Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 29, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 29, 1849 Page 1
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r TH NO. 5623. E?atmk)r Constitutional C*n?utloa. OUR VfAMKFORT ?(>RKBSPONPIt-'I. * Fka.ikfort, Oc'19, 1^19. 7V Slavery Que*turn?Point* ?? thi Diicuttion thereof?Genu of the l)tbuti?Stalung Catet? The Weather, 4-c. Wken last 1 wrot? you, I believe I romised you aome nolle* of the interesting, nut in many respects, peculiar discussion that has ocurred in the ooarentien on the slavery question,embracing in its range every possible phase aud >rm iu which that question can possibiy be preseted. Indeed, I was not aware that it could be ma's to assume ao Protean an aspect. But it hasieen said that the Kentuckians are an ingenious psple, and this, perhaps, is to b? taken as another eidence of that / * IWI. The discussion, without being cUracterized by any very great ability, wus uttractie from the peouliarity of the seiitimeiits avowe. I could not help wishing, occasionally, for thoresence in the galleries of aome of the fanatic ubationists of the East, if for nothing el.?s iluu tc s-.tke of the amusement winch the expression of their indignation, wonder, and astonishmet, would have afforded. I ahull not attempt to gre you any connected summary of the debate, ut will merely give vou such an analysis of the agumeiita as will lie sufficient to develops the pominent points made. Ret me premise by saying th< there has been exhibited throughout the fact tbit the most ultra pro-slavery sentiment is adopted ii the convention. And, as the slavery queaimu?enmcipation or no mancipation?was the great, tir absorbing issue in the election of the delegates, <o much so, as to obliterate, in many instauces, he old party landmarks, and to result in the reurn of democrats from strong, undoubted, and heMofore unswerving whig couuties, it is, no doribt.true tint the delegates fairly and fully represent what may be con- ; aidered the matured public ?uatiment of the people of the State on this important question. Those, therefore, whetherin or out of Kentucky, who have looked forwart to the results of the action of the couveutuu as in any way con. ducive to the ubolition of tlaiery in the State, will be most utterly disappoined. .Not a single > man in the convention has as y?t avowed himself in favor of any plan of emunciprfion. The generul tenor of the arguiu nts have been, that slavery, as it exists in Keitucky, is tin* b?at possible condition in which th^iluve canbeplaced, and that it is a blessing alike tothe white aud the black man?that the condition of the tree negro, lrom the fact thai he caii never.>btain any social or political position, Hnd is, thereiire, deprived of ail the stimulus to good conduct hat ambition offers, | ill infinifHlv ufiiru th^.i t\f this ?Kiv?> while Ins pronenegg to *ice and crime is Buch as to render it h burhen and an incon- j enieiicc to the white*, that he should be allowed to remain in tiie Sate. The ?urne considerations of humanity to ihe slave uad regard I fcr the master, also require, ihtt these liuinb^ra should never be allowed to increase. Therefore, emaiK'i,ia!:n:i could m ver be practicable, or supportable, unless provision was also maae at the ' Mine time, for the removal frutn the .state of the laves to bu emancipated. It was held that slavery exalted lid riuoblrd the character oi the while | niMn. and preserved an e<j,jality in the social system, so far as the white race was concerned, totally un- ; known in the free Mate*. In the one, there were but two classes?the white and the black insn; while in the North their were many distinction*, ! resulting in the degradation ol the white laborer to a position even below that of the slave. Where slavery exiited, the people were characterized by i generous, hospitable, and chivalrous sentiments, to a far greater extent than where it did not exist. It < also developed to a lar greater extent, the intellect and ability of the people, as the history ot this Union exhibited, in the preponderance of distm- ' guished men from the South, who h id directed the councils of the republic. It w is held, also, that > emancipation would have a tendency to sever all the associations ol Kentucky with her old and fist and tiied friends, the otner sltve States of the Union, and to connect her with ihwse who have ever warred upon her, and are foreign to her institutions and associations. It would also tend to over-populate the country, by the inilux of emigrants who would then pour into th* State, and thus lead to the reduction of the value of white labor. And tinaily, that it would be a seizure of the private property of the citizen, which no public ut-e could possibly demand, ihut would be indirect contravention ol the clmi.-e of the constitution of the Umied States declaring that the obligations of contract should not be impaired. On the question of the further importation of slaves, there was considerable diversity of opinion. Hy one party it wa* held lint the natural increase of the slaves in the South was us rapid us was profitable, and that to increase number be to decrease their value, and, also, that as good slaves would bring a higher price in the cotton and sugar States, that those brought to Kentucky would be of the worst class, who, by their intercourse with those already in the State, would render them vicious and ungovernable. On the other side, it was urged that there should be no monoiwly in this description of pro|*rtjr, but that every one who desired a slave for his own use should have the privilege of purchasing it where he might deem proper. To restrict that privilege, would be to create a monopoly and a slaveocracjr in the State, that oight never to be |)crmitted. These were the main arguments and points in the discussion; and as the subject is an interesting one, you will allow me to illustrate them by such isolations from ihe speeches as bear directly on ini'M' cdinif um mr^nin? i.i* i m y win or inun'i to advarce opinii ii? m many instance* alike novel and wgrnioua, und will ?.erve to exhibit, better than anything elre, th?- prtvlinr ideas entertained ik the Sboe on the mbjt ct. Vou may atyls these tx tracts, it you please, o??ia or th nit ii a tic. I. Slavery aa an abstract <|U' stion, and as it exists in Kent nek y. Mr. Dixon i? " I would. If I had th? pow*r, tnska alt mankind frea 1 woald bars no tush thi*< a? ?lar*ry or ln*<|iitllty 1 would bars >f|ual right* m< a?urrd out to all, bat In th* formation' f cirll inttltuuon* tor th* (iKtrnnunt of man. wr ars to looa at th* condition of thing* ai Ih. j are?wr arr to adapt th* lawn to tha aondltion of t h * to be (??rrnr<i ?I *hall attsinpt to >how that alarery i? not a cnr?? a< I*. rtliti no* In Kentucky, but that it In a hlea*lng I do n< ' nrtn to -ay a* I rw arkrd b?tor* thai it would not l>? h?t'-r II thrrs war no sa>-h thing w ?la?*rj n ih- !* * >f thr *arth. I do nrtn to **j that us ?lavrry **l*t* lo Kentucky In Vlaw of all tba rtraunolani ? ar wad It la rlaw of tb? wratchrd C"fld|.i> n of 'h* alar* hi* rrtatl"n to hi ? maatrr. 11 * p?rullar or,nni/?H n of the twor?e?*. tha ul ter Imp"* Iblilty that th* on- ran rl-? to an *<|Ual.ty In th* real* nt mora It; and >1 val1 y with th* other, th* fSot thai th* 'lar*. * h. tlw joii r? I him a ft**jiau or not I* Mill bat a slar* tb? ?i*:ah*d <.flo*?t -lara?I say It h*eamra a iio*?ttnn of sraro imp nane- to Krnturkr whrthar It I' no' a hi*"- 04 allk* to tb* alara ai d ib* wbltf nan. that h* n a *la?a ' II. The position <>f Kentucky on the slavery que?* t or. Mr <li ikk:? " Th* broad Ohio, rolling Ita *?nn from *1mo?t tha lOath*'n sr'rrniity f tbr <1* ? to lt.? *a*t*rn bordfj. S> pnrstss Ki ntnrky fr rn tli* tie* ?t*t*a, ami h*r tn*m. bora ot f'O' gr?*? and ltl? tin tn bar i f i nngr* .* fr *1 srsry alar* It's*# In th* I nlnn f-l' h*t wh?n tb* gr?at natuial barilar, th* line ot 'rfaraltns. b*taa<n tha slat* and th* frr* Stair* ?a- ?tiu<*k dawn. th*ra #?? danirtr 1 hay t*lt that t?