Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 21, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 21, 1850 Page 2
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Affhirk on the Ea?t Side o( the Atlantic. j Our Liverpool Correspond ??ce. Liverfool, december 29, 1849. t TJit Wtii Imlia Mail Contract Sytttm?Tki A'ica- 1 ragtui Que$H<m?'Die American Steamer*, fc. \ j A good deal of interest is just now felt in the mercantile world, at the probability that there eeems to be of the West India Mail Packet Company obtaining from the government a renewal of their contract; and no wonder, for it is a well known fact that advices Irom the west coast of America, Vera Cruz, and varioui parts of the West ladies, are continually anticipated via the United .States, by the Cunard steamers, and in all such cases the di?satiefaction is very great and very reasonable. For my own part, I can conceive nothing more monstrous than for the British go- i vernment to venture upon such a step. A nioditiration of the routes or circulation f.?r this mail tervice has, it is true, been submitted iu the columns of the Vimn, for the gu'libility of th"ae : *hot>e ken cannot see through it; it it i-sctrrely likely to go down. It is proposed, you will be aware, that the company l?uild four n< w steliners, of equal (mark tin word) power und soeed with those of the Cun ?;d line, und of tonnage from 2,'MX) to 8,000 each. Vt ry good Tb? -e -te un-r.s ?re to be allowed one d?y to co il at St. Thortus, (th-first point at which they will touch, and where, oil/, iliey urt t<> io ;1,) w hich, by tli-n -?v itTlf Ml, they arc to arrive at, on the outward pj re, in twelve da) s. I must here rem irk, that for a-t- nr to Hecomplith that distance, which is -"tdn vnai 3,<>22 miles, in twelve days, iif .pi v.ilrnt to h?r arriving at Mew York (supiKv-Mtig the v sael bound lor there) in t?n days 15ut the cou-"i:nption of coal in steamers ol such |>ower wouM cerf iinlv not be urH> r en hty-ftve tons ;,--r .-in . The<pi ?nt tv ?t coal to b*- thlten on luiird at St Thomu would, therefore, he ov< r 1,000 ton-* pn !>ably not lesi 1 flLil 1.200 ItinK for I i'm hi jf I !i . t i. rnr tiff ?>n <'it}k than t>velve would be occupied by tin? p*?iNow, I ; k any rea?onnble mm, whether ?urh conlinj.' could b* t fleeted ia double the time To mn 3,622 mile* in twelve d;iv?, would be ii fpei d ?;re.iter by it If i-i a r ule uarl a I: lfl j < r hour than itiyihin.: ihe VI c i*" ', or any of hut ilan, b?s jet il'ii The proposed n'*w 111,111?*re \* ill coat, it is t -tunated, about I (Nri.(M)O. T'.i.- is ;.!! \> i> tine, in I no d< ubr. tic y will, when ? {'. ', l.e noble ciaft. Hut what i> to become of the old thtps, it- a puzzle to nie. Our thing is ceriatn. the l''>vi runieut never can conaen' to n irrant e?pi il to what the company has enjoyed uiui- r tlie exist11 7 contract?namely, fl isw.a'k) p r annum I- it in t mo t rxir-'OHllnary, how blind the Ei plieh government have been to the plain fact, thm a considerable, the moat considerable portion of the v. otk ilt ue by the We at India m til te un>-rt<, cosld h..ve b < u perfonaedby the CmHat mi ?t vtiy little additional exj?en?e to th* country* };> means of n lin- of steam r- bet*v-en New York im.o the tevral port;' in the West Indies, at which it in nec< scary to touch, the communication could b?* greatly ex|?'tfifed. Jamaica couH b?? cornn'tiiicui'd with, ordinarily, in 17 days (it ia now generally l!>), New Orleans in IS'to 20, (it is a i ttchif yetnent if tlie We*t India inail steim-rs ae< omplu'h the ame duty in 2S days) : and throughout ihe whole wheel an euiml acceleration might be i ll- ci? d bt a saving of at 1<- ist 2-"> per cent. The The Wi; t In ;i,i Company receive ?.211.(MM)per anrum, nr.d the Cunard Company X 140,000 or XIIV 000 per annum. Could not. I nsk, the entire service be perform* d by one or < ther of these companies, for X280,(XX)? Who can doubt it T f "Jli 14 j or i f thi.s subject, the Nicararuan route to ihet'acilic is likely to occupy men s mind* to treat ext? til The grand quesliou will be, is his Momjumo Ma jetty to ha\the protection of h -r Eriianuic Majetty : and if so, does " Si. Joan," alius 'S^t. John," alint "(Jrey Town," belong to Morguito or Mr. ra?ua T Ii is alleged with ureal firii i ? ! , l.y a \\ liter in the Cchmiul Magaztiu. tit Nov ruber i- lid IV ccliiler. (u'd the p.ijier has l:.t<)' been rr-puhlmhed in the form of a pamphlet) that Nil aiagtra never anv ?ea coist on ihe Atlantic Miie of the Isthmus. This question of communication with the Pacific is certainly one of tteat nn int nt?of paramount interest, not oaly to Grest Britain, ht.t i?> T,,n?*r<lljr. Tii-re can be ho doub', thr.t t-hor'ly the Nthnria will be* con > the highway to the J.'ast Indi#a hiu) Chun, ant' to all the numerous inlands ia the Wester.i hrmi?phrrr, and cf course to the went coist of l>? h Americas ; mid the roi:t>- by C*pe Horn will t?li into dcMielude, urid w ill he, - re loltf, almost li iiiot tn. I forward the j?uuii>hl t referred to herewith. < n WfiiwM'iy and Thursday nights, we had piles of wind trim the north, "with tremendous i nailsut n tt rv i!? I ?uruig the-ebb tije on Thurs?'n) Hud yettrrday, there waa a very heavy sta on i1 Mi r.-ry, . ml . m ;i?t- in. t ! > dock the Niagara (which arrived from ihr CNde on Monday hint,) at 1 lyh wat? r \> tterdav, failed, and she had to let her anclu r m the riw r. A yale from due north i- m nv v ; ' rare here I do nat recollect it idowlofi so In rd from i|> it quart* r since the 1th February I' M, which tale prevented the 44 Acadia" t< ui. h - < , esthe mails i ou!d not be got on I. . id of 1 r. Some snow frll on Thursday night, or 1 \i t terd.iy and 1 ?s? nijtht we had a keen frost l? To. A. M ? The wind continues unabated, but hs* ve? rtd a p?-isit west. Ottr la i man Cot ra?|>oii<lcnce. Riilid, December 18. 13 J9. Tft anfi Prut'inn />i/ft" ?'/ /? C'iKfnlrrati'-n?I^rtlrrn'tcm cf the OM Rfgi tu?Progrtu ij Pui lir t^im i?Chrittm it FutivnU ? PrJ'fkt tm tkr St me, gfr. The report ?f a change of policy of the Pru'sun cabinet, or n.ther the al>?nJonm*nt of tii? project cf flii* rcr federation, which is t r.ithlio lint fmu mom of a reconciliation betw<>? a the latter and the Atisfri.m cabinet, h;n of late framed adegree of probability, winch rv< a ilie anxiety <>t the tfo einrr.^nt, in calllne together tli? Iteicfutuff to Ftfurt, nr.d the < ni!eavoni of the official or^nn in behalf of the (xrman unity, have not Iw-n able to Ween. Whatever m iy h*re b? ?*n the vi<l"n? anil at-hrine* indulged in by th?* IVimuu cabinet, with re*pect to the supremacy in t?ermauy, it teems t<> hp, now, beyond a douSt, th it the decided a'.litude since assumed by Austria hn determined the former to alter it* coutae in regard to the union <|iien* ti?n: and it may he considered as equally ?-tt!ed thai, on the Hiitmatum o( Austria, winch imaw e?pertr?t to he ernt in, PrtlMia will be prepared to gve up a. toy ether the plat of the confederation. Tie latter, i? r< itt< kiuie a Otniui i^rlUnvnt, at lnii.li t<ware ih.it AuMiia refuse* to recognise tlir imci>, d;i) b<- eaiti to barf t> ea guided merelir ( I ) tf e nirtue of jtiatifymi; iteelf before the world, ( in renin uii'if lie H >rt? unto the last, whiNt an m.< rvi. tiwg with Auatr.*, that matters tre to be i ?< it . .1 m , >.y, tin* t?e< u roine to. A ru >ture | ?rnh the atirr |*>?