Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 17, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 17, 1850 Page 3
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The tlcara(na (laritlan In Hngland, [Krom the l.obdon rtmvs, Use. 1ST] We have already rj pin^d, on more than one occasion, a strong disinclination lo treat the Questions connected with rhf Nicaraguan canal ana the rights of the Mosquito Kini; as a causn of dispute "With other nation*, and to allow an enterprise of a strictly pacific and cnminrrcial character to be tuned to the bad puri?oi?** of irritation and hostility. The interests concerned in the construction of a line of water conimumc ition across the Uth*.c d II a iiiu* ui i nuauia air iauj ui a Kriinai ana public character. We have no other desire in the matter than that such a line ot' passage should be opened a* effectually, as speedily, and as cheaply as possible. The opening of a h ghway for co.uroerce is alwavs consistent wi?h the progress of civilization and the convenience of mankind ; and we do not pretend to have calculated or foreseen to a nicety what eflect such en improvement mty hereafter produce on the relative forces of competing traders aud navigitors. Like every invention or discovery lit science or geography, these changes must be viewed in a Urge aud liberal spirit, not with reference to their immediate or partial effects. Ttiev ?re a putt of the economy <>f the world, and ri^hilv considered, they hive in our days a far stronger tendency to unite Stales ana communities ttinn to never and exasperate them. The Atii-ricin Minister in London spoke the other day like a min of sense and the representative of u sensible governm?nt, when he said that no exclusive advantages were eought in this matter by the Cabinet of Washington ; and, although there may be in this country, as there is in the United States, a set of men wno are always re-irty to take the jealous and disputatious view of such subjects, the grand interests of KIngland and America are in truth perfectly at union. With regard to ihe plea of territorial right which has been set up by Lord Palmereton on benalf of the Mosquito King, that is a pure question of law. The determination of such a point jests not so much with the Foreign Secretary a9 with the Queen's Advocate. If we are legally warranted and bouud to maintain the protectorate of the Mosquito coast, it would be contemptible to abandon a weak ally because he is menaced by a more formidable power; bat if the l-gal point be ruled against the existence of this protectorate, we hare certainly no motive in policy or in honor to waste our efforts in defence of tne independence ofMosquitia. A pamphlet has just been published, or rather re}'tinted from the Col>mi<U Magazine of the two sst months, winch endeavors take a lar more decided and vehement view of this case. llut the reasoning and the assertions of this writer have not modified our view of tne question, though he has added some additional facts to what had already appeared in the papers presented to Parlia uirui. KJl Hirer miris* 111c must eitmiiuK is iiic letter, which appears to have been addressed by the Britiah Consul at New York to the director of the American Canal Company. [Wc give the whol* of the paaphlet, Inelnding the letter referred to, In another part of this day's New York Herald ] It might be supposed that the " boundary of the Morquito kingdom, which touches the St. John's Hiver at the Machuca Kapid, about 30 miles below the l^ake of Nicaragua," had been defined with all the precision of a legal conveyance or diplomatic survey. But it is notorious that the boundaries of this State are purely arbitrary; they were laid down two or three yenrs ago in a despatch written by a British agent who wu? bold to describe what he thought should be the bouudary of Mosquitia, and they have never beau acknowledged by any human being but Lord Palinerston ana their own author. As the case originally stood, the British protectorate was placed on the ground of long and intimate connexion and alliance between the go vernmeut at Jamaica and the Kntrlish bucaneersoa the Spanish Main and tne Mosquito Indians. But *u>ce we produced the article of the treaty of ITHtj, which put an end to that protectorate, tne whole argument derived from prescription is extinguished. The writer of this pamphlet says, ? in 1786, to the eternal disgrace of our then government, England was led to withdraw her support from the King of Mosquito and his dependent tribes, and to leave the field open to Spain;" and it is fully admitted that this protectorate waa entirely interrupted and not resumed until the revolt of th?* Spanish colonies had destroyed the interest ot the mother country in maintaining that stipulation But in the meantime it is further Mated by this writer that toil had erected a fort, called St. Carlos, on the northern bank of the river St. John, at its junction with the lake; another lower down, at Castillo Viejo ; ana* itisuy. mm a Biumi imiunry jmiwi who established at the Port of St. John's itself, which is the main point now in dispute. It is true that the Spanish government concerned to pay an annual suit to the Mosouito*, but it ianot more reasonable to call that sum a tribute than it would be to give that name to the distribution of presents annually made by the British and American govern* nM iits to the Indian tribes in their .territories. ' Those tribes, as the aboriginal |tossessors of the soil have an undoubted claim to the protection and liberality of the cmli/ed governments with which they have come in con'act; but we have never heard that the presence of such tribes in Florida or other parts of U e territory p( ' <reat Britain, Spain, or the United States constituted a bar to the sovereignty ot any regular government If such a bar exists on the Mosquito roust, it resides not in the independent rights ot the Mosquito Indians, but in the lawiul claims which Kogland may have had to exercise her own protectorate over them and their territory. It does spi>ear, however, from the text of the treaty of 17U8, that these rights on the Mosquito coast were expressly abandoned to Spain; Spain acted upon that cession ; and they have been renewed, if renewed at ull, without the assent of her representatives. A question may indeed be raised whether it is to the State of Nicaragua or to that of Costa Kica? both being fragments of the Spanish viceroyalties of Guatemala and of Santa Fe?that the eoast of Mosauito and the mouth of the San Juan most rightfully belong. But that is a matter of perfect indifference to the rest of the world. It would be deplorable if the public interests of the passage ot the isthmus or the oesce of nations could be seriously troubled by the question by whom is it to be made, or through whose territories is the line to pass, or by a squabble between rival States in Ontral America. At present those regions consist of dense forests, pestilent swampa, and barely navigable rivers; the wand of commerce may awakrn them to improvement, civilization, snd life?the contests of the sword, or even of the pen, can only consign them to prolonged insigni6cance and desolation. If Lord Pal cowt as British territory, l> t us be told ao, ami let ua know the grounda on which he reata hia claim; but if iho* ground* are wmiiinr. drcliDf to attach an importance t? the Mosquito coast which even the settlement ot Honduras would htTuly de errc. Ths Haitian Fmplrr IMI-OlTAlfT POLITICAL KOVUnn-m CAICA*aiAN WAI-1HI CONSPIRACY IK MORCOW. The <ht iMuivhf I'n (a Vienna MM haslet(era from Odessa, of the mh inatant, stating that a Kuaaian flotilla o| five ship* of the line of liJO guaa baa arrived in the port of that city. Thia squadron u mtM.drd to take a transport of troops to Sebaatopol. Great activity la displayed in all the Kuaaian porta and dock yards in the Black S*a In connection wnh thm news, wa find in the Alltrmnnt Zriiung. oae of its Kuaaian letters, in which it la asserted that Important political evants may be eipected in the rmiiv nf the neat year. The iKtaition of Kusaia (it ia aaid in the letter to whicn we refer) makes us look for the near approach of tbecripia. Though we cannot agree with late correspondent from Cracow, who aaaerta that the kingdom ot Poland ia likely to be occupied by Austrian troops, we ?r'- rredibly informed that the cabinet at St Petersburg)) insists on an immediate solution of the I >aniah question ia favor of Denmark rather than of (termanv. Besides this, the Emperor Nicholas will never allow democracy ia Germany (even in the I'ruseian League) togain aa influence which might jeopardiae the intereau of dyaaatiea aad the pnacipleaof monarchical governmeat. Kusaia ia prepared to strain every nerve to bnag back the $talui fW unit in Germany N?r stands Kuaaia alone in thia quarrel. England (') and France, too, have an interest to see the central couatry of Europe void of power aad influence. They wish to retain the aeutral irwoa on wmcn tney m?jr meet tad contend | for their resj.e?