*r* *?< aearet-ly a ?lar* 8lata in lb** I nlon tbat would not go h* th* b >ard in ! ** tban twenty year*. If kaiitnahy abaiidoa?d h*r old friend* who had atond hy hur In eraiy *m> rg?ney. and alllrd h*r**lf to th'.** ?h * h*it > *rn-d on h*r inntlta' tlnn* fmm th* beginning i f th* abolition agitation to the litr?*lit day III. Slavery in a scriptural point of view. Mr TaI.Bot: ? ' | tfatid p1*f'g*d b for* lb? hour* to pror* tbat alav*ry haa aiintml In *r>-ry an* of th* ?'?li| stnta tha flood and that It I* ju?titl*d and approvi d by th? ?erlptur*n t hi m-riraa " IV. A distniction in a a< riptUMl point of view. Mr Tv?n**: ? " i -aid that the band ?f d?lty w%? naming alar*ry to recrd* In Maryland, in Virginia and In itlMOSrl 1 that It was at all ?v*at*. not tii*r*a-ni with tha lner*a-a of ths whit* population, and that *r*rythlng w* rould do would not b" ahls to pr*?*nt thi< But that lha Drity war agaiaat th* whol* inailtution i n*r*t intimali i or lnt*Dd?d to latin ata Rut thrr* i* on* thln( i Iniaoded to Intimat* Thi ugh i am not a? w*ll read In the gnrprl a* 1 -ought to ba, and n >t sa w*ll. doubtIsaa, aa >010* g*ntl*m> n h*ra. 1 do n t nnd*rs<and tha tsocblnff* of tb* go*pal a* ju*tlf)lng tbia in-tltntion as It ?t?ad*. and i nrvrf will adri>?* ? what i do not ba tiara i belii-ra that th* go*pal applies to a <tat? of things tbat does not *ilst at pr*>*nt i b*llsra ia laarlng to ir-arth* things that b*lo?g to< aiaar Th* mission ot ths afostl?s and patriamhs of old was of a E NE M spiritual character ; it related to things of anothar world. They did not come here to interfere with tha thing* of Tiberius or -f c'w-ar They oina Dot to interfere with temporal prosperity, and It does not appaar to ma that any argument, in justification of tha institution of slavery. as it now exists, is to be foundin tha sacred writing!*." V. Slavery a blessine or an evil. Mr. Bullit:? 441 am prepared to maiutaln that slavery is neither a moral nor a social evil, but a positive advantage to tha white population, and no injury to the black." VI. A reason lor opposing a restriction on the right of importing sltms:? " Sir. 1 am a pro-slavery man?I am not willing to yield a single inch to the emancipation party, in any form whatever, and I never intend to vote for the incorporation of the spirit or principle ot the act of 1333 (prohibiting the impoitation of slaves into the State) into the new constitution, for the reason that the party call It an enlermg wedge, to rid this country of what tfc* y cull a gnat moral and political evil " V 11. How u man may object to too much of a good thing, even if his position is somewhat contradictory. Mr. Tiihmkk, attain : ? " I an a pro-slavery man, but I think we have got enongh of it. It is said wt> may have too much of a good thing I admit that the slaves ? have now are beotflcial to us. and it Is desirable to improve thein, not to ooctamirate them by mixieg tbsm up wilh rogues and ra.-oals." Y'ill. Another reason why the slave importation should he prohibited. Mr. Root:? ' I maintain that the repeal of the law of 1833 will l.rlni. ?n ir.Hn. ..r.litai h.r. u r. I a h.. th - great slave mart of the Union, to the di-grace of tlie proud aud chivalrous sons of old Kentucky, whose blood has been spilled upon a hundred battle fields ia defe?ce of tbe rights of mini." IX. Servitude 111 the North and the South. The PKIHII>e:*T : ? " t;ei vitude. in one form or another, has existed in society from the earliest light that history gives us; and trom tbe oondition ot society, and the light the history of the past lh calculated to shed on tbe future, it will exist inall time to come We are served iu certain cajacities aud conditions by our slaves. The good people ol Massachusetts are served by white people in the same menial oIHoes that we are served by our Uvea" X. After thowinj? that, with the same population, Massachusetts hait2.S,(J00 paupers, while Kentucky has only about 3,(hk), the President dr.iws the following inference :? " 1 beileve ifcat white labrr. as it increases, bocomes chtnpertban Have labor, and I believe the capitalist employs but the best. and learei the deficient to charity- ibe cold banl of public charity; and that Massachusetts, with her "S.O00 poor, as compared with Kentucky. far a* regaids those who serve and those who do dot ferve.has a ureater roans of burnt!) misery, d< graiia'len and crime thai) we hare in Keuturky. or ettr can have, under the existing order of things." XI The tflecm id emancipation, and the condilion of free negroes. The Pkkmdknt:? ' Are they, then, to be free among usf I have satisfied my luiud that these two races of pi-ople never can mii'tie and heroine one Free them, and they became tbe La<xaroiii of the S'ate They will orowd to the cillos? they will visit the oountry only on marauding pail lis and they will become idle, vicious, aud ungovernable Look at those portions of Philadelphia and New i oik. and other eastern cities, where tbe free negroes congregate. Look at the records of their courts ol criminal justice, and you will find that they are embiaccd as idle, vii ious, and ungovernable , an I, In the annals of crltiie. a per cent over that of the white race, ot uiore than a hundred in crime. You may. once in a while, tlnd an exception of on* who is industrious?who aci-umuiate* property?but be never becomes an Ameriean. He is uot one of tbe peopln, and can never a:.].ire to au equality in our social relations ' XII. Provision for the future. By the PhksiMM I :? " I am not one of tboss who propose to provide In this constitution for the perpetuity of slavery I re cognise tbe principle that every p-ople hare a right to f?im their own government, and to change alter, or modify it. as they may deem tbe interests of society to reijuire ; and whenever those who may come after us sball desire so to do, I shall rest conteut thai they, iu their judgment, shall do what tbev deem right upon tbis and upon all other subjects Therefore, I do not expect, in this constitution, to make slavery perpetual, and betond the reach of thone who shall cum* ufter US '' XIII. The condition of the slave. Mr. Dixon:? " Hera be !ik* hour* nn'l raiment. here bit h*? no wants that are nut supplied Sir. be In a happy man, infinitely better off than tha miserable. wretched vn^a b< uds the pauper population of other States and eounwhom j "U call lr?-?* ' Helen ing to the acenes of misery witnessed among the j>oor of the tree St.Uets, Mr. Dixo.t declaim*:? " Are ?uch scene* IIdmniI lu Kentucky' ffh?ri l? tbe pauper wbo J??? not meet with tbe sympathies of those an und lurn' VI here Ik the rata, who 1* suffering with want, who la not relieved' It are I y doe* an instance <f rtal want present Itself under th?< beneToleut system rf our ^oveiameut Snob ca?e* do not exist XIV. A view ol the kentueky people. Mr. Dixon:? " \Va are the happiest people on the fare of tha earth, acd we are the proudest people oa the face ot the earth. I will not say that we are the most chivalrous people, but I will say. that in this respect we are not*urpa4?ed." XV. A question? ll it be true that slavery is a curse? Mr. Nittaix:? ' And here where we hare mora ilavei than In any ctber part of ktntueky. by ten to ona. if It Is auch a curse, bow doe* it happi n that, under that our?a, under that blighting curse, which b!a?t* and pollute* erery tiling t! at it t< uches, we have the noil enlightened, the rirhest. and the most cultivated people upon tha face of <J<d Almighty's earth' On the one Mde, tha tiaveller ?ee* tbe wheat-field*, in harvest time. groaning under the weight of their heavy yield, and on thn oilier, the grien pastures with their thousands of cattle, And all tbia right In the iiiidit of thin curie of ciav. ry " XVI. A reason why Mr. Thii-lett is a pro-slavery rutin:? " I am a pro-slavery man-meaning ju?t what I nay. 1 am for slavery for the take of slavery. and I will here avow, that it there wi re now no slave* in Kentucky, and tbey were in other titate* ai slaves. I for oae would say brit g them here It tbey are a bleaeing, 1 want our portion of that blearing; and I b<lleva that they are a bleralng a moral bleeding whether a religious blessing or not I do not exactly know and th? tefore. do not In'end to give au opinion in tha subject. I believe rellgl> ti l a' liltla to do with tba qaeetloa." XVII. How slavery improves the population, and keei'H up the stHiidard Mr. Bi i.i.irr;? ' uo we not know that i-laves keep out an <>ice*alva population 1 b<y keep It out In this way In a slava coantry. the low and worthies* cannot find employment. 