Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 30, 1849, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 30, 1849 Page 3
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The French ttuestlon. ALLIANCE BETWEEN HUMS IA AND THE I'NITED STATES, ETC. ETC. [From the Assemble* Nationals. of Paris. Oct. 6 ] It is impossible to believe that the difference between France and the United States can become serious. It is not on account of some hasty .notes, orwsrdsof bud education that two great States will break their iwlitical and commercial relations; but we cannot hut remark how much the choice of diplomatic agents influences the destiny of negotiations. In general, since February, the nomination of our agents to foreign countries has been made without reflection, and it is sullicient to travel a little, to perceive tncir objectionable demeanor? at one time thinking to surprise by a haughty language ; and at another, allowing themselves to be played on by more skilful diplomatists. The choice of agents is most iin^oriaut for the success of an affair. In that science, men make the things and characters, create difficulties, or remove them. The affair of the United .States will be arranged ; but it must not be for Rotten that the Cabinet of St. Petersburg ban beta, for many years, anxious for the alliance with Amtrua, and that the interest of the United States is, to hare u maritime position in the Mediterranean, similar to that which the English have at Malta, or in the Ionian Isles. Theirambitton could be satisfied by a great war for the division of the Ottoman empire. That is still distant in the future, but the policy of cabinets is preparing for it. | I'aria Cor. (Oct 7) of the London Times.] Wilh respect to the allair with the United States and tlie delivery of his passports to M. Pousain, I may be allowed to say one word as to the manner in which it appears to be viewed here. There is no question that the French government admits and regrets that language unbecoming diplomatic .A,,nu.ii l. ho.... h., ;.o k?> also believes that language of an equally, perhaps more, insulting nature, had been used towards M. Poussin; and, further, it is of opinion, that the demand made for salvage by the American captain, whose name 1 believe is Carpender, is most unusual on the part ol uu olHoer in the naval service 1 of any government. A captain of a man-of-war (I give the opinion entertained by the French government) never expects, or demands, payment 1 for having rendered ihe service mentioned iu the 1 present ce.-e. In a word, it hdmiis that there were groi'i relet tit deux cot in, hut does not approve of its agent entering into such a war of words. With regard to the line of conduct likely to be pursued by the French government, 1 believe that, beyond the ct sention (temporary, it is to be hoped) of diplomatic relations- nothing more serious will follow. I The cate m> far d'!Iers from that of Sir Henry l?ulwer and the Span1 h government, that there is now actually no American minister in Paris, nor was there at the moment the passuorts were delivered 1 to M i'oussin. Mr. Rush had been recalled pre- I vious to lie* occurrence taking place, and though Mr. Rives, the new iiiiiitMer, h is arrived in Paris, 1 believe he has not yt t presented his credentials, and, consequently, he is not us yet the recognised minu ter of the United States. Neither is it probable that the letters accrediting him to the French republic will be presented yet awhile, lie will, probably, wait lor further instructions from Washington. Should he not do so, and should he demand to be received by the President of the French republic, it is probable he would not be received until an understanding be come to on the subject of M. Fcueeiu. The Deigns or lluMla oil Turkey* [hrcui the London Sunday Times, Oct. 7.1 *?** * Meanwhile, it is right that the people of this country should not be inn-led respecting the chaacter ami policy of the Limpsror Nicholas. Certain writers affecting, to serve itisir own purposes, ex- I treniely moderate views, would fain have it thought . that though Prince Kadaivii threatened the enure J body of the fugitives with uiBt&nt execution, the ( Czar would practically prove much less lnhumin, and only st no the patriots to exile in.Siberia for life. ( Oar own opinion is that, as the grave would be a much safer place of exile than Siberia, it is to the grave that he would condemn ihetn. He cares ( nothing lor public opinion, except insofar as its ( gem rul expression may interfere with the devel- \ opement of bin policy. , Still, though intent on the gratification of his t vengeance, it is with far ether designs that Nicho- j las pursues the system ol insult towards the Sultan No one can be ignorant that in the archives of Russian ambition there are maps in which Turkey is included among the imperial provinces, or , that Constantinople lias not long been regarded merely ? the southern capital of Russia, wnen ever, theretore, trie moment arnvi-a which me j Czar retards es auspicious, lie will eei/.e at the ' 1st pretext which presents use If for puthiu his j conquests southwaid. Persia is already little | better then a Russian province, as our government is painf ully conscious. The autocrat's will is as twmlely obeyed t Teheran, us it is at St. Petersburgh; and Hit sets n ug*nt* are incessantly traversirg AII jh .iiiet tn, ami penetrating into India over | the Indus Turkey h.i? hitnerto escaped tiiis late, through the jealousy of die Kuropean powers ; but the tune list probably now coine when Russia will , com, , |,nub iii iioiill> to throw nil' the mask, I since no oilier cnuniry appears to be in a position to stiler advantageously on <11 iiiiportaut war. < >ur conviction has always been that war is the i notnml Hi i-ol li'imaum ,.uul that peace is a mere j accident. We, consequently. believe that so long as |>olitital societies) shall endure, they will stand i iniuedol lltris and aimies lor their defence. At the preit ul moment it is well for us that we have 5 a fleet, and that a large section of it Is in the Medt- ' terra Mini; for, in what,\er way tfie question may he decided, you rm y rely upon it that the naval I forces of (>ieat Rrttatn will have much to do with the decteion. If the termination be pacific, it will j be so through fear of our naval power and if it be ! Warlike, that (tower; will have to he called into play to firing ii about. We cannot afford to lose a jot i of our influence. Not th.it we are to aitn at greatness by wo^ hut thai we should ajways be ready to employ oflr military and naval forces in defence , cf our industry and civilization, otherwise, the influence of the peaceful arts would he ol short duration, for all the creations of our industry would be only so many baits to allure robbers to spoil us. The sword is the palladium of freedom and of national independence; and if there he a ay nation that refuses to pay it a sort nt civil worship, the date of that nation's servitude has been (iked, and it must s|>eedily be ohliterai?d from the catalogue Of independent Stairs. Up to tins moment, the Sultan his acted with equal spirit and prudence, under the influence, apparently, of the ambassador* of France and Knglu ml, w ho, w ithoiit llie authority ol their respective govt rntneuts, could not give him, the |toasittve assurance of military aid. Rut should he in, pursuance ol their counsel, bring down the vengeance of Russia in on his countiy, we are bound by the most acred of all Imp to rxeit nil the |>ower of Lngland in its defence. We must send Meet after fleet to the liosphorus ; we must bombard St. Petersburg; we must HUiihilate the Russian navy, commercial and imperial; we muat raise the cry of rebellion in Poland ; we mu-t scatter the germs of rsvolution through Russia itself ; and in this way may break up that detestable system of despotism which has long weighed upon esstern Kurope like the nightmare. There are no doabt these?and we are sorry to see M Ram*rune among the number? who imagine that, by critsio political combinations on the continent, < >rest Krttaincsn be reduced to ths condition of