Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1850 Page 3
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NEW YORK HERALD. Isrthwwt corner of Knlton and Nanau ata. ] J AUKS UOltUON BEOETT. , PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. ( AMUSEMENTS TU1S EVENING. ITALIAN OPERA BOUSE, Aetor Place-Dow tiiovaam. ROWERY TURATKE, Bowery - SiaeR or OoxoREvami ir inc Jaw. BROADWAY THEATRE. Broadway-8chool roa S:an- j rti-Linv or tuk U"?BCETOSi THEATRE, Chsmksri Ittsss-Bssiocs Fa tn.v?Poos Omnmt'' KATIOWAL TIIATKi ChstfcAU #qttAW-MAT?ni)?v ?hi,IAD ql'? am? L>?AD SHOT. OLTMl'IC TUBATRB, BroaAway?Devii. m Piin-HrrOlHOM A1AC - t1 AVACK AND HtlOtr-T*0 MVCHAHC*. chkisty'B OPERA HOUSE? Etmiom an Mi nits h it. All A kit'am MUBEUM?Amusins FkAeoemascsa, Artunoor ani> elkninw. MELODEON-Wmtte'* Bebbnadvbii. ?w York, Wrdiirt<U)r, Ktiiruary 0, 1M50. Viae California Neavi, The Empire City has not yet arrived. She is expected every moment. She is advertised to leave Bo-moTrow afternoon, on her return to Chagres. Biewi from Kurope, The Europa is due to-day, at Halifax. She was to have left Liverpool on Saturday, the 26th ult. tienein 1 Taylor aad hli Cabinet?Insurrection and Dissolution, The character ol the policy which has been ^orced down the patriotic throat ot General Taylor, in relation to California and the new territories, by his cabinet, is beginning to disclose itself, in its most startling lineaments, to the public mind in every section of the country. Delay, postponement, quietude, composure, are mailed on the face of that policy ; while under its smiling habiliments are hidden the blood-thirsty nd atrocious wishes of conspirators, who are de- j strous of provoking a portion of the generous people of this country to insurrection and violence, in I order that those conspirators in the cabinet nny retain their position at Washington, and their power over the unsuspecting generosity of the heroic chief who now lives in the White House. No other construction can be put on that policy than that it is fiendish, and emanates from those wishing to involve the Southern States in battle array, or goad theni into a state of insurrection against their brethren of the North, in consequence of the slavery question. Is our language too strong 1 Is our construction I the policy recommended by the cabinet improbable I I3y no means. This slavery question? which is now agitating the whole country, North and South, and which has been raised to the present pitch of excitement by such men as Seward, and Clayton, and Ewing, and their associates at ,he North and at the South?must be settled at this sestion of Congress, or brother's bloof! will be shed by brother, and insurrection will gradually be the result of the excitement now prevailing in certain patts of the country. A more daring, desperate and atrocious |*>licy than that which has been imposed on the President, by his cabinet, has not been exhibit*! in the history of this country since the time of the revolution. The fathers of the American revolution, in the last century, were driven into a similar position by the traitors and conspirators of George the Third, and they laid the foundation of our present glorious Union, which we still hope will continue long after the present parties shall have retreated iroin their places of power. Bui the cabinet now in Washington have no patriotic purpose in view in counselling a policy which can lead to nothing but excitement and insurrection Their purpose is to hold power, to maintain their ascendancy over the patriotic heart ot the Chief Magistrate, by leading the country into insurrection and blood, consequent on the *citeir.ent growing out of the slavery question. Something must be done?and that quickly. The Catasteoi'HK, a.mo Our Duty.?The heartrending accident, Hnd consequent loss of life, which, on Monday morning, startled every class of society, still remains the theme of thousands of tongues. In the first shock that rent saciety, all impulses, save those directed to the rescue of the dying and the recovery of the dead, were paralyzed; but, as we return to an appreciation of the contingent resul s of this disaster, in all their painful details, the sutlering families of the wounded and ot the dead demand more than ordi aty consideration. It may be that the philan- ! thropic among us have added already to the earnest j action .of the Mayor?which is to be highly cam- i mended?something of that kind of relief incident to the circumstances of the hour. This, however, | is not enough. The suddm ntlliction lias deprived i tuny a family of its chiei pride and entirs support; and the widowed and orphaned perceive, in this wondnful dispensation of Providence, anly the clouds adumbrating over a dark, uncertain future. It is not in our power to allay the natural grief excited in the bosoms of those who have thus been made to mourn; but we ran, m some measure, assuage tke pangs arising from a sense of hopelessness of ?:-i .1 i _i_. .1 . ' coaomon?we can mrow a nine ugui upon trie , path of the future?we can plant a few fluwers i where thorns only are anticipated; and, that we may do this effectually, let the whole community, while fully charged with the strong feelings en- j gendered by the catastrophe, come forward, each w>iih his mite, and according to his ability, to prove that the true brotherhood of civilization rusts in society, in spite of the sneers ol the lunatics! and restless Founerites. Let a subscription be commenced, to form a fund lor those who buve suffered, so that immediate relief m?y be ccnveyad to their desolate homes. Thousands are i ready to contribute. Let the good work be com wirncrd to-day . Thi KoiHMTan My.i any?Gratification of the love of the marvellous is still going on in the le- j gitimate quarters and with such a mock heroic gravity as to cause sober minded person* to laugh , most heartily at the farce. It is quite surprising that any one can be serious at such performances; : but as there are such, it may be well to hint at a | title of the lolly, chicanery and knavery which have astonished this globe in times past, and the credulity, stupidity and cajolery now practised upon the good people of Kochester Like-the baseless fabric of .1 vision, this snpernatura'ly konekiwg apparatus, alter knocking one way snd J another, will knock under, and no more b- heard j of. for a whoie generation at least This has been the history of every similar "spiritual" comm tni- | cation, and must be, to the rnd of time The apparition of Lord Lytfleton to Mr Andrews, Mrs. Itretton's ghost, Hir George Viltiera' ghost, and a hundred other similar circumstances, are all, j measure ably, of the same class a* those recorded by I>foe, with respect to Mrs. Veal?they are fab- : rications, to a certain e*rent. I The Kim bea r knocking* ar* something beyond ! m?