Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 30, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 30, 1849 Page 2
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CALIFORNIA CLAIMS, The Controvrrsy hel ween Col. Bfiilon, of the Ulitid States Senate, and Ex-Goy. Mason, of California, on tub dill to > INDEMNIFY CERTAIN CALIFORNIANS, for SUPPLIES TO COL. FREMONT. New York, Sept. 7, 1819. Jas. G. Bennett, editor of the iV. Y. Hcmlrf. 8'*?. The original of the enclosed communication was written on ihe day of its date, and sent, with the accompanying papers, to the editors of the Alta California. One of the gentlemen, Mr. Gtlbert, whom I saw a short time afterwards in San Francisco, promised me to publish them, bat the smallncss of their sheet, as I understood, and the length of the documents, prevented their publication before I left California. J herewith hand the copies to you, and request that they may appear in the Herald. 1 am, respectfully, Your obd't serv't, It. 13. Mason. To the Hdilors of the Alta California. Gkntj.emen:?Paul, the Apo-tle, concludes his epistle to the Koniatis in these words, "Written to the liontHns from Corinthus, and sent by Phebe, servant of the Church." Mr. Benton, borrowing from Paul, concludes his to the CuhlorniHns wttn, "Written ut Washington City, and sent by Col. Th? apostolic forms in which this epistle is clothi d, should exempt it front every root of bitterness, front all hatred aud malice, and present its benign author deeply imbued with that spirit of charity so eloquently commended hy his ureal predt ci stor, " that charity, which sutfereth long and is kind, which is not easily provoked, > which vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, J doth not behave itself uns- emly." But, unfor- ; tunatelv, Mr. Benton loses his temper, and, with that, all his apostolic chums, lie followed in the ! footsteps of the holy apostle, no farther than to send i his epistle by the servant of his church. U|>ou this epistle, w hich appeared in your paper of the 11th instant, ! deem it proper to uddress yon, with a view to a publication in the AUa California, that "the people of California" may judge between Mr. j Benton and myself Mr. Benton says that tlie $?(0,l<00 bill, for the payment of the California i claims, " was balked in the committee of the House of Representatives, by lies against Colonel Fremont, sent here by Colonel Mason and the notorious Colonel Jonathan J >. ?> evenson. Seeing 1 that the bill was lost, a less sum, of $?)0,000, was | again pasted by the Senate, to meet the most urgent. best ascertained claims; this was also lost in the House of Representatives, through tlie effect of the ssme lies." Mr. Beniou does not say that the bills were defeated by iies, fabricated and written by Colonel Stevenson and myself, but | every rebder will readily perceive that lie designed to create such an impression, and also (especi illy in California) that they were forwarded with a view to injure, if not to defeat, the California claims. Tfiat I may he correctly judged in refernce to what I have said concerning those cluinis, it is only necessary for me to publish an extract from my very first official letter to the Adjutant General, after assuming the command in this country, dated June 18th, I* 17; and also an extract from a private one to the .secretary of War, of the fifth of the same month, in both of which 1 urge in strong language the immediate payment of the claims, ilere are the extracts:? [extract ] llfancji'arteks TK.ith Mii.itavy Dep'T, ) Mi'tsTXXir. Cai.ieoknia. June is. 1*17. t (No. 14.) ' Sib,? * * . There is one subject that I desire to bring to the serious consideration of the Department and the Executive. and that is, the speedy payment of the various claims in California against the United States, created since the hoisting of our flag in this country. The claims are f?r norses and other property taken, and supplies furnished for the use of the troops that w ere at the lime hastily collected, as well as for the payment nowr due to the men themselves, and the various other debts that were necessarily contracted in carrying on operations. The troops thus hastily got together, were discharged in April last, but from bad counsel or some other cause, they refused to be mustered into the service under the volunteer acts of May and June, lb-lb, and therelore could not be paid by the army paymasters at all. The claimants, natives and foreigners, are loud and cDmorous. and creates great deal of dissatisfaction and bed feeling in the country towards our government; they charge it with a want of good faith and violation of promises, Arc. A sjieedy payment of their claims will do more towards reconciling the Cahforiiians to the change of flags, and be worth more to the United States, than ten times the money it would take to pay the debts. 1 would most earnestly recommend that some disinterested citizen, who is in no way interested in those claim*, be appointed, with a secretary, to investigate and adjudicate u;>on all claims presented agaiust the United States. Those upon w hich he puts a favorable endorsement, authorize the disbursing officers?who should lie supplied with ample funds ?to pay at once. Many of these claims, perhaps a great majority of them, are only evidenced by the receipt or certificate given for the property taken, or the amount claimed, by persons not in the service of the I "nited Mates, but wh?> wen* sent out by the authority of the land or naval commander at "the time, to collect horses, saddles. Arc , Arc ; end I believe all the claims of the oflicrra and men of the late California battalion of volunteer* are evidenced by due bills, given and signed by the pay and <|ti irter-ni iMer of that corps; and a very great many claim tat * u- ert, and I believe truly, that their property wan taken, mxl no receipt or certificate given. Treasury draft*, or drafts of disbursing officer*, are here twenty percent below j ar. Remove these claims?pay them off?and the disbursing officers can obtain money here for their drafts at par, and the people will become reconciled and satisfied. 1 am. respectfully, your obedient servant, (Signed) II. B. Masox, Col. lot Drag. Cont'g. Brig. Gen. H. Joxxr, Adj. Gen. U. S. A, Washington, 1). C. [extract. j Monterkt, Califobma, June Iff, HI7. My 1 'far sihi? # There are claims to a Urge amount, in California, against the United States, for horses and property taken during the continuance of hostilities I here, which cannot too soon be paid oH'. Mcny of them are, doubtless, exorbitant, and others entire, ly unjust; hut never mind, pay them olT promptly, and it will do more to uuiet the Californians, and reconcile them to the change ot government, than all things else combined; end it w ill he worth more to the United States than ten times the amount it will take to pny them. a I am, w ith great respect and eateem, S our friend and obcdicut servant, R. IV Masox. Hon W. L. Marct, Washington City. In one of those letters, I committed, in Mr. Renton's eyes, the enormous sin of recommending that the i omnussioner to be apisnnted should be " in no way interested in those claims " If that mom m? ndut'mn whs to be adopted, it wholly cut off In-* son-in-law, Col. Fremont. from being commissioner! ?u? h a sin, such an a* lut sin can never be forgiven or forgotten by Mr Kenton, a* hi* son-in-law certain' y was and i? interested in the settlement and final disposition of public claim*, and debt* of hi* own contracting. Thr "lie* that I ?ent against Colonel Fremont." a* Mr. Benton call* them, mu*t have been transmitted in one of three letter* which 1 wrote to the Adjutant (ieneral, for in no others, to any |>er?on in the {Mates, have I evsr written one word,or forwarded any accusation against Colonel Fremont. Tbey are dated June 2l?t, November 12th, and October 9th, 1817. In that of June 2l*t, I forwarded a claim presented by Antonio lore (Jot, lor money borrowed of him by Colonel Fremont, and arkingthat Colonel Fremont might be required ?