Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 22, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 22, 1849 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. InlkwMt rttrncr of Kniton and IfMlaa it*. <A1II UOHDOI BERNBTT, fROrillETOR AND EDITOR. TOLVWTAKV < uKKHHfUSDKNCB, containing i-mmjrtanr neiei. intuited from any quarter of tk* iotrldi \J tne/t vi.'l be liberally paid for. su KOTK'E liken of anonvmoui communications. We canrot eefvrn rejected communication!. THE, DAILY HUH ALU, 2 ctnlt per copy?$7 ptr an'Tin: WKKKLY HERALD, for circulation on thii UonHn. nt everu Saturday,6'* cenlt per ropy, or Jt3 per nn nutn : fitr'i irr-ilntinii in Kurepe, print r<t KfTMM Hi KnyMaJl, 6*4 i j>rr r?pu, or f? ??r arnum. /-/IK OULl.AR WUEKl. Y HERALD, t?*ry Monday,* ttnft ptr ropy; $1 pe* annum; ii.r caput to clubt, Qrc.. $5 per annum. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ITALIAN OI'KRA 1101'SE, Astor TUcfr-Li SosnamBvla?Ii Barrier* ni Sivioi.ia. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowoi-j-The Three Oi'ARDImbr. BROADWAY THEATRE, Brok'lway?Fb a Diavoi.o? Suiiiib ??' Crasher. bl'rton 8 theatre, CUmleri etreot-dombi:r asd 8u ?AtK No qt ektion9. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Br<>adw*y-Ti<:ht Rope?I.a Bti.phiiie? SoI.iuer hint Love. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham square?The Pi ectre bkiutorocm?Li en 1.1:?a Budget uj Bm'*di:bn. OLYMFIC THEATRE. Broadway?Who Speak* First? Duii. in 1'ahib?Amt' Holiday. MECHANICS' QAI.L?chrirty'8 Minstrei.!. AMERICAN Ml SETM?Amiiiihu Performances Eve* iv avtkrnoon and Evbhino. SOCIETY I.1BKARY ROOMS-C AMPREI.I.'N M I nhtr KI.H. CIRCUS Astor l'luci?Eyi t striai Performamu. MANHATTAN CIRCUS, near WUliara?bur,:h-E^ur$T it I AW PlHIOBUANCtA STOPPANI IIA I.I,?Ei-ir'.i Fafioiaka ok Vew York. New York, Thuraitay, Novcmbcr'j'j, 1S4II, The Mdiiuu't Ncivii. The Caledonia had not ariived at Il&lifux when our paper was sent to press this morning. The ; mws, the moment it ir- received, will he posted on the bulletin?. The Awful Kii|>?iir<- between the Cabinet nnrt llu> w \ orU (li rnlil^lnothcr (^nt from Mr. Uregn, mid more UUcloKitreai Coming. We have been watching, with some little curiosity, the movements, declarations and antics of cabinet ministers and cabinet correspondents, as well as some of the outside editors, brought about by our publishing the very curious and unique correspondence which recently appeared in our columns, and which was claimed by Mr. Cleo. \V. Brt'ga, of Washington, a very worthy gentleman, j holding a high post in the Land Office, and under the immediate influence and power ot Mr. Clayton, Mr. Ewing and other members of the cabinet. Finding that the former dose produces amusing effects in high quarters, we are busy preparing another of the same sort?" one more left," as the jav.or strop man says to the public. In searching among our papers, we have discovered a further batch of correspondence from the same quarter, disclosing further funny movements of the cabinet, and foreshadowing more of their curious policy, both foreign and domestic, all of which we shall publish, including also the recent correspondence, with the full name of the writer attached to each letter, verbatim et literatim, as they were written by the individual himself, and as thejr can be sworn to by the foreman and proofreaders in our office. We mean to show, in its length and breadth, by these singular developements, the utter unfitness of the present cabinet for the positions which they at present occupy, and their entire incapacity to conduct the affairs of a great nation under General Taylor, whose great time and noble reputation, as well as his honest and pure principles, have been materially injured ' during the last ft w months, by their folly and insufficiency. (?n the first publication of this Correspondence, \ some days since, it seems, that the writer, Mr. Brega, who is the same individual that occupies r high post in one of the dejiartrmnts, and, therefore, undoubtedly under cabinet influence, ha^ thought proper 10 come oui wun a c.iru in me >v .t*mn.;u>u Rrj uNu , and declare those letters to be in a great measure fabricated and garbled, in such a way as to charge their character and purposes entir !y. WV shall show, by the disclosures which we are about to make, and by the most indisputable evidcaof, on the oaths of dozens of unimpeachable j and moral nvn, that every item, word and letter of the corn1 spondenee is perfectly authentic, und has proceeded from George W. Ilrega. And, furthermore, we believe that the interviews which he declares having had with several member# ot the cabinet, and the conversations which he gives, are all equally authentic and truthful, But more than this. On or about the very time that the famous "card," signed C.eorge W. Brega, denying their authenticity, aj>|>ear>'d in the Wahhinuton RtjnMict the following note was received from Washington, addressed to us on the ! nvejope, and written to ? gentleman connected I ?ith this office, who manages this department:? j NOTK I RU.YI O W. UKKOA. Wi*MinuTni, Nov 14 ltlfl | la reply to your favor of yesterday s Jjite. I b?g to ay I Kill eiert myself ia v?-ry way to pr*eurt? at the earli'nt pOMlbis moment, the document*, fcc I think I can tucrrcd in placing you In a lTanr*. with many of i th-m and as s<*n as other paper" with the rnsidua. for many r?.a*ona I am dextrous of hat in:; a p?t?onal i interview with Mr Bennett, and will endeavor to be in New \ otk before the meeting of Congress. Meanwhile I i assuro )<>n my fe?iiBkrs towards him hare ne?*r ptif- | f?tfd the til htert ehan its, and nothing wilt all rd ice jrr?-at*r pl?a?ur<> than bring abl* to forward In any way ; Utr iatrtritfd bi* paper, Ar to tb* balance au>- me, I think I wrote rerularly ff r about three week* alter I he la?t payment and some letter* written tlmrt. about tbr navigation law*. stoefc*, Jl? . irouId wafer. In all inn?wk#r' ab>ut four w?#k?. ilovtrtr, whaterer be deem* correct. will t>? perfectly ritifUctorj t<ib?. I am. journ truly OttO. W. BRKlM. From the terms of this note, K certainly would *eern that the " card " signed by the sain<? name in the WuhilgtM /fcfui/f, must be *|>uriotM altogeth? r, or has hern procured Nv son*' miracle, and inserted by Mr. C layton and the cabinet, in order to change the usue if they could, and thus prevent the lauch which is rapidly rising inmost them in the public face. Our < oniemporary of the Counrr atui A'nyuirrr allowed some \ery disresi>ectful remark*, the other day, tn be made of Mr. Brega in his columns. This is very unkind ; for it is well j known that our Mr. Brega was formerly a corresident of the same Coui ter ami Etu/uirrr, at Wanhm^ton, and alter the refusal of our contemporary to pay him wkat he owed him, (a common practice of the new Minuter to Vienna,) be abandt ned that journal, and sought employment as correspondent of the Xnr York lltrabl, (or a ; ? II I. 1 1 - I. ! _l_ : 1_ r 1 mail wrrxif aauiif, wiiicu wu |iitn>im wiring ' the time he haa been writing for u?, ho haa acted with great industry, and given ua complete satiafarlion. Hoon after the induction of the preaent cabinet, we diecovered that Mr. Brcga occupied a high I'Oiiiicn in the Land < 'flice, and that, in hia correspondence, he rather favored the apecial viewa of Mr. Clayton and the cabinet, than guided himself by any other direction whatever. Be til a4 an it may, we have not the slightest doubt but the jjtcrVKWi between lum and Mr. Clayton, and the Wrriptions which he gave of their policy and nifwp, are all correct, and are true to the letter, notwithstanding the necessity under which he felt himself calK'd upon, recently, to come out and <|U?lify ihem, if the' "card" in the lOyuUUr really was hia. The discre.'