Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 6, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 6, 1850 Page 2
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totj having all M>r {-wsKrBfere discharged when ih? Chernkee arrived. The Georgia, which tailed from New York on th? Kfeb oI March, had not yet arrived when the E?l>ire City left, arid it wis fet-red that the mills om board of her would not arrive at Panama in ecrdii for ike steamer of the 1*1 of April. The Kni|>ire City left t hagrts at 11 o'clock, A II., <> (he 2?>th ult., and arrived off Port Royal at # t>'?l?H-k, P. M , on the 2Kb ult ?54 houra from Chagreo. The Cherokee left Chagres the same day, at 12 o'clock, M., and was twelve miles astern f the Empire City when the E C had to l.ty to for want of a pilot. The Cherokee, having obtained a pilot at Chagres, wa$ enabled to iuu by the Empire City into port, and commence coaling. Tk? Cherokee leli Kington nineteen hours ahead f ibe Empire City. There is a large amount of gold dust in the hands of i>aa&eugers, fitimaled at mar a million of dollari. The advices from San Francisco are to the 1st f March. The news is hiehly interesting. The intelligence from California, was brought to raBtiDiu y the sieamt-hip Oregon, Capt Patter* <!.? G L1, .k? u>!! ol ihi* 1st ut Mnich The following is a list of the Oregon's juswugfrii? II the cjIpIo- Judge Burnt. S. A Wright, Judy, (tii ml aid Ova children, -lr Putotf and lady, k' Amltil J Schwvrtn. J Duna?. J R. baon, J H. (iriaudll It. S. ku<?y, K. < lark. l>. Morao, C. M. N Hooper, k Pa: ten a t >hil> u^al, Mr mil v1<-? i IjuXId tti ehlldrtn and ?urre, Mm. Patty and child. ' Mr < <oper and ?nn A Mmila C. L I 'mvi J. II. 1 S> yder fne?r Blcklr, J. K William*. W K Who try, ' K. K I i h*ii P?i~Uy Aboil,(J. H. t rtgm.C. Mo Uli?ter, u w inir. w Lutnlii|i.Jr,'rtlmiaii? Mr .M?">d, vir k.Uo. Vr? < arnpbel). Mre tirinuell F ' ampi..11 Mr i b< ?bau and lady. K liiliinaa. John D*-<rUt, S. C j < hile? vt. Kill. llr. IttIu Mr We?cott. Mr. Wenzetl, ' o. H J<? ?c a, ). Kills wife, three children aad servant K (>lo??r Mr. Mal.effy Mr, Cornwall. H. K. 3. .Vei,in?j. J <i Bel l< H. WriKht. A. Cook, H Wll>oa Fvtwr. U.8.N M P. J' ne?, V. 8. N., R. Ooibm, W VI. Hum u, A. U Randi.ll. H. W Tbell, Capt Patty. Sir. ?.lea?on Mr. viyera Mr. BucKland, Soliath. Mr. 1 aid >irr. t. .MntM.- T 'al hS. Id ir.e ?t*e...*e?< (arkine* W. VV. D*we?, U Ore- 1 gi ry W oreyory. J I) Gijlllri A. P. Pluney Hibbard, : l???k?nh J. a Grant. A Hiding H K Perkina t. B *>li...ui' It JKaokin. T B Tyler, I) C Orison. J. | Stall li J Ureter wife and eight children, H. M?ka4.,3 J. l;'Trelat?a U C. (jo**, J Hltohocfc.o Bridge, j > i.ait.nJ, H Pratt, i. 8choonm?k*r. J. LainMar. W M i hwek H W. Totig. vir Noble. J. Ba l,<er, K. BnrKleo O Kichardr. M Kicbard.v M V.anord aad l?ocbiidr?n, r. < nok. 13 Jt hnr n J tarr, N Moore, i k Ptermn . C It. l.ewie J Lomaa, A W Locum. A. u I uxrlck It P hauoaume. l). Buetwlck. B M . Ma?on, W. t> I lap J. Ktirell. B B. Oellamette, R. Hutnb, K. ktmirti W. II Hammond. J C. Naff. W Koetra**. <J. 1' Kied. P W Henry P. N. lohu-oc, Caldwell N. i'.ot celbod K I Wood and eerTant, K Henry BuU leek u Huut J Wood, A t ook# J. Cirrero. A ti. NH't h hoi>;eboom, R. 11 Mo lellan. U V Cro .iwell, W H Usy. C-. A H?tchkix?. K. Medlter W Couclnc U. W. liarittt (- O (ileiin.C Sarn -ut p 8pr.>ut. Mr Corrra J II IVunr.O Smitfc, t Ku|i, J.C Wilmerding, v.ri ur-Tp, rr i OH *?. r.. llja'l.J IOUDkb H. Cgumb*, Dt tiruoT, W H 1 udock. A. P ')lok** ou J >iei h VV R Horlnu W V. i.aoiye Mr. Ulna B. D< r* J H I lark. O Blaka. J. Au?tin, B. barltup, .S r Millt^ao J Wheat J ffi'lih. J.A.Tripp. A J. ( *rprBi?r. A A Towii?*nd. P. Van Matre J iltnouifvld J 8 Wicil A Horerton. VI C. Hoott, K. Calmean, M L* Matron iJ. C Willi*, F A Wood, 11. butt. W J.) j?;k W. B. Thorp, P. lionnMly, J. B. W*l;#r. Jr , (J W. liunu, L. 1) Miner. H. . Jenl* Ma A b Pat**. J. Jhi.?ou L. Bydleman. J Wll> mb C l.c>|>?-z A liiOvrd, L. Cora well, U. TlUottea. H CI H'duau J V. liarduer. J King. J. W. rat.?(k K Willi* S (tarfield. N. John < a vr Jaekfon Mr W'iUoo. Mr Oikorn. L <*. t'rabiue?? O. t ma^^. T f ad?. t> K Kou?iue, L. B. Rou. J. I Humbert, D Bollock, T. V> iUlama.8 tlably, N. B Jlart P U Huiford.J. W Seaman, J. K llanjad id J I ailti u i> ( a-^lin .M U Bmoe't C t? W?b ft?r J Cnklti. U. J Ji drlt*. A UOra*all. S Stasia, II. B hbd^r* k. I erarde i' A. Iiallo, W. Burlto*. J. ki*bry. w. c. iiirin*, M D Watkln* J. Iraier ?Total 1H4 The Or??on met the steamer California about ei^h y autek the other Mile of Acapulco. Dating ihe tup, a terr.ijff paaaenger from New Jersey L. d ilia trunk broken o,wn and robbed of about f >< 0 iii 4!old duel. Tbe pMarugrra on board imnoftitlrly toi.k u,) u aub*cri|)tion and ruiwd >om<1 $700, t?hitb wi? preaeutid to him. This waa Ktiitri ua?ii wgi ntble. iitn Coocc, the Mexican boundary commissioner, ai.d eune. wrr? t-Hi^engerM in the Oregon m ri r*hii Lxr^o to ^un Blast, on their way to the city t<l Mexico The commissioner* have coneluflrd innr lalmra on the I'acitic Hide, and adjourned t?> ii.?ri Ajimu in Novruibt-r, at I' del Norte ? I'm Mii<r had tiabhteried the bu?inet<a of the coninu?tion to M?j. Kmory, and left for Nin Fr? in iafO. A iud, okimd Nixon, Mloverboard from l?? Ortgon, in her down, and wu d-owne?i, u ihni ic>< tm) |.ot-?ible exertion waa made 10 irrcue hi in The pa>*enget* per the Ooregon, l>oth to and friin Sag Ffiiacieto, were mucli pleai?edw uh C<pt. Pnttenoo, lh< new commander, and at meeting* keld i o board, highly complimentary reaclutton* H> ihtil eflrct were paared, and predated to him t'neot the | ara*-tiger* by the Ortgon !>*? with kim <t lun |> of g? lii washing fourteen pound*? real *. ue, two tliooMiiid aevt n handrei and eig'ityngbt dollar*, but four thomuind dollara h is b?rn fli-red for it. Me intend* exhibiting it to the Ui iimI htnten. Tli fortunate finder of tht* lump knot tolled without iiccw for aevtral month*, wtun he Wan thus auduetily and amply rewarded for hn- exertion* Th' ijuau'iiyof (.old dual in pok*e<ii>ion of tlie miner*- ta **ry lar4-?. and th?-y were Uktng mi ma* v' of h' inprit^ment in the wraitier to t?rin? i' ti?.wu to Sin Fracc aco; mid the nucc?-?-ding attain*r?, it ia inward, will carry away large' n i unt? than bate heretofore b? en shipped by uny one ?(tamer 1 he trtitlr oi It a at J*?n Fraaciarn, brouitht from C hina, ia ?ii rtdn.L'ly low; green hemic worth only kirt) to ee?e?iiy cn<?,?no black from twrnty-riee to ?ixty een'a per pound. The quotation* ahow a ?l . n|?r mtrkri iu v an Fr*nci*cof in many article*, 'k. r. ran be found in Panama. Th? mail* from f^ali'orui*, received by the Oreg??e. together with ihegolrt, were biought in ehxrge at Mr W. A lUyley, who n'ao bring* d",>?lcbra 'n ni Mr Van Alen, C'bar*> de Atlnraat Keuad?r, 'o tiki rvcr? iai> of Slate, announcing a revolution h that coun ry, and tbe itywttnMkt of .1 lhe*ata>r. A lk.. tm t ha (". i? r?b .... i. r*?*ed M d*hi(>m<to M I' with de'pitch-a ti< mi C'oreipidof* Jour* m thr fVcwtirjf of ma N'?r Tit r <*he* peaKr arrived it A- apulco ?iiliV li b of February, and r>iiimifd iumf l<* 4?v te-irriape her machinery She bail not arifrd ii .van h lauciM o i>n thr I at of March Th? rirnM? *11 il Acquit* on the I'/th tilt.* with m* ch vicki ani?mr her i?*an?naer?. three ?l ?h'in ha1 IVifiiiiiH'# ?rr, Mr Lit n?ton, of Nr? Yotk; Mr #* ? !! "r?, N?* York city; Mr Rr?