-tivr interests Austria Hm ft natural predilection for this state of affairs ? The last and most serious point is, that Hus in ia now resolved to execute her attempts in the B)*antme countries early in the spring of IflfiO. Possibly the Emp eror Nicholas may believe in old traditions, snd doubt the prolongation of his life snd retina, and h?* may thus feel urged to execute the great work befoie his decease. Certain it is, that the two con* now in Poland are preparing to march to the Lower I >anube and the lllack Sea. The fleet ia assembling nt gebastopol, and troops and atores are being brought to thnt city from Odeann. From Sebaatopolthey will, inn few weeks, be transported to the Dardanelles, to secure for the Raanian government that important position, which to them is of more value than the rest of the country, for it is the key to the 'rienul dominiona. ermany?add* the con*si>ondent of the Al/gtmtmt Zet/nwg? least of all, ought to oppose thin scheme, for that scheme Jirects the power of the Runsiaa Colossus into another channel, and neither Getmnny nor Austria has any chance of gaining the mouths of the Danube Thn CmwM Mmzrttt, of the 6th instnnt, announces that the Russian army in Daghentan, linger the command of Prince Argutynsky l)olgontk v hoH ftltf>f m l??nKI# hr?mKtfHm?J <be fnrir^K# of TcherkriMn^nb* Cxnch to *?h*? Th? C*ticMi?n? lo#t 3.(100 m*n in kilUr) *n(j wmiftrird. Il it fnrth'r ?t?t*d that a?*?r?l detachment* of SchMnvl'a troops who irvra ib the J neighborhood of the fortrea^Mno experienced aenouH loner# The Iota of ?hn Ku-tttiana m (he whole campaign of thia yeii^ll stated uot to exceed 560 in killed and wound*?. The Hamburg B<intJiulle uf the 19th December just received, bt*te? that iuicJIigeuce h<i<i reached the PolUh frontier, on the 11th, to the elfecc that u widrlv ramified coiiBinraCV. %hi<:h liad iln centre I in Mi*-cow, and the turn ot which was to over* throw the present Russian dynasty, hud just been brought to light. Parties in Be. Petersburg were at the head of the conspiracy, of which it was stated several members of lie senate were also cognizant. From intercepted papers it appears that on the next celebration of the (Russian) Mew Year's ?t.?y, uu attempt was to hive been made upon the |ierM>n of the liinperi?r. The discovery has canted the more anxiety to the government from the fact that ull the conspirators, who have cs yet been di^-tvered, belong to the upper rbtiks, and to the national proprietary body. The Poles se> in not to have forgotten the duastrous results which h-ive always followed their mixing themselves up wiih any political movement ; oa this account it was, that the government lately reduced to a much Soulier number the army corps which h ive tor some time pant garrisoned Poland, and it is thought that the recent withdrawal of the guarde corp? from that country, has been caused oy apprehensions of the conspiracy just discovered. A very peremptory ukase has made its appearance, requiring all Russian tubjects who are At present u\, foreign countries, to return as quickl* as possible to their homes, and threatening t? confiscate the entire property of all those who fail to comply with this injunction. InttrtHIng from Saxony?The Position of tllnt Kingdom In til* U?rmin Struggle. [Kri ui the Loudon Times, Deo 16.J The position of ihe little kingdom ot Saxony, to which we cursorily alluded the other day by way of exemplifying the peculiar difficulties and divisions of the (Germanic Confederation, threatens to bring to a point the conflicting policy of the Prussian government and ot tht other (ierman monarchies. It is now stated, apparently Irom authority, that the Saxon government has made a direct and formal application for military assistance to the Court ot Vienna, in case the political condition of Dresden and Leipzig should apoear to menace the tranquillity of t ie State and the safety of the crown. Thecor|>? ot the Austrian army quartered on the frontiers of Kohemia and Saxony hus been raised to2(i,()00 men, wuh large supplies of ammunition and a rocket battery, under the command of the Archduke Albert. They have received orders to cross the frontier at the first summons and the shortest nonce, and their commanding officer has held a i>ersonal conference with the authorities in Dresden. In the mean time the language of the .Saxon Chambers is hostile, and the uovernment stands perplexed between the twofold dangers of a pooular outbreak aud the assistance of a too powerful confederate. It chooses the least of several evils, no doubt deeply regretting the hardship of times so unfavorable to the peace and independence ot small States called upon to deiend themselves against great dangers. The chief ini|>oriance of this state ot affairs is its direct eflect on the course which Prussia has irrevocably pledged herself to pursue in Germany. It will be remembered that, on the occasion of the violei.t insurrection of tne democratic party in Dresden, Prussian troops marched with great promptitude to the support of the Saxon army, (which had itself been weakened by an absurd exl>edition into Schleswig, at the very moment when it was most wanted at home,) and thnt, after the tranquillity of the Saxon capital had been re-established under martial law, Prussia availed herself ot the influence she owed mainly to tho fears and the weakness of her ally to extort from Saxony her assent to the treaty of ihe 26ih of May, for the establishment ot a Nortn German Separate League. Like the companions of liases, in the " Odys ey," the minor princes < I (ierin iny had found themselves rescued from the tlood, only to be de vouied at leisure oy ttieir preserver. a.ixony ana Ilanovrr have never ctaaed to struggle against the terms of a compact which was imposed u|>on them j?artly by the revolutionary movement in their own dominion*, and partly by the national movement which Prussia was laboring to turn to her own aggrandizement. These Mutes have tound the ?upi>ort they required m Austria, Bavaria, and Wurtemberg; and i( Prussia enlorces the term* of that agreement, it can only be by employing the popular force which she is about to rekindle at Erfurt against all the leading German governments. T? Prussia, aspiring, as she now does, to etiect a great change in her own condition at the expense oT her neighbors?to Germany?and even to Europe, the destruction of these little State* may not be a subject of alarm or regret; but te themselves it is a matter of lite and death, and though we may be inditlierent to the fate of these petty sovereigns, we cannot forget that some of them are powers of the second class, that all of them have an historical character, and that the extinction of so many independent and sovereign States is a complete subversion and violation M an important chapter in the public law ot Eurooe. In the change itself we see little that is of mucn interest to any but the parties concerned; but the means by which that change may be effected, and the means which mag be employ sd to resist it, are ol vital