Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 12, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 12, 1849 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. itliWMt cornrr of Kullim and Nassau StS. I JAHKH liDK l>OH BKNNUTT, FROPRIKTOR AND KDITOR. NOTICE TO COKBKSPONHKNTS. VOLUNTAS T ( HKKKATH.VnKNCE, rmitaintnf faaMrtimf uv., .oltrihd frow .ixy yurirUr o/ (A? wrlA-, V m?*d will Sr librrullyi v> id for. ITkvs or CITY IS IHLLIOKNCK, / ail tort,, art miso solicited. AO AOTICK tuken of anony mous rommuairtifiona. IT** frrrr t? intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer; not necessarily for publication, but as a ijvaranty of his go+d faith. We ear.not return rejected communications. THE HERALD ESTAHI.ISHhlEXT is open throughout $he night. TERMS, ETC THE DAILY HERALD three editions, 2 cents per copy ?$7 per annum. THE MORSIMi EDITION isvubluhed Ut $ o'clock A M. aud uist- ibuted before breakfast, first AFJ ERSDOS EDITlON can be had of the newsboys at 1 o'clock, and the second at 3 o'clock. F. M. THE WEEKL Y IIERAI D, for ciri ulation on this Continent, is published every Saturday, at ti.'a cents per copy. ?* til,, tin,. ... Kumar and printed t?i French and ICnylirh, at 6*4 cent* pec copy, or $1 per aw/ium, the latter price to include the poetaye. _ Tilt: POLl.AH V IIFK4l.ll 'Very Monday, 1 eenO per copy; $1 prr annum; ?i-r copier 'nor, $h per annum Thr Potior Herald wall not contain any touttrr pnliliihcd m tin Werkly Herald. Al l. f.HITHKS by mail, tor rub . option,, or toiifa adterrtirrmrntr, to he port paid, or the poet aye 1oill he deducted /row the money remitted. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY TUBATHE, Bowery? WA^wick?UnRTUni , T? I'KN. BROADWAY TIIEATRE, Broadwky--HvNCHS Acs?Joui Bo>M NIBI.O'R GARDEN, Br oodwiy? Tight Bope?Xioolk VI? MAC.IC Til MPET. BURTON'S TH EaTKE, Chamliorootreoi?Boiitor'a New T?n PihuTum-A Peep mua a Parlor W niiuw ?Damon J?ni. NATIONAL TIIEATRE, Cknthtm ?ionr?.?D"m 11 CiRl. ?r Gkaoa? Female Furtv Thiivij-Valentine and Ok nun, OLYMPIC TnEATRF. Br???1w?y?Who Rpiak* Firat? ?Child ok thk Ri kimk?t?SepaRatk MamtknAnck. MECHAN'IC'8' IIALL-L'hkiitv'I Minstrels?VOVAOK Mi sicai *?Ethiopian Singing. CHINESE MUSEUM. 6.H)Hioadway-From 9 A. m. to 10 r m. CHINESE ASSEMBLY ROOMS?Mr. Macallisti R's oikkex ItAOIGI'A. WEI CH'S COLISEUM, Astor Pl?ee.?Booksr?ian Fi.rrOKM ??om. Sir New York, Kilrtsy, Oniiiitr 14, IRIO, The t Kliilsnln's Wrws. The fire in the Telegraph Buildings, on the corner of Hanover and Beaver streets, yesterday afiernoon, prevented all communication with Boston last night, and hence we are without any tidiiigs from the Culedonia. CiHRiln?'The Annexation (fntitlsn. The question of annexation to the United States continues to be debated with great mterest by the ^habitants and public journals of Canada, more particularly -4>y tnose iniir, in times past, were looked upon an ihe most loyal subjects of the British crown, and prided themselves on rnonopolixtng all the loyalty in those provinces. We have adverted in our columns to the causes which induced them to desert the ground of loyalty, and to assume the position which they uow occupy. The principal one was, that, under the system of ree|u>nsihle government which was introduced into Canada, the French interest gained ascendancy in the provincial parliament, and controlled, as a matter of course, the distribution of the offices and emoluments, to the exclusion of the British or tory party, who had enjoyed all the loaves and fishes Irotn time immemorial, and who j looked upon and treated the French, not as lellow i subjects, on equul terms with each other as regarded political rights, hut as a conquered people, whom the conquerors hud a right to dictate to and ?ntrol. Under the responsible government m heme, the French got the coutrol of the legislatuie and of the spoils, and trom the time when they got the ascendancy until the present, their political opponents, the British or tory party, have been chiding and fretting at the idea of French domination. This is the situation of the two parties in < anada, ??< -- c:.L , A I" ? ? state ol things there, and the disturbed and excited feelings between the rival faces. The approval of the He be I hob Losses bill by the ?iovernor bene, ral, ths refusal of the British government to ecall Lord Elgin, for having sanctioned that measure. and their aup|?ort of him in the course which li?- i ha* pursued in the administration of the affairs of | those province* generally. destroyed all ho,*- in i the breast* of the Tory parry of acquiring their 1 |o.-t power, which, in the ordinary courje of political affairs, had been transferred to the French Aa a meaaa, therefore, of releasing themselves from Fench domination, they all at once threw away the mantle of loyally, and seized the idea of annexing Canada to the United States?in the firs( place, however, only for the purpose of frightening | the llritish Parliament into their measures, but afterwards for getting rid ol the French, and now, in all srriousneaa, all purtius aecm to be going the whole figure. The annexation question is discussed more than aver; and it is supported openly by many newspapers of influence and circulation, whose repeated reniMikw and discussions on the propriety of severing the political connection between Canada and (irrni Hrituin, and uniting the de-tiny of the ormrr with that of the American confederacy, will, no doubt, in course of time, remove th? prejudices towards the jieople aud institutions of the United States, which exist in the mind* of the masse* of the Canadians, and prepare them for becoming itizen* of thia republic. Hut this change of opinion?this revolution m men's minds?will take a liole time to mature. Nor would if, perhaps, I e ad> isable that annexation should take (dace without the Canadian* undergoing a probation, and without the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed change were duly weighed, and a d<-lihe ratr conclusion ?rri v<d at, thai annexation to the | United States would be a favorable change for Canada. The annexationists of t 'anad.i must not, how ever, imagine that the people of this country nre 1 xreedmgly attliotn tor tlieir incorporation into our nonfr dersry, or that they ran become member* of or mighty republic at any linm th-y plea?e. There muat be two |?riies to every contract. In addition to that,the subject i* surrounded with difficulties? t ir e of a very important character, which it would i take a lorg time to discuss and diapoae of Their j unit n with the United States mix lit be opposed by ' the Southern Slates, unit e* an equivalent for the 1 anii-*lav?ry inters! which Canada would bring into our national count lie, were made up in mmc way tir tither In the natural course ol thing*, the (t|?li>h island ?l t tib? will full intorurlup; and the annexation of that island nrght in part supply the quivaUni referred to We have r? - t-ived a |.tru?