a satellite. We profoundly pity the gentlemen who entertain this notion. It is within our competence, for> , d or fur evil, to convulse the whole civtli/.rd world ; and at various occasions, which nerd not h- enumerated, we have done no. And let 11 not be lorgotten, (hat wnrn that waa the (im, we were far weaker than we are now. Our empire in the east has been enlarged and Strengthen* (I, our n?v?l force i* infinitely better organized and more compact, our opulence ha* been vaxtly increased, and our population at home and abroad ha* ni nind a |>ori> n'onn dfWloMMl. Let it not be forgotten that we are two hundred and Idly million**, and that it tha energies of thia muthty population were to be daringly let looaa upon th*' world, there i* no state or government that could, for many month , withstand 'be shock. It i? in i ur forbearance .mil moderation that our neighbyia must discover their safety; we ara natarally a pacific people, because we prefer civilizing to destroying men Hut should rirc'iinstances comrel us to take up arms for the defence, for examplr, nl such an ally mm the Sudan of Constantinople, we should infallibly he asly to destroy (he power, whatever it might be, against which we might direct the torr* ni ot our hostilities. Russia is vulnerable on all sides, but more est*-, i illy through l'oland and the Tartan provinces of Asia : through these we might introduce the germ* of revolution aud anarchy, which, by their explosion, would shatter Russia to pieces. Let the Czar not ' lo?e siphl of this ; w e tin il a terrible power in our haini", and know well how to wi-ld it wh> ii^ ever t. time c rues Th- Uu-sians in l.ogland know wnj that this ix no mle threat; the C/.ir himself trrtnblea at the iHVioiblr tores of opinion, and there is not a single province in his empire in winch our emisvaries, it we thought fit to employ them, might not easily awaken a revolution iry N*rroai* \or would there he the si ghte.st political iimhi. iiry i tins. I io .i.i .goni?t princip'e of hunianry and civilization ix s,*?tixm, which always w. rKs by im i? rnou il * We m m, th ;ef,>re, m 11 il hy roiinferiniiie*, and x? ek r mr win rgr?at t -trengm In- I hat the atrueitf wh hcarried to ihix pl'c i at ili>- piesenr cn?is, i* w i it We Will m t inn I Hake |o ..tririfi h it tint it "ii i Conie to pa-s, sooner or lat*r, no rnai sepi i*ef Willi the xtale of I .'trope * hi doiihl. I {11 - - or fep at Id Itain must t>e - * . . n|e in Mie ru ..lern -v-t?ni of ci? dilation, an I iIn~ -o(u? m e'y i.-. only 'o t>. a< ,'i.:nl f>v \ !or? u, . o iiiiernecine *N.,tt i Il i-for our lot* r* -t that tn-.s contest should i rnr , 1,1 ,lt ? I" e, :.'l I.I ll w ill' V* r V I s W* Il to the human race will pray ti-?? Hie Turkish question nay hot I tallied pa. fie ally. The Revenue of Great Britain. [Krom tho London Observer, Get. 10.1 The returns of the quarter's revenae will be made up to Wednesday evening next, the 10th inat. So far aB can be judged, however, from the receipts of the quarter as they are now known, we believe that the result lor the quarter und the year wili be most satisfactory, as regards a comparison both wiih the quarter and with the year ending the 10th of October, 1818. We may commence by stating that there will be a small increase on the gross revenue for the quarter over the corresponding quarter of last year; and that, on a comparison ot the two years ending on the 10th ot October, 1848 and 1849, respectively, a similarly satisfactory result may be expected. That it is satisfactory and encouraging so to keep up to the standard of last year and quarter, is moat easily shown by a statement of the several receipts Tfte customs will show an actual decrease, as compared with the quarter ending the 10th ot Oc- , tober, 1848, of not less than from jE300,000 to ?400,000. This decrease, large as it looks on a single qusrter, is more than accounted for by con- , sidering what a large quantity of foreign corn has been imported in the corresponding quarter of last i year, just at the time when our own harvest was , not yet available, and when the distress and deficiency in Ireland were at their height. The loss, | too, of so large a proportion of the sugar and timber duties has had its due influence?an influence which, if we reason from all previous experience, , will be less and less felt every day. This ftllingoll in the customs, we are happy to say, is the only , apparently unfavorable item in the account, and is | more than made up by the actual prosperity of the i others. ; a lie excise win snow a grainy mix increasr, almost sufficient in itself to cover the temporary i falling off in the customs. This is the more satisfactory, when it is stated thut it arises from a ; comparison with a most excellent quarter last ( year. When it is considered that the condition of , excise revenue is so strong a criterion of the com- i fort of the working classes, this increased and in- i creasing improvement is beyond hII price. The stamps, which had so greatly fallen off dur- i !? Ihe check to commerce and trade last year, exhibit a most remarkable activity, and will yield , an increase of not less than ? 100,000 over the Oc- | tober quarter of 1818. The atxes will also show a small increase. The Post Office too, will add its most instructive evidence to the increased activity of trade, by showing an improved net revenue of A'100,000, , in spile of the heavy expenses incurred in order to give enlarged accommodation to the public in ' town and country. The increase in the property-tax will also appear with its most decisive evidence in favor of the,irn- 1 provement of the general prosperity over the depression of the corresponding period of the last ' year. I Upon the returns of the yenr ending the 10th of 1 October, 1S48, and the 10th of October, 1819, res- ! pectively, it may he sufficient to remark that they will exhibit a comparison not very materially dif- ! fering from the comparative statement of the corresponding quarter, which we have given shove. 1 The customs will show a decrease from the same ' causes which we have already pointed out, and which were tHken into account when the changes in the tariff were made. The only difference between (tie calculations and the actual result is, that the calculations were made on the safe side (as they ought to tie) and that the depression is not as gr< at as was expected. The taxes, stamps. Poet Office, and propertytax, will all show most gratifying proof of increasing prosperity in the returns tor the year. The ' above items comprise what is called the ordinary revenue, and, not being subject to casualties, are 1 ordinarily reckoned the tests of the national pros- \ perity. The sales of stores, crown lands, and miscellaneous, vary so mu?di according to circumstances which Hre wholly casual, that they are not ! taken much into account, although they serve, as 1 far as they go, to balance a quarterly or an annual account. It may not he out of place to remark, in reference to the receipt of the revenue, that the nation- . ul expenditure has been, mid is, iu process of conriderable reduction, and that both the imports and exports of the country exhibit an increase nnd an activity that must he attended with the most decisive aud beneficial results in every point of view. The Ct ivaiiii Line of Packets.?The Timet, on the Uih insiimt, described the origin of the Peninsular and Orient.) Steam Navigation Company, and its various contracts with the government, as detailed in the evidence recently issued on the contract packet service. The nam" pa|?er ulso gives some import ant particulars ot the Huston and Halifax, or t'unard Company ?The contract for this line was first advertised in November, 183f. Uj>on that occasion two tenders were received?one front the (Ireat Western Coml?ny, whopro|>osed to go once a month to Halifax only, and to provide three vessels of 330 horse power, for ?4o,000 per annum; the other from the St. Ceorge's Steam Packet Company, who proposed to go once a month from Cork to Halifax for ?45,1 ^ (it ?65,000 If New York ware included) with vessels of 2>0 horse power, the engagement to be for seven years. Neither of these was accented, and subsequently a proposition was made by Mr Cunard. He submitted that by going once a week, the whole of the letters would be carried by the steamers, and the American liners would ! cease to take them, and he ollered to do this at less than half the sum per voyage required in either of the lenders. An agreement was made with him in the first lustance to go twice a month to Halifax and Hoston, with vessels of 3"0 horse power, for ?W),(Kj0. This contract was f<>r seven years. It conirneneed July 4, and the terms were af- j ditional vessels and larger size being required? .