< r, ?hicb would hare probably Ud 10 a t>neral I.i hi,ran war, being f<?r the preNit a?oidet<, the mihI|?I atleatioa of tlie govero* M.< at l.rt', null 11 'tie nitaiMvrtal pa,ere, is no*- , directed toward* krrplaf up. aa i? were, the *p- ( ? : ii? n, ttutil it w i'i lie tsm?* to , V M VI i ' > . ' !>I tl.. I?! . ?! far lK? f. i 4 iti> , i i *? ill tall U| ?'ii I'mwia i 01 - .??.. i'..* ? ( the . ft'ici*! organ a, , 1 i i . ; ? f i re < ii the i mirae ( it .? 'I >n ?' i,?" """ i . i' ? i'.e i' r? -?i >u winch 1 , i " f - n < *? ry * ne , .tnd alter the | * Mn i't ttn t?W it.fw on iW j-aii of Anatm, and if t i t. it i toveirwm w '1 not o to war | .i - \* hiw>wr ih- r in!* . ? r? in | ?i M. m ! ?? r n :> hi Hi'- *ht of 4 t4)actu?? TVi? ill* ct miiii?'?ion whirn ha* ?> I " i" to m til- arr men ti>r th* ( i 'It it ?>i i n K? 11.j* n that cny, an^ ???h* r ] I. ? i t > i ; on r ?i 1 i?> he f fing on, can- | i . . . ; hi; 'ii wrli r-?r>?rd to itir n* , .<< sir g"?erMiicntto five ti|>the plan of th? , mi fat k M? n n* co <*?r.i' nr. and come to j a ?. i.-r il. f. e?i with Aii tri.i with r*?^ct to ( i nii.iijr W.ih iiie at>und<>am?iitcf \ n.ii ? i? .i. . <'ed thtt a m i.tili ation of j " ? ' : ml (hit <' > int Von \ An n , v >n hel? ntrinc to the ultra con- , *< ?. a. .! UxruMyr iif lined toward* Auatna, ' an .II ?1.1 r ' in It i? heltcreif that, at the f ?an?e in , ?J. . th> u/> /*?/*/, which h?u been t alf.i t i i1 e d t>y iit^ ai i-a-ntment oi an Auatnan i a?<< I'r -.a..., at Krtnhfort. anJ which, in ti r t"*m .-Vin n.?at ?.t the HundetUf, in the , t. tr> i? ?? .'.rf *c< ?f. |i..th' trea'iea of l?l\ tJ w.l" in-l--in.fira- . ?!** 1 IVm*-ia. it i? ?t*i#i,_ i?? *n - - -' > or w> irie<l -] iiiiI Aiillia 1 j W . the .4 *?i.l I <: I 1? O^rmadT tl lit* (kit* N ?i?df l?cmaltjr re??ofe,i, imhlic o^aion at ?b? |f "?i m? n > ni nut be i H n??.n?n _ 1+ ri < jr I. I rg ? I f t r?-*ery where L lhal decider! rm>ral nwwrtim, wh ?H cannot l* t. e*e? bjr p*iT?i<-?l f. rT'via a Kill for j tke rm'tirii'tiioa of ik? Jew# b?# j?at beea c trned , lathe la*ari*n i biKkfr. ik tfct tdmaaion <>l r lli' J?? wie I he jniMm wmr* in Havana, from hull they a^re hitheno e|rl?ded. >i?a hee? ,le- j ru-ed by irreat m* -nt* ?< n?< ig-.?em neat | Thi?, !< ? , ih* <(,.. fi >11 \?? ' }>>,w of Wurm- , l?er? b?a mrrit "*ly protend, that the c<n?t- "] tot ion of the rear f?l??. arhii h haa been formally ; kx liah' H, ahowld be Mill reforded ? ?n<| t ha* re?"l?ed to |'re>eai a* addreaa to the Kin?. I ray i*i for the fiBa| abrogation ot the aaine |? ( like maaaer, the |<r?N throughout Oermaif de- a elarea it?elf aiawit the reartiocarv and tile r machination* and lair pne* which hare o? late ^ beet carried on, aati ha?? b?eg n full? rerealad a n the trial of Waldeck. From e very where ad- n Jrecses, congtutuluting the latter on his lib^ratioa, \ ire wnt in- Another great triumph ha* likewise t Been ginned by the acquittal of the deputy Jacu'iy, i it Konigtberg, who ha* been tried oa the charge n i>t high treason, for his liavin<r tiken pirt ' in the deliberations of the lite National A - in- < t>ly, when that body had removed from i Frankfort to ^tutgird. Tli* accas-itioa against I Jacoby was principally founded on the spch*s he had held in that assembly, and on th?* proclamation to the German nation i-mied by the latter and binned by him, in which all Pit* government? of Germany which refused to c irry out tin ree-olutu>ns uf the assembly, had been declired puilty of treason ng-tinst the people. The i iiu?tice, however, that he alone, though ooe ot the principal leader* of the democratic party, should be made responsible fi r the is of the \ 'ional Assembly and for speeches he had made in hi < capacity as rnoriber of the same, could not fiil t'? cause the jury to return the verdict of not guilty. i His acquittal is regarded as another defeat of tlie government. similar to that it has suot iin-J ia the trial of Waldeck. According to accounts received to-d.iy from Frankfort, the Austrian and Prussian commissioner* have arrived nr that city, and the Archduke John is about to resign the central power into their hands. The uktinl C' rit-tmas exhibitions a* Milenz's and Kroll's saloon, end other fashionable es'abli<hnients of tins capital, have atrtin been opened this year, and rho?v a tine display of taste, with th tt mixture cl fun, farce slid humor, which is the i principal charu< (eristic of Chn*irn is entertain- 1 mrnt.'. A prand puppet show, in which a 11 the potitic .il < fvract? r-i ot the day are represented, and i v. holf m from re.d life copied, ha* beeno|>entd at the lloiel d Pru ie, and h is bren placed under !> dnen n of ?lie principal wits of lierlin. '1 he author of the I. mo.isi ie< '-H.-rlinat Night," ?hich ha? now b??n ai'eii for the h'tadred and fiftieth tim# >1 ibi ^^taillrr theatre, and still Btti ( ts ful iio'i-r- whei.ever it is repeated, h:is i>>; - ei! comidy or ('.tree c.iil'd "J5?*rlin and < i .n i," I1 1 ?e n< t< d at the theatre in the Ha? 1 ie| i I'rn? i'-, which is daily crowded to I (in-- ! Aery .inner of satir- an I caricature 1 . . ! the i<"'iticil character# and movements of the d . s, mule ii * of, whilst neither the mm - 'i;"iiln rs, ibe c u^titution, the < !er- | "r i; ) imi.: ? i-e; 18 miireu. l lie t . mp i fr? I'iruily laid in_ China, f?r the | , . . i ilii nit' a more etrikinj? contrast in i, v.|'i! it. tl i< i s (>l that interesting country v i'Ii ! ? in >11 i' Mir- I Ins been nuobservation 1" lienIly in."If <iii tins occasion, that though the mid. h ml n>\ len-f of ili?* th'ne*"* world ' ii iv I hat unlntf 1 i '?:> , they i r" i oih'. .. c in ' d w:ih tho*e which Germany l'i -?nt lit tin- ti:>" 'lit; and that as regards ii. <)U' M'on "I a m:< i'i ful centralization, that fill tuny l?e mid to have equally the adv.iitnge ?\*?r the latter. What ii tier nun ] unity if < mpnred with ' hinr-e unity, which has rsut'cj (it ral thousand years! l'esid?*9 this latce, in which the uhlime end the ridiculous are ii | piW blended . th?re are likewise other representation* jjivrn, ront-;niiiir equally important liiutrf and hi* ons with regard to German politics. 'I'll'1 event*, since the r< establishment of the old rtft""r* ?r the time of the m>.called passive resistiii i r, **l'*n (i? tier?l Vr-n Wran^el entered the cepH"! at the head of the troops, and the llerlm citi/ens deliverrd up th?-ir arms, are hII recapitulated : mid it i< tound, that, though the same system has been curred on ever since, matters have beccn.e wnge instead of better. Passive resistance has, at iast| become complete pnssiveneit, which Is -how ed even in the exercise of th?* ristht ot voting by the liberal?, and has ended with the retir?nient of the whole liberal patty from the scene of political life. Satire is the only manner of resistance now thoncht of, or still practised. In addition to the Christina* theatre at the Hotel cle Pruasie, n veral others h?ve hern opened at different ettabliihmentc, and hkewine at .Mil^n/.'s and Kroll's, on a tmaller footing. The magnificent saloons at i he latter > stabhshment have been fitted out and decorated in beautiful style ?the forrtiT represent'!':.: a Moorish palace and garden, in the fashion of the /Ihamhra hi Hpaui. broil's hall Iih* nren ir-n*l?'rtiird ir.'oao alh-jorir tl picture of I be uni*rr>i?