Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5643. 1RBIT1I. AC Till? immici. TUB DETAILS OF THE EI ROPB11 KIWI. The Ministerial Change in France. THE CUBA QIRSTION IN SPAIN. DEPARTURE OF THE BRiTSH MINISTER FOR THE UNtlEO STATES. STATS or TBS aKAHSSTA. THE FASHIONS. fee. &c. Arc. The steamship America arrived at this port about ten o'clock yesterday morning, after a splendid run from Halifax. She li ft Liverpool on Saturday, the 3d, and jiamax.on murs-tiay morniag, me 1am insi. Our thanks are due to the Purser of the America, for hi* attention in huving our newspaper parcel* ready for instant delivery. The ateum sloop Hecate wn to have left Portsmouth, England, on Saturday, the 3d iust , direct for New York, with Sir Henry Bulwer an board, is niirtJ ttr plenipottnt ury to the Unitai State*. The only ton of Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton was to sail with his uncle unpaid attnehi. The Hecate will probably arrive hrre soma time this week. The latest quotations for American State atocka were aa follows:? American Stat* Htocka. Lumdun, NuTember t, 1819. United State* Kire per < entn i^a. . . 92 a ? United State* fc'ii per Lent* iaote. , . 10* a 100)* New York K1 re per Cants, lb45 91 a 93 Maw lorn " " 18b6 01 a 93 If*w York ' " lt>?>3 91 a 93 Pennsylvania Five per <>nta T9 a 80 Ohio Six per Cants, 1850 99 a 100 bio " " I860 98 a 100 Massachusetts Five per < eats, Sterling Bonds, 1H68 101 a 102* South Carolina Kits pur Cents,(Baring k Ca ) *2 a 94 Maryland Kive per Cents. Sterling Uds 87 a 88 Mlasisaippi Six p?r Cents 60 a t>2 Da. Fi*e per Cants. Sterling Ids 29 a ? Alabama Five per Choi* 80 a ? Do. Sterling Honda 88 a ? Florida Six per Cent* 80 a ? United tt*U* Dank Shares 10s. a 12s The London Timtt of the 1?: instant, gives the following intelligence:? Malta. Oct 25, 1819. UMTFP ST?I?i RVL'auhon. On a Cruife -The United State* tribal* MUaisslppl, bearing the Hag of Coaiinodur* CliarW* \V. Morgan; the Constitution frigate, Li?ut?u*at J. 8. It ><ran (Acting); the Jame?towu corvette. C xnmander Merear; the IndeperJence aud the Cumberland The United States frigate Jame?t?wn Is just telegraphed Tne American Minister to Crane*. I Kr?m the l.i?? ri)<>?l nail. Not 3 1 At tb? time whi'n M Pou^i'o. the resident representative of Kranae la the United Slates, w?? prcentad with his p*f*p<rts, the Hod William ' Rive* >u on Ilia way to J'an? m th>- representative of the American republic. In room of Mr K ush. recalled. That gentlen?n, Mr Itives arrived In Psris early In September, with hi* credentials , bat wa have reason to believe that up tu the pi emit dm* l a baa not been received by the French Minister for Koreign Afiairi, uor oiliciaUy presented to M. J.ouls .Napela.>u B naparte 'I hi* fact l.aa engendered niuoh surprise nmrnj the resident .Americana here and In I'aria. What effect the dbnbMl "< the hrencti :imsiry will hereupon thll enmpilentl' n will probably be ascertained 100a. The treatment which M. P?us>-tii received la Washington has a-uie a deep lmpre?aion in Peru. The Praul dent ot the Krtnah llepublio eems dispo<ed to revive the Kmpire, at Icaet that is th? orlj intelligible con etruotinii we rail put upon his address to the Natlona Assembly, Lut a fair days, prrhapa a few houis, wll decide. Important from the French Kepuhlle. THK PRESIDE.IT OP THE REPttKLIC TO THE I'EESIDKMT OF HIE UCOt?LATlVE ASSKMHLV. Mcnetenr la Frerfdeat:?In the grave clrounntenoes In which we fli.d ourselves. the a c irdance which oj/lit to elUt between Hie different p >?ara of the State etnnot l e muintaioed unlnss, uuliaaied by mutual confidence, they esplain their vieee openly to each other. T? give an examula of that sincerity. I row make known to the As-rubly lb* r-a?n? which have determined Bia t? change the ?titili>iry. and to separate utye?If firm Ji in whore emiueu' s*T>icta I am gratified to yrcclaim, aid to whwa I ha??i vow>d f?>?-nd.htp and Aratttuda. Tu comxlidata tha republic. mrna*cd on ao many glflc/. by aruteliv to r >im< oraei more efficaciously than ba? klthert i been the ca?e, to up' ild abr-iad (d I'erttri>ut) the pace of Kranee a the h*l{ht of her faine ? i man saraa a. n i. I P?s il Mr L11 Ithlli *(.. (* f)V It l>A(rif)til) (IlifO* tlon, imdi'iatand th?* (j?oi?r-ity of unit'U nri'J llrm aotion, and k clearly dvlloxU line of p ley, which will n it rom promlaa th? gori-mtu-nt (/? ynu oir) by any act of irrcHolutl"n ?lw ?l,l ti?? a rar? uiy " nporn-lbillty a? wall aaof tb< Ir 0*1 and [ \j altaniion to act* a* wall aa wi rd* lUni nHatwi ] For nrnr* than a ya?r I ha?a n>??n pr*of? anoti<h of ! abrogation to irnon nil doubt* ?< to vtj rarltabla lutitUnii. Wlth< ut a kiui<? I??*r4< any la llriJ J a'lty, a,rain?? an* r*r,7- ' * ?*r ?<*?' ? tn p->war to uii?n ?.f tba an t opj>t>air? xp'tiMin* h it ?ith>>ut nhtii nm^ tba happy raau.ta abU-li I a*paot?d from that?>mt>t> ration ltnt/ri'mmt) lr 'raJ if an amalgamation f ?haili > i.l | ini'n, I oota'ii, J only a u-ut.-a i<.atl >n of powara I nlly ? t action ?a? barrad a spirit of conciliation | ?M rctatd-il a- wi-aUnt-nn K.raivly ware th? dangara <t It a atto t our * ! > n [a: ia? la i-1 thi Ir coi r and ja?a Ti-ni anaw to th?lr old rt?alrl?a, rpr>*ading alarm lid dirqulatada thmujib th? country. In the nud<t of thta aonfucoa. Kianca, tinaany. not ting at.y guiding pow^r h* tba hand the will, tha *',a? of I ha ?l?ctad of th>- lOib of l>rc?mb-r That wl'l raanot b? mao te-tad without a parfact community of action if Mia" vw? ant r .nn.-t un hviw* m the Trrald* bt aod bin tnriWt.r* and ur.le n tha A'eambly a>?<ciata? U'flf to ttanatinuai tb >ght. of whtcb Iba election of tha Kiacutlaa |> .war waa the axpri<a<ton A whcla Miifii trluinpbrii on tba loth l>e i-mbar. for tha oaui" of Nap'laon In a programme In Itrelf It nirara-oriiar, authority, religion w?lra a of tha people t h< me. tlia unto rial at 11 >? I ha t rli. Jiph of that pol'cy, inaugural* I by tuy > 1 e'lon. which I reek, with tba rnpp< rt nf the \?**nihly and of tha pao. j>la 1 wtah to ha aorthy of th? n in nl-nja af th? nation, by maintaining thf coa<t ituti<n to which I hat* awitn I wbb to In plra In ib ? >u..lrj,b> my loyalty, my frrt^TfTanc" idh ny Arun ?urN c >nfl >u;a a* to gfre ni a ll'e 10 t i irr arrl h in th" "atu'c Tba lattar of tha rnnai11utmu ha>. doubll>-aa a great ( liaapca npno tb> itaattulw" oi a ejun'ry, bat t h" iuaanar Id wbli u It It Intarpraiad h*i<. p-irhapa a far gr?*.tN ?t on a Th"'".ngaror ?<?- ? -r mra' i "la g <t ?tiuicBt nrntrtbutaa. doub'la^a. gi.a l.i to tha rtabillty of public aflaira; but It la alao b.r ld**H and by principle* that tha goitrnmaot know? how t > r *aa?ura Mtelaty. L#t ua, tban ral?a up again authjrlty. without rana. log alarm to raal llb?rty l.rt m wim anilaty, by baldly curMt g bad pa>?ton?, and by gitlog a uaaful dt rtl'ICD l<> Bll II' .111 I i'i... onii-' lid??- th? |..for'|.l? if r*Hgt*n without abandi ri iv' ?'iy thuof t >. - r ii-'t" i.f thtt r?? n tlna, am ?a ?III ? rh* ai'ua'it In of Ike ?( >?>?, ?n?bi'.. it m?ii ?>,'! f?m f t liImparfnatl. til ?hlch m?j nlft In onr luatltiitlnn* LOllS N ArOLICON HON IP A H1* IC Til* r?r?u>r*T : A poaberlpt l? added II run Um: A MipplTient of tlin t, , w|:! fitn thla amnio* lha n?m*? of lb? n*? ,\ tn? trr. (Load lauglitar at iha naiii?n !? t b?lnn aonno.4 j 1 ha Amo-iabl/ tbeu tOM la ftraat agi'.atl >n, at tit look. THK NKW CABIKKT An filrarrdlaarT rnipplfmant to tha Htniintr to*. lain* nothing but th<- foil '<1111 finer a PRKNCH Itri HUO. In tba raioa of lh? r^m-b i>aopla, tha Praatdant of Iha Rapnbila dwr'fi a* Mln?? : ? Art 1 Tb? r??lir?tti n of th? VllaWtart lit acsaptad Art J. Art- named >llniat?r? Oanaral d llantimul War. V d? l<a>B?-ial Voraigo Affair* M Mfdlnand Barrot Interior, M Houher IM?tle? M. Blnrau I'iibli<? Worka. " "--1-.. PtftUa ln?truntlnn ad Worthlp. M Domw ^yrl'iilt irasud lorninltM M Aehll.. Fnuld .. ..M ?anM Admiral Hnoirio <)?n?r ?l ril.nt, ill i ft,nrg* 1 >< I'M' ? with th? portfolio ?( 'or?t( r> 7h? l'f?-?lrt?wt i.f ?h? V piihil?, Lot;It NtPOLrON HON APARTF, Drni# tl !h. I of th? f t'?u?l. th? 31 <1 Oetofc^r. 1M# All lh? ?* l '!ir,i to th? m?j rl<y of tl>? tire Awwekiy T1IK KrrrcT II PARI!" TkaLnedon Ttmn rorra?|?io4< nt ? II ta llanM np?rfl'i.->n? to tk?t th? ? '?! ?h??*o f ntilili) iilki w< cirla?t?? topi# ?