>r, of Onnerhcut Thr I aitrd JMale* abip Kalmou'h. Capt P'Hh | (?, wan il Mmllu in the Siti ol March. io Mil ?n a cm if*1 is a tew day* Mid*hit?oi*ii Tabu, at'achtdio thr Falmouth, wm murdered while on tlrnrr, n l?w rrrmoiii previous, in company with BO?r officer* from thr nhlp. By wbotil the ni'irdrr wan prvr'tatrd could uot be a*c taim-d Tt?e pany ?ith whom be in c -mcany wer* r-tura 8 trom a concert, and when nrar the Mi?le, wh-re a boat Inm the *bip wa* in waiting, they mi**ed the derea*ed, and on retrnctaf their atepa a f'w yard*, they found him lyinc on the aid^walk, 14 lite < ad Hi* aknll wa* found to be badly lractur?d, apparently hy tome blunt w?%p?n Great r ante eni prevailed with reurd to it. and a correapo#dvare wm takma place between Oaot. P. Migrew aad the nutbontiea ol M^xatlan The Utter had pledged th> ntaelvr* to do all thai wu tn ibeir ><wer to discover the murderer I nr ??? mn-MiH ' rni' "i" ' imn ntntfo HI fin-.ttn, fed Hikd fur .Nin Fr*nci?rn Sh>- m?dr th* m?? ** frw Nw* York to I'lMmi in fiftjr??vei? r ! * d*??, nr'i*inf of? ih* lllh of M**rh wm in hm* Hi I'tnumii for H*n Fr?nr<*cr>. t>n ifc? ?ih at f7ifc olf 'hi tb^ ?kh rtf F?Sra*rr, ' f<n i| < in o4 Vnlpartiao, ikf T m*l lh? %mh *??n* Til* ,H , il *V appoard, *H f'M h VIBKBII nhont ifc? *ih nit TW# T'lrrwr mmrtr thr ran Irom Vftlpartim f Fan*** in fonttret d*y*. I Ob the aichi of the 'fid of March, a very deuiruc| ii?c fire Mcumd at Chajcre*, by which more ttuui oar-half the whole town wan burned toibf^rouixi, | tad a large amount ol proveny Iom. It wa? pooed to have been the work of au incendiary. Theie were no American veMelu at l'li.i^:rrn when the Cherokee left The Oregon arrived at >an Fraaciaeo ou th<? morning ot the 22d Februaryt and remained in port but one wi-ek. Knglieh date# to the 'ibth December were received by her tn San Francisco, being but fifty-five days on the route Many of the passengers who left New York .n the steamer Cherokee, on the 17th January, w< re but thirty-six du>? in reaching San Francisco. On her puMi;'' down, the Oregon ran aground on a amid bar near San Bias, but was troi offiu a short time, without the l?ai-t injury. It wad very foggy at the time. Uur California Oorre?p?n?Is????. cSjin Fn incihou, Feb. 2b, 1H30 of tht l*nisU,twe? The I Mint TtiUt ? The Mimon (Vaittii-ATdf Build ingi?'Dit fivth tv int fllmtt, ire., 4rr1 wiph thi* was leap yea', that 1 might be able j lo postpone till to-morrow my attempt to give you j ftixt your huvdreds of re.;dera an idea of the way | the worlds wags out here in this I?i Dorado?this j Eureka of the nineteenth ceniury. But time and the steamboats wait for no man, and so 1 must i fain make the attempt at once. Out new government is getting into rathur a curious fix, the Governor being at loggerheada with the Senate and Assembly; and? than that?with tne omuii*>t'nt Town Council of San FtancisCO. The Governor haa taken the responsibility of v< toing several bills passed by the e^is-lature, upon what tliey have considered un" warrantable grounds, and they, in return, have pocht-d ihem through, despite the veto, with aa al* mort unanimous vote. Ku; thi most curious dirti, culty is with the town couucil of Sun Francisco, who huve usually been considered to be vested with powers iu temporal matters concern, mg San Francisco, equal to those whicu the termer i'opes exercised over the church. Latterly, there have been somt remarkable pro ceeaingb in tnis council, aua a great acta ot money has been ruised by the sale of vacant town lots, at enormous prices Not satisfied with the contrcct-d limits iu which the former town of "Yerba JJuniu" won coiitiued. thecouucil have, from time to time, extended them, until they aow include the mission of Dolores, dis'aut three iniies trom the pluza ot the town. The Governor, considering that money enough had been raised l>y the sale ot thete lots, lor all the Hecertary town expenses for tome time to come, i>sued a proclamation, a few days since, prohibiting uny further bale of the town lands of !San Francisco. The omnipotent "who's afraid" council sn?p their lingers in tne (iovernor's face, and advertise * sale of two hundred and fifty lots, to lake i.lace ou Monday next. What will be the result ot all this collision, whether Governor Burnett has a right to forbid any further bales, or the town council to make them, is a clear case of yuw* $abe, aud will atlord ri?h pickings tor lawyers in the future. Many members of the Legislature have resigned, so that it is almost impoe.-ible to (roc^ire a quorum for business, and uothing of mit>ortance h is yet been efbciea The fact is, that in the present uncertain sfnte of ufiaiis, hut few meu can be found in this last country," who will sacrifice their time for the public ?.o?>d, upon the " promise to pay" of a Male witnont a irei.?ury, or eveii a diplvma of admission into ihe lfnion It is sincerely to be hoped, that Congresa will admit lift as a sovereign Male, or declare us a territory, aud protect us as we deserve to be ptotreted. Unless one or th* other course is i>ursued, nothing can ensue but atiarchy and contusion. Ntver.iu the history of our country, was there % territory whnh more needed the sheltering hand ot ihe general government, than does California. Thousands aie Hocking here every week. Anions them ure tound men of all classes, trades, and professions. and the class the most useful of all, the agriculturists, rind it almost impossible to pursue tne'r avocation, neatly every aure of land in ihe whole couutiy frnuu claimed by mt-n under titles in niHtiy cases fraudulent. Utiles* a commission is immediately sent out here, to examine the t' ilea of ihe couutiy, Uocle Sunt will tind that in the country, to gain which fifteen tnilli >ns of niouey and ihe blood ot thousands ot hia nobieat vUll'Jrvn w,io hr riirit not owu our loot of soil With the exaimuation of titles, a survey at.d li.e extrii?ion of tht yre-ein|>tion law? should i dily follow, wild th? n. nud not till then, will Calitoruia become Klllfa with a jierniaiient ih>j>uItlHHI Tl.? nv>?t ainguiar movmrnt, in relation to laws in California, has hern rn?de witiiin a tew rliya Mbi, by C< I Adam? Johuatcn, the Indiiia an'-nt fur the valh-ye of the Sacramento and ttan Jotquia. In couwdrraiiou ?>t fhr prraeut disputed claim* in the iri'i^rty "t ih? ituoaion*. he baa published a ( ( CI f< " ddi*g any Urtn-r (-ale si any |oinor of the land* formerly belonging to tlfiu, i.i.o i.Uiiiif ttirni a? go*'rnuient property, under f.l* n r.m l. until ?uch time aa they m..y be other*? i e diapo*<d of b) the action of the government. T he history of thr m eeioonot California is a ctiru-un one, and ita lull int*?ti|!^loo will tend more lo cltar up dic/utrd laud wlra than any oih^r cour-< which t an be pursued. In the year 1S*7, iht Mriican government srculamtd the im-sio.i d< mama, and erut rdtnmtatradorea to take full charge uf them, thua runtirraiinu tnem from the ( Lurch, ami 1111 etui.: tiuse agents wuh the aaine powers wh'< h lutd been pvevioMiy lunMrd oy the l'R(ir< a; amt ih< | rofita ot ih?-m. inalead of, aa fnnatrlf, g<>in* lito lbs (kink fudii entered nr go\eiutn<nt injury Thry were thua, to -ill tni? n't- and | urpoi ft., nude poreriiinent laud*, and in thia falsi Chiiie <nto tbe naoda of our ^ovrrnment. CtWel Ji'humi a-aumr* tur ground that these adm niatrsdorts wrr ui>ih<ug m?