Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 25, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 25, 1849 Page 2
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turd for the gradual extinguishment of oar heary pub- 1 ho drbt and to plaee the niiraie on a sure baste of sufficiency for *11 tbe expenditures of the government, it will b? n^ceoary to adopt measures for increasing U.e revenue, and tbr moat available meant to that end re to be found in raising the duties on Import*. That an economy a? rigid a? may be fouud compatible with the ntcessltles of tbe country, will regulate the tpproprlations. under existing circumstances, cannot be doubted. In proposing Ifine altrritions 1b the existing tariff, with a view, as Well to tbe necosaary fcugmenUtion of tb* ri-Ti nuv as the t ncoursgement of industry, I think it r<gbt t<> present distinctly, tbe Hews entertained <>n the latter bulyect, in tbe hope a course may be kdof-tid by the wi-doui and patriotism of (Joniires*. vhicb tusy tend to haruion'.ce discordant leelingn and ih? f7nur?l tiro?rw.rlrv 1. 1 entertain no doubt of'tie rightful power of Conpreis to regulate oommere* and levy imposts and duties, wiih the r*rpcN of naoouragmg our own industry lu selecting tor aik ption uiw of two proposed repu'".ti(int ofcommerce, ft would appear to be clearly the right of Congress to choose that oo? which Wwuld ! lu its opinion. be moef salutary to the country; and in 111* manner in laying ltnpo?ts aud dutifii. it would , teem that the endet vor ought to be to regard thw lu- ! t?w'i of the wbi'HpeO] lo. notai little, but as aiuoh, us j possible. It ie not a qticrtlon of ausuming * power not erpressly praiiti d by the < onrtltuilon, on the ground that it i laoy tend to the attainment of a generul end tUerei* 1 expressed. Here the power to regulate commerce s ad j tfte power t* levy and collect duties are expressly ; given, and 1fca only question is, whether tbry ought or cugbt not to be exercised with a vie# to tno general good It teeme to me that to ex?rci ? the e or any other |>?w?r? with any otlier view, would be a misuse ot power, and subversive of the legitimise end ot government I Cnd no obligation written in the Constitution to lay tar <?, duties or impeuts at the lowest rate that will ' jield tJe largest revenue. If if wi re true, that a duty lai l on a plo n article, with a view to ei.oournge our owu produeuous, is un- I lawful, because it may operate, by di-o > linportati >n as a pa.' iai prohibition, the proposition would leequally true of every dutjr laid with that i?teat, j whether It weie above or below the maximum rweu ie rete. But a-uui>*rr the power to regulate commerce. 1 It in e >n.| et~nt for Ccngr> sa to i nact a direct and totil prohibit)! n rf ihe imp r:?'l >u of uu> article, it oau he t>o cbj' ction to u act levying <.utie-, that it may ope- I rate In partially preventing impoi ta lon \V hether it be wise or ju-t so to levy outl-f is another quetioti. AS hut 1 mean to .ay uoii i" tint there is no prohibition tt it it tae conatitu'tcn. The prohibition is nrtin ained tig uniMirt.Il> true tha. thi c;>resi grant, of a pi wer to Congre.s rives to thut body tht rigti- of xercislig tkat pvwer m mc : manner a- la i'.i opinion may be no ^X conducive to th? advantage cf tie country. As in tauce* of the txirci.-e of the power ot regulatit> roniu.crce, may bu raeutioned the prohibition of in.pi ifatlon*. except a* designated p irU: the pr ihibitii u ot Ui? coasting trud' to all foreign vea ?1t aud to all American vasf* Is. not Itoeusel urd enrolled; the probib t'?>n cf certain t tade toforeign ressi-ls under the navigation act ot 1M7; th* prohibition of certain trale l< oLitilix.ii vessels by the u ;u-iu eiooiir.-i- aot, uud el all tiade by tin- embargo act ; the dra-vba'S-t on the Te i xp< tialii ii i/l l?iej;;u goods; finally, ttie proliio'tlcn ot t< <i introduction ot adulterated drugslutothu conn try. by rfce act of 2Utb lune. L'nd** the power to levy taxa?, dutltm, and imp it*. ; J refer to the Ui.-eriuilna'iDg touua^e Uu i i ou r r.'? n,i | vsrn Is tbu disciiuiu i.ting tlulit.B ou tbeir ca-gce tue j preetnble to tbe tir-it law itnptviug duties pisse l un ler I tut olintitutioB, and tlie enaotuieutd of uioit of tae j tubscqucnt ones The n enactment.* sho* tbata' most or all peri) is of j cur history the views wbn h I lime expressed appear tu bave tifii fu-taiai-il u:idac'*d on II. Al' legislation d* ii/tied to favor a particular eiars to ti e pi ejudice of others, or toinjure a particular Clas* fir tbe if others, in manifestly Uuwl.ic aud mjuf t Nothing can be m'ir? destructive uf tfciw true interests of the couniiy tbau such legislation, eroept I tbe refusal of lea ly military legislation, uudur *u erronei ua impias.-iou that, It iai.u;bt taror oih class to | the prejudioe of others. while in fsct the denial of it | injures all cIumk. ui.d t.nebts nub.'dy. Ill A? ?Tfi) pmUuctr in one braucti i f useful lu lut- i try in also a consumer ! the produ of o'h'Ts. uud ! i>s bis ability to consume depend* upon tile profits of Ma production. H follows that to gi?e prospe.ity to one ' branch of indurtry is to increase that of tbe rest. ' itluu tach biauoh of industry there will be indl- j vidual rhalry, but atnonx the several bmuches of use- i fnl industry there must alwajs cant au unbioleu har- ! tut ny of interest. No country can attain a duo ntr?.ng:h or prosperity j that does not by its own labor carry it? o* n pruduo, tiocs as nearly as possible to tbe point neoeu?ary to tit' j tlnrj lor ultimate consumption i'o export its raw ; material and re-import the articles mauufa<Kured from it. or to neglect ita own raw material* and import tbe article.-' manufactured from tbat of another country, is to pretermit tbe means wblcb nature has provided for its advancement. Kor we exported, during the fiscal yeir eading ttitliJunc 1MU law cotton to the valiii ?f about sixty six millions of dollars. If that c ?tton had been spun ami w iVen at h'm*. (supposing iu value to be increased l'? ur told by manufacture) 1: would nave n.?i.uvauu.^t O.U'% uiurv; eight Uitiii <Ufl )Q mid?U<>u. \V hut would Lave b- *n in? 4litrt c i 4b4^ iLcrtttMjJ prcductioa on the prosperity of tb# country? 'J liu ijiiehtiori would u >t b? aompletely auswt>red by ' merely piononncioK i.h* aided value i t ouo liuudred i at d mcrtj-t ight m lit'u-?I dollar* to he a larxe pro tit ! t<> ihe nianulaoturer. uni mi le than the i|ui?tiou of the tact of tb> pioducUoD of wheai. would be au wen il by i dnJort.i i{ the c? t of it wheat from the valus of the j crop, and pn nouucing the remainder to be a laii promts the lainnT. The i' ai utat lure cf en ton cloth M begun with the plantlsg of tb? cotton- It la carried to a cerialn print by tbe planter. and then taken up and perfected by j tk? iplcttrtiil <MTir i'h- planter aud miuuftcturer ' ar* I. t ?i)|_-???d io different branches of Industry. but Id the *auie ?the inn c lutneoiea ihr prove** which tb* other complete*. (;ittoK n?-Jol lKii(utileilt itiun fetr* by regular ita f * ot latur develope d anil brought to the follii Ot rottou cloth, la* ac [Hired a value Of kbi ut two hui.died aud ?txtj-four million*. 'I he lUb'.trtt State* baTe added many million* to ! tbe annual production i t the country by ihe culture ot i cotton Ky continuing tie yiovex they couid ijuaiTuple that addition. 'J he planter would then l ave a market at hl4 door fir all bin produce, and lb*- fanurr would lu lik-i uiinner have a home market fur hi* Tbe po<rer ut conn n |tiiu ot ni t ( !) I read*tulf* but of i vory article u a'i-1 ir nect**arj lu tbe feuding. clothing, and hou-1 f f oiau would be \a tly iBCruHil - tie ouBkudd; and producer would be bruaght nearer to *a_-h oth?r? and lu tact a attuiulu* woiid be applied tJ every tia- tb of productive tndortry. It 1* ftratit)in!t to know iha' the Eiaouf icttire > f C^ttou ba-" already b< i ll iniroduci'd In' t> ? .erul ot the : J la ti r 8 at<?, (re>- docum- nt marked hereto anu ?ed > and It ought not ta be double J will ia, idly be I'ttdfd The manufacture I iron, wool and oar oih?r 'tapir*, w ii d lead to alinllar remit* The alteot would 0-.'a van augmentation < t our wialth and power. i pi n commerce the tir-tiN rnvht b" wsj il to b?, I If ! * arible Hill Uiore n arked It ia not enough to -ay I that no c< untry ever uiiulrlnhed It* eomui-ree by In ciea-ldK tl* pruiitatloiiK aud that no injury would tber< for* rr tlt to that int*ri*t. Jberewoull probity. b'- not I'tdy a (rriat lctrei?*? in the amount, but aa Mupri'titni lit nut let* imp.itaut In tbe nature of our I nut ire Of tbe Imtnecae addition that w >ui'J accrue tn our Internal and o aattug trail* (wh cli In *vr ry country form tLe great and uioet valuable tiyUy cf commerce.) It t? unieci">ary tu do MM than it r ly *p ak lu i I a 11. k bu' It n'ay be well to otler a few leuiwika ou lor. l|in con mi ii * toniinvrce l? the naehlcery of exrhann- It li thu bardi aid n| a. rleol'urr at d manuUeiiire* It will r>< t be afl.rn i d that I* Ij ever p(?itlv>-ly Injur! >u< bu; ! iiwiii re m> rc frui( 101 ? n ni'opnim, m'-'ie or 1*??. with the productive Ia4??trv cl the eotlB'ty "i'h* Bit I* tkrrtlfi of CM1<IU<1<1 )!