Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 22, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 22, 1849 Page 1
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. t h ; g K; ^ 11 < i NO. 6524. TELE - RiPHIO. 1 NEWS FiiOM EUROPE. ONE WEEK LATER. ARRIVAL TUB STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA AT HtlSTON. THE FRENCH IN ROME. ADVICES FROM HUNGARY. TERRIBLE MARINE DISASTER. AasBB.iCAar stocks. STATE OF THE MARKETS, Ami. Am . Ate. The steamship Caledonia, Captain Leitch, with dates from Paris to the 5ih, London of the (>ih, and Liverpool of the 7i!i lost n?, arrived nt Halifax, about 7 o'clock on Thursday evening, and at Bos| ton yesterday forenoon. / The Culedonia has forty-five passengers for Boston, exclusive of eighteen of the forty-two survivors of the ill-luted hail. Charles Bartlett, of Plymouth, Mass., Win. Bulli tt, master, which, on the 27th of June, ut o'clock, P. M., about 700 miles to the westward of Cape Clear, was run down by the steamship Europe, and sunk in three minutes, with one hundred aud thirty-four of the passengers and crew. The catastrophe occurred during an immense fog; and although the boaisofthe Europa were inst mtly lowered, and every posatnle assistance rendered, only forty-three out of the one hundred and seventy-seven souls were saved. The captain, second mate, and ten of the crew are among the survivors. The Europa is acquitted of all blame, i not only by the suivivors, but by the unaniI nious voice of the Brito-h press and the public.? I A subscription of Xia32 w,.s promptly raised by the I I?ssengers of the Europa, to which the proprietors I have added X20 ; they likewise olfer to carry the " whole of the survivor* Irom Boston to New York, 0 free of all expense. , The Charles Barilcjt w#h bound lront London to New York with emigrant, mid had on board 400 tons of merchandise, coueixting chiefly of lead and chalk. R. B. Forbes, lien , " |>asseng?r j>er liuropa, behaved with surprising gallantry upon this occasion, and has keen prem-nted with the gold rnedal of the Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane Society. The Europa sustained no material damage by the I collision. Capt. Bartlett gives the following part'culars of the collision with the Europa t? At 3 30 P M , being on the weather side of the poop deck, beard a rumbling to windward. like (Mutant thunder Turned ui> iar to wiudward and my eye to the boriion The uian at ihe wheel, noticing that I was listening, looked to windward aid cried out - Sail bo!" 1 at once saw what I xuppn-ed wax a ship, about one point forward of our beam about too ya.dx dis1 tant. I ordered the beiut up. thinking she did nit discover us?that we xheuid baee time to clear her before the could C'one la contact. All hands shouted at the aaase time to alarm the ship, and 1 ordered thn bell to be rung and called to the * ship to port her helm ax I taw that wax the only chance of escape lb* re were nearly one hundred passengers on d>ok at the time Xll was of no arall, for In one minute fr.'Ui the lime we saw the ship xbe was upon us going at the rat- of twelve knoisan hour, striking us abreast ef Ike al?rr main shroudx. The crash, and tb* terrible seen,- which ensued, I am not I adequate to describe I wa- knocked to leeward with tb* man at wheel I reentered myself in a moment, shouting for every p?r-on iw ellus to the steamer, at their only hope. I caught bold of a broken chain on the bow, and hauled my ? if up, shouting at the aam* time to the crew and passengers to follow 1 had batsly time to get uu the steamer's bow; and while getting up I noticed tbat her bow was Into the ship, within a foot of the after batch, that he was stove clear io leeward, and that full 30 feet of bvr side wax stove id 1 h?re must have been nearly SO per*, us killed by the collision Kvery exertion was made by an'am Loll, bis officers aud crew, and the passengers *u h ard the steamer. The boats were lowered ax xoon a- poxsible Unfortunately, only about 10 were -av.d bv the boats; the balance, numbering .13 more or lex* -?v?d themselves by hsag1 Ing to the bow. The six eno r ia> by the scene of the dlsaeter as long a* theiu wax any bop* of saving any of tb* sufferers, rASSBMOER* UtHT I.N lllg f HABf.BV flAHTlJtTT. I.' Among (he paxxengers loot, ot which there is no Met, are the following :? m Mr Thomas I'arker. of i harleston, 8. C. George l arsoux of >ni land ,?ie | Wn. Kith, at oraveeend ugland. srtvivail OK INK CUAKLKg BABTLKTT. The following ueno n paxxrugi rs bouad to New York. Pblladx Iphie a< d Bxxix.n fcc . were saved from the (wreck of the I herles barll it ; Wm t ra??, of l<uKhy . desiluailon. New Vork. James Miller of Loud -n *>?lu.ail"u, >ll?bigan VcK. run' i u,%i|..n |li.,ioo < barlr* rainier, ofO. ti-i .u dmi nation, itoetirsler. DuiMllirt 1 limn, of nri man;, iImiImIIkb, \?? t urk. f Mltrlrk kuiler of l.'iM"ii iliniiu4ti?H, Illinois. 1 1 bos. Fit ?K?rnld <>fL'bdi'i' Ur-iiinti..o Philadelphia. ( Jobn Herer. nt Irkt; ue-iiimnnn 1 orb. Jarld Mscy of.Noif !?., dc-liuniloii Vermont. Jobn turnm, of l.i.i.d u, dreiimklinn, Mew t orb. lohnTlekrn of Herman); d> si me ton, New York. m ilomre II01 lend <1 S x <i. .. me N m V nrk | tlinwl (irtrii 1 f Ldklui , dw?tinnkt?n. V#? lark. I 1borne- Br;*> n. ol Loud 'II, de 11 nation, O.1I0 ' Btrphi'ii RUB ?l I'll, n it ?iliiti 11 vlirhlgnn J**M Brrry, of Meeerk M J , dr.U nation, Mew Vitk Win . fJnrdlmr of l,?id"n, il stiontlno, New Vork. Wm <>nnn"n of Lm-tui. d- iloelioa. Philadelphia. Oearge l''.u*ie-?. of N > 1 h Jeeex Mnjr nfL*t4ok. dn?l|i etlnn New Vork. A. 1 ertnirhsi I of London. ?l. mi nation New York, tins Baring ilriiMni deMma, Im. New k orb Strphm Oa.pari aid bieik taepnrt. brothers. of TreeLurg, dr. 11 net nn II. Hi n Stephen hnenek. it 1 r?hurg. destination. Boston. Jiweph tin* arte of Pterbwig. destineilon, LI 1 hi ten Trtrn* lllurher ofl,lr?cni; d-ktlnati >0 Boston, r Roll of i.ernietit, destination. Boston. Henry Btrdi-le e ru- len destination. boston 1 At re Bridget Lonry of London; de?tln?tion. Huston I l.irr OF THIS ( ktW 0? Till ( IIAS NkRTI.KTT. William Bnrtlett. isptein. Wn Pnnee, Jd offlmr, 1 SBSM?.n. I seer Henisen. ?Vn? Perry. ' lames Prefer, John lor dm, Jobn Bell, Jidin laeks-in, r .Inshun erey, llerrleon U White. Levi Hunt. The huropn sustained but little damage, and none of the paeeengeir <1 c trw were injured. Rogland. The quarterly ktslrmml of the rerenne was pahlithed on Frida), and, compared with laat year's, it exhibited n ronsn'erable falling oil. la (the customs of the 411s net ihere is s decrease of XBIR.Oofi On the excier, tbere is s decrease of ? lo3,S01. 1 lie negro*"!'' ilr?:re*(<e is ?7rj,2W; tSie iiirrMM I T, UVl uml 1!.. ?.l l.llinil ulf UOAS ths |( _ quarter, ?-*W,hfto. . Kr It The city of l^ondnn election look place on WedJ?