Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 4, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 4, 1850 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. rlliwftf cot tier of f^ulton end >? ?? *t?. JAMES l< O It 1) U N BK5NETT. rKOTKIETOB AND KDITOH. r?S DAILY HKKAI.D. leenf per topp-%1 per anTiiK WKKKL Y HKKALD. for Otronlnhon onthi, ConNwlll, ti publuked tl'ecy Saturda y, .If 6'j centi per or $3 per annum , tor circulation in Kurope, printed 4a French unci Knplirh, at t% tontopor copy, or per an- | DUI.LAH HKKKLY HKKALD. every Monday, t eeutt per cv; y, SI per annum; ?i* copte* to clua$, ?**c $5 per unit urn VnLUs I AH V COKRKHPONPENL'K. pmrtant t,t' > lU'iti d/ram any quarter of the wo ria ; if nted, tritl hr HKerally paid for. . . , NO NUTICR I I vnou$ IMNNMMNW ? - J ? ... ? a raft*, oi fi'iui n fijti ?- _____ | IMl UMINTI Till BVKMNC1. OrtRA HOUSE, A (tor rl??-N? r??ro*MA!?ct. BOWEKV TUBaTRE, Bowerjr ? WiKCiilNC J*w? Si I KB u? C ? 0 A BM>.11> ? A i 111 K A lilt, UrbAdirAj? Jriioi * Win? Lai ch Hii, ? Tul' l*a?. BURTON'S TUBA "HI. Olikmbot' Itroet? Sruioei Yx Ji.v? in ii Di tch uov *h - on. NATION! I. THBATRR, Chatham tquax* ? Suddkh Thuihhii- Niiao Qiitrni?Smile Twisi. OLVMi'lU THBATRR, BroaAway? On ,io?t? OlornDWonntnivL *??*>-Two michihici ? r>o?u?iit Hon. _ CBRISTT'B OPERA HOl'BE?ErHiorian Khiiiiiit. AMERICAN MUSEUM? Aar?i*? Prn?o?HAircm. Ariuhooii ?bo Brtsine. MELODKON - Whiti'i St nbhinini-Black Statue M?w Vurk, Blomlmjr, February 4, 1HM). ?? w? UkU Uftki We are lo have plenty of news this week. The Empire City, Ohio, and Cherokee will arrive, with one month's later intelligence from California and other parts of the Pacific ; and the Europa will be due at Halifax on Wednesday, with two week's later advices front Euro|>e. Between now and Bext Sunday, our columns will be enriched with interesting, and perhaps inijiortant, news from al' parts of the world. Tike lirltlah Uovernniiiit, and Canadian Annexation, We have at length received a reliable and official account of the exact position and policy which the British government intends to assume towards the movement now in mid career in Canada, for the separation of that country from the British crown, und its incorporation with the United Stales. The despatch of Earl Grey, dated in Ikiwmng street, on the ninth of January last, and addres.-ed to Lord Klgiu, Governor of Canada, has been published in Toronto, and was received here on Saturday by telegraph, and given to the public in the columns of the Herald of yesterday. This despatch sets aside all mystery und doubt regarding the important policy now about to be assumed by the British government towards Canada and the coloaies. This policy is a declared position, and permanent opiKieition, in every form and shape, towardsjsepa ration from the British crown, or annexation to any other jmwer. That clause in this despatch is so important, as clearly indicating the intentions of the British government, that we reproduce it for the benefit of the public With regard to the address to ttas people of Canals, in faror of scverlDg tte province from the 11 ritieb dominions for the purpose of annexation to the I'nited Stat t a. which forme the subject of three of these despatches. 1 bare to Inform you that her Majesty epprorrs of your having dismissed from her service those it bo have sign- d the document, which is scarcely abort at treasonable in Its cbaraoter Her v ejesty confidently relies on the loyalty Of I he great majority of her I median subjects, and she hat therefore determined to exert nil the authority that helm its to her. for the purpose of maintaining the eoniictun of < nitada Willi this government, being persnarl d that the permanence ot that conouetion Is hlphly ad>aDteg?ou? to both 1 rur Lrrd-l.lp will thtrefnre understand that you I are commanded by her Meje-dy to r< sist, to the iitrn ret j ot your power any attempt nhlrh may he made to J bring about the reparation of I anada tr on the British 1 d< inn ion? an |io mark in the strongest manner her I Mejerty s di-plearute with all those who may directly | or indtrrc'ly. encourage such a de-ign; and. if aoy attempt of this kind should take such a form that those wh> are guilty of it may. according to sueh ad vine as you mav receive from your law advisers be made reeponrible for their cnndnct in a court of justice you will not fart to take the necesraiy measures for bringing them to acer unt. Resistance in the imperial and colonial governments is now the policy to every attempt that inny he made to bring about a separation of Canada from Hiitieh dominion. The doubt and mystery that heretofore tnveloped this subject are dissipated, and it it is right in the British government to prevent any separation, they have acted with great propriety towards all parties, in making it fully and unequivocally known in Canada, and through all the British dominions. From the first, we were in great doubt, notwithstanding the rumors to the contrary, that the British government could ever consent to look with any degree of favor on such a movement as thai which proposed a separation of any part of their colonial dominions from the empire. This was a very natural doubt. If the spirit of agitation in Canada had by any process succeeded in separating that country from British power, it would be merely tne beginning of a great game, which would have influence and would operate on all the colonial dominions throughout the world, connected with the British Islands. The West Indies, the Ivist Indieseven where, in fact, we have no doubt, the same general idea, had Canada been successful, would prevail; and in a few years the British empire, on which the sun never sets, would be reduced to Ha ancient territory in the British Islands. The revelation and successful separation of the thirteen colonies, which now lorm the United Stales, did not in its day operate very much against the gradual increase of British power throughout the world, because the home government in that century pursued a uniform policy, consistent with inevitable necessity. Any encouragement from the British government towards Canadian annexation, would bring down the whole colonial system in the eourse of a few years. Indeed, as matters stand, the social revolution whieh was accomplished in the West Indies, by the emancipation of the slave population, may be considered the first step which led to the subsequent difficulties in the colonial governments of the Biitish empire. That was a great and nnghty error, and they will sufler for that error before the termination of the present century. The consequences of that error, in the social policy of the British government towards its West India colonies, are at the present time troubling and annoying the United States. 