*ncy between the original letters, descriptive of the cabinet policy, and hia last card in the Washington is not a matter in which we have any ci, ocern, and we do not mean to trouble ouraelvea abo^'f*" ' c?ncerned. For the aatisfact, of lhe public, we in* lend to commence a suit at 1? w ugainet the proprietors of the Rrpubltr, in Washington, and also against the proprietor of the Com ^ an,l hit/uirrr, ia this city, in order to bring the whole matter before a court and jury, and thus prov*? t0 'he world that the correspondence which we have published, aid the additional lettera which we ahai.' >>ubliah in a few days, are all correctly printed from the original manuscripts, now in our possession. We will prove all this in the suit which w? mean to bring before a court and jury, and thus establish the fact beyond the possibility of a doubt, that the cabinet have been at the bottom of all this tool<sh and funny business, and that they en aeavoreu, Dy mote cuoii negoiiauons, 10 gei an independent journal under their clutches, and, in ihe meanest possible way, to stifle the freedom ct the press. This awful rupture, and an amusing one, too, between the cabinet and the Herald, will probably give Mr. Clayton and his associates more trouble than even the rupture with the French minister, or the dread of a war with the French republic. Wc mean to make it as funny and as frightful as possible?funny to the public, and frightful to the cabinet?before we have done. Tlie Extrnordlnnry Foreign Policy of the Clayton Cabinet?1Tile Mission to Au?trln. The atrocious butcheries in Hungary being latterly confined to unresisting women and children, and the late revolutions which threatened the existence of Austria being suppressed, the House of llapsburg has turned its attention to its fore'- *n alliances. It appears, from the Clayton organs, that, as if from a sense of gratitude for the sympathy of the American cabinet with the European despots in their recent struggles, the Court of Vienna, as the fir^t step in its foreign policy, has raised the jate chargethip to the United States to a lirst cla?a mist-inn. In the present state of the contest between republicanism and despotic power, this new move of the Austrian government is one of the most remarkable things of the day. What motive could have induced the Austrian cabinet to pay this singular compliment to our government, at such a time! Various reasons may be assigned for th?x humiliating afl'air. For the last few months, Mr. Clayton has seized upon every opportunity to show his respect to military and despotic powers, in the Id world and the new, and has appropriated every occasion to pick a quarrel with more liberal governments, and especially with the republic of France, our natural ally from instinct and historical associations. It is well known that he delayed the recognition of Hungarian independence, uuder the pretext of the appointment of a private agent to that country; but from recent disclosures, it appears that this private agent was instructed to act more in deference to monarchy than from any sympathy with Kossuth and his brave associates, battling for their indep* ndtnee. At all events, it is one of the most remarkable and humiliating circumstances that could befall our government, at such a time as this, to be receiving and reciprocating compliments with the brutal butchers of the bloudiest government upon earth?the execrated house of Austria. A decent sense of respect for public opinion would have vindicated the suspicion of all official intercourse with a gHvernment so utterly disgraced in the eyes of the world. A declaration of such a resolution would have established the popularity of the cabinet, and the admiration of every civilized jcople. l>ut, true to his education in tlie school oi the alien and sedition laws, true to legitimacy and the monarchical hypocrisies of law and order, our Secretary of State accepts the bloody hand o^ Austria, and admits his obligations of reciprocity. The first object, then, is to return the compliment received, in a manner becoming the sympathies and untiments oi the masters of Haynnu and his hangmen, cut-throats, and common butchers. To do tins, Mr. Clayton, of his own volition, and with. out a shadow of warrant from Congress, undertakes to change the mission of Caharge, which ho- heretofore existed at Vienna, to that of a fall minister, with all its advantages and perquisites, equal to $18,000 for the first year. To perfect the tnltvlt rordialt between our cabinet and the bloodstained, filthy butchers of the cabinet of Austria, this step was necessary and proper. We suppose thht Austria will le id off in this diplomatic reciprocity, by sending llnynau as minister to the Cnited States. It would be an interesting spec tacle to see him fraternizing with the minister appoint! d by our cabinet; for, if he has not yet been sentenced to the state prison of Austria and pardoned out, he deserves it all. The next consideiation was, to secure the proper mail, whose temperature und character should harmonize with the ti nder mercies of the Austrian chu ( butcher to the prisoners, the widows and or I l,ni)8 of desolated Hungary. Now, of all m?n jy vetted of the |?eculiar <iualiti*-s?the muralt neenmry for tins responsible mission to the bloodiest and tiiot-t barbarous government upon earth? the appointment made is most creditable to the wonderful bagacity of the cabinet. A man of tact, disctetion, knowledge of the world, and of Unit cI.ifs of men whose high character and sterling abilities have riven to the whi? party an enduring r? c| ectalnliiy, would not answer, Such a mission would he beneath the level of Clay, below the dignity of Webster, and equally insulting to Mangum, Ji nney, .^ergetint, Winthrop, or uny man of tf it stamp, Kich men would about as soon congratulate themselves on tueh an apjiointment, at would an honest custom house officer upon an in\nation to a nest of pirates. Where, then, do the cabinst go to find their man?to pick up a suitable minister to the reeking court of Vienna, who, reposing upon their Uure!#, await in the Yolks C>arden, or amid the corruptions of Sthonbrunn, the arrival ot our Knvoy Kxtraordioi.ry! They have found him. For this distinguished and flattering mission tliey have selected one t f the mott notorious journalists of this country?a man who was opposed 10 the people's choice of <'?eneral Taylor, until resistance was useless; but, possessing all those qualities, in a high degree, r. , inrerl tor the Court o( the hulchera of V ienna. Ilia history wan before the cabinet* and its certificates wer* sufficient. lie is identified as the in* stigetor ?