Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 24, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 24, 1849 Page 2
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MEW YORK HERALD lartkwtit corner of Ku'.toii and at* JAKES GOIlDOXf BEXXErr, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY Ht.K AID? Th ree edition!, 2 rent! per copy RT per annum. Tht Etrst Edi'irm i< pult/i.hetf at the; o'i lock, J. H.. and distributed b. 'ore brt iktatt; the betend ran be obtained of the newsboys at one o cluck, r U. mad the Third at three o'elorh. E. " THE WEEK.L Y for atrrulalion on thu Con then t, it published every Saturday, at ?.l4 fill per envy ?r S3 pet annum; for eirculalton tn Europe printed n hVen.k and Enplith. at t<}4 rents per copy, or $< per anmam?the latter vrire to include the poet me. ALL LETTERS by mail, for tuberriptiont or with a t met, to bt post-paid, or the potto ac will be deJuctei trim the menru remitted. toil UTAKY COKKBSPOSDEXCE, eontninlnp im P?, tant r, ere tolirUed from any quarter of the world; ij mtril, i- tll be liberally paid for. AO AOi'ICE taken of anonymoui rommunirattont uidi??t.r is to. interii.ui mutt tte it utheati- j te< SfflTiaw and aidret* ' /<*< not nerntear ily foi ??.titicalioit, but nt o yuarautee of hit yood Juith. Ir. to root return rejnteil rommvitirn'tone. JUY I'.HTISKMt.S'TS, (renewed terry mnrnt to. ant ti t, yvbiuhtd in fA < Bioc.ii'.ff << i afternoon ee>itiom,) m ret tot.,, tit print, t bt written in a yl tin hyible manner, Me proprietor not retyontible for trrort in in >iiU teriyt. tHIft TI\G o f alt kin <' ' ' be' ulifulfy, and with detytitch. Unlere received at the afire. IMtSEilFNTS THIS EVENING. KATIONAL THKATHE. Chnthnu ?no?re.?T.oi.a Honifi ? I.ottiiv Tit tki- Niw Yoim as lr I??Child ok tiii llCIIUT. BPIlTi'N'S THEATRE. Clui-nl'**' street.?Faut Qkaut liiviR Mo* Faih Lai*?Coskidkmc Mam?Dos UioVAnmu t A ST LI BARDE-N ?I'komkwai-* Cokpsat?FAEHCH trtii. VHJNKB* Ml'SEI M. 559 Hi Adw ay.?From 9 A. M. to 10 r * New link, TumAay, July 44, 1M4U, Tile Pit nldrnt unci his Cabinet. The mule is the best abused personage in this breailiiiig win Id. lie has an inheritance of calumny, which i f right belongs lo your mere politician of modem days. Where, in the whole range ?f naiurul history, can you find a bi tter representative, a more successful ini|iersonution of obsti nule stupidity, than is presented in a mere politica partisan! Just look at the stale of things at Wash ington at this very moment, and be convinced o the truth of the opiuion which we have just novt pronounced. An innocent man, not familiar with the charac ter and caliber of party [ndita-ians, would reason ably suppose that nobody could be obstiuateli blind to the circnmstances under which Genera Taylor came to the Presidency, or lo the lessor which a study of those circumstances natural!) conveyed. The election of General Tuylor wai no party triumph. It was no political triumph That disiinguished man was not the candidate ol a party. He was not the representative or accre clited and chosen exponent of any set of political piinciples. lie frankly avowed his want of familiarity with the questions whteh formed the ground ol party conflicts in this country. Ilis pledges wer< not political pledges, lie made no political promises He was, in fact, chosen by the people, on accoun of certain great and ennobling moral qualities. Hi: election was the result of the spontaneous evolu tion of a poweiful moral sentiment throughout tin country, operating in his favor. His election t< the Pretidency was u moral triumph. It was i triumph over the old party organizations, aided am assisted, it is true, by them, hut yet origin,itin| in influences and agencies lar b-yond their con trol. Was not all this pregnant with instruction Was there not to be read, in these events, an itn poitant lesson 1 Who but mulish politicians failei to read that lesson 1 Hut, now, let uosee how the] improved it. Within the last few weeks, it has been quite appelant that agr<a' change has t iken place in man) quail ere. in the impressions entertained ot the pre sent administration. An idea that the President has given too much power to his cabinet, and tacitly permitted them to accomplish their own puipi'M begins to Now, no doubt it w in quite a matter of necessity th it a great deal ol disci* tionary power should have been repostui in the hands of the cabin t. Probably the action of General Taylor in this respect hm diflered very little from th?t pur-sed by ever) President who came into oflioe, "withou friends to reward or enemies to punish." Yet with all the purity of condui t attributed to the Pre indent, and an honest and genuine disposition tc be guided by strict rectitude in tin* administration of the government, a large portion of the people, and a considerable |>ortion of the press of both l?riies, seem to have lost respect for his character and station. At this early j?eriod of his administration, we see the journals at Washington, and their echoes throughout the country, pursuing on one side a course of malignant and violent vituperation, and on the other, a course of extravagant and absurd eulogium, which betokens anything but a prosperous career for the President, under the present cabinet arrangements. Already you hear, on all sides, among the |>oliiical cliques, denunciations ol General Taylor as "a liar," "a dolt," "an ignoramus," "a faithless and unprincipled man." These accusations, circulated all over the country, ure not without their effect. In tha meantime, the mule* at Washington fully ninutuin the family chtirurtrr Whence springs thin strange revolution in public oeutinient und public feeling ! We are very strongly inclined to suspect that the present Cabinet have b? i n more intent upon effecting their own individual turns?that, true to the instinct* of ci ts* to which they belong, they have been more desirous of building up ectioual parties, and rewarding the services or replenishing tiif stomachs of their own political and |>erronal Iri-nds, than of advancing the reputation of 'Jeneral Taylor's ?dmiuMiiraiicn and the public interest, it would appear that they have regarded the President as fair gt.ine?as a tremendous god-send?aa a miraculous draught in the net, predestined for their eprt isi benefit. They seem to have estimated this brave, shrewd, energetie, thoughtful old nt in, as if he vrrre akin toihat jolly, good-natured, silly, humbugged monarch, who has been imn>rulizsd in song ek Old King Cede to a merry old soul, And a merry old ?"al he ; l<? (i I. d t.