'I he agitations which now nfllict the different States of this Union, growing out of the slavery question, were first set on foot, and gained a foo'ing in this country, in consequence of the policy of the British government towards the West Indies; and that policy will yet be the means of crumbling into dust her colonial empire, before the termluation of the present century In ronnection with this exposition of the poliry of the home government towards Canada, and ike rmiuatinn In mil How n all further altemula t ecparnti<>n, it may be well to state, that such policy has been adopted at a very interesting and favt rable time for the accompliahmeot of it* purpose On thia aide of the border*, all the agititors belonging to all partiee in the United Siaies are too mu< h engaged wi.h the slavery question in onr new territories, to be able to direc t their attention to ai.y attempt at revolution or separation in Canada. Bat for the singular result produced on our social and political mind by the successful termination of the recent Mexican war, we are very certain that such an agitation and such muve? ments as ? have seen in Canada during the l ist year, would have laid the foundation of a sympathetic movement in the United States, that no government and no policy, either ia Washington it I/ondon, coald have prevented front running into excesses, and, no douht, into a war between the two countries. Trial or twx Guitar Gatnat Ca*v ?la another column will be found the proceedings of the trial of the great Gaines case, at New Orleans It ia full of interest, and the testimony, so far, is { strongly in favor of the claim of Mrs. Guinea. I Kfifai. of the Ususy Laws.?Prune Opinion. ? A few days since, a numerously signed petition, emanating from the merchants and business men of N> w Yoik, was presented to the Legislature in Albany, praying that body to repeal the statutes known as the usury laws of this Slate. This is not the first time that an cllbit of this kind has been made to repeal theBe ridiculous and absurd laws. Heretofore, however, our legislatures h ive ?mbract d many members from different parts of the folate, who have, unfortunately for the business interests of this great city, held opinions on the subject of the usury laws, utterly at variance with every day experience, and repugnant to the spirit of the age. This accounts for the existence o' those laws so long, and for our being so far behind o'her States, in not rejiealing or modifying them. We ahull see, by the action of the present Legislature on the last petition which was addressed to tbem, of what materiel the members of that body planner anu ptiixgr ine piiouc. v?f nnvp nan an instance of this within a short time, by which an individual was swindled nut of an immense sum of money by one of our banking institutions, by the aid oi this most unrighteous law. If the Legislature do not think fit to respond to the unanimous desire ol our business community, and oboli.-h those laws altogether, let them be so modified as to deprive them of their most objectionable feature ; we mean the provision which declnres , the whole sum loaned as being forfeited if an excess of seven per cent interest is charged. Several States have found it necessa>y to take this course, and, for the information of the Legislature at Albany, we will give them the following extracts fr< hi the laws of Vermont, on the subject,recently ! passed :? See. 3 No person thell take, directly or Indirectly, mere then the value ef tlx dollar*, fcr the forbearance of one bundled dollars lor one year, and at the same | rate fcr a great* r cr less sum, and for a lunger or . shorter time 8,e. 4 Whenever a greater rate of Interest than Is allowed by law shall have been paid, the person paying the on - may recover back the amount so pal i ab iva the legal tntereat, with Internet thereon trom the time of payment, in en action of assumpsit declaring for money had and secured on goods sold and delivered, as the case may be. If wc can't have our usury laws repealed, let us have them modified in this way. Rogues will then he deprived of inducements which they now | have to commit immorality under color of law. If a greater interest than seven percent is charged, let the party sue for a return of it, but do not tuduce him to steal his neighbor's property, by giving him legal absolution for the crime afterwards. The shortest way would be to repeal them entirely, and not throw any imi*<diment* in the way of trade and commerce. W'e lio|>r our city delegation will not fail 10 agitate this matter in the legislature, until redress is obtained in some way, and tins boulder in the channel of trade and business reJ moved. I Tiie Great Pi.Avrnv Crisis in Conorr** ?The great deb.i'e on Mr. Clay's resolutions of compromise on the slavery question, will begin to-day, in ihe I nited States Senate in Washington. This w ill no doubt Irtid to the most extraordinary debate that has characterized the Congress of the I ntt< d States during the present century. Mr. | Clay is the only man who has had the courage to come forward and propose some plan for the enci tie rrieut of this exciting and dangerous controversy. It is true that the cabinet,through General Taylor, opened the subject, by disclosing their vie** relative to the appliratien of California to be admitted into the l'fiion; but iheir plan was no plan at all. It left the question 0|>en to the agitators of both rnda of the I nion to work upon, to excite and endanger 'he |eare and happiness of the country. It was, howevrr, very well calculated to bring about a very dnngrrous excitement, almost running into insurrection or revolution, so that by the time it reached its highest point, the President could assume the character of a moderator, come forth with a declaration declaring the Uaton in danger, and almost commence a mil war. To avoid ?urha dangerouscontingency,Mr Clay, with true moral con rage, came forward hi* plan of compromise, which we trnet and hope will lead, before the termination of the debate in the Senate, to some basis on which the whole controversy m.iy he act lied. Tita Paskma* Tbaoipv in Bo*Ton.?It appear*, by the laat account* from Boston, that ihia case will not con.e on for trial for two or three month* yet. In the meantime, it *eem* that mint ofshe evidence against It Webater ha* leaked out: aad, if nothing further ran be furnished against him, than what haa been published in the newspapers, the chances of hi* conviction on the first trial are not very strong. Thu* far, the whole of the evidence i* circumstantial, and much of it vagtie and unsatisfactory. There i?, however, a prodigious prejudice among all portions of society in Boston agamst Pr Webntet, and great elfori* will be made in variou* quarters to produce a public opinion in that quarter, front which he cannot e*caue conviction when the trial come* on. M<i?mwt? iv nit Diimt Mvsratita.?\V> undetstand that the counsel tor the Prnrya will make application. t?sd iy, to allow ImiI in the case of his rii< nta, ami permit both ol the I >rurys to visit their home in .Astoria. It is also said that Mr. Pistrict Attorney MiKeon will h ?v?* a warrant ia?ued for the ?Trent of One-eyed Thompson, who ia cliarg'd hy the evidence of the Caiiandaig'ia wnn-mo with having confeaaed the manufacture of the torpedo itaelf Hut the tmth ia, there are oo many counnei ?n,| many partiea in theae afoot-pig-on myntenea, that it U very difficult to aarertain where the lawycra will begm, or where they will end If public sentiment in this part of the State, and, in fact, in every other i*mion of it where there is an extensive commercial business transacted, is unanimous on any subject, it is on the necessity of the repeal of the usury laws. In this age of intelhg* nee and light, it is a libel on the State of New Vork that they are not repealed. Instead of regulating the tnteiest of money, us between borrower and lender, it is a notorious fact that they are never thought of when contracts of that kind are entered into between business men. Like every other article, it ;s subject to the great law of supply and demand. When the demand ia more than equal to the supply, it is of course more valuable, and,nee versa, when ' the supply is greater than the demand,it will be less 1 valuable. Thus it is that we see money quoted ; one week as being worth five per cent per year, | and the next week or the week after, it may be ! quoted as worth ten, or twelve, or fifteen, rising and fulling like corn or cotton, according to supply and demand for the wants of business. Thousands and tens of thousands of contracts are entered into of this kind, in the course of a year, in this I city; nnd it is not often that payment ef the principal is refused on the ground of usury. So impressed ure the business men of this city with the absurdity of those laws, and so unanimous are they in favor of their repeal, thet any man who I would borrow money at a higher rate of in, terrst than the law prescribes, and call