Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 11, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 11, 1849 Page 1
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TH T *"* ~ NO. 6636. TBLGURAPHIO. Ainrr^i Or TtiK CAMBRIA AT BOSTON. Important from Russia* THE PACIFIC ASPECF OF AFFAIRS, Another Advance in Cotton. THE EUROPEAN MAILS, &c. Arc. &c. The steamship Cambria, Captain Leitch, arrived at Botton yesterday morning, at 10 o'clock, aud her mails will reach this city this morning. The Cambria left Liverpool on JSuturday, the 27th of October. We have only an item from Russia, but that is important. To-morrow we bhall give the full details of the news. The money market continued without change. Discount at 2i to " per cent for commercial. Con <ily opened on Monday, the 22d, at 92, at which they continued up to Friday, the 23th, when the pacific ailciits from Russia cuusid ihtm to advance at the ojicntnx i, ami theyjiitfilly tinted firm at 1)2j. The transactions in Aiii'-ric<iii securities continue limited, and have been confined to U. S. fiO.in per cents 1054, Maryland 5 per cents 86'. Penn pylvania 5 per ceiKs 77. The advices from France report business active, both in home cont>umption and orders (rom abroad. The immenr-e number of foreigners in 1'aris cause much activity iu tliat city, where many agent* of large Eng!i?h houses are baying extensively. Credit is replacing cash trausaciiouf, which betokens a more settled state of affairs. The America arrived at Liverpool on the 21st uif. We learn from a paf=sen<z?r, that just as tho Cambria was lea\ in v, later ne ws was received lrom India, which w?u? nmd to be of a favorable charac- | ter. The general tone of busiD-ss affairs during the past we< k, has been of a healthy ch iracter. The cotton market whs active in the early part of the week, and o*? Monday, the 22 I. sp^r-ul itors operated to a eonsideruhle extent, buying at an ud\iiace i n ihe currency of the previous week of one-?ightli to one-fouith of a peony per pound, on neatly ail descriptions. dubte^u<-nily less activity i prevailed. The estimated sales up to 2 o'clock, (on Friday, i the 2t;tb, probably,) amount to (i2,710 bales, and the market closed on Fiiday vith a juiet but steady fpehrg. Quoi.itions?Fair Orleans, tij ; ordinary to mid* 1 dling, "?i n <>{ The lit estimated stock at Liverpool i3 about 421,000 bales, of which 2-0 000 are American. The corn trade throughout the country is very quiet, buyers only operating to meet imm >diute wunts ; holders bad not been able to m untain the quotations of the previous week, and prices gene- ! rally hud still a declining tendency. Indian corn was still held with lirmr.-?s, bat the sale* were very limited. In the provision market business had been steady, and at firm pi ices. In the early part of the week, large sales of bicon were made, at nn advance <fli to 2?. per cwt. ? This advance, however, was not sustained by iha trade nt ? subsequent sile at auctionIn beef few sales had been nude, bat prices are stindy, without change. Fork had been in good denimd, and low qiuli* ties were brcomin% scarce. Ilmni of fair ipu'lty \ were wonted, tud wool 1 tell readily at a 33* ; : shoulders hid been bought rather mora freely at from IS to 21s , in anticipition of b>'in^ used at a fcubelitute for lower qualities. In lard a pood business h.ul been done, at rate* J tomewhat easier. S*k-a of 100 tons at 31*. a SO. Sales of turpentine amounted to 2.CHK) bbls. at 6s. j I'd a 7.1. |* r cvt., which is some improvement. 1>...!_ ? ...I .1 4. Ill I .... - ? . . > ill I.Hi U' III IIIU ui i' / j jin * *ri.f lli?|i! had b?-i-n an extensive (Jt-in.tnd t?r tobacco l full price*. The drnt tad for iron was on a dim'nish?d aca!r, and prices were acarcely to firm an quoted a*r k previous. The accounts frrm the woollen ami mannficttirioK di>tric'a fhowfd that bu*iu? as was inor>- inactive than it hud b??n for wn^ time; tevertheleaa, trade was eteady, uad the operative cUs-i-is were tolerably well employed. In the produce market there h ul been more ac- j ttviiy, iiuoiationa evidencing the d'sira to Increase tt<cks?jricea in many iu?iauc? hid aliglitly udvaarcd. Freights it Liverpool wrro nn<i*ualty dull, and ratea had d<*r'.ined, particularly i?? New York. i'aM>rn?er?t were le?a numerous, and lower fares were demanded. DaKtxo noHrifr.r, axri Di*< ivkky or ti>? Ron* ir ?a?1>ti Tliurrday night, ih - 2/t i Oc.o'ier, th j hoiif* o| James Oeonje, re?idi:u( in Mercrcounty, IV, wan forclb'y entered l>v a f ?urf of r<?t?bers, n mux "I" ir lacea (minim huh ?inrrwi?i oiptijruren, I >r the |> iti>o?-e of rv*iiing drlrctiuii. After liavi.'g |>nt the innufea under gutrj, th?y proceeded to rrarch the h* e tor money, iifittf ?n nxe in I'rrsikuiu ?(h-o truiika, chcil^iVi! , and took from ftbUO to $1,O<>0, chi?Hv in it old. Pf-vmu* to their leaving, thry t ed Mr (??orif? in hia b-'d, duiing winch employrn?nt tuey u i-d the m ?t menacing Had tannting Uocmre t<? th^ir then unfoituuao victima. Intoimatioii iiavi m b*en :mde Puamit th"ie Miapicinned ?t tlir nfiH', tlify w?rr inim* dial* ly arreated nud commuted, *hic'i l?d t? i?iil! further xnniHMtion* in th"* m ii;ti,>orhi?>d of Otiireville, in the U|<t*r i-nrt o? thin county. * heie fiv#- i?Hl>?nir batteiiea. die*, rhrt:iic tla, anil all the imi It-mrnta necreanry ??>r carryimi on itie 0Mllct1riii?| butinra*, ?<re and trfaia made tipon the ainrigth of tratiniony and circuma'anoa The arreiua are a'til Continuing to be ui?d?: and, jw'ging from ciraurnataaoea, th?-y are only < omm ncing. ft i?> g-nrrnllf i?-li-*ved that a gi.t>B of robber# and Cuua'arfeitp*r* ar?- *a?nei*ted together, rr ichmg lr"in variien j?-?r?? of tl?? State of New York, |M*aue through i'eiia?vlvanin iito ihe >?<(" ? "I < M'iu and Vn^na?f/i* *r (''?*) I iM t. * Ah?k;atmn it Loirii 'aaAO*.?The Toronta PotrnH, ?j>eakinn of the m-ii'-italii ? of Canada to the I'nited Ma'ea, aiya: ? W.- c.iuld almost think we dn am, when we wrte the undeniable fact th it i there mno I >'riti-h i triy hi i,?>w. r imiih'K. iMour thia! I^et them r?rml cirrtiillf through our pf|?f-r tn-dtir, end the dnmain^ evidence will 1 but too iriiljr ahoW haw ???? tly demurred aeemt to lil hII tKat loyalt? end rnihnm-ni which *irf w >at to kltilh at the Mention ?f the vordi " i^n|Utd " j tad * home." frotn the bre*.?ta ?<l ih"?e who would once hate rneeifully eae<>ui>W'd r.ll rhe terr >ra of inT?fi<'n, ' .Til war mid klixidAhrd, -ither than : barter awny one jot or tiul* of their wall tried j * lealty. HAii.toAn ArcrrntiT a,id or Lte?.?Tlie j Pilot 1,'nr, fnm New YorK, ]?-? mieiif, did not arrive heie until three hour* afier ua time. The delay waaoccaatoned h? a dim??<ron? accident, which occnrred at the draw ?.? ih?* b'id>{* at New Rrunawic k. A wood ear h*d tone out a!>out ail o'clock in the fTenmp, and in pa-sin# on to tlie draw, fell > through. The diatanc# fallen waa 'pitta considerable, the bridge hemg ??-r) hi<h. and one mm in the car wa?, wi are informed, literally dmhed to j pecea Foor or fite othera ware more or |ea?aerloualf injured Wp could not Irirn anjr of thair Itmra/'4W. If. Jmerttan, Xw ?, E NE ft :i r.\ M Oar French t/orrcupondenc*. Paris, Oct. 18, 1819. Turn Out of the Futhimx in Par it?