consequence to the general peace. We are told by an authority which ought to know what it says, that nothing of the "geneial peace" remains worth contending Tor, and we are reminded of the partition of the kingdom ot ihe Netheilands, which gave the first considerable blow to the treaties ot 1815. Hut that transaction i* one which especially demonstrates the advantages of elfeciiug such changes by lawful negotiation and general ngreement The serration of Belgium from Holland was a legalized separation, ana it has perfectly answered. We draw a broad distinction between such an act as that. tion of the treaty of Vienna by the arbitrary will of certain of those powers as the extinction ot the independence of Cracow. No one conteata the entire right of ihe members of the Germanic Confederation to remodel *nd improve that league. The Ith article of the final Act of 1*20 expressly provided that? " Tha right of ciinyktlnn and dart loping tba fundamitiUl couipaot, whun tba otyaot wbleb It ba? la ?lit reijutra It. belongs to the aiHnbltil m?aib?rs of tba coafadrratloa. Nevertheless. tba resolution* to b? taken for tbat purpoae aan o*lth?r be la eoatradlr 'toe to tba principle* ol tba federal act nor at variance with tba primitive character of the I 'aloo " And It waa further prntM. by tba Uth artiela. tbat " la all tbat ralataa to organic Institutions. tba foundations aad assent lal dispositions of tba plana presetted with a view to tbalr raloraa. ara to ba aiopted by tba full Aa cmbly ol State*, and by unanimity Such, therefore, are the terma on which auch changea can alone be lawfully effected. The miniatera of the King ot Saxany have learned by recent experience that although it may be convenient, and even neceaaary, for tbein to have recourse to the aaatatuice of a powerful neighbor, yet that when auch aaaiatance cornea finni J'.erlin it la ac< omj-anied by d?in inda tending to impair the independent aovereignty of the Saxon Crown. The King of Saxony h-ta declared that Auatri* and Pruaaia are both of them hia confederalea and alliea, and that he makea no ditlerroce between them; nor, indeed, by the acta of 1 <l"> and IKS) 1a there any auch difference. But if the Pruatian jolicy prevailed, a very Mffial dldrrtiM would arise, aince Saxony would be bound lo Pruaaia by the strongest bonds of identity, though ?he ia only united ta Austria by the terma or * league whirh Prussia regards aa practically obaola fa* I hi th* afrirt Itual ffrmind nn whirh fh#> S?*on cabinet appear* to have taken it* aland, it haa ju?t the aanie right to rail in Auatrian aaamtt ance now aa it had to call in Truman aaaiatancwhen half Dread en > > the handa of the mob. Strictly apeaking, *uoh intervention ouehi t<. he made by order of the Ihet, but in the abaence of the Ihet Berlin acted, and ao may Vienna. It ia impoaaible to deny the right of every German government to put itaelf under the protection of the federal trooua, thoujh il would be the duty of the l>et or the Central Power to regulate the nature of arch occupation. But no ae|?rate arrangement or partial league could defeat the nght of Auatria to participate la any auch operation*, under the gene* ral and aull aubmating articles of the confederation If, therefore, an Auetnan detacnment ahould be inviud to deacend the lilbe, by the Conn of Saiooy, we know no grounds on which Pruaaia could remonstrate agalnat aiich a step, however incompatible it might he with the principlea of her own separate treaty of the 3Hth of May. For, in fact, Saxony haa recourse to the nghta aecured to her aa a member of the confederatioa of IMI3, to pro tret her ig<in*t aorne of the ronae<|uencea of the revolutionary movement of 1H4* far, wa truat that there ia nothing in thia advance of the Aus? tnan corpa at which the Prussian government could take umbrage; but it would be much to be rrgrrtted if the temporary assistance given to Saxony. on har request, were construed into a menace sgmnatthe projected Erfurt Perlnment That A^ *?rnMy may. we are confident, be lelt to find iu own level hi public estimation, and it would be an error of the mo#t flsgrant kind to attack it br any kind of violence. The experiment originated with Pru**is, and It ia desirable that the entire reaponubility of it ahould reat with her, subject, of courae, to an absolute respect for all thoae right* of other members of the confederation which have not been abrogated either by force or by conaent. At the prraent time, however, when Pruaaia haa solemnly engaged herself to make this trial, ahe cannot a ithlraw, however willing aome of the States ahe haa cam?d along with her may now be to follow a different courae. Some allowance i? due to the position in which ahe haa been i-laced by the revoluMon, and a direct attack on tnia expedient would bring about an open colliaion between the extreme printi|>le* of democracy and atyolutism The neighboring power* caa, therefore, beat afford I to await the result, and we trust that the A*<trian ttveioment will not be induced to embark with j precipi.Xion on a cours* of action wnicir .. '>!<i If ml to the men rrauha; a good uuderytuitding tirtwM u Auatria and Prua?ia in now, and ut ul< time*, ih?- only ffcur?* foabia f->r l*ir |>r<>* rraaivtwelfare ?>f Gt-rmaiiy and the liar. juil>tij >( Kurojir Attack on Hie MorulUlmraiKrol linatuth The following letter, although o tt t-ouir wiitii olil Hate. contain* mine lew details relniive to Lewa Koti-uTh and bin companions, which arc nor without intercut. We take it from the Itei<h$Ztilurq:? ''Si -tiin Nov. M I reached this place ye?t?r?lay. where tua 'lunntrian rtfuffM lad previously itrtird Ir m Wldriin. It Hi*) veil be iin? <ine<i low I %??< to ff? th* mm now In the Kat-t. ?h?. whether tor ifoort or svil. at'rsnr mi nnu-li liilrrrtl I M'Ou met ?1th un o^yiiriunity to tec iiix a< tjtiaiuied with ?<.?oe of theAe h'M?'l"'ii>iO and teamen liuu) U.i m a liuMv cutiou* fit't rel* live to tie pihoiipai pereobsue. Le?is t- >4?utb lla ir no n.oie tl.e chief if 111* emigrate >u. Me bwfa!l< n ti.d Mbt Fevei?l ha< un lartukeii the onin tuund TLe cause of thin di> ? pbase is Bndoub'edij B<i tl interesting. Kossuth, ?bn, acoordii i; t.u all previous di script ion?, I coniilMell to be solely d'Voiaj to ttc acci uipilrktuicut of tha mighty project abitih had rai>fd Ms m'n? to acrdly eminenoe K.'snulh who. Id all bin speeches. pr?t?vi-ed to hate devoted the uudividrd ?nettles of his soul to bin >lag>ar ta'nerNul ? kosuith. alio biiberto rttnrd to Ub r for history alflje?bas now entet*d the Held < f romance. and axcbanned the laurel lor the ro?e In a word, Kossuth ha* fallen ifcto and through- love Alieady. duriug the niat'h from Widdin. serious altercations bad taken pleee between th* leaders of the eiuigiation especially between Kowutb. Ca.?*lmlr, Uattliiiiny. and Perriel. The prmoipal ran n of tbla was a tender connection between L. Kosrath and Countess Deubinsky. a very bandu>m* woman, (be daughter, it in raid, of a tradesman ?f Temeswar. named Hogel ?bo a< ci u>panted tha traveller* clothed in man's attire under the nam* of hwilimi Hogel Ko?suth had separated himself and his fair friend several times during the journej from bin comiades This separation, wbieh lasted at one period several days, was profited by the latter to deprive Kossuth of the chief command, and in despite of bis numerous partisan*, to place it intbe bands of Morice I'erciel It I* said \lnrad Pacha'a (Bern) influence with Habel I'acha contributed mainly to this -'revolution.'' otherways Bern tt?M in retirement, solely occupied with the cur* of his wounds, and satisfy ing sj 19 (rdk>iDO? inuaii nuHW-u u io un oopau, alno. with looking out lor the puwti< of hl4 soul over the narrow pontoon of A1 Slrat Tbe Magyar fugitive* bad long, however, b< en divlded Into three parties-one consisting of the blind follower* of Kossuth; a HMtl Imbued with ultra democratic principle* attached to M Perczel; and thirdly, a let* democratlo fraction, supporter* of Connt BatthU any. At one moment it waa proposed to make over the command to the