* I'J *r?vr laud I* L*e?i?*arlly profitaM* oaly to tb* eartl. r. ?!m i< ptlj for It It Bi?) b* it rtul or not toother*. acc-rdlig to ctftirn- [ >l?i < >r The fai im-r a railroad a grr?'. emfe?l? ? *. but h- uBderr'and* tbat It I* In tt?r *mpi it> rarr>ln? bin prop tbaa la carrying away hi* ?<! wb?*t tn4 maniiia The c< nD'ter which hojM rooM t la carrying cottou ed abr< ad t<> hi there growr would not I f ?o netful a< tl at wbleh I' now occupied In *xp?rting tbe raw cotton grown at b- m? U> >b >ul>l a-ilj uuderetand al*o. ibat the commerce thu< employed wonli b- trurh mora limit* d In am?not ar.d much le*? profitable to ib* rarri? r? than what we now hat* I ?-t our preient cointti*-r?i- I*. in fart, of the laoo na'ur* with that above drecr lied Th? -e*d bairn to the eottoa thr taui* irUtl' U ftliirb t> eoltoa bear* to th* cloth. II w? iiow c Ui>n of th* value of ab ut *l.vty?li nililoai. tb* rata* cotton. *li*a c<>uvartrd Int cloth, | vi i id niakr an tsport ?>f ?otna two hundred and Mityfour million*, or inur two huBdred and fortjr-flr* milliota att. r <j. dieting tha II rta or twenty lallll >ut which would bi required for cur own e >n<ui,i('iun (la addition to tti* p< uion of oar present iiMi.utacturei o< n-iiinxd at hoai* ) and aur import* would ba thereby in Ilka nattier lrci?a<?d I i g aud at thl? moment, derive* a large fttlon of bar po*er fr?tn *ptruiii|j an I weaving < nr rottoi V\ brn ?a *fca!l *pln and wtare It ouraelv?? v a?e < nr owe tr n a id mauufa-tuie our either atap'.ea. we ?>all bar* tranat.-iri d to thin country tbe great ceufr> of wealth ec nmeree elvlllratlon Bud political.** wall at n.oralaod latellec'ual. yower. At j re**?it w* ?r* far fr bating th? unonat rf for?lgti c mrueree wM -b la du* to our p <-iUoq a- a ia ti) productive country with an e*t*n?ive c >n*t, Ifood barl" r* g aat Internal wat-r cour-?, and ? pi-<>1<I* uBnurf a*- d in traritiuie *K.11 and eaterprl** Our utii.uai nri.ducl* wereM'.ir at- d bt rn> n i jirn. rnr In thin lil(WlBrtt. ?t ibrr* thoiiMin J mitllci i Mlaic,null cur nw-iage export * are ab >u? oa? hundred oi.ii U>lrtMB mliii'i'ii* mid '>ur auont uo? huniNlWdttl tn'lllooe Biakirx; I" I ' I ar.'l nim it ? ii mlllii u? <xrlnM?eol f 'id mid ,lrer, atoi ?iff> reign c-Bini' dul- * injf><.it? d and ie exported. \n mnD> lit ttritiefc auihoilty e*t'in*te* tb* ann-ial t* tion ?t wealth In <>reat I.rltain Mid Ireland beta- n t*o 1 hint and I'D** In i nd'i d atid t*? Uiou. ?agltuliiindred million* It we add. for artielm omitted by him. between thr?e tnd lour hundred million* tmbaU ham | a total of two th-iu?aud lira hundred Million! The Ilrltlrh e*p< rt? *!. ; import? amount. annually to a'xmt five hundred and twenty million*. exclusive of gold and tiiver. and of foreign c >nuiod!U?? imported and ro utported If their foreign Undo were brought down to , cur nale upon thin ?atiuiat< It would In. reduce! to about one hundred and > Ighty tiire# rnillt< n? If our* were rai??d t > their *cal*. It would reach ab^Jt fix hundred and twenty.four million*. I ntimating the population of Oreat Britain and Ireland at thirty million*, and anr population at twentyone million*. their foreign trade averaged *17 2.1 f .r aaob individual onrt flO 42 If tbelr fore'gn trade were no greater tban ur*. la proportion to p'ipuUnai, i It would be reduced from Bra buedrad and twenty to tbrea hundred and twelve million* If our f< rolgn trade were a* gTeat in proportion to population a* Ii their* It would ha *welled In amount Irom two hundred and nineteen to three hundred and slit/ four million* A leading aan*e of the exittlng difference It to b* found In the Net that Ureal Britain export* chiefly what the ha* flret brought to the form in whieh It I* ?eady lor ultimata WBtumptloB, it it at lb* staff cf it* highest value. and her market I* almost co-extensive with the civilized world. All history show* (bat whan are the workshop* of the world, there nut be the mart* of the world aod the heart of wealth, commerce and power. It Is a* Tain to hope to make tbeae marta by providing warebooMa, a# It would be to make a crop bj buiidiug a barn. IV Whether we aan have workshops to work up, at least, our own material*, mutt depend upon the queation, whether we have or oan obtain (uttlcleut advantage* te justify the pursuit of thi* kind of induatry. The elrcumstanovs favorable to production in thla country, may be ?tat?d to be: 1st Kaaility in procuring raw materials. 2d. Abundance of fuel 3d Abundaucoof fu el and otb?r article* neoes?ary for the fUftenanue aod housing of the laborer 4th The *u reiior|tfllcirncy of the laborer*, in comparison with hoee i,l other countries The cirouinstancei supposed tn be unfavorable to cur production nay be thus clashed:? ltt. Vmut ol capital. 2d Jn?iufH?or our labor, as oompired with that of ether couutries. Sd. Insecurity, by expo-ni* to the iuflnenee of violent and excessive tluotualioi 8 ot prion io foreign markets, and to uiidinj forelnu euirfietitinn. 1st. < Hpi'ai which ie but the accumulated Divings ot lubor. in believed to be kbunlnit aiu?ug ourselves lor any purpose t? wh\"h it cau be prodlably applied. It it loot* amide I th*u in some other countries aid annotations oi captval are, therefore, more co<um >n auiou?t u? liiau els?ivbere It will b? iucreai'd by the labor ol every tucw^ivf year, and for lnve<tmeutr rea a< nably seoure it will flew in whenever required (a* it bar aiways liiretotore doue) from other cotjiHrlo-i, wl-ere It u.ay i cist iu greater abundance. Th-r amojat < ' e?i it 111 le.juiri d t?r a large production Is n?t eo'irBour lie v.hole capital. f'?r ini-tance. empl iy?d iu the " 'ablislir. n< anil > upp' rl id iron works in Ku^Uuii and Wales in lb47, hai been estimated at le-is thin on-? hundred million* of dollars; the production then being ubout ou? million t?? hundred thousand tons. Id. The diirerence between the price of labor here aaa in Oreat I jiiain i < certainly ureal, and it is to be In ped and expected will never be diminished by a reduction tf ?a>(e? bire. I h? dilfereuoe has been e?ttluaUd at an average tf thiity* three percent. l'r-?bahiy Ite aversgti ilifferenre is much more than th?'.. In some branched, tucli a-< the manufacture of irin. it is rertiiinly luuob greater bin rttlleren.'e i< in pari c> iLp> mated b.v the at-advantages utder urbinli the fen gn iiittonfacturt r is plain d by the uecenMty tu s* ui i branches of j.roi nrim his raw mateii tl from t^r u dl tancn or transporting a heavy article of produellou (ti.i li as iron) to a di-iant n.arhet Iu addition, he it pi? dl) a heavy bill then ol taxation. i'he greater 11! ch Ley tt our labor is to sot extent an additn i al coinptli. utory element. i his iuulu l?s the Mta er rapacity lir & .[lining skill, the ruperior K<neral intelligence, Itie hl?;h? r inventive laeully, the grtkter moral and pbjhicsl energy, b tii of acliou boa endurance. which i ur p> pl-i p in c mparlfon with the foreign liborer Be'.ter fid. eh tLed, hound, utid tuniated coa-cious ol' the ab.lit} to 1 ay up tome capital annually Ir 'in hi< rmiii^ evcoina.-t d to iuve?t tlist capital In the extiipin-e in wl.i.h I.I' labor is tnfnged- eojiylug practica l; gieater civil and political liberty?, o-Uog t'. i nai d lo an indefinite futuie. iu whi>:h through lii ov.n goi d oonduct ai d e.Mitnple h? may expeut e?idi M t i eM<ire |(eii< la ion of his deci nd . uts io he betle ' clri'iimsiaiicid than its predeceasort it cauaot *'4 d'lib e l tl at Ihr.e adva^iiage. add gieatW to Itie ?i. . f lh? < n..., i... >. I , K> p I'l.a tent to ? til ;h ltie) c towm J- coinpicaati ig thu dillirit el in tbe price of labor. it in difficult to detlae ('be tfib'iercy ' t cur lsber idhv lie exoeatcd to luore?*n Willi the iiio. L-f of reward to Hit* laborer I n tunny of the i\e* ft factories the ia'i rrr^ in encouraged to Invn-t t hi ir turpiu? earning* in the atock id thi' com jiaiij by ?tlcta they ure employed m il urn thu* ?tlmuluieu liy direct pcrtonhl int.Teat, u the greate-t exertion It i, ay te eipected that this ijfieoi will be Ij trodnced into other b'anche* Iii i?bi.:h it niuy bo l'ound j raciirni>le, muling a- it doe?. an powerfully to eleva'e the lab- rer. iiicrear* product!- n and praoLioa ly iuitiuct ah Laeli in the great truth of the es liarmot) ot kapttal and labor Sid < ajltai flown freely, at home and abroad in every prcductive channel iu which it cau (low k?fely. and nill even iucurgieat hazard*, it' they b? *uch as its (uLtr u:?y hope to iui et by thu care and elm u in-pec* to u if hlmsilf or other* to whom be hn< coullded ita &iki ugeiLent But it he know* that skill, industry and en iii riy cannot uvuil h.iu. atid tint, iu addulou Cm all the contingencies of rivalry arid markets, ho is to be further exposed to darger* arming from caii*** quite be)red hi* control or counteraction be will hold bank, 'i lie vacillation* which have oecurrid iu our policy have no doubt deterred a large amount of capital froui ii.veetco nt iu industrial pursuit*. 1 bit euc /ur.lienor t i fit nd on one day, and on the faith of which liXid Investment* bai e been n.