-The Turkith tyveitum?The AJJmr oj J1 Pouttin?'Hie Roman Trouble?A Ftrt in Pai it?Suknest in Mr. Rii/et' Family?The French Chargt to Wathingtou, <Jr. Once more the ^un shines upon us, after having had many days of bad weather. Yesterday brought forth, as it were, an autumnal spring. The ISoule TUt\J0, ovc Iiiiiigcijr, rw in nrai UUk OT11U JJCUCSlIlttUa and promenuders of all kinds. Strangers are flocking to and through Paris; Parisians themselves are returning from their chateaux; the government ministers have nearly all commenced their loir its dt rtctpt ion; lords, dukes, and marquises attend them, iu order, I suppose, to take the rough oti? ot the republican assemblages. Lord Brooghun tea b. en here lor the last week.. He and Lord Normanby have almost taken up their abode at the Elysees, (the President's Palace). It is said the conferences held are in connection with the Oriental business, as the Freuch and Englu-h govern inputs, at this tune, are bestowing their attention particularly on that point. < >n Me 13ih, the French war steamer Tonnerre !< ft Toulon tor Constantinople, with despatches for M. le General Auuick, the French Ambaisador. On the llth, the Mediterranean squadron, commandrd by Vice Admiral P. I ?e?chioes, received orders to sail immediately for the Dardanelles, since which the English fleet in the Mediterranean, under Vice Admiral I'arker, his sailed for Ourlac, where it will await the French. The French journals hardly speak of the difficulty on your Mde of the water with Mr. Poussin. It i? looked upon here, by the intelligent, as a private afluir between two geuilemen, one or both of whom may have been wrong., but not as so serious a cause for war between tlie two nations as some newspapers wish to make it out. Although the govt rumen', under Louis Xe '"leon has been, and still if, most inconsistent, hi *nows too well what this beating of the Roman n public h is cost him in honor, to attempt such a foolish undertaking as to engage the Americans; besides which, the j?eol'le have too much interest at stake, aud, therefore, io\r us accordingly. The National Assembly, since my last, hive had two important subjects 011 the tapis? one is, whether llie prerent government shall i.utr fir mil ill. -I 'UL'l ll.kl J I ?' 1 ?l>" I HIV U*' ? < ? "? IIUIII/O I't-I aunt.in to the Duchem dOrkuns. The mountain ] iiit n.tx iH, of cuurse, are deail a^ainut payment by ] the tit.veruuient If it is to be paid. they a iy, let ihe kin", Louis Philippe j>ny it. "We are now re) ubhenne and do not acknowledge our debts to kin^s or duchesses, as they are much in miitotity. The legitimists, Orleanisls, or whatever one iiiiiyt call tlum, will gain? but the Kumiu ?l?i* fctiou is to be diaciitbt d to-d ty. M. Thiers has lead Ins report concerning the expedition. lie was continually interrupted in the course of hi* reading, and with dilliculty tsot through. Tne in* nib< it-? f the iiiountaiii were a-krd t>y the I'reni'i nt of the Assembly, ' Why do you not keep .-till i" Their reply was, "Because we are republican-." M. Thiers tried liis best to make a '(>>od thm^ out of a curse. He went so far as to sav tint wi bout the Catholic: unity in whole woiiil was endangered ; the world would be delivered to inar< hy, pi.d its morality would be for ever cast dowr. Wnh< ut the l'ope, tber? would be no Citiholie unity ; without liideji-mlence, no power lor his Holinesa; without tern.>oral sovereignty, no indejirndence. Tiie Oatuoltc interest, then, coiMiianded the expedition to Rome; not to allow Austria to undertake it, was the l,-i?ri<h interest. In fact, he said, to hinder qiibiiy ine ? ic< *;ea or ?i? mryo^ui i.-m anu a'isolntiKin, it wisevcn the lutereet ol Julian liberty. ! ii w ? in this triple that our expedition w<m I rent hi d mnuagtd. Tiitia understood nod carried ?>ur, it has conformed to the *pirit of oar conatitu- ; tu n. lie mentioned and p'-iiaed the courts of i the French army, &'c. Tiio repoit agree* to | giHiit the Roman* inMitutionH comp itible with cir- | cumttr.ncea, \'c ; l>ut to them we c<muot give, in one day, Mich institutions aa Engl ind had only j ccnqut-rt d in two centuries. If lara?-r conceeaiona kt? to Iw arkttl ol'Piiu IX., tiny ahould ein mate | from lite entire liberty, without which, we should , render ourselves guilty oi usurpation,\ u." file report hhico much ui^turhed ih<tt it w.ia ciflic.lt i to heur; disorder was at its height when the Aabi'iiiMv adjourned N esterday it was employed in I annulling the election of two colored gentlemen frcm (?UHd?lotiiK*, who, it Hp|teais, had tiken corrupt means ol gaining their ??*ats. They were anniji:< d. To-duy, the discusaion on (lie Konun bu- i sinets will be tuk.n up, and fctorniy debate* are ' expected. Yesterday an nid-ile-camp ol the Eniueror of Ki;a arrived in the city. Aa yet the object of hi* miaaion la unknown. ( i: Monday riiornio''.. tire broke out in *he ofTice of ; the un-hives ol the .Minister of War, and for * time threatened to h? danuerous. The prompt arrival of the Hit?ui? jiirniyiiiM (nr'it.try tirem i) p it a eiu,i t ' the 11 mi a, nnd bur 1 tile darn*"** Maado.i<- 1 am iintnit'< h in lavor <1 military tnii ^s, bJt lor tin* aim of the ao'diery abroad, 1 am. No one of coinint-u sense but must preler tlrs method to our volunteer liie companies. 1 nni sure it"a fire |mlice wmr lornied in New York mid all our 1 iri;* ?:itie?, upon the seme regulations ns here, an l rumens* Hiving would be the r?au!t to the community at latj"', for how incalculable i.t the lo.-s by .'ire now in the l niteu btutea, when compared with Europ? un cities ! Within the I ant year, excursions to London 1 Ji- ve inn much in viatic ; nt>w, excursions to Africa are about commencing. Oathr 221 of this ini nth, ti e fir.-t party is to leave Pans for Algiers end tlie country surrounding it. Tiie price for tne trip and back, including boiril, lodging, pnssce, arm xm?-iitw ofall kirida, is t*M franca, ( <1 < ut ? the time to he employed will oe twenty-one days Magnifinmt fhtt are preparing l< r the reception of the French upon their arrivaf. It ia thought that the government here are the main movers in ths l>nsines->, aa it will b" the meana of showing th-if African pos?est;on* to a vast number of people, who otherwise miijht never even have yivrn them a thought, mmy of whom may be induced to emigrate, an the climate there at thia teason is represented as being heavenly. '1 he celebrated M*damot*?*l|e Rachel hat ; thiown up her engagement with the Tiie*tr* docotd wl nil continually rtitti anion? the ac- | tora ; liut the true riMMin is, that tinny any a*ie is engaged lor the United .'States. II so, A inertran* hII, look out for everything that I* perfect in na t-s Hut in ord? i t<>e,i ,,v ner Irnfidy. look ' into your French aramm.ira, so that you rn?y better 1 ui>ilf-r>tand. ^he is wonderfully Ere it and n itural hi all her pieces, nnd Franc* cm not \rr II p.i:t with h?r, particulutly at the present time. 1 he n. .ulciiml Korerninent of Paris are gnini to e?tistru. t. without the walls, an experimental carder, lor the purpose of acclimating foreign fruit tret > , fee''tubU plants, Ac, nl all kinds, us the cannimpuon of the capital is so ^reat. it become* n'c>-ary, in acme way, to incr-ase the produce, i The cholera, so say the mcdie.it journal*, has not, ! since the ?*th October, taken <-l!' a single life in the Cit). and in the hospitals auice the III h ; only one oi two ra*ea prove fatal per diem, bo that we cm now nuke our bow and say farew. II to his ugll esc. I see it stated in a C.errmn paper th it the roat of ^rh soldier annually, in l*rusai?, is H2 th-tiers; in Russia, ?