latter. Hi* hiatorical name and arlitocratio connections appeared to fit him tor the post; but consideration * of a different nature obtained the victory. The fugitives are loth to Iom tbe sympathies of deinocraey. They hope soon to be in a position to profit by these sympathies (Are they, percbance. looktsg forward to a listng of the Bulgarian, Roumeltan and Albanian democrats against tbe Forte?) Thus It waa that many of Ko.?. suth's and ftaHMany* friends voted for M Ferczel Bat Kossnth. for all this, will not entirely lose his Influence He will And the ways and meat* to make face against ail events. Thus, for Instance, during tho journey, ha promoted several of hit dependent* of civil professions to be eta IT officer*, la order that they might obtain higher allowances, according to their military rank, without oonslderlog that he was thereby circumventing the I'orte Kossuth also announced to tbe emigrant* that Count Sturnau had Bade ont a list of the person* whom Austria demanded bould be sent into Asia ; but that tbe ?n?lisb ambaaf ador in Constantinople had promised to furnish passport* and protect them. This Intelligence of the ernlgiant* being about to be removed Into Asia produoed extraordinary eOerveesence. Kossuth declared, as regarded himself, that be woald only submit If removed In chains. The refugees are ijuartervd in tbe great artillery barrack*; but Perciel and Koesnth have private lodging*. I wa* (truck by the appearance, among other officer*, of a captain, named Julius Saro*, who 1 discovered to be a very pretty weman Italy. OI'K^iriU Of "III K II Rl.l tllAXUHKS. At the owning of the Chimbrr of Turin, on the 20'li idM , ihe King in person addressed the i'urliamrnt in the following terraa:? Mr Lom>i ?nn Uidtumu, Munrm o?- the Si urt inn Cmammih or DrrrTita,?Tbe cautea which iLdnee.i me to diuolra tbe Parliament. >n i it.-: an ip^Hl to tbe country, bring me here at pre?eot to convoke tootb?r. cannot produce nay discomfort In our mind* Tht-y mature u* In the only rchool at which we ran learn what U ltdl*pen*abla In political Ufa?ttat of eipeil.nee. They bar* been tbe occasion of a nobis example of truit and ceneord between the people and It* ikii?rri(B They bata furnlehed tha country an opportaalty of proving that it I* capabla of *upport> Ini Ita political order and tbat It I* departing of tha Ubertlea It poaeaaaea. Our titaatioa, wblcb I termed ?eriou* four month* ago, I* not much alt. r? 1 Our relation* with friendly power* bare become mora fa<*tte ' haa th? v were heretofore; and our national credit lia* improved; yat tba moat Important qaaatlon*. both litetter and exterior, are atlll pending Hucfc a eltuatlou of uncertainty would, If It were to laat. depri>e n* of all reputation abroad and would dl'gust tba nation at bona vlth tboee Institution* wblcb. while promising a good administration of public affair* im progreae. would, on tba oontrarv. have arraatad tba latter, and bar* threwn tha former Into diaordar Ud confniion. It U fur yon to prarent thoaa fatal eonieqneneas. Tbera rl*e? within my breaat a renewed and stronger trait In tha fhta of oar country and of our lactitntioa*. Tha elector* ban llatened ta my volca. Thay coma la large number* to tha aiectioaa. I am happy, oa thi* aolrmn oeca*i?a. to be abla to taatlft my gratltuda to tbem. Tha advantage tbat thay hare thereby pro. doaad for tha pnblia waal I aon*Uer aa if doae to myaelf, and It U also mora grateful ta my feeling*, aa I am tha mora baadfnl af tha public gaod than my owa It la navdlaaa 10 nur upon too numumi iu?, ?g w "ouat of tfcalr ut|rtc;, rwqalra an latiaadUU aolutlco. Tb?y ara afflelaully knot* to yon It only rvmaln*. Ii?i-tor* lor ma to it?MUiaa4 to jour pruJaaea tbalr ?p??Jj Httlimial. Oimiui*, 8?*?io??, ?%o Oan Tira la arJar to traogtb?B that political or.lar of thlatr* which wa? la?UtuUd by h id* 1 harlra Albert, a?y father, of au*'i?t nn-mrry ! hat* dona what baahfta la bit powar. But If w? ?i.h to aaa Itiboot daap *rota ! lb? heart! and mlndi of the unlvaraallty of lb# paopla, It la not auffl rlrtt for a hirg to da. it* or d*r?? It, If jola-d tbarato tb?ra In* aot proof* tbleb ibtll <! mmtatrata truly u?fnl aBd banaBrlal raaulta la tbair practical appllo ttlon Ibl* ludiapanaabla naaeUon I* henceforth nnafltlad toyour |.an lotto ?ImI<b. I remind you that lbrr> n?v*r *ua greater ocraaloa to aiaka at lt| aa<t la tbe aaaa of our o?antry. whom w* all Invito wall I beg <>f you to lay aalde all other consideration*. aad ti tblak of healing bar bleedlBg wonnda aa l aMura bar Ik to i aad i alaly The King wanenthuaiaaticalljr received on hie paatage to the Chamber. Tort or a la vtltxarlanil. A atrangc tircnmatance haa juai taxen plare at lleiiMU, the capital of loner Aprenzell, in Switietland, ahowmu how much in theae countriea ol old libertiea civilization la behindhand in rome matter*. A >oung girl ??f m, aome montha back, aataarinated her rival. Iler lover waa arreated with her, aa<l, aa ahe accuaed him of the crime, boih were |Hit lo the torture. The girl yielded to ihr uain. anil roiiln-iv-ij her rrimr . the yo intf m*n h< hi firm in hiadraial; the former wa? condemned >o ilrath, unci on the 7th ol tin-* month wua d> ? u ilaird wuh the a word in the m-trket-pUce ot Heriaau. Thia tart la ttaelf a atanltng one, but thr drtaila are jui>t aa ?trange. For two honra the wimao waa able to Mniggle ngmn.-t f<?ir indtvidnala charged with ihr eiecutiJM. After thr firai hour, the nrrngth ot the woman waa ?till ao (real that ibr iikb wr re oblig'd to deaiat. The auih?ri Ilea ware ther consulted. bnt thejr declared that justice ought t# follow ita rune The atrauir)'then recommenced, with greater intensity, aad <ir m pair afrmed to hare redoubled the woniaa'a force At the end of another hour, ?he waa at la?t bound by the hair to a atake, and the aword ot the rucutionrr then carried the aentrnce iot<> eflect. at KitraanHnary llarf. The following ir.oai rxtraordinary atory ia related by the Pana correa|?ondent ot the Mr/mutant of Hroaaeln, in a letter dated the 14th iaet?at t ?"A few montha ago one of the moat charm ng hole la of the new quarter of the Champa-Elya?ea waa occupied by Count K , an ex-toreiga diplomatist, the Counteaa R , and their daughter. The Count ia abaut NO yeara ot age hi* wife XV. and the daughter ?. Count K received a good deal of company, and particularly fareignera ot diatiartion, in cona#fjurnce ma nationality, and the ?cqiiaiataocea that he had made ia hia rtitfVr.-nt rnc baratea The young counteaa waa a great favorite fnr k? iiIw nnmiiliahinrnia Nulwith standing IM 'Ml" id the age oi the count and hia wife, their conjugal life wan a perfect model of Drietv and dignity The ronnteaa, it apjieara, little fortune before mamas* The count, who waa the friend of her family, had married her a# much on account of hia admiration of her merit aa of the deaire that he felt, being the laat of hia rare, to diapoae of bia property in favor of a family tnat he eateemed. Much waa the general noaition of thinga aa it haa been certified to me ? In the month offVptember laat, the count recetved, from capital in the north of Knropr, a letter from a prieat, entreating him to come a* ao*n aa poaaihle to the deathbed of the mother of thecoua. tea#, and he waa atrictly enjoined to come alone The Count, although mucti aurpriaed, complied with the requeat, and concealed it from the counleaa in order to apare her feelinga. Mr arrived at in euHicieat time to receive from the mouth of hia expiring mother-in-law a moat painful and aad avowal?a confeaeion enjoined without doubt bv the t>rte?t aa a condition of reconciliation with God. Here my taak aa a narrator becomea difficult and delicate I miiat leave the reader to a<i|>p?*e what the confeaaion waa The dyinv peraon waa of about the name age aa the count, and hid married an old man At hia debut in the diplomatic career, the count had paaaed aeveral yeara in that rapital, where he had formed an intimate acquaintance with the fami'y of the Udy At Vngth, to hia great regret and that of the R<r?nexa 11 , he elm need hia reairlence, and daring II yeara rot-e aucceaaively in diplomatic functlona At the end of thia period he returned aa an ambaaaador. T he baroneaa waa a widow with very little fortune, and the proapecta of her daughter were therefore