- "i" i ney rtM mute from oriK one ( who he* read th. w.rkaot that wonderful, myeti cal. lenrned, coartier-likr divine. Km,auel *we, ! denhorp, and who ha* determined, either with t or withoat the aid of Satan, to ha?ten the d ty grnmieed hy the diatiafnehed author o( H?avm ' Md Hell." Thta ia not the firat attempt, it will We , rem embered, to make pronely tea, contrary to the t inntictiona of 8wedeqhorf A ad raw Jaekaon ' liavia and hia amaauenaia, aided hy Profeaaor ' fTueh. a tarted the an me project two or three year* atace, %|H after fevennc the palae of thonaanda. I terminal d their work with an other reaalt than that of enahramap Mr. IWvia ia a faith opi*t*ed to all the recocrwAcfl creed* of ("hnatiamfy 80 goee tLr world' hot contented with doing pood to there, and fo4U?win? the great moral precede which are gmdca aufticient for anv pilgrim on the earth, they raehly aapire to eeek the penetration of the Moat High, and like the amhitioua angel in 1 ' M'Hon'i Par ",! ?e I oat, meet with th. .t reward I Fruit* or Literary Appropriation. It is a very curious fact, that while the American publishers have hitherto robbed the authors of the aid world of the fruits of their intellectual labors, and grown rich upon the spoils, English publishers have been in the habit of paying liberal sums to our own writers. Mr Irving, who acquired considerable fame in his own country, by P.rst gaining some reputation from the publication, under very favorable auspices, in England, ci ni? c>Kncn jjoor, ana one or iwo runer smui affairs, happened, in visiting ?pain, a^out twentyfive years ago, to fall in with Navarete, a Spanish historian, of great talents and learned research, who had just then brought out the " Life and Voyages of Columbus." Alexander Everett wad at that time our ambassador to Madrid, and he and Mr. Irving put their heads together, and the veteran Spanish historian's labors were coolly appropriated by Mr. Irving, who, a short time afterwards, brought out his " Life and Voyages ol Christopher Columbus," upon which I119 fame now mainly rests; and yet this book, which placed Mr. Irving in the front rank of American historians, never cost him one hour's research, and was a little more than a free and fanciful paraphrase of the great work of the Spaniard. Navarete deserved all the credit, but Irving got it, throughout the English world. It was understood that his American publishers paid htm fifteen thousand dollars for it here, and that Mr. Murray, of London, gave him a still larger amount. There was certainly no obligation, on the part of any publishers, to pay one shilling to an American writer; for he could legally pirate his book, without paying him a groat; tut there was a certain law of courtesy which prevented such an outrage; and let it always be said, to the praise of British publishers, that so long as the slightest hope was left in their minds, that our Congress would poes a law securing to them and their authors the right of their books on this side of the water, they never robbed Americans of their copyrights, but always rewarded them generously, whenever they published their works. In this manner Cooper received immense sums from his publishers. Irving, from first to last, has been paid, we understand, over a hundred thousand dollars, by his London publishers. Prescott, Bancroft, and other distinguished American writers, have been richly remunerated by the London houseB which have brought out their books. Even the flippant, kaleidescope, polka-dancing Melville has been enabled to line his pockets pretty substantially by the revenues accruing fromhts English editions. Hitherto our American writers have been almost as generously rewarded, by the publishers of London, for the works they have brought out, as they would have been if their books had been covered by the shield of a copyright. But this state of things has come suddenly to an end. The publishers of Great Britain, feeling that they have been long enough outraged,by the piracies of American houses upon tneir books, have suddenly tunied the tables; and we understand that mf goiaro streams wnicn were nowing iruni iiif great London houses into the pockets of our popular American authors, have heen suddenly checked. Mr. Melville started, we are told, some time ago, for Englund, with the early proof sheets of his last book, intending, on the avails ot it, to muke the fashionable tour over the continent, and luxuriate in the capitals of Europe, upon tne fruit of his labors. The revulsion came on. He was coolly luformed, by his former London publisher, that he could pay no more copyrights; and the aforesaid intellect quits the great metropolis in despair, with empty pockets, and turns his face once more towards his native land. So it is with a considerable number of other authors, who have recently sent their manuscripts or proof sheets to Europe. All at once their receipts have stopped. Ail at once the English publishers have discovered that tbey are great fools to pay oui large sum" of inoiiry to American writers, since they can legally publish any American book in their market, with- I out paying one copper to the writer. We are very I glad that this revolution has been brought about'; and we hope that, while a few ?f our great houses have grown rich upon the pirated hooka of Lamartine, Hallam, llulwer, Scott, Jamea, Thackery, Macauh y,and others, and have opposed most strenuous ly the passage of an international copyright law, hy our own Congress, that the same joke is being per I*trmed on the other side of the Atlantic ; and we hope that it will, sooner or later, hare its effect. Hitherto, such men as Irving, Prescott, Bancroft, Bryant, Halleck and a few others, who have grown rich and famous upon their copyrights, at home and abroad, have left the great mats of unpaid and unencouraged American authors to starve, without lifting a finger to aid them to find publishers for their books at home, or to get them republished abroad. Now, perhaps, these well fed gentit men may begin to see that they themselves have some interest in this question ; and we hope that all of ilit m now will unite, in throwing their efforts into the same channel, to bring about such a change in public opinion as will act upon Congress, and compel the national Legislature to pass a law which will protect the writers of all nations in the enjoyment of what they have honestly acquired a right to by their own exertions. It is neither to be disguised nor palliated, that the effect of thess piracies on the part of our publishers, has been, and will continue to be, injurious to the morals, the principles and national spirit of the tountry. By flooding this nation with the myriad works which bear the name of popular foreign authors, every man of sense must know that American producttona, for the most part, are crowded from the market, and our readers are conqielled to buy the works of foreign writers, or have nothing to read. The consequences of this system of policy are pretty clearly shown up, ia a book, which has recently been published, entitled the " Living Authors of America." In the article on Mr I'oe, the celebrated toper and poet, he uses the following bold language, ia attributing the success ot l'oe, as a writer, to the fearlessness of his criticisms i? Ths Americans are a shrewd sad far-seeing people, but tt.ey are snssewhat too material, they tnu-l sot belles* that the nation can long exist without men of thought, as well as mm of action The ealeatteu of America ties In the peeeesston of a republican literature I he literature of K.uglaad I* sloely capping the ft ndatlon* of her lo-tltutions. f ngland toe* all her thinking, at J If this system continues. the action of this great nation will be In aceordaoc* with