upon a | court of justice to support hnn in refusing to re| turn it on that account, is branded as a rogue and , a sw indler, and loses his reputation und character i ai once. riXi'fiifuie xmu pruvru nmv muse laws are only a protection?a cloak to persons of that class, under which th*y can legally plunder their fellow-men of, without thejnjured party having any redress. It may be said, that if, in general practice, the usury laws are a deud lettsr, as between man and mun, why, therelore, the necessity of repealing th<ml II they are not adopted as a rule between bsyer and lender, because public opinion is so strong thut any one who appeals to ihetn is at once set down as a swindler, they may as well remain on the statute book. Not ao, however; for incorporate companies, against whom public opinion cannot oi>erate, having no souls and no reputation, can appeal to them with impunity, and thereby Trial Trip of the New World on the Ocean I -Hot HUb the Northerner. On Raturday. the new steamboat New World mad'1 her trial trip < n the ocean, starting with the Northerner, It at 8 o'clock in the afiernoen, and only returning yje- at terday morning. at 4 o'clock. Her trial trip in coat- c< pany with the Georgia, on the 2Sth of January, wat n considered satisfactory, a* tar aa rapid tailing in smooth pi water waa concerned, though area in that respect the p; had hardly fair play, starting irntnediaWlv upon bsiog si launched, and before her engines and boiler* were Ira- c( proved by a little UM But it waa not aaoertained by that trip what her ocean (jualitiea were.and bet builder and principal owner, W. II Browne, resolved to trt her b< on ' the deep, deep sea " Accordingly he appointed 01 HaturCay lor the purpose, and invited a aelect party of e: trie title to acoouipauy buu on an exouridnb wlih the p Northerner, advertised to sail for Charleston on Satur h day Kven tins trip, however, was not a decisive test of her rapacity to buffet tbe bill>w<<, and ride trtuui- n pbaiilly over them in rough weather. for (be water was Y. klmoet ae toiootb a# glass outside, barring that oaturat glorious awe!) of the ocean which la the most beautiful thing in nature, and always to be found. even In tha calmest weather, when there U' n< t a breath the blue wares to curl." At half past 12 o'clock, tbe New World, after taking on beard the ekcuraion party ut the loot of Twelfth etreet. steamed up the Ka-t River for some distance aud tben turning, proceeded to tbe Battery, where ab? rounded and headed up the North ttlver, intending to return in tine to start with the Northerner frota tha foot of Courtlandt street. The Northerner, however, t went sooner than was anticipated, sailing sharp at 3 o'clock. The New World,on perceiving this, immediately ai pnt about aud gave her chase She was then about a mile o and a quarter ahead. At 4 minutes pa:.t B the New World tl parted the dock of tbe Northerner, and lu 20 minutes n ii ere she psesed the Northerner herself, whenabreart of w Robin's Iteef. at tha near extremity of Staten Island, p thus beating tho Northerner four miles an hour At w 24 tniniitee past 3 o'clock or just half au h >ur from tbe tins tbe New World passed Courtlandt street she tl olearsd the telegraph at tbe further extremity oi u Staten Island, beiug at tbe late of upwards of 20 miles p an hour. She was performing 20 revolutions te the minute when she was in chase of tbe Northerner; af- tl terwards she performed 21 revolutions, which wae the tl utmost speed she attained, with 34 inctu s of steam L on. At 6 minutes past 4 o clock she passed the Sardy Hook Light, just an hour aud ons minute b from the time she left tbe foot of Courtlandt street. 81 She was then stopped, and tbe company ware en- r< tvrtained to a magnificent dinner by Mr Browns, ci After wailing 20 minutes, tbe Northerner b-lag t? | still behind it was proposed to go to sea 7o or 80 miles tl more, so as to make a trip of li.o miles out anil 1 JO In. There being plenty of fuel and provisions on board, o] the proposition was agreed to and song, and mirth, and ii < wine, and speeches were the order of tbe night. She . a i kept a steady course south by west (steelingby the ' o compass) ti'l 9 o'clock, when brr engineer and owner ! 21 calculated we were fully lOu miles to sea and put baok, reaching tho Battery at half past 3 o'clock, and landing cl i at Tretttb stiaet at 4 o'clock, making an average H I speed out and iu. (allowing tor stoppages) of 17 miles 71 ! per hour Her owner was anxious lor rough water; but ii I it was only when she reached her doek that it b-gaa to B blow " Ireah " Tbe night, up to that, time was very 21 Lazy and thick an that it was not safe, meeting so many d vessels as sbe did. te put her to her full speed c >mtng o back. She burned about 11 tons of coal from tbe tiaie a she left tbe toot of Twelfth street till she returned, a t< period of 14 hours She is an exceedingly beautiful k '? -- ? - ? MnM..S si" a..n,vfafnr S?>t4 liliw hb if impressed with a leellng ?f htr speed ju-t as w:i?n el looking at the proportion* of a thoroughbred racer. tl She In tbarp fore and aft and ha' her buoyancy chiefly o In the centre Her *id?* are rather flat, or what may be t> ruied wall-rided. But her Usee are beautiful, and d where she enter* the water, and where she leaves it. )< there 1* aa little foam a* we erer raw at the stem and u stern of a boat going with her ?p-*ed. Her engine o: worked a* sweetly a* we ever paw any engine work, and p add* another laurel to the Arehiuiedei Works of Dan- p ham is t o. I to operation was superintended by Mr. n Joseph Belknap, drafteman of the Arm The engine d la on eeok The wheels are considerably behind the centre A promenade deck runs fore and atr, as in the Jj ' tieorgia and Ohio. Her exterior and saloon are eery n neatly painted, and the latter is fitted up very hand- ; tl aomely i c< She proceeds to San Francisoo In a few day*, and K her owner It confident she will perform the distance a in a time far eborter than it *u ever yet accoin- p plished?in tact, in a time that will astonish the oom- ' ri rnuuity | e. Anu>nw thoss who took part In this trip were Captain ti Floyd, of the Wasbiogton, and Captain Sherman, the * oldest f our captains, who owned and ommauded the I fist steaunr rn Lake hoe In older not to Interrupt I tl ' the aairative ot the sailing we did not insert the . y I toast* and other proceeding* at the dinner. !u th-ir I proper olace. in order of time, b'lt shall ?ubj in such a sketch here a* our (pace will permit I Captain 8himmais. after doner. ro?e and said-This was the eecond triumph of tke New World and it was I in uo email degree owing to Dunham fc Co , ot the : Archimedes Works. He thought the name ought to be p, I changed to the Dunham Work*, tor Mr Dunbara had are> mpllshtd that which Archimedes deemed possible j | under rrrtain conditions, which were impossible. . Arehimedee aald If be bad a lulcrom long and strong i enough, he could move the world. Mr. Dunham hid actually given the momentum which moved the New > World. (Laughter aad cheers.) He would give them ' the health ol " Dunham end Browning ' Cl Mr Dt sham replied In behalf of his partner and him- at s?lf. and said he was sure that Captain Sherman latended his observattena to apply no re to Mr. Brownlug than tc him. However, they vera now afloat, and ti the scene awoke heppy memories aad association'. I ^ which v re natloaal and American. The gentlemen aa who had just spoken. teferred to Archimedes; but the j, o< mpaiison was mure appropriate to the case of Mr. j Browne, who, without the aid of a fulcrum, built two ' New Worlda." one ef which they now inhabited Archl- to medt-s could not do it except with what nature had not m( : lupplied. William H Browne had d< ne It with the ma- jj i trrlals which she did supply. The steamboat Is sseen- B, i ti*llw ImartMB On? frl?nfla At th? oth?r aid? hud a. ! Mil tk>; WrN