by no mrtin* brillmnt. The count offered hit* hind 10 ihe dttughit t, hik! the mother, dazzled hy the ndvuiiiuge* which woulu fauli to iter tfoiuilm .tlliancr, #?ve u guilty tti-.-rut. The iiiirria^e lu id place, hut tlit- mother, from n caprice, as the count hm |Mjr? d < ( 'be liiii**, rt'|Mil?rrd he uu f h'? wile ttumld ? and it-Mile in another Country 1 hey writ to ltuly, where they remained until tne r? ci nt revolutions broke out. and then they visited Putin. The nature of the cruel confereinn mide ly ihr dyinK woman to tjie count tu ?<tve her ?>ul (nun |er<lition by utisolulion may he divined The jfuihy moiher died pardoned by the count, but the it an, who hud once loved her, received such a fhiirk, that from this moment he resolved never to m bib w ife agaio, or the iruit olhia fatal m irru Hetviikdluttiwuvf ih* pacification < ! Italy to r? turr, Lnd went straight to Mount C isln > ti miIi< it iin umIiiiii trom trie l>enedictine moults of .St. Jo! n. The counters learned at the ?.<tine tiiue tne drat'i of her mother, mid tlie itr.uijc ili.i aiice i f her liiifliiui't. Soon atterwrtriU sh'* iccmv?d on e papers for the regulation of har fortune, mk the definitive documents of a ?eii^rntioi for which do motive whs stated. We may judge of w I at jiabted in the mind o| this young ??d charmii 11 woman, who whu at once hn ori>hnu and almost ii widow, without being able to comprehend the causes of a aeiutiation, or knowing where her hushni.d whs. Nlie imagined at lirat that she wan the victim ol eotre atrocious calumny, but, knowing ht r innocence, bhe resolved to seek out the trur cause. Ld.-t mouth she decid-d on visiting the foreign capital where her mother died, and there the unfortunate countess leumed everything?how is not known. Suddenly her daughter, the little impel, admired by all who knew her, became o:li? us to the mother, and ere long the countess became insane. Lust week the furniture of her hotel was bold by auction, and a report was current that Mdlle. Alboni (the voculist) hud purchased the hotel, but 1 do not know what truth there is in the re|>oit. The unfortunate countess has a brother, it is bald, in the service of one of the princes of the north, and a notary of Paris is stated to have directed the sale by his orders. As to Count K . it is supposed that he intends to become a monk. Total W reck of ibe Packet Skip Oneida, of Mew York. The particulars ol the wreck of the American pat-Ret snip ?>neiua, wmaru, 01 ana irom new | York for Havre, (a report of which has already appeared,) we extract from the Guernsey Star, of I 10th inst.:? Yeaterday morning, at about:) o'clock, the A me- | rican ship Oneida, with a crew of twenty men aod twenty passengers, struck on some rocks about 1 two miles oft the northwest ot this island, and, alter an unsuccessful attempt being made to wear ship, was driven on to the rocks ou Uie southern extremity of La Perrelle Bay, where she remained fixed. By the concussion the rudder was uushi|v ped, the ship's back broken, and the mainmast sprung, in consequence of which the latter was cut away and drifted out to sea with its sails and rigging. The sea was now breaking violently over the ship, which, it was apprehended, would go to pieces; in consequence, several of the bouts were got, but as they were lowered they were dashed to pieces, with the exception of the longboat, which, however, from the boisterous state of the sea, could not be entered. By this time day was breaking, and the ship being aeen from the shore, several boat* put out to her assistance, but, owing to the terrific breakers by which she was aurrounded, had great difficulty in approaching her. Finally, however, they got under her bows, and the crew commenced lowering some of the passengers by slmgs from the bowsprit; but while this operation was in progress, Mr. Henry Tupper, Lloyd's agent, arrived, and feeing the peril to which the passengers were exposed by being slung into the toats, and knowing that in the course ol an hour or two, by the falling of the tide, they could be landed in safety, aavised the master to keep all handa on board. This advice being followed, the whole of the passengers and crew, with their periuiiihI etlecta. were subsequently brouvht. witliout any accident, to ahurr, where they were kindly received in various neighboring houses; and iu the evening the whule were conducted into towu. The cabin |<an?engert? were a French lady and gentleman, and L>r Kdouard, a French tariiHt, w ho had on board with hun a very valuable collection of picturea and other works of art, accrtmuluttd by him during a residence ?>t' thirty-live years in the 1'iiite.l Mates, and which, it is (eared, will oe destroved by ihe s<a tiler,as th>*y are in the hiii's hofd. Tne ateernge passengers were princiI'xlly poor German emigrants, who were on their return to their own country Irom the United States, where they had tailed in linding that employment of which they had gone in search. The wieck of the Oneida constats ol 1,880 bales of cottop, and a large quantity of provisions, tallow, *nd a?he.", making in the whole nearly 1,000 tons. 'I I * t>r< |>erty has oeen thken possession of by Mr. I* Merchant, Consul lor the I . State*, and a strong toice of men, boats, carts .<nd horses is being employed to bring the cargo to land, the sumot 12??. fid. being fixed lor every bale ot cottou brought to high water mark, and a pro|>ortioaate payment for other parts of the property. The ship, it ia believed, will become a total wreck, but it is ho|>ed that the materials may be saved, l'he Oneida sailed from New York on the 1st instant, and had not made any land till about II o'cloc k on Thursday night 1 he skip at that time running a course east and hy north, a light was seen ahetuT, which was MpMN to be on the English coast, but shortly afterwards it was made out to be the Caskets, tne light thfn being on the larboard bow. (>n this discovery being made, the ?h>p was put about, and steered writ and by aouth, and the wind then being from the north-west, added to the indraught of this |>art ot ihe channel, threw her on to the const of this i-land. In this disaster, we have .mother proof of u - necessity lor having a light on the southern or western coiut of Guernsey, as the crew of the (>neida are, we understand, unanimous in declaring that, had there been such a Imhi. the vessel would not have run into the peril which was the cause ol hrr bring mm. wr navr erenr rra?on 10 ornrvr thai the erection of a light m already decided on ; but we trim thui the preaent addition to thr lut ul calamitiea, of which (hit coaal ha* hern the wnf. will lir thr mraua of accelerating the execution of the intention. [fr'roai tha London Shipping 'laiatU ] Oi 1 ?ec 22 ?The operation of *iachartr? ing the cargo of the American ?hip < 'neida, which waa can on the rotka of La I'errella May, on the DiorBlBfof Wednesday laat, cnrnm?-nrrd on thr following day, and haa ever aince brm going on with great activity. A large quantity of the cotton haa been brought to land, and i? now being carted to thr Itouet diatillery atorra The ahi|>, although weahrnrd, mill hold* togrther; and ahould the wind continue in the prearnt quarter, there la reaMin to hope that th? greater part ot thr property will be aaved The errw of the Oneida lr|t for Somhaniptonyeiterduy morning by thr Kipreaa ( ). Ut'UWir, !>*< 2ft ?Thr oprration* lor aaving thr cargo and atorra ot the wrrck o( the Amrrlran ahip Onnda have procredrd with hut little intertuptiou, and with enure aucceaa. Up to Saturday night HUO bnlea of cotton had brrn cartrd to the Bouet diatillery, and brtwrrn 2no aad SOU were eoaveved there yeaterday, in<lr|prn?l. nily of about 21*) which were drpoaited above Ingh-watrr mark in La I'. rrllr lUy. .Homr hundred *m*ll raalia of lard and provmona, togrther with arveral b?lr? ?l h"p? and other go?J?, h?ve ?!?