> refund certain moneys. (See Ap|>enHix I.) In that of the 12th of November, I simply forwarded, without comment or remark, an original letter of , complaint against Colonel f- remont, from the \ ic e Consul of Spain, for imprisoning a Spanish sub- j ject. In that of < tetober Mth, 1 forwarded a certain | contract made by Colonel Fremont with lK?n Kulogio de Ohs, for six hundred beef cattle, on account of the I'nited States, together with certain certifi- 1 rates, receipts, Atc.,?c. (See Appendix II) Now, | if this cattle contract, made March :td, 1*17, by 1 Colonel Fremont, for supplying hit battalion with I beef, and his official certificate dated April 2?>th, ' 1*47, endorsed thereon, certifying that 1 ion Kulogio de Celia, the contractor, had complied with the obligation of the contract by delivering the number of cattle specified ; and if, on the aame day, April 2K, he gave Cells a separate note, certifying that there waa due to him from the United Statea, on account of suppliea furnished for subsisting United States troops in service in this territory, under his command, the sum of $6,975, (which is fll ?2| per head, being about forty per cent higher than the market price at the time, at Los Angelos, for good bullocks, breeding cows being a very great deal lower,) and these supplies be the six hundred cattle contracted for; and it torn* out, that at the date of thoae two certificates, the contract had not been fulfilled a* certified to, the cattle not delivered, the "snppliea" not furaishrd, for aubaiating of troop* in the service an der Col. Fremont, because his battalion had been previously discharged?the fair and proper construction of the contract being, that the cattle were to he delivered at such times, and in such numbers, as the Commissary might require, to meet the wants of that battalion. 1 say, il those documents and certificates be false, or any of those accompanying the contract, which were transmuted with my letter of October 9th, to tue Adjutant General, contain "lies against Col. Fremont," and they defeated the bil's for the |>uyment of the California claims, the disastrous consequences rest upon those who wrote and signed them, und not upon me, lor transmitting the papers which contained them, us it was my duty to do, for the information of the government. But, notwithstanding all these certificates and receipts, the J lf? head of cattle were not delivered to Mr. Stearns on the 7ih duly, 1S17, as his receipt of that date would seem to show ; that receipt was obtained by Cells giving his obligation to deliver the cattle at some future period, und the receipt was thus obtained, to mike good his chain of evidence, that he had completed the delivery of 600 bend et cattle to Col. Fremont's agent, and thus streugiheu his position in cl uming his pay on the contract and certificate of Col. Fremont, to the amount of idi,!)7.>. So far from the contract having been fulfilled and complied with, and the " supplies furnished " on the 2f?th of April, 1817, 1 very much doubt if to this very day, the contractor has completed his delivery. It is very certain he had not done so on the 7th July, 1817. This is a feature in the transaction that i did not know when I forwarded the papers to the Adjutant General. It will be borne in mind in reading the appendix, that the ''supplies," referred to in Col. Fremont's certificate No. 2, of the 2tith of April, 1847, as having ft. IS. MASON, Col. lit Dragoons, Cuui'g. Uric. (.Sen. 1!. Jones, Adj. < 'tn. U. S. A., Washington, 1). C. APPENDIX II. ILeap'jCartkks, 10th AIilit*r>* IVpt. > [No. 21 ] Monterey, Cal. Oct. 9, 1*47. > !StR?1 have lite honor hers With to enclose to you the papers relating ton certain contract entered into mi the lid day of March, 1*47, by Lieut. Col. Fremont. Mounted Killernen, wiili it Don Kulogio de Celts, a resident ? !' the Ctudad de low Angelos, (Julil<>titi?, but protesting to he it subject u! the tjueen of Spain. The paper murki d A, is a copy of this contract, with Lieut. Col Fremont's certificate, hearing date April 2(>, 1* f7, that the contract hud been complied with on the purt of I 'on Kulogio de Celts, and that he Col. Fremont, had executed in payment to torn a note for the Mint of n;x thousand tune hundred and seventy-five dollars. Lieut. Col. Fremont left California in the month of June, 1*17, giving no notice to (lenerul Kearny or myself oi the existence of such a contract, or that lie hid pledged the faith of bin government for the redemption ol it by the payment of the sum ol nor had I the least idea wf this obligation until app! ej to by 1 h Stevauen, m bis letter m irked I, whether 1 would recognise the contract and redeem the bond at maturity, this letter was accompanied by tin se marked A, It, C, L>, L, and F, which snow that in fact, notwithstanding this certificate oi Lieut. Col. Fremont, Mr Celis never deliver* d to tl>e CoiniiiiMS.li v ot the I ulifornia hat telion one single head of beef cattle under the contract, and that not one of these ai.\ hundred were slaughtered for the use of that battalion, but on the contrary, they have been delivered to a .Mr. S*?*atne, of l-os Angelos, in two parcels, one of fo ir hundred ad < gl > oae, oa the 1st day of M iy, and another ofonr hundred and nineteen, on the fith d.iy of July, both of which dates are suh*e.;uent to , the discharge ot the California battalion commanded by Lieut. Col. Fremont. There i* no doubt but these cattle are the same six hundred contracted for by Lieut. Col. Fremont, on the 3d of March, IMi7 Mr. Celiaatatea it ;>o*iiiv?|y in hi* letter niaiked D, and the receipt* for them by Stearns, marktd If and F, racially state that lie. Steam*, rrenpts for tlieni in the nante and la half of Lieut. Col. Fremont. These deliveries occurred at the tune when a garrison was stationed al Loa Angelos, with a commie-toned agent of the Commi-'-ary Department of the army, Lieut. David-on, to take tlurge of any subsistence store* Intended for public use; yet these cattle, furnished by formal contract, are delivered to a private individual, upon a special agreement, (as he, Stearns, says) to breed on shares, for a term of three vears. I have endeavored to proevft Am Mr, SttUlt a copy of the agreement he has made with Lieutenant-' olonel 1 remont, for taking care of these cuttle; but hia letters marked 7 and 10, positively assert that he regard* these cattle as he private projierty of Lieutenant-Colonel Fremont, and that the agreement by wlm h he holds them is a verbal one, witnessed by a Mr. Henaley, Midshipman Wilson, and Lieutenant Gillespie, 1". f*. Marines Midshipman Wilson ba* endorsed on the paper 1", that he knows nothing of it; and the other two gentlemen have gone tc> the f ailed Siatea with Commodore Stock ton, and cannot be referred lo by me. Thus atand the facts, and I am applied to, to know whether jiay ment will be made upon the pa|ier marked 2, which ia a certificate that the aum of is due Mr. Celia, for supplies furnished the California Battalion, which supplies arp pi?inly the lot of six hundred breeding cows, now in the hands of a private individual, not one of which has been used for public pur|iosea. This note becomes dua on the mill day of lacember. 