the will of the old er ontry Like tb* t >ul( Stream of S lorida. the torrent of aristocratic genius Is slowly drifting the ark rt America to a point they little dream of and nerer Intend The very bu k of thle country render* the epera'l-n uneeen. but. though Imperceptible to the ?je It te palpable t< the mind, and certain lulu r*?ult? M hit h pe of tlflorj would the arrote* aad diiUi of th I y unit republic have bad If tbm they w? re armIrg lor the fight the byatandera had ditttouraged U.?ui, or wb?n a'ltng to the euooanter the gtbea ur iuJIffer> ae? of their f-liow eltl: ?n? had been eipre??ed" Gett to d?iee" and dl yece, a? ?ur? a? heaven Au<l how ran Atrerli a egpect to r y. urg author* t tin II-ate bar rational gbry wheo ahe tr?at* them with lailtTereuce and e'? e. t, nay even w. r?a. ahe openly discourage* iham. In their u'empt and tacitly m nfr*-** that It i* hop. lee* to compote ?lh the witter* of 1 igand or I ranee Theee rminrk* apply to every hraoeb of tm-tlean literature Let her pe .pie uomodar thi* wetter and reno dy If bef re they find the republican orro forerrta I by a foreign and arl?teeratle mind |t le a oi.rt a* te t. that the womt eaemle* ol the natonal mind hate been a few of h<if own eona I h-.e ue rb? antbrre who till lately, hare entirely enjoyed he monopoly of the t n(lbh market Now they will ?e obeyed to J In the body of native auUioya, and hurry otbereeri# No* tbalr own r'flit* art In jeopardy, id th-y muit j.4a th- rank* of luteiuatimel copylybt There ir ro>rne force in ihe*' remark* BUtde hy a nrr jnK r They ar?' <l?e frnif of hia own obtwrvg. ionr; ei (\ it woiilrt be w ell for Amencaaa to below e tlwMipht on the ettbjecf, end innke a "note n it,''fo n?e the l.i g'ttt^-e ?>f the immortal, eloiu?ut, le?rn*<J. anil rtieiiii^Miehftl apUin ClUil." Fntlre lute|llg*n<e. ? ' .Ixt,,11. \ man. oail-d John Hart. WM arr??*r I. -i?r ?y. rw a r t arge of oaunittinf aa ladere?t aeranit r-n the p?r?. o of bxaai.aali rarrieg'ow. rtly II y.ar* . t ?(? 11, aecuaed wna ocmtnlUrot to fefcpttr t \\P },? . uri' ?f a limtt rtff.-A fellow called /amec p 11' wa? eat. t t ro M< bday afte-a .n. in the act uf ???> ! t epen th-ee tinnke <a the deel'lug h maw No 1 M3 Teat I ttreet. frrm whteh he an don hi la-ended to if-el the rontert* t?IPeer Keani. of the k?c - f>d ? ?r | kit- *< r ? fu.tr ly and ?ti ..an t i ittcta \i titaL j * TELBGftiT& IRTCLLMCiCB* |i Mr Pu*ltl*H and Resolutions. The r,^indl| well defined, and sublime |>oa'.(ion tak* n by Mr. Clay in the Senate of the Uulted ^'.ates, will have a much more powerful efleet upon the country at large, and upon his unsociales at Washington, than was generally anticipated. We think we do not see merely through our hopes, as many journalists do, when evidences of a truly thinking aiid judiring diepoiition apj?ear in the Senate, at once not only complimentary to the genius manliness, and patriotism of the great Senator from Kentucky, but, happily, for the settlement ot a question to which the force and character of (he cabinet were pre-eminently inadequate. Whatever ultimately may be the reali/.atiou from the labors of Mr. Clay, one thing is by no means equivocal?though the regulation of the disturbed political elements, at the centre of ourgovernmental system, be merely a subject for theory and speculation, Mr. Clay's vtews will act like the great forces of nature, which hold and sustain the planetary organization in their individual b'-auty and their collective harmony. Minor antagonistic powers may produce their phenomena, to derange and to retard, for a time, the great laws which intellect will create and fashion in this crisis; but from one source alone will proceed th it regularity and order so ardently desired by every true admirer of this nation and its institutions. The country will be awakened to a sense of its position by the course of Mr. Clay. Opinions and suggestions, almost infinite in number, will he started, and, like chryatalizations, will shoot in every possible form of eccentricity; but the general j character of these, as they become fixed into solid I deductions, will be in conformity to the line of j j reason marked out by the distinguished Senator, | whose mind first grasped the great necessity of the j case,and directed attention to its importance?out Binning, and casting into shadow, the contempt- j ble recommendations of the imbecile cabinet, whose btutesnffnshi)> is stupidity, and whose diplomacy is a thin veil of flimsy inactivity. Mr. Clay commenced to si>eak yesterday, about one o'clock, upon those resolutions which have | already appeared in the Htrald, and which every ! man ought to read attentively. When we received his first words, the precise character of the effort i he was to make flashed upon us; and we were j convinced that he was " spiritually wrapped" for a | more important effect than the mere tickling of ; ears, or stirring up the hair of the Senate. All the Rochester hocus-pocus is girls' work, compared to it. With what grace and force he turns the points i of arguments, when the country is endangered and basely deserted by those whom the President called to aid, not to impede, his admin*tration ' Tilers is something noble, elevated, and august in the manner in which Mr. Clay has brought his bril- j liunt and gigantic intellect to bear on the momentous question ; and there are only a few men, ! ... r- u.lw. ur'll h? Willintr to I wc I'll PUHir, til vvn^Krr, "* | ^ risk the odium which will fall upon them, should , they ba dis;>oetd to depart from the general spirit J characterizing the proposed compromise. i j Although we have only an abstract of this im- | t portant speech of Mr. Clay's, there is enough to , satisfy any rational man?any man not eaten up c with the canker of party?that the results from its j ' d? livery, assumed by us, will yet be realized. It t cannot be that anything very wide of the margin J proposed by Mr. Clay will be adopted, unless the I busy, meddling, small politicians, flung headlong | { by their passions, create that confusion so much | a sought by some parties for the purpose ol obtain- . J1 'ng capital to work outfthelr silly, paltry schemes, i t These pitiful aspirants for distinction will find that * the Union is not a child's dissected map, to be o pulled to pieces and refitted at the caprice of every * wanton mind?but one of the solid creations of g time, that has been baptised by two vast oceans, ' ? and wbna? head is sarred in the sight of liberty J and of civilization. I | d News from Wasalngtsa. / or* srxctAL t*i.eo*ai?hic coxkkspondevcx f Washington, Tuesday, Feb. 5, 1800. li The rush of ladies to the capitol to hear Henry ? Clay, was such, that hundreds of then had to be ti admitted to the floor of the Senate ; they besieged J the main entrance in a solid mass, and there was t< no alternative but to let them in. The galleries J were filled three hours before the call to business, fc The speech of Mr. Clay was but an extension of * his argument of last week; it is evidently taking hold of the minds of northern men They begin to appreciate the humbug of the Proviso. Free r soil is losing caste; but the extreme South con- * tend that Mr. Clay's plan is substantially the Pro- J viso? that he surrenders the whole issue to the e North. The admission of California by itself gives the Senate to the North. Some compromise is demanded, but the impression is strong th it the j movement of Mr. Clay will lead to the settlement I of the whole difficulty at this session, upoa some 1 satisfactory plan. There is a strong body of Southern men in the House, who are resolved that not a solitary appropriation bill shall be passed until the slavery dispute is settled, because jf it goes over until another session, s comprninisejwill | be almost impossible. Something must be done; non-intervention will not answrr. Northern m-n are hacking out, and the South demands action. 