Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 13, 1850, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 13, 1850 Page 4
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jmp NEW YORK HERALD. iwlw??l Mra?r of Niton and R?M? jamkboonuun bemsett. f EOPE1ETOR AND EDITOE AimmiHTI THIS 1TBNIN0. >0W 1ST TIUTU ItMT-Tm Wtmct A??i trtiii or thi Wttcii-l'iitnnL 1 BOA d VAT THI ATM. AHOB-TnB lAIIH iTfOIKT. B(HITON'S TBBATRH, OImM? rtmMinori f AHili-DOOII JUTU. NATIONAL *HHAT*1, U1i??Aa? MUAW-lriaiT or lU Io??t4I?-IIaudMoms*. OLTMr.O the ATM. IroUnf-DlLlctTI OnriD ?M*arc Htin -riTiiK Ooievi?-Tliai HXii'MUR. OHRlSTY'S OPKKA H0C8H?Itmiomaii liiitiuJT. AMIIIOAJI KUSHUM?iKnim PiirnaAaeii, Arlimaoo* lire Hrinins. MHIODBOW- Whits'* D 0 UBLE ~SHE ETT New York, Wcrtattday, Pcknurjr 13, IHSO. NOTICE TO CALIFORNIANS. Affairs on the Atlantic Side of America* OUR ARRANGEMENTS ON THE PACIFIC. AC., Ac., 4t?. The OY.o will leave this port at three o'clock this altetxiooa.'for Chag?ss,to connect with the Isthmus, on th? Pacific Wf shall publish, at nioe o'ctook this mornfc-g. an edition d* the Wtrkly HrraUi to go in her malic. Acsordlng to the number of passenger* and the rait amount of merchandise constantly leaving the Atlantic part* (or California, that new State will soon equal, in tae and Importance, the largest of the old members of the L'nlon. otr owa experience. In the Increase of the circulation of the Heb*li>, in that apparently distant regior atreDgthens this belief in uh. The entire Pacific will become a'traeiive as Callforala grows to manhood. News from all parts of that ooean Will be locked for with lucreard Interest by every arrival ; and In order to place oar readers in poeee?si?r of the latent and fullest Intelligence tr?m th-? western side of the oontineat. and In rease tt facilities in Califorcla to obtain the freshest news Ir?. m home, we hare made arrangements with Hr. H ward Cosneh, who was for several years one o' the attach ti of this establishment, to act as tfe? tpeclal agent and correspondeat ?f tha Mew Yore Herald in tbat part af the world ? Mr.Center left here yesterday afternoon in the Empire City, and will reside in San Francisco; he ha.i hern empowered by ts to receive subscriptions and advertisements for tkis peper. All communication* from the Interior of California, or from Oregon, or tt* Sandwich Islands, or anywhere lsc on the Northern 1 aetfle, intended for this offlee, addressed to him ?t San Francisco, will be despatched lumtdiattly to us. Tks llrKUli ana Amerlran Contest In the Pariflr-Tlie Nlrsragna Official Correspondence. If our own government, nt the present crisis, is in a stupid, laxy, sleepy condition, with regard to the important;? of the field of strength and enterprise on the South American Pacific coast, it is vidrnt that the British government is alive, active, and wide awake. True enough, Mr. Chatfield ihe British Charge, made a consummate false step, by runnincdown the Honduras ensign and ruining lip the crosa of St. George in U? place, upon Tigre island; b*:t the remonstrance promptly made by cor own Change, Mr. Squier, in which he sagaciously met all the assumptions of Mr. Chatfield, villi the best of argument and reason, had its effect. The correspondence, now comple'ely fur ishedinthe Herald, gives the entire hi-tory of the whale transaction It speaks for itseli upon Hie er>~m of the diffiouliies, exhibits Mr. Chat* fo ld's fiHy maniruvre to check oar treaty, and he r? suits of it, witli Nicaragua, and points out the ?ussri;ary manner in which the efficient action of Mr Sjiiier caused the British to strike their flag, to trke away their m a i merits of defence and occuI atioo, and retire from the scene of their wonderul congest, made under the auspices of Mr. Chatfield. Ttu: ft r, there is no reason for complaint at the n afbtirs have taken. Another, and more im-tan tec hake, in a national point of view, thu that appertaining to Mr. 1'otter's presence at Valparaiso, has been givci to tt e spirit of aggression n the |*rt of the British officials,' who, be it re -mbet?*d, however, derive their animus from the 4?iignsof the government at home. These deM ns are palpably i laie. Great Britain views w th jeal< u?y the rapid strides we nre miking in com m rrial and maritime affair*. She perceives that the opening of California, and the consequent ej?read. dming the winter months", of our countrymen throughout the republics of Ceutral America, are giving the American name and power an influence and a ttttm in those regions* heretofore a*m?st eieluti ely held by the British ? tke creditors, in some ease*, of those Stales. The l? iplc are Incoming s? piainted with our resources, force nnd enterprtiC, nail feel dispoied to *' their reiit.Lcc upon a nation whose interest i.rd desire would be to give a generous protection lo Naiti ? too young r> cope with h p-?wer hibituaU 1/ tyusnical *na exacting. The only c irse of o-jr s-i n government--a miserably wrak cabinet?rn.iy oinweltbe retirements of the c.se; hut the prrnca** of armed r/es?els in tls Bay of Foaaec* n <ierni!?<t d, sad may suve us not nly much trouhl-. U't pi&li.'r a deairai V rAVcl in >ther w*ya. At }a . <t, tbe cabinet nuit attend t<? tkia, however cu ftA-iftijr thej' inav h??' treated th? general <|?e*tioit us( if she Vrampua Uaty. i? veral Kvliah writ?i? are end** voring to coni>< . - h< maeUoa and tin governing a;, fur the |oa<* * i ibe control u> the abip c-mal acroaa tfie lattim ia, l?f uti'i *tintf i> w earner* route#, to tented with Aatitaii'; whil? other* are?rping th?* n-*cea*tty of l?*-k ir:f n>*rp t warda Coata Kica, aa f urniahin; a f< W Ira Bui 10I1 c?p?ul rv>Ka Rica Iie? at the < i4 ' ?n<i ii ia ^laia that (he propo t'toa ? ta meet ih?* great w ?nt of the re public,' a Ct.r^:t<ao ?h<<ulJ U Opened with the AtUn1*0, by r r? *d of aitiy-at miiea fr?m San Joar to jk< rir?r Kar.p jui, muni a* lato the San J van," ia >nfy u?? ftwi pi ?ae of that p ?licy already atieceaa* fully e.\hilit? d <>a the Columbia river, ia Oregon ' T*lk rf yaokee ingenuityWhy. thetr ia <> ir<ife a: ful, instinctive, prophrfteal, fir-Kring, and I. nd-? Taapinf genin* than >ohn Hall; aad th- . irae haa co.H* when we muat d?ar our eye* p.nl ?? K aHotr, 1 * we where the Hritixh government a-'atwork Coata H ica hat no d' bt, lor -ipu or d< atrattc; and i, Mirnale, enl.?r^? -l relation* ought to Ue cultivated *? her, before <H? Hritiah nation ! ' - <b ,>riv(d aa cf i.V' power, or thrown obtUclea in the way. ' .1 i* , r.a' <.n of i % eorrea^ond -ice with re* *i 'rt tuUk* oe.cu, 4t!f,n *f Tifre lalaud, it will be found th*: mr Charge i, the difficulty in the H?e wrh a front.h ad of deciaion e>j?ial to the trutrjttry. ]fi* v wa of tb * I** ?f nviona are Mm, .1 ? ?*nad| nod the expr?a?ioit of the L? ri? n I hi. w.t!s, which apeak* <> ' hi* proceeding* a ontititirj "tb?t *< ry sha-pil "alin^ wiiich ia r d.u r to ?wi rclinf," m?y be thr?. *n bark u;?on 1 i tl.? t'lerer of it *ith a punf-ncy and f"rce lb** Mr. Chatbe'd ii invited to api>r<vit> \ ? '?'* full ' taint. Hi may not cn'y reconcile bim*e|i* to the 1 MHMMNI ? f be n? " d ?ne." but of .Vin? J "done brown " The exiting t'jne of th- Bn *W? pr< m>, We itntgice, will aomewhat fall, when t.