* lice of territory by the incorporation of Texas, and by the indemnity w hich we got, in the late war, from Mexico; and we cannot, for the present, at least, expect any more from that quarter. 'J,iba, therefore, is the only place to which we can look for an equivalent to our Southern friends, to m ike npforthe acee??ion of Northern influence which (unada would bring into the Union. Hut th? an neiation of ( uba is not yet ripe The navy n| the 1'nited States has been employed under the direc" tion of the cabinet at Washington, in the anti American work of preventing the inhabitants of Cuba from asserting their independence and nationality, with success; an that Spanish government there is strengthened for a few years longer. It would not, perhaps, be advisable to tube in he Canada*, without at the same time incorporating Kouihern territory, in order to maintain the e<|uilibnum which now exists between the inleieat* and sentiment* of the several sections of the republic 1 here is no <|uestinn that the feeling in favor ol annexation is becoming Stronger in Canada every , d?y We shall continue to watch it* progress, as ( wrII as the temper in which it is dte? tissed; but the i project cannot be carried out for some little tune ?o | noire, no matter how desirous our Canadian friends ' ray become for the change. They must first get ' #ie rom-eat of Urnat Britain-titan we will talk 1 The Riots in Philadelphia?Theie Cause.? For the last two or three days, the public mind has been excited by the details of the dreadful riots that took place in Philadelphia on the eveniug of the Ihh instant, and the morning of the 10th. Ry the accounts which we received of the disgraceful proceedings of the r oters?who seem to flourish unmolested in that city?it seems they appeared in sufficient numbers to defy the authorities; and it w as not until the military were called out, and were ready to lire on him, that they dispersed. Thi?, however, ihey did not do until they accomplished their purpose, by destroying several houses i.n/1 Lillinu iinil U'liiinHlntr upvop ! n* < 1'iona >\ ni< re disgraceful scene never took place in any civilized community, and unless measures be promptly und speedily taken to prevent u repetition of such melancholy spectacles as Philadelphia has repeatedly presented within the last lew years, that city will eventually be controlled by the rioters, nnd law and order become a mockery. Both life ai d property will be unsafe?if, indeed, tliey are not so already there?nnd rowdyism will gather force and strength by continued impunity, until it dictates to the respectable and well-disposed |>orliou of the community. Such will be the result of things in Philadelphia, if stringent measures he not speedily used for the complete suppression of the reckless und daring vagabonds, who have so long been permitted to disturb the peace of that city. The great cnuse of those disturbances nnd riots is the defective organization of the munictpll government. There are several local governments In that city, eacli acting independen'ly of the other; whereas, if all were consolidated, or if there were but one central government for the whole city and county, rowdyism would soon he suppressed, by united and determined action. Under the present system there can be no united action. The aldermen of Moyamensmg, for instance?which is the hotbed of the rio.ers and rowdies?will not discharge their duty, because they are elected by the very men who cause the disturbances which disgrace that city. It is the same in f^outhwark and oilier municipalities; und hence there can be no unity of action among the authorities in suppressing riots und punishing those who erf ate them. Our exemption, in the city of New Yoik, from similar scenes, is owing to the manner in which our rnunirijial government is organized. We have no divisions, such us e.\ist in Philadelphia; and although the streets of our city were, we admit, washed with the blood of our citizens ut the riot in Astor Place, on the de,>!oruble night of the tenth of May last, yet, if our authorities had adopted proper measures in time, the collision between the military and the rioters would not have taken place. There never was worse management exhibited by the authorities of any city than there was, on that occasion, by Mayor Woodhull and his associates, uud the whole police force. Win n ihc riot reached n cricis, the Mayor himself fled, and showed imbecility to a lamentable extent, llecorder Talmadge was the only officer of the municipal government present w ho evinced proper energy and decision, if the others had acted with the determination thai lie did, and had t iken proper measures to n uke the police force available on the first night (Monday) sf the disturbance, the riot would have been stopped in its incipiency, and our city would not have been disgraced as it was. To the imperfect organization of our police system, and the imb< cility displayed by the authorities, may be attributed the disastrous collision between the military and the mob, and the loss of life that followed. Our police system is falsely constituted, in the Bume way as is the municipal governments of Philadelphia. The men arc appointed by the Mayor, on the nomination of the Aldermen of the respective wards, an I the nominations are the* reward for polnii al services rendered. Hence there is nn alliance between the various Aldermen and the t'oliee. and ihe.oHicera tu whom ihe latter irt> nr. countable by law, have really no control over them. Our police system, in fact, at present, is nothing but a political organization, divided into as many sections as there ure wards in the city 'is inefficiency, therefore, is easily accounted for, and it becomes apparent, that unless it be re-organized, wc might us well be without nny. Look at the conduct of the* police at the present time, and the way in which they s;?end their time. They are in crowds at every political caucus?are the principal shakers and workere among every knot of bar-room politicians throughout the city, but are never to be found doing their duty. The whole system must be altered, or it must he abolished. <>ur citizens are taxed heuvily f?r maintaining it, and they receive nothing in return. Put, as we said {before, Philadelphia will never be exempt from rowdyism until their municipal nnv rrnmt vif iinrlrTt'OfS :i i'Iphhtp To fhid end the energies of the reaprcuble and law-abiding |x>rti mi of the cilizena should l??