>f the murder of Cilley; he is implicated among the plunderers of the United Mates Dank to a large amount: and the iteu. of two hundred thousand dollars was wipod from his accounts by the s|*>ntre of the bankrupt law. Above all, he is the identical personage tried as a criminal before one of our courts, found guilty upon his own confession, and ready for fire year* in the State prison, but was reprieved by the < hristian clemency of the Governor. Such is the state?nuin selected by Mr. Clayton to represent the f> mpathies of the cabinet fur Austria, and her remorseless butcheries of the Hungarian prisoners, and women and children. Such is the humiliating position in which our government is placed before the world. Can the degradation of the cabinet | descend lower than thisl Hitherto, their |>olicf, with Mr. Cla>ton as their leader, has been the ridicule and emusement of the opposition, and a subject of constant mortification to the men of unw of their own party. They have now filled the measure of their (oily and disgrace. Hut w ill th'1 Senate confirm this splendid appointrr.enU Will the House consent to the in* (Teamed expenses of this mission, and other proposed extravagances, when it appears that the fir*t year's bunulmif snd squandering ot this most pr?cious cabinet will rxhihit h deficiency risinir twenty millions of doiUrs! We undertake to predict that the mission will not be raised, and that the minister will be rejected. Let the new f.nvoy, therefore, make tin- most of his time, snd be oil at once for Austria If recalled, he will, at least, ix.f k#>f ili#' nrrifilw I lon'l wmt (or t!?# S#?n tr SrrtD of America* STXAMMiirs.?We give, in another column, an interesting correspondence relative to the recent trial ol speed between the splendid steamers Cre?ent City and < ?hio. They ran at tea at the rate of eleven and twelve knots, e<|ual to thirteen and fourteen land milea, per hour? outatripfiiog the speed ol any other ocean steamers 'n then water*. Hut even thia will be beaten Steamships arc now on the stocks and in contemplation, df stined U) surpass the speed of the C. C. and (>., in rougher weather thiui they eipcrienced on their recent trial, Opera and Fashion.?Great doubts have heretofore been entertained, in our fashionable circles, relative to the permanent establishment of the opera jn tins city, under any auspices or any management. This spirit of despondency, in our gay circles, relative to the refined amusement ol the opera, has prevailed for some time, in consequence ol the repeated failures of former managers?some by bad management, others by bad temper, and ?u ---i?n.. i... <?..w - .1. ?u.. an, j i uuauijr, uy inuiio uu rvci y o.uc, aiiiuu^ m<audience, the artista, and the managers Since the beginning of the present season, under Max Maretzek, hopes have l>een entertained that the time had at length arrived when the opera might be permanently established as a refined and elegant amusement for the fashionable circles of New York and the neighboring cities. Since the commencement of the present season, we tiave watched with a good deal of interest the progress of the opera at the Astor Place Theatre; and although we had occasionally some misgivings, we must now acknowledge, from the evidence furnished during the last few nights, that there is every appearance ard every expectation that Max Maretzek will succeed in the object which he has contemplated, and thnt the Italian Opera has now a fairer chance of being pi rmunently established among (he fashionable circles of this city, than at any former period during the last twenty-five years. The new troupe, wilh tome slight exceptions, have given great satisfaction to the patrons of the opera; but, above and beyond all, the new prima donna, Signorina IJertuccat, who has appeared on two successive evenings, in "Otello," ha9 created a feeling of admiration nnd ccstacy in all quarters, which augurs well for the success of the troupe, and the high position which that interesting and remarkable artiste has already attained in public opinion. Compared with former artistes of the highest rank, she is as complf tea novelty in the opera here as Jenny Land was when she first made her appearance in England and other parts of Europe. According to the best judges of music, it is said that her voice resembles that of the celebrated Swedish cantatrice; \ and from the extraordinary applause and admira- j tion with which she has been received in this country, there seems to be no doubt of the complete success and triumph of the opera during the present 6euson. Signor rorti also meets the expectation of the fashionable and gay world who frequent the Astor Place Theatre. Goaheud, Max Maretzek. Tjie Government Finances.? It is now admitted by the organs of the cabinet, that the finances of the government, since the present party came into power, show a deficiency of some fifteen or twenty millions of dollars, and that the present administration will ask for a loan equal to that amount, of the new Congress, which will assemble in Washington next month. This is rather a sorry j beginning to the new session of Congress, under the auspices of the new cabinet. When we nominated General Taylor for the Presidency, in advnnce of all others, and supported him to the day of his election, we promised the people of the United States that the expenses of the government would be diminished, that economy would be observed, and that the receipts wwuld be equal to the disbursements of nil the departments. The present cabinet, however, have spoiled everything. In a time ot profound peace, they endeavor to increase the expenses of the government in every possible way, and now come before the country usking for an increase to our debt, of tin, tilteen, or twenty millions of dollars. The only excuse given for this,'is the extravagance of the former administration, and the expenses of the Mexican war. This will hardly serve the purpose , oi an apology. Mail Arranok.vk.vis.?A very important mail | arrangement between the North and the South is about expiring, and we wish to call the attention \ of the Postmaster General to its continuance. By j the terms of the present contract, the mail line, i leaving Philadelphia for Baltimore every evening ! at 10 o'clock, will cease running after the lOih of i December, Hnd if the contract is not renewed, after that time we shall be deprived of that important mail communication between the North and the Soutb. The great Southern mail froin this city, and all North and East, leaves this city on the afternoon of each day. and, under existing arrangements, reuches Baltimore and Washington early the next morning ; whereas, if the line that leaves ! Philadelphia at 10 o'clock every night i* disconti, OUed, the nviil Will not leave Philadelphia until the ne\t morning. The Postmaster General will be I doing the people of the North and Ivtst a great ' tervice if he will continue the arrangement as it is 1 at present. Commencement ok* mi Free Soil Contest.?A I very curious correspondence, originally published in a Washington paper, will be fouiid in our , columns t(vday. It i? between Mr. Foote, Sen ator ! from Mississippi, and Mr. Clingitun, member of CongrffR from North Carolina, on the subject of freetoll and the Wilrnot proviso. It iu evident ' that this correspondence lias furnished the text for the givinga out of the Washington letter writers relative to the new proposition for a compromise' which has been circulated through the newspapers, i This is only the beginning ot the agitation, and no | one can tell where it will end. We give it for what it is worth, reserving appropriate comments lor another day. Boi<m<nu of I lie Hun. Henry Clajr. It wax expected. y*?trrday, that Mr. < lay wnald visit same mora of tho li< n* and number* anticipated the rpfrtuiiiiy of ?