Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 23, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 23, 1849 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. rtkweit earner of Fulton and Numu sta. JAKKlUUHUUD UE1HKTT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR AJIISEMENTS THIS EVESINU. ITALIAN Ol'ERA IIOU'SE, A?tor nic?-urii.Lo. BOW BRY THEATRE, Bowery?The Three GiahdsMIN. BROADWAY TUEATRE, BroaJway?Norma?Our MART AFfKr. BTRTON'8 THEATRE, Chambers ntreet-R?mawce and ami' CjUKllll. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway? Gopenjei?Dh-ertiskmeht?M. DlCHALV head. NATIONAL THE ATRE, Chatham iqnare?Laut or Li oki 1'ooh soldlth. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Brvu'lwny? D> til iw Paris?LaMH liEWARE-Br I'aral K k al > tk H ASCI-A H V Lf. e. MECHANICS' IIALL?CnRisrv'a Mi.nstrei.s. AMERICAN Ml'SBl'M?Amisinu PirkormancksEVEB v ArrtRHOOi* am Ev eSINO. SOCIETY LIBRARY ROOMS?Casiprkll'h CIRC'l'?, Aitor Plac*? Eyi -* striai Performances. MANHATTAN CIRCUS, nsar W{h? Ejumih?s i'l hkoll ham'h. BTOPFANI HALL?Etvr'a 1'anoraka ok Vkw York New York, Friday, November ie:t, lHl'j, The The Caledonia haw net yet arrived at Halifax. She is now in her thirteenth day. The Itlgliti nr.rt Hioii^1* of Amcrlcnn Authors* A few days ago, we said something about the wholesale system of piracy practised by the publishers of this country, on the authors of liurope. We had space hardly to glance at the extent of the robbery, much le.-?to expose the enormity of the outrage. We shall,on some future occasion, how. ever, enter that li? Id,and show in detail how foreign authors have been robbed of the fruits of their labors, and how many exasperating insults and indisnities have been added, to inflame the outrage. The means of doing tins are in our hands?we shall, at the proper time, publish not a few startling facts, and corroborate thrm by the testimony of the literary men of England, whose declarations are entitled to the most implicit belief. liut our business to-day is with our own authors, of whose rights and wrongs the great journals have nothing to say, and about which the public know so little. The most fatal consequences of this book piracy are felt by American writers. On their heads the curse falls with a double weight; and, although it would require a huge volume to unfold the fubjeet in all its aspects, we shall begin the tabor, aud continue it as time and space liuy allow; for we are persuaded, that although the gn at pirating book publishers of this country have hitherto crushed any and every attempt in Congress to c nact an international copy-right law, yet, so soon as the nation understands the subject* the people will call on their representatives to interpose their authority,Jand put an end to so outrageous an atrocity. We have every reason for such a belief, for it cinnot be supposed that the American people wish to discourage the growth and cultivation of a home literature, when they are willing to be taxed to make education universal Hnd free; to crush and impoverish the authors and teachers of the country, on whom the nation is dejtendent for all the instruction that is given in schools, colleges, and uoiver*. ift*?? to ilrivo ft-'wlii rvi fr<tm thu ar?hnnl. house, professors from seats of learning, authors from their liberies, lecturers from their desks, nod editots from their tables. No! we cannot believe that a nation so filled with intelligence, which has done so much for learning, will allow Its representatives to refuse to enact a law which will give cur literary men the secure enjoyment of the fruit* of their labors. It would be contrary to its history, a libel on injustice and intelligence, to suppose it. A f?w able and honest members of Congress, we are assured, will brina the matter of an international copyright law early before the national Legislature, arid there can harJIy be a doubt of its pa."ai'e. Meantime, we sh ill 1 iy the matter before the nation, in all its principal bearlags. < >nc of the most p*l;>able evils of the present system appears in th'.* fect, that while our publishers can make all the money they want or even covet, by robbing the |>opular authors ot Curope, and printing their works without p?>y, they will not take Ameiican books, unless our authors will write tinm for nothing. Thus, we have more eminent men in any other department of life than in literature. Kit/ Greene lialleck tried to live by his pen, J but wedouLt if tiiat pen ever gave him his bread, until he became a clerk. And yet, this man wrote " Marco Ilozznris," the |>> st thing of the kind in our language. He wrote a volume of poetry, and a famous bouse published it; but we will lay a wager he never got groat for his trouble. He found the mrsea unprofitable, lie could m<ke more, pare for page, by posting books, than by writing the neblest versea. f*cour the whole field of Ametican aathorxhip, and we doubt if five literary men of reputation can b? found who live by their copyrights. Lvrn Irving has depended on oth? r re>ourc?.?thnn those derived from his pen. Cooper has to Hereotype his own books, we are lold, and the |>er|? tual copyrights < n all hi? works has been reefnt!y fold for less than one-tenth whnt ^ir Walter ^cott g't for a single rommce not h*lf as good as any of t 'orper's; and we venture that not a publ'ther can be found in th' United Mates who would give for the copyright of anr Im?| Cotjiff cub writf r-ven rroteasor rvarks, the freatest of all our national historians, has never be* n able to r<*ly upon hi* pen for ih" means ?>f supiort; i.rd >ei he ha* edited all the work* of Washington and Franklin, and written their lives and the lives of the moot illustrious fathers of our republic, lie has shed more light on our history than any?we hud almost said all our writers. Hryunt bu been pronounced by B1a>ktr?'d and the Kdmt wg,h, to be our greatest poet. We wish | Mr Dr>bbt would tell t's if his poetry ever gave hirri the salt he has eaten in his porridge ! lie was, in early life, driven (rom the field of.literature, where he had af hi* ved h trii'tnph, to the Filthy arena of party, to et his bread and butter. \V> ht 7.ard nothing in faying that there is not an American author that is making as much money by his pen as a first rate book-kee|n-r in Wall street, or Jim 'Jrant, the barber, of Ann street, (his foreman is still th'-rr having as usutl.) even before he quit citting for a living, and went to (tl.fornu to m?ke a fortune. Soo?er or later, almost every lii<THty man in this country makes the diacovery that his pen will not give him hie bread?that he is not ture of his living from the sale of his books. Occasionally, we know, an author rise* on a transient wave of popularity ; but the good fortune is a wave that soon passes. We boldly make the statement, that it the literary men of this cauntry, lit- a class, had no other means to rely on for their support than their books, tliey eoulil not keep their bodies and souls together, except m a lew eases? J .1 ... BHU UKIt lie attiucui*. The rra!