*w* neadny, and remlted in ih* re-election of Baron r<* JlothnrhikJ, by an overwh* lining majority. Tha ? event ia regarded a* hh iinini?t?keable aign of the r determination of the citm ua to aecure what ia r1 teimed full religion* libt rty Tha i?|ipoaing canr\ didate waa Loid J< h? Manner*, who waa beaten by a majority ol over .1.0(10 3 In the courae of a debit* in Parliament, Lord Pahneraton e*pre**rd a confident hope that the Preaidant of the l'nit?d State* will, in hi* annua' ? meaaage to Congr? *#, propoae a change in tha *' American navigation law*, eorreaponding with tut that which will eonie into operation in Great Bnua -tain on the firat of January nr?t. \ 11 E NE_ exempt Scotland from it* operation, haa passed through the coaini't'ee in the H?u?t of Commons. On Tuesday, O'Connor brought forward his motion in favor of thr people'* charter. His speech was full of uveotive, especially in his allusion to the Jrieh member', whom lie styled 44 lick spittles" of the trensuiy side of the House. He was supported by Mr. Hume and twelve others, in a house of 235. Lord ISroughmi gave notice on the 5th, that on the following Monday week, he would submit a motion to the House, reluttve to the intervention of the French at Rome. A subscription in behalf of the Hungarians has been started in London, which is heinir liherallv responded to. English papers state that Jenny Lind will visit the Uni'ed States professionally, before she retires from the stage. Ireland. Public attention in Ireland la absorbed in the promised visit of the Queen, which is announced to take place on th?- first or second week in August. The anticipated visit seems to have brought about an entire oblivion of all party teeling. In Dublin, preparations are being made to receive her Majesty with every demonstration of loyalty and atlection. Krnuce and Home. The Legislative Assembly has been the scene of much turbulence and leciinuiiutiou (-luring the pust week. The desjaitic spirit which marks the ; proceedings of the government is having the eflect to unite various sections of the Assembly, not heretofore friendly, into a compact opposition to the Liarrot Ministry, and in defence of republicanism. Towards the close of the sitting on Wednesday evening, some astonishment was created among the members by M. Grtndin declaring that another movement was in preparation. The statement, however, was so vuguely given by th? honorable m< mbrr, and appearing to have no foundation in fact, it soon ceased to produce any 1111prefs.on. On the 30th ult. the Constituent Assembly of Heme, finding thirl farther resistance to the French arms would bu 111 vain, ceased hostilities and virtually surrende red th-> Eternal City to th? besiegers. On the 15th instant an olticial notification was mnde to the French Legislative Assemby, that in I coiiscijuerice of the arrangement entered into ' between General Ouduot and the Roman triura* ! virate, the gates of Paolo Ported nud St. Paucraaio hud been thrown oj?en to the French troops, who were ado,<ii'ig measures for the immediate occupation of Kwiie, which would take place with perfect (juiciness ai.d order. This commuuication produced a deej> sensation in ths Chamber. A corres|)ond? \t writing from Paris says that it was stated positively just us the llourse was cloj j ing, that the government had received a telegraphic despatch announcing the entry of the ; French army into Home en the 21 inst., and that they were received with acclamations by the i I people. The division of Garibaldi had been cun- | ducted to Civita Vecchia, where they would lay down their arm*. Two divisions of the army would be lodg-d and maintained by the Komia government, lhc fund* ro.-e ou thta news 1 per I cent. Just prtvtoua to the reception of the decisive news from Rome, General Uerieau left l'uria t? take command ol the ur.ny ta Italy, and General i (tudinot win ordered home in disgrace. Arrangei nieuta also wtir pioniptly made to increase the j utiiiy ?>t Italy to 5<),U00 ineu._ i Immediately on the reception of the news of the : surrender of Rome la Gen. Oudiaot, a telegraphic de-patch wus sent to Marseilles, i)eririk| Cwntrsl | liedeau to wnit there for fresh instructions before proceeding to ilainr. _ According to the diplomatic circles of Parts, on 1 Thursday the General is to uk? tlie place of M de Uaicouir, Amtiassarlor, and is also charged with a mission to Matrhal Kudet/ky, to negotiate all military matteis terpeciing the occupation of Italy. It Appears t?itain that Gen Lamonciere goes to {Jt. I'r tershutg us Ambiisvador, and that he is to pro. test against the hmperor taking any part in the af| fair* ol Italy. A note fioni the French government has been sent to Prussia on the subject of Neufchatrl, but it 1 is not of un unfriendly nature. On the contrary, i the relstmi > with Prussia are ou a satisfactory i footing. The Army of the Alps haa been dissolved. M. Gamier Pages has publicly announced his rei olulii ii to tetire from public lite. At the monthly orgai i/stn n ?>t the bureau in the French A-aembly, on the 29lh, all the PiesnJ. nts chosen were of the peace order, including Gen Cavsignac and Gen. leocaii The bureau authorised the law officers to take up criminal proceedings against ten rational representatives, for implicution in lite affair ol thi I ?th. I.ediu I'olltn is supposed to l>e secreted in Paris. On the 2oth ult. the Human Constituent Assembly made a decree couched in these terms i? " i'he Assembly ceases a defence winch hat be. come impossible." It charges the Triumvirate with the execution of the present drcree. At the some time the General-in-Chief of the Komtn airr.y demanded, at seven o'clock, a suspension of hostilities, and announced the d-paiturr for the I Fidx'k iieao'-'jiiarii rs, of s deputation from (he | lb man Municipality. Thoie is uo lunhcr news, beyond there|>ort that it... I- r*.,i.-h i-iaii.-a Ih- #.a? A capture had been made, ou the Tiber, of a v< #m*I, equipped by a Lnmiurd Cunotrn, which, to nil appt rent e, Whs only laden with wlieantonea, but proved to contain a large supply of saltpetre nnd .".,000 Mrk? of lead Mie had been taken to the hrad-qiiattrr# of (>? nrral Molherea, and oent by luni to Civita Vrcctna, under the aurveillance of the police. Venire. Account# of the 2fth from Meotre, ntnte that the i Venitiun deputies H-nt to negotiate fur the nurrou* der <1 Venice, with the Au?tnan Minlnter at Verona, have been dismissed. and lianrr returned to Vanice. The b< m!>ardm> nl and the besieging works would again be proaeeutrd wrh greater rigor thna ever. The ?or"ie last rnade by ihe Vrmtian* ?u rery auerennful. Among the prieoiiera earned into ' V< nicr, bf aide several officer* of the ataff, there were two general*. Hungary aad Anatrlw. An official bull, in. hue bean loourd by the Auoj trmne, announcing the rom,*iti>ory retirement of ] ti e filing Itiana tiom Kaab, who are Mill to havu I retirt d toward* Ac# prev.ona to the capture of the ; city. Some of their force# had been defeated n#ar I Cronok and Szeuere. The to?