^uhsetpiantly it was found that New *i oik romi>anies were* eslabliohing lines, and Mr. Canard then I rrsM-d the government to fulfil the omnnal |)Un ol once n week. Ilia existing contract contained n elauae that upon an extension of the service to four times a month, the same rate in proportion should bei.nid; but the government considered ?00,000 a sufficient sum hi addition to ihe ?8A,000 already payable, and a ten years' contract was accordingly i entered into in 1*16 for a weekly mail for ?145,- l 000; not, however, until a delay had taken place, during which American lines had been formed, which will now increase and divide the traffic, both aa regards passengers and letters. From the first organization of this line, government got back in |?'?t8g? aa much hs they paid, and the receipts have steadily increased. The service i* now performed every week from Liverpool to llalifax.snd thence to New York and Boston alternately, the average s;>eed being II knoia, and the vessels in use being 1,860 tons snd 700 horse power, instead of 300, ss in the original contract. Additional vesf-ela are at present building, which will he 2,050 tons, and Htm horns power. The company are at liberty to go to New York without going to Halifax, and, according to Mr. Cunard, they will probably do so as soon us th>* powerful omiosition vessels now prepsring st New York shall have commenced running The Bermuda contract, which is a branch of the Halifax line, had existed for 25 or 3D years by anihng vessels, the annual payment bring ?4,400, and for a year past it has been conducted by screw steamers on the same terms ? Their average speed ia about 8 knots, snd they perform the passage between Halifax and Bermuda, which occupies from 3fc t? 4 days, twice a month The vesnrls are between *0 and ?0 horse power, the stipulation in the contract heing that they shall not be irM than ou norse power. Trap* or Urrat Britain.?We hare juet received the Board of Trade returna for the month, Rnd eight ntha ending th?- ftth September U>t. The rrti^p ?how that the total importation of r < tire t^r ilir moatk *?> 6,010,940 lb*. against 4,7II,tils Iba. in the correeponding month of laat rear; of which 2.KK>,HfWV lbs were entered (or home consumption in the month of thia year, agaimt 2.!MI.2i>2 lbs ln*f year; t!M <wi <>f unrefined sugsi have been imported, against 772,M7 cwrt. in the corresponding month in the previous year. Of these there have been entered rrsjtectivi ly for home cone Jinptinn, r>H4,87<? carts, s/ainst 4W>,240 cwt* Of tea the figure* are 2.7r>3.7"2l lbs. for the month in the present year, and ,?"r7."?wl lt>s last year In wine there is an incre ,ee in the im(Mirtations, the figures standing res, eriivelv H32.HH2 and bftl.Hnfi. The total declared value or exjtorta are ? ?.:?.?<. 07 for the month laat past, against XI.G08.W2 (or the enrre*,ending month of IA4M, and (< r the right months of the present year ?39,2^,022, eiisinst ?31,633,214 for the like months of 1*48 - l/miiim MrrcantUt ftattllt, Ihtobtr 6. Tram ot Frascr ?The CnnUituttimnrl aays? " Meiiv serious lessons may be darived from tha general table of the commerce of France in the year 1818, ju?? published by the Custom-house administration They show how dearly the working tlassea have to pay for the luxury of revolutions and the enjoyment of revolutionary government How many privations, how much distress of all sorts, do thnea long columns <>f (inures reveal! The general commerce of France, which embraces all cur intercourse with foreign co jntries, whatever Iw the origin of the goods imported or the destination of those exported, turned, in 1*48, on an otficial Valnt of 3,OI5.(nn,OOOf, being a decraase of flftftfOO.OOOf , or 2:1 |?-rcent on the results of the i preceding )ear' As regards the special commerce, 1 which only concerns the merchandise imported tor mil consumption and the national goods rip <rted ? 1 a trade which more directly interests us?the deo tease is still p.-eater; the siwcial commerce of 1P4* amounted to I,J4S*?,t*K*,Biw?f, which exhibits a t tiling < H, as i ompana ?tth l-t7, of 2t> per cent. The sutii of nnO.OOOl , which represent* the total amount of the special comm rce, ia thus divided t? Ini,*>rts, MM,IIOO,OQItf. ; and exports. Ml,(Sil,nW)f. The dtllerence, as compart d with I <47, is lit per?ei t as regtr^-s the import*, and 6 o- r cent, a* regards the expatta. This decline of 43 per cent., (or nearly one moiety of the import* > attests the sufferings exi?erienced by our mauufa ? turing industry. It is known, in fact, that the goods imported chiefly cousist of raw materials which we manufacture in France. Thus, for elample, the im|K>rts of silk have fallen from 76,000,(XHJf to 88,000,000f only; woollen goods, from 30,000,000f. to 13,000,0nut. ; oleaginous seeds, from 34,000,OOOf. to ll,(X)0,0O0f. ; undressed skins, from 25,000,OOOf. to 16,000,OOOf.; unwrought iron, from 14,000,000f. to 6,000,OOOf ; zinc, from 5,000,OOOf. to 2,000,000. The consumption of colngial sugar has declined from M.OOO.OOOf. to 30,000,OOOf. It would be impossible to calculate alt the losses which have been consequent on the suspension of the industrial movement?losses te the manufacturer, whose matirul remains unproductive, and losses to the operative, who barely worked one day out of two. The ex)>orts have sustained a reduction fur less considerable than the imports. The difference, as we have shown, is only 6 per cent. This result is explained on the one hand by the action of the tem|K>rary premiums which were granted on the exports of our manufactured produce, and on the other hv the sacrifices which our manufacturers imposed on themselves in order to make an outlet for the goods which encumbered their magazines. Our exchanges have declined?viz , by 16 per csnt with the United States of America, 16 with Sardinia, 21 with Spain, 2f with lielgium, 30 with the German Zolleverein, See The only increase is noticeable in our trade with Fnglsnd and iht- Swiss Republic. Our colonial trade nits fallen oil'by 14 per cent. Our transit trude has not suffered less. The carrying of foreign produce across ihe French territory amounted to a weight of 351,000 quintals, against 050,000 in 1847? equivalent to a decline of 10 per cant. As to the maritime movement of France with the colonies and with foreign countries, it has declined from 1,146,000 to 1,005,0iM) tons?equivalent to 27 per cent. The foreign tlug, however, has suffered to n greater extent than the French. In concluding this sad enumeration, we may state that the produce of the Customs' duties was in 1"IS less by 18,000,OOOf. than in 1847. Our colonial sugar figures for l!l,000,0()0f. ; woollens, for 4.000,OOOf ; uuwrought iron, for3,000,OOOf; coffee, for2,000,OOOf.; olive oil, for 2.000,OOOf , vVc. In Paris alone, the falling off of the Customs'receipts was nearly 50 per tent. The Corn Trade of Uiigland. f Kroiu the Loudon Mercantile Utmll*, Oct 12 ] The weather has throughout the we?k been highly auspicious for the conclusion of the northiii harvest, and so much progress has been made, lliat Utile grain now remains abroad, even in ihe backward and mountainous districts. Meanwhile lite reoorts, in reference to potatoes, are not quite >o bad as was expected would, ere now, h ive been the case : in Ireland the disease is certainly more general than on thiaside of the channel, still u considerable proportion of the crop turns up comparelivciy sound, anil as far as digging has hitherto been proceeded with, the result has, in