Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 11, 1850, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 11, 1850 Page 1
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TH NO. *765. DOUBLE~SHEET. '! MWIU II1WS FROM TAB SOLD DMCim ? On California Correspondence. Ci San Francisco, January 31, 1850. jjJ Strang* Seasons? Governmental Ajfairs?Doings of ro the Legislature?Redemption of Gold To/cans? Drivtng out Foreigners?Extent of Squatting? ti< Wonderful Growth of San Francisco?Tneatre? C| and Civilization going up-New papers Perso D nal Movements? More Gold in Pros/net than ever ca ?Levees being Built. I waa in hopes, when last I wrote you, that ou r Ion g ; n and aevere winter had well nigh come to a close ; ti< bat the rains have been descending since then with ev four-fold vigor, and the streets are knee-d?ep with ^ mod. The " oldest inhabitant" is puzzled to know of what this winter means It commeiiced a month tw earlier than it was ever known to before, has been " more severe than ever, and seems no. nt all in- Va clined to hold up. Patience, however, must ne- wi cessanly soon introduce us to the spring, and with it the " gentle breezes," which are said to blow J}!1 over this "Italian climate," when the heteroge- "'l neous mass, composing the present population of Pa San Francisco, will scatter in all directions, par- t)e ticularly to the mining regions north of us. c. The governmental atf.iirt? of our new State are ? progressing smoothly. The bill authorizing a loan . by the State, was not responded to, however, by lnl any of our California captinlists on the day when ? ' proposals were to be received ;and we shall either P3 be obliged to negotiate a loan In some of the East- Jr f era States, or, what i? more probable, a scrip will 'ul be issued upon the credit of the State, to be re- nn deemed when a revenue shnll htve been raised by ar ? a! A kill 1 i. . I i ; .l' It iraauuii. a um hub urrii iiumuurtra mio ine .Senate, which will, it pawed, |WW adunper ra to one of the great speculation* of some of our mi capitalists. You are a??r' that the larger portion of the coin now in circulation in S.tn Kran- 111 cibco is coin made here j>v private individual*, who purchased the dust at fifteen dollars per ounce, and profess to give the full weight of -fold in their " coin, without alloy. From the first issue of these , tokens, the Custom Ho'is* ?nf P>?st OlJice auth->- ] rities have both refused to receive them : but in the absence of other coin when they were tir->t put in circulation, they generally pissed currant ia the community. Latterly, h >wever, as Ameri- sh can coin has become more uhundtiit, many of the merchants have refused to receive them, and they 8e' have become a perfect drug in themtrket. Ttieir 8e; issuers have, in many c?ses, refuted to redeem ho them, and there is now great difficulty in usin<? er them. The bill introduced into the Semte by Hon- S. ex E. Woodworth, of Monterey, provide?, that the St issuer*of these tokens sh-tll be obliged to redeem 4K?m wifkin ?? ** *^ - ?M\IU r-tillin UIIJO QH' IIIC l?l 1113 act, and that thereafter such tokens shall be deemed as counterfeits, and sublet the in tkers of them no to punishment as couniertei'eni. I very much wi doubt whether this bill will there are miny MM| Influences brought to*cr upon the Ls^isla- . litre, by the capitalists who have issued these cokens. 8tl A series of instructions to our Se^tofs an(j ftc. c,? preventatives has al^ n<Vll lotr<?o iced, recomniepoipwtne ijpmUioo of nil other th in citizen* of ( TTnitea Slates from the m>niiig region, protest- _ i^ag egawst the future snle <>i 'h^f l*uds, f |uest- , ( in^r that the pre-emption U'y.-?ol the United States . fary be extended over California, and also calling p. for the establishment of a hr.moli mint iu d.iu ... Frwcieco. ? The expulsion of foreigner* from the mines, hi*- | j ever just it may appear, would be a matter ot great 1 K, difficulty, and would lead to an almost lnterminible | rr-i guerrilla warfare- They can n?ver be e^cu-i by I L,n regular soldiery, for the rea*?>u that th clim-ite of ^ the mining region has such a peculiar effect on ^ , oldiers, that when they reach tht-re, the majority of them "beat their ewoids into" crowbiM and m( their bayonets into pickaxes It could oul> be ,i done the miners themselves turning out (it ' . matte and driving the foreign* rs at the point of tbe bnjonti. It is moreovtr vety question ilile whether .l?e p-4icy would be a go.ui one. Trie gold digging* are not so rich now. thit toe foreigners <urry ,0 ofl ve*y large fortunes, bu', on the contrary, leave 4>y far the larger portion ol wh it they do di? with :' tin* fr,??Ur- nn.f .lamliLr- hu k ? I icinuLtcd throughout ihe *nolecommunity. ' itH! axttnsion ol the prr-?uipMoa Uw over Call"tbrnia, i? at the preseut time ? mttu-r of grever f(! jmporumce to our new State, than any other m*a- * ?%ara tvtoich CoiigrtM could ad"|>i for our benefit. p There are now in thia comm iuuy hundreds ot |?eo pie who are anxious to ??-uIh m 'he c juntry, for the y| puro??e of cultivating the aoil, and ? ould do mo iin- -i-. taeauuely, and thus comn-aee th permanent settlement of thia territory t>y an American popi- i J jjuion. were they naaur-d ?hit tn?y wwM be ;iro- V" 'ieu{ed in their preemption ri*hia. Simultaneous- ? Ijr with the extension of the pre-emption laws over l '0 ua, the survey of lands would settle *om?* of tin (if *exed questions in re^trd t<? whit are and what ar<* not government laud*. Sam'ting i? no*r bring .. conducted ht htp-hiz-trd all ovrr the State. In w Sncrnmenio t'iry, previntu 10 the overll?>v, a w ?*iu?ttui(,' operation commenced upon town lot#, and * haa nr>t y*t entirely ceaaed. _ , Ti?< question in connection with thia suited, ?' "vbicll will be moat difficult to deride, is, in whom consists the right ol property to the immense tries of land attached to the missions of Californi?? whether ta the church, the Indian tribes, or the J|r general government. These lands are th- most ov valuable id any in the country, and if declared go- , verament land, and brougnt into market, will be . speedily located As thta is a m <'ter of the greatest j, interest, I irti-nd in mv neit to turniah you with in (t| accurate history of the mission luidi, from the time ol the viceroys to the present At the mir-ion I" of Dolores, located in a beiutiful valley within i three miles of San Fraucieco, a Urge number of ' persons hare located, and commenced the ciltiva- . tion of the soil, with the ho|>e at establishing a pre- . emption cjnun One genius went so far sa to ' ' K|Uat," with all hi# baggage, in the church itsslf, * . using the altar for his b-d, and refused t?? leave untuhe wss ejected by a lejr.1 proc?. Tfiegaverament should speedily attend to this matter, i y. and, as it is their p?li<y to ?e;i|e ( tlifornia with a ^ permament population, eiteud erery facility to the i agriculturist. The rktablishment oI a branch mint is a matter r of too plain necea?ity to reipure ?ny argument, and j J"J it ia a disgrace to the home aovernmeut that it h is . not prevn?usly been attended to Throughout the whole ramv weaiher, 8ui Kraa- {?' clsco has been growing rapidly ss ever. Within m thr pact month, some two hundred houses have } beea erected, and the town is daily chanting its ! r u-. __ i. r..i k..... - la loini. ? ?