Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 1, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 1, 1849 Page 1
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4 T H NO. 5626. THE WHIG lUTIKN'ATION JIEI5TIJIG * r THE BROADWAY HOUSE. Tremendous Whig Enthusiasm, Arc. Arc. Arc. The whigs turned out last evening. The bright moonlight and bracing air made them enthusiastic. They met at the Broadway House, to receive the reports of delegites from the several whig nominating conventions, and to pronounce upon the adoption or rejection of the nominations made. A# hulLnnot a*>v??n n'.*l#w>lr tii*? itr*?at rnftm at fh* E> ? house began to fill, aud the street, outside, was crowded. A fine bniid of music occupied the orchestra, and played, at intervals, some pleasing and patriotic uirs. The room was soon filled to its utmost capacity, coutaining about two thousand l>eople, while the BUUfCiUM and landing were impassable. from the dense crowd by which they wera occupied. After the execution of some fine music, and the exhibition of no little noise, smoke and agitation, in the immense crowd, Zoi-ukr Miu,s, Em., came forward and nominated the lion. Lutittr ibidish as Chairman of the imeting. This naauRation was received with loud cheers and hurrahs, and carried by acclamation. Tb? lion. Mr. Bh4mih then came forward to take the chair, and in iloiLg ?o. briefly returned thank* (or the honor conferred upon him. lie (Mr. B.) felt it to be na little honor to b.> called forward at suoh a meeting. on Fucb an important occasion, to preside among -well-tried and honorable whigs. It would, he felt, be a great honor to any one whoever be might be, who wai called to preside on suoh a great occasion ; and be (Mr. B.) oould cot but feel deeply sensible of the boner done bim Without trespassing any longer on the time of the meeting he would now proceed to the transaction ot tbe bUMuejs for wblcb they were mat t< gather. A number gentlemen were then appointed to aot as vice-presidents of the m<eting The report of the delegates of the Whig State Convention, neld at Syracuse. Sept 20th. was then made on behalt of tbe delegated, by i barles McUougall. Ksq. Tbe report oonclud>-d by recommending the following names for the olHces annexed:?For Appeal Judge, Jothua A. Spencer, Oneida: Secretary of State. Christopher Morgan, Cayuga; Comptroller, Washington Hunt, Niagara; Attorney General, Samuel Stevens, Albany; Treasurer, ilvah Hunt. Chenango; Canal Commissioner, Nelson J. Beach, Lewis; State Knginecr Ilezekiah C. Seymour, Heck land; Irison Inspector. Benjamin Squire St. Lawrence Tbe report hat lug been read, laudatory of tbe name* aeleoted, and explanatory of the various reasons and motives of tbe selection, the chairman put to tbe vota of the meeting tbe ((uuFtion ot the adoption and ratification of tbe naminatUn In the miast of great tumult and land and d>att ning shonts of applause, the report and nomination ?a< adopted by the meeting unanimously, and without a di-i-enslent voloe. Th? nthxr r?nnit* friini the other nonventions makinir the several nominations-which have already been mad'' publto in the Hrruld? were then made to the nesting by Alderman James Kelly; and, on the >juentlon ot their adoption being put. were carried unanimously. >lr. CrBEKLEv then oume forward, and, in the mldfltof load nolie and deafening cheer*, mid?He had been instructed by the oommitiee charged with the duty of organizing and preparing for the present meeting, to Oder the loilowing resolutions. (< rles of " Put on that old white hat.") Mr. UatKLET then read, in a clear, distinct speech, the following, during the reading of which he wax at Interval* obliged to pause, till the loud cheers of approbation called forth by the sentiments of the resolutions bad somewhat subsided. Resolved, That we, tne whig* of New Yerk, in general meeting assembled resirtrm our devotion to the cardinal principle* of whiKlalUi which regarl government as established for the hene.it of the people, and bound to promote their well being by every means 1b it* power Resolved. That among those means, we hold para, mcunt the encouragement uDd protection of home Industry by discriminating duties on the rival prodacts of foreign labor hy the improvement of natural and construction of artificial channels ot oommereial Intercourse between different seoUonsof the oountry, thereby bringing practically together our farmers and artisans, and Increasing the reomperse of their toll by greatly diminishing the eost of conveying Its product* to the consumers? by the rapid and general diffusion of intelligence through public n ails an 4 by the c.eatton and maintenance oi a safe and equal circulating Bedlam. Resolved. That in the present depression of the iron and other manufacture ... ourountry. paralysed by an enormous expansion of the manufacturing ludustry of Oreat Lritain aud oar Imports thereof, we detect the causes of the rapid hcU vast decline of the wage* of American artisans aud laborers employed In manufao Iturew, or In branches t ;t'i-try auxiliary thereto, aud a *no r? unn to i,*- t i r hooe that iroo 1 waires can aear again t?e general o this country, while tbe puaage henc* to Liverpool Is but a broader ferry, and tbe product* ot Kurop>-?i lal??r at a shilling or two per day are brought In direct aui unobitracted competition with these of American labor Reaolred That tu th* constant drain outward of American stock* and ether n-curities during the past frraacn, to th* amount ot man) million", to which ban raoently N r? add' 4 a Ml MM of specie we *ee cuTnulatm pro' I that tbr pn*eBl tariU U working badly for th* productive inUe?tiy and stable prosperity of the country, and wa rani w oar demand for such a revieion a.* will arrest the accumulation of our promise*, or our gold in th? hniid< >>i Karopaan capitalists, and re aafure the nialntn.Hi.o- of our industrial an d commercial piorpe ty Kaaolved. That we reyard such revision of our tariff, with a substitution of ?p*ot;io for aJ vaUrem duties,and a moderate increase ot the rate* imposed on article! competing with our o?o pi. duct*. a* demanded by the true and abiding iuten . of commerce, ai well an of labor, to both of which?our buying mora than we aell, and thur increasing our eb* or eiha'iiting our coin, Is alike d< tilmenlal and perilous. l:.?oln d. That ?birru wu hare baen obliged t9eonter.d for year* agairct < lie opposite error* of tbe abo1 iti< ni te on one ?ide. ? b> p? -,-ted In waging a political war on the lnstituti >ns . f aider State* and a proslavery democracy ou lb* other which di-bated it?*ll to the support of Kag la ?* and the *uppre**lon of th* right of petition, for tbe sake of tbe power It thereby achieved through Southern larur, we are neither *urprised nor appalled at the spectaei* of the** bitter antagonist* c aiincltg to aru b us but nti'm their union against ua a? a natural cva?aaaiM? of mutual destitution of prlBnlple. eou^lt d ?ith a roraciou* hankering for spoil* llaeolved. That thi* c ilition ot oppoaite*. so far aa it ba* b?*n br< l| on any ooiumnn principle, appears siaiply in Lai discarded it? coii'lieting rroraand ci n? Uyetlirr upon the ground where we bava always stood that of leference to the laws aad chertfhr l iiistitutioii of 'he Slates, aad resistance to th* *iten?ion of slav<-r>. to 're? tall under our national flag?grmtid whii-h we m?ii tainrd when it* maioteo *u difficult, and whtah our aiifi-arin can claim no mailt at tin- day fur a?r>t i g fteaolrtd That In reaiririulog owr Inflexible boatllity to Iba extension of elate, y we make no draft on tha cnfider.ce of our f?U?w ci*iien< lint pimply a?k them to billit* that ?