<> br^n brought to and, a* wrll a* a cooxidrrable part o( thr rigging. Thr mainmaat, which waa cut away on th* in??rolag of thr wrrck and driftrd off, ha* bren nicked "p in the Iwy and aecured. with all tta aail* tad rigging Thr (nrniiiot, wlmh wan cut aw?y < ? I nriajr, for the purpoae ol H'?dying the ?hi|>, bat alao bee? ?erId hurt, up to laat aight, no part of the property hid been loat. We ruention the*# fact* id juMice to Mrort Colltaaod L* Me**aner, the aui>ermiendenr* of the wreck, a* it ha* hero rejorted th^t they had c*uaed the ahip'a ide to be cut ?w*y, and that, ID conaenueoce, much of ihe property had drifted to *ea No |>art nt the ?r?a?I had beeo cut cacepiiBf the deck?aa operation which *w iDdiaproaablr for getting at the rargo. Thr ahlpatill hold* together, and thei* ia every reaaoa to behave that, noleaa the weather hould become very uofivorable, the wh"le nf lha cargo will be ancuted The *b|?i h? raelf will probably go to pierea, for, independently of the injafiea che haa already ta?talocd. ah>- is ballaated ? lib 100 toaa of hewn atone ; aud aa ah'' lightena, aid haa a tendency to float, thia dead weight is likely to break awiy h- r bottom. Tfca (.agltliwata Orima a??f IM Italian Oyara la l<a?aan. [Froai thr l.oaa?a < hroatrl*. Dee W \ The I. giKrimie dram* i* remained at I'rurv-lane, ihaaka to the atxrit aadeater|>riae ol Mr Aaderaon; ami what waa recently by turn* a mrnagm* aad a con< rt-roi m. h <-? p???< d on- more under thr Uwfulaaay of Mel|<otuene Ihia au?picK>tia revolution, ihe cooaummati"d of whi> h w? dultr re nirlert m our r. lumiia yr?trrdny nvrri>ng, n^'urx! ly revive*, with n?w latere at, thr yet uaanawerrd inquiry aa to thr deatinira of the aiatrr r*t*Mi*hrnmt ? wbk h h?* likewise of late year* undergone ? w nfnl hrvf mi i > fri'tn lirr old and true ? i?gi ,n< > What ia going to be done with (Jovent l.irdrn T And, in p?rtir ular. are wr to htve a *er<.nd lulian t'l-era n?<r >rn*">n r i >?r rn'Klit, indeed, h*ve th? titbi a f*fnrt that thia waa h?rdi? a I'leation * huh r uld tiei d to be d>?ru*aed a- riotuly, at * > I | * >.? II inr hit mm mi?y wun in?" (htti I the Utr?t ?fl.( r <>f ttir k>nH, ?nH wh n >nr ? !iin*ii? nl law mi* II *' n< ? ?< ntinn* t?? r? r?? tin"- In liiMf -under ih>- t" h?* t IHk. " < M.rt i ? 1 nn?> r ' ->< ?, /? Hi I k i ?fi n nl ,|l < ) \? h ? < Ixf ti.-- -i i n "f " l<< > mI lialmn (yen" lint * ihff mi? be n < r? ?.? for thuVr the ?rn* mn??l I tb-i mt*?<rf>|.hr t? uniterwtlly **rt, we r? |> M forth. of >-iiy ifn.irii>?l i ln*i? ? ho n> > k??r a I I" h?n fi>r ihr g^ti'-ral 'ni?r??i* <>( th? l?n il dr*m* n ill* tcinirj - il ruing onr objection* lo ?o % e?., t...... u. .vMrh would, we are ooiivinrrd, prove blik? nnnou* to the capitalist and iiiLbchievoua la public point ot view. L? i tin b?giu whIi clearing the question of one phlpnbU fall AC >, that Uieeta tia on the threshold Wr allude to the fancu <J analogy betv/een operatic or dramatic undt riMkinp* and nrdiuary commercial eutcipr.rr* It i? uiHviutd tiy many, that ? II,MM J VI music, as II is enuro, |irioeiiU MO odd ana unseemly contrast lo fire trade in everytiling else"? lu other woids, ihut the competitive principle which auswers so well in ilie every-day i <>|? rations ?>l trade uud commerce, and which we j ale accustomed to r< gard an the parent alike uf I < hex|ineM) hi d excellence, in, of necessity, equally j sppilt hliie lo the sllairs oi art au<l l Me lir tiil i. lint ! what is the ratti'Hti/t of the undoubtedly sound i < IlilM'H i"l liitiX'in, thHt " two shop* are better iIihu oue V Simply, i hit the increased deiniiii lor a | commodity, resulting fioru the openii g of the second shop, tiirnuldlra tu increased supply? that incietiBe of supply very commonly means diminished coat of production? aud iliat cheapened production leads to more extensive consumption . The miixiui is true or false, in any particulur case, precisely according as these conditions are, or are pot, capable of being realised. 11 all rests on the fundamental postulate, that an increased demand necessarily tends to produce an increased supply. Let this element ot the question be wanting?aud the free trade formula at once lull* to the ground. Now this is precisely how the case stands with regard to the public patronage of operative uud dramatic ait. The great prim-try condition of the suecettfui application of the mere commercial principle is here siguully wanting. Liemaud dors nut generate supply. The opeulng of a second opera nouse has not the remotest tendency to increase the available umount sf first rate operatic talent.? 1'nrnu dimna* are not worked off by steam power at so much a dozen, like silks, shirtings, and calicoes You can't get a Lind, a Son tug, a Grisi, n Lablache, or a M an*, made to order. No force of the "commercial principle" cau break down this monopoly?for it is held under patent direct from Nature herself. Double your demand?uud you merely double, treble, or (|uadruple the market price ('I the commodity, without either improving its quality, or adding one iota to its quantity.? Hence the "extraviigant salaries," which hive bcrii said?not very accurately, by the way, as we shnll presently see?to have wrecked Mr. Delafield's speculation. Those "extravagant salaries" were not, as is somewhat inconsiderately assumed, an accidental item in the Covent Garden experiment?they _ belonged to its very essence. Of cource salaries will be exorbitant when two houses are bidding against each other for the talent which is not moie than sufficient to satisfy the demands of one. To a?k for the competition, without the "extravagant salaries," is to ask for causes without i eflects. . Such is the radical fallacy of the doctrine of " Iree trade," as applied to aytarip mid dratintic | aflairs. It is simply proposing to apply the com- , metcial principle of uure.-aricted competition to a commodity which nature hns made the subject of a pretty close monopoly. When it is further considered that the physical dimensions of our theatres impose a fixed limit to the " consuming power " of the public, and likewise that custom has fixed the selling price of the article at a maximum which no manager can safely venture to exceed? la a word, that this is a branch of business in which the " returns " are not susceptible of indefinite increase, in proportion to increased outlay?the reader will sre tne full absurdity of applying the " commercial " doctrine to a class of undertakings which nature and custom alike have combined to withdraw from the lurisdiction of i>olitical economy. The competing theatrical manager finds himselt hemmed in between two anti-commercial necessities?he imys monopoly prices. and his receipts arc limited to a fixed standard. Hut let us so a step further, and look at the effects of this Rind of competition on the character of 0|>eratic art itaelf. The same process which runs up salaries to a pr?