1 boee foreigner* or a!>oiitioni*ta from the North wboare eo wnrthlv** and degraded that they would be willing to black my sboa*. or to wait on me, cannot find employment here They are compelled to go to the tree State* while only tboea wh <tn we de<ire to have am? i,g u? find any Inducement to come l*he biicbante, the man of Intelligence and of character, whether native l>? rn or foreigner, And* It better lor blm to ? me here than go to tha Irea state* " XVIII. The results to he onjsreheiidrd Irom excrtfire | ovulation, as depicted by the sum'*gentlema ti : ' \\ Leo we becrme two hundred millions of peopla, wh? a tbe Northern State* become crowded to ?tar?Ation Is It not ae rei lain a* Llial the rut. tlra> and aet* that when tbl* ?a-t li. dy. Hit* living t',n?? thrown off from Kurope. arrive* hi re. tbey will noti nly destroy republican gi.vetnmeiits but destroy Itself.'' XIa. Origin of the title to shivery property, as delin* d by ih'* celt l> d llr.i Haki>m : ' tt a* it a-k?dby what right they held negroe* in Virginia.' They were bought a? slave*, and frota the ownei* of siavi*. i n the c a t of Africa beginning at ab ut the lil<ht of U?nm. and golmr smih to the Ornnge river. Tbey wete bought a? slaves from th .se Who owned thi in and had a right to own tbem Tha fan.e tight existed at that day a* it e?l-t* In this That I* the groni-d up' n ehieh we hold them ond our Ki.ntlllHlln.i ?* laai r. ?. It . .. II,.I mr, .... I In tha mm* ' f Ood ha?- i th* rl^ht to bold you In "larrry without 1-otnc griat natural principle juat a? If It grew tip by a ctdem ' It ??< not n*t*t>l'?he<) nr authorli*d hj ln? li?f >11 liktl Keritm-ky or \ lrgtn?a. hut by tha pint* fnvrrhnDt who houiihi them frum tha finr morel a?t in Antra and brought i h-m hrt? " XX ChiiiiicleriitKiiil ii nl.iv? holding population, n it |'Mitir>il.iily that <>f Kfitutkjr, ai d'-acribrd !>y th< fume gentleman:? I aould K<t gtTr up tba alaraholdlng peopla of Kaotu< ky for any p?op|. on tarth. I r'r< lm t thfii I Hoy of m d ng Vtf litirka'* and Lord North a argummta In tte bnti?h rarllanimt In reference t<> the eouraa to te inward* lb Wnmcan colonic* and when Lord North, In recapitulating tha mvaua and powrta rt the ?.* rutin nt "inaily want into a comparlM't Mtrri llr Rrlllrk M'l<llrr ill th* tmerttan and ?ald that trie i f the fi rmer could whip ten ?f tlm latter ten a Imuilr-d a hundred a thousand, and atbou aiid a bundled ihu-and. and danoancad ii? a? alar*In ld*ra. I imr ran lotget tha anawer:?" Whera no flavrry i? toleraUd. there tha pvnpln l>ok up"B liberty a? a political right but wher? ?l?f rry la tolerated. tl??'e th< j |o< k ti| ii It a? a high frr?<?tl prlrlleg*. and will die btft ra they glee it up '' \n J ! hollar* to thai doctrine. and if thr whole i f Ktrope ?a? to lnee<le u?, I haTe mi doubt t hat th* la*t gun for liberty won Id h? lir?d in alaveholillng ttri* It la a fi-neroua. a manly population. and any law that go** to alarm or driva out the flair owner*, bring* id a people in thmr ?te?d hot Tery agrei ah a to t..y ta?-?> #i> ah'iuld hare. a? they do at th- North, thr on pouring of f.ur >p> and all the *a#ahi i il?. lapeealltnna and nil*er*b|e being* of the Wi ilii I"t I upon in And are we t? exchange lh? ilaaeholder for thla rla*a of people' I would tint rgrbangr one lor a Imi.drrd of them I b?here wr ha?r now In Kantnrky tha ba*t popn atl?n to he found any " ber*. from t he rl*ing to tiia aatfing of tba ann and fr> m pole to p>>le I'hl< i? tlia laaguage of a Kan'tirklan and of a natire \nirriran XXI Thr loatnoti ??t ?h?- puvr white man nt the f'otith Mr. Mmh?i,m? ' No matter how hnmbla hla condition tha freeman of I ha Nnu' b faala wl'b oop? r a anout that ha la a whlta man without a croea that Ittvrty la not only pilitl ral right hut a pereonal distinction I h-rr ara in tha la>a ?tate* but two gr> at ditialon* whlta and black Tbr h ark la tbr drgradrd cla ?, tha wlnta tha hnnorwd ! And ahrn It l? raid that tlarrty la calculated to pro. daea atiatocraay, thara U Mora truth la tha raaark W Yt ORNING EDITION?MONJ than person- generally allow. But it U general ariftocracy -aristocracy of the whole white race " XXII. What the .South haa done?by the iame gt'ntlt-niHn :? '' Mas not the South acquired for Itself a eharaoter for franknesi, generosity. high-toned honor and chivalry. which I* unknown to the North f Look a little further Heview the hictory of our government, from itr* first foundation down to the present time It exhibits a seriea of brilliant triumphs achieved by the South, Illustrating superiority of moral foroe ever mere numerical strength The veice of ita eloquence hn predominated in the oounoil chamber. She has displayed her courage and patriotio devotion on every battlefield and throughout the broad expanse of our country. Ilcr energy and her wisdom have been mainly Instrumental in achieving the successful progress of those institution* which were originally moulded by her genius and her patriotism." XXIII. The position of the working man in the North?by th?* same gentleman : ? " Look at Massachusetts. that great State which heart* of her den.-e population and of her enormon* wealth, tier laborers are absolutely excluded from the a< cial oircle * * * * Hence the difference between the mechanic* ol the South and those of the .North, and the independence growing out ot their position and out of the operation of this Institution of slaverv. It in this which has elevated them. It 1* not that there is any intrlmic difference between the men of the South and those of the North Human nature has been the ?aine In all ages. The difference in their condition uaust be r?.f*irtil to thu circumstance* be which thev are aur. rounded." 1 have given you what may seem a somewhat copious selection of these extracts, as the best mode of indicating the precise sentiments now eutenanted on the questions referred to in Kentucky. And in that point of view, I doubt not they will be interesting to the Northern re/der. The qui stion lias not yet come to a vote, and the fuither consideration of it is postponed tor the present, or until the disposition of ths article on the judiciary, which is now under discussion. The monotony of lite in this little capital has been mitigated recently by one or two rsncontres, or stabbing Cases. There was an affray the other evening at the Weisiger House, growing out of some iH feeling in regard t? a ladv, in which a son of the lion. Thou. 11 lienton Btabb'd a Mr. Lyons of Louisville. The wound was not dangerous, however. The next evening, the clerk of the same hotel was stabbed at by a young man of the town, but with, happily, no serious result. The weather still continues pleasant, as much so as is generally the c.tse in New York State in Sep. tember. 1 would add more, but the length of the prtsent communication admonishes me to forbear. flnMb Our French Correspondence* Paris, Oct. 11, IS 19. Tht French I)ij/icuity?Messrs. Rivet ami liarrin ger duetts at Maurice's? The Court of Just i t at VtrtaiUtt?Ambatsadort on Dounl tht IVuthitigfon?Milking u Tail tit tht Auembty?Ifuytug Tickets of Entry. Since n.y last, we have had a week of most disagreeable weather, rainy aud raw. The news from America brought by last week's steamer, relating J to the difficulty with the French minister, quite i unsettled the minds of many residents here; but | the general opinion is, both among the French and those of our country, that a war cannot grow out of it. The French journals have said but little about it, and what they have said is quite peaceable. 