> will dut< w? did throughout tha atrnKfil" for annexation. and u we tiara done at arcry age of tba ttruggle for elavery extension Hewtlred. That ? tender our heartfelt nympathiea to the people of New .lexlcp. n ? imperilled by tha claim ?f Trial to extend over tbetn h?r jurisdiction nil her ftlarery bolban*a abhorred and we plejge thtm our utmoet e*ertlnu? to reneue them from tha impending calamity. an! precrre their Independence and tbelt freedom fr< reti.e bil.tht of human bondage Heaoln d, That In th- electin of ueneral /ac!ia-y Taylor aa I'reiiideiit ai.d Millard Killtmre ai Vice Trepidant, tha pei pla bate call* 1 t? their obief executlfa ItlUcu kottMl ra,?]ie, and pairlotlc man profoundly lolicitoue lor tl>- warfare of their country, and devoted to the great principle* of public policy eminently call uiatej to |' to '!?It; and we entreat our fallow ?ltl7"n> to repine and to labor that tba new national adR.lnlatra'1 >n >> not condemned unheard, or cilppled before It h Iia J an opportunity fairly to Indicate 111 nourae of policy. lleaolred, That in our e, teemed fellow-citizen, Hot. H?b. and Inn aaeacia'er it nurHiate council* we proudly recognira men of ai u111* J character eminent fidelity, and unfaltering df < i u to whig principle*, aud we. n crgnMng tL.ir < tint upota uv t<r a united a<itl nergetie mppnrt. will m : ruin* our exertion* until the remit of the ceitiiii it el-otion ehall hare crowned their iabt'l* with a new t-?tini.iiial of publicoonfldsno* and appr' !*tloa. Heeoin <1, I bat In the can !l iatea preeentad frr tin eupport i t tha whig* <1 our flity.by Ihair oer.-ral nominating crtnmltiei? we ?.i ?..i?-g?"d men and true who bar* faithfully and aoiy lab ?re.l tb>ough pa?t y?ar* of depraaeioti an i < '-a lerfor the whig cauM, and who bare tiiu* a |uir i ai'in tip o in f .r our nthu?la-ttc and i d r.:i,i aupport in th? preeent ?ontint?cla m* which ?e an to Mtkaoaiedga, and tball rejo.oa fully to kniior Ite'olri'd That 111- a h'ir? '1 S i * 1 ork caa elect their whole city and ci ur.'y ' n If they will try and II ?hall not be ear tat It It fi?i o any ot tham fail to try i he iraolutliu* ka*it<K be?n l'?d. aera linn put by tba ( hair and adopted urat-itu 'tiely Mr Ih.Tin tben cantM tor* ard amid lond cheer* andaddre aedther. ee n g He eat I hat n? man canH contemplate tueh a ga11 mi u wi?hrnt having fueling! of old Me< aiatloa* n ' id ? itltln blm. V "U nam emd lWr T now ratified hy i n- .iian.-nini* rote the rep >rt? and nnn.ii ti. i.- ' t ' c.iore, u?, an.l ?> wcii 1 * ? if ere, . ? a- a ' in' f mi iii iljh political importance a* tk>? ?a-, r " b in the city and MUM i,1 >ew \ i rk It th- Or t time In tha hl'-ttry ol thia eo^Btry alien ?h r->!aii?te nf pnwer. b it.h In th? city. In ll.e Umim ar il lu n - g netal gorernment, In tha band! of the whig* We had a wbig Uotemor a whig A gyor a whig I reHi! nt art ry drpa rmentwf th? fi.vertimeat wa< n- w ?big iff. i'hayer than precaed n, ,i. h war i*i h t. ep^.-nl in the wnig* prw aant to tupport Uia aaaua, aad nal la let, by Uaatl E NE M< apathy or neglect, the locofooo* again assume the power wnioh had now, at last, after twenty-Ave years of misrule. dropped from their hands. He called upon tha mechanic to consider his interest, the merchant to consider his. and not to plunge themselvaa again in tha dibtrrsres of past misrule and bad policy, by refusing to ooma to the polls Mr T. then want on to oritioiia. in a powerful strain of argument, the constitution of tha Albany regenoy, and the spirit and not a resulting from its misrule; and compared the locofooo party, when In power, to a tree planted on tha top of a mountain, which was now cut down, and scattered abroad and withared. He appealed to the whlgs not to suffer it ta revive again and re assume its former fatal pawer and ascendancy. Mr T then referred with severe and cutting sarcasm to the bunker and barnburner dissen*i?n and showed that th? ebjeot ot their union was to wrest tha nnvfr frnm th? whim fritm merit arnTMllinir aad Belfleh ; motives of personal benefit and advantage. He oom| pared their union to a meeting of l'haii?ees and Sadducees together; bat ?aid that the question of tbe resur i rection was not settled between tborn, and bu bop?d that the whigs would never suffer the resurrection of j the locofoco misrule to take place Mr Thayer, at the conclusion of a speech tilled with rich metaphor, biting { saica.-m. and vehement exhortation to union, energy, and concerted action, after pasting a brief but happy j compliment upon tba uames so admirably selected for tbe hufliages of the wbigs at this election, sat down amid load, continued and entbusiastio cheering .4s we came out of tbe meeting, into tbe street, we found ( ra?tus Brooks. Ksq . mounted on the para, and addressing a crowd gathered round, with much warmth and animation The burden of his remark* whlnh we heard, was tbe necessity < I uul>u and haim >ay am >ng the whig*. A vary re-pectable orowd gathered reund Mr brooks, and listened te him very quietly and attentively. Mr Ullman was the next speaker?Fellow-citizens, I aaid be, I am toduced to answer the call which you have made upon ma. beoause 1 have discovered an | omission, which, by your kind indulgence, 1 will endeaI vor to supply i find that, in the proceeding* this evening, n? notice has been taken of an event which I oannut but consider one of deep interest to tbe people of tbe I nited Slates. 1 refer to the return of Henry I Clay to tbe I 'nitid States Senate. (Vociferous cheering, whlab lasted for some minutes ) V oicB? Three cheers tor lieury Clay ! Hurrah ' hurrah! hurrah! Three more. Hurrah' hurrah' hurrah! and considerable waving of canea and tiles. I can't but consider it an event of deep lnteiest to the people of the I'nited States, that Henry Clay W about to return to tbe scene of bis iormer triumphs? tbe held of his former glory (Applause ) I bold in my hand a reeolutiou. which I know will receive au enthusiastic response from this vast assemblage; and I i design, by offering it. to show to tbe Illustrious statesman of the West, (bat our appreciation of bis character, our gfatltude for his services, and our leva for his person (enthusiastic applause) are as deep, as warm, and as omnipresent, as they ever were (applause); and that we atill hold him, as wa have ever held bim en sbrined in the inmost temple of onr hearts (Applause, and waving of hats ) The resolution is as follows: ? Kesolved, That we but echo tbe voioe of tbe people of this great eity, when we hail with gratitude and joy tbe return of the hero patriot and sage, Henry Clay, tbe great national statesman, to the Senate of the United States, so long illuminated by his genius and so Often guided by bis wisdom. (Ureal applause ) I love to pronounce the came of Henry Clay. (So do I; so ilo 1.) They are words of power; .they touch a chord that vibrates through millions of hearts, and I bail with i delight tbe hour when we oan again Dave the familiar ounds of that trumpet-tongued voice, summoning tba whig boats to battle. (Applause ) We shall see him again take bis place at the bead of our ranks, aud I feel i convinced that the administration at Washiagten will rejoice to lean on his great arm (Applause ) 1 desire to see whig principles take their appropriate prominence one* more, fcvents may. for a moment, have thrown tbem in the back ground. The excitement of foreign wars?the famine In Kurope-the revolutions in j Knrope may have so occupied the publie mind, that we have not thought to expound or to agitate them; but tboseextraordinary events having now spent their I force. I trust that we shall fall back on the old, honest and old-fashioned platform. (Applause.) There is no -.1 -I .! ,? I.. . V... _l,l? ! nlK? """H f?V -salvation fcir the American nation, but in the supremacy of whig principles. Voice? J hat's a faot (Laughter ) And tiuiiie on tbe niau who dares to iw?y. more flippantly than wisely that whig principles are obsolete, or that tbi lr day is j act Such suggestion* oonx from enemies. hut never irom the lip? ot frieud* They are ' but arrows ntoUn fioin the quiver of the enemy, aud w? , should hurl ih?w back with the indignation which they deferve. (Applause) if it were not too late I | should refer to some of thos* principles ((io on. go on,) which they declare aie bsolete, but I trust I nhall ore tbeni Inscribed < n i?r btiueri It an economical and juf t administration of the national government an obl sol?te princlplh' Voice?No, no No, it ia not lathe restraining of executive power and the oonfinlng within their conatitutional limits tb? several branches of the government, an obsolete prin' eiple? i Voice?No. no, it ia not 1 he improvement ot our gre*t rivers, the makingand Improving of lake harbor*, have always been whlij measure* 1 would ask this great a-?en>blage, if tha storms of our great inland sea* nave loat their power t? wreck our ships, or to de?troy the lives of our seamen' | I would ask whether our vast internal commerce, which already ritals our foreign which, when driven bj storms, seeks aalety in <<ur harbors, aud tinds then Illlnl with ?aud aud other obatructiona. In con ri{U<nce of tbe vetoea of Jama* K. I'olk?I would | Mk it our gnat national utr public land* the ri?k?tl liilidltuoi nbich any people ever had? I ould auk It the policy ot the whig* on thane aubject* I* an <>b? Irtc principle 1 or whether we ahall Kick bj | the policy of lleorj < lay In tho.