1 learn that a satisfactory adjustment has taken place in the Nicaragua difficulties; that the trea'y ! will go to England by the next steamer, and that ! Tigre Island becomes the property of the Called j States, and that Mr. Hulwer has disavowed the whole of Mr. C'hatfield's proceedings. All this, with the exception of the statrmrni that the treaty is actnally made and complete, you have stated t before in the JViie York Hrrald. I merely repeat ' the statements, as they are again talked about. The mother of the Hon. Mr Venable, of North Carolina, died suddenly, last night, in consequence of her clothes taking fire. She was most shockingly burned. THlMTY-riltlT OOVURRSf, FIRST RRSnioft. Iiaaw. tVtsHisi.TO*. Tuesday. Feb &, ISM. The galleries, reporters' desks, lebbiee.aad srery are MS to Ska fli.Rata asn lUntnlt SFAwdnd Ifh laAlaa .ka II btff MWBbM U hltl Ml. Clkj. Much eootu?i< n pre. ti rilli. tad the door* hare kni locked ky the S?rju?t- kt atarae to preveat the preaelo* la of the erovd. There cr la to muth tola* It la almoat Impoeaible to bear. )? rtr.'rH aroLi aTiomi. Mr Smith. from tbo aaloat committee oa French epo. ; liatlona, reported a Mil for tba relief of elaimaota for indemnity lor tba aaa Mr. Hutu gare aotloe of a mlaorlty raport on tba rame rut jeot. ** Several patitloa* and re porta from oommlttaaa vara received. ' ** art ttiop Or r>irLOM*Ti< irrncn ?n with arvriie.rvc. On motion of Mr. Fnnvc, tba Senate took np Mr B' ( aea'p revolution In retatlea to aoapendlag diplomatic 1'' Intareoarra vltb Aaatrla Mr Foova moved to amead, by adding tvo raaola. tie bp eyinpethlelng with tba barole atrugglea la linage pr ry. and enquiring Into tba proptlaty of giving tba Haa- di gerien atllaa a quantity of paldla laada. ^ Mr. Cart aocaptad tba amandmaat aaa modiaration of bla raaolutioa. G< Mr Ho< i? pubmlttad aa amandmaat. directing tba I i i mn.itof Foreign Halatlona to enquire alao lato th the rif diency t f requesting tba rreeldent to Inter- of oeje with tba government of Turkey for tba liberation 1 of Koaantb and other Hungarian egllne re Oa Button of Mr Footk. the reaolntioa. aa modtflad, 1 waa ordered to be prlated, aad mada tba epaolal order u? for Mraday aait. ar?n h op mi. ci at ow ma co> trom.pp. *?p<n.r tiopp. 1 Oa mntloa of Mr Meagam. tba Senate proceeded to M' the p' nataeratioa of tbe epertal order the relieving I reaohitloaa ruSmltted a few dajartnoe by Mr Clay:? It Fe-eg depirphla fer tha peace, eemeord, aad haruiner ef the net n of the?e kMtea, to aeftl* and adjait, etsfeeklf. all <41:"f matrnraraf brim? lliam ari'iaa ait of tha T laM'taima af tlinrt, ?? a a fair aaaalitr ui jiat t ufa, if ' Tint?Raaolrad. That Cilffavaia with tnltahlabaailarlti, ,fv or(M. rr-a f ?r l>alii>a?ioa. M ha adaittad aa ana |nf tha I a1' Ptataa of thla t'al?a, vlth"*t tha iaipoattlaa ' r Caacraaa of t? aa? raatrtrtki l? thr aiaiamna or latr"4aeh?i a# hrarjr ln, vtthla ihoaa haaadartoa T . ' haoaad? Rraalrad. Thai aa alararjr daaa mot mat an4 la aal llhalj la ha iatr?4eaad laia aa r of tliaaa ta i taqnirad l r tha Caliai tataa fraa tha lUpahlia of ' Int it ? i?t*tiditat far Caafrata ta prtrttt by U?, g \>? Hi ,( - I y : introduction into or iti exclusion from, ?ny part of tbn i d i' nit'ii5 end that approiriate territorial governments us It to be established by Congress m nil of the nmil terriurice, not assigned u the boundaries of this proposed State f California, without the abolition of any restriction or cmdition on the subject of slavi ry. Third ? Heso'.vtd. That the western boundary of the Ptits f Texas ought to h? fixed on the Hio del Norte, commencing ne marine ieaguofrom its mouth and running up that river o the soul hern line of Nte Mexico, thence with that line eatwardly, uud ron'inuiug in the same direction to the ne ne established bet w f 'u the United States and Spain, exiludingany |> rtiou of New Mexico, .whether lying on the met or west of that river Fourth? liesolved. That it ba proposed to the State of TcxLS, that tho United State' will provide for the payment nl all that portion of all the legitimate and bona /iJc public debt# if that State contrvotod prior to ite annexation to the United states, aid for whieh the dulirs of foreign imports were [ edged by the ?aid State to its creditors not exceeding the mm of ? dollars in consideration of the duties at pledged luvirg been no longer app'icable to tbst object, after the said mncxetion, but having thenceforward become payable to thu United States; an<? upon the condition, also, that the (aid J. ... -I,. 11 I. .. .. A , r.f h..? _ lure, or of a Coaventioa, relitquiab to the United olatoa any :lain> wlileh it haa to uny purr ol New Mexioo. Kiftli?Resolved, That it la inexpedient to abclUh slavery u Hie District of Columbia, whilst that institution contiduei to exist in the State of Maryland, without the einaene of that. State, without the consent of the people of the Dtatrict, and without juat vumi'euaation to the o? sera of slaves within the District. Sixth? Rraalved, That it ia expedient to prohibit within the Histnct the slave trade, in tlavee bfujiht into it from States or places beyond the limits of the District, either to be old there n. an merchandise, or to he transported to other uuraeta with iut tl.e bi'trist of Columbia. 8iV' nth?Keeolved, That more effectual provision ought to ta made by law acc rdiog to the requirements of the ounstitution, for the rt etiiution aid delivery of peraona hound to tervira or labor in any State, w he may eecape into any other State or Territory of this t'nion. Lixbih- Resolved That Congress haa no power to prohibit >r obatruct the trade in alavee between the slavcholding Statce, and that the adtninaion or exc uaiun of alarea brought 'rum one into another of them, dependa exeluaively upon their >wu particular law. Mr. Ol av arose to address the Senate. After a fuw rn.atks In relation to the feelings of self distrust with shtch he rore to address the Senate upon a question ot iucIi great and vital importance, be proceeded with t bilrl etateinent of the various causes of danger which now threaten the I'nlon. He examined the motives of ihose who had produeed the existing state of agitation; ontmdlng that partisan etrile irreepectire of eoniiderationa ol the public good, had brought upon ua a itate of things in whioh even the House of Kepreaenalivestf tte I nited States could apend weeka in the itteropt to elect a door keeper Dot because of the difficulty of finding a pereou po-seaeing the competent quailleaf ions for ao unimportant an office but becauae the elenenta of dircord which threatened the glorious Union l id been introduced He alluded to the state of feeliug ixieting among the people in the Statea and in their eglslalures. ile desired in the eouiiuenoement of hia emarka. to aaaure any who could auppoae that tbia im><>rtaut queation waa to be made a maaaa of aeeuring ilgb place and power, that, to far aa be waa concerned, rhen be bad fulfilled tbe duty wblob bad been aadgned him by bla State, unaollcited. hla miaaion in louneotion with public affalra waa cloaed; and cloaed, f hia wiabea prevail, forever. Mr. C. then took up hia vsolutions. and proceeded to remark upon them. He ltd not preaent tbia meaaure with the request that It hould be adopted, precisely aa be had introduced it. f it waa susceptible of amendmtnt. which would make t more acceptable, he hoped it would be made. Hia