*de, whioh are expu'ed to lofa by the withdrawal of that encouragement on the i;t xt i* in fart *ub*tkuttal discouragement. And the irsecurity rcaulttng from the repetitlou of auc'iaJla tan b?eii itriouily d'tiiinenial. 4tb. 'I he fluctuation* in the foreign market* have for n anj year* 1 ?>n auch as a?t m to donote an un h?allhy and teveri-b state ot b'lsin ea t hey are not in the luitbral ci uire <f a wholeaome tiade I'hey siern to bet* Ken it change in < listing arrtag-dent*, aid tie appreht na'.t n of eucb change i> al-o ola^ed iu tin- iflcrt-n<w making iu ) .upland to u<ii n the lfrlti-h inai ufactuter, by potting at hazard other important btat.cbe < of indu-trv. The competition of p.-w ertabliebnn n's with very li'g* oiikh already in exi*teiic.e i bread.atid il> which the prise ot labor i< lower la evidently not au tqial conpet'tiun. The tlved In machirery, furnaces. ko . caunot be changed, aud the w-i.ik of production will not cea<? until tne price i hiill have In u r? ituccd to a point tery little above the e? it cf i. atcrlhla lab'r atid repair* of courne, where the lower price la paid tor labor there ?ill he a lar( i r margin for ied_ctn n, by the n ciltlce of part of tbe i r< 1st. md where a great ac-umuiatlen N iu hutid cl tbe avail* 11 the business of former )*'! *, the owner Ct.H It I i? inteie^t f?r a while to aell hi* cominodlty nt leaa than tbe coat. If by mvan* he can drive out lit* rival, looking, of oeiirea. to aab-o> ijuirt r?inibun i ment (at leatt^ when he aiiitll again I k . IV, MM II ,1 , t I i . - L . I 'J 1.1- known ntccaiiy of the position of foreign atl.l.'.iCturi ?. < 1 i i.uri IrtiJi to di*c:>urage new a- wi ll a* to d* f ?t ibe rncciatful cpvraMoa of viUtlag bieit* K ri tc <f capital bi r>' In r luuinr nti-rprl* r. To counteract tin inllurure of ih.-ni ut,f?rorabl* clrrun.rtnuri*i?, which ao long an tbry continue. iau?t gttatly retard (nr ad ancrnitnt. liuikt our lor /u c~:?nuc? *ed ptnaritthf dim prurer* c.f iud j*try, I pro- t poi v tl at tii? duliram t b* eUj.W corimi-Utt iii vithc tfcer taw material or manufacture 1 articlra.) In whi -h fort'gn raticne o.i r?t? wi'h our "*n pmdooUosa. bt rai idtoa polrt at whlchthey willalliii eub'iau'ial at.] puffti'l>-Dt KMunpumt ia our taMiHi ladmtry. NfUtfcltl. an ?c ?.1 . r y 1mm -and iluar-ourHy o( tbi ii Ttnua, and i ncura tba l inaiiennc *ad at ability if the ay Flam k.xpttii-ucc bat, I think . abowa t*ik? to In- a ?We jtiet anil Oetiial nr '!< to promote new an t r ut e lai jrulf Mm brmicti-n ol Industry. provided tbo relvction i f the ?-bj>'i t-i In ?l.-*!y main, an J liailt?-J t > there production* fir ttbieb tb? country la naturally dap:< d U -hat* b*cn, Terhap*. too lorg l)tv-IUtll>K and va flliatirg en tba thn ab 11 i I a gi> .r earn r the wait < I rtohl I'y In tin-t- in n- cfliyT-latlon. a. 1 oilier dltt'.rblnn tau*r* bavii ht-rntiiloi" ?.ci-ael"tji*'l lii'intif a 'I Li ?li< rt d' raV n < I >oljie ot lh < tariff i -tli t:rtrt expansion* of th* eurrrnojr wbloh liav* 'c? nrird' their < i fration- tha ' i io| r : ant. (a if- uit af "I a' a*. b"K??fd to be a i lci<-al m-m-ity) > bleb. * hat?ri*r ita ft eta on eiUtlii^ e nt?. m do'ittedly dlec cm ?d lim a it i''iinr< and finally th* cacspccti d r? peal of ilia aet of th? * plroutn atar c<.a hate certainly been of a r? ardin.- i ha-act?r \ i-t It I* Impoanblu not to (b?.rte iha at ?r#'y faKiab'.e ircm?iit, taut h(?-uiir>'a In ?l?auc? hat* tun tcadr. and that tt gr i'ij thu* t/ticed ba-nut ! n atitltaly loft It 1? bcllated that >-t*ry artlrl# tl r li'at<ufactum rf *liich lift* bri a ? ?t ibluftc.l ti?rla alter tbat lalli. Imrnt contlnur I (rnlua'lr to dli .inl-h In ptlc# and tl at. wlthi ut a e >Trf>p-iu4in( r?duct|i-n in tb? wi|r? ?( lab-r, nbtch in dm d, could not b? uimicl. h?-l bynaat-nol ab Inen-a cd li uiaid fir It. M?t?iL'fBt? arc ?nr.rx?d. marked (L) axMbltlr.K i-n.f It tatccat | thi* T'#Uit I bt'c fact) Irad Irtcd tltdy to th? ciocIj I'a that our labor l ?ccm?a no n ui h ni r? llleicat by u?? a<5H?i red fUll falar^cd fniahlUbon-nta. and ??? f>cllltic? drtlrtd fun lannt|..oi tbat tb? illilt-rcncc la l>rlc* bi-twfca It and tbr t rcf*a labor, h^wrrar rciii ?m an i h-tarl? to ?-ieci'**tul coti.i > tin- a. will b^ccn# i-<? if wttb ?-v-ry year ? f cur activity In tb? "antebruncbci ellttnrtiy: aadlkat It hy no m.aua iolio?# tbat lab r li li?t he aor.e pal l be> *U*e |l? prixlttota nrc K ill rbeafM r; f r tbat beca u?a labor la brtUr* product* u u?t he fold dtart-r. AII tl at I* wanting. I? a general drtrrciinatira tbat Ir dually ahall be ft'eouragrd ar. 1 aup^ortcd In the beme pri ductlnn arid mauulactiue r f Iran, w nl ccttun, tugai. and our otl r ataplei> and that tbali-gi-Ution iii t-aiy to i a- tain It hall b? tuo !y ad ipted and p*ratt ifed in I will 11'-f ei *J t? a'nt# th? ntlnre cf th? mo-lif.aati ?a wl.ltl] it a|tiara etp.i|i?at te naka ia tbe <li^tio? tariS, and. If r?n?lie.l. aid l??riafti r pnatat a | l?u ia < iail. I. 11>? lit a of duty art. ia ray? tin on. t 'low, aitf illly an artialaa ?taallar la aar ??a a ai-li-a. I mn'eite that t a rati iiua haa mill reit muttrijlly lr< m thlt cl-awn rm ?ce. la* ditd, lam i. n.|-e!t?d Is ktlifta that It amid l.avc keen ri.Mlj oir-ir irl ?< t>at tor th? catraurdii aft d-.manU fur cur prut i .inn- |.| -d ,( ? ! ky the Ij ..laa in .(? ia 1-17. in a anal txtiat petitltu'-d vr ire a! cri 'r n I- ad ill I t- I 'rr nit h ?! i i<W I VI *a>r> , ? * I ?i? Irntr wrrliata. nlmi lo-po *??#?. lltl.Nfir, tiriap. j Ml ktu'tili ri<, aalt it.4 toil. Ixi.lUu. ?*dat lB?a.<t f I l'iin }N It3.H1 It 11. J t i t f?, tlVlnt thr B ?'?(( It'll ll.* ? Isiv lWl, ' I tli>a? af IM*-IK.'; k? i ? | ? avrrat* dlbttHi ?f f "a, ? ill >? ??m Ij UKl# Irarkfd <*). lirrttB a i.Liatl; tht ]< ? of BSBuM l?' t?ui I if? fvllt ?i: On tottrBl,. . fl'tlM (10 < B t' ?.u? uLi'.'t >'1*1 >? ?>'i?r ... 1 I 7*1 " i >?. ??u M" <:iJ W (/? iokl r?t,twt <J9 i") [ Tl * ??!? ? (<it?ic)ltnf H'i.'IH j I'h liu II i'? t 'I | lalitni. i t roar'l?i tnt.d ?#r-.1t# * M.VI5 VI 11?\trj finall lff<*a? cr tj.? ataflta ?r w lKr.?, n?n, ft ' t?.n m martin* 1 toy. *f r t*r#4 ?it|t the tut lijar* M'liiMii a to mr |>r?4KtU< n. n?>t f! ? 4iid;i mi l tl.trel.r of ??r t' * r "f f' unij 'if*. f? aaat *a I t" Mtrac' at .mtiun ? ?l '?. < r tlvr ?1t" - Bt ? n? .1, I'. r?' n ?!??1 r?-li?-ti< ti I *?? Ii n Prr d L a'ariali; it i? liavad in?t !k? f'tllul fBBl't I IMB'lr ll.II>l?l If Utttl VB* I a <Bt'?l in II ard ?tl1 i iitt tl? . 1. I 11< i* >< b u turn t? Urn tyaiini < f ?(. ?&< dn.iri ca itIN Its i ti ?hfli tl' y ran la (mtnuntl/ laid. Tl.* t V-t? of tl. pf Bt bJ taUtaii a??t?:n iif t ? . M i, vii 1,0 t! r t??i t a*. ard a* i ?r <?n iroicetl.- i. tr)>?i tk..;lt: a*, iitiip irt??f, that Iw liu r < xc1'i'i??!y to th? re? w pit <?!.? it t cr talilj a?-aa<d, m r? fa- rain# i' m ii i*ie ti 'ti t.|i,al aad ltaa r?r"'d I fraud-, > i:i ar fjti' m. Ol i - i r'i a 'i a I - t?t laid. ? ho. fa t?ti ? to th* a*ft?c r??t #f till coaii.d'7. Tl,:i iiit*m <t>M th* dif riilil?a an" 'i?t|incl*if? vhlch atttnd an tprr^la*mrat of tt>? forties Miarklt vain* if tartl <rr?lr?, and at In? inraa an ?'iBi.l duty on tifual ni.antltl a nf th? fama toaim > . itj. I tdrt lit ad talmri i;iua,|aaliaf tV ?am?llBd J PHU 'IPMii; , nnu voinriu miiril mil umv l? a aincrin I In ??l#f is Hit tint at ftrr (Irta t>m?, B?vtrUi lrM trtj tft.r f'T nf>rm' t.l inty. Tl.?? t*? hartfi* e( trade art not 'ncrtiarri. Tr. 1(1)11 a 4 Tftlntvn" dnif or r?r?<<a T?ln??to?i rttaMr, I thtdilTrrrat firta, < MKtrd to b* ItPf nMi' I* 71,a' th? Hm.litd tftilm It pmiaalt ?!i? it-meat arj me" t(n.?, it wholly imtrolal-le. The facllitlea ?fl.-Hed In lra?<l??f>f>? the reregne are wrv rrc*t. *r-1 it la ?rnreMrottl tl at teeh fraud* hate W? and are habitually atd e*tt?'tl*ed. The natpnu-nn aetnexed, * *rif 1 (f?). tnahiefi I mote ?r|>.. ial atfiition, eihlkit in ?tr*a* lirtt tJit iwr rt ts fldOi Uti* ?jtu? m im titan'> ?*fot?d. a the ataadird of value at irin port moat at laat dopead up. n the average of tho 1b vol on (IMmpuMd thoro, ovary >n eaaatul attempt at under valaatioa reader* mora ou; all ' t fullrw it. The ooaeeoueacea are. aot oaly that thero*f?ioa luffrra, that a oortala earn la la afoot aaanally givaa } iko | t:b 10 aiuuag diaboaeet importore, af a premium for i h< ir di?hoB< ity. but that fair Anarioan Importer* may bo gradu. lly drivca oat of the buaiaaaa, aad tbair plaoea aupI lied I) uukaaaa aad uuaorupulaue lonip adraaturora. a a long a (to aa 1M01, Mr Call alia urged tba oxtaaaioa of ipocibu i u the aroui.d uo? repeated- of the preveBtion of i.kdoivaluatica. la hia report of that year, ha uaodthe folloaioi languageWithout oay view to aa iaereaae of re. vclbc, but tb I rdar to foard. aa far U atMible. agonal the > al?? of B?.. da bi nig underrated it the ibvoRu*, It wuulu lie il'fille to lay ifrtiDo duliea on alt aaeh article* now payir ruiica ad valorim as may ba auaooplibleof that alter*!' 3 At it at Mine, rpeoiBc dutiet *rre already laid un >p'- JU wiute, augar. atolaatea. laa. oofleo, aalt, pepper , " , aad i|,Ui,hemp, coal, curJaae, and <?' * -. .. . .1 rti\ii,. j?i? lerarmolea i lie oiu loeuuR VI mo ??* ?? "V , 4M8, made it the duty of the collector ?itUi vli? olitrldt DieroIlaudise may!