-e matters ' (itreat ap plau*e ) 1* protect!, u to American indurtry au ub<? let* principle ? (Voice-No) I w.uld a*k whetbe: the aogar plantation* of Lculalaaa became *tarlle whether all our woollen uiauufactortea hare been da ' rtroyed- whether the mine* 0t ivnni>vlvaala and ottaei State* have bet n exliauated of all their pnxlucta f An the hard hand* of American luduatry contending agalnet the pauper labor of t.urope ? Kara tbena, too b*ci aie oba<4ete T ot all the object* which an enllght eard rtate?uian cau hare in view, the protection o labor rb' uld be the but and greateat Labor I* tlx creator cf all wealth; aud how ahall our America I labor flauulng on altogether a different footing Iron that of the labor cf I- urope be protected If the h*Uu clnationn of Mr M alker. In the tariff of IMrt, continue to govern tbl* land ? I* tbe aeifevldent truth ot ha n.an freedom, a* declared in the Declaration of Inde fetid? are the racred charter ol our libertle* - I* that too, oki alete T Hbtl if It haa been lately abandouet and deaerted bv thoea who aet themaelvea up aa lt? ei dative guaidiaua I a>k a here th* great principle oi the n>n i xti ntlcn of alavery thail tlnd advocate* li ' the land If not in the rank* and within the circle o the whig ) a: ly ' Lit u? hot then for a moment enter tain the thought that thoea principle* have b??omi t bfoi< t?, tratipled on a* they may be to day. but to morrow tbey will nae up and flouriah They havi atrack deep thnr roota in tbe American aoll, tbeli branched will grow up and etpand and Houriab. unti they overrpreati and bleaa the land. >;r I li aiaa here rat do* n amid great applau**. Hon Ltinia ll? ?ui*h then took the ijueatiou oc Mr I iiu.an a re*? lutlou concerning \ir. May'a returi lOIlie MStu aou 11 we* MHi'ii umoiuuumj 1 htee cheer* fur H? ?r> I lay waru thm propojed, an enlbnrlartlcally ?i??n < all* f..r Haj mond I'omllnaon, Kobin?on and ?ther*. thm *?r? niadr. tut none of thou geuliemeDt bain( promt, Nir WoitNiniTtfi Homukr wa* Introduced to tb< meeting He ?poke a* follow* ? Krlend* and fellow el HMM it If Iim pleasure form* lO IMH klMl yi u tkti* enu It I* only a ftellOK "I r-tSr-t Ilia I bate, that the g?utli men wh' iu you hare railed upm to aildrer* you ha?' not tb* opportunity of belu* plao ed Id tbe proud and h' the Hut time, bumble po*lt|oi wblrh I h' ld tn tb< whig party It In rufllnlaut to b? known era whig tut It I* proud to be kno*? Id th< attempt to lurtroot. and to ranee you t ? remember tb? pr?ud p%>?it|on iliat we M> often 1n timer of lir.piHtanci ere apt to ntglet t ai d that I* the tremendou* powei and b?nefitr of the eWti*e fraoaUe. Van r- V hat the d>-ill 1 ,e- b? mean * ( ei.tlioim an appfal ml^ht he oiade to yon at tlmai ' On national ciiitiderailoiii and that they a re ItkMll ed but b< rau>e matter* ol m ire immediate Impnrtauci t yon connected with your pocket* and wuh youi po?'.ti' n? an bead* oi fauiilio*. would I make an ap I* hI to joii i w< ulii a-k you to tnke care of tbi admin *iiktion of <*ener?| Taylor. whlnft li*? heeu *i c*lum nlon*ly iltupera'ed on nil aide* I wtuld * I you to l< ok to yi ur tftnte, and I would even It-are th< j State with ynu and w< nId come down to the county act) would ti II you where yiu ran p.lut out to in< i where the princlpli of interert could be ??. [Heri tb* reporter li el a lew word" ] Is c?i r. and if oemr n< other a< n?an ut n*> d b? u?< a now. \ ou bare relltlet ail the n> n<tiiat|i nr *.id it la but left lor you to com pleta thi IlKIMln by pouring to the p >11 I and (tl*l<oging U<* oi alitlon If erer a bare plei I j war ma<l> it e>?r a o*ie lenuioiatlon ol noble prio clpie* war eahthtfed bv any parly it hat btieo b/ini I ro-raPrd (> f??e la'ir | arM trf Ne t > i rk l et ur uiur i der thir roall I' ti I i t it navel be burled Letlbeln Ktillone eud rmft) ti rp<-n t warm in the boaom or lb I liunket* if ?) raid wh' u We caute hart to ni|fh .. a< rl ould at ten pt to UiUidei ttie rutldii u. but let It alone It will ii'iitd*r ltr If V\ III tlia* l?t <h" vltiany Kegel* cy reign again will tliey rt?p tfce great improvement I which uphold lb" city will they dam the rtream o reman tee will thi j atu lopt t" d - i I tlnr. ?ud j u al low ihi ui t? no on ' < ItU' im ot - > w ^ ork. you fcu>? your duty heiter \?uknoatt*t m >o?e.nb>r next when you lay ti e f< uiidatlori I tt the election in l*ai It U known you hare It in your power to ray wh. the I (he whig par y rliall Maud lor rtftein yearn t< ron e Mecure ]>aw > i rk, ai d yon rhow the mora ' lallmaca <f the piople it i pporwd to p i.lticai cut riiptlon l.n<>e It nr>w an I that political oorrup tl<n ha* (allied power arnl the cbannela tor appeal I to the woirt. p?r?lonn of human iiatma are open i Then ywn will reioemhar you bate not lirtaned ti I th> hoDible wotdti'f an ban b e wbl|| i |Mm> at in*. Raroarra Vhe abora apaaeh I* ra I potted accurately and tetta'tin If It dowe hoc read a rmiotbiya> iv n i*ht or if It I* ni t quite a-t per<pi i cm u- a- it mlttht h< tbe fault liar not with hlin.j r W tea the la>t orator rat down tha call* for .Mr l I'ajm rd wera renewed trim dllferewt part* of th i hall but that gentleman not app< aritig. i On auotlon the meeting adjourned aad the Keren i teenth ward whig* who l ad marched to the HruaJwa; Home, went home In proce-?t n. with band* playing flag* and liaiiaere flying and the fcoy*" la ec*'a?lea r i'uriuf tha time that th* above proceeding* van W YC DRNING EDITION?T1IURS going on, a meeting ?u organized in the back room, t which Jan. L> Oliver was chairman, and (ierard Stuyvesant and Samuel H l'einott were view chairmen ; Kraft uh Brooke l F Wadsworth, Horaeo Greeley, and B II Rcnaine, were the speakers Another meeting was organized in the street, at whkh MarouH I). Berrich presided, and Krartui Brooks and Horace Greeley (poke Taking the whole assemblage, it wat very large and enthusiast!*. City Intelligence. Mu?ic bv tclkurarh.?We had the pleasure, this evening, of listening to the transmission of musio by telegraph, over the wires from Boston to New York. We happened to be in the otUes. No 6 Hanover street, in this ?lty, when there was a pause in business opera tlcne J;r. W. Porter, a young but akllful operator in tho Boston < flion axked us what tune we would have' We replied "Yankee Doodle;" mil to our surprise, be iir me diately complied with our request The instrument commenced drumming tbe notes of tha t una aspirfectly and as distinctly as a skilful drummer cculd bate made them at the head of a regiment, and many will be astonished to hear that" Vauicee i)ooJle" can travel by lightning We then oalisd for "Hull. Cilumbld," when the notes ot that national air were distinctly beat off We then usked for - Auld (*Bg Sine." (he notes or sounds of which were also transmitted A friend called for " Old Dan Tucker " when Mr. Porter ai*o s-nt that tune, and, if anything. In a mere pel feet manner tbau the others. 