< < ing him, him*el; the greatvrt lion of all. It via* hoped Le would vUit the l.xehange. am"DK other public place* ; but h? did not, and many vera disappointed. " The bulls and the bear*" were not ' gratit:ed with a fight of the King ff the forest, or with | " the nju?ic of hi* roar '' lie kept liitn?elf a* private as | pnerible. devoting hi* time principally to the fair *ex , and to the ship; trig. 1 he Hon. gentleman drove about the city with his I bo?t, Mr. Beneon, and the 1?<1I<? of the family, and. | axoog other place*, called at Stewart * marble pa Uce," Rreadway. with which he cxpre?*el hi* high gratification We would re?pretfully *uggr*t the pmj I priflj of hif ei-itlng Deck *. al*o.'th* rival establishment. Havli* taken an airing and carriage exercise, he dined witii Mr. Moee* Hanry Orinnel. together with hi* friend. Mr. Ben?oti. an<J * small party invited to meet . him. lie spirit the evmli'g at Mr. James < ollas's t'nlv?t?!(v I'litk't near Tenth ? The llo'tcla. IMItlK AMI t W??T1 ?n. W. II. HalMt. Virginia; W. 8w**n*. Philadelphia; 8. Wclcott. Manar huF*tt*; Mr. id .Mr* \oye*M<>dera; II. t cg?*eii. Salem. I< Taj lor. Philadelphia; II' n Prwtoi Kin*. < >gd> nth'jrgb ; Vr N. C.j K Whlttleeey. Mohli#; P. Chentp. Ohio; J. Mmod. do.; IV ( liiltl*. N C'.j K. Mtlhrwa. Oli.'o; I a*?ei|. I hilaJ. B Tii?np">n Not Yoi k; J Smyth Philadelphia; J. Seymour. Hartford K. B ulkely. do ; W. H. I.evi*. Mobil*, J (i, .Moor*. Phlladel| bia; (iaorg* Heyward Boeton; A. MoMakio rblla<l*l|> I'' ; A. < h**??boroogh do.; I) Samuel do : Hon Ale * Burl. Detroit: 1. V Martin. Albany; 8. T. ronen*. W **t I'utnt; linn T. A. Ti nii'.B?f'D. l-.f?e* county; Hon. W.C Dwlght. Louisas*: A (J. Col*, Baltimore; ?*org* Wood. Philadelphia; W A Cn?w*ll,i hirago; Mr an 1 Mr*. Meet, Montreal; W. i ummlng*. ChiladelpbU; Hon " " Brandreth. Rlrig Slug; K W llopkln* Mirhm'n d; < aptaln I Alexander. I . 8 Army; l.laut. B*atty. Brit 'eh Army; I Imt. I .ray and lady, do ; John H. I'?t*r*. .V tork; Mr and N r* Hlt?bfi?k, N?* lltrn; L. I'. A *hm*ad, New Bedford: lira. Iloratlo Seymour I ti<*a; j . Chll om. hmoo; (.ondi ipho. Naw Oilman*; J *>n T. Ilartlay. Washington; were aw ng*t tb? arrlral*. J*?- j today at tli* Ining Hour* W Bulk* l 8 ?nny; W Blak*. New Har*n; " I)utton. Philadelphia; A. Mdy, I 8. Artillery; * Whit*. Mi'ele'ippl; Samu?l and Jam** Daretipoi t? j Washington; Dr. Wood, Philadelphia. A. Kimball, I Main*; II. f.pp*?. Virginia; C. K. Sunderland. I'hlla- ' dtlplla. A. Ink d<>, art I red yeeterdayat lb* American Hotel I! d Trnnan Smith of Connecticut and Hon Hugh Whlia. of New Vork, were In tha city yeeterday . r? rnvh for Washington. Hon. > d?on Old*. ttblo arrlred yeatcrday and *topp*d i at Kren< h * Hotel He I* "i rattle lor Washington lion, D K. < arter. Ohio. arrlted m rout* for H'a?hIrgton. yeMerday and atopprd at th* lloirard Hotel comntaaion o* Ciiid* *o?i**t Mrrno. Tne*day. N? T?mber 20 Th* IJoard met according to adjourn- I iimt. Trevent aayeaterday On motion of t ol Paine ordered that the order of yeeterday. taken on memorial ' of lame* W /act,arte. (No ft) b* rescinded, an I that the men'rial b? held for the pr*eent under con?id t ation Af'er eocaa time *p?nt In aonnultatl'n the 1 Jt'tjJ ?d U t' ?t>U .1. M I TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE Farther Particulars or the Dreadful Steamboat Disaster at New Orleans? Name* mf the Killed, Wounded, Ac., Ac. IUton Rovoe, (La.,) Not. 30, 1849. The boiler of the Louisiana. Captain J. W. Cannon, exploded on the 10th Inst, at 6 o'clock. P. M , nearly opposite Gravier street, spreading death and destruction in nenrly every direetion. At the time we write, it is impossible to arcertaln the number of lives lost. The reports range from 80 to 130?though we -III K- o ?u,l One of the officers of the boat stated to us that there were about City cabin passengers on board; but as all the cubln aft the vheelhouse ?ai unlnjurnd, we hope many of them were saved. One gentleman informed us that h? assisted nome ten or twelve, mostly ladies, from the wreck. Accounts differ as to the number of persons on the boiler deck and forecastle, at the time of the explosion. The boat wan abeut starting for St. Louis, and had rung her latt bell, but was to haul alongside of an emigrant vessel. for the purpose of taking on board 200 deck passengers, who providentially escaped being involved in the dreadful calamity. The steamer Bostona had her upper works greatly shattered; and Captain Duslin. her commander, who was severely injured, it is feared, will not recover. The steamer Storm, which was lying on the lower side of the Louisiana, was more injured than the Boston*. She bad just arrived, and had not made her lines fast when the explosion occurred. Several persons* on board the Storm were killed. Fortunately, there were no pasgfngers on board. The force of the explosion was appalling. The glais on the front of the Levee was shattered at the distanoe of one thoniand feet from the boat, and the shock was sensibly felt at the further extremities of the city. The forecastle of the Louisiana sunk in the mud; but the stern being in deep water, caused the bow to slide off with it. The persons who were paved on board the Louisiana, and were relieving the sufferers, bad to leave, In order to sa<e their own lives. There were some twenty or thirty who were obliged to swim for their lives; and the whole wreck slipped into deep water and disappeared. The following Is a list of the killed, wounded and mining, as far as asceitained :? KILLED. Mr. Knox, Andrew Bell, Levi Presoolt. Bersselaer Bucknor, of Memphis; Mrs. Moody, wife of the clerk of the steamer Storm R. McMeeliin. WOt'NDKD. Thomas Merriwether, of Kentucky;