* directed?and wr hope tliry will be thua directed-because the numerous fight* mid riot* which take place there, reflect disgrace not only i n that city, but on the whole country, especially in the estimation of the old world. Oi trace* in Peri?Mork Work for Ci.aytor.?There ia alreudy h difficulty to settle between tlie Chilian Minister and Mr. Clayton. Them. limit tiirdialt w ith Culderon de la llarca la interrn|>ted ; and, lastly, a job of work ha* been cut out for oar Secretary in Peru. The Chilian* nnd Peruvians have been rather summarily RUjieraeded by our cold digger* in California, and the out* rage* at Callao against several American aeamen, undr r tunction of the local authoritiea, were, probably, in ret.iliiitiou for the expulsion of Mime Peruvian* from the gold mines. The particultr* of there outrages at Callao wdl be found in our piper ol to-day. Mr Clay, our Charge, bail promptly d?manded satisfaction and damage* Hut the </emnirmrmt had not transpired A rhip of war waa badly wanted at ('nil to, to protect American interest* in that 'piatter ; but up tn thi* time, the disposable force of the navy bus been employed in her Catholic Majesty'* service, off Cuba and at Hound Island. A* we understand the fishermen have been dispersed, a vess# I or two now may be rparrd, and should be at once dc*|?tclied to Peru.' Non-Intkrvrrtion? Another N?*t Koo for Mr Ci.avT' ?The 7V?i?r <V I 'Hum, a Trench pa wr I ublishrd hi the city of Mexico, affirm* that England has oflerrd her mediation to the gorernment in the w ar which continue* to rage be ween thr whitca aaJ the Indiana of Yucatan Hie chief condition of thr pacification, la thr | irant of a alicr of territory, donbtleea at aornc >oint commanding the aouih paeaagr into the )ulf, or a route acroaa the Ichinua to the Pacific. Il iheae overturea are accepted, I treat Britain may Occupy the Strnita of the (,'arnbbean Se^, and lock up the (iulf of Meaico at her optica. The policy r>fMr M< nroe, in the aflaira of the North A meriran continent, wan the policy of non-intervention i>y foreign nation*, the policy of no more foreign Colonic*, or mat egg* f??r futura *i|iiahblea with loreifn governnienia. The Secretary of Sute lotting taken, from nece?*ity, the right position in rcfi tence to tlie Sambo Spl itter of the Morquio oa*t, we have no immediate apprr lienaion* of a urrender in that quarter, whatever miy lie the iltimate rerulta of diplomatir niggling But would t not be well to rend down one of our looting ahipa >f war to inquire into the nf1a<r* of Yucatan, or la ill thr navy employed at Hound Inland! aporllog liitrlllgtarr, I man Cetavt, L. I.-Timton -f'lrt gentlemen of Vaaik N J. tiave made op a noeepptakeeff 6<a> t'> t>e trilled fi.* on satuidaj (to-morrow) afternoon, atone I'ftork. over the above eourte mile beat*, fceat thrae In live, to S'O Ik wagena We l.ave no (Inulil thle ?ilj prove a t?ry Inten et<ng aftalr ( n the eame day there all) be anott er trutHo r mateh t r fb'Ml two roll* heat-, obamei* Alteg>-Ui>r, a plenrant afterneus i eport oay reaaoaably ba upvattd. The New Yobb Election?Tbemblino or the Teapot Cabinet?The Republic newspaper, the organ orthe teapot cabinet at Washington, had a long article on Wednesday last, on New York | politics. Front the tenor of it* remarks we should say that the cabinet fear the coming election in this State will result in a disastrous defeat ot the wings. The result, it Bays, will be, to a great extent, " an index to the popularity of General Taylor." We disagree with the Republic in its view of the matter. The popularity of General Taylor was not an issue in the elections which have taken pluce since liis election to the Presidency, nor will our election turn on that point. General Taylor is as popular with the American pcupie hs iir ever was?ne is as mucn esieemeu, respected, and, we may add, beloved, by tbe American people, as be ever was. 15ut we will inform the Ue/iuhlic what was the issue in those elections, and what will be the issue in I he election soon to take place in this State. It is the policy pursued by General Tuylor's cabinet, foreign and domestic, and no ell'ort of the cabinet, supported by the Iiejiublic, to identify General Taylor with that policy, or to hung to the skntsof his popularity, will succeed. The people of New York, and other Suites, can discriminate between General Taylor and his cabinet, and they will do so. When they gave their suffrages to the old hero they knew he whs unacquainted with the details of government business, and when he called his cabinet advisers together, that he placed his pledges and letters before tlietn as a guide in administering the all iirs of government. They know, too, that both have been grossly disregarded and violated by the cabiI net; and if the people of Pennsylvania and oilier : States have condemned and rebuked their conduct j and their policy, the cabinet, m iy rest satisfied that the people of New Y ork will do so likewise. We were the first journalist in the eounfry to nominate j General Taylor, and to advocate his election. We supported luni all through, and will continue to do i so ; hut the spirit which animated us in that course j will not sanction the base manner in which he has been betrayed by the present tea-pot cubinet, or allow us to support the cubinet in the jxilicy which j they have thought proper to pursue since their acI cession to office. While we denounce the cabinet and its policy, we ahallcontinue to support General Taylor, and, at the same time, prevent any trickery by Mr. Clayton and hia associates, or his organ*, i to identify their policy with General Taylor, or to i put the old hero's popularity in question, in any State election, from succeeding, as far as we can do so. Nor do we supi>ose for a moment, that any such trickery will avail the cabinet. The people | of the United States are rapidly arriving at the conclusion that the present cabinet cannot conduct lhe uflairs of this great country in u proper nunner, or according to their wishes, and they will not cease until it is ditbanded. and better and more j competent men placed in theirsiead. II Mr. Clayton and his associates are gifted with any sagacity, they can read their fate in the elections which have taken place recently in Pennsylvania and other States, and they will be confirmed in what we say u. lien our \rkw York election mIihII h.ivo ti.ken place. The Navy and the Round Inlanders.?The fcteumship Alleghany, which wan Kent down in a prodigious hurry to prevent the invasion of Cuba, unJ the overthrow of despotism in tlut productive islund, Iihh returned to Norfolk, to take in wood and coal, to be in readiness, probably, for the transportation of Mr. Pouasin back to Prance, if he t-hould accept the " free (wssuge" otl'ered him by the yearetary of tState. The ship Albany rem lined et Ship It-land, and the steamer Water Witch and th? schooner Flirt, at the last accounts, were stand 'ng gtiurd over the fishermen ut Hound Island. ! It is well to be on the safe Bide, for a half dozen fishermen stealing into Havana, on same dark night, might stir up an insurrection, involving our policy of neutrality. Who goes out as hearer of \V he re is Heyl Mr. Lwino, ok tub Interior 1 iei-artsiknt.? llis Pbfi.nck.?One of our Washington correspondents undertakes the defence of Mr. Ewing, I Secretary of the Home Department, against certain petty charges truni|?ed up by Grandfather Whitehead, or rather Grandfa titer I thickhead, of the ' f.wiow" newspaper. We condemn Mr. lCwing ' foi his general policy and principles as an adviser of the President?no more, no less. Oa the question of re wardsand appointments lie is '*journeyman throat-cutter"?oo more, no less. Grandfather ! blockhead, of Wuahiligteu, would do well to mike a distinction between General Taylor and his j cabinet. Strang* Doings nt ?. Frier's Catholic J times It?