><-n is obvioaa. Will the 11s?r^r*? pay ('< <>|*r $5,000 for a MM. novel, wh> n they can, by anbtcribing for n copy *f (vw/'i Magmav, frl I'ulwei'a Caxton'a for fire dollar* T Will th-y pay f 10,000 for a preat American hi?tory, wh'n they can rob H?llam of hia mmrnlficeiit latrodnc* tu>n to the Literature of the Middle Aft, by buying the l;ngli?h copy for forty ahilltnca ! Think, for a mow nt, of the double cruelty of ihia ayatem. A robbery ia permuted upon the Kmrliab author, which la fatal to hia Aiii'-ricao brother. One rrme pmea the wuy for another. Limnrtine haa hia birth)lace and home altar aold at auction, in France, when ai*pence a copy on hia '< iirondiata" in Sew York, would aav# it, and a acore of publi?hera can keep fhemaelvea biny in printing their pirated edition; aiid when Mr. Irving, or Mr Anybt dy, call* in, a? me fmt morning, with a Me* copy of a new (and, for aught they know, as good, or better) book, he is saluted by a "Halloa, Colonel, how do ye flourish ! How does literature go, this morning'! (Had to see you lookin'so well, General. I How do the sisters thrive 1 Has Mr. Snob an I .j.. Ma/?niaiii w?'?? i .;.i i $25,000 to break him down, and we'll do if;" and the American retires half saturated with the tobaeI co juice of the pirates. What if this house could not reprint Laniartine's work without paying the author, and, forsooth, the translator, too 1 Would the American author be driven with contempt from the doors of men who would go on their knees to beg his books, if they could not steal works without paying for them, or even reading them ! Who is the American author who has not been compelled j to submit to more than one scene of humiliation of this kind, before he could get even his mss| examined 1 Give us the name of the man! j 1* th s the way to have a national literature! Is | this the way to develope the national genius of : our authors 1 Is this the way to make up libraries for our towns, and villages, and school districts, where our young men receive their first impressions of men and government ] Will you, citizens of America, educate your eons in the 9chool of European politics, rather than imbue them with ! the thoughts, and feelings, and principles of such ! men as Washington,.lefierson, Adams, and Frank' ltnl And yet you are compelled to do it, by the | American publisher, because he will print only j foreign hooka, these being the only books he can j print without paying for them. In tins manner I our rising [reiteration is educated in foreign ideas, ' and we have not u national character or a national j liteiature. We are not inclined to favor party ; spirit or sectarianism, in ur.y form or shape. We have never done it. But we are inclined to Americanism, in its noble and lofty sense. We believe, and we know, that with Washington and hia great colleagues in die field and the Senate, aros?* a new srt of principles, which ought, long ago, to have impressed themselves on the hearts of our people ; that while we should have been deve' oping the national genius of the nation, we h ive been slavishly copying the literature of old l?u; rope?and this means its political, social, and intellectual principles. We have not followed the councils of our fathers We have lost the severe honesty, the stein integrity of the men of ttie revolution. Our children are reading the vile trash of Paul de Kock, George Sands, and fvigene ?ue, instead ol the pure and exalted works of American writers, who were born in houses which have been ridd'ed with the bullets of hired Hessian soldiers. The patriotic and self denying spirit of 177<> is giving place to French sentimentalities, and the very ground in this city which Washington ouce 6tood on, is no longer sacred. And why is this 1 Will any American publisher step forward and say, it is because we have no men of genius in this country, who can write good books for the education of the nation They dare not say it. They know it is not so. Hut they know that in no country can authors work without pay, any better th.n other men. They ' can cram ai.d glut our book market with filthy, ! obscene, " yellow cover literature," or if they wish ! to set up a very high standard for them, they can give us 200,000 copies of the last novel of James or Eulwer, nnd udvertise and putt' the work in five thousand newspapers, and the whole country is de!u;;< J with the book; and in railway cars, and on steamboats, and in drawing rooms, this overputled novel becomes trie topic of conversation, and the foreign author becomes the lion in America, and Europeans laugh at us for the folly. Nobody disputes what the paid putts of the newspapers say?and the book is in everybody's hand, nnd the poison (m >.y b ) is distilled around every | fireside in America ; and the Auvric tu author is ! jostled aside nnd crowded oft'the stage. Repulsed 1 by pirating publishers, uunoticed by the presy, i and consequently unknown to the prople, he find * ' himself starving, and lie goes to selling potk and flour, to get In,- bread! Such is a brief and hasty sketch of some of the evils of the present system? but their name is legion, and nothing can p it an end to them Bnd rescue the nation, but ail International Copyright Law. ltciliutloii of I*octni(e?Tlic Post muster tidier*!'* Iteport. From infoimation which we have received from Washington, as well as from the givlngs out of the newspaper organs of the cabinet throughout the ! country, there seems to be no doubt that a great poiiion *f (ieneral Taylor's forthcoming message ? ill be devoted to the subject of postage, and that kr w ill recommend a reduced and uniform rtle, in 1 lieu of those now in operation. It also irs that the repoit of the Postmaster General is oil the tiiuli road (o completion, and (lut it will nIiow that department of tin' government to be in h very sound nnd prof|>rrou? condition, witli a surplus to its credit i f 1. .If n million of dul! ir?. This fact catii? with it the bet-t argument that could bp ad* duced in favor of cheap |"Ostai;e. It dispoaesat once of nil the obectiona which Cave Johnson nnd the opponents of cheap j-ostage generally made, when the combined voice of the i>eo|ile reached the halls of Copgrets, few years ago, and dentnnc'ed h reduced rate. And this surplus of half a million of dollars nnd over, at the rnd ot the pref?n; fiecal year, would be increased sixty thousand dollar.