>re nor leas thin Imtisn ageuts, and aa thry, io<it tbe Mextcau nite, controlled thr mi-sion?, he, underthr American, hat the a.imr |?wfr 1 consider hi* moteSBcnt aa a judicious nsr, aa it will prrvent the pl iMitro* theae goveianient land* by j>r'??ta, alcald"#, and town council*. Tuvu-infir a:e flo king to the mines, now that thr t-prii'K >a opening, and thr news trom all portun* of thtin are vrty favorable, promising a girnrrytt'd during the coning y^ar than in any one Kr??h -ictirf < ( tug lump* arr nun* ikg down daily, aid the en itsswut ta visibly if CI' aallg. In our g<'od town ? verythirgta wigging a* usual f'u kl ri? la s rnic im up by ihe do/eu*, daily ; the "tulle c-ker" c"u!i.iu>iliy whirling; and Sin Ki. ni irco w? mit?in cestee r>? nm-, to he "a riht mart chase* n'a town" < ?ur charter la about }?iaaing the Legislntsr'-, and our municipal e!?cii?na Will iTtur rhmlly lion Jiitin VV ( t.iiy, i ur ptrri'K K |iuUr and efficient Alcalde, will ptiibah.y be tlir choice for Mayor For Mo Till, Ibew ar? < ?rn- d? vn candidal'", among ?hotn ia Col la'k l(a>a, who atitnda a ftu] i h' nee Inr Hrrimn .Viriottv Ht ? <>d move men ih ot th?* country, it mil. ... !?. 1. ... t m i I Inin;*-?l? Ali'aldr, havi;it{ gtvrn flvr tliuuaaiid dolLa r? toward* >1 I ?ti.rr ii: * few day a ion hi mountain*, in camput ) ?rh Co! A da in Jobr.aion, tlir lr?di<tu Ak'di, am' ?hall give >???? mUhe rou^h uotea ahortly, fr >m tb? i4ir of ih?' Sierra Nevada. I Mai Fu.wmd, F bru?rjr fct, 1<V? Tht Mml mrri? Th/ flmm liniimi? Hit CrMit'i in rimtf f? ihf Mint*?ft'"ft, +r Juat a* lli? mOI i" to Hoar by ?|?r Oregon, I will drop a Irw line*. to ?how y?u that, although in a far ciMaiit region. y?ur excellent p p*r ia ?o n u? h apprr-c.atrd ihit it ia considered a plraaure to m prove thr opportunity of g.vmg jrou little inaignt intoprearnt affaira bet*. To-tn urow, thr Orrgou au'.a for Panares She ha* I mii brre a waek, and made the ;m?a*$o in nin^tf n dnya and a half, mclnling tAe Uutinga Tl.? I iiiront, whoa* aai'ing day wa* appointed lor ihr l-Vh of February !?m, baa bean delayed, arid will probably iah? b?*r ( lace on the 1 Ath of Marcb Hrr oflicem are t??orie S Pt rier, of Now York. Captain 5 George H Pullion, of Troy, firat officer; and L A Smtl, Jr ,of Newark, aecond officer Captain Purtrr atill retain* hia long f.aut>li?h"d refutation lor ooapitality and polrrneaa, and the late plei.aure trip of thia re-aael to Berncta, about i?i> wrrk* aiof. in a proof r.| thia atae-trn rt We ire enjoyine rainy weather, mited with beautiful w?aih"r- ftrat rait, then a clear oj?n ?ky Thousand* ar<? ?Whing to the mine*, and ih< naanda more are eipected The *tetme-a iur.o iia up to the digginp* are full, all of them, e?ery inp. W|??? rrft thought that the ?'iMiof, wh 1 le pWmg on our watera, wmld ever be made Ic iSuhie ( ?(i? Horn, and run upon the water* of a ronrtrt ao vaarty different from our own Stat*' Hut trw thing* baifwn every day We anitoualy look lor he Herald in theae i?rta. na It ia the only pai?r upon which we ran depend for intelligence frem thr Mla lea It baa a rapid aale b#re, and ia ret??d with the greateat avidity Titoea are getting keite? W?gp? for aeunen rr trim #l2i to f3*? (wr month , kborera, ft a I . 1^1 ill mail?! II ' JUJt ^ 4?M day, mid Tradesmen from (10 to $lfl A dollar an hour is given tor Bight work, uod double wages ?m Sunday. H (J L. I be U?ldM Ad vlrrk?Intelligences Iimi Uia *>? ? l'ba Yield ut V?)d Mi (tuhktliTir, Ac {Krom tb? fitile N??? Varch 1 ] M INKS AM< MIM NU u? do not wish, a<<r do wr intend, to lend our rlves to tl.e t nr. uiugeilirlit ut the eXCIteineut rxiftu i: i i the United Biutes, in relation to Calitcriiiu oi d be r mineidl reeeurces; but at all tunea to give- t-uch authenticated Ucta an ctmte to us Iroin ilir cliHenui placets. From a large number of inii.trp wub whom wr li?ve receuily couverae-d. direct feom the various ' diggings." we are wHl fHiietie d thai, generally, a pi<'fiuble_ bu-uie*ti bus been done by iliose who wintered in the mines, Mid that there is no d imiii lit i??ii in the yield of dual II be inr place s are upjmreutly Hoiked out, other* of eipial ricburt'h are* bemi! diKtuv?r<d almost d.uly, to that it Itcomeb more evident that the buauie w til mining le uh yet only in its infancy iu ib?s country. '1 here will be a vast amount of mining done the coming etai-on, writ ijuick?ilvrr, as ou many ot the rivers the panicle* oI gold are extremely tine. The \ irgima, or "Burke Kocker," ia goiug '*xtensively into use, eith-r by p'ircha?e, or manufacture here?the price bring about $250 each By the u>e ot steam or water power, a gang of five or ten rockers may be put in motion, auu fed witn Water, reducing the number ot ii.uiils necessary to supply them with dirt at leu^t one-half, and more than doubling theijuaulity that can bedmly wa.-hed. In "banks that coutmu uo more man titteeu cents to the bucket or i?nfull. the quicksilver rock ere thua worked produce from ten to twenty ouncea ^er day each L>?ri that pay* less than twenty-hve cents to a pan-full, ia rarely considered profitable to wtteu with a common locker. A friend ot our a, a reaideut of thia city, recently paid a viait to tlie Georgetown diugmga, situated some tin or tw? |ve miles fmm Sutter's Mill, (the point of ifte fir*t di?co\?ry ot told,) between the South and Middle Forka ot the Am-ricau River. The enow ut ibat time was neveral feet deep on the lulls. Dnd comparatively lew were theu at work. Those who were operating had firat to remove the enow, then the top dirt and stones fraquently to the depth of st veral feet. before coming to the strata of earth on (he lied rock in which gold ia al way a found moat abundant. At Georgetown, the richeet ravine in the Northern miuea, ia located, it in an inimt iu>e i^ulf. running through volcanic hills, i nd about a mile and a half in length, known by the name of "Oregon canon." Only a portion of half to thiee quarters of a mile, has bten found very rich: but in this |>ortion, those who occupy the ground nave for moutha been literally shovelling out the gold in coarse grains, and piecea varying from a uolJar to several pound*. Our friend spent a day or two >n the camp, in one of which he i-aw four men lake out eight pounds, working but four hour*; another party of four, a pound each This was of daily occurrence in that locality, and the iniueis were averaging more than hall a pound per day, each man who worked. But it was only in this particular canon that such results were obtained. Klarwhere in the neighborhood one or two oances was considered a fair tii.y's work. It is known that several hundred thousand dollars have been ukeii out of "Oregon canon" alone since the first i/l October last. At Mormon Island, where the ground waa dm; over last summer " from Dan to Beeraheba," till hardly half an ounce per day could be realized, the t I I ?k I <1 J rrtriii vrrHi irreuri^ im^r ?u mau^cu uic urjw site," that .li.inns1 avi ?n>< t* been able to do better in the very unit lucidities thauat any time last summer?often obtaining two or three ounces per duy. This senna to have been the etiect of the flnods on all the river*, to a greater or lesser extent. People who come to California to make money by mining, should be prepared lor the hardships of u mountain life, and not only |<oactet?d good consti. tutions, but avoid the dissi|?tions which are too frequently the cause of a greater portion of the sickness that haa given the mining sections of the country their reputation tor unTiealthiness. We can do without that clan of good-for-nothing, tlirilthss fellows, who wont work at home, but who think if they tin only get to California their fortune Is nure to be made in a few mouth*. Men of nerve ai.d industry will here, h< everywhere else, be successful; and as to health, no one with a good constitution and using common prudence need fear sickness any more than in the Stales. We deem California, in every respect, as healthy as any equal extent uf territory on the face of the globe. There are now about one hundred and twenty thousand inhabitants in Cditornia. mostly male aiults. h can well sustain a population of millions ; hud even in the Mi neral regions, several hundred thousand men could not occupy itv- whole grt und. 1 HE ftOITM?