, while Hotspur i as quiet. The Dutchman was to be the winner; o say hundreds, lie is owned by Lord Kglini>n The stakes amount to about thirty-five thounnd dollars?all three yearolds that entered. Colts arty lib pounds, fillies III. Theatricals are very dull. Andenon is fulflling n engagement at the Hurry, to slim houses; Mud. 'elrsle, at the Adrlphi, had a very crowded house or her benefit on Derby night. The opera houses re crowded, her Majesty patronizing one almost ightly. The Timt* is lashing us poor uncivilized imericant very severely. O. B. W. Onr Frtnrh C'orrespontlenee. Aix i.a Chapkm-x, June 21, l*p?. i'l-r/rhtt f Trnvrl?77. r lii/tii tdtir* .ii A.'ur. iv. irr ] wrote you last from (Seneva, when on rny ray to Paris. 1 had made a visit to M. Plane and he beautiful vale of Chamouni. When returning to Srneva, wr were infonned of the great ravages of he cholera in Paris, and as all travellers dissuaded s from our trip there, I forfeited some money rhicli had been paid for diligence fare, and took he route to lierne and ISasle, iu Switzerland. ' Vhcn w e reached Strasbourg, we were stopped v the insurrection in the tlrand I'uchy of Haden, i consequence of which, the Rhine and tho Gerian bank of the river, had become impassable. 1 Vhile at Strasbourg we witnessed an ameutr, r an now called, a "demonstration," t e., an atrmpt at a revolution by the Red Republicans, who ave recently been so signally defeated in both 'aria and I,) on*. Finally we succeeded in procurog a carriage and post-horses, and inining with so American friends, came through France by i ay of iMetz to Fremes, and so des? ended the M?v elle and the Rhine to Uologne, arriving here last ight. The cholera is not in this <|iiarter, and owhere in llelgiiini. We are awaiting the arivalof letters, the state of Kurope having prevented heir reaching us before this. The French are in possession of Rome, (?o the tory is, hut is not tiue) having taken the city ..........I, Tl... A ...Iri.n, If ........ .....t urce have been completely defeated by the brave Itingarians, who captured all their rannon nnd argHge. The rrpori is also, that the lnsurgeat* in :adrn have defeated the I'rus-ian troops, and more j ising* are expected. No letter* from home have enched me since our departure from Alex indria in Itfpt We are ail well. Weather hot, now ool and bracing. The strangest mixture and confnaion of affairs revaila in ' lermanjr at the present moment. The lifb rent town* we have passed through, bear a catlike Bit, atrongly garrisoned, and all are on the ilert. We art no longer surprised at nnything. I'l ? 11 MM *o thronged at ihi* season, i* almost leaerted at the lower part, while the upper is finite mpaasable. If. W. 1*. Another Victory ower the Russian*. The Journal of l"on*tnnt\ru>)>lr states that the llussinn fortress of Mamia, on the Black Sea. tear Anapa Suhtik Kale, was attacked in April ast by 12.IHI0 Tseherkessans. and taken by them. I"he ]{us?ian garrison, consisting of 3,000 men, was partly destroyed and partly taken prisoners, rhe victors took I<l0 csnon (1), and a large rjuan:ity of arms and ammunition. The corps under eneral Nedorou, destined for Moldavia, endeavoured in vain to force their way through the I'Fcherkessanr rnot.rha tn St I'rtfrsiwr? ?We hara renins up to the totuth of June, of the cholera in St. Petenbarg. The number of cases and treatment had diminished in a fortnight, from 121 to 33. The Iggregale number of deaths in thesa fourteen day* was In, and the number of new cases was 95. The number of cares reported in the same time was 117. >mraraavim?bvf?^pbhaar--aii, whmtmmh The Condition and Policy of (Hi Austrian ICinplrci (Krtm the London Timsf, Jubs 18 ] The |K)Itcy pursued towards Austria, by several of the great powers of Kurope, has undoubtedly aggravated the triple difficulties which assail the hmpire in Hungary, Italy, and the tiermanic confederation. Hut these embarrassments are the natural consequences of the torpid and improvident government which was overthrown by the revolution; and they have been increased by the abortive eribits made, since that event, to extricate the empire from its most critical position. A series of disasters, which seem not yet exhausted, have baffled the most ho|wlul combinations, rendered steI lile the most energetic efforts, und destroyed or removed the men who might have grappled with the dangers of the State. Lutour and Lumherg were muidered in the tumultuous insurrections at Vienna and l'esth. Windischgratz proved not to have military abilities, or practical experience, equal to the patriotism and limine*-* which lie displayed elsewhne. Stadion, w ho had long been regarded by tbe liberal party in Austria, as the most eminent of the civil seivunts of the crown, sank into ill-health from the intense anxiety attending the execution of his great projects, and from despondency at the ascendancy which views ojqrosed to his own had obtained in the cabinet of Olmutz. Welden, who enjoyed the highest military reputation in the army, was iuudeuuatelv sunooltod at Vienna whilst be held the command in Hungary, and has now retired from that position undsr circumstances equally unfortunate. With the exception ol old Marslial Rudetsky and the gallant army of Italy, we have seen troops, generals, statesmen, and resources melt away, until the destinies of the empire are exclusively abandoned to men who have already given more proofs of presumption anil incapacity than of wisdom and power. I'rince Schwartzenberg has shown spirit and boldness in | dealing with the hostile claims made against his ; sovereign ; but his pride has not deterred him \ from placing the empire in a inost dangerous anil ! humiliating position towards Russia, whilst he has , been induced to confer