( unttrt* E NE t I tion Id every circle in Paris. Tb* general opinion pronounced on It i* that It la not the act of a man who belUvie that hi* power ) to eon* to an and at tha comparatively short parl<>d flxed by tha constitution. Tha egotistical character of the papar la particularly striking On the whole. It I* ?oarerlj n*ce?*ary to *ay, that amongst the repabiican party it la regarded ai preliminary to coup d'nat. It >11 only on Mot day evening. aa 1 am as*ured, that tha Pre*W deat of tha republic ?*nt for MM. Mole, Berryer, and Thiers. ana. after some conversation on general subject*, aald frankly that ba waa diaplented with minister* tor their indeolsion and want of areord. and that it waa full time for auah a state of thing* to end ?to u*e hi* own word*, " </ui ttU flnit." lie then a*ked them if they would consent to form a new cabinet. They were, be observed, the obiefs ef the majcrity. and would And it an easy task to organise an hoinegeneous administration which should realise the expectation* and hopes af tha country. M M. Mole and Berber replied that they were at the dUpoaal of the President ; but M Thiers, alleging that he woald be more uieful ont of the cabinet than in It, declined to accept office The two other* being unwilling to anter office without M Thier*. the Prerident aald that ha would, iu that ease, undertake tha taak himself, and com pone bis of' new men.' chosen in tbe raok* of the majcrity : and trusted they would afford him their suppoi t. which they agreed to do. According to another version, M Tbier* had not bean consulted at all ; and ba la said to have vented hi* anger la*t night by loudly condemning tha di*mis*al of the ministry In presence ol a number of representatives. It wax in hi* opinian. a great 'ault to hava turned ont M. Dufaure at the morr?nt ha wa* pa-tlcg over to the majority Seeing that it is a point of considerable importance ta learn the effect produced by thosa act* In ' the faubourgs I have tski-u eouie pains to ascertain the state of feeling amongst tha working cla?se* there. 1 am assured, by parson* who hava made it tbair busi- ! nes* to obtain euch Information, that the meeeag ? of tha President of the republia ha* baan very well reaeivad In that ouarter of the capital. The workmen were pleased with it* tone, and a* they are in tbe habit of regarding ministers as mere clerks or secretaries in the employment of a chiaf, they declare tbe President wa* right in turning them out. and replaoinrf tbe'u by | men who will realise hi* benevolent intention* toward* tbe people This, at lea?t, 1* the !,r-t impression pro! duct d It Is generally believed tbat there i* no fear i whatever that public crdar will be disturbed General I Lhangarnier Is stated to have astured the President that he answers for the preservation of public Iran- 1 quillity. whatever be the ministry be may think proper | to name. ormivisn or the prkss. [From tbe I.ondcn Time*, November 2 ] If any eltir and (* *ignlt)eation ran be attached to the sweeping measure by which the Preeident of the French republic ha? changed bin wholeaduiiniitratioa, luJ to the resolute message In which he announced thi* specie* of reii/i d (tat to the National Assembly. we mutt support that Louis Napoleon intend" to convey to i-raBoe. and to the world, hit peremptory Intention to asr ume, in hi* own person, tb* supreme direction of the affairs of the republio. It Is tbe repetition or th? parody of Louis AIV '? declaration ? *I'KM, e'rst mot !" " Men are net Jed," says the President. " who comprehend the necessity or the single direction of a firm character, and of a clearly defined policy, | which doea not compromlM power by any irresolution ot men. Id short, who are ax much filled with the conviotion ot my peculiar responsibility, ai of tbelr own,and of the necessity of action a? well aj of words " When we consider the overwhelming magnitude ot the diflicullies to be overeoma?the evident disproportion between the resource* of the President, and the want* of the tuition ? the repugnance of every tried politician in f ranee, ellher to assume the exercise of power himself, er to submit to it in other*, we are not surprised that tbe TioleDee of the contrast and the abruptness of the change should have caused this announcement of tbe President's intention to be received with " great agitation " We observe, in tbe first place, that amongst the namee of those wb> are said to have received the high- 1 est appointiaeats In tbe cabinet, there is not one possessing tbe smallest parliamentary mtluenoe, or ent itled to any degree of publie contldence by past service*, i A couple of advocate* from tbe obscure prnvinciai town of Kiom-a young with tbe name, but enly the came, ot ( a.imlr I'erler- a lew bsnker - ' and a lieceial, known chiefly by bl* devotlun to the most bigoted opinion* of censerv^tism, are ftrango ingredient* In a government which require* above all tbi^g* to command the assent of the legislature and the respect ?,f the country If Leui* Napoleon ha* been croased and i Ihwartsd by tbe presenci of ttat**imn in hi* cabinet, ?hn*? duty and whom desire it was to give to bis authority as much stability and success as it could acquire how ha* he relieved himself frou. . their ciltloWm aid their opposition by thrusting th<mtack Into the reak* of an Assembly alreaay dl-j os? d to regard bis ptel'uirn* with jealousy, and | his a:t* with d.ti.-lix ' It was the general opinion of tratae. that fo tbe preaeat the publie iat**??t of the nation required the maintenance of the authority of Lout* Napoleon. and a gradual return to tbe habits of rigular government Ou a recent ercalion we have that aonsiderabln perooual sect nines I were c ade to preserve fie uuion between the xecutlve power and tlie party of oider in the Assembly We i f ireiaw i?t tLe mi u<ei t how short-lived would be the tranquillity which ih'-se ?acriilces could puroha-a. The Oivt*t< n l>it*e<ntle Presidsut and the Assembly wa." aln ad\ too lit ep- seated and too real (tho?e wct? t> e word* ve u-edi to be he?i, <j or effaced. vv itbln a fewt'ajstle President himself, luipat ent of control, aid piobanly urg*d on by Leoeesiiie* and enili?rre*a- , bh ut? is* ji t little known to tha wort'] ltio<? ilowu tl.a | gauntlet. act) dote an tot which uiuit ti uu to ahake tue whole i tractate ?o hutily noil pr?ca-iou?Iy raarci A a tii a cum- ttaiiiia at i.h?i tcoui> ?, tlia lata (.a^aite in Pjanith bUtrry. <r comedy, wblch wa dr? ait ip j }>>t?iuay lor a landed elaga, 1* hard!; more aitra?i? Ib*n tL<* cbauge which l.ouu N?poU >n lia nn- j Ut rtaka-n to *t!> rt. 8< tuctlitug el-e B>u?t ha yet in ?>< te I<>r u? Vhf ni-re wind of an irritatad popular a-noiHy would aaai-p n**y tuch a ralilltl na tt>M. '1 he Uiijtuid p< pula'lty it heuia Napol?>?. without the dipiuty of reality the luatre of martial ifl"ry, | or tiie prote tion nt constitutor*! Irrei p io-iUlHy, w. l.l.l ilik titiUrr tb? obaoutlty of tb?-a h<* oalt* upon to gonm Kiatne. Ma aan m mora mala l! ? in Mat'-Miirn than they o*a make him an I ui1HI* ; mid (klllt h? lilb it MUoul dignity, L- rihlMtl tbi' a'tnilBl iral'"!) of H'rama at tha lo**at I'ltati of degrailatii n and Ineoiuprtt My. 4a far, theu, aa w? can vi ti'urc to l?roi huj opinion on a tratiaae- | tiou at aoca ro ruiltlati in Ha ex?eutt"D and so rait In it oi i>??tjaenree. It w< uld nam that l.ou ? Nap ileos baa n..n>?- a (al?a aid duB/aiu? tor re at.ii 1,m -utar- J on a c ur>r which wi<l prove fatal to him If he narsua* it. Tha flouipf *111011 of tha Law unniatry. aa far <\? It it at | ra-I tit L ti> * a would *e?-ui to denote tba entire ebi r r# rf an nr.'li-r?laiMllnn with any imp riant aeotli ii of tl.e National A?a?mbly, for tba Datura <>| tha i:t pert it tiiay lacalra front tba eon'^rraliTe ohtifa is al l> a-1 pri bl< u ailcai 'J'be hanil anil the will nf tha rlarttd of tha luili December ' are very dkfTerant Uukfa fa ni the han't and the will of 0 >|i?lc ami M. i hiata In a Word, tba constitution tt>eif, which ru'ld lain existence two supreme and Indapandaot p iw-r*, )i gt'latad t< r tha ir urn ual d-struetion aud alinian-r ti * ir natbial opposition brtaks out Into open hoatility, in. iasue can b?-loiind to such a et inteat. but in w?? iba?