>l!t.n?s> ting t< a In the Field. It mnitfitlketf if it M t lei's < burst) had. for I s lira linn- brrt? st' "'J si-i.i""I and that tbs trurWss had pot rtssply lat* debt, to tbs amount, at ?? hair In?td. of I.isiihm l bs majority of tho er?. dltors could but ill alt-ird to lis out of their ni'-ni-y, and it was arranged to pay th-m by Instalments Faith was not kept with thoio and a oust durable ferment ei.surd llltbop Hughes. by way of eompsniatlng by present cent for past neglect and mal-admioistratlon of bis rrrleeiaetieal a flairs. made up his mind in this rru l? to carry matters with a high hand lis sent word to 1)1. rise, tba pastor and Mr. Benson, a rrottiI tant mart it'1 to thi* ritrmil gent Itman't sister, that : ha w uld rome to the rhurch on tha fallowing Sab'isth, , (U-t Sunday) and ciinse to the people the della'|M*n1 cy nt tba trustee* and tha book-keeper (Mr Bauson ) In particular The latti r sent him word that if ho sstd say. 1 thUg about him from the altar ha would horsewhip hi* i I "lordahlp !" Toenwhida a ll?a biahnp and a lord ' Thla ' *a* an awful threat Dr. Hughe*. bowarar, trua to h!? I ' promise, did eoma, and at tlia thraa o'clock service, I , poured ont a torrent of Indignant ecalhing eloquenas 1 open tba devoted head* of tha clergy and tba tru<te??, not forgetting Ben-on t?> whom he"spoke .Ufgvra," in < fly Inuendna. (Whether the promised eowhl lint; f>|. 1 lowed wa know not ) Tba congregation and the preaa, ' too. rama In for their share of tba wide-sweeping daDunclatlrn lla took It mach to heart that ha bad neyar barn Invited to 8t Pater's and had never b?en eon?u'tad in Its aiTalre Rut ha was in w determined to take hla proper position, and the congregation might hennaforth regard hla' lord.hip a? their pastor lie would appoint a committee of management, placing himself at their bead to relieve tha trustee* from their present 1 embarrassment* lla had hsan told that the paor creditors were being paid off at tha rata of $3 OH) par month; but ha fonnd this statement was fal'S ? (who is 'ha liar')- and ha would now. therefore take the admlrlsttatian of tha temporal and spiritual affairs of tba shnrch into hi* nwa hands Ha had been attacked by tb? pries: but no slander* should deter bira nor no violent expressions of opinion should Influence him In the discharge of bis sccleelaetlenl dntie* It would he a fatal day for the church If It were ruled by the authority of the pree*. This meek minister ol the gnepel cared not fi r the law either; b? would not allow the highest an thorlty In the law to dare to lay a hand up*n that edt flee which was dedicated to tha worship of the living Clod The bishop then gava tba onagri gallon a Amp.'* fit I'rters wae tba only church that bad dasertad him ? all tha others obeyed him a* a bishop, and looked up to him a* a lather. At tba conclusion of hi* observations, h* deslrrd that nil persons, airapt owners of J should retlr*. "It Is n very pretty nuarrel as It stands.'' , Rome further developcments may be shortly expect ad Tha plot thicken* fast Bishop Hughes shows | spunk Whbegin to like his lordship amaiingly. J 1 ha lion (t?o. W i rawford. the Si-errtirf of Wif, , arc tnpat.hd by Vajor Omeral fleott, left town at 7 '"dork yertrrday norning lor Writ Point, to Inapert tlir military wnrka at that plaea It I* hi* intention to return to the elty thle morning. and derota ami 'o morrow to vMtlng fhr t,.?rr*l military poet* In this rlrlnlty. Ila atopeat tha Irving ll<?u?e VTelrarnthat General (Jarlaad whohe? bran atoll' tir?l hrrr. In ronnretlon with tha recruiting ei-rrl<-r. ba? hrrn nrdendto join bl? brigade at Man Anti-lo, I'raaa (ten it la one of thoea brave and gallrnt nfll e?ra who arrrrd throughout tha Mraloan war with high diattnath n to tH< mtrlrra and their fountry. gn< w frii to the depth of two inahea at Temple N il , laUCtoiaat. - miwiwi uik w?wr?wn TELEtlAPBirjMTELLICEIIC*. wMtrjr, By the way of New Orleans, we have received some highly important intelligence from Peru, which will be found below ; also, news from Kio Janeiro?the movements of the President?proceedings of the Court of Appeals, at Bulialo? Mu kets, <Vc Arc. The New York and Boston, New York and Wathington, and New York and Erie lines of telegraph, were presented from operating yesterday afternoon and last night, by a fire that occurred in the building, (corner of Hanover and Beaver sts ) :n which the offices of those lines are situated. The Washington line was put in operation at Jersey City, at a late hour. Important from Peru?Outrage on Amcrl* can Citizens. M U-Uf Auif.a. kasff iotn News from < allao gives* information of a jrw* outruge committed on theitstli August. by the crew of the i'eiuviau war steamer, ou three men belonging to the biig Acadian, which rental was preparing to sail for Sau Francisco. 1'bey were a.-hore, and w ere about to return to tho brig in a boat, when they were attacked by the Peruvian crew and a party of boatmen; were cruelly beat, en aud thrown into tho wa'er; afterwards dragged ashore, their arms pinioned, again cruelly beaten, placed in the stocks. u::d kept theru the next day; the authorities refusing their liberation, because it was the President's binh day. The oaplain of the brig protected before Mr. Clay our I barge, against the proceedings of the oflicers oj the war steamer laying the dumuges to the vessel and crew at $10,1)00. Mr. Clay instautly demanded satisfaction from the Peruvian government; but there is no account received of the character of the reply made. While Mr. Clay was waiting the reply, another outrage was committed ou the captain of the American whaler It ambler, who was attacked and beaten shockiugly. i nited States vessels were much wanted at t allaco to protect the lives, interests and property of Amerioan cltisen*. Movement* of Rrcaltlent Taylor. Bai timoml: October 11?12 M. President Taylor is now engaged in receiving the congratulations it his friends at Uarnum's. lie will return to Washington tee morrow. ANO'IHKK DISPATCH. Dautimohk, October 11?P. M. The President attended the Agricultural fair today, and appeared much delighted with his visit, lie