>r hi- l>?Mle. he r?lle,| far hi* gtais, Aad lie railed for hi* Dddlers three ' " Au honest man, w hose skirl* are clear ol politi*r?l corruption, tsa niysfrrv to your mere politician. He fmds them out aoon, hut remains himself a mvstery to them forever. How this contemplative* is to turn out in the present instance, remains as yet to lie s?rn. But one object apparently ar t latea the cabinet in general, and thst is to for their friend*. The department of the IS-cretary of rotate haa been managed with some ii. ,i. . <,( sh ditv and dten tv. But the egregious blunders of th- prrfiri head of th? 1'. + ! <>t'W ' 1 > ,' Hivrt || IV pr? I? , r. IT..K-d th< >fcrn and indignation of the intelligent of the c< uiit y Nor bus lh-I .-aninT'of tfi- lat- i<>r been in n much belter predicament. The Navy I a-pwrtni# nf has i nominal head, and ihf b*?l proof of itn ?fliciency is presented in the blunder made about the franklin expedition, which was order# d one day, and counterm inded the next. Indeed, thr only deta?rlrn nt which hsa bc<n r<n<itnt#d ?uli six lias been ihe War Department, which, if is n??t nnreisonibl.* lo coajertute. has I.'en Usui, to t.i- influence of the President himself. In ite linnet <1 d*U Is, rxelusire of the reniovsls and appointm-nts, which belong to the general policy of the Cabinet, ths treasury department has not hern without creditable features, during the present rdgtme It u who is so blind, as not to perceiae ground for the suspicion ihs?. on ihe part of some of it* members, a wish to re-mode| the wing pir'jr ; on the p?rt of other*, J" esatlrad new building, to be railed ' the republican party " ?nd .?n th .t of other*, to put up " shanty," wherever they can pitch it, and n which they could make th* rno-r ?>f a <i<nnrf eat-umoo in e?ar<h of jxiliticil plunder, his, abet II, hern the prevailing motive wnh the cabi net 1 kow, what in to l?e done in this dibmtm I It in dear that the pr> sent cabinet do not e<imprcb?iicl k 1 J the true character of the President, or the true ' i character of hi* position. The purity, patriotism, | integrity, and firmnew of the ol.i h ;ro at the j head of the government are just the same that j they ever were. But his adiiimistr ttion is se| rioualy assailed. Ilia success has been put in ! jeopardy. From the causes to which we thus alluded, public confidence begins t?> falter. With the prospect now before ua, no one can hope for a majority in Congress in favor of the present cabinet. That is quite certain. What is to be ! done 1 The hero of the field of Buena Vista must come up 10 me point ai once. ne umsi, iiuu?eu, ' comprehend the real nature of his position. lie is not u party President, but he has been used as it" he were a party President. The only salety j for the President is, to relieve himself from the embarrassments and difficulties into which he has been precipuuted, by men who have placed l him in a false position, and made him appear to have violated his own frank, voluntary and soi lenin pledges. He must be himself the President, lie cannot be ignorant of the proper mode of free( tng himself from the dunger of a false position; i j and who can doubt his nerve to use the appropriate means at the appropriate time 1 He I knew how to manage Mexicans?he also knows how to niunage mules. Curiosities of Modern Litkraturk?The Book Trade of the United States.?The book trade of i ; the United States is a very curious study, with a I great deal of philosophy and fun, diversity and dirt, j It embraces within its peculiar precincts many I strange characters, and a vast amount of talent, j imposture, genius, folly, piety, humbug, and rasi cality. All sorts ot laborers, native and imported, ; live or starve by this trade. You have authors and 1 publishers, poetasters and plagiarists, saints and 1 scribblers, printers and pedlers, blackguards and gentlemen, all hanging on to the skirts of the car ! rent literuture of the day. Some starve, others I steal. Some go to church, others go to the devil. Some live in palaces, others rot in lanes and alleys, f Some, while they live, are held up as models of r honesty and virtue?and, when they die, over their sainted remains costly monuments are erected, which transmit to all future generations the skill of soine illustrious stonecutter; others are kicked and f called in life's journey, from oyster cellar to oyster 1 cellar, and at last add another handtul of dust to l the Potter's Field. t j But it is not our purpose to enter into any dei i scription of the yertonnei of the book trade of the t? i _ Ti..,. ui i.: i u: ?- i i mini ?nuir?. i nui uriwu^Mu uncu uiugrttjiuci f the Methodist and other churches, and the records j of the police. It is of the morale of the trade that I I we would now speak. We design to examine, briefly, the mode a/.d manner in which the bustf net-s of publishing books is conducted; the intlu; ences thus exerted upon the public mind and the public morals; the effect produced upon the ttat tional literature ; and tjie duty which devolves upon s the daily journalism of the country, in connection w ith this department of hum in civilization e and human progress. ? There are, at present, in the city of New York, a sevetal publishing houses which have grown into J some importance within the last few years, and g they afford very excellent means of illustrating i jhia interesting subject. We have, among others, the publishing house of the Harpers? the "Brothers ]Iarj>er." These are worthy m-n, excellent citizens, and upright in all their business dealings. They are, we believe, eminent props und pillars of th? .Methodist Episcopal church?one of the mart pious and influential ecclesiastical organizations with which this favored land is blessed. Vet we do not tkiuk that the system adopted by these meritorious putrons of modern literature has been 1 the one best calculated, so far as they have been i concerned, either to make American writers cori pulent and conifortabiu, or American morals sound f I and sweet. It is quite notorious that this publishI j 'ng house haa inundated this country with cheap re> I printsof the trusltynovelannd demoralizing works of i 1 fiction, which have been published in Europe within the Inst lift.en or twenty years, for the special benefit of sentimental milliners, worn out rouSt, boarding school unties, chambermaids, and tha ctrcu| luting libraries of the fashionable watering places. We have thus seen this pious house seudtng forth, with amazing fecundity, year after year, an immense brood of liceuttousness, folly, vice and corruption; and yet, with th- exception of this journal ?this wicked, depraved, incorrigibly reprobate journal, tlie Aiic York Herald?not a single press j of the I nited Stales, so far as we know, has ever at any time, during the disseminutiqp of this corrupting literature amongst us, ventursd to utter a w old of reproof or condemnation of the conduct of this relimmis nnMi-lnn r limine II has Keen rhielly out of the larire profit* accruing froin the rc-publication of the licentious novels of Bulwer, Sue. and others of that school, that the fortunes of the Harpers have been built up. It would b<' a very curious thing if we could ascertain by cluirvoyance, or