|a- perhaps a 1 lolant change? io tba fwuUa oantal c iibltti a* i f i La State 'I ha ijin-'tinn would ihao ?vtntuaily ration tba disposition of th- army ; and tha t eoi dnct of tha mi.itary chiefs, Chaaiiarniur or l.ataigtar n ighl be dtclrlif a* to tha result liut whilst we ran lark forward with no eonldi-tioe to the faiBTP. at d tba praieat ?e? ro* eaary h"ur to baci Bia m ra UBtanahla. wa r*nn>>t look bank 'in t) a dtrrolution ?f tha lata adtninlttration with tha ?l ?tbla?t ta(tat. A* tha TraaiJant ju-tly ob?ar?aa, j ItiMtkiBK to aCe?: "afib-U n of parUra" h? had owly ; ebialerd ' Batitral!?allon < f foroa " M Odilon liarrota n.itil'toilal earaar waa oaa enatlnuad racantatirn ol ail ta had ?ald and d in In tha cour*a ol til* P' li'ioal aalatanca; and ha ha* cxpiatad a Ufa of retklaM opposition, whlob and>>d la tha oaarthrow of a in'ban by and tba daatrucll1 n of ((Ofarntuant, by a lanura of i<ffl?, abort Indeed in oomparWoa wl'k hla pmtlwa parformanea?. hut raplMta wtth atary coiitl* Jlctloii *l;ifh can hnmtllata a ata'.aaman. M. j liulauta abd M da'rocijuarilla. bfing l?a* oomproml'ad Inlla I'.inian a*pr dltioa, liata not autlarad lu th<ir ri'i uratK n and will w? tru<t hanafur raudar fui >.bar a rvltaa to thair country; but carloualy aoo?(b it M.?t M <*l*ll ui'? r?*ignatir>n fr.mi Ili li**Uh n> >ni of tli? rlr??miUncii which mmt poa*rtully e< 1 to thr <:ifi'>lutlo? of th* cabinet, f ir th* ru?n mo*t ttoti'-d by th* rrrinJir wa* th* ui > ? *n*r* gctlp n>inl?t?r rf th* l'r*~id?nt ' in? agot lb* nor* ImuirdUtf *on??'ju?no?? ?1 thin ?h**Ca a* pl*r* In thr Mil rank the ?timulu* It *t|. ilriit y mhM 11 and ?anh of tli? panic* MM> tlon* in hitcf. <tilfh ar* for dill?r?nt |<urpoiH>? of tlitlr < wn cr untlng !b* boom of th* pr*?'Ot gor*ranii fit. Krnm th* ultr? l*gitlml*t. ?h* <li'tiui of r*?trrikfc li?ary V. to th* ibr<n* of bi* aon**tor?. | rti.?Ti t* Hi* rtd r?| nHlr?n ?ag> r for th* day which In fci? mora to eonidgn franc* to ? hoid* 1 ot tbrr* i* n> t of thr** pull.leal b?U'la Mrh dotl not rigard I > ola Nipolmn M th* tiaapltlcn to ioiiii>thti>( * !** (bar* I* not on* of tb*m which do** not p?re*t?* that by aaaaiatag ih* <bi?l p*r?oi al r*?poii?lhihty ot th* adinlnUtratli<n at . Midi a nrarnt. I.ont* Najx Icon ha< pla<-*l btm??li b* l?trn abnt'lutt'im*)" erowucd by ab'olut* p >w*r and drMtuctton. A gr?at maa. Mich a* hU unci*. might chirr* th-' fi rni? r ; a l??*?r man ruab a' tb* n- ph*?. ha* at l?a?t not fltnrbvd fr< m th* lattar lit* a<11r??* l? impivdmt. built I* fplilt-d , aid th ugh it may not bw toatand ab<?t* th* waiting ho?t* i.l Kr?acta poll i tlelatia Lonl* Nap> n h?? llltla kum to pay any of , tbtrn (In b<<Dia?* < f ?raUliid? or ol laar *t itlamant of th? EtlTrrrrirra l>?twf?n Una. ill n ii<2 III* ForU, r>roin tha l.i iid' B Merchant Get 80 ] Tb? olW^al dr?pateb from tha h r*n?h *ir>>t ?alnr at HI r?Ur?hvrg anttounrliiR tha aml.abit aat'|ain??t of tha difWbat ?a?u l<u -la ami lit? l>r>a mi lb* atttadltl'n qnotlob, ba? ti >w bat n publoh'd Th* ! a?"fi 1 Iff tha tiidilaD abatift" of |iHif Mon i* part ol ib' f aipar. r Nieho|a.? l? bit rarrtr>,tru?n . t>I'll tha Ittlar b* ha<J frnrlml from tha Ho ??u If ?Ma ba tr?a. tha < tar l? Biota >u>l> *at|<1a-| than b?? l?an bitbttto Inagiatd. though ilia world aa f ar. *111 laal dltpoaad " put a ditf*r?ot eao'truti'l n iip'?a bl* tlx >!? Iba rto't*n'? latter ?a* fully a* la rokltM II a aotiK'apb to abut U traa a rrap.wa, al.llatlt ?ar lacuOjp*raMy uuri dl^uil** \V? r? p?at. tbat II tba hwilai airparor tu Mttaftad ttlih <bat at war. ba poa>?f?aa iu?ra m?d?ra>leu than ba bar httbartogi t cndH t"r llot w*? ttiara uo trjtti tta ttc liport ttblnb wa publt'bail *oma ttma ?ln ? i>n (ba autlotlty r>f a Viani.s Uttar l"i*()Un| a *'? ??. uttiD power*" If tba laar mala, a* a >a.itl?ailt 0 W YC SUNNDAY MORNING, t*t?d 1m thftt latUr, nom-lnt?rf?re?e? on lb* part of I tbat power t tint ytiti non o( concession on hit ova part, it ia quit* d**r tut h? hut acted upou the e?avletlon that " neoond thought* are t>??t " ('or th* iorareign of nearly alxty million* *f aubjeata. who look upon him and rever* him a* all but a god. It wa* a hard ateaaelty to h* compelled *o nay to them that hi* heart fainted at the idea of encountering in battl* th* oombined for*** of England and Kraae*. Whan he made the alleged demand, th* int*rf*r*ne* had not only taken pla?e, but had don* it* work; and aa he had ahown no eiga of watering until h* heard tbat an k.ngllah fleet had (ailed for th* Dardanelles wber* it wa* to h* joined by a Kr*uoh one of almoat equal fore*? it would be no violation ot probability to aaorlb* to that demenatration. rather than to the gultaa'a letter, th* *hang* which ha* com* over " th* aplrit of hi* dream." But it U a matter of nry seoondary importance, whether it wa* the InUrlerence of th* great Watlrrn power, or tha Sultan i mlnalv*. which produoad th* ohanga. Tha thiDg ii- tione; and thu? a ratine of Imminent danger to tb* peaee of th* world U fortunately removed In the m.aDiluie, the Ciar haa acted moat wieeiy in declining the it.i as in. (I con diet, jand moot unwiaaiy in *o raahly ?imaging tn a quarrel, in which It wa* alnto*!a* hazardous to retreat a* to advance. pain. The UiiHnd Oatrtu, of the 26th ult , sayi that her moft gracious Majeaty received on th* pravioaa *v*nlng. m private audleaca. tha Knvoy I'.xtraordinary aud iV lnlHter Plenipotentiary of the United State* of America, (tb* Hon Sat. Barringar,) who, on delivering hi* en dentiai*, said Vailatn the i'r*eld<-nt of tb* United 8tat*? baa charged Bi* to giv* your M%j*aty every atHurane* of the ardent and Mucer* dotir* of th* government of th* t nlted State? to ceniinue and to confirm the friendly ItlMiOM ahlrb happily exirt between the two e?uullla, To preierve the public peaee aud guard iuvloUbly the laith ot public treatie*. ha* always been eonrider*d amongit the highest duties of supreme authority. aud especially so In an epochVull of lmprov* mit in th* arts and acienc**, and notable for tb* amelioration* that may increase th* happlne** and pro?peiity of nation* t'ermit m* to exprea* to your Slajtaty toy personal ?atufactlrn at having to reaidein your court, and having been alected a- a ni-aoa of official cummauieatloB between your Majeety's government at d tbat tf the I nited State*. 1 hop* to uaite my peieorial deiiree to thereof the government 1 repreeent, to maintain the noit ardent friendahlp and peace between tb* tw* rountrle* ao tightly drawn together by teclprocal intrreatsand so amicably united by hiitoiieal associations " he tauten made aa analagous reply. Tha Cuba (taritlon. f Krom K1 lleraldo of .Madrid ] 1 here haa been much talk, for s*tae tlays past, r' o I famous expedition for the invasion of the i*!ac<! u- I ha. coLceired by certain adventurers aad peri-o ba 1 reputation in the l.'nlted States of Am^rl in consideration of the danger- more api real ?which the (jueen of the Antille* ban just iuoum >, an because It has hecca e the fa?ti'u to reform the woild. there have n- ' ' untlug perrona to deplore the defeeta in th ratli n of that rich co.uuy, ! mi l to clani' medy, as if tb*y bad to deal with J a country v ad government were inouiupatl- i hie with n i. ati n. Kxpul .e all. contemporary history, | iiatrh tha itnrn?n??l? i* ?Ka? ? K1..K ad?|>U if i it re exactne*n to a theory how 1 KWd nod Dent *otv?r that theory may bo ? j bit that v i 'ft Milted to tbe natnre habiti. and ' Oiepontiou pet pie to whom it U to be applied ; j and it is in cirtaln that the prosperity or decline if cat lor.* if tie rule and tbc criterion by whioh we uutt judge if tbc goodneeeor defect* ot political form* 1 Now, < uba la advancing with prodigioui itrlda* in all ' brat eke* <f public and private wealth; it anjoy* an ] envlab> tranquillity ; and its Inhab.tant* hare nut ' the eii^jiteit ground for making auy complaint agvn?t ' thenotber country. What are the bene lu which the reformer* think to *et oft again*'. thr*? advan'age* ' W e do not berltata to ray tint the idea* which are rail) d " humanitarian." If applied to < uba, would wreak Ite jriunt prosperity : and the renult of the eooption oi the Idea* ot a philanthropy problematical I rtidi gh ?W< uld be toeup?reue the white raca entirely, ai d t<> leave tbe iflard iu the baud* of tbcnegreee ; or, I what In neatly the eatne te deetr*y, In one noaient the magnificent edtUce which now excite* tbe admiration rt the Dative* ami tbe mvy of foreigner* Nome re- I tefoiiu* might j,i'rbap* be u*efui. and we do not deem it t x; < 0i?-lit te n?glect the carrj it>g out of *uch a* may be r iiinM-lled by prudence ; but bet ?een thi? moderate and a t uilil* n and total trtrikf .ruat.lon of tha | exirt'og ortli-r i f thing*, there in an imumnso distance, , much 11-e eu?