>H; Auctna, ?! ; France, 11 I.njlind, 170, and in the United States, 131 dialers, of not ; quite Jl.'o. l^t us be thanklul th it inasmuch aa our minisry cos! us singly more than other nations numeric.. Ily, thev cost ns in comparison with them ?i nierertothtnir. for we do not, *<< tr?enien, require the hired t-?ord and bayonet to be pointed at m, or our gofernm-nt to ke? p order. Mr. Flush has gone, and is wn board thestfimer \V i rhtngton. Mr. Hives, I fear now, will not be rec< i>< d, but no one knows im* itively. I |e and his family ste hi the deejteat allliction, owing '? the severe t.ltn uu r\f t ?> r?f liia iina u lin it ia ianl i< nn th* I |f>>ntii| death. Mr. Walah, poor m*n, la too nick to " lake Hp htff bed nml w?lk," and his health ha* been in nowise improved by the di.?m*a*l from offire. American* here are nil anxiouely wondering wln> is 10 be In* aucc'*K?or. 1 b?i?e whoever it m to t>e will be mi American, and ha?e none but American* about him. Th?- high court m still aitting at V>r*\illea.? Olif nf thr ircimrd h(x be? n a*-ntenced to tranajoriniiwn Ilia nam?* ia Hubert. liMt evening, )Urt before the court adlrurued, aotne lut'ilunc Unpun^e wun ninrie me of by a witnea*, and, Tor a time, quiie a dirtmbunce was made in t ie hall* of j'elne ; but it wm soon q'Jieud by tha appearance of the grndiirmtTH. M fie M on:hol?n, you will perreive, haa been l rent by tlna government tothr I'm ted .-Uatee, aa ( harge d'All;iir? a, no doubt in order to arrange the 1'otisHin difficulty. The fa^-hun* lock quite aummer ngiin ; the modtstrt' windowa, however, indicate the approach ot cald weedier. I he bonnet* therein are heavily tnnmed with feather*, fur*, Arc., around tha edirea- quite a new yle, but not a pretty one. ^t? t k? were all up ye?t?rday?6'a, *7 n, and 3'.? c* ( 0 oimji i'm. W YC SUNDAY MORNING, Our LonUun Correaponilenco. London, Oct 19, 1819. Tht Vital Qurition of !{ public anitm, or D-tpjtum? Whei r it il to it ttllled It il probably the turn of the United State? to be made a cat'f-paw by the British oligarchy. Th re U nothing in the world which will do efTeotaally serre all the grand object* of thii government, a? to bring bout a rupture between yon and France. With the dexterity of a wise aud unscrupulous enemy of the principlea on which the Union i? founded, and which hate been propagated' by ita example throughout tha breadth of Kurcpe, Kngland has accomplished the ruin of every revolutionary movement, except that of February. 1848, in France. She it is who hai issued oritur* to her inferior*, advised with her equals, and lavished her funds to secure the ascendancy of monarchy over republicanism. She has been everywhere trlumphaut exeept in K ranee. where the initantaneousness of the resumption by the people of their rights caught even her vigilaaca by surprise. The Krench revolution took but three days to begin, perfect itself, and eud. In the twinkling of an ej?, as it were, the society whioh bad keen for a^es the same Inverted pyramid existing in this country, found, it# base upoa equal rights and universal suffrage In three days th < eighteen years' faithful bard wark o( Louis Philippe, with all the moral and intellectual support of the Kngll^h aristocracy, was reversed, and. like another 9ysiphus, the prodigious stone he h?d placed upon its apex, found the level over his prostrate body VV'tiy, it took him a hundred time* as long to steal and erect tho Kgypl.au obelitk on the I'la-ie d? la < oncorde. But still the Kngll: h government. although it oroshed the rebellions in Hungary and Sicily, and Veoic . and Hi me, and throughout the oontitiunt. b- moving the purtiee upon the ehesr-board. tailed but by a iwir in her designs upon the |>rluoipl*s of lapubilctuisut la Krac.ce. iler candidate for the h/ench prenidency *as lavaignao. because sh? knew full well that it' he waa elected, the people oi Paris, wtio had beeu wantonly ilaughtered by thousands, an<l tens of tho i.?n Is, ii June 184*. at his order, wouid have gone off la utter di.-gust to join tbo monarchists in upsetting the republic. nut of hi.rror and r?;.e at the canluct of the 1 resident, while he was the Kugllsh rnndidtte f>r til# cflice. at the baads of the ,\??ewbly. if p >s?ible but if not. by universal suffrage. Yhe election of Louis bonanarte was. theieiore. a most una<ne, t>?l m.i ?. welcome result. it was ihe lecoud great surprint aud aliuclt a* overwhelming a< (he first Lord IJrou^bkji - now a c n-taut visiter at the l-'r-ucti President* j ? pave vi nt to hi* tei-ia of his present boat in I several rag** ot a venomous but paltry letter. whluli has probably, never bee*> ti?l iu America. thouijh I impudently reiterated by bimeelf at t ails in a French translating lie spoke lot theclu* muiob hai lli.t o> u- | Cderce, though ne had only enough of their* to ma'cn Mm the identical instiuuii ot of their pleasure. They I we:e all bgai" oU their leg-1, by tlie result ol tii i Presidential (lection, but it was ouly for an Instant tor they recovered tb? Ir ceutre ot ?ravity vary i.oou Mid It I* no#several month* that tbe britl-h gov<-ruraeut ha^ ( been inMalli-d by itaown superior geniut in the Klysee NtUoutl. 1 be danperius example of rebellion against 1 iui x<arohy i:i lluej ary WM ' < I llliTf ttlllltH I tii u by Austria and Kuesla; pier Cavaigoai taking ihi-ni tor enemies against whom the ouly shatter was | I t^liait alliance, 1'he other dangerous eia.uple in j Italy, was managed wilh itiil greater hardihood Lord l'aimerjton took l.oul* llomipirCe Into his arms. |ik? ' I ug lakv'i put* iu tue table, aid u*ed hi* paw ithat | awful paw cf Krrnoe, of which KrRlaud hn such ever- , lutlag Ju ad 11*tbe ia?t iabmof r?pub- ; licaiiisin. No promise* were giveu as ibe diplomatist aas too admit to li.rget thai ins Laslue s was l?> cornHill cttini. l>ut tbe bouk agent of tbe British mia'.fter ?a- made to aee all immense perspective of hotter* aud revraids. crowns and crosse?, if he oould bat *tr?t?h oat : his giasp a* tar a* necetsary. 't he direful trag. ly of the Uewniall ol Home followed aud the saon d republic (t her peoples uulvtrsai cbjici was etruoK j dead. l.'-t ibe oltlieci of the L'nlted S ales ? ? >' > K'<>u lie tritiou to human rights, this conUuipli of 1 humaii inm. a m1 iMn llb?I on imir.au nitur*,**.* tli>* ??;ik ot tii? f>??Tiitu?uU of Kogland and KrtaN anil that It wi uld as j u?t to cen.uru tho people i>( hud ; ei ubtry a* thit ctt? r Hut to pull dom ii no* th? . limit to whieh thu UrltUh oligarchy onttnm ita?lf; I' ' caovtruiiia it* impojtuie l a no called o.ti-iluuiluual uiouaichy wtidirirr it him orvtliriwu lib?.ai in?titu- | tlctiH. or thwarted 11. ir Irlctid* At thn luMauc* of the ua? tn?tdtou* coiiuaeU, the letter of tiia lii!? Augu>t. *? < wrutau by a rvpubitcau Tf?i lj< ut iimctlbit X for th? IV'J# LriU'll iKuuMosa; to wit. a tin#, romnu ?1 oflic* r?. all buiiud tu htm and b-to t t.eru bj t>.? tM* of clerical aii?iuciacj; with (he i?un, huiub.tf kibd of I'ailiaiii?nt. ex?ludlng mo ji r>plc. I he I'm t4?l>t ?a? |? unlUed to make a fl'uruh al< ?ut th? o > ! i> a| <. irnu, uui m." prtinp i lot in mm l >|m tin u' ?bt'lr i cbi m? if n m >< *i? I y to La Iinpoifd up hi tli* I, of ll.ti i mi)''lie > bnrcti, to whom lUH.r r?llgiuj| a\ i lun v hi cuiy u< t to itroug tijUi hatred ol ro- , publleinitin J bu l'o|>? h?H baen ?ti I baoV?d by the wri' ci.ru ? ll" L?V<- llliu 111 CU't Jj . I kilaiy to | ri'V# eonUiaaelouii, jet.tlia r.p4ll<n g>?erLm .'it ia fattblul to bar ally atiii h<*r r.bjoet flu ac*r?dit?