\ ia w hieh ihc fonr eleinenta f?m four i different groupr, iuto winch the whole room ia_difiMi IffttMaiHlAtM(bw d the earth, fire air, und w?ier. The id> a hn? t?-en conceived un 1 ' executed by an eminent aftiat ?f i|im rupitfi', .in-l I the firrdi>gemeat < f the d.lieieot allegorical MtM> ilea ia niudr with ureat uc'r Hie e<r*hli?hm<;nt i i? every evening tbi<'D^ d by the gay world of thla i capital. ___________ 1 Our I??llnn Curtr?|>ondrnre. \Aii k?, I re 4, IS 19. j Thi Pn$ent Slat* ct ftalff?'I'tif Coni/wt of t!i? i jlmirinin Comim* f 7' t A"i?i* of ami J //re 7'. Jt A, < ?/in.: < I r* i / .Ij ' lirt, 4' t . . Tlip rtcBl mi all ?r?' n"v uivin* place thiough i out the It il'nn lVnin !t I tin ? ?tr ti" an! painful contia?t to thote which, a few mouth* <ince were *o full of pfomiee for the luture. Lvery i State haa ngitii Ivrom* l.itle better than a province 1 ot \umnb: tven Srrd-nia, the mod powerful ami independent country in liuiy, i? evi<J?ntlir luH i- I rnced, or tether dictated t??, by the d i -!, ! 1 ep^le. There the Chamber* have b-en prorogued, bet'Httfe the wonin T s \< t o i 111 icnu :/ 1 qui itisn w?i to lir vflrimve to AiMtr. i. I 'I he > <>? </ hit'.:, no w?< order 1 t > ta ? 1 thi* rtep Nearly nil the t urn' of luly |m fl-.i to I Turin and i ienoa, theln-t rally injt point i4 Italian ? liberty{ lor alttiougu Sardtni* may no: be tree t > ' ait a* regards a n itional |*'t < y, anil it ; the only ' . ..... . j .u i tmj ^ lilt run n,| .?? .1 If rr J<rr w. in wl.ere ;> repiehentative cuviTiimrnl ia h?>n'-atly h< woik; it is ?Im> the ?>nlv Mate unoccn. ied htr f<w r?-ijzn troi,.*. The Komnn terr<: >ry i* infe?trd by French and Spanuli armies. Tu>caay i? puardfd by Auatrianx, whilat Naplr? lee da the u.-iml ('cm, Iriii' n! ol -s no-rceuiinc*. It do< a n' t appt nr thai Auatna inf ml- to d>-atr<>y th> c?ie Mltutti nnl foim of govcrnm-nt in Italy; but til* Chartilxra are nothing more than toola ol the kirge, with l^rRe armiia, foreign and domestic, to coerce them w|i-.n nece?*arj. II < 1 th* pHtv princes liorn ?tly carrud out tlo-ir cofiaiimuoDal trfcrmi, their thronea would now reat on ththouldrrs of their people, n<>r would the/ iivr ia a continual frar of the icMSMn'a knife, ..a ia the ciac at the prr-ent moment. One and ail, wh tat tin y * i re aeitiing troop* to join thr un.iy ol Cliatlea A Ibfft, wi re at the mme time mtri^niair w;th Aurttia, the common enemy. hoping th it tne day would come Hhi n Italy w. uld ay in b* under Mr oppr< -H?>n i f the old policy. Th it tuiir h.ia ar> rued. thank* to the French republic I 1 have acen the whole ol the movement, und have no heaita* t'< n in detlaruiK 'hat the int inioua ji.-y of ti.e h'rin<h government in the Koni 'n aria i, hia inUn it d a wound on Italian liberty wl.i. i yr?ra w, I rot heal. Th??t ev< nt completed the reaction ia Tuscany, Naples, and other .Slate*; itg?vethe C'f|? ta a i.t w hir. The Ivia* of Napha tin nr. i:iat? ly con nv i.t rd a var mi tli? lvput.e* ami all leadiiig lihrrala llundrrda are now in enle? ihonaanda ID prison? nnhinu rtntains ct the toe* n.tutirt , whiltt ihr ipjuaiice ot tn.- (." vrrnment i? m? re rot< rioua th n th <t wh.ih In.lowed the re*? It in IKil). Mri are daily arretted. a-iH t .krn i ti to | iimt, m ithout ar? inierrotfatMi?all c ?, I he noble, tl e khcp-kerper. and th- la: :<ir hi, if luiptc'ed <1 constitutional opinmnn. Many have r?. | e<! l y ilie French end r.nclfh ru wm-r* Mr. T?mple. the liritiab minister, and M de Iteyseval, *ho rr| r? m ma Fl*nor. h ive equally?^rt'-. ihrmIves to aave mnny Neapolitan.' ft" u < ,>. - < r.d I regr?t that he who te,<rr'? att tfie l.n j <t | WmkIi itgtoo. the only iphI republic in th< world, r?uld ii?', no doubt In ni home ord? r?. aa.uat in f Ihia n<b'e ( !. 1 hare retain to believe Mr. il Kowen wh? not to bldfue, but that the t 'mi.m 'ore " refund to Nceive ihe pr< *ecutrd depu'ira. The e thiiifr tboiild be lookrd into, ultii? di . racc to v f.meneii had Americana t ti Th?- h if n of Kapiet i? n< ver ?ern in the city. and ft snly nmvm rut when aurrouaded by tro?tn. Hit Mijemy livea t'.aeta and C*?< rtt, witu im prifonT. 1'iua IX , the " benevolent Po|ie," who si nt four errniea to butcher h s | .ople. Frr- .1 linai.d II , 'l:c 1'ope. and Jrauit*, <rr ni>w originzing thf old ay?t< m of corruption agoin. Public *' k'kocls hip (hut up, slid nil te?ch?r? arc obliged to ' ind*rgo an examination. I need nm tell you we * .,,\I Iin freedom of thf ItfM il Nui(l| bey nn<l * h rb far', tin- ! vi?m n < t book* by thr prieata lina l! main < < mmeprtd, aud many werka are prohibited. I be Tf?uit*, who now reign in Naplea, are defer- " nir< d to keep the nmaaea in i^'Borance?to aua'ain P hat di>hrne*ty which ia ao fwnnliar a characterMic in the Nf M|<>!it in population. (.'n the other " tand, hun buf and immature, dreaaed Ip in the i be* i f religion, ia more than ever the order of *' he day, and, with the aid of th?* I'ope, a conaider- P1 h'e ann unt <>f buatnraa ia done by the prieitl. '[ "he educated cla?*ea, however, are thoroughly (I *i'h |hi.'<); hP'I I kn<-w. throughout 'J aly there ia rnanv a tongue-tied Lather, who i.Iy wait* a fitting' iportunity to kick nyernbuae* Ii.ihate a acandal to the age. F.ither Koammi <a nii'ady published hi* Ti? wa of a church re- "I ?n\ and ib now oeraecuted tor it, and huated m i? e\< ry non? M and nob'e heart which ^ ' M ic f!fTnl?- the nati?n in hon? ?tjr and tmc eliaiwi. ... .. v 1 |V[?- ill not go back to Romf onttl UW tt r? n h rrnmiH l.im hr may do juat what he lik*? r? Hi* therefore, will no doubt p?M the it II UT *t ilir roya! pcUrr of Poriici, near N iplef ft I t?e itcopa arc about to leave the Roman ? tat'? It.'ir f*( edition haa |>ro?cd aa fooliah aa 1,r Neafl.tm w?ra di^gMcetul The Urtfr f| tme (VMowa," it will be rrmrmhered ran away T rom the Kormaa, with a rapidity which cowardice g\ < n' c< iildtixv* inapired 'I h? Jeauita wha mr* fri Mind the Top*, are in a aad way about all thia. aowinr any charge m Prance might i>'itth?ir ? rm? i? Italy i? <itiite anotbrr r0*^* we can- ft J??? V'LP. in ' 'T ot trufct the rope, say th**y, in such hinl*. ' .Vhat is to be done 1 So the uuestiou rests tor he present. Not being abj<* t > do what they like n Rome for the present, the Jesuits are remark >t> y otive iu Naphs and every other Italian t?#n. rhese old jugglers with religion are trying to :ounteract th< ^i.wth of those seeds of truth which a year's comparative freedom ol th>- press :>rstowed u(>on the people. The enlightened order :>t the 15? uedictiues is1 persecuted, us well as priests *liose opinions are supposed to favor the ciu^e of ruth and freedom ; m toy a three cornered hut and >iack vevtissnui up wiiiiin tiia wans <w a i>msuu. The Ititile in tou^ht for by the police, as if it were un ?vil invention of the I>?vil Tin.; will appear i>tran(,'?' to Home of y;our readers, but j**rfrctly naturhl to tho*e acquaint* d with papacy, ax it now ex iMs in Italy or Spain. O, tempora ! O. mores Filatgi* ri, the military governor of Sicily, is i n nun: hirmelf A/a Haynan, t>v hooting in*a at I'hlerrno I Hiring (he List few day* many h.ive hulll-red for concalinir arms. Tne eaiiif! deapoti.ni uiid ii. u.'tice v* Inch brought on ilie l ist revolution, 18 a^'ain in'full swing. L'ohappy Sicily!? unhappy any people who "put their faith in princes," and doubly unhappy ihoce who believe in a Houibon! ll >011 bale tne, how will all thia end c?H thror.f 8 be always supported by bayonrts??inv impression h that the next movement will be a b!oodv one, and the people will siy ax 1 lie French did, " when king-* again promise, we u ill liiive none of them." M<vtt la b te, murt It Vrti i n ' Turning from the political world, I should ob^?