-mlen rf Spantuli g ory would de-lie to?unlill*te by tbe emitter end* that aie to be detecttd ii< their dfiignc ; and in order to proceed with diecrttion in tbl* matter, ?e ought to ooumeucH by | < ur Idias concerning the tial ?tate of thing* la the island. Mt.ce that i? tin- mort convenier.. at-ant of in pOfii g filence on the f?l*e enemle* of humanity W ith' ut having made a profession of negrophillpta. our *nce?trre were dletlrgulrbed by the fcolici'ude uud tbe n el which they employ id for The purpn*? of tllevietiag the pi i dltlon ol the men "f color The law* of . India* mfitior in thin reefed to all that foreigner! | baie done lor the If jiielation of their o? I niles will ever i * it* ?' a mi Dumont of the wi*dom and truly phliaothiopia f?nti?ei,t* of tboee men whoin we are now < p mm d with > npti ttunna levity, to rneerat as Ignorant ' a: d prejudiced individual* In the I mt?d Prate* -tbe bulwark of liberty an J pn grer*--tbe regr< e*cannot learn to real, the white1 it an who convent* to allow hi* p ave to have a book, ' risk* hi* very eiieteuee, and no one not even a negro ' without a matter -i*allo*?d to t. Id intercom-!? with white* Now In t uba on thooon'rary. there U un Infinite Bt'tpbi'T ?f i?gr<es who l ave contrived by luflustry. to attain poeltlcn of eomfort and even Inxuty. at d who hold free intercourse with the white*, witlmt bell g ettpmailied for the co|.?r ot their *Vo; and lb* aui hoi itir* artord them a decided prcse to n n>u present their in?et>r* from maltreating them, by aiiaealag Mitre'i** to tba: offence I hi* n kitr< i.a* Imh ? lu i.ably ills jus-e?i in tbe column* of , cur e 't l:>, mi) / i Pmi kijii ?f eirnrotlj ri aoaiirt i>il ; k l? i ot th< uUeli t? tkcM ?tiMiu?i<t?ia oho rniu It ihi li aport to n?'dk ill i f tbe Institution* of ttielr nubtr) imagining that. by na*lnr lh?mHlr?l tha i I i' i i i? i d? i ?f otlifr o?un!ii??, th?y acquire ti m putatlon of enlightened wen V. uaili kii flilr particular at c inn length, htaauaa tin iu!rlle<tna] hl*1 ojoial koaicLj ?Mrh iitii.iituioUaI) j *' hil? tit ib? pUHDt i.ri.e very elT-c' utlly coatliLotea to tin* }rC|*|at'Q Cf errora of fa'.al loO.icarn ' < d i ati< i ? by tbi mpei? 11*1 iumtr i i relt-aof acquired ft*. H tilfliig c>et. *?n tbe l- tigll h; after Incurring tha notorloen In?ii>iatena? cf reeking to k>1 rid of tltm;. ani at. the tan a tini>-but li g pr< di.oe worked b> flare lab'* trn )ii<*ifti** c! to a ha i don the Inteb'lon of pulling an end to tt? V'*ti c-d mlcced that tba lurftii* a' tbatr comti mo ?r- uttf ily Imp it?-ut to rlTent tha ohj< et in ?! *; m <1 lit order to enter their defeat. they imagine a ftoit ol ai email Uf and impracticable raveraion. Wa (irmly brlli *a that tha ^ri ati 11 iul I' rtuoH tl at could Napp-a, j not to the! nban> but to tba n?-gr i rivoaa which lab ir ! In the Biaoufaet<>alea of tba l-lari'1 until a l>e to fall tut'i the ktl '? ' I the tr? ; kara la phttaatl , k|, who hare r taken tba tMk to dei?nd them 'J l ? gr'eiatjee* that ilHiTu tbeir origin from tha tradition! aiiii th? bablta of ceaturiea. Mr but to b>- rurad li> a oar ; nor la it piudmt to eentura In tha paih of changae. aliru that wblch axleta pr oduoa* gx%J raauita, ai <1 alien tba b?i>eflta expactrd from tba nt* espari >ant? ara, to aay tba lint, exm-edmgly problematical Y* e el all eat* r Irto tba impoitaat ijuaaUona above Indicated on future i ccn-ioo llvngary anil Auattln. Tbr difficulty of governing Huognry la beginning to be <rlt by tba Auatrian court. i^ht a iiinty oomiula- I alotera. lately appointed bat a dacllnad to a>-oept oftlca, anil rrtetal of them ara h?ad? of a party In Hungary, wh rb up to .Viarch. 1*4?, euntintied to auppnrt tbe tuati ian ^oirii.Hi* nt Initavlaaa Tba tautfmnar/ pro?a'd In l. ii ?t Aun'Il* at a tbua baftnalag to I *r Irui in tba alianatlr n ot man arm pra?tou*ly Incllnat to ibaimp*rial govtri>n:aiit. but *bo no* fr?l It impoaalbla ta taka rltivr ucd-r tbat got < rnnn'ct with ant elmnon of Iwnrfitnrg thalr country <>rDaral c intlnuan in auprtinr e- nitiand of lluo/ary bi ing juita wulian to borall tba adium that attacfiei to tba bloody policy a bit h baa btan r??i l*?d upon. 1 ha tuii?tt in? nf goTuiiniant ara. tbrraWr aairlad on by th* haacaian aa u'tial ; ai.d on tha *i4th ult . thr?? lr??h TlatlraK wara addrd to tbo>a who baaa aiplmtad with loan of Ufa. tba mlrtortana nf atip|iortli'R a patriotic ln?urraatl"a, crn?bi d only by an iniaan>a foica < f foraign baynatta Utbir titiaan rxrautii n? ara raportrd to bara baan r? n l??d upon. 'I ba ?irtim? kangrd on tba 24th nit, *'ta Harm ' Tarnijl 11-FlwMait tl t! llo?'?,ariaii HfMt Hou ai.d a jUORe of iba biyh court ?f jurtlca; M t aarnua | an t M biacarray b tb dalrgati'* to tba Hungarian dirt, and tba latti r i f ?bi tii a-t'daa dark t? tha : |o*ff llnufa a Mi draw up tba daciaratlon of tba Inda- | paiidanca ?t Hungary Au arbitrary map b*? baan taken at Vienna, which | ha> raund mi lit< la aanaatlon A circular liaa b**n itlclally adilraaiad to all publiebera forbidding tha ^ publlra'ion tf any book, tb" u>ana?cript nf which haa ' not t aeii pratloualy tuhniitted to tha iu*[ antl >n of tha J prrtent luill'ary goaarnnji at 'I hia ta a fact ?ary ?lg J iltBeatt i f tba patirnai rula of Auttrla. and of tna flial rout'lilB.eut ot bar pobjacta ii rim nuw u* ru iii imiij u' ?ii?i ' i uia% mw kiiiuni ?< uMltulw n of Hui gary I* oTarlbrawn by tha ravolnl.ocitarlan *r? abol ah?d and ?)*( ! of gorai uncut him h*au (mined for tbe oonqmrH country which atlfla* tha rule* < t tha paopl* in a1! n attar', dn id'? th# nouiitiy Into dl?trloti> prwiltii'l f?*r by miliary nomtt>aod*-ra. who ha?a <h* pf.w> r ol | n?r?lig tbe i'bMi- paacc of promulgation oHUimm. ^ ^imiblt|i irlH*. Hi ?f lie?a>liig nod rrgulat dp t)i* |?f? ?. i ba oatilialliatlon of tb? ?y?t?m !>?( |<liti; and th?ii|h Itrrn are cItII fuoctlauarla* afi|Oial?d. tbatr tpbara of action I* deai.Jvdly Mih*?raivtit to th* nluarj i uU wh l? pkaaamly cal d ' th* til-apt" tial Mau of liuegiry but which b d? Ulr to e#ntti>oa for y??ra, and t > form tnd??d tha r? y ccLatltutlMi wblch iha H? * <aia llkvly to p (* ? t*l.i:a I'ayt an itinn lorda li It. Hnngtry, an tiap*ri%l <Ji era# h?? bran pobl?l>>1 r#-p#o?li* Ma t.omtiaritoVtkl'lili livid by lurtri*. eni.ltril'g tha i.tna |r>iti|ral a>i<l dill adniiol'iiation upon vt.vhtl l:?.l. I kl with a \Jaw rv anoh or*?n?ia i in a- may favatbaray for fmura li'lrlltuUollI atraugeiuant* n ti ufi ra it? with tln-f? to b? a l? p>U in otb?r pi.r ?l< . f th* Au-tf'an oinpir" thr ivhxit th# w?ol? of a hick rr; -ty'tm Into pr??all tVhar, ibat w'il b? may Ia an'.'npat d by any wb> n d?'T 'sds tht tand?Kcla* of tha twHirtdml. >RK I NOVEMBER 18, 1849. Annexation of Canada La the United State*. 1*uid the London Ttmee, Not. aj Wbw we considered the eaidrece published by the eltiacM of Moatreel on the inhjeet of enoezetlon, we eterlbrd te it the importance whloh belong* to document emeneting from a greet eity. end exDreee lug tbe opinion* predominant in a large aommuuity. lint it may be *afely doubted whether we have not ascribed too much importance to it. Wa retract aithing that wa aaid on the tona, tha tamper, and tba gravity of tba document. by whomsoever it ?a? proposed, by whomsoever conoocted. it rafleots I great credit on tba skill, taot, and adroitnaaa of its autbora. But it aaama to us doubtful whether it snrrecily