1m. Patrit, one of the leading I'aris papers, alter discussing the aflair, says:?" We do not believe that the opinion of the United States is favor! able to a wnr with France. Without speaking of j the peace ideas winch have made great progress in ' that country, there are loo many interests engaged between the United States and Francs, that a rupture could take place between the twg nations. * * * * < ?n our side, let us be warned ' i We know that the statesmen of America do n*t distinguish themselves by an over refinement of Itti'inmige. We know that the polished manners of | old Lurope have not yet passed ovr to the other side of the ocean. Let us evade, then, occasions ot dispute with these nllies, who art* hut slightly foiniuf, nnd, above alt, do not let us send them dipl< maltais wha have made their education in America." M Horn Le Cornte ha* be in named a* Miiii.-!er to the I ruled States, hut us* his nomination was made be lore the rece'i't ol tlie news declaring M. l'ousrin to be exf* ll<-d, it is more thun probable that another (more c itable) will be tent in his place, to mend the miittrr. Mr. Kives has not yet b< en presented to the govirnniMit; it is now dilK<-ult to <.iy, as things are, whether he will be received or not. Mr. ISarrioger, our Minister to Spain, la still in Paris, ut the Hotel Maurice, lie looks well, and as if prepared for u comloitable diplomatic course. The aieamer Washington will be wfll freighted with diplomacy and dry goods. 1 am told that no less thun hve government muut-ters go out in her. It there should hap;>eii to be as mauy ministers of the church < 11 board, there certainly will be no diHicuIty in administering to the wants of ilm other passengers. The recent sojourn of President Louis Napoleon at St. Cloud, has been marked by many charitable acts to the poor in the neighboihood of the chn teau. Ui-|ore his return to runs, lie placed in the lintidsol the Mayor of St Cloud the sum of 2.000 francs, to be distributed umong the indigent of that comtnun*. 1 lie recent bn I w<ailier has retarded the con- ! valescence of M. de Falloux; irritation ot the Ur>nx and chst-t has returned. Notwithstanding |.|s greiit ile.-ne to take part in the debates ou the tli limn hllair, his physicians turbid him to mount the tribune The High Court of Justice is now sitting at Versailles, and the trial of the June inittrgln is now In lore it. The greatest precaution'* have been taken by the government, so that no disturbinc* can occur. The garrison tin re has been greatly ircteased, find the railroads and all the avenues leading thence ate closely watched night and d iy, by a most vigilant |a>hre. The judges in this court arc dresM d in a deep red robe; prohablv this is to Impress the prisoci is of their bloody in tea. lions. The clerks are in deep him k This trial is locked upon by the Fieuch as highly interesting, as its (Htitse will in a great measure devel.?pe Uiu present politics ol the country. It is slid that today the I'oinan affair is to be discutsrd in the Assembly. The difficulty, however, of finding out anything that ' is to be done in tins closely kept establishing nt, is great. It is by the greatest favor that I ?ne can procure a ht/ltl rf'tntiif. There are only thirty plares winch are to he had without ti< kefs; and to have one ol these, it is necessary to wait some two or three hours in the street; as th# Frenchmen say, fmrt yww ; this is not verv agreeable. It is true, tickets can alway be had ay purchasing them, at the exorbitant price of a dollar or two, of some of the attendants. This, however, is too high lo pay." This has been a week void of everything like interest in the capital, no news having turned up. ' The weather has been to bad that the fashions have kept dark; those most in vogue are nmltp lias, el? gs, and .Mackintoshes. The stock market is firm; Fives lell oil yesterday at K7 74, Threes at -A 5ft. 1 cannot give you today's quotations. tJot.n P?*. P. J?.?My letter is unu-ually short this tine, owing to having been promised ?otne interesting ii... f. r In u >i< IX III muliir nt the -X -? rnnlv. w hi< ii in* |>r?>\#d <>t no intrrrat at all. no hii?r n<>i jwnncd ; it. I OB will ttnw rxcuac the brevity. jftw Mto no(tr?|'h?T <>f the Aaa? mMy is engaged to write out d? b?tr? in head* for < Sold I'm. Ittril I ntrlll((( nrr. Paracr .John I'attrea ha? b*?n "rderad to tha fJoaport Nary \ ard from tba 1?l <f Noaember. In pl*--a of lur?ar I) V< t k Thontot r'llea?d. ? ! I'ur-?r W III'am Spaldaa totli* I 8 thlp at tie Mm* In place of l'or?er John I) iith?on Altered A board, ftotmlKtloK of )'mnnm4>n r. Alayatna Imll. and II B < nnnli <ham au4 t r. Ilartt r>1 , Nutl on>trnct?r w?? or^?nli?d on Taaadty at the Maay > ard. und'r ord?r? from tha Semetarj of the Naty, to Inquire Into chargi >a of Incompetency preferred apalnet t olonel Varrlt Moor*. ina?ter ?nncartlage and block maker at tha (Joapnrt Naty Vard ? | K?.) Pilot. Or I 21 Tli* L' H frigate liantan. (44.) ' nrnimlnw Parll?T *a? >p< ken ' n tha Inatant. forty inlle? from tn? Baltic crulelog all well 1 be I *. ?rl|rata lahn Adam* and aoraetre at Loaln ?l?r? at Mo on the lath nit.. I'h? ciaw* ot both ??*aal? were reprrted to be all wall We ?.n<ler?tand thai rnr??r .lobn Da Bree l? ordere 1 to the tJoaj ort N?iy \ ard froia tha l?t of Novamher. In place of Farter l> Vr? * I hornton rellated ; and Purser W m Np?lden to the I f ehlp r*?>n*j h ania a? the earns flaat* , In place of rurt't iobo l> Ulb'in, re Heard. A Hoard con?Mlng of Commander* T 4l?pln< l>or?la and K R t aonlngham and A T ll?art i:m,, Na>al I oriatraetor. ?a? organtied ?e?t.rdat at tha ^aay \ ard. under ordera fr? iii the Secretary of tha Na?y to an<|tiira into charge* of Incompetency. pref-rred againd < o| Merrlt Moor*, Maatar gun -cart ta<? at d block maker at tha (ionport Navy \ ard Nnrjttk i .?. ?? (>'i M % E H. C. OrifRn who waa arreated. a abort tliaa ?lnoa, on a rha'ga of robbing tla mail at Roibeater, N V ai d discharged np> n aa egamlnatloa ha* h?- a lad'ntad i a two eonnta by the grand jury of tha V S LMt'.rlat ? < ait now la aaa-loa la /,Ibaay >R& I DAY, OCTOBER 29, 184*. Interesting Indian Intelligence. QKKAT FIQHT WITH T1IK APA? HKH, [Krum the N?w Hrl<-?us I'icjune, (tot. 20 .] It will be recollected by our reader* that the Mexican State of Durango, which haabeen from t me immemorial a |>r?-y to the savage iiicursionaot the Apache Indians, who have runied their agriculture, and almost dissolved the bonds of civilized aociety among the poor Mexicans residing at spot a dictum from the large towns, decided a few montha ago to invite adventurers from the Uuited States, to form guerrilla bund*, in order to make war oil their merciless foes. For tliia purpose, ihe legislature appropriated a certain amount of head money. $200, for each Indian taken, dead or alive. Several