the most important office of the JStute, at this moment?that of War Minister i ?upon Count Gyulay, who displayed signal incapacity as Governor of Trieste, anil has no recommendation but thut ot a near connexion wijh the ' Prime Miuister. llad the Austrian government otlered and promulgated terms to the |>eople of Hungary, based on the recognition ol the real constitutional rights of that kingdom, which have been established for ! ages, there is strong reason to believe that a lasting peace might have been concluded. Rut the Hungarians are both able and resolved to defend those ancient rights,and no moment could have been worse chosen than the past year to dispute them, when, both in Italy and Gemiuny, the support of Hungaiy is of vital impcrtunce to the House of Austria. If the cabinet of Olmutz seriously entertained the design of availing itself of this crisis to execute the schemes of the Liuperor Joseph 11., and to convert the kingdom of Hungary into an heieditary province, thn difficulties it litis already encountered ought to furnish a sufficient lesson": and a legal acknowledgement of the positive obligations of the Hungarian constitution is no extravagant price to pay for the services and the loyally of twelve millions of subjects. There is reason to believe thut a concession of this nature Wi old even now disarm the more democratic party in the kingdom. The policy of violence towards Hungary has proved in nil respects a dangerous policy; hut the necessity it has involved of applying for Russian assistance stamps it with a more fatal character It can never have been supposed that the Kmperor Nicholas was to he summoned to the field in the character of a mere auxiliary. The immense magnitude of the forces he lias put in motion, and the position claimed by the Russian generuls in the scheme of the campaign, clearly indicate that from the moment nt which the Russian operations commence, they will absorb the whole interest of the war. The reports which have ajready been circulated, ol the ndvance cf Russian divisions into Hungary are exceedingly incorrect; projterly speaking, the cimi|>nigii has not yet opened, and ureal iloulit prevail-) as to llie intentions of tin- Russian Ltnperor. The delay which lias already occurred, will materially increase the dillicuhies of the campaign, in the hottest and most inconvenient months of the year ; and since the struggle will assume the character of a foreign war with a detested enemy, we are by no means convinced that the result will be cs sj>eedy as has been anticipated at Warsaw , or as satisfactory as has been anticipated at Vienna. Meanwhile, although the debility of Austria has thus reduced ber toojien the inner frame-work of the empire to foreign armies, her own military oiierutions in other parts of Kurope have been inordinately extended. The ini|>enal forces in Italy have occupied Florence, taking Rologna, and laid siege to Ancona, in their unxiety to share with the French republic in tin- suppression of Italian insurrections: and Marshal Radet/.ky reigns in Milan in senii-inae|>endence of the ordinary in in isters of the ciown. In Germany the |x>hcy of Austria is less active, but not less resolute. She has her troops in the Vorarlberg and in the garrison of Mayence; ( she supports H-ivaria in her repugnance to join the 1'russiuii Sondeibund; and she awaits the course of events without apparently the smallest inten- . tion of waving the rights she has so long enjoyed in the Germanic body. To sustain the military and political influence of a Hate over so vast an extent of territory?not confined even bv the frontiers of Austria, but reaching from Wallachia to the Ifhine, and de.-cending beyond the Aepcnmes to the south?would appear t<> demand either boundless resources, or a very close alliance w ith the other countries engaged in these transactions, lint it is notorious that the financial rcHiuicesoi Austiia arc reduced to a !>>w ebb, and that li?f resources in men are seriously curtailed by the Hungarian war, which not only stops the reinforcements ordinarily derived from that warlike J* ople, but demands othertroops to op|*>?e the Magyar combatants. In Italy the arrangement Willi France is on? which an accident on the theatre of w ar, or a change of rule in I'.iris, might at any t;nie convert into direct hostility, and the conclusion of a definitive |? aee with Sardinia is an remote as ever. In Germany the policy of Austria evidently it quires the firm adherence of the Court rf Mon th, to which that of Wurtemberg may, perhaps, be atlded; but all these circumstances toiid to n tider the cabinet of \ t nnu more th-pen dent on Pijssih, iiihI to give hursiu a decisive in- ( fluerice, through tin* court of Vienna, u|ion the | principal questions now agitated in Kurope. That l" n result drrply to !?# drplvrrd. nol only for the welfarv and dignity of Austria, but for the ' tranquillity and progress of the_ continent. We have j done justice to the firmness with which the Kmpcrcr Nil holaa has maintained loa position during , this gsncral tempest, even in the titost unsettled { portions of his own dominions, and we have up- | l lamb il the moderation he has more than once eai>r? ** d towards other states more agitated than , In* own empire; but, a* the liussian armies, with their immense store* and materials of war, have ( gathered on the eastern frontier of Kurojie, it is impossible not to remark a mote enthusiastic and ( b ss guarded tone in the language attributed to the Autocrat, llis acts, however, nave not yet corresponded to this language. The post|a>netnent ef the operations in provinces so contiguous to Ins own territories has been thought to imply hesitation ; and certainly the distm*ition of the Austrian generals and troops