^f or fer? of the Admiral are peruaed, inatrurtiaz th- j rrat'y agritta of ChatH'td to (jitt the i*lind of T . re wi h all poaail.le d? o^tch It ia crediuhlr , to tf>e Admiral that he vnderatood the pur,?ort of y cur t'hafit'a letter on international law, and ? |.re|ryt y acted It ia the redeeming fea'urc of the t ki'berto ridmloua farce. lb fore we condade this article, it ia pro,??r to 1 *nvita U?e attentu u of Coajrreaa t? thia ralfct. It ! is of vast importance. Deeply impressed with the value of protecting and holding the Pacific coast, again and again have we chided the Inkewarmnesa , of the government upon the matter, and have deI maodt-d, aa justice only to the interests oi the American people, that not one jot of our right ahoaid be surrendered to the spirit of conquest exhibited I by British diplomacy. But the treaty that has just gone out to Lord Palmerston?what will that do 1 TM S tea in Boiler PataUty?Important Verdict of Ik* Coroner'* Jary. We have published all the detail* of this melancholy catastrophe, and we now present our readers with the result of the investigation before the Coroner. The verdict is highly important; and the resolutions ol the jury appended, are not leas so. The Coroner has discharged his duty fearlessly, and the jury have discharged theirs'. A most important principle has been established?the responsibility ?f the owners of manufactories in which steam power is used and abased; and the liability of the makers and sellem of boilers, which are found to be incapable of sustaining the degree of pressure for which they are designed and par chased. ft seemed necessary to make & signal example, before the reckless ?uid imprudent were brought to their senses. The opportunity has been furnished of doing so, and a wise an<! intelligent jury have not let it pass unimproved It wash;gh time to put a stop to the sporting with human fife, winch had been so long practiced with impunity in this and other cities of the United States Kr.ough of victims have been offered to ignorance, reck(est-ness and cupidity. A new leuf must be auru'd A jury, taken, we may say, at random from ihe j people, have pronounced unanimously -upon the ' criminality of the course ihut has been furs* .-d in ' reference to the boiler whose explosion has caused so much lamentation, mourning, and wo In -urcity, and has (eft many a joyful hearth shrouded in tbs blackness of des|>air- It is to be feared that this is not an isolated instance, even at th? present io?rm nt, in New York; and that all the guilt exists, without the consequences, in hundreds of cases which have not yet aeen the light. Boilers k tve not exploded which have been within a h.?irV breadth of it; just as in the case of Taylor's boiler, which had been subjected to a higher degree of pressure than that under which it gave way, and thus lulled him and his partners, and engineer, into a fatal security. The straining of the metal by this excessive pressure resulted at last in desolation and death; and a terrible rebuke has been given to those who would dare to trifle with the laws of natare- Alas! the innocent have suffered for the temerity of the guilty; but God and the people will set all right. An act has been brought before the Legislature in consequence of this calamity. May we hope that its provisions will fully meet the case in oil us length and breadth. The information developed in the investigation is of great value. Some wild ideas and mad theories have been broached but the chaff may be easily separated from tt wheat; and it is hoped that this matter will not allowed to rest till the public have some secur against the recurrence of similar disasters. It mutters little to those whose lives are jeopardized or lost, what are the theories ot learned gentlemen about (team, " stame," or gas. It is of small oons equence what the nature of the agent is, if death and destruction ensue. Whatever may be the difference in theories,the following principles are agreed upon, viz :?that badly constructed or weak boilers ought not to be used?that extreme pressure ought not to be reported to in the case of good boilers?that the want of sufficient water in boilers and excessive heat are fatal; and that in all caaes a , safety valve ougl.: to be used which would infallibly meet the danger. A fusible valve, which one of the witnesses stated is used in France, or such as Mr. Crommelin suggests in his very useful paj>er, ought to be attached to every boiler: and the I authorities of the State or of the United States , i ought lo be empowered to enforce it in every instance, under a heavy penalty. The public look ; with annety to the aotion of the Legislature. The Rejection or Col. Wkhii.?The reaction of , Ol Webb, who was appointed by the cabinet to the important post of minister to Austria, and which | we published exclusively yesterday, is talked of a j great deal. ^ ery few entertained the idea that his nomination would be confirmed; but th?y were not ptrpared to see such un overwhelming majority against him as was witnessed when his mnie was submitted to the Senate. If he had been rejected by a vote of two or three, or halt a dozen, or even a dozen Senators, it would not excite much astonishment; hut the fact of hi* receiving but seven votee out of forty-one, shows conclusive- i I ly that his was one of the most unpopular appoint- 1 merits, if n<*t the most so, that has been male by the President, ?t the instigation ol the c ibinet, since the present administration came into power. We do not nee that the Senate could have taken any other course than what they adopted in this matter Col. Webb is in every leaped incompe. tent foi such an importMt office as minister abro id; and It General Taylor hr.d not been worried into making hia appointment, there would have been no neci rsity for submitting Col. Webb to the indignity w hich his rejection by such an overwhelm, ii-tr >ote has entailed on him and < n the a'hn nis'rution. It is very well known that tleneral T*y'or was, from '.he first, opposed to the ap;>ointm<*nt of Col. W(hl> to uny mixtion, and on one occ.isioa declined |>oirvt blank to listen lo the cabinet on the subject. The repeated importunities of Mr. Clayton and his asoroiates, however, finally prevailed, ant! the aii?>inuncnt was in ide. The r?suli is be1 fore our readers. Whose turn is it next! j Th? Loss r r cmk BtuaftaT Rook IsljUid.? ! j In another part of our p?|>er, of thi* morning, will be found an accornt of th? loss of the atearnboat i Mi ode l.lanii, and probably a large portion of the crew. It i? n mi*t%Wen wlen Him boat* of light draught of wnter, and intended only lor our men, npon w Inch thr ilonn* comparative little? fleet, are tabulated to I. tHef ?ic>ea?fatly :he he*vy pile? (.f 'he ocean. Ma.ijr r*i*?el? have left thi? port, for California, which* w*?* totally uufit for ao h uar* doua a voyage; I %t m<-at of them hare, by good luck aloae, reach'i tliek d- atination; and the eon- i wiener if, that >rwfe which wer<> not before thought <>f, ate now u?< 4wr California and k<m> i 1I which will, In all .Nam* probability, ahare the fate of ibe Rhode lala od. There are pbnty o|' *?