-rve, Prince Luigi, the King of Maples' brother, han letely introduced steeple-chasmu. These Itali;p gentleman, who surround royalty, imitate ihe Knglith 1 a near as thev can. They get out f>i'lit>h gr?<ni!<, and "Jem," "Fred," and " Will," aie the real men, whilst the bearded Imli'iim nwv tin- nn.Hrr ihev ale better at fiddling arid dancing than at horse racintr. Tnere is little gfint! on in the theatrical world, and y. C'htlo is ' hard up," even to bankruptcy. The thipping interest is brisk?we have considerable arriv iIh of cotton twist and co il. A. Ion:? period r?t" stagnation h;ib cau>-<-d a demand of mat rial for home manufacture, and craft load home with oil and fiuits. The public funds are on Hie rise. The fives were at 110 before the revolution; they then went down to 72, and h ivc? since t'l adiially got up to }< "> and 96; and I have no doubt, before ibis leper leach' H the United States, Neapolitan fives will be bought at 100. Amerlcuns Atiroait. We have received tiie following from the gentleman to whom the letter was addressed : ? A'iknna, October 12, 1S19. On the 6ih inst., 1 embaiked at Venice, in the tteHmcr which lay off that city, to leave, ut twelve o'clock at night, for Trieste. My passport was placi d in the hands of the clerk, to present the Austrian officers who came on board to examine the character of the passengers. I had retired to bed, and was enjoying a deep sleep, when, at teu minutes to twelve, was rudely awoke, with an orcer, iou mutt per up, sir, utiu go na anon'. ? Why must 1 po on shore 1" I asked : an'! was answered, " Your passport is not in order." When entered the saloon, tnere were about thirty passengers standing around several Ati.-rrian officers, and my appearance in my night-gown, together with the knowledge that I wan an American, attracted the attention of all. Addressing myself to the mperior officer, 1 s.iid, " Why, .-ir, arn I in this rude manner awoke from my sleep, when you hold my passport, properly visfcd at Merun, in Tyrol, hy the h gnett authority, through to Trieste! And you certuinly know, eo long a* I am travelling in Austria, on the road to Trieste, I am not to he detained, or subject to ether vises?" He replied, " You mutt have it vi-ed l?y the military commander of Venice." ' No. sir," I replied ; "tint is not incumbent on me. Venice is a part of Austria, end my vise carries me through every city, frcm Tyrol to Trieste." He replied, " We have no time to discuss the subject. \ ou are del lining the boat, and you must g? ashore at once." In the mildest language I could use, 1 solicited him to ihanj:e that decision ; that my business made it very important for me to be in Trieste the next day ; that 1 was not leaving Austria, but entering iheir capita), where, if I was u suspected person, ihey would have me completely in their power. The order was again re|>eated?" Go ashore at once." folding my arms, I replied, " i will not go ashore, unless you compel me t? do so by using brute force ; and wo to the hand that is placed upon me. 1 am, cmrlemen, au American citizen, have complied wiih all the laws ol Austria, have a pimrt with every endorsement required, and, knowiii' my lights, will maintain them ai every ^-acriliue. A p< lineal outcast could not be treated worse; and t you force me on shore. recoll?cl it will t?e an ex> u.-ive Htlair to yon, nr.il one very annoying to ine. lint ie member, if 1 leave this bo;u by your assault, I will not leave Venice till full and complete inlUrnnilieation is obtained. As the Ci nnil of t!ie I'nited States has died with the cholera, I will tonioriow morning despatch a courier to the American stjusdron in the Mediterranean, and a ship of ^ ..1. .l. \* .. i. ?i :11 ._ _ c j 1 _ ?> nr. w mi me 1 nonce ii.iit, ?in, in a l?ew cuyc, pre at 'M it. to demttnd MIM for wo UIM* .<.1 inmlt i llrrrd an AmericHn citizen; nml recNect, win o Unit i. drrrs is demanded, it will beobt .incd, r?r yon will hear such th'inder aa you have not tii 11 rd finer the tall of Venice." Theotfiser a?ked me t? jtjain show him iny pusapott Handing it to turn, and alter npnin inspecting it, h<* aaul to hi* companion, I do not know but what he is riijht !" M hen tin* reply ww. " He not only is right, hut he understands his rights.*' The passengers then (pressed their opinion* thai my passport waa perfectly correct The oflicrr, handing it back to mr, raid: "you appear, air, to be a very clever spirited traveller; you ma* go on, and I wish you a pleasant l*?Mige," for which I tendered hun my thank*, mil nr parted api>arenlly well pleased with our mir. night interview ; but the opinion of all was, " iIk > had waked up the wrong imMcnger." When ihe (n ut hud cleared herself Troni the examining Itoaid, and the < ngitiea were walking ?tl under n Heavy piers c>t steam, there was a cheer from the i*asi-nrer? of * I'iru la American*!" and they fid " this is the fi r<st freedom of speech and action t at ?e hue henrd or seen iince the Austrian* re* n n',uered Waice."' I have firm you thB foregoing partical.tr>, that rou may know the feeling in Austria toward* the :ii <?ns ?t ihe I niled Mates. The oflicers of the overnn ent i-?y ibey will not forgive our government ai d |*ople for the cont'uet we have pursued n the Hungarian war, and the attempt to annny ii' was tr?m vindictive politic 1 feelings We ariivtd at Trieate the next morning, lonnd lie rln l? la was i aging feartullv, an J left tn?t [loamy i.lai e within a trw bourn for this city. Oa he road lr? m Trie-ste, thousand* of Hungarian* i ere marching ftirouth the mud for the army of mly, with n moat destitute appear?nee, and the ITiiiii of thrtr army, from general* down, were brown Into the ranks aa common soldier*. <*? rear king Vienaa, I endeavored to have niy saport vi?rd tor limitary; but waa informed nether my?elt nor any ot my countrvmen would be llowert to viaii thai r? l?el|ious people. The history t our nea spap* r publications, the c?urs? our go- , emm-n' had n?r?wd in seadiaga special agent to icite the rebellious in ll'ingary, were ;??.?ign" d as cause, and d< nounred ae bnng unworthy of a nendly neutral n t.on I Ihe hiit|#ror ia a tine looking young mm ol b? nl twenty lie speaks eight d >trut I ttk'n iges, ihich sre the nitiiilirr ?( < k- a by th* dif!*r? nt i?i>- i le alio loim the Austrian hmntre, an-t lite r Kin. Mir r? ii ii mriw Willi ml la tti# it n ?Ii\. .li.l~-? Mr ?*t?lrour late < half' Jrt Jffatrr* al thin <>urt. ban Irfl ?rry rieiatrd reimNtion h- rr, and ii in bf regnttrd that he c ilu a<>i |uvr rr. mined an wir ff?M?at?li?', I have rciv-d ?erjr plilnf** from our Conaul, Mr :*h?rarz, ho win rd de-iroua, m the ahaeare if a d^loma ic repre?? ?tati*e I torn the I'niied of it ib hia |o*er to benefit American mt<r ?ta \ oara. very trui*. 8n.a K. ( A?r?>~To? P?'?nn ?Th?* IVIjiaa Mir. ?tef of le interior haa iuat pre?eute<l to iW Kmtr it* rr? i thr rrcot ii? Th Ma tten for each province, w ih the aun.twr of acrr*. 