- ?" ' ?;?r win' | of the comfmta of a city, and mow lack only the f Irgmlativr charter, which we will |>i*t?blir aooa have, to make ua a ai*?able little cur. With onr growth, we are introduce the pleaaurea and V amuemieaia which alwaya apriag up in civilued , life Maeqaerade bulla occur alnioel nightly, and 1 the late Olympic Circua haa juat been < on verted ' into a theatre, which op^na to-nuht with "Oth<-llo" . and " Rachelor'a Buttona," by a company of con- . nidemble merit, from Sydney, New South Walea. Another arat little theatre,called the National, will open ir a lew daya with a Preach vaudeville and fl{ on American company So, you aee, the vacuum . we have ao Ion* felt?the lack of amoaement?n | . boot to be fiilrd A large and apleadid theatre f% i waa to have been erected on Portamoath Square, .. nnder the anopicea of Col. H T Myera, a ithb who ha* created ao little excitement in thia community . aa a targe operator upon mnall Capital, and who I . tiaally cloaed hia account* with our keen citizen*, . a lew 4aya aiace, by " abeqn.itiiUting," on avian . to kia darky majesty, King Kam*htmiha, taking h with hi*, among other item*, a thoua-tnd dollar* [ belonging 10 ike poor relief fund of thia town, of which be waa the treaaurer A reward of a thou- ,! sand d?-llar? hae been oflrred for hia arret t The ovatoM houae ia about being removed from . the old adobe building on the Square, to a large " aad splendid 'inc building juat above it, and it la rumored that the post office iato br located in the old 01 castor* houae. Thia would be a very desirable change, aa the preset po?t office in m the aumm t ? of a hill, aoaie diatance from the buaineaa portion , ofihecily. with the change af location, it 1a to ? be hoped that bail?r facilitiea will be provided for obtaining lettera. At preaent there are bai two wiadowe for delivery, and it ia accessary for a per- !r oa to wait ia a line for one or two hoars before " he can procure hia letiera. The proprietor? of the Alt* California com- 1# meaced oa ike 221 of thi* m<>nih, th? pahtic-ition 11 of a daily pauer, which ia conduced with fr^nt P' credit and ability A n*w daily called the Jvtwnmi 1 of Vommn'f, haa alao beea commenced by Hart- '' Irtt 9c Macrae. The (ViMn Sftirtmm, a f1 we> kly paper, lo he published at *?a .To**, by j S Kol b, formerly of ihr S4 t*mu R?vtill*. and Win. *M <; Matey, ?on at the rs-ttecrattff ol W?r, will be M. ronimenced in a few wrek*;sothat weahallaooa be 1 well provided wiih new?kmpfr literature in Call- '? \ , iotaia. By the at earner Paaama, which arrived oa tfce " E NE 1 t of thia month, the wife, daughter and son of the 1 f i uer?bleCupt. Sutter arrived in California, where j if ey met the huaband and father, altera separation n< over twenty veara. The whole family are now ' hi ayingatthe Graham House, San Francisco.? ' ce he Panama brought with it the appointment of j at iptain Sutter as Indian Agent in connection with tn d1 Adam Johnaon, who arrived here some ! to onths since, and ia waiting for the opening of the w ads to atart on hia mission. w Ex-governor Shunnon haa commenced the pnc- m je of the law in San Franciaco. ! d? Among me passengers dy tne ranamn. was 01 nlonel Jack Hays, who came up from 8 iu \ iego. and has now entered the field as a ! naidate for sheriff. The communication with 1 7 e mines has almost entirely closed Mules ily can travel on the road*, and the miners, their winter homes, are generally w.ulin'2 pi?ntly for the opening of the soring. Mmy, howler, nave been doing a good business through the ct inter. A Frenchman, at Carson's creek,$1 few iys since, in washing some earth, found a lum,> t' gold, solid and nearly pure, weightn? twenty- jC ro pounds. The next season will, f am positive, In ;hibit more astonishing results from labor in the / ines than have ever yet been witnessed. The st quantity of rain which has fallen during this ki inter, will wash down from the mountain sides, id fr?m the ravines uoon the river hanks, larire ar nounts of cold, so tnat the old and abandoned . gaings will, during the coming season, be com- " ratively new, and new discoveries will doubtless tw made. cc The waters proceeding from the overflow of the \ icramento are gradually subsiding, and the inbitantaof the towns up the river ire contemplate ; C? g the erection of levees, to K'lard against such n catastrophe in future. A number of new towns I ? ve lately been laid out, and Yuba city, Oro and aryeville are putting forward their various chims " r publfc_ patronaj/e The towns of New York d Benicia, located below the overflowing banks, "n e growing steadily; and from present apuearancss, will only require the fostering hand of the gene- un I government 10 make California all that her most yf ^c*f Rfltioinnp liavu i>vpr .rnnli?iji.>;i OP The mail is about closing, bo till the 15th of Feb- 'J1 ary I bid you adieu. Gouu>. I Sam Jos*, California, Jin. 11, HV). ' Price of the Herald in the Capital?The Politi- j :al Aipect nf the legislature ?The IVirlike Cha- w racter of the Mtmhert?The Election uf a State i cl Printer?Amusernrntt uf the Catif.>rrtlint, c$*c. J 'J [ have just had the perus.il of one of your choice , eets, for which I paid one dollar and a half, and, j fo ated in the cushioned arm chair of a dignified nator of tbia nt-w Statu, I pea you this missive, w ping you may use your influence with the pow- t'i 9 that be, in making *?c!i reform that we poor T iled devils may get an occasional piper from the j atea, without subjecting us to the sime price as ; of s have to pay for our dinner. fl In the first place, do you know how to prounce the name of this town I If you do even, I Hl] II wager that nine-tenths of your reader* do not> re d will moke hfi awkward work of it as do wny ' 'fl '.aft members in pronouncing that beautiful I* earn San Joauuin, and for their benefit, of ur?e, 1 will tell you. S.in Jose is pronojmced 'V n Ilozay?and San Joaquim, Sao Whiwiteen, ?'