expresses the sentiment* of tba majority ot tha Montreal population ; and It U quite clear tbat. even it it doe* ezprea* tbam, tha present position and oondition of tbat aity would not warrant us in measuring by tba atata of it* own, tba general itata of Canadian parties and poiitio*. Montr- *1 haa bee? for many year* distinguished for its turbult nee ai d tactiou?nes* Many eauaaa have ooop* rated to produce thia reault. It ia peopled by two racea, each very excitable and aaoh lunceptible of the moat opposite impressions. At oae tlma community or religion untus tbam in a violent hostility ; to tba members of other Keeta ; at another, diversity of raca impel* tbam to act* af violence Inson?irtect with aov religion* ?ympathiaa. At oaa tlma they ara ('athalic* linked with Catholic* agalntt Protectant* of every denomination ; at another, Irish felt* fighting agalnit (iallic habitant ia bebalf of a lliilltb and ?lmo*t of an Orange cause. To these cauiiaa of Internal dissension among tba lower, are added recent cause* ot discontent among all classes at Monti >al ll wa* tba entrepot of a great export trada, ?b>n Canadian axporta wera cherished by proteotivo turltfi-; it l* tbe teat of government In troubled time* aud during critical dlscusslous. Protection I* removed: \ it? tiade luStri a temporary lethargy. It ia proponed to trunifer tbe seat of government to noma other olty. Thin prop<sal, if persnted In. must diminish its Importance. and. for a oeitain time, damage it* interest*.? I nder then* <*, what wonder ia there tbat tba citizens of Montreal should exhibit discontent, and indulge lu tb;< lai, (jtiage of disaffection' Surely, tba wonder latbtr ia tbat the discontent should have been ao mea. bred in its term*, and *o temperate in its tona. Bur, apart from Montreal, it aeain* almoat beyond tha possibility of doubt tbat tha tendency to anuezatien lias not spread far throughout the province of I nited i anada. 'I be evidence of this is striking aud almost universal Tbe Governor has, in bi* recent tour, been riceived with enthuaiasoi in several, with respect and cordiality in almost all pUoes. Tha aicep ti< rial case* Of dl-h valty aud MtMMN may b? traced to tbe very same causa which has recently dUtnibed tbe quiet ot Northern Ireland, tit., the vlruii uca of tbe Orange lautiou. 80 that, in fact, lht? anger to tbe preseivstion of K.vglish powur arl-es, not from love of republican institutions, but trout jeaUus r?g?r,l lor tbe prerogative of tbe t.ngli.ih crown, i be r-t.rt ftnta'ive of the orwwu, wheu inkU ted by tho-o who think that tae i''l: ' vs t much and tbe aoverei^n too little ' er. curious fyinptom we commend to the Hudy ( no en wbo in < anadiau dls-iontent sea nothing but k _ earning far republican inc.ltutioni and democratic lioeoa?. To un the matter appear* In a diilcrent light. We beliere that the mm v ho nr? new loudest iii their criea for annexation would he Dicfct n-luetant to realize their own nienactts. "XV1 tli the exception of rne or two who might lfeouit diet ngul, bed hlatermi n of the great Lnited A n.erlcau hepublio, the majority <f the atinexaticutpCr would really be lene cunnitfcrable personage* as American citlten*. than tbr; are a.i British aubjietf. V heti the novelty of a gnat revolution or great apoatai v had Worn aauy, they would ?ink down into the unimportant couditiou of Icgialator.-i without inl.uence. or epeculatoie without capital; they would tod that tiiej- bad formerly poeaei-red, without UNtrig, all tke idrantaR*'!) whieh a tree pre** aud a reB,?on?ibi < coverriDent can confer on any nation, and that it in Ju*t a* impossible f< r a r< publican a> for a monarchical government to force wealth tnd pro perily upon a paati%e and expectant people. 8> ma eftbe leading ataWmen of i'.inaila ? cm aware rf the predicament to which thin movement rniglJt reduce thrm. Mr Baldwin emphatiaaily recordi hi* decided ippoeltlon to the annexation party. ()tlvr> must fallow Index! It I* difficult to ree of wb >tn euch ? fail em be consistently and coutluou*ly ooinpoeaA. I V ill it be of frenchmen? Why, annrxatioa would fttamp them at once 1 hey would bit ubnorbed. engulfed. am ihila'ed in tl h hugu Celto-SuxoUeruiaoio element of ilia 1< epublio.n Union Of the iiii- | ti?h| population of Kaatern Canada? Why. they fiiTe not fullered materially by theieaent paltry of tbo mother country. i'roUotiou did no*, do rauob lor, free tlai'e d<? uot do much agaln> t, them They hare u<> >p<i ial iaaaon tomurmur and complain. The VVeUeru ( aiiHUiabH hate lutlered tuoat. Tliey have b*en cudd. lily deprived of a monopoly share in a great, market. They have been suddenly exposed to the risk* and jviil* i f a mighty competition J lley m ty he ntt* Ilii; iKry may fce irritated, tint then. many r*T them are ultra. 1,< > illhtu, uiany ultra i'iot ntauta, i i\ny uTia-i hutcl men, no few Orangemen iiow will rucli men c sleeoe to substitute n republic for the exclliment cf arcetjdancy faction* and mvaliiit teud* ? W e do not ray that it in imp aeilile for them to do thin, Kid more It an tiiia. The recent experience of Kuri pui. bietoey teach* u* that nothing i* impossible in p- lliica. Hut we do tay that the imbroglio in which t h tad tar jartien muft be involved ere tb**y ctn make a move f raniexatlm prove* that any dl trw^K and irirf'rtkuia which i aula may |>.*rchHU3e undergo, will recaive no Increment from oilier tbiD^'i tb?n buglull tjianny or imperial caprice Hut if under the pressure of temporary adver?ity, r r trim an undue estimate of the ben* tl!* of republican i&plit utlons. the Cansdi?n people d* llt?iately propoee to exchange the fret et polity that any coluny ever en j< >ed tor tiie aiubiKuoiut honor of farming a ?wall part ol an uuwieldy eoTifaderatl< n, then let them underMatd that the eon iactif the people of Kngland will be o<r*cted by motive* f and internet alone If ti *y think they tit do without < miaJa. then, u d ilieu only, ?i'l tt>?y giT? up Canada But, in turret'deilng < aaada. tbejr will take cara not to ?urtmdrr one jot iif pta <r laud tbo p >*?*?-ion of which r? ally and eff-*tt?ely cobg* tda the maritime and ici?l ill t vrtanca if threat Untaln Th-y will i,i t o*d? Nota not tia. ttij wlh not cfjc Cape Braton ; ibey *111 not cede that eeahoard and thun hat bora ?h<ch toutt i vrr command Ui* mouthaof l.iv renew and |<n t? t tha trad* of tha Atlantic. In ptrU l?K from Irgli'i <J I unma will li xa tha oitin* or a d*peniUit pr<.? i nea. to l>" brought mora nearly althln lew of It* loiea ahieli m^'it )ia?a perp t.iated bar t> | ?itdet,os ; lit l<*:ig fc. r hold of Canada Kn^Und will taka rara to lo-e <>eJ) the rerpft&fdt'.litia* and i:g p?me of I,-r rntar.lton rut ?? apprehend th<< tha dr. tii;?4 (oitunr. of ( aua I* and tha dUpuidlion ' bar )i" [ Itj mttka a!l t ucli anUcipati >n> at thr?? wholly superfluous. ?"?l. nil and the Lulled SltlM *l<arngiia i><! tit* ni..<|Ull? Territory. | Kr< n> the l,ond<>o JomuI of i uimieroe. (let 31 } Tbcra ai e. probably, l?w of our rttitri ?bi> si tier lno? much. < r o?t? much, kbnut t*? adjoining tarrtfclitslnl lutiil Anariri tbe one tha lle| ublio of ,Meuragoa tb* other the kingdom of th* Mt>. juito Sli.>ra; cor aalii it ba ??iy a<ceMaiy at present. to inquire how the tn? becanie aa i a depend* ot republic and the otiier an Irdtpei dut uiouarrby 1 h*a? territrlai dl?l?i?n? and different f> raia of government wera, ?l c?ur?", c"tN(|d>ll uim a tha general break up and destruction if llic NpanKh power throughout Us American d nulliloo* , ai.d tba various insurrection*and rendu which Ud totbilr pre** at potiMr>u wonld prove vary tedtmie, k u f bat ine jplleabie.asd aertainly vary uuinierneting to < nr r?ad?s an a portleu of biatory. Hut, In f*ct, neither N icarsgva nor tba Morqoito territory H an in la1'i.Unt state th* lattar I* uml>r the proteotion of and It* mnarrh la peBnloned by tbU < untry, and tha Inrnur ha* bam, mora recently, taken ui;d?r tba ' pedal patronage and protect!* u of tha United 4latna. It la Ibete protectorate* which al* n* gira tha ullguteat lnler?ft to a potloB of tba Mni rlcuo continent wblcti la but Itttla knows, or accaaaibla to Kuropeana To ab<w lbat l.igUtid haa Bo graat reason to >>? pr, ud of ita ally, or vard, we Biay mnnti?n that roina i nth* back bia Moe^ulto Ma^-'rty, Jan.ato. Invaded th" NicartguaB territory, at th* bead of 4,0>>0 in> n aa aulted tba < Ity of Niearagua now call* J Urrn* la - da troird it bT fire, aad nut tba whola of the Inhabitnnta t- <l?*'h la rtturn for thtr Mini' * Mm I'rfldaiit of Mrmim. raifad a fore* to r?(.al tha innjrti, or. In th? worrta of Muanr to rapal thr n?urp?tioa of Kngland In tha Damn ol tha Moxjultn Man " W hat b.of'O) war* t*t hat* unra ooourrad b?t?aan tha?a bvlll^n-rnU ?f Vnuw not: but It I* rap?rt<>d that our Cn ful, Mr < hrl*ty. had laft San (una tba Morjuito taattal- ?r? ral!"({ (Jr*y rt*t, aitfeaf n |M(f if our ( (Iwlll Inntary or tha utttfm of lamalca. ? hnoa not which 1 baaa lualynlflrant tarrltorla*. nnr raadara may pnai Mj kaow, hara raf?ntly haan tbr *ubj?et of a r*th?r angiy ??'ira??ooda?jca b?twa?n Iba gotarrtnenl of thla r.uatry, ? r it* r?pr?*?ntatlra at V\ aahlngtan act tha gcTtrtmant < f tba I attad Sial??. and that wa may battar understand tba train* aad ' hv*ot of thlt, wa mut>t ralit to tbrlr gaogra|>hlc tl porltlon It *111 ba i.