will leave to-morrow for the White House. A)i|Mtliitmeiit~Ti>e (Ion. Joint C, Calhoun. WashinotO.V, October 11 ?P. M. Frauds W. Treston tas been appointed Consul to Ousj auias and Porto IUco. The Aa'ioiiu/ InleUi?mc*r says, that a letter has been received here, in whieh it Is stated that Mr. Calhoun does b"t iutend to resign his seat In the Senate of the 1'iilted Statrs. Various rumors have beeu atloat, to the ?ft. rt that Mr. C. would probably retire trom public life; but they are all erroneous. Ten Days hatrr from Rio Janeiro. Baltimoiii:, October 11, 1849. By tbe arrival of the baik W. 11. 1). C. Wright. McDonald. we have advices trom Itlo to the 3d of September. The Brazilian elections passed u(T quietly. Among the pussengers in the Wright, we notice Thus. C. McDowell, Consul at Rio, as bearer of despatches from tbe U. S. Legation to our government.? tie is also the bearer of despatches from the Brazilian government to the l.egatioaat Washington. Tbe stock of flour ou Inn J was S.000 I bis , and was srlling at 16 a 16 for Bicbmind. aud 15 a 16 for Baltimore There was no evport demand for flour. Tbe stock on baud, of coffee, was 40 0CU bags, and the crop was ? etfniated at 700 000 bag*. Tbe following vessels were in port Brig William Trice, llowland. for Philadelphia. sbip Arkansas. 8h?pperd. from New York, bound for California; bark J. Walls, Jr., Pandford. from New Huron, for Call fornia ; bark Hope, Ottinger, from New York, for California, Wni Kennedy, from New York; R J. 81oper. do.; brig J. C. Don. Glover. from Boston for California, and I.ucy Ann. from do. ?as. n >re?~s..u ..onwrn^ vompany lltfore the Court of Appeals. Brrrato, Oct. 11,1840. Tbr great case of tbe North American Trust and Banking Company, of so much interest to flnanrlal parties in Wall street, bas occupied tbe attention of the court for several days, (bas ing been taken up last week ) in hearing argument from some of tbe ablest member* of the bar In tbe State Tbe ease on the calendar U No. 30, entitled 'David I,?egett, receiver appellant, against Iticbard M. Btatchlord, and others, respondents." At the present term. Mr Cleaveland and Pamuel Beardsley bare appeared for appellant.and Wm. Kent, B V. Butler and Chas O'Conor.for respondents. 1 be arguments bate been conducted chiefly l>y Mr. O't onor and Mr Beard-ley To-day, Mr. Beardsley for appellant, is making bis closing argument in reply. J Tbe decision of tbe court will not be given until tbe neat term. BrrraLo, Oct. 11?P. M. Tbe argument in tbe ease of David Leavltt. Receiver' appellant, against Wm M. Blatchford and others, respondents. was concluded at 12 o'clock, to-day. The opening argument In No. 14 was then concluded, and tbe Court adjourned. The I'air of Barrel, the Abolitionist, Counsel*, (8 C.) October 6?4 I'. M. John L. Bsrret. charged with being engaged In the dissemination ot abolition documents at Spartanburg, has been admitted to bait in the sum of one thousand dollars. Ills case will be continued until next term. The Southern Mall. BsLTiMosr., October 11?9 P. M. Tbe Southern mall bas come to band, but eontain* nothing of importance. Markets* At.sasv, Oetobcr 11?6 P. M. Receipts of produce by caual yesterday were ? Hour, 7,hS ti bhis ; wbeat, ftOOobu-hels, corn 14 IkiO do . barley 12 000 do I here is a fair demand for We,tern II uir. nd tha n.HrHat in *111111111 in uariai rnnma In *Uaat tba fair* ara !IMii buihala at H 'JO fur lair (laniaaa. Tlam la IrM doing In corn, though tha uiarkat ia ?lth? nt changa llarlry la tint an artira. tba >tia< ara , bin n bu-hala at 61', a''use for two roitad an! ni'.e. fur four rowad Bi t aai.o, Oetnbar 11 ? 0 P, M. Tlia racaipta nf prod 11 a a alnea ya?tar.1ay war#. 7 joo blila Hi ur. UiOOD bti?hala whaat, 13.000 hu?h?D corn. | 1 ha Barkat la Iww iw Imt.mlig W larg-- r-cai (it?. 1 Tin aalaa aia *2 H*) hbla kt f 4 Ml for Wlrhion tVh-at cnnMauaa In larga auppiy . aaparlally Wa<lam muH Tbara la a good daniand. and lha aalaa raarh 2"i iKH) bu-lial" inclining 1 lilcago at i-ta : tVlw.naln at ; Ohio at H7r.: and Monrna at Tha markat for corn la not an actlta but tbara la no change to notlea. Tbara la no charg- la hatgMa. hipping Inltlllganrr. Ch a a .aarna, Oat a. A rritad?Ship Caindea. K York; trUa Ijlao, da; Urilin. riiiUdalpliia. ^^^^^ Tha Prnnaplvkiila F.ltrllnn. Tba dataila of tha alai'Mnn In laoa-pifanla gin* In ttrj alo*. and. atur* tha gantral raault ba< baan mmr-rtalaad. tbay ara nut of niurh Iniportanaa lha maj"rttiaa ft t I anal ( 1 tnnlaalonar. to far aa aacaitain. d, ara at 1< NOVO for Gamllr, Drm Far Fullrr, lllij. 1 Waattroralatid t o .. . .3 1 oil I.aneaater t nnnty. . .'2,'O0 & ontp marp 1,110 Daupllin 740 t ututx ilatid 200 Alleghany I.noo 1 ork 6l>0 Dalaaata 4o0 J Bueka Ml ( haatar 800 | bratiklln 400 Philadelphia citj. . . .2.7M I Labuh 300 It arrar 4u0 Nt.rt hanipton '.00 (at but 2o0 V atnt fl60 Monroe 1 i!00 lletkr 4 1)00 hrt.iiylklll 200 Rmmju. banna W 0 V oik ,00 7 fi" I epelature olll he dimnrraMe In b-.'h branch..* In to.' II. i.>e I l.e .Inn. . in .j rlty will b? Jo, II.<1 In tlie M.nale I 1 he raetllt* for en lar a* afc itilm-t are a* follown. cmparrd with 1*41 1142. . ,? 1448?^ It'll t iJtai. ft'Aip. Dim kllepbrny 4 ? 4 ? lledlild 2 ? 2 ? Reiki ? 4 ? 4 Rurka 1 2 ? belief S - 8 oniberland ? 2 1 1 Dauphin. 2 ? t ? olaaare 1 ? 1 ? . hiph and < arbon ? 2 ? 2 Lanraeter t ? 8 ? Hontpomery ? 3 ? 8 Here. ? 2 1 1 tortt.empion ? ? I 'klladeipbla rtty 8 ? 8 ? aouuiy ? 8 8 ? Ithnylklll 11 2 ? Maine It ? 1 ? ] i ork - S - 8 TctaJ 84 31 MM City Politic*. IIOII[NATIONS BY THg DKMOCRAT*. Tbla rxuiiK tba eou'aot for tbe Sheriffalty ill he again reaewed au<l It la to he hoped ir III be decided tbla tiaae one way or tha other What abject ran be eernd. by balloting ointaei time* In a eight without cuniut to any re eult ? At tba late hour at which tbe hadotiug 0011clHd* d. we had oot room yeeti rday for all the ballots; nor II we had would they throw much light on the euhjeet The following table !!! show tbe total rote* iu Ihr IT ballot*, for each of the candidates who were at *11 ruetaiued uuil the average number tor each ballot, with tbe bretand last balloting!!:? Tot ml ro If. .'Iterant. Hixbret F>ret Latt ballot numhcr. ballot. Wlllstt. CB1 23 20 10 22 Orser. . .306 18 21 12 21 Hatfield .287 14 18 12 14 I cruell. .211 12 10 12 13 Douglass.160 10 13 10 10 The other candidates wera Vultee, whoa* vote* la fhetarly balloting* tanged from 4 to 7; Storm*, who revived 1> in the tiret ballot 5 iu the second. and a''erwar** a stray rote upon th'?? occa-lou* Dyckmau, who reeeiveil two on each of the first two ballots