* ?! of the righ' at imp continually roirg to th?* I'ar Uic; and it ta almost au'eide for any one to att rmptAo atart on n> I ing a voyrr^. 'n * *<*aae1 that he * a** been tried upon fie oc<?n, uid Known to be ? ?*w?etiiy it w to be j l.nprd thie disaster will ha* ? *i?r eHisct ta put an i erd to ?och uncertain ejtjeri *n*-t?v/ T??? I in p*> Matt- - The J.***!* broiu;b< no IfM than 64,*<72 letters, of w hich *b*<uf l^.Wl were f?r tliie riiy. Thia ia the higbeaf nnn't* r l?v iJIQO, evi r received at the poat Ifice in tlweiijr, by nay j one ateamer. I Tm?. I naa #r tmit IIa in Mi?aa?a.~-Tti a toMaa af tba la<ly ar l eblidrea I <?t by the wreek of tha I Inert* Ml be br light to thla elty by Mr J J 'je??U. a,. ,J tl ui?l*rwrtt*r* aa *or>n n tba t oroMr h I4? ao to. neat on them. The veaa?l wUl prova a t. t'I ! ?? Ska liaa b!l?ed atil heeled a#bore Sc?i* rf her ?"r f' b*? aotWd oot aad l? atrewad aloe tU l 1 h* re*. > 1 la < n'y ab^nt all nnbtba old and altb b r r ?ff? la m mi l in Wall afreet Stil ler or tnt iTMMaair f.Mriar ' irt.- Tbe?pl?!'JIJ ateamrblp Knplra < Ity. I ar??la WllMM, sailed yeat.Tday at on- far Cbafrraa. with three banired , and ?!?hty fl?. raar*ngera a lirt of whr>? may ba ' ^und Is tb-r eolama. A Tiat ern*d a*?enU*d to i ti ?'"l<rdtt?rtat? mi ? n('atulatlona abaarirc, ibtu ba.fc? darted tha f.rtoaa atektra a? im* iob!a . 'I?awe? Ml bat da?tt. W f] T#.r ' ' id %aai? 7. ?l>at Mr V %f. Kataaar* yaaterday. lh# B(|b rfr^ ? TELECIIPBIC INTtLLICKill. Tkt Fulfil la Pmbllc Aflkln. There k?di to be a prospect that Mr. Meredith, >a tome measure, will be relieved from the awK.. ward dilemma in which hia fisoal aflaim Uave placed him. Probably, he haa to thank circumstanees, rather than the merita of the ease, for the fcmall and scarcely perceptible tide of sympathy that haa washed in to aweepofThinemburrasuneat. The turn which tne debate taok in the Houae yeaterday, on the collection of the revenue, will be found in the report of the representative department of CoDgreea. The resolution stands forth in alt its financial distinctness, and will at least permit the cabinet to pay up arrearages to the unfortunate emplojeos who have been decimated by the hands of the retrenching Secretary. A matter of more grave consideration is coming up in the Ilouee The position of a portion of the I Sfiiitti linnn itilmiuinn nf (^Hhlorviiit into the J Union, begins to reveal itself. Mr. Inge has da- ' clsred that k will be the duty of the South to resist the fusion ?f California, with her present constitution, into the Union; and therefore, though Mr. I Inge says many 6trange things, we may prepare for a little fire that will eventually prove a tt<tme. His opinior. if* not an isolated oo?. It will extend. We t-hall scarcely get a compromise of the right sort in hast*, and may settle down into the conviction, either that more moderation and a spirit of conci- \ liaf ion are to prevail, or that we are to be agitated by threats, [menaces, and treasons constructive. The Union, however, must be preserved In ihe Senate, it appears there has been something of an approach to an exciting scene, raised by the slavery question. It was cut short, however. Mr Butler complained, and Mr. Hule bullied and bragged, till the special order of the day restored tranquillity. It is evident that the public mind must be prepared for more exciting scenes, and some which will not be closed so readily and easily as this one in the Senate. Affair* In Washington. Ol'R SrECUL TEI.ESRAI'HIC CORRESIOMDCNC*. WtSHINIiTOR ClT?. ) Tl'EftDlY EVKNIMU, K?b 12, 1860 > Tbtre Is s sort of treaty about Nicaragua. It has (OB* oat In the Niagara to Lard Palmer?ton ; but till he approves It, ttis not conclsded. We hate described It already. Thomas Butler King and tb* California Congressmen art bera, excepting Col. Fremont. Tbs Wllmot proviso Is virtually abaadonsd. The South art to be excluded by the Slate plan. I learn that Mr Dickinson will soon bring in a bill to abolish eepper cents, and to substitute ? coin of the 'lie of a ball dime, to be eoinpoted of silver and oopper. The alloy Is in preparation at the m I r t The Senate will probably p?*1 t> enue rrlief till V morrow. THIRTl-fr'UtST tOM-ULSS. FIRST SESSION. casta. 'Waihinutuk, February IS, 1860. eions petitions were read rtTiTion on sutiar. Vr JUi r presented the peiitlon of 1400 women of I T#r, N. 11., praying that slavery may not be extend- 1 ed la ( alifornia and New Mexieo. A motion to lay the question of reception on the table, was nuected-ysas, 10 M Mr Miion raid, that It tu obrioua that Senator* bad misunderstood tbe question In voting. th? qua*tion being stated upon receiving the petition. Alter ? * debate, Mr. Douglaa proceeded with a statement of tbe reason* which induced bin to rote for the reception of thi* petition, which asks non notion only; In lb* course of which be atated, that be waa prepared to abow that slavery could not go to New Meiiio unlets f ongress carried it tbero Mr. Foots bad said that tbe abolition of alavwy in that country was the result of an edict of an usurper. He waa prepared at any tine to ahow that that act wa? tubr? quentiy. In 1NS6. taken up by tbe Congress of Mexico, and ratified by then Mr. Dsvis, of Mississippi, gav* Mr. Foot* notice that this ptsltii n was controverted and be eallsd epon bias to prove Ms assertion Ho denied that slavery waa axcladed from Mexico by any existing law. axi ivinb seme. Mr Ri vikr complained that tbe Senate were lmpoaed up on to an intolerable extent by aa incendiary?a nsiman U tbe ?*t>ate pleased, wbo. day alter day, took mp tbe whole time of tbe Senate, in presenting petitions designed to dlettaot and dissever [At the word "madman." order waa called from al sides of tbe Senate, and Mr Cutler resumed bis seat with demonstrations of excessive excitement J Mr. IUi> replied, telling Mr. Butlartbat be would have t<> talk louder, and threaten harder, before he would iucre?d in (butting his mouth, lie would tell him tLat tl e poor, miserable minority, which a powerful maj< illy Lad attempted to oru-h, were net to be appal.ed. ?u by any consideration of perscval lear. New ilamptblr* bin?d courted mt '.brougb cowarda' i veint aud b<r?iiDS wbo bad evinced their prowess In many a teld. w >uld net surreadar tnalr constitutional j.rl?ii*k*.? Witb< ot a atntttl*. Tbe lumber consideration ot tbe sobjact waa then pi?tp ned until to morrow. IMS mcisL OSOKft. Tbe Senate took up tbe special order,and Mr. Biaaiav resulted and concluded h s remark- upon tbe power of longrtsa to legislate fH ttiejterrit Hm V.r liiaaii*'* n barks were a ci ntinaatlon toga- 1 vera), <1 tl e cloee legal argument of tbe t^ieetion.lcalui log ill tbe main the view* expressed bj him dating tb* las <otgress and applying those * lews In part, to Mr. laj's lesolutlonr. lie particularly adverted to Mr. ( iaj's remarks upon tee implied faith to Maryland and > iir'Sla, tl at siaveiy sh< uld n< t be abolished bj < ougre#s iu ti.e Dutiict ceded bj them. aud called uputi the Sm ate al<o t? kisp in inlnd the In plied faith t'wards ail the Smith. In tbe court* of his teniarks he referred to Mr Sewaid * de-crlptionof tli* benefits accruing to Ni w \ rrk from her portion of II e luri'lus revenue. In *dvenrltg the edueati-nal interests of ber population In thu *onnse1on. b? said. It was a melancbol; fact, which appeared in eomparlng tbe statistics ft cum* in .N*w k ork, that crime and kt-owlfog- go Mgeiher. Mr. I'k sisscn interposing, remarked that tb* Senator charged the rriro* of tbe cltj of New I ork the depot li r the receptten ot eliminate from the emir* world, itamsl the agricultural dlatricts. Mr tk?