II W. Buchanan, do. Marcos Milnor, do. Samuel S Smith, do. Arthur A. Slave, do. Mmuei uonicy. ao. Joseph S Wilger. rf Indiana; Uaac Miller, of Ohio; Mr. Wcife, of Memphis; Thomas Damson, cf Mississippi; W. Tucker. do. J Tucker, <lo. John K. Barber, do. L. O. Kted, do. Captain Hopkins, of the steRmer Storm; Captain Dustin. and Robert Price, of the Boston*; and John Mason. MISSINO. J. "VV. King, of St. Louis. Mr. Klliett, J. Merrlng, of Cincinnati. Many other names of killed, wonnded, and missing are given, but most of them belong to New Orleans and foreign countries. Tat Osage Indiana, dt?'. Washinoto*, NOT. 21 ? 6 P. M. The Osage Indians have had an interview with Commissioner Brown, stating that they wanted certain cannon and flags, which were refused. Some military clothes and presents were giren them, in their plaoe. John Addiaon. a clerk in the Department of the Interior, hat been transferred to the Patent Office, and Robert Bowie, of Maryland, appointed in his place. Closing the Canaiii ALIIAXT, NOT. 21,1S49. The Canal Commissioners hare deterred the closing of the canals until the 6th of December. Sailing of the Steamer Alabama for Chagrea, B?ltimorc, NOT. 21-9 T. M. By the Southern mall this evening, we learn that the steamship Alabama left New Orleans on the 14th Inst, fer Cbagres, with a go*dly number of passengers, among whom was the lion. Bailie Teyten, Minister to Chili The Cherokee at Savannah. SATAKIAH. NOT. IS, 1S40. The fteamer Cherokee, from N?w York, arrived here yesterday, in CO honrs fr< m wharf to wharf, being six Lours bttter time than that made by the Ohio. Marlceta. At hnii, Vov. 21 ?8 P. M. nrrriyio MUtr j-r.? r iwur. ?u <""? , ~..r,.v, 2 COO buebela; corn, 16 000 do ; bnriey, 7.MJ0 do There in no change of Importance to notice In n.iur, sod a fair demand pre Tail* from the trade Ijnotatloin are nomi- \ nally th*- *ame at yesterday. and the *ale* ar? '2 000 hfcl*. Holder* of wheat are firm. and do not preas the market; the demand 1- fair, and *ale* reach (V.000 buahel* tieneeee at > 1 18 a f 1 10 ; corn i* n?t In aetlre demand. and the rate* do rot exceed 4 000 bn?hel? at <11 c. for *eft? rn nilsed. and <JJl,c for round yellow; birley ' I* (H e. fi r four-rowed. and fiooo bushel* *old; oat* are firmer, about 2 !>00 l>u.-hel* aold at 41 ',c. BCFTAI ?, Not ill-fl P. M. Hecelpt* alnc* yesterday Hour. 4 000 bhl*.; wheat, t?.0< 0 l)Ufbel?; com. 7.000 do Kor (lour there I* but a moderate demand, and price* are In faror of the buyer; rale* of 1 (HiO bbl*. Michigan at *4 IV a $4 .'11. which I* lowtr 'I he Inquiry for wheat 1b fair, but the firmnec* cf holder* check* or, ration* ; eale* embrace 3.iOOO barbel*, including Ohio at Wo., and Vioconoia at OOo. The market for freight* 1* without change. lllMMt, Nor. 21?6 P. M. There i* n fair demand tor (lour but little doina ill other article*. rale* of 1,000 bbl? Howard *treet at >4 H. Grain and provision* remain without rhange. Shipping lnt?lllK*nrc? Nk.w Obi.raw*. Not, l.'l. Arrived?Fl.ip Indiaaa. N\vrk. Bum*, Nor. 21. Cleared?Ptc*mcr Cam'ria. Liverpool: ?hipe l<a?toa, II"U* Hon* *nit Cantca; lieneia, Capetown. (' (. H a?,l r?at InHiee: ?>t? Ami, Uw|ml, Tit laTHtlb ni it* Pht'ad; lri? Panliaa, -to eohri Car* Tear. St Petcrt: J B l.iililif, U'Ttl'ftlt cilv, * a: llarp, Krederfkabnr*: Kdn* C. Philadelphia: Airfield, Marietta, and John ij Adatna. N Votk. jai f*. Not. SI. Arrived?? It Martha W aahlnrton. Philadelphia for Pcitetuouth; Bamror, for New Tork. Nitr lt?nrmn, Not.*', Sailed?Ship Brandt, ladian Ocean; fclir K U Adam*, Baltimore. P*otio*'*i r. Not. 20. Sailed?Bark flhoilea. San Franei'co: hriea ( aii'dt, New Orltai*. llylae, Philadelphia; tchrliary Bddy, Matauiai. Nr?r??r, Not. IfV, Arrive ,t? Pebr F.mtlina. Surinam, l*?th nit. o r Bo#ton. Left, lark Maraaaent Ponalaad. frrm Beaton, arrived |Ath; t>ri*? Sarah Aen Tmker, for 01' neuter, Idr Jnlt* k Helen, Ba'ee, . it" do, Pteiade*. Center, fram do. erneed I7tr.: Ni*er. Ilerrlek, wt? rarao At ( ntrenne. ti'rh nit. brli Graaile, t'pl.m, ft'm Boeton, arrived Mb, te load fur di, only American. Bahoo*. Not. 10. Arrived?Si lir Oaielle.N'ew Tork. Cleared?SthrOeorre ? aahinrton, Charleston. Bath, Not. 17. Cleared?Bark S etlard. Sav??nah; brite Coral, Cuba; Mechani<, lla\an*; litth, ahip Sila* Leonard, Charle*ton. PomrtA^n, Not. 30. C1e?r?d?Brt* Ntpoleon, C?h?. N wei-btrnat, Not. 17. failed?fehn Mary C Anti, Porto Rico; Brie, New Tork. lidi,m?*' Hot.k. Not. 19. Arrlied ?Si) r? Ar>'da, Philadelphia f?r Beaten; ('ftnet. Cherrjfeld fer New Tork; i'lat. bark l.nejr Ellen. Mot,lie for R< ator Areliihald ;rn?io, Alexandria for d. hri< Mary Stanton, Baltimore for do: hra Ktaeliae, Pmiaain ria Newpift fordo. Iliirer. Isabella, and Pern. New Tork for do; l?abelU, 4o tnv Ba?. r 0<-n Po?t?r, do for Portland; linn, do for Naatmket. 1'iinrro. do for HjanBia; Myitir, do fur Iliniham. !<allrd , <>?Srlir ryrr.rt: 21?t, bark Ida: tehra Pina?rr. Rubicon, Pi/arto, ft&d 'our. l'ii?fii|Ei'r< Hullrit. I.trnrnm ,-!? the Steamabip ( amtria from Boaton ? K 11 I.add. O T R?il, P BslA'irr, of R**t<>n II Boiiche, llftinitiit", ?il?o?, Hiirr! (l*ld, J W Uerard. Jr, bearrr of df?i?l<!rs, J ? l.owlrn, H F Alkftli. W C t'oreen, Ivlward Sarrnd<ra, J II >h( R Camming. C ' Fn noh. < Flail, (iW Iln?.o(N?? Vftk W Parker, of Nft Hinfiihlrr; Polar Peter?. of I'eneiylvania; lJr ,N>f ? n. Gr<>r*>a; C Stridor, St l, Mr C Si arp1r?a. lad jr and ohiM. T Qneb**; K Iw Mai'land, J M Fi rl>on F Sn?in, Mr A> II*. Montrrai; J Fpinto, J Alloe, j Slat?r, K Iflak, W l.owtila, R l,taMat??, ' vn??. ton. T L? lk-V. For llalifa* ?Mr?*r> Jul n T Smith, and l.atitgnt, of Boatcai Mim Trrmain, of llattfa* .1. Total, 41, Marine AfTnlr*. Th* ?t?*m*r We*t Point, I aptain Mo??? Hunt. failed at 12 o'clock y**terdajfor San I- r*nrl"co under rteam and rail She I* fitted with a yertlcal tubular holler (on th" Koelltl* plan), and ha? a n?w atyle ?at?r-wheel bucket, which glr?? much greatar ?p??d with the *am* power, than th* ordinary paddle and relieve* the boat < all jar. 1 be bucket I* carntrn-ted of iron, but att, che>l to tbe rani* arm* th* common paddle, 'r>g ride whrel* Khe ran le? fu'l lor thirty fir* day*' rf a niiof and U prorlnli.ned f"t nine month*. It I* r?|ri')a'rd rh* will make the pH*ra?* In one hundred 4?y, b< etrrled no Irright or paa'engera, a* none would *> re eel ted on any rftw?lderaf lOtl, although the *t pilrat tone w?re fery numerou* She l? Intended for the rlter.' '"d ona?t. heir* of fery light draft. Rh* I* reward by Mr H'IIH*m I, > mil* who ha* been with K K < oilln* I *|.?f thl* city, for a number of year* and I *r prnflttd . ueh from Mr Collin*'* great *iperlenee f>*ai i. ro* N> w Mux o - The Pre*id*nt ha* r**?fAired Manual ArwendaM Cot???l of th? Meiiesn K?pwhile ft r th* UrrlffJ of New Meiloo Police Intelligence. ixtsnsivi ronrihy and consfiract?fcrtiizr I>EV?L01>KMINT*. On the 10th instant, we published, in this journal the fact* and circumstances relating to an extensiva robbery and conspiracy practiced on a frenchman by the name of Francois K. Ta?ernler. by hU wife, aided by several Krmobwen. who conspired together for the purpose of stealing his meney, in which some $10 000 was alleged to hare been stolen. A Frenchman by the name of Claudus K. Durand. and a Mr. Jeandel, thu father of the wife, were arretted on xuspioion of being parties concerned in the taking of the money. Subsequently. information was reoelved that the wife h;ii tied to Philadelphia; she was therefore arrested in that city, and brought on to this city, haviDg in her pos session about out) of the money; tlie ?