tb* IDTCDtOtl of (truibltttl. II VII BOt (I , nxnitr; to raferto the ttma *b?n ?? oltlurd fur our- f IrliM the father of tba mm. sod that claim war a<l- 4, i niltlod. If they bare the t>ai now, we haft tba lake* n , and riwrs and in five year* wore wa aball have tba aaaa I too; and, in tba contaiuplatloo of that glorli u? reality, (l| wa eaunot help looking back to John Kitoh. wbu aald fc, tba time would coma ?brn our river# and tba Atlantic tt ocean would be navigated by steamships. lla was In w ajikticr ?f bis aia. and la now proved to ba a prnpbat. ?, Mr Linnbam concluded with a handsome eulogy on Mr. Urowna. u Mr Banwwt briefly replied and said,though baeould ta ; make a " World,'' ba could net make a speech ., Mr. KvraaiT than proposed tba following toast ? *, i "Tba New World against tba (lid, whether for man, j, woman balilaa, or ataamboats " (Itoar# of laughter ) jc Mr. Di sham abortly afiar Kara ? ' Tba run of a (j worthy aire conoaetad with ataambwls on the lakes." Captain Ehiimis responded He |nerer made a ? speech In bis life, but b ankaas wara taught that the word can't" is not In tbalr language, and if a waa aakad to do any irapoei-lble thing, bis an- ^ awar ia? I will try. air." (Hear and laughter ) Won- u dara upon wonders wara accumulating l ba other day ^ to. < c rgle beat the i anada and the New World, In a I <?aj or two after, beat tba Oeorgia and. to-day. aha has 1 beaten tba Northerner? eo that I may aaclaim VI' slona of glory, spare my nablng sight." (Roars of [ laughter ) '1 o Whom wara tbry Indebted for tboae i ' tiiunpbs? Was It to the men of rank' Not at all; ' j,, t but to relf-made man, wbo rep. sad opnn their own l)1 energies and genius, t'oreiauet In the ran of tbasa ,,, Mwyks wm ona wbo Is now no more, and died worth one and a half or two millions; and wbo. but for this ^ principle of aelf-reliance, chert-bed and developed by ; our r> publican Inutllutionc. might baaa Clad aalliog a ,, petty sim p Another, wbo la known from fleorgia to j. ; (>blo, tut for tils might ba still digging to a canal ? i or a lallnad. Anotbar gentlexau. ?h ? h story ' will be, aye. It la kaoan. from tha Atlantic to tba laeitlc aid from tba I acitic to tba \re tie-(> beers and taughte-) ? be could put owe foot on the \t- > laut'.c and the other on tba Parlfla lie *a<i( n- Vl as much dlstlngutsbed In pitaate lite fur his ^ munil c-nce and gam realty aa fcr bts mechan cal . g-i.In-and (kill in naval architecture Such waa tba i,, effect of living uuder a free republican government. I Mr lit mum then itupuand t-ba boalth of a g-utlv- n man wbo waa at tba Bead of a firm that (t-pphe-1 the { , lr< n with which Iks steamboats and their eng-nva were ,. | built Mr Vast?l L replied and ramarkad that he never k n?-w a ??Wfl ?'ilcb 414 not ?ur*??d n|i>ii ?h? Iron . conned >-d altb it an* likrt from him i K ?r? af , , laughter.) II* ccnrlnd-d by giving lb* health of th* |. kt|nttPM<ibprii'llt?i i it* a*at toa*t tw, " Th* Treaa-Tb* nightlaat ?n- ?, gin*. t th.oi sit ; lb* liaroTtaa tot ih* ll'f'd briny railed en. briefly Mrpordrd < ?|iltia Kl*in, ol lb* Wwllntlct. th*a |ii? ib* Icmi. " May tb* yrnj*?mr? ofthta \?? World J cation* la build <th?r Nik Wotld* and peopl* tbrai " (Roar* of itntklfi ) . I h* health* rf Mr. Browa* and Mr Brikrap ??r* , toaated and aathualarilealij reoctvad Other t. a?i* followed and then ?nng*. and l>?dta%g*. g. and nilrth . ? hampcgn* flowed c-pmadj. and alio- ,* gefh*r It ?a? very plrarant ai< urrton to >ld Nrptun* a domain* M laraacrrinn raait IJ?rii ? Wa gain, la rectarJay'g M Herald, Intelligent* from Hay II to tb* lith nit. by * I which it app*arad that tb* nCnlr* of that Maud w*ra ot In a drplotabi* *tata, la a rntntu-retal point of vtaw. 'A | According to th*a* advle**, the dart** of on* day waa o, a?ip*rr*dad by another on tb* or it day. th.oalag cm- h ry tblng lnineonlo*i<>n. In addition to what a* pub- " In bad y*?t*iday, wc And the folloalag In th* B??ton )!, Journal of datntday afternoon:? it By r*o*nt arrival* at thia port, fcotn llaytl. w* Irarn that tbaMand enatlau*d arattvaly juut ' Ihrta bad barn n report, that another en <pa>at *' bad taken plaoa botaaan tba Haytlm an I ntran flaat*. but no authentic aeeooat had b~?n ' received af Iba latart date* Hour of th? f.rcatgo " norrhanti having r-tuaed to anmply with ail tba frrjniri ?*nta of fb* aoaop ly lao, tn regard to tb* *' cm* of fntaign ptodnota, tbay wara threatened by I * tba black c fbcerg with th* deprivation of thair p?t-nt* " and a ba* of on* thov??nnd d liar* and ?v*n agontri >a * from th* Inland Haw???r Ihcna inraaip pio-h no ftar. f< r tb* imb.-eflity of th* govrrninant *a? wall 11 known. I " " ' - " "" bi B?at? a? a or tat ? aoav- Vaariai. t pia Carrtiv , > K*?v? n ? t?n Saturday la*t. th* verdict and **a'*oo# ' rf tb* emrt martial up<n Captain Richard Ireneh a?r* rrturard approved by Brigadier ocaeral I wing and lontd to b* aa follow* -* Oailty oa all th* afcarga* h arid *tr*if ration*, nnd *?-n'*no*d t>- b* rrpriman 1?d la 0. r tdet* and fit *d In tb* *nni of fifty dollar*."' Again t thl* e*at*ar*' aptaln Frecveh atll app-al to th* it .*** I act *a tb* ground of tb* Illegality and tat -totality of a Ill- , r r ? ? UI j KH p i : TOW niBinirrnri -?i ?m- r i-i-w * m< n-t?in ih.. etar*?a A m d< ?h? p int, al I (.lib) I >fi>ln Knii-h la ib? af tt>* aoirt Ia In knar la? au'h? rm.a eiud by htm and tb? (art of pn? n| lb* in* n-k. t? n# Ih* auart ant b?tn? tilt*J t nutl II ? ti art ?n ?b? making a? rf lb# ??rtl t aid th? ?aat?Of< iad Ha c oi' iuntit ?' .?ara span tk? ? J t tr?H< Annual Krpart mt the Inspectors o the New York State Prisons. In December. D>47. en act we* pawed by tba LegWiture cl (bia State, requiring the Inepector of State Pri>t>8 to make an annual report to the Legislature, of the mdition of each of the State prisons, showing the umber tf convict* confined Is theas, the money exloded aod received, and generally of all important roceedings during the year, which bear upon the inLitntion* In accordance with this provision, these}nd annual report has been submitted to the Senate The I up pec tore report that they are '-geatided In ring able to give assurance of the generally prosperdp condition of tbe prisons, in their financial and disciplinary d) partmmts. and rejoioe to say tbat while reiilvntr has been abroad over the land, our prisons eve been spared from any uuusua1 mortality." The number of convicts in the different prisons, Deembrr 1st, 1848 and 1849, were as ollnws:? be number in Auburn prison, Dee. 1.1848, was 453 I>o. do. d?. 1,849, was 809 ine. 1S7 Do, Sins finx prison, do. 1.-48. was Oil Do. do. do. who 67- do. 61 218 Do. Sing Sing female irnsn, <lo. 1818, wia 83 Do. do. do. 1H48. wu Art lata S Do. Clinton pritoo, do. 1818, was 16.1 Do. do. do. 1818, v a* 124 leM 39 II Total inertaae in one year, 171 otal nmuter of convieto in all the prisons, Dee. 1.1M3. . 1 183 Of the large increase at Auburn prison. 46 are to be eoonuttd fur by the transfer of that number from her prisons. 44 by the diminution to that extent of tie number of pardons. and a further but Indefinite uuiher by the modification of the prison distrtots, by fetch eon viot* from several eouutias. whiah were the revlous year embraced in the Clinton prison distriot, ere committed to Auburn Of the increase at Sing Sing, 10 are accounted for by le transfer ol oonvicis, 29 by the diminution of par. nus. and a further number by the modilioation of the rison districts. The diminution at Clinton prison is explained by the fancier ol M convicts to other prlsous, and the ourtilment of that pilson district by the action of the egisiature. Ol the entire increase of 174 in all the prisons, So may 0 accounted fur by the diminution of pardons, leaving if increase from other causes, perhaps, in part, by the rtlex consequences of the discontinuance of the Mextsd war, and perhaps, in part, by the increased inrroperanre