(Ton nt to iay tkat tba plata of Nicaragua lla* b?tann north latituda 12 dagraal .'<0 uilntita*. on tba I'actfle, to ahont 12 dagraat <>n tba ahoraa of tba Mcrqulto Golf , and la In fant, that part of tha IMbn>un wbara It I* propoaad to eut tha nanal bleb la to eonitct tha Atlantic and raelflo oraana 'I hue I* at all tibti a at mug ilaalra on tba part of tha tltliatta of tha I nltad Statu to approyriata to thui*. irlttn if nn.tli a* thay ran of tba g'H>d thing* of thil wrtld. and they rvid* nt ly think thay bare an Inda ( aflbla rtybt to r ?iT)lliiMJ. wnai I ?r nj in nil or wat*r, nt leh ran ba gr?phic ?llj called Amartea Hftei tbry bopa to lacuri- (or IhfMfliNk aort of ui<B>>pf lj of thin grrat nltt Md?; thi-jr think It rhotilti hf a* a. tith tha pmparty of tha I nlt?d SUt<n k thr if th? Hndoon r'or tha furtberanea of ilil* lolirutl un^t-vtinl th<-oaar, tha go ' lart.inrDt of tha S'ataa baaa \a lur^d tha Mrirt^utot t? D.aka t? tb* Talon a c?-?*<~n of tartltory which hi* A r<iuUo baukad k/ England cl?im? at a part of l.ia d omit. I on a A? a r?t>uttlr>K ea. >. tha Amrrtoan* nfui?to tKtiftlii tba Kin* of the Mwiulto Shara, at d i?nj tbat h? ban any d miltil"iiii, or any oiaiju to (Ofrraignty, axrapt what hat barn am- i firrvd up ii hint bj <>r?at Itrltaln Ilara. tb*a. Ha !> ' ! 'it put ad in- ? i i % a prlra'? right, I i uld tti l.i gland bf iddfil bj Urn t.'ou/? of i hanorrp, ' at d a? a Lublir Malm tti<?M In I iiropf ba adj<i?t* d hjr I t law of natiaiin In tba aarilar butory of tua Uaitad Mtatra mi b a ijin-ntliia would h*?a b??D ea- il j armn(rd h> fuatrtlj litplof atle cont'f pind^ro? aa-i, II naaaa-arj. uuiual tMOifil 'M. To Ui*at 1'ritain anil tha Unlt-d Main , i?thr two gr iUh! rearltitua and oomumrolal 1 ? uiitilap In tba tolM, Ui? pr< p>< d aanal would ba an Ii tin abia b? i ?flt , tbd n .Uj. 'brr? ?hr.uld ba no dinI utf batwtta ihra about 1U on?truotk'n oil/, bj all [ERA HMU, Ik should b*;>ra hont publico, without moj r??rvatlon. Amrlei. huwavcr - thftt l?. the aoT?rnu?nt of the United State* ? hu of lata assumed a balder ton# : It bM. on mora than on* occasion. throw* down the gauntlet to hurope, and it* older government* and Institution*. TbU li weak and absurd : It ovar-rata* It* strength Tha united maritime poweriaf Knropa would, Id a iiingle tuBimer, lay the United State* proatrate, helplais. ruined ; and we would advlselt* statesmen not to route t.ngland and Franc* against it* inoril.inate pretension* What the** pretensien* are, will be beat understood by a pa-sage from theaddreee of Mr Siguier, the American Minister or Envoy appointed by the United State* to the republic at Nicaragua. Inconsequence, we uppoee, ot the controversy to which we hare referred. This gentleman, in hi* addrea* to the republic to whloh he in accredited, aay* :? '* In order that the fabric of international connection* between the republic* of thi* contiuentfinay rl*e, in the lepra of year*, with a grandeur and harmony In proportion correapondlng with th* magnitude of the mean* placed by Providence in their power, it* foundation* uiuat be laid in principle* of politioi and morel* distasteful to the throne* and douiiniena of the elder world, but oo-estenaire with tha aurlaee of tha globe, and lasting a* the chaage* of time. A cardinal policy in this principle la a total exolution of foreign Influence from the domestic and international affair* of tha Amerloan repub 11c*. And, while we would cultivate friendly Intercourse. ai d promote trade and commerce with all the world, and Invite to our shore* and to tha enjoyment of our institution*, the people of all nation*, we would proclaim, in langukge Arm and distinct, that the American continent belong* to Amerioau*. and i* saored to republican freedom We Bhould also let it be understood, tint if foreign powers eneraach upon tha territories, or invade the right* of auy one of the American State*. Hi..y Inflict an injury upoa nil, which it it* alike the duty and determination ot ail to see redressod " Making due allowance fur the beuibast of this addiess. and stripping it of Hi mere verbiage, it difl. r* nothlag from tlie pretention* put forward by Mr folk. ' Inland fir the Irish," eas the ory of the late Mr. O'l'inuell: America tor the American* i* the claim of the eltlx< lis of tbe 1 nited States; although It might puis!* Mr folk or Mr. Kquier to toll Europe whom ha aulla an American. Wo agreo with the American K.nvoy. that neither England nor uny other oouutry ha* a right to interfere lu tbe douiKitlo affair* of any of the American States : but the luterrntional alTair* of the American republics are a very dill-rent qoextioa ; a Ml here. w? say. tha different powers of Europe have a* much tight to interfere as in the international aflalt s of tl'e:r own continent Tbe language of tbe American Knvoy would imply tbat the reveral governments of that centini-.nt were to lttt hr.uri.l In hi* il (Vilnr&l uninn ta Km nn.Up ihn <1 in. tatorsbip of thu I nlted Statu*, i'o this >?e eay, tint' no such union can be formed or recognised by tb? Kuropcan pewirs. without their consent, and that the Ttral govtruuientit of America, like those of r urop*, must b? bound by the law* of nation*. *9 reoog. nistdln civilised states. The iuordlnata ambition ?1 the Lulled State* mu*t b? chicked iu thW nutter and the Americans uiuat bet expect that >ilthough Texas and Mexico were so easily and (>u shamefully surrendered, they may in like manner nub ject the other power* of tile fame continent to their taay. We acquit lieneral Taylor, the existing I'recldeut, of any such notiHtrou* pretensions At a general of the state. he ga<Wutiy conducted thu buccanecring e ipeditlou employed In the Maxlran toray, but as a si.itesniai he couduuiued the ?h'la proceeding; and he ban slnca showu hi* senna < I justice and honor In bupprerain>; thu piratical expedition iuteudtd s^ainst I ul*? It the policy ot the Inited Mates were to be guided by General Taylor, we fchould Luve no fear of nny nnplea-ant remit; still we cannot forget that Mr. Squler. to whose lan^ua^e ?e have reftrred. Is the accredited ageut.of the government at Washington, and thai, hi* sentiment* are tha uniluienU pervading the greut in?>s of the American people. Tht English rfnvtgnilon Lawi and the Vnlted suit*. [Frcm the Loadon Chronicle, Oct 30 ] The piiclainatioii joet Issued by the ('resident of tha leitsd State*, Is equivalent to th? compete and dual direcMifltnre of that small and Ignjble party which demands legislative protection for tke home industry of tl.a 1 Dion Whativar re ipeotability attaches to the defence of protective system In oil eountries. arises, we presume. the magnitude and antiquity of the monopolies de'ended una fr.-?m the uutnber of the persons to wbo/e profit the mistakes of termer ages hare nd'vndtd Dot in .Ncrth Ann rica, the most hardwoi!. Ingani sensible rsce on the face of the earth U calli d upon tr> buy In that wluc.h Is. to them the dearei t ai d to sell in tl.a;. *hfrh Is. la their caae, the o ienpest market in the world, for the sake of a handlul of New hnglaud eottf n splnnem, the oldest of wh? eiuill* has ni t stood a quaiier <1 a century, and of a few frojrletor* cf cat and iron mines lu Pennsylvania, * lil h unili r a liberal tariff, tnay perhajii be worked siuiulitj )aaw k?a?s mttk proat t? tha I cwn>rr, and ?lth leal advantage totbe c <untry. '1 be ot tin u* ji"|y sgains'. free tiaUe In A.nsr>ca, , ba* beeti out rf wilful bilndowes to the plainest Interests of a natirn *;*4risl tlie c< mtnen seme ard per<plcno ty li.r wnirh 'hat nation la pre eminently Ul?tlngnislied It would hardly have be*n maintain* d so loo/ If Ike raure f Interested opacity had uot been strengthened by rtvsitltlirai alliances The American jn tectlenlsts contrived tr> enlist on their Mde that un- i vholesi me spirit of nutir.nal piide nnd national etclu- 1 sivsni re. wl.ick anili1. a lhd\?^%iid ephemeral and luiUiuttilal fibaiactert'tl^e. lias alone, perhaps de*erv*4 tha mirolles* carinaturii g tt ha* received. " i'he l.iilirh PiU whin ti e world, and we can whlD the Brltl?li"??o ran the popular apothegm, aui the prot?ctlot.lrU added lhe corollary "In uanufao- | turcr, hi w? II a? ?*rjMitag el*e," And they had, moreox-r, th? dftlM'.l; to lltulify theaiie|?ei wiili cue of the partla* into wbtrh Auwrlcane are, or rather ?cr?, divided. To tba cotton cx* porting Mate* or the 8oi_lb free trade I* a nec??Mty of Lret Imp. ri?U' e But ikem? tjtot>?