-4 a . J ulkccri'liti J a,. nta tlirung : rati:*. do*, tn m. ?i | p< i??t In tfce Until U o.ijt'ut. tit*l ?y?>m ti ?? < brmmly V i-I'LU. bi 1 Un. hi*il lb* toaot of Italy fht tttltl 'i ' n.tti>trr. .Nciuiaudy i? inn--'?uily at t)ji pataoo ut i>i<t I 1'ioldtit m4 ntk tl? nitiitrii; tn4 ti.oo|liiiui l.*t tbe faca to piv>mi lilui-a!f at All b uin cf tlu u ly and bifc'ht 1 bMr gr> at oljroi is to wlra- Ml UUlAtot. 'i lit* i a. ?rb? 1* a- ill tii Df.-t a?tie U tore td Mi r?ji >rttil from !.! > cmmitli u to t'ia A i-rably. a.-mu*t tttr-a votHtlrl, Hinl lii Uaor of lh? in n-tri>n? J pj i'.n ameiurlly irifU nirJ b/ flu* IA. ?U<I bi* >?< : r fno/**! 'Jbt Hrttuh | *ry l? k.-?-o enough to know that M?eh * prrgrauimr r jio? tnvlr monarchy in tUly, by it liitt lerabl? So thry !.?? I lirti *j tt ci oiil; It lillilj tb?y an* moving h?-????i and rartb to modify thi fopa, ma to tuttain thi I . u-1 dent.. Thiers i.i attir p >p iiInruy. atiii win thir tin auriiaad or l-ll. In* fortune t* ma?!i* politically. biMttii. bating |i?n<{ tinea kfvn '<> Jirti a hy tliu |'?"| In <f h ranra, at ihe lata election! (ha ?jtp<elid to b* returned by i f'^ i d*|>?rtin?uti) lil< otil> hofa Is Iti lb? cl?rgy AItogetbrr. it l? tb?' ni-irt tii-'.rtlaia atrucicla bat?i"-n ktiaica "f arary ilanorlptl 'n 1 Uinl tver jugf l?d th? Oi?*e.- < ut of tba right oI itif- . gox-rtjuii-Lt No on-4 can pn diet tba Unas. gaveini ot)i?r i lye i are ino-t per<eTeritig'y follnir#4 witli Um niia laUutloMi, of x ii ^ui-IiIiik If por?ibl<*. ; tba f n aii.n g nil "> t rrpiiliiicarn ui in btiayi. 1 I K>l"l 1' IWIiHll'lll u? ? risili"] ' 1 111 'ITi'l tba I tai.cb ? ??tnmi ul, on lha ??iof Uhiih.t irfui lb* invasion i f tbi caul* I urnack* whuui alia li?r- if 1 <1 to tb* TuIUmW*. tn lM.'i. whan th'y n*lla4 ts?ir b r?i ibova in the door. that the Krioeb II *t hut rrci.l'?l order* to h 1p to li e I>?r<, anil It i? pmtei.drd th?t lhf> l)tiii<li fleet m ttrtt na*i kn>l lli?t at < aataollut pie lb? two no ii im will k -urn lurkry lh? Integrity if brr b->unUaile* the neutialiiy of her tart Itory. ar.d the CI rieite |m ? (of lla-rltHl Adtrlt It 1* probable. indeid it In aid tl at tl>* llritl-b fli-wl will atop at the l<man l^anda to pat down r-puotieanl'ia tbeie ? hlrli l? lot 'U^ Biol lli?l It will pi I Bg that labor ef iibtll the r?<li Kiancbw in !m c m j milted the definite act f l. 'fti.j'.jr.wli-n iin- wili b* rmlj to bi btiaie tbe coutnfer-y Jf t><? itriliali g .return, ut j not tbe ally of Ku-mb In ih? enteiprira of plun- I dering > utope ?"? h?- 't not long ago j ined It* ?ot? to j the w..ida of tbi luimater Mr < umiif ' I"h? uor?ru* nml pnl* I ram;r In jfnpiril; ?i, l '1O'lt pr -nb / iatri.d ludlntmb liUfit in her ?l**ignt np?u rurk-y.lt balng will vii,i'ii that Miifito l ai.it Ka?l**n i natural friend*. anil bate rerun in ) in pat ti -a a ii eoiun i n dangei* to apprebeud frn.n pteuiaeiy mi am* popular aide* Uulhe burula; n:i(pra of lrl?*i wrunja and lorrora. Kngland l? Mp..-ed totba ?a u?t?rrlhle a'id violent dl#?plutl'>n of If npprnralVK a}I'.td a< I- l*n?- ' ta Irom ib* thawing ol tli? Ice of tla*ery lu U< fro*, n w>MBf ul feifdom and <ta.*otaMon. , | hut tba crow sing work of tba oligarrby will be B quart'1 b* t?i<ii tba I kit- < llatol sn4 hra'iea What a Mitbt fi r ttl worM to aaa; two rapnbuu- i "ittog *a. h ollnri ear and bixrd on by thair aeorn and iu ir al enemy J b?r>- are great art "it* uri'.li < by tha aiiatootacy Bbd all lit organ*, to tbua eitirpa'.e in* poi-un of ti, nhlicmiien from tl<* kindly anil of tha nil woiid. The nd of a ar With i lia I mlr( Mlalet would I* i t?inh bvakruptay Btd dlt(frar*. and tba dual d??tination ot tba raot of fira Inatuuti >ua in l'un>|Ni Willi tlm nama miM-rahla and parp< lual ip<? a'l? ao aftau r?p?a'?d of I|tll4 ftothli'n ainl i ol prii.ri-a ai-t and rmuiln of tba ^nuan raca No Am>-ria*u e m p-imlt it on any eon-id^ittlon , ai d no Kugltah nobia ??' 'I HI" will nr'i'iw III IK II r > /l?l l all tb* ilium <>| hor pr??ant tjiamj bj th? (all ut I i>dk> I'tiring tha war. fho ha* all tho alfvn1?*>? <1 a MMI i.t'al poaar, abl* to <l<i Ui? Mill i f half ib* world hha rtii load hor monay to imth Mo# In .uri'po all th? d- potto powara, Including h-r? If will n?t atri r a# tho cm'tin. g>,a< on au<i in tha anw j ?f i lil tho Hiuii-h I I in will" |iri<tect'' tha wholo H utn nu tiltmh) of tlio ? niloant. M tltvti. Onr llcilln torrri|?inltni r, llkm.n, Potobor II, 1MB 7I? C-ranii Tk* rfww<n{i nf (A* PrmuM Chtmln i ? Thf I '.jJ'tl nf M# iliulruii lluUhtriri (n Gnma?y. ft , fe. Tho old oatittal powar at ! rankf..rt ha# aVilr?t?d, ad a in w provMoaal gnTrrnai*Dt for Warmany I# afcont to be app<li>t#tl The Arehduka Joba liarlag totwlorril hi* roatgcatlon, It I* row understood thai the committee of annfederation will h? aloeted without further delay. and at onra aA#um? tha dlractloa at the affair# of tba < IJ Bund or tha Coadadaracy of all tha Uerman Ntati.a A* agreed upon In tha tr?a'f b?tw?.n tho cablneta nf Au*trla and Prn#'la' il^nad at Vienna ea tha .10th nit . tha goaernaeat a<4 mifi* in to eoiel-t of fenr member*. of which two ara to bo appoint od by Au?trla and two by froMla, whlla the other Stati# ara to ba represented by plantptentlarl-# at tha oat of tie government la Kranhfort Tha ag room on I between tba rablnat la to tiplra oa tha lit of May, IWO, till when, It I* h"pod a daflalilva ftettlemanv batwrtt tha flarman 8tat.-a with regard to tha naloa H' #<llon will ba etna to In ca#a the qne?tloa, oa the aapiratina rf that tarra, till remain* unsettled, tha i wrnia cabinet* will hara ta deoldo whether tha pra irk i: NOVEMBER 11, 1849. rant contention Id to he renewed or not. The object of thin arrangement i* to restore the former German Bund, or Confederation, as it eiiated previous to the jear 1848. It the committee of the unlou should n?t be able to agree on an; on* tubjxot, the ca*e is to be referred to the governments' of Austria and Pruaelai which are to decide on it. On ({urtitioni) of iaiportance. Austria and 1'rumia are to choote an umpire from one of the other State* ?f Germany, which is to decide betwreutheiu The ceiimlttee of coutederation U to enter upon ail the lunc'ionn of a central power, stub as r>eicb?i bjr the provisional government at Krankfort, and to carry on the diplomatic but.ine?s ho far an oontern** t he relatione of the bund wiln forelun mi 1 the governine ute or (iermatiy hate been iuvlt?d to give their lulimiu to tbi* convention. and a great p?rt have already done i>o As members of the provisional gtvernineiit to bs appointed by Crufrii, tieneral Von I'enuker and .Mr Vou AH timliben. former Minister of Finance, ara named Oh the purl ot Austria General VcuHayi.au and Mr, Von Wfrni r ?r? mated to liavo bet u elect* d nu mbers of th* committee The antecedmie of all these men especially General Von Hayoau, ara aaythii g but calculated to predlspoi>e hi faver of ti e new eeutial p*?er. Che Selection of such a govern- j ment seeiue to augur. ?" It wi re, a future perfrot relgu