80 perfectly and 1 distinctly were (he sounds of these tunes transmitted, 1 that good instrumental performers could have had no difficulty In keeping time with tbe Instrument at this I end it the wires. This is one of many telegraphic no- 1 veities I IftTkNsE Coin?So inteuse was the cold, yesterday. J tbat it was keenly tilt even threugh the thick folds of an overcoat, aud the fuel in the stoves and grate.-, was increased in every house. During one part of tbe day, theie whs art rally a slight sprinkling of ?now dying about in thin tlakea. Sah.inu of the Niaoapa.?The steamship Niagara took h< r dapartuie yesterday, with fourteen passengers ar.d i 137 'Jl* in specie. Only one engine is to be used as her motive power Fashionallk Intki i.h.knik?On Jit about town, that Auguste Belmont. hs<j , tbe Hgent of the Rothschilds, was married yesterday, to a daughter of Commodore Teriy. of the I uited States N?vy ' The Two Dhomios There are two Aldermen Keliys in tbe Common rouucil. aud it would seam from the Cuurn r and JChi/iiirn . that. owing to recent transactions. 1 1 ne at least of thasegentlemen I* apprehensive of being confounded with tbe other Another whig paper says th? y are both alarmed at tbe probability of such a mis- I take aud It takes great pains to distinguish between ! then). Both geutleinen are of lush descent, and both cultivate the suffrages of the Iri-h One of them however is a demacrat (tbat is Patrick), and the other is a whig (tbat is James); and tbe Courier adds that he is a genuine old l lay whig One would think thera was ] sufficient distinction here But there is more yet to come Jam* sis a baker, and Alderman for the i|ui?t Second waid: wbila Patrick is a spirit dealer, aud Alderman for the lighting Sixth h urthermoio James Is Pr?s!dent of tbe Hoard . f Aldermen, whereas I'ataick Is | only a plain member of the body, without any o'.her adjunct or prefix lastly, James is a member of the Board tf Health and ' bairman of tbe Sanitary Com* ! mittee. I'atiick does not belong totb*t body; James was candidate tor the nomination for Sheriff. Patrick was j j not; James retires lrom the < ommou Council and will not consent to be put in nomination; Patrick is a candidate tor re election a- UU-roian of tbe Sixth ward : in opposition to the Brennaus ard the Footes Not- ! wltbstandipg all these differences. It seems tbat both I 1 gentb mt n are so famous tbat one is in danger of being 1 mistaken tor the other when tbe newspapers curtly 1 speak of either as Alderman Kelly;'1 and. like the j Dremio of .Syracuse and tbe Dromioot Kphe?us. immortalized by Sbakspeare. in his "Comedy of Krror?,'? the Mistakes are sometimes highly amusing Tiiavii. os thk Ilunson.?The cars on the Hudson . River Kailroad will hereafter start from the corner of [ Canal ai.d Hudson streets, to whigh poiut tbe city > track hah been completed, aud will run to Peeksklll, i i an beret< fme. t' connect wltb tb" boat tor I'ougliRe ;paie See adveriiM-meut In anotbvr column. A Daor too Mix h ?On Tunadity evening. a woman of respectable appeaiauce ami deccnt garb, I.-ll luto the band* of the police of the lat ward. uuder extraordibar; olrtumrtaucef She wan ab olutely tipaey in the ti eetr and tb'y took her In obarge. She lived up town, and had b>m *pending tb? evening with aome friend*. *>b?. uui* r?ui.att>'j p*ri>uaded her to take more i liquor n it In a diluted r-tute. than che ought. In order to dr<>?n grief fi r tbe lo?? of her bufhanil, who lately i went to < alitornla 80 full ol rrin<>rn> wa< abe next mcrulig tbat ahe wai aahutned to leuTa the utatlon 1 bouae aad wanted a raxor to nut her throat, or aoine i other luatiument of deatructlmi to tal>? away her life ' i UriTii at llcmuaahang or iiik Luk.i ?The Coroner, . I j< >t< ida? held an iD(|Hrrt at No 27W I'earl atr?et on 1 tbe b< dj 1 I \\ illiam <>?odwln. aged 42 year* burn In Scotland who came to bla death by hemorrhage of tha 1 lunpa. 'l'he dectaaad it lenuf. kept a boarding houaa , at tbe abova number and for aon>e tijie p?*t haa b*en labeling iiDd< r an after 11 ou ?f the lunit* ; yesterday be ?ac pre|ftilng to go to New Orlean* f.>r the benefit 1 I of bin health ami while on the dork, be wan taken Middrnly with a aevere bleeding at the I antra. ' and xuiiud a larg> >|uantliy. A carriage wn aeot for, [ and tbe d?ree-ed placed therein but <> arriving at bla refid? nee he waa found to b? dead Verdict Mouril5 lbfly. , Si >>i>?.m \bcct aevea o'clock thla morning, Mr Yt illiam <>oodwm 111 going from bia reaidenoti. No I 17B P?arl tnet to tbe f *> . of Maiden lane, burat m bltod tenael |ie waa plac'd In a carriage and taken I home. here be died In a few ininnte*. lie baa been unwtll for aome time paat. r ll??? i tv ?kom t)??!M - Lvt "Tt-ninn about hair paat C o'clock rawfotd. bt log tn a ttata of Intoxication f*U Into tb* rirar at tb* foot of Wall atrrat and only aicpad ??t*r; urate by thr axertlonn of polle* 1 cftieiri Vrl att; aiid II lark of tb* lft ward, who can* to bl- rcrru* anil conrayad blm to th* (> tali on house of Mk Comii \ caterday, the ra111 wtui* of Mr (iwortt* W Cornell. who wai recently drowiird at llarieu Inland upon a ll-hln* *xcur?lon. Ware luteticd. the bml) liaiii?t< bfti r*ci.T*ri-d two day* ICO It wai KUIilrj^'i to l>l?< uwood Cemetery, Ironi i bi* r?ald*oe*. 1W7 Allen ?tre*t. at 3 o'clock, acecm|Hiil?(J by th* ti i?*tnin unit relative* of Ilia dereaaed. tb* >hmnic and Odd }?)low l.odire* of which he wan a tpt-mbt r. ai>d by two cnn| anwa of tb? 9tb regiment, to w.iieh I ? b*lro**4 The f>ror*a?ion wai an latum** one a oil included numerous reapectabl* ri iu-ok TAROKT KXCtfUIOM. Tb* Independent Anwimoh imard, of Jarti-y city, rniin aml> >1 li> \ II. < iimming* proceeded yn*ter! day o Niciint .Nurrv <n a target eicurilon. Tiey lino b< ri d tbirty-lli* nm*ket* and looked well 'lb* krontler <>uard. ? apt. lohn Sh*t?- pawed tba I fhcn yealerday, on tbflr return Iroa target practice The irniBf V<eh?iiic? Guard alao panm d and bore : th<luaaWea Ilka aoldlarp. I _ I!itMikiy city lnulllntnr^ | Ki?n I W|tl I ik ii ?'u 1 vi m ot iltta **o T? a1 mom //?</- ?i f'<?/.? \ ii'DM named Mary Krtal ?at brought Into cuirt htiliin turn taken out ol jail (' a writ ot l.ah.,n mi/,,i 4n application ?a? made tor bar ill chart1 . on tt? mound ot th* Informality ot tli* n n.nit'n i i.i The ' un granted tba order j Thr h't) lr rt Jo ? Varj rntn I III* e?'? I* I till CO It In' occupied tha attention of tba ,Nr? \ ork and Brooklyn c urt?. In nm.* abape or other. for a y*rto4 of rearly flr %a> r? ri>pr*-*at indictment 1? found j ayhtnM tha o ! > dant for ?ub >rnatl"n of perjury in I>a\iiif t>jr 11)0 hnil ii iixvmc ].?r'Uh'|>-.i una *? Mil ? > tiikrio afl. 1) ?it <>l p?r-wml Kfflct of notlec " ttp< n Vrn ? arjrM-r who thin r"ld?<J at lb* b >iih of .Ifhv I'mu tt at Hr-nth H. mi'*'. a<t Mr? t; flr?t com1 ibMiridmi knliimM iHHirfcitilmt n*rliiiii)Miii| which *? bi- ryki in ibiNuiiriumi nutliillburlijul N York 1 TM? Mil' b?i t> Ii |>hl)lt|| MrrMMr ID mhiih him;,.. or ' filter rt? i i' i 1:1 I MtpgM that M MMMlll * Mri tjlllll I n Vlft hi nh. iii I|M km tlum and that k<-ga** r |U i hi niilloi <-f ih* m?iih- through ' thl-unii thrill ill I I> lltr* <F|?i(rd flull th? til; r J ll rn < ri)*t*ra iif IM? ?n>1 th? wlla falling ?o app-ar, h?-r drfault wa* i nur <1. and tha dlmrra grant"! * i|ifii? k?? niifii twin indi-inl hi ?>mr ?>ttlnit a*lda 1 tlf illrotri opr. ttin Militant n| *,ra arp?nur da|i> ?ir g t ha' > t * l ad ti*ad im i.ntlra, tx-iioa th-in * d.i In . nr . i nih 'faii'n 'I lt?- oa?a war nut e ncludrd ' | hi tb?- a<tji nr litiU'iit i t I1. court ! liui iii l.:in.b?r? hff.in Hon Johniiri-i-n j ?M?l llm id /??i liVrnrrr 4'' r? /?*'? II Ikiyton , An appli.a'l u ??? ma-ia t - thia curt tinder th? , chI? tm at ordar < n,all.tig thr attai.dauaa <if thi* tlafanoai.t to ar-wi>r i "i,e ruU.u hi* property a jude I mil l I a?irg I u ImiI) i | almd Bgalii t him ru? , ( ourt niati'i il tl rl-r ? II iM.i.ru i< t i> ax i.a - rMg floa arlll.rj ?tmi any mad1 an urui ion to f ft?t Niw tnib ;wlnila), f?r IM pVpi r? It i-ipar'.DiPDtil'ft Up?l lu?UiiU d plrtol piaa.ic*. a I lirj nui.ihi i <! tniui tot 11 luruiliviM, and ut.it a a titj lhij/<"irii a i'l-armn l<otik Ii > out 1'airli Jivi> Oiiiimn (rititi I ?( * \ on will aotifar a fh?nr > . Ili?- tax |.%??ra, hy In' rm In? ItirWi t'? ti-??"U uIiv ttor pn??ni II afu of Nuii?r ' ?ti m lian not p!ac d ii>* ta.? o-?? in tin i.-tiil< l ' ill r?t" 'ii it tai? I 'n l?? rnj i'f? * I it Ui t? bi