*N MINKS. <?ur readers have no doubt observed the fact, that our iatrUigeuce from the southern mines has heretofore been comparatively ay-am*jbut this has been entirely owta? to the great difficulty of cen.municatingwith the interior duung the wet season, troll! the BlmoM uiqiassahle cwudltion of the roads arrosn the plains. We ho;*, however, to be able to present hereafter a more satisfactory stimntary ol news front tiiat auriferious portiou of our State. What little ?e have gleaned is highly nattering The idea heretofore prevalent that .-ucci ssful digging was out of the question during the winter, is found bv actual exp-rnii^nt to be erroneous. In fact, it is the only time when miuy of the richest deposita can be worked wufi any advantage. Culches at a distance from water, and b?dsnf creeks dry duiirig the whole sun-til' r. are of th'a das* It the depositee are in stnsll particles, water is absolutely necessary to the separation of the m> lal; and it their in a mix ture ol the coarse and fine, the difficulty is only lessened, a?t obviated, as all th- mailer particles are lost m the dry-wash Asa proof of this, |?*rsons at the bcutnuiutf of the ruins wsrked in dirt thrown away id the Jry WHphu>g, ,ac were able to make from one to three ounce* u dt?y. During the l>r? valeare ot ih^ ruin?, auffinent water iaalwaya to I* hud at ili? i<r plnci k. itmi ihe mrrmn m urUnm ?o laige tiiHt few hour* labor cannot turn it from the natural courae, leaving tin- b? d of the ruu lor a theatre ot operation. The larc at number ot peraona c-wgregnted in any tinci** aection ot the Souihrru rn n? s i* iu (be Marif*-e* country. Ai tke cloaa of the dry aen?oa there ??? a enteral ru?h thither liom nil ihe tributariea ot the r*.ui Joaquin, tnd thne m no doubt that large amount* ot gold will b?- mw?d there during ih-- winter. Trie whole region of country, itruding tr?in the Mrtn dn to thr main M iriiaiaa, mhibit < externally better e? idence ot g> Id than auv other aectu n ot the Southern nnuee. V*?t ijunnutiec of late crop out in rvery ?mec'i? n, and ilie aurtaee i? litera l) coveird with quart/ p. bblea and large nikaol the *?n.e nu eiitl. yearned with irran't'. U tirrt ver water w?? aflorded during the (xtat summer and tall in autticient qu mtitiea. mint re did well, and we lotitidenily wait only for the re' tabliatiinen' of the u?nal communication to be nt?ured that iho^ who have wintered in that ?ec<ion haw beep liberally rewarded lorth'ir labor#. Thr Mercedea river wu aea'ly df?fitid ditr ri^; the mi nth* ot ;*rpte ruber end t>eiob?-r, alrheugn |? r> work ha# be? n floor on (Iiik than uy other of the ^ouharn atreania Thia owing, not *o much t<> the unproductivenr*a ot tabor on ltd bara end banka aa to th?- belief that better firld* ot operation were at'ord'd on rither ride, at -hurt dta'anc#*, to wit: thr Mori|MM on the aouth. an! ihe 1 uolimai on the north I nnb? r. howrv-r, t-<und numbr r? grin? therr, and up to thr nuddla of the aanie month, with Haltering pro-pecia. >li?ce thai time we huvr no definite mf >riuitiou. )<etwr?rnthc Merc?-dea and thr latter river new diktat:# have been found. and thoar ojirraiiBg in thi m are doing well, avetujf ng from our to two nimeea per dav Th? placr u known aa Mararll'a Creek, though thr d.ggmira arr not confined to ein?lr rnn 1 |?>n ihe Tuolumne and ita bmithe* large numbrr* of }wriM<na arr w inu ring Wood'a Crr> k and iu immediate vicinity at ill maintain* ita refutation aa a rich *|*>t l'|??n the rivrr iiaelt not ?> much ta doing in the way ot actually uk>ng nut gold, aa gcturt in readineaa to do a lucrative bttainea* the at on a< hirg aenaon. At the commencment of the r-iina, not Icaa than m aeparate and distinct comi-anie? w-err at work at aa mmy diP r? nt (>ointa, aud all within the diatam e of ei^ht milea, turning the river. They < omn.?*i?red tro late in the iwaaon lo ?< r?> :,) iiah their unitertflk'Dit* b^tore ih' high ati ra were hi on fn? m. .m<l *?>ma ol tlir-m werr p.Ml?on?d until the coming autrtmr Others, un?l mm h aa r?-i|U?rrd m lar*r ei|>eaditure of labor, in Ur mi* ol ditching nod (inmniiii^, are now m pTngrr?? ?o that by 'he time the w*ter aabeidea ?urti? en?ly, ?hf canal* will be rut, 'hr damming m*t?vnal? on h,.nH. and but lew ?b>? labor reunite to ford hrr acre** to ih*1 tremure low buried bea* atb tbr water* It la pri i t to ?rat* that m?f<, or all, of theae ditch** and dininnn< o|*rHii?at I r< mi*e ti?.h m^nt; lor the btnks on either nde hate alr?adf j>ro?rd rich, ard the bed ol the atream naell hae bren teated aufficientljr to leave ?o a| i>rehen?ion of a lo*? of labor. If ia our opinio n trat nirT fold will be taken from the Tuo! irne flier the coming aunimer and fall than wu doi.e during 'he jaat From ihe Stani?laua and Mokolumne, our inforfi 11 on "l nnn b 'h?* a?m? rn*r*cw an from the j*>iBt? already roentioued Minem are receiring ? ta>r rai?' wfi"?, arid eutferinf ?? little from the mclrmenc ea of tbe *eh?on aa thouaaada ia f*aw Kr*ne?*?o, 5tork:o? and Macrmeato City tni ?oi~iiicrn aima *nr>. rn? tin t? rao? ?roc?* ton to 1 hiv S?o< kt^n npt*ar? at i>ra?-nt to be the depot for m*n) of th* now t hern mm*#. Arriving there by water from J*an Fram tpco, the miner ran proceed either by water or bjr land, to the piarera If h? iroe* by water, be aareada the San loaquta 1a a boat of light dtaf', fay, tbat of aa ordinary wbak 'i% ?? Tn n??iiiniiiwr<? ?i ?'<iiw <gwiii-? x man bout, to the Sunislau*, the Tuolumne, or th? cedearive'a. Each of these fctreama is aavtgitbte lor Huch boats to within twenty-five or thirty milea of the numerous divings upoa th?*ui respectively, trom (he beginning ?>T the ramy Mason to the l-o-t ih? Itmg ot the luoutKain snows in July Leading hie etl< cte at (he highest point attainable with hi* boat, be eon eugu?e a muleteer or teamster to citrrjHht m to tutb point at- he may select An near ka we can learn, the cost of th? at routes ih a'iout an follow*:? From San Francisco by *teuui, pa*aage |2ft; freight cents per ll> From >?.><*lilon to "head ol boat navigation, paasuge (11) t? $?. hut in DidH cases, the passage ih worked out, by puilnit; an oar or utbuliag in the niaiiagu g of thf bunt; freight from 10 lo 15 cents perlb Ht present. but ad 60d0 ub the roadaoie bnier, ihr Ireight by water will probably he intterially reducd. From he?<l <1 boat navigation to the mines, about 'M cents i?*-r lb , varying accorduig to the diatance to hi- travelled. From Stockton by land, the rood traverse* the prairie in a line about parallel with the ni>>uiit>Liii in which the ilacera are, and at * distance ot trom twenty to thirty milea from ibem The? roid crosses successively the Si?nialaua, the T'uilnmUi tiiid the Merced. Oo reaching the stream chosen (or hia lat otf, the aiwr taraa off towards the mountains. usually travelling on th? higher I mil away from the bank of (he river, And thus without conveyance he caches the digging* he hasselecteJ.