towards their northern allies is not encouraging. The camis.ign is unjaqatlar in both armies, and it were well if circumstances were even now to arise which might prevent it.? The events of the Isst few days in Paris, and the consolidation of the present French government upon the failure of the last and most daring enterprise of the red republic, are highly favorable to the maintenance of peace : and it is extremely to be desired that Austria, which has so much cause to desire the removal of the burdens of war,should adopt the |H)licy best calculated to terminate these contentions. On the other hand, the various insurgents of Italy, (fcrtnany, and Hungary, have less reason than ever to count on the active sopport of the revolutionary faction in France, which lias just been so signally defeated. A list r Ian CIs mrnry nod Justice, In Hungary. (From the l.nnd ?n Observer ] In our last publication, we recorded the disgraceful conduct of the Austrian government in pci milting a noble Hungarian lady?Madame I dvarttoky?to be publicly flogged at l'rrsburg. I lie |' r| ? trutur^ (>i mi- (tetcMaiue outrage nave, in it* very enormity, some chance ot evapmg the universal execration which ili?*y so rirhly deserve, for not h lew persons (*u< li, for example, ? > have denvd their notions of Austria from the writings t?l Mm. Troilone,) believe that the story i? too to be true. The render'* attention in, however, f* inted to the significant raet that not one word of rontradirtion, or even of donl t, ha* been o|>,?o?er| to thia statement, by any of those contemporaries who never appear to be laboring so much in their vexation aa when descanting njain tin- blessing* w liich this paternal and a|>o*tolic government bej Mown on itn subject*. It in now our painful duty to call attention to a fresh art of atrocity eornmlt* terl by the Auetriana. llaron I.adislmw Medny* ans7ky belonged to an arivtorratical I lung irian family, and wan the non of the hit tor. an ol that name, lie nerved for five yeam in the Hungarian Noble tiuard, (eorreejaind'.ng, in nonie degree, to her mnjenty'n lute (.uarila,) hut (plitted the nerv ire previounly to the romvoeneement of the |>re?ent war ; when it broge out, although recently rrnriicd, he at or?re entered the rank* of the defenders of hia country. In the month of liecemher laa'., wh"n the Hungarian army was forced to retreat, Mednyanscliy waa "diprtor of fortifications, in the small fortress of I/enpolds'.adl, then closely besieged bv the Auatrisnn. A council <?f war was held, in which the question of capitulation was debated. Medny* aju/ky, being called upon lor his opinion, thus ejtprtnred himselt i "As an engineer, I know thit thr fortress r.tunot hold out?as a soldier, 1 fesl that, after having twice driven the enemy fro ' the breach, we mav surrender the place wtthoi dishonor? but, as a Hungarian, 1 give my voice tc defending it to the laat man." N'otwithstandin this noble declaration, Leopoldstadt capitulated and the courage which, from any other enemy

would have rommanded admiration, has, bv th Austrian*, been rewarded with u gibbet. Med n.vanezky has been lui|M. mi- ic|>uii3 which rcacti us ?I tin- numbers and present position of the belligerent parties. In numerical strength the combined forces will probably be inferior to the Magyar levies, but superior to them in effective strength. The Austrian army is 11 mere wreck, commanded by an officer of no military reputation ; and the whole direction of the war must, of course, rest with the liuasiun lieneral-in-chtef, Pi inee Paskewitck. The upl>roaching struggle will not be so une<|iial as to ibate the interest which the spectator feels in witnessing a lair fight ; whilst the vust interests involved, and the enormous masses of troop* brought nto the field on both sides, invest it with un irn>01 lance w hich throws into the shade all the miliary contests of which Euro|ie has been the heatre rincc the days of Napoleon. The brilliant successes of the Hungarians have 'utsed them up u host of friends, und inspired the ongue of many un advocate who was mute during heir hour of adversity. The same pen which fornerly recommended the subjection of the fiery and ntraclable nation to imperial sway, has since dis:outscd gravely of sacred rights violated und itnircfcripnhle liberties wantonly assailed. This is rutiiral enough; there ure few wurs, after all, in which the victor does not find his best justification n success. For ourselves, we pay willing homage o the gallantry and unconquerable resolution which have triumphantly withstood the vast miliary force concentrated last winter ti|>on the Hun;unsn capital. We admire the genius and perseicrance which organized in those remote and mundless plains, the true home of the M.igyar ace, the numerous and well-appointed Hrmy which low presents a defiant and not uneuiial front to the egions of the Czar. We acknowledge the strength ind fervor of that national spirit, evoked, perhaps, >y means which will not bear too close un exumiration, which animates tlis Magyar IMS thrnughaut die length and breadili ot the land. We do not for a moment doubt thut urts of violence and inhumanity have been |>er|ietrutcd on one side as well as on the other, or that the wholesale system nf impresMiient w hich has swelled the ranks of the Magyars, has been paralleled by the exactions which have supplied the commissariat of the imperialist army. President Kossuth, we are well iw are, is not mi black as be has been painted, although his most familiar friends would be puzzled to recognize the iMtlMOtM Hungarian Li't 'onnell, as lus admirers used to call him. in the {lowing portraiture of a wine and high souled utriot, by which he has of late been reprewBtcd. Hut our views of bun and of his cause have not acen changed by the unforeseen r*-.Mul?j* of the ontcst which ne had the largest share in origimting. We never blinked the real question at >-!