1K47, and bears an interest ot twenty four per centum per annum after that date. In connection with this subject, I call your attention to the paper marked 3, wherein Lieut.Colonel Fremont baa bound himself and future Governors of California, to pay the sum of f'J.lQO at the expiration of eight months from the date, March 3. fK|7, or, in default thereof, that the note shall lieur an interest of 21 per cent per annum. This, too, when an Acting Assistant tiuartermister, at Monterey, had been more than a month in the country, with a supply of money applicable to the proper expe nses of the army in California Mr. Cells states " that it w as partly to secure this loan of money, that Lieutenant Colonel Fremont made been already furnished tor subsisting troops under his c? min nil, all of which ha?l been previously discharged, are the identical same cuttle for which the coil true! was made, and which the two receipts of .-T arns, his agent, of a subsequent date, show had never been furnished at all. This is the transaction and these are the documents?the "lies against Col. Fremont"?which lias brought upon me the ire of Mr lienton, merely for being thv proper channel through which the government was made a acquainted with them; truly, there must be a painful " thorn in the King's side," if we judge from his cries. I am satisfied, and such is the general opinion of every man 1 have heard speak on the subject, that it bill, simply appropriating a sum of money for the payment of the California claims, would have pass< d Congress with little or no opposition, and that Mr. lienton himself defeated the bills, by his effort. to force Congress to place Col. Fremont at the head of the Board of Commissioners, so that he might sit in final judgment upon his own acts. 1 have, rh is known to the chief of the military stall in this department, long since had applications for copies of this cattle contract and certificates lor publication, and iliut 1 have as oltcn refused them, saying, "as this all tir came tome officially, 1 hail officially forwarded the papers to Washington for the information of the government ; there my business with the matter ended, and that I deemed a publication of them improper in the absence of Col. Fremont." Mr Benton's wanton attack now, justifies the publication, in warding off the blow he has aimed at me. If, in unraveling the skein of this contract, some i curiously w rouglit hard knots are found in it, all concern'd must remember they tied them tliem' selves, and thank Mr Benton for the opportunity of | explaining to the public the manner in which they were tied. 1 ant not 60 much of " an Ignoramus" as Mr. I Benton culls me, us to follow his example by banili'ijur miiii-nlirmMrt I'nithets with him Tliev nri' im tumult ss to those to whom thsy are applied, as tliey ure undignified mid unproductive of good to those who apply them. No man rates his poor abilities and very limited acquirements at a more humble rate than 1 do MM, and no ni iti MM Mr. Benton's higher than he does himself. I wonder if he ever read that proverb of Solomon's, which says:?"Sees! thou a man wise in his own conceit ! there is more hope of a fool than of him." It. B. Mason, Col. 1st Dragoons. Monterey, C'al., Jen. til, 181.9. APPENDIX I. HiADttVARTERS. 10th Military Dep't, > [No. 15. J Monterey, Cal , June 21, 1847. J SntVn opportunity oflering to San Francisco, I rend of!' this letter, in the hopes that it will overtake my despatch to you of the 18th inst. at that place, and that both will reach you at the same tune. A rluim has been to-day presented to me against the I'nited States, of so extraordinary a nature, that 1 deem it proper to send it to you for the information of the department. You will (lereeivr it is for money borrowed at an enormous rate of interest, by ht. Col. Fremont, from one Antonio Jose Cot; and that, to<, in the olliciul character of (Governor of California, when he knew that Gen. Kearny, his superior and comui indiag otlicer, was heir hi ihe country. In ih? same manner the Lieut. Colonel gave orders, and caused the collector of customs at San 1'edro to receive in latynient of custom house dues, a large amount, say about $ 1,7(H), of depreciated paper, signed by individuals no way responsible to the government. Gen. Kearny has gone home, prepared to lay all the farts attending that transaction belore the War Department. The obiect I now have in view, is to request that Lt. Colonel Fremont may be required to refund immediately the seventeen hundred dollars that the treasury of California has thus lost by his illegal order. The money is wanted to defray the expenses of the civil department in this country. I am respectfully,; our ob't servant. with him the liberal bargain for cattle, for which the price is about 40 per cent higher than the imrket price at the tune. Both o( these notes are soon due, and Mr Cells ia going to make application for payment, as he claims to have tulfilb-d hispirt of the contract, for the redemption of which the good faith of the government ol the United .Stated id pledged by an officer thereof; but the whole transaction, as shown by the accompanying papera, appears to ine of such a character that 1 shall not order payment of the money to Mr. Gelid, but refer all the papers to tlis department, tor such action as they may consider proper in the case. 1 have the honor to be, your obedient servant. It. B. Mason, Col. 1st l'rugoons, Com'g. Brig (.Sen. B Jones, Adj. Gen. U. S.^ Army, Washington, D. C. (A ) [copy. ] This article of agreement, made and entered into this third day of March, in the year eighteen hundred and forty-seven, by and between Eulogiode Celis, a resilient ot the City do los Angeles, capital of Upper California, of the first part, and J. C. Fremont, Governor of California, and legal representative of the government of the United States of North America, of the becoud part, witnesseth: That the said Eulogio de Celis has sold to J. C. Fremont, Governor of California aforesaid, a lot of six hundred head of cattle, of good merchantable kind, itud suitable lor beef, to be delivered to the commissary ot the troops under the immediate continued of Governor Fremont, in number corresponding with the requisition of the commissary: and the said Gtftreruor Fremont binds himself and Ins successors in office to pay to sutd Eulogio de Celis, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns, at the expiration of eight months,, the sum of six thousand dollars, without defalcation, it is expressly understood between the above contracting parties, that if said Eulogio de Celis fails to dei . ' a i .ii. .. ..i ...i. ... : i . n\ri kuuu innmunuiuir cum**, wnni required iu do so by the commissur,, that the contract is to be considered null and void by the said Governor Fremont, he paying to Eulogio de Celts ten dollars per load for the number delivered; and it isfu'ther understood, that the hides of the above catt'e are to be delivered, on application, to the said Eulogio de Ccli% to \v hom they be long, according to agreement. In tettimony of t'ie above, the said parties liave hereunto set their hand, and affixed (heir seals, at the City de los Angelos, the capital of California, the day and year before written. (Signed) Ei'logio pe Ceus. (Seal ) (Sigucd) J.C. Fremont, (Seal.) Governor of California. Signed in the presence of Wm. 11. Kussei.o, Secretary of State. 