ibjrct would be secured if by any means the great iiieation ot agitation might be settled, and thelnte [lity of the Union prwrrTi fl The question mut be iircussed In a eplrit of conciliation, and settled la the pliit of compromise. Hi* object hud been to present the erasure which, in thi* spirit, would sITord platform I pen w hich both Feotlen* of the country o-'Old unite, rhe first resolution related to the admission of Callrrnla. with her constitution, into the Union Mr. 1. proceeded, by citation of precedents and eogeat argument. to show that such course was the only ireper one. and that it involved no concession on he one ride or the other. The second resolution lalled upon those who had set their hearts upon the ,doptIoh of the Wilmot proviso? In view of the larger which thriatensthe lulon Inconsequences! he agitation ot that measure for the sake of peaoe md good leeling. to yield up that measure in return, ie had felt bound, in the eplrit of mutual concession, 0 rffer something in return for the surrender of this avorite principle, or mea-ure Ha bad proposed heretore. in return, to declare twa truths, wnloh he onsidered clear and indisputable?first, that, by law, lavery no longer exists in the territories ceded to the ailed States by Mexico; and second, that. In onr opt lion, it would not go there under any circumstances ie proceeded to inquire whether these were truths?ariulng the affirmative of the proposition, from the hisory of the negotiation of the late treaty with Mexico, ,ud a reasonable construction of the operation of the institution, and other conceded grounds. The Intitution of slavery, in his opinion, presented two ntirely distinct grounds?slavery within the States, ind slavery without the States Congress had no tght to interfere with slavery in the States; and if be time could arrive wheu Congress attempted to so utertere with the institution, then bis voice would M tor war. Thru be would feel that the South were i.ml to resist so unconstitutional and aggressive 1 measure with all the means which Ood or nature iad placed in their hands He pictured the evils to eeuit iroma civil war arising from sash a state of hinge?stating that It would be one In which we rouid receive no sympathy from the world. The next ucstlon was. has Congress any power over slavery ont f the State*? He contended that It bad, and that ihlle a want of control over the institution In he States was Indisputable, its control out of the late* is. at least, a debateable question; onw upon hich men might reasonably differ; the decision of ihirb. consequently ee mattes hew Settled, should not ive rise to ill feeling and disunion. This position, No Mr < lay supported with a lengthened argument, rawn from the constitution, and other sources Lm< ng illustrations ?m the following : ? Suppose l onreee *?t It d to think that a greater m?cuu? mlgbt e derived from the sale of the publlo Ian Is by the nhlbitlon or the admlselon of slavery Into tba terrlto. lee, wculd not < ongmi hart the right, under the ower to aoll, either to tatroduoe or prohibit that oatituticn ' lie oontandad. also, that rongrea* had urh control orrr tba tnrrltorlea nndar the treatyaaking power. All moat admit that tba power tilted eomewbere-that It eould not be annihilated leilco. ceitainly. whan aha bald the sovereignty ef ba newly acquired territor.ee. bad auch power, and aiing ceded her sovereignty to the I nlted State# by raaty. thla government la rented with tba eame power nder that tiaaty, Dlapute ibat point who can. aald Ir. ( lay Tba right to acquire. alao gave na tba powr orar tbia subject. for in tba language of the Supreme curt If wa hare the light to acquire wa hare the ight alao to gorera lie nait proceeded to Inqalre ibetber idarary waa likely to be Introduced Into ba new terrltoriea ( allfornia beraalf had ae?erted be negative of the proposition, and tba eoll and It mate of the remainder forbid any other rlaw t hy, then. If theae trutha were ertdent. a* they mast t to a large majority of the Senate-why ebould not be prepared to announce them to the world' le bvJteeed alao. that the eeattment of the people of he whole country would now eupport the eipresslon f thoae trutha When Kepresentatlvrs from the North ad left their home# to enter upon their dutlee hare heir constituents did not know that California had nantmouely decided to prohibit the Institution of lavery, If that fact had been known prior to the idling action of rafioua leglalatnree and seetlonv. >ho could believe that tbla agitation would ever bare >a< tied the preeent crisis' 1 be third and fourth eailntlona r.l-.sea te the queetion of the boandarlee f Teiaa. Mr. Cay considered thla queettoa at rngtb arguing the propriety of paying that State conalderellou for the relinquishment of auch title a* tie may have, with a view to eettla the perpleilag urstlon <1 b< unitary aa well aa to aid In the eettle rnt of the great national question of agitatloa. Ha ken read to the Senate a etatement ahoelog the nar-?ity for the eatahllebmant of a territorial govern unt id n?w vmc" urn ript*-u4 tba detorahoa'II liOl to let the OOwdnB of I nogreea elnao without BU ITort being made at lenet (or tba e itenrtoa of adequate iw? or?r that territory for Urn protection of Its people, e ?a? D"t "00 f thooo wh" b>li. that the supr m? < urt should be loft to decide all itroat .,ue?tt<>n? bora were ipueetlooa which ought ant to go to that ihooal M briber thi* ,>? -ti n of tb<- boundary of eiatwaroneof tboai or aot. ho would aot docldo 0 thought, however. that It >m oh which inagiaaa. nder ah the cncumetaoces eould and ought to settle Mating c nelud'd bio argument toiatlto to tbo boaatryt-fTejae atd hia adtoraat ot tbo proposition to ij bar an adequate ruui lor tbo hMtor; to bo yield1 np I be appropriated to tbo pay moat of tho loot unacted by tbo Kapublic of Teiaa for wblob abo edged tbo revenue* dtrttabl* from euatoma. Mr. lay yielded to a ni<>tloa by Mr Kooto to poatpnao tba rtbor r< naido-atlon of tba ?ub;oat until ta morrow, b'rb ta? agtiod to tin Both a or Mr. Mawm m. adjournad to 3 o clock Itwaaa of HtprotrataUtH. WOOM rnoTon, Feb. ?.! ? Mr Voaron announced tbo death la July of lloa. lai Nowmaa. mam bar olaat from tbo Wbaollag dltIct. of \ Irgtala Ho pronounced a brtaf oulogy upon a character Revolution* of rograt. and to waar ape for thirty ilaya, wara paaaad, whan tba Houaa ad. araad IKW'tORK LEUIIIiATfRE. ""* SaaaUi A I ROOT. Fabraary ?. 