.' centin? ntron?ly the li?t pliable in eaeh oaine. "l Dn the 15th ult., both brunches of the lrji -Uture | ttt( ?t, but, for the want of a quorum, adjourned over the 17th, on which day the Senile met, and ' Tn( c;ed Dr. E. Kirby Chamberlin, of San Diego, cp esidMit pro. tempore, and l)r White, of thn "" tsembly, trom Sacraoun'o City, was elected "" cuiv of that body, iiy the itnmr of the 1-it, j resume vou have learned all this, as well as the 'Y ult of the election of I'nited States Senators. ie exact political strength, of the legislature, 1 tt't w-r hn? (iinp* h*??n uu full-.tu- ? ?n nitte. one whig and fifteen democrat*; in the j snnfily, ten whi([s ?nd twenty-four democrats. | The Senate of California, composed of sixteen ftiibers, all intelligcnt-loo/rim; men, h.is but 1 rrc married men in it, mid but onu who b u not mi en engaged f!,h?'r i" the Mtjucao, Tcxiail or I ilifornlan war. General Green, the father of J e Senate, and the hero of the " Mier Fi^ht," \* ar' married maD,* and Dr Cbainberlin, lite surgeon pe the boundary lire commission, mid a surgeon a,, the United State* Army, iu the \f-xican w.ir a widower. Messrs. Bid well, Bcsiitm, Lip- *d wntt, I'ost, Kobinson, Taylor, Woodwortn, he d Vermule, were all engaged in the California j0i ir. as were Messrs Vallajo and l?e U Guerra, i loughthe lasi-mentioned, gentleman though they r, happened to be upon llM wronij side) j Mr. lnl osby, anotherinarned man, is the only peace mm cu the fVnate, ami he, I learn, battled hrarelv the jp, ng. Tom (>>rwin, anti-war inrty In New York. Wl le Lieut ^Governor, Major McDougal, was also no the Mexican war, and an aid t > the gallant (i, me. Messrs Hope and l> both ?-rv ?d in , ? nl w*r, and c*ine o\er in Major Graham'* party, nt Monterey, in N?-w Leon. The uwmtilf l? ?{] mposed of thirty-four members, twenty two , t c whom are warriors and tij'itim; m?u The op mptroller. Col Huston, nnd the Treasurer, Col. man, b< th served in the Texan and Mexican irs, from the battle of Alttno to the ctpture of rR exiro; anil Captain Whiting, the Snnreyor Ge- ri n!, TCS? ! ; ,h* F!ATW4 War; wh!!it 4 II K<?- if,] px n.the State printer, with li s editorlil pen, .tiled Tim ('nrwiii imon lii<nu-i< ?! 111 I * thii . i >f, inderd. a fighting Legi?l>turel j co For the fmttwo week* the b-iaineas of this L"- nll slature termed an "up hill" on- It it lt'tl- w,u t| ?&e, and that little ao.netimra htd t>? !>e undoae, fv Irion to ihr i*PX|.rri'ncr i.l th?-tn'-n^Tii in l"?i?live matter*, and the want of pnater Having t|( ne, neither knew what the iHher br.in.'h waa ' ,u ung, which occasioned a good deal of cU?h?ng. II yesterday, however, thr two ho IM wnt Iil*?? ,1, nt convention, and elected II. II lt<>bin?'>n, ' jtl rmerly editor ot the Cincinnati Iufni'tr, but ,|, nre recently . errfUrjr to the boundary line r?m- n, iwion, f'ate printer. Mr. Kobinton iaof the firm p, Hvbb, M.ircy and Robinson, a new firm formed iinjj tl e it n of the convention Mr. Rnbb lie "Saltiift" t>< the ?-H Loom Rrvtill*) it expect- llf br the next ate?mer, with a I ir?e pre** and ap- j, ra'ua. Mr. Marcy ia a ton ol the ex-Secretary ov War, and you may toon expert th?* California w alrtman "knocking at your door" for an ex- r, ange. nt I luring the hohdaya we were a muted, upon two ^ inday* in nocetaion, with bull, cork and bear ;ht?, after the true and primitive Cal'tnrni* style. I the firtt exhibition, five bulla entered the listt, hen having been goaded to madneaa Sy th-ir tor- gt > ntors, by tawing off their horna and cutting off eir tails, thef were let loose in an arena, fort* rda square. "snmng wiw thirty homnil ancl ntmrn, antf fought, much to the diversion of the J if?, until four men and ais hnrsea were seriousinjured, when the animal* were let loose Uj?on e plains. At the second performance, a large N i?ly bear, lassoed on the day previous by the ex- cc rt CaliforniaiiH, waa brought into the arena by ur horsemen. each having a Ubm> attached to a K By one li g he was secured, by means of a w whide laaeo, to the leg of a furioua ball, and the a umala let loose to prey upon eech otfcer For an fr >ur and a half they worried, gonded, hngged and . awed each other, greatly to the imirm'ni o< the idience, composed, 10 nartj of a tkivernor, grave di id potent Senator*, and wise legislator*. to any >'hing of the hundreda of brunette California _< dies, who eeemed particularly diverted The ill. however, proved to have the beet bottom, and ?' irly worried and goaded Bruin to death >no- it er tragedy immediately eucceeded thie, which at fm'rf more satisfactory atill ti the ladies. A " ill, of immense magnitude and power waa next p| ought in?the enda of hie home rawed ofT?when n wee let loo-e, and attacked by an old Spanish hi illfighter and clown. To an attempt, on foot, to a met a abort apear, decorated with paper, cut into i w ? form ol a large rose, into hia neck, hi a toot ? ipped, and the bull caught him, in liia fury, and *| rust him againet the rude fence, or enclosure, ! ? ith euch violence that he survive I the in>ury but t)\ ehort time. Thia, to the women, s?em<?a tlie cli- fa ax of amusement, and the exhibition terminated at ild shouts of applause. p| Od Ohnstmae and New Year, brilliant cotillon c< irtlea were given to the memSera in the large u adnbv" Hall of the Aeaembly, graced by all the ra diee fair and brown, ot San Joee, not excepting U le Governor's lady and lovely daughtere N New I do not wish you or yoar readera to judge, ir om what I have written, that this la a decidedly in religious and immoral peo.tle; not so The n atholic Chnrch. which is of immense magnitude, of attended regularly by thousand*; aad there ap a I ro Presbyterian, one Baptist, and one M-thodnt th encher, with respectable congregation!; and at ene clergymen alternately act as Chaplaina to the ar egieletnre, whllat the ( atholic prieet" attend the ill and cock fights, for the pnrpoee, of course, of i)i 'epmg their flock in order 'Tie true the mem- l>? rn will sometimes dance and drink, and ooca- m onally, to relieve them?rlve* <>f "their du?t," c< ay at Mcnte," but 'tis hard for one to help it ?? thin country, where everybody does the same ir i?ng These evils will be remedied as the coun- d y becomes Americanized, which must be very ' m W Y( IORNING EDITION?MC eedily ; for thr rapid influx of American citizens, it continue*, will noon leave the natives in a rni>rity in nil parts of the State. Rven now, Here are it three native C?1ifornians in bo'n houses; they in all speak English, so that no interpreter is retired. I am spinning my scrawl out much longer an I intended, and will only sav, that as I etpejt remain here until the close of the session, which ill probably be in Mav or June, as much time ill be required to set fully the wheels of slate in otion, I may ccasionally dron you a missive, pcnpiive, not only of town and conntrv. but also ' people and legislators. D**** D******". Sacramento Citt, Jan. 7, 1830. fie Pout Office?TTi e Winter Inhabitanti of the Minn?Gold IVathi*g in the Rainy Season, *c., *c., 4-c. Yours ot the 13th of November was duly reived by me. I generally get my papers and letrs pretty promptly at this pl*ce, for which I am dtbted to the obliging and gentlemanly postR9ter, Mr. Stephen Freeland, formerly a resident your city. He haB made many friends by his ndness and attention. We are now in the middle of our rainy season, id things are rather dull. I have a Iriend who is "just dropped in," anH is giving me one or ro rather interesting items, he having just me from a trip to the mines of this district. The ntleman referred to has been an old resident ot llifornia, and giving, as he Hoes, these facts itirely disinterestedly, I fancied they might nuse, and perhaps benefit, some of your readers, p ebtimates the present population of those winung in the mines at 75,000 to 80,000. This is ily in this district, on the Juba, Feather, North >rk, Middle Fork, South Fork, and Trinity river, d all doing better than they were this time Ust ar. lie nays the winter t-eason is the best for ereting in the mines. The reason is, that in the miner eetison these cannons are dry, and no iter within three or four miles, and consequently e miners flock to the bed of the river to work the le gold In the winter season, the w iter flowing iwn these cannons tills u|> sundry tiolrs, retaining e water for two or three months, where they can ith the dirt, and at the name time pick out a LUfik that will rejiay them formally week's work; the mean time their dirt wishing at least pays eir expenses. In these cunooos, the heavy gold found, and not in the bed of the river. My inrm int tells nie that while at the "null" at Col<>a, last week, he saw some thirteen pieces,ringing >iii $40j to Witiun six miles of the ill is a place filled Georgetown, with a popula>n of from 6,000 to 8.000, settled for the winter, hey all seemed, my friend tells me, to be connted. nnd have enough of the yellow to be agreeile. They were living in log huts, and the idea persons inovimr from thence to avoid the ineinency of winivr.thsv looked upon as ridiculous one clear winter's day. they cin do more work sn they ran tn the heat ot sunnier. My Informit has taken a careful survey ?l th- entire tniiiin > Htm* h< mg doubtfbl ot their holding nut unv i>yth of time, and returns p?rfect!y ntisfied, from rtonal observation and inquiry, that they will ntinue to produce more and more every yeir, r at lep.st ten years to coine; and if. i9 his in ires )n, ?roni nis *xaminaiu>n <?r in?* already wibh^d rt, that j>er?i'nHr?n re;iliz*. by ordinary lnduatry, lean from five -o ton dollars ad*y The city here is progressing extraordinarily. A atnifxent hotel, rolled " Sutter's," h?s iust been rnuleted; hoard ?25 a week. lodging f2a niuht, *uln f2 ruch. Hulls and oarties *r<? being given the time ? tickets to the first nam^d, two ounces ch; and therefore, if mon^y is nude prrtty sasiMmetum? H goes Its <Jaick ly in other way?. Sacramento City, (U. C ) Jan. 8, 1350. i? Hit* in 'the Riwr?Inu^ifittion?Sirknttt? Www y?SMcreu?Companies Farming?'R*r* Spoil Com in j. Having an opportunity, by private hands, (the I iils bring very irregular) I concluded to give ' u tome of the n^ws ot this strange country. We e in water four fret deep, aud, Irom present ap- | arant es, we are likely to become weblboted here the water subsides. The rise, in the river, is j id to exceed anything of the kind ever known re by the oldest inhabitants, and there is a great s of life and property?the river making a com-te breach over the city?and the whole plain is j undated?communication with the mines nearly ; t off. There has been much sickness in the j s ns aiid in some portion of the mine's. The I uthern mines are much more unhealthy thun the rthern. The Juba, owing to the low grounJ bornng its shores, is also h source of much ague d fevei. No portion ol the minea will compare th the American river in reatrd to health. The r is |.nre and very light, and by care ami atten>n to clemlineaa and di: t, I ahould pronounce it e of the healthiest places in the world. I have recently seen one miner who, with a riy of five, took out seventeen thousand dollar* ch. (>ne piece ot pold, taken hv him, he sold for ven hundred and fifty dolUrt. Fifteen or twenty lies from Culomn, on some of the birs on mencan rirer, "ne million of dollar* h ive been ken during the last h iwoa( bat ih wh >!?. mining lib try wiii be occupied e.jr.y la thes-i*?ti. f^r^'e inters are *pending their tun** in selecting situ tns for tfce coming re^-on. Oonvinies are *]so rn ing lor the purpose of turning the river* from rir native beds, to enable the workm-n to h" art e gold in their bottoms,which pruv-d verymcj'-i-sI in many in?Urces l.i?t vear, wh'-n Ihey cuuld ford time to do their work wt II. The s:??ck of ail ese companusis now eagerly sought after at very gh pr envums?some ?h,irea selling as hiifh aa rre thoun*ud dollars From prcs?nt npp-arances, any millions will b" taken by th* A nsriotn ii.ets the coming season. Th<- miners are deiting the question whether to let the f^-ianer* oik in ti e mints this season. They are almost lanitnt'Ua in (he opinion that it is not prop, r: and lunk they will ^termine 'a w\rn th-m oT and it of the mineral region. $h<?ild this hipprn, you ill hear of rar? siK?rt, xnd in that vent, these rnpaniep will have the advantage by being in su it imbers aa to take care of themselves: and the pxirans and Chilians ?r* n< t unmindful of the | t>rth American. Cttitio, *iun Lou Auw/k, Dec. 22, I*i9. 'dutiful Srintt and Srrntry? W'UA F*e! in abunJanet? W?row and TrartUinf?tht Sratons and IVrathrr? SttU th* Btntyrant com4?Ihttitulwn of many on thiir arrival. Thia la ' Forefathers' Day." II the Pilgrims of ew Rnsland had mide their mgreaa upon thia miinent upon a day aa glorious, and having an rnoaphere aa exhilarating as the one upon | kirk 1 ?rrtt??anil if th*>ir Int haft k*?n n?mt Mimn toil aa benignant aa thai of the beautiful valkv nm which 1 date, their htatory. and poaaibly that r the American people, might have been quite He real. I would it were in my power to give the people the North a view of thia region at thla " in* ement aeaaon," aa thejr are accuatomed to term . Upon the left, looking towarda the aouth, and a distance of about 20 milea, atret.hea away the Coaat Range" of mountain*, having a height, in area, of Kimr 10,000 f^et?Mount I!-maMinof ud to be, in a work I have f>#-fore m*. th* second ighe?t |v* ck is California, forming one of itaapura. I the right in a rang* of low tnln. ihrir *n?l j tnont aummita clothed in the richeat verdure of .ring I'irectly in front, and at a diatance of lout right niiteft, darta rapidly onward the 11 io ?nta Anna, one of the moat important at re a ma in lia aection of California; and about ai* milea yet irther. another rantr* of mountains coanerta thoae the left with the hilla at the right, thua coinetely abutting in the vallry, leaving onlr at one >rner a paaa through whtoh the great tnorougbre troin the 8tatra and M**ico, acroaa the Colodo, enter*. Ita aurface, covering an area of aome ><00 acrr a, la aa green aa the wheat field of a ew York farmer ia in May, and th<? air ia n?n ore mild and balmv than the daya of that month a more northern clime, A feature of thia aces*, hich ahottld not l>? omitted, ia th*- larg-* qunatity w ild >owl which abound. *?<mia?ly ao tame that stranger would anppote th?-y w*re raiaed m>oq e place. I ct>i4d ait at my rffik, not unfreauently, id get a good rhwi ?i Urw f1<>oka of wild ge?a*, <d alao of durha Wliii* brant, too, are moat >undant. Very often in th# morning the aidea of e mountain*, to the ei'ent of wlmV acres. will white with then. To tlita picture agouti be Jdrd, a view of the tmnwace drovra of hor??d it'le, and the florka of b<>r?ea and inulea that 'lot ?er rh* ?urface of the eoiHrtry, in *very (fwrrri'wi which the eye can eatmd fl it a view of a iffr rrat ctaamcrer now j?f>-#enta ne<-lf From tV juih ia* be aeea ap?>r >ac:i.og, ua their alo* *4 J >RK E INDAY, MARCH 11, 1850. toileome way, a long train of emigrant wagons, ' \ their white tops glittering in the sun. These have i started, either from Fort Smith or from aome { point in Texas, and, after a aix or eight months' journey, over deaert wastes, and through hostile i tribe* of Indiana, are now emerging into the habitationa of civilization. Entering the valley from the north eaat, appears yet another train, who, r