1 do hereby certify, that Don. Eulogio de Cells has complied to the within obligation and contract, on his part, by delivering tlie number of cattle specified, Angeles, April 26ih, 15>47, and in payment of them, 1 have tins day executed to said Celis mv note for the sum of fix thousand nine hundred and seventy-five dollars, including the hides of the full number of cattle. (Signed) J. C. Fhkuont, Incut. Col. (7. S. A. I hereby certify the above to be a true and faithful copy ot the contract between J. C. Fremont, Governor of California, und Eulogio de Celis, ana of the certificate of Lt. Col. Fremont. U. S. A , of Find Celis's completion or iuithful fulfilment ot the aforesaid contract. (Signed) A. J. Smith, Lt. 1st Dragoons, U. S. A. "1 late of copy," Los Angelos, California, June f7, 1817. <B.) [tkanm.ation ] I have received from Don Eulogio de Cells, tour hundred and eighty-one head of cattle ou account of Mr. J. C. Fremont, Lt. Colonel of the army of the United States, which cattle exists in my possession. (Signed,) Abkl. Stearns. Anokixis, May 1st, 1817. 481 head ot cattle. (C.) I1eap<|1'arters S. Mii.it'v l)isr , Cai.if'a , ) Cm dad de cos Anoeuos, 7 June, 1847.* $ Sir ;? lt having been reported to me that some time in the month of March last, fiOO head ot beef cattle were accounted for on account of U. S. Government, by Lt. Col. Fremont, Hnd delivered by his authority to Abel Stearns, Esq., of this place, I have to request that you will, at the earliest moment, yourself of all the facts and circumstances of the case, with u view to recover the projicrty, if it legally belongs to the < >overnment of the United Statee. Very respectfully, your obedient servant. (Signed,) J. D. Stbvejuon, Col Comdi;. Lt. J. W. 1)a? idson, A. A. Qr. Matter. It la thoaght that thla data should be 17th June, and not the 7th, which la supposed to be an error In oopylng. (U) [tranm.atiojt?the anginal being in Spanish. J fhe undersigned certifies, that the Governor and Commandant id' this Territory, Mr. J. C- Fremont, finding h inter It abort of resource* lor the sii|>|>ort of the arnird force w hich, under his command, co0|>erult'd toward* the pacification of the country, solicited trom various individual* a loan for the object indicated, and the undersigned having been maaitrd, through the niediuin ?. Mr ( iiarle? Hiqia, to iernisli proviaioiia and caeh, the accompanying contract took place, the caah having been delivered immediately without interest lor the term ot eight month*, and the cattle wa* to be delivered when it might be wanted, it being understood that the term of payment should run on from the day id the contract, on account ol the t attic being movable property, w inch could no* be con- | hiiiimi 111 two n<>r three month*, imil, beside*. was augmenting daily, it consisting chiefly of cows. It is I.I*fW '?( iii lit (I. I III tin* coi'tr.Tt V .is complied with on the |M?rt of the declarant, to the satisfaction ot the Governor, who, not having tint to com-ume tlif cattle, on aeroun' of liavin : received a ?up? riur order to deliver up tlie command and dit tuna the force, he ordered said cattle to be delivered to Mr. Aln l Stearns, as I understood, in the iiinliiy of a dr|>osit, until tlie government should dispose of It. (Mgn"i|.) Ll'l.nUlO Dl t sun. A Mi hi.os, Mh July, 1*17. , (K ) Ficht months after date, I, J. C. Fremont, Governor of California, mid thereby the legal agent of the government of the United States of North America, in consideration ot the sum of two thousand live hundred dollars being loaned or advanced to me, for the benefit of the said government of the I mtrd States, by Knlogio de (Mis, do hereby promik and oblige myself, mi my ledaciary character us Governor afore-aid, and my sucressors in otlice, to |?y to said Kulogio de Cells, Ins liens, executors, administrator* or assigns, the ulorewaid sum ot two thousand live hundred dollars, without defalcaiion. It is agreed and understood, that it the aforesaid stun ot two thousand five hundr'd dollars is not |Niid on or before maturity, that it is to draw interest at the rata ol two j>er cent per month, from the time, it lull* due. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hard, and have caused the seal at the territory to be affiled, at the city l)e los Angelos, the capital ot California, this third day of March, in th* year eighteen hundred und forty-seven. (Signed) J. C. Fncwovr, Governor of California. True copy of ihe original. (Signed) S. C. rumi. (f > i rr aiam.atk "i. | I have received from Dun Lulogm de Celis, one hundrsd nnd nineteen head ol cattle, on nrcount (if Mr. J. C. Fremont, Lieut. Colonel ol the nrmy of i lie- I hilled iSlalrs. and ah id cattle remains in post-ieaion according to egreeinent. (tfignrd) A net, .sikaRns. A nort hs, July 7, 1847. I IK h) .id of cattle. Thia ia to certify, that there ia due from the I nited Mates to lion Kalogio de t'elia, the aum of six thousand nine hundred and aeventy-five dr?|. lera, on account of supplies furnished hy him for ntheiating United Mete* troops in service in this territory and under my command The above sum, for which this obligation ia given, ahull be subject to on interest of two per centum |>er month, after the expiration of the t< rin of rich) months from the IHth day of April, 1*17, until paid. (Mgned) J. ('. Fnnstovr, Lieut Colonel U. S. A. ANnrr.oe, California, April 2fi, 1*47. I certify that the above ia a true copy of the certificate held by Don Lvlogio de Cclia. At Monterey, California, Auguat '<? , IM7. (Signed) w. T. Mmrrwas, lat Lieut. Ifd Artillery. (N? i ) iilaxxiranrnta, Hni thiiui Military District, 1 (California,) Ctudad de |oa Angeloa, > July 12,1*17. ) Cot^art/?On the 17th of June, A A. Quartermaater Davidson called on me, with a resident of this place, named Cells, who had exhibited to him a contract made with lieutenant-Colonel Fremont for the delivery of 900 head of heel cattle, and inquired whether the government would recognise the contract and pay the bond at maturity The A A. Quartermaster deeming it proper to consult me, called with Mr. Celts, alter exhibiting suah pap* re on the subject as he had in his possession. I requested that he would furnish the Quartermaster with copies, and give him all tlm information in his power as to the disposition that was made of tha rattle, and, in shotf, every aperies of information, as well in relation to the cattle an to the rauses that led to the original contract; and that the A A. Quartermaster might set officially, I nddi? seed him an ollirnl letter, requiring him fo make all necessary inquiries, and report tne result to me. On the #>?h, I received from him the papers marked A and H, together with a copy of my < conimumiMtun to him (C). 1 have since obtained and forwarded, wiih ihe others, the statement of Crlis (marked D.) ot ail particulars connected Willi the contract, together with a copy of the note given Uy Lieutenant-Colonel Fremont (marked L) tor $2,o<)0, loaned hiin by Cslis, to obtain which the contract for the cuttle was undoubtedly in ide. This inutier, in my judgment, clearly shows the whole transaction to have been unjustifiable, and calculated to defraud the government, although