companies wi re soon formed, and some terrible I encounters have taken place uevwetn the Ameri- | cans and the Indians, in all of which the latter ' have been worsted, losing ? great number of their chief warriors, Killed or nude pruonere. The Mexican papers at the capital at tirst denounced , this system of mercenary warfare, and we believe [ that the Coin'rep# passed a strong resolution condemnatory of the conduct of the Durango Legislature, and also that ot Sonora, which had uniUled the former. < >ur last advices, hnwrver, from Mexi- 1 co, received yesterday, slate that public feeling in mm cny miu cnangeii on hum snuject.uua me .>t?r/o, one ol the most influential of the metropolitan prints, declares that tiiere it* no other way of getting rid ol the scourge. Among the American companies th;it h ive distinguished themselves in tins watfare, that commuuded by a Capt. Box, in the service of the State ol Durango, is in the first rank. This b<>dy had a terrific encounter with a baud of Apaches oa the 3d ot September, and although but UD against between 200 and 300, tin y came on' victorious. The Mexicans are quite enchanted with iheir deeds, and the Smlu of the 21st ult. devotes a considerable space to a narrative of their exploits. VV? translate from that paper the following:? Statu ok Dira.noo, Sept. <>, 181!>. For the information ot the inhabitants ol tho State, we piibhrh an extra containing the following letter received by express Iroin Santiago Papa*ijuiiro, giving an account cl the light which took place at da) light on the :5d instant, between the tavages and the valiant guerrilla company ol jfurteAmtricunn tent in pursuit of them bv 'hn supreme government. VV? congratulate our fellow-citi/ens t>n the victory gained over the terocious enemy, and we trust that it will reanimate our people, and convince them that the Indians are not invulnerable, since less than thirty men have put to Might more than two hundred of them, after stretching upwards of twenty dead on the field. To the Secretary of the Suyrtme Government of Durango: AnKKKA.1 Cb'khhiu.A COMPANY OP CapT. Box, > Santiago, Sept ;j, 1SW. \ Sir:?Last night I overtook the enemy Him>ng the ruins ot the taiiche of Talaveras, distant one i league from ]\ip:i?ltiiuro. At four o'clock this moraing the battle commenced, when the positions | and entrenchment* of the Indiana were carried by assault. They lied, leaving live killed and ten I priioners, whom 1 handed over to the Alcalde of l'apasquinro. The In 'iaiis shortly afterwards recovered from thvir surprise, and finding how small I our number was, ami their own overwhelming j superiority, th*y returned and made a furioaa atj tn< k on us?five Mexicans on horseback, and 'lie ! Ameiicans who were entrenched wuhin the 1 ranche. Being repulsed, they dashed off toward i the spot where the Americans had left their horses, ' | which n# c> ssitated a retreat by the laitt-r to dflend ' their calile. As the Americans were on foot, I, with my four j men on horseback, kept the enemy in cneck, until ' they reached the spot where th?- ir horses stood. ; Here the encounter w is trenisndou*, and the tiring ; was without intermission on both sides. Mr. flu?mas ( loaland [Cleavehnd, perhaps! was tlis first that fall, atter lie bid killed two I ml i ms He wis I captured alive, having been suddenly seized by the ; en* my, who immediat> ly cut oil Iiih head. The j Indians, finding Iheir loss so severe by the preci? , sit n Willi wliii li l lie A mei iean? del ver. I i In* r lire, i at length retreated, and again took up their nosi1 fiiiii ii f I} i i.tnfhf vkhirh lixi'ti uKumlf>ni>il l?i/ thelatter. wh*n tln'y hastened lo llir d< fetter of their cattle. TJir coinjiitny r< tum< d to tli>- charge with admirable coura^r, and again stormed the entrenchment, diivingout the Indiana with a h<*nvy j Io n. The latter th**ii made anothf r attempt at the i cattle, hut the American* pursued them, .ind alter half an hour's combat put them to tlifht The ludiansifturned to their sstrenshments ?t the ran lie, when the lire hating ce?ft?-d, they colle.trd their I dead and wauiideJ, which lay exposed on llis j fit Id. The fight lahted three hour*, and fifteen hundred 1 rounds of ammunition w<r?* exi>endeil hi the company. From twenty to twenty-live Indians wrra killed, and ten were made prisoners. The<%ri| c*ns, <iiiite f?itigu?d with their continued ei-rtions, wera unable to follow up their victory. The > number of Indiana * K About 'ill), according to appearances, although one of the iirihonerN stated ihere were Hot) in all. Tha whole number of Americana and Mexicans engaged w is only twenty-nine. The loan on the p.irt of this little b^nd Wan one killed and eiuht wounded. Throujjfc the great disparity in the numbers of ilie ct nihatanta, there was nu pos.-iWdity *i capturing any of the cattle that occonipani< d tli?* Indiana. wi? IOIIAU*. TIIK I.ATK COUNCIL WITH TIIK CAMANi ffKI. [Krom th? Ploayuna, Oot. iv | CAMP N K A U 1''MKI>kii" ksiii HH, TKTAS, ( September 22, Ml! J J MAJC.b : I have the houor to report that I have to-day hud a ?i?it lr>m two Cam mrhe chief*, I'ro1 pro-whop, or ISullulo llump, and Key-tum-aee, who are direct (torn the camp on tin* Clear Fork of the Hthzoh, for the purpose of communicating the remit of a council lately held by the whole < aniainlie nation, to elect a ?ucce?*or to Mo-pir-cho-co, late bend chief, he having died uncr our laat inttlli| gence from the ca?u> on the Hrnzoa. 1 he election reunited in the choice of Hulfilo I lull lis who, UiHin a*Miming the dignity, called i.poii h 11 the cliufa and warrior* to opeak their mind* truly wuh regard to their relation* withth* MM. The council laoted ten day*, when it w.ia finally deteiniini d that they would he great foola to war wuh the I'nited JStntea. They hid been to war Willi Tesaa w ben Texan w a* weak, and they had ymii>d nothing by it; and that now Tfiii w ta joined to the Umt?d !Mate?, a war would lead la tin deetiuriion of their nation. l!nll?ilo Hump puy? that, although he may not he able to nop at once miimII partiea, he ia determined to pi?nerve peace, atid he hcpea that these small f>atlie* will not be connderol by the white* a* a Crute ct war He alro wi'bea nie to ?ir. ilia' in the event of n , council, it i* I he wish of the Indiana that it be held l the I.lano or at ihia place. I huvc ilia honor to lie, wi'li the highest rrepect, yoarebedtenl fr*uni, Wiluih Siki.i.k, Hr^wt, Com'g ?t Fredericksburg. M?;?r Geo. !> **, Afi-'l Ailj't Gen. CKdUI. iir-ujcai: m:;i ""ni i)kr*arm?*r, > AnTi^Io, .* )>? 2*, l*l!> J It ia the desire ol the (renersl r< imih..inline to reciprocate lull) ilnr Inendly disposition ?ri?n<1 by the < Hmnn< Ilea, aa set ioith in the coininimicntion trim the *<irwmntiilini( oilier Ht Fred*ru-knburi', dated 22d instint. her?i'11 published for the information ot nil concerned At the *?ma tin e, it is to be undt rtli'Oil that th? re t>? no r?lma? tu n Ill the H|i|MM nil Bg the In rder. tf any thelia hd ror?>iiiitird, e?'-r)r ? fl?>rt m'i"t be made t? d< t?ri i n<l lirnitf to punishment the o|l>-nd?ra I Kt talmtM a by killu * the In li-in-, When nver| thken or Ptirpriaed, rnuat be avoided, if potaible, excepting in inr-tanrt* wlieia murdera may have been committed on their part, of which tha evid? nre e>x<iil(t be dear. The troiitmir lairtiranow in the fi#M, below the ! frontier line, will be kept mrtivel? emplijred until I 'he ennatry Is cleared of the lawless binds which I hate lately mf'Mid It, particularly tow.irds the !>io Grande. Hy order of llrevet M*j?>r General Ikookk. OltNMl Uu*i AwHA4 Gen. A i in y I nt? I ll?< ?t? e. We learn fliat Intel ig?tiee h?? been reeelred at tha War department, from th- r-nl icnt of m nint-d ri1? miti ordatrd to Oregon la?' ?p in? ander tha onraaad "f t ol Lnrlra tin 'beVi'l of luly they w*r?enra<aped <n a |>'sln i aTenteeu mil<-? ?e?t of I'nrt Bridget rtfleers a ad men ail w?II and la e?eell*nt spirits I'hey woe e*| rtlt.g to rtseh hnft Hall on the 4'h of \u/ii?t. at d lb*, plain* if f'regoa rarly in ihs autumn ? .V?i /?l?Ht|?ii >r, Od. ifl. Ft si ssi. ? r V?io* FnatVTM One of ths la"?e?t fitn*r*l trait.* we seat iss la thl" altf areotn panted the t it eln* of this I a mi nted i.lfleer ye.ter 1st t > Imwml He wa* buili d with military lienors ths II !t solders ta'l.n.<l at, this po.t under e tnmand "f ' s?t ilit?, e?ewti|nt the proa?'-i>.a to the plaes ?t burial In the ptaaaMl< n weia msay of the o>de?t Inhabitant* of tha elty Tha rfemasei ass highly esteem -4 hy all who knew him for hi* many NtimaMt mialltles a id his death Is ui tversslly lamented - Iktrnit d?., 0< l. 'dt l??>wn'?llr Pllsrellai*y, Or-stJMnh'a marhli.n factor?, at Augn*ta On., was destroysd by Mrs on lha M last I.oss f II (?>0 A dry d<-ek !