The ufcual practice la (o walk, though it he ch<<tm>-, the miner limy have u mule to rltle for ahom 4'AJ For freight, tile price from StoeKton m fro r\ 25o. to 40c per lb., according t<> the distance. These arc, bs we understand, winter rates; bat ? few wteks il good weather will probuhly reduce prices to about 15c. per lb. ProviMonH and clothing are now plenty in the milieu, Hud the nuner should beware how he attempts, under present charges lor freight, to tike much of any thieg with him to the min'-s Should he?t?rry his goods and trunks 10 Stockton, he will tii.u that storage can be had at $4 i*-r mouth for one barrel. Whenever he known his subie ment movements and necessities, he can send tor thf-m, or ejercise nny desirable control over them The Calev< ras and Mukeruoine are two streams which empty into the San Joaquin, below Stock ton. The dij/gings upon these streams are also n uch work? d, and with about the same success h the others already named. From Stockton, road branch out to the various mines on these streams which are distant from forty to seventy miles. The following is a list of the individusl dinging on the several rivers, with their estimated distance p, in round numbers, from Stockton:? _ on the mokfxt'mne. Lower Far, distance 60 miles. Middle Bar 66 " Upper Bur 70 " on the calaveras There are three diggings, at the distance oi about 35, 40, and 45 miles. on the stanislaus river There are four encampments of miners, distant from 60 to 70 nules. on Ravines and tribctabibs of the Stanislaus. Carson's 70 miles. Angel's. 75 " Murphy's W) ?? Mormon Diggings 70 " on the tl'olt'hne. Keith's, or Don Pedro's 60 miles. Hawkins's Bar t>5 " Jacksonville 70 " Stevens's Bar 75 " on the kavines and tributaries of the tt'ou'mme. Chinese Diggings 7o milesWood's, or Jamestown 70 " Curtis Creek 75 " Sullivan's 75 " Sonoranian ( amp... 75 " Savage's New Diggings &U " on the mercrdfs and its triht'taries There are three or four different diggings, from 70 to ?0 Utiles from Stockton. The camps are not, however, distinctly known by name, as the mines were bvt little worked lust year, though they undoubtedly will be the present season. on the marii'ofta There are several diggings, the best known of mrht/?h sli^rliu'li ' nmnf' 4*??h tk? a.m* Frio, distant from Stockton about 100 nule* The above are not all, though they cousMute the principal part of what are c.illed the Southern Mine*. Affair* In California. [Krroi th* Altai alllornia. March 1 ] The new .state has been unprec< d- ntly destitute of domestic news since the sailing of the fr'eoruary steamer. I.vents which at that date promised frp> nly fiuition, and which, on account of their exciting inception, bade us hope lor prodigious (lungs. have either become suddenly dissjlvid into thin sir, by the sum* iDcompivhemtible cunnii g which seem* to enter into the couu?osition of California atisirs, or have proved but iuffuted monsters, too etherial, it lusting, to deserve attention I 1 v UllK 1*1 of talidliir*. At thai nine, thr cities of the Sacramento were bul partiilly recovered troin the t tfecu of Hood, and while, from ihe bulk of snow remaining on tile mountains of the Sierra Nevada, many gre*r bold to predict the continued overflow of the Sacn in mo, th?rewere others who resisted these libions. and their argum* nts were not without reason, for they have been found in the right. The rivers of the Sacramento vailey, tributary to ibe noble strewn which cr uraes through its iiiidat, have slunk back into their rocky beds, and the towns along their banks are leit hub. dry and accessible. The majestic stream Useif (lows sullenly wrhm its wooded confines, an t at Sacranumo city the waters are too w< I, down" to occasion tents ol another freshet this season. Although a great body ot mow remain* on the mountains, it is believed its melting will be too gradual to cause the river* to rise and ecdanger prej erty on their banks. Sirce the flood* have retired, business hus returned, and'm Sacramento city, towa lots, w hich during t '>e RHM m*mtamed unabated prices, are every duy increasing in value. The pub lie-spin ted citizens <>f th it municipality have taken measure* against disaster simllnr to the occurrence o| late, and it is believed no difficulty will be extern net d in rausinuthe necesssty sum lor constructing lever* along the rivei'n banks The cstiaiatedcost ot the work nearly a million of dollar*. The authorities have ordered the lands m the river cleared for the purpose. The squatter disturbance," to which allusion was made iu our lift monthly i?uper, h-ts not yet subsided, although, after much urbanizing, n'snv inll*rrmatory meetings and a goodly amount of ai?< hitying ou both ?idea. Die whole difficulty rrniainn jn?t abiut a* drfinite and distant tntin adj'lmnx oi aawhen it commenced. Th<* cqn itft r* t laun right to the uo?>cciij.icri Unde, wh"n?r incladed u the city aurv?> ot oihrrwiae Tktl 4ir iMi>id, le dwbt. to party consolidation and the Hctit>D with wl.icii ihey have received public in?*eure?, more by m? n whoae anna are arlfifh and whofe aspiration." are dishonorable, than by leadrra of di?patMoued feeling aod calm reflecting judgment. The anti-squatter i-arty i? the more numeMW and wield a greater WW nc, MM ih it it it drttitu'e of headmong and unprincipl* d ni> u, but n.< n of ei.rrgv and vtamina a well it* ranks, in wh(.?e h*nd? the true Interest* of the place ; nre wife. 1 he ?acramentoit< s have petitioned the I Legislature tor a City charter, w hich petitiotf, *1- , though signed by over 2.U*i oi the tirst citizen*, ! did not meet the approval of Gov. Harnett, and it waa vei?.< d when pa >?d to him. for ataied ren? j aonr, * Inch do not reflect rr? ditably upon Ufa motive*. All the other towns of th.- Sacramento, aod ' tributaries, nre thriving, particularly the new I t< wn? of Viibavtlle, Vernon, Fr? niont, end a survey recently mude on Feather Kivrr, near na mouth, called Nicolaua Communication h*a o|?iied. during the late few w?rki of delightful weather, with all parts of the Placer from the abovr ooipta, and the three regular ate tmhoats w hich leave thi* city for the greiit point ??t di-^rub?'k?tion, Sacramento city, are, on each of Ui ir . tr>i<s, crowded with n tor the gold digt Inr Pan Joaquin and ita mine* ran only merit a parting notice in this summary of newa. The dis- | turbance between the Americana and Chilians, which created apprehentiona for the longer safety of the latter numerous claaa of miners, nas beea adjusted, and good will, if not mutual harmony, r* e'ored Curing the winter the miaea have been difficult of access from any of the river towns 1a il . .