leaving the frontiers of Missouri many months , since, and after reaching the Salt Lake, finding tne J season too far advanced to cross the Sierra Neva- j da, were compelled to turn south, out of their way. ( a distance of about 800 miles, through an unpeopled and trackless desert, and are now emerging from l fK? r.r?nt R.iairi thnmali D !? ? 1 this valley, having at leant 7(X) miles before them, ( before they reach the Iil Dorado of their hopes. , Some of these wagons may be nefn, after passing t this ranch, proceeding westwardly into a gorge in \ the hills, with a view of stopping ihsre to rest . their w?aried teams; and others again, on thHr } way northwardly, to the City of the Angels. To , complete the coup d'izil of this lovely valley, let m ] not forget the picturesque appearance of some do- [ zens of Indian wigwams, most of whose mhabi tanta have been for a long time its denuea-i. and ' are now living in a state in which the habits of { civilization and barbarism are strangely mixed f The season, thus far, has been very favorable. It j commenced raining on the first ut November, and it has rained, on an average, about one day out of a week ever since. The niyhia are occasionally cold enough to cause a slight skimming of ice to * be made in exposed situations; but the days are 1 always, in clear weather, mild, and often oppres- c sively warm. The farmers are now, and have c been for several weeks engured in getting in tlirir ? crops; and surely never since Adun ploughed in ' Eden, had farmers such a prospeot befoie them. ' With a soil the most prolific, and_ easily prepared, they have a demand almost at tli? ir own d >ors for everything they can raise, at prices that 1 hardly veeture to name. t In my letter of last month, I anticipated the ar- * rival of large trains of emigrants from the .Salt t Lake. Soon after it was despatched, there arrived 1 here n deputation from the foremost waeona, ask- i ing that relief should be sent them. They stated ? that there were on the way rising 2tM) wagons, and s that they had been much longer than w n autici- e pated, and that, in consequence, many of th -in c were wholly out of provisions Colonel Williams immediately despatched a wagon with fall supplies of provisions, and it should bp stated, to his credit, that he furnished it to emigrants in the desert some 25 per cent cheaper than it could be got for in Los Augelos. When the wagons were met, they had been wholly out of provisions for m iny days, and had been living on their cattle. In this train were three families,'who had, in the ag<re|;.ite, thirty children Of one of these, tbe father eft them at Salt Lake, in consequence, it is said, <>f threats against his life by the Mormons, li; travelled rapidly, and crossed the Sierra Nevadi nrar Sutter's, and thence, by the coast route, to this place, and met his family on the Jrlohadie river. Many of these wagons have arrived, but the great proportion are yet behind. About one hundred of tliern, afier they had got down about half way, turned weistwardly, with a vi-w of striking into the Tuluc Valley, through Walker's Pass. About sixty of the*e, after wjudering about for nime three weeks, were forced to return. Others, however, are yet in the mountains, an I by many it ( is confidently believed they never can get out Many of the emigrants who arrive her* are whi lly destitute of in-ans. and do/ens of th-m entirely barefooted. Colonel William* has supplied them, in the nio?t liberal manaer, with provisions and shoes, and to not a few has advanced the<n sufficient money to get them on to Sun Francisco. Sroull Scraps of California. In fiddition to the full details already given in 'he Htrald by the recent arrivals from California, we give a number of items whfHi will be serviceable in forming a judgment of the spirit, enterprise and pecu'titiiitfl cf tbift yonthf"! Country:? A resolution was ellered in the House, to-day, detlanug Sacramento City a navigable , I don't know what, for the resolution had hardly become the property of the Hau?e, when the mover withdrew his resolution most emphatically, for he took it from the clerk's table and vamosed the hall. After he left there was much confusion to offered the resolution had any right to withdraw it after it had become the property of the House. Alter aoine debute it wan determined that, ?? the gentleman had not only withdrawn himself, but the revolution also, and the House had no power to ' enforce the return of either of the two, it was fair ' to presume (at leant it wag convenient) that he hid ' a perfect ri?ht to withdraw. The House having e arrived at thia page cc>iiclu*ii>n, l^jNMd over to j Monday. ' Since writing the above, I have seen the resolu- >i tion spoken of. It was as follow*:? ? llesolved. 0 that the committee on engrossed bills be instructed c to inquire into the expediency ol declaring Sacn- * niento city navigable, and alko to report to the " House immediately aski>|'he necessity ol procuring * anchors for the homestead*,.' IMOEI'tMDlNT PACIFIC STEAMERS. p Tliese ure to run to I'.mama. The subscription ,, books are opened, and we understand will remain j> o till this evening. The amonnt of capital is at ^ present limited to one million of dollars, which amount is deemed sufficient to pi ice four steamships ol the first class at one* u^on the line. Mora n than two-thirds of the r<"| nred amount has al- C ready been subscribed, and we ure assured that the same parties ate willing and aniioiH to take the remainder; but in order that tliere may be no 0 complaint ol monopoly, it has bfen deemed ad- j vitable to open ihe books to the comin mity. imk sai.ic of w*taa Mtn. The Pari/i?r AW* says:?We learn that, to day at 10 o'clock, A. M,a Urge siil Imit, oi pable of containing n pleasure pirty ol fifteen j gentlemen, will start from the Graham llou?e, eproceed through Kearny street Lake, thence down Pacific s'reet to Montgomery, thence T along Montgomery street Lagoon to Washington, thence up Waahington, approachinB Portsmouth A square. Th? jr will endeavor to find ihe recent J burnt district?all traces of which, have, we understand, been lost. Tney will then shap- their d MStMi up ('lay street, and should it rain, tney will ^ spend Iwo hours and a half at the post o!fi -e, en- t deavonmr to ascertain that there are no letters for them. They will finally proceed to hunt up the \ localities of those town lots, which were sold at * auction on the 3d inst We are requested to at ite, ? that no fear is entertained of the boat's captisiag a* ahe will be bo lasted bjr $018,130 exartly, ia p ailver. mi rcNOOLMAsrKR AnRoati. ' a Mr J. C. I'eiUin baa opened a sehoolforc .tiMren of both sexes. No charge for tuition. TnefrieniU > of the school are invited to support it by contribu- ' tiora. SP0fTt>O imtT.MOKNI.