# of the Magyara in kriled and wounded at tiaable not ataled hill <**) priK'nrra bad been rent to Vienna 30 carta, containing wounded, had also reached that city The j Hungarian#. it wan nop|Mined, would retire to the Ibeina, nnd lalge bailor* of their troupe were inarching in that direction. Some account*, however, Male that the flunniane, under Pa*kewitach, might be able to cut off their retreat. Front the aoutli the intelligence ta unfavorable to the Hungarians. JelUchuh is mud to hafe oe- I copied the Keaienhtadt, defeating the Magyara mar Sxegedin, and driven them beyond Tnei*e. Koncjauiu i* al#n state d to have obtaiued advantagr a over them near Ztntn, and to have captured eight of iheir veaeela, with 1M gun*, M the Danube. It should not be forgotten thai thia new* la given on AiiMiian aulliorilv onlv. and a* an nlf-rl. it la Muted in letters tmtn Hutit, on Thursday, thai * ronior was current in the Assembly that the HunCHMniiK had obtained ?n liiinD-mi! advantair'* iirrf tlie ItitrriHnr, ?lni weie retreating beyond K<tab, and that tlie latter Iom 10.tda? men. 1 here bate been irfMirtaof A uainv Russian euccesree, tint I'ruceeuiug from dubious auurca. Nl.tlieru all), 'He lluriaatiali Hi ill I is as isiweitul as Unit of tlie Kaaemne, sod snie-nor in niectrdiue and courage. 'The Anrirta-Kiirsisii army has futried HMao. 'There *?? no battle, enly c annonading b> the ieat a?f the retreating llingHii-ao nini). The Kniyeror, who rode at tlie head ol the flirt Mini) coif-, eiueied luto Katah, wnactl I* t a w 1 ha liaml qii.artaia of tile imperial army 1 he ItaanaiariMii llmtl qilaflera are reinoan-d t* (" Oyai, wh'a-h is marly agiyonte Comoro It her now In ra mi quite evident thai the same t>) ata na liar tarn . d< |>ted, both t>> V enbui ki Mnfl Urwtr), it declining a decisive oattle Utir obvious remit of ihinjd in la, that the adtl'DC hu t.ain the hoi III Miad weal w It he romewl at irdtc u in strength by ihe garrisons ?bey will have In le t*e in their rear, anal by the tl'qui ill |Ni.-i?ih<y will have lu establish to aet'ji W YO SUNDAY MORNING up communication through a hostile country with lh* ir base < 2 opt-rat ions . Oeorgev, by declurn^ a battle at Raitb, ami continuing itij retrent towards (inn, will impose upon the Austrio-KvB?inn army the necessity ot le-iving gome 2m 000 men before Coniorn Nevertheless, Georgey WottkJ never hive abandoned Utah except with the intention of detaching a portion el his force Hghinst P.iskewitseh. A eecoau coition of the Herald Bay*, tli it a rumor prev liled in Pans, in the Assembly, that the Hungarian- had obtained an immense advantage over the Russians. In the vicinity of Rub the Kusmhuh are said to have lost ten thousand men. At Kinlc a conspiracy against Austria had been discovered. Pruaila unit Btulen. A desperate battle was fought on the 29th, between the Prussians and the insurgents, in the neighborhot d of the villages of Culasche and Mugleijiisteiiie, between Cirlsruhe and Kidaiadt. The insurgent) were defeated generally. Peaelter has taken possession of Baden. The headquarters of the Prince of Prussia were at Oos. The Hanoverian Plenipotentiaries had publish'd a r.ote, setting forth various objections to the constitution promulgated by the Prince , of Prussia. The principal of these are, that the . constitution cannot he established, nor the Diet convoked, without the consent of Austria. Sardinia. It is announced that the negotiations for peace j between the Austrian and the Piedniontest; governments have been interrupted in consequence i of the increased demands of the Austrian negotiators for a pecuniary indemnity, and also in consequence of a rtiusul to engage, on the part of the ; Austrian government, to grant a comple uinnesty. The illness of ex-King Charles Albert, at Oporto, ] is without abatement, ami little or no hope is entertained oi his recovery. We before had a report that iie was dead. Denmark and the Darkles. The nraic-'iie i* again dornnut, und hostilities have heen slightly l one wed, so far as on-lookers can judg*. There is no likelihood of peace winch did not exist with equal force several weeks \ sine*. The Crops. Concurrent atateiuviiis iiom all purls of Ireland and lir.gland conhim previous reports of the cheer- ! ing piospects oi the approaching harvest. The papers coi'iaiu some Hying reports of the recur- j fence of the potato disease, especially in the South | of Ireland, but they nre not of a character to merit much attention. Mmr?, llniliiK'a Circular. London, I-nday, tiih duly, WW. The quantity oi produce brought forward this week has he?n limited, ami little demand has prevailed privately Prices of most articles, however, j liavr been firtuly supjiortrd, and consumption pro- | cetds <>u a very satisfactory sta'e. we hare a continuance of extremely tine weather, and prospects lor the coming harvest are everywhere represented 10 lie most favorable. In the mam- ! fa< tilling districts business continues active, i Money leinams very ubui tlant, without cli rage iu the isles of discount Tne aniouni ofbuliiou in ihe fiank, by last week's return, w.i* fifteen mil- i lion one bundted and eighty-eight thousand one kmdftd tnd twenty-three pounds ; showing again ' a large incieasc I In 8 wet k, without much variation in prices, winch are firnilv U 8. Six per Ont Honda , to bearer ot $1,000 each with coupons, h.tvr been ' done at 109 a 94; Masaachusettta at lili; l'enn- ; sylvani* at fJ i? i cent, with dtv from February. I lu other quotations no change. Coin inert let Mum mar jr. Livkhcooi., .Inly 7, 1819. The results of this week's business are highly satisfactory. In almost every branch i ol trade, if |M-ifiiips we except colonial produce, there ute inunv signs "1 nrnrueas, activity and conlidence A alight improvement will be no- | tie* d in the value of vt heal, flour and cotton, while the aiair menu Ift nulie manufacturing districts fur- I tneb sinm* assurance mf an earnest extension of o|teralioDs. The national securities have more than sustained their hiuness throughout the week ; for notwithstanding the continued turbulent state of the Continent, ihe> have continued steadily to advance. Ye?irrd?y'a nrtvirr* from the continental money tnarket proving eaOwfactsry, consols closed firm at | 92 to 4 for special transfer, and 92.| to 4 lor settling day; bsiik stock l!)lj to exchange bills lis. to 47s. prriiiiuin. Money is abundant, and (rood bills are rranily discounted ut 24 to 24 per cent. In all securities |u ice a ate generally firm, with an advancing tendency both in lsondon and on the Continent. AMKI1ICAN STOCKS. United Mates h'a are quoted at 1D9J ; New York 5's at 96 a 97; I'ennsyIvania 5's, N2 a H3; Massachusetts 6's, IOI4. MARKKT*. A cot 1 i.leiable amount < ( business hss been done this wok in breadstslls, at an advance in every attirle except Indian core, which has decl n> d la to Is lid per quarter, althouirh Ireland nUtia look 7A'I2 quarters. Wheat haa advanced 1 I* to 2d per 70 |Miund", and Hour lid per barrel. '1 he rloeinc prices ol the ni.irkef sre?for Western Canal, 2Se 6d a 25a ; Philadelphia, 21a. lid a '24a. ! 