|,-rr;r\ although ejiplorationa were vended by | arlira w interiag in the m?ant?ina,aad aew digging* discovered la varioua section* of the mining region. The |rrat Tulare plalaa hare been traveiaed in all direction* aiace the fair wrattaer prec?dirg the recent *how? re commenced Provisions have b?m freely sent into th> heart of the mines fiom the flourishing t?wn of Stockton, and the mii rat< ry claaa of the "ol<t guurd" mining population nave taken up their march to the southern branches ot the g*.n Joaquin, with the awakening breath of spring, led by love of solitude, adventure, and the hope ot difrovenng gold in greater abundance than is known to exist at the present lime From Saa Fiaacitco to Stockton the rush la nearly aa great an to the u..aer water* of th* S*i r?m.?fr. Tnv.l i? facilitated bjrthe regular fmi-wnkljr tripaoftwo ?n ?il rtramboaia. The Legi*latur* of onr new Staff are toiling with but indiflrrent aurcei* Thtja far, not mu> K of importance ha* been dona, tod the work 1 which haa bco accomplished haa in moat atanca originated in the Horn* Keaignanoua hat* been frequent, at which both br?n?bea, in * 1 concurrent addreaa to (he people of thia State ba?? eipreaacd their rtiaoleaaurr Ureal nneaainena * ipf? on accrual ,,t the rttili *mancial prnapecta "I the State government An art creating a ternporary loan patted after mnch debate, for the pro viaion* of whirh, together with other legi?lalive intelligence, we refer the reader lo mir report# in thia paper. An active eiertioa m being made to ecure the r? nwival af tlw rtftinl from Han Jo*e Many | rr|*?.iH>?? are b< lu?* Uie L^giaUtnre, de * M|fii-iiing imriif ?iu ihe bay* of Suuun and S<n Pubic, uud <i|^roi'ri<ltiiiu l?irtf (ractnot laud for lh[ urp( ft-. Thin h-m n.oj'nl the lund-holders of S*n J??e lo 1'iiror dewn with it promine of thr**?r or tour t*iuarr milrn of ih< bcht luad in that city, cutdiiioutil upon (he ptoriit tt a of ^overum-nt bt-iug it-Uii i d It m probable this proposition will be accept* d, uiid thr ldinth thu* obtained be placid in tin market, to raif ?n iminei iate revenue, which, from th?*ir favoratjlrfo ?>t <cation tind preh-ut vtiiiir, ih?-y hi? c?i>hb|r of ioi{. | The Southern c< un'ry w uniformly qui^t. Trie part winter hau bt fii more i?e<rtr* throughout all ( <ilifr>ruia than m;y duriug the fifteen yeara prec<*duijlt. Thr raitiBhave bfru cnn.-i^nt in tli?* mitihoorbood of L<>t* Alleles and 8dll UieiiO, uCCOllipiOied by much cold wt-nilit-r. 'Ai^ 81 ruiK now <tpprc?nch''?, ihf aouihern town* bii'inio b- i!et..-rtfd? the population fit eking to the- mint s The road* are fact um "husk;< in Kit- .>om ditu numn. 1 he mines are every day more and more talked Hhout. This ib an unmisiukeuble indication ot the inighiv muster going on in every i>art of the country eomh ot the pincers. The "fl >ating population" is gaudily drawing oft', and digger implements arc taken up at a: u with steru intent and high raited hopes. All, to speak comparatively, are pr>i?tiDg for tl.c mints, whence grrat stories of mHivellouH luck aie wafted hitherwurd wit't every biesih from the geld region Thi??e who have rt trained in the various diggings, have labored at intervals during the winter wiili asiuui(-hn.g fortune. From three ounce* to fiv? hundred dollars the > ield per diem has ranged for indiv idiml labor We have heard of still more extraordinary remits. It would be the height of f?d!y to attempt an eniinate of the average productive ues* of the digging* under these circutnstxtires These are the figures, and they are the plain fsctf. In San Francisco burii,ff>s is becoming more brisk. Money Mill commands the highest rates of interest; rents ate falling, and real estate is at a stand; lumber is rapidly declining?all of which facts will be tound noted In our price* current. (>iauts of town property, made by Justice Colton, still continue to excite much discussion, residing the valtditv thereof. A great number of our most resectable citizens are holders of the proi*rty thus conveyed. It is the prevailing opinicn that his acts will not b? sustained by the laws governing the eale of municipal lunds. This, for the we! late of the town, it is to be hoped will be confirmed. [From the raclflo News, March 1 ] Sines our last Isaac for the m turner, thing* have been f< irn on in our new Htate with that tame degree of energy ard rapidity which ba? distinguished ~ California fines the day when it became a part of the United States The influx of population ftlll continues ? Wealth still transpires froin our bills San l-rauoisco grows with the pane rapidity, and towns ara springing up all over tbe land. It has become really a inattar of some difficulty to keep tbe run ot all tbs new ssttleineals that dot the ?mIU?I nf lilnti I(M.Itl<n a*i*4 fiaaHniuatA ia tbe State* bare beard of benicla, of New York of tbe 1'ecltic. of Sacramento and ef Stockton What would they fay if they knew of the rapidity with which lot* are fold and hovses arreted at Vernon and Fremont ? at tha junction of the Feather with the Sacramento--at Kl Dorado, Hgher up on the left bank of the Feather? at Plumaa between Kl Dorado and that oelebrated rancbo called Hock Farm, which U the present residence of the renowned I aptaln Sutter- at Niohoteus upon tbe right bank of the tame stream still higher up at Yuba city, on the left bank of tbe Feather, oppnfit* tba month of the Yuba?at MarysviUe, on tha \ uba, at It* junction with the Feather ? Then, again, there are the two town* en Bear Creek, which flow* parallel with the Yuba, etuptjiug into the Feather, vis : Oro and Kearby Tha settlements upon tbe American river and ltd forks are not to be forgot* ten; ('oionta, HacsU'wn.W ekvtrstille. Auburn. Morrisvillage. ADd then what ehall we say of the ho?t of town* in tbe San Joaquin valley. Another indication of the rtpldlty and energy of movement which marks as a distinguishing ohtracterlctio < alifornia. is the number of steamboat* uow ply leg daily upon our ms^nilieent rivers The S?ora nento ai d tbe Fire Mv ply betwe?n AlvtsoandSan Hraooieeo. Several run up tl.e fan Joa<iuia The Senator, the E| Dorado, the McKIm and the Hartford ruu between this city and Sacramento The ?1 Dorado alee rune up ae high as \ uba city. She is not sufficient to transport front Saeremente and San Francisco the loads of aierehandife that are daily waiting at thoee two plae-?,l>ut ia assisted by the l.awrrnoe the Linda and the Phirnix that ply he'ween hacramento end Varjsville. Sboriiy after the departure of the laet steamer for the States, tbe two parties, democratic: and whig, arose and tv< k promp and active measure! toward* ? complete i rgaiilcalloa. The movement wasettrted by primary step* taken in 6an FranoUeo by the Democratic party t'jwtn* effecting an organisation. But a> there waa ? divlflon in the reeks, In this city, brought at > jt c< itain loeal questions, but little could be effected here. Meat,time those democrat* who were aesemMed at fisn lose. fr< m all part* of the State, met together at the raplU'l aud appointed a committee to dr?t'. and report a set of rsewlutions, and a plan of general organization for the petty Committee. Tbia < < mmitte* reported tb*lr plan uJ rtfclu'ioia on tb* 11 Ui inxtant. We Hfi to ha?e it to >ut power to la; baler* our reedara oa tha Atlantic tld* is oar lait eteamei lm?, b> th tb* plea an4 tha tMlatloir, aa ??il aa ih* *4Jr?M ot ihr committee to lb a ItMMB of Calllornla. A cltj chatter bai b#*n ilnftM aud ?u to b* pra??nt?d *>j rfcr Ajuntaml*nto. or Town Council to tha inbabttaut* of Kan Jrttrlfco for thalr appr .<ral or dieapproval. Owing to pertain Important point*however. la which tke ?!>? ti-r ?a* fi.und mantinK a* th*ae pituta w?ra pi<u p lj txpoitd by lh? public pre**. and to othar >a)t It a a* deemed expedient to cuppra.** tin- whole II '.i K I' . ihe inert ^ .Vernwbil*. cur city. Ic*t**4 of being goe?rr;ed by ft Common Council and Mator rajolc?* id an 4yuatamiento. an Alcalde and a Pn f?