*. " The long expected trial of akill and strenxrth, in rowing, between the American, New Sonth Wale* and Chilian boats and crews, which was to have J taken place some two weeks ainc., rime ofl on ' Sunday last. The prize was a pur->'- of ftlHO, ,u,d J the entrance money of eac h host, |I0 I'n- route to be gone orer was from the stake boat, at Clark'a I Foinl, around Bird's Island and bark: and the whule boat* American K^le, Wild Irishman and I>ewitt wire the contestant*. On her way round ' ( the island, the American Kagle, which hid gal- ( laotly kept the lend, wa* run aground, notwi'h tanding which ?he can.e in about one hundred yards ahead, and won the purse. Tim", ??!> minutes. Cne of oar enterprising fellow citi en*, wh?> m a great lover of the *(>?>rt*o7 the turf.ha* imported fro-n Sydney, a *i>l? ndid linglish *talli?n anil mare ? blocd animal* ~?.f great beauty. Wi prenm- we shall he?r of them md their progeny ui>on 'he turl of California. tA*m<irAiiii The reaidi nta of thia city w. re atirtled on W.-,|neaday, l<>th, in con seam-nee of *everal *hock? of an earthquake. The first two occurred ?t ab >ut h*)t-p*M eleven o'clock A M , and were of err-ril seconds' duration, succeeding each other at short interval*. The third took place at a quarter p??t w, P. M , the vibration* of which were cn wHo. rablv more violent than the prcvioua one*, and of greater duration law IvTfT.roand. The following named persona were convicted of act* of grand larceny at the late fire in thia city, and severally sentenced aa appear*:?W. <Ja nn, I years hard labor in public *ireet*, with hall and ?linia; Peter Notfear, Patrick Ayre, Thoa. Croaby, Thoa. Ilehity, Jnae Maria Antonio, .fcae Antonio. 1 year hard labor in the public streeta. with hail and chain: (Jeo. Campbell, Lucia* Mamoa, H months hard labor n the public atreeta, with b til and chain. A.ti. l.awrence **. ("oilier et al*?Tma was an ae?ion to re ? ?er damage*, ia i case of naamlt and b iftery. EvwJenee was adduced interring in.how ih. f the p * n i eg in |)h? ? . H trav 'tied r| i ti i ?i v ?r -n< i,i- ?'aif?s; s I th?t, a i '? en[ x . d, a in ng aii i-i-?a I ! iu tiie an^aauit ua [ERA which this c*?e la brought into court. Defendant | >lmii lumificatiM. Verdict in favor of plaintiff, M ,?76. lohn SoMthworth was arretted fur firing a pistol it hi? part?er,with intent to kill; commi'.ted. TIRATRICAt.S. The dramatic company of Atwtter Sc Madison, who have hern iwrforming at Washington Hall, ircleut the liagle Theatre, rang down the curt tin >n Wednesday night, the public patronage not >eing ?ulTieient to warrant them in continuing )pen. Olympic Ampiiithkatri.?Messrs. Howe and Long beg leave to inform the public that this ?Btat>Iishnient will open for dramatic entertainnents, on Thursday evening, the :ilst instant, with i talented and efficient caryt dramati/ut Nether pains or expense have been spired in fitting ip the amphitheatre for the accommodation ot the niblic, upon whose patronage the proprietors conidently rely. The entertainments will consist of in opening address, written by J. E. l)uriv&ge, Eb<i., for the occasion, to be spoken by Mrs. Ham>leton : after which, Shakspeare's tragedy of Othello:" after which, song by Mrs Ratters, rhe whole to conclude with " Batchelor's Butons." Doors open at six o'clock; curtain rises at leven o'clock precisely. Admission?Boxes, $3; Pit, $2; Private Boxes, $5. QUEEN OAK CEMKTKRT. An opportunity is at length offered to deposite he remains of a friend or relation in other olace han " L'otter's Field." A few gentlemen hive leveled a very pretty mount of about thr?e acres, :overed with tne evergreen oak, to this purpose, ind have fixed their charges at such reasonable ates as to meet the views of all requiring their atention. MlSCKtiLA TOOT'S. From the neighborhood of Carson's Creek, on he Stunixlaus, a Frenchman extracted from sum" >f the earth of those washings, a piece of gold veighing twenty-two pounds. This is a lump of ur purr t>rr wnnu IllKlinif. I.e California11 isan org.in devoted to the French ntere?ts of California, published in San Francisco, it the Mait'>n Chuuviteau, in CUy street. It is Uued upon a foolscap sh^et, and lithographed?th it xiwdient having bem resorted to in the absence of my accented type. steam navigation. The " Senator" is to be laid up for a week, for he purposeof beint; thoroughly cleansed and r>*>ainted. As goon as she nas donned her fresh ind comely suit she will again be placed upon the ine, and make daily trips to arid from S icramenco ;'ity. Her career haj been successful from the irst.and she has nlwavs b'*en prom;>t and punciihI in her times of departure, and regular in rate )f fpeed, while her arromnioditions h ive been ot i superior character. Her success h is, thereiore, jeen deserved. We understand that a new ate a Tier, called the " El Dorado," is to b?* pla^fd 011 IM Mtebe* tween San Frnnciseo and Steramento, in np,? i-i:ion to the Senator and McKim We learn thit die made an experimental trip on Saturday. IMPROVEMENTS IN SAN FRANCISCO. We can scarcely keep the run ot' the improvenents, in the way of buildings, iu San Francisco, o rapidly are thry carried out. An half hour's | valk, y? sterday, enabled us to see a small portiod ?f what has been done within th lastthi ee w.-^-k >; rid, accustomed as we ar?' to the (ant way of do.ng tiini/s in this part of the country, we were r>'ally urpriaed. To laentmn the very imny new and rally handsome and spacious domiciU and ware- | outes in process of erection, is a t isk thtt would .. ............ .....i '? """ "*' "I" U.o,. .- . I?u mill j, I ut we cannot refrain Irom noting one or two o| , he most conspicuous. By l.?r tno must striking milding that we have wen i-* thai in Washington treet, n^tir Montgomery. It U three storie* high, viih a brick front; and when completed, will preent ?n elegant and nb-tan'm! appear ?nce In the ecnnd story ol one po-fion of it is the rje*v Theatre Rationale. Burgoyne iV ('o. are ju?t completing very pretty brick building, on th?* corner o? Vashington and Monrgrimery. It iaof brick, with stuccoed front, in imitation of free stone. A , f-w brick building, Jewett and Melhado'a, we beieve, is being erected in Montgomery street, uear he corner ol Washington. Several spacious iron varehouses hive luttly been b tilt, and a number >f others are now goins up. We are gl.td t > perceive this undaunted ivirit "f enterprise minil-st d, and also to find that brick and iron are being i?t d as much as possible. IIKAt.ru OK SAN FRANCISr"0. [From tta? Alt* ?lifomln. Ian 31 ] Our records ot mortality show that many deaths lave occurred in this city wuhta the past six nonths, and that the increase since the commencenent of the rains and iueieineut weather has been luch as to carry a conviction to tiuny minds, preucUi ial to the general health of S.in Fritncisco. It s gTstifyinr to know, however, that th* numerous nxtances of diteate and death which we have witlessed are not attributable to local and jwrm inent a lists to the degree which would seem indicated, nd that we may, more (irmly than ever, nutwithlanding the adverse in Hue n-e? ?.f nr., 1 uflerinu as at the prevent moment the* exist in r midst, ettablish the truth, upon well supported lieory, of the healthiness of this localiiy, unimaireii even by the haaty growth of a city risiiig alo the commandini iinport ince of a vait metre- I olts, nnd already numbering a imputation of over ilteen thousand. MARfttlb. In 8?irsm?nto e'ty. Uonwjr Clt? by tbs ll?v. Mr. urn).am rir.aak I) Mukwii i, ?a>l >1h< nrj* .nn i n.? n. atapdaugh'ar of l> I). M'hir.n*?, Ka<j Till* I* tba aaaoad in?rri?