1M0 Vtrmawa, ba. Mr. Csaaoti and Mr loo* praaontod raBiaatraaa.agalaot bridging Lata ( baaplain at Rooaa'a Point. Mr. ( o. t. patltloa for tba ramlaatoa of eaaal totla oa Braoda. Mr ? oo??. for tba aatabllahBoat af a board of axaal* itloa to deter Bin# tba ^aaJIboatlona of bomaopatbio lyalrlaaa Mr. Brown of altlaoaa of Suffolk oouaty. agalaat any eratlf a ol tho rilot lawa. Mr BiaaM*n,of elttrona of Naw Vork.foraa approlatloa for tba rollaf of doaUtaU and aaglaatad ehllroa. Mr Foi.to rtay oollaoUon of rente under manorial isee till tba ijueotlen of Utla la aettlad Mr l)i*r, for an appropriation for tba boaaflt of tbo noeaa W oelayaa Hem I nary Mr Tt tin of Honrr Tulmadge.to bo roloaaad from o liability larurrod by rraaon of a dooraa of tb# l oart Cbwacory. Mr <1 rnorchante nf Now Vnrk. for a law iloelng toll* ? torstfm ?*lt Mr marehanta of Naw York, for a rspral of nry Uwa. the *i?t ro? m* toaa. Tic foil r wing raaolatina. haratofora offaraJ by Mr. ttanaw. raaaap for eoaaldaratlon : ? tasslrad. (If tb* Sraata roarar.) That oir SaaBtars aad Brraaatattraa lBCaEEraas.br rayu.'rt*4 tosEtssals th? pasi* sf s law atakllabla* Mist la tlia ?i?y af New T?rt. aaWsd. That ths Ooaaraar ba rajnaatad la traarmua " j of (bit raaalotlaa M ?a< h af oar OaaBtor* aad Ksprassatfraa la C a*r.?r Mr V' a?.gar# tha history af tba loglalatina on I* autyaet and raflarrad to tha alatomsata aad rsooa ndatli aa of tha lata ItrraUry of tha Traaaary. A1I raoat a?an>iaiB| tba aubjaat muat ar>aa to tha aaaaa iwlaatitia aa tth?aa adraasad by Mr. Walkar Mr. >rg?a aliudad to tha atlases of Mr. Moradith oa this Kjiat lb 1*47. >i4 i OQ ooo of tpaala wars laportad o tba l altad Srataa Of this pit Odd 000 naaia to ? York Md Boston Ud PJM.0OQ to Phlla dolphin I There baa eoip* from California about Ore and a half million* of dollar*, of whiob abont four or lira million* tana to Newlork Probably th# emigrant# bring to that city 1 000 0(0 foreign coin annually Tbaaa were alrong facta, and ba hoped that they would secure for tba reaolntiona ba bad offered the approval of the Senate. Tba qportlon wan taken, and the resolution* wer* unanlmooily adopted ai'acac or auaictiLTi'Bt. Mr. Dimnick, froni the Committee on Agriculture, reported In favor of the following resolution*, heretofore offared by Mr. Miller, of Monroe ? Keeolvtd. (if the Asm rahly roncur,) That the Legirlature ofthaHtai* ot Nt* York earnestly re pint the ?enat >r? from true Mate in CooiriH, to nee their utinoet iofluinoo to Erocare the eetabli-liineot hy law of a bureau u! agriculture tba Department of the Interior of ear nntionul government. who** duty it aball he to aid in premotiug the general ibtereete < f aarioulture throughout the oomru on wealth. Berolvcd. (if the fenatecomur,) That the Qoveruor be requeued to forward a o<-py of the foregoing reeulutiua to eaoh of our Senator* and R<presentatlveain Couaree*. Mr Mann regretted to aee the tenaeuey to extend tbe power of the general government till It should engulpb all other* If It wu* proper to organize a hoard of agriculture In the government, it would be a? much a* to ervet a department of manufacturer; and the remit of all w> uld be to beliere nnv irnr aonatitutional that conrerrnd the welfare of the country tie hop-d the Satiate would pause at least before it adopted a principle the result of which might be so much mora serious than was at tirst imagined. On motion of Mr. Dimmici, the reaolution Uea on the table. biuhts or mabiikd wonts. Mr BicKtnw.on notice, introduced a bill to enable married women residing inthie State te execute powers ot attorney te convey real estate. eoTici rr bill*. Mr. Motr.tn (rare notice that be would ask leave to introduce a bill to amend an act concerning passemrere comir^ to the city of New York, pasted April 11. lkl'J. Mr. M. also gave notice of a bill authorizing the aouiotrollrr to make investments of money belonging to the bank fund Mr. Bam oca gave notioe of a bill to allow railroads to consolidate their roads when they are contiguous. 1he sakaiooa ami khimctldt railroad. Mr. JoHNtron, of Scbeneotady, laid on the labia the following resolution :? Ktfolvtd, T1 at the 8ara*?ga and Schenectady Railroad Company l e required to report to the Senate within ten dapa. *1 at progress has beer n.ade ty thera In re -laying their track with heavy iron rail, and what arraoiemcn's have been made by them lit any) to complt te the re-laying the tame trom the village of Balaton to the cily of Schenectady. Beaolvcd. That the clerk be directed to transmit a oopy of the foregoing resolution to the President of said company. KDl'CATIOM or IMLilAM VOL'Ilia. Mr. Bkkkmam reported In favor of the Assembly bill to authorise the eduoatiou of a certain number of Indian youths at the State Normal Schorl. Tha remainder of the seseion was occupied in the discussion of a private claim bill. Adjourned. Auembljr. Albany, January 6,1850. The following petitions were read and referred : ? Mr. Notv?Three in relation to the manorial titles. Mr. Park, to prohibit the sale of intoxicating drinks. Mr. Chawulxb and Mr. Ford, for the repeal of the new school law. Mr O All am, of the Medical Society of Buffalo, for an appropriation. Mr Root, inhabitants of Herkimer, in favor of par redemption of all baaks in New York. Mr. ] .ittlx, remonstrance against the reduction of tolls on foreign salt passing through our canals. Mr. Lxavbnworih. of sixty-six citizens of Onondaga county, on same subject also for the Commissioners of the Land Office to sell certain coarse salt land* in Syracuse. Mr Allison, for a modification of the new school law. Mr. S?idder, remonstrance against alteration in the pilot law. Mr. Wilson, for the renewal of the Sedus Caaal ' aharter. Mr Sheldon of one liunderd and forty-one citizens, to stay the collection of rents on the manorial laods where suits hare been commenced against the State Mr. Fisre, of forty-two citizens of Brooklyn, for the education of neglected children ; of Cayuga county, on the same subject. I'SIIID STATES MAIL STCAMSHir COMFAITV. Mr. H. J. Ali ii reported farorably by bill, to incorporate the United States Mall Steamship Company. BONDS WANTED or THE CSCNTT Sl'FKRINTBNDENTS. The bill to extend the time for County Superintendents to glee their bonds, (those elected November, lb4W,) was read a third time and passed. BILLS RKrSRTED. Mr. Stort reported a bill to consolidate the Attica and Rochester and the Attica and Buffalo railroads. Mr. Oraiiam reported farorably by bill, for an appropriation for the Agricultural State l.ibrary. Mr. Wilson, to wend the obarter of the Troy Savings Bank. THE SLAVERY gl'ESTION. Mr. Stobt moved as the time had arrived, that the Houre go into committee of the Whole on the slavery question, which was so ordered. Mr 8. aldressedtbe committee again-.t agitation of the subject, and quoted from the report heretofore made by Colonel Young. Tending a motion to send all the resolutions back to the select committee, tbe House adjourned. Interesting front Venezuela* Berrox, Feb. 6?P. M. By the arrival of tbi brig Hay ward, from Curaeoe, * ktft adi leee to the 18th of January. Bha report* that Col. Caatlliaa and two other oflUert. who war# lmprltonad at Laguayra, for participating In the lata rahellion, had mada thalr aecape, and had arrived at Coraooa?a dUtanoa of 2C0 mllea - la an open boat. It waa the general opinion at Curaeoa, that trouble would noon commence again. Lettere from there etate that oneiderable dUeatiefaetion wae ezpreeeed, bat