some other equally successful mode of philosophical investigation, the particular novels ol llulwerto which the cause of Methodism and morals in th" United States haro been most signally indebted, through the instrumentality of the benevolent brothers and pious printers of Cliff street. t Hher houses engag-d in the same business of publishing hooks in tins city, have, aim exhibited interesting peculiarities, or peccadilloes. Thus, we have li da number of school books and editions of the cIiomcs, palmed off u|>on the public as the original productions of some world-ren-swnrd "professor" in the backwoods of the be.tutilul West, snd raid to have been procured, like the j last h*hoon at IWrnum's, " at an ensrmoils expense." while, in fact, th- works are merely a reprint of some old Kuropean books, and stulied full of 1} pographical blunders at that I Thai the , American public?a public whi? h is pre-eminently characterised by a disposition to acquire knowj ledge, and pa Iron is- all literary efforts and literary enterprises?has been grn*-|y imposed upon; an I, itt the rame lime. des? rving men, fully capable of prilorming such literary labor with credit and \ success, hnve been deprived of the mean* of rm- j ploying their talent* in that direction, ." 'n, too, | with work* of science, in all its d-partm -ntr. Insteiid of employing American auihora, these publish'rs have issued their " ciieap and nasty" editions of foreign works, selecting them with the judgment of the counting-room, rather than that of the closet, in the lighter department* of literature, the same policy has be?n pursued ?the mean, paltry, avaricious policy of the m*re shopman or pedler. The cheapness of the m i- ! nuscript has been the cardinal recommendation of the original works issued by oar publisher*. In some cases that we could name, book* of rani merit, that have sold well, and realised a handsome sum to the publisher, have not brought the poor author a single sous. Again, the "reader.*" employed by these publishing houses are such g*muses! (?ne of these wiseacres advised a purlieu r in tin* city ta have nothing to do with a book which his run through many editions in a year, and is one of ih- most popular works in the linglith language. Then, how everything that ia issued by these publishers is puffed hy the periodical press ! It is pufl, ptifl, puff?nothing but pair. Every b ?ok i* vicrilent, grand, spl n.lid?ought to be in every libraiy. In vain do you look tor honest, intelligent, jart, discriminating criticism ot the current 1 literature ol the day in the newsptperi or journal*. This mint not be allowed to continue. We mean to take up the current literature of th* diy, and dissert it. We ahull subject it, snd publish -r* and suthoi*. and the whole Invok-tradr, to the a dot try 1 test o| an iiu.'sttiul jucfjm-nt. Oar treatment will b? 1 | adapt* d to carh case. Mild and benevolent, like ' salt* and wnna, when (hat course ni ty he pro(?-r; IcrriNe and aeairhing ns lirandretir* pill*, wh-n your oidiuary remedies are out of the ipiestion ? Lst us *te a ho and what first to take ja ii*J< 1. John C. Galhoits's Address to the Sjuthitrn Statm.?This celebrated document has bccu before the public for some days, sad has been com[ niented u;?on iu various ways, by the newspaper press, throughout the country. It would have been published a vreen sooner in the Herald, if the si?eciul arrangements which we made for receiving u copy of it at un early day, had not been knocked into pi by some blundering and mismanagement in the Post Ollice Department. But of this nnre anon. Many of the ne-.vspai?ers s*em to consider this address as the production of a great but erriug mind, although all,receive and treat it with respectful consideration. Others look u;>on it us the emanation of a powerful intellect; but few seem to consider or appreciate tlis consideration which the effect of such a production will have on the general temper of the Southern States, as regards future political movements. A great part of the address is tuken up with personal reminiscences, elucidating the personal history and statesraanshiii of Mr. Calhoun, as well as the terrible scathing which he hus given to Col. Benton ; but the view that ought particularly to be taken of it is, that it ib another step in the same direction as that marked out by the address which was promulgated by the Southern members at the last session of Congress, nt Washington. It ID iiniitlicr mn??iii?nt ,?ri.rin it. ing in the agitation commenced at the North, concerning the abolition of slavery -n movement which the South considers necessary, in the pterent condition of politics and parties, for the preservation of their own rights and inatij tutions against the crusade which has been en. tered into against them by the politicians of ail parties, with the connivance and assistance of the ! fanatics of the North, in reference to African sla' very. This document will, without doubt, have a i great effect on the elections soon to take place in ' the South and South-west. The result of all this crimination and recrimination will eventually be I that the South will present an unbroken frontthat it will unite as one party, in one movement, mid for one purpose?that is, resistance to the ! North; and no one can tell whut will come out ol such an unusual and unhappy state of things as | the arruy of the South against the North would produce. Tre Cask ok (.'acta in McCerkkn.?The preliminary examination in this case is still going on. It appears that the Justice before whom tiie examination is taking place, excluded, on soine account or other, the testimony of a Dr. MeCurron; bill Recording to what rule of law or evideuce, we do not know. We give it in the shape of a letter from Dr.fMcO., in another column. | We wish this investigation were finished, so I that we might dismiss the subject altogether. II the testimony introduced on the defence is true, the girls certainly are any thing but what they 'should be; but perhaps it is better to reserve an opinion until the whole ease shall have been concluded. Tiie Watering Places.?Great efforts have been made to draw people to the fashiouable watering places; but they have not been, as yet, very sueI cesslul. But the places of resort in the netgbor, hood of this city attract a great many visiters. The hotel at Long Island is quite crowded. Al ! West Point, where Mr. Cozzens has his hotel, two hundred and fifty visiters sat down n, ier two ! days ago; and, almost rv oth r v, that establishment is crowded ! its cup .city, < tlier places in the immedia' uy ol the city?I >rt Hamilton, the retreat (he Jersey and Long j Island shores?are also v Mended. Out West, along the lines of tra\ e hotels are doing a poor business, and ca. nliy make both ends meet. Hut the present panic will subside, and the stream of travel and pleasure will How jn all the usual directions. The cholera is decreasing here, and, indeed, the visitation has been mercifully ?.,l.l 1 II ?... I - I ........ ... .... ...n, "i j.u.r in uuiuii nnipif umenus will be iiinde for the dulnens and distress at lb# Watering placet* in the early part of the acajou. i The Next I-'okkio* New*.?The Europa will bring the next newa from Europe. It will be due eaily to-morrow morning. City Intelligence* r>rim Mirttrw?The Immense crowd of postulant* who presented themirlve* yesterday. many of whom were unavoidably disappointed, has induced Kather Mat hew to deride on paying another visit to New York utter hie tour to lloeton and Albany. He will then take a large ball in ecine central locality, and eontinue administering the pledge dally for some weeks. Tbo number who received the pledge at hit hand* up to 4 o'clock yesterday, amounted to nearly S.tKMi, making an aggngaterd HH'Ou for New York [and Brooklyn, lie starts lor llneton by railroad to-day, his public reception being Used ior to-morrow. Kick ? OlBeerOernn discovered on Ore about 2 o'clock yesterday morning, the millinery store of Mrs (irwen, got) Mceeher street On bursting the doors open, the lire was found to b* in the ease on the >ido of lbs store and in one nf the windows. The lire was et'iiig'inMd after destroying n portiou of the goods, aui -lijhly, injuring the pieu.i ea The Art iokwt to tnr Woacrsvza?The Knickerbocker wsnt up yestt r.lsy. for the Worcester, and brought her down to New fork. The Worcester 1* somewhat injured. Kot so lis so t man wn' found d?s.| on the corner of Itr< ad end Mouth street. ye.terday morning, at feur o'clock, lie was inkeu to tlis 1st ward station bouse, and the cor on r sent for. MriaseiiOi.r On i'??rvf ?At 7 o'clock yesterday morning, a most lamentable <n urrene.. took place at Hathbun s Hotel Mr l.o'Onl* Kathhun. aged "hi y. ars, wbo has teen I. sding retber a di--lpsfed l'f? for same time, retnrm d from a spree of a we?k ? duration; and. beirg -?l/ed with delirium tremens, his mother, an aged lady, sat up with him to wat-h hlin He leaped suddenly out of bed. rau (er a razor, an l proceeded to cut his ihr< et His toother strus l- l with him to prevent him. nnd cut Iter lingers severely In trying to wrest the razor from him Hhc 411 not however, succeed . on theconnary, she got her own throat cut lie Inflicted a horrible wsuml . n the side ef her neck, and would bare proceeded further, but that one nf the wait)re ru-Led up- u him knocking him on the bead, and thr u drs :gid him Into htz font, and tied him down on bis In .1 Medical eld was Immediately railed in. and the wounds o| both were dressed The w und of the old lady t< serious, the more so on account of her great age. and the shock given to h-r nervous system None of the important vessels are rut. but the Integuments are eut through to the windpipe, which con! I be even moving every lime she breathed, flhe b'ed pro lusely. both externally and Internally Her life is In a most precarious situation (the was a little better, however, at 10 o'clock last evening she felt more ci tab ruble and could swallow Th" wound of the maniac ft not dangernne. though it bled profusely too It is under the chin. The necessary ttAldaella having been sworn to, be was ?ent yesterday to the Lunatie Asylum. Elaekwell's Island. I! revolt I y n C'lfjr Intelligence. f'owMcv l orwrii Trezont Aldermen Teit. Wariw?l|. lilnmzn Sple?. ( htirrh. Ilauzhurst. Lambert, Boerum. Mnchmore. Burbauk. Redding and I.elTert*. The minutes of the la t regular meeting were retd and arnn ml u ! * ?# ii,? ?..-o.. -? o. . . . r- ... _ . - ........K., ?.. MM JUIJ. on thr ofrmlnn <f the reception of father and the Mgriing of the pledge by Church, M iliM to thr minute*. rffiiimn. Come n 4-r - from thr proprietor* of thr American or M<irr1*on lin* of ?ta?er n-hlng a dl'' of tome f My roil* wbl.-h htra h? n cmmetC'd ag*'n*t tin m f r riola'.l >n of city ordlnance* Keferr, ti to Sinn* Committee, < otnmnniratlnt from Merer* foulk.t. Van Anden. ed HfOflBi'f. ititm of thn Jl>?ek/yn llei^ .Wmli?*r. En>t au'l, relative to oatimat"* f >r the publio piloting and adrrrtiemg. Aliieio an Son morrd to lay It on thr t tble for th# preeeat. until the o po.t ol the Committor on Printing came up I,' it A Merman Iti ootan then mired to grant tha prayer ol the (etilinn. which a?k* for the mtiuiane* of tha promt eyrlotn of adrertieing Alderman 1 ma, 11 taoeod to lay tha petition oa tha table I.Kit. 'the m.'tion to (rant the prayer of tha pctlii >nrra a a* amended hi Ald.ruiao riwoa.a, ln"lnt tig tha turn ii'po fioi'y yVeemo<1 l.n*t * nay* : A ayes II. at Btl RUM BOVld M HMtttMl lh# I man tor tha hntlr. ahlob ??< a an |n?l- V nay* 1 A aye*. The eania gentleman niorrd to eu*pen I th uauol order < f hu-ineae lu order to taka tip the oeu.uate*, a i t dlrp'oe el th< tn. whloh ??< adopted 1 h-ro were an li.nnmerab guanllty of motion* ant am* Mini hie a hteh reealled la the whole aulijeet h-lng laid on lb" table The dl-euadon war oteeodingly a a mi and . me of tha Al l.-rmeu waro *o r onulelely turned round that they c.oiid not tell oa whtrn *'. la they wire rating, or eeai cly nh?lher they wera whig* or democrat* After the adoption of a motion to (ler the piloting to all the paper*, Allerinan Macdonald moved a reeow at deration, whirh war adopted: whan Alderman VVIIaon moved to lay the whi le *uhj< e| ..n the table, and fbl* 111 mon war. In the eurprieo el a!) earrh"! Th- laef. I* ail prrtla* harama j tired al the eonte-t and gate It op in de.pair \0"lher petition *? ft id fr m the proprietor* of the tueriean line rigmd I y a number of n-ridento on the line, an I referred to the State t'oiomitle* Th" ru*pen*loii of the nriia! bu?in"*a of thw Heard and tha eoo?0|tent debate* ahirh 1 prong up <>n the r|ite?tion of th" piihlio | prtntii g. t.are r< n l< red it irup??aih!* to (ir? a full re- i p-rt >f the pftlraeUil proceeding' a* tha m .mbera ereui'd fcore till 'U* to " rpout than to attend to | their public Untie* Mwwrrer th" Hoard adjourned till Mil* a.^ a*?a * 11 a.*!*. 1 . i .i,i "'P """> r CU" ?.> -<! ,t I I., kltli III * It, *U?n??n?? BtofUki 1 The PrajfrtN ?*f the CboUnu jn nkw i or* city. Mdm'i OrncK, ) New Yoke, July 33 -12 M. J The Sanitary Committee of tbii eity report 70 naw eaMm, aud38 deaths, of oholera, a* baring occurred during the laat 34 hours. iMMsar. Cases. Dtatht. Ditch'4. In Centre street Hospital 4 3 6 i William street Hospital 2 2 6 Thirteenth ?t. Hospital 12 10 0 Stantou street Hospital 7 6 1 llellerue Hospjfal 2 10 i Lunatio Asylum 0 0 0 Colored Home .............. 3 1 0 In private praetioe 49 10 0 Total. 79 88 11 Great as has been the disparity that hitherto ap1 peared between tbo cholera reports of the Board of 1 Health and those of the City Inspector, it Is still greater this week, the variation seeming to increase l with the increase of deaths. It reached so high as 75 and b0 per cent In past raturas. In the returns of the last week it Is 150 per cent The followiug table will , exhibit the difTereuce between the two sets of returns, from the commencement of the epidemic, up to Saturday last:? Week ending I) tilths. Wet k nuiing Deaths. Julie 2 21 June 2 29 ? ft ftt " 0 121 ? 16 100 " 16 14.) " 23 110 ?' 23 152 ? 30 ISO " 30 230 July 7 167 July 7 317 ' 14 274 " 14 4X4 ? 21 261 " 21 714 Total 1,250 Total 2 216 1.250 Difference in the reports 9'J8 Th? largest number of Interments in 1832 was 887, of which 716 wore by cholera The population of the city now. however, is about double what it wiu then.