>s lU?o conveyed before Justice Osborne, and an examination, refused to implicate any one under arrest. The magistrate watt thereupon justified In discharging the suspected parties from custody for the want of further evidence. I pen this ocoasion the counsel for the husband took charge of the wife, for the purpose of eliciting further evidence, if possible, I 'uring this short stay of proceedings, a person by tha name of Kdward C. lirett* 11. loaki-mith, doing business at No. 216 W'ooster street, called upon the counsel for the prosecution, and stated that he <iad read an account ot a robbery in the Herald, respecting a bo* of money, Ills evidence was then taken. We give it in substance. He states that on the day of the robbery, a carriage drove up to his shop in Wooster street, and two men, apparently Frenchmen, brcught from the carriage a black box, to which they requested biin to fit a key. the look being one ot peculiar make; a key not being found to fit it, the bolt of the lock was forced back, and in this trunk or bos. was exhibited seveial bans of gild, and a large lot of silver five frane pieces; this was taken out by the men, or a greater portion of it, and placed about their persons; the box whs then plaoed back on the carriage, in which the wife was i-eated, and they all drove olf together. Upon this auditioual testimony being given, the wife was confronted, who, after much reluctance divulged the whole plot to her husband's counsel, implicating three Frenchmen, by the names of Clttudus F. I'uraiul. Joseph Julian, and auother whose name we could not learn. The two former were in Tuesday night taken Into custody l>y ofllcer Olsoin. and oonveyed before Justice Lothrop, who committed them to prison for a further hearing, it is believed now, that the balance of the stolen money will be recovered, as the prisoners are clearly identified in opeuing the box and extracting the money, lu this way tho money was extracted from the box without the knowledge of the wife, they having taken the lion's share leaving herouly three thousand out of the ten thousand dollars. The wife, Natalie J. Tavernier, was further examined yesterday. before the magistrate, and is presumed now j to be telling the truth, as she is relating th) facts that ' we have alrendy given, oiily more iu detail. The sub- | jectof all this trouble aud oommetion is the daughter ! ofMr Jeaudel. a French cabinetmaker, residing at No. j lir ome street. Her appearance is young and in t> r?"?tir.L'. of small and delicate Ftatur?, po?aB8siDg a pitir ol tull exprejuiv* Mark eyes, daik hair and in what you ma j call a pretty lit tin woman. She was dressed neatly in a blue hat, bla k veil aud :i red shawl. Julian and Durand. the two prisoners under examination, re both meu of about 40 years of a^e. The couatenanre and expresplon of Julian appear heavy and plrdding at If ensier led to do an act under the directions of other*, than to l>ea prime mover himself lu deed" of rascality The appearuBce of Uuiand it) unite the reverie; In bid countenance the shrewd and cunlIdr are strongly developed, indicating a ruler or plann<r of bad deeds- and then to employ men ofless ability to carry out the designs. Some new facta may be disclosed to-day, and thus obtain a clue to the balance of the money. Jlnvthrr Citizen for California.- ('apt. John S. Magnes, cf the Sixth ward police, resigned his duty as captain of that district, ye?terday. and will leave in a few days for the gold regions in California. We understand that a very handsome silver goblet has been purchased by the p< llcemen of that district and will be presented by them to Capt. Magnes. prior to his d?partuie, as a token of respeot and kind remeiabranoo. Common Plena* Before Judge Daly. Nov. 21.? Daniel I) S. Ilyer tit. Lawrence M. Stevens and Jus. It Smith.?This ?a.- an action for the gum of $195. balance of salary, brought by plaintiff against defendants. tiailing under the Arm of L. M. Stevens 6l Co. It was alleged tl at i>laintiir wai employed by defendants as salesman in their store for the term of nine months, commencing 1st April. 184*, for th sum of $o00; that plaintiff performed his duty, but being dismissed be fore the time, without sufficient cause, he now sues for the balance of the salary for the nine months. The defendants pleaded that they did not hire plaintill for any special term, and that they discharged him because he did net suit them, and that be came to business at a later hour in the mortiipg than the rule and custom of the store required. Sealed verdict. Court Calendar?This Day. Common 1 ?Noa. 73, 79, 81, 83. 87, 01, 93, 96. 9. 15, 23. 25, 43. 61.77.61 80. 27, 33,65. Part 3?No*. 88. 94. 112. 114.156. 158. 1(10. 161, 164. 16)1 Circi IT Coi bt.-Nos. 39,'i, 41>i, 32, 51, 57 , 682,84, 86. 669. fc7. S8. 90. 01, 92, 93, 04, 05, 93, 97, 99, 100. l.ock Picking.?Mr Brown, of the Ann of Brown fc Dw ight, je r elltrs, 10 Courtlandt street, art oar an- j thorlty tor stating that A. 0. Hohhs, agent fur l>ay fc Newell, who proteases to have opened ami to be able to open Junes'* Combination Bank lioeS, has tliia week derated a good part ] of two days to an attempt to open oue of Jones's ohcapast { and conitn'mest ComWntion I.ocks on the safein their ( Brown j Jt Dw ight's) store?working at it three hours "n one day and tiv? hours en another, kud then giving it upas a bad job. Tlio Combinations td' the l.ock reuaii.i d. m- an time. urn 'un('- I. The l ock waa at the operator'* a< i i . t .r an r day <>t tw?, had ho aocn fit to continue, but he did nut. We osn'i j understand why any man should choose to operate in byeotatra, where n<> inoi.ey is to be made, instead of win-ling ] f?n>* and. $l,fHU in rash by ooing the saia-i thing where the money ia behind the Lork. We mean, w can't understand it, provided the man leally knows how to do what he says be can.?Tribune. Halls and Partita vs. Know and Haln.? Ladies' white and black satin, French. Morocco and brome Kid Slippers, Gaiters. Boots, he., suitable for this season of halla and parties; ladies' and children's India Rubber Oaiter B?eta and Shoes, (perpetual gloss,) ef all the various styles, snitalle tor this acaron of enow and rain, l.adies, eall at J. UMMI.F.KS, 1,'!4 Canal street, between Thompson street and West Broadway. Old Oainr Humor He porta lite following Kesolut , as ?1st, Resolved, that every gentleman should eceaomife; 24, That they should wear the best and tastisst hoots to le found; 3d, That they should get them on tha coim r of I ultnn snd Nsnau streets. French Hoots $150, i worth i<>, tine Calf (d 50, usually $5. Cheap ' Cheap ' TU* DOCTOR. I 9. C. Blrlntyrc llenpeet fully Invite* Public attention to ic? xinjaturo uagucrrcuu uallery, na.ooj : Broadway. Knlitmm Knally Hoircd.?