1 Im>, thr language rpoken, and the dta'rihutwa in> rmplojrera ard rm|>loyed The total 11 inibef of traona ia 4.:O7,I!*0; of lb' ?e al out a tbird ?(? <k rmrh and \VaJI< ?>?,lhe othrr two-th rda H-*i?iah Dd Dutch. In thr proviacea a?carat' Iv tk?-re ia rneralljr a vaet eace?a ofeitSer r.*ce and li?ntiage; ' lit thf mott inifortant of ail, Hrabrnnt, ia an e*' pticn to thia ruV. I.ike thr rmiilry m the a?rraaff, thia pro ir.ce toiilili of one-th rd t'ranka n?f twotliirda Te utoo?, rreakir( i f conrae their tire 1angua#ra The Frank- are, g< ner?lljr?,*akiff, more civJi/rd than thrlr n-mlil>or? Hiving le iniiTirn*c advantage of th* Mt of a ffr*at liteiry iHnguagrai* hen l?r ?'l trnveller?and ftn ianfM, ley krrp nratl) all the ahopt and hotels, and eon'i'ient|y have a larger intercourse with the w.^ld. i iSelgium eterj tore maintain* three m?i; wealth, ? in Fiaci r, ia pretty e j>ully distributed ; the I a/a of employer*, with thair famil e*. c< >nt? uf> ( mrly a third of the whole inhabitant*1 Iit.tmi um t)*r W 1 SriFoaf. ? I5ec?nt PUKd"'0'" of th? ch i IT'm S^n'gal have. WW<il| to l? e?r? ,.i >r? iTrd in Marseille*. hurt a Mlntory ertrrt An ?r *|>irita of n??nw*n? rbirft Km* Wain, who* ?lr? fiimd l?n kilnfn#tr*a hHow lH? WUnd ?1 t l,otMP, h?? folicitert treaty of ri>mwrt? ?riih if Krfnrh, m hi* nw? name. Did in that nt ih? iirft of l*afotia. Ilrfwio. Roman, and T?*d. heir con nftiee prodiire ranlr, honey. r?W doit, im, w**, and irrry. whirh ar? *?rh?nred for i4?, f la???. brnrrfy, l? burro, and anw? The hin?m rf W?lo ronfaina lh? lore* of Tairer. in hirh the finrff flr;liaBt? and b*?t f?m troea are .

uitf. | T>i? Kliariefct \V?y from Rn|l?nd to the Wiit Imllm, Aiiatrnila, 4c. Th<* t'Chrmr ?>( communication rtUtilu-hrd and kfpl U|> by the Wrrt 11>(111 mail etrainrni in not <t iritrr trim ninnihly nidil t<> Mini from the Jkiti?li uliru itiaru f i>o??er*ioua, l>ut comiirehend* u wideH r?-ad Atlantic communication between Europe and the French, Datnxh.Sv tnith, and l>utch West India colonuwith tin ir-land of Hayti, Mexico, the Ontral Arii**ric m States ol Nicaragua, Yucatan, Cceta 1> tea, Venezuela, Columbia, and via Cbifrri and Panama with New Grenuda, California. Ecuador, IVrti, Bolivia and Chili, ""i- >-? r ii u <U. mr I (* mil iir* t i i (UiMiiia ID H"W ui great hi^h road for truffle to and from the \vh?!e of the wi stern coatts of both North and South America. Afsumiog that from the Isthmus of Panama to England should be considered a main trunk line, my from Chngrt s to Southampton, we find the existing lOUtCS as follow to:? HOMEWARD. Milti. Simmer stops. Cbagrea to Carthagem iSO 1 day. C'anliagrna t* kirg?to? (Jamaica) 470 2H daja. Jamaica to Jacanrl (Hattl) 2.15 l* 4*y. Jacuiel to San Juan (I'crto Klco). . 3fcS '? day. 1'nrto nloo to St Thomas t>6 1 daya. St Tboaii* to Kajal 2,219 1 day. Kaval tc Southampton 1.373 Total distance, Isthmus to Southampton, 5,080 miles, occupying 32 to 85 days, including the stoppegf-s above referred to. One glance ut this statement of the indirect route and lieijuent stoppages of the royal mail steamers, will lolly account for the reason why American steamer* taking a direct route, a* follows, are enabled to anticipate them : ? ( baicre* to Jamatoa. iiiilea 3 Jan aira to New Vork 7 Nb* York to Liverpool 1J 22 Add for detention at Jamaica 1 AtervKc detention at Now Vork. by reason of inturu.tui?te arrirald 3 Total. <'ba#rea to Liverpool, na Sew York 2<i or a laving in time ot from aeven to ten djvs It cannot, therefore, br astonishing thit the New York route is prelerred. What pausen2''r would not wish to shorten his sea voyage a week or ten days'? The West India ttearnerB leave Chug res with :in average freight of 1.000,000 dollars (t'rei|ieutly more) forKngland. This amount may be expected t-roitiy to be very much au^meateu by tne supplies of u?Jd from ihe Culitornnui mines Cud it t?e exptt'U-il. therefore, that the merchants, owning sucu valuable remittances, wiil permit th? ir treasure to be thioptd by the W?t India 8 tea me re, which, with ihtse large sams on board, stay idling by t ie way a day at Cartbsgenu; two, three, ami soinetimeB f?ur days at Jamaica; a quarter of a day at Havti and Porto Rico; twodiys at >St. Thomas, and so on, when the insurance risk is greatly increased! And is it not natural to expect that the New York route, so much shorter an 1 more rapid, will completely supersede the present West India plan <>f intercourse with the isthmus, unit s:; uu alteration be speedily arid ell't dually applied ? A remedy may be devised whereby the whole of these evils might be removed, and the trtllie now almost entirely lost to or leaving the West India MetniMs completely restored, if they were permitted to take a direct route us follows :? ( bagret to St. Th' taan. miles 1,120 St Tbrraaft to Kajral 2,349 Kajal to Southampton 1.373 The total distance from Chagrsi to Sovthampton would l>?*. say 4 742 And the distance pared tnus? Chacres to Southampton. ila Jamaica. lacmel. Porto liieo. St. Thomas. and l-'ajal 6,080 Chaste* to Southampton, vta St. Thomat and Kay a] 4 742 833 By employing steamers ?f the Cunnrd class, a fortnight or ten day? would be the real saving in time, while the New York route would he surpassed in regard to the economy of time eflected. The only alteration in the present arrangements necessary to guard against a derangement in the intercolonial service, would be the necessity of having a branch steamer to bring up mails from f?an Juan, Nicaragua, Carthagena, Jamaica, Sco., to ^t. Hicmas, there to ineet the direct steamer from Chairres:? The route outward to the isthmus pursued by thrar steamers is still more objectionable ana lr-ngtliy, t.nd if pricked out on the map, will probably e.\cite a unile; it is as follows:? Milrt. K'tithnirptrn to Madeira. 1.2H7 steamer r tops half a Jay. >'?dftrn t< Barbadoe-. . .2 ?10 OM <Uy. Iiarhadoe* to Bt. Thomas. 420 " quarter of a day. St. Thrman to Porto Kico 64 ' I'cito it loo to lacmrl. . .. 3S3 " 9ai d?y. Jacniel to Jamaica " ?u? iUy. Jamaica to Santa Martha 440 " quarter af a day. Santa Martha .to t'artbaR*na 106 " half a day. Cartbigfca to Chacrea... 280 " Total distaste A.SAO miles From Southampton to the istbnuis. occupying !15 to i;tidays, w h* n, it the principle <>t a through or trunk line, via St Thomas, were adopted, to which other lines should be tributary. the distance would be 4.74*2 miles, occupying 22 or 21 days, thus etlectitifr a saving in distance of 1,108 miles, nnd 10 or 12 days in time, which would be principilly accomplished by the fewer *topi>?gea and su;>erior speed of steamer* under the new regulation* thus ai-tumed. In a national point of view, Great Britain ean fiiiord that the advantages of a comnuiaicatiao primarily < pent d and established by herself, and f Mx ntial to her own mercantile prosperity, should be diveried info another and rival chanael. Vnlew aonie alterations are made, the Knglifh steamers, compared with the American ships, will, in railway parlance, be merely clow parliamentary trains nirnii.g sgaipst express mails. That this climax is likely to result, may be ga. the red from the immense effort* now rmiking by the Americans to increase mid extend their mercawile steam marine. The building y?rd* of New Vork are filled with stupendous steamers in course of construction: and already many have commenced running. The line of attaints between Panama and San Francisco has been eminently successful. The same may b>- said ol the vessel* running in conjunction with them on this side ?f the isthmus from C'l.agresto New York. Th* ritlfn i.llj.fl Inn, h*iriien an/1 1 lilnl h....... power, Mie sailed from Near York, no h?