' Iii l?(l t> i>r hi ti>ri-ihi-?'/>ih oi mt*r " Karat hi on . til i if m ^n i <>?ii<')ii into >kiia?agia?i iliat lh?? ir?- no1. In h? |?r>pi<- ku li-in m.ioti iii?j ara to lm amu' I i in inti rnu'il hy ym>0 tt "iity, I fint it will ' ?i r iy i ~ t ?? 11 . f'l i,ii 1. . i,, thill/ wl! be h a'il hi' ot II r P lt'iT iiui'l ki rr tii?- iIkIiM, f Jm i.irtli i I In' ii i i . u .i i i."n i , li v) tl < tax ii f i > r I V tltii r- I' hjt ' i - ri'<(Ui<v?t* I" J tolnj it' w lit R im t,,, a i| i, a|.)inii thf propart; * that ii IHifchllJ l-'Hf t r n.il. In i >rl ' am rilaticr aith law* l l.ar* aia irrliw qurilMiiii l?>iilrlu< i"lllloo? at <1 t! r i-tili lr o-klit to In tniu?|i>>d-i twtbatacta I * am wing, at >1 ni'.ra al?ai? ' > i aiol u( ""i i-'l 'ii> p'lttj hut I rr avi a h?a?) la i?j?f aid Mluot * iffi't ili||*MtlliJ poll) *ln 'ill nO' nritiimpin droairr tb? HX PAVKUS Api>aliilMi?iit iij ? ?? I'rraMi ntt V'r iiiiiii ia inn that i oi iamra t> limi'li wan i_ ai j?i .t ti d, ' fi atnriiaj la*t Mil* m4 llnflnnr >1 u? , l I ||?ot< }lil u.t. i-or lUntian n r ? 1 " T i" "I I t llr ' hull, ?.i nb ' rri-il by tho i>lt|f liui.! linLiri'Bd la III Cm irifin rairn of I H? lata " t??'l<l'?t I Ik Hw?'iif?aiit rliai?"t?r w?i >u,i1'indtd ua tl.at da/ IRK 1 >DAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1841 Preparations lor a Rupture with Kngland on the Slosqulto tiucsUoii. [Krom the Philadelphia North Amerioau and Qaiette, (Mr. ( lujton'n o*ii paper,) Got. 30.] '1 UK NICARAGUA yUESTION. It 18 a lung lane that has uo turning; and Great Br.lain, the proud and rapacious, who lias made it, in a manner, her boast that, in tier march of power she never yielded a point or surrendered a pretention. has at length? h.ippy fruit of her own overcunning?reached that solid barrier of an impassable stone wall, from which, even if for the first time, a retreat is inevitable. She finds this difficulty in the lilile State of Nicaragua, which she had contrived a wondf rlully liigeuious plau to get within her gra.-p?and, with it, that talisman of a woild's wealth and jxiwer hereafter?the key and great gate of the Pacific?the most available?and iwrhaps the only uvailable?route for a ship canal between the two oceans: und the obstacle appears in the hhape of the United States, which, with equal right and superior interest, and justice and humanity to hack them, are there before her, resolved, and, what is harder, from the very force of things, compelled to make that opposition, in the face of winch Ilii- nroiect collaoKt'M. and tht* whole Ai'lirinn of ambition must be ubandotied. If iulit and reason, common justice, common sense, ana common decency, in liiis controversy, are all arrayed against the pretentions of Great Britain; and fate itself conspires against her, since, in the prevailing condition of things in Europe and in tier colonies, it is utterly impossible she bliould ever think of maintaining them by arms. There is more British honor staked upon the preservation of Canada than the acquisition of Nicaragua; and the American 'rade and tarill of l.tHi, in immediate valut? or necessity?would weigh down all the prospective advantages of the South Sea Canal. Yet the real origin of thi? difficulty, as well as of Hie whtile disreputable ministerial scheme of the Mosquito 1'rotectorate, is a natural rivalry, last threatening to become a conflict of interests in that quarter, between Great Britain and the United States. The commerce and future empire of the Pacific Ocean are the prizes. It is snly the republic and the old parent monarchy which can be competitors lor them. The Asiatic and Australasiatic ssions (I Ku^land ou the West, and the presence of the United states, in Oregon and California, or the Last, place them in a natural antaL'oniMii to each other, and the question of final sujieriority depends upon that of the occupation und control of the Isthmus routes of inter-coinmuniea- 1 tion. The London JVews is right in declaring that , there is a greater interest at stake than that in\olvt d beiwt en the Mosquitos and Nicaraguans ; but it is w rong iu inleriing?for it seems to infer? , nu equality of interest on the part of Great Britain und the United States. It may be necessary to Britith ciiwmerce to claim possession of the Nicaraguan Isthmus; but a commanding |>osition there for the United States in apolitical necessity?it is eteeutial to the security of Oregon and California, and, therefore, to the integrity ot the Union. This is a fact which cannot now be hidden from the meanest intellect. In tlm course of tim**, we shall lia\e a lailioad binding to<j< ther the valley of the Mississippi and the far-oil'western slopes of the Sierra Nevada; but in the meanwhile, the Union is cut in two by the vast deser. of the prairies and Ki cky Mountains, and the link that connects the 111 is in Central America. That link cannot palely be |>ermitted to be in the hands or under the rule ol <treat Britain. In view of this great and never to be forgotten fact, it is a most fortunate thing lor us th*t our claim is a far juster and stronger one than that of ? ur rival. We already occupy the vantage ground, > and occupy it lairly uud honorably. The argument si;d fa justice ar<- both with us. Afl>-r all ihe line devices and the bold aggressions of the l.ni'lish at the exix-use of Nicaragua?after all the tiouble taken by them iu building no the pigeant of u Mosquito kinvdom, and the violence done, and ilie blowd rlied bv them, in seizing the port of San Juan, it is satisfactory to remember tnat a more unfounded and untenable claim was never set up than that bow asserted, and that it caanot stand for one moment before the Herious apposition of the l ulled Stairs. The British lournal* mav areue? British functionariea in Nicaragua may'talk like lionum proconsul*?a British consular agent in Nrw York may write r**. under instructions, avowu.g the invalidity of grunt* from the Htate of Nicaragua to Americau citizens?and even a llritith Minister lor foreign All airs may proclaim the rights of the Mot?|Utto chief and the duty of Kngland to protect him in their enjoyment ; but all la still a hollow farce; the house ol policy is a house ot cards ; and the moment truth comes to the investigation, it is found thdt there is no right?no | claim?no duty there, on the part of Kngland, ad| verse to the title ol Nicaragua, and that Kngland S has no ground whatever to stand upon, except the 1 Orvlum fiUmm of her own imperious will. All tills our readers may understand from the 1 following siini le pro|K>kitions, which we now lay | down, intending to sustuin them, or rather make j the truth itseli sustain tlieni; for each one in: volves a fact which neither can be disguised nor denied. One cannot read them without being struck with ihf amaxlAg injustice and ellrontery ut wrong, ?t which the government of Kngland is guilty in pursuing her game ol the Motquito King, kt the exix-nse ot it poor feeble State like thai ol Nicaragua, utterly incapable ot resisting lier (town or r< renting her tyranny. When would ?he huve dreamed orpliiylng hucIi autime at the expense of a powerful nation T The following are the positions:? 1st Great Britain has no right or claims of her own in Nicaragua, or to the navigation <tf the ban i ri > ?i vSvii* 2d. She does not asaert, and never h*s asserted, tin) such rights or tiairne of her own; ail that ahe DMftli is ihe alu ge<| rights and claims of tile socall< d, Kins ol Mosquito :Jd The Kin|{ of Mosquito has no rights or claima ot Ins own, aa above. 4th lie does not assert, and never has isaerteJ, any *uch rights or claima. 