6<l ;lUluninre, 29s. M. a 25a ; Ohio, 25s. a IBs. 6d.} ' w heal, U. 8 Ted to while and mixed, 6<. 4d. a 7a. 5<l.; Indian corn, |>cr quarter, yellow nnd white, , 33a a S4s.; corn meal, per barrel, 15a a IRs. The I . ikIi 11 >.i,il oio\innal merki tH, III ilia absence ol home applies, have been equally active. Cotton ?The operations ??f the week htve not been so extensive as those of the last week; but the rosike' is firm, with a leariinii upward, arid with , an actual advance of jrf. .e-r pound on the lower qualities ol A/i.erirnli The week's Iran -wet ions have leached M.HG6 bales, ?f which 18,500 'vera | taken on speculation, and 5,000 f-?r export. The Ainriican descriptions sold consist of 1 t.tniO iii I. pd at 4d a />4?4 ; loiildhoK 41d ; fair 41 d.; 22.'KNH >ih at a. 8jd a 64^ '< middling, t|d ; fair, 1 6Jd; 11,000 Alal ?<ma and .Mobil- , 4 l-ICI. a ftd ; I n iddlir.p. 4|d.; fair. 1,'d., and 500 8ea l-Uud, at , B4d. a ltd. The Hermann's advices stimulated the Havre n?sik- r, nii<* tiie salea ol cotton on the 5th reached 3,^41 b, lea, at an advance upon loriuer rales. Ibef is only in d> mand for retail. Pork ? Western prune iness only, at 35a. a 40 < is .in,n.ted |?r. |! cop?Moine large parcela of Western hsvr b'oojihr 27s. 6d a 81. llama < f fine quality are atei rTv, Ht full prices .Shoulders have declito d Is. ( heear >? in short supply, and transaction* limited I.ard?CO liercea sold at pr?Vions rales, wiih a mode rale demand. Hire?100 fie-rea t'arolina sold at lis 91. for inft-m.r, axd l*<. for e??od AinTirun dri-pard T*ll?>w?1?) rtiidio N AmTiPmi *1 SI*. Ttirp"f?tinr?5 tuna 11' "d k'M at 30*. Oil?60 Itink 8outb?rn to h i1* brought ?27 i>(rra In tH* rnlrrinnU. Mr. * '1 Vn. NrtiiilU, Mr. KI|>Hn(, i aputu Hova. *' T atn| A. SehwaitiMrr, Ltcut I mi kril, " Mt-ala, Mr Ubtnar*. " Prut. x C ??n " (M-lk(4. " Api?4<1, u Haw Infill. *' " Mi'h'n?i?nm, x Drtbrirln, " " M'|It?.?n, " It'bfpfUr, W i?f>t " Hrak-l, " b itrli, " lrn*?, " Rikrr, " h*??. ' tottk. H Cn?4la, ' NtrtllT, " U hli.t, * *rr*d. " W?la?rl?ht, M I If. " NtrhnlMI, x K In-n an. " CnrtU, M 1 lnur, " Obi*. X (HHW. u I>od?o?, < lurlf.*. x M%n x * N?r??. Tbr !.?? ? Knrn|? an 4tol|? Newt. Anion r. i )I-Al li? tor, Mr? I or it j Kklltll.t Ji At r ..III* *tw V?lk; M*|?T I St t ?S??S'iI fr tl. 0.m?lar. N*? Torki ( a i nr. Jt a? 2b?Md Horp, N?o Turk: Iim ' t *lr *. ?' ?#wa?Ui. (f?w Took; *>lb. I'llttttM I'll* <r. Wairrnn, bad ..O.lionhv do; July I, C I or t.m, Itortrti i alio Jni.*2t ?Arr N?? Turk; /kit, Nnk>|l|rC, ti< It At* l? o di; Jt iftof, till, t'llaakiti doj ban ?. oil!, b. V rk. t . ??*, Jrl> ' rnrrd, llinnua, |>)CraUrM, NT?rk, i ft | it ?>??di if i'T it el t . i of 11 4 Ah V IriAoitn Now T"fk. I to a i, jnlt ^ at'tfi" S fttk?itipt??, Korin, Haw F?rk. "oil 'd J b. Jtu.iaia tl j Jul) A ? ?**. d?. I', ft*, lol, 1 fai'rd l.ou tnraaa, * ? fork i i ' i t k 1 j i i tl? inn *?ut.rka n.? York, f At rot fit Jul* i? C/f rrrtotln. fm NYnrk. nod (allot (ft i ti.a.a i nit rp*ti w, fin 2*- A?t ??d Pm*. Nat* Y?rk In Aiitni i.of A1-ki-rl?ftl Nortkntnhairlkail, Ortr t-ld, f k i tk ; ?? > 2, '? t I on. it? Haii t Jtt'j ' Aff *?t?i Willtamo NT??k: !<C, S| Hie* In ? ??l> l|it., fn J i ?, plff.dM, I ratrford, MYurk; jt li t > -.-h > I. f... Hn tin r. j It f-./ n t R Turk. I |t?rr? I j'l I , nt:.r?r,|i, ? Ni? flimt?H't t , M t<. J ' I il.t <l J.|Tl.^ M n< ? I.I It i fit*. Mi J 4 n? W?|f, It k?r?: lutl t i r. C* h. .I.;ftl>, J?h- R Rktilil*. ?htpl?r r?t.| t. Rrrrf tit, %?rrt% 4'; 6tk, ll'iwrt I* 4<t 14ft I, ! tt Tut*. ?* ? <,H, I <1 * Dirtr. ftl T#rk; 'tlfti, ?" T?" h W ,.>? tf???t.n;'III, ?l>t?l.?th. <t F*?i?r>hurjL ?> ftt ?? .m ,tli.. II rr rt Ai.tnti. >Tnrk; K'irxpo, K'n*. ??4 lilt tint', I k ltti'| >?. i?inn 1.1 . i l? - v l.nii i ll? I ftT?rk. Ii? ft. Jn? T?~-V 'ttr t M'it I t ffMcni.kUt*. JvM *V-Ui Rl l)orl>4?. .I T?rl. I.?ar?L ft. RK ? , JULY 22, 1849, If Aliaril i.aa. June 2a?SU Missouri, NYork. Ntwroer, Jure 8"?Sid Swlu llojr, tlnitou.'utU Jn-ieSO -Arr tleiiriek, NY.rk. Hoi tamoi'TH. June 20--Arr Rnhlller, Bitlimors, for Bremen. Sid Jule A, Wei'lninslnr, Warnor. NYork. I'xxiAPCt, Jcly I ? Sid (Cornwall. NYork. Sliuo. Juue 27?Arr Elisabeth Means, NYork; SOth, binds.>. lie. Sr. 1'itiiisidiio, Juue 24?Sid Byron, NYork. The siestnsr Canada, from Boston, wm coming up the bartor at liah'sx as our express lef>. Oar New England Correspondence. White Mai ntains, Notch House, ) July 10, WW. S A Rvn Attune; the White Mount aim?The Defile of IViUey't Pais?The Remains of the Avalanche Of 1826?The Silver Cascade?The Notch?Extracts frtitti the F.og Book at Mount Crawford. Fiom Old Tortllii}' Crawford's, down in the yallcy, to young Tom's, at the head of the Sdco, juat beyond the Notch, the distance is eight miles, and the last two are thiough the Notch. The origin of this name, for what is called a gap in Virginia, ' and a pa-s in the KucKy Mountains, is truly Yankee. Whittling is h known peculiarity of tlis Yankee nation, aud one of the features of whittling is to cut notches in a stick, and the wedgelike shape of thin pass, on first sight, so nearly resembled

a notch in a stick, that it was called "the Notch." The same holds good of a pass higher up, known us ihe Francouia Notch. The general name, thetelbte, fir these mountain pusses of New 1 fiinpsli re is local and peculiar, and is derivt d lioui whittling To curry out the idea, the storms and convulsions of centuries must have b< en employed in "bulling out these notches. The " notch " leading up to the !> tae of Mount Washington, through WillryV Fuss, is that th.ougl. which we came up this afternoon. It is a ph daunt rid*-, low ardssuu-down, in an open wagon. In m the lower valley of the JSaco. At the Willcy House the (telile is about three hundred yards wide, lite mountains rising on either side, almost pei|*naiculurly, 1,500 leet. In August, 1820, after a severe tempest of rain, wind, thunder, and lightning, ihe iiiountain, to the left, give w.ty at its summit, and un HValauche of earin, rocks, and water wss piecipitated into the valley, just behind tin- house aherc Captain Willey's family, of niue perrons, resided. It was in the night, and hearing (lie claim, the htinilt llrd from the house, ilowu the valley, for their lives. Hut the slide, striking a large granite rock in the rear of the house, dividi u into two streams, leavum ihe house unscathed, while the muss of the slide, passing down to the It-ft, overwhelmed the family in their (light. The next day, seven of the bodies were dug out of the iiiiiss o> earth aud rocks: the two others were never found. Such is, briefly, the tragedy of Willvj's 1'hsh. The drilt of the slide is distinctly marked, by ihe two currents of band and rocks, to this day. Fussing on, the ravine becomea ?? narrow as harrlv to admit the nussttge of the road, betwteu the clilfs, by the sine of the brook. The stream is several hundred feet below, to the right, fiom ihe cliff. A small rivulet trickles H00 feet down ihe rocks, which l>r. Wright calls the ".Silver CatCide," probably froin having seen it during the spring fresheis. Now it is nearly dry. Farther on. the clifTs overhang the narrow road, when mddeiily th?