^? tlia' (i*a t?K'ii pi*?? In or oily, an I nn? wblcb <m e?l?bratad arltb I th? pomp and elreumatane?" 't<?i-2?ar. upvo ootaHica I aitnilar nature in f?*tii<n tt?;? hf? 'Uctr Tim*i. DtRO, la thla city. on tba Hib iin??rf 1H.%0 of typhua fa^ ar. ,%lr. Ia?a? 8 Pai.a, lata of .\a? \ urk oity. Naw oik papara plaata copy. Id Sariamralo City, at tba St < harlaa II tal.auddanf ?. lha 17lb Inrt, Mr. Thomh H A-?ii*. formally | f Boaton In Haeramantn Vlty, Tu??d?r Ifttb, Mr / C. Tarai?. of 4<l Hlataantb ?lr??t. N*? I ork la Han Kraa<*laao 'i8d loat , a* tba bouaa of Kl l>.<r?1n >m<latl?i. uldyiaairr) I'ikmii O i atria. ><?l ?1 aar*. roa of Ma^jur t.araaiaa Caarra, of Hoibury. laM. At bar lata raaljreaa, naar tba Poat ofllia. on M"0ay I'aa 14 aft*r a lav day* l!ln??a L?> tat. ?<f? of 1r VV. E Rowland form'-rly of >at Nouth Walaa, K>d Ml yrara d<-aply r?-fr?ttad by all wbo koaa bar la 8aa ^ ranalaai i Ity. on tba a'.tb l>an II. >n aon t omrga Vail, of tb* oity af I t> y. N > . ?ad ?b< of 30 yaara Nat \ art and i my pap* ra plaaaa ' n iii Kaa FrancWoo ( Ity, on tba 27 th l)w> . a* th* Ora a liowa, Wm. Banna, formarly Alea.da of I'ablo da an Jtfa Ha*klL i Bar, on It. lb l)a? lart Li'iCntMti, t lirctiD Vaaa. In Pan ! rannaoof Ity on lb* vnralnf of th* ->J Inat. 'mpiimi I R>viairh >( la-l n Pana. Naw W>rk, 'biiadrlplna and Kaa'.oa papara pl-a*? aopy. rba i'lilttri Nlatta anil NaileAn notaixl?rf. (leu ib? .Alta < aitfi rata. iai 1ft J Wr pmrit i.ur rrndera with trti* following auc* inct and c??i| rrbenaivt akricb of the plWrfditfl f tba* ?otnmi*ai<int-ra afifHiinii-d by he l/nil'd Jfntea and Mexico lo run th?- Ixvindnry lin<- (?? wran the two oo?ntiira. W?r can Vouch lor its effect accuracy, an It wan fumiaheri ua b? the unri at'rnt on of a acirnutic a* ntlem in att*ch?d o the comniiHion, to whom w hrn b''i( to n?rr?a our indebtednea* lor hia courtray The ccitnmiMionrT*, ColenH \V? ||rr and O n. 'onde, appointed by the two goverm-nta f?*r ihe i? marcation ol ihia boundary. met al Sin Diego, California, ?>n the 4th July, l*l?> The Aral cprraiion Mgr> ed ii|n#|?y the*? genIm en waa the determination ol the atrniihi line >f boundary from the junction of ih* Kia Gila a^th the (/oliiutfn, to the point on the Pa'".flj one Tiarme U agio' due ai ulh of the aouthermnoat point if ihe port of ftan l)t- go. Thia determination on tb? p^rt of th? 1'nited 'tatea wai entrmtrd to officer* of the tf ,s. rorpa >f Top- graphical Kng'neera, dfiaikd by the S c'etary of Mtat* t? perform th?* aci>n'ifi?' opera? iona conm rted with thia bound try; and Brevet Major W. It Lmory w.ta a;>po no-d mtroaom-r in ( hi? f. The plan proposed by him waa to a a?riea ?f natronomical ooa?-rvniionn Minultaneoa-ly at ach rxtr?mity of the etr-tiaht linej Major Kmtrj umaelf aup*tinteiiding the operation* u,*-n the 'aciflc, and Lieut. A. VV \Vhi| |>l?* cowductioK the corh at the mouth of the Kio tJila. In order jo letrrmine with greater pr?rieion Ihe d.fWrnce in ongitorfe between the two atationa, a ayatem of [annowde r flaahea waa protected, and OajH Kd I.. ' lUrdeanle apt>ointed to make ? recoanaiaatoce iriont the intervening mountaina to determine it* ractieahility U|m? ihe 10th of -f??ly, ao<>? after the arrival of he Mexican eoinmiaaion^r, Mnjor l.morv nent ,ien?. Whipple, wiih lanirninemi, ,Vc , to the j Piinia," near the initial point of hivnidary. with nMini tiona 10 ealahli?h an aatronotniral i.h?erTV nry; and wrni aOer ii*>k up hia own re-iifenee t th? nm* nlace. The troons of the ea::nrt which le e?>n.ntand? d, accompanied him; ami tie at Ulna ?? hotiored with the title of 'C*i,i R Vy " Vith a 49 i?ch ru- ndiaa traa?ii aa-J a Uiye reuith LD. TWO CENTS. telescope, both mounted upon Arm piers, he commenced a Bene* of astronomical observation* In a tew weeks, A. B. Gray, U. S surveyor, fixed a can>p nearthe "Punta," and employed his party in running the shore line of the bay Finally. Mr. Salazar. the Mexican astronomer and surveyor, established au astronomical station in the S im's vicinity. Having obtained apporoximi'e remits for thlatitude and longitude of the ob*er?a'ory, Major Emory desired to transfer these determination* to the initial point und the bound.tr/, and detail'-d Lieut. Whipple, by a reconnaissance and survey,to ascertain its position upon the coast, By a reference to the map accompanying the treaty, it seemed probable that " the southernmost point of the port of San Dietjo," was to be found on the southern extreme high water line of the buy.? From thence, south, ibe marine league was measured and its extremity transferred to the Pacific coast. Subsequently the sum** was measured by Mr. Gray; but when the initial point was finally settled, the two commissi oner* *vi?*ly agreed ti? adopt a position farther north, which would r*sult from a measurement from about th m^an between fcriyh and low water line. This point was officially marked, with all the formalities appropriate to the occasion,and afterwards Major Kinory, assisted by Capt. Hardcastle, connected it with the observatory by a caretul triangulation. The observations a' Camp Kiley wtre also rendered available to th-? nautical world by being transferred to "Punta L >ma," ut the entrance ot the port to 8,tn Diego. Upon the 20th July, (/'apt. H^rdeastle, with a I>arty, started upon a reconnaissance in the mountains. Col. Weller, with Mr (iray, drsianed lo accompany hun, and proceeded one or two days' journey; but, being injured by the accidental firing of a shot gun, he was obliged to return After an sbsenee of two weeks, Capt. Hardcastle brought back a topographical sketch of an extensive reconnaissance in tluaifcithcrto unexplored region, with a report furnismng much useful information regarding that portion of the count'y through which the boundary line w*s to piss, and interesting accounts of th?- wild Indians wh'> inhabit its many fertile >i?d !>eautifut valleys. Three prominent mountain pt aks were selected?" Colorado," " Los Pino.