such may not have been the intention of the government officer who made the contructTlie whole is respectfully submitted for your adjudication. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, (Signed) J. D. Stetbnson, Colonel, commadiog South Military District, Col. 11 1). Mason, California. Governor of California. N. B Since writing the ubove, 1 have received from Mr. Celts au additional receipt given him by Steams (marked F) for 119 Iread of cattle, making the delivery of the hOO complete on the 7th July; whereas, the certificate of Colonel Fremont that the contract is complied with bears, date Anril 2b, it-17. (Signed) J. D. Riruuit, July 14, 1847. Colonel. (No. I ) J lEADCflURTKKS, S. M. DISTRICT, CAI.IFORNIA, \ t'iuuuu ue l.os Angeun, ah < II, I8tr. j Colonel?Enclosed you will receive ilie translation oi Celis's communication in relation to the contract wirh Lt. Col. Freinont for beef cattle. I learn from Dr. Foster, the interpreter here, that in conversation with Otis, the day before he left lit re for Monterey, Cells stated that he should place the notes in the haudsof some person at Monterey, to be presented at maturity to the successor of Gov. Fremont, and if they were not paid, have them protested and forwarded to the Spauish minister at Washington, to be presented by him either at the war or treasury offices for payment. Mr. Stearns is still ut his ranche, some 2-5 miles from here. I shall write him immediately, and if there is no probability of his returning here in time to forward his answer to you bynext mail, 1 will send some person down to deliver the letter and get his answer. I also enclose you the receipts tor two ensigns forwarded by the I . S. ship Lexington. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, (Signed,) J. 1). Stevkyson, Col. Comd'g S. M. District, California. Col. K. H. Mason, 1st U. S. Dragoons, Governor of California. [translation.] Tlie undersigned hereby certifies that J. C. Fremont, Governor and comma.ider of this territory, finding himaelf mice of fuada for the support oi the turned force that under his command was cooperating in the pacification of the country, solicited a ban from various individuals for the end aforesaid. The declarant also states that being solicited, through Mr. C. Fluque, to furnish provisions and money, the subjoined contract was entered into. The money being delivered at the moment without interest, for eight months, and the cattle tube delivered as they should be needed?it being understood that the maturing of the note to be counted from the date ol the contract, from the fact that the cattle were productive property, and could not be consumed in two or three months, besides (taking into consideration) their daily increase, they being nearly all co.vs. In addition (he said) tne said contract was complied wnh on the part of the declarant to the satisfaction of the Governor, who not having time to consume said cattle, he having received order from his superior to resign his command and disband bis forces, ordered that said cattle should be delivered to Abel ytearns, (hb he understood,) to be by him held in trust to await the disposition of government. (Signed) Eulooio ue Cklis. Anoklos, July 8, 1847. A true translation of original, (Signed) S. C. Foster, Interpreter. This paper is the same as that which follows that one marked D,being the translation of Celis's statement. (Signed) W. T. Sherman, 1st Lieut. 3d Artillery, A. A. A. Gen. (\o. 5 ) Heap<>tarters S. M , Dist. California, > Ctudad de los Angeles, Aug. 12, 1847. \ Colonel?1 have the nonor to enclose you a copy ci my note to nir. Mearns, making the inquiry relative to the cattle lie holds as per receipts in your possession. I alsoenelose nis answer, which you will perceive I have certified to an being the original. Very resp'y, your obedient servant, (Signed) J. D. Stevenson, Col. Corn'g S. M. Dial. Col. R. H. Mason, 1st U. i>. Dragoons, Governor of California. (No t> ) head(;tTARTEUS S. M , l>|st. ( A t.iroR \ I A, ) Ciudad de los Angelos, Aug. II, 1HI7. $ Sir?l)on Eulogio de Cells, ot this ciudad, presented to me ,in the month of lune last, a contract made between himself and Lieut. Col. Fremont, lor six hundred head of beef cattle, together with certain evidences of the fulfilment of his |>art of the contract, ut the same time inquiring whether payment for Mlid cuttle would he inailc by the <in-?rternihster of this i>ost, or any other person, at the time stipulated in the contract. 1 immediately forwarded a certified copy of the contract and all the accomptnyiog papera to Col. Mason, Military Commander and Governor ot California, the only prison, in my judgment, who could pronerly answer the inquiry of M>. Celis. Among the vouchers pi cm tried by Celis and forwarded to Col. Mason, were two receipts of yours for OUU head of ruitle. The last mail brought rue a reply from Col. Mason to my communication accompanying raiu uv? rutt mr, uiu ? iimi; mr iu ui.iwrr Hi' IUHUWin" inquiry of you, to which I will thank you for uu answer at your eailiest convenience. [EXTRACT J Hsancit'axtciis 10rn Mu.itaxy I'sr'r, ( Santa liarbara, Aug. 1, 1*17. S " You will inquire of Mr. Slnrni what rattle these are he holds, hy what tenure lie holds tliem, v Iu tin i In l oimidi ih tin in Iiih own |iro|?Tiv, titll of Lieut. Col. Fremont, or that of the United States." I have the honor to he, Very renpectfully, your ob't aerv't, (Signed) j. I). Stevrjisov, Col. Comd'gS. M. District. Aiiei. Stkarns, Lai|. (\.?. 7.) Amnios, August 12, 1*17. Dear Sir?In reply to your otlirial letter of yesterday, I would observe, that I hold in my floatation fix hundred head of cattle (the major put breedii cow*), received Don Doo liulogto de ('?lis, on account of Lt. Col. J. C. Fremont. I hold these cattle hy agreement, and for the lent of three years, to return the same number aa I ( lata at the end of the term, with one-half af increase, excepting such as may he lost in any way whatever, and not for want Jof care on my pirt. I consider the cattle as the private prop-riv of Ll. Col. J. C. Fremont, not being instructed by him to the contrary. 1 have the honor to be. Your very obedient servant, (Signed) Aai.c SrrutRs. Col. J. i). Sikvk.vsou, Com'g South Mil. District, California. (No. 8.) IfKAI (tarter*, 8. M. district, ) Ciudad de loa Angelos, Sept. 17, 1817. ) Sir?The mail of this morning brought me a communication from Col. R. H. Mason, t iovernor of (California, telaltve to the aattle received hy you fr? m Col. Fremont, and a* he re(|uire? further information on the subject, I give you herewith an extract from his contmunic ition, and re piest that you will furnieh me with an an*wer at your earliest convenience, communicating all the information you possess upon the point* referred lo by hiin. nrejx-ciiuny, your onement acrvant, (Pgn>d) J. ISnvnwi, A Stearns, Esq. Col. Cotnd'g S. M. ltia'l. IIkaimjiah reus, Iflni Mimtary Dkpt i Monterey, California, 7, 1*17. y Pi*?Your report on the ownership of * lot of rattle delivered !