-y recede, and you arc admitted up into a green valley, half a mile wide, with tins Acion 1 louse, under the shadow of the m >untain, to theiighi, and 'he densely wooded Mount Torn over the way. At each of the public In uses on the approaches to the While Mountain*, a commonplace book may be found, in which are recorded the passing reflerttoiis f visiter8 tor several years. Old Mr. Crawford's, (it Mt. Crawlord in the lower valley,) ia a public house known to almost every New Luglander. The old man is there yet, li tie and hearty, at H3 years of age, although the house in tiansferred to his aon-iu-luw, Mr. llavis The Notch house is kept hy his ami Tom, known hb honest Tom, so that the family at both ends hold tKm-essinn of the Notch or Wi I ley's pass, for trie benefit of the traveller. And though their accommodations do not comprise all the luxuries of a city hotel, they make the alranger feel at home? the fare is good, substantial and wholesome, and the bill of expenses is small. But, trom the hook at the elder Mr. Crawford's, we made ttre following extracts:? tor John Lsvlt asaandtd Mount Crawford and tost his mills on tha sray dawn lie had an tins a proopiot that the animal wa* tlr?d of waling for tno rider and left the mounting with the rappiddiiy of lightning ami ho had to roino down on his long lepg* that was hard f >r hitn poor t< Iter how I plttysd hiui. this was written by etnirbody that new the fart." To the bottom of which is appended ' That Vir Somebody ought to eat a dictionary " Hut here we huve aont-thing blending the patriotic slid the sentimental:? " Liberty dwells among the mountains, And slavery in the valley, And my love beside tha fountains, And tier name Is pretty Salty." A benevolent gentleman thus expreases hit thanks to an old niarv, which he rode up the mountains:? " farewell, old Kata. to thee my thanks tor this day's w?ik are tendered, Thy foothold's sure strong are thy shanks, 1 o mud nor rooks baet thou surrendered; I'p vai b ascent thou bast bravely wended. And freely from the sauin deereuded." Altogethei ihe book is an interesting collection of curioeittta in literature: the romantic, enp-cially with the ladles, being the predominant style. Detachment* i f visiters, of trotn live to t? . in a company, oftiis fly fr< m Maasachunett*. continue to Btuve and depart daily by regular or extra stpgeB One of the beat mountain views in ihir region, is from Mount Tom, or Mt Wdlird, opposite the Notch House. You ascend it by a gisder! w.<y in u carriage, and pass along on the summit thai overlooks the Willey Mouse, which a,is assay down 1.600 feet in tiie ravine below.? People who are fond of peeping over precipices, W ill tie d? lighted with this expeilinent. We li.tva no particular fancy that way, over and above the pel lie information. 1 tie system ot tribute, exacted of visiters at most other places of resort, has not yet been tut rootlet d into these hills as aystem. Th" only extortion made is hy the mosquitoes, and th-y are as (xoibitaut as Mhyhwk the Jew. The -moisture, Slid the tank vegetation ot the-e mountain v.iileys, verm to pioduee these insects S|(Ont.ii:raia-ly. As we came bp, this afternoon, several rabbits and giouar were slatted trom the road, by the wagon, from which we may suppose that gams' is stdl sliUMilatil in these niouiitajns, though diHi'ult >o capture. fn ni the steerursa of the ascents and tha d- neiiy ed ihe w <*?ds. To-morrow we ascend Mount Washington ; not from a choice lirtween that and trout fishing, hut to ace how the land lies. w. Wiiitk Mountain*, Notch House, ) July II. 1*49. S A 7Vi/> vj? to thr Tup of Afn?i H'liihmfton, and thf Jntidinli thnrof. Ynu wi?b shits going nP '* 'I but >' u * r? at its crown. And whi-n you grl npnn tha top, You'll sl-b that you wers down ?Asos. The thermometer, in the vicinity of the Notch Honae, was at 91, to-day, in the shade, at nn eleV.ition s Inch cimoot be lea* than l.flOO feet above Uie level of the sea?and on the very pinnacle of Mount Washington, after resting an hour, the heat was as that of a summer's day ol 70 degrees. 1 In re are three hotels, from which parties asrend, l y as many different routes, to the top of Mount Washington Frotn Crawford's, eight miles down this valM?fiom the Notch limine, at tee l? ta?l ot it. and from Kahy. n's. four miles beyond. Kri in the lower hotel il is nine miles; from ihn Noti h House, at tlir base of the ridge, seven; and from Hub)hii's, nine miles to the summit. < uir party consisted of three |.?dies, and seven men, including the two guides, all on hotfeh'ick. c*c?|>t the faithful guides, who sect m|*mrd i n loot, to take care of tk* women. Your detvtpeNl brought up the rear on a Canadian prrey. w uh a pair of large saddle-bags, aupfdied with the necessary stores from ths commissarisl < III.? > n I tie road in n mule trul, nr br?d!? |>n?h The fit>t two nnlen and * hall in up > lit)' 'tl iirrtit, covrrrd wnh a thick Inp ut of kift) |Mlt< r. With frfqltcnt long hndgea of enrdnroy, rt l?|ti iT WixkI laid eide by ndr oyer the ni*i*t place', whith meet have rnet great amount ?f laLotj lor aonie 11 theett bridges am nearly halt a mile fori:, laid firmly together, eo aa to reaiat the iliit'k nf the notrealeet in the deacent?the aareat being comparatively eary. At the end ol three finit e, jtti ere at an elevation where the treee < ran- to grew, mid a thick growth of atunted nine blleht a epirad'ng < ver the ground, and r?vered with a n a-a c.t matteil moea, eocceed* along the ti g of Mount Clinton Amending neat along the fdge, to the htitriiot t f Mount l'Teaaant. you find .1 ttioaily ct'Vered with grata, which givea it a yliitiRI ?|-pear incej and a alili breeze to the de(ld calm helow I'aeettg along t?