-, but for the abuse of the franking privelefe by certain number- ol Congress, that sum having b< en j> : d by the detriment for the d> livery of dead matter forward-d under the frankin? privilege. We are pVaacd to h^arof the admirable workinp of the new postaee law, and we have no doubt that the information winch will be Inid beforeCongreas, at the i n? uipg section, by the Me.?s?igr <>( the I'resid< nt. and the Portnuter Ijltieril'i Report, will justify a sill further decree in the rate ol p<??tHge. It was argued, before the paaoasrc of the p eLent teduc* d rate, that the Poat*oflicc departm'nt would be a harden on the treasi ry?that it could not tup|torl its* It if the leduction were tnade ; but I the result shows the ime state of tli ngs, in this country, as followed a similar rneasare m Kngland. f'o lar fioni the Post-office department in either country being a draj on the people, it lua b'come in both a source of revenue, notwithstanding that in Km.'l ind there is a uniform rate of ?uly two cents, or naApetlf ?-t'-rlin^. Dul we ti.lift not be satisfied with stopping at this point. WV must go f?rth( r, and Congress ought at the next Kiiion to reduce the rule still Uwer 'J'ue experience which we have guned in the working of thr new law, will justify the atep; and w ho|?r (Yngress will make a still grent? r reduction, whether it be recommended or not by the l're#ident or the l'mfminter General. The rate should be i:nil<rm on both letters ?md newsp?|>ers, and fix* d lit us low a |x>int h? possible. IVople imy r!ith r in opinion as to what this lowest poi;t should l>e, but we are satisfied that h unitortn rate of thne ?ents or letter*, for anv divine, would iiZT>i !y j\, 111<4 iu.Wufr" the department for all ita e*j.?n?''s. I ?n newspapers, we should any, one I crnt would be unite sufficient, for any distance over one hundred tinles, and hall that sit n for distances und< r one bundled miles. In |n>th cises, the |>n)turnt of the postage should invariably be in t?<!\:ince. This would make the transportation of the mails a cash biisinena, r nd would en ible the department to dispense with half the number of tleiks nnd assixtsnu which are n<>w employed, besides renHrntg the accounts ensy of adjuilment, and settlement free from doubt and inj trieacy. These are our views on the changes and re. i forms that hould he made in the ratei of iwstag'*, at the en?uinc iesston of Congress. Th(,y may coincide with those of the President itnd of the Postmaster General, and msy be recommended to Congress, for their adoption Hut whether they are or not, or whether thev will be so recommended i or not, we are certain that they embrace the views ol the great bulk of the people, who will demand thiit they shall be curried out. And we would bwilling to goeven still farther, and ?av that a uniform rate of two rents on letters woulJ cover all the ex. perises of the transportation ol the mall!', but for the present we will be content with tiirse cents? to which point, we think, Congress will be obliged to reduce it during the next session. We think it would be advtsuble for public meeting* to be h Id on this fuhject, in the large commercial cities, and io in ,v.? ?r IIICMICt 1U10 l/aillllg IIIC lliriuu^io ut the next Congress to act promptly in this nutter; as our readers know too writ, tlut body very slowly in legislation, and a few expressions of public opinion miitht quicken their pace, and bring about this reform, and the benefit- th-it would certainly How from it, at an earlier day thai if Conpress were left to itself, and not jogged on or hurried in the mutter. There is another branch of this subject, to which we wish to call the attention of the President, th-; Postmaster General, the public, and members of Congress. We allude to the rate of postage on letters between the United States and Europa. By the treaty recently entered into between the United States and England, the rate is fixed at twenty-four centt, independently of internal postage. This is entirely too much. It is a serious tax on the mercantile community on each side of th" Atlantic, nnd is a |>ositive grievance to hundreds and thousands, and, we might say, millions of people in each country. The emigration to the United States from the old world has been so great within the la.'< few years, that there is scarcely a family in Europe that has not one or more membera or rela; tives in the United States. As a geueral tiling, this class ol people are poor?in nuny instances, exceedingly poor? to whom a rate of twenty-four I ci nts, with the internal postage of each country addtd, is a barrier to ull communication by letter. Let the rate be reduced to a free trade point? say tin rents, or even fiat rents, instead of twenty-four, and the post-offices of each country, as well as the \ contractors for carrying the mails across the ocean, will be ju?t as much benefitted as the people will be. For every letter tint now pacsea between th'* two countries under the present system, there would be twenty, ! if the r ste were reduced. The United States, esi p< -nally, ought to lose no'time in taking this matter in hand. We are the freest people under the canopy of heaven. We are a sell-governed peo; pie, and we preach self-government to the rest of the wotld. But self-government c^n never be obtained in Europe, until the despotisms which exist there are undermined and thrown down. The ; most effectual way of accompliphinz such a work, | is to promote the interchange of views between : tlie two mimsplieres. As it is, ev>-ry letter wnieti j an emigrant in this country writes to his family or friends in Kurope, is a revolutionary documeut? an attack on despotism It is our duty, the*, apirt from other considerations, to increase and multiply the number of those missives, Hut without j tins, we are satisfied it is for the interest of both i England and the I nited States to make the reduo- i tftn. in a pecuniary point of view. We hope Congress will act on this subiect at an i early d?v. Now is the appropriate time for agitating it. Let the frb-nds of cheapposuije throughout the country bestir themselves, and if the i>roI per exertions be made, the letter postage will be reduced to three cents before six months, the rate 1 for n<-wfcpB|>ers to a cent and hull a cent, and our government wiil propose to (.ireat Britain to reduce ilie rate of ocean postage to a much lower point than it was fixed at hv the treaty now in force between the two countries. Important Discovkrv in thk Trsasurv? Twkrty or Twenty-five Mim.ion* Wanted.? In order to prepare the public mind for the discloture on the meeting of Congress, the cabinet letter v liters have been hintmir, in their letters to the outside organs, the probability of a deficiency in the treasury of a