(u? feared, that mafiluc all allowance. ao better ataie of tMbg* could be aliOwn blr w?ai? stated his readme" to meet th* lasue n ade by tbe Senator this point, by a reference, at a e< nienleLt t a*, to the tatistic*. In hi* rlolttf i b**r>tiionf, Mr. Roan* .1. r'.araj h'a t*ll*t Ifctt th* Noitfc would out aboitrh ?lar*ry ts-uutto*. If It li>4 tb* pow*r. biwiui* It til?r<4 too largaty In tti?lr pr<>*p?r|ty ? tk* pt< ducr? of lar* )a&-> tornlobli.fi tb* m?t?ilil '.c w ir??t an ? | t?at. lor tb*lr miDultrturlni aad carrying trail* Tf' Nrrih f0t?ld*r?d Mai*rr a no. but coo?<-* lt?. If In tb* Idra tbat ai loif a* It U **aDn?<l l" 11'>- InttM Stat** It l? lb*lr Mi and tbat th* .North d<> tn't paiUripat* In It. ||* had n tdaa of a d.??? lutioa ?.f th* I'nlon. YVb*a tt,a lj*a *a? pi?a*i.t?d to bin It floated b*fora bl* dud I IU* a Tblou, to wbtcfc b* could glr* no f<>r?. aad y*t. a* lb* r**alt of a ?t?rp*iation which may *o*u* opon thl< t(u??i|i n. mcli uirroluttnn might rem*, and If It did r< n* hl? t*?lli>g* MU>p?tht*a an I ?(T..r??. would all b- In b*baif of tb* p?o|.|* with whom La had W*atlf)*d bM iul?r*?t* , tm? amiri. Tho jolrt r?polatlo? *u?p*aalr-g th* aet llwiitlng th* oi|xnrr? of rolUa.lo* th? rrrano* from ca*toia? r?It.raod from tba H<<u*? with an a?*Bi)maat. Baa takaa Up and r?f?ri?dt< lb* t omnilti?*oa kinaur# Altar th* tranaartu* of additional routln* Wuit7)**a. lb* B*a*t* adjootuad llouaa of KcptiauiUlhri. W a am ixi ran, kat> 12, K'd. < 01 ire noo or iMr ir>r?rt Tho qa*atloa ?ai tak*? by ;iai aad nayi. oa roaoa Mrtit k tb? tot* by which tba qn**tlon wan ordorod to b* takra oa tb* Paoat* roaolatlon, limiting tb* ag;.???< cf cc41.?tlrg tb* aa\aaa?, and d> eidtd aftlrakaVr Kipti.of N*? J*r?*y raar-U. mora an arr oaJm-at t ?*?nrd bard tbat gantl*?*i w*r* not diapovnd t? tltr it much ir>or*y for tb* toliwUnt of tb*r*y*nn* r> tb- wbig adn *i>I*tratl <n. a# ngt ailt wad to tb* laat t * ai not quit* right to ark the?- to do what tbolr ir*?l?MWt? c uld tot do It w*j aatually a*e**aary to k*k*aaapl* protl??cta far t allfr.rnla ani (itrjii Mr lu?k lki|ula*d wbatbrr )rn*?nt eoitom h >oa* 1 . llartfM la tl.of* rcrtlce* and thalr jMl-rantu, war* .. t willing t< ?*r * lor wbat th*y no* rar*lr<r<lf - l? m t i?*lj th?y will. i >r 1 tii I hnuar th* o< lUctor of Aitiria ?1U >t J ' >r K>nn ItHiAtfl that!.** to tb* go?unm?nt and 1 . will i ranlt un.?*. an pia protUloa b* aiad* | a ' altfiatla and nr?g a Mr. |i?i I ? raid lb* p?iitl?>ai wa? n.iaiaian; Vr. raiiith a*Ar ? * tbaa Mr >tait*rdid I ho p?>a iti. at a*>?d t ui t* i'rltat* tb* rbairaian of tb* a >taltt?a at w??? and ?**.ct ia th* *a?t llonr*, that rhalr- , <?n did n't r< r|"ta;* in naarutiw th* la<t a JannMral?r> bad at f rart f r > iviett - I 'd i w?<t-r?tar.d th* ?ntl>'nan l *ay , did tor tit* th* laat a Imit latratiua all th* mttjef try a-l*?' ' i r Unit I i*ad* lurk r:a'*:>M?t W hat d ? , , *jti< n |.*t* I mil *>d t" w *art t it la *d?n Irtratlca' i, rftoit kt i' a aadar < aaMatatMa pa* pa*e?4 . lai 'ti'D'i; la 111* aata ?1'| Ilitit 'UMllltWH I ir _ i \f K ?r r ?d? no rharg* ?|falp?t tb* |ttt|?ai,t frf I *?l'*"?4 th* h'pa that th* ml# nan * ^f"1 ? ' ?* ill- pt*d*ow?*rr I $ */ I iM-f ti^ ' i i i mm? *'*f*r*at www, !! wm quite uaHMMiyto Mr rHow<,i MM, the MNkMM mwil ?m Ml ^pad la 1MI Mr luLf-Thiy w*r*. tat mot quit* m Urn aa Mr. UintUb cWm NoMtkilutli| tki mti'i raaolatin to impUMt to the Uaiitolrtam party, (Mr ImnUi} own b*for* th* Lommltt** at Way* ul MHM. utf uki am. Mr HtiitM remarked that tlu intlinu M shown bo want of seal. tod had acted promptly on tb? resolution; tat he bad thought that th* pnilMMo, la hi* ipaaeh, required too a*u*h from the oratory. Mr leTLi-Notoittolaallif the Ho?a* may think my propoeltlon too atria*ent, it waa mora liberal than th* adminittraUon party in th* 8*nato aak*d. Under th* operation of th* prerioua queatUn, th* Heue* voted on th* amendment of Mr. King, at N*w Jecaey. a* fellow*: ? That the nm of eae million for eelleetiea of reeeaa* of ctutoas, fluj thousand for warehouses, tweaty-tee theusaad for Texas and Otegoa. oae huadred thousand for Caiifurala, aa* fifty thoasand for new business aad new district*? la all. one Billion two haadred aad twenty-Ire thtaeaad dollar*--be appropriated for the exptasa* of eoltreuuc th* reieaaa for u< half of the pre**at ftssal year tiidlag 3Uth June, lnflO, together with each earn* ia adsmoa as may l>e received from itorago oartage. drayago aad labor tersaid half jear, aad la that proportion for aay riurur cr longer time, a a ill Coagreee shall aet upon vh* ubteet; sod that meaawbiie the restriction by law upoatbe amoaatet aalarie* in Callfoiaia aad Oregon shall be sus reused. Tbie waa adopt*d for th* Senate's resolution*. Th* reaolntion, thus amended, waa paeaed?110 to 76. Th* H*u?e went into i.ommitt** of th* Whol* on th* Stnt* of th* Union, and resumed ih* consideration af th* reierenoe of th* rr**id*nt'a mearng* oa affair* of Larlfortiia and tha Territories. Mr baown of MlmlMlppt, said that during th* lat* ftrMUriiiiai canvaes. ne nam tne ground tau me l>eople in lb* Territorial have no right to exclada slavery. mil bo he understood Mr. Caa* in the Nicholson iatUr. Ha now undarttood Mr. Cat* m affirming this power and he reiterated that no party allegiance *ball ever induce him to make thia ??critlce Thia much ha felt constrained to tay.ln vindication ol hi* position. Mr. laid tbat tha m***ag? had been received coldly b; hia Iriand. Tim* wa*. whan an executive message like tha ahrlli whiatle of Khoderio Uhu would have called forth harts of spears and bonnata from the heather If we ara now to judge by tha ominoua scenes here, we muet eonaider (he President doomed to the fate of Aclu on- toru to piece* by hia own hsund*. While a few member* are disposed to sustain the polley ot the /reeident in all ita detail* and approy* tha ground oa which ha makea hi* rt commendations. it will be supported by that *e*tion. The pro Tito i< tha same thing, m form, subsiaace. and elect. and i* enacted by Congreee eeoondarily. Adopted originally by the people of California in the to called convention, and enacted by f ongrect? became he held tbat the adoptiou of tbit comtitutioa i* lawlcaa and without effect uatil Congress enacted it-thereby enacting it **condarily. He then proceeded to show that all the recent poiitioal movement* alluded to in the vieasage are attributable to the action ot tbit administration. The South proteat againat the effort to emclude them, aud lu*i*t on the light to migrate to the territories with their property The very Individuals wh* voted to lay the WHmot proviso on the table, are pledged now to exclude the South, because they find another mode to carry < ut their view* in tbe executive'* recommendation. The South are determined to resist thl* at all baxaru*, and at every extremity. They muet stand prepared to renin tbi? aggreaalon in every form. They mutt take tbe tame potiuou au the < aliforala proviso a* on tbe Wilmot proviso Slavery, in the comtitutloo, waa ta tbe tame category with religion The deeign of the oonititution was not only to tuttain but to pcrpetuate davery Slavery i* recognised by tUe word of God. and exUted in the households of hia chosen people. It contributed to the developeinent ot literature, art* and