-er the tog td" Mount Frank'in, ton hod it n flat anrfacex extending over aeveral acfta, covered thinly with graaa. Vou n<-U [ERA pass around the impending peak af Mount Monroe, the narrow pathway looking down a rapid declivity of three thousand feet. Next you enter upon an irregular olain along the summit of the ridge, with a small fake m a deep basin to the left, and a patch of snow, under the shelter of Mount Washington, to the right. Beyond this is another patch of snow, both the remaius of u drift melting rapidly to-day in the summer heat, even Ht the altitude ol 5 iitK) feet. Some of the party dismounted, and while the horses were drinking at a small morass, indulged in the winter sport of ' snow-balling. From the plain we beheld the peak 1 of Mount Washington, which consists of a mass I of loose, coarse granite, and gneiss rocks, covered : with a scaly moss, which gives them a misty brown color, And yet the mica or scales of asbestos are so thickly mingled with the rocks as to nuke | tin ni sparkle us with silver spangles?hence the original name of the crystal hills. We ascend within two hundred feet of the summit on horse1 back, over the loose rocks, and u Mexican mule would readily climb up to the top Ii is horrid work, however, tor horseflesh; and it was pitiful to see the sweat rolling from the |>oor animals in streams as they labored up the rugged rocks for the iol?* amusement of curiosity seekers. Our horse fell with us twice in the useent, by missing bis foothold, and yet the faithful beast, even in fulling, wus careful to lie still till his rider was out of the way. There were several places, however, in which, had he missed his looting, there was a prospect of some ground and lofty tumbling for linrse and rider two or three thousand feet into the valley below. But in such places he fell his way with the sagacity ol an elephant. On the summit we met with a party from FabVan's, and another from the Mount Crawford house, or the In tel below the Notch, all together forming a party of twenty persons. After dining on the summit the parties separated, and as caution and kindness to your trust are both good qualities in their place, we walked the greater part of the descent, leadini? or leaving the pony to follow in the trail. One of"the ladies twice fell from her horse in descending, but with nv oiher dauiHge than two severe drubbings of the horse by one of the guides for stumbling. The view from the summit was limited to tho sunouiiding mountains and vullies, from the hazy atmosphere. On a clear day, the Atlantic ocean may be seeu 70 miles to the westward, and Portland, and even the ships oirtlie harbor, and Like Wimieliisingu, (it) miles to the south, and the intervening plains, lakes, vullies and mountains, with the ( onneclicut river far away to die weot. The following are the heights, above the level of the sea, of some of the principal peaks of the White Mountains: ? Mount Washington, 6,213 feet: Mount Adams, 5,767 feet; Mount Jefl'ersoa, 5,66-i feet; Mount Madison, 5.^1 leet ; Mount Monroe, 5.29H feet ; Mount Pleasant, 5 300 feet; Mount Fianklin, 4,H64 feet; Mount La f.ryeite, -1.71:1 feet. Excepting La Fayette, which lies off with a cluster ot other peaks Inwards Franconia, all of tlits^ list, and Clinton mid other mountains, are iteaks of the i same unbroken ridge, along the comb of which ' you may climb from one to the other. The trip occupied from seven in the morning till : six in the evening, and lior>e? and riders were : about equally broken down ; all ImiiJs as well sun- J burnt as from a month's hard service in the gold mines, from the reflection from the rock a. To the excessively romantic, the trip is exres- I sively delightful : but our private opinion was, be- ' fore ascending, that it would not pay, and t.'te expel intent satisfies us thsl it is un exceedingly ridt- j culous adventure There would be something of | sport in rcaling Fremont's peak of the Rocky Mountains, or Mount St. Helen's iu Oregon, or i Mount Sliaste at the head of the Sacramento, or : Orizaba, Iztaccihuatl, or the volcanoes of Pop'*- 1 catepet), in Mexico, which range from 14 to lH.IMX) feet above the sea ; hilt the idea to spend a day lo j ciiii u i<? h Miiiiiiiii ih'iow uir bqow unct ior uir , ?nkc of thiipsotlizing about it, is perfi-cily absnril. | Yet the whole region of these mountains is full of wild ecenets, and well worihjr the patronage of tha uninitiated in mountain Bcrncry. Tub Doctor. Tax on Hank Stock.?The following opinion of the Attorney < ieneral ol the State of Pennsylvania Iihh btmilTM in trply to certain <iuerma recently aubmitted to him:? 1 he Auditor (General of the nnamnnwaalth, through Thioit* biddlr It Co.. desire* the opinion of the Attorney (ieneral In the following cn*a:? "let. A bolder of Slate (took, recently deeen'ed. hae, ' hy hi* will. he<|uenlhed hi* property a* follow* ?A lire interest in the whole of it to hi* wife after her d*ath, hgacle* ta *? friend* (not relative*), and the residue to hi* wife The Mate *tork I* not mentioned in the will 'I be property In Knglaod I* inueh mom than sufficient to pay the legacies Will It b* admitted I hat tha stack form* part of the residue, and la, therefore, tii nipt from tax' lid At e presume, when stork etand* in the joint nauie* of two partlee, with b?oetlt of ?ur> lvur*bip. and one die*, that It will be admitted the survivor ha- become the sole owner without being subject to the payBieiit of the tax On any part " '1 he questioo* submitted arise from tha Act of tha legislature of I enn?) Ivania approved 1 tit h April. I HAW. which extend* the law* In relation to tax on collateral Inheritance* to person* hating their domicile In another hi ate. territory, or euuo'ry The last clause of the 13th eectlou, Art llllh April, 181V, provide*. " If at y per*on or perseus, having thrfr domlctl* In another Mate terrltoiy. or country shall do* leaving real ar personal aetata within till* commouwealtn. the ?atd e-tate. whither real or pereotial shall be subject to the | a) no nt of the collateral Inhertiaoce tax " This clau-e of the lUth eccliuo of the Aetot 10th April.lHAtf, inaku the estate real *ad personal. of person* nou tisidrat* ol l eanryltaula, subject to the puyuient of the rollati ial Inhi iItance tax. In the same manner and to the seme extent a* though such person or person* wate resident* of the Ntate at tha time of their death Then what estate* of nltlien* or resident* of I'ennsylvenia were subject to the tax previous to the Aet ol luih April IHV The Act of 7th April, lift, which rreatid ihe collateral Inheritance tax, I* compn henslte in Ita terms: ? "All estate* real personal and mixed of every kind whatsoever, passing from any person who may die Sel?i (I or pos.ess. il of Mich esta'e being within this ( onituonaealth either by will or under the Intestate law*, or any part of such estaie or estate*. Interest or Iaterest* t heri la transferred hy den) grant, bargain, i r eale made or Intended to take effect, In po*?