The following is the average number of deaths pe day, for each week, l'r.uu the begiuuing : ? Week / im.'ij Hull thh/ Ending Average. Ending Aoeiat*, June 2 4 1-7 June 30 40 6 7 ft 17 2-7 July 7 45 2-7 16 20 5 7 14 72 23 21 6-7 21 102 In referring again to the dl?crepaucy between the number ot diatli* by cholera, reported by the Board of Health ami report' U by the City Inspector, i whose returns alone oau be relied on. we may observe that the number of deaths reported by liiui exceed by seven, the entire number of cases reported by the Bourd ot Health, fur the week. 1 If we add other diseases of the bowels, having per. haps, in many instance*, their origin in the cholera poison, though they never reach the collapse stage ot that disease till they terminate fatally, we shall hive the following icsult fur the last week :? ( hole) a 714 ( holei a IIMbus 34 Choleru Infantum 102 Diarrhea 61 Dysentery 71 Inflammation of the Bowels 27 Total 1,009 llere then, is a total of 1,00ft deaths by diseases of the bow els, 1. si tug only 400 deaths by all other disesses. This ought to make people be careful in avoiding every thing tending to disarrange the bowels, and I when th>y are of order, to look after them as saou a.- possible, the great secret ef success in these diseases ' b< it.g pr. luplituue. '1 he lollow ing table will exhibit the number of deaths each day. from the tlrst of June till the 21st of July, (ftaturday last.) with the range of the Uiermomuter at ' Delatour'e. in Wall street, at three o'clock the hotte t i hour of the day. The deaths are taken from the rei turns of the Board of Health, the City luspector uot ' ' making daily returns :? f I Deaths. Thermom Deaths. Thermo/is. June 1.... 4 bft June 27. . .2ft 83 2. . . 7 6M 2s 2'J V? " 3...11 75 " 2ft. . .18 76 " 4. . . ft 78 '? 30. . .28 80 " 6. . .11 74 July 1. . .18 88 I " 6. . .10 74 2. . .39 75 . " 7. . .19 74 " 3. . .26 76 ' 8...12 70 " 4...27 7ft " 0. . .1ft 75 " 6. . .26 74 " 10. ..10 64 " 6. . .21 81 " 11 . 12 86 " 1 22 ?i " 12... 19 70 " 8. . .27 86 I " 13...14 69 ' 9...46 80 " 14. . .18 75 " 10. . .44 81 i ? 16. . .14 78 ' 11. . .30 81 " 16. . .18 82 M 13...98 #3 M 17...18 82 " 13. . .38 N " 18...17 80 " 14...51 80 " 18...10 86 " 15...37 75 " 20. . .14 80 " 10. . .56 78 ? 21...14 83 " 17...61 83 M 22. . .16 63 ' 18. . .40 82 " 23. . .21 61 '? 19. . .36 83 ' 24.. .21 88 " 30. ..34 85 " 25...25 87 ? 21...30 82 " 26. . .38 87 from the following table, it will be aeon that the UUeaiie la mora fatal than it wax in 1831, but not ao fatal at in 1*32 L>? ariia ? aoM CnoLKaa, araoantna to thi IxtiiariTi. 18.12. 1834. 1816 , Klntweck 66 8 13 Second we? k 336 63 28 i 'I bird w< ek 716 131 121 fourth week 086 193 145 f ifth weak 383 148 152 Sixth week 281 167 286 Seventh week 222 83 317 Kiglith week. . 179 68 484 Ninth weak 133 48 714 Total 2.680 843 2 261 On tb# whole, there doee nut appear much ground for alarm, and it in veidaat that there la an improvement within lha laot few dajra, uo doubt owing ta tUe pn.tal weather, and the return of electricity to the a n.i pin re. ?*u Choi.aa* CATaaraerHU.?The following I* the xad hi; toiy of the ravage* of theaholrra In one poor family iu the Twelfth ward Jainea Roe had a wife and four children, aged 10. 8. 4 and 2. The huxband and father died of cholera on f rtday evening and the wile dud on Saturday and there the two b<>diex lay dead In the { bourr. and one of the little girl* elck with tho mat divraee. hanging round the neck of her d*ad melh-r ' The polio* of the ward reported the fa.'t* toJu.tire hlcuntfiirt. who add reived a eooimunirntlon to the Ten tlorernor* to have the belie* liuried and tho p >or orphanxreaioved to the Alma IIoum. Thia l* ouly one i_d uerouut of many. DROOKI.TN. or Ilex rn, July 22. 1819. Paring the la* t 21 hour*, there have been reported to 1 thi* utile* 27 caeea of epidemic cholera, 11 of which t< iinitiated fatally. CHARLfSfl. J. tlOODRini, Pnyeicmn of the Hoard. i Bntat) or llr*LTH, July 23, 1946. During the |*?t 24 hour*, there have b ten reported ! to Ihle office 20 rate, of epidemic cholera, eight of i which proved fatal, via. ; < athi rlna Wioket. age i 40, | TaciOr atrwet; Michael ' aughtin aged 31. 0 ?nd atreet; John Dowd. aged 7, fourth pla-e, Oeen ' aughltn, aged 2A. vhip (treat Britain; Michael 9eaeny, fourth r.lacc, Oliver VaUli. tytad 84. IInd*on avenue, f.d Mcl.archlta. aged 90 , Mary ilcl.aughlin. aged 27, tlond tree4. LII48 8. J. OOOKHU ll, I'byilcian to the Koa-d. T>e following were the death* by oholern l*<t week, I according to the report of the hoard of Health:? Cave*. D'a'Sf. | to4 is Mot day J " 1 Tm > day 10 4 Wrdt..atlay M 1) Thandaj 10 0 4r??lay SI IT 1 Sdiiu; 24 10 Trial 12* Aw Arrordli n to tha Otty Inrpartor'a the anmb?r f f dr?tti? f. r tk? |I*H Offk bt< h?< n uu'i?u?'ljr li f. |>r< hably uurli tr?*l?r arar )> fora I"ha ordinary art-rat* t? about 84. Kur tho pa t waak thay Vara r- arln d 164, of ubnin mala? and TA fotnal--#; 74 ol thnra ara raportad to bara ho?u by rhnlrra baring fc.1 ft r all ottrr dbaaaaa In tti* prari-iua wnak, tha dttibf by ebt-l?ta wars 42 I* OTHKR rbACKS. 7a. 'y. tut*. Cm. Dtotkt. 1 Pouphkft-prla, N Y. .Joly 12 to19 21 13* Calumbua. Ohio " 1* ? -J fcaitto, do '? lltalfi ? 10 Toledo, do ' 17 ? 4 Montr ilia do " 14 to 17 S S LranavlUa la " 1* ? 1 I.afa; >tta. do " 4 to 11 24 10 Madiroa. do M - 16 ? 2 Mayrilla, Kr " 12 to 15 ? 1H Lattnytoa. do. " 14 ? JaUrtn n llty.Mo. * 4 ? 14 ttuabae. la " 4 to IT ? 24.1 Naw Erunralrk. N. J " 21 1 1 I amtbit. N. J " 21 4 1 ! Mt-aipbia. Tana. . .. " 12 ? 8; Ilia, ? .... " 12 ? 1 Ltbaaoa, " " 11 10 2; Tha Danrllla. (Ky ) TV/4inta, of tha 13th Inrt. ?ay?; ? j l(i t a? our payr wa? yoioy to pra ?. w.- hoard tha'.lBa liar II B llaaaomh 11 l? , fraaolant of tha I'ranaytran'a , l iilrrrdty. dlad of rli lt ra in L- 1114! >0, 00 SVi-Jnnt. j day a'plit laat. 'I ha 1 orlngt >a. ('If ) 7??atJ, of tha 14th la?t ?*/ : -Ma hana t i rarutd a ibath from bar. I'h? faotrara darlrtd from an undnuht'-il aouraa and tha ana la maJa yublla In onlar mora Impraa-lrrly to Indleatatba Impiirtanaa of maintaining o-mtril orar tha ntlod an I dltrardlni alt uniir?ar?ary faar an<l a a m A lady Iu thli city who aiy oya l or i-nary h- alth prnrloun t < lh.i apt aiaiicc Of tha prtraliing pM-mla. baaama alarmt d on it a adrant, and anfTora? h?r inln-t to dr.