6th. (treat Britain hi a no right, whether aa a protector, or otherwise, to assert such rights and claima in his behalf, if they even exited filh Ali the rt((ht and title in th? Nicaragua soil fer.d the port, river, and navigation oi the San Juan, are in the State ot Nicaragua alone, and her ginfit it. a gord aiiu valid we against the world. Thesa positions we shall take up and examine in detail, quite SHtiftied that every one of tlieni will he found a declaration of plain aud naked tacts. W? know that they cannot he questioned by Kngl.iikI with Hb) ti nth or decency In the menuMliiie, aa oui aincle is already riitlii lently long, we iiavc thi in awhile lor the consideration of our readers. |yrui the N?? York i oarler It Knqnlrsr, Oct V< ] Tmk Mo?t(triTii qtruTION. There is ho j.arl ot ihe globe iu which we can | look for s proceeding similar to that ot the l.nifI it-li go* i innn nt to ward* the Mosquito rhief, except in Hntirti India. There, the civilized world ha*seen l,nglaiid exhibit a system ot rapacity and ! feint' rial eboi|Mion Mich aa'has been well calcu* i Inteji in be lie every pretention to hone?ty, Iihiiiii nity and fairness, ever put forward by her people in b* halt of th< ir governn ent There, we have ae? n one native i liief alter another deponed, and entire ktl'iif) rus m allow rd Mu and ab?nrbed, until nearly (I whole i t ihe bast has be? n stolen from its legitimate masters, and annexed 11 the Hri'ish I cmiwii There, the very worst ipecie* of slavery, and the biotl di ^lading and d> moralizing despotism, have Ik en practlt ally introduced and fowtered; wiiile, in W' si.1 it Kuiope, this same Kiaautic power has p i-ter.ded to rebuke African slavery i i i America, ar<d been loud-mouthrd in berpro KrN< i. 01 i ' < rry awn |>niihn(nr?>i>y And how his* h!! thbrtn acromplia'ird ? How, j ? xc ft ut?<!?r ibf ?|irrn?i?? |,|rn ot "iiroHftioo1' to ihr mittv cliielat Nu?'h " inotrctHui" ?c the vulturr givra to tlir dot* ?n h ^inin iiii.i aa i'.imUiiiJ iii'V i tii fU r , I f | !r?'^i j tii ) it !<i in ilif Muw|iiilo (yhit-l? ii 4 *ui;h "|?fi'teil:"n hi aln will havr a tight tn < t.i r it- rn i> In ill it i'Iiu'I * iilnu our own nrrltory, if tu ?ovtmmmt vt the Untied i nif aulmiit i?- la- r I'f-iioatproiia cUnm 10 mt-rii lnu i- ti|'in Ihi* coi,'mini. Ii in f^li to my tin,! no int* Intent mm in lha I nitre' hum wimi tc-iMj iIip Imc of crowning a ifm k?lij | * <1. dru ilwiii iiffro boy, by Kritiah ni?it.oilt)', wiiinn the K'iM riimriit of Nicaragua, and Hi di.-^rao ?ui ai.il ncpivua t>n^t i.-i i>k ?? nrgro *n ifki?, ivlio end not prrt'Rd even to a know- | irc'j f i?t ( hnstiatiit} in crilf-t ihiit it rtuglit Ihi eart | Mini ihry tu.4 ?-??ori) nlirniiiuir 10 ih? tool ? Great l*? if a Hi, MCroMUhi: In |i> , i..rrptatiiHi ol (Jhrialia* II'gi il'Cr, wl.n 1I1J mm (Irmly iiik) -rhlMinl that . In nholi* i l!?ii w?h mi impudent and aitdaciooa ' ire? ? m ii 'rriuklf jiir^l"- |iit tip undi'r ihf hup- , l#.i?? i. H' I'.iiiuh t< >?ri nvnt, wuh no othif ' ihiioly vnw hui lo rnxnuftcur" 11 claim t?? tniM'iuj in akirh wHI kn< w ihr li.?ii not ilie Imdow of h ti'> I v> mti iii?? nt .-laf amna ia > I iiio|i ,ii.d Atiirnn. w! lixkid ii|i?>n thr farcr. n-d in wi'li r>t 'Ji.-inct, nnd knew iif well hi it it hi i! hfi ti jiii'- icly prorlnimcd by the Hriti?h i t' \f i? nn hi, ihut 'hit- wms only .iu rn'Tiii* ? age ?< tin mti ii. mo j.lrt) i>d ihia t ontiueM ihr nirgiao | n1, dim |>b(abi<*, and rubbrr gimf, which eh* ha* ii> h>m? mid M tiiitinli>l) |it*.-ti??*-0 n lint-ill ladia, in ofwn drliajsce of pyrjr Christian prec?'|it [ERA d. and Christian principle which she pre tends to practice and regard in her intercourae with European nations llow far our government waa censurable for not promptly apprising the government ef Great Hriiain that we saw through her designs, and ahould certainly thwart them, we will not now atop to enquire. Certain it ie, however, that had the present executive been at the head of affairs, no t>uch attempt to obtain a foothold upon thia continent would nave been suffered, without prompt notice of a determinnation to defeat its success. Very |>ossibly, the administration in power at the time deemed the notice given by Mr. Monroe, thirty years ago, in relation to the interference of Knro|>eaii powers witti the affairs ot this continent, uuite sufficient, until tmch times as direct intert. -i u :f... ir i.j .. ,i ir Idler bliouiu iiituiiircu iiorn xxuu o\t it naHut most assuredly the administration of Mr. Polk wh8 exceedingly censurable when it |*>rniitted England to interfere with the government of Nicaragua, under the plea of Bivinj; " protection" to one of its negro or native chiefs. But be this as it may, there can be but one opinion among patriotic and intelligent Americans, in regard to the absolute necessity at this time of teaching England and the world that any and tvery attempt to play upon this continent the infamous game of territorial absorption so successfully practised in liritish India, will be promptly resist* tf, at the hazard of war if necessary, with the combined powers of Europe. The tune has arrived when we must put in practice the theory of non-inteiference by European powers; and we not only rejoice that this question shoulu be brought to an issue with such n man as Zachary Taylor at the head of affairs, but we rejoice that the question antes upon so bald a pretence as that of " protection" by the liritish government to a chief living under tlie jurisdiction and owing al'egiauce to the Nicaru^uu government. Lord i'almerston, who is more celebrated for his hardihood in giving utterance to positive and sweeping declarations, tlinn for political wigdotn or found statesmanship, hud the presumption to declare in tiie liritish 1'arliuinent Isat spring, that the Mosquito Mate had been under the protection of the British government for more than two centuries! Those who know the man, will not attribute this declaration to ignorance; while those who are familiar with liritish diplomacy will b* the last to foiget that her statesmen have ever practiced upon the principle that facts and circumstances and assertions, are n II made at one period, for the express purpose of being referred to on subsequent occasions, as arguments to sustain a bad cause. Thus. when in India the territory of a neighboring chief is required, "protection"?liritish protect ion? is offered to some disaffected subject of tfie native chief; aud a few years afterwards, this very "protection" is pointed to as evidence of a duty and a claim One year un English statesman makes as assertion in Parliament, of apparently little moment; but in a few years afterwards, that very aspersion, made with a design,and carefully treasured up, is appealed to by her diplomatists to prove a fact or sustain a position. Testimony is thus always being manufactured in advance ; and the testimony thus created for a purpose, is certain in due season, to be unscrupulously used. The crowning of the drunken negro boy as king?the baptizing of drunken negroes by a minister of the Church of England?their swearing Christian allegiance to this English puppet?and the entire farce played in the Motquiio country, under the auspices of the Jtritish government, and the protection of a liiit.sfi man-of-war, were ail lor effect,?to create tacts upon which to base a claim to the Mosquito country, aud establish a foottiold at thai point, which would ultimately enable her to control the commerce of the Pacific. And we now not only see these facts appealed to, and relied upon to establish her claim, but we see Lord Paliiieiston, in defiance of the truths of history, gravely usserting, that for more than two centuries, the Mosquno Mate has been under the protection of J-.D^IUIIU : If tins be true, what bccomei of the treaty of Yeraaillea in 17KJ, and the convention of London of 17H6, in winch the sovereignity of S|?ain to all the territory of her then American coloniea la distinctly OMwM I Surely Lord fUMMM knew ol that treaty and convention ; and as certainly lie knew and known that thi y are at war with the vtry ideaol British M|MNMkN lie know*, too, aa doe* every auieamau, that the right* of ?t|tain to all Hie term* ly ?l her (oluni<?, necei?