Stone all *h<> received oue the tir't ballot Charlick, who rtceived one on the lorh ballot. Cotnpton, who rereived reven upon the 12th ballot, and John Van Uureu. who received two upon the 14th ballot. Mr Mabon. Heniy and Keeks rec lved one scattering vota earb As there ate Hi votes in the oonveutiuu. It will be necessary for the winning candidate to receive at 1> art 411 or a majority ef the whole Tho difficulty on Wednesday iiiirht was. that no two by oouibiniug their votes cnnld esrry a majority It would seeui that Willett alter ail. Ie not backed by Westervelt's money, and that lie is going on tils own hook, the Sheriff not heir g at ell friendly to his nomination. There la one thing tlist will tell In Ills favor he is a man of estiinabia character, and being in the nliiiu as under S'aer?ti i i Sheriff in t.o t. lo< is mi iinat-lv acquainted with the details id ihedoties fhe only thing that presses him. is that he it inspected of being a barnburner; but then the hunkeis and hariibiiruer have shaken bauds and ' buried the hatchet " at h-a-t till the election is over; for they are well a?aie that neither section of oeu.orrat s run carry it without i lie cooperation of the (ther. In all probability, therefore, Willett will get the nomination 1 he next office. In importance, to ths sh?rtff?lty, for which this eon vent ion has the nomination, is the office of Corouer?a pretty fat one. too. The Candidates alri ady iu the tie Id are VValters and Vau /ant. The other two offices are tin re ot I <.iii ly ( ierk. and (joveruo: B of the Alms House department. Third Senatorial Dimmer, (Kint ftis W?f4? ) This Convention lust uight nouilnatt I Oliver < h-. lick. ( xAldei man of the Kir.-t ward.) a- the I s .-air. t audidate for Senator. * si usd Assist in. v District, (Tblnl au i Sixth ward*) ?The convention DOBiiua'ed, la-t ventng W iHiaui Wordsworth, Esq., at the democratic candidate for Assembly. Ci.smir Nominations? lohn kudirsru has been nomiuat* d as the democratic candidate f>r. lldcrinau iu the hirst Ward, and Abraham Ainore as Assistaut Alderman in the Kiglitn Ward, Danii 1 K. Delavtin lies been nominated candidate fur Atderroan. and for Assistant Aide*man C. II KiDg 111 the TwelfthjWard, Dr A V Willituns has been nominated as candidate for Alderman, and hutrick Dougherty as Assistant Alderman. the wina nominations. Judicial Cosiistios ?Last evening the whig delegates from each ward tnet In judicial couveution at itro-'dway House, f r the puipo-e of nominating a Judge of the Supremo Court a J udge of the Superior Court, and a Judge of the Common I leas v consideraide portion et li e night ><as spent as at Tammany Hall on the first night of the Democratic Judicial Convention uniting -In trying the disputed delegations. This business having been disposed of, the convention pei nianeiitly organised by appointing a chairman and secretaries : hut, as it was then too late to ballot for nominations, the delegates adjourned till l'u sday evening. Tin Eleventh Wash?There was another row at the whig primary election held in the llrlr ward yesterday iiml eo result The ballot box was broken up, the whig* say. by the locofocos. Tmi: Sixth W'aiio ?In this ward a compromise ticket was adopted yesterday, in order to make peace. TI1E DIbTt'KBAM K IN THE FIFTH WAltD ? JNi'EItSKItK.Nt'K OF rt!l5 l'oi.ICE. To the Eonos os tmi: ilrsALO :? in 11>? ruoruirg papers is a ia:?n una g-iroieu statement ol tbe circumstances attending the primary eleotlou in I lie ( ifth ward 'J he true safrueut i? at folIowa: l'(>r FoniH jeare, tba whig* of tha Fifth ward have Im ?'d utid<-r the entire control of a number o( persons holding cfflees under the municipal g ivernmrnt. Th< a? persons liar* heretofore made tba nomination* io tbl* waid. and in eaaa th.y found thi-m-elves outiiunib< red, they iiava. aid-d by the police foroa. destroy* d the ballot b"*i a or lha ballots. At this primapy election. tboe# oilier bidders hired u number ot rultlaua fioiu othar wards?loco-toooa and ntbers-to bully the citizms of thin ward, an tbay approached tba poll. When tbay I on rid that tba panpla s tiot> t had the antira majority, tba row commenced at described in tbe papers by tbe holders arid ibvir associates. nor W"i.ld tbay allow the p? actable aitizena to approach tbe polla. but croatt d a row. as de-nribad 'I'be man wim dr >w tlie pl.-tol audbowie knife, was a loco-toco pet ot the police; be sytxeit tbe ballot bo*, which was nub.-ei(ueut)y taken frc m liim t y the police, whocarried It t> tbe Station House, where tbe ballots were burnt, lis Is a well known loco-foco bully of the Kitth ward, Br*.M^cl.%UfTUd*.MV4VI'i-ViVft blot Many oTlhe police base been for several daya past electioneering in the uifterent wards, for this nffloe bidder ticket, instead of keeplrg the peace of tbe ward tjuery ? Are tbe police paid tor electioneering ? 1'he above la a true abatement ol the (acta Tbe riot was made by the office bidders and tbetr associates, and not by the peaceable citizen- of tl-e ward, who determined no longer to submit to tbe dictation of those persons Horeiziz-nta or Individual*. Tba lion J. T Van Also, Ctilted States Minister to Ecuador, and Lieut. (Hlllcs, of tbe U. S Navy, were among tbe paiseugrrt by the British steamer New Orenada which left Panama 2kth ult , for Valparaiso and iut? rmediate ports I lent, Uilites goes out to e.-tablleh an Astronomical Observatory In Chili. llrrsey Stowell. bearer of dc?patcbei to the l/nitel S'ates Legation ai tbe court of St James. was among the pa-sri pers tor Europe |a the steamer America. Don Juan Oregory Munoz y Tunes, late Spanish Consul at New Orleans, afterwards < on-ul Oensral fri m Spain to Mexico: aud afterwards Charge of tbe Spatil.-b OoTcrnineiit at Venesue.a has been sent by Narvai s as S| ain-h Ambae-ador to the Court of VWnna. Jia list i d oilis. A W Rahbttt. delegate to f rapwi from thi> ?!U'? rC llMilet ha* iifrir-u at St. I.nuH. en rattle for WaibiBgtl U ? little* I .am*. IT. 8 f nniralMtnnar to the Sandwich Manas. at Kan k raocUoo at laat advice*, rn route lor bis inierioo. Ingenulf y, Industry ami gond mtsnayem?nl on,|>ar> many thing! t.ndrrsiaed ol twenty y< ar? ago. T r-dor i,<n in the prim of boota ibwa nnd gaiters. which hae I ran ?< trtuirpt anily carrtnl out t?r the last lourycara l,y Jti.N t.9, U Ana I'rrti proves the le?t. Tltrrr la place at laat found whtrr a prr* eon ran art the worth of hie money: fur mat anon, yon oat art Ana luinh rail boota for ft M>. wortn AT: lino calf |1 V, wotth tfc nai r proof Montr. patrnt laa'her Uontesnd stioae ? . il? low a' tin- oorn r of t ultoa sad Nassau slews la, op. paila the II- raid ofTi, e. Tli* Uneellon ao often aiketl, teller* did yon i nrrliarp yotiv heentifnl t'eroatT ? hy, at ill it AM AM I.KMiM'S cilebrated Cli.apast tarpt KMnt.lls'iiacnt In thr I nttrd Motor. No. W Bo nary. Ilo ti eplltn| th? nv>el legaut Agurnof English Thrrr fly ami Oouklr Ingrain .'W r r prat, leeotlian any other etofe; alao. selling Kogr, Sha-l.