* about to ba oonstruetsd la Halifax hai bor. N 8 There wera ?7 deaths la Boston for ths waak sailing thank Inat IE R A .. '?* of <?y#r Ttirmliier. B.for. J.dg* KdWftrdJVc^onl<Urm*n '"K^8011 ani October 27 -Th? '**" ?l Ch?rlB? H t^rpent.r n **M? ESTi.. junior bJhVlf 5T-i, promt*Jiog to bum op tb? c* "mJ'ct. ... on. of bi. .?|nr. -?>< bail opened the cam fur th? define. rrupted hln by faying. he apprehended that therv ** ""I1* take, with regard to hUirarnrd a??c>H?t? . _ up So far a? .Vr LUnku an wa* personally Bon^a.*11"'' *" he (Mr. Cutler) and hln client (Mr. Carpenter, ?*"'<" <airi?d for liiui at- a lawyer th? in<>#t profound lie had no doubt that it would be in?r>* natt-factory to the ( curt and to the jury to hear Mr. Ulaukman. whd, he was cure, wanned prepared with an ?hl? nddreM ?j?< n the facto i f the cane and would perform the duty m?re effectually than he could do it; hut it ?u einiply bfciuw it wax the reijuei-t of Mr < arpenter that he (Mr < uil'T) ehould addr<'?H the court and jury, that he roue to uiake the intimation to the Judge. Mr 11 i.animan caid, that he nhould etaud upon hii pr< K PMioiiKi rigm mm proi? >monai ? siuij, iu? lon-v upon dlM'.hurging that duty to his olieut. whiuh, with n.uch care and attention, bit bad prepnr?id hiui.-elf to fulfil. 'Ihe Ji'i oa rrmiirked. that the court had nothing to do with the order of summing up; they eould not hear more tbun two c< uiri-l i n tach side. and it van for th< in (counstl) ai d their client to arrange who was to addrei-s the court mid jury Mr (.'iiriMiiH (the kocu'td) siid. It wan arranged yesterday tffiilcg, that Mr. i utler, who had been mu<'h engaged in thin kind of cases, should sum up, and it ?a< bi* (' arpenter's) desire that he should do so. Mr Bi iniMtii then, in anoordanca with the wishes ot Mr. Carpenter, withdraw bis ri^ht, aud loft the court Mr. Owti.t a then rose and said (icntlenion of the jury, thin rave hat* coupled your attention ho lung, that | ihtrt ftlt to tro?pa>-s fat ther 011 your time. It has assumed an air c.f importance. not only hy the length ot tbe tiial. but by the presencn and aotivu partlcl| atlon ? the A ttorncy I ien> ral which it* intrin-ic merit* by no man* warrant A straoger visiting this court would upp'.se that soma h< iuoas crime hail b< en prrprtiated, under extraordinary circumstances ol public interest; that tome old an 1 ha'deneil offender, maiked hy a long courts of orluie. wan about to be brought to eondigu punishment for a reries of offences, or ft r hi me tingle < decce of gnat laHgnitude, which mad* imperative demands on the public for it* represtii n. lu the trial of ordinary offences tbe Attorney ( *1 eral does n t apptar for the prosecution, and thin ciri uaietance aim c na* li d many te suppose that the ditt ugnisl ed ta silts of Ambrose L. J01 dan would not be n^oked. if the defendant were not a criminal dyed witb thu deepest (bade of guilt. What ?re the facts ! A youug gentleman ot rs-pectabla chancier and uabb Bill bid nioials is cbargidwltb a single offence after a lapse ol nearly four years froin the time of its alleged commission of which no retpst table man can aver, 1 u hi-oath, br i< guilty Tbe ease against him resis ? bi l'.v on the testimony of Audro* and 1 out>g. Both aie by their own ci toiloo. accomplices In the plot witli?; Irh tl.ey charge tbe defendant. Uo'.h am iapilled hy tbe ot rouge, t pressure of hope ai.d fear to crlmltiate bla> and it al?o appeared that Youug was under the inllutncn of per nal in-auity. Andros's ttoiv was iiicorslsteut with that ? hioh h at t he time ?.f bis first arrest B??tdes this. Andros sajs that < at peuter a> ed bins in bis hour of need lie avows that When he was lu 1 Ursine peril the defeudaut aided bim to etcspe The villain who avows that his Diversities whilst lu prison were supplied by the d?flendaut bii- the heart and the forehead to appear as the principal witness against him. | The learned g? here drew a parallel between the present case and the trial of John heruh-y. for aiding iu the escape of James Benton and cited 1 VecuuUy s llutory of h inland. Harper's edition, page 614, and the trial of Jobu ( ornltb, p??e til2 fan. volume; and after g some id 1 hu etidei ce in this rase, continued.] Cientltmen. the intrinsic imprl-abillty of the whole ktatein?nt is eoapparent, that, even if it were related by a credible witness, I should content ttia' he inu?t be lalmrii g und>r l ine misapprehension relative to tbe tacts 4 a<pouter is represented by tbe prorecuting counsel as a thread counterfeiter, tii* waettr 01 !i,w mint,' nno to'iini m*nuru -mrer ot tba fabricated moiiay. I* it at nil probable thatauch nmu wi uld K<>lataa public b?r room a-id there handle counterfeit mul ey. aii I acr ually m II It lu tha preaenne of aeveial p* reoue who could be wltnaaaa* a^ai'nti him ? Vt by procure tbe Intervention of \ onu^ at all' Catpeliter ati<l Acdro:. you ar? told, ??r? on teruia of IntU n,acy. Why did Hot < arpei, ,r |||| trati-!*r tli? money at our* to Andron; unleaa ht< il?aire<i to proour? a (Dit'i to the traaiaf-li-B. to wfan lit* own e ?n?lotion T No >an? man wauli d<> auah *u act. uini-h l**? a bread, active man of tbe world ahune prevl >u* bu*ln? acijulrt njenta a* a wholeaala inerebai:t In tbla rliy, rendered In i familiar wltb kuiuan nature. All n n art from motive*. Motive* are. with reUtloa to moial cor duct what phyalnal p, wertatoiuechanlam; and both of there kind* of InipuUxare equally under tbe iblluetice of kiiowo la?n W kat motive could < arpenter liava had to tbe perpetration of aurh an otf*o<-*, under n?ch circumi tanee* f v\ nl it l>- pret*ul-d that a ^enth u an. aitunti d at, he waa. aould have had a euffluiibt inducement In tbe ?I i he wtiti) recelT", to con n,it t uch a crime ' [Hire eouarel examined * ?? mm in tbe evidence bearing on tbla pr,|nt ] 'I hf proof of t arpentar'a n 11 r < ?'.? aoiely upon tba the testimony if Young; for a* t'> the partlaular ofl. nre charged. the purchase of tba roll of w>ney, \ ounjt -land* entirely uncorroborated I e?utend that tboee law* which ' o'taron a mat on the jipmlMoi af >alaala tHnw, ? fatal to Ulart|. la rl||ht rtaioo there i b> uld be t ?I b?cau*e a Witnea* who aWtiui* and tbe accuaed who denlea. make an c juai balance aLd a third mu?t Incline tba ? al* The Bible declare* that ** In tha mouth of two or three wltncare* rhall tviry word be eataklUhed " But our law ha* decided oth?rwl?e It I* a mle i f tha Kngll-b law that an* witnea* I* aufllcfent to eatablt b the p?rp?tration of ar.y erioie 1 hi* tariafion frni the rule whuh prevail* In alim rt all ei ntinentat Kuropt- repairing the pr?-~nre Of two wit be'?* to tha jttum lu crlmln*l c Me* ha* beta the abject of i?v?ra orltlclmn l>y many diatln1(1.1 hi d I- ret rh Jlirh t? Hat we aril *n?i? a I a. ivmi pen?atid for the halfhtii??* of t?i ? rule, by the praclUal appllratli n i f It lu practice It ha* aorked le** Injua'lne than many I ave atip( oa> d >Imply because t he relation of a tingle witnea* uulmi r.iin>l>t*it with l?*elf and all lb* ruriouo'tlrg *lreom?'aric?? I* to be rejected If, then a cridible witni a- la not to be believed unl'*? hi* atoiy be cltarly probable an.J ron*latent with other knoen fact*. * I at fball I aay of tha i-tory of a Moo a felon, too who acknowledge* tbht h? <*a*a ?e<>derin< Tae*b< nd Iwli re he c inmliti il felony and wboae atatwni'i'tln .hi ca'eeltarly prore* h i'wii Kiillt \ preBtdltated rtrry U alway* m iradeup a* to b- ar the appeaiai re of aoatlitenny when tlrat atated. Ilat If It ha I r?u ? dltati d tka fal-rwltDe>* ?l'l tx> liable to err In tba MaNtneDt of tha collateral :a -ta and aurrnuniinf oirruiravaiaei luea AmIh* contlrm tha *tatament of II on*. In any Important particular ' Ha due* n <t An dtm tfirtta bare nn'iar parulUr rirrum?t?nr ? lla iidiri that be pa??ad tba ouuntarfait nmaey mi l ???rj nan will acroi d to rrin intl tha oradlt ot knowing all tba rlrrvnrtltre* utidar which thcctima ?a? c nimit{ I Ha iJ ec uit? know* b. w h* bacatnc a fab.u and cat atalc *11 th? <i>t?il* la lil- c*ra?r ( crime. But that l? Bat tl* qdMl'i i btli r> )hii Wi are not (ll?cn?