-llon in<- Minjcri, until ana Darwoia airaaaiBfiy rerun.r* nil nai ?o?a Krery aaaa aha baanl af In ir*a<ad tbia aiort i'l aordltl' a of the mind and b >dy. Klnaliy on living toid of tha d<'?th of an immadlala nrlfhkif. ah? rlaapvd har band" In agony and xoUlin-1 Vly tin* ImP' mi'?ti? thru want t? b'd and a waa enllrd in, but no alTort anuld rrilaan U?f of tha eonriatl< n that aha had tha rholara an I that aha ?M t? dia of it ftnbaa?|iiaatly, Indaad, thara war* na?if* < *flora of aholara In tha aa?a b'lt tha ma.liaal altandant I aa no doubt thay war# Indue d v?!a|y by t ar Th ia alia rtii d within tiiraa daya aftar aha t'wik to har ha t Tha it l.nla (Ma) Vu'an, n# tha 12th lo't^, aaya: ? . Hi ma '<aya ?inr. a young man living with hi a paraula In Miring foan. >11 <1 of eholar* I Ha honaa a', whiah h? dlad aland- n?nr tha mini ml t of a hill Uirogtljfaf- ' tar <l.ath tha ?or(aa waa put luto a butral by tha p?fania.haadril up, and rollad il ian tlu' lull. Ithtoppal 1 Bear tha dwelling uf gantltiaan, who fcttnd It nraan 1 urr to apply to the leoanty court to here the barreled body Interred. The Court complied with the requeet. Those are moat affeotionate, most humane parents. INCIDENTS Of THK CHOLERA. The Cincinnati Gazrtu, of the lvth instant, says: ? A few days since, there earns to the fourth street H?spttal a family of sis persons-husband aud wife, two sons, aud two daughters. The females were all risk ? the mother la the last stages of cholera. The resident physieian told the father and sons that the wife aod mother was dyiog. and could not be saved. She was, however, received, and, with the girls, eared for as well as the natnre of the circumstances would adult. The girls were not very sick, hut (he fsther aud sons determined to stay and nurse them aud the mother. They were told they conld do th*in no good; were already wearied with watching, aod, to pre-erve their health, had better go away, and get at least oue night's rest. Tbey were persuaded. On the Mlowiug muruing, early, tbev culled, and were iuf rated that the mother had died but the girls were getting better. 'i'hty were shown luto the room where the corpse was lying. The father (a middle-aged man) looksd at it a few moments, calmly folded his arms, aud said?'I have lived long enough in this world; 1 tun ready to die." K.iforts were made tocheerblm. but to no purpose. lie walked back into the yard, paced through it a short time, with his arms folded, and hlscyee fixed on the ground; returned It,.. V,... ,,t ? . 1 .. i ,1 l... ... . 'I'k., w% told biin be thought not. urged him not t > giro way to bin tidings, and wished him to walk out. lie replied ? ' I am etck, and uiuet lie down." He threw himself upon a bed hie feet and huods immediately began to erump. and. without purging or vomiting in a eiiort time be wu dead. Soon after the father wan attacked, tbo two boye sank down in the lame way. and it was not long after hie death b-foro tliey were both in the pirit laud. The girl* are eonvaleaceut. TIIE t'HOI.ERA, COMPARED Wtril THE YELLOW FEVER AS To MORTALITY. In 1793. the yellow fever visited Philadelphia, when the population wan about. 50.000; of these, 17 00') tied from the city, leaving but about 33 000 inhabitants. '1 he oiheial Dumber of deaths by yellow fever was 4 041; , but Mr Niatthew Carey estimated the real number of I deaths by that disease at 5 000. j 1 bis is a mueh lurg. r proportion of deaths than has ! taken place, even at St. Louis orCiucinnatl. by cholera. BY TELEGRAPH. St. Loris, July 31.1849. We are rejoiced Id our ability to state that the pestilence is rapidly abating In this city. The whole number of Interments oa Friday was GO, of which 37 were victims of cholera. I On Saturday the number of Interments was only | 34. of which 21 were deaths by cholera. The total namber of interments last week was 475? ' 300 of whivh were deaths by cholera. The Uev. Alexander Vancourt, of the Third Presbyi terian Church, died of cholera on Sunday, and was hurled to-day. attended by I. O. of O. K. The weather is clear and cool. Cincinnati, July 23, 1849. There were fifty-eight Interments in this city yesterday, of which thirty-three were deaths by cholera. Baltimuhi:, July 23. 1849. The cholera is decreasing at the Almshouse, and in the city. No cases are reported. Philadclvhia, July 23 1849. The Board of Health report the occurrence of 30 new cases and 20 deaths of cholera duriug the twenty four hours ending at noon to-day ?being an lnorcase of one case and eight deaths since yesterday. Bofvalo, July 23, 1849. There have been 93 eases and 40 deaths of cholera in this city during the forty.eight hoars cuding at noon to-day. Ai.uant, July 23, 1849. During the forty-eight hours ending at noon ta-day. there were 22 cases and 5 deaths of cholera reported In this city. Cold 8i-hinu, July 23. 1849. At Breakneck, near this place, 4 cases of cholera and 2 deaths are reported to have occurred since Sunday j evening Boston, July 23. 1S49. There have been no new eases nor deaths of chelera reported in this city to day. Common Council. Board or Aldlkmbn, July 23.?This body met last evening at5 o'clock. The petition of the inhabitants of Seventh ward to have a tire hydraut iu Henry stru t, was referred to the Crotou Hoard. The petition of Hose Company No 20. to hare their house re- . patr< d, referred to the committee on fire department. I '1 lie petition of Hose Company No 42. for a lot near Ninth avenue, in Thirtieth street, referred to com i - - ? - - r??v.... " Kelly and other*, for a pump, to be placed in the vlcluity ofkNo. 30 Sberiif street, referred to the oorn; uiittee of repairs, I'elitlon of James A. Brown, for rt numeration for loss of h*>r*?. tu consequence ef the dock being out of repair at the foot of 1'wroty-tbird : street, referred to the committee ou wharves. I'e: tltion of J. MntWl and others, praytug the abatu| ment of a nuisance. by the tilling up ot a bl-ick of | ground. situated and bnuuded by Seventeenth and . highternth streets and avenues A aud Kirst, reft ried to rily lnrpi etor 'i he petition of John II. Wagner aud others. for a hydrant at the southeast corner of Sixth avenue and Thirtieth street, referred to the , Croton Board The petition of John X alter and many others, praying the abatement of an aggravated nul- j sauce, by the d- positing ol large quantities of olfal, I manure, and garbage. In the neighbourhood ef Wenua A and Kitteenth and Sixtaeutn streets referred to the ( ity Inspector Petition of tho foremau of the several gangs of paviors in thi- city f ?r an iucrease ef wages, referred to Hie committee ou repairs 'lite petition of K.ugltie Company 16, that Ueorge Bradmrjrr. expelled front the fire department, may bo considered as resigned, granted. Petition of llauinl J. Sherwood and others, for a -ewer in Park place, from Jiroadway to I burch street, and from < hureh street to Barrlay. referred to Croton Board Petition of the . ( olleetor and Deputy f oiler tors of Aeness 4i*ut* for alteration of tudinauces. by tlxiog three per rent on all amounts to be ra sed. referred to Commute* on Ordinances M'-moiial to the Common Council to prohibit burials In Nlil** II * burial ground between Kirst aud Beeoad avenues and Hrst and hec*>nd streets '1 be following bills, tor expenses incurred in consequeue* of tbe.vstir place riots were presented: ? A bill I rem the Sheriff for services of deputies. *li to each, and j 'ib for printing, making a total of >7W 74. '1 be following from t. Jours, tor do ? May loth IMP 13 gallons hiandy $31 00 , lb'* pilot bread, 6 lbs butter. 