targe amount. This has waked up the tleepy orrans at Washington, und they forthwith repair to the Treasury department, to ex- ; knune the books. The result must be vary gr?tiI fj ing to the stock-jobbers. The rr and iifjmUic, afier a careful examination, report that i there must be a deficiency in the treasury, on the 30th of June, 1*51, ol between fifteen and twenty millions of dollats. Tnis is the official estimate, ] but the probability is, the real deficiency lor the i next fiscal year will rise to twenty or twenty-live millions. The discovery is very important; but if the ' drowsy organs of the cabinet, and their letter wriler>, had read the Atie York ll. ralii, they would have been saved a great deal of trouble. Oa the 2_'d dny of August last, we published, in the m??ney article of the Iltrnhl, >ome remarks on the state of the linsnces, which we republish, with other olliciul tables, in the same department to-day. From there tables it will appear, that ut the close of the I m _ _ ?L_ Mn.L _e t A .i IIM' tl yrlir, < Ildinj.' I.sum ?>l JUn'- i.m, were wai a dr ficiency, raising from the ordinary expanses of the government, of upwards of eight millions, or exceeding twelve millions, including the Mexican ir.d? mnily. Tin* receipts for the same year, from cui-toins alone, exceeded twenty-eight millions; and from ull sources together, they amounted to Ihirly-lhrre millions?an aggregate which cannot probably he exceeded by the receipts of the currentyesr. V hat ie to he done! With all the ingenuity of ctetary Walker as a financier, there was some htii.ehnr in the settlement o| his accounts, and the tinkering cabinet which has succeeded him, wil' doubtless make it the pretext for their own extravipJCfl and bad mamgement. Their policy in* volves a liberal squandering of the public monvy, for it includes an increase of office holders, nn increase of salaries, an incr^s^* of apecu" laiing contractors, a genera! system of interna' I improvement, the ptymeil of the five or ten m l lions of French spoliations, and everything upon a splendid and liberal scale. With a standing deficiency of twelve mtlliors, snd a probable decrease in ihe receipts, how can we reconcile *uch a sys'etn to tinyihing short of a deficiency, for the next year, of from twenty to twenty-five millions? Th'liMof iflicial conditions to California. Ninta Kc, and the ?alt I/?ke, and the expenses of the military government of the new territories, rti'ist also be tak'-n into the account, ami thtte may licit lie dtficitiiry to ntmly thiity mtUitmt. llut, instead of economising and retrenching their extravagances, the rectipts must be augmented. The cabinet propose to do this by raining the tariff to the standard of 't2, or something like it. Mr. Meredith, it is given out, is miking out Ins argument to present to Congress, in support of the scheme. Our experience, however, shows, th if, under the act of 1HW>, the receipts from customs have been greater ihin under the bill *f 'J2, or sny o'her bill. From our present improved sys u in of mm uiuci urrp, m?u ur v?i? u?n?u m ,?e1 >i? me market, any material increase of duty upon foreign good* must, to it jjreat< r or less ^xt'-nt, dimmish imputations, and diminish the revenue, j The benefits of an exorbitant tariffwould be confined to the home manufacture*, to the exact i mount of the decrease of importations. A tux of on?- htmditd per cent upon cold iron would be ex. ct lb nt for home protection, but would probably not brine * dol ar into the treasury. The danger ia that Mr. Mr?<Tith will run into some sncii cxtr? mri, and thua add a reduction of re<:? ipta to an ini rr t?f rxj>? neet. The only plan to m ik* both t nda meet, ta to retrench expanse*, and cut ?fl all rx?rr?c? ncea. Nothing else will inaure the tr?*i* fi iy fn m bankruptcy. Loans ouiy postpone the tinal dry of B'ttlement, a>id IH? sort of tinkering with the tarill w ill meet ade'iciencj of tw?niy millions. Wr believe th t Mr. Men ith reguUrljr receive* th?- //<??/// in Li* depiitm?-nt. Had he re id it Ci.r?tully, he m ithl have diacovered Itu. exuting ? n.ii irrHerriienta hume monthsayo, and gained tini ti> rmik'- hia pr? paratioiis to m'*ri lltf-in We would i'detfe him to Mod) Ihr tl rmhl for ill'' future ; and if Mr. ( layton int< nds to continue in the St i'<-d*. p*rtm< nt, lei him r? pl?ce tlie HrrmJii ii|?on ttir til'*a 1 nf hia ofTVe, ard read it thoughtfully. M<*diejn-a i who h are m in* times bitter to the taste, are g* ij I fur the kti.nifcih. s Movement* of I ten ry Clay-Villi to tile Office of ?lie New York Herald. T?(terdav forenoon Henry Clay reoulvtirt na<n?ronn tM*? from both i?zo8. and a hint of Invitations which be wan reluctantly compelled to deoline Th? Kr?*?t object of Mr Clay's Tlnit, wai to nee Vt# York a< it 1?? vo pet us ans anu mauuiaoiuma, its arcimecture, and progress in the higher branches of eduoatlon Among other invitations he declined, was one from a society of ladies. to be lionized at one of their meetings. The Hon. gentleman, accompanied by Alderman Bebcon in answer to an invitation of Mr. Bennettvisited the office of the Xeu> Yurk Hn two o'elosk. P. M. The special object of his vlfit was to the practical working of the famous fait prefer capable, each running off ten thousand sheets pur hour, invented by II M. Hoe, of this city Mr. ( lay and Mr. Benson were ushered into the editorial sanctum, and when the latter introduced his distinguished guust to the editor, Mr. Bennett cordial" ly weloomed him to his establishment, and expressed himself highly gratified at the visit. After the Interchange of the usual courtesies, Mr Beunett inquired if Mr ( lay desired now to see one of the lUruLI fait presses in operation. " Yes, sir and we will wait ujjau you nnw. I hare a desire to see the machinery by which so much mischief and destruction is effected among us politicians; perhap* we may find out some plan to resist it " Conducted by Mr Ueunett. the party began to descend, when Mr. Clay exclaimed jocosely, " Ah, this is an underground conspiracy- there is some design here upon Mr. Benson aud myself " Arrived at the first floor below the level of the street, Mr. Bennett began to descend another flight of steps, when Mr. ( lay, in a tone of alarm, inquired, " Scill down ? Ah ! yes, we shall find out, Mr. Benson, the | laboratory of the subterraneans, cure enough! " On reaching the press-room, Mr. Clay exclaimed, " This Is where you forge your thunder bolts, Mr. Benueit.? i (Laughter.) This la the region of Pluto." The honorable gentleman and his frieud were then shown