science, in Gieece and Hour, on which was built up a ? ih/.at-'n which illumined the ancient world, and n s ll(i bt upon our own Tht oontequence* of tlavery hut e I. n most beneficial In our country. After Mime remark* at to the advantage* and disadvantage* wbich wruld entne tbouid there be dissolution, be alluded to thu conventicn which waa soon to assemble in the South units* Congress should do something to render it unnecessary, t he causes which would lead to a re ci mmn datic n of diasoiution are greater than those which ikduced the declaration of independence from Great Britian Mr. Baakb informed the gentleman that he would aae if the W ilmot provuo waa dead, whan it came up a* a dietinct proposition Mr. lr>oi?\ou will give it tha go by. Did yoa Tote ta lay It on the table ? Mr Baiib- No Mr I."<>;e?Yon can't answer for those who did. Toa are not in tbe secret. (Laughter ) He held It to be tbe duly of the South to retirt the admission of California with her price at constitution. If ao, la It not tDe uuty ?i ner rtpriMuutlin to make a iluultr re(ii-taiiov * He believed that tbl* eould be doae by a union of Southern man They bad defeated the Wil iot pro?l?o. and eould defeat tha Calitornia proviso. Ha hoped that acme plan would be prepared to uieet the approbation of all. w that they eould present their brtttir aa the rbield of the constitution Mr HiLii*at> did not for a moment doabt the patriots motive* of tbe President In m>kln( hie reeoramendatioa* In relntlon to tbe territories; but with tbe t>e*t wishes for tbe admlnutratUn.be eould not glee bir tapper! to tbl* policy ol the rrssldsat. Tbe firi"t ohjreti.-n In, that tbe i'reeldent leave* tbe question c-pen and he (Vlr Milliard) deemed It important te ettle it now hvery hour wblob passe* rewind* n* that the danger 1* deepening and growing firmer. Mr. t lay iec?atly *a>d that he ross every morulDg with tbe expectation of heariag of tone disaster la connection with this qnestlua; and yet It ll proposed, In tbe pietent itate of excited feeling, eepaiotally la the Southern oenntry. to leave open a part of tbl* qoeetloa. Ha wanted aa adjustment full and complete that the country may eajoy re puce. To adailt Calitorala aa a State, woald be fraught with great duaater to the Southera peaple. rp to tbl* time, tbey have malatalaed something like a balance of power and equality la tbe Seaatc To call up< n them to weleome aaother Htate. would be to break up tbl* balaace. Ha repeated, to admit ('all- < foraia would be to dellbeiately traaafer all power to 1 tbe enemies of Southern Institutions and to drive tba South into a hopelece mlaorlty la all time to oove. Before tbe gentlemaa bad ecaeladed, tbe oommiltee rose, and the Hutu* adjourned IIW YORK LEUIILATI'HE . Iwiali. Alb*nt, Tn**day, Keb. 12, I860. riTiTiem rsaaanrro. Mr. Man*, of Henry Jordan for pavme at for his services ae Indian Interpreter. Mt. William*, memorial ef the offletrs of the College of Pharmacy of New 1 ark, for a donation from tbe State ef $10 coo Mr. Ceo*, rem cm trance again-t brldglag Lake Champlain at Rcare's Tolat. Mr. Cowsi l, of cltiient of Troy for a par redemption of back note*. Mr Sauihs. of aboard of sxaalnsrs to the lUnnrman Academy of Medietae la the slty cf Nsw Vork. Mr. Coo*, from ths Committee on Raak*, introduced a bill to prevent ths rlrenlatloo of aotse of banks whoee charters baee expired. and In rclatloa to dutlc* and power* cf moneyed corporation* r NtHt'lia c**4l.. Ob motion cf Mr 8< HMnetiu ths following resolution van adopted * ll at the 5?lee? Comaiittee kereuf ire appola'td, ea ihe tukject ?( the sllijttd frsuge ea the ckteiuaf CaaeJ, be sutheritrS te visit J f-rxa ee l Ihemuag eoUDtlei, ?e4 >?*h ether |>la*ee a* tk?y deem opedieat lor the proper ills- I charge if tit* tfauss eeacded te oem. ??*iot * MATtaa* Tbe resdatloa directing oar Senator' and Representative* In < ergrete to Inquire loti tbe circutaMsfre* attending H e granting of the renewal of Wood- ' forth * planing marbles patmt. wai adopted. k'r M ?? ?'* irfolutl' B ?.f Inquiry, In respect to the Sttire canal expenditures ?a* ad- pled (Koth thete resolutions have been heretofore reported at length ) V r. M?*na* reported In far or of tbe bill heretofore Introduced by him. entitled ao set authorising tbe ( ?n pi roller to laveft ir< ney* belonging to thr baok far.ds Mr Own reported an act to amead tbe charter of the village of Neaburgh. rowsae or mi ei.MSNSt'Sr iiovsamss. Mr \!??? repaited ia favor ot the act heretofore latr 'faced by ktr William*, eatltled an art to sxp'aiu slid ii ?n<i the power* and datlesrf the Ten Governors of tbe Almshoare of the city and reaaty of New York. T*ov HnertrtL. Mr Csaaei gave notice of a bill ta aathcrlee aa apptopriatioa to the Tray Hoepltal in liiitine re vm* t'sc or ersaM. Mr. Cseiin* rg?red tbe felloaiag rteolatioa. which ?aa tiiiaalaii u?l> aUop'.rd Tktl it I raf?rrad <? 'ha r maiitaa o? Maa* ftrt?r?a ?< Irqalra laia ?t?4'?a?r ' fkrikar lagtalatwa a < r? ?r??mallr to h? I1h aalaiy ( ?he?l*a. tall III*. (k< O'lMtl KII(|1 > anal liahiuaM* altar* IXIB I tt *'??? ara?*rd. rata iiiLioin. Ik" Ml! to rnUll* ?ba |ik?I(oi of (hi K.rto It all road ia <"aiiaia looailtUa In Ih-iviiatiea <>f Ca'tarautna and ( fc?uiaucj?? ?ai OMril by Mr U*ft at i-a?Ui la favor if it* kill Mr. (>a?n r**t?a*4 al ltn(U th? iagta?hlrh ! ?* ikM baa h*i n bad < a tbo ?u^?rt of tkl# lead. *ad OfBtatdrd thai by n?i; principle of *?|?ilty. tba Siata *?< bnand t > a-a that thar?ad j bould Im> n ad<- r.ti lk? IwaM root# Tfca th?? mil ' li?aa had br*u |l<?a to tba r af>nf lor tbl? ?*pra?? j>iirp?p? a Mr. IIimmk a Of p- a#d lb* bill, and una bit Motl t> tl r n?aJlt<? n^rli 4 pc't"** aithoal tahiag any 1 <4 canton ratnaaaT 'omnMifii ID ?>?f utlra ararloa tha ftcmlnafitm of Vt Po*lia. a* ? B ftiit 4 o?iul?aloa*r. aa? citi'ifHi'J, and tb? trjiiuiMd AwilMf. Au?>r, Fab, IS. HAO. Tha Srtaat* ann^uncad tba f<U^?lng a* a aa!c?t ci ii itt?a oa tba p*tltli>o? of tha Maan?man Madi-al joelaty af thaaity . ( Now Verb fir ha app lnt- *nt f a I ltd of aiamtaar*. tli: Mwin Motl, cturb L W Smith B?k<f ar.d Ptiraham rititiMi. Tl * fallowing p? tltlona war a rafrrr- 4 ? Mr lark*. lor rotltrad from RalTalo to .Ntw Vorktnd i Lilt Rallml Mr O. Aun for aa anandmaat at tha roa?tltat!on *W tn?b*ll?h iha property q'Ml'flrktloit pf e?lorad i i* y)a (tha (ttill n ror tain* . 0 f?