-e, Du re is Oil I loth*. Hate, v , aitoplehingly low. and nve large eli' w ro taa at' (|, d with the rii luet goods, suiting the taete and fancy ol all. V. B. Pelmtr'a Bnalnea* Men'* Almanac f?r lA't.toe r> ady. and for eale by all the hoakecllnri. and a- lil? Adyrr'teing Armey, Trlkawe Kluildiags. f re pan I with a den m i- alien to hrinr within the rmaileat r >mpa<a all the varlotae face nhlrk e men will hare nr.-atieu to ref r te in thr ooarec of a yrer.? I'hilado'phia Led*. r. To I adle* anil Uentlemen from the Cann* try?A fla* business or dellcato lady's hanl. may ho aoinlrtO la a potirap of ton less ae. at llold-muh'e K >oee iroednay. fire* 01 twae aanrr Ihe Irein* II .nee; and Wilts or imtlomta vleltiag the fair will hare ataple time before He rloee. The IIIrItcllr ti Diamond Pointed Wold I'ma. made aad In Id eielaslrely hy J. V. AAV AUK, vt Falls* street. arr Invariably warranird to wear tri years. J V. A. be* also an rilrnrire assortment of kn* UoU and Bilrrr <1 alehre, whlrh ho wUI toll r?ry low for oaab. Watched ead (.old f. n. repaired. President Tap lor and nie leklnet.?Mra* Ir'i celebrated litaographle prtat, of Pracideat Taylor aad I hi" rahlaet, U aew for oalo at tho onprrcooeatod low price el $1 i>er "ibfie copy, at the publisher e ( Rrady el Uslleiw, tut | and AT broad way, eeraer of fulloa streak. A liberal dietetkt be mm mla Prof. Ploinbe'a kallnnel l>-*gt tirrrrwn onll?ry, a the apper cornrr of Broadway end Murrey street, I roatetne the largest end moat e.implett rolleetiiia of p.<rtraita ?i dtttinpi.tahrd iiidiyi.luali in tbi" eonetty. Non-man viatt { ima i an i niM * iint in ramp anila'i-d mat *11 '.l.ti lit called Linautrraoltprt are not notthy of that aaiuc. Italian Arflntn.?aignor llorrrll haa cut* da t am?? llttnr't of M. I.annua, now aihihilrd at tht Fair, whtrh otoala any Hurt of the kind Hint wo kara in r r<ap, tltbrr in K?n|? or ihta ronntrjr. *i/nnf llom'U't I oam air at No I'M broad*a/, Hum ha baildtng. II Igi anrl Tanprti,-llatrhrlor'# CrIrhrand tit Faatory It at No. I ? all ti.. It tha only ootabiithmrnt in tha aity dtroted to that batmaat. He haa iartmtd moat important lmpro\atnanie, aat larlltl an itamlaailoa at thott Vt iya and Too prat that obtalitd a tllrtr medal at the I air of tht American Imtlint# Pop? the addraaa. II l|a and Tnn|irrt alwayi on hanit, at thr It <! I ar'orj of > dhurot a llatrd, <7 Maiden I.ana, ? h?rt airanyrra and rlliirat can arlcat front Ihr laryaat miri In tha rltjr nraol tha batt *ork>nanahlp, and i">m'>int til tht latatt Improvrmnta. Alto Indira ' >n.a*< atal llair, a (rrat ahuadaara. Copy tl pa-ld'e*", U Haidon laaa. Wlga anil Ton |orra?\% a woald rati I tha attdntioa ol aitiltna and ttrnnnrrt, ra pinna Win or Tonpart. va a rartat Imprcrrmoni oi a moat impcrtaat aharactat Inrantad hy R. I'M M.nN. No. II Bmadwar, Corner of Day ttrvtt, nndar tha Franklin flonta. Thay rea ht t**a at Me Hair Cnttlnt Roomt, ? ham may h* aaaa tht laranat aad hrti aaaortmapt In 'haalty. I.l?|nlit ttalr Dyr.? Thalon't Imprrtrril Maria H air Dya a art Intention, to color iha Hair or Whita I beta u.e m?n ant It l? applied, withnnl Injury to th- hair?r tin (.taili-ma tan hart Ih-ir * hlaktrt dyed in lira mli I'tit. ai tha lirjot No Ipl Brn?4*ay, dinner 01 Dry dtroat. aailtr tha Franklia llauan. Tar kaiclt, aranll alia, tl: tar(a. ?l Ml. lalt| ti tit Hair Dya, to Color tha Hair ot Whietare tht aiomrntltla appliad, withont Injury to tha Bur or I kin Marchamt and tanry ttara ktapcrt ulionld eaapilpr tklt article. at It It I ha hoat la tho world Sold whaleMia aad Mlail, at Batnkalor't WifFaatary, t Wall alt art; and in tundra, at T. C. kavla'l, AI FWeadllly, aaof Bi. daman Ghtiah , 3 Wariiock'a Four Dollar Hafa art Ro yetir ill ehai*-d, tiue >uth ooarMt h*lf-fini?hed looking Hate, torn oi only kem in ttr ad ?*v. ui- n t&e h*ade of othernrie* well dreered neutlentn. In ' r*?iu*r> ftWie for the beauty of their model, ne?tue?? and h!?./?ui dniah Y 'u ?an easily die? tinnuieh them. Wei1 arqnale'rd we are with them, letertl flare ?e are at onre? h f* ama/ud at the manifest improv*m? uf exhibited in 'he < ? of the purchaser. " A few m??re of he ?aro* < rt" an He obtained at 'HJ3 Broadway commercim. affairs. MONKV DINRKET. Tliur.dny, Oct. 11?8 P.M. There was not uiurh aetivity to thestreet to-iay,act the transaction. w.rtt almost entirely confined to Harlem and Heading Hail reals There has been a alight improvement in the latter aod a further depression Is the former. For several day. past, Harlem baa been the greatest card tor the bears, the sales soma day a amounting to three aod fire thousand shares. The eolloru ores I h nua. shn hitva. 1111 til liafaelv huMfi t.hfl Avmnai holders. The bulls ere very noxious for outside holdeye of fancy stuck- to Increase their line, so as to make what they cal. a good average; but outsiders appear to have had enough of there aveiagee. as they have usually found that they have increased rather than reduced the loss. The bears are uot iu the least deterred by the riccnt fall in prioes from ui tkiug new oontraots, aud arc liudy to sell auy fancy at imrrent prices, upon any terms. Thereis so uiuir ion among outsiders to purchase any of the taueir - fur u rise, than during the height ci one of our old lit-hioue i panics, but, on the contiary. every one wantn to get out first, at as little loss as possible. We have seldom known stocks of all kinds so plenty, The rise In Heading Railroad, while the bonds are dccliuiug is atuibuted to the purchases ofanopeiaior on I'liilmiripbU account. He has been pretty freely supplied with the stock, but he prefers puicba. iug on 1 ng time, buyer s option. It cannot be otherwise thau a t-mp-iary improvement, as holders here are ail anxious to realize. Kastern holder- of this stock are closely watching the market, and will, doubtless, seize the first opportunity to play the same trlolc upon the i'htludolpbiaiiH, that was ouoo played upon them. It Is our iuipre.