the two Immense presses upon which the U>r-tU is worked off, to meet the demands of its worldwide circulation. While waiting for the pressmen to ariange the forms upon the cylinder of one of these presst s, tor the Illustration of its speed and capa.-lty some further conversation occurred, in inquiries and explanations of the machinery. Mr Clai?Well, now, Mr Bennett, will you tell ua something about these prodigious engines ? Were they manufactured iu this eity?what did they cost) and what can they do? j Mr. Ukinnktt?They were invented and constructed i by llobert M. Hoe & Co., of this city. The eost of these two was twenty-five thousand dollars Mr. Hoe has recently been in Paris, aud made one of the rarne patent lor the proprietors of Lu fatrir, of Tarls, as superior to anything to be procured in K ranee or Kogland. Mr. Clat? Has the London Timrt one of them' Mr. Br.NMt-.TT?No, sir; they have a press of their own, of a different construction from this Here, you will observe. the forms revolve upou a cylinder.c >verlng one-fourth of its circumference, aud that with each re vnltiHun four eocles are nrinted and ar? out la and thrown out. two at each end, which require* four men at > tcli end to attend to the want* of the maohine; .'or you will pee that it la tod and discharges itculf on bath : sides. Mr. Clav? What force have you, sir, upon thin I>ap?r ? Mr. Eknwktt?About one hundred men. We hare some forty carriers employed in tbeoity besidea. Uutol the city, and scattered over the world, we have numerous writer* and correspondent*, allot whom have to be paid from the receipts of the ortlce. Mr. Clav ?Well. you eertaiuly oan't afford to pay tliftn very liberally, though your paper circulates everywhere. Mr ilr^nnT?We pay them what la admitted a fair compensation. Kor iu^'ance, our Pari* corresponds tiCu, in lb-18, cost over a thousand dollar*. Besides thta, Mr. Clay, our telegraphio eipeu*es average *otne two hundred dollar* per wrek. During the *itting? of < ongreaa they are much greater. We have comtitiinej paid two hundred dollar* for a single spot-ch. Mr. Ci *v- I can't see, at all, how that pay*, or what dir.eieuie there la between reading a fpeeoh to day or to tcoirow. An I eomprebend it,a speech i* an initiot)i n at any time. A Vis k?I resent company alwayi excepted. (Ha! fca ') ft'.r. ci av?What subterranean voice 1) that? TLe for< man hating everything in readiness, the prise !< set in motion and Mr. Clay was placed upon the raised platform l>ebind it, to see ita mod" of doing ' bonnets. Having satisfied himself of it* astonishing ' capacity, Mr < lay wai reconducted to the upper world, 1 expressing himcelf highly pleased and edifled with hi* Visit. 'J'be writer of thl* notice not having neen Mr. Clay alnrc bis visit to and i.ojourn in Waibln<;ton. in the ipiing of "t$, 1* gratified to bear witne to the general lnipre:*i> u. that, in spirit*, health and activity, he ' seem* not only to held hi* own, but appear* to have I wonderfully improved since tbat time. Several year* ' beyond King David * limit ot three aoor* year* and ten. ! ai.d after a lifetime of the most distinguished and evectlul labor* in the public service, there I* not, perh'tpa at this period a morn vlgoroua m m of his a ,e. to i all out?ard appearances. th*n llenry ('lay. lie re- | I1H1H I" ma c*? nn< w <?i ni l I mi>**u nuin, i? ini'i,ti\dating Ma cm. < alboun. Ilant?n. sail Webiler, n ulioort total change In the body aiuue the delivery of bl* faraaell a>14re a, ft lear jrata mj ) Ilia return will be welcomed by all partiea. for the Imputative nec*adty ol another coinpromiae demand* the weight of hi* Intelligence anj a cracity We rball l^ok to Mr. *'layto help the country and Old Zaok out of their pteaeot difhculth ?. !< will remain yet a few daya ta the city, but he derlrei ir>me repo e aud It h to be hoped that hla irl?nd< Hill permit It. /Iter feeing the IhralH prestos. Mr. Clay volted the Merchants' Kicba?fo; and having made mme vl*it?ap to*r In company with Mr Benton, dined aith Mr. Mrph n Whitney, wh"1 incited a number of gentlemen to suet him. the honorable gentleman being mora gra lifted with the feaet of rea?on and the flow of aoul ' in auch a pirate circle, than the loud tumult and ai> ,te ?ent of popular applauie Thus aod*d. for yasterday the moTementa of the gr< at Henry I lay. Wa underrtand that thin evening, at 10 o'clock, the -(lay boys'* intend to rerenadt th* h n?rabla g*ntlectan at the plac? of hla ?oj >uro. In Warren 'treat. Thk Pi AinriKLD Kikaicikr*?A N?:w Sr* i i.*? Tlopi.?Much liaa been said of l ie In tiie city pre?a, on the subject of tin* deer -aae of the value of the personal pro) >eriy of thiacity: nn<l it is accounted for hy the rt moval of a large amount to the conn* tr) residences of onr Cit'/e-ia Hp ih<- river, up the J^ound, over in Jersey, and down the b iy. Ttte adv?a'.if?i of this a/idem of avoid'"? the expenses of a n aid*ace in Ine city, on*ar to have so/feated to riainfield and Jack'onville financiers a near field cf h|M(cuUtloD, f hd ili? y are in lor a venture. They have boi'vht up a tract of two hurdted acre* of land, more or leas, forty mi las out on the Long Island lUihoad, and probably at a cost of some t*-o or 'hree d<>llnrs an nere. w hich they propose to retail at |2B ;>er acre, for the benefit of the working claaaea of New Votk. Now, we wish it to be dislinclly understood that there ia no ?chemc of speculation in thia: and if four or five thousand do|ars are pocket* d from the working people, it will l.i. t>> 1V. ir nilvunli. rr>- TJie I 'In i nlielil lull- Were nit CT'-Ht Mfl\antnK?- tolhe woiking clMwa; and il waa th?-ir misfortune that thry clul no? look out for a i>wu.dle b? for? it whs too late. Strange fellows, th'?r i'lit i n lie III financiers. From BssMi nA.?By the arrival of the clipper brifT Falcon, from Bermuda, * f are under oblitfitims to Cm|iI Pitt for Hire of papers to Ihr I'nh j initsnt, inclusive. They contain nn news. Marin* Affulri. VrrnvMiir Kt r>o?*. JrnrrCiTi Cum Tha rt?ward ard n-t?n of the rrew of fh* Mcaimhip lidora recently wr?ck<d off LndlaoTs licn-h < ?p?i May, arrl?cd ?t I'Tf j i Ity. iti a mhooner, i.n TufHaf la1*, f rom thim we luro that about nlx'y m?n ??ra cng'K'd In dl*ch*rirtni! h<r c*r*n and Muling it oia the )>i?r'i. a Urj<. am' int of which h"?it <?rf I In ? il>ni> i 1 >tan' 1 here l? no hp- of Having her hu'l T V ?rh?01i?r l'?*in? rtMloi) Ifruey City the tcwurd and erf* bHr if ?! iiout money and d??trom of r?i irf bin eity were thr?-i> tlntr inb'iaintily r?f.i??J * !* ??>' in tha f?r'T ho?t Ifom that city th ??h the f?try rii*lir ??* Informed of tlidr e^n I : n. an 1 w?? ahoan * letter dir?c*? d to a hou?>- lu H'all?tr?et (in a rtrowd ||t*ifrlii|. he became a?hame4 of hi* cond'iot: and allowed th?m to ? *< Such an a-i on th-> part if tl fetry iiiMt^r tojiud- fMcurcrfc-d oiariucr*. will B(?t al:h unlverral condemnation. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGBNCI j Mora Indian Troubles anticipated In Florida. Baltimohk, NoTe?ber22-0 P. M. The Southern mail, to niirht. has brought us New Orleans papers of the 16th, whleb contain late advices from Tampa Bay. They represent that the Indian* had refuted to leave the country, and that Gen. Twlgi;s was preparing to hunt them out with ail possible despatch. A M/llncu In the Drury Case. Boston, Not. 22, 1849. An attempt waa made to-day, by Mr. Warner, of New York, to ball Margaret OVoooor, Bristol Bill's woman, on the ground that her evidence U wanted on lJrury'a trial. The Court reduced the bail to $1 000, but refused to take Mr Warner. Louisiana Election. Niw Orlkani, November 21, 1849. The majority fer Walker, for Governor, is not far short of 1,000. A 1>1 ointment of Charge to 'Vnplee, Washimitom, Nov. 22 ?A. M. It is announced that Mr. Jauies M. Power, of Pennsylvania, has received the appointment of IT. S Charge to Naples, vice Thomas W. Cblun, reiign-:d. Murkcta. Nkw Ohi November 21 - A. M. The cotton market continues heavy, at the decline previously noticed though rectors are not disponed to accept any lower prises \f!-t>Tday ab>ut 2.u '0 bales ehangetl hands, including midiliun at lt'o , and good do atlC 's'c. Baltimore V.>v 22 ? 12 M. There is no change to notice in tbe market for any description of produce. Operators are holding oil for the steamer. B\i.T!mokk. November 22 0 P. M. The demand for (lour U but moderate, ami the sales do not exceed 700 barrels, principally Howard street, at $4 64. Grain and provisions remain without cbaugd. Tobacco tirni, and in fair request Buffalo, Nov. 22?6 P. M. The following are the receipts of produce *inoe yesterday Klour 10.000 barrels; wbea'. 40.000 bushels; corn. none. Klour whs in moderate ileintud, and the , market a shade in favor of the buvers Sales were made of 2 OttO barrels of Michigan, at $4 1*> to $4 31. i The market for wheat was flrui. with a good inquiry j for milling; 5 000 bushels sold at Hfie f >r Ohio. Oorn I wn* frilnuut cnan^"*; inixcu weaiern was nominal at 46e. in freights, Hour was taken at tioc .Uiak, NOT 22, 1849. Tbe following are the receipts of produce since yesterday : ?Hour, 10.000 barrels; wheat (.i 0< 0 l>ush-ls; com. 12.000 bui-helx; barley TOO bushel*. In flour there win a good business doing. wi'h sales of ;> 000 barrels, including eoiMnon State and mixed Western, at >4 02J* to fl 76; strsiirht Stat? and Western at $4 75 to $4 87; and pure lionesee at $5 06'4. Wheat wax firm, with a good inquiry for milling. and sales of 6.000 bushels (ieuesee at <>1 1!' to $1 20 Rye? *2.000 bushel* gold at 57c. Of harluy 15 000 bushels Bold at 50c. for two rowed, and 60Jac for four rowed. Shipping Iiitclll?cnv?< Nkw <>ki.ka\s, Nov 11. Arrived?Ship John N Henry, Philadelphia. Wot 1?. Arrived? Bark Caroline, NYork; brig Win T Du^w, tfo; sclir Geo C Gibbs, do. Ponrt.ANn, Nov !!. Cleared? Barks Knnger, and Mary Lowell, Mutanzas; briff Plat", Suu irauosco. Salem. Nov 21. Cleared?Bark Espelct, California; brig Jacob Story, Cay" etne. Nkw Banf-onn. Not 21. ] Arrived?Schrs Eliea Hodman, aid Notun, NYork; sloop : Victory, Albany. tailed?Ship Arab, lndiau Ocean. pbotioknck, Nov 21. i Arrived?Schr Oxford. Baltimore, via N B?af >'J; sloops ' I.ady M jifclnntton, Albany; Acborn, Harvest, Radiant, ana J j Lanpheei, N Vorfc. Suited ?Bark Khoades, Ssn Francisco; brig CasilJa, NOrleans; aehr Kary Eddy, Matamas. Bristol, Not 21. Arrived?Sloop Harriet. NYork. 8iuled, 20th? Sloops Gazelle, and Arion, NYcrk. Boston, Nov 22. 1*1!*. Arrived, ship Chieor'* Cronstadt. 7th. F-lsiceur 13th nUini. Ex|>tricnc< d a ssvsre gnle on the 2Htb, during whloti shipped a ma, which Move main ami monkey rails, swop: off hjute, Ions boat, casks, be. SchrT I'Parkin*. Richmond, via Salem. Clcanil, ship Hobert Paltou, Apalathicolii; barks ?*r?h B ] Snow, New Orleans: Eag'o Philadelphia; brig* It Kus.ull, ' Port an Prince; Irving, Nsscau. N I': Ann M tria, Fred- I rickshnrg; Oeesn Qnn-n, Alexandria; Elixa Verrithew, and : Shakespeare, PhlladelpM*; kekoca. Frankfort, to losd for 1 ? nla; rchrs II ry Elira Aux ajts; Rapid, Kichnioud for FruiikTort, to load tor Pensaeola MiacKt La^EOt's. Rutfis, Nov 22 1KI<>. Tho I'tr ship Nnrragansett, from Warren for Providence, in tow ol steamer Massasoit, yesterday morning. one milu below Cour?'cticnt Point, not having sufficient nil. espilied, and in going over, fell eu the steamboat, carrying aw 11 t her smoke pipe and pilot hens*, and il imaging the wnecl homo. The iatnage to the boat is about $100. The s> ip lies en her team ends, fall of eater, in at ?it tire f tthoms. A brigand slo< p a!"?r ?ids of Iter. Shu will he towed into sheal water to-day, where ihe will be righted. 1 here is no fruit vessel ashore near Plymouth, a* reported in the morning papers. Spoiling Intelligence. <K1t?MMIK Col'rsc, L. i.?TaoTTI*<!.?thl'rsuav, Not. 2*2 - A match for f 1 000, mile heat), best three in Bte, Id harness, between Mr. Johnson'* bey eolt and the rorrel celt Reindeer. came off over the above track the details of wlitcb for want of room, wear* obliged to defer till another dry. The following is a insinary James Whelpley entered a c Kelndeer. 2 2 111 K. Johnion entered b 0. 1 12 2 2 Time. 2 44 -2 * 2 -2 4 4 2 47 ?2 47H. BY TEI lOKArH. Bosto*, November 22. 1849 Tbe race between I.ady Suffolk and Trustee, two mile heat*. In barn"'*, wa* won by Lady buff dk, in two streigK b it*. Time, ft 57?6 34Track heavy. Tru.ite cast a shoe in the first mile. Tur New Yobk Ki.rrtiott.?'The whole official return* from lit'* State have been received. The vote of tlje State was 411 24*. of which (he highest democrat, l)atlu* Clerk nceired 204,017, aud the highest whig \\ a.ihington Hunt receiTed 205,447, showing a whig majority between tbe highest vote* of 5^9, and of the highest whig over the lowest democrat ol 6 001. Th* high-si drmce. it oTer th? lowest whig, Joshua A. Spencer, was 8 CS5, showing a majority on the popular j vet* 0! 'i *u t in i?t ir 01 ma a?mocrai*. ui m* vow c??t In Tioga county 1 ( 21 for Hanry Welch. Imtead of OtojxiDln Welch.jr . wi-re thrown out Bnprcmr Con Mrralt Conrt. Before lu>l*e lluilDut. Nor. 22 ? KUlutrn i t. A Al?rw.?The crow canae of huabaud against wile, In thl? ease of application for dtrniee. <?ihf ground* of adultery ?*? continued thf* day ,The trial I.* n?r* Tiljr protracted. from the examination <1 ili? Wttfttl < ? bdllgm4mMUMldl tha m> <iium of a < lut< rpri-tcr. and bad not concludtd al tba rl-lnr of the court Conrt (' lrn?1nr?I Nil llnjr. Ci?i i it I oi IT.-NW 12 61, 67 WJ2 64,86 609 87. S6 1*0 !'t. 62. 93. 64. 63, S'i, ?7, PI, 99, 100. I i ..mmo-? Pi r??. -l art I S'o.i 01. 69. 65 91. 97. M, ! 101, 107. 101* 111. 113, 116. 117, 119. I'a.t 2 - Nos. I 1 108. 