\\ tilth U the feat of Ufa ? The heart. Which ia the airing of thorcrht f 1 The I rain. Where do?a the t.rain i xiat t n?e head. What eovera ko?t the head f The liat. Wher* can I get this half Of KNOX, 1?S r?l ton attest.. w? llNiirliiK mm W*ltxln|f.?Tltnae who tilth to learn a correct and graceful tnaoner, ran do (oat Mr. 8lA KINO'S l'rivate Academy, No. (>< llo&d it. The fletftlllc Tnltlet Strop.?Tile OrlKlnal : article, Invented l.y 0. Satwdtre, ?ofavorably knetrn to the puhlio for the laat tw ?nty-kve yeare, cau be obtained at the ] aubacribere' etorea, H7 and S<7 Broadway. A liheral dleoount 1 to wholc.ale dealera. O. 8AUNDER* te SON. 147 Broad* ay. corner Liberty at.. and >7 Broadway. Three ThouaitiMl 0\<i<oat*. wlttl Klrtl, 1 e1<iant title*', SI * Sit; 1.01)0 Cl<ak?, S> to SI'; l.'M) paire I'tnta. SI I" f">; it**' Veeta. JO rente to S I. IheM t'ode are all bought for ea?h, with Judgment. He are eqnal.y attentive t? the nan for a W cent ve?t, ai to htm who want* ten or t?elve eeaee. f> Suit Store, corner of Na&aau and Beeknian auceta. Tlie Plumlie IfHtlnnal l>n<(nrrrrmi l)?1* leny. No. ?.'?! Bread*ay. ahcnld he vlaited by all who hare 1 any daetre to aee the tin eat eperimnna of the Dagnerreaa art in tke hande of the olden artial in the I aitedSte'ee. The lifelike apfearaace ol Mr. !*.'? Prtra.ta rtndeta them lavaluatle. Ilxlr !)> ? .?llHft ht lor'a rolora the hair or ml i-kera the mcmeat It iaafplod, without injnry to the bnir or akir: It < an be waehed immediately without dietoiling the color, and ha* no bait odor. 11 ia applied, or mid wl lem'e and retail, at li ATC11 KI.ORS Wig raotory, i Wall Malt. Co i y tlx addrea*. Th? AratUold I*lri1nl awarded to llafiierreotype* ly the American Inatlttit", waa awarded in favor of M. S. Brady, corner of Broadway and Fulton atreet, whore etrnnaera and cititena are invited to examine epeeimcna. COMMERCIAL AFFAIRS. HONRY MAIIKF.T. Wtdnitilit|r, Hot ? iniii r lil-fl P. M. Th?rc ia nothing new in tha utock market. The fanriea are a* heavy a? lead, and are rapidly elnklog. ai mi nr?i nnra. louny, i niu'u aiaie? u ?, noi. up- | cllned percrnt; Dond*. new '?, Reading Mort- i g?K? Honda. U; Long Island, V,; Reading l!ailr< ad. llttlfm. >?i t rie Railroad, '4. At the second board, j there were only thro or four lota of *tock *old; Now j ll?T?n Raiirrad full off and l.cng Island <. The b>?r? haT? only to withdraw from thr mark) t, and th* j fancies will fall faat enongh to aatlsfy the moat rabid 1 operator for decline in the atreet. Their own weight j will take them down The bnll< and bear* hare Wall j atreet all to themselves in lancy atock operations. We do not believe thare ha* born a hontt )i<lr purchase of any of those secnrltlea, by an outside operator, tot week*; and they appear ta bare abandoned the hu?ines* entirely to the legitimate i>peoutatorf. The bull* are fighting with a millstone about their nrck*. The receipt* at the offloa of the Aaalstant Treasurer ?f this port, to-day. amounted to 'J87 flfi; payment*, 1 f 41 24? *0; balance, f.1 863,8M 89. The Roswell faatory, In t obb county, (-a declared a 1 dividend of fI* per cent for the paat six month*, with 1 a surplu* of fib 000 on a capital af ( *,000. This Is the rniallest dividend they have made for many year* paat The Reading Railroad I rmpary hare another flnan- 1 clal operation on the tapla. Tha bond* about falling due cannot be paid by the company, and, a* a dernier 1 resort. It now crmea forward with a proposition to em- ' body them into a second mortgage. The annexed resolution" give the mni/ui nfirrafttft of the transfer of old ' bend* Into tha new issoe. 1 Pnn ii nrnii a*p R? ?r>f?rn Rtitaonn, Resolved. 1 hat a mortgage be executed of all the pro- I which f hail b? rrrat'd nmciin' -0 000 pay- . bl? April l?t. 1R70. and int<>rr*t at Ml p?r M(t per annun payable tfml annuallr on th<- flr?? day* of April 1 and Oetr>b?j and If at any t?m ' It *hall b? <lf>?m??d r t ptdirnt or nt.-aaaary f?>r th? b?tt*r rffontuttlag th? ? rurlty of thin mort^M?, to d?il??r tha actual pn.*.*- 1 ?l'>n of th# prrmlnci h?r?by granted In mor?fa??, or any I part or part* th?r?of for a tln?? or tlm?? r-rtain or In- c definite to tha triiMen t Hen it ahall h* lawful to dvlifar purh actual pr^???>l>.n in o'dinprly 8 m?m i?k1. i litt ? ticking fund H h?r?by erratal <4 ? ,? the profits of the currant year are sufficient, after pay- M ing tbe expenses, the interest on the debt, and seven I per cent per annum on the preferred stock of the company, which fond Is to be annually Invested in the purchase of those bonds due in 1870, for four years, and until tbe market price of them is at par, which, with the sinking fund provided in the mortgage of 1830, will mske an annual sinking fund of $100 000. Resolved, That the president and treasurer are here by authorised to issue the said bonds, payable in 1870 at par, in payment of the bonds due in 1850. and also in 1 exchange for preferred stock, which has been issued for bonds due in 1860. and upon the surrender of the *al d stock, to pay one-half per cent on the same, which *Uli f Vi u ^I.Uovi/l uv.,1 u ?... a J.-? """ ?i fcnv puM-n-uuii IIM wui Hectare . in J uly last, will be eijual to the interest paid on th bonds. * In accordance with the abore resolutions, the company have !- urn notice that a mortgage has been executed and bocds prepared, payalie in 1870, which are now ready to be issued in settlement of the bondi of 1860, and notice has h1?o been given *o holders ef the preferred stock, that bond< payable In 1870. at par. will bu (liven in exchange for that slock, and one-halt of j f>ne percent will be paid on tb? amount of preferred stick so tranaferred. Ilo'ders of bonds duo in 1850 and preferred stock will, therefore, govern themselves acacordingly. Tbey are the best judges of what is foi their interest. The amount received for tolls on all the New York State Canals, from the commencement of navigation to the 14th of November, inclusive, this year, was $>^,042 SOt) 40, against $3 067.4&2 23 for the same period last year, showing & deficiency ot $55,185 83. The canals will be eloped on tbe 6th of December. \\ e are authorized to cay that any of the stockholders of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company ? in have the fullest information concerning their affairs, by calling at their office, No GO Broadway. VVeunderstand that they are in a prosperous condition. The voyages of the Washington and Hermann, during the present .1 year, have been performed with the greatest punctuality. and without meeting with tbe slightest accident. They have alpo been very profitable; but the earnings of the ships bad to be applied, in the first instance, to the liquidation of indebtedness on acoount of the building of the steamers, the cost of which, it appears, considerably exceeds tba amount of capital stock subscribed We are informed that Ihe directors contemplate making a full report and statement, at tbe expiration ot the year; we, therefore, refrain from entering into any details. We would mention, however, that from all we can learn, we have every reason to believe that the prospects of this company?th* pioneers of American ocean steam navigation?are very fair. We wish them success with all our heart. There are counterfeit $100 bills on the Broadway Bank, altered from genuine 2'?. The genuine 100'? have " 100" and the Comptroller's die on the left end ? the altered notes have a picture of the Irving House, and read " will pay one hundred dollars to the bearer. The genuine read " wi.l pay one hundred dollars to the bearer, on demand." 