>y I>??n E. Celia to Mr. Pt?Hrna, ol Loa Angeloa, in May and July last, ha* also been received, together with the ordinal letter of Mid Stearns to you, stating that he hold* the cattle referred to for a term of three yeara, according to agreement with Lieut. Col. Fremont, and that he, Ptearne. considers theae cattle aa the private property of I .tent Col Fremont. If the agreement to which Mr. Stearns refera he in writing, ph ane procure an authenticated copy of it, or if it he a mere verbal agreement, wilneaerd hv diaintereat# d persons th?n cauae Mr. Stearns to furniah you with aurh evidence an would prove i hia right to the trual he claims, before a competent i conn i Col. Maron considers this agreement between i I.ieut ( ol. Fremont and Mr. P'earn* of ini(>or i twrre, and wi-hea you to procure the pa|>ers and I evidence above referred to, and rend tliem here by the return ol mail. I have the honor to be, I Your obedient servant. < (Signed) W. T. Sherman, t 1st I.lent. 3d Artillery, A. A. A. Oeneral. i Col. J. I>. Ptrvenson, 7th Keg't M. Y. Vol tin- i trerr, l<oa Angeloa, California. (No. ?) If EA IUjI'AR IRRS Sol'TH Mil.. ftRPT. Cit.. I ! Cnulad de |oa Angeloa, Sept 21, |h|?? y ( Pir Furruant to Instructions, I railed upon Mr , Ptearna for the proof* of hia cattle contract with I Lieutenant Colonel Fremont. 1 have the honor to t enclose a ropy of my communication to him. to- t pettier with lua answer, which I have certified to l>e the nnginal document handed me by Ptearna j himself. Very respectfully, , Your obt. aervt. t (Signed) J. D SrRVRMani*, , Col Commanding P. Military District. fi Col. R I'. Mason. 1st Dragoons, C.overnor of t California. * (No. 10 ) Anobi.os, Sept. 20, 1847. Si*?1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your official note of the 17th inst., with an extract of an official letter to you from W. T. Sherman, A. A. A. General, requiring from me further information relative to a contract by wiii h I hold a certain lot of cattle received from Don E. Celia, for account of Lieut.-Colonel J. C. Fremont, and whether I have a written contract or a verbal one; if the latter, to furnish you with the evidence to prove the right to my trust. In answer to which I tiuve to observe, that I hold the cattle by verbal contract, witness to the same Mr. Samuel Hcnsely, Captain in the late California battalion, to whom 1 refer you particularly. He resides near Nueva Helvetia. Also Midshipman John K. Wilson and Lieut. Ant II. Gillespie, U. S. Marines. Both, 1 think, were present, and knowing to the contract. As the above named gentlemen are not here, I cannot furnish you with their certificates relative to the contract. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, (Signed) Abel Stearns. Cot.. J. D. Stevenson, Commanding S. M. District, f certify the foregoing to be an original document handed me by Abel Stearns, on the 20th iust , us an answer to a note from me dated 17th Sejitember, 1817, calling upon him for certain information relating to a cattle contract between himself and Lieut.-CoJ. Fremont, of the U. S. Army. (Signed) J. 1). Stevenson, Col. Commanding S. M. D. Los Anoelos, California, Sept. 21, IS47. Monterey, Oct. 9, 1847. Having been referred to as u witness in relation to a cot-tract between Lieut.-Col. Fremont und Mr. Abel Stearns, i have to state that 1 have no recollection .of being present when the verbal agreement was made, but that I possessed at the time some knowledge of a contract existing >v iiui me nature ui 11 was i uiu no v. niiiiu'' 10 ?ay. (Signed) J. 1J. Wii.son, Mid. (J S.N. The Kntrunce Into tlte Columbia lllvcr, Oregon. Extract of n letter from an officer of tlie 1st Regiment of U. S. Artillery, on the Oregon expedition. U. S. SfEA.msiiir Ma sachi setts, May 10, 18-1!). > At anchor oH'Astoria. ) At length we have reached the long wished for haven, the far fumed Columbia?the terrible bar 18 passed, und we ere at anchor fifteen miles beyond the danger which we have dreaded the whole voyage, and through which we have so lately passed. We arrived ofl" the river day before yesterday, and the sight which we then saw was sufficent to try the nerves of the most daring sailors. From point to poiut, there was one continuous line of breakers, and of such immense height and force, that should a ship one touch bottom on the bar, no earthly po\s er could rescue it from almost immediate destruction ; and bouts would have been lowered alongside, only to hive been instantly swamped; and as for saving lives arid property from inevitable destruction, the idea would have been prerobterous. However, we stood in at 11 A. M., and some two hundred yards on the other side, the ship commenced rolling very heavily, and the prospect was appalling; the captain, sensible ot liis awful responsibility, turned to the Major,and said, " What do you think 1" Nothing daunted, the Major told him to go ahead if lie thought proper. We then went on about twenty yards more, wlien the command came to go about, and the orders went to the engineer to let on all steam; the engine acted nobly, and worked furiously. Around we came, the Captain telling us that his " courage oozed out at the elbow, but we would eat dinner and try it again." We fired our cannons again and again, but no pilot came ; our colors and signals were hoisted, but were of no avail. Again we tried it, and sent a life-boat ahead sounding, and with directions, when ttiey found the channel across the bar, to wave (he colors ; the sea was so high, that the little hfr-bo.it could only be seen from the nunt-h'-nd, and then seemed to be standing up on one end; soon, however, we saw the colors waving, and then let on all steam, and passed through a set of breakers, which made the ship roll worse ihan our severest storms at sea. At tins time we had passed the boat, and she, poor little thing, could hardly stem the tide, and with an exhausted crew, was drifting out to sea. Oh, what a dilemma for the Captain ! It was as much as the ship whs worth to stop?but, if we went on until we reached smooth water, it was doubtful whether the boat wonld ever reach us; hut, stop we did, and threw the boat a rope, and towed her up to Haker's llay, where we anchored, and passed the night a* quietly as we had (lie day in anxiety. This morning we came up here, and went aground several times; but the water whs smooth in the bay, and we got off without dilliculty or liirrn. Here we have oroenred a pilot, and start for Fort Vnneouver in tne morning. Thanks to an ull wise Providence, our dangers u(>on the water ate passed, and I trust the same protecting hand will be extended over us, and guide us through the dangers yet to come. The Km pi re of llaytl. [From the Kingston (J? ) Journal, Oet. 20 ] All the J-ecretartes, Commissures, Gendarmes, and Ketiior^ of the Idte President Soulouipte, now " Faustin the first of the lUytien LmI'll','' have found themselves suddenly transformed into hs nuiny illustrious limits of nobility. The tiling is so sublimely ridieuloi-, that were it not tor the authrntic accounts which have reached this island of the undeniable fact that Soulouijue has abjured the republican form of government, and has made himself Ermieror, we should have treuted the following decree conct ruing the nomination of mtuUters as a designed hoax upon the public. The friends of M Schivlcher. those who countenanced the m n acre of their Itrethren, arc receiving fluchles and principalities in recompense of their zeal and their devotion to the theories of their substitution. Kepular tyranny has made way for organized terror; after no much of mata-acre and killing, liberty must in its turn be strangled. They commenced with the substitution, they end by oppression; this must lie, arid it will ever be. Subjoined is a copy of the oflicial decree of the Kmp< lor, cniifeiruig the several dignities upon his late officers:? i.nmnTv!?KMritiK or mayti i?ai(i At.irv * tor R i W cssrvsstso lilt S O mis at ios ot misistiss. hi mii tor Kisst, by tbe arses of Oral sod the eonstitutti nal ts?. t inperor of liaytl. sends cresting to alt r""? """ " ?V~r. >!? ?VW mviTO ? Jon rum i' Mtaletrr of War and Marina?Llentanent tlanerel Louie Dnfreua. Duk? of Tlburon, < trend Mar'hall of the I niplre. ritaad Croat of the Imperial and Military Ordrr of 8t Kauatln, i-rand Cordon of the Imperial Order of the Legion rf ll"?or. Mlnlrter of Jnetloo? .Monileur da Jean C te V rancirque Duke of I ln.be. ?