>mtc whether > i i(m ? aaa g'liity but 'imply tb- juc ilin l< (?ar| < alt r ib.pllrat) d in ti at guilt ' flirt* ( In. tli* t*-?tiiu' r.y ? carefnliy r*?lewed by the cnin>*l | Ai.iIim rami h?raiu Itii. lti? Ineainert* -r i.f the hidd Sahara DMpMJ H# ?fnt t" ' aldweil a. anil firat due* i n d t l.e fat.ul' ti* waaith of tha Hidd-blp 'I be bar* of geld, the allvarrvdn and pr<rl?u< jawil* I) In* turban mora than f? rty feet b?l * ih? aurfa?# of tba ilrar war# flrat dtar#??raij through hla ?g>ncy, 1 Ma t nature which tha Attorney imnrrtl la Tain ' tight to prov# by Andm* ? n *e*o by him a? In a dr.aui ai d nut by tha nalural organ i of n. he nn? tall* you. or hla ?!' atat-n that It waa raa'ly nd In truth *cen by bar an If actually bafara bar ejea Sht aaw iba aubatanna nf tha thing Itaa-lf. Tbla atatemant, r wvirrad In by h'i?band anil wife. beggar* ail belief Ion reanmber, CiiiliRun * ha t'*ii>ariln nf tha i?alrani**d watch, arid by thi* man ti> hi* Intimat# Irland, ?'id ilia ?#ry flrit counterfeit bill h# pa> ed waa f. u-tlbar liitlmate filtid A man who w ild *u ililai* tha lawa nf friendship and pru*? lilmaalf aurh an lagra'e la u? worthy nf hall* f. If no other rlrruinaf an?*a e.uiid ha urgi d In hla rf mlanination Hitthtr# It another elrcmttaace which Impair" morh. ?*ry much tha rraitlt of Anilroa On tba fcth of ?hi- pra-am an nth ha > aa, on I hla plea of guilty conyleted nf forgery In tba am rd dtgree *ad hi* only hopa of pardon rad< on ti* nt miction of l arpantar HI* pardon for tha ariiua lia formally e< n nulled aipraaaa* that It I* np o e >n litl' n nf hit appealing and ta*tlfylng agalhtt > arpen'er lla te-tHlc* than aith a lop# of pard n and nf liberty arurdlng In hi* car* ai,d aith lull koowle.lg* I hat. if ( arpenter la ac.nttted he mu-t be punished llath- rwIhif *wiar* with tha halter round hi* nark Thathanry of tba raaa pra*anted by l'l?r>on * te*titnnny I* utterly at war with th# other thtory. a* praaantad by tha pro? * ntl c n Iba motive trlgnad to I arpenter In procuring ball f> r Andloa, wa< to pratant bl? dl?cl<?ing tl at < arpcntar waa or a < t hi* a'*iatlaie* Now g#ntl? man. I* tbara anything In tha e?># whlab warrant) m In Igr tg anyanrh imtha to i arpantat? What rauld /??uin? dlarloaa ' Ha did ant know whara Young got tba n n< y lla knrw nothing of I arpcntar'* guilt I I at la hi* taatlnioriy hara. and moil h ??a haan <o. If 11? occcbnt w?? c< rrcct Why, than, *hnu|il i arpantar tfar a ditcli ?urc a tich It war bi t In hl< poaar t maka* W rtild I arfautar If he nally d**tr*<| to pra*>nt dl* (l' *nra* go to * pollca iU?>r and laka hlai to Iba rary n at. towh' in ba ( arpantcr) I* all>g?d ta h*> dalltarad tha mon>y' Would ha tall l tcr-on a la^rar. Niril* a pollcai iflpcr Mr? An Ir a r?ra<>n> a*?r?b'iy. that ho ?nap< i-tad \ nnnn to bo guilty ' If ha .|??lrcd to prootiia tha a?rap? of Atidr<* a ho e nild not dbalaaa. tblrk yru ho would at t><a >aiij^iila t?'a 'akin ti arnica to have lha p-ltoa aali- al^alinifil< a a n an wbo could dl-cloaa bl? a-taal guilt ' iiantl*> man. allcw ira to rap> at for Mr irr'lan ? talpnta aa a lawjar I ha?o tba nioat profound ra-pect, but th*ta Oa tt r j at lit ad a man *? pnra. whi-a in tire* might not bo dlatruatad wl an atrtrlng t?> ranatn a f>otb'dd ! > ? i'uiIi g a **il(.ii* litlgatkn In tba A'toraoy <>anar?| * flr?t appaaranra agaiiiit arpantar ha ca a* flit?h?d lib t?ery pirxpcct of anccaa* Aldad from th4 roKSrttl of ?a*t aaalth. and hy tha atill nvr? ra t ra? nrcca nf bl* own gunt Intallact kr bopad aaar, thing - ha axpactad **arything Hut gantl*m-n t?l?? haaa taa|?a b< neat men of your nwa city proa* I to him that trigbt agalnat rtgbt cannot alaayt praaall Will ynu, than *nlly tha juat prtdo of tbawjurnra by aiding thI learned rnunacl for tha pr ?*ciitii n In tbla litigation ' No. l ot tba fama of othar Victoria* ufllco -t or lot htm inaada tbta tempi# 11 juatioa by aawkiaf to twiaa lanral* round hi* brow by tba onnvlctt a *f tha lanoe?nt t.eiitiameB, | call upo? you. a# ?ltl(#a* aud a* . L D. TWO CENTS. maa, to beware how you aid In trxllnft thia tanacent man for two ael'-confioted Moa*. All** me, la tonoIunImd. to utter the fervent prayer, that ibtuld yoa at a any happy Cbriatma* dinner turn to review the acta of by-gone timea, thtre will not. In remintaoennna of jury l duty. com* any twinge of conacienoe. nor rata regret, in the remembrance of the rerdiot you rendered lu iba trial of ( harlfa fl Carpenter. > [Mr Cutier'a addraea occupied the court from IU i fitting, at a little after 10 o'olock. up to 2% ) The i)i?imct Attor*kt (Mr McKeon) commenced bia addreaa to the jury, by etating that the concluding i rtuarkaof the counsel for the priaoner, In relation to the feeling of the Attorney <ieueral for the losa of two inlta. In which aonie of the partlea in tbla caa? i were involved ou?ht not to h.??? ?ny weight with a di.Msrret jury, etnpauelled to try a diatlnot Uaue, aa to the gTiilt of tbia prisoner. The remark could not, under any tircutiiHtancee, apply to the District Attorney, ar. neither directly n..r Indirectly, had ha ever been connected, ad far n? any of the partlrn were conoerned, with any proc.tedlnga except the public prweaothg atainxt ibe peraoii now ou trial. Tba L'iatrlot Attorney fitood. in refei -<IiC.t to the acoaaei. In tJ># ?ania f>Mtioa aa the < ourt and the Jury I'hey only knew hint in this indlotment. and were to pronc^noa upon hia (uilt or iunocence acoordiQK to the evldrane pn.-?ented y the ailneerea So far a? the tttorney General waa c ncerned, he (Mr. McKeon) ahou d i*ay, that, from tba commencement i<t tliHMM ihi, nn^aenfc Hum tin had been the objeot of unoeitnlng ?*aults la eourt and out of court he had been as??il*d witb ** (Uiilli'd virulence. Nor had even he (the District Attorney) escaped lie hail some experience In all kind* of felony cased, lie bad teen thsm In all shapeo. and la erery ebaiaoter. from the ijuiet and submissive up to tbe unscrupulous and bold, hut In,the present Indictm< i.t he had found the moat daring and reckleft* of hU Kluil Kvery perron connected with the prosecution had been denounced a? corrupt, or Instruments In the hands of corrupt men Where is the evidence tV*t tbo Attoiuiy (ieneral. and the men with wh .ui ha oetej, had instituted those proceeding*]!)? Improper m< ?m( \V here U the evidt uce that the \ttoriiny (ieueral procurt d the patdon of one of the witnesses at the ln?1igatl< n of uieu known an the Kldd Salvage oooipany' It ba? breu Insinuated that wltneses were brought hero at the e*| ense of oerta'n parties. a"d it wax denied thai ' there wax a fund appropriated by tbe State f >r tha* of such wltnrMnd The District \ttorney then i referred to the luws of ]848 and 1MV, showing appropriations for witnesses' fees in canes of suits c inducted by the Attorney lieneral. The counsel for the dafenco bad stated that the \ttorney General warned the jury ap.a<n-t reading newspaper* lie warned them nil I Hkftiui t inch repoit* as were dally mads hy the geutlai man on his left (the reporter for the llmtLI); they wero I faithful representation* of tho scene here and of tbo cass as presented by the witnesses; but tbe Ittorney Oeneial warm d them against a.lo ving their mind- being Influenced hy articles In a certain nameless pilot, coined from the active mint of some persons connected with the prisoner s Interest These article* were no more tbe reflection of public seutltnent, than t arp?nler s Counteifeit money ?as tbe reprei-entativo of real value In both coles they were " counterfeit presentments " Well did the prisoner understand the piwerf 111 influence of the press; poison, through article on ariicle. has bs'n poured In the public ear since tbe indictment ?a< found, representing this prisoner as persecuted; and Hgainxt this fal-ely created public opinion tbe wily defendant ha- compelled the prosecution to buffet The pru.mer in this case. h%l exercised extra' t dinar y rbri wdness. tact, ami ludustry, and be felt that hy dialing ia! e if in s and false public sentiment his rhanc?s of cscipe were inoreatei. Tbo public pros#rutor's task was plain to preservu to that juiy no oilier case than that, in the indictment, and be was ta'lsfled that If the jury would ?