It ie 1 probable that Monagae will be able to prevent any out1 break. Coffee wae eelllng at very high prloee throughout Veneeuela. (Jrent Klre In Buffalo, Bi rrtLO, Feb. 6-A. M. A Are occnrred In thle city, thle morning, conenmlng. before It wae enbdned one drag (tore, three dry goode etoree. and one crockery etore, ettnated on Mala etre?t. together with reveral office# In the upper part ef the bulldlnge. The loea le not far from (66,0(0, which le covered by Ineurance. The aemee of the (offerer* are-John Coleman, L. 8 Reynold#, Meeere. Evan* k Towelleon. tieorge < olt. U. H. Wlleon. M. Comptoa. Meeere Wigbtman t Becknlth. R. J. Sherman. George Colt, jnn . and Doctor* W11 eon and Wallace. The following office# will loee by thli calamity North Western, (1000; Ktna Hail ford, and Protection, Hartford (13COO; ll(-watd. (1000; I'nlen Mutual, New York, (6 000; Lexington and Columbu*. (6,000 each; (Jen**** Mutual. (1.C00; and Buffalo Mutual. (4 000 Karl lleepatrli to I-ord Klgln. ToeoxTo, C. W , Feb. 5, 1(60. The entl-annexation deepatch from KarlOrey to Lord F.lgla. which I telegraphed you laet week, I* much con demned and ridiculed. Kllaht of a Met hortlat Hreerher. Baltimore. Kib. l-t P. M. Tba Boil bu fallrd from bayouJ A agitata, Th* RuhmenJ RrfmUiran mjt that th* Ray. Jn?| W Jnoaa ho baa bwi officiating at th? Mathndift church to that city. laft aoddaoly oo Saturday taut. In ?? ?? quanraof rum<ra rtralrad iron Itloa It I* raportad that ba baa too wiraa to Naw Vork, and that ha It oot regularly orilatifd ?largyman. ad Auldtni. Baltimorc, Fab i, 19M Captain Banoatt. f>oa of oor aaoat raapaotabla ahlpmaatara fall to day frnoi th* n>aat or tba naw ahlp Fanny, aod waa ro dreadfully lajurad that ha la aot aipoclad to turrita Tha Strainer Rorthrrncr Chari iRrov. Fab. 5, 1960. The ataamahip Northerner. ('apt Budd. from Naw Vork arrteed at bar wharf to tbta elty. at di o cloak thta morning arkati, B?ltimor?, Fab MT M, Tha market for flour aod grata praaaata ao naw featarr worthy of notice aad tha buatoaaa lotng Ir qntta Itmttad Kugar* ara to fair demand, with aaloe of IM hbda. Naw ortaana. at 4',a a l',e foar moatha. Rio roffaa la nuoted at 16a Holdara of Naw Ortaaaa aolaaaaa ara Arm at 39a aad tha daaiaad ia g?og |0 pro rtalona tbara la ao marked change. Whiakay baa a jownward tendency. It I piling Intelligent*. Claarrd?Bark Udy Knight, Haraaa roBTL4"?- f'kt Artlrad?Bleep Tk?a W Tknrna. WTe?k.Ll f#k *" Arrleed?9Mp Madera, Newharyport. ??,rou, Fab A "? *?'ward, Curarna. 13th ult. Left barka Billaa. far , Cuba. I da,* S^paid.. do. In It day* d" 1 flchr Pavlllen, Tangier. Cleared-St-amer 9>aaara. Lleerpeel; ah I pa Rarttaa, 9aa Fraacleeei Roffol* NnrTeaae. barki II >aa 9 or a Batatia; " Fraanaeo, brla. Mr-ate relate, Rl? Haaha: ? ?**Aar. Baltimore: 9-illa. Philadelphia; eehre Saaraneata, t Ullnraia . Phtaix, llaraaa. Vandalia, Mataaaaa. faah . . . . , _ Hmt'lTMit, Ft* 4. Sdlad-Sat.r Ortaa, Blahooad. . . . _ Haw linrnlii, Fah 4. Arrltad? Sotir Coraia, NTork. . _ Pitrinivcl, Fab 4. Arri??d-Brl? Int'ar, Anraanab, athr /.aat?. Birhaaad tli ITort Barb. ProTfdraoa. ftam ApolaahieoU. Anadla. fr?m Cardaaaa: arhr Athalia froai Aaraamah l*IU4-Bt1? Barak, N V orb; alaep Fmdtriok Brown, in. BbibtoU Fab 4. Arrltad?Briajnha Bill. raNaaaa. in dapa. BbIow- Bri? Bmolin*. fro* Cardmaa ria Charlaatoa. Court Colandar?TBIi Dap. S< rami Carat, Client Carat.?Noa. 240. 004 t? 1*. SIT. 8IS. Irramta I orar.?Naa S*. Ml. 84, 37, 40 45, SO.S. M 64. M. 67. M. 00. 71, 78, 74, TS, 7?, 77, 7S, 00, SI, IS, U. 04,04.17 toH John T. Baraga'! aaaartarni of WalrhM aaaiat. for aararaey of ttoa, alacaaao. or rhaaraaaa, Ha rltalla4. Biaolar II aa4 Jodat for yaaraalf. Tka oalabralad BlrHallaa Stat Palna4 (Jnfl I'm (af whlah J. T. S. la an la maanfbMarar,) ara anld al ft Faltaa atraat. airlnaitalf. 0|4b4I4 Bridal Card*, CntalifM, aad ?a?a, af tba lata* aad aaat fkaMnaoHIt Panama. -an Ha bad a? BtardaHa Faa? laaakla BalaHliahaait Ht Card Bi^all'alraat **nMT "" a atraat. BraaaH aAaa. I Brodp'i Itatlonai Col Ire Hon of Pogaorroo typaa. # aid BIT Broadway, aaraat of Faltaa atraat. Strapg B*;y " faapaatfally iltltad U fall aod uaaaUa ^ ? m u WiUr Cur* Rtubllihatal for Solo.?A tplondid wnter cur* e?i?' liehment, tonnutlag ( ft HftUr ot buiMirft it ?<1 n?i 'or th? parpoet of aooooaodattaa for*/ pationta, wi'b bll ?h? ?e> wtary oai-houto*. it offerod foe ftlo. It fo?t 'in* ftbuut fi'rly toru of rory Aft* Iftftd, aftdor ft high etata of rul'iroili ft : ?'*0 *000 muit booatifal tprinu ftftd grove* ?*?y ??ut?ry f?r tho neeoomodation of patieula under troo nicut Hi**nu*tod witkia a few t*il**of on* of ur toon oftftlout eiute on tho fttlantio, in a highly piotur*?|oe and roftinnti* ceighborheod, tomiie*. ta ai eaiiaoat degree. an air. *1 d delightful reeiieae*. Fcrr ni wishing to compete for ti pnr ihar* uf *uch an eitellenl establishment* Will pirate to midr-e? W mt r Curo Retahlighmsat, with tbft real name to br I ft at th? ilorald offieo. AVh 1 k ! woiaiuto on* n*c<1 forego tito healthful ?irr> t*r of ? tlaing on aeeonnt of eorm or hnnioa*. ioco toady r?l'*f from ant dioc. infui t anting t'rou thorn oan be obtained f. r &' or *0 o. at*. by procuring a box of Dr. Littlrheld". corn ehtold* and ('latter*; no one thould b* without them. Sold at He 1.'? other. 11 Exckaoge, William ttroet; at Buthtun h Co.'e 11" en 1 /1H Urondway. ThtHlumbe VHtluital Da^uerrrartMalltrjr, No. ft. B oeilw*'? S'ranger* and others rh*uld by no meana fail 'ft vlef ,?ii cir itis in? lerreet and moat interesting o llectien of Portraits of distinguished persons in the I'nr.od fctates. Oouraud'a Wonderful Medicated Ilalr Restorative. *1 ich positively reatorrs hair to places where it has fallen ofl he i n impart(n* to wiry hair a rich sllklnti-sand n rgi.tfloent gloss and enrtng dandruff. Uouraud'a Lily White iinnitit'e'viy disirala tluabe* aud redness, aad sin e to a r? i ? h tl?rIt t-V in, the smoother** of ratln end the wl.iterrss .,f ilii'ia tr. f ound "tily at Dr. Uuuraud's depot, 07 Wall er e rect, tlrat.al?fw from (not in) Broadway. lietst t* Jordan, IIC Waah.iiS'oii street, Uostec. The Ilwir OIiniik<(I lit ait In start!? Phaloii'* Mafic Kair I ye oolur the hair or whisker*. ths moment it 1* applied, without it jury to the hair or akin. It can be washed immediately without disturbing the oolor. and has no bant odor. It ia aoo.>ed. or aold at PilAIsON'S, 197 Broadway, and by C. 1.. Fuwcttt. 112 Lciaut street, rmladelpuia. Hntr Ujra.?Uktrliclor't M<|uld colon Oko aaar or whisaera me moment It is applied, without injury te the balr or ekim it tsr H washed immediately without distnrbina the color, aad has no bad odor, it is applied, or aold wrholesnle and retail, at llATOHKJ?OR'S Wig Factory, i Wall Street top* ?he ad d re sx Wigs stud Ton trees.?Anutlior Jlsdai has been awarded to M m. Baichelor, for the best Wigs nnd Tonpern The fuMit are im tad to iospeet his new styla, fee IbfiU, at B ATen iLl'K S celebrated Wis Fac.ery, No. 4 Wall street fie beeps '.lis largest aad best asscrttnoat la the citv Popy tlie adsr-u. COMMbRCML AFFAIRS. HO.VKV MAKKKT, ucaiiaf, rcui j?o r. a. Tbe stock market experUnee* a slight reaction, today, and the transactions ware about to the usual axtent At the first board, Reading Mortgage Bonds advanced >i percent; Reading Railroad..'