our opinion, proved belter than at one period we dared to hope. That we have more food of home growth, for man and beast, than in good average seasons, we feel peti'ectly satisfied; and though the extra produce will not go far towards_ compensating our farmers for the extreme depression of prices, still they are belter ofl than they could have been if unfortunately our harvest had turned out us deficient as in 184". It is not so much the productiveness or deficiency of' our own crops which will in future rule prices here, but the extent of the foreign importations: these have latterly been, and seem lik'-ly to conliuur, very liberal : and (Hough the value of corn may perhaps rise a little whiTst farmers ere busy with sowing, still we can discover no ground to calculate on a permanent or important improvement. The character of the trade has undergone very little change since our last. At some of the runners' markets, where no stocks of old are held, slightly enhanced terms have in partial instances been realized, whilst at some of the large consuming tow ns in the north the turn has been slightly in favor of the purchaser. At Mark-lane business bus remained very quiet. Up to the close of lis r. rri\ uir niii>uin ti'HBiwnr wrrr iwi'i iiy giiuu but unce then the receipts have been small. Fine while Kt-t-ex wheat was in (air request on Monday, and realized prices quite equal to ihnae previously current; secondary sorts and red did not acll so freely, and before the Kent stands could be closed, factors found it necessary to make Borne little concession. On Wednesday there was scarcely anything f'rethup from the neighboring counties, and the fhow was eiiually small this morning. The millers have c< nernlly conducted their operations with a yuod deal of caution; hut telly have not succeeded in buying on easier terms than in the beginning of the wri ek. 1 luring the week ending Saturday last, we had very liberal receipts of wheal from abroad, but the supplies have fallen off. A eonsidernhle portion of the recent urrivalafrom abroad has gone direct into the fianda of our millers The experiment of importing their own wheat is not likely to prove advantageous to our hotne manufacturers, meat of that which lias lately come to hand from Hant/ic, Arc., having cost nearly as much free on hoard hs it is now worth in our market. The transactions have, throughout the week, been on a retail arale, the local inquiry having been decidedly alow, and but few country purchasers having made tin ir appearance. In tins state of affairs, quotations have undergone little or no change. The busiuess done on Monday last, was on terms precisely similar to those currept on th it day se'nnignt, and not the slightest variation haa occurred since then. 1'olisn Odessa has excited more attention than Baltic qualities; the finer kinds o| the former, besides possessing great sttength for tniAinp, have been otlered ecru,' irativt ly lower than linstock and similar sorts. The nominal top liuomimii ui ni.ui una unuri|(iiar no change, and ?-nip samples have been mostly held Ht pre vtoua prices. fcnglish bnrley has come sparingly forward, and the malting w*m>d having commcnced, full terms linve hern realized for the finest qualities. On Monday the bent samples sold at from :tt)n. to H2h per quarter. and the lew lot* rxhibitrd thin morning were held at the rate* named. Business in foreicn hurley has not been by any nieHna extensive; (food heavy grinding aorta have been steudily at 21s. to 22a , and fine .Haile at 25-t to 26a. per quarter. We heard of no sales of the latter either to-day or earlier in the week. The supplies of new oata from Ireland have been rather increased, and from abroad the receipts have continued on a liberal scale. Superior corn, whether el in rii?- or of foreign growth, nan been held firmly, and needy buyers have been under the necessity of paving previous |IMM| inferior and ill-conditioned Irish antl foreign oata have in some cases been parted with at an abatement of (id. to la. per quarter on last Monday week's MfNMf New hnglixh beans have come to hand freely, and the turn has been in favor af the buyer. Grey and maple pease were offered at 27*. to 29. per quarter on Monday, and new white boilers at IXla. to 112* per quarter, and since then no difficulty haa been experienced in buying at the terms mentioned Wr have heard of no sales of floating cargoes of Indian corn; holders have asked full (erma fur the article. Foreign Iwrllanyi Political executions have commenced in the Pontifical Statea. A follower of Garibaldi haa been fchot at Bologna. General Gor/kowaki, Governor of Venice, haa abolished the free trade in ideas in that citv. In lellectual smugglers are to be punished by martial law. The Grand !>uke of Tuscany has arrivrd at Frhoobrunn. He has borrowed thirty millions upon the guaranty of Austria. Naples is perfectly quiet. Disturbances have broken out in Sicily; but or* der was at once restored. Garibaldi has been repulsed at Tunis. He has gone to the Sardinian island of Maddalena. The budget for INflO has been presented to the French Asse mbly. Ft shows a deficiency of II2T millions of francs, which the Assembly will have to cover. Colonel Rice Jones, Governor pro Itm. of Malta has reversed the inhospitable proceedings of Go< vernor O'Farrell. In Cephalonia order is beginning to be restored Sir W. Parker was expected with the fleet a Corfu. The latest Indian mail reports the Funjaub, and the hast generally, in a tranquil state. Dewan Moolrr.i whs to be transported to Singapore. In Schleswig the spirits are still unsettled. The arrival of new Danish functionaries has given rise to fresh distuibances at Tonning and lluauni. The potato blight, and the practice of carrying ofl rro|>e. continue to spread m Ireland. Itoth the rn u If nt root and its truculent consumers seem rot te n to the core. Nicholas, in hia contemptuous opinion of the Crescent of Turkey, evidently thinks the Ottomaa moon to be made of very green cheese. ? I'nnrh. Postal reform has received a new impulse on the continent ; and into Austria the use ol poxtagf eiurnp? has hern intreduced The rates have, moreover, been reduced one-hnlf. Much retitation lias been excited in Madrid by a Carliet manifesto, published in the A'frraats, ir Fiench and hpsnish, and "in the name of four tun millions of Spaniards" The document, which is dueclfd to llis Inqwrial Maiesty the Km peter ol all the Rursius, begins by ?ongratulit'nj him OR having sated the narth from revolution and begs him, now that his attention must be more lit e, to turn bis eyes to the fourteen millions oi Spaniards who, since ihe year I*#), consider hiu us the best ally of ih? ir Sovereign, who has alweyi i xjiecied bis help It calls on tne Emperor to forrr ncoalition with the northern powers, to ptit an enr In the revolution in France, and establish J'gnl macy there again, and to begin his work by taknti possession wf ilie keys of the fiUok -lea, tU*pu o England or Lord Palmerston. Thin documen which la very lengthy, is signed, *? The Spams Mon arch lata." White slavery is suid not to exist in Russia Let the reader judge. Count KutaWn owes th Russian government 1,509,922 roubles Nut beini able to jmy, the Senate ordered the seizure of hi serfs in Tamboy, which are announced for sale 01 the 29th October, at Tamboy, to ths number u 3,702 men, women and children. A matrimonial alliance is definitively fixed t< take place between the Crown Prince of Swedei and the Princess Louisa, eldest daughter of hi