< tliey w?rs bound to do) dismiss a 1 other considerations from their minus be would satisfy them of the guilt of tha |., K >u , I.a VV iu II. I'l..l tha pri-ooiT (' arpenter} Incited William N. Androx t* pang ten dollar c untfif.-lt bill of tb? Ocean Hank of vla?xachufetti In the lanijuap:* of the la? h>-wa< " an aon axmj beft re the fact " The policy of the law makti bloi ?l'(> pritUTN a felnry to l>e done. a Mod If A enpU.y 11 t* kill < and A liib'eut *hm tht killing tfil # place. A tc guilty of an trctmory b?for* the fact, 'lb* honorable and ban,id 1'ixtrict Attorney then, In acawcr to luoia pri poeHlonx of law mada I ha pr*vl<ux day by couneel for the defenc*, xutnnittrd the following on behalf of the proxacutton If tli* jury, from the circuinxtanrex. ari> rati-fled that the not* ret out In the Indlatment wan included In thota which tlx defendant inrif. J Andro* to |>a?a. th# jury may convict. even If no in?truotiona were glvan by th? dufi'Diltlt, an to the particular Individual up>n wh'm It >ii to b* iianri. If nrpenter k?v* lh* nioin y to \oung, and tha jury bell*vo that V?un( wai a guilty agent, ai.d dUuoxed of ike money to Androx to p*t-x theu < arpenter fx entity aa an accexxory b'for* tli? fact The ait of the a^' nt IwIdk Kith a guilty knowledge, k? become* the principal, and the party who employe him i* an accea.ory nnl?iia ha ware prea? nt at tha tluie tha ollenee *t< committed ar naar enough to rmder n we Mrlaluw*. [ l'h? learned <?ntlenian here road tha cu * of the 1'aople again I Idatnx, and two caaex In ltu<xell .V Ityan | rh* amwxr to tha flr?t point a p pi lex to thla It uia'tera n t whether Tourg Hating ax tha guilty agent of Carpenter. aomn<unicated to 4ndro* that h* (Carpenter) wi?h?d Andro? to pact the money or not; If Carpenter gar* I \ <'Utijc tha money to <1 liver to Androx, with t'i* inttntlhat It abould be fiandub ntly pa*ited hy hlm, tha <Bene* ia complete. 1 ha jury ahauld convlet If they believe that Carpenter. either dl ec'ly of through anothrr. prorur d iaalted. In tuced or conn ell. d Androa t? pax* the counterfeit not*. They xhoutd ci nvirt If they believe Young, with a guilty knowledge obtained the money froin Carpenter, to b* delivered to Andve by Ctrpenter'a iaxtruction*. to be paa-ed ; evtn if I uni( bought tha money of ? arpenter It would not render ? nrp- nter a principal In tbe crime of forgery in tha *econd degree, a< thera aaa do Ibten? to cheat or defraud Young, which ii an exp rial Ingredient in the offence. Voting, If guilty "f any offence, cool J only, if tried be tried aa a |rincl|al Ir the principal ia convicted at any tim* before the evidence 1? rloaed, vo tha*. the taitlmony of hi? conviction nan be praxentej to thn Jury, It la ?ufflrient It ll not even nrocK-ary tliat the principal ab'ulil be coqvietvd the principal and a.-'eaaorjr taitiht have be> n Included In tile aaine lodiotuiaut anil ) tried at the ram* time [The learned lllafilct Attorney had not conaludail bia addreaa at the rialng of th* court, at 4 o'clock, bat will rvrutu* on Monday morning J flruohlyn t.lly New*. Kim* < ai mv hi *t or Urn **? Tan?ii**a.? Frrn nt. I'on. Nathan It Mor a and Inatleaa llu?hefl ml W it?ht 'I be court wan o|* aad on Saturday mornli( la t tor tha porpo?a of sentencing *uck nf the ?rlininnI? > had beau f> und it<11Ity of violating tin law, and who had not prertoimly b-'?*n lantancad (harl-i Al>>r? . having li??n convicted of receiving *t ?l?a gmi l?, I?nl?rri d to Imprisonment lc tha county jail. si hard labor tor tha tarm of tn mnntbi Kdaard llhru, tni>th?r to tha f irmer ml m*ra b?y wa* all wad to HO. OD MKiUnt of lil* youth li?n|i in IHmra otar hi* head. Michael t oll I. tha celebrated cunt'rf?Iter havlrg been lo m I guilty *t l<if(>ry In the ??ei a I d.itri e wa> ? nt on-d to Imprisonment In the Sta's |>ri? n at flint Sing fnt t'ne term ol flra yarn and ?ti m? n'h< laineaT Li??ry, ?nn?|rH of fkrinry In tha tomth d? grae ? a* *eotancad for tha tarm ot four j m kdiI ail ii ontbi Vlrhaal mcn ame? w*? brought hi f> r frntaici t.avlair b. n a iiTicte l of sailing II |<MV without Itcep ?. Ilia ietit?nce Ir hi* ra-l howarar, ?** ?u p-r.ded Tha e uirt then adjournal. in ' m ?t - Before Ju-lg* Oresnwo ij an I \ll*rm*n U'ari1*?U ana Bmbaiik - I'hli court al*? mat on -istur(" y at t- n o'clock Tit* following i>sr*oa> were teicid John Hill grand larceny Mtat* prison, thrsn y?ai? ard ill month* Thoma* Tyrrel. ** ault an I katlary ten ilayi' Inn rl* nmsnt In ths county jail and fi'A n? HI* ha Avirlll. forgery la the f?ur< h d*gre?. Scnti nra dafarred there beloii aataral other In lie stent* atalf -l h la l>a?ld davl*. a**ult an>l battery ; fln*<| >MI, to stand committed till paid. Jo*aph Wlii n >(> trnctltiir the highway flA tha defendant baring baled tha nui'anca Jame* ?<cNam*e dlMrdarly hou'c ?ent* n<-a ; niied KransW vie lair*, k apiig bawdy boioe four ninth- and ten dar*' liaprl. oimast id tha county jail I aler Via troy. *a):lng ll |?or without llsai.ra >V'l Wm I'aftMadow obstructing tha highway. laa Win. < uttiog. ka< ping a gauil-ig k< in. fined tit. ? i? ant..?Tka Ba?r,l of A1 l*ta*n hoi I a rasa I on this af erni on it ft o clock V ery lilt a hu-W lit a* will ba dona, howefer a* tha m?mb*ra ara t ? bu?lly ai>g*?ed in pr*|> for tha approaching t#?l on tli? 01b <if November. Hi ' ? I'imi.?Tha fog *m e*frcme|y h???j yMtff'ltf miri.lng, m? ranch that 'h? different h>at* <>u tha rivet n-r* obllgi-d to keep their ball* ringing la ordat to flnd tba landing plaae*. Hti.ii.ini t - Tti* Rut Dr Rn*bn?tl. of Il?rtf?rl lallTfM in fl^vtt dltonr** l*?t in n the Plymouth I abernacla. P*? Henry W Haarbar, ptator S ii H i A irun n*m?'l < harl** P?fk committed ?ul' clda ?n Saturday la?t at th? l'am U plantar tarern, onklmhlrg atentie rear Ad'lphl ??reat, by hanging lluiteif 1 Iw 4r(*ii<v4 w?? an Intemperate man. and iti about 82 ye*r? i>f *g? *n ltr|lWat *M bald u?"t? the h?<? y??t>-rilaT and the jury rauderad a rardiat ia accordance with tha aboaa facta Polli* lntrlll(?ntt. ClTf "f V?a/i?- * a H a <*..? ' K .?y -officer* Hake nil howling, nf tlin Mlth tml, irrnltd, yxUHiy, * w man M tlw nane of Vlify III iM. M a charge of afeaUrg from tba peraon if I hilip (julglv a goli and chain, valued at }'!> nod 10 In moner ll appaarathat tba complainant re?i.|e? at Newark, N. I., and Mi Saturday evening while <>n a ?lnit to tbl* aitf, he became iridlep<??d hawll le?ed. or (Oinatlrig ?! *, and t'oally tfct d"?n on ?foop la ona of (lie er >?? *treet* ?>ar iba to recruit hit utrengtb Tiia hi nee to whieb thla ?t">pea? ??a?. ??l Inhabited by fnnala? of a?j alrlne ?hi on oh"-r*in< iba vonng tratiger ?e?t.i| < u ti le eery politely lev d?rt d an Initial! n to walk inaMe to wh<ab ha r-a<Mw a*??i>trd. I na la.I >? Im ila re?e|M him wlih m i I* tl*a ure and one. In particular Intired him ti he .loan for a abort time anpp -aing that a n*p n* ght gtra him relief I hta ha con"?-nted to d >. aud ?a%r.'aly hal hetaken fatty win *. hef re he fa|t tlia head of on? ol th? dameela la hi# pocket, and before ha could re??? b<m??|f to mala any re-taance aba r?n olf with tba ptcket ho- k c< maining the m nay. and tba watch likealpa I be police vera notified of tha fhcti of tba ea?a, aad ?eai?iOat arraatad V*r) Hlnaa, on tha charge af ?f.aim* the properly, or hem* acaaaanry aftar or halora the fart iiuiica Vonntfort e >miaiit-d tba aaevaed ta prt?'*n for a farther bearing. Other pallca matter* wara etreadlngly dull notnlag trao-piring ?i. a>>t a few drunkard* aad loafart arraatad, whieb t* aa r*ry day i ?f arrtoc*

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