< t Maatare* ar* being t*l tn at far Jc?e. to* at da procuring a chapter fi>rd?rramet to, Loa Ang? la*, and acveral other of oar namenca U wii 1 li? Stale l ai alec been di ld*d Into countie* and d!atiict*, aid tha *hire t wna ha** been *e:*ct*d la eb?>rt. tb* br.l* machinery of car Stat* la (ait baing , put In"" ?mire working order A )<*tttion ban b??n pr***atad to onr Stat* L*gl?l?tnre. playing tliat general corporation la?? mar b* paaaed a* ^ a* poeaible. In order that a company . may k* ! rmed to ttart a railroad between Sa-rament ' > rit\ audi i Irma Ttir k'eat rt r|.rl?e |a ntt only calculated to ha of imniecx- a4taiitage tu th* two great lnter*tt* of oar Mat*. lb? mtrrantile and the mining, but it inual teud to increaa* (*ynl conception. the elaa of tha two |l*c<a wbloh It will <?onn*ct tng*tb*r The road probably would nvt *t< p at t'olama. hut ** vera! brarrhea world extend from that plan* both Into I lb* northern and aoutharn mi aa* Thn* tb* we?rh nf the *<-id >*g.on could not fall to paa* thr jgb >olouia and ta? a" a:i'o. Th* teim.Di ?f all th* braochia wcu'd alao b* centre* of o?L*iJ?rabie Importance W itb th* eicep'ion of a aliah" diourbtua* among a fmtkm "t th* population at HangV wo, a SawtaMag i -et'lenxnt eltuatad near W*aver?Tllle on Weae*r'a ere*h ereijthing I* MM among tb* mla?r? Th* new* la very encouraging from all tha rtacera l?t Id duat la faat flowing Into Maryvlll*. Vuhaalty, nd other citioa near tb* mtn?*. an l money tOere la much a-ler at prteeat than it la la Saa lnuctao v One thug appear* to ha pretty w*il **ttl*4. ttiat th* placer* ar* rlcbar aftar an orarti iw than b??or*, a< tba i flocde tj'.rg down gold from above. a'm-tlme* **?n caj<ettlcg a acnalderabla nuamity in tb* hole* which La--" I 'ra ang oat and lett by mineta Tb* n*fc b*ra cf th* bar cf San Kraoaieco bar* held Mttnl met iing* relative to tba adoption by tha I *fta- | tut* t f the rommo* law of E ngland, for th* r*gulatr>n anJ a i.Tiumtof th* court* in thia Stat* and th* practice tliaieln Aft*r con*id*mnla debate, a* to tb* le?t aoutre to ba purcued tba aaaatiag adopted th* M , lowing re*? lulioa, wblah *a> o0ar*d by Mr. Halated ? 11 kl ll>* I ?t?l?tur* k* ?n ?4?r? ill* i ? f?im$ of *r*?tt?? aa4 *Im4ium with lb* ? ? t.Bloa ia? tJsUB A aotiee of 1b# Important ?t?p taken by the o?w 8t?f? of P*e?< t, la relation to aliform*, will b"> foutii la ?n?tb?r article belu?. wbleh flra* a mtaary ,.f lb* pf o??dluf? of our L?g1?latara *aria>r tb? part Matk. Tblngi In Varmaacnt*. [hrai tbe Alta Ca irtttala Keb It.] I.iw r>i h* ha* i*i?t returned I'md ihr good c ry ot Hacraineatn, where ?f tiad the honor "nt being " put through on a railroad." ami of forming in my |4r??uni ac<|nairttnri#, who will live in our reui< n.bran>? " while memory holds a Mat in this diattacted niche" The flnwiie* from m^ny a bright eye have done their work, and the *triina 1 ct melody from gentle throaUi atill ring in the ear, | nd will oaly be obliterated when Time, with hia froaty old pow, shall gently touch the warbling tyre'of ag?, and leave them ln"memory'a wa?ie " Hospitality ia a geniai virtue, and it waa tierciaed by all in .Sacramento, in our behalf, with whom we chanced to meet. There are many jucer matti ra transpiring in Sarranunto to attract the attention of the visiter The fleet* of the rrcent flood still viaible the busy hum i t vmcea upon the levee, and in all the highw*>? and by way* ; .the load crying of the auctioneer* upon the levee; the arrival of miner* on their way to the cold mine*; the ahrill whirling of uir Hiiiiriuup iiiur niraiurrp iiii?i am ?? i|(<i? iuk i the ui |* r w and ih>- hoar* snortm* of thr | fenator arid Mi Kim, ail are part and parcel of th? bustling tcmr Passing along the lever, we he trd the clanging of a hand bell, and, although of * naturally merry disposition, an uncontrollable dr. aire to hear a good crier caused us to pause We awaitrd his apjiroacb, and were somewhat stag ger?d by 'he a|>pcaraiice he presented, which was ? nt ni!h to make every othercrn-r in thr universe , weep for envy and cry jmrmri' His eoafutne was mi mtreeable composition of the Iriah ttrrea* *nd the hrmih Hussar- A bright grass ure?"n m.liury coat with rpaulettea, trrey panta, tucked into hi* bcots, and a scarlet fcranng cap. formed his attir?\ A peculiar lamenesa in Ins left leg reminded one stroMly of the crooked Kit-hard, particularly a? the dofe barked a? he halting by iti?-m? Anaoctioneer was selling one pair of whiiry hrosrn socks, or endeavorin* to diS|a??e of them; nji thdeinradtor the article was not very aotiee, and they wera passed Neat came our pair of ["-gir-d hn jrsns. offered as a bargain Kvenr p-g was d*?lt o? in the most glowing term#, and !?<? Ur^<? number of tbem propnly repr* seated; but they w?nt nH at a bargain, which t?nmild be go<?d evfrteace that hooia and ?hoes are coming down a p?g Negt, we encoui,i? red the cc<*eatric Col. I?w? Itrsal. who war eihtbiting s hand?)inr|y rotnred ni?| ?l tee aew ci'y o( "NuuIbuk," g? t\*umr , riv?r, ibr advantage* of which he Mt off in the nine! imi>re??ive terun Ilia wit 10 very taking, rid he can mile off anything, Iowa lots, literature and matcbep, m a most happy manlier, ii'T cai-h "Nicolaus," although only Marted a few days, hut* -taken," and lots have already iii'tmally advanced tu price*, and found many | Btthasfrs. Grant inaiau upon it that it is bound 10 be the town, mid that all the others ar^ not hi ui! 10 he comptred to it At one time we heard him announetng, in his peculiar way, a squatter meeting, wnere he stated a plum cake, made by ili?> arnoritaa of New York for the youth of California would be cut up; that near cider and cirmll beer would also be provided, the former in bi'tilet- ui.d ihe latier in apeeches. Joe ia evidently a genius The immerou* meeting held while we were there, were very curious ; tar barrels, fulmt tfMfl ^K(kN| pence ?|>eeches, war speeches, end law ai d order speeches, siuattersand land tie*, no dietinctive features prevailing in any of them A more good*humored populace was never hathni u'd, Hint it the speeches furnished no liuht the tar barrel* rlitl. On the whole, we are fully convinced that Sacramento s bound to shine. 'I lia lionHilary Line Bctwua tlM ValttA MihIo uiiU HtxIcOt The ?c H'rniM-i' ner* lor running the boundary j iiiir between thr L'uiied State* and Mexico, had a e tinif <>ii ih> 15ih of February, at San Diego, when u wnc determined that, as it was impracticable during thr- present state of things in California to advance beyond the mouth of ttic Gila, toward New Me*.co, and uothini; of importance remained to be dour ou (hut *id? of tile line, the commiaeton t-hould adjourn, to meet at Paso del None, on the -I'h of Nov mber n*xt. Co! Weller w*a h passenger in the last trip of the ()re?on, to S.tu Francisco, and General Conde nnd suite were h1*o (tasscngers in her to Sna Bias, on her trip down Thr moht snucable feeling has continued to exi -t between the cniumisHoaa, and lettera expressive* nt hin h had i)<u>aed after the adjournment Col. Weller had al?o jfiven a dinner to General Conde> suite. Considerable surprise was caused by the si pnintuient of Major Emory, in the pLce ofCol. Weller. It wee decided by the crunmissionera to have mor uinents placed at the following pointa. One monument cf white marble at liir initial |>oint, the block to be three feet squire, with an obeluk of n>ne fe? t, with the following inscriptions:? On tb? Pacific front " Initial point of b >nod?ry bet?r?n tb? I nitnl gluts* and \!?xteo. Mtablliib'd bjr th* joint e<>niini??ion. 10th of Outobsr. A W. 1S40. a<rse*l l) to thn tr*?tj dttt-4 at the aitj of tinal?lonpe Hic *IK?. Feb ? A D IMS JOHN B WKLLKR. lT 8 Commlnsloner. sinilrrw. H Gray U 8 Survtyor " Beneath this will same be the inscription in Spanish, substituting the n?