and recklessness eu strangely induced by tie prevalence of the cholera. TakMs or Sr.iwifNCE.? At bing Sing prison, the term* 1 sentence of 068 convicts In the male prison, (not icluiiibg 14 sentenced for life.) aterage 6 years 8 tenths and 12 days; 337 of the number, a little over ne half, are for 5 years and over, and 162 are for 10 to 5 years. At Auburn prison, the term* ef 590 oonvlots, (not inluding 13 sentenced for lite,) average 4 years 6 months ud 18 days; 228 of the number for 6 years and OTer; ii from lu to 22 years. Of 290, (not including 2 for ie,) received last year, the average Is 3 years 11 lonths and 12 days eaoh; 84 for 4 years and over; and j tor 10 to 20 years If from the number reoeived uring the last year, 44 who were transferred from tlier prisons, whose average sentences were 0 years ud 0 months, lie deducted, the average of the 262 sen:nrvd within the year will be only 8 y ears 6 months ud 1 day. M At Clinton prison, tlis terms ef 123 oonviots (not in* luding 1 sentenced for life) average a fraction less 3au years; 49 of the number are tor 6 years and ver; 12 for 19 to 20 years. The public sentiment of late years has favored a reuctiou ct the terms of sentence, especially for first of. nces. In this sentiment the prison officers, rarticu ul; those best able to jndge o{ the inliuence and off?ot I loog terms of Imprisonment upon the temper and by ileal aud mental vigor ot convict*, have partiala ted; natl?lied that few oouid bear long imprisonlei-t without becoming ioth mentally and physically ? bill ta ted. Kk-commitmeiits ? Of the whole number of convicts > Auburn prteou. I in a little over 6)4 have been oomiltted tor two or more times; of thoao received during be last j ear. ab ut 1 in 7. Ot the total number ot onvto'sln Sing Sing prison, about 1 in 7 are re-comiltnieut? the number received during tbe last .year versging about tb* tame as the total number. Of the tal cumber ol convict? In Clinton prieon, 1 in 7% are - commitment*. An examination of 53 cases of reuimitmeut at Auburn prison, shews, that in about so thirds of the number, tbe succeeding oonvietiona ere for the same offence as the first. r**i>oss.?The number of pardons granted by exeouve authority for the last year, has been? rum Sing Sing male prism 11 " female " !i " Aaburn prison. 12 " Clinton prison 4 Total 20 The number during the previous year, was ? row aing Sing male prio n 41 " ' female M 8 " Auburn prlsen 45 " t liaton prison 10 ToUl 114 Less tbau the previous year, 85. The proportion ot paid?u*. to the average number of lavictk tbe last year, baa been, at Sing Ming. 1 to 68; .Auburn, llo44. at Clinton, ltoSO. Tbe previous ar. the proportion was. at Slug Sing. 1 to 16, at Auirn. 1 to ?, at Clinton, 1 to 10. In 1868, the propor oil ei pardons in the Maine Slate prison ?m X in 34; i New Hampshire, 1 in 20; in V ermoat, X In 7; in Mascbusetts, X In 10, in Connecticut, I in 31; lu New usey, 1 in X3; in new penitentiary, Philadelphia. fa , in 44, in Ohio, X|iu 6. I nder the head of diseipllna. the Inspector* report the tal number ol punishments inflicted during the laet tar ware:?At Auburn, 406; at Sing Slog 303; at the lintou I rv . a HIS This is a large decrease from the umber of punishments before indicted Solitary eonueinent ami the shower bath are now used, instead cf la whip, for subduing the obstinate and refractory, he Inspectors say la their report: ? The experience of setter year has demoustrated the superiority ef the lid and humane sy steut of discipline, prescribed by .e pries u isws . i this state, and adopted sines the first ! January. 1343, orcr that which plaoes the oat in the sods of the keeper, and thrives upon corporeal cha<rement It is believed the discipline ol our prisons , ss never more satisfactory than during the last y?ar. ( inipums ol rest Wsensss. it is true. Have appsared. owing out <1 asuliject already mentioned. but so lar le cause has uot existed to a eulHrleai extent I" in- , nupl e. to osly the eouinuon < l the discipline. i'he -iiphrcirs of insuboTdinatt< n and disaster and cvnsai? nt depreciation of the value of convtet labor, la slgsd by those ioag habituated to the nee of the whip r the purpose ol eaterclag obedience and Industry, if ' tat time-hallowed practice should be abaudoned. bave i t bees realised. A reduced aumber ef punishments. | more faithful industry, an ia -reased pri<-e for prison bor and a better discipline have followed the change , SasiTssv Cowdmion or tmi faieons.?The whole numit of dtaiks it convicts at tbe Auburn prison, during leiearsnutug Nnvember Ito. 1340, was 7 t the Mug Sing prison, malt 4J " f? male , ., . . X h Clinton prison 4 Total in all tbe prisons .14 The average number of the onvlets In all the prisons lug 1 J134H- and the deaths (except Hires accidental) ?ing 31, the mortality was one Iu44'>, or about Si'? ir cent. Mkinop or Ri rri.vinu raofisions.?Under this hand, is inspectors report that the provisions have been supled, during the past year, at tne rate of 67 30 per 100 itlons. At Ciiatou pits, o 6V 31 per do , at Sing Mog. uriBg the nine months from January 1st to 3ept Huts, mviMons have been supplied by tbe agent at 67 73;a r 100 taii< ne It has been found beet to supply the nvisiona tarouah the imtruosuUlltr of en ./-at. 1 ho (Hi of onpptj Ing lalioao to It) Mng Hii< prima, CM Oct 1, IMi, lvK?pt 30. IMS. w boil J by c <atrant, i? PiO.dib 00 1 ho c J?t Iri D October I. l?4d, to 3*pt i 1MW. about nine taJ bail nutba of notch by the *nt nod the remainder by #ontract. to VJH.Mdftv. i detour* Id bfot ol iappl|laf by lb* iftal. Mid il lb rrccijof to laotraellna. Ut* ln?p*eior? ?ay:?Too cTi'it d Id tbo |>rtDOD law of thta M?t* for tba ?p lalmrot of teaebcra to fir# laaLruolicn In trio f d i mama clucalloa 1* on* of 4-* M .uambrcpy, and of great rata* t<> a largo pr p r-ioa Ibf a<?iW4, oh} bno*. before roaehliit tbo prion, ra rfiMaUf only la olcc and frbtwnrat. Tul? d?utnttt moki to Lav* boon raltbruuy conducted, kdor tbo ruper?l?loa ol tbo chaplain* of iki pruoii. bo bato oodulonaly radoarorod to taruicate, la addiI'D. tbat tuoiai and nllfloai tnotrnetion, nbleb la of ill iar bmbrr ralac. At Sli t biBft prtoon. tta d JMbor of convict* receiving i#tf itolioD In lb* bfanaboo of a oominna l.ngltoh oduitk a. at Uko dot* of tbo report, ?a? 170. or aboal 1 In of tbo total number. At i lit>ten prima, tbo number a a dor Instruction tbo ?t ijuartor naa IV, or about 1 la t>4 of tbo nboi* nuatr. At Anbara prioon. tbo anabur nador tnatraetioa irtug tbo laat yoar naa lvl, or ooor 1 In of tbo nbolo am bar. la Kao remark* upon tbo eanaot of rrlao. tbo roport pt Ibd gr> at loading oauoec of rrliao appoar to bo. adf rrpbaaag*. Igaoraae* and tatoaiporaai ^ ?'f * connate at Auburn priaon. tl* aioro tb?n ono%. t t do pit i rod of a b n?o before thoy nor* M year* ago. ho aoro or phono, and 1KB bail orphaa*. only i 1 la *0. bad a good i agltab oduoai oo, and 14, < r rally 1 tab n aid out r-ad at ail, Ada. ama than uto. liI noro iDiomporato. nbllo oaly do bad practised itai abotiboDro. and tba oiaminatloat oa tbo subject i tbibtt a ?a<l d. otltatlua of moral and reitgtna* rulturo t 1*4 ooaoicu la i liaton pruoa it or aboat I la 4. uid iiot road, and 'A nsneidornbty ooor ouo-batf, aro period to bato boon ini*aip?ra'e I bo ooatrarto for tbo lab-.r of the prtonaorn par day letogoo. ot tabara, 4?% rente; at Ming rttag (mai* nuclei 4i*? Ooato At I liaton prionu. 40 touu per i) boo boon offered f't a roatract Th* "ff-r h ?? b-> a or ptod. and tbo ag> at dtreotod to conclude tbo ooaart lli* a>*rap* woraieg rim* ior in* y*ar i?, it ain? l>? aboat a hour* 4? tnliiuta* pat day. at tiihuio In n*i?17 ailanta*, at < ttatna priMin tb* a**ra*f ?n*k> I tin *li"oi Juu* lal to {St*?sb*r JVtb ? w hour* > tuiiiui** pit c?/ lb* C.