Royal Higness Prince Frederick of the Nether lands. The murnuge will lake place early in tin ensuing year. The experience of a recent traveller in Russia and that of a military man, Mr. Atkinson, ii against any undue apprehension of the militarj power of that country: for although their army appears colossal, amounting to 1,006,000 in mi, h? estimates thai 191,000 men could not be brough nto the field. The sick and invalids conslituti 113,000; the establishment of the Czar takei 1-49,000, and servants, iVc., amount to 92,000 Then the troops on regular ordinary service, am not available for a foreign war, amount to 172,(KK) The Parts pa|>er8 state that there are in that citt 53,625 widows, mid in the environs 10, 437; and tha theie are amongst them 427 humbacked, 311 one eyed, und some scores blind. The daughter of (tie (Jueen of .Sweden, who ii about to marry Louis Napoleon, has a dowry o XI,(XX),(MM) stelling. Prussia lias given large orders recently for tnus kot, swords, Arc. Preparations are in progress for reinforcing, n case of need, the army in Italy from the tinny o the Alps. The tide of emigration still presses forward fron the interior of Ireland. The French budget for 1850 comprises a chargi of 115,44)3,611 francs for the Freuch navy. Thi following is a statement of the strength it is in tended to maintain :?Fight shifts ot the line, car rying altogether 826 guns; nine frigates, mountini 416; seventeen corvettes, mounting 364; twenty two brigs, with 250gu.is; seventeen irunspo.U (in eluding hospital and stationary vessi Is), represent ing 1H,I !(i toils; anil eighteen light vessels. Al these tue sailing vessels. The steam navy is ti comprise nine frigate", averaging 170 horse powe each, or a toial ol 1,300 ; < leven corvettes, of 2.261 horse power; and tliirty-tonr armot. of 1,170 do Commissioned in haihor there are to be, ot sadist vessels, 16 ships, 12 fiigate3, and I corvettes ; am ot steamers, 11 frigates of l,85o horse fiower, 7 cor vettea of 2,(M;0, and 13 unto# of 2,Olio. The tola comprehends 208 vessels of war, manned by 25,92 sailors. Several bands of Creeks, who have taken refug in the Turkish territory, have lately made thei appearance on the northern frontiers and the frou tiers ot continental Greece. The famous Meven diti, ot Patras notoriety, mid ult-o Calainatu Tussos, and oilier chiefs ot brigands, are said l be ul ihe head of them. On the loth of October Queen Isabella wi attHin her nineteenth year; a grand ball will b given on ihe occasion. The Duke and Duchess de Bordeaux, and th Duchess d'Augoulf me have urtived at Frohsdorl! A letter from Dresden of the 24J ult. states tin Count de Pallavicini had arrived, us Fuvoy Fx traoiduiury of tile King of Sardinia, with (lie in tsntion of demanding a princess of Saxony in mar rnige for the Duke of Genoa, brother to ihe king The rumor at iht Bourse that Austria had movei troops towards Servia with hostile views, and (ill the French government lnd resolved upon movinj troops towaids the Piedmontese frontier, had ai unfavorable effect on the funds. The ex-Miulster Tangis was enrried in chain to the prison ct Newgebande. where Huron 'I e rengi, 1'rcsident of the Hoard of Magnates, is a'si confined. Mr. Schwab, the principal rabbi of the J? wist eoiiimtiiiitv, ban been sentenced to six years dose confinement, for having preached a politics sermon. A young Sicilian, named Joseph Almanac, who some twelve months a<;o, quitted hit native shore: to seek his fortune in California, and having then Hmussed to himself a ennsid* ruble ijuantity of tin precious metal, (tucked up his treasure and tool shiI lor New York, where he converted hisgoldei lumps into current coin sod negotiable bills. Hav ing made ih s strji in ndvHnce towards fortune, Ir determined upon quitting Yankee land, and invest ing his capital on ilie l.uglish side of the Atlantic presuming on the taciturn ami contented spirit ?, John Bui for the security ot Ins wutlniei beta uiulisiuibed by the commotions which Hgitatr les pacific nations, lie arrived in Liverpool a fei days ago, end bring ot n gay tempers incut, visile various places of amusement, and amongst then the ringing room in Mersey --treet, where, whili entranced with tlie concord of sweet sounds, h missed Ins |M>cket book, containing a 7110 dolls New York noie, and other notes, which have no yet been recovered.?/.ircyoo/ Courier. The AuRtburR Uazrttt stetrs that the Austria government is preparing a new customs tariff; lb project is already complete, and will be mad public in the course of a few days; among otlu reforms, it abolishes the monopoly of tobacco. The thrablo, of Madrid, states an authority ? a letter Irom Trieste, of the 14*h, that the Com de Montemohno had a most violent attack of chi lera on striving at Vienna on the 9th, on a visit l his t.inilv at.< licit at one moment his lite Was I , great danger. Sir Henrjr Mildmay is on the point of leavm England wuh a few friend*, in his beautiti m hooner, tire Fairy, for Constantinople aud ih roast of Syria. We understand Sir Ifenry dor not propose to return until the enauing spring. The nrts have to hewml the loaa of Domini<pi 1'npiiy, whose embryo talent had not eaoiped th e>e of the veteran Ingres. With a soul fired h a nihil ion, with the determination to rise and cm (pier, the young painter had set out on a peije?tria journey amid the wild and desolate scenery ( Provence. He had been but three days on h journey, when lie was seized with the marsh fere and died, alone and uutended, among the roil peasant* of V'aldue, exclaiming with his ilyin h.cnih, "Alas' I am losing more than lite? I a losing immortality!" A letter front Peeth of the 1st announces th Kolosy, one ot the murderers of General Lu berg, had arrived in that city laden with irons. The Tur ish fleet of eighteen large and saw vessels, st mrrs, Arc., is now lying in the Sea Mai mora. n?rrmcsli of Individuals In Rump*. The Prince and Princess Metiernich have |? London, en riiutr lor Mmssels, where they conten pl.ite making a lengthened sojourn. Fuad Fflendi, Commissioner of the Porte in tl Duibiii Prnrtaeca, i- ii BmInwmI or the 21 ult., for St. Petersburg, on a special mission to tl Emperor. M Manin,ex-President of the Republic ofV nice, has arrived at Marseilles. The Princess Eleven has already returned (sn; a Pans letter), and intrigue is beginning again send forth its emissaries to the Hotel 'lalleyran assuming all shapes and all disguise . frotn the sat tobe and rich falhslla of the fine lady of the e 1 court of the ex-king, to the clattering tahitle at cotton iiight-cap of the peasant from the province where legitimacy is honored, and the Montsgi dreaded and execrated. I beheld the fair prince l>aee by not long since. She is evidently suffeni from depression. Her cheek is paler, by mai 1 shades, than it was a year ago. It was said of he at that time, that she was the spectre who sat our revolutionary hoard, and darkened oar few I ot liberty. The trnth of this has almost become physical as well as a moral on?. ffv-rbe-by, i la re Itm athmiehrtf. mf lair, by (be extmiWiwi numbrri #>/ Human arrival* trhwk have taken jAa rnswrn/y. l ord Erougham has arrived at the Hotel Me rice, Pana. 1 It has been said that Georgey's wife has been Marshal Kadetzky, to begot him to intercede wi I his Majesty to j-ennit her husband to go to Air . rtca, and that her request had been favorably t ' .........I Tl... .. I...I : : .... Tk. a... \.rt ?TU. IIT- wiMMV- Piurj |* llll Ulirvi, I 11^ ia. that Ge< rwy't aialer-in-l* w applied for admi aien to the Marshal, hut met with a irfuaal. II object waa to b? g of him to intercede with the Li peror, that ho might grant the meant of lettirnu thr ffna/t turn which armory hart rrmfrtd at a in fnan thr Human Murthul at I aa ho (tfe< geyl w?a totally unnhle to repay it out of hia ov l??cket. M. Bit ndofl haa arrived at Rome, aa Envoy E traordinary troni Huaaia. M. Pierre Benaparte haa been aent to Algeria < a temporary minaion. rnonam.it Erin or th* Ei.orii?a Nmav Tan m.Me?A rotref|>?indeni of the .savannah Urnrgir of the '2Tnh inaf , wining fr,,m PaUtka, nmier dv of thr 22rl met , my*:?I have piat aern and Co vrtred with Col. N|?neer, Indian Agent. who g rived here Irorn Tnitipu to-day, and leaven in tl mail alra/eer Ormolgee, Copt. Wilaon, for J no mnyille. fie iho*rn tne a letter from (iener Twigjje, whlih followed him t>v expreaa to th iJace flen Twiggemet Pant Jotiea. Ilillv Hot 'eta, mid rutty warnnre in council, on the |!l inrt. They had been waiting aome nine daya f lurii They delivered up three of the murderet the hatida of nnnther. whom tliey were obliged kill in rapturing, tfie huh, Billy Bowlego' n phew, making hie eacope General Twiggaapnl {to th-In ot emigrating They aeemed to take I qatta ktadly, bnt rasuesfd ?