500's on the Mechanics' and Traders' Bank, altered from genuine 2's?vig. blacksmith, two females, &.C.?600 on upper and lower left margin, with Comptroller's die between them. This bank has no genuine bills of a higher denomination than 100. We have for a long time been of the opinion that tho running expeMos of our railroad companies were muob have, therefore, looked upon the management of most of our tail roads ax dishonest, deceptivo and destructive of public confidence in thoc important work# of Internal improvement. The annexed statement. showing; th? gross earnings, expenditures, and net revenue of the Wilmington and Koanoke Ilailroad Company, in each of the past nine years, agrees pretty well with oar ideas of proportionate expenses to income; and if the reports of our railroad companies generally were mado up 1 y an examining committee, or made up fairly and honestly by the management, w< should tlnd ft different state of things from that now exhibited. Wilmington ann Roanokk Raii.road. No. of PoHnutr'. \<art. /iVrrt>itj. Eipendituret. Vrofltt. T/iroii/\. tt'.#y. 1MI... $247,228 39 241 .943 31 55,283 #5 9.71- S.4&; 1M2... 211,977 4S 180,892 lift Sl.0n4 83 ? ? i.-ct... 267,257 K2 17*' .251 <<o 7*,aiN> 8.450 n,57< 1 i4... 289,533 75 2n.1,t>.'? U 90(1 31 10J68 18*5... 288.493 46 a) 7'ilO'J V< H UH 16,395 IM?... 817,822 49 jfjio'i 45 H.IWS ?,i?? 1-M7... 331,480 20 259.912 60 71,5<>7 60 13.073 2.V396 IMS... 817,450 50 275 2'i>8? 42, M 11.4V5 28,357 1S49... 310,3K7 W) 243,998 58 64,6!^ 42 11,207 27 575 The reports of most of the railroad companies in tho State* make out the running expenses at about an average of fifty pit cent; that is all they show. Tho balance, or rather the excess over that, is oarried intc construction aocount. The entire earnings of some reads arc appropriated to the payments cf dividends; and the running expenses, interest, and every other item ef expenditure oarried bodily lntooon3truotlon aocount, not undor tbeir proper names, but in some shape so mysterious, that the poor, blind, infatuated, innocent stockholders never know how the cost of the roed becomes so great. The regular payment of dividondc covers a multitude of sins; and to leng as the stockholders receive three or four per cent every six months on their Investment, they never think of inquiring whether it is earned cr not; they unanimously accept the annual reports, without reading them, and re-elect the old management, without the slightest knowledge ef their ability or honesty. Kor the purpose of showing that raliroads cannot be worked in this country, where the eost of repair* is annually much greater than in Kngland. at the rate reported, we annex th? gross earnings and working expenses of several railroads in Oreat Britain, for the first six months of the presen; year. Railwav Thau ic is Great Mhitai.n, ktc.? InooMr a!?l> SxrfcNM*. Lenplh Tot 11 Working Sumf. toilet. Kfiiipt?. Hrpti? *?. (Ill AT IiRITAI*? AkiTilocit 31 X 13,977 C?fM7 4,(letter ssil liulyhi mi J'4'? 81.98.1 2.S.M0 I elilin still DroRnec's .'(ft 20 i'4U 14,034 I'sst Anglian 1.7'i 17 (( '? 11,1134 l.dikktir#h and Perth 71 52 IH .'IK,87d tssiern Counties 322 3*2.334 2" iftf I tii I ninn <1 M.3M 22 II Laucaa?((? and Carlisle (si H.7W 31.45.1 Leeds sod Tlnrsk. '.'J ti 84'i 4 ill l.'jsdnn uiil Bl*"kwall 6K 20, ?( ( 17.W7 MsikI ester, Sheffield sad l.jnn I57't KV.'ld 5v, I -3 8i.uth Eastern. I mi J2n,20i 12.1.517 Blirewtlurj And theeler 4 7 45,961 27 ( '*? Buutii l>e>?a M 41 l.M Waterfall and l.imeri k .5 15 2-1 11.915 N. rtli British 10.1 7?>Wl Sfc.Vf PuMla srd Klnrattn 7\ 51128 31.810 4'sledenls 159 111,660 71,414 | A ' a and I'.ouWae 7?.'i M.424 93 417 i'?tis aad lUaen 84 143,614 104,797 It will be seen by this that th' working expenses of rach company named were more than fifty per eent of gross earnings. The average is about slxty-fiv* per eent. 1 be expenses in Oreat Britain and 1 ranee, for repairs cf rrailway are small, compared with the same Item of expenditure on railroads In this country; notwithstanding which, we find the average working expenses o^ twenty companies In K.urope about sixty-five per csnt. In Inmu th> (Mis mrm .III. ?-.I A curvet ?n<l rerj moderate grade*. which make tha % f%T and t??r of machinery moderate, and of eouraa reduce tha running expenae*. la thla country wa cannot avcld bad curvea and bad grade*. and we are. tb?refora, ccmpelled to allow for h'avy wear and tear It ftppe?r* by repeat* recently publlahad. upon tha (abject or railway traffic and expenditure*, tb?t to matter an arcendlng gradient af ?>na foot in 300 feat dlatanr#, equal to 17 feet per mile?a trifling ri*a-a traction force la required twice a* great a* la fufllclmt to move tha rpead along a level railroad. ftlao, the greater *pe< d required on any Una. tha greater aiiM be tha power employed. A good locomotive, of the haarleat kind now s??d. will draw train of lifty loaded wftgona, or ft gr<-a? weight of 37ft ton*, ftt *pead of from fifteen to twenty rullea ?n hour; but the una angina will only be able to draw, on tha >aoa line, ft train of twentytife wagona- being half el the above weight-at ppted of thirty miiei ftn hour Thu*, the thirty milea pyeed eo*t df uMa the *low?>r apeed of Afteen or twenty n.lUe, bealdea tha great additional wear and tear. Tha demand for power Inoriaawa in rapid proportion to the rateof *peed. tiring at the rate of ten mil?? an hour, a locomotive will draw 2W ton*; but pu?h ttleipeed to thirty mile* an hour and it will only draw twenty right tin* In t rance and Wermany, railway train, run at low rat" of *pe*d. aay fifteen or twenty milea ?n hour, ard thua enable corni anle* to charge light fare*, while they in*-nre the *afety of the pataengara. In the I nit? d State*. partiaulftrly in tha northern pectlrn. high apeed In frequently made on r>*d*with Ingh Rra<e? at;11 hrrt curvea; and a* cmpetl'l n inereftaea. the *peed meat ba greater, and of anuraa tha wear and tear of road and machinery Increased. Tha running expen*ea of our road* la likely, tharefura, to Increase, unlea* alteration* are made In the roadway. I he Weatern Kailroad through Maa*achn?et*a, and tha h rie Railroad in thi* State, have probably higher gradea ?nd wor*e currea than any other r *d* In thii eonntry. ftnd the running aipen*aa, repair* of roaiaty !?., nu*t proportionality grtatar ibp wfcKiy ttr> fptn <-f railway traffln tr. Great Britain prlra *rfat fncllltlM for making out e >mpara;!? and to jiidita mors enrr?oily of the noTtmtnt* mada from tlma to tima In tha ?har?narfcrt If *? gat railway rapartu In thl? eountry mra year, ?? ?r* and tbay a:? lli>n mad* ip In meh a loop* myatari mm manner, that no nna can uaka htad or |ta*l of tliam. Tb? ann?fd tibia of traffic In I oji?nd tbla ;nr and lad compared

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