#t of aaD?i ? J j li-? < frtrtH* ?t U? Br>' )l;i til; Hotyitol. j . t an aff.tr priaMfa yj iU < ia*i>r i f labaM'aat* nf Third flaaatorlal IHali t ! r . t.a la-1' t?atit >i I'.i kal I>I?m | i r. ti>.?a#. for tha oatablUhuaat of arbo4? among < h? l? dUna I Vr JU<? ft.ter tho if duatl<n cf toll* on rai road a Mr i Im ?m ;> r aa Agiiaaltaral' oliafo. Vr hitfi. for I la? t? prartat tha pattiag op of : i Mv* ? ? <1 jlu>?wuro I Ml. Mwn, hiM n4m?mKMIm Mp nit Mr lsatwwmtii, th? mum. Mr P?att, Mi. McUttmh, wl Mr. Fo?, tar repeal a ft? eohool lav. Mr. Tiuduiu, tat iMitont to mm*. Mi. tasLixm.toateyMllMtiraof mknauNk Mv. Mom, two for mm objMt. Mi McLan, a tow d.olarlng tho publio utility o railroad txem EoohMUr to N.w York ui trio Ml "" Mi. Hall ui Mi. Bakbett, to Mmpel Niw York m Erie Railroad to build their road on Um 1M?. ill* utmtiii. Mi. Raymond, a bill to Incorporate Um Moaroo Com i any Saving* Bank. ... Mi. Stobv , a bUl to rescind the charter of th* Soda CfcBti Conptij. Mr Towkmkd, foi lb* more effectual protection c property of married women. Aim, a Mil 1b relation to m*l*Unto In Surrogat office, eity of Ntw York. Mr Pratt, a bill to incorporate New York JuTenil AMIib Mr. Litti.e Borod that Or* time* tho aiaal numb* of Mr Raymond* report on tho Improvement < Basket and Moo?e river* be prlated. Al*o, tea tlmi tho nanal somber of the report and bill oa the iabje< of u*ury law*, ten time* of report of New York Stal Medical Society, and Ore time* of tho 26th annual n port for tbe reformation ef juvenile delinquent*? a of which were agreed to Mr Lka?knwobth. to eomploto tho bill to amend tl cbartrr of the cltj of Syracuse. Mr Bacon, a bill to provide for tbe formation < building associations. Mr inDAMi), a bill to extend the boundarise of tl village of Coboea. state aqbicui?v*al society. The annnal report of the Stat* Agricultural 6o?let wm received, and on motion of Mr. Wi*?i.ow, tblrl time* the u*ual number ordered printed. ilimihi coi'lt, etc. Mr TownaERD called tor a reconsideration of tl vote on tbn bill In relation to the Supreme Court, an other court* of tbl* State U? It. . u. ana*.cta/i that If Ka fet ? **/! to th* committee. fur the purpoee of reporting a bl applicable to the city of New York alone Mr. Towi?skkd and Mr. Vakhum were opposed to tl rtbrtBM Mr. Vwhd thought that by the motif to recommit, *? war* willing to truat the judge* in tl elty of New York, but bod* ef thoee In other part* tba State. (The bill provide* that the judge* mi practice in other court* till they get their busine elo*ed up.) Th* motion to reeoander the bill wa* loi and the till nu sent to the Senate. bill* rilllD. Th* bill authorising th* controller to reoeivfl tl return* of certain unpaid taxes in th* oounty of Wy log The bill for relief of suitors in Supreme Court in oe tain cases. The bill making appropriation* for th* rapport ! part of certain orphan asylum* in this Stat*, Alsc, th* bill to provide for the collection of taxes I th* city of Albany. leas) hold (states. Mr Nott called up a resolution. offered byhlaa.ii strutting th* Committee on Judiciary to report a bl lioUlbilg all leasehold estates in perpetuity, at cbacgicg them into estates conrooant to aecttons 1 16 and 14 of the Constitution of thi* State, and prov ding for a commission to a*c*rt?in, and settle, an damage* that may occur by rea*on of *u*b change i tebure 7 h* restlalion wa* laid on th* table by coi teut of the mover. col: sc.* at rOt'CHiEcrstt:. Mr. Kt**t?A bill to incorporate Collegiate Institi tlcns at t'oughkeepi*. kxecl'tits mahsion. Also a bill to provide fur th* erection ef an Eiaei tive Man-ion HISTOKV or nr.* > ORK. The Clerk, by resolution, was directed to procure f< th? officer* and member* of the Legislature. cepie* i th* Documentary History of New York, and Se**lo Laws of 1MV Adjourned. Kxploalon and Loaa of Life. Philadelphia, February 12?8 P. M. At Hollidayaburg. on Thursday night, s*T*ral kef of powder, In a house near the Sammlt, explode* Waring th* building to atoms, and killing Mr*. Adam Her htuband wn* also injured badly, and ha* ainc* goa d?raag*d. The Burning of the Ku**Iil?Tbe OalnM C*Mi New Orleans, F*b. 10, 1860. Th* cause ot the fire on board the *t*am*r Ru**u jour previous despatch said ship) wa* owing to th bursting of h*r boil*r, while lying euUid* th* Balis* Four seamen lc*t their lives by the accident. The ru **i wa* partly insured. A decision in th* Gain** caa* is expected to b* give: In a few days. Great complaint* ar* made of the failure of the mail from the Eaat; scarcely a day passing by without a oceurrence of thi* mishap. la there no remedy * Lata from Haadnraa, Boston, February 18?p. M. The Ilmdurai Watchman, a new paper publish* at Belis*. *ay* that It i* rumored that a party of Spaa lard* stationed at. Bacalar, had penetrated into th interior, a* far as Poliac, where the Inhabitant* ha mat them and driven them beak. Th* Spanish troop at Baoalar, war* dally diminishing by death and ds sertion. and out of 1 200 who were at the retaking ? Bacalar, not half ef them remained. ale of Waahlngton'a anuaerfpt firewtl Add rena. Philadelphia, February 12-0 P. M. The original manuscript of Washington's Fere**! Addrei* m acid by auction at tbe Kxchanra. tbl evening. It til atarted at (600, aad fu run up t IliOO. at wblrh price It waa taken by tha He* Di Boardman. who purchased It for a gentleman at a dl< tanee Tha attendaaca at th? rale vaa g?lta large, an tba bidding rery eplrlted. Arrtat of tha lappoatd Bardercr or Blla Adanaa. Buitoh, February 12- liiO A ycnag man named Brown, hat been arreew 1 ? eu*plalon of knowing aomethlng of tha Murder or Mit Adam*, who vaa found dead, la a 'ark. near I.awren?< oa Sunday laot. Brown bad formerly paid hla attea tion* to har and when arretted ha told ditferen itirifi aa to wbera he bad la*t aeen her. Tbara la bo lUUr doubt that tha unfortunate girl waa killed I attempting to procure an abortion Vailing of Lha Heamahlp Oeorgl*, fa OhafMi. Nrw OiittM, Feb 11? F M. The *team*hip Georgia, Caytaia Tarter, nailed fr >t tbl* port to-day. for thagiaa. with a good eoapieaty of paeeetgtre No Mall loath of Aafuaia, BiLTiuoar, Feb 13 9T M. Tba mail baa failed to connect beyond Auguata. U? Hat heta. N?? Oan*.>*. Febraan 10,1*10. The nMeoicBt In cctu>n tjr tba paat two day*, em bi*eea7M4> balea. at unchanged prleea, mMdilog I , i"t?4 11 IH l?lr i; S' Tkie aalea of the wee| w?ra Ib.Mtu bale* rectlpta. K #0? balae lea* than durl*i li- eau.e period latt J ear, atcek oa Land. 2U* BOB h?l-? New Oa? e?aa. Feb 11-6 P M. Tbe advice* by the r urrpa were rwe|r#4 here to day. and being wholly diCeieal from what wa* npaot I bolder* ol rctloa were oM'ced to eubmil to a da Cllaerf^.to efleet lal>* which were aotlarga-ao eieeedlr g J. 160 tale*. yiCdltag la qaoted 11a, aa< Fair U'? B?t TiMoat. Fab 11-g P. M Tha market for fl.-ur and *ra n I* without epeala change, ar.d tbe demand bat moderate Cofiee I ratber dull and prlree rule in faeor of the haver At tbe Stock B<ard to day |WN0 Maryland I ehasged hand* at IblM*- lua'td. Rhipping lauillgenea. Naw Oai.a* ?*, T*k&. Anleed?Bfcif litdiaaa, Beeattt, Ntw Tnrk. Situsi*. Ttk 9. Arrtred? Berk l*aaa Bead. Bmwa. New Vt? fttiriwoaa Tetlf, ?PM. Armed? Batk Say gtata. B**-oa. I|t< lit. I*. Ponti ?**, P?k II. Ar (Ted-Bark '"un.kaHead. V*'trr?*. JTth ir i.rie tiaeee, B*'? ert; ?'he? Reel shite ?t.4 N t.liaai. Bftw Tcrt. <*le?re.|?Belr Aetna. Mia* 8?i ed-Satk Nana liee*e>, Uaajama. _ . ? iai.bw, r.kii. Arrived?Br a T.?th'f, Cavetar ?tk all. Vlearad-bakr 5e?t *ra?r, lark. Bo*tow. Teh 'I. Arrived-PI r laaUa. I 1 r t "t. Btk "It: > >tk l.