-rai e< ailitlo* ?f tb* pri <>*. ar* rat f>rth In a l?pMt,tli*a|i.f that t' lb* Autiuro | rtdoa tti* t >t?l nouat it c*?l? i*< >tfid uurlutf U>* dirai }*ar railing ih o*|.kaib*r Including ear a mi baud at tb* r > *. bnmaat ??l tk* )'?f pa; at i in i tai ami uot riptbdail fur *11 parpo*** , , ? ?,*;; srv l.f*rSr g caah ** hand P?pt both. |lg.v>0 mi laaieaaa ur?r ba.aac* ot ia*t >*?r e 4m 24 ainiap* ? l tba pvtaoa during tb* j?a*. . . ?,.t Tfii T6 > auuiaii? l?r ur?iaary *upport ?w*,? it ?**** of raratnga a?*r ripi'B*** Pi. 440 a* taiiabi* r??oUir?? at ?b* ylMN oa tb* ?i th kifitaliir, IMf, lit udii K e*M> Palate* he.. PI2YM 61 unlit ih* j?ar tiding (4rpf?mb?r MOth, 1141, tktt* aaa a d-tolmry of >-*rntn(? lu rrt tba ti|*a<!Kar** t r ot tiria y mrr rt. 't t ;i.t n unit ?* 1*1 aadloi d?yt dot* MM,,, 4 440 4? At the Slag Slog prison the total amount received during tba fiscal year ending Hap> Umber 30th was $80 390 20 Amount expended daring same period. . . 81,860 98 Claims against tba prison for debts contracted prior to 1st of January, 1840. . .. (.100 90 Earnings for tba year (0.996 (9 expenditures for ordinary support 08.073 04 Kxpauses of female prison 10,411 70 Earnings " " 9,373 30 Tba Clinton prison reoeirsd daring the year, including appropriation from State Treasury 777.7. . .V. $60 389 30 Tba agent reports that the amount of aprropriatlon necessary for the maintenance and support of this prison for the current year. Is estimated at $96,000. Tba wardens of the several prisons report favorably upon the state of affairs in their provinces, so far as discipline and good feeling are conoerued. In reference to worliug the stone quarries at Sing Sing, the warden of that prison says :? "1 rem a careful examination of Its avails and results, I am satisfied that the employment of the oonvicte at this prison. In the quarries and cutting stone 1< unprofitable When all the expenses of quarrying the stone, of toola. teams, oarts and feed, are token into the aooount, It yields but little revenue to the State. If discontinued, it would dispose of the ocoaaion oi complaint on the part of a very respectable class of meohaalcs, who seem to suppoee that their businesa is interfered with by oonvlot labor, and render unueeeesary any lur? ... tl.u I ... Af that body (or their protection 1 would suggest. therefore. the propriety of offering to the contractor! for prfeou labor the services if the men numbering over one hundred, now employed in quarrying and cutting atone; and if not wanted by them, that their service" he advertiesd for some mrobanical bu-mess, whioh may be legally carried on under the law applicable to the sub jeot " The same officer saya, In another part of the report:? " Some time last apring.a committee of the New York Prieoa Association made a visit to thia prison, claiming the right and authority to go Into any part of the pri en te converse with and examine the convicts when and where they pleaeed. unattended by any officer of the priaon I reapectiuily declined acceding to their requeat. 1, however, offered to abow theae gentlemen any and every part of the prison, to furnish for their Inspection all books and papers relating thereto, and to permit them to examine the keepers, and one or all of the convicts; at the same time laforiniug them that the examination of the convicts must be in my presence. as I could not allow any one not cenneoted with the prison to converse with a eoaviet, unless in the bearing of an i tfioer Soon after, I was served with a writ of mandamus, in which said committee were pWinttffe. to whieh 1 made answer. The case was argued before the court, which sustained me iu the oouree I had pursued. About three weeks since, two of the same committee again called at the prison, and made another demand for admittance. with the like privilege, to whieh th?y received the same answer and treatment as In the first instance. Although these men might not do anything which would affeot the discipline of the prison, yet. with the once precedent established, who will answer for the character ot their successors or determine the amount ot mischief whioh an unprincipled man. or committee of men. might accomplish, it permitted to do or ray what they pleased to convicts, In the absenee of their keepers T The chaplain* have opened schools for the instruction <f convicts in all the prisons, where they teseh each ss will learn, reading, writing and arithmetic. By a provision ot the Legislature, the prison* ere supplied with libraiies. which now contain- at tbegAuburn prison. 760 vela ; Sing Sing. &80; Kernels department 643. According to the phyticians' reports, the deaths beve been remarkably few in number during the fut year. The report from the Auburn is 5 deaths la S months. At Sing Slug, mule department, (luting; female department, 1. Clinton prison tor the year, 4. in hie report, the physician to the Auburn prieon says; ?" W ith anngle exception, this, i believe,is the smalleat annual mortality wbdeh has oeourred In thia priaon for tome years. But conclusions relating to the gene ral health of the convicts, base4 on toe number of deatba, are, as It seems tome, of all data the least reliable. It Is a fact well known, that the incurable character of a malady with wbicb convicts may be altlicted, bas been a decided, and in truth, almost oartaln reason on the part of the executive for graating pardons; and although this may be the aot of a well conceived humanity, it nevertheless renders calculations drawn from the mortality in the prison almost worthless. City Intelligence. Tin: Wi athv.r.?At 6 o'clock last evening there was a slight sprinkling of snow, which, however, did oot continue The evening became lnteurely cud and a northwester sprung up. wbicbcut the unfortunate faces exposed to it just like s bad raxor. Fiaa i* Furrow SracrT.?At half-past 9 o'clock, on Saturday night, a firs broke out in the six-story building. No. Zi button slrset, the lower part of which is occupied by Mr Miller, oil merchant and others The upper part of the building was full of cotton, stored there by seme party whose rams ws could net learn The flatties spread rapidly, and In a short lim? burst through the roof, and communicated with the adjoining building on each aide, til and ltd The former was not much injured by fire, though greatly damaged by water No. tio. occupied by Cornelius, Lock wood hi Brooks, was considerably burned In the upper stories, ami ih>- stock throughout drenched with water. The tire in the building was rubdued in a short tiuis by the active txtrUonsot tba firemen; but It continued to smoulder In the eotton all day yesterday, and even till seven o clock in tbe evening. The bales vara thrown | out of the windows into the street, and the hose kept plajiogupon tbem. The building mud cotton were token charge of by the police, and by Captain Smith, assurance natch The day being Sunday, the owner was out of town, and did not make hia appearance at the scene nor was bis name aerertaiusd. The damage to the cotton, by tire and water, ie eery eoneiderabie. We understand it Is oevered by insurauoe, as also the buildings Kike i? thi Bowrav.?I.ast night, abont 10 o'clock, the ( ity Hall bell rang three strokes lougand loud, and it was believed that there wu a great Dre aomawbere. It turned out to be a shed that was burned In the Bowery, at the rear of Biaok's, the ooufectlonsr, near Spring street. Kiev is Mutt stbebt ? At half past 8 o'nloek last evening a fire broke out in the grocery store of Anthony f arr,id Mott street. After considerable damage, and the danger oi far more, the Are was extinguished by a stream trom 14 hoee carriage, Tai Kiet is K?.aat Siekilt ?It Is a remarkable elrenn:stanco in connection with the Are in Kerry street, H at this is only the aeoond Are in ' the Seainp ' as that street and the surraundiog streets are called, within the last M J ears All the stores in that neighborhood are leather stores, sad formerly It was all one great tan yard There Is nothlag so difficult to set on Are as