>ue between Magyar and lui|>erialist, and wre irrd not retract or qualify one s> liable of what we a rote before an unexpected turn of Fortune's * heel brought it out into a broader and clearer la\ light. We ure told, as if it were a great discovery, hat the Hungarians are only lighting for their ' ancient constitutional rights and liberties." So hey are, in the literal sense?or so at least they ai re, before their leaders threw off their allegiance 0 their youthful sovereign. But do our readers indcrstand what these constitutional rights ima>rt, and what is the substance covered by these qiecious words, so cong' mill to the ear of the ree-born Kiiglishinan, who couples them spontaneously with the idea of civil and nolitical liberty, a Magna ( harta and a ifiII of flights? J hey import qotlllllg li'SS than the total separation ind absolute indeja-ndence of the realm of Hungary?a separation nlinou* to the empire, which, or rnany centuries, has borne so conspicuous and o useful putt in the all iirs of Kurope?an in|e|iend?nee such as the Hungarian nation has in ver practically enjoyed since St. Stephen's crown lirst r< sled cut the lirow ot a scion ol the house of 1 lap-burg, liver since the date of the fatal battle id Mohiic/. the Kingdom of Hungary has been virtually subject to the crown and government of the i inpire. Transylvania, < matin, Seiavonni,Austrian ScrMa. the military colonies ot the Turkish bord?t ?all these kingdoms hu<I principalities. which half encircle the broad inheritance of ths race, have obeyed not the Palatine of I lung irv. (nit the hmpeior of Austria. All these. together with their own extensive territories, tlir Hungarians now claim by virtue of their "ancient constitutional rights," to detach from the empire, and govern as a m mi rote Mate. emancipated alloi'elher I'rom impel ml legi-Ulion or MNM Wr arr not untiig ill rundum. No candid Hungarian will deny iFimI this is thr true m^Hiurf of their demands. Kossuth (lo hi* honor b?* it said) never diegoiaed it. Lant year, for a short period, tl?r experiment *?* tried ; nn<l we all remember that on* i>l the first acta of the new government, of w hich he am a leading member, was to plav into the hand* of thr iwrtidioua invader of l-otnhardy, hy m ailing thr Hungarian troop* serving in thr army of lladetsky. Alter this act ol trracln rous hostility rvrry prospect of a harmonious union waa a an mil. It was drtrrminrd, at the risk of a struggle, thr intensity of which it Waa then impossible to toresee, not indeed to reduce the kingdom of lluncary to a province, hut to incorporate it, without doing violence to its municipal or political constitution, in the body ot united States out of which t 'mint Stadion proposed lo hmld hia federal empire. When the Croatian* and fVrvian* rose in arms Hgsinst Magyar domination?when the Miion* and Uailachians ol Traii?yl\aiii.i appealed lor aid to \ imna? they met with open countenance and s ip port, and then commenced the contest winch ha* siiu e assumed the asjiect of a national war. Ilrj iliat any Austrtaii atatesman w.i* ever mad enough to dream ot treading in the steps #1 Joseph VI , and extending to Hungary the administrative aystorn of the empire, we believe to he about as true as th* returns in I'rince Windischeratx's b ilUttn?, or the equally veraeion* narrative furnished hy th?* Magyar curremaindenc' o| the llre-l oi llanitir. 'JTip ?um wlinh event* have taken *ior.- th# Megyar nriry (or the first tune crossed fan I'Iiaiss llits Kit timini to tin/ lie \ sip illnes n( rvrty Knglianman towards the ini[?*ri? rnuse, etui w e arr told our hopes and I'e *r? for ih' resoli ol the war oiiklit to undergo a f?>rrf-t;??o.Iiiij ?l,? nee. It is int|a>*sible for us, iti sourer, to snrv 11 11"' dri.nii wiili the sune itirl n^s, nuw thai Ko.sia has heroine the proimvit actor in it Without do trusting the upt nhtn-ss of good laith <t i lie ].ni|teror Niihiiln, arm 1-1 lament most ih |iiy no intervention whirh, whilst it lists, must ledarr the Austrian ensure to the level ol a Rue no |?r? 111 re ; mIiIii h o we are conscious that, afin tl;t treaimefit wt ,?h die former his received (it in the western powers, it is not for us t" re .,ri i h her for tl .owing to-isi If 11110 the arms o| hei Milium ullv Nevertheless, we d* not hesitate to my that \/e He- m 11 l it more hen< Co i/l for liu ' 1 e that j\u>tria aliouhi be saved frurndestruction ') the ,|e'otj?a id the C'*?r, than III it she should l* to , 11.* tiia defeat. In the triumph of th Mag v",? ar.rl the l?nndation of th-lr projected demo clary on the banks of the Danube, us 1 Thin narration is " commended " to the atten tion of Lord Aberdeen, in order that when tlta statesman next pours forth the vials of his indignfr tion on the unfortunate Charles Albert, lie may re. serve u single drop for the government <>f Franco Joseph. lfut, perhaps, "Ce bun Aberdeen" will prefer watting until that ill-advised monarch also is a wanderer and an exile. *" It is his custom ol an ulternoon." Hitherto, the Hungarians have defended themselves against their ferocious enemy in a mannei that would have induced llurke, had he been stil living, to revoke his celebrated exclamation, th it the ace of chivalry was gone. Military honors to the brave who nave fallen, though enemies?a scrupulous regard for their property?a courteous ui.d respectful escort for their wives anil children ? sui h have been tlie u<>iii>n< t\f il?