-r tirst to;?(r,OR the 2>>th ol September, and returned oa the ]5ih of October, full of passengers, nnd with a considerable amount of specie. The Georgia, a sifter ship, linearly ready for sea. and the other three are preparing. All these *hi|>a are to atttin a speed of t leven knotf, and will hara acc?iunio. datlon for 2."<> passengers. Tbia subiect acquires additional import ince, and the necessity of an independent trunk line to the Isthmus of I'anHma (to which the other lin^a shoald be feeder*,) and which should he carried out by steamships of greater power, is the more apparent when tykm in connection with the di?> position of the government to extend steam communication to South Auatralia and New XeaUnd by wny of Panama, in preference to the enginally contemplated route vii Soiihampton, Alexandria and Sincapore. from the latter of which places tha IVninaular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company iropoaed to extend their line to the Austraiitn ana New Zealand porsa It is understood that the government will shortly he prepared to receive tendera for conveying these maila by either of the two routes referred to. The respective distances i.rr rtnmtiiru r a nearly f? poMioie a* toiiowa : ? iithmi i or if i* rOi it. lontkunptotto (Jlbraltar. mUri 1 I'D i Ibrnltur t? Malta 1 o:!J .V?lta to Alrtaadrte IM AWiandrU to Aden 1.600 AU? tnOjIoa ? 160 In f>r?a?* . 1.200 r*aa*( to (Hapaporr. Mil R*fp< r* to Ua'avta 600 Ba'ufU In Torr?? fttralta S 400 Tvrrm StraiU to 1 MK> Trial floutbaBpton to Rydaay 13 2M To whirh field? to Tc.rt Nicholson (N?? Zealand)... .1.100 VakiPft a toUl of 14 4** frrm KnclMd to Australia aa<l New /wind The | rrprnt *oyau?* Irom Southampton lo Singapore occupie# forty-nine or titty day*, and ajppoai?tr the ten>ain^rr of the distance to br performed l>? ateamera, at an averatc minimum apeed of right knot*, tlie total *oya?e would occupy, inehidipf ti>p|.?ijra. ray eighty to ei|thtr-four day*. The i'lmtni route would ?t ind time? JMn. oathawttoa to Fayal 1.4*1 lajal to Mt Tknaw 2 to *t rh ma* to i ha?ro? 1 1/0 hMM to Tahiti 4.4?0 Tahiti to Tort Mnt?M?on (New Zealand) 3 200 Port N leholeoa to Sydney 1.200 *r nthampton to Port Nlrhol?o? aad Sydney.12,7?2 The diatancea uecd aa above from Pantma to Ativtralia. are not calculated for the fTest circle, hut the ahorlert distance, on the truck which a termer w? aid probubly pnreue. Preauming the royage from Somhami>ton lo the Itthmui of Pantma to oceupT twrnty three day*, and that the dialance fr? m Panama be acfompliahed at an averse ff-ra 11 eiRni ?noi* ^an auowea to me ateamere Irt'in Minteiore) and allowinf for the nereaeary ?topf**ea, the tpyogf throughuot would be perr< rmr J i? mty-rlilit to n ventr-two Hnja, or on hetnvace tr?>m Kngland to New 7>iUnd Hud Australia showing a M*ing of mile* in di?lanre, nod of ten to thirtren day* in tin*. The difIcnltif" ard danger* of the nunpunon are far leni when contracted with the danger* and intrionriea >f the navigation from Singapore t? Pjrdeejr, northward of Australia, inclndingth* roaata of VfW Guinea. Porneo, Timor, and Torre# Srmita, ahirh would >>?*e to he trarerwd by the ateatnert j rnneitfd with the Sort rcheM 1 I " JUJ aBr-.r- z~r~ '< "M! l?ii.. ' Europe IV Hmill Ptrtfrtphi, \V> undrrfrtatidgja) a ihr London Ttmtt, that * i< > ! I coii niir*.on for inquiring into the brat uud?* 'I currying out tb? exhibition cf luduotnr of all Nation*, in lfcjl, wiHthortly be i*t>ufd,iin(i ia likely to coiimm of hrjjba <>t |>a>ties and interest*, niemtwis oj the |>reaetit and late administrations representative* of agriculture, art, fccience, mer>h?niMt vi.rl ri>:ir.ufartiir?M. The urtiniiifc of no anciest Hiitish villapf have been ditcovered on Wie crt-kt of u tange of hills ut Wtybourne, iifMr Hclt They consist of a collection of pit*, each four feet in depth and eight in diameter, cxtendio* upwards of a quarter of a mile, aid u pulli-hral tumuli iu the neighborhood, forming the burial pWe of the aboriginal tribe. The Dublin L'vmitg Faiktt mentions a rumor that miniMers intend to visit Ireland with the income tax, and a two shilling rate-in-aid. The report if, dotihtlefs, intended to pive ? fillip to the Protectionist movement set on foot by the Irish lifkdlow'b. The ftrtnhiy Titntk states the government of Denial hut- i lleied a pr./e of 5,000 rupees for the invention of a ^ood and tconotnical machine to tej arate the cattou wool of liidia from its seed. A letter from Housn (Dec. 12) says that large khii mrntn of potatoes are in progieas for the British lnaikets. Aocoun's from Norway state that the nation il manufacturer, cotton tannine, weaving, <Vc., are liiiprm ing and extending. A Magyar journal i?ued at Pesth officially contradict* the assertion iazarded by Vienna journals, that Kosiuth hud secured a euhi of ?200,000 iu Erglat.d in cute of Hij:ht. .Amongst the "dnuik and disorderlies" broug i' up ut the police ofiica, in London, was the sou > Lord Bannatyne, who was mulcted in the usu ! fill e of i>S. The only t\y> officers now alive, who commanded ships at th?bdttle of Trafalgar, are Sir K. Codriiigu ii h:id fcir Bladen (Ja;>el. A German writeripbserves, in a late volume on the ic cial condition of Great Britain?"There is tu( h a scarcity of diieve- in Luglind, that they are < bliged to olleftt reward for their discovery. The Paris papers Kate that more than 2,000,000 copitsof the well-known print representing the death, on the burri*Hd< s of June, 18-48, of the lata Archbishop ol i'aru; have been exported to foreign countries. f-rcni all parts of tlie continent, north and south, ea?t and wesl, Rome, Sweden, Berlin, Arc., accounts continue to he received of unusually heavy falls of snow. In Silesia it lias not been so deuso lor ii Huy years. Tlie Austrian government has purchased the railroad between V lenna and Pesth for 8,000,WO florins, to be naid by instalments of from eit>ht to ten years, and to be rated at an interest of four per cent. The Austrian exhibition of national industry is postponed to tlie year 1352, because the exhibition which is toti.ke place 111 London of specimens of manufacture from every part of the world, is fixed for lt-51, and which will therefore clash with that exhibition. The Bomf>"y Timet stite, tint working models of railway#, locomotive engines, nnd electric telegraphs, Imve been ordered from England, for the use of a Mahnratta etivereign, the (Juicowar,whose curiosity has been aroused by what he has heard of these European wonders, to such a degree that he could not he sati>fi< d with what he could learu from books and pictures. Tha Vienna papers state that during the snows the Eirn eror has been amusing himself with shooting wild boars. The quantity of this black game ( lain at tin bunues in the neighborhood of Vienna, haainade this ilesli almost as plentiful as butcher's meat Negotiations have been commenced with Russia for tlie establishment of telegraphic lines in various directions. The jlUnitcvr announces that the President of the republic has recovered from his iadisj>osuion, which was merely