leather; but once it Is if ulted, it is like cotton, very bard to estinguish. Kiobevie's sew Citt Howl ?Tha hotel so long known at the Howard Honse. at the corner of Broadway end Howard street, hae for some time past been undetgemg thorough repairs, aud reconstruction, and is to be opened to-day as tbe City Hotel under tbe rsbip 11 Mr 1. f lorence. jr. a gentleman who heeds no introduction from to the Sew 1 orfc public Ihere are how already standing in Broadway several monument* of Mr. Kloreare's enterprise, and among tbem Moreoce's Hotel at the oorner of Broad way asd Walker street, which was. when hrat opened, c< nsldered the vviy tie ;>lai ultra of its kind. The new titv Hotel Is, certainly, a gsm of a place, and will, without doubt, be a favorite. Tbe arrangements of tbe Interior are convenient, and tbe furniture eiegant. Going into the bouse from Broadway, tbe visiter first Dieted with all the Deoaa>ary apputt. oaoee? for a louogiDg and reedtug room. Beyond thle roug little plaee i? the bar room wbleh le furuUhed la m odern ft) le, with all the Improvement" aad elrganelo* which are now ored to adorn room* of tbie deecripilua The bar Iteelf le otnamioted with mirror*. the e-a<ra one ill which la extraordinarily large, an l th ree on either ride of n.< re than ordinary aintewftoD*. Two other Imige mirror* oroameal the werterly end of the ro -at. aua tent eaeh work la the partition which dieldet the bar room trim the other part at the houee ie furaiebed with elegant etalaed glaae The bar proper ie fura*rhe<l with every variety ol arefni and oraameatal gla?? ware, with all the coaeumltaate neceerary to ret It off to the bret advantagee. while the fraaee of the mlrtore are wrought la arltrllc etyle displaying at proper polate la tag> alouely cnatrired Dlehe*.,ela**leal figure* and other beautifully designed Image* Two elaborately oraaaientrd gar chaodeli-re and rer.ral riugie jete of light, rerra 10 tUuBilDate the apartment* at bight, prodialog a bn.iiatt et: -ct beck of the lag r mm are a large number < I eaall eating room* In any oae. on? poraoa or tlx may aoafortabiy enjoy a bieaktaet. dinner or eoppvr. Ubeieturbed M meol tbeee roc me are elegaa'ly furalrbi d. and hung with pictaree ot a popular character In the bereaeal Ir aa elegaat ralooa. with aepaeita* bar to Cia'eb the other appoialmeote ol the hou*e la thie eiat .ai*nt are thirteen hoaeo fltied up la a atyia at pieeeut bl rur] eerej 1 he eeata are cnebioaed and < urhica hacked aad tha eartaiaa are made ef rich and beautiful eiik demaek. the other faraltare le made to ecnerpood, aad tbo framework oa the ntefiw of the brnee u> <4 bendrom* arwhiteotaral aoaati uaUva. painted white and ornamented with gold The (new le on I par with all the ether arrangement* of the hoaee. and appear* ae It will a< doubt aruve itealf, perfectly com pete ut to fill every order that may reeab it, to the Mtiriactu n of the guaeta of the ectabliehmeat I >a the aeecud floor le a large room for the accommodation of large par tie*, either oa put.lte oeaaeloa* or other nice. The rert if the h< u?e ie devoted to loigiag neat etc : hl? Hoveaee will keep the* City Hotei oa the p aropean | lea whteh i* faet becoming popular la oar city. The opeblrg of the h ue* to lay *UI no doaht be a g-and affair and well worth tho etuullon of I bore who are fond of exhibits ae of thla kind. hi trior. ? A man. name unknown awppoped to be a (innia committed a moot deterailaed net of fnletd*, ro.tetuiday at fitly eevratb etreet. between Tealh and Heventh avenue* by hanging hl.n?-lf oa a mall tree or barb lie war fowud upoa hi hweee. la a tale of traaguletloQ. a- if he had made revere! attempt* before efleeting LI* object Aa la^aeet Will be beid oa bid body by tbe? oroaer. lb Id moraiag hour ivii i ir?r ? An Iriehman employed la the ttablee at the Mew > nvk Hotel, got ap la hi* *levp about flva o'clock yesterday morning, and amending the Nof. fe.l thl< ugh the *1) light to Ihe cellar fifty feet- o-uwing on th? lack of one ot the hor?e?. which no diubt had the efleet of erring hi* life He war oowetdrrablj brul*ed and rat, though hot dangerou-ly A ptiyeigma wad celled la. who ererred hl? wound*. He wa* rub-* tOent ly removed to tbe i Ity Hospital, t hii o lire**rkm ? At half pa*t 7 o il1*! on flatu"day rin.llig an inlant id-Ill 'ox th? bw?ni?t| bail >t 01 V?rj a < btrrt. 1 iran 1 itr?t II waa t- iirjril to tbr lUUoi boar*, and tbmo* to lb* alaiafcoapo. Kiuiin Daman ? At a qnartor 13 o'elosk, oa Fatatilay right Oonrg* Lindra ** arrattad by polio* i Br-fi nt tin rblrd ward, for ri a amy orrr a ??mau la W art Mint, and brrakmg her lt|. rh? wowan waa e(??rj?il to Ik* b capital. Cmim i Ami it - It half iia'll b'iNt. oa 0a tutday n a a man namad Andrtw y<-(H.T*rn ru taniy bratra by a-n r pwrano unbo-wn. arar Full .a n.arbrt Ha a* latrn by tba pvlljr to Hi. Marpby, abo draoaad bl* a?ui.d? t arti a to A??nr ? Alfrad Rowland. T?aao RaolaU aed laalrt Mola'lra ohowataprd fr. m p Ixia at lamarot aak, V tdbaaii r emiaty. abrrw thay atr* ooallaol op n a ahaipw of finl larrooy Orrd faplorrj .n S? tarday la tar iN*r*atb ward aod talra boot to f rtroa. 1 TELEGRAPHIC IPITKLLIG ENCE. H?w? fro in Washington, B OWB VICUL Tll.EURAPHIC CORRESPONDa-ICC. Wash ino ton City, > Sunday, February 3, IWO. \ When Congress is idle, rumors begin to circuit freely. We have a rumor, to-night, that the cab net ia in a state of mutiny, with the cheering prospect of a speedy explosion. The cause is said to be the slavery question. We hav? consulted several whigs; but their only answer is, they are afraid the report is too good to be true. We understand that the Treasury Department has agreed to Mttpt, for the pea?it, ninety thou- ; Band dollurs of the deficiency of General Wet-^^H more, with hoods for twenty thousand dollars; the remainder being about seventy-seven thousand do!lars, to lie over until a decision is had upon the Boston case. This seventy-seven thousand dollars includes the extra commissions, claimed by Gen. Wetmore upon disbursement* during the Mexican By an act ot Congress, last year, a board was appointed to provide for the census of 1850. Under their orders, some ten thousand dollars worth of blanks were provided, which, if the bill of Mr. Davis be adopted, will be a dead loss. The bill also assigns the whole census to Mr. 1? wing, which is another bad arrangement, considering the prospect of abolishing his department. Senator Houston will < .tk to-morrow, and tako the ground that Congress has the right to establish or prohibit slavery anywhere. He is willing to admit all territories as States, leaving to them the settlement of the slavery question. He will appeal to the North and South for compromise on this basts. He will oppose the division ol Texas, unless Texas will cede a portion of her territory to the United States for an equivalent. Mr. H. will also, in his speech, take ground Bgainst the position of Mr. Calhoun, and show his inconsistencies in various points. K. H. Fontleroy, of the coast survey, died in Texas, on the 13th ult. his associates intend erecting a monument to his memory. A series of lectures will shortly be commenced in the Smithsonian Institution. The Union says that M. Bodisco, the Hussiau Minister, will be in Washington next month, to resume his functions. Theatrical anil Blustcal, Bu? t kv Thuiii ? IM? evening, two very attrso I,- dren.a, th,? " Wen l.-rlne Ihw.