>,and Cord u of tha Imperial Order <>f the Legion of Honor. Mtuiater of Mnance- Colonel I, on In Kna Kallolta Salomon, I'uke of st I ouli of the South, < trend Civm of the Imperial and Military tinier of St. 1 euitin. tlrand Cordon of tha Imprrlal t mler of tha Legion of llonor. I lit or < utr.n rami ? itn man. Ilia Serene Htghneea .Vouaelgneur de Joan Louta f'ier< t I'm.re ad the empire. W.and Marabal of the Kmplre. tlraud Croaa of tha Imperial and Military Order rf St. Kauatln. Orand Cordon of tha Imparlal Order of tha t.eplon of Hon< r Hla Serene Highnrea Monaelgnenr de I.atari, Trinea de St > egua Oraad Merahel of tha I mpire he , ho , Inrpretor Oaneral of tbe Army of the bmptre. Ilia Serene IHghneit Monael|tnear de Bobo. Prtnee of Cape tiajtl, t.ianrl Mar*lal of the I niplre he . ha , I oinmat.der of tho I'mvlnee of tha North Ilia Serene lllghneaa Monaetgneur da A. Saulfrant, trlr.ee of Jecinel f>rand Mer<hal rf the K.mpirr, ke , ha , ( omuieuder of tha Provluee of tha Weal. M in Ilia tiraea Meaieljaiar do Lrule da Frene, Dake *f Tiborrn (trend Vervhal of tha K.mplre, he . ha., >11nleter rf W ar tad ? anae Ilia t,raee >li-aa*igeeur de Jean Louie Rellegarda, Inked St l.iula of the North, he ke . ( ?mntoder of tha Ural Military DOWtoa of the Proviso# of tbe Wed Hla t.rare Vrneelanaai da J feut Duke ofMorln, he he , t irand < bamherlalo f tba ^ uiperor Ilia i, race Mnarelg fur da < h?- Mart" Huka of Pam< nada he he . i hlef of tha l.mp*r.<r'a Stall of Honor, and Matter of tba teatry IMal.rate M<ne?lgneur da T)rnt? Tremere. Duka of I a *r. n Vi "?ry . .eneral rf the l.mper >r litai.rare ?1> nreignetir de Jean I h Aornate. Duke , rJN?jb? At, fee, I n-peetotUeneral if the Troop* of Ih# r roplre I- iff y tliret other complete the Hot. The l.m|x mr ha* hIso decrrrd the Imperial Crown ns hereditary, na also all ita perquisites, litlea, A'c. The lm|>ori.,l imtency ranges aa tar aa ' the |;#m, for there ore I'ukea of places of the !><> tninican territory. France must now hide her diminish'd head, and nil Europe bow in bet mng ' homage to Ilia Irniwrial Majesty of the Occident. The following letter, whirh we copy front a pa- 1 er before ua, i? tnid to have been written by one 1 >f the proscribed, whose name is w ithheld, since 1 o mention it would be to call down upon hia head ' >r on the members of his family vengeance and ' Harder V?a nmat have learned that alnee the early part of ant month. Boutou-in*. resuming the marve of hi# ea- t lltal enantlone. ha# d mod a new e*rl?e of rlettma to t he last pain. Among-' there ta ona of the moat able # mil tntrlMsent men of the eonntry.l'ellfny Ardenln, , ny ?*eel|ent ftlrnd monger brother of the resident r illnieter at Tarta To Join emelty torldinnle.and at tha aire time to enhance the mea*nre of Ma htdenna rele. irtty. tha modern Nero, on the fttth of Atignat. got 1 lm?elf erowned f.aiperor of llaytl. nnder the title of r au-tln the flnt. At the date of the lateet adrioe*. n lb Repttinber. the entire aotlottndeof gorernment wae f nccetiirated on the organisation of an Imperial Court j< md the rreatton ol an hereditary nohtllty. font r irtneea of the empire, thrre duke*. and three ladle* of (j ionor to tha 1 mpreea, are already known. Tha llat of he other dtgnltarle* will not he long Inoomptet*. and I ball y#ry rorn he enabled to plae* before yon the no- t 1 ' I gg?g msnclature of marquisaes, counts, btroin, knight*, squires. cup-bearers. master* of the pantry, offloer* of the bed-chamber, fee. All tht* will oom pose the moat eurious aa well a* the moat inter*(ting of menagerie*. A* it was necessary to gire an appearance of legality to tliia ignoble masquerade, the concurrence of tha legislative body became indispensable. To obtain it. reoourte was had to terror, already brought into sytem. Hesitation thenceforward became impoaslble ; the drum* beat a general call, and the alarm cannon was tired fioiu l'urt aa-Prince . and it was under the pressure of the cannon ball and the bayonet that the Senate and the Chamber of Keoresentative* had to deliberate on the question of the transformation of the republic into an empire.- a question brought forward under the ferrn of a petition by some of the trusty. An affirmative v"te came to baud. The feeling of personal safety prevailed over the wholcsomenes* of prlnoipla, and a new Lhristepbian era opens lor this unfortunatw country. What impression will this event?which, notwithstanding its burlesque side, still bears a character of undeniable "rat lty?produce ou lb* spirits of the sunt cvlulhi Scholcher? How will be?the lied Republican. the Model Kepubliean-explain the aristocratic propensities of his tuititainil proteges of Hsyti? of thosa who undeniably move under liis inspirations? Will it, af'er tills, be permitted him to recreate himself in tha p rioal of his famous ebapter ou the yellow faction This, i expect, will be a smart slap in the face to thia oonteiuuer of the men of that hue- In useless coating, aocordiug to him. overlaid by fatality on the ground of creation. The wretch! he cauuot remain lung without being completely laid bare. Juetice. thoujh tardy, overtakes at last tbe criminal. 1 forgot to inform you. that that 11 sh-of-the-fleih and bwne-of the bone of Sohicicher, Sal >taon?the Jeffries of Soulouque?Las been ere .tied Dure of Leogane. (Sic ) it mu.-t be confessed th.it the n generation of the liberty of tbe blacks in America could not be entrusted to better hands. The following extract of a letter is from a gentlenmn of high respectability nt I lay ti: ? I send you a Hay lien jou.nal, by whioh you will ?ec that tbe ferocious and sanguinary I'riideuc of Hayti, Souli uque. has got him*ell proclaimed Emperor. Tha uewspapt r tells you that he owes thl< elevation to the wish of the people; but ties is false; the initiative has Letn entirely bis own, a id any member of tbe Legislates body tbat would have dared to oppose his will, would have been drawn out sml shot like a dog. at many a worthy man hat lately been, by order of this monster. His object is to exterminate tbe colored race. huh nave m?couu:ry exclusively governed by tne black*. There if no longer ' ab 'y to cimtred men in IIaytl. All of I his clu* who poire* vil anything bare been either hilled or obliged to liee the country. Neither sex nor age i* spared by this demon ana hie mini.ur, Salomon, who have sworn together the extermination m masse of the colored race hut let us hope that (he Wuiighty will avert the arooin|>lii-hnient ot such a orime. and that there may yet be iouud iu May ti auother Urutus to dolivi r hia couutry Ironi this ru uater. who surpa sea in cruelty anything we have read "f Tiberius or Nero. The official document of the Chamber oi llepresentutivcs, conferring the d'gnity of Emperor, the * message of (he Senile to the Presideut iuf?