of terror In Germany. tba wry name af llayiiau being at ihe preheut mt ment. astoc.iatt d with all the abominations of a cruel and despotic military government. At one of the latent council* of tho cablnat here It 1 waa unanimously reaolvt d to call together a (iariuan parliament. in this city, in despite of ull existing ditllculties Tbe I'ru-sdau government is determined. altin ugb tba gr? alar German powers have withdrawn from tha lrai; la. to enabli-h a union in ?onjuna'I 'D w ill tba mini r State*. uuleas tba Krichilag or diet. to ba oenvokeU. should declare tUo project to ba Impossible, l'rissia would, in that ease. mill eudi avor to briwg about tba anaaxatioa of a part of tba minor Statin whnlt ba v* amady b. an for sura* time. uadar Pru??laa rula. A nr) important resolution nu ailopte I la<t w?ak, in the arui.uU chamber. i'ha question whether tbe uilltaiy fl?< uld iai>e the nath upon the constitution, Ilka ull who ara In tbe sarvioe at tba Stale, was discti-a d at gr -at leugih. It bung maintained on tba one beni thM m excluding ibo aimy from tha obligation ot tsklrg tha nath, tbe government w.n enabled by ita U| | ort to violate tbe eonotltuliou wbeaever it ple*-ed; ?bi tt it ?a* a-i-er'ed on tba other, that if tb<! military would be e m p. lled to awear to tha constUutleu. the ?iifcl| l:?e would ba weakened a* they might then r*luee to obey the cimmaud. of tbi Ir superior*, whenever the latttr might be considered to (Ii?*gr?a with the cniltuli u It vas unally revolved by a great majority, tbat a proviaion sbotiiil l>a ma la In the oon<tl(Utu n that the uiili'aiy eboud lint be retired to take 11,e eath Tknuaiy i?. therefore. In future, ti co?ti- ' uueto be what it. ba* hltbarto been-tho great suppoit and hl.iold ol absolutism. \ srtwrilay being tue anuivarsai y of tha birth-day of tba king festivities were ariangt d by the dilfrrent Inllitutious ol >rt aud nclenee iu tkl? city, au4 tha day, as uma1. ?a. calculated an a holiday by all ola^iie* hare. Ju tba mi rliiug a giaud uiu-ic il pert'orm^noa tunk place In tbe academy. In tha evening repn*<entatlm.) Iuitabia to ttu ccclelcn were given iu the theatres, and tbe whole city splendidly iiluminatad The king, timing tba day. recelvtd tbe coiigratula'ion.1 of ttis comt. tbe dipli ma le <> r;,n. ibe 4epurlea of the cbaui|>er? and tbe authorities und oorporalionii of the city. '1 b? wbolo fvctivlt* paired oil without any di?turb.inoe. 'I be ftli-Oe of I'ru.tsia, who had been expected here for foiuc tliae pa-t a' rivid la't week at the huad of a j pait of tbe trotipi from Bad- n. and had a triumphant i til later into the capital. He was reeel ?ed bo for a tbe city by tk? autborliand deputalloas of eltiieu.t, j and proceed) d through tha etreet* which warn tbrongid ly thoutauJa. taward* hie v?l?"e. ac.Miu (amid by the princee of tbe royal houca, ilenaral Vou timiigil i (iiut Yon Brandi nli .r/, mil it brillian', ratalcad* of nWc#ri of tb* royal rtafT In p*0rin'; through lb? " Linden " be ?ai cheered by th" crowd* abich *i i? anrmbled. wlitlft flower* tol ^alaudi wrie throwti lu ureat Sundance !rom the window t ?( t)>? htilitcH. by the ladi- *. \t bi* pala<*e, wlu.-h had t ?ru rated. be wan welaubii.it by dep of both rt .ttut>e:> and a gn at pat t of the thlt of lieciin. ilir rtn |i'l< n ? a' a very different on? from ahat he intlht ba?e expected but a few mint'n ago, *ti?n h? baa I'M Li laur bad ft ;u? tile vapitai. and hu palauo ?te- j elaird oatinal prop-. ty. flu Tru'. .n.1, tb? well known ulira oou-uitatic ciub. pran ote J blin wi*!l a cruwu of laurel*. 'J hi Intelligence of th* execution ofCovnt tt? toirnrr l'r*rid< nt ol th? tluncarlan >ll?letry wi^i Wa* > hul at l'e-tb *1 viuiog t' HlUMI ( I Mart ir tial. ha* ??cit< d ti.n lUmi rt uri.f tUon at Vlen i?, h?re, aiid tud>-< d, throughout Oartaaoy Of all the I al -r* in tbe 11 b nitai ' n lurur.eail'i, Count Ua'liyani *?t kuoiin t > bate belonged to tne mo*t moderate party, ai.d lo lb''< ? bo bau eve a fought to briuK about a roe i <*ii i?v . ii win. .UitiU N<>?IW cbt.|(i> e m d b? brought I (ward affalnxt ht-n in the WBt' DM .fhiti flirt ?a?, that h? that'll be Itui <r f >r hiHh trea*oi?, but whi*.h w.-H n t'in: .la ?lt?r>.d. to tbe tlTect tbat he tdn uld b rbot except that, win n h? ha 1 been pi line Btinieter he had exceeded tit* pn>.er? although h? had P-lgiied .o t>epti niber la*-t je?r on tie commence uent ot tk* lii n^i. iau asr Wl.rj ;he Au.->tilaoa adraoo'd cu I ?tli be ?s ii nt by the HungarlaNr to treat with tbe Aintiian oetniauder. on the term of the nrrend r iii tbe city, but, contrary to ail ou?toin of ??r, wa* n'a.i id a< prtr-uer and b?ld in custody >?r elnne. I'm tbe purp' i.i?f v taping t>ii< dlr^rae^tul d 'ath of bell " liu? \t uufc Ic'v in t's ?trf?t< nf I r.th.tli nn ij ti' b.f; '*11 i ~d 01 il - tLe attempt to take Ui< 1 villi n r llv rvl!'. red UnUit with the grrateat bih>rrjr w rlfilliti] I-urope turn* with horro* Ic c. Mi?- (J lito <i-htd. p i' h k?n dally enarted )r. Ii 111|tnr> and which mutt lorerer bra id our ?;>* a* i il- ft the nio?t barbart.u4 aid cru?l. wt? nit ?ltti th?a>and? or othi r- ??l at cau l?? tli? o'i, t of all tt>W ?Uui|l.trr, u ? iha' I'mnr-y lay< pro-train at the f?rt (I Aii-.iia and ItunMa and n?n the ????.? rewr^e of dtepoU uiuat bar* long Itwu enltd in U.i- rtriami of loD'cent Mood i!i?t h.iv* b?u rpilltd ? We d.'iijr > a >f n w et'O.'lnn; an), Kret tdit'K to aec out* mr reeeln> (r ui the he-t .soureie, the ?irk if de-trwctl n Ftean loderd onlj to fcaro c< nnitii'- d. It?ijear.v hi-yotd ?: >uht thit Auitrla, a an-of thn InifKrIhili'y of a future rtoouclti*tl?u * ii li tlui n*rj atti r all tliat ha? taken place, 1* drter> t<li i-J li'idi.> n hy court martKI ell who rity at II 1)^^ loh<r?ay j and, Imlrtil. to rruah th II u rof tlilP IIubkh'Ih? nation by rentenolDir, altb't t > d a Mi or liwptifOLCii tit. the ut* atef l?*?t t thodi ?Iio hare been aut> r? In the late U".a.a of Mjm revolution. VV? l?arn fr> hi Arad that n? lee* th?n fifteen Hang*rl;?i n-n*. rain who ?n? r*p'lv?< th-re hare b?->-t? end'tnned to death by eonrt martial. and e*ecut. d 'I he eentn.ee ii Count l:althi?ol had h?en unt hy the A antitan r u.uiiii.<ler, lii ntral Hayrtau, to Vli'uai and ?af e< Dtirined there by thn government III* and property to the amount of (even rjlUi oi, hare k< < a ei nB-rated Tin Imj'Ortaiit f'aoaii luat ?l Fiuaaln In tlia All.-Its air kmiojm. (V ri m the I ' idon Mercantile Uaiett*. 0?t. 11) \\> cannot toai i>fi? n in j r> ? mjm n tli<' public tht furl, thm U|| || Inula having d' liuiltve-ly taken li^r aiur.d aim ni; caret ituiorml Slnt'K, t.rie thus < ften-ii ?ne <1 llw b> at rn -'hiii t l. jrtij l? t ctiiiiix riilie-r Kuraiaii or r? rl rfiHiblican. I'r ia. i.io mm iniilyipy tti e whole German Met, or at Iraat tmir-tiliiis tlierei.f, thia aco^a.-oon of fivr and tbinjr niillitum of flff-nt' n to th^ cntiae of civilization, inay well iiii-^1 rvtry frar of Kurnjif rrmirhii g tit.dir tlie whip ol i he fin mok, or ilt^ k ???m t uf i i'..,. tk? t i.-.. . .. i 1.1.. ii * iiurrir.u in*: vrriuniBP vrirg n t'llll' vattd prople?tliiHighifui, nod at tha mhti?* ti'ii" iiih( nijkiivr? could only, in the fmt intoxication of * their i.rw liberty, ad< pr the coarte jargon, Me ribald bliapbemieg, and the wild political teneta of if * tociali?t school. I'pon becoming Again aotiT, their that act waa to range il?< ni??-lv?? tinder the b< r.nrrof older and liberty, winch I'ruK^u li>?d jun raided. In the meantime, n? cm r could ba great.r than to pgp^ne thai the Ij?c nflfftfiljr, in t? earning wi>cr in ;hnt country, Iiaa bi'Comr mot* hike warm It m now t nririttiy i>t th?* universal (ifm an iinad, with its hnjli aiyiralioiia, huJ Ua liwl>>tf ill d? 11' Hiid If afl?-?n iDveatigation. C'l the uuiveraality of tbi? determination of p?r* |k ft 'ii the pret-ant 'lViii?