<< bare ever been i.?aiiei?tl*t orlcMfMa The ctmei vailte whlrf* had, therefore. an inchoate bit t??nl> protectionism, ?ii tu eOectually did the N?? K>|jUlid constituents ol the per' y in pu t r thin inclination tb*t the Identity uf whl< ne pioitotioi.Ut baa been dim.J of lata y?ar?. la Anieiic*. a* natural and ?ece rary ad once ?a* the n*l?g( ua crnuectlon. uow happily tared, on tbl? Kid* of tie Atlantic I-orlltn .1 by theie t leniaut* c f e'rength, tlx American pit.tiutionl.a* warn able to bold the prom.d oonc. d> d to them ' y th mi*l?k*n lenWlatlon i,l n pti< *uonom!c?l era. unMI llielr oppomat* were ti< arl> iuretd to fail back on the ultimate *p?i1i?ul of civil *ar It ?a* not till a totally n<-w p.erer ni? J? It* pr>?M< frit in American politic*. that their p i?itUn was materially weakened. After the election uf I'reeid> n' Polk, and that of the Ugiflature* which aynubron,/>d with bla presidency, the newer grain producing State* In tbe VVe?t and .\ortbwe*t, for tli* ttm time enttlMd I <cr; Mrtou Influence o?er the po;iiy of the e? utral government. J'be weight of th. >e Slate* ?ai thrown wholly, with that of the South, Into tue ral>- ol lr.e trade About the taroe time, the reaction which followed th" cooling down uf the Or.gon war feter produced a more kindly frellnf t?w*rd? .? Hrlfa.u Hot b oircuinotauce* eontribufed to faollitata tl e ei aelment of the pr? ?ent 4ta>rlcaii taril! la - with the e*eeptl. n of oar own. tbe uoet liberal of modern C< n tu. r< lul code*. Iiefldrnt Ttylur, though mainly circled by whig ??.t<* can* forward origti.all)' a< tbe Candida'* of neither party lie bad emphatically declared that If el#valid to the chief magUtracy. he would let the i re?ldi nt n< t ol any patty or oectloq. but of the wbole l atl?n "1 hi? very declaration *eeni* to bare rai-el the licpei of the American protection!*t* much mora than Would ba?? done a formal whig //rojrtitun <1*Jmi. InterI r? l? d into their facile jargu. I'refldent of the whola net-in wax eoMtrned to Impott a I'realdent who would proticl rh?- indunlry agalnet foreign luterlaMtl It wa>, then fore, confidently anticipated by tbe Sew I t>i;lnr>d tnenniactureie and not a little feared by free trad*r*. that Uitieral Taylor, who. from the circun.>tanee? of bla ltf? ami prot?**lon, could haidly Nerigatded an deeply tctm a in ee?n< mical velence, wruM net Improbably be lailuced to Imprds the i p<iatlon of tb<?e w|.a pr'Hpectlee provision* tu tr< Uucc l Into tb< morrantlla oi?le by tho la*t t on;i M. 1 be ii call on wb'ch ba? ll?ited tb late proela iatl> n we* that Mlveted to M Hi MMmh liyactof ^ o?(;'eee. the PrMldent wa? *aM>4l on th> abr ^ttton by ..ay for. ifn poaer of intrictli" regulation* ike tb* ItrltWh na?i)iatiin law*, to place the *Mp* of the eoun111 f f. ii n tn< lifiifi# ita i*aii?ni fin th. nami fiutl air mm Hi* rlii|ii <4 the i iilti'ii 8tat<*?. Mat the rrmd-t>t wap mpowtri d in I ?ot 4irn?Uy Ucun m f>r< dtiiiil?n t? thU Intent vanml n fr ih? (inlliiit; eonmc of \rs?eili%n prKvlur-' which ?<i H^rril to (tl?? bin. th? m>>n< of e?n?til'la| Km piMUmtd rr|.ii((ti*ni to n ftmd? mor?in< nt It *? v? ivft^rii.nljp mi|,?et<d t hit h* ifbt to notif/ th? of tn? biilifli ii?vig?'?on U?? to ConKii m. lid r?',n?*t lit tililct to thi* it p* to h? ibrrvupo* t?kn. Nuv. though. eon?lJrrliig th? lu.nln>nl dUiuptlts ft AlU*rir?n partial, rmrj luvrh ctltnl bo rUtn'.y pr?.lie?t? i euMX'TOlng tb* ( 'nrw wttfh nr?t? ?t Wishing' >B In llreintMt, )lt. m It ittnilr eonipo??<l. tbw Mn%l? h <! iii(OT?'l0. ?lul* In th* |n??r bum tb? w?ign h??? majority of ov It mlgbt. th?rrfon?. p*o?? hupnutM* to< (until tbtt resolution of tbo two b >a<-< which ?>uld both* prt'p>r minw^rto th- I're-idtut I | pnmtit n ??d thu? Mcoeral l'njl >r would hum h?-n fttTni?b? 'I *l'h ? fi?BM t< r n't 1'suli f hi* prwiint. tlrn nt *11 But thou* who ?rr>ng?d thl? ectv.ou* for tb? n Id er l'T??'d?nt prof* to hnte ijren'ly uri i?r-wot I tiitlfd hi* nlr?'r?f?uf be*d *nd tuamlnrH of judgment M? b?? not thought fit to eotiMii'ia to t,h? io r tint))* tod ?h?p? In* Intermit (f th* I nlt-d St?t*? ib*t ?intaiia.-nng protection fros# which tliej ha*#, ov.t kLd o??t ajain by their r*ri<?it*?id organ*. axpn-??d Ia?? dt /ail* rapcalei troin ttaa flitt daj of the ? ?? y??t It It ??t? to jut. a eaao ?? tha rt4nrti? *f ntn.tdt.rn of th? fjatrm of ?arriLg tailfl?. ?n llMnU ba irrllin d to U.?t < 1 Otru limatn *011 tha t ul* ted Siat?a Tha t*o m ui.'run a>ra u >* knit t-^?:hi r, by the mora tl.An u tiirx f mutual Ilka tflll'niit |i?rtn u| it? ??m>*'TginUa't.-n. Aa ?urH j ia an IriciMmat Max.a In h- va Wj or tha Ml*>la?lppi or oti th? *ki rna of it# ??uil of fttxlro fprtftla 4*??iaf}aa through humtrid* of tkoaniM* if I-"??wit - U iim*** m.< ural) a-ajrari f fclal c nnilflrn t? Kn^iam! iruild if'ani t.j a ?? f of 'h? a I a'io? of th* I ul'n lu na'atlai jrr-j?it(y - a* ai tha ill* of on* fvrflft Ma tha lll? rf tfca othar, an ?or?ly ar? thair InWrffU id?t>tK?l Kftry a tn tn* p?-t of r>na ot thru to npptnprUia * ora lh%? Iti 4u* ab?r? u( tha oitniLiu arltnta, mu?t mil In damiffa to Wh To u ?urh an attempt, u lika el kt>pin( a lc"ttttyfKt rti a lnUih; limb. Ilia nirttixt p>-Mbl? llaa't; 11 iriii'>ii(!,atl"B the moat aff'fttal f*cthi? of Ibr frrwt pity tf Import unci tip*rt % | tt> -f? % Li D. TWO CENTS. ara called for by the plain necessities of aa Innate* ble relation. To n*f lect the means sf securing then, la shortsighted folly?to eonitruot -y stems for tha purpose of excluding them. ! little less than madnm? to oontrlse, with thl? view, auoh a system aa the navigation ?ode, is downright ldiotcy For, though the hoatile navigation act* were constantly n operating aa to deprive either England or the Unite* States, or both together, of gains whiah would otherwise hare accrued, It was absolutely impossible, under the elrcuuutanees of the two countries, to name nay transaction, or set of transactions, la whleh there waa even the auperflelal appearance of profit (lowing from these laws to ihe Knglish or American trader. Tha mast literal of pratectlonisU would have been punlad to point to their advantages But the detriment arialug from them, was multifold and ubiquitous. We take a simple and every day oase, for the (lice of our protectionist trli'Uds. An Knglish ship reaohed a South American port with a cargo for exchange Her master, on arrival, found the state of the markets such that tha goods or produce, which bis Instructions directed Malt* purchase, could by no possibility yield a profit to tk? freighteu wheu brought back to b.ngland. Perhaps, bowe'er, it was in his power to exchange his Knglish ware# for a cargo whioh would sell profitably in one of th? North American ports Why should he not ?eixe theappwi t unity' Why sell his Knglish outlery for hides, whleh could only be disposed of at a d?ad losa in London, when he might purchase alpaca wuol. and maka a good pioflt on it in New Vork? because the American navigation law forbade him. Because foreign bottoms were only permitted to introduce into the ports of the Unloa the productions of the country to which they belonged. The results of the transaction were that the United Slates lost the alpaca wool, while Kogland. after sending har cutlery across the Atlantic, received less in *ohnDge than would defrny the ex pern e of the Ventura Kor instances of the analogous obstacles thrown by tha Knglish maritime code In the wav of American euterprlse. we refer our readers to the evldeuoe taken before the House of Commons. The fruits of the restrictive sj-ttm were developed with edllylng uniformity We fell we may not refuse to follow the natural association which leads u* t" the m*Unclioly postscript of our yeiterday's despatch Canadian dl -c ment h&a at. let'K'h taken the form of positive disloyalty. Many of the most conspicuous conservatives have signed m formal act of adhesion to the poliry of thi anriei ttloni.-tn It is humiliating to read thii document Sea bow folly In the \'overner* leads to f. lly in the governed The-e persons ask tor unitn with a republic a< tha nn atis nt securiuc tree intercourse with their neighbors and full protect iou for their cianafactures at tan very moment when the rop?al of the rival narl>ratloB net* tin- ci?