* imported or entered, to*-llie the Gutiable v.lue of such impoita U baapprulaea, Pinnated. and ascertained in accordance with the |?invia- unl of 0Biitmg Uws. By the 2d tscouou o| art 0f io&h Ao^uit, 18HJ, it is pro\idi d, that, " lu Uplraisiug all goods at any port of the Units d Mates, heittomre mbjected to apeoifio dutica, but upon which ad vii< r?ui duties are itc.p aed by the act of the thirtit:*.ii Julj )art, ml.tied An act reducing the duty on imports, ano for ? ther purposes, retereuce shall bo had 10 value* aud invoices o! similar goods imported durtug the list year, under such general and umfottn r<>u a'lon tor the prsven ti< u of or u* shall be presuiibed by the >eci?tary of the 'I irnxiry." i > v ill bo observed thai these last- recited proviiions do not dull oruoUe lev} trig < f duties on tne value of similar merchandise in any preetdin* >car, but merely a reference t j such value ai d the involve*, fer the purpose of aiding iu the nscoxtait meat cf the valuu at the time fixed by eiiating laws. 'II at time was, by circular ir?ued by my predecessor. dated tth July, 1M7, determined to be the of the shipment of the goods. JM} predecessor issued three circulars, calling the at ei.ilan of the officers ot i he cue torn ? t the provisions of It t Co section of the act of l<Jth Aumut, 1*44; noo dated the 11th ai d iue the i!5th November. IM'? and the last the 26th IKomttr, I?4^. and, thuecan be no doubt, exhuu.tei all jrsctital!e means lor preventing under-valuation* and, to far as tl ey coul 1 be the* ked bv Treasury instructs in and regulations, 'ihete ellorts have been c nti iued by the Wpariiu' in ; but the radical fault* of the sy?iem are such that no vigilante. sagacity, or regulations, it is believed, have tun, or can be found effectual for the purp*se : i 1 : I Si d, it is bell V?fQ \ > have l"tjg I en a re otic d l'"iut tl at h| ecifle or rated duties (vrhieh arc u?l valuruui on au aat. | %4 I ' ) ar# II. mrv rWflM NMtf bi mmi aud t tince than any ether ?>sieni. I 'j he tUtct of the eaittiLK *j*tcm on production ia also ! atiiaii>( hee document marked ( ) annexed. It teuds to cpiruva11 the Meat I'.uctuatioi.s iu price, which arc bj iuju1 nous to trad?- an nt.ll tu iiduMiy. Vt hen | in ct abroad art \ cry high, the duty is high alao; ! ucd vrhei thev fall to a veiy low poiut, the uuty ii low iu | prcpitkn It a sliding ?cale it the worst kiitd. H the du;} f< i itt? a pai t of t he prue, u renders t he eat r?auj of iluo- , tuhtioii n?o?e rtu oie f.?in ? a* :i other 1} a per ceu on tt?e iac|e e<(iisl to t he rate ot the duty, if the tlociuati- u aoroad 1 be It oil $ />< to *10, the runr.e is ? t ct-urae $. i') A. t|? ciflc duty i nt $16 h ould leave th?i runfe i till $^i0. llir at an a I valorem | tl cO per ceut. tnehinht; point would be i 5. and the lowest . |2( - an 1 of $3U. 4 i fwry a malt i a i > riot Utint LU a re uin to ir ? f}sttm < f srcciMe duties on all ; ait c i - tr? which they ? an bo convenient } applied. Nu. ii. Un those a. tieles ? u which anadv tltirem duty ii re- , taiued, 1 recooMueud that it ke levied on the marurt value in t? e iirii-c i|>al n.tirkets of our ow u cuuutrv ut ihe tiuie ar 1 i \ at. it vi old It easier to atceriaiu at our ports such mar- ' ki t \ alue. than H is to i f< rtain what waa that of a foreign ut ? pabt t.n.e. e*y importer ehouM dcclare tJ.e J \ nil e ol I ir gooua uud L>y fiv)n< the option to the government value I . (' tared r levy I a duly si 1 H i m i .1 value, it U probable th vt ooatpiratively iewr c i e? | tl ut ueivkinatii n would occur. In i utexion with this nuhj?cttkiid us u u iaiiire ttadiug to the prevention ol lr >u*l, e i r. h tl w ant ol tintoi o.ity ct valuy i i *n at the varioun pot ts , of ? ? r ex *end? ct c??aat, I v. cnl?J recommend the appointment ! ' if i|fnliiri itUri* I ->e doty it ahull be toviilt, I in ! tin? t? du e ilie diflcrent cnat ?m-hou? en. interoiian (?vieera, ! iv|*tr<nH-itil tbe m ce ot appmiuala, ai.d iu*** ?' audi praotij cal rearms * may te deemed nteib*ary to ajuat mid euual ' et<It#r? emmt < 1 tlu* revr nuu laws. The provici"t?b of tn Coat ftt.tntK D, which rt?|Ui?e that all uuu-a-tnd ioipoat* au *'1 bj i . i in t r? i .. 1. ? 1; 1 I i. 11 i! .' . t i i t t .. .i /i k I.or c *a ua*iiD. be fully and effectually enforced ij practice, a itbeat eose } stem ox imral upirviiiott. norv pi etin t? i? i% ? I'cct tl i'u tan be established under tr.e uxiat ux provision < : law, Mhnl met ely to ven to the Secretary of the Tr-it r autL(.iit> to tihcci the spprai?ert< tor any collection di*a lr;< t to attend in any o her collection du.ri^r lor tl i- i \ rpoie i f apprai. log aty gcodj, w*rce, an 1 li?t? in I. it. ?i therein. 4. 1J < !a>in,i a !ower du:y upon non-enumerated article! I in. | d 1MB thoM tirt ii urau4t 1 la la mr i? i pts u* Uifcauite, i>i d to Coutr fervh'a ana uuntc *.<ary litigation. which aonld be aveided ly making the duty on u l fi tu.rraUd article f higher than on the nthora. Diftiit-ut iutea ol duty m maunf turea of t .e ru-Ai mate riii ate alao in nnveni?ni and the name rem&ik u| pi it to th* tl?Ofi ut iaUi iiupotfid t|ou the manufactura-i if wo*l and ' mai ufa* iuite of * ei ? a. rl he e fleet of lu) ibn the #amc or a higher rate of dn*y on tho i raw mu' iral than ia iinocntd on the inanwtavturei urtult, j tooc\ uenilv trrda to injure err lodnetrj in oompeti i<<n v? ith tl at ofother conntru.-*, to r* >tuno rnoie thau a | ?eiiuj( i oLmivaticn. w ah ntoueia ! AiUIniibIiliMMwfttn pimitfi marked (P), ibtvlll liMumilirfii tNlfl i if 11 if, ?? 11m * | ti< u? t i l e cot o! t'tli Annual f *4(i, " odtaMiah a warehousing ! a) item," from which it vill I e seen tn?y amount to ^1 '4.o3i i ^o b?>oitd all the i?ee'pt? fit ui atoraae, Aio. To th <? hum thtie are to le aided many charge* for rente, 1-k -r, ol* rk ' I irt, tfatit nrry, kc., tl at do not appear in the*e accoanta, bnt jurtly I t- vi ft to tl iiu. It lc tuijeet i? one of gicat emlarra>^ment to Ihe IX-partI neat. Ctngn ^ bur not i ?adc ai.y protiai?n for theae eai ial tbey ne ibIik 1 i I ppf | nal t Um j e v| eM?-? ' f collvcliiig the raveuuc from cjatoffif To a lar^e ext. nt. tl t-y are ineurrvd without the receipt of any revenue ! vs hat* vcr. a d in crder to ui ?er the orevif oa? of thia ao% an 1 | I'l ( " ... r it i l ?I i | muftt u< to impose an annual cimr&e upon the t*oai*ury. '1 hia ret vrvx idea tl u , in ell ra*e? %?lit th Uuti a upon unrorud mercha&diae are net paid within the peri >4 alio wo 1 , I) 1* n , <>r v ht n*-Mf th** :tnp rti r .-n 11 i u? ? tutry fur wirui )' t'.iinir t he tanjr, tKe >a.?l nierehaudioe NiaU he taken p >aa< ai? ii 11 t> tte coil* ctei, and depcaitoi in t h<* piihlic at re<, 0" in otlrr atorca ta be d on by the e (lector r*ud t^?* in* T ott- r. It a( ] tun a'fro to be tout tnplai* d h> tl?? au*. that t' t ?' vrtK< ihall It at the uaual rate* at the port cf importation. Tht act of *d Var.'b, ' *'11, reqnlrei " that all atorea horeafttr r?nted l?e ihe Collector, Naval Offieer. and Surveyor, 1 all 1? in | ntlic acctunt, and i aid for by the Collector aa I" . L 1J cee rv<|Oirementjcf law have imposed apon thla Departv i th< neeraetti t f mating ample pi ivIMom for larne qnaail </ til ...?i i i i4va?si <t their arrival. an i i v>i i t '? ? ; *u iidw. oeof COfli|etoat i ih ern. r,; vko and l|||f era. to take tl arge of the rame. The ei|Kr1cnoe of llir e>eara v | i t ?1 j ' s . i i i ml ritec, anil i o < ilur ahoulu be ^n.tged, a ill not d?ftay the exp'-nson of tl tjHtw. A t'?titi ipt iialtt rir.enled, (u.arktil y ) lhi-wlii? tti* Tain* tl dutiable l.irrit.andita re-rj)ort*ii tfom 1.^21 to t?t9, tiini much 1: will if Ktc tbil tl<? t..?al amount ef aub ail>. rtt uiirit'f th*? {-tried wat $?.i,71l< '<1v, or uu annual in* t'fv of &10,l2\llil. Ill Hi tlic In of Dactmbtr. 1 >16, to ft'th June, IHthe PrrrtrMt opr.r't rt dutlnMe roirohnuiln* fr>'m ?t trn-h?tie? tn.ouitud to b/.Kl-I.M''. or mi uiiutl aimiit <>f In >h- > eiparta li' in ware h-jutt- th- re is lie nded the tneroliat.dit* li st wa? iui|" tl?<1 friin. futnKn uouutrt** aud tlHIp. i l ii to laiada. A l*o ' v, U tl at I', it tiu.i | >tlii Irtiu Uttit, and, a.'. It mttlnr Intnl. >trtu Aiu :pju jrmiuit', mi H'i'l for hi| n.i rt fri lu ctir I-rt?.?o l-rti? n HHHIll. 1> rn r tb? tbrrn jear? i r<?' > i * t i c ena< lm?at of the wareI inn hi net. til.. In IMI 1." t.'-, ini l-IO. tka IMl Mportl "f ontlaUo ?rt. I tr.dl'e annvat- J i J. i 1 ' '-.-id I ii ii I i ibiw fullxwtif ?-tr?, ii*., 47, !-* *. ai i l*-'.'.-, tli- ? t*i< rtt ai .- at j i" H7/>W.! J Tfc< MM 11 11|> rt. * I . at prart Irom 'bit rtatfamt, to the ot.Lt af b.?ra tv h i111 u 11 J Hit*, It mill -ip 1 ct I) wh-at, ll*li. a t , Iran tl a fttitUh i> in. Amtrlrt n l'ro? arte, aco ii.(M i* ? traj-pcrii-d la ider tbt ira.1* (f HUM Ml of Jj laic. It Mhi refer rtd Ft-m tl t rc ;urrt r . r to th:t de;>*riBi. a . and t>.<- niiirt tly ililm >?t? I III ' if Ii Iittrd to It apt *tcut th*t U< i i Itltli a el immh kiitln art h.? not t??? i ..a?ue.AUy l*ll In il? ft} tral I rnnc-? t.f tf.r e- liLlll. Th. rrl.v < rarrif-tl.-ii*tf mm i aaaiao Wat wilt hoar t:naarin-nrj ar ilc i.-mii u? I. ar?i rt?'i?o. art ll a ri rc valnabl* It I. ?11 a af n.annliilii' , tn-l tint* bavr not, t? any eonti> tlt-raili i -1. n', it. . I t a i m "? iu riir wjt oi?> aitha flaw t? i > i-a|. 1 K!> ito i i'ii? t in utl. nciatf i ll'al ll i r ttl r illllvt ahicU may *lil> a 1 v tatai* la i!i n?t|t- u Ii pi Ml? a rt , art mail.I) tu 'j at ?r oveJcl f -r Iti? i Lti.tin liov ' i if i- mr rj f r ft jd or man nattorr. M th ilia f.rratut fr?lil'?n,. an<1 r -r'-l aWIMlHtlll If Uam (Ht all |-at la i f 11.e r"iri>.ar iul world, it taaLit rraimMj ia t ,|- teil tbai I tultt : > W ujr i tit mil bt It-lit t# i rr aaltf ct.nt to await aa ?*|ort dttr. tad. tn illn: if I.i r-. u -rl. n. t f r ...t ? % I 't lha jit-lliaticd iimrl.T itat?ir-aa>a af th* vatna of tha Birr? la ail ttia |mb wariu.-t, (? a t.'i- l rrto *p??*td irur' a-' K.) Iriin -wMeli i will Via tr?? Hi** II" !?rr-?t ' i r.i. t a I tl.? a.i'l f 11 > r.rtrt. ?aa 7 .?* "' ."It1 t H Aid tie antar- tin in. I at ll tnd alia ruarlir war l',7*-',Ji'0 A'i?o, ifcat tl lirr> >l tun -lit of Uullan putble i Ihn a tr< ' anrti:? at tha tad an i i .- r vat 35 And tit tmin at i.ui.t at tl' it I I tt li Miliar ait .11 ItMlhaN NNIMltltilMtl I' IIMHI'I.Jl I a rraotica' 11? tatii a if t't wart hi >. r* ail in . n-turn to tl a t)t'.i.m of