>me nee, we cannot give n li ore couvincinf proof than the shew of h>>maga p.ud to it ( ? the Austrian government This la the Mere fivnmcaiit > a ih?- part ol a |Kiwr which i* no cordial a tmier ot constitutional rule that, rather than itivt* it to a portion ol tta aubjei t?, it pref-iied becoming a vassal ol Rua?iv Vet, with th<a ?tni.g an ipa'hy, the Austrian a<ithoritiea pretend to have become couverta to it, tf omjh with no other new than to prevent the total Iota of th it alr oat pt> ponderating influence they hhd ?o long exercised on <?ertiian alinra. No i1oul<t, j?iJoii?y of Prussia haa aoine away over 1 tlieir joliey in thin reejiect; and we can readily lamiiiiie itie-ir vexation lit seeing that people and government acting tip to the ai>irit of the age, and thus making mre ot clutching (J-wrman supremacy. hi'Wrvrf, we ahould do great injuatice to the |'rua? aian nation, were we to i-ay that it waa act'iat^d hy ariibitii'ii m!???? in declaring ita adhesion to constitutional pun? iplea. In no country are acience and li'crntuie cultivated more generally an'l successfully ; noiie contain* more profountl thinkers and able eX|<oundere, in all branchesofpolitical a-i*nce; mid no where Hie to lie touted a metier niliii'ier ot iri<Ji*tri?nlrt m?|>.tfcl?'oi *fif>rrcialinKth*Tillii*<>t ?urh Inborn In nch * country the existence ??f bad government would he the gnsntcKt of nil anomalies unci it often puulea oar to think how it could have hHjurnpd ihat h j>?-0|>l?f, hi diftiny<iiph*d by hiirh cultivation, could hare no lonu mhmittfd to what wp Knitlith ix>?|i|p ciincider an intolerable nuia<nce. Toamne nf ?<?ir Uermxn brethren it must have liffn fully a? galling, eapecially whenerpr they reftectpd that ttv-ir country waa the cradle of *<>m* rf thp mc??t hpncficial reform* which have taken place in modern tirnea ft u, thr<tf<>rr, a t*k/rct <f dnfi 'ofigratulatum, that, at n Mm* iithtn tht tiviliztd u-mld it fhttaltntd, <m tht rap ndt, bv tht mUllitri of dnp'Utm, and, on tht<4?tr, fry imtrmt of rrrnlnlitmary dttptrndm I, a fmirtrful itnd tnJighttnrd tiafim it pfarrft in tht rtnfrr of Eurnpt, m wilhftg ut it it ahlt tn rtfwl thru tu*? inwtteratt tiumitt , of nil R"od am rrmmtnt. Popular liberty, with royalty to defend it again*! the alternations of vioioice and l*uig<>?r?ol agtta !.. . _ I EH A tion and reaction?which are the fatal legacy left to France by the founder* of the republic?in not the only fixed puriios-e of all true-hearted Germans at this time. Thty are njwiUi/ determined uji'm carrying nut tlifir ?< heme of union, u;> u the //* ?./?/ of the I 'nihil Smtet of X,rrth Amermt. with the ttnhrlttutun of A'?n>f tur freiident. Only two ot the Males into which that country is divided?Austria and Prut-Sid?have any, pretensions to become the brad of the proposed union. Austria?whether for good or evil we will not pretend to fay?has, in the estimation of nine tenin.-t of ihe German iwyle, disqualified herself, by her proverbial predilections for strong uovernment, for this hisjh oilier. lle idrs, they look with unconquerable repugnance, and with no lit tie admixture of tear, to the possibiliiy of the dM'rndnncy of a power which is as deoennert on the treat despot of the North, as if a liook had been fixed in it* nose, with a lint; attached to it in the hands <>t the I'/.ur. As loafMt M?f>vnr nf the nn -fill UftiprMfinti livrj and uw Iniiir bp uny vestige of tlie sinokiug ruina of the towns aiid villages of his country remains, so long will this contw etion between Austria and Russia continue uu< hanged. _ Were the Austrian government to show the slightest inclination in f;tvor of liberal institutions, th^ 1! ussian Ktnperor, in the pre. in-lit exasperated state of Hungarian fee I i inf. would only liave to hold up his little tinner to raise that country ngain,and induce her to throw ofTfor ever her allegiance to the house of ilapshurg Lorraine Therefore, n power so dependant upon another, will never be so lur trusted l<y the universal German people, us to tempt them to place it at the heail oi their darling scheme of a United Fatherland.? Their choice, therefore, devolves, from necessity, upon the oilier pretender; and we have already pretty satisfactorily proved that on this occasion necessity and reason go hand in hand. The I'ruasian sovereign and people have no predilection whatever lor what is called strung govemm-nt ; on the contrary, all their affections and interests h ive theconttary tendency. 1'russiu can never be greater than she is now, except by going with the aoirit of the age, and placing her&elt at the head of ilie present (irrman movement, titie is strung, it is true, in the proverbial loyalty ot her people?in their spirit of nationality, in their historical recollection*. M.e will, however, be much stronger when to 1.11 these is lidded th?* all-quickening spirit of liberty, temi>ered by order, and perpetuated, like the fire in the temple of Vts'a, by her admirable system ot universal ducatinn. We can readily pu'tuie to ourselves Prussian greybeards in ? very province of the kingdom, recounting with pride, to groups of juvenile listeners, the exploits of the gri atcst of their monarch*, nnd the equally glorious detds in the creat war of independence, when th<* 1'iossisn people rose as one man, and, teariog oil the iron ) i'ke Ironi i.it ir necks, tlung it in the I,ice of the for? isjn oppressor. _ Hut we cannot, by any sit< t< h ol imagination, picture io ourselves a Lornbaid, Venetian, or Hagvar father, recounting with similar | ride to his children the glories of tho houfc of lL-|)fcburg Lorraine. STEAM PaCKKTU BKTYVKKN Cik.NOA AND MoniLK ?We It rn itom one of our citizens, who liasjuU returned from ienoa, that a company of merchants ?ti:0 capiti.hMs i.| that city, have projected a lin** <?l feajncrs to run thence to Chu^rea, Are. When he 1? If, negotiations were pending between them and tl.e governments of Sardmia und_ S(>nin, in refcicnce to the transportation of mails, Arc., and it VMiiy believed the necessary means would be pronnll) emended, und thus scenre the apeedy cfii?l letion ot the enterprise. The enmuany propot-e to have four atenmera, of about 1,200 tans euch, constructed in th<- moat substantial tmnner, cl the best materials, and to be, m every p-trticul?r, sujierior cceun steamers. One ta to he tfe?i'Utch?d fit the h-ginning of each month, from (niioa, touching at Barcelona, Malaga; (Itbraltar, Ciidix, Madeira, Havana. Mobil', T.tmpico, and WiaCruz. Ilcttirnina, the stoppages will be at the fimif1 ports. Looking over the lint* proposed to he mn, every nin of intelligence will he im|ire-?ed at ( nee wi li the practicability of the roatf, hit) trait lit d that the j?r?>titti arising from the line w.11 be ecn'-ide;:ihle. Indei d, the proposition is bo plain, that we feel isxured '.he enterprise will soon go into o| en.titin. For the mne pnpuatsof commerce, this line would allord great couvtriiieneea, and in vi< w of the continuity lncreabinir intercou.-e bewjen those I r ition> <>t the caiitint i.t contiguous to < ienoa and ire ti< ppingplacep on tit' Mediterranean, with trie I niterl States, ihe West 1 ii<iand Mexico, the t uvrl n.ui-t b< immense. Not only (hin -the rx('itemed 111 regurd ii> the gold in California, is r??| dly extending mi llie continent, ami will, uud? i.Iiii ?ilv. lead lo extrusive commercial pro;ect?, vhscli will r? .-n!t advantageously : nnd, as a conr> (jurnce, induce a great deal of truvel thai w iy. > In mlditicM, with the convenimc?