( n tbera tb>- lirct? at the vry uiotnauc whan tli* I nit< a Stttten thtiniclre* had timlly repudiated tha last. [Krom tho London Vereantile Gazette, Mot 31 ] Although nut, officially announcrd, private lntnrnntlon which may be relied up'in, sail on which parties are actlrg ha* been received from America, arating that good* ?li?? produce of Kurepe Aula, or Africa, will he admitted Into the lulted Si it?n in Uritliili ahipa Iri m Great llrltain ; hut that, beyond nationalising good* ai< belnr ot the oouu'ry whence lmt exported Ik is not expected any furtliei relaxation will h? made, onl??n by f|i<icial treary Thla relaxation will i-nabte HaMax ??id Boston eteatnert to carry firelgn K'>od( frona Liverpool, which ooiiiil only be done by American vea#?Ih - lh? Amerinaa .Navigation Law* being the Mmm cur old laws with inject to g<uda the produce of Kalope Ana aod Africa Ititt reatluj; from Indla< The Intt Illgencu brougiit by tb? {toaibty mat!*, i* of the 1" th 'ptvubi r and tii? l*t nit. The former mail *af at will l>" rememberi-d, too late l:i i * arrival at Aden to in forwarded at tlie tame time a* the < aloulUk and Madras mail la?t receivi d J hla deUy had been cai'.ed by the extraordinary fon e if tho nionaotn. whh b ;? f?(4 lo hare been tha most violent for mauy jiara. The amount of ralu fallen in hIw rt beyond precedent. and the HooJa throughout India have been mort distinctive lu una inttatice (he rain and (he Hood hare, by their united pi ratlin, produced a molt unexpected effect ? the reiioai.ed foil of Vlooltan. ?ith ail ita bomb proof d"peudi urles which ha i ?o long hi Id out a^etnat all kinds of aFiallant", ha* welted a?ay before the Joint attaoke ot the pirmeoou torrent and the flood1 of the benaub. On the lHth of Augunt the rain began; buildiug after builalng frit tu rapid mcceirloa, and ou the -.Id tha liver bad covered ttie wbi le c uiikry. The tlood* graUui.Py a?n tided the cotitke ct the riv?r? at tha rata, it in Hi'd, of ab' Ot 70 mile* a day and bad everywhere dote rnut h teB>porary dtiiiiane. We receive by thie mall more full and preo'oe aacouiiU of the cobcluslnu of the laujuknavy episode which tT>e MoplaU in> urrentlc n in the Mad'ai I'reaidrury had furniahid. It weenie tl at the troop* or >red to evefgi. the l'?e Of their Comiade* of IU? 4'i4 Native lutaiiuy, cutn-i'.tiBK ot the (ireuadter Company of tbt'. Ub lUulifcent, assisted t>v another couipauy of the C'.ttb > alive IntNutry, came up with the iu-iiignuta on tin. 4'.hi f September. TUo >1 nuiat er only M. Imr ediistely attaeked our tmopt, an 1 only una of tie while r.tuubur would accept quarter. The raet were fll i u'a. i he in Kb Item t*>e Tunjeub I* almost entirely a mere detail i f iho iijtv:*:?ei.ta of the ti.nip* wUd lorm tha am y of occupalion. la aevnalof the ?l?t.oim muoh iiKnie- bad ptevallel At * v'y/i eraijad up *i?ril? of Hi Inroj ei.B I ji| lien .i'rncl. dowu by apoplexy on tha luth of At iiuft and tbr* tubtldenon of the flood* hail bi i u < v frywlit re followed by Incroiled monality. vt M< (iltan uilti<-?< all tbe KMtopeaa* were rulferiu^ fruM feitr. The eold efktRar wa?, however, MttlaK iu, and Mr'' Napier and the governor-general were to laara Simla ntw ut th? er.d of i ictobar. the foruirr prjoeadiug to F*i>ba*ur, cn a tour of in-pec'.ioa. Th? U?rine>n?!eey nivili r-Th? < uriTlitlai of lilt (tanntiijk** The timl tu resuwd on ti.e 1m day at ten o'clook. Tbete was no dimlnulii n iu the aUei.aauce. The prisoner* looked pale aud nwioh, Mr. IUnr* Oui in . LaJ mnU? chemical experiment* npon the drew n Moll bad c.aii.n upou it, aui touud they wer* Main* of M km|. ? ha ca>e for the pr~>*? cutlon ba?io* clo?eJ. Mr PargfaLt WiLaiM aiiJr d the jury on th? part of tha it.air pilsocer Tim line o! J trucu ajnpti I was that the murder had h? en cainml! led hy t he female prlnmr; that Mammi# hail i?wslbly MilitMl kt U< 4K> petal of Ida hod/, but that >hi a!ona nail been ?j Uiy I ihe art I h? laarne I Ser/??i?''t fie |U?iitly a 1dre<aed Mrs. Manning personally, argninilcing her a* tna taurdttiiM. Mr Hii ustiw?. on tha pw of the female prisoner, iM'Igi.atit y reprehended that course, and omteuOad that lis client had limited O'l out. or to dinner and find t ft he d d n it mriva. 1' It the bout* to go and br i it i-ioi I hat. during ht? kbwnes ha kkkw. F.k*t? ji.airel ensued between > uimg and btoielf. aoti that ,Vai.niLg then iiintdered him 1 ha Anoanri-ltn- a*i. Oaring replied, kcl tha CHiar Ji etii i lUtniiied up, the jury retired. On their return nannic amensil to tnetr naav s tha CliTk of the Airalgns ?al 1. l.intlnneo ol tbe ju'y, bo* eay jcu, is tbe pt|?< n?r at tha bar, Krederlclt I eorga Mantling guilty ir nut guilty f 'I be KoaaMan. ? Uullty. 1 he li i aa ?How lay you; Is tha prisoner at '-be bar, y aria Manning guilty or nnlguiilf ' 'I ha Keat.M** -Ulillty 1 ha prisoners were then called upon In tha usual frrm to slate if tbey bad anything to urge why judgment should ant b - paired agaiost ttieu ' 'I ha male prisoner laid mining Tha leojale priennar, who sptjie la qpita a fi*lg? araent. said. " I bare bad a oiuet unjuet trial, and it I had b< en triad by a lair jury compiled of acme of my countrymen, I c uld bate profed that tha m?wf wnirii ? u iiuo'i ujcn inn wa? oaui to u>" i." m ??r w, lid I c old prof* .iot <iniy that, but tba' I litti mill ni>U|li ?( ui u?y in th? hut o( h upland to pur?>>a-a ?barax (? ? und?rttoo4 h?r) I ha abar<* tbat w. r* found ui<n nia I could prura w*rw bought lor ia- Uy wj abroad. It t? a vary ?haiu*rtii thin* that I Ihib not baan nliowad to Into any witu?->.?< rallad. I l ava knatu Air O < uawr for niu* . aud l?a t>ad ?>**n tba only and Wt fsiand I liad la thM world. I lo?td blui doarly. ?u 1 ha would ha?a taaxii..d cj? tomorrow or licit w**k, if I bad bo n wiil'iig My *aaband who alaaya Ill tri ali-d ma knaa ttiiv aad If, ta tin jralouty. b> aiurdrrad hioi.wby am I puaWhad' I bava baati inaur laar* in tba lii,;li??; laially In tbw laud, but ttlll I bava bean t'ea'r.l lu a inauaar that i uld I. a to b?*n di*grac> ful if applied to bruiat and wild b< lata in tba wi>cd?, tor laaa to a' hrta'ttn. (4b* utt*r*d thla with i;raat ampbiwln. 'trUiug bar band upon tba ?J<a of tba dock) I ban bad tha jul|? a?aln?t ma, euunaalt<>raait*<a?t ma. and t h? jury a?a i ?l im m l Inataadof bala? ir< at?d llltaa hu.Uan. I b?an lr< *t> d Ilk* a wild b?a?t la It ltk*ly I would m 11 r<1*r tba tiland I l?>??d ?o wrli' I ha?-i Irttara ibi w> u.d l.aia prorcd. If they had ba?u produced, what I ale that I was not lb* murderer | I h* p'iaoaer delWered th? abnra fra<ra?nt?l aantrnra* with great pa?Moa and Indiguatiou J Mr Juttlca Cimhiu ih.n |n??< d to '-v* tlM leatanae, tba fan. ale prlaoner ftequom ly interrupting htm with tha airUaiatl.u tbat ?l.a bad not had a fait ! tnal. 1 h. j vara lh? n leataaead to b* hung at florae mo?|i r Ian* jail. '1 ba feiuala pilaonar a^ain attempted ?r vldreM tha ( ' urr In a aliment ftralB. but the learned tiiJ<a ordarwd tha |iti*otirr* to b* raaoT>d (lii Watlng thedoak. aba threw a tw;< of rua lata tha I ouit eaclatulng with grent itdignall ia and temper ' A thauia lor t.nglawd' ' Manning boao i to tha judgaa o*. lotting tha doak. * .* aa.aa.a - ? - I"V> alio rDiiurt 1)1 r rinrr, [From the I'art* l'orr?>poiid?r?a of tba Loodn* AUm J I ta? |oiuumFit of our gi)*?ri)i>rii ku <u>*n hi tint Its lit ccai'atkoti ?l?o. Tlx 4Uc<>??ry of tn* nal author ( I t U? I n -la. nt ? letter or, th? rtmau ill or tuu > ??!? tl.r i |lo of itiioh dtrouMoa abtl of Kr?a'?r u\t?ra?t. It U no* *-r'ri?ln?i h-jenl ft d< ubt, that It ?M I'n tif J by .Vultof d ? , ?hul*. for to* <uj>n?Dl oar r?al ai.d I,ana Jiitt Ii i.?iJ?iit ThN lady, n >1 ft fpurioM, 1 hat iHc ii'l ii*<ir|i s,?i)d. ha* b??in for m*m j?iar? grm1 ditall) (elttlrg t.ei fcn-t li.totba *boa? of (Jut tilutlrlu-M ladj. and at i? i aiti ?n thv U >j |> x?r ??< ( ra??l to tly lor It ?* ! aktod'U tnrm aliugniw, lima it'A et? p ,?d tit to ih??i ft*. ouo?i <ai Ktruta about l| ih? in ?Uh |)irtl ? il patiatctlo*. ftHb'>U|(D n '? fti>4 i h?n, to t?i, in lk>) ilo pio?h Iwl t lliUu, Iii4 hi r t< l.'.p m j ?Mp tabta t:e?tlf >u ugri fb?J */ if it kb? n net #o?i-;?d ?m>tb?-r litltit i l ftt'lre ?hlob <??'rj? Sand *d p'*>l r?? ai .irr, b'lt Vftisb v;i?ti?r iMlftMly gnat ??*< ha hurrj of hor Sign, ab? iU4 uk.? lra?i bi I 'ii.i In r. .Vadau.a d'-s roi*n? triumphant at tba Mj?ia Hi uibnu. bli? In h'tii on n 'ii',iii>r u< t in tlutoitjUarM . i,j.#? > Lt*?ru. lull t?.?j m on" *<tiin; t <? viirtr,!*ovr d- i ?n. j?a<r u ind?*

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