r i I'lit i t?? di.tit*. not) r?i i. it - ai. 1 '-m. II t 6t I. *??! n t.f Iht tc- ' i Unrililaat f.rotld'? " I1**! all iafcna auMaat ti dati, a?J ah raaatla* tfatlat tr'aat It d a! -r a? <ttr I il all i? (if-oaiinl In tli> pihlia wtrai. at'. Itav w I.' in a tl t j aitT -) ttt*? ' nt f'>r imuirdiatr t * l-.itatun utidtr U a |>ri aiaif I ,t? art, at any tin - within t wii jt: r- ini*. on rajn"?t if''- -intir*. m?jr at witlidrawa for coBiantpLit a w ill la ih* I ?tt? 1 Mali a tl anv tiaa w'.thia taa t r ' ui a? ?< ?' * twl-.< i to i.iit> r! ill ba b-T' if- er a?lartit for draw tat k. or hi it.-1 foi fitln k, aftt r they ara wiOttjtaw i. fitm t' a *ut??dr ' I r ' IBrtit of tha rati'in*." , "it* t Tart if li ? atallow. if t. i'l , < iitini J. w oald 1-a to <Mrii? iLa impi'rftr tf tl.r tl tha *r.xip<>. lation t.l ro- r? ,t dit'-ttiiltr brad froiii ot.i d't'iic: to an thor, aad tf ra-varal rwala* tha aan a. in. (rttMiona oft), ft'tr d at< tii a < f tl t a *rrbni.?ln.' a- I. ?ad t' <ttb> drf-rira a 1. r?r int. a ?t iai tltwta* i f ai.y rattliipation la IM lawafa ... . I aiir tia t>tl|*f that thla w aat t it <at;nt.' a of C'oa (itu, kv iut!i em hate t??n in j-l. TT? araf'itn of Oi? t?p*4><-ti<) ' eantlni n* Ilia rltakll t ?4 I'f tha a.t autulaU ' Au a<t to rt i ilt for tha ?'< t t?? . ? of t)i? tr. naurr. ami t f i' e tl'Ctlrn, -nfak*t| 11, tranifaf, ?a4 |i?Vrr?'mf?l ? l , i i<b la ravaana," ?H">' ' r" Im i. h n?p?iif*';y nMittMMM ?la4?iti?f Co ftt ?. Partrianfa k?? It n?iratt4 a< !Ha of tl in.u.raatant* ?f tl ( act to l'? pn-'lu'l't e c.l , r??tIntoar*If. UU??4. thru l ? not aon.i * l.,. li, tin l?r tbl lain nra'I atr n at ally. ?rt oft'n violated. Uia'ttam* " tara. ta 4i*fti fot li-rj# ??u ntr iaattt4. ara, n litilif arrnaatr fata, aMt|?4 In trt'lia INs full i?mt If ia>4 4tr ft* at mi pa?m?nt In m (h* pr-t r aaalaianl Irra lilt t,? r ila tl.rir raa ,..?M I r m ?<! in aaiall it: m frota i n t t'> tit i. Tli? taato4,t til I nfa-r It f?rra4 ifi tl ro. r U nu. any pto*i?lra far tl* r nt nianca, or nan ??falj\ lr Iba tr vaty it to b* 4il'a'aril at poian <ii*!aat fnpil' f1i'? al.rra It la rt^eHla, th>- ! i rtl rn rf traaafort ?* t ra > likr tuarr laipa-a-1 tl " I f tt aloft tb* I'aaal aa4 < aroarr m?4>- j.f koap'a* a?4 ttait-ferrtat ma> ;, ?>i-t * olata tl>* law. IflbQlMrtMtf 'MaiNlrM IM J) ill tarnaat, ti.iy ia?.*r (ram rtik aai raapuiatliiity. Tl afloat r?rt;**? of rrin from p1?f* U pi*.-a, In the aint t' ?a. If ??rth*??'nt?. >?p?elittl7 In tbvia avathara p?t? V 1>?tb ?lltrr,la tla foia < Htfj la ?M 1h? natoii-rif alMk* antk?Tlia4 iyUwio mpl-y?4U i t < 1 ? '? Ri?<h t?? lmltr#. 1 .- ?'* i f tti? lnfr?*??1*l?W ? ' r>l?f th??y?t m, I i" tl. 'f tr at il It ia I ' ' a tuT''..u?i il ? it. 1 La t ??j p?'ar? h?i in? ? 4r*f1 on i ? n?-rtant tra? tirtr l? |?tr,lc I fv fl?-p?ai? Ma 4rnlt iltl, th* ??a<>tanl tram rn r, ai<4 . ta? l?r ^a am<>nnt ft 'in tin* t? lima, In iurfc I m M III ntj <r?.t*. > |?n I'? ?? ' rtirra, | ayabiit I? a*f t ?r > r, i r pare t* ; pr ?ldi 4. ill* !?>lta am rnl ef ?h* it >??. I It at.taiiljt imh ntlhin a ibti. itu d ??) t? ? V? nfnp ' " 4rpf'f t f itir <nft. 2 ' "Iktt lit* i!?! rti ' r t Wrot hnala r k riflaiia Mii'l* i>t tit f?tii?r atonl4 t* |<rh.itl?l ?< It?- * t #"ch Iran, Ii4 ''?a? )-r 1J *n> tut. In )l?a; pr?ti'la4 tl a* anr^t fn''f|l 1 la (4 far | ?it m l?* *riki ifM it? air. Ilea* rrnUlora n?.il4. Ilia I aln ral. a.*o?latUly If-' rn? thr 11 -Ip or 11(!<r< alnt rn? "tntm jr. Il.a ay?l*at *oa'4 naicr >'.rj na In rMlaaf r>; !> n. ? ??? ?> mr ? It'll- 't t'. I >>? ?? It tmm of *u?lr * ?'i"<-'tVfVtf *<M frtui th? *"?> ? ? *f <"?' ' f itil? ? < r? it M ? ? Tr I I. r M.I p?fclic WMcfum? Iff Mi Itl t( fMfttimu1*1 lk* l>IU? HWII l > t?T ? - ?cli dr*fl ? ? r?nn?? <> *?,? hill I I riaaot till lulill dUri-uat. < ? wlltct 11 |> ?r* wtthoil J?vrrv, ?! | ) I, >, -1>J. r.n<l ?],? ? >.? t ?? p. ? rt t?*Jf r(rl? M trtrtf. ft in inch 'tS?r tfcM t' ? h ?( bj. ?? !'r*. M?m?# ItHM l>4 ?ich ' v ?'r''*'rHiy rf iM irlml c rft^J ?f lh? l 1.1'r f e??i?li f?? '?<!?* lim?-i?M*l? f.?<? # !'.?? which afc??M itttMl lh? MrloilMllllkl Ol MIM tl.l.?'?OT t. B> tkt ?klf 4 #' *' " Mire'i, IMt, . ...f t? ii.i of <??IM r--.r-rir* i? V?' ". fr ih'Vi?k r' rrniu??i?r-???.? IMI ?tr roll <1.. *t? I?H' J? "?<* t'lITff til ..cfnmv?mmnmj __? "? ^ zL, r? Tr???ury. I r??p?otfully isbmit * * I'H altiea ware ooliacted an* ir jitll thee* datiea ud hi d f avy, Ike riaht to d?t*? .pfi ?} officers af the A'n; I tic* or iajptitilion ? ' ' .aloe tb? propriety of their coiB>anta ul H ar and tk? .id b? batttr veated la tha Departappeals rta?y> la taare. probably manj of tha to the Iridul ' ' takes by tha partial iatereated apptala <a r< ** tit otter of theae departments. aad these au lartaP'' ??y f' naa'ljr or informally disposed of. It la fc?.w lar f.r*?"or tut S< arrtarv af the Traaaury to determine tin' illU . dup< iltioa ? Vo if considered a* intended to be ? , ' it' iu n iat.*<l, fc?a far it ia hi* duty under tb<s law j? 11 the raa? ar-d devide it aueir. , toi iti|uai>c<- at tt e recmt alteration of the Bri'ijh nari .uoulawa, British *e?s*I?, from liritiah or other foreigu t'< 11?, v ill. (uKier nt ex'ntin* Una,) after the lit day of Jh uiiikS ba uiltwid tu enter ia our rorta with e*ri' ea of th? prvw ih ui uufuctnre, or production of auy p trt of tha wttld, cu t' e uuie teiins as to duties, ia>poi>*.a. aad chanct an vesteia of tha llnlted State" and their eanjoei. I prefer to invito the consideration of Con^r^ti to tLu exiaiiia provision of law regulating the ooaatinr trade of tie 1 ailed States withe view tu.uoli modification* there m lib n ay i t* expeaient &uu proper to meet uioaii i n o ? OBlitil ft Of tllll imUtt wkiflh tm.o uiir?u bilco the law rt iiulatinK ii w as | acaed. The law by viInch thia trade ia now rogulated waa enacted rntbe 18th ot February. 17**3, and i'a eaeeatial provi*ioi.s I live Lot l< en ebat gtd by auhsrqur--nt legislation. Within t l.e period e?e|frfU aince tie date of tVe la nr, Congress ia av Me 'I ft rK'it at d import out < L-huugea have taken plioe in II ? m^ni udi*, chuiacter aiid medioiii by which the c>a-ttwiae nad interior commerca of the country ia curried on, ui?g t? the iicr?Me4 facilities if transi oriation by the ttlt of at?.<itil |>< *?er, without any corresponding changes in the It a to iLcetthe ulttn 1 condition ot the trade. Hence a rigid ii 111 of ii i udstiainqoinmiilcol ti law produces n.ui-h delay and vexatious embarrassment to persons engagiU in tit*' 11< ae< utiou of the trade, be&ides, in some ca?ea? particularly where carried on by the use cf sua? pownr? Ituvng teuoi ?)> detrimental to their interval, aud thus pn.tentii g * juet appal tor some further legislation on the tut jeet. It in coi fid< ntly believed that tome of the requirements of the law iiii^bt be difcpensed with, and others changed or woc ihtu. so i?b to relieve the trade from exit ting restrictions and knii m moments, without haiarding the security ot the revenue. M.ould Copgrces feci disposed to act upon this subject, the depaitment will, it so required by tl at ?ody, submit views rim recommendations in oetail, calculated, in its opiniou, to IMMH| ii. h tl objn t dot iVM* 'J lie i peru tiona ot the ?oast survey, under the suporinten 1etice of i rofesaor iiaeh?, have been diligently :isd successfully 1-roM-cnted the past aeaa< n, wi?n satisfactory results n. tIf itspeut ve trendies of thia important uailona1 wi/rk. T>e report < f tho superintendent, containing a detailed acov urt of the ?itun?i< n of the work (luring the *eust-n, and ir,s pietent condition. will be submittted to Coagrees at an early I riod of tl e session. ?"ui ligt ?.home establishment has gradual'y enlarged un- I til it hss heccmo *ae ot ^rea magnitude and importance. In | Juylast it numbered iwohunurd and eight; - eight lighth* tiivib snd tMrt.v-tw ? floating lights. Of thensixty-one are located up* i tl e shorts of the northern lakus aud rver bt. I'M*rente. Additu nal li^h'a have sinew bnen erected nilu?.r 1-11 r?