*' end the''KI-m nf Comorn,"'will be presented lor the amusement of the visiters of this establishment Mr. Stereo*, the Stage manager, ) deserving of praise, lor the toot and talent which be has displayed In the production of every new piece that bai been produced at this theatre. The cast of characters, also, proves conclusively the ability of a stage manager as nothing it appears to as, is of more Importance than to place every actor in the podtion which both nature and education enable hltn to fill, so ae to give satisfaction to hts.eniployer. and pleasure end instruction to the eudienoc. The Bowery Theatre has always been, careful in this regard, and bene# tbs great desire, on the part of its patrons, to sustain Mr Hamblin in his endeavors to suit the taste and refinement of the age. Thkatsk.?Thle evening, a very exocll programme of entertainment is offered for the nan merit of tbs patrons of the legitimate drama, at t Broadway Theatre. Coleman's beautiful comedy of t 1 Jealous Wile" will be p>i termed, for the ttrst time at m this theatre; Mr. IVhe?ilty,in the oharecter of Mr. Oakley, and Mr Blake as the Mejcr. Mrs. Barrett, a B| very excellent actress will appear a* Mrs Oakley; and Mr. Ujolt? by the by. one ot the best general actors in the country, and who ought to be east for leading parts?will sustain aiih his great dramatic celebrity, tbe part ot Charles Oakley The other characters will be tilled by Miss K. Horn. Mrs. Hinid, Mr. Chapman, and the other members of the stock company. The amusements will c'.ose with tbe oomedy of " I.sugh V heu \ ou ' an"?Ooemmer, Mr. W'heatley; Bonus, Mr. Blake. This will be a due evening's entertainment. Bi nos'a Thfaui ? This establishment is in the full tide of soccers; et an early hour every evening the house is crammed, ami many persons are obliged to retorn to their homes, wbo are uuabie to gain admission. Tbls evening commences the ninth week of the sxeallent and generally admired comedy of the "Serious Family," which, notwithstanding tbe great number ot Ul HMTHlBVU'yi", tVUl'UU'B ?U VUBITV, WVPry DlgD( It is p*rlurnj?d. large wrcmhl?<m of our oitlsens. Tonigbt it will egulu be (wiliirnifd, tofiihw with tk? fkvortte comedy af th* " uid 1'aieh Governor ' Between tho two dramas. Mr bred- no oud Miss Walton will dance ' La Ztngsrilla," nt.d Mrs Holmoa aad viissRarton will sing tbe duet, ' My I'retty f'oge " Kvery thing both on. In this tbsa'tr. in opplo-pio ordor Tho logo management U excellent; tbo treasurer, Mr. Barnott. civil and courteous, and tbo door koopon and attendants on tho boxes anxious to rnako everybody comfortable. Nxtiovsi. tmbatbr.- Viiss JuliaTurnbull a danosaso of considerable e?Wirlij. appears at this theatre tonight, in the l>*auti!ul fairy spectacle of the ".Salad I4BMB " which baa b?m got up In superb style, under tbo direction of Mr C. burke, Miss Turnbull. and Mr. A. H. Pnrdy, who has arranged tbo marches, military evolatlons and other festurei incidental to Its prodactlon in the first style of scenic and dramatic exoell?iue. The tableaux are said to be oxcellent-tbn Bsn<{ustting Hall; View if tbo Hhine by Moonlight; i mi in on the banks of the Ithtae . and a splendid I Grotto During the petftsrn ancc of this egeetlre pieee, there will be a grand dance by Miss Turnbull and corps da ballet; also a beauiital scarf daaoe, and an imposing march of the Naiads by thirty young ladles. The entertslnments will close wlih the farce of the " Siamese Twins." This Is a fine bill for one night's entertainOirxric Tmkxtsc.?The manager of this old aad fst rite eetsblirbmi nt sesjna to I - as aoxlou* to pro- I do< e every m vel |. stuie *s ?|>n tbe t.e.r c medians as any other manager in tbs city. Mr. Bland, from the Boston theatre. Is engagtd and will maka his first appeersoce at this theatre to-night, In the character of tbe Mortals de trvntiguae. to the comedy of the ' Wonderfni Woman.'' I he cast throughout is cgeellent eontaining the nature of Miss Mary Taylot and Messrs Ntcklnsna, liroseiner. Calmer, and Bleaker. Three rthi r dramas will also be performed, namely, tha ct i SI " helicals 111. iiml " the " Two Mechanics,'' I and the laughshla farce <>? tbe " Promissory Note ' la those pieces the entire ilrength.t the come Hans St- I taebed to the Olympic will he introduced Knur plays on one night! who ran reelst s visit to the Olympic f Inius Oft as ?The director, with soma of the prifiMpal artist*, being engsgsd la Boston at a musical festival there will be r,.< performance, this rvenlne. at tbe Aatnr Plw Hnitft. Tbt n-iiuUr nikucrt^tine night will take nlare tomorrow. ihro Morart'd ^^B 14 Don f.loeannt" will be performed hy sign irtae l'rufll, ^^B Bertncca, A. Tattl. at <1 Ntgncrt ll?i<eeantaaa. Tortl, ^^B Noeelli Ban<|titrlc, ? , t ?m m pr. i.clpal parta. I Wi doubt not tb* honee am ba crowded. Oaann Do?i?Tioe a l< M #?at> ?On Thart- ^^B day arming. tebrusry Tib. at tba TabarnaeU, will ^^B lata place au entirely brwaid Inlerrelliii; a/lair Ba- ^^B aidaa a wall selected e.riety af good tuurleal pteeaa, ^^B mt| by eminent artleis. there win ba. beteeea tba drat ^^B and tectnd parta a V?aWa, which will aut ba tba |ea#t attractive faatutw of tba night. Tba audience ^^B 111 baprtftented altb f?>ui bundrad an 1 thirty fancy articles and work* of art tba aalaa of which ia mm- I mated at ona tboaawad dollais. It la ladord a m* atop I la en'ertaluu,? ota and aa d?ubt not it wt.l anat with enttra tueeeu. Kmaor L Martial who eoaedtead tbla Ida* la an til led to I ba patronage of tba pabtie. ead I we are aura a aumeroui nana* will aatweg aa appeal wbleb muat pro?#. In ?? inatanaoa. to bo eery aaarl*|. Th# distribution of the rations prlaaa wtU present aoma rich aaenee, sad It May ba that a lady a beautlfnl feather fea may soma Inn tba pomaa ion of a gentleman ead a grat.emea * ealret cap, ba a coatrery ebance, may o<>m? lato tbe poeaeaatow of a fair lady. All these article# may ba seea at \i. tiodoaa'P mu?le at or# H,.* Br >?deay The tickets aatitUag the bolder to ad ml "ion to tba onsen, aad a fair chance for oaa of tba aplaadld donatiou*. aoat only fifty cent# Chstart's Oetaa lla ii.-Tka eollanMm of aegro melodic# which ar*anng eeery aeawlsg. by this hand, are eery popular, and are greatly admired by tba fre<|ueatara of Macbanlea Hail Tba celebrated eeeetlna and rood > fr*m th. i#n of Norma ( . will be egeeutod by Mai /orer, ohoee rttranrdiaary faieet to aolra enablra bin to gtae Imitations of all tba trading prlaaa donnas Added to tbla attraotlaa. tba H band will glee their elegant btirleaqwa of tba "Vnyagw ^B M uflral.' and fleorge and W Nbeppard will dan a a tba one hues aad other attraetlra fealnrea Tblahaad may H now ba considered tba heel orgealrad la Ike eovatry. H Attrnria Mr eat'at - The gyomaafle feats aud driterr.wa Wicks of tbla com pas y ar- attracting large andlencad arery day They appear tbla week la tba laugh- ^B able pantomime of the - d. ariet Plead " after which ^B tbe eawdeellle c-mra?>r ?lll perfeem In tba atntialng melange of tha"Rteai Peg#t B twe.n the first and last piere, Mr Hlggloa will glee a c .mlc dan-# aerial growpiage by tba Vartlaeitl Family aad a tfleartlaamant H by l,nwta Haeler. Mrt ot row ? Wblta'a Berenadrrt appear at II Sowewy. as Mlnafrel# and In Ihe black Statue, aad two of ^B tbe c-mpaay wlii a Virginia break dwwa. ^B l ot Maaw'a Ciart-a ? < <1. tlax'i ettea#(a? f'lroww H armpaoy hare arrleed at Harhalo#a \?ot In-tt-# aa* ^B c. inni?i.ced eahihttlng na the fifteen h of leaner# taett be was to Usee on tbe neat ray for the Leeward ^B Maude ( "I > aan ha ren n>m#aced the e rand beef- ^B arte nndar eery faro:able aa?pi<-w# and with at# well I^B karaa energy and deniaioa af eha-noter will, wa haea ^B a d< ubt. b# hl?biy raoc?#aful. ^B iihuii. H *n i > i ?it tiniiri'tM H Jat. II. Uraat .NmmiI.. n M Hal'hmt *r?j II. M. h Ritton. s i r a* Chil?i?iphi? H a<4??f?A, ballianra; W A l?ta. Jadia P. K Iwrka. A It ban a. Dr t?rk?f kcifficlj i*? Mulan l'MI*4?4 - H phi*. A Brlati I. h*M#-ti.? * Mr Marpcr Klaja. t n. lanada ? hna l arttfoft. VK>afr?*l; J. C. TRna, tin IMlartHpbia. Brti?* Bailty, Ba'tiaora, am at taa l??'Bill<naa H H . Rrmklyt; JltM Knapp. 4 H K?app. d?>; B. .1 ? >?* I B Irlaif; i A!w.?d ba tin -m; I. Harm >a 1 ?'BtWHApl.ia. R K. A<?*> ?< ?<?*, H l.nalk?f? 4a ; A. dt- H i iiliM iiiarto* Bam 1**4; * Aanip-aa. Ha#t- ? *rrfa d ; ??ltiiiaj aitk-Aart-a* H

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