* ?tno or enjoyment after the death of tha granler or bargainer. to any person or person* or to bodies politic or not pot ate in (rust or otherwise than to aad tor the u eol lather mother husband wife, chtldr-a a?d Mii> el descendants, horn In lawful wedlock -h?ll b? *ubJ. It to the taiko l'lte I I th sentlon Act lUlh tprtl, 1MV ext. nd ihe exemption caws from tha operation ol the collateial InbeMianre tax. " to the estate real or psisouel passing hy will to or In trw?t for the wlfa or widow of a son of any person dying aelxed or puaa*" etJ thin of " I think that the word* of the Act 7 th April, If'M. answer the ssct nd i|Uv*l!i>n. fto wit as to th* stock la the joint naniee of two parties with baneflt of survivorship in the negative Tha benefit of survivorship n.entii.nv d. I* nothing mere t ban a " bargain made or Intetdid Intake effeel In po**w*elnB or enjoyment af ? rm,.,,..,!,. tb>r? ta no mob lhit( w aurriaoralitp in raal or pmorial aatala and tha n?| Maudlai! in tha nana* f tao par laa with l? a< in <4 auralrnrahtp. auntd ha auhjacb to ilia aollaiaral tiibt rtianea tat. io iho ?xtout > f lha itlrml of lha una dart aard Aa to tba Diet t|Ut atinu ubmittad In nip opinio* Hi a liability of lha ainfh haijni athail to lha ?|ta JarI la lila- allar liar d- *th rertain lapanlaa ami lha raaldi a |o ntfa. mil da)>atid on th? action of thrriM-utiirt ot Ilia nil! *1 ha aill -ay- nothing about tha atoek.and II I bar* l? ottiar Oalati-rlilltrlant to pay tba loganlaa tha alt rk Would I think, h? a tempt fr-oi I ha tai l ha mplM >i tu tba laa la faaur of nila la luada In rrtltf t tba raiattou ol hit-band and -aifr and on that nr. count nbiiuid reralrn a liberal runatrurtlon During the lifetime ot tba wifa tha atonk la o-K auojart tv tha taa. aid if tha rtrauturr ran ab ? that ih? lanaeia* to fin tula (ait rrlalltaa) ran ha paid oat # ln? otbar a-ialaa of Ibatr taatatnr ttlarartanly part of lha raalduo rjto aihnl to atti'. ai d aa nipt fiotu tba taa II K riiggttlad that tl.a llnuk of farinaj I??nla rb"Old bo iofi in nl abat pa para ara in ba raijuin-d of tham aa a piotaaliou under art ot laat aaa-toa ( tit' I lit It tpitl, 1Mb ) I bo II i h rartloti of tbla ant ptoaldaa that " \l lit itarar any foreign aarutor or aili?iini*tfaioc ahal! a-rtgii or i ranarer any riurk i r han.of tola ma. moitatalih. ataed ng In 'he nania f a drnadant, of In trart for a dtredout -htch ba limbla to tha colInit ial lobi rliai er taa anrh laa -hall b- pant to tha Ittgoftr id tha proper roomy on ilia tran-far tharaof I olht rtrhn the corporation p-riai itlu* aurh trnu-far al all ba nahta to pay mail laa " i ba atrln n pin- In lha hank or cwrpaanMnn p -rmlt- I I In It lha tian-far of tha alora or l<*n?, tbn obligation ot ka wing that tha laa I* pi id I ha meoipt ?f tha hrflih t la tin b -t aalil- nra ikat it la paid A bother tbi atork or liana ara aiibjani la tya rollatnral Inhentaara laa in (* a< II did before tka y?a<m| nf tin Art lmli a pril lit*, on tba laat ahei bar lha haira or (lultif or h galena ara Itna nl ar collateral hair* I'ha talk I think n m oliio tu naimil tlia Iran-for until tla Rfyklit l? xlDlid that lba rt>?k l? not aohjaat to the r'4l?i? raj mhariiaua.- laa. If th? ban* oh ?>? to pi ? nut th? lortign uititt or minimi irat?r to t>aio.t?r *tia>k or li*n? it*Miir( in th? nam- of thotr dirritini ?it Ik.ui ibrncrtptaf tb? Ki|lii?r Mtotht |*)l nil of lli? Hi mrh bank boooinaa lUMf to Iho I a j nw nI thartof ab-tild tha atona ?o Iraa-farrad ba loiioil 10 l>? inhji-rl to ibr eot'ataial taharitaooa Ml 'I tin itf KrKoirr ri ri i|.i for ta- patmanl of tha tax ia mhirli; of ttaolf to permit a t.aaifar that la iiiarlt Mt aa Ihrniini t? <kr |>a>m?nt <>f taa tax ?h? r It ailarbra to ilork or l<>a> lauann ia a aaaa or ?! i ad. at la aa additional obligation pat on tba talk bj 1 b<- Art of loth A prll IMK 1 ba papora (Itlag amhoi Ity to Mi anlora bo toiranafar, aiu.t ba prwrau rfttillMl and aiMM'ad aa hafbra aaa rdmg to lb* prort*>oM 11 ba tM argtlrn All III* tprll. IK4J I raa a?t frr aii)ihltip la tha Aat 1.1th April 1143 ohiefc itiooa II a< Iba ft'aia oalrra tba right >4 UilT<a .>a foiiipa holii-ntf Siataiooiii for eoliatarnl laharil tuaa LD. TWO CENTS. Note* from the W?t?rln| Plana. Saratoga Spkifio*, July 18, 1849. An Anrimt 1'iete of thu Vicinity?Arrival$ tf I'uitm?Numet of iHttinguithed St r anger t, fv. Summer report to tbia great valley of springs tu fur more ancient than European conquest and eiriliza ion about these regions. The romantic disc*vcrer of the lake which bears his name, and whe also discovered the lake, which, from the purity of its waters, and its mysterious eaiaiooce? having urn npparent inlets?he named Lac St. 3acrament(now Luke George), was told by the Algooquins that farther on, about nine leagues, they would find great numbers of their enemies in the valley of th* "Spirit Waters," as they ttiet there to refresh ui the hot days; that, to go there, iney must cross th* river which tlows from the hills ol the Norumbsgos; thut it would take them but little more than one uay to teriify und kill mauy of their enemies, as ihey would see the etiectof their blunderbusses and hear the noise of powder for the tirat time. Hut Champlain, the knight errant, who brought his religion w ith his then novel mode of death to the country of the "Hierequoia," Was satisfied with hie battle near the joining waters of Lake Champlain and Luke George^ on the 2!)tlt ofJulv, 161)9, and returned, with Ins prisoners, to his prospective kingdom of New France, leaving the discovery of this sixteen-mile valley of springs, with the moat healthfully impregnated air, by any European, for one hundred and forty-six years, flow pure, how interesting, would be the simple history of the lovo atfiiirN ol the uiicontatiiinated foresters, in their summer gatherings here, in the days of their primitive glory, freedom, and might! The rural rides, groves and walks all about, even now remind us ol primitive days?their quiet and silliness. Following a little meandering brook nearly lour miles, you may see the matchless littlo lake, hunnied in by the beautiful green hills, with vegetation, groves of the sweet maple, and other luxurious grown trees, of the richest foliage, extending near to the summit of the highest peaks. Amphitheatre like, the cool little Lake (louse, among (lie trees, surrounded ou three sides, and situated above, commands the most pleasiug view of the lake jnd sunoniidiiig country lor miles. Its ponds, ted by the purest pebbly springs, are in ditierrnt places down the declivity i-ward ths lake, and aflotd the greatest abundance of bass and brook trout. To the naturalist, the mere visit is interesting?to the epieure, more tasteful interest si ill. The antiquarian possessor of tills rural place, Mr. Loomie?to hiseverlusttug credit be it said? has cultivated, by kind treatment, the faithfulness and confiding hopes of two or three of the last of fctockbiidge tribe; and here they, too, in a lulls whitewashed cottage, have their habitation. Tns greatgrandfather ol George was the eaily freud of the Knglish colonies, and, faithful all through the French m ven years war, he fought bravely t?y the side of Kogeis, i'utiidtii, and Stark, iu ths mountain psbses, the lorest, and on the border waters of the two nations. George looks well, and his amiable rquaw looks well ; she may be