a bad cold. Sir Christopher Kawlinson is appointed Chief Justice of the Court of Madras, in the room of Sir Jenies E. tJambier, who retires after a very long service on the bench in India. Mr. John Lawless is appointed her Britannic Majesty's Consul for the Island of Martinique. The Vice President Ot the republic has informed the Minister oi? Public Works that he does not intend to occupy the Hotel du Petit Luxembourg, which had b?.en placed at his disposal. Central itostolan has arrived in Paris Irom Kerne, utconip-inied by an aid-de-camp. Letters from Berlin to the <?ih ult., to the Congne Unzillt, state that a military convention beween Prussia and several of the smaller States, of which Brunswick is one, has been concluded. The ll'in*Svrg Carrrtponrfent says that the Count Praodt itbtirg has resigned Ins post as President of he Prussian Cabinet, and thit M. de Man te utile will be elevated to that position. The t!es|>atch containing the protest of Austria auaiii?t the f? nii^iu'it el' th limited federative State, reached Berlin 011 the 4th ult. It is entirely to the same effect a? the confidential desiutch communicated to M. de Prokesch, on the 1st of November. The degree of LL D. has been conferred by the I niverbiiy of Glasgow on the Kev. W. II. Stowell, Theological Protestor of Kotherh&in College. Negotiations are s'ill carried on between Prussia und France Mating to the abolition of the Rkni dori, tad olbn qacstions affecting the r> 1vigation ol that river. The PriMsisn Bovernmeat, it ap|>ears, have resolved to undertake the line of railway from Pusen to Brtslau. The manufacturers tn Spitulfields sre in a better position than for seme lime past. ThenJ are 570 prisoners in Clonmel jail, of whom 67 are convict*. Whit between prisoners and calipers, the rate-payers are neatly eaten out ui nousr itnu iiome. Thr city of Kutag* i? spoken o( ns being d?? lined lor (hr accommodation of the Hungarian tin I Poliib rrlatfrri. The French tl<*et it still lying oil Yurla, while (he Fnglifh squadron lies at B<*sici. Thr rumor that the Busman fle?t wa* being piid t ff prov?s to be unfounded?on the contrary, that fleet i? still lvinc ofi Se?tu|>ol, and great activity is being displayed in the dock* o| Cherson and Nicolajew. lluasian troops have been desj>atched to the Caucasus and Georgia. From Messina, letters report general dulneaa in trade. The oil market waatirm, owing to the a<;couuts receivrd from Knglaod ol an advance in prices, and the ri?in<md had improved. In oiher articles the inquiry waa contiucd to home consumption. The firrt free school established In Berlin, by a T r l.dler, h is been MMTeaard bf IMVf of the police. He is prohibited from re-opening it, und>*r lain of fine aod tmpriionm* nt. From Konigsburg advica of the 1st ult. give hopes of the release of the shi n which had been frozen tip in that harbor. The weather had become worm, and the river was partially freed from ice. It was confidently asserted in Rome that the Spaniah tr?K>|? would, at the direct request of lAe To|>?, remain in Italy, and would form the garrison if Home until the I Ionian army should be completely rrganized. The F.atlof Munster ia making a tnur to Kgypt and the Holy l.and. Hi* lordship ia expected to return to Kngiand aeit month. The Belgian Montlntr announces officially th it in consequence of the death of the t^'ieen Itowager of Fnclnnd, the King of the Belgian* has rone to mourning lor two months, from the tfth nit le tters from the Kusaiaa ptovioee* of the Baltic state the military resources are doubled, and put upon a complete footing of war. The Austrian go?emm*nt has just called on the ! publishers of the Vienna journ* Is to deposit, within thirty days, the caution money ol 10 000 florins, (2ft,!H*if ) r> ,uire<1 by the |?w of 1 uh March; bat i the publishers cemi lain loudly of this, as a need|e?? aggravation of the severity of the state of I siege. I A few of the Roman nobility return to their paluces, hnt liome . ?1 ti 11 beyond example. Oat of I the JIO.OOii stranrers who uaually a re seen at this Nina, H 1,000 have arrived. The rule i f France in Algeria is extending. I Pmrc the fall of Zaatcha. a tribe of Arab*, called ' Calrd-Anievi.!*n*Feradj, ha* been defeated, and another tribe liaa made *ubmi?*ion, ao that lha colony promise* to become extenaive. The provincial state* of Overya*el hare voted the mm <>f atHUAOf. for making a'canal from Zw<>ll? to A lni< no. There i* a report of another joint note of the four German kingdom* (Hanover, Saxony, Havana, and WirtemHerg). and of Au*tria, affainat the a*eemblirg of the tierman parliament at Erfnrt. Palermo lettera Mate that buainea* w?a dull, p%rticularlv daring the pact month Abuadant rain had lallen. which had greatly benefitted the crop*. The eflect* of the preriou* drought had been tomewhat aevere. The liiet of Paxe Obnrg Goth* h i* been dissolved, aad the okienhnrg one pr??rogn<?d, in c?naeqoen<e ol it* rrluaal to aaneuoa the accaaion of that duchy to the tnnne confederation. Mini-tera have resigned m matt* The new county jul oflhnta (Kagland) being rrmpleud on Hmr?d?y, tne tow remaining prisoner* in |ihe old jail Were removed to the new one. AnnTi?t tl ?m waaon* (a debtoi), William Mil er, ImiumIjt of <i?ri*t ( huri h, enbin?t m*ker, who bad lm a iu ctafiixmeat ilwYtytive year*! he v htvicg hern ccmniltted on the Sd of December' 1M4 The old man wu* very loth to exchange hi* ulrt apartment*, and w?? actually carried out ot the jail to ihe cairiuge which whs to convey hiin to the new prison In Gallcia, hr well ?h in the German portions o' Hungary and li?<ht mia, the peasants all but sen?* rtjly relute to pay any indemnity to the landed proprietor*, for the abolition of certain feudil dues, and op|k< hehy force nil attempts to. raise it. Sericub conflict* have uruen in various ;?au. The J^econd Clumber of Havana has amoved of ihe bill lor raiting u loan of seven millions of florin*, for covern t? the eiptnses necessitated by the events of the ye>ir. M. H'Hnnti oul. form^rlv ?\f ? .....i ?-- -f -y ' / "? ui. uio,auii uiivic u* G^iurul Miiiihier of War, died ai Tou(ous? in the bfcili year of tils age. Uf neral Caitelbajac will be successor of General Lunioiiciere at f't. IVter*bu.-<?h. M de la Cour U spoken of as \rry likely to be ii.-nied Minister Plenipotentiary i<> V in n<t. It wat. this ^ntlenian w>>" was kent by M dt- L inartiue to the same capital, in.mediately after the revolution of February. It appears that the bases u|>on winch Denmark n< w endeavors 10 conclude peace, are the extension of the Danish territory MB lar as the Elbe, whereby the duchies will become a second Ahmet to Germany. A new te lepra i>h company has been recently formed, under the f?im of House, Brett pjid Wiliner, who, it is sa;r!, are to introduce their form ot telegraph into various countries; Mr. Howse, who is hit American, to have the sole minaaement of he bnpinens tn tin- United States; Mr. Brett over . c iiticent of Europe; and Mr. Wilmer in EngV I- am that a recent trial from LondoQ v d t? he eminently successful. ws are In custody, in London, - i n engraver to forge llussiac bi.n.\ i i iut of ?150,000. The nnient is abandoning itr manufacti.i i iiieiy. With a view to discourage eimWiair in Midrid, the names of all oer?ons found in gambling h?usee by th? police of that city are regularly published in the official Uaztttt. Accounts from Tuscany state that the prter?tr have commenced prosecutions nt'im.