-po?ierous height obviously ni.ikvs it impossible for any one ettn'jlishmr-Qt to retain in its service a full Hnd etfective stall ol the highest talent. The corpt which, if combined and coucentrtited oil a single t-tag'\ would be adequate to the perfect interpretation of the greatest muster- j pieces of the tirn composers, is broken up and \ tcsttered. Vou have a star here, an A star there? an incomparable Alice or Amina in one, and j a superb Norma in another?but nowhere a sustained and harmonious rnumblt, complete in all i its parts and proportions. Nothing could more forcibly illustrate this tendency of the competitive system than the deplorable condition to which it lias brought the national drama. In the old days, when Drury lane and < 'ovent Garden, instead of ruining each other by an irrational competition, concentrated their respective resources?the one on tragedy, and the other on comedy?salaries wne moderate, each establishment bad the undisturbed rommnnd of the best talent of the day. and each waa enabled to produce the highest and moat finished combinations of excellence in its own line of art But competition crejit in, and spoiled all. In place of a perfect and effective rtrpi dramaiu/mt, we tjot the "star system," with its few prizes and ita many blanks. In place of a rational and well-organixi-d division of labor and combination of talebt, by which managera, actors, the public, and art itself alike profited?we have of late years had a liiue of everythingeverywhere, but artiatical perfection and completeneaa n? where The cudm(jurnce wan what we have wen?the Itritich drama went out, and French horaemanship and ronrerti monitrn came in. To auch a j?a*a have muttera arrived, that the production ot a perfectly well acted knulith play ?u the boarda of one of our Kteat mrtiopolitan theatres?ahould ao brilliant a huccet* be achieved by the present Imsee of l'rury lane? will really be one of the niott remarkable novelties of the age. To tho?e who have followed ua th'ta far, it muat be needle** to hay much on the particular cir- 1 ci:n.?tntices of the case more immediately before ua. If the principles above-slated are aound, it at orce follow* that any project for renewing the ditaatroua experiment of the laat three aeatone, la one which all true lovera ol the lyrical drnma are mtcreated in depreciating. Yel it not be mm-leaa to correct one or mtMpprehenaiona which prevail, v>? believe, to aom''extent, Wnn reference to the hiatory of that ruinous business. It cannot be too distinctly underatood that the Covent (iorden apeculation failed, not from accidental or remediable miahapa, but from cauaea intrinsic to ita nature. It was an experiment tried under moat favorable auspices, ana one aeea no reason whatever, why it ahould not have aucceeded ?except the one inaurmountable reaaon that the whole thing was essentially a blunder. It waa aupportrd at the outaet by a singularly powerful combination of firat rate talent, including the aervlcea of a muaical director, who had had upward* ?>l iW' ni) >?aisexperience at ll? r .vtajeat* iuea* tre. '1 he financial rmniii|rmraj lick it neither ikill nor capital. In the hand*, of an accompli?h*d atfttir and hrr hmbmd, (himself a muatclan and comj-oaer)?ii-it, of an exi^riencd mu?ic d< aler, aud man of busineaa ? and lastly, of a gentleman of lartc pr<>|>eriy an.I unjiMMra liberality?the enterprise had every poaaible juatice done to it; yet in each of th?w 'We siiroeis. aive phases, it waa a loaing and ruinous business. It waa not, aa aome Imagine. the heavy original outlay that remotely can** d tne fin tl catastrophe All that waa overbefore Mr. Ot-Ufi'-ld'atitiK; he did not cone into the concern until after a fortune had i ? w t?_ w?-n airrsn; sunn iu i? vj ?iir i 'ipimir. ??n? it ihe "ritravagant aalariea" that brought the catabliehment to the ground, for aa rumination of the act ouata diacloaea the moat material lact, that, although the attrti tioa continued the aame m ls4M aa in |Hp?, \ ei the revenue dechard to aurh an e?t' tit (lr. in . n ? f rll,'?*i to i ' ??,) that the moneta taken were matiflicieat to defray the mi?c? Ihintoua expenditure, even irrcapectively of the Nl?nei of the leading ariutfi There ia consequently nothing in the hi-tory of thia ?pecalation to break the i..ri-- of the broad Net, thai thre* fortunta hate been atink? i?iat one per aa urn in the attempt to eatabliah a aecond Italian opera m I - d? n We venture to preawne (hat the nbtrioua inference from xII ihip i? the rorrrf t one ?namely, that Ixmdon do?a not want, and will not au|ioort, two Italian o|era*; and >hi? ?onclnnon ia till further borne cat by the well-known fart, that, until withib a went period, the annala of Mar Majeaty'a Theatre have been a mere hiatory of bankruptcy and diaaater*. Aad tl may be added, that were there any rearoa for b?*lie?mg that the public require a larger anpjdy of op-ra'ic entertainment ihun 'h<>y tird pre?iona|y to the year IM7, the rational mode ?.f mpplying th?- demand would be by mcreaaipf the number ?>( wiekly performance*. not by multiplying opera hmn. We Mar-err !y tru?t that ine |ea?on taught by r?c*nt e?i-erlei?ce will not be diaregarded; and we eape. riaPy hope, for the aake of m?ay old and admired favorite* of the public, that they will not be tempted [ to hararrt their professional gain* in thatatrmge ?nrt ? ? t-?t' ? K ?|? < ul*tK'n, wnn n w ni*?heard ir<|*>eed?a arhrme of which we will wily f?? that it ain?ara to na to combine. with rurimia itfrlirilf, the ae?mm|ly incorruptible diaad??ntw^ea of the two antHtfonial |>rin<i|le? of contention and communiam. The r?m Tr.?lp ?t Knrmp*. [t'rr?tfc? London MunMN* 1 ? ??** . !> ? M ) 1 he regular cnnetl tMfiiK.* Ina, m la ua ially the ? ??e rfnniiif the f'hrtn'tltaa week, be*n a S?"?d deal interfered with hy th?- holidava. Mmy of Ihe irinnp.1 grain maketa have liee* h< Id ?H the act uatomed day. and wherever thta hw b^en the ra?e the att< nd <nr*e ha? Seen alrnder; ihe firm lone which th* trade aaaumeii lh?i we?k haa, n? i erihel? ea, t?een maintained, an I the ?aloe of wheat h?e, not withatanding the iadifer?nt condition in which nio*t of the aimi>le? have roitie to hand, rnthvr tended npwarda There ia nothing in the |>re?rct (<o?ition of afTura to lead to the he|i? f that any material advance ia about to take I'lkce, hut liie | ratability of the aappliea from > I the northern continental imrt? falling off is enough I to ini|Miri bonit- <te*ree of firmnesn; mid it may be I Tefurded hi tolerably certain t tat the arrival* frotn the Hullic will, daring the next two or three iliaiillt*, tie coiii|iMrHtivrly amnll. Tbr official account of the ini|M*rtMtiori8 into the United Kingdoia during the mouth ending 5th lvcember, h*a juat bem |iublintied. from which it appear* that the I?iIhI ijUHiitny ot grain and |iul?e, ot foreign growth, entrrt d for home consumption In the p-riod named amounted to H25.2HI quartern; and that, in addi? 111.11 'JltO 17J rtritt llf l?r?iun mun..fa/.l..~J <1..... and meal were received These enormous supplies readily account for the extreme ditncultjr whirli our fanners have experienced in eflectiug euUsof their produce, and the great depreciation which their property su(F>'reiJ. Since Ft bruary latt, when the duties were abolished, our imports <f gruin, Vc , have averaged above one mil* lion of quarters |>er tnoutn, and the reduction in ihe price ot wlieitt, under the influence ot constant press-lire on ihe markets, has been about 10a per quart* r, or 20 per cent. The general weekly averei;e for ihe kingdom, published yesterday, is :Ms. 9d , and the return for the corresponding week in 1K4M was -17a. 7d. per quarter. The decline in prices of other kinds of corn bus not been quite so great, but all descriptions of agricultural produce have suflered an immense reduction. If the (me of policy which his caused thu be persisted in, the cultivation of the soil must cense to be remunerative; and though farmers may tor a time continue to struggle against hope, as their leases fall in they will natura ly give up so unprofitable au auiplw) in* nl. 1'iiis itie piillUCal fcuuuuiuu i< Us un i? ot no itnpoiMiice; according to their doctrine it is the extent of the imports, and not the internal production, that constitute* the wealth of a country. For the pre?*nt, however, we ate inclined to think thut prices have touched the lowest. We .-hull most prohnbly have arrivals front one qmrter or the other duting the winter months, but not on so extensive a scale as heretofore; and though we do not calculate on any advance of moment, wb should not be surprised it wheat were to rally Is. to 5s. tier quarter between this and March. The arrivals of wheat coastwise into London have been tmall since the close of last week, ami the quantity exhibited at Mark lane by land carriage samples, from the neighboring counties, has been auite insignificant. The trilling nature of the simply has caused factors to a*k somewhat enhanced terms, and the best qualities cf white wheat were placed on Monday at prices about Is per quarter above those realised on that day se'nuiuht; the general runs were more saleable, but were not dearer than be(ore. Since then the transactions have been altof[ether of a retail character; on Wednesday scarcey any business was done, and the operations this morning were of too little importance to warrant alteration in quotations, but the turu was decidedly iniavt-r id the rtlier. Koreign wheat hn met wiih leg* attention English, though millers find it heces.