called handsome. lint, alas lor their tribe! alas forth* poor Indian! their blood couiaes sparingly now in the veins of their tellows, and too soon ii all will be chilled. '1 he arrival of visiters at the principal hotels, for the lust twenty-four hours, has been unexpectedly great, and the village is now fast tilling up. ? set ins thai hundreds who had defined their positions in the quiet, |>erhdps too uuiet, and inconvenient country, are coming to tiieir first love, to luxuriate in the eparkl.iig glass of Congress. Due lady, this morning, in the immense drawiugroom of the Uuittd Stales, unconsciously drew about her an audivuce, respectable in numbers for h July oration, to hear a dissertation on th-* matchless virtue of the waters of S.iratoai. Numbers iuieirupled dining Urc essay?all, however, with enthusiastic applause?till the fair oue closed by saying, " 1 could not survive oue summer without them, dec. Among the distinguished arrivals yesterday wero llumphiey J Mildinay, grand son of Lord Aahbutton, and party; Doctor Mucer, daughter, and party, of Notches; II M'Calinut, KugLud; \V. L. Culling and Mim Cutting, New York; Colonel Wiothron mid lady. New Orleans; J H. G rowbeck and family, Cincinnati; Doctor liedford aud family, New Ytuk; I. J Pradlsiss, Jst., New Orleans; Geoige (.uthberl, South Carolina; !) > tor Gibbo, tanuly and nany, Chirlvstoo, .South Carolina: Kufu.L Lord, nud family, New York; with u host of hard-spelling names ol Frsnce, Spain, Arc. The whole number oi arrivals yesterduy. at tlie largest hotel, was greater than on ths same day ol last year; and ibis morning they ara verv numerous. The great dancing saloon was lighted, and, for the first time, thrown oiwn to the guf guests of the United routes last evening, anil i-liowed an a.ray of beauty, tor the same number in attendance, which 1 1m ve never aeeu before in Nuaioga or, In fuel, any oilier place. It was so i vent of die place, not confined to the guests of the house, hut to the visiters of lie other hoiela, slid h lew of the beautiful girls of thu village, who were kit-dly invited. In beauty, the Spanish look rather predominated, wwtm r tney were iroin ssnny France, f-qmm, Kngl.uid, or our own sunny booth. New I.ukI oid, or our own .Suie?therw were Ireuunful women from each place named. An unuiunl glow oi hvulth, the first requisite of beauty, w'nm almost invariably prominent m tho Monil unci brunette a* well. 1 lie grand full itself, him an identity |.< culiarly its own, a description of w hich hue been ?e frequently given, th ?l it is unmet*.ay to hny further fhu to suggest u? inn imwg n (mn the llecl of lights and lentils gracn which iidoru?d it lust evening. I notice the hikiumI tetitrn of the innumeritbln yt How birds, which seem to claim the undisputed riyhi 10 occupy the nnin-n** grounds and grove* id the l.'nited Slates f or twenty years and mure, ever since there grounds have been opened for Mimnter visiters. th? se linle winged messenger* of b've, tiMvr niHiie their appearance. " nod their tight there is Bene to dispute," ?nn have actually been ? en to pick seeds sod crumbs from fairy hands, of a higher order of creanon. Ilow sooa would the swe. t singing birds of other places, rather ee> k jiroiecuon from civihtatina, wss the arm Ms id which aunt st the life of the bird? " A righteous jiulpe " are you, who put forth your edict against the liiiiiiNn being having mischief m hie limit, against the winged vmiirrs which grace thn trees mid grounds of the l/uit.-il Ntalra II < del ? GVNMMb Tin Litf Htawta- It vsctsa ? hu M'>w. Harm atins H trlo-r eaptr-d night h-fore last at his r-sidsos* In slbsny within a few r> < nf ths p'se- w'tsrs ha wss hern lltll, Just threescore and tan year* sen tits death I ad l?n antlelpa'sd f..r tlms pan hy tb'we who were edn-sd r.f ths rniuli i-a of hi- health, wl.lfh has barci <|uoa Intra siana ha rs'urawd 1mm g.urope. Mr bleerkar was a <1?rerident ig I-hn Ian. ran Htesekrr sad was th- >n of laeoa *l-?-k?r. m Werrbsnt of Albany one of H? so.| *(#- n-d eitli-aa. In mrli lifs h- wss a marshal s slsrk tf'sr rssalvtwg a c-la-st. al education. Mr Dlsaeksr ?ni?rH tns law Miles cf John V. Ilesry i'.s| . and was admitted In ths bar of ib'a Slate In 1*01 In lbs jj.i year uf his age II* Siib*ec|iiekt'y entered loin a professional copartnership wicb i hsodorw Sogewleh Keq.. which rnsnsetlna SWdured for mar.y yiars sad ymtal honorable and l?uv tins to boih lis sleelsil tn i oagrewa in 1*10. fr >m lbs eliy of Alhanv dnrtwg ahlrh period ha art ad with I he olit fedi ral party and was one of those who oppiwd the last war wiib Kagland Ha was offered thk po-t <4 Adjutant Itsnsial by llntrraor < llainu to wporn bo was opposed for uiasy yearn. Ha dscllwwd ths oiliest bur apprrela'sii the insg .anlmlty which dictated the ?>n the acre?ion of vtr Vau tlursn to ihw rr> sidcacy Mr H. was ssnt to ths itagna, a? American Minister During his residence at tbs tlagua, ha marrlrd a lady sf tbs country, who.a beauty and aarnuipllnbni-nts hava mala her a eon.mrnoua o-ot m tha rtrnlaa Id whtah >k? ??? and *llk whom ho Km nnea rlaltad Holland atiri tha al?<a of hto ml'Mnn Ha ?prk ? and ?r .U lh? l)a>?h l?a>ui|? wllh p?rf?rt parity and "|r?u?? htah. unlti d in KUrai>|U(fflaoii>ri an J di(ol>r, ir> d fnf Kim i>d hl? raHrrfifni fmia Iktt nl?K>a. an I flirlal up" -n nf at hta <l?partur? f' <m Ihf ImtiK *' ? rnio'ii a rnmphm-nt tha >anra flatIn Inn aa It l? a oioat without a pr<-nadant Mr I ?aa nna of tht *wt anlilraiMl lantlanna la tha dta'o aal a a dMin|<l-Ka<l In ah? ??n alrrla Da m trad Ilia at oaa nf ja-tlaa aaa prorarhlal and mai|a him iD? fraction! and It.I aibltar of maalfotd dlapataa and dlffnD nraa among Ma arij alntannaa |fa vaa paaar.?aad of a Oilrrttafntiinia afelrk anahlml him ti? rnaault Dlfl taa'aa In tha i*cn|itlln| of hla tlma during I h - Itllif ) aa rr of hla Ufa a prlrlhga nf aklrk ha a rail ad himaatf alaaly TD? Woathrr anal (Ma I mp*. Tba f'lnatnnalt Daoll' of tha IKIK la?lant Mft Tha Intatl'groaa from Ohio, Snutharn Indiana and Nontharn lli'ki la la tntl ritnugh no? to had to tha ?< ntlflloii M at tha "haat ?rop of ihi ih Sia'-a, tha Cri-fan' )?? "III fall far b?l?w an a?.-r*ca fff " friMpi r?< i on ii h mi'fa lhaa half in- ??( ?<?to I laid of (art y?ar ?* ! taaaall *?rm and 4 ?J<, !?*? all had an ?<?mj In ptodoalng thla failura of tb- (raat atatila nt Oh la I ha a?m rrop tlrna far nromt-aa nail, and thara *111 ha a |ranl n aui r*'al"** <1 ?a( lliifl ha prinani Indication ia that ihia Important rofdaMt nlll thla raar ha of ?niall alta At buffalo on iba lltib laatant. tha UnflMhr nod at M riagrara I ba Nlla- ( Mi. h ) of tha Idth Inat mf Ilnrtol haa faltlt (mann-mdl Wo haao a >t hoard nf any nai'rial injury b? ?ho r??t It la ha I la a^ bf una. that tha ylald *111 ho graafar thla than has bran yrod tod In tha fail ait j' ar*

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