4 00 , !' defiiljohns i '11 | 0 knives 1 AO | U d< sen iuaibli;rs, cut glass 0 76 $Au JO Bill of Dr. James Wood fordo . In atl ending L. Pierce, I who wa- wounded, tit. Hill of L, I'terae. tor eitra expenses In eon-equ?-nre of beiug wounded, $6* ? mailing. 1 tn all. a am of (141 36 J he foliowiag reports were submitted:?Rep >rt of the I Moniltlee on Aits and Meores. in faror of erect- , log ihelves in the new Library room. ? Adopted ! M'pert of the Klnance (.ouimittee < n the petition of Overgo Matsell and James Leonard for paymeut of eoetv In salt brought by k ranees Conner ? td iptsd. ltepoit of Committ<e on Mreeta in favor of fencing lota ou the noitii side of Hevettteeath ?treat. from sixth avenue a lib n solution and ordinance tber* for-Adopted Keport of ( i in nine# ou Street*. tu favor of flagging a space of four feet wide through the aorth eldewaikof 1'art-IP h street bat ween i irst and i'hird avenues, with resolution and rdioauee lb. r*-for - Adapted. I.epoit of i ommittae on Streets, in favor of repairing Twentieth street, bvlaeen Broadway and Fourth Ave- 1 nue. and re-setting curb and gutter, with resolution and ordinance for the same Adopted Report of 1 omailttee en Street*. recouiuendiug a eoncdrrenoe . with the board of Assistant vlderineu. In the resolution and ordinance In graj* thirtieth atr?*t, b'tween 8evriith and eighth ,v?enw?a Hep.vrt of Klnance ( owimittew. recommending that conditional relief be granted to (??orgn LL Poel. who complains that he has ' be< o a->ea rd t<r personal properly to the amount of $VJ*. on which the tax amounted tn fk irj, whereas petition* r all* g*a he la S'4 po.seessed ofxny property liable to (axaiioa ? Adopted lieport of the Committee on ltrdinanee# with dratt of aa ordinance reta'tng to Collectors or r-eeivers of taxis*, who are to have their aalarne slopped, as long as the Comptroller thinks , proper, in the event of their failing to report and account for the moneys receive.! by them adept* I. Rep< rt of Committee on Road* and Canals, in favor of bulid'f'gk trw'-r in Broadway, froui Washington Plte? t to near ? ourth street, with resolution and ordinance then for?Adopted Keport of Committee on Roads and i anais. in fever of building receiving bain* and culvi i t? on the corners ef West and' ourtlandt streets, 1 and * f regulating and r* setting rarb and gutter stores I on the U' rtti side ef i ' n'tlmjl street between West j arid Wasbiagtoa streets ?Adopted. The Heport ef the Finance t ommittae. recommending relief to Dann l ' tlloier. in relation to the tax on l"t li-io In having j mMby I mbrtnhe th tbe bdnfcs Iw io< MU instead ? Adopted Kvport of < oijinltte# on Klnance ot the Hueril of Aldei mea, i n petition of If. L. William*, tn * be irilcved from tax on personal property which be does not poesess ? Adopted. Keport of tbe Kiunnce r cmmlttrr. tn fnvor of a pa'tisl^reinisslin of tat on Judge livid?Adopted Keport of Kinanre Committee I lu favor of petition of James 1 Mackey. to be relieved , from a fine ol %it and costs making lu all $4 JO. 1 >t an obefrnrtion of inn itreet*. by bariei*. on the complaint ' of a neigbh >r? Adopted l.epwrt of the kliianae oin- I uiittee i I, die utemonai of I n >tnas iliiey t ir relief from , the suit In-tiluted es?nst him a* the snrsty ol vfr lloSnlti v -1 |t'.i 1 Nomination ol Ik C. Vanee, ward register In placa i ef U. A. Wood resigned, wasetttiurined. 1 lie following r?*s "i tu om was at ipied : - That fl.noo . be epi'mpriati d for toe pin pose at bruising the re- , ' n.a.i.s ol < oionei Duncan and Mgior-OJBeral Worth i to thke city. A is olullnn was ad pl*d reirrring the alarming in- I rrof buiiu< in lha l oi tor ? > i?U hamuli a lrUl(4. to ft ?f>"< iftl ComiultUftid tnrw* from .-noli tv>?r|, |ll|r|l< ltlb>l' ' L l>liu . ?llj ft lit; ?> >??ltio Auiitirt tmoiutU-u ?h- ft'l>|?i..l tliat lh? ?*n?r-i<if < lb? |iU r at I lio t ol >iutr*y ilr.?t, mil I IU<- po-r It llm foot of In bin- .1 ?lr~?t bj ilir??l.i I t ? *?<?d I lb? fftli.m tft tile llflr f ir the pn mftiit ill riMIKl Ml of plrrr iii lb* > "fib 1.1 tit ill* i|U?ll"1 (if llio liuUnoll Hmlr.ft-I ?.?? th-n brought by Mr. i- x . ? who i<r--i-a?*.i > ir no ii-lifti.' miii<'l prr'nilmii; il n l? mi ?! ? up to 1> to 11<4 by rutin nil rail* [hrrogli it. Alib Hum I b,-> inl to tb* ri-mift?lrftoer, b it hlr fly ?tb.ii *?? n??ti'i|. il Almt' in H irk cnbt*.ob il a'.rotifly for th* (rani i li ration of lh* r*l?unMrmi?a ? J bat* n r* rifMiM motion* mail* ftml ainMol'U"ntt. ? ind iiiovii.p .f li.. |.tnl t.? q i.-l. n u?iii : o-ni i in ftnji nthbinnl * rm i t uiiij Ilia q i' ll ni nil- t MIM TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE* ' I One Day Later from Ban Franelaeo. Boitor, July 33, 1M5. One or two letter* from Saa Kranelsco, dated May 10th? one day later than our previous advice*?hare been received here, via Mazatlan, from which the following item* of intelligence are gathered The market of San Krancieoo wan overstocked with many descriptions of goods, which were selling at low rates Many articles could be purchased at from 30 to 50 per cent, discount on the iuvoioes. Provision* anil clothing wero abundant and cheap. | The charges for landing goods and for storage were enormously high ; (3 to fi per mouth for storage, and *11 to *8 her ton for lanilintr vorhla The anchorage wan erowied with vessels, an 1 ethers were arriving daily Some hundred* ware expeetwd t? : arrive by the mouth of tugust ; a dozeu or mora flroan | the Celestial Umpire were daily looked for. Sau Francisco was full of people and it is stated to 1 be not uncommon for twenty or thirty individuals to occupy one rniall apartm-nt. The tents about tha to a u were also crowded to excess. Kooms, twenty feet iquare, let fur (ties to *800 per annum, building lots, which, two years ago. were worth only $1200. have I been valued recently at $ >) H)0. A largo number of the Inhabitants of San Franelsao were speculating extravagantly inland. New towns were being laid out in different spots around (be bay ; and buildiug lots in wilderness sites, were felling at $ 1.600 to f 2 000 each. building materials, ccuiplite bouse frames, boats of good descriptions, aud carls with everything complete, are In good di maud and svlt well. Lumber was worth I f 4C0 per thousand feet, and is scarce at that. ' The gold dust, this s< ason had not been dug oat very freely, owing to the swollen .