-," aud " Wickarnon," so situhtert us to r< n-l? r it probable that a chain ot flashes could be carried unbrokeu trom the observatory on the Pacific to the astronomical station at th* mouth of the Rio (iila; thus altbrdint* the most approved means of determining th-1 true difference of longitude between the two stations The' Cda astronomical 'partv, gm charge of Ia. Whipple, and ct-corted by a detachment of dragoons under the rommd of Lt. CoutM, left San Difjio upon the 10th of Ss-ptrin'ier. On the 11 of October this party reached it- destination 'io >n the ripfit bank of tlv Rio <3olor ido, and Lt. Whipple, assisted by I >r. Parry, botanist, and Mr. In^raharn, recorder, immediately established an astronomical camp on the lupli bluli opposite the mouth ot the Kio Gila. Favored by n dry climate and a cl?*ar sk>, lie w-is < nabled, in the month <>| October,alone, to make a sufficient number of ob*orvitione t<>ifetrrnitr.e with much preci.-ion the latitude and longitude ol the pluce. Unfortunately it whs discovered the chain <?f signnls from the Pacific w as not complete. UoJer the direction of Cspt Htrdcastlc in ttie mmiataius, ably supported bv Lieut. iSlau^hter, commanding tin mfun'ry detachment of the escort, there was no want of energy in carrying them on. Ttiey wtrc obs rv<d consecutively trom the '"Punt*" to 'Mount Wicknmoo," but tli- 1 >st connecting link ivas broken. None of the lltshe? could be seen torn the hills near the mouth of the ltio Gila In November, Maj[or Emory dispatched a m sserger to the Gila, with the resul's ot his observations fcr 'he latitude and longitude of the initial point of boundnry U| 011 the Pacific, and received liom Lieutenant Whipple, in return, the astronomical position of th itpoiut, defined by the treaty ?s " the middle of the Rio <">iL, where it uuites with the Colorado." uccompanled by a byogrtphieal sketch exhibiting the junction of the two rivers, and what that*nicer had selected as the treaty point. This was shown to the United States Commissioner. who aiinroved the selection The result* of the observations in id'- at the two astronomical stations having bren exchanged, tha aximuth of the straight lin?- joining thern w in c.impaled, and iiiaikr-d u|M?n the ground at each extremity of thiabortion of the boundary; thus completing one ol the prettiest of goed? tic operations, purely by abtrcuoimval meant. A party, in the meantime, was organized under Mr. Gray, the U. S. Surveyor, to proceed to the mouth of the Uila, for the purpose ol makim a survey of the confluence of thit river wiiu tit* Kio Colorado, lie ia-sed overthr mountains, lid fortunately Sound a foot path for mulea, I -?J mii down into Vallecito Upon arriving at Nem River, he met Col. Collier, escort* 1 hv \ <l<*? ic!iment of dragoons, under the command of Lieut, lire K with, and was induced t?? returu wiih this party, conducting it, by the mountain route, to H.tn bi'so. Col. Wrller, still desiring to complete during the pr>?ent season, all operation! necessary to deleinune officially this straight line of boundary, give to Lieut Whipple authority to unite with Mr $nlazar for mis i>urj*??f Hut the Mexican ommist-ioo had not yet arrived at the moiiih of the Uila, and it was feired le?t a failure of CH neral Conde to agree to tho |x?iiit selected as "the m.ddle of the Rio (iila where it unite* woh ihe Colorado," might render hi vain much of th" labor, and pr.-ven' the cum pinion of tlie woik Korttinaleljr, November I'Oih Mr Salazar faclieil tint atutton. Having no im 11 lii rn <>i-n. < .mle oower? sunilir to ?uo* [ i bl<; i ?J on ihe oih> r )'?rty, he joined Li. Wuiiipic iu mi ru iiniuulion < > th>* ;U'iction of th<* two river*, cordially Mdoj'ted Ihe [>' !?! prefiou ty ?< ieclrd nit that d?*crib*d by the U'utr, aid < :it?rrd into a written agreement, rendering official th?- operation* at thtt Union. Alih >a]'t lurpri- d tfint the conform itmn of lit* grouu t tlx ulil lo- tuuh i* to Kivf to the l'nitrd .Siat< s tx.ili bark* ol the Colorado lor nearly w?fi nnl? a lifUiw the mouth of the <?ila, !??? ther with the I e?t military position* la ?h?* yi'-tnity, th<*re w?a no hesitation on th?- put of th?* Mexictn aunreyor in acc? ding to a jtut though Mrict c?n-tru?tion of ih?- tr<*aiy On the following day th*- aatronornicnl lixiure* wire turned ?#vrr to trie Mriieu cmnima?i??i; and. in nkrdii'ncf tn instruction * tfeeitfd Ironi Major Lmory, the camp at th^ C?ilm wu luck* n sp. Major Kmory, in the mrno'imr. naaiaied by Capt. IlardraiitU'. i roioiiged hi < azimmh line of b<> md ?ry lor i b< ut five mile* In m the co??t, after which, the fui.d *f thr cwnmiNM>n Uetug e.?haunted, he repaired Wi'h the officer* of hia command to Sio lhrgo, awaiting order* from the depattmrnt From New Urintii, Wt bete r?ee?T?4, by barfc Bogota, ( apt Tb ma* 'ate eira ' t i?i?m from Bogota, Car; bagtaa an I oth?? l#tt? of Nt? Oranada Tba Outtia O/fir>al, of Hngota, of January 11th eT-?. tain* a portion cf as eonatuniaatloa or addrtwad to tba pro?tocl*i obember. by ?h? Oe*#ra ? f Ntha. W? translate tba t Hewing. a* th- mo ?inaraattai portloa of tbt? report, whiob aiaUla* l?f r Biatloa wblab will b? r.a* and inn> ?h?" aiirpri?w>z t? many of out r?ad?r> Thl? portion of lit r?p?f. Id bradad the' DilDUBiMl n t,f?laara " II >aja. 'Iftkl'l yat to ItBiit. tbat la lha proaloa? of Nun lb* la bu# of plavnry ft ill *?l*h? upon at. a??n Mill la tbl* day ?han th? aatlra n>i?? of bnmialt; Im rala?J a K?n?ral try of Ind itit'l n a?*ia?t II II *H! ?o*rn?ly I* cradlMa to you. f?atl'ia?ii d?pa'la?. that la tba raat< a of N?l?a thara aia S2 ?!?? ? 99 la La Plata 31 la PyrlAcatioa *9 la /la-ate and Ilia tb? pr>alaa?o th. Wr*t all ?blrb(lTf? la tl?a proalnoa am t- ta* of 271 *t?l?b?? mbj?ft?d la th? *>" '. ??! etadltto? tf alarary aBd to tba p w?r c.f m?n *ho, by lha Ian I na't.ra ara tbalr hr* tb?ra and adnata aa to right* and obitf?tl?a? '' 'Ib^rtport th?a |um on to *?> * that tbr pita nnd*r tit la* of Oranada for tb>- p-ol?ibttl'B of ataaary, by *bi?-h fnada war a antapanla <a?h rtoalaea to pay fvr tba ?!%??? a* tbartr ma?t?r? brrnpbt h?tr In fr>t a??* 'imt??lon ha? a ?t *'i?(va l-J, a* many *Ul ta'har b>?,. tn?lr (ban mm- f<r t!>* inra* r It tb?n r niiiwadt a la* to b? pt??vd antb*tlriBK lb? el Wf* ?'f pMioatoiat *h? ?:a*?? fr*e at I la aai?? t. in r paylti tba Mora? for ????., 1 ha O rat not ??praaaa> a h'.pa that u?a t???nib!y *11' (?? Mirh a la* wbl-h will fr?a that proala a a; !< #? <f rlavry *Mnb ba<ay* la a aarraa-n >ip a ;<?r d.Bif . ratle >yatniu aa<l add" that tba la* <.? in* ral t orpra-? na< n-1 had *l? ?;r??t of r? il >f ' t rd tla ?tll o?1i| to thr nn*arran'ad r??p?rt pa'd b* Ita >>abar* to tba lat*r??tl ot ladltldujia and ihla a 1 I Mllital pf p*tty Tba n:? p?|>*r of lb* cam data. ooitaln* a rlrr<tlar fr<? tl.a atamtira p<**ar l'?nv| vmr:t-> iff *1 t" yl<nt<r? for th* p?irp*<* af u*,*fa% *4 ib*? * fo*trf tb? ?*?d? and ral <*( tith**"* |l?Piill?a a??t taac* thai ?b* ?.? <*! ? *ill ?n* d-?? d f" IVnrtM aor *np*< ft a' y la* f? ta* ra-wlaiinaaMt f iba mf ao^r ly In taabn^*?. 'awwi I tba tfwt "Sa ln'>ntl' n of tb? i .in* a la* ban?i| *.>n-a?*.>al |l? It,a (> atrial, * at-? ?? ??! K' f 1 * f attbag?t-a a i);?ra?y h'dhlt n ?di a I* aa a nrwt .1 tb? ln-?l'"?tnai bat *rt'r*ly d??t td td p?:l l<*ab* *t aoia*'T l?l laUf at. lit ? tiilllaa af ilia IMiata <d >a.^,Ma?'i< ? * ?fn->d a b-at lag to tba | >ttlo??t< t ? dlao 'fa, i? tbat *?taU. t n< ..iJpj!?.1 flLai/