* at hand of a hae j o| tine commodious K'.eainers, tn .njr i>'*r.-t>ii*, as ; veil 1< T biiMii'- a us pi i?ar<', will prefn-vi-iting the aoat'.ntnt by this mode, th in suilinc f'?r Kng- j land. In a *otd,we tlui'k it one of the iu?#t ; win !y i rn,i ted nt? rpiues ill it have betu Inougiii to: wt rc! lor ?< rif time. To Mobil* it will probihly, in its result*,be more ini|OHKiit tliun that of the Koyal West India mail line, it will ufiord at once the meanbof owning | a<i!r<ct trade and a more constant inttrcoiuiiiani- , c..tn n wi'h n yrcJion ot Unrobe wlii h w have heretofore had \ery little intercoiirwe. tt will nho l.e of cieat edvBBtage to New (>tlean* lnth.it c ty iu,d Mobilr there is a large Italian and Spanish j j lilwiioii. which is unnually incrca-.inq by the ari rival of irnrrtigt lit* lr?m hurope. This line will lord additional fuci'itiei lor nil itiou and blisi* j t'fni pursuits, that will enuble dealers to sillily fh> tiirehea williin a''onipnrativrly ?hort tnn" wi-f? ! ri.n.'ioir prodt.cta of li.ily, hpain,&c., which, in the : with, have almont CLine to be couaidered of 1 i n ty nec-stty. U hen this ime ^?e? into o,'>cr.iticn, there will be a (i>iili<r ili n.ai.O lor our coal, fresh provisions, iV c , out of wliii h our city and Slata will derive c< ni-'d? rable profit. Tl>e gentleman who hi p put us in possesion of the facia in reference to thia ent-r;>ri*e will r< reive infoirn <tion from time to time of the progress *f ; the n?potiRtidn* rr.n oilier matters, which will he jn ni| t v laid bilo,e the public.?M OU* ihiuU, Vttoln 2S. I>Mi?r?ll* I*llarr 11 mi, jr. Tb* OrrfTT' r (J tthi dr l?l?n.J !> ?| poin!?<l ih i 20th Instant i> a !?? of tbankrglfltjg f>r*?r?l rlil'drrn ??r? |a Rioti-nonl. Va a faw da}* Inc* ><} ?<Iuk palutad can dy It ootitalaad arr?i>lr. A dry df?lr l? In asumanf nor ?t ruction at Mobil*. II U 2?b Itat long by <J fft l<r>ad. Tha V nfMrh and Krla ( a mil bna baao aomplatad to T?rra llauta. Tha conftltutk n of Varmont la to ba raria?-d, with a t). w df ha>tng tha rapr?> ruiatl' n upon tba nuxb r of It* population, Inatead of upon town-, a* at pr,--?-nt. t pwarda of SO two > n Igrantu Ua?a arifrad at tha t'a idlaa | ('ill durtijr th? '??'??. 7 ba cfc"l? t* I* t ag.1.g aux'bg tha Indian* at Naw Bay H ltc< c?li. ni?a.?nr<<? ara on foot for the eomtruitlon of a drt Utok at Sarat nab, Da Tba th< rw'iiirtar ?tnod at 80 dagtaai at Claralaud, Oblo, cm tb? tJth in?t 'I ha aity of ll<? t> n ha* traniml'tad ona thou>aa I TO!< ? -a of Aaitricao booha, aa a dwMtion to tba oi'.y of I * i? f ront ma da ita app^aianoa on tha mornlag of tha llth r.lt. In .utaw au,| (tamaafilla. Alabama. l'bara wa? al-o front in lew and flat altuatiou* ia 1'aUaJrga eannty on tha >aiaa morning 1 b* Vitnphl* railroad eooTauti' n adjourned on tba J'.th ult. 'I be General '.naraibly of llhoda lalan I adjouraad aa tha V I luat after a ?lon of four daye I'ha outatar.dlrg portion < f th* State dabt wh-r? tha preannt loldarr arr known l? Sftl.T&l 10. and tha ag<rag?ta of tb" outstanding priaal^al ol tba dt t?t la 111 017 14. A general railroad law ha* h?en reported by a eommlttae to tha IIIIn ia lioii?a of h<-ar-->?nt?tt?*< It I* to incorporate companies f,<r tha hu I ling of rallruada, and de>igi.atr* th? termini of r#-rtain route*. Including tba Vlnasnaaa and St. l.ooi? Una, and all otbat*, wltn . aijiial claim- upon tha legislative attaatloa, Tha caeeof Bodlne ? tha Na? Jersey Ha'I road Poai j fany In a swlt fr>r danii?a? resulting from p itting ! plaintlH out of tb? *a'? Iweaiisa nr am not pay tna regular lara tar a through passenger. wai decided an Tburedaj, la I'biladeiphla, Id favor of tba railroad cotnpai.y. Tol'iN ?t Taaatr *?, La ?Tha l.afonrcbe p?p?ra ontain full arronata of tha lata rt??tniotl?a toraad' whlrh. on tba luth in' taat. awppt o?ar rarrathma II bv OMlrnjIt) Vlr. I torra Horb?au'? hoax Mr <1 ?a? tound dr-a-i at ?oruo dl?tane*, hi? wif# and rMldrrn orcapod. hut not without rl<??? Injur/ Mr Tatitirr * plautntlon ?ao groat\j injur-d, VI ?r< Thl. bodoauiand batr-y '? ?'i**r plantation on H?f"O r?rr?b'-nno. (uflrrxl li-a?ny tha building* brnng of?rtlitown ii'uro hou?r? <t?molMh> J. Irm iiprnotod. outfit blllrd An Vaji-r Pott*' piantaMon r>a? u??t in Hiltr lof.rg nun; acre* of rm?, f?nr??. aud l<" frav* bouroa. lat?lt oconptod by Aa?u?'a llabin. on Ray > Iil*M 'I ha I?m>? au*tainoil by htm amount* to *or?ral th.u>and dnliar* 1 ho offrot of fho tornado van tlx ??p?ri? ne?d in l.afburobo (???al ?n(ar n?<r? rablna, ataMoa. oorn ortb*. oot b> ""or . waro pr.w Uat?d to the gronnd and thoir tracinAit* aoattorad far atid nldo. Tbo ia>K?*t trw* in %*io for<?ot tr* wron"b?d ficm tbo ground a* tbongh tboy w?r? but am*|| ?apIIOf? and rarriod to a gr?at di?t tuoo fro?i thoir original po nlon Tbo*o who ha*o no?tr *o?n tbo ?lT-o' aad Urt-at forro t.f tbo wind. ?t?nld bo loth to (Ira oradena* to tbo wondroQ' atid di*ar>tmn? pnjurod by tbu tori ado ?N'w Orl'itl IV?, Or I LD. TWO CENTS. lnltrciiiliig from the Copper licgloa. A correspondent of the Cleveland (O.) ItrrcUd, of the ."th in.-t, wruitiL' fruni the cooper re-dun of Luke Superior, under date of tin- I7tli ult , says:? Heretofore the country iu ihe viciuity of Ontonaton river has been kept back, and has attracted but little notice, in consequence <>t tlia unfavoraMe retort* that have been mtule respecting the nuturB of its mineral ground, which are now proved ta lime been unfounded, Ity tiie t-uccr?alul operation and prosperous condition of several of th? mine* now wcrkinu, viz.:?The Minnesota mine, lying two miles V E. of the river, 12 miles from its mouth, on n direct line. Under the manduenient of S O Knnpp, the enmpuny have shipped about fifty tona of copper this beakou, which is an extraordinary return, considering the time the mine hu been worked, the mnal! amount that has been ex i i i . i? i -. r nuru, nuu wir pre ,eni uepm 01 ifir* workings. Thin company are at work on a vein running nearly r.-.m and west, and dipping to the north at an an^le of .>5 deg , that showed evidence* of having been woiked hundreds of years ago by a rac? of people now extinct. Tne vein is from three t?> six (eet wide at the top, and exposes its out crop tor over one mile in length. A ureat part of tho distance tlirre Ii.iS been nearly a continuous ditch, dug along the hirface of the vein by th" ancient miner*, from mx to ten feet deep, and with now and then a thaft or hole dux still deeper. Tho derjiest one that has yet been examined does not exceed li."> leet. In the bottom of these ditches and holen, wherever they have been cleaned out, are found niasfes of copper imbedded in the rock; around ihet^e insures are found the stone hammers that the old miners worked with. The pr-sent workings of the company corn i--l principally i>f two thafts tunk on the vein, one t.> and the other 55 (eel deep, in sinking th> 111, the vein was found to increase in richness and itow wider as they descend. The shafts are 150 feet apart, and art* connected by a drift or level at the bottom. In driving through the drift masses of copper, averagu g from l? ur to eighteen inches in thickness, were found along the wall of the vein, at irregular intervals?not one solid mass or wall of copper, an hud been represented?