^ 11.,.,.?.1 dicrs; no limiting *f Austrian officers for doing their duty, no flowing of Austrian ladies, no fireraising, no detraction of public edifices from the jiure spirit of mischief. TIiw Hungarians have, on tlve one hand, done every thing la mitigate the horrors of war; the Atistrians. on the other, everything to aggravate them. But it is not impossible tiiut oy these repeated acts of barbarity on the part of the enemy, the Hungarian generals may be forced into taking terrible reprisals. There is a point at which ihe indignation of the exasperated soldiery can no longer be safely disregarded ; and to that point the Atistrians have probably succeeded ill bringing the Hungarian army. Purely it is time, before this war has assumed a character utterly disgraceful to the age in which we live, that the western governments, if they value their character for humanity, should interfere, by remonstrances at least, to bring about un accommodation between the contending parties. Ttos Movements of the Muscovites?The Hungarians, [Krcni the London Chronicle, June 22 | The gradual advance of the Muscovite legions towards the scene of operations in Hungary is nia-ked from the view of Western i-urope by that veil of Cimmerian obscurity which always attends the movements of liussia, and whieli now enwraps, with impenetrable folds, the whole frontier of the Austrian empire. If the accounts wlucli we receive ui the plan of the campuimi ure correct, it is clear that much time must be consumed in bringing to the field the various corps detained to co-operate with each other at such remote points, and over so extensive an areu, as well us in providing the provisions and military storeH iudispennbit for carrying the war la to the inhospitable plains of Central Hungary. For a campaign on the 1'usztus the blaze of die summer sun is utmost as unfavourable as the weeping skies and icy blasts of winter. Little reliance can be pluced on . U L _ . - ' i nt mi i in mi i i - t ? m would be to precipitate the decadence of Austria it and almost certain to kindle the flame of insitrreC >r tion in the neighboring Polish provinces, we see g the seeds of iuture wars and convulsions wliiirti ; may indeed chunite the face of Eastern Europe, but which ure notlikely to change it for the better, e Should these anticipations he disapiaiinted, nose . will rejoice more than we. Should Hungary make (tood her claim to an admission into the commonwealth of nations, we shall be ready, in due time, t i to bid her a friendly and cordial welcome. Should she secure a chapter to herself in the future history . i of Europe, we sincerely hope that it may be neither i | a shoit nor a melancholy one. Three mr Four of the Public Characters to f Paris. ODIM.ON i:AKR"T. True to his principles, and of disinterested probity, M. ?'dtllon Barrot might, with more energy of I character, have formed a party to which the country would hart looked for guidance, and have car| j ried to power; but, wanting the reputation of a j practical aptitude for affairs, the most that was ac| | corded them was an inactive esteem. 'There was enough of sentimental sympathy, but not encouraging support. * * * 1 lis conduct on the ! 22d of February is considered to have been d *fi1 cient?fatally deficient in tact, fie ought to have , accepted the conditions offered by the government, j namely?to allow the guests to go separately to the I banquet, instead of foiining a procession caleulat| ed to cause n disturbance of the peace ; and as t soon as the guests were seated, a Conrvusuin it i/r , l'ciict would protest ..gainst the meeting, ami his ]>r< i (wcrhat be made ilie ground of a proceeding al law, for tin- sake of testing tin? legality of rrforin banquets. To a man whose mind was imbued with constitutional "Ibve, himself a lawyer, such a proposition ought to have been pcculinrly tempting. Pleading 111 a court of justice, there was allbrded to him the opportunity of uehievtng a moral victory, and, perhaps, id laying the foundation of a plan for working through the institutions | for the correction of institutions, instead of by appeals to brute force. lly refusing the otler matte | to him, M. Parrot did the great harm of allowing J the mu6s of the people to full into tlie error that the banquet had been forbidden, and that the government had drawn the sword, llis last act, wise as it was in conception, and nohle as it was in its attempted execution, only served to compromise M. Parrot with the republic. He disappeared in the tumultuous finale of the monarchy, a beaten, repndiuted, humiliated man. whose name, inscribed for u moment on the list of the Provisional government, was disdainfully erased; and one of the most unpopular of men on the night of the 21th, was the poweitul orator and patriot?the leader of the reform party for eighteen vears. M. Odillou Parrot,as his inline indicates, is of Irish descent. I lis features are unmistakably Hibernian,and of that order which proves that the "native comparison to the once fai vorite?for now it is, alas ! but a treacherous?esculent, was well justified by resemblances th it ; could not escape an acute and witty people. Put j although the countenance he of ordinary Celtic, ' tint forehead and tine bald head are of a highly inj tellectusl order. The voice is in accordance with ' so nohle a temple of legal and constitutional thought?it is of the church-organ, rather titan of 1 (lie trumpet kind. The orator's manner is sonteI w hat ostentations, and his dress and walk are inI dicative of a strong tinge of bell-satibfaction?so I fur not belying the"Critic blood, either in its Hi' bemian or < Jallic deYeloprment. Such is M. >dilI Ion Burrot, an e fleet ive orator. y?