-1 nations msdf by the act ef the 3d March last, aud othi r^ are in pr? cess of erection, a special isportof which wi'l be submitted to Congieas without untie -eeaary delay. l'tie at tn'ion 1 at* h en &iv< n to the vaiious looal works t?r? tided f? r in appropriations placed at the disposal of the liepartment by acta of the le*t and previoussesav>vs of Conl>r? lor tr.c ereciion < f custom-houses, marine hospita's, and lor providing the facilities contemplated bv Congress tor ti e pirhtrvation of hie ai d j roper'y from losa by shipwreck. I he cust( m- home structiuc ; t w orleana has i>r<^reasrd thii ughont the past bcaion without inteiruption, and as rap !)) us was eft tmed | indent wi'h dt?f regard to the massive th ra< ter and geiioral nature < f the work Thj f aiudaiions i ave hi t u J aid, aud the walis cn the f> ur hides of the bull d n;/carrc d up to the plinth courae of granite, which has h*i i ct mpleted aro i d the entire struciure. The unexpeu( ((' 1 < 1 tie t p_pr< l nation f r thi? work will not, it id b * I it v ed, prove sntlit rut to cai ry an the sumo beyond the olose ti i?e pln-enl UKUth. It is therefore rec.mineiided that adeitivtal n tai s be |ri vided by t ot^reas at un early day tor t? i <ontlnvous presecutioii oi the work. lie Hrtu urea for I niisr 11}? to Sa\aenah. ('eor.-ia, i . *- i < rt, 11;. ine. are aleu m u .it.u r ??t I.?rv. aidii' Ju i. th t h itut r oat c, th? v aUs of the baa*riri(-ut. and of the priooi 11' atut), are cowl Irted aiid the wulis of tho second 8 <ry Willie Kill) for tt.? cornice lv the l.r tof I t l.rujty n xt. tin, in 11 e o| mutn 01 tlie superiutei d>nt, the wholestructure w ill he <n.pu ti d iu August, I -ill. The l luuae at It ist{>ort I as udvakti ri tu ti e flouting of the seccud story, which iss fc' eu laid, aud tbe building covered in temporarily fur the A eiisto?-)>?>ti(<e buildiLgat Portland, In the State of If line, h#;- leu. luicbaied, oj provided fur iu tho general appropriate u set if the las' session. The purclmte of the buildings li r ? eic.ilur fur| o?c at t rie, Pennsylvania. at contemplated I.j t) i i:u k mt. t .i> ml bi tn made for ? aut of an act oil 'lie juri ot tl e I.e<; islam re of that State giving it* couinut to the rtirtl.sie, si?rimiriit i) (lie joint ru.olutiuu of Congress of the lilll fccptell her, I' ll. Porno 1:1,111 idabl? delay has oocnrrtlln completing the purfl.nt ol the site selec.ea I j uij piedcaatsur for tne proposed ti 11 ni l,i use strut turi at (hnrlvit'in, South Carolina, 00taiiimdby it,e requisite investigation uni preparation of tl i' title Mid trsbbli r 11 tliv property. It is low completed, slid, l:a?i p U n approved by the Attorney Goucral, tie* pri | i r roi,ir>it,ee? I a%u been duty executed, and the pnre! paid. Proposals l.ave al.-o been invited far Ml table i'tspn? or plans. with t political ions us'I estimates lor the cciitimplated building. Ti.s mil,ie?>* 1 r marine liojpitals at Clsreland, Ohio, Piitil t.rg. Pirniyltiiiii, aud l.otiiaville, Kuatueky, ait sv lar uiivin e<d u* to warrsnt the be.ltuf 'liat they will be rtnd> f> r the ricep'irn of pa'ieuti in the month of July or Anguit najtt. uut Utile progress has been tnade in the buildII designe d l.,r the object at Chicago, I Uiuoia, i'.id 11 call, Ki iiDfl y. ai.d Natiticx, liMiulpfi, preliminary sxaoiilaiici > hat in*. dc ajed 1 he town enct meet cf the work uuul lati in ike rtaron. Trolling la* b:?n done towards tUe ercction ot tic hospital ?d tfees for which appropriations were made at St Louis. Missouri. nsil at Napoleon, Ar*?nris In the iih ease, 01 tlie failure to aeaure a tillo to the lite f j purchased fur that object at St Louis, aid the itoiirai 1 iiability if procunug another iu time to MMHtci MM tvlldtaif ciifnuii ly wi U (heJoint res ,1a.ion olloiigresf dated l'Hh 8?pumb? r Ml. Iu the oiher, became c tbe insalul rily w the situ heri tcfore (elected at NapoV r, end il.e h.-?"rd to which the struo'.ure would be tf pi ?>d tr> ni the overflow of the waiere. Ii f 111 cction wiih the subject cf niarine hospitals, I would remark, tl a t experisnoc hn- fully deni ms' r?'? d than th? reMstmd 1 1 1 .1 1,1: ,i.(i u: 1. r t liSMtf 1Mb Jul>, I7.?s, aril 3d Wa-. l.'f'j, lit the nlief of sick and J tabled seaaien w 1 th If tiie'a fr1 m t'r c to time denved frets tho bounty of ('11 imi, ate luuderuate tc inest the demands for re'ief. As a itcessary cersciuence, the Utp^rtuient is compelled to adkii? teti' tii 11s impo ed by u>\ preilccess' rs la office, and tc Ii 'Ii exaiM e in like exp dientf, often arbitrary in rl.iraeier and partial m operation, yet es?enlial to the proper t'lfrol it tie cxtenditures. In view of these embarrassn lute?cf the Isereaftd charges likely to arisi from the eitab i?l n 1 tit sr.ii organisalion of publio hospitals?and looting to fi e lateral le regard k< rotolore eutertaiued for the claims el i< en a ho by their lab. r and peril- in peace aud war. oouIII > ute Hitarrtly tu the wealth n.d tower of the nation, tri >ns aie a led iii t^e estimates tufneicnt to provide for ikeir diititutlen and sioknest in all the perls of the I'nion. lie n.mejs pl.-ctnat the disposal of the Department for pri tii'lfg III IS as for tl e j rm rvntion of life and property, by the set 1.1 3d Msroli last, with tbe exception of a portion exr~ 1.1'td |,.r similar Isciiities at Iheaotendof fisher's l?ltid. ir I on| l,lr ii ."ciid, eon t 'gn us tn the plaee of the ? 1 rk of tl 1 ?'?sine: Atlantle, have l>tcn applied tn that part 1 of 'I t i,.aet ot hrw Jrrit) l)ing letaten little* tgg Hart,or aril (ape .Va- , scd to that part of the curst of lung Island j r iff eastward if il.e rn'rsuct it, to New \ ork lay; and hwe I scu e>| tcded I- the eonstrni t on of life-hnaie ant cars?the irtiieail houses at aptiroiriata oi.tam es from each other fr their pr'? rvnti"n- In tha purila>?i.f mortars, carronades. io< It 's. k> . si.d oti r nji roved apuaratus for cotnm 1nirr tine w ith sfrt tided vessels. le aiv Hit 1 tu the hna ane and mvai: cent infniiens of C't rnetr. s? tnamfested in tacet s ?i apprepriatl n< for fiese I iii 11 t s. i lie I ?|tttnu ni b.s bad the acme e<~aperavion of tl * IHft-SaTiri ft, ne\olcnt Assoc iaiion t-f New 1'oik," and r f t' e lor rd r f n *r* ritrrs of Hb ladelphia. I uilir ' all*, in regard In th ? orte 1 ht s (pecially referri ot, will I c t ucd 'n 1 et r marl ea ( V.) w r 11 Ii a Lit i.? hav? been add-es?et| to tbe Department, si witg tin di.tii-T tn be apprslminled tn the h snital bmldIrvat (, from th< sliiliagor fal'inglnof the bank Ibcir( til lake, and nrging fh t Immi d ate es peudltnr* of n | 1?e litief the Bonc>s aprri printed for the <tructnre inn . ?>t ni 1 a*id to airist the farther eacroachment of the emir I it N tn 1 tot h," appeal 1. a sum not exceedin< ene j t) , mai d do in was author ltd to be applied in the war p.. t 'til. A ft 11I11 r a iiroi riation lor tho object is needed, | "nd sr- eclfi llj reeotimaudrd. 'iv 1 '1 f I th August, I.SI1, si* thousand dollir* w 're ap| ' " i aled I r It " ereeticn "f a beao<'n light on I se ImtV ? 1, " . in t' e I s 11 r el New II a eeu, ('unti client, erf't Mi lie* . ni i; 1 the ledge, ss (lie lupertinent sh-old deem I" In tislilel I n t the iiit?re?ls of cimni .re* illotated ti r?i-. .al'f the ols'ri' mn 10 an l" slmlt 11> e paisag' of T( " I t!i a ? 11 j?i?f< i u l> i t watrr. ratr.rr than the or* 'lion 1 011', -i a>nri.? re taki a toe lit ran f >r tlm ?r . rk. I i it If 'I i if T? t.<<i-n'e4 tic oppr' |>rrlm by viral tl a u;i: , , tl.? uutlrttkking Lai bt (n podpuLail aatil I ?i! ut> ti ??d? arr pT' Ti ii d ry l anrre'i 1 wi"i 'i. lor ' b < CoT.?r?oi, an fiMMt 1 n ( ), ihonltn On biaiaeii aiJ con ol tl>? Ml?t at ' II' ? ! tr? I ! t JlDtiary to Im Nut', Id9. i Hum ( o' the ?| c.m ta of t> e Wtat, a- fi iiiir>H lij ?l r I, ' ti. r "f lit ?r (<if IJff, a a'I of the %imi* if f reim i'iM t' iltU \>f the arte of 1" h Apr.I. I"'^. 2A?h nii'l *H.h J'pf, 1*. I. ata 2 1 March, l>U, will to trat emitted in a fi t 11 < . i> i. nrli n i .T. I -'i-r ' u'? to c i!i i ml mwVfl 11), far Uit lif?r> r <f tO'i ' > tlif J-'ia mtn.ii if the ftct of i-th Juaar* 1M7. T n li ml r-t otrri of enr rarer tly aeniitr?"t P'meiiline I - h n it U'?i |tiid in tenotve DiUf r i'i* il*?rl ptiirrt I A i > 'um eettrrrie* VIM IkNMil el narciM tr>n it, i) th? purKii* 'f pro Ha Me lrt?r n4 ifni tuft i itmtM, km hml UMirti| thither; u4 t*m4? ??>t : | f 1 ' i ! mh" i red Br* <"?alri>ni-i-I ' tit BMtal'li *iiltb of the niirlil 1 oaatitotia*. a* tl rj a< ? d<\ a | i ti r of < i i territory, It U due to our fi|- l w- M ml' iillHtlhrn, thtltbalr iadue'ry and enifij .>>U' 14U ubwlatod by tkalwti Iwi. I irat la lain# af rai' > Ita an-rrtal and financial beariaa. tha u'I'a !'< ft :iari i of tlia Mu t of the I mti-d MtatM at B? ? 1 .? r irco 't rt'iinaiiilt4. \?at, tta trMUN of IMit> I.i i a or f a?dls?ila, and Wa. liuhta anil bout a to eoBloit Veiatla In'ft tha I liinpnl |M rt? a oil hart-ore. Third, the *?- I i I tbmtr ol a VBriar lio ipital. Aaiinpattnjr |h? fatoraIUiki ' -i t r the iabjeoi f the i itabltal m?nt of I .ht* I'ti n . ftnd I unja. larlrtictloaa have b?an rim to , tl a ff.f r 4:rt? tiut tho . itrati ni of the coaat auraey, to ? ?