170. 172, 17 I 171. 1(8, ltO. 182, 66, 138. To Ihr PnMIc?Nov. ?l, IH?ff._To the F'111of of ?h? IKr*14?Sir I havl mil ta e?r?ral of tha pnhIk papal* a Utter. parp?rtluft to ?ntt?n by L. Hayloft t larhe, inlfoiiH ma aa tilraot trom on* whteh iw Kprmata to hara ree*i*e4 from Mr. CMtlea Ihi'traa. Wi-u ralaiaaae 1 t" th? atatamaau aRala't >ntaia?4 t!i<>reia, tha/are , falaa aal ? aa taNvn, aed i toml ra<|?ait tit pnMi) to j anaprad th*lr judimmt until the matter l? trunin bafora a leaal tri >otial, itep? fnr ?Mch pttrpote nava already t>?an take*. la tli* prelate to vay f> rilmotiln* v?lom?, which will lr puMlabea la a law daja. i ?!>ail elfa nially r.'fata, to tha j ?ali?l?rtlon of the Anvriran paMic. the omr?*e"ii? ilnnn<n of hi. t liarle? im?"ltn?, to wtileh, p-rhata. he vr.ay hare to i ' |iro<rk?4 by my t?e?nt ?i>rh, iautle<* "'Tha l.trm* Author* i if larlantl. me?recilulljr, thomas i'olvkll. It la Iht Article?If >??u Imtr reaolrerl to elill tha R"ltl diriing*. 4a n t a?(tla t to eei-ura one of 1 KNt>\# > t ' a-liit II-tt?|n Kob?a. it I nr Ciata. ktilvarlag ' admirably tii* p?rp"?a of tha w??l.ea I lanboi. to wlileh they j are mueb (opener. l-?ia| pvrfectl) unpii raUc t.i tba lUmps tlay will ta f?ai>4 a moat im,'ful ant aacaraarr artlelr in Califirkia. I'rloa ttrj low. Call at tha id'ti vf'Tba" llattar, 11* Fultaa ?tr?<-t. and tiialte ili?n. A Cnr?1 for the l.ntllea only. - I.nrllra who ara anflrrtar (run any ?f th^ aarlnaa rttlflmltK-a pvenlUr to 1 |b? r??*,raa roaf14*atlalty ?->atnlt I'r. I.ntraor,at hu otn. | V fcnat Hrnailaay, N. V., whira r?*aronoi? and tactmnBlala | caa it tf'ti l ati'r? pre -paid. nn>t coatalnia* 61. wilt >nri- ' I>r l .'? a'tfndaa<?la tlnui'y. Ollioa bnarafraia tf uaill II, aad fr?.hi 4 natil ! , dal'y. N. It De ifc f* alao cun4. Ifyna want a diilrt I'm thai will wrar for laaia, ?at?a? af t<ir ri< nrliru fc*?r I'ntat* I, tahiah ar^ 1 n i4a and atl4 tit'aaliiiybyJ, T. MVA6I.W faltntirt, i ?bo I an alio a ehoua a*.rrli a ot ttaa r '14 aud alUar Dilltri, which l.i * ill >t-lI i tj low. Watahaa auJ Uoid ! I'- *> r*| litril. Tile I'liimhr\ntlonnl l>>i? urrrmtt Oallery, K- 2AI IJioadnay ahuild be flatted i y thuae who have any ?.ih k. tuiipin. il hf!?t"'iimfniKl i'i? *- ierfiil art, by | ti e eldi ? irti't in lhi? lia inAni'riia. V ?n in Jidje Wttri tut an* 411? ' nhy. ohm you aen in* portrait ef friend, anil 1 ) i ?tll bud muhjr of lliem there. If >nu want n ffonri linlit Pen, mil on j I No 2 J !,? atreet, rm r ot U iaii?a?, ii|> atiita, aid 11y . ii ?.f I .# a?I?mmi'int I n r 11 ? at- ? .rr tn - !. in i in n ii apre*, t tir moat ?i| rmr i r i i ii' i <himark?t.? Hi' alao repara oM (tin. or takra ti in in t n 'iaiwr. ( okil>? ?l.nil!< ate IIi epi i |fniljr liiTllril to eaamtne the rlV'tea *eleett <n ef ?( a t "mm m tue ml) rik?ri item lln larmlf n tiyondnll d m> \ tii? rraateat in II city, ?? ( ? ? I IrIi nill ha tmmd tlie l?o iHI. ,'liein p ?tt-rn. ao a r.h admirad. A :K>, Ml fca ahtannd, ari rjr nrtieie at p? nan it>K 'ta tl.a toi'et. A. ? J. ?.il Nlif.K', .K? Broadway, between fl alktr aid White atreeta. ?" ' Tnnprri -Innlh'r flrrtwl tin* beea aearded to W ?. Ilatehelor, lor the beat *fi*a and Tonpea. Th? pnl llo nr- invited tn iaipert Ma a?w a i y I ?, fot I'.MI, at MATCHkI/)R S fclihrttil Mia fulorf, No. 4 Mall atreet. tic k"H tha iartett and beat aeeortment in tli* city. Copy the adrfraaa. Th? flrat l;olil Mrdal atvaldril tn Dafnarfrotjpee by tha Ataert'rn Inatltnt*. at" awarded la urnr if I *. 8. Br:>d?, tvraet of Broadway and ?'?ltoa afreet, where at rang ra and cltiiatia ara latitat to eaamine N. C. fllrlnljrr* tfnlly Inrltre I'nlillc attenii n to hit new M mature D'toerreae Gallery, Ni. (WIS I broad way. 3. COMMERCIAL AFFAIRS. mONKY NAHKBV. Tliurmfay, Nov, P. Bl. Stock (peculator! ot Wall *tieet have very little U do nowadaje. The operations ar? confined to th? ball* and bears. and the outniderii who are fortunate enough le bolder*, look on wi'h th? most perfect indifference. Outrider* who are holder* of tbe fancies ijm pathiie with the bull'. >ni are exceedingly anxious ' that thiy should vanquish their oppofients. At the first board, to-day, Farmers' Lorn fell oil >?pec?ut; : Eric Railroad, >?'; Heading Railroad, )?; klrle 7s, new, U- At the teoond board, the transactions were t3ft limited extent, at prioes current in the morning. Tk? market closed litary. The receipts of our railroads will not be so large thle month as last, and not c> ur ?o large at anticipated. The earnings of the Krie road will nut vary much front $K0 000. The Harlem road will earn considerably leu than $40,000, and the Long island will not vary materially from last month It i admitted by the organ of the Krie Railroad1 ouipaoy, that more than ? 10.000 of the Income of that road for October was licm freight on its own railroad Iron. We stated that fact at the time. The Harlem company hive already rt-duced the fare on l)<at road. to enable them to ootnI ete better with the Hudson liiver road; but the reduction made thus far is notiilug compared with what * will have to be nude i nn Hudson Uiver company charge one cent per mile and the llarleui company two, and the fpeed en ti e form' r Is about doable that of thelalttr. ^It U v^rj m y to tell what will hi the rjtult of a contet1 carried on upon mi ;h unequal terms. 1 he Hudson ltiver road in with >ut exception, the best manugtd road in the I nited States- everything moves like clock-work. In the report of the New York and New Ilaren liallrotd Company, presented at the late meeting of stockholders. and accepted, it is stated that the building in Canal street, known a.* the Na*'oual Hall had boen purchased by the company, at a coat off>2i,M7 80, on which a mortgage of $lu.f>00 existed, making the paymfnt by the company in cash fl3 0<)7 SO I'he lnfereuoe dra-ra from this statement lu the property aocouut is, tbat xue company naa oecroie ine foie propriexors 01 tnat j property, whtreas they only purohasej the build! ictf and leased the lots ou which it btandJ. The land belongs to Ww. jay. to whom the company pays ao annual rent 1 he organs of the administration hare jit't made the diecotery. that (here will he. a" the close of the present , fiscal year, a deficiency in tu-t flrarxes of the goyern1 meut. We made that discovery more than three 1 months since and what is mir-. we shoved that there was a di'Gciency in the urdluu.y r?