-t inoperative leader; an honest man, hut vacillating; politician ; bold and noble in his movements, until the moment of action cornea, and then lost. Ft.oron (in Tint may ministry ) The leadersbq ol the house devolved on M. , j Flocon, for neither the foreign minister nor home i 1 minister could answer the simplest uueatton. And , 1 w ho r.nd w hat was M. Flocon 1 Ills own des- i | ciiption ol himself is, thil "lie had been a I conspirator all bis life." lie did not look a Pierce; i I he wns a "bold-laced villain." Fancy a small, j ' bi nt, thick-set figure?a white, swollen visage?a ! dull, tmoked eye; and yet this habitue of the esi taiiiinet hud, by his attendance in the stenographI ei's gallery of the Chamber of I teputies, and Ins ' subsequent contributions to the R/jormt journal, \ acquired sufficient use of S|ieech and language to enable him to slune, by comparison, with his colleagues, although his shining was not brilliant. Flocon belonged, by sentiment and l-'mptrament, to the democrats ot the Blanc and Albert school; but he could not make up bis mind to separate housed from Ledru Kullin, who hud ap|*>iutcd him editor ol his journal, the Hf forme. It was in the office ot (his then obscure paper, that the conspirators met on the night of the 2Sd February, and resolved upon striking a blow lor the republic. Flocon shouldered Ins gun bravely, and next day fought at (lie Chateau d'Kuti, and helped to burn unci destroy that jmst opposite the Palais Itoyal, in whu h, for a long hour and a half, some threescore Municipal Guaios resisted til} tliey |>erislied to a man. lleated with litis achievement, the niali, comparatively u handful of desperadoes, ru?hed to the Tuileries, through an army that might have crushed them, but winch stood without leaders or orders; entered the chateau, caused a panic that hi this day appears absurd; frightened away the royal family, in presence of a magnificent display of horse, loot, and artillery; crossed the undefended budge of the Chamber ol Deputies; smote down the Uegenry: were about to shoot M. de latmniiine by mistake; then followed him to the 1 lotel-de-V'ifle. When a dynasty fell so, Flocon deserved to rise ! Between segars, billiards, and the leadership of the Assembly, how pleasantly nne t have passed away the brief period ?? i.:_ .............. i ... ? ........... ..?. M. ?= . I'tKKKK I.KROt'X. A less dangerous Itiogenes never rolled hia tub into the haunts cf civili/ed men. llis appearance was of n niin innocent of the ways ot the i world, nrid ubfent even to the jmint of forg?*ttliig j the washhand basin and brash, lienruth a prodi- I gious nines or mop of black hair, as wild and en- , tangled as the bruvh wood of a virgin forest, slum- | ber a pair of misty, dreamy eyes, while the spectator's ears are regaled with the sounds of a sing- j song voice, going through an interminable history ?t human society, from the earliest days to present times, for the purpose of showing that the world has hithctlo been on 11 wrong social track, and snuggling in the toils of a great mistake. .So little hud Leroux's treatises been read, that a couple ot f|a.'chrs were listened to with comparative attention. Ily degrees, they began to be as tedious as twice-told tales. The auditory would begin to doubt if iti*y bad nol beard the w.iii.e enteni-es before. Alet/.ory that people call treacherous, l?y a modest self-application, proved doubly treacherous with regard toiler devoted wnr.-hippcr, l.?*roux, all whose efforts proved to be but one well learned theme. No; he did not learn his lesson by heart, but ui?d to rend it. If lie did not t it his memory, as we weie by u strange I i|we ot our own forget. 1 ting, he w as not sparing of Ins industry, for he used ! ts conunit to p ij?er his endle?? dis--rtations (>no day. In w 1 v. r. n wicked wight, d? termim-d to e?! tiiigiiish our In:hr, produced one ol the philospher's ! printed books, end proved th it the essay or speech to which the) be.-u listening was a m?-re (ran , netint by the philo*nphr>r him-elf from his printed publications. 1'icrre I.eroui never recovered this l blow. CAVAfXAt . A man wim never sought to himself into notice or to nttrart attention to ins acts. II" | t'rt w- up n report once of an nfhiir n which he ha I In in sever* ly wounded, wiiliout ineniiu.iin 4 Ins ' wound. Apimintrd governor of AJgerui l>y the l'rovi-ionnl tJovemment. he set at once about his duties, and it was remarked that the first paper wim h he istced on hie ap;><-intjii? at wan of a singnl.nlv n pni? r kind I ailed home to take tinpost of Minister of War, he plied lunn-.-lf to the duties of h" tb-j aliment as it tin had no other ol. ret to i.tirtul to. II*- sou l.t not to utiriw t atl. n* ...... ... I, ? ... II I... a. .....I.... ..I ..I ..... of inin<.ncs. VI htn, to bin clriir judimrni, i ImII If wm i hi i r ndinir, he prepared i?> meet it; when it cainr, he nmunlrd hi* I tor- <* itn-i inspected the barricade*. I.h vutrd te the id the governim nl. I.e npidied himstlf t<> the study ot foreign sflair*, awl having satisfied Ins mind that i^iht Whs lor lh< >nl* ?e??# ?>( Kriuirw, Im* ili'lrrtltinfd that no earihly consideration -Itoulti tiducchtm to vnturtle the country in it w ti, mi long as Iter honour was not affected. T ikuer the lend in every debate, lie nivr 1 d a word more thin *'.it 'v sential tor the ]atr' ?v-f of nuking known the view* of covrrnmcnt. Star would he have spoken nt nil it lie did not dei in it u> be hi* duty to ccei4 i frniikly the hurtlen that bed been placed on lu? shnulnete. When the ml republic wm related, he parted company with the red republican*; hi J w Li n conservative principle* were shown to be those of the pnrlinment and I the country, lie opioid places m btaenhinet to conservative incmb.