<*rily iM.-Ked to thoM- colon ie* when they aejiarateii from her. Theae territorial right* are alwayn irrespective, and in total disregard ol, the claima and right* ot the native chief*. Neither JSjiain, Purtugnl,nor hngl.ind, e\er admitted that their territorial right* <>u this continent were in any way interfered with by the aavaae chief* who dwelt within their teintnry; and all Kun?|*> conceded tnat Mich wa* the tact. The po|>ea, at an early day. granted to the Christian discoverer the territorial right* ol all heathens dwelling upon this continent; ai.d F.lliril. SftUM and PoftSCMM piim? vny (.uicrn-tullv eMalmshed what the head ot the Chn*tian Church had decreed, und 1 n^land would haw b? cu th? last to admit (be ri:;in ot any LuroI* hii iitiwer to tr< at with, or oiler protection to, <111 y of the numerous liulinn chiefs rending in her colonies on this comment. It, then, in 17? and 'H*t, the sovereignty of 111 to all the territory lying h 11 h 111 In r tin n colonic*, was gravely conceded by the ticuty ol Vcrsaillea nud the convention of London, how much el until is there m the declaration ol my Lord l'almeraton, that lor two centuries and more, the Mos<juito Malo haa been under the "protection" ?'f the JJntish government 1 The idea of Mulish " protection" to u native chiel living within the territory ol S|uun, whose sovereignty England acknowledged, is too great an absurdity to be dwell upon lor a moment lint It t u? bring this question home to the common sense view ot every iliuiktni? ft,dli. the United S lute a were to take under its protection the chief ol the Chippewa*, reaiding on the nor theru t!i?'ie ol Lake Superior, and when England makes a grant ol thia rich copper and silver region, as e lie la constantly d<niij|, our govern av ill were to give notice to her that the must forbear doing *0, because the Ctiij>|iewa chief |* under our "protection," utid we urn d< tertniaed to protect h 1111 in his wrrituiial right.*! What w?ul<l John Hull say ' W'auld our right to make audi treaty and to 11 i*e stub protection bt conceded by hugland ! i'hen, attain, *ii(>|*me hngland sends tomorrow an agent to California, or aamais* tne thaplatn el nn? ol her hip* of war in the I'acihc goes upon the head Waters ot the Sacramento, now us tne puni l,ad chief, baptisea Mime of In* leaotug wairiors, and makes them swear Christian allegiance 10 the so clowned king, enter* into a tieai) wiih him, takes him under hnglish protection, (lied rave llie mark !) and then give* notice to our people on the waieia ? ! the nacr?iueiit?, that that terntoiy b< longs to her Hrm-?h majesty'all mud and ally, ihc I -hie I oi the Sacramento, 10 whom she lit.* guarantied " protect ton,"?and that in coos' ijnencc, they must leave the country forthwith, what would our government aiid our j?eople r.,y to this ! And yet this is precisely what they have done in Mosquito. '1 he K icaragua government ia We.ik and leellte- ; and w hat l.nglian notions of honor and justice are, tow.irds week and let hie flutes, the whole world may ju lg- from tier practices in liiitish luoia And because Nicaragua ia wts k and leebie, hngland all porteitnl a id aa r> ( k iees an sin is i-oh Ilul, Win 11 ?-,ll-.ii:ut?inl.^e Hit ill ii> 111 'jut Miou - (irlilH-rait iy goe* u> worn 10 rob In i til Hi*- ino?t valuable portion of lirr tnritnry, iid tin n |>r? cedent for her robbery, h?r u? a n? tariona prai tMe?> in llr*tii>h India, where OiriaImn fciiroj*- hnii wiiui bnf'd her dmttrarelul pracl*i * h h it A m mitigated honor?*he li?a dared 10 Birr into a treaty with m native chief, living within ilie territory of Niciriigut, in d> iirnii't of the piattlteol all lhiir>H.iii nations ; mid now, when the Ntcatagu* government ciiiiwiIm to certain rid/piiB of i(.? l7iiii>'d Mnim riHiitu which it iMd * c tit-it ri^ 1,1 in uriint. heboid I'.ii^Unil pr* suiii-m to wteitere, hud ?ri?vily giv?a u* notice iti.it ?hr *ii i:ot |tnoit out |'< |I' to avail tnciiKrltrriol ili< titli'K ii u pn?il? i ?? ilrn < quired' It i> oi It ii< h k?i Iy lor ili?- frailer to ask liuiiMlt * hat I-.iii 1*1*0 wi>i Id ii*' iiud' r midi nrcumotancea Would lif p'linil mi. Ii mlertereiic with the lull i "i rfiietf I Vint Ki her Mtiith American |?>?*ew' <>!*? ? W "i 'I we |M rnilt her lo nuke a:ictl .1 (l? at) With *uy of our chl* U t And if we would l*ol, Iiiiw f ill wr Milium to have our |?eo|>le lliun rin lit* d ( u: ol iIn ii jUM riglitp, a<- 11111* tl by cont ii t well the Nu aia^na goveiamtntl All civiiiii ii oat. on* mi call* d npon to rent! th.? ?niiia; f upon MiVeiei^R j>. ii|*l?, mvoKuiied by me Ckruliati vim til, hut nn.rt especially are we railed ti|in to rtt.tl it. hi tin fiiKt | U< e, wr are t.illed i 11 ii to ii -t-i it. In i a'ie tin- voted riuhta and pitV11' f our r iti/1 tin Hie totalled (|> tne iirip.idriit i.i. ( rickliM- nil- ilertMH Krtglarid Secondly, v. e me * *i:ii ii|nn in ir ?im tins oj? n attempt at tail it* *> tin vnh tlir political tight* and denime* <>f In gov? 11.menu oI tin . i o?tii.?iit, agierably to the (>lifet'i|*ii * laui iinMii l>> Mi. Miniioe, r? -ulli ni'tl ) all Milireqvem raeruiivta, and aopnt a< ed in b)r lie t-ivili.t a wot Id a* Miunfl and legitimate Atnetiran diplomacy, lint, tlntdiy. we are boiiml to rem>I it ! ; uii li e prn-itple i f he If-protection ; because tl iirnlvfr Hit- ntott \ ital question which cu ever five in i ui uiteict Him with other nation*; and, I.i r< I* it ,ii,?n ihia ground, and thta only, we Iiojm to m t our K< efii,n ?r.t fake and niaiutain ita at and, LD. TWO CENTS. ????????? ^ at every huzard, and without counting the co?t to the nation., Hetween nations, a:? between individual*, it is always wise to narrow down n dispute to the moat simple principles; and therefore we hope our government wjll not deem it nr>cesaary to adopt the course indicated by Mr. S|uier?, ia hi* address to the government of Nicuragui, aud at this time make any reference to the gTeat priaciple of non-intervention by Eur<n>eau governments laid down by Mr. Monroe. Tn.it point haa been sulliciently made, and when requisite, o?n always be brought forward and enforced ky tho whole power ol the country15ut it u not necessary to bring it into this discussion, which is to be settled upon more simple and direct grounds. No man understands better than General Taylor tha relations exiting between our government and the native chiefs and tribes living within our borders. No person understands better than he, how ut.erly ruinous it would be to our sovereignty and independence, to permit any foreign government whatever, to treat with any of them, in anyway to meddle with them, or take any of thein under their " protection " He knows that if we recognise the authority of England to make such treaty, or giva such " protection," to the Mosquito chief, a* she claims to have made and given, in defiance of Nicaragua, we are equally bound to recognise her right to treat with, und give similar protection to, our own Indian chiefs. And once concede this, and we shall soon have the "philanthropy" of England exhibited in treating with, and wiving protection to, the Indian chiefs on the borders ot our great lukes and rivers, and controlling our commerce ar.d disputing our sovereignty, from the banks of Lake Michigan to the shores of the Tactic. Under no circumstances, then, can thia country for a moment tolerate the absurd pretension ot England, to dictate to Nicaragua, to us, or anybody else, because'of her treaties with, and protection of, one of the native chiefs?a protection which is altogether too ridiculous to be regarded with an)tning like gravity, or to become the subject of a diplomatic corres|>ondenee, were it not for the offensive impudence with which it has been deliberately put forth. We know nothing of the intentions of the foment, or of the ground upon which this impertinent