-ary to employ a considerable quantity tor mixing; this they have hitherto been enabled to do without apj>eurin<; to buy ill the market, as a Inrpe proportion of the late im;>ortB from abroad has gone direct into their hands? meanwhile, we have comparatively^ little country demand,ami the tiadehas been more firmthan brisk. Holders appear to reckon with confidence on a more active inquiry after the turn of the vear, and no anxiety has been shown to push sales. The business done on Monday was at rates fully equal to those current on that day se'nnight, and this morninp the finer descriptions were held with greater firmness than earlier in the week, owing 19 the tettim; in ot sharp Irost. Flour has not excited much attention since our last; there has, however, been a steady sale for good marks, at farmer terms. The show of Lnglisn barley was moderate on Monday, and choice malum; sami>l<-? were easily placed at previous prices. Secondary Foits were, on the other hand, difficult of disposil, and prices of the latter had a downward tendency. Since (hen the demand for this ^rain has been very slow, and even the best qualities were taken cautiously to-day. The supply of foreign has more than sufficed to satisfy the inquiry; and in some cases, where it has been necessary to clear vessel* coming on demurrage, lower rates have in partial instances b?en taken, to ell. ct safes from on board ?hip. The value of inalf It is remiined s ationary. A onsid* rable portion of the arrival of oats is this week again fioni Scotland, but the total supply is not particularly large The principal dealers have, however, conduced their 0(?-raiion? with extreme caution, and the trade has been very slow. Pricea were much the same on Monday as on th it day wrek.und have not undergone nnjr change re luiring notice since then; but that it would have lit en n?r- s-sary to have acne|>ted |e?a mon'V to have made iirogrera in the ?ul>a of inferior and out of condition qualities of Scotch or foreign, admit* o| little doubt. Ouotationa of bean* and (>eaa have remained unaltered; the demand for theae articlea hu been very tardy, and the i|i;>lie?, though moderate, have proved am;>lv sufficient. Holder* of Indian corn have naked full term* tor foaling cargoe*. hut the buMmer* actually doae h<ta been <iuite umni|M>rtant. Meaara. Barilla Circular, Lowi.oo, Friday. tie. 2*, lNI-fl?< o'eloak. F. M. I>arlag tha whol? of la*t *Nk ? ip?ri*ao*d graat ctlvlty la tk? ooloalal and foreign produea Miktl*, and though very largo luantltla* of aoet docrlptlon* of |0<xl* war* brought forward, almost averytbtng found ba>*r*. and g?n?rally at advanced rata*, fc? principal pareba?*i b?ing by tba trada an 1 fp*ialatora, aipert daioaad bailog rxp*rl*nc*d a check from leveral it th? arar p<rt? b?ta< ?low4 by tea. Thi? w?*k Eiiktt* bavr t>??n eloaad for tn? holiday*! aad will not r?-open till 3d January n*ft bat a go >4 dral bttbte doln* prlraMv to J prtraa *(111 (bow upward Italticj, tba natural ri>?ull of coatlaaa4 kbu4u(? of Mao*?. Tba Kund* ar? ilwiil} maintained. I ob? l? l?B'lB( of ?t M>? a 0\ dlr II f iMt r*tura. tkr uno'iut rf bullion h?ld by th? Bank at l.BglanJ tu^Ukll Ml Tba orarlaad m?il arn??d on Uia 20tb lo?tiot briojin* tho Mloalaf 4ataa: ? Brnabar. 17th NowBbart aieutta 8tb N"<-mb?r; Hong Kn?j Joib October. gh??(kM 234 ()?t"h?r la via Stttb Mulli. ,oto Oatobrr, n4 i* lombo. 16th No??ml?r Tba Hon K I. t mnpta; hit* ad?anr?d thalr riW ?( fxukiri* f?r Hllia <>o inn1 |il ml \ltirtt lo ti IM ind ooUimtM; tola II ',d. |.rr < i>mpM) Itupaa. A*nn an fliot ??,?A filr lualo'M dolaf, it former ratal, t nlt?d Ktat?? fl'? !< lB<fulr*d f?r We in >ta i nllad Stataa A'*, IMJ3. 101, ai dlr ; ditto 1H17 10 :s a 104 as dlr ; .lltto 1?<i* 10<> a IIW ft dlr Naw Vork Htata 6>. M a H: ditto ? Ity ?.' W? a V"J. aomlnal I'aanSlvanla l'?. II *.l Ohio ? ? 9tt a loo, Vtntialat'a, ; M ImIMlppl ?' . I lantar*' Bash *0, ditto I al >a Bank. 1* 30, Maa*aebuaatt* ia Sterling 103 a in?. Vat)lanl t'a ditto. Ha 111 South' arolloa & ? ditto, 93am, aoa>' for *ale. A<?n malalili their r*lo? p<*?, i??. a 8*a 44 ; pearl* 30a.; but tran?a?ll"B"i hata been unimportant ' in baa a**io titHMi 2 I 34 par lb Tba *al?? rom?>nee ?4". ba<r> llnndara* (lilrer tr-m 4* a la. ?d . alth ?0 bat* M??kaa. ? lid a 4a IMi !>?< I loader aa Mlr?r til* aiiaia"< a *?-ld r<ry hrtaklr i<. 2d at* 74 . b*lr>( a fartbar lai^m?a*ll of :4 par lb. C? r < la dearer. wenotiaa *mall >alaa Trial Ia4 (ram 40 i <">* . and 400 Ban* (and (ojatajull at 30* W , tllk tl* Kl al <! , ho*iB( aa a4raaaa at la a la. M. per ttt t'oarrr ? The la*t nlrlt*a fmaa li'irit fktl; nowfirm pra*l?u* ?n-? of tbe Important deftalaaay ib crip, and In all the near porta of the aoatlaeat aa veil aa tba MadTrrrantan. th# arilHe ha> continued la aotlra r?'|B??t, at a lurtb?r laprureaieat la ralaa. With aa |i< ? III m?>M wigoiii ?l an idiinn in tm p?r cvt iirl jdlni pobltf mIm. Ik* Mlavliff tmiM tlria ha?r oroiirro4 ?I *00 tiaka 3 Quit ,a?a liautati > fajlrn IdOWkH'NtllM lodla ;t nrlm- d-awrtplloaa. ?? <1 i? mill(B la ?tr?i Ud Rratll I* aarjr WWM KlatU*( in ll rrtinMl bll notkti>| hio Wol 4?no t< hoMN< Bra liala* of mil bl?k*r nu?. " |<mi4 trai " Rio iflut, would It Irtaf rH4lli M , Ik* (? >? pr1?* Il4'ld MtlHbWI ?II?fi4 U'l ffo?*4 for a airgo of k 004 >?(* Th? Ml' ilnt ara pra???t |Uotitloi? <e)loa runutlon Mink NHit*, Hlltl; Motk* 44 I Ma . Mmiiii n4 Ja?l Ml a At* . Nimft'rt t?4 r?d?of U ??? ,! mM Hloi II i Ma , rorto Hloo iad U tuajr%, I'j ilh., Htftw. ? Ml . Bmil. 44 i Mi Tfci tin kr?4> kn bill Mm4j (?? ??? Int. m4 bi?t ??ll-h ?h??t featlif km In amall aip^ly. kal cifl"?ill; brought titlw Bor* <i?j, f .rotga vkoit. flour Ml .prlt<? ofri. vllkoal fh?o<? lodl?? 'ora hu km la tnai r*|B?it. IM aa klgk n J?a kM ?? paid for Sai wiliti. aflmt lariadiM mi. f"l|kl Ml ln?or?M-? I Tlnm *11 qNllI nlklf In'N ll Ik* ?|0?I #f UM ? *? iid riira tk* irrlral of tin iwr ifortka* ll^rmarai hm? tmk-a plioa prlM >>f (urtiM aaw ha'H Iknil par Ik ?lar Iha lata hlfboat p-dat. Tk> rial al'hm iro ronlaod Ia SIM MMliril, fr- m H4 al'.d for Ik. * M.-Haiaitlnf our irtloioi klfl ittfvtal (la KlattliK of a^aanlllori. Ml kit* Wi (itlra aaloa of 1^00 liakall tl |MUlf. II Ida. 14 III: I Ml) ka?a roloh. 17a .14. ill) *4 ; |W baffl |M 4 ha urmotlr M? , iMI MM B-??al aaflloaor, f rr m i>) in tip to At. ? amphor Arm it vw . aid Tmla) ||Mill. It 111.; <(atlk?llror, M *4. par Ik. lapat t'4 Ulna* ill Ida I {II. No putxla dial of l?|>ortaic* lira k*? hold alio* oar lau Mi?t ? Kuaatia Ira a? lilt quotod, Multla aofl. iar>?a. ai a mw nun a pnn-tn psio ?a a r? !> t> ?(h? le it i*0 a t ?0 h JaU ha< |m>ha?4, ?1H lirp tirtttla ar>4 h?a*y it I 3 '<<1 h?'? b??a ?*I4 ?r- a A'10 A 14 l<M par toa Ioi.h.o ? *fe?nt 1M* > la hit* ?han(-<| haa.l* 4ait?g ik? ImI fort tight. it ??ry fall p?l?*? aa 1 vary ] fa? |'arr?l? ara ??> off* flag for **!a tha Uat lattari I"1* ' aWirtw a-tima*? Ida pro* from IJ> WW to 1M,W? a<ta Til* laaa market aoitltiiM vary lira, at aur laat qra?atl?t?? tor Ml 4aarrlp't?M l.aan dull it:4> a for W'aatar*. Li W In ra>|Q??t, aa4 ralh<r 4-*rar BHlltk pig, k 1* n?a ; fbrat Alt, Npaniah Alt l?? fart**. Liotnn i iim la llmit?4 daaiaa<t a* AT lor BriHA, >?<i AI 1C? for boat Nit torn, la barr*l?, thiol roaad 4? *1 U M On - f?r?rai ? "? < *** o??o? *ah a?ta Tf at A*n a AM ft.t ?-?aih. ra. <? for i ad H iWt AH>, for fiaa ??ia ?aal Ortra la mora i?? mmI aad ratkrr daarar, palm a*araa. at Sio a 'vj? *4 (wtiiii M* a tM ; ll?a??4 Braiar a? Baa o? tfca fat *t?b rath, r kayaro for Malt jit at?? ?4 f* itt . _ Km li< Wi iiaii I* ?pa?in'*tl?? fa^aa'l. _ ao4 10* ti 1?t low K? f*?? *Mta ?-?? '. ?*

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