-.e'nl*. ?t? UTl.tar j,t.i nik, I'lui 4 ti??.<-*on. H?li.a?r% IHm Wii?in?c?, JIv.' Ithi> li;u:( !???. do, K tin*. N*? m * ''* >p A?v??*. fit a v'?Je?u%j i.trkt >uwiiH?, fr?m < : A r rkttlvi 1| m I ?;? clo^J Uop*. Ni?*>i fru? Uiw? km ?<r?? C Hiii-H ft In A t ?ft* n<l CtlnitM. ? ? ?rU*??: *iiV? A mtl ? L*in.'. L. *11.m, iiilbMn, itart Htttlik * ?ibu ??< ?. limit, <? <* ? U Divii, Ctff Riftiii. fin Hon. ffkj tlti I >i? T rll r ?r^ri J I '* ?. K'lft'ik fi.f < ; Ml>, Tiu *r to* < ; ?r(| ivttrif*.*> t, H ilaiiilton. Ml far It !? . I|ih. I r? J 'ltph A'Mct, i ft < >il t'. l?? *> tof *< : I iltllt, Mit Ink l?( ?<t J? !? ??? ftrtg Ail l?u *?hf *r*nl?'c f r???f i. kj i in Uimrt, 1 BwtUlt. r*v? ??jr*? f?t ?* ?">. f< r? at ri Bf| ?ekrtth r*?i? th* *t?t ml ff N?*'!,"0 Irlaa BiklM lit* ti *? * ti?r. ktt h*?t It lia'.i ?'? 'J* r?i?ip*iti. r<t it. ArtlrM--|l*rk Ulr'Or I i 0?ha M. Drf*** ? U?y, !U*' Mh. ? ?- > Hf ? h. 1 W ? ?*? !? ?r> L< *|w?k? K?* ilk ?Mr < *! ? *' W? ?h A'ttrict. Krifoll. K?ry. kitlua. r-: b-iw. Itrt* Cllirlt trfia Af*U*l? er|?. ftrm Mtlilt. lii^a L;I ttt?, fjt ni 4?, Ott*/ T?ft. from Ok?r?#?to*. l>, Rn?Nd*>(' I'altMl Mt-Ullt. Tahiti Haaor u, . Ut tlft<l it* bm! Wirt'M >mflt?l? lit. kir. n. h , v. ittoi ' Ik* r*vil? to* ikt !? ? tt>My r?i- t an h? Till I * '"?t*rlWri,irh. !*.?? ? .d r. til 0 * Al-'NJ k ruN *1Z <! ??. ' r?t* >1 ulnl; illNI, > i A. t J. itt vr?? if. *1 *wt*toy. Ro Kfti' Intitltnml imi l?r in ml* far Call* (.*?!? tktft t liHtllttw ?t> |<l.ill?-ltty WMHItf ! tk *< ? MM.**' r***? ?*? r??-y ?*?t. 0?.rr-?-4?o4 ?;< ?? *4 I* 11" ? ?r??* ?? Wr?|w>> it** ?*. B rally'I WMI.'"' 0?llM-tl?ii ?f Dtffa*rm> ** mI *r, hr?? **?'v?T1T??r ' r"|to? ltr?*i. Iir?nt*** ni citiMM tit rt*<' *'* < to mU h4 tuidM to *v*?ito*?a. \ VIM ? Mlw Tii|ily, f IB OOMOLIWOH oriuwaou MATTU?TK MMMKft'l CBAlfll AMD TVS VUDICT Qt TU JW?*. YMtattej forenoon it It o aleak. th. J?ry 11 mi I bled, tahaar the Cor?ar'a ikigi. The Cwm mbMNd by i?ding orer the ?Wi of Ik* IwttaMr, ' frw tki beginning, with the nMftlw ef IM of * Mr. Wnlher, at U>? Am of Mlll%nn fc Walker."Mt I which the foreman ot the Jury called tar; it m?M Ml be hud. a* Mr. Walker had furnished ilia fiaillHai Il4 tt vii MMkov or other ateliM. * Mr Ran via k said ba had taU it la tbo if w. Coroaar? Taa. itli oorroatiy rtporM in the Mmrmlt, * ud I will taad it, It the jury with. Ttaa Coronar than rand tha testimony from tha HtraU, '? and aald. to make It legal ha woald swear tba reporter ? Mr. MeCleanhM balsa a worn, dapoaad tha* taa raft port of Mr Wnibar'a evidence j aat rand, waa correct. Mr. Bur oak?It la nnnaoaaanry to ivaat tha reporter, ' for wa all know It la oorraot. Tba testimony vai then received by tha jury. " Tha Coronar than rand tha following document, fur>' nisbed in writing by Mr. John B. at. John ? - Are yon familiar witb tba generation nod naa eC it (bin ai i nioiiva power? I am, and hare baan foe * mora than twenty yeara. s- Ci ?What ara the different eonitrnetione and wa aC U boiler* or genentoH? Bollera ara ayliodrlaal and tabular, of iron and eoppar, and placed horlaontally ? and perpendienlarly - tba flrat almoat invariably hortaontal tha latter vnerally placed according to tha use proposed - for railroads horlioutal; stationary, generally perpendicular i* q _what Is the difference of construction of the cylinder and tubnlnr boiler' The cylinder boUar la n abell. having in?ide n return floe far tha pnuage of hot J air and smoke to tba chimney, and thereby increasing 7 the beating surface in proportion to the water; theee boilers have what are oellwd man h?lae, for tha purpoaa vi ritmnu>|[ auu ciHDticg me uepnriiueut wamrm IBB * ilnm is g?c?-rafed of any sediment left bj Ul water d which has passed m steam U ? w ha' object la there In cleansing a boiler ?Mft '? the removal < t the dirt? If sedimant is allowed to U collect lo a holier it forms a bard attached upon the tr.'D. which pre rents actual contact M*Nn >* the water aLd the irou. which the heat I* alow to pee* >n trate; betide, the iron under this coat(rapldly nillliiM. ' and becomes weak in proportion to the progreaa. of Q.?Whet la the usual construction ot tubular boil >y er?' There if a ahell, sometimes double, affordiag what * 1* termed water sides, by having water bstween the it, Inner and outer shell. Within the Inaer ahell are Elaeed (mall pipe* let Into head*, through whteh the ot air aad flame pass, beating the water around them > and ia the interstices between then. Sometime* thl? a> is ravened, and the water is contained In the pin?w while the beat circulates through the intorstleee be t' tween them Both ot these oonatruotlona are usually supplied with what 1s termed a eteem chamber attuaIn ted above tb? water line ot the boiler. Into which steam ascends when generated, aad from which tho In suam la conveyed to the oyliader or blawa off by opening the valve. V ? What means arc used for cleansing the sediment; a- from tubular bolters? I hare scan openings for clean* III log the shells hut the tubes are generally so small that >d they cannot be cleaned except by removal or iraqaent2, ly blowing out the water, which I believe a doubtful 1- process, in oouipsjtson with the naceaeity involved ia iy the safety and durability of a boiler. of H ? What is tieemed the best shape of generators? i- The circular because It present* a perfect arch to every angle at which power can be applied to it?particularly a radiating power, as rteam, heat, lie i* n ? How can the strength of holers be hen aad moat certainly ascertained? By hydrostatic test, because you know the amount of power applied, aad the ele1 meats of test aad use operate alike? by tadlatiaa, or In all directions, and on every part equally; hut it to proper here to remark, the test Itself may to strain a >r weak place," that it would glva way sooner attar wards of than if the test had not been applied. >n W ?What do you mean by a" weak plans" ?aad hew can such be ascertained or prevented ? It la very dlMcult lo aseertaie a weak place la a holler, although a very cloee inspection, while under test, will somettmee discover it; a microscope will disoover infinitely small jagged lines on the aurfaoe as bright new open lags; go t" prevent these requires great acutenesa in aeleetlag the 1' sheets of Iron tor a heller, a bad spot in a sheet of iron ,* may be detected by suspending it by cords, aad than souudlrg all otit its surface with a waodea hammer: ' the ear after a little experience, "ill detect a bad spat a* quickly as the surgeon doe* la Bounding the lunge of a person; I am of opinion, toe, that the aheeta, when rolled c ut, and laid down to cool, should be all laid aaa way.es regards north and south, aad eaat aad waat: th?