\enue at the oloj? of the la*>t fifi'al year?that euUiu< June 30, 1S4U?of more than tight and a half millions cf dollars as will be seen by the annexed extract from the Jhrald of the --d of August last. <icvernment securities" have been inactive for some time past In consilience ?f the demand hatting somewhat nub i<l?d The probability of there ?o< n being a deficiency In the treasury suffiolentlj j large le make another loan necessary, has d'>ubtl"3f bail a tendency to <l> -press the market price, and deI .stroy ail disposition to malm lurettnieuts. Kor the I purpore of thi'wmg how the ordinary receipts and expenditures of the >rea*ury oouipaie. lor the p ist year, we annex a pteleiD.n i f tt e items of ordinary income and expense* for each of the garters ?f the past year:I SrATKsTKK liUBY ? KKVK.IVB AND EXHEIUDITl'Rr.S. Ktvtnue. I'u torn. I.hiiiIh. Mi>ctllhneoui. Total. p<pt. :;o,ifis.,$.i,utoM(o i7",i?o louwo 9,&ki,i*o Deo. 31, life*.. 5.W K7H t <4,US U3!,3W ?.<ilU,717 March .HI. If4!?.. * H7 i iWM 3> .13,1*1,.IV) in 945 Ml Jui.e 30, 1849.. 3.7'J4.2.Vi 27'.'.lis> C.H .KX> ?.137,MI Totals $?H,.?0,7.*>4 1,CS8,749 3.2H0.219 33,l?4.7ti Exp nJiturei. Civil. IVii/-. V; ry. tuterft. T?tnl. Sept. .'H?...f.,!.:t7i.ii2S K.Y.i 8'.;: 2>7:?."Z! 161 7f?> l?,i*7.MS lli'C. 31... 3.N ?.M?> .'IM.tlMI 1,4111,1 At II >M.5S7 Mar :il... 2,?73C.O -M: ? II J.l-tu 2'1 U!7.JH 7A'l? V?S Jrn?i3U. .. 4W.II3 3,t*M,4;3 I'.IHl,U13 l,7??,.'il 7,217,007 Ti tale. .$10,518,770 17.8^ 629 3,(>D4,1M0 41,7S4.K,it It appears by this, that there was a deficiency for the year ending Juno iO, 1MIV*, of $8,t2),U2. HaJ wo sdded the Mexican indemnify paid the la<t quarter, the deficiency would have b en $12 020112 Of thle deilciency, $0677,211 were pal l Mexico tearing an actoal deficiency In the revenue trom ordinary loursea, to meet ordinary expenditures, tor the year, ot $2,342,878. 1 | Here Is a foreshadowing of the future, of wrhat wear8 to cipcct from the financial skill of the Treasury department?of the extravagant policy pursued by the ? party now In power. W'bto Mr. Walker left tbe office ol Secretary of the Treasury, he UK a 1 gaey to his succfi or, In the shape of unsettled accounts, which wae tute to embarrass the new administration, and bring upon It the odium of making n?w loan* in the time of ' pMC?. Such were our predict! >ua long before th? cIom ot the I'olk a>lainlstri'tlon, and we now find, ia lete than viz months after the present administration ca n? Into power, they are verlEtd. The deficiency on the COth of June lait. accordissg to the lUUueot w? pub limbed on the 22d of August, was eight and a half aill'|na? of dollars. This was independent of extraordinary revtnue and xpendituie*. *uoh a* instalment* due on loan* and iudu due on account of the Mexican indemniiy, but as tte>? items abut off set each other the mult remains the same Kor the purpose of show log the condition of the tr*a?ury, at the close of the rjuart? r ending September 3Jth, 1849. we annex return* 'or that ituaiter. of revenue and expenditures, in conncoticn with those for the year ending June 30th, 18401? I nitsii Sims Vinam s:? -Oarnnanr Rtttni iiso K*fKNMTUMM, .Aggregate revenue. fi >m ordinary sources, lor >ear ending Joaa 30, 1*411 f 13,2?U 722 Aggregate ordinary expenditure* 41,784 834 Deficiency, Jane Co. 1S4? J 8,62 J, 112 revenue from ordinary sources quarter ending Sept. 00 1N9. . fll 996 000 Ordinary expenditurt*. b lWVWfl 3 026,091 Def ciency Sept SO, 184!? M 603,121 It must b? borne in mind, in examining this table, that tb i orpins of revrnne over expenditure* f >r the <]iiar> , ter ending Sept 30. lk49. was produced by an extraordinary and enormous income from custom' for that quarter, and that the revenue from customs for the quarters ending UMeniber list. 1849 and March 31st I860, *111 be comparatively small, wbila the expenditure* ?ill b? comparatively large Our financial af fair*, ecnteeted with the Mexican war the Masiaan in deinnity and the Mexican claim*, are In the greatest cntusien, and it will l>* a long time before w* shall find out what the actual aggregate cost of that war an J all it* contingencies will be It ha* already ex> ceeded the calculations of ali patties, and there are stact* of claims unsettled " i? already pretty *ati?Uctoiily settled that at tt? clo*? of the pre ent fiscal jrnr t!ii' dfBrlenry * 111 ini'iunt to about twenty lira milHin* c.f dollar*, and a.> pit catlio mu?t b* made tn the Co|?grw? about aontinlng f ir the pa???g? of an act, eltbir autln rUltg anew lean I?r<? enough to net nil prrfcnt and pro p?-etiva deficiencies, or an I. uf ot treacury not* lor the immiBt retired. Tbo re?enue for eu*tnm* for tb? p%>t two year* ban been imiaef>*e? larger than in any pravloM tear, with on* exception-18JC; lu th? la ? of which, w? Do I a Urge dillcieeay, and the ciWtwnM of lima l<an. Krr the tnart?*r etdln# September SO, 1M9, the revenna fion < n>t<itn? amounted to *4'?.00<). briog about two and a half million* of dollar* la itSCM* of the rti"nn? for the eoi responding quarter la lM'i At thl* rate, th? r ?tenue cn?tr>n>? lor tbe pi ere at fi-oa! year *bould be at least f .V. OCUCCO; not *il b?t ?n<l; n<* which 11* or fa a." ef tbe administration admit that tbera will be a deficiency. at tba clc?? of the ne*t flteal yea,-, of Aitnea to twenty million* of dollar* It seem* tbat the Ranter tlie lefmve of the goet-roment, the greater the axpeQ. Jtfjtut mlo lnbtrntl. n ha' ?Uhrr aijuandprrtl lmni?n?>Hum* < ( nionry, in irttlint up ftcnottnla growing out 0} tlo Vtt.i'ma wiii. in allowing ela:m? rppudiaUd by Mr Walfcrr, or aire tb? old adminlitratiou mad? wrong c?J culatlcw: ?du undtr tttlmattd th? asp?n??a of ttw campaign and its rpnllng?n<-ia<. It l? our lni|>ra*aiaB tl-at both j?rtir* v ill corns In for *b?r? of th* financial bluudtrp, but th? prptn.t administration hare tb? ta*k ('I working out tin* dllXetiltl** "nrro'inditif it. Tbctf a ? two waji of doing tbU, and only two on" l? th* riiiuctlon of t xi>tnditur?* r?'tr?nchin?nt nod r?I'orin in pti r j department ol the g'Tprncnt Thl? thp flrat aud ra-wt important miTf to tna'ia. in raatorIns 1 bp tn aMn y to a proper nondiiion Th# < * >nd it, ti ? llci?fc??of Iff 1 br ?orh nin.|inratlnn? In tli?< taiin* will Inrui* *ddltl<n*l IfiitH fr m cult-m*. 'Mil* riiiill b* ton. Bijiiior:?d by ?ny inerMto Id the tat* til du'y. m It ha? not only bc?n el*?rly and Mtlftiptorlly 4niii ct?r*t d tbat low Jutl?? yl *1.1 tlx |n?att>>l > ??? . but tli it tbw tariff net ?t MM b*a product^ greater *# ra<? iner>?? frrm ru.<tr>ra< Mns# it ha< bffii In cptraliou tl ?? *oy previous tariff althiti tb* birtuty of the country Still ib r?l< n.ini for in.proTi trnnt There are d.fcori iu tin- tt'itf nfHM, but they will not b? ramoTed b) any lnrrea<ftin tha iterate rat* of dnty. < ertatn modification* are n?cM*i%ry, i uch ? the fBf'rr-iti-nt t.f npwA- 11a dull?*, In of j <t ttlirtrm. to ffTUlti i??'n where t jrntrr rurrnnl I would be <Je? ie*d wUhr-Mt any actnal Increase In thw I I r c?ni duty ted tboim that are r* quired, to Inivr* 1

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