interference ot Engl.ind is about to be resisted by General Taylor, nut we cannot be mist iken ill our conviction, that under no circumstances whatever, will lie. or his very able cabinet, who have already to clearly demonstrated their d.'termination to protect the honor of our country, and hive so decidedly given a character to our foreign policy worthy of the exalted position of the country, listen tor one moment to the possibility of England having acquired any right to interfere in the Mosquito question, from a resort to the disreputable practices through which she has grasped unlimited domain in the East. And we are equally ceilain, that the very decisive and energetic tone which General Taylor's administration will assume upon this question, will be re?i>onded to by every cluse and description of our fellow-citizens, without regard to party considerations. The question is one which strikes at the very sovereignty ot our country. To yield it, is to invite similar aggression throughout our entire Indian country ; and English statesmen cannot fail to |>erceive at once, that under no contingencies whatever, can we listen to claims so entirely at war with our rights and practices as a nation, and our duties to every other government upou the American continent 8he has already violated the rights of Nicaragua further than should have been permitted; and she must, therefore, not only recede from the untenable and offensive ground she has assumed, but she must, also, cease her aggressions upon our sister republic. Police Intelligence. B'fore Juttifr l.alhtopAgaiu tbo Polios Court wk.h well filled )e*tcrJ*y with an extra nunber of loafern and vagabond!, who. like the rummer bug*, begin to erowd Into warmer qaartarii. In ordtr | to lay up for the winter rear>on. Many of th*?e du I| utfd and dnktliutx apecimen* or nu.ntn naiura apply to tb? court, and beg to be ??nt up u vagrant* on Blackwell'a Island. for tha purpo?t? of recruiting tbalr health and expelling the bad rum from thair ?y?tema. thereby In a great m*a*ura to patah up tbeir broken down oon?tltnttwn? (or a few month* longer. Other* again, who have been brought In bj tha policemra. and many only Juat from the inland are |uaily a* eager to b? let go. that the* may enjoy tha bleaxiugt of liberty, at leaat for a few day* The policemen aia MMll very ttavage on all auch loafer* and ta<?bonda and th? remit la, that up th?y go again for aa other fit month* Now. many of theae vagranta ??p?ciaily tha temale portion if they should chanoe to be rather good looktag and have the command of f i, or a friend ouUida shouldadvance tha Ilkaauiu can procure ana of tha rough and ready counsel wbu practice around tha Tomba and it* vicinity, to get a writ of M'ticmfin. and down tb< y come befora one of tha juljn, aha invariably dlscbargea tbaui on tha a<aeruoa that Iba c< mnmment was not executed in lagal tor? I'bulat1 t?T practice of procuring the release of these vagrants, ha* bran of lata a complete farce A friaoner oailad < atbariue < oflee. was arraigned before tba court 8ha ?a* Mt a bad nor a very wicked looking Irtah wirnan, I and only appeared to be fond of a gia** of b ?r ooca Hon ally. 8h* was charged by th* policeman with b-inj dleorderly. m l beating her hu*bfti d. Mimmxii. - ( atherln*. tbU l? a irrare off nea, it* rc luiDOD to bat* charge of the wife agftinet h-r bu?l*iid for vtuifiitly ? rm ! 111one her. but you ara charged with brttlnx your hu?b*nd It *eeni?. In your ci??, Iktl tbe itbloi *re turned. ( Aiiutini Ah and ind<ed. JuJgw, It wmb'I my bul>a>.d that I w*?bitiin< Nn.wrf.il wai hlm>ulf 1 bat wa* high; It waen t in? ll? railed the M I* who 1 t?>< k ma lD?tmil of hlin. I bad j nut want out a llttU 1 way to hh a nick woman a frl-nd a nel|hb>r Ob I rd<i Indeed iika wa? (Irk *he b* I a ? !? t> r put to h?r, and 1 junt Hayed a little to ?ee It draw Ob I did not bat* my btiHiand I wouldn t ?io that lama 'jui*t ar luaii I xa a mother of t n !tr|i> a family to bat? my buH.end I am* mother of lit children and ray hurt anil la tb? true ftii'l lawful father of them all, ftud I n> eure Jad'>* | am |ul?t enough It I* ha that get* nifch and trlKm dim; but i wculd nt doanytniog to him. I knew he 4i u t nit-ao to hurt wl,,a n? U*? lb lli|uar. M*<.irr>*T?- Well Catharine > (*? appear to tfllijult* a plautibl* ?t?ry, and a* I don't e*e your husband bora la cwuft to appear ngain<t you. I am inclined to let yon go tbia time but lu futura be ?ur* you doa't 111 um ir Wat your burband bn-aum you li?(? no more rl<ht t<> beat and ftbuee your bunband than be ha* to d > tha like t" > .! There toucan gu U.in tint-, aud don't let nic me you brought before tan on ft chafer of tba *n.e kind again. < atbaribe 11 tar* *tnil*l all oter at the generonlty of Ilie luetic* In allowing brr to go. naylng I hank you, Judge; may liod Almighty bleen you and all yonr abildrin." (Laughter ) (The JuHloe I* n.t iaarrl<4 J Hlruling a /leal ?Officer < r >?ett of the lower p >!!*?, in>t-d yeaterdny. m?u by the nam- of Jo-eph I'llL on ft anilftnt If Iie?l by I u?tlre Mouutfort, wherein lie , anJ? cba iged Mb Heating boftt. on the -'>ah of Abgurt IftH valued at f'<i from tba foot of < edar ?tr<et I hi' boat belonged to Jobn William*, re.jdiog at No 17 VtftkhlnKlon itr??l Two wr*k* ftfter the ; Uat wft* *tolen. the arouHat*J to 1 ha k 1 o<| uil tl ft' be bad purrhaaed tba b at from th.- complainant, a bleb Hai< m> at wa? untrue a* ?et forth by >ir William* 7 be ao<-u*ed ?? brought yaetarJfty. before tha n-ftglaftftle at>d num tt< d to prlaoa far trial .iimuil n(A Inimt f KM \ man by ih* nan* )f John Klley ?a> ftrrKte.J, ye-t' rday by offieer M>l*a|l, II th- f l?hth w?r I. on a ch?r<e of vi'.l-Dtiy a.aa il tag P MrOathm of No Ml Washington atreet. within tent to take hi* lif* 1'he ftrru*<-a w*? held to ball t? ai?*i r tbe charge Tlie llotal*. taan ili **d aret*r< *r.a. Hon L II Waiter ( Uoa John I'obia. II. H Whit ney. Moiitreftl, l *ur< hrl<ty NUgar*, J Hhep^ard NewOrlaanr; jo. Ill a; lib neani lad| Mi.anj I' li W ond. Uttrft, I apt ? I llejnolle. Mobile, It MlM UM , Jbo B Illb.tU froi. jaiul '! <- 'B. M'a-blng lob; A 1 ''Ripkloi ?od la it, Itlohin it.I < apt Ptid'tl H. A.J John ffargeant O VV Harm-It l.nuinrtlla. II J Kodgrr*. Kaltioii.r*. 1. r?r?on- an I lady. Illinma 1 Boatiia, Bo;d?n l.irharn(a llnW, HI b un nd, \ a . wara am ii|| the arriraia, jentrrda; at tha llt| lldlM. Wiiuit't Ntrn D C ,( Od kfr tJ. 1949. | Hlr In t>.a llrfalil of Oct 2ith I ootioa that y?ar W a?l-inn'"Ti t' Ttrrp nd> nl ha* *1? n a <t"*erlpM*? a? cunt "l the arreat. it \ r? Hart and >>tb?r< and < ' l?i > tbr ?hnle with "Wlllart lllatal." aktrk l? na tiu be partli-a wera etoplnjwl at I ut?*ft'? NallMal ?* ??I " (f?rmarlj I ?l*tuau t ) and ara entirely ULkM ? (t to ma In jun o. to HIT -?lt, I tru't yo? will oorreet thU arror tl j"tir amllij mTfff.n l?nt. I na aio ttwl> yuum II A WILt,\KD, I'roprlatur of WIHard t Hotel Airkst or 8?;piv?sitii Mail Rokmm.?T<r? ii "ti, iiMned Joint |t Junta aid Jacob Harjv-r, writ ?rr?au<i on ."tatturdny lapt by Murahal Frlpa hid l.niiln Mh linu and ( int/ma. upon auapieiuj I l.ru'u t a?i ot the |>?rtie? MiMAwti m robtvnjj ib? i.ihiI near Indiat ajiolw, n>nie tiinr in February ? I Ibi m turn Hii??rrr the description ?i*?a by ib- 'Per* nt I nd inn a poll a, an 1 from pv r? *?d trilei# fi und tit their |)WM taion, le*?ea I It tl?" d?ubl htil lint ihry are ih< guilty pnrtie* llnri^r w*? mnitiii ra the Illinois ?i ia of then?er, and Jnnet nei.r th- i>n*l Itm. " 'he act orerowng rh?y wpfp Ivdgetl in jiil Saturday, but the otlurra tn< >in an innmnlion thai the hahtiu corpus 111 !i| lie braufht to bfiir n|mi thnr rawi, ?n pi t bfii-* m jiomii-kkioii of -ullirunt proof In datum h? nt ninMihll formidable act, ao Ireely applied, ii UiUH) morning ercimcd tb? m t? th* Illinois -hotc, where th? ? wet* detuned ?ntil ev>-n'af, od ihrn n ftt"?e?i, with a view of b?inf a?rre?1111 d to r|n- xatHortliM ?f Irdiaaapoli* ? Ar l*mt (<W* ) RrfnMte*? ?, Oct 21.

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