*ty diya to decnfu. Book Trade of the 17. Btatei end Canada. t, | S row the Montreal Herald. Oct '23 J h Nothing can be more unsatisfactory than the present poaition of tlna trade under the llrttish law of copyright. An Fngltsh book, it copyrighted, g can only be read by a Canadian en penalty oi p tvi, lug the large price charged by the London put>? Indier, with the addition of all the costs and charges , incident to its coining out to this country On the f other hand, an American can obtain just the same books, at a price very much less than is charged , by the London publisher. It this stute of things ' really benefitted the author, there might, |>erliaps. be an excuse for its continuance. Hut it is well known that the restriction, while it preveuts Canadians from buying cheap books, does not make them purchase dear <>ne?. They may he debarred, it that be any satisfaction to the London au'hors ? and publishers, from enjoy lag the new works of the * Kritish piess at a quarter of a dollar per volume ; f but they cannot be made to phy Iflls for the three volumes, over which the same matter is extended ! in its original shape. chub prices are unsutted to t our position, and impossible. Hut the uncertainly winch attends the restrtc* tiou is another great evil. It does not apply to any hook, until the Cuuudian custom house authori1 ties have heen notified that it is duly copyrighted. In the case of a large number of works this nutiflf cation is not made, and our booksellers are, of t course, at liberty lo import American editions. Jn the case of other woiks, it is not made till after a long interval. From these circumstances, it h?i>s pens not unfrequeutlv, that our booksellers give p their orders to die New York publishers while certain works aie tree, but before they receive them n fresh mail has arrived, and notified the custom house that the works ordered Hre copyright. Then, when they reach St. John's, these i books are seized, their intended reuders are anl noted, and the bookseller sutlers giievous loss. ft may perhaps he remembered, tuat in consef! q'lence of representation to the imperial authorities, they some time ago consented to allow a modification ot the copy light law as cllecting these B colonies. The Provincial Parliament, hni>u><: to e litret 11 ?? views of ilf Colouial sfeeroturv, passed I an act guaranteeing iheir copyright to all British ! authors, who would reprint their winks in the eolo* llV, and lliuking lepriuls of all works not t>o secured free to be 1 rii(><>11< d troin tin- I mled States. This act w?8 diMillowiil. Jim the modification adopted by Nova Seolw, us we iindeiaiarid. became 11 w, so that American r?-|>ruiia of Luglish copyrights, J enter that colony on payment of 20 per cent duty, j Now it would he lar better that we should have this law in preference to the Initialing, uncertain, I troublesome barrier to knowledge, at present t existing Yet nothing Can simw ihe absurdity -* 1 of the whole colonial system of copyright, more T than this new arrangement in the eastern proi voice. The difference between the price of an Ame' rican reprint, and die original Luglish edition, sold at Halifax or Montreal, would not average less e than two thousand or time thousand per cent, r Neither Lnglish author nor Knglith publisher, i- therefore, can lie bene lilted by raising ttie co it of i- the reprint by 20 per cent?that will certainly not i, make a single customer go to their shop. Yet 0 iliey force the colonial legislature, unwillingly, to impose this useless tax on the reading portion of || iheir constituents. e [k'rem the (.Inelnnatl CSazette. Oct 2) ] The aggiegate amount of tlie hook trade branch ?f industry in Cincinnati is about one million doli; litis jer year. The business is not, by any means, routined to the sale ol books made elsewhere; hut is composed. III U very considerable degree, of hooks manufactured, throughout,at home. There are about thirty bookselh rs in the city, three siereotyping establishments. and lifter n power presses running, ptincipally on hook woik, one of winch 1 is employed constantly on German publications, i thx of the jaiw er piet . es are driven by water in { lute establishment?that ol Morgan i? Go; the i others gi-ueially t>y Hteem The r ntire number of jaiwer niesM-s ill lite city, hook, news and job, is s i w r niy-nine, of whieh ihree are hi the (iaztttf office. 'i he number of binderies m the city is leu. ) Among our publishing hoiisr s, the largest me the Mr thodist hook concern, J A A' IJ. I'. James, 1 fit my W. Ilerltv iY Co , and W Jt. .Smith A* Co, 'J lie it mi u ti I business id some ol these, hi all de| part no iiis, is noi less, one year wnii another, than fioiri f 126,0(10 to jl?"i,iHii) each. ( 'I he publications ol iSmith A" Co. are exclusively sclir ol bor ks, el which they i-sue between tjOO 000 and 7i;0,000 copies per year N veral of their school series have ai hieved tiigli reputations in all parts ot the country, and they are now sending Last about lOO.bnO copies of them per year In addition to this, they have duplicate plate i in New ^ oik, ot some ol the most celebrated ot ttieir publications, from which laige editions ate struck to mer t thedernsnd ot the mnlille States Mr Smith, w lio has lot g bei n engaged in this p irticul.tr branch ot the business, has Is in exceedingly active hi budding it ' p, and by his energies h i* stimulated others In like exertions. In tin- <h(IV rent piria of the establishment of W. IS Smith A* Co , are employ i d legul.iily, an average ot from iKi to 100 hands. .I.A.dtll. 1'. James carry on, in connection with ilu ir I ook publishing and selling, a printing ollice. it h book bim.'e i> , h print# re' ink m iiiulactory, .mil stereotyping They ?-nt|>l<>jr, n mi nv-rHgt- o| l'i"? mid |:!u hands. I'fl y hale long r been ? nnm>rd iu this general business, nud publish r mm))1 Hniirirtrd work*, tin well a? heboid books and f miscellaneous publications, the sales ol wiucb are ?ll? i t# d in this rity nt ib#-ir bouse, and by agent thlwii|.hout the Mississippi Valley. Of cue schoo ' series (I.)ii 111 ii Cobb's seven books), they print for " ibr publishers un n% erage ol '.Sltl.bOO copies per '* >mr. 10 Other puhli-hing houses doing an #xtensive bu*i10 nem are named. The more prominent are Applegate dr Co., Trumiin ?V Co , Morgan V Co , Moore g I Co , Bradley <St Anthony, lh-rby A" Co., and Well hiker. '* four! of t'jrr soil Terminer. 1 before Juilr# kdward* and Aldermen lutfersull and Jackson le Oi r. '19 - The addrsss nf ths Dutsii 1 Attoui on ir Ik# trial of 1 ban II 1 nrnentsr 111 flontlnua'lm ? To nn tain tb? doctrine of tha legal propositions "ilk' milted by the prosecution tile Hi*trie! Attorney ell' <1 kost#r's< ronu I.a*. Kosnns's rtmlnal #.eld-Dee Ituo'!. r?II on 1 rimes V% barton's t inerlmn 1 rimlnal La?. lb *' state'1 rial". 1 Jiuwllk Itjrri-I rowu < let; and 1 I" Count' rk s llejuirts lie then Ioformed the jury tliat I, I1IW ... ... If to (the jury) tfl' ngul the ekolU'ive power >>t J.-IU elding on ?! ? far Ik ot Ihe p?>? Hi range I' might apm t ear to tin hi but yet tll? Dm i|iw<Uuii to lM |D< ??r*J by the Jury In."It Andrew gull y'" I'hr law linpuaea on the proM-autlon the ifowrlt; of proving that tb? at guilt of fb? principal a* be la called, >h >ul-t lot drat II- made manneet In an li.>liotn.fiii of tola Datura the piler c?r ba? a right to rhot if br cau that the prluolII pal Ik not guilty, aad therefore, he atioulif u?t bacon1 ' victed Thta privilege |? glveu to r a'p*ut?r Ma l>a? "I not atlem pled in >h?? tndrne' Innocence Ma !n?Ut? on bin guilt, and >?l although tb? pt< aaootion i? a imyei|?d to pro?a Androa guilt to your tati-fantton tna prisoner Inalata that our vary act abail h ml-r hue ' I aorlblcaa in your a>*< I heguli ol Aioiroa l? proved II- by t*n tudf In the flrvt pmea. >>r auJai. thr broker kbowk tliat the tea ilnuar lie. an tiauk bill i? a caunt* rf-It Mil. tha' it t? an altered bill, you may raaotuber lil- ataHng thai the apace now tiil> ii up by * the name of the tank I be l)Ma laak.'' vn origl ,r nally filled with n ue other name l'hi? p|ee- of t??tl no iiy hi r< aie- Important wh< n we m n>ider a penter I e. ! vhare In the operaMen I he Jury would remember t lie bill rhaen to V ouag wa? but tilled up. VIr i.oreig | rboaa ibe bill wan pa-eed on him by Androi, Vulr>?, ya ' avawliuea* here atatea he pa-ved the bill ou r i orto win In the vwenad place, tha raaotd of tbaenavlcioi ij, I of Androe In the i < urt of per i-.n- of tbla city ta pro. )rj 1 dored The guilt of t ndroa being ma le out to y nil _ , katlafaetlr-n. the letloue ijiieatlrn neit riibmltted t< j you l> l>ld the prleoui r < arp-nter incite .