-rs; rtlid hII tbin he did without the snififlce of the (treat principle id republican governorut. If eny ruan could consolidate a republic in France, i he ?;i that pun. In luiik?in manner in conI duet, he wan the bum i lml of the republican; not , 11 the iuiti rWi.tfe school, but the psyneian rrpobhenn ol Home. At the prime of nfr?tall, wellf li'tined and dignified, with the proud head id a (ouulsnua, unit the sensibility vf the stoical I'mt lu* III* uuickness to feel *u .picionor alitiht enplain* why lie shunned occasions for display. This i t hnractenstic quality ex plains, too, hi* tenure of t i (Tire in limes mi dilhcnlt, for hi* readiness to resign power secured power in his hands; and it furtlifimore explains w hy he is not now President of tl e republic; for the unwillingness to he siippo?ed I denrous of |>ost|U4iir [; the election that he might cling as long a* possible to plcrr, precipitated the r vtetoty of his tiVal. Thus brave, proud, sensitive, dignified, able, and unostentatious; full of republican real, ana yet anxious for the maintenance of i all ?ocial righte, as consecrated by the sentim'-at*. I hsbita, religion, and law-* of society: a moral and miU?rv disciplinarian, it would seem a* if Providence had sent ths right uian at the right time to i I ths French p?opl?, uod th?f rejected bint. He , Jecting, they revered and esteemed him; wherefore, inere ran he hut one answer?" they did not want the reyubho." Tlie Rii|(1I)Ii liudxet. The Chancellor of the Exchequer proceeded to fn?ke his financial statement. After remarking noon the depression of the cotton trade, owing to the unsettled state of affairs on the continent, he reminded the 1 louse that early iu the session of Hid lie whs coini>ellcd to pro|>ose an increase of taxation to cover the expenditure, and he then stated his expectation that in three years the income of the country would equal its expenditure. lie then estimated the income at ?.>2,000,000, and the actual proceeds had only been less by ?82,000.? The ex|>enditure was ?53,287,110, thus exceeding the estimate ; hut there Was included in it the sums not anticipated for by Irish distress and the naval excess, amounting together to ?71:5,727.? The expenditure exceeded the estimate by about ?269,37V, but if the naval excess and other extraordinary items were deducted, the current incom * would have exceeded the current expenditure hy ?120,0(50. lie estimated the total income of the country for the year 1819-50 at ?52,252,04)0, which lie anticipated would be thus made up:?Customs, ?20,150,000 ; excise, ?13,710,(X)0; stamps, ?(>,750,000; taxes, ?1,300,000; income tsx,?5,275,000; i>ost-ofHce, ?800,000;crown lands, ? 1.80,000; mircellaneous receipts, ?222,000; old siores, ?185,000; surplus fees, ?30,000; making ? I oxo mm if... ?? II Ii'iui irtripi UI r\iin WHICH, lie estimated the expenditure as follows:?Interest niul management of funded and unfunded debts, ?28,215,270; civil list, ?2,781,580; grant for Irish distress. ?50,000; navy, .?721,724; army, ?6,778,OKI; ordnance, ?"2,540,007; miscellaneous, ?3,924277; refunding property, ?52,107; excesses in the army, navy, and ordnance in I * 16-7-9, ?6(2,632? making a total expenditure of ?52,157,606. Deducting', therefore, the total expenditure of ?52,157,696 from the receipts wf ?52,252,000, there would remain n surplus over cx(>enditure of ?104,304; hut if the excesses for the army, navy, and ordnunce were taken away, the surplus income of the year would be ?736,036. lie congratulated the house trpon this state of tlte atlairs, and upon the ex|>enditure of the country having been brought within its income within a shorter p-riod than he tiad originally anticipated. There had been a decided improvement in trade; the stock of bullion had men-used, and he felt fully assured, that, all things considered, his anticipations of income had not been over sanguine, deferring to the reduction in the expenditure, he begged to renm-d the House that the navy had been reduced 3000 men, the army 10,00,?, which he thought was as far as the government was justified in doing, considering the state of affairs in the world. The only increase which had been in the east was the artillery, and he thought that, considering our recent experience in India, the House would not be inclined to object to it. The i reduction in the estimates this year had been for ' the navy ?337,878; miscellaneous ?21,500, .making u total of ?1,511,155. This showed that the go| vernment had not been unmindful of economy, and their desires would, in this respect, have been i further shown by the consolidation of the stamp and taxes and excise departments, which amounted to ?225,000 annually. It would be obvious to the House that with so situill an amount of surplus this year, he could not Consent to meet the wishes of those gentlemen who proposed to decrease important duiiss. Among these he included the tea duties, and a revision of the stamp duties, which would involve 11 loss of ?300,000. It was utterly impossible, therefore, that changes could be made until such a surplus was obtained as would justify the proposition ; and this was a subject he recommended to the attention of the House. Important (rem I Irt-nssla?'Triumph of thl Circassians over (lie itusslans. [From the I.ondon Standard of Freedom. June 23.] Little has been said about the victories which these brave mountaineers are obtaining over the nierct nary hordes of Russia. This is because the hired press of England either does not, or else will not, understand the importance of these victories, by a nation hardly known by name to their readers. This, however, ought not to be true, either of the Stamlard of Fretdom or of its friends, to whom we shall not further apologise for saying a few words us to this interesting people, and wlial they have achieved. Cfircoaua is a mountainous, but very tine and beautiful country, bordering uj?on the Black JHea ut its eastern extremity. It is also contiguous to the Russian