*meH? rKDHO 0*R'IA r ONDK. Mti'iuCon., Ji'lt Satairr V Ylartinin Mexican Ourvryur." On the ?ld? treating the United States, vis , th* , " l'D<t?d State* of AwtlM." (An srrow cut o??r the ionnriptloa.) ' Dirrettsn ?f the Mas." On tht opposite or that fronting Msxlso? " RrlKlbllct Mfxlotlt'' " Dtreectan drlt Linit." On the r^muidn>4f side, its-ite"graphical position. " North latitude 32 deg., 31 mm., SU sac., 58. Longitude 7 hi'Urt, 58iiiiii , 21 tec., 1 W. of Greenwich, as determined by Wiii. H. Emory, on the part of the United .State*, and Jo#e Salazar Yiarrigm, on th?- pnr? of Mexico." Another of the wmf material and dimensions wili be placed ?t n point ugreed upon, sear tbe rnowh ct the Gilu. It will bear the same inscriptions bp the fi rmer, exce|>t its jatitude and longitude. m hirh will he, " North latitude 32 43, 31 Sti, longitude 7 35, 12 27 W from Greenwich. Distune ftont th? middle of the Gila, where it unites with the Colorado, 827 metre*, as determined by Lirut. A W. Whipple on the part of the United .-MHtep, and Jose Salnzar Ylarrigiu on the part oi Me* co " This monument will b?'erected about tea feet above ih? nd|oinii>g level. In iiddiiiou, there will be erected five monuments of cast iron, m!h>ui -I'M) lo- weight, with the same inscriptions, except to Niiiude and longitude, and the nanus of tne astronomers. They are to he constructed iii the United States, and Lieut. Whipple, who was passenger in the Oregon, ha? been entrusted wuh the suprrinten- c-f nee oi tiie same N?w ltsmihl|i Line. i'Kti m tbf Mts < slitorulan, Marsh 1 ] We m?d? mention, msuy weeks since, of the aaquslifitd ferling ?f approbation wi'h wtiich the project of an ind< p^ndrni sietmship line from thtr Wit lit Pali ima hud been received bv the citizens of Califirma. It jnves ua great pleasure to anr.outcr that thip roriij any has bran organued, over w uu ti Diir energt tic fellow citizen, T. O. Larkia, Lfq , iiffiriri, und already a turn little abort el f7C0,000 has been *ubr?ribed The books have been ott tied only two weeks, and the aubecriptiot by cni/ei.s ot >an Francisco aj?<i Sattrainento, aim ui.t 10 uhout $60U,Q0A, the remainder of the aunt befoie hia'> d hnvmp l>ern mbscrib'-d bjr parti*? ir> N't w York city. It i* the design w Mr. Lai Kin, eecotidwf by Mr Priest. it prcrniaenl stucklioldt r, to re im to the l'uit? d States iinnedi > ? ly, ano t i'hi r e|li-ct the purchase or proceed to thr conk'ruction ot four i-ieamslups ot 2,(100 toua em h. S*? mod -a practicable, theae will be placed on the lint on thi? i-uie, to connect with the Crescent City Company ou th?- other, and of which J. llowaid iV S? n are principal proprietors Thin will f 1*1 im hp in?ln?nc<ent through line to the. I iiit?d Mates. The capital of the company ia plait it ,.i on<- milio-n ?'i doll u*. We ai;<tin bid th eaterptipe (.<>d speed, for if amht were necessary to anehi ti i-m igy ?n?l cai ibility of Calilormsns, we verily belove it to be th" success of the California Steam Packet Coin,.?iiy. Foiri?n laistlarkiias to Calirarala. ik i> f Ue AltaCa tornis, Marsh 1.] The ininiigraiK'ti of loiriuut rs to the "bores ?f Calilorma lias nutiuued throughout the wiuter, and the o,*i,ing -| mv tinds the infltix at thia I ? rt none the let-r They ( nine from South Amerm m mi.i1 tl e l'.u?i.t<h ot" the South Pacific, from China, mid from the Hawaiian Uiiiutir, ('lioiiKh hi It wer iinmber*,) and are the Mltie heteroyenoua tn*sa o| told dinars, com Io-ed of oei-< n? of evety lank and station in I fe? t f nil rl.aractera aad complexions With S>dn?y, N s W , w? have now rrgvUr cornmunn ition. ai d our u,? u limits count with confidence ii|*n i<d? ice*, ever* month nl the Mate of th^ ir ?K. to il.e.e Lath arm r U from th? t on fines of rhit b<-ud a crowd ol Sydney tmniHtrnt'tr. i iih-i'k ??i*rn there kt- aiw tys ex tirnsble t h tat'tt rr, but for who?r general drpor'nitnl ai d hoi.e*< w.ith n.f may ?|--?k favorably tmr Ihm I'll. p. A t rr liver-prejildired afaT't th r clara of iVreifn immigration, tor we cat.i.i ' i-nc :?e mi . lit iii.'ie itr 'j?t the toa pre?alt nt r 11?m i. that it a nad* up entirely bf I mi rum .rU I( hat> hern the nti? fortune nt 1 n\ ! arrive in o? Mitirecir-uniritanre* on < ur ahor?i>, end km.nice* d.iilv n? nr of ?<tmcy wnrnm ii. It ia 10 t>~ ho -ed thr mnirt will. n< w 'h?? t? > r w>? n> ?rly uv r, be by thou- *ho ar? thua 11 u' utuuately ?ii.inted Kr?rn inn An? .a, il.?- iiiimi/r.iioi, li m aea ibl> diin;iii"bi d, n? u k\ 'ily. to the rep>na which ba?e |m.? aOM?-d, of d'?iurbone* lfli??n oar people huiI ( 'i.le?n?. J'rruviHii- ,\itd other na tivea of Mir In*'! countries ni:nir>*ra htve taken tbetr de arture from California. reluming l>? their home* with an itt.r di-*.-'i <!i of al:-ivortni ot Amern aaiara n the ucld region. Ptlie Ci(M In UllfirnU. tprom tb? M'? ' alllrni* ) One ?>f there nrmal ..tinr* cam>-ofl on tloat I-land. on tHKurda), the |tuh mat. aUout 2 o'clock. l i e t'ikht haa h?' f it- i> iW, nl?>d to u? hy aa ye wiine-- It ?a? f it fi(N) i cide, twenty.tour toot ring, hail-n.i?ut? t ine. Tn- two tn?n en trr?dw?ie, Wooiy Kearney, ot Sen \ork. i d a "JSlaeher" from Sydney, *h>w nam* ar? have not learnett. Kearney wm about thirty (lounda lighter ttv.n hia antagonist, ami ev-iy way a an alter m n About two huudr-d i?eraon? ?"? mhl>-d t?? re- Hi'- coui^i , win?-h I ? ed half an hour, and r?aai?t>d ?l tw-ntyfi*e Both m?ti toimlic well K-*rn*v waa kno.ked down n th. hr?t round, kit had the hi>nof at drawing the tiiat cUret Iro n hia adversary'a lip, cuttioB it very bad'y The fi hrin^ wm very ?haf|', and the li/ti and hin], the men beinil w?l| mntih'd Ktaioey wan re?ieatedly kuockad don a. <>n.i bmh men wr:r honmerrd in th? m?*' ayreeab'e hrd *aii*fn rnrv manner. The (iidgee ga\e the fieht to Woolly Kearney, and all partie* iHurn'd to the pit* h ?vme h^jhly enioyed the pie ?tint ai d intellactual aport l?al kyrl*| rtaur Lot Angatan. Ka.anto nttt. Cninn, j Near ?x?a A nee lea. Un 21, HBO ( Mint1- fcoiT"**:?I venture to offer for punliration, ihe r? hi It ot the examination ?d a range o4 litlia in lhi? twnitjr, hriru couhd'-nt you aod lour rem er* will feeUn lu'eren m every develop*ni? i t ot ihe niin* r ?l ieaou c?a id our newljr formed " ate anaaaaaa In eoDtormi'y with the re?t?*?t of (*?l J Wilno., on w hoee Und li e ?^rinif- ar>- found, I viaitd the frouiid. and hitve'pent a few d.iya ia gi?11: tbf tn n caietul > aamiualloi. H v f t (i*#d out cmiif Ttil a mile diaiant, I p'? ededin i<?n>iaiy wnb Mr swan to tne hiHa,. a h i h wf troiid to be an e|?*ratioa aome mil" ' 'I > rd rutin ru * link (moth *f i I *i" H nte wr itmnri mmnh in e*?#-r?or. nud ah?>wnui H iii > rWv rrt ? ( V(h imc anion, hut ihibiting h"*' H iud ?h' f ?< oiu-trip (it aind-*u>n?' ami ah*l" H rata-thr U?or.Mr ' *'d' ii"'' of u.m-rnl cwl M< ny ito h?-r, ?i int^rvaUol i^w .vi?dr*d f *?! .. H Wf iwiiiK of h i nnroii* t^r or na^ha, which H <mi ? i n m ihr n'- H ?< r, and rl>a?t*ri in % dark .-olnrtd^B lid. ni??ra|nfi*t* petroleum rrtrd a???-?nl t'<irnv aia ?-t it. and uUcd ttxra^H '* ? *f k?r>d Br?t tbf rpi.i. Til X

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