*. Farmer's Loan declined >, per et ; Canton Company, }(; Harlem, Long leland, >,; Krie Railroad. %. At tbe seoond board, tbrre *a? quite an excitement, and tba sales of Harlim were very great; about 4,600 shares were sold principally od time, at a deoline varying from a half tc three-quarters per cent. Pennsylvania Fives fell off % per cent; Kile Railroad. Farmer's Loan, Canton Company. .!*; Heading Railroad, >j'. Tbe market is In a very excitable state as will be seen by the fluctuations from day te day In prioei for tbe fancies. What turn they will take next, is difficult to tell. There wae au active demand this morning for Sterling Kxcbange. at ratea current yesterday. First rate bills sold at 8J* to D1* per oent premium. Tbe City Fire Insurance Company have declared a dividend of ten and a half dollar* per share. Tbe amount of United States stocks transferred to foreigners from the 26th of January to let February, both inclusive, was $131,260, of wbleb $300 was of tbe loan of 1842; $hl.460. of 1847; and $41A00, of 1848. The New Jereev Legislature have been petitioned bv the stockholder* and creditors of the New Hop* and Delaware Bridge < ompany, to appoint trustee* for s*Ulog off its property, and also to abolish its banking powers This bridge was crested by a joint enactment of tbe Legislatures of Pennsylvania and of New Jersey ; and to teeure success in the present action, another joint act is to be applied for. The affairs of tbe company have been sadly mismanaged, at d it has stopped Payment four or Use times. It claims, moreover, to be ndependent of tbe laws of both Pennsylvania and New Jersey There arrived at the port of Boston, in January last, s7 versel* ftom foreign porta, end 387 coastwise. During the same period, there were 118 foreign and 167 coastwise clearances The quantity of spscis Imported wen 318 (06; exported *84 834. The arrivala at the port of Baltimore, during the month of January, were as follows : ?Ship# 14. barks 30, brigs 80 schooners 81?total 168, of which 84 worn rom fortlgn and 131 from coastwise ports. Of the ' reign arrivals, b*d free cargoes, and M had eargoes I that paid duty. The clearances to foreign porta during | the same month were Ships 8, barks 0, brigs 13, and icuoonrr* IT-total 46, with an aggregate toini(? O 11,062 ton*, and employing 440 m*n. The annexed labia aihibita the i(gr?pt? rain* Of lm porta into the I in ted State*, tho groae revenue collected and th* ooat of collection In cash jaar, frena i 1700 to 1848:ConMiac a or th* llirin Itatk*? Inronra, Ravanur *! ! Cost or Collection. From *tk March, K rp*nt^?f 17W, ! Slit On. Imi orti. (iron Keren a*. CaUetltH. 1701 - $8,871 783 $239 Ml 1711 $11 .OKI.(A 8.0143.919 141.744 170 3 ailK'OHO 6,730.935 1W.*? 170 4 34 Met Ik 0 8,671.106 221.000 1796 60.736 M 11.JH.7W J4UJ40 81.405.144 1J.681.866 201,306 1707 78 .170 4H6 13,001,106 B43.4M 170 8 fieS6l 7t? HAW "01 S7?.47!> lion 70.068 148 13,430.366 4111HS IMS' OIJ327IO- l.i 181860 440.37 5 IN'1 141.103 A'l 10,618..136 483.772 1HU 74 333.338 1S.146.IJ8 4K.JB 1HC5 M.Ooo.OOn 14 323.632 603.8J6 18T4 ?>*? !?? a? 803.187 4.<8 333 IN 8 *. .. 120 600.000 23.870 774 067.341 !*(?' I2!'i?il8<) *.619.137 OlSTtS 1817 1> ><> Out r.SlS.4841 613Ut I8ta MNMMM 11.349,700 3*8 235 1149 40.4W4MI 11.863.386 498 1V 1810 83 0*1 086 ir..800,2't 417 JW 1*11 M.4M006 10,660 8114 441. IV 181 3 77,urn ?<i 13,301,346 477.736 I* 1.1 72.0(1(00 . 708?,114 414,171 181 4 UltA.iKl 4,831,100 :|3J,?61 1813 11.1 <>4 ,274 30 012 834 4'?,(??r 1 e 145 I47.I0.HW6 8387714*5 8|0.o?", 181 7 lit 2311 (K?| JJ 75I6.3U 702,w 181 8 17'7K'(?0 3D 416,209 7?8.??'181 9 87ir--?t 31 624,106 810.JJU Iran 74 43 tni M.DCl.-aH 777,744 1?J(' (7 383.724 !?(*? -4.1 760.8JK 1.122 8.1.241 841 24 312 >4 728.944 1 -7.1 77 879.887 22 (.29,681 7?*J0? 1824 441.340 <07 33,7#.8-5K 770 7** 1-73 !*: 840.078 S1.181.1H7S K<6 ,8U l*jr. (4'74 477 16 ' >1168 M6.W 1-.7 71.4*4 04n 7" 191. ?'H 8ct* *05 ]-.? 441 ri" 874 >'187,701 063,0311 |8;*0 74 4 41 317 I7.9O2.047 1,01.5.467 1830 70.-7* .0 ** 4564,124 1 088.113 I Ml 103 194 114 .16.771.>*6 !?'? * 1H. 7 . . l"l 230 20 311.171 1.113 973 |M4 f4*9 l|6 311 >4 331004 I .131 Ml |*84* 134 *'21 *.'4 1V4".03J 1.134.M? l?V. iiuacia "" , ? I j*3>. )i.u si.tmrs UN!# 1V<7 140 9M>.m lc?ai*S 1 |<-3* lis-IT 404 Xi.ir ?rt I M4.US IK* liv?.rvj.wl IS *7" 743 I 7J4.NM i-4<i ht *41 oiv* is .tu.no: i.HMt? 1-41 ' ir!?1?lT7 *1.104.474 l.4lfl*W> 1-42 IMM?(.f*>7 MWMXOS liMO 1-43* 4M.7SS 7SP 7??'.l?4 0*4.40> 1444 1I4 4AVM3 ?.? )*? I.MJ7>?? IMS 11TTMIW4 31.144 244 SJWtf r"?. 1-44 in 401,?7 sn.OMjMI l.fldCSIT 1M7 140S4S,S3n ? M.404 l,nP?,'-44 Nl?? snath*. Tbit l? ? very imi octant and Interacting table. M4 ju*t at thl* Mine will be particularly oeeful lo forming a correct opinion relative to tho contact |<H?| oo bst??4? the Secretary of tb* TufM) and l>4|rm lo relation to th* evpendtturec of tb* Trananry department ISM so* th* flrat y*ar tb* eipeneaa of aolloetlng |b* revenue exceeded no* and O half million* of dollar* and tb* Im port*tlo** that ytar w*r* oor* tbas 4*T*oty Iti mlllloo* of dollar* |**a tbao IIM. when It oo*t l**a tbao foort*** hnndr*d tbooaaad d'llar* to oll*?t tb* r*r*ai* oo an laportatlM of Marly on* handrod and ninety million* of dallata II sill b* ***m that It *?*t lo ISM |1 M7 4M to oollrat a revenue of Ml 1WITS. whll* In IMA It ooat M.dM.033 to aol|**t ? revenue of >31 144 144. (bowing am Inereaev la tb* ramo* of >14 M*. and aa tn*r*a?? In tb* *o*t of *ol. taction of gflM.MM In 1S4S. tb* ei pence* of eoUantinft tb* rae*nne amounted to II790 000 and It wo* Inoraae'a? wltb (nob rapidity tbat f on grot* bad no alt*rnatlr* / bnt to r**trl?t tb* *ip?ndttnr** at one* to a e*rtaln *umAn a?t waa paraed in March. 1*40, to tbla effect. bob tb* ieeretary of tb* Treaenry mad* not tb* flrat movement to *ot down tb* *ip*n**? of tb* rtrtno* department. notll mora than two third* of tb* torn appro- , prlat*d bed been expended; then a grant *ielt*m*nt wao created and application made tot ongra** for a repeal of the art of IMP Having failed In Umt.ratraonbownt commenced by dice barging the rarano* marine. ra**r ring portion of tb* pay of all connected with the Caetom llooe*. and dWcherglng maavfr tn the - nto lf< on*r?*a l? Arm. and raalaUararr at*arapt tr? r*p*al or modify tboafft of IMtt.a fro aontba will aafflfln to irdlff tb* H^DdllKM to tb* lllflllM NOI, Tt?o or* handrad* of oatlata la th* raranna d?p?rtm?ot* ?C tb? *' T*mm*at tbat *an b* *tt pp*1 Along tb* entlro lln* of oar ttnn<?n?? front tar tharaar* offio?r* wbo dra#' eoapaiatlraly iarg> aaiarlo*. with oat parfnraiiog hardly a day'* duty in tb* y*ar Tb* lado?*n>*nt* to aanggtoar* not n**r *o grant nt d*r tb* praaant tariff a* and* prarlona on*a of bighar dnti**; and r*r*oo* offtoara at arart littl# hay or ial*? along tb* abono* of oar Waotart* lata* ar*na?l**a ? ra* than ??#!***. fortb*y draw Intbo at gragat* a larg* amount from tb* pnblta traaaory, wltboat randaring an *qat*a>*at la any abapo, Tbaroranao tnarla* on tb* ? * * <a*t I* a aaalaa* appaodag*. and aart hariiapanatd with without d*?rlm*at to tba pnhll* Intara?t A tborovab r*ri*al of tha tariff of aalart** would ariaat at nthar arorm-na laakag* fto? tb* lr?aonry. lth?at <1*rar?it * In tb* l*a*t tb* admlaiatrattoa of lit dnttaaot tb* Orpartniaat I ndar tb* ln?*p*nd?at I

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