-t two printem l of Florence for li iving under the republic printed a translation of the New Testament in It.i!nn. In the sitting of the Legislative Chamber of Bavaria on the 14th, the important question of the emancipation of the Jews was carried by 01 against 10. Two Roman Catholic priests were among tht minority. The Akhbar of Airier?, of the 2Dih, announces the arrival m that city of Mr. James Richardson, on his way to explore the interior of Africa. His undertaking, wlr.ch lakes place under ih<? ausiices of the English government, is to be partly scientific, party commercial Accounts from Rome of the 8th state, that the contracts for the provisions of the French army have bt<n lenewt d tot three months. General Herbillion has just sent to Pari* three Arab standards, which were taken by the French after the assault of Zaatcha. They arc to be ( laced in the Invalids. The Minister of Commerce has charged M. Th Man ,iu, Kfmntltiv* of the people, to" proceed tc Belgium to ascertain the progress made in t^ecuN tnation and manufacturing of flax. M. Mareau is a chief of an important manufactory at Montague (Vendee). M. Alphonse de Luforest has just been appointed Consul of France at Porto Kico, in place of M. Vilamus. The Constituhonncl publishes a letter denying c statement in a letter from Algiers, and published in t< me of the public papers, to the effect thai amongst the defenders of Zaatcha were found some deserters of the Foreign Legion. The letter ie signed by several oilicers of that cori?. The steamer Commodore. Capt. Little, the pioneer of Mr M'lver's now line, sailed from Liverpool for Havre on Saturday, the 22d ult. The Schwabiuke Makur hes letters from Rastadt, of the 4th inst., stating that the Prussian Hhine arn.y is be ing placed on a war footing. The onricnunt of Kastadt, too, is being revised. The h'flntr Ztilutt/f publishes a teh graphic despatch from Vienna, of the 6th ult , stating that tt?e Minister of War has sent an order to the Austrian troops in Theresienstad', in Bohemia, instructing thern to prepare to march to Saxony within fouraud-tw tniy nours. in. men, tne Austrian Minister, will remain ir office. The IMwl says that there is a report at Pesth, that thHt city is to have a Russian garrison, and, improbable hs that may be, yet it obtain* d.ul>' greater credence. I The Itaiish Commissioners enquired ia rt?e TV.1*lin negotiations for |>e.ice have arrived in Haat- ' burgh, on their way to the Prussian capital. Their namea are Harons 1'echlin, Heetdz, and Scheel. The Emperor of Austria has ordained that all those persons who, having been seuieaced to a, yeur's imprisonment tor ixJiitical crimes, have already suffered half the puuishm'-nt, and have by their behavior while in nri9on shown themselves worthy of mercy, should be liberated. Tlie Connies* of Lnndsfeld, (lx>!a Mo?tes,) acroinpauiea by her lim-b-nd, Mr. H>ald, emt??rk-?' at l!arctlon:i, on the Uh, for Cadi/, in the Old tinnier. The Sthttrfam Courant says that the sitting ic ot the lhaw baa rn ,? i:ed itie unvijatiou of tlr Ma* r, though there is still much drift ice. Several vessrU whirh w>-ie ic--*>nuad immcditlely took advantage of this, and left the harbor. /t Wnns, several arre<t? have taken i litre, the garrison is under order*, and public places directed to be closed at an early hour. On Sunday, the King of th" Di-litan? entered his COth year. Thr public buildings of Hrusselr *ere Hi eked w.ih Hugs, ihe lu lls o? the churches rung joyful |w 'Is, a 7. luuw wus c: !< br.ited at the cathedral, and ihe sinll ul the Civic Otiard had a grund banquet. The armistice wuh iJenmark has been prolonged iv iur vi iiinicii. letter* from Tnnn. of the llth, atate that the mult of nil the election* ia now known, with the exception ot thv*e of tin* l?la>id oi Sardinia. The g<>vertmentahaa a Urge majority. We under^ind thut an it.th' ntial denotation rec?ntly waited uj>?>n Lord Palinera'on, in refcrrncr to the fro1' ?M .'.tmiidnuiii'n' ?f the Afncm. i op at blockade t y France and Great DriUin. Anoncft thr gentle men }>reacut, were *ir K. login and Mr E. F Huxton Madame Arhan, the wife of the celebrated aeronaut, wboae nieUacliolv fate ia already known to our reader*, haa arrived at Madrid, to fulfil ac engngt tnent m* red into by her late hunbind previoua to tua la*> aaci-nt. The intrepid Udy will Khortly carry out Una engagement. Negotiation* have been entered into between Krani r and Turkt v, !<>r inr conclusion ol a treaty of extmdition. A ?<milar treaty already exiata hetweeo France and Ireland, ihe I'nitrd 11?- rnm'K for whi - *tr < .non mny (>e demanded l?rt*>en Franc an-l the Porte, are?murd'-r. fobkery, forgetv. fraudulent bankruptcy, rape, anc. bigamy It CmuiioI, in un* ca?e, tx? demanded for political oHeBr?-? The old arrangementa between France and th? Pt>rte h id not provided fur the ditlerent ^Nttioia of extradition, of which th? tribunal* ? t lh?* couth i?t Franc * have long d? manded the a<>lation. The French conanla an I ater.t- the levant have all for aome year* declared that a new arrangement waa nreeaaary. The ' - K.. I ?< f M.I. nit , 11tunic that France and England intend to re*">rr the liannh iin prtncunlilten to thr ntate wh'ch ?l>*y rp oyid before the l>'uti^n inraai >n. Th<* Kr>itli?h fleet m oun?e<]<iently prepaiing to y?t?R? tbw winter nt Bcmm. T^tt^r* from Venice of thr 17th n't announce that th?* liali.n Tjrol is to be united to the I.ouiImrdo-Venetian kingdom The mrmhfri of the royal f?miiiea ol KofUnd nd llwnovrr h?*r proteMed, a* mfulfl ot th" Houre ol Krun?wi<k, agam-t thr proponed amalgamation of thr Kruanwick with tlw t'rmaian miliary force. The proteel ha? hern referred to Krankfott, where it will be t?k*n up hy the interim. Thr Moitaj. i;?**iNi or (?r?r*\ :# V/.m ? A Irttrt fmn I'pwlt t>l th? 24th ult , rutei that th? I likn of l.nnt (loth* nnil I >?|e< alria, now MndenH It tl.e I'aivernity of I (Mala, bring d- >irom <>| #eemgthe mortal ri inn > n? ?( (tunlavun I. ('>a?ta*uVtM) of Uwedra, which are deposited in one ol ihe vnulta of thr i'athedral of that city, the marbln -arcophagnn cantaining the body wm opened br rirtur ot a n(? r ial mii 'i >ri/ati0n of tin* King. ?>1 ihe body of the treat monarch nothing remain# mt the skeleton: but all (he clothe* (of the ancient -I nni?h cntuni ) are intact, ?n<l preserve a certain frenhnewi Thene girment# are uf velvet an<: ilk, with gold and nilyrr brocade. The crown, 't I ire, ili? ir'ol'e. and th>> ornament* of the nca'v>ard enclosing til* royal sword, and the baicklen o( if puuirs ?pn ?re i>l hne nn I rm?!M?e gold, ad I'mtly adorned w ittk (trciou* Mom. Java ? Armum* tn<m .1 ?ip lo tb?? 0?? her, is the i >?>'?'! journal*, etate that th*<Jo?eri ( ? t.rrni hrtO rii -iio a toynf to Horaeo an I eleb??, unil w?? r*fr?wh?rf rerei.ed wiihefil In- inr' ' ? hy th* >MK t?lit nwh<i r* ?? Ml th'ir dev. r. tin'?? to ih>* i ' itrh govern r>ept. Aii expedition aimnM the in?arif> r>t? ol a'emhang (^un^'r.i) hud oM*m?d ?'/n?l ?!<? > Th?- l n rh i'?i?'<-d the N-ilinn of Teriete in redeem* (tie inamgeata of the l?l<* of diifc ri n ; e.iil their n?- ?Mnc.? hud he-n demanded > ih# I ' w i i i?.?r i.nhie, an<( the c::iel?ot th?" uuictfcf Btiilur

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