*. ryin^ iu weight from a few pouuJs to many tons From this drift tha 60 ton* ?poken ot as bhipped were t iken, and theso is plenty more still in sight. They have lately commencetf sinking a nr * shaft If) leet farther west, and at iiH present depth, 12 Isat, there lias Ween home lino lbs. taken out, and theie la a sheet of copi er telling is that now shows five feet in length lit the bottom of it. They have 70 men at work, and are increasing the number as fast as ihey can get accommodations ready for ilutin. From present appearances, they will be abl" to ship from thrrce to 400 tons next tie:ison. The Adventure Mining Company, formed ihivsprinu, is located five miles rust <1 the Minnesota, on the same range. They hare hid a few men employed this summer in exploring their location nnd cleaning out the old diggings that are scattered over it. Tney have ... .4.1.. i a ... 1 - -i. ? i 111 v?ii leifiy auuim t wminrr ui-y n^vr iii hio an opening. Tlu-y have now a force of six Hie# cni| \o)i d in running a drift ? n on<* of their veins, ci'iniiu ni'ini! wi K- out crop, about 200 fret below the top of the htll throiurh which it pins. Tlie vein Hone is thickly impregnated wiili copper, from the commencement. I he A tec Comp.tny, adjoiaioc ihc Adventure on the rant, have a ppleudid t how of roj'jier on the burtace. They will probably keep hut two or three men employed this winter. I'he Algonquin Company, and the l)?ui;li^ Houghton ( < ni|Miiy both made good discoveries some three yearn bai:k, but lor some reason, ih^y h ive let them lay idle. Mr. iJ.jiglabd in now expected up to resume operations twits fall. This includes nil the mines now in operation on ttv east tide of the river. On the we.<t side t!ie Forrest Company, form ily the Ontonagon Copper Com|8i.y, h,.ve m>i(!?' a n'W di-cov? ry within a few dn)M back, fli miles from the river. Mr. W II. StephtiiN, thr agent of the comp .ny here, in ex* nlorinp, found tome ancient diggings, and upon navini} tliein cleaned out, they proved, as tliey UMjiilly do, to be on a vein. I hive not seen it, but 1 understand th.it it is a fine prosuect. They have from twe Ive to tifieeu hands employed. The (>luo Trap Hock, and other c< mpam .* on the west side of tne river, have go >d shows, but are not doing much mining nt prr?ent. There will be a laige amount of business done here next season, and ilie importance of a harbor for large v?-**ej? b# yu.s periously to be felt. The m mill ol this riw-r ic the only available point for a harbor on the coat-t for 70 miles each way. It i# obstructed by a send bar &t its mouth, on winch there is generally m.\ ft el ol water; inside of the bar there is Water enough for the |,:r^est cl i^sof steamboats. Horkji'.i.k Tkaukdy in Ac\a * ..is?A fi {lit to<?k |>u t ? in i_.uii.ini)M, .IU>| uri n tl ir l iV, MlB Hiih ulmno, wiieh I'm probably proved I <ul to b? h p.irtiea enj.' it'd. Mr. Archibald G"'tdlo? tir.il Kcioulus i'ayne had been long intimate till'.- ttnU neighbors, &ud w? c boiu ^lauii-rs <>f ih'- highest reachability. S inie t?in?> xiso, ('.oodKtw, involved, fold out all hu pn.wrty to h btoiher-iieltw, thereby throwing upon l'<vn? h liability, Ba tiia endorser, tor ten thouaaad dollar?, which Piijuc h id to pujr. Ttiia b*uot a miaiM). rftanding ?nd h.eUility between them, I'ayiw charging < ioodlow with denuded him b/ a tiiuulaltd sale. < ioodlow protested hi* muotrr.ee, and inserted lint it.v.is a bimit Ji'dt Iran action. I'.) f, at last, wan iadu :<"d ij l>< 1.14 a suit ia thiii try, eharpiuj fraud and other bid conduct r.g.tin.-i tioo?llow. The court met ut Columbia, on Srtiuidny lift, when Uoodlow, encount *rini{ l'uyne, ru tin in ed itu ittlaeli UiHiii hiin Willi two i?vp|vrv, tu ii?;r no lei < tli .n ?i:vn b.ill4 mto i'ayne'a body, mid wound'n# tiim terribly, and. it Ik thought, mortally. I'ayne, at la?i, succeeding in j:et'irs< a puiol, iu <hed upon i ?oodlow and *lu?t huu throneh tlie h nit. I'jth cunna'ant* tiien jell. Gi/wllow was found q nte dead, and Payao waa B|>e? ehleg*, and ut last aeeonnt* w m not ejipeeiril lo live mure than a lew* houra The partie* 111 tbis dtendful allrav were hi^'ulv respected planter*, and were considered, until very lately, lue ......I ml.m.l. .... '.^...I..l I- \T M\ J't/ra, Aw. I. itk-arpimitamk m a Wirt .<ptfr tttk hioon MAItRlASKl I llhR ill'iuni). ? NllDf tillirifo^hvt the cholera who raging to such hi alarming eiu-nt in our parthh, a gentleman residing a ahort distance from Proriden'-e, determine ato remove hia w i|i? to it rnore wecure locality, ami accordingly Bent hfrloNi w Oilrui. The huaband soon rec-tved ili?- I it?l ii# n h thut the teiwi'-r partner of hia tioaoui li.td fallen a vtriim to that dpudful p<'*til< iic?, in the city ol Newt>rleana Month*, however. rolled by, mid time, tiie ureal physician, aeamged the tiraC viilercc of gtiel i ii to a |*-ii.-ive and irfMnrh'Jjr mm mbrance of hia d- pined cairn moon he turned th?- ri <|Minlanrr of rfier My, who attracted hit rrtiirci i?y her many fine qnalilie*, and at l-xt w >k? to Tie hi? >lti(tg' *h ?nd broken heart, hy her quiet and trodeat |.r? ferenw for htrn Suffice it to ?*y. that Hbc>itt four werka ?tneethey were married, ?m the cl< uda i.f aorrow t!<-d from their connubial bowett. About a week aiace, the Hrat wife re-.?4?pear? d ar.d flung herat-lf into the arnii of her h<ial?and. to the great diamay of tli?* n?*w bride. We have iieard ri.any reavmagivn of h?-r long ab?enre, and many conjectures aa to th* cour?e the partie* will iik*. We cannot, at preaent, atatc thein, a* the matter may be inveatigated in the court* of )? ! ice. ."tao* A' < ir>i it ii ttt Yt.mtX CotrtTT, Pa. ?On Monday evening lact a tearful ac'idfnt occurred to the NorthumbeiUnd atage, coming thta way, occasioning a<-rmua injury to arvara I of the paaaenuer*, and endangering the live? ot all. It teenia that on starting iroui A-hlaud. 12 milea abovr l'otiaville,the driver had barely reached the bo*, wh?-n the horaea atatted at full eyed, and on UirniiiK the angle in the road, the atage was thrown over with great force. Thare were eleven laarengers in nnd upon the at ige, and among them Wm I' Smith, of ( itawima. whoae wr^t w.ia sprained; llobatt MvUojr, potimiiiwr it Withiif* tonville, niui daughter, ih'- latter of whom ?4i slightly bruised; He*. M. Foot, Northumberland, he:.d somewhat injured; Mr. Kiitmnn ami in* eon, of Bangor, Me , the Utter ot whom received * werv aevererui, eiteuiffag tYom tnc temple to th* lotr^r part of the face; Thomas Rtcer, of Northumberland, whn?e h?*ad Wis ali?lnly RtuiC'-d, and Mr. Hock, ? merchant of Muiny, Lyeomtag count?, whose Ihign *u broken.?I'Utu-dte (#?u ) Kmaormn, A'o?. 8. Oat* at u<nr(in?Hng Susan Loud, of Wry* mouth, broke from her fastening at rh?? *nd of Long Wlmrf, this morning, and drifted up the dock, coming in contact with ihe brig Trimntdi, bound tor Califemu, staving in her at'*rn,etc. The Susan Loud carried away h<-r jib-boom, atoee long b**t to pieces, *nd did other dating* to theainouat of sotr* f 150. The ahlf? <hta. Carroll, at the end of Long Wharf. is damag-d by ch-tting iurain*t tha wharf At New lUdfotd. Uat night, a sHal! houa* whi blown o?rr, ihe ianntea of which narrowly escaped wrh th^ir li?ea. A brig waa aeen at anchor near the mm ka at the mouth of Salem harbor, tlii* morning, hut it waa thought that ah* would ride out the gale in salety.-- R >$tvn /\nv*U*rt y<? ?. Pnllllral ln?clM*ene?. rJenerat l.arlta i > nth- in ?p ksa of a* a nan<tt1at? fa riark i>f tK* i>tt lloiua of KoprnMataUvaa af IIm HlltHltalM

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