>rinin<j him oi the sume, und the Proclamation of Faustin ti " First, apprising the pcople and the army of the hikli title given to hint, have all uppeured in our columns already. # Fnnstln Soulouque, the Uluck Emperor of *iU> II. Soulouque, or Faustin jst, Emperor of Hiyti, is a very fine negro, uhout titty years old, and of a vety large figure. His physiognomy is mild, even when fie orders an execution. His principal passion is the luxury of the toilet. Several times a day he changes Ins costumes or uniforms. His epaulettes and coat trimmings are of immense size; they were made in Paris, expressly for him. Being u very excellent cavalry officer, he is fond of American horses, upon which lie likes to parade. It is welt understood that lie knows neither how to write nor how to read. He is full of prejudice against those who are acquainted with this ordinary knowledge, and he says often th it he does not wisn to have anything to do with that "cursed pen** which makes the whites so able to deceive the poor negroes. " Is it not unfortunate," says he, "to see an honest man tied tor having put his signature upon a piece of pajier, which speaks as it pleases 1" Soulouque is not only ignorant, but also superstitious. Priests are in favor with him, with the only condition that they w ill flatter his passions, and allow him to practice the awful euperstitition-i ot the "Obi ana Vandou." The only minister of religion who has been living on good terms with linn, is a Jesuit, named L'Abbc Cessan, who is said to he vi ry rich. The most influential man near Faustin I., is a negro riniii< it P.ipuloi, a sorcerer by trade, and the only one authorised by law to perform " Wangas." lie, und the greai priestess of Vaudou," are the private counsellors of the ex-President and present Emperor. They are the two pillars of that awful barbanan free masonry iui|>oited from the shores of Africa. Who would believe that during the last year,human sacrifices had taken rdice in Iiuyti, it those facts had not keen sworn to by men of resj ectability, residing in the country? The Emt-major of the Emperor is very numerous. They may be compared to a quantity of leeches, sucking the blood of the country. There are, among tins hraiy, colonels who are cobbb r by trade, Hnd generals who are cooks. Poyoyo, the commander of the GVniV, is an old negro from Martinica, who stammers, and knows not even how to command hi.- troops. As for the soldiers. they are more like a herd of animal!) than a body of men. They are covered with rage, nnd they receive a gounltn (u dollar) a month, when they can get it. No food or roof ia allowed them; they sleep in ihe open air in their hammocks. The private guard of Fauxtin I., called by the Inhabitants " The Big Boots," although they have no shoes, is a body of butchers, ready to obey, at any time, the bloody will of their master. They are commanded by three brothers, named Vlithes, Bernadotte nnd Ocean-Anne?a trinity of murderers, whose actions nre atrocious. As for the magistrates of the island, they ure the dishonor of justice, as well by the daikncss of their arrests as for their own imbecility. The press of Haiti is a nameless concern. The language used by the publishers and their reporters is a certain which is not even comprehensible to themselves. The TCntrrprts* of the Americans. 11 rum the Kingston (Is.) Iisspstch, Oct. IS 1 The apprehensions o! Mr. Joly de ."labia, whose letters we translated lor the general reader, on tho subject of the passage across the istlunus of Panama, seems likely to he realised. The Americans will secure the canal; nay, they have begun it, and will not admit the interference of England or any Europeon power in this or any other matter wnrrr uir inirgruj ui uir /iiii uc iu iciniuij; i? concerned. They will not have any but native Americana and naturalized Europeans to interfere in the Nic&ragua aflair. Tliey are l iking measure# to deprive the Mosquito Kinir of all |>ower and influence tin the river of M .In.in: and Mr. Castellon, fiom the State of Nicaragua, Envoy to London, hna been recalled, nod hie contract made with a Liverpool company declared null and void. Lord Palmeraton will hold the port of St. Juan for the little King, it he can; but the Americans hrtve begun to cut a csn.il?at least re|*>rt s?y.? so. The letter of Mr.de Sahla is du'cd December, 1847. llere are two years lo.-i in inactivity by the French, as well as the English, while the Americans are not meditating, but acting, to secure the passage to the modern El Dorado, end through the territory which we engage to guaranty to the little King whom we are accused o| feasting and making drunk. The Americans coinprre him to a 1'awnee chief, in respect of his title. We are not a little amused at the " Punch-Ike" version of hia coronation and installation?but our neighbors evidently do not mean to trill?. They uik of the fact ?I transporting an Indian to Jamaica, filling ' him with mm, mounting a tin crown over hi? scalp, and chriaienint; him a king. Now, our readers know that these are not fact?; they are assertions of an American ed.tor. We are told " that we shall not have the monopoly of that high way. whirh should be open to the trade of ail nationa." Wh- n the question about California was fust named, the English laid claims to C'alifornis; but while they were concocting measures to possess it, the Arnei iran- walked info pos session at once, and necnrrd this extr(ordinary country, which, if Hifsinrd by ili?* English, would have found employment and ine?n? ot life for all her superabundant population, and piid off the national debt in a few (centuries) decades of years; at any rate, all oth?r Irish, Scotch, or English emigration would have been unnecessary. These emigrants might h ive been sent out at the exprn>w? of the government where required, and security, ft only personal, might have been taken for re-payment. If the individuals prospered, th.-y could not evade the law, and would pay wi'lingly, or by constraint, if it was known they had th> means. The following esse ocrurred here lately -three m-n arrived here in the " Empire City," and on' of them went to a clothier to be provided with a suit of clothes; this gentium in recognized his fa< e, and told liirn so: he admitted that lie was before the iriast in the ship, which two years ego, or thereshout, had brought out tins gentleman; hut since then he had been eight months in California, and had realised a fortune, wnh which he intended to (title down quietly for life in England His story s as this:?He had sailed from the Clyde with a *rew, in sll amounting to thirty. After delivering heir cargo at Man Francisco, the captain proposed in expedition to th? gold diggings. Away went ill hands, and all made heaps of money. These hree being satisfied, retired. The captain offered he others thirty pounds a month to navigate the hip home, hut they r? fused, one and all, and the hip is there still, by sll accounts. But our nrgun> nt is to show that all these people having iiioley, might have been railed upon to repay the outay on their account, if not in California, at any ate in England. Cod knows all is for the best; nd crowds of English. Irish, and Scotch are aaemitted there, hut probably not to continue sublets to Great Britain. A vast proportion, howver, would have paid for their passages, as they n now. Hon. James Rnebanan. I its Secretary of Stats, was at llUbur|h on the iSth lnsteat.

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