* pr-eor? Andre by any meaue dire- tly or li.diractly to pari '"> the ten dollar rouuier'elt bill ' I ou em a-R by vh m ' In tbl* rharge proved' I anaw.r you Irankly by ac M Comillcee by kuab eltuee-e. a* the o ry lialu a il thr IK ca r all ne peimtte ilk to uae I will not conceal If iy you I appia In nnon that you retoii at I lie ilea of ,r convli tltig n au.'h le-t-u ny h i* I eamj ui againkl '-! b? ?our ver llcl pr< claiming the doctrine that y..u will 1 not'eontlct uadi-r aurh sireuuiaUndaa If )<>u rafodi to eodviot j .11 p<. e aim Immunity to falona of ib? worn rharaatar. you ran sonnet tha maiar of tb? irt enuntarhil mm.-y t<>uuU a th p al*- and u ft.-r in?. rurv maata, f't lha mariuia*-tur?, you may c<n?iai tb? ur wrati-h ?b? pa*r*-? lb* e*iuat?ilrlt In l? but you m II to pa.-t by uuharund tba man an > furuiahH Di>an< in tin any ami who la tfea ag- at ba ??i> lh< u" eolaar and lha ultarai although ha ba lb.-print* mo m, tb? erralit nl all ba tillany )at h-aaii'* ha hai to agaiti><t hi la lha tiij In-l rum* nt ba u**d tif bla til . lany. ba ahail not ha pual-bad I baa I main tun taij ally a man cab will ba In aginad. (and pr-ibablj | " tba ri nalrtiona aould 'boa mora than i magma Inn] In ttila rlty aiigaga In lha buum aa of raealtlng ai?l*i H'a.da and an.julrlng a aaiall fortuna by Cba*? imaaa la- I ba baram.* mplm d by htai ti ion In* f> iio? aitltan ar art-lha giadna'aa nt th* hlata put. n Ilia ealnu.a.i n 11- ?? ? hat no jury n..unl b. Iiata any man from a prlaoa no and I. r jtara ha hat run tha gbuatiat of tba laa t hi gib mi* of tba Mala pri u O .uti u It ptrdonaj ai d ua< d at a nitna-i l ha u-Ual aaabdlt It uiad at aintt him hilt a jm v < n?u"- and rid- tba nomad *n nit; dl tint n.aiaudar I ba law d> not nay j mi -ha. ni t b?ll> ?* an avc n pltr* V nu kata a rl*nt to ana I. ?lct tn il i- uam rri boralad taMlim ny of an aceoin pl'cr, hut tba i oil wiil tall jnu mat you ahauld hi eartlnl in raoairing tuofi tm-tiinony II you arata it r>0 had tlibt iha rt*t?m*nt of tha an* tup lie* It toa truib you tbnuld eiitiviol It |- a inaitar au Italy for you I an f'Htlttrn I Lt Inairhi \tti>rn*y liiou eltail ? lha ca-a of lh? I'aoplait i ottalln, (I Uanlo Ray irta.) U ?kiii? thai lb* >my nnghl t -mlrt - n i m t*-inn ,oj blnna M ihiacr-nplica and an- ?*d tnat tb? loot rim ''' of tha Igynii.i i.ml *t> iha itii" a- iinl d an bj f>- I old Ittnn an in ligand But. raid lha Ui-trlet tt if- trrtity. I fl a I dot a*i you tor naiei arpaoter tin in h* l?-tiun i y f a . mp.n - oii?u,.p.-ri?*l by otbai g. a tldi In a I dill nil at an Upilghl jury b> put tin (| tana coblitfanaa la tba rltr of a Nldt* pit "id a- In Itn Ml M mytUil ?11 ii* - - I iii ptii-aouln it ant re qall? an Mich mitt,-i it J if hdtil" Ilia at' ha" lint |h?i> piand In li ra j. u in that I: (h'. hj' ha- h *?r abrtalnad by dnrri bnrbtfob of lha *trong**t aharbrtar n?r I mil bot inland to aa> thbt tha ptaoettlnn ha- eor a, ri kotailoa of tba aal nt d ll*ary ot tha m m?J frnui Oar. 10 petit r to V anna aid t urg to kudrna anil ot th< r. putpnr*e ot thai lialmaty I ha lad rnju'ra.- no aunt thing b?rdd?a iban II nodtd ba bndaaaarary to u-a ib . dor, bipitc*, hut *e elli e nbora.a tba a*-n rbpli. --It 1 diatar'oi pointt, rn that ) u can bara an do.ibt ol tli ii ita it* nrt, and, #i inogi- to ray. tba topp- rt of tba IrutI | oftbe statement of tbe accomplices will be fonnd I sen lag from ( arpeuter'e own ilpn and bi* own latter*. I w 11 not ask this jury ta convlot, unless Carpenter himself U not the stringent wltuess fur the prosecution He bee, through hie counsel. charged tbe r?*t of the witnesses on tbe pert of tbe prosecution with being corrupt? some be hea even ?rrented for perjury, tie i* 1 carrying himself through by e coup dr mum, but thn evidence in tbia cere should satisfy any reasonable man ot hie guilt Tbe period at which the trnuenotiona occurred inculpating Carpenter.is tlxed in the fall of 1846 and the beginning of Jauuary. 184ti; Androe was arreeted | In Jannaiy, In 184B, and was bailed out by worthies* hail, tied, and was not recaptured until January, 1Mb. when be was brought to tble oity Suits wher* ' then commenced by l.arpente" against certain parties. It became, consequently, their interest to hud An! droH. When be wa? brought to thl* city, he was I used as a wiiness in those suite In January, 1848, Androe baring given Information against < urpenter, an indictment was found against Carpenter. ae an accessory before the fact, which tbe juiy were now trying. A? noevldeuce has been given on the cause of the delay, it did not beoomu hi in to speak ! of It; but still a uiore conclusive explanation could be given I mil 1848. no confirmation reached the (irand Jury here of ( arpenter s guilt Androe pleaded guilty, emslu June, 1848. was sentenced, and pardoned by the \ Executive. I be jury had already been appealed to, uot to rouvict < ai pouter. inasmuch as the persons who ?..t ..,.11..- nri, -. oil. .. h-.l nurntnsl ,11 .11 f i?i a.th ( arpenter. The District Attorney said he would admit ft r tbtt sake of argument, the manner In which ; this matter arose?that t arpenter had managed to get 1 into the kidd Salvage < oiupauy Carpenter a shrewd man. raw that be could probably frgbten respectable , mi u of eapllal. who were engaged in it, to buy hia alienee home of them, who honestly believed in tho scheme, autl were not to be intimidated, went to work lo discover * arpeuter's true character, and succeeded in hndtug be waa engaged with counterfeiters The j ury are not to Inquire into the motives of these men. 1 he oa'h taken by the jury is to decida according to the evidence, and the simple question is, "Do the witnesses speak the truth f" if they tell us the truth we , should conviet 1 he community Is indebted, iu many esres, fur iulorniation against criminals, more from dlsagreemi uts and diliicultiee betweeu parties, than from any sense of public justice. In some eountrles, tho criminal prune.ime involves an investigation into a man's uioue of iile Let us examine the situation ofCarpentsr iu 1M6 and 1840, to test the probabilities of his being engaged in the business of counterfeit money. Ilia I cooiirt 1. in his rumming up. says this prosacution it an a.lempt 10 put a respectable mere hint, in the State prison, by the oaths or felons. The oouusel forgets hia opening to the jury?that i arpenter had failed in heslI i e s Ul how aud wheu he failed we oauuot speak, as thera is no evidence but we bud him lu Wall street gemhliug iu steeks Ills counsel presented witnesses i i? show tue tninu use operations of < arpenter. At first, ' thejuiy would suppose that the prisoner had upwards rt ' Jio ooh. which lie nus u-iog in buying and selling stocks; hut the oroee-exaniinaiion showed all he had was at one time Ju'tlH). an l another j-f)UU deposited,from time lo time, witli a broker, to secure the ditfereucaa arising in sales of stock Carpenter's last operation in Wall street was INoteiuber 1(1, lsdd, and both the brokers agree lie lost morn" lu his operations lie lutt V\ all street, we might a Ay, "a lame duck.'' He must turn to some other mod - of life. What he pursued does not app< ur, but on !> cetuber 10. 