>. >1 ( I n r.n.,1, .tioni and r*|>?rla fo be maile aa may be t>a?e<'try to dctrtaiiB* t . a ai-pti vnate In BtloBn fvr oarh 'i etviree. Kerportft II* rnainltt(<L M K. m.lltfSiril. Furetiry of theTfaaory. Th* llolrti, aftBKAia a>n r-traait art, J C. II'Tflnann, .Voaburub, J Vel.ann Nla<nr?, < Mltcbtll. Torcntr; A I'm# 6altlmur?; W. Half, I tiUdt lplila; I C Wl^lna. 81 i.eulu, It Dti- ! r. 1. ?:al?e. J M Kifcbt a I'bllad.lphi*; A I'. Rlacb, ilaitio.or<. i i. ! i ? rounlikropalo: J f. Bird. II.I.O... U' ll u I ..u. 11.1...... tar I aa I Mb; Pr Bouthiatr. 1.8. Armj; Mr Trlptatt. I.ouiaBrn-k*. U. ton; J. Mai lt*) 81 Loulu; J. >V. Huttm. rhil?<ial| till, F. (J. Took. Baltimore; J. L. Mom. rfcll* Jf 1 t Li: L. Maw, Wm. Moan do ; T. K. I att.rrp, I.ootcL; Jtlm 11 nil Toronto, T. Mott, Plait*- , dtl|Ma, 1 i n A. Nlrlrl**, OtMTt; D I>a?ld#on. J. , f>iri?T toil J?? (<r.rdoM. Montreal, \ Uordon <<??- , 1 ?r. ?mi u?i a< th? artkial i j??t?rd?y at th? l< ring 1 lln a _______________ kutol Ihlilllgrnrc. Th/> fill'nip* l? ? lint of officam attached to th? U. e<Mt (t.i i > ftf?TT ?r M*t/#l l,l.'Uti'D?nt Com. John Ji d(.'"r? Mttt HfuiTfcnt. Wllm?r 8hi?l4; Anting Vfrtrt AV <; T'?|1r; S-4f, ?on H?nrjMajro. I bmid Vlil?Ji'finan, Jihn K . Wllaoa, Hortea N . ( rabba; f rplnirs, KU|?'rUk and Stawart j ClltilMdHk, U II. rr r-?.J II nil M>ir. Mr Ma.nn Mr. V Ml< Ida. Tic Het-el it brund to Key Wnt, f#r tfcc pirpOM of nrrt-jltig the keji in that flflnlty, Uurhing first at *I ? Uutml Tm l,i" P* r???Mn ? it It MVed tlhat Or rarkrvan ?onld rar?-Iy If utr go to la? to obUin hit rlcht* aiifgto Mt *r |Utlot?iif< t ' Bud b\i?lnea* -Mbwl. n?M. i?; hl'i4?- tutH g* to l??-nc?r gotolnw Butb^wruld cintlnuhlij remind a debtor rf hi* pro. miw an<l obligation* whrn the? arrived at maturity. H? wruid do* him n'jibt lid day until be 'btaloed hi* j tj. or lrf?ir. *?Ut?ed that the debtor had ma It ever y 1 tn Hon to u Intaio bit Inte/iitT, and to pay th? debt I' r.ft'r trying **?ry meant. tbe'poor fellow failed and )i?ri?ftly r'.nl i not 1 b'aln the wherewithal to meet hit HaMU'y. the doctor blB>*?;f would l<eBorently t?t about f it'irr ?' n e meant to intricatehltn from hit difficult* 1 le. l.ti I t tlar.dlr g and potiUoB mad* not the tlight it Il? trrattd I'rnfriwoT \V?l.?t?r prvrl I < w uld tif?t It' r ?r<l humblftVt Un??t *t th.' WtM ??J.? L?KfU i Mutt ) C'oiiriVr, U't, 22. Pnmrillr NlirflUnjr, W? *r<> IndoMrU to Kirg?l?y ft l o.'l FxprfM for Bcrton In kdvmc* of the mail TKrr w?ro Mri>fcty.fpur d??th? la Boiitoa. for tb? t<k tiding tit 'iUd lltit. . I'riTllBB mi II NEW YORK HERALD. NlttVtMMni*r of rwliM and Sum (U. JilEI OOROOI BKI1IVT. PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. VOLUHTAK. Y CUHKEMHUNDtNCZ, r?ntai?t?e importa 1,1 newt totuilrd /rum i-iy qua iter ?/ tke wurld : if ? *. *41 k* literally paid/?r. AO NOTH K tame* /anonym** e^mmmtUeutiom. r t1'r" rtiteUda mmunU affoftt* I HE UAILY HEKALL), 2ceut$ per cvyy?$7 p#r ca ??*?. THE WEEKLY HERALD,for Circulation *nthi$ Conturn:. Is yubHk '< # <1 i Pi I'If Situi nt li'/. ?# ! per r<</? v, r /'?*r mnmim ; /-?/ ?/* Lurop^, pri/U*d in r Tenth und Engluh, at e??/? per ropy, #f $1 per annum. The DOLI.AH WEEKLY HERALD. every Ucndav, 1 rentt per copy, SI per annum; nz copiet to clubi, &e., IS er onrvni ALL LETTERN by mail, for ivbicriptioni, or with tt/rerHtemen'i, t< be putt puta, or the potlufe wilt be deiurted from the money remitted. ADVERTISEMENTS, at reo mumble price I ; the proprietor not r?MintW? for trrori in munutcript. AMC8KMKNT8 THIS DAT AND KVENI.N'Q. BOWERY TI1EATRE Bowarv?Afternoon Performance? mitiiky at tii( noi?-T?*iii? thi Pi.eime?moic, J<>c Attn Jack. Evening Performance?Thk Foua Mretittmi. BROADWAY TCKATRE Broadway?Oi; v Majkebino ? kaiiiji hime am> Petbi'CHIO. NIBI.C'S GARDEN?Tioht Rors?Cuab ao rcuuTic Dakoi t? kau jl. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chamben HtmI? Santa Clad ?im Bakioi a t'aaili-Lausmins Uikha. NATIONAL TB1CATR1, Chathan. aqnaro?Aftcrno?nPerfoimanat?0?iwi?i'??ouf It i.l? Ci ?ii Savoyard. Evering Ptrlorn/*no??The' Fiiiai.i: Ouabd? dl mm totdlv. OLYMPIC THEATRE, Broadway?Oi.ymmc Revel?? Frank HuLavghub-Maoio abkow?The Phouihsory Note. CBRIi-TY'S OPERA IIOUSE?Afternoon and IvonlnjEthh riAn Miaiittui. AMERICAN MCSEl'M?Tew furiiiMAwcH ri'Hiso the Day add Evukim,. A8TOR PLACF. C KCDS-Tbrca Peiforraancea?Equkstkiah ikm and Pantomime. .BIN?81 ROOMS.?ci.iddon' Fanokama OP TBK Mile. SOCIETY LIBRARY-Signor Bliti?Focb PcaroftMi?< > a. lew York, Tuuday, Uweutlxr 43, 184U, The I'Rtldint'i MtMagc-Tlie Treuaury Report. We have, at length, the first message of General i1-? 1 ? ??<i ?laa ?li? ??c r\f vcaiklir f vl rt i j c t _pi>_ JUVIUJ, UUU UIDU UIC moi 1 'wciui; M?V <V??? .Vpert of Secretary Meredith. We have 110 room, nor time, nor disposition, to in&ke much comment on there important documents to-day. The President'*) message will call forth mnch curioun comment. In many respects, it is a most remarkable document?differing with the messages of all former President?, since the foundation of the government. The leading points in ihe history of the republic, for the last year, are recounted very briefly and quietly, without much force or energy in the tone or language.? The fusi-y blunders made by Mr. Clayton are smoothed over and pared down with some skill, but in a tone that locks like contempt for the Se? cretery. The fracat with France is treated, very pro|*rly, ss a bagatelle?a tempest in a teapot, as we called it at the time. With England, embt .ns the Nicaraguan question, there is no prospect of any difficulty. Yet the General has a bit of spnnk in him?and he shows it towards Portugal,which is threatened with another messageiif she does not pay up what she owes us. Portugal had better pay her debts, or prepare for a licking. We must thow fight about something. On the great topic of the aue?the subject of slavery in the new territories?the General is by no nitans clear or explicit, although he is bold against the veto, as daily found in legiblation. On the finances he is as bright as day. There we know his opinion. There will be found a deficiency of only *1G,IX;o,< 00 neat year, and he at once recommends u loan?an addition to the debt and taxes?like a plain S|>oken man, who never has been ?n Wall street. Not a word is said of the numerous removals and appointments?an omission which does not correspond with public expectation. In short, this message is one of the most innocent documents ever published. It is very much like an elaborate elongation, or dilution, of the inaugural addr* ss. Yet we like it. Many will like it, and some will laugh at it too. Of Secretary Meredith's report, we have no room to enter upon a long analyris or extended criticism. It is for a high tariff, plenty of protection : against a specie currency, a sub-treasury, and recommends an iucreas*- of the revenue by an increase of the taxes? aoxlof rtdwtio adabsurdutn in political economy. The message and documents will have little effect on the legislation of the present Congress. Already, in the & nate, General Cass has proposed the abolition of the Austrian mission. Good! go ahead. New States and TsnaiTOKtss ?California, IVseiet, N? w 11. xico, and probably other eortion* of tiie Northwest Teiritorv, will all be applying to the present ConRteM for ad mi 41 on into the Union, as Nates or Territories. Independent even of the application of the Wilmot proviso to those States or T?rritories, their very admission, with the limits claimed for them, M ill form strong jmints for discuseion in both brunches of Congress. California, a* ber constitution ia framed by the { rttmt population, embrace* a tea coaat of aeven l.uiiJrrd rnilea in length. This ia evidently too 'aritr u territory for n aiugle .Slate, aud would di*turb the bain nee of power in other State*. llraidea thet, the |f?| ulatioit ot a prim-ij?al part of California he\e no right to d icide upon the limita of that State. That ia a matter within the control of Con* grew The aame ticw will H|>j>ly to the Slate of 1 ?*eret, alutb haa been organized by the Mormona, and a constitution for it formed, and the lui'ita of whieli interfere with thoae of California, and are, like the other, too extensive in their dimension* for adrniaoion a* a single State. New Mexico rr.ay wii>h to ci me into the Union aa a Territory, arid that would be another point of diacuthion in regard to ita limita. A preliminary diacuatucn, therefore, for the ad* mirfion of I aliforoia and I?e*eret will be held on the d.m> rtiona o( thoae Statea, and on the right of the accidental clut ter of population of thoae regiona to denionitr lilt if limit*. We think tint none of tlioff limits or boundaries will be admitted by IVliflfM, but n> w oaft will be made out for tk< in. Tins will be a subject ol agitation and diacu??ion, irdfj endrnt of ih? Wilmot proviao. Of ran Poit/o*.? A very considerable effort is l>iingmade for the reduction of ocean postage in tile stesmship*. The movement originated with those J*rsons who successfully labored to procure a redaction in our inland postage to five and ten cents. The same principle*, however, do not properly apply to this claaa of postage. The great ex. l*nse attendirg the vtoiking of steamship* would set in to demand a higher rale of postage on all let* ters passing by those vess< Is. The class of society, too. w ho employ steamships for the conveyance of their letters, can hffurd to pny a liberal and even a high postage. The poorer classes, either in this country or in Europe, who cannot afford to pay high postage, have still the packet ships to send letters by, and tiie charges of which are merely nominal. Indiscriminate cheap postage for the ocean, when steamships sre u?td, seems, therefore, to Le a dot<btft>l policy. Thrnttlenl and Klmlral. Thf erf n J< d KtAt# of c ur column* thl? morning, o?. cn'iiDi il by t)if lrtRth of th* rrr.H^nt * ra*?