territory, lying towards this extremity of the Kuxine, and interposes its lofty mountains and fertile valleys between the clutch of Russia and thoss more level and 1 ss wild countries towards the Euphrates and the Tigris. It is the aim of lliis ambitious jaiwer, Russia, to become 1 (Obsessed, if it can, of all the realm* contiguous to the Black Sea, on all sides. (>n one side the Wolf" has already laid its paws on the Itinuhian provinces, on Moldavia, Bulgaria, Wallachia, and is, on this side, therefore, last advancing towards Constantinople. But before it can enslave the tracts lying on the southern coasts of tins sen, it must subdue and pass the tine people who hold Circassia -a nice, in physical requisites, the fin' st specimen of mi n now to lie found on this globe, and of courage and activity unsurpassable. Against these noble but unotiending people, the Muscovite serfs have now, for many years, been rallying on, cruelly, bloody bill fruitless wars. No quarter is given ; and the amount of lives lost is not known, excepting thai, generally, it is very great. It is believed that, taking battle, sickness, fatigue, and altogether into account, not less than 2nd,000 Russian serfs have left their bones amongst the wild pusses, and tins without gaining any ground that is tenable. The C/.ar, in furtherance of this murderous conflict, tries to stop all access by se* to Circassia; and it was because he approached Soiulouk hale (a Circassian port), that Mr. Bell had his brig, the Vixen, captured and loutiscutrd by Itus.-iii, against the law of nations. All this expen.-e ot hum m blood and treasure is, however, thrown away. It is now known that the Muscovite hired serfs have received, at the hands ol these noble mountaineers, the most complete defeat they perhaps ever received. Their forts are captured,and tlieiraitmrs totally routed and annihilated. But mark the critical time at which this blow ot an avenging I'roviib nce tuids out their legions. It ir known that the t zui's interference in I lung try is un; opnlsr with his g' ti ml ollicers. This blow will greatly help to exasperate those feelings. They will now Me before tie-in the pro-peel either 1.1 III! Il'l'b.fKMM and ball II I conflict III illlllL'arV. or that < fa i-till mof h ited e impiign in I 'ire.mis, | w htrh, for y?*ur?, th>- Kussian military li-tve dreadrd m tln'jr dn Mbriio. If they perish there, thrir Vi ijr diiiili i? coi.rraled. Tito i'rtrrtl'ui if HntttU lia* not ?vrn a sigh for lh>m; an<l their own friend* ar?* really ignor,-ut of tin- manner of tlinr late! l!ut wlnl.t this catastrophe is depressing the llunliuiiH, it ia noun-Tuna both the 11* and the Turk* in :t ?! -;. i The Utter are now thrrnP ninu the Servian i w ith retribution if they a< t against Hungary, i? which, in one point, they are '-oniigiioue; whilst the Wa'ltchiiinaAiniiiutea hy the victoriea of both, nre, it ia s.iid, showing such a front it* t? induce the C/.ir and In* tool, (lettonI I nhanivl, t<> r? Ux their hold of the provine-, hi order not further to irritate France and lin 'land, at a moment mi critical. .* 10 h i? the briel expo* tinn of thi* affair, whieh i Ir .* known everywhere than it ought to be, It haft proved a more severe check to the hungry ?!? n* 11 "the Wolf" (a* l.ord i'.tlni'rslon has well ? hn*t'in d It 11* -i i) than that wolf haa lately rxje rieneed. It ban come in u hap,ur time, and we h ul it a* the probable forerunner of other* If the hruve Flench people only force their worthies* I'resident to il* hi* duty, liberty in Kumpe need experience no further check, and monareliy at last will be taught the meaning of moderation and justice, if it means to avoid the foundation of a universal republic. Si nan <;?<>wtvi is Tsxat?The t Ulveston (Texas) .Viiex, of a late d.itr, speaking of the sue cess of growing the sugar cane in that State, adda the following letter, showing that if pro,>arly atteu.lrd to, the soil of Texas will compare favorably ** i'Ii nny oile r in the world for the production of this indispensible commodity :? tin iriwit roi-STr, May. ltW. A" the suttixatlon of sugar has bma but lately eota. so brad In Tria?. and as I have seen no parttenlar rtaNiro nt of the result* of the effort* of the planter*, published la any paper In our State, it may b* lnter*?ttrg to those aishing to engage in Ihe business to kanw s< noihlag of their ?urr*?? m the trials already mats 't t.s m ps, last year, of six pltntallons in my nrlghhoiho?tl *irr ? lollnti: ? l\ t) 1 <t. MrNlel. and HUt Mti I. II MrNi II. ... . ImnJs I s-r. - l> 1 pel J. ti <v> A. ? . Weethall 17 '< HO " 1A0 3 '* J. p faitiweii 17 ? ]mi >? xw 3<m U h LI. U Mm* 100 " t.>0 ? 750 1.100 !?! 070 3 293 3 5(0 2 202 hfda ?ugar. nn<l 3 550 bbl? molaaeaa Tfe a bore I* th? rrop made on In of tha pie J I' I aldwrll ?? partially engaged In It two year* previous In addition to tha erop of tvgur ami inola> ?ea they raiaad an abundance of pro I Ir.|>w (of th?. plantations, anrb a? porn, potatuea pork and barf Mi ?t af the planters paid a faw hand* during th? busy *ea? n A Femai r Joe Smith?Than- is a young girl nrnr tha Philadelphia Pike in Hrandywine IIuoilrad, who imagines herself in a trance, and that ehe t un prophecy and hold conversation with the Lord. Nip ia constantly pretending to hold conversation with th? Ford in litin She got religion pome lima ainceat Mount Plenaani: ?ha than etntad that about thin time aha would pa able to prophecy. Some of the llrandywine ohyainana wi nt to pee her, and took down some of her latin I conversation. t'rowdaara therw in carnages ana on foot to eee her?and many appeared astwniehad | at what they ronaidered liar tnie revelations.? I Wilmington (Drt.) Bint Htn'i Chicktn. Jul>/ 6

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