-y weuld then have similar polarity; aad then, if these pole* were placed In harmony In constructing a i. boiler, greater durability aad eadnranca would he the ? result, under the known law of aoheaioa, from matual attraction of ferruginous particlea ? What will be the effect upon a boiler ly lag by uai* used ? If the pole* ef the sheets are at war, aad ttaa boiler la laid upon the ground. I believe It will depraciate In strength faster than to keep It ia oarefui aaa, j to cay nothing of oxldiiatioa. Q ? What, in your opinion, la the immediate eauaa | of the present and similar destruction of botlcre? lu my InveailgatlfBs, I have been led to the oplnica. that this and other case* most be eaUed by one of two name*?either bursting or expiosioa. to be eharaetrrlxed by the effect; I believe buratiag to be when a boiler or pipe give* way to the presaure of steam; I have witnesred many, such as tearing off a j sheet, breaking open a seam, blowing out a rivet or a > poured forth deetrujing etery Urlng Ult| vltkli IM t reach, au explnaloa to a eery different thing. (ro4io*d not by tbe weakr.eaa ol tbe boiler, bat b* the n44w a Igoltk-a of a gn* in ell probability yt ttkaora. except ? by it* effee ti, It to ko>t*?t kiovo I bat itwa will rtoe u lr. m water trat<-d lo the ope* air. to SI'/' Kara belt, but apply >11 the heat |ut?iN?. itid you will product* Be mora than IIS <]?grcea of heat In the water. although i yon will laneaae the quantity of ateam thrown off id I pioptrtliD te tbe heat applied, but put the wiUr Into I a tight grneretor or holler, and your ?1mb ui witn will be b??'?<! in proportion to the heal applied, haaoe i tbe trmt <>bli|i>ti' n I" hav? attaehed to every hollar n fwilili iihly lilt* that to a plat* ?t mixed metala ac II niri intrd w U fun or nrlt ihn the temperature In M the boiler reechea a certain degree < t Intensity; la the aheeicecf thle p.-eteutlte, exploeioua are eontinnaily * liable to occur, the reaaone ate plain toat explueionr m?y'rrur at ?ny nj"in?ct flrat. If the aapply of e >ld k water'a withheld from ace'dent or neglect. the nnder MimI or lat>noe<l proportion of wat*-r to the heat la '* d>?la.aued. aud that leae quantity to deeoapoead with Incrreaed valoeity. aided by that taken ont hy the r?T< liitl<>n? of tbe raglne the water dropa below the a Pre l'ie tbto li*r? the boiler to become red but, while tbe ia|-or within to rlalng to a teaipera'ure whlah aepalatri the ei)|it aad hydrogen. produeli.g two moat Inflammable i;a>ee; at tbu point Ignition I* only aeaea d aary to h'm ?-lther < f two dianu tr inally oppoeit* , rauHi In th?lr r at.ire If ne* brought to theee gaaea will Ignite tkia; tbeee cauaea are red hot Iron or water; ' airna> u.ay be heatrd red bot. or to appear red hot: la that Malt It l? a gat. IW ax penal re powtr to gone; bat t eocl it donn gradually end tbe ?ai?e wUl ahow when It return* ti the active or axpasilre point It lr> 1 generally tuppoeed that the admlartnn of eold water a he* tbe < Heel t>? inetautaiieouely taereaaa the quantity of at rant t ree-we upon the boiler prodanlag thereby the leaulta n>e:ktd a* eaploalaua 1 hie I thlak aa r trior, fur If that weia the cue. It would only, by Itf pt.wtr t.nd an aarai e a* lu urdlBary burauuga, tearing the better in Ita place (J.- I* hat do )?u deem neeeaaary for the prereatlo* rf >lallar ieeurter.t ea f Firat, the appllaatloa of a Kaibi* piate. upon ihe trench or other effective plan, t to eet ry ateain boilt-r rented Second, ae thorough aa 1 exaBi'.r a'len r.f enf'neet* aa to cbararte-and capacity by arm patent exaailr ere aa can be had thereby rate , ing the prufeettlra to the IntetUet wbleh ought tc occupy It. aad paving It la proportion to tne traat aad Irrapii ability it Itfeand property Ineolet d 'I te ('orcr?r thrn aubuiltted the hlloelag to the jftiy which bad beea handed to blm by Mr. t romuieIlln, one ol their iiuiaber. nuts in ruvidtM ihb gxi-Losiua or *tkak IMt] !.kM>, IX rtTfl EX. K I Vlrat A r> giat tation of all b<.llera, whether iateadetl * f t the t urpi ?r?rf manufaetarleg r a 'gath n. or any ' ntlar. bylaw, the latringemeat of whtcb aball aub| Jact to bra > J peuauiea of tie lmpri?oani?at. or erea Stall, that law Id it# pro?lnt-nt fcatorea, to ruaM fr.ilowr. tlj - Keery I. li.r heft re U to pat la opera lien abali be prcatd by a hydroetatte t> at and made of t Iron tf at'ch m.?lifj ac 1 rf aneh t *rm a* to hear at I leaat 1V0 Iba ti> tb? a.;oare lat-h preeeare la pi wence I c f an t :ncer appunua to do that dutv ny tbe 4rade ac gen'tal g< iert.ii.ent. which ofllcer ?ba.i daly rwgieter 1 It. the n-aker a uame. the pnrrh**er. aad alee the da acilftien of b"iler. oaueiy what form 'hnee patent (If aay), aad ahel u?e II to Intended to fulil. See nd Tbe raaker ahall alan lodire with tbe aal4 cfllcer a eerilOeate and alao glee a dualleate of It bo tbe purchaser, that Mid btdler la capable of bring weed with anfety at a prea.'ure of n"t m?.re than Mitt to tbe tquare Inch, or one half the teet V*' ' ra. belt tn?T* ff l*?? th.a lil lb* U> tb* lo*V wh|?h *?< p*rl?*nt ?k. ul.l only dr. Id*. lo*t. II lb* <>uiM ia to* i bl?b. Ik* Ml?r b? *tr*lft?4. I Third ?Ttat upon b;4t*tiUc proanir* UH, *o fr?oI tut* u lb* i>|at* ?| ***r more Ibftn on* l?ob (or tfcor*. I ihn?Ui li l*t ill) *nd oil o*rtli*d. too dndOT natb tovrth.? k.??r? Mtar *H?il h??* ?t**? *a??r* I Itlb -|M; b lift ibftU Utt too r 'M* MM ? Imt. t?i??b ? F.**?j >< il*r tholl bat* *of?t| Tftlf* of ampt? dlni?rm. n?, t? * l***f of ohloh (If on* l? n**4 ) ln>t*ftd rf dlr* t otkftll bo l"ftj'J to pr*?* d'*n tin *?f*M ttlTt ? moro tbftft M IH? 1* the |u?ro ln*b ot tb- ?to? I.f tb- Vftloo. "ft* bftif of lb* Int b/ wbfc h tl i I ft* booft i ?*n 8*i*fttb,- U**r tb* *ntlr* * !?* , appnrstfta ** r?| t tb* |-lp* I**4il( to It Ifin tb* tp>n ftirj. ?n tb* ?*i*ht on p?ft" ft?i< l*??r. atari* or t' up >iirtd tb*ro hail l*f"f?iiifl*< aft In* bo* or aorrr ?rij? noufh to f ?tilo If tdturrr. tftoa to |v?ralt tho |??*r to play lr?*4j l**id* tb* * ! ! boi. If prtetlcaMo. tbU lit thould boplft*** loifltftdlftftlly o??r tb* bailor to pra> nit It* b?lLg I am f?r> d "Ub. f Ijblb ?An - r.6e**bftlk b? mad* I* tb* boi or *OT*r, tr*r*ij l?r|* *non?h to ftilo* tb* tftl**. It j . to b* proI>tl? < ll?d. aid fti?o or* t? *llr>? ?ir- to p?'?tbr >u*li it lt**ly, to Hi* l*?*r bj? ?hi?h lk? *?ilt?rftft;iiiN tbo a*r*ty ??ltt for tbr purpota ( tailing ufl tb* *art In* *t**tn Ninth.?t'p^ti that iror*r or b??t *h*U b* pat a |ov*f * > ftt ll*tl *' Ob'rh tb* ftf <r**ftld fflKt hftll k*rp tho k?-jr If tb* b. Itvr l? lnWn.d*4 f it'h* pnrpo** of nft*lgft'io* k*? n *7 s* Iatru*t>d with tb* m**t?r ?f th* ti***1 b* r< ihh'rg i.njn ba*.h tbftt b* ?HI not hl*? f*1f, bor allow *t t otb*r r*r?on. by afy d-*lea wb?U *'* . to add totl * pr**rtit* on th* **?' ty ?ftl?a. ''tb*? ??? tin* *ac(**t*<t "'h*r plfto* of ?n?url?* MfrtT In ?b? 'Itif rm.iii of *t*an ?oi?of ohl^t? I*. 'b#t ?< b>.|l?-r ball bo pot t* m* ftnd-r tmild'n^ f' "'f* tb?r < n? fti-rj bifb. which I* ao ?tn*i|*?i for prartetlbf tb* r?-p?tiiion of *o f*ft>f?l loo* of llf*. 4.ot11 ?pn tiuHr "nbTTil.tod by To?fi, ok*<??*ntty, k. ftouMKtnr. Th* Crotif th*n d*llT*r*4 bl? ck-vr*? * follow* : ? Tho ?bnl* M ffto t**tli*oft*. ?b?uh t 'nn?ln im ia *ftfttfti?*rt In a it ah?!l Tho**id?oronf P*i|||p?. B'tkb**h, r*;ior nodMilMiM ?o?pft**?ftll t b*t ??* ? * ? ttftl. I i. kb>?K lii'im ftf ! to Ubi* Ibftt. Ibobollar i* ttOFBiftll lonciktb* rngin*; thai II* Inrartod ftroh I tb* b< tf-ir ?u tb* fttakMit port of Ui* b dltr; o*?*. Itttiii'f illt# liiitiii (I lk? kutt.uil k**?uiof a

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