*air* and |tf Trramry t*port, comj>*l? no to omit our oaual tb?atrlral and nntMral totlc??. Tha M??ral wtr* Wfll flllfd, lart ctfbltiR. H** adr. rtl? Biro',* for tho tariou? }>prfntm*nrfn tbl? *Trnln? Th? LapUUtan of fl^ntb Carolina. on tha IPtta ln?V, fd'ff d a rnoloUm o<-r.Hnlly approvlt>? ?b? ronrim of tha F<nttarn niMntwr* of ( nngr-M who r*fu??d to rota for any d mbxr ie tha ?linht**t di urn* tainted with impound ?! ? on the flan ry |rr??to? and ronMIarln* *ny l*? pariwd l>y < ohht?>m. aUMI-htna rlttrff in tha Dl?trt?t of rolnirMn. or tba adoption t.y that body of tha Wllmot Jiioiiio, tiBtngionut to a diiMulloa of U? Union. TELB^APHH HTBLL16MC1. I IMPORTANT FROM WASHIN6T0M. Our Spctlal Tclrgruplilc C'Brrt?p*WU?e ^ I i uk mrm of mr henry hi i.wek, tub bu- i tish m1nistek?important movement in tue i unate? the mlbsagk, etc., etc. i Washington City, ) i Monday Evem>o, Dec. 24. le*40. \ m Sir Ilenry Bulwer, the new British Minister was presented to-day at two o'clock, to the President of the United States All the cabinet were present. The most cordial feelings were expressed in behalf of the peaceful relations between the twc countries, and by the members of the cabinet. Mr. Bulwer was received with remarkable coadeicension. The cabinet seem to be thankful that he has come to help them ?ut of their difficulties. Neither Mr. S<;uier nor Mr. ChatfieU will be sustained? the very thing for Mr. Clayton. The motion of General Cass, on suspending]diplomatic intercourse with Austriu, lies over. Wheiw it comes up, he will deliver a great Bpecch on the subject. You will see that Mr. Bradbury, (dem.) of Maine, has called for the papers against the officeholders turned out. This indicates the courae oJ the Senate in legard to the appointments. Mr. Foote has given notice of his bill for a compromise division oj the territories On its merits, we may expect a full discussion in the Senate. No officers will probably be elected this week by the House. The friends of Forney, of the Penn tyhnnian, for Clerk, will endeavor to get the plurality plan, but a large body of members will resist it. The Southern men do not like the Message.? They s;iy it amounts to nothing on the slavery question, or, that it means the proviso, if anything. Congressmen mid the Holidays. Philadelphia. Dec. 21,1849. Congms will do nolbtcg till nftft New Year's; many nn mbers will be absent during th? holidaj*; a quorum of each houfc will firmilly meet ou Thursday, and adjourn. THIRTT-FIIIST CDXUItlSS*. rmsr session. Senate* i*??ninuiu.i, i'YC?uim-r i-4, l^4V. The Senate having b^n opened in the usual forir dI?0USSl0n (DllU'd TflttiTO to doing hisi.nhh Di'Bino tiie iioiidavs. A motion that when tho Senate adjourn, it be to Tturfday neit. whs adopted. Mr. Dickinm* iD(juir?'d whether it wm designed tc transact any business before the first of January. He *ald it was not customary to do any thing during the holidays. and if this custom waa to prevail on the pre11 occasion. many ol the Senator* desired to be absent during the we*k. A general understanding that nothing would be done this week, waa the result of these remark*. mismi.t now the lieuie. A message was received from the House, announcing an ergaEizatgnn, and its appointment of the usual committee to wait on the Trealdent. Mr. Davis, of Mit-sl*sl?pl, submitted toe usual resolution for the appointment of a committee, on the part Of the Senate, to act jointly with the ke - nraltte* frrm the House, to waiton the ProM 1 to >rm htm y of the organization of '' Houne? 1 of the r adiness ef Congrsss to i age which hmay have to make. It * >pted. The Vic? PatsiDKNT nted Senator* Davis, of Mississippi, and Greene. < Jo Island, said committee cn the part of the S< nbereupon the committee proceeded at one* to < nchurge of it* duty. i'h ?:#>.!*TAT ion ci MKMOaiAI.*. A large number of mi mortals was presented and re 'erred. The paper* in many cace* were withdrawn from the file* for new reference. oca birlomatic BEt.ations with At'STaiA. Mr. Cans submitted a resolution, instructing the C ommittee rn Foreign Relation* to inqulra into the expediency of suspending diplomatic relations withtha Government of Austria, which lie* over under the rule. Mr Cars gave notice thkt he would not call it ap untU after the holidays. Mr FoOTr gave notice of a bill to provida for th? organisation of the territories of California, New LI..I.A mm. A 41 ?- ^ ? ? 41 1 * Kirmv ?IU i/>rn?-ri(|[ >uini<|lliui irrouVD IMC State*, and for other purpoaei. Thl* bill prorldea for j>* ?In? theaa aereral countries ft] Idly through the form of territorial goreriuaenta before admitting them n Ftatea. IMC KLM0V4LI HON OKIIC IIT TIIK rBir?rWT ADMItlflltTIOH. Vr. liiingtKr rubniitUd the following resolution which lira over:? Knotted. That the rreiident be repeated to eauar to be laid before the Srnate all charye* wbioh ha had jref. rnd or tiled in any ct the department*. againat Individual! who had be~o removed from oflloa (ioea the 4th day of Mai< b laet, wit h a upt-iflra'.ion of the> any. in whlrh the oflie?m charged had had opportunity to be benrd end a etatewent of the mtnber of r<notai? t>?de under each dapartmcnt. Mr. Diu." Inai the I otnsulttee appelated to wait on the I rrfidrnt ami Inform hlia of I he raadlnaaa of Con prrra to rei'alra aoy critiii.iinl('atU>n ha might hare tc make, reported thai they had performed the daty aa?lgLtd ttrm, and that tba I'tetldent proposed to tiwnattit hi* annual n>?f<a*e toterpren imme yataly. Cel. Ei.ih tin o ?| peare l In the aide, and deliver*! to the Vice President the meaeagn and accompanying drcunxnt*. The naeeage war opered by tha Vice I'realdeit ani! read by tba (letk. ihi tinii ai:a'a airear. The reading of tha meeiage baring been eonalnded. tba \ Ice Trealden*. laid before tha Senate t ba annual rape rt of the Secretary of tha Traaaury. tha Traararer'a reprrt. and the report of the ( eaaa* Hoard, all of which, together with the metaage. wet* orderad t" ba printed. After which, the Senate adjourned. * Iloate of It?|>teaenlallraa. Waanobtoa Monday, Uee. 21,1SI9. NtMaria i?om 11*. The aereral S a at.d terri ry dal'gatri were called % in ic m aia awoiu u ,.i i r fart 4rak. bj tba Sp**k r. Mr Jofiaa wantad the lu-mbm to bold *p th?lr btnHa in tbair ? at? whil* th* roll *n tailing, to Mr* tinia is rarnlift lb?m It *w sot ?fr**d to. Ob mot Uii af Mr. TMnMran*. u( Mia* It < * raa*l?ad' that i mwH(? b* wiit ( tb<> Rabat#, Inf -rm'm than that th? IIobk bad cb> Mr. t;obb for Sp*akar. and that tha Hona* wai lan<ly to prwaad to bu'ta***. On m? tlrn^of Mr. TuoMaaoi, of ('?no?)l?anla. that tb? ufual c<miLitti a b* appiotad, in conjunction with otia by th<**, to wait on th* rr#?i Jant and inform bim that both ti? n?ap war* orjtaot*?d. ami ready t?> rrcelr* any c >n.mun>eati?n ha may b* plaaaad tc maka. A maraafa waa rrcalrad from th* danat*. that thay bad appniitrd a committ*? to wait on th* rr*ald?nt. Concnrrad ia Th* tcmmiUt* of th* H?um waa appointed, bat bo* acacanccd. Mr. Wmttnimii ' fT*n>d araaoiutlon, that tha raloa of Ihr Hon** r< axiMlrir at tha laat aaaalna, be aoatlaaai tU tb? firtt Vonuay in February; and that a committal of nina ?rt' Intfd to ratiaa th< m Anna of tb*m ought to b? altarad a* thay caabot racalra tha approval of th? majority ft M ia Ilou?? Mr. Do?i<{' l an *tm>nd.ii?nt that tha oU raiaa ba eobtinuid, and a rChiinlttaa of flta ba appolatad to rtvira, aoas axeapt tha rlatanth ruia, which prntlda* that tha maji'tity cbi.ll alaet officr* fla iid thla tc |?r?Tint OfRculty furh * had oaeurrad. Mr. *< nmii gata nolira of aa anaa>tn-nt to atcluda tha Ommttira of innmrrca and Road* aad Canal*, and. inrtaad. appoint a Committan on t'oraigs ( otnmaraa, and ona ntt t ommaraa anions tba Stata* Tba eonitd? ratioa of thla waa poatponad until Wad' ( aaday. Mr. Mnaaa wantad, whan tha Monaa adjsflfaad, tc hdjaurn thraa days, to gi?a tha Pp?akar an opportunity to appoint ataading eoaiuittaaa. Oa motion rf Mr B'tna. of Marylaad. a ra??1ation waa adoj.tad to draw for ?aaW-- tha naaiaa to b? pat in a box. and on awah drawn aania of a m?mi>ar. ha waa to aaiaet hla taat. Ha d<>*lrad to provida that abaaat mainbar* rhonld aalact by proxy. ? Whan thla waa Pal-had. It waa ra*o|aad that whaa tha Hou*a adjonrn. it ba a . .rna'itill 1 hur*.lay, Mr. TuoHi'iaWi of Itan-ylranin. from tha oommittaa

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