-eion Ibat the rhiludelphiauu area little too sharp fur the Bo lunians ; at all events, so tar as Heading Itatlr >ad stock Is concerned. At the first b>aid to-day. it ailing Hallroad advanced pi r cent ; Canton Co. >?' ; Long Island 'a- Harlem 'ell oil At the second bard Harlem declined1*'; trie liailrcad }?. Reading Itadrua 1 advanced '*. It ie stated that several directors of the trie lluilroad < oinpnnv. having secured their election for the enculng year, are now selling out their stock The sales have been unusually Urge within the past day or t<vo, or since the books opened; and a decline of nearly two per cent has been realized. We are approaching the close of the present fiscal year, when all ot our railroad companies will hava to post up aud balance their accounts. There is considerable curiosity tu see tbe result of this year's business The receipts at the offioe of the Assistant Treasurer of this port to day amouuted to $34,848 80. Tayments, f 110 balance. $3 834 0.18 11. The Krie Bank of 1'ruusylvanla has resumed specie pay mi nts and its notes are redeemed ia Buffalo at one ptr cent discount. The total amnuut of gold received in this country from California, up to Oct 10. (which include.) tbe Kmpile City.) was about $3 ofio.OOO; and it ii t timated 11, at at lai.l a '. nun unn in a, haa Kan.n l-t... In couDtry, for tbe purchase of gold dust, and by emigrants. The Manufacturers' Insurance Company of B stan hare declared a semi-annual dividend of 0 per aunt; the Hope 3 per cent, the Nepluuu s per cent, and th? SulloU 4 per cent The annexed ofliclal statement exhibits the number of miles of railroad in operation iu this State, in each of the past two year-, me cost of the road of each company, the aggreya'e cost of all, and the average cott per mile In each year. Kaii.Boaus o? tiiic Stati. or New York. 1H47 A mi 151*. 1847. 1848. SoMe of VO'trl. I.ti.rlh Vo't. Length. Lo?t. All any and iVrl.eioictftdy,.. If $ I Oil 311. 1/ $1,800,197 UtUa aad Bclieiivetaay,.. . 7? 3.861380 78 3,101.OIK 8} recuse end ...... . M 1.11811,443 6.1 1,988 U.I6 Aulmrii und 8)'aruse 20 771383 211 1,121.88(5 AiiOnrii slid Kuvlitslar 7s's 2.U 7 7'7 78 2,014,620 l.iisaanda 43 stttAW 41,W P74,#? AKicamd 487441 31 831.314 Heffaln and Minis Tails... 22 171.87# 33 2W.1!? 8aratrpa and tk-T.ui c.-tsdy ., 23 #0(841 23 .111.OB Ri heneoia'y and I'lny .... 3i>!? (IWIW 20'? RS!',i?'.9 i lieiseclacr uud Sursi ;?... 2t> 471NII 3i fi U.'.'tl , L?n? Island lold 2 01#.13# 2,0:C/40 ! All any and W * tt Rtockhridge 3 , 1.7-V *>8 do4 1,324,703 ) t'U Vlifa sBi'ViUvtV ... 31 ^"V.3I1 ,.04 ...4fjl,n,y New Yo k and trie (.3 2 7#.',.*-35 74 3,27(>,G7!t i SaratogN and A a-hiiixton. .. ? ? 40 04.8.173 ! II111 .i n and B. ra-li r Ml 67". 4.1.1 II'; ?'I7 774 linflaloand Black K ck ... S 3 i'.al 1 2i.noI Cayuga mid Susijut-'liuub*... 31 I-.0.41 2' 18,'8J(| Total* 73# $30,915,711 MO', UrT.Oi'l 870 7.61 21911.740 Tarrrasa In length and ?0?4, 184S "si1; ?'i I7?.I1S Avcrsfe goo per 1111 ? io 1-47 414 Average coat per mile in 1*48 33.291 I Average ?>er mile in 1*4# $?,7-$ This is a very Imports ot and highly Interesting table, i and will give tint strckboldcra In railroad* generally some idea of tbe rapidity with which tbe cost of these works la ini rearing The greatest increase has bean in tbe erst of the New York and Harlem, the additional twenty-seven mile* of the road having, acsordiug to the eou.paralive report.', coat $ITl)107i,or nearly as much a* the first fifty, three miles of the line. The capitals of all railroad companies io every part of the country are increasing very rapidly, and the average coat per mile becomes greater and greater every y?ar. There appear* to he no limit to their expenditures on account of conrtruction, aud the stockholders may rsst assured tlat so l?ng as tliss "construction .recount" I* kept open, so long will the coat of thu road annually I * A portion of this increase liu been produced by paying dividend* without earning them, and nearly every dividend paying railroad company Id the State add* annually a ?um to eonatruction account, which eventually gee* Into capital by the payment of those dividend* In other word* ibey pay dividend* without earning them, and of courre bare to draw the deficiency from some source, aud charge It to aomn account. The source Is usually a loan, and the aeeount I* that of construction '1 be annexed table, showing the reported eurrent rxpenret of each road for the year 1F4S. and the aggregate number of milee run bp the trains of each company daring the year, we publish. fur tbe purpose of showing the c.unparatire expense* per mile on each road : ? Ran loam or thk Si art or Ni? Vnie.-HH. hamt ?f Huid ?/esea. MiUl Run Albany and ?) est Mockbrldge . , $41 04% IMtlATi Lock port and .Niagara Sails 11,000 3d uno Leeletou 0 t'u.l lot!*) 8* ana atele* and Jordan. ...... < 1 402 1.Y0S0 lluueon and Berkshire II gl'J I Syracuse and I t ec 1)77 dM 3lt.>'il New ) i>rk aud S lie 10. . MIS 30.1 I In [ '1 toy aud tlreeubush 47 328 Ml 072 Long Island l ie mart 177 277 t ay uga end Su-qtiehanna 1'iPOtl 21 Mil Auburn and Syracuse 01 1 IS bi Ml New York ai d llailrm |UJ4'0 sou inn) Attica and Buff*!.. .Ivd M,d 7H 304 I,* ir.iaaty and ' roy 41717 S.OfcfUl tea and Schenectady 32* luA 270 W'K) buffalo aad Niagara Sail* 21 323 2)124 Heossclaer and Saratoga d'j.vld 40 I7A Tonawanda 43,611 104 ..11*2 Saratoga and Schenectady 27 lid 33,413 Auburn and Rochester. IsH li'i? 2u, 171 Buffalo and Black It i?k 2.041 20 490 Albany and 8cti-n*0'aly OH 343 77.0M A careful examination of this table will shew a vast difference In the r>ported cost of runalng the trains of eaeh company. On tbe t'tlcaaud Schenectady, the coat of ruaning i? r mile l?-l \. ar was ah >ut *1 30. while ns> th* llarl* 01. It waa.aaoordiug t? the report, only about Dlnn;.?l|lit <!r?Ui llo tb* \ lb in/and 8f h*n*ctaly, the cost of running W*? eighty P.M rents p*r Mil', whil* on tb* Troy *ud Srheneeia ly It wa* ab">ut slgty Ight cent* per mil*. Hear** power on railroad* la y*rj ripeneit* and any company ustag tbat p i??r, to any tl< nt inurt urn np a Ur,;?-r per nt of it* receipt" for current riyrynn, than road* u?lng none other but lliam power Tb* car* of tb* Baitlmor* and Ohio Hailrnad < ompany ar* drawn ah >nt two mil** by bora* pn?*r, and it la e*iluiat*d I oat this bona power ?>?U four and on*.third cent* |>*r mil* per pa>?*ng*r? and raven rem* pet ton per mil* fur freight. Now, when it I* eonaldered that al> mt tlir**-quartan Of tba Income of th* Harlem Itallr xa t Company la d*rl?*d from th* city hu>ln*?* la which horaepoaor I* used nrluelrely, It will be impossible to ic.alat tba conclusion that tb* current running *ip*n*?a.p*r mll*> reported, nr* tar below the actual *ip*ndlture* A# to th* coat of this road, there probably la *J great ? diacrepaary. In th* annual report for 1W. lb* Ilarl.m < nntpanj aajn:Total eapanaa of eoa(tiortlrg the r> <! lanparatloa. &J mlloo. |>1 174.71,'* At,J In tk? rtport for IMS ih? I ompany ?? tha-. W? mil** if rond, nod th? equipment* out f ,l,J79 517 41. Now, a? pr?*t 'he laerea ?da??t hat b-en within th? j??r the report for I84u will probably ehow nearly a iniatprtidinn addition totheenal. without the alightrit ad<ltti> n to the lenith of the road Th* old ato?lc and tbe pr?fitr?il r-'ptrient, at ita par tain-, nl>vjt aiwa hundred thou-and d>-llara (1700 000), m re thta >ku repiyud at at cf tba riad, aud,lnd'peadent of thlv

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