-tat- of the streams; but no doubts art-entertained that as much will be gathered this year as last, as the number of laborers tbli season exceed those of the previous one. i At the mines, as yet. matters r-mained pretty qoiet; | but fears were euti rtained that ero long there would be . serious disturbances between our countrymen and the ' Mexicans, as some six thousand of the latter had arj rived in the country, and evinced a most turbulent die. position but, says the letter writer, " Vou may rest ' assured that should any important outbreaks take place, tbey will be shot d >? n to a man." News had been receivt d at San Francisco, tbat six mm. in twenty days, near th- Feather Itiver, procured sixty thousand dollars in gold du't. The iliip dray Kagle from Philadelphia; J. C. Fremont, from Baltimore, tbe Huntress, from Valparaiso, and another ship have just arrived; thus they pour in almost daily. There ar<- upwards of seventy squarerigged vessels now in poit. and a number of small craft. The ilorteusia sailed on the Kith for Mazatlan. [The above will do till later adviei.s are received ! Latest News It out Buenos Ayre*. Bosto.v, July'd3? P. M. The ihip Shaw has just arrived at this port from Buenos Ayrex with dates to the Oth of .1 una?four days later than had been previously received. Tbe most Iriendly relations continue to exist between President llosas and the Kngllsb and French. The British Minister gave a soiree on the birth-day of Qunn Victoria, which >< attended by tbe daughter of Ho-as. The nominal blockade of the Oriental ports by the Frineh. was raised i-lmuliaueuu >lj with the estnblishment of the armistice. Admiral Lepredour, shortly after the suspension of hostilities took effect, despatched for France four vet. els of bis squadron, vis: frigate Oygone, brig Tactique. and steamers Chimere and Urondeur. H. M. teamer Lltard sailed tor Kngland at the same time. Many marks of civility . such ns salates, Ac., have been interchanged bet.veen the town of Buenos Ayres, aud the British and Freueh squadrons, and tbe most friendly and eourteous relations were apparently e? in uiiftii* u Freights were a* fellow* : dry hide*. $10 per 3 000 lb* ; raited do. $0 per 2 000 lbs ; wool, iu bales, $4 33,'? per 40 feet. The anniversary of the independence of the republic was celebrated with great pomp on the 35th of May ; on which oceadon the British steamer Harpy waa dreised in colon and fired aalatea. There were eight American and twenty-si I British vessels in port when the Shaw sailed. The highest quotation of doubloons wae 308 ; tha lowest. U0I>4. Eicharge on the United States was at 3 per cent, discount. Important, If True, front Venezuela. Boston, July 23?P.M. Advices from Veneiuela. of July 6th, state that it la reported that tie a rial lass has again disembarked at Caro. f< r the purpose of m< < tine ('resident Monetae On the 24th of Juue, a body of horsemen attacked the residence i f President Munagas. but retired after a few shot* had been llred At the same time a number of people rose against the gorernment. in different parts of the Haiti* and eivil war a.tain preva'ls President .Mt nsgas immediately assumed extraordinary powers and arrested a number of the rebels ? rrusveutions of all kiods ar? the result, and while the Insurgent* are without mean*, rhlefs or plan*, the government has full power, and is raising funds by foired b an*. It is ftarrd that th<- remits if this rutbrsak will be more dba?trrus to public crJer than those which have jTiviou-ly cccurud. Pluilne Dlsnatrrs? I.osa of the Brig Falcon and the Nrhuunti' Kttia?9> Ito.mvr tiuxellc In Dmtrtaa. iisat zsron, July 29. 1810. The Brlti'h brig Falcon from Halifax, Thomas Morris master, on a voyage In ballast, from J amnio* for Halifax, sprung a leak iu the <>ulf Str.ein and waa abaiirit nrd < n Sunday night. July lath The captain (nd crew, sli in number arrived at Savannah on Wednesday, having lx" n on the sea three dsya In an open beat, with nothing to eat hut raw provisions The veoil aas old. and wheu the leak was discovered, she was half full of eater 'Hie schooner ti#?*ll*. Rodger*, mauler, from Philadelphia, bound to this port, put into Savannah, on Viduesday la-t. In a leaking condition, having lost bet mainuimt and sulf> r?U much other injury. Dsi.timobk, July 23 1840. V < lewra from the r*n*a*ola (;?.-?/(< that Capt Setb W.Fills, of the sohcener Kxtra. aid hi* erew, arrived at that place us the 1 iih nit, In an open boat, with netfclug hat their clothes. being without either provl ion* and water. The .xtra was from Dnetoa. bound to Mt bile with *n assorted cargo. She sailed from the former port on lbs l&th of luae, and. on the night of the )-"h of July In 1st 7 58 Ion HA XX that tb? would not rtorr. and ww* than tot loklo* I n ry ondaaror ??< n?od by tho captain and crow to aaro hor, hut It ?aa found to ba wholly uaol?ao and thi-y woro forwod to a*rap* la tho ?>n.all bout Thoy bad not Irfl tho nohoonrr mora than flftoon minutaa, whon aho loworod and ?unk Day of Pasting and Prnyor, appolntMl by bottrnur Kl?h. Ai-sanr, July 23, 1219. Oororaor Flab ha* l-?m-d a proWamatian to tha poopla of tha Htata of N'aw 1 ork. roeoam?ndiny th? >b < rranoo of Friday. tho third of Anguat, aa a day of 'sating humiliation and payor to Almighty <?od that .be rat ago* of tbo ah dors may bo apradlly atayad. Tba third of Anguat la alao roenratnandaj by rraallont Taj l?>r to bo nbt trrol In tho ta.ue nianoor througbut tho eountry lhatrarttrc Vlrc In Chlraga I n eauo. July 33-P. M A mo?t dratmatlro flro hnk* nut In thla alty on ftaui day night, which ron?'imod tho ontlro bb?oli b iund?d >y l.ako, Ivatbm. Stato and Handolph atraata. with ha uacaptloa of throw flro proof atoroa on Laka atrootind biM, > Nn.i'h'a proof building* on Si*i.> atroot, ikith wtro aaaod 1 ho turrvuwding pr>porty wao in to or lota damaged Tho Iota la otltmaW-d at from fort)>Sr? to Afly thoataud dollara llratn ul Jallaa ttlnnt, Kaq, Ai liar, .Inly 21 1319. Jollaa tv inno, latoly erunoctod with tha Canal lank id thia city a- ra birr, 1c , db'd at b.a r*ald*aoa u Stir day Poat Ofllra Itiihlirr) at l>.?l?oi?, (itargla. SarawwaH, July 21. !* ? I'M* oiHf? M , .n|f n U. orrfto w*? mbb?.l on ktardny n "t HUrt untuning n ?o; I bf iMa t tv thna far ?> afF>l di'tknttmi Tli? Klnl at M l??nt? &r I. o id. Inly 1.', UN. A ?rrti'?m riot oartirrvj mi rlJai anting ' lilihrr i.l lltw bit <* B Avtrral M ???' 1'nlnll ita it ir taraly inJur-il I tin r)r>ft*a>lrra m t* arra imt. d ttin 4.>lt banif -piaHi-d V-r th* Hit- tin It la In it ttiat thf t-ar to u-ra and N-HUrx n > ? aw-im I) fi li*a i n ttv i;ht tl.i* air I ilJU'ty

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