18ti, we. Uud him in Mr llarley's tailering establishmeat, making a biU ot IfJk. for clothes This bill is paid tor by his receiving credit lor il.'a yards cloth, and reducing the amount to 1 lie writing on the bill. In Air Carpenter's handwriting shows the bill was u?t presented until Jan. 10, 1840. and yet that it would not be paid until ab >ut tha middle of itie succeeding month of kebruary. Although we do not hud him in any business, yet wo d! o >ver this respi clabh uieicbaiit desltngiuopernliout of p20t),0(8) arid 00,000, who, according to the statement of liiscouusii, had lunds of his own anil his father inlaw, at his command this Monte risto, who had immeiiselreas urea at his command humbly boarding in C ity Halt I'lace. with bin self aud wife at $1 per week lonaoh; and wliat do we hud tin re but that he left the widow o'Shea'x, in the spring ot 18id. ungratefully abandotieil her hospitable b urd, in her debt lo the ox to thin vi ry day I unit you it thin In not it true Ft-vteUieut of )iik p"illioD ' l:n In Ftruggiing with the world, and it owrU lnui a living i'he widow ulUHt be paid tor the iiitlug and tin blinking, boot ami pork mu-t be I III J tor Mint where ?a( it to cutne from ' lie bail tailed in bueinmie he was without nieuiiH, without credit, without industry, (nod, it you believe untmpeaohed WltneFFc*.) a man wlihout principle. The scene open* with this man. ot deppi-rate tortuue*, at 11^ Broadway, iu tin bowling raiooo, the leudexvoua, as admitted by the dvtenre, of a gaii'j ot counterfeiter* We now precel t to you IPW K toiiuj. a pardon'd convict, with whom we ray ' arpenlvr became cuuuei-ted ill* statement I will read to you. The learned D.irmi r drfuMtt then read, with much tare and tninuttuetF. the teatiinouy of i oung and AiOl'OF. ginl tbeu called the attention of the jury to the oorn 1m ration t both by other wltne-aeH. vuufk. bad arlie ?a? repiesenled. had Fllll one alvan'agi over * aipmter Williesee* were produced, who sb wed that up to the time of hie arreFt lor counterfeiting, he alwm>f had a good cha'aoler. The convict 1 ouug could tinu some one torUelaln him, but tbl* peraecu ed laeri chant < ai pouter had uot produced, out of the half million of people In thl* city, one human belug to prove bit character, hut allow* it to Ftand liae one of tue worat teloLa, on the preemption of law that he ha* a g >od ohaiaeier until he give i the prorecutiota an opportunity to prove the cornrary I he icarued geu .leuiaii then arguiutha' admiitiog \ ouug and Andm* to be the vrtybad Uieu represented byiaipentar wera they not the most likely liiFti unieuta he, a cuuut.ig. shrewd n an would mi uixI lie tbeu took a lur her review of tie teMlKouy, shoeing Carpenter the cou>tant freqntuterof I 111 Broadway, and heieg la coutident'al e< 11 looiucato n mtli Ioung, and coutended that < ar nli i nrooiired the lihciHii ,u i.f toilro* on worlli'o H t ali wlnrti statement be aould aorri borrto lif < ?rp-'i:ter a < ? latter which he .tuuid pr- Iuj* He then reyi* *i d the eeld* net' wiiti olewri* m and uiiuutena**, MMiilii i thai I oung had no pn >ilil? m dlr# for ^iiib{ hi> t> Hun njr. I <> rbow tin* ?111>tm of t*i? prl inner, ha has bad tan if the ailor 3 who appt arid a 'ait*at him bur arie li d lor perjury, and be I una uf theui a stranger in iIiih i-iij at thin moment u a prison on a diary*- of peijurj and he (Mr v cKeon) would aik tiitin it tiny yiii* thw jorj to try Mi* i and Oraeley, ?i uld liny send ilii in to tha Stale pri-on t ir peijury, wtliK'd In In commit t*-d iu thi ir aiidaucn in thl* Rata! I but it !?? part of tin* tactic* of Ihe defendant tu arj rut wllueee*.* tor lire proaeeution Don poor, unfortunate Irishman. named l.jrooh was arraHed by hi in no am tb>r chatge, *m u attending a* a w.tueM against luui up In Kcekland County I ln-m men. Minn nod (steel*y are to In iuo*rrwi*tcd. too. and ail uudi-r Ilia niauagenir nl of Ytr arpentar I n alluding to the aTldeure ?!? n for llir defence by tha titnn- Staff Til. ha oon.un oltd *tlh Hindi -efeiHy upoii hi in la cmeluding hi* very able address upon tha tfldanoa. tha llirtilat Attorney raid arpan'er wan rounded baysnd all doubt, aud Hie jury, landing between thalr lelli w ellln n? and i lie priaouer, might well pronounce i that r*i diet against hliu Mr U?*n* lin o addre**ed tha jury In a Y*ry powarful appeal on bw all uf < ai p-n'-r-eln |u?ul In lanroege ruttinc in *aira*iu and abl* and arguJieutallY# n It* armlj iai < n of the eeidrure; but h?d not onnciudtu at Hie adjournment of the court,at four a eiook, to ten o clerk tbie morning Ilokpn i.k Tkaokia in Cum. - Wr if or iwd, jwb in<iH),(? r brig Adaiiw <>ray, Irum our Attentive 11*\..n* corrct|Miu<lriit, sortie iiiierrsiing dt-lailn of an aflnir ol late occurrence in l/'ub.i, winch, in infix ii}, 111*ii?tiiiI ?i i*Iiiiit11 j% MI?u i <i.*i|>iiI 41f (I ir?gedy, neatly e-iual* ihe horrible utory of tlte llorgo.* ( onJMn>'d from the documeuta tent ua or our cor re e pond rut, the fact* ol the cane are a* follow*:?In the oiatrict of the I'm# del Ifio, there r'ncici, K ine time ago, n wealthy planter, wtioso ( hrietmn name was I'on Jon- Ihix man, or rather Inute in hiiniati form, had been for one time > living criminally with hm own daughter, to the knowledge oi ihe wife and mother, wno, however, wan tilihill to excite the brutal vengeance of the n.i timer, by di nounuing and expoamg hia crime. Hut ue the daughier began to bloom into woman| liood, lilt eenae of i>baiiie end degradation begm, tin g too|-erate u|M>u her nuuil. the <b t? rniinni to reeiet the approuehea of the u-natural i-arent. She threatened to |irorlaim hie infamy, mid denounce i h in lielore the tiihnnale, if he |>erei?ted in hia a internet Shortly alter thie the poor girl waa found in her bed, cruelly murdered. The lather waa ar' rrtttd, tried, found guilty, and aentenced to be ' ex> cured hy the garrote, a kind of guillotine, which extinguiehia lile by mean* of a ahar;> wire, which la made hy a certain eprtng to penetrate the apino of the vi< tim, aa he aita in a ch air or atocka. To execute thia *< nirnce, the public functionary, an ' he laatyled in bgal parlance, or in plain language, the executioner, waa aent from Havana. Now, an | thia individual ia held in great horror by the |ie -de, ' who have lately been tlireatrned wiih a viaitatmn , from him, on uccouol ot their aapirationa for liberty, It w?a de? no d prudent to lodge the executioner ? in a aec-ure place. He waa therefore provided I with uioiriera in Ihe ih-triet rri-r-n. in the aamO J h|-h((ii>> ii( with ?rvfr I t.-lnn-, who wrrr -vprr. hr naive ot becoming better ncqiiaiiitrd with him , In the iiuming J?i k Kncli ??* found dangling hjr the nrik, hum a r>>|ie attached to the grating* af , the (itiwin I|.a Miow inni ft> ? of the iiriwin did r not n>|ini Mir hi* tonic ")' and had thus rid ihein| reiver id it. A tarrtioun |>n-orirr, however, *1 itgid that ilit txeciitionrr had been aei/i-d with n mom, Hiid di.-Kii-t'd with hia profeatuon, had J ii lolvtd lo n t rr horn it by auiride Hm thia nmy dm not iim'.t upon thr intelligent (lowrHt { ot iht district, who wrat to work, in the old atyle lt ol ilit ia^uiaiiion, to aacrrtnin thr truth by thr ap9 i'lt? atiot, ot torturr to the prisoners. In thr pr-v f'? ?'?Ilia ingriiii.ua devices for thr elucidation of I iht m) nitty, i nt (I iht moat murdrroua looking ol Hit 11 ciiKtd wm tnd lip so tightly that by the mtrtu accident hi thr world, hr waaiuite unable to give the dmrrd iiiformation, although when ink'ii down hr Imwrrl hia head affirmatively. He r w hi-(li ml ' 'lit Captain (Jinrial has rut down I "I. II|H ?l illu-ir In an Ham if'r tot* nthia nifli aird it g'dy ()ur torrrajMindrnt auggrate that he rhould folh w the examolt of thr 1 hut net ' < >o?t rm r, .mil liHi g a In* < f Ho iiidividii ?la coo' j in ird with rhia rigid application of thr torture. Thtrt In oik no applicant tor the other of cxecn? r ' ii? r. M.i hi .md hi iiiliT'-rcl h < own o'iiM i w . 'aki i. o1 Mi <i iloo li> a Mi- o| > .!.11 I'htae ?iit thr simple tact* ot this ntfur, which are sulhoii Mly tragical without thr episodical additions of tl.i horro<-ii>\iim SptiiMiiU ol Havana. '1'hry are 1 riifl i ' nt lo illiiKir?tc thr benighted alatr of morale and of thr adnniiiKiration of justice in this unhappy Slid I'l ii nid laUnd ? A O Ihlin, Oil 18 1 Thr f'tttrr "f thr rrovlnrrlnwa Ma?a , Wharf Compat y ?? ii.bhrd .a tha 23d in.t of < >t rioo p I 1 hr I?o??r*i-t if ppirida ha* ?y p.tnlrd th? l?l <Uy ( if iNolrab -i m a day of thaak-fiviug

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