Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 12, 1850, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 12, 1850 Page 6
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America and Hunf?rjr. THE IUMXIMsTKATIOK A.MI) THX Sl-KCIAt, KHVOY TO KOMITH Ukpabtmk>t ()? State, ) Washimotdm, June IS, ltflft- > A DudUv Mann, AW, aw'tnted SptcuU and Confidential Agrnt of the United State$ to Hungary, ntxr in Purit. Si*:?The I're Aiden t, reposing perfect confidence m your ability, integnty und prudence, has aelected \ ou for an important trust; and hopea that you will accent the confidential appointment now'ottered, and lose no time, after the receipt of this notice of his wishes, in proceeding to Hungary in the discharge of the duties committed to you by him. It will la- proper for you, in the first place, to repair to Vienna, and to confer with Mr. Stiles upon the subject of your mirBion, and upon the best method of accomplishing its objects secretly, and with despatch. Mr. Stiles's intelligence and experience may be useful, and you may, if you think proper, avail yourself of his counsel and aid. The principal object the President has in view, is to obtain minute und reliable information in reSird to Hungary, in connection with the affairs of e adjoimti" countries, the probable issue of the present revolutionary movements, and the chances w e may have of forming commercial arrangements with that power, favorable to the United States. The eventful scenes winch convulse Europe have been watched from theii commencement with close attention by the government and people of the United States, and among th.-m (as not the least interesting), the existing struggle between Austria and her ancient dependenc), Hungary, in this desperate j-onflirt, Russia hasehoseu to assume an atti tune 01 lntcrierence, and net immense preparations for invading and reducing tic Hungarians lo the iron rule of Austria, from which they vehemently desire to he releustd. giv. >< . ,n>us u character to the contest as to awake the in<> t painful solicitude in the minds of Americans. This anxiety is natural on our part; and is, by m me ma, inconsistent with the well known and long e.-t iblished policy of non-interference in the dime lie concerns of other nations, which has ever animated and governed the conceits and conduct of the American government. If it shall appear that Hungary is able to maintain the independence she h s declared, we desire to be the very first to congialuLtc her, and to hail with a hearty welcome hei enli.tnce into the family circle of nations, but the pio.-pect, 1 fear, is a gloomy one at present. If you . h .11 think so yourself, prudence w ill suggest to you the importance of suspending your opeiaiion, ..nu circumstance* may he such as to make it sat. i lo. you not to proceed ti? Hungary at all. Of this you rc to judge. The great ehanges th. t have already occurred, and the still greater which m y he confidently expected to take place in Eiuop. u political systems, are so intimately connecteu wuh probable revolutions, in their c< lunieieiui pi u tul prospects, that it is impossible for us to look on as uiicdlicerned spectators. We have iiupoit. .it interests at stake in the movements of Europe, ud it is our duty to watch over those inteiests wuh a wise vigilance, and to stand prepared to l.<k .Wantage of every opening occasion which may b , r.-sented, to secure or to improve friendly and u el relations with governnients likely to l?eceih< united, as well as with those that arc already e i hii.-died. it are and commerce aii it noble aims of our happy land. The former, hy i.oil's blessing, we now enjoy. Let us omit no < >. lions to secure the most lilteral and beneficial e., ions of the latter. Hungary , to us, has been, huh .to, a coni|mrativeIv unknown region, fc-he m. > -uccecd in placing her independence upon an n. .ovable basis, and become classed among the m itaut commercial nations of the world. Our tie .vi-lies attend her. !">inee the revolution of ^ h, lrH8, Hungary has constituted herself into , wvr, serrate and inde|>cndent of the An tii .i .'.tupire, and has created a provisional g< veini i.t, at the head of w hich Kossuth has been pluciThe early efforts of this illustrious man, to ebec:. forms and to ameliorate the condition of hi.- con u.yiuen?to redress grievances?to free the pie,,. , < in all intolerable censors lit}?to extend taxutii:. to the privileged clasees?to elevate Irtm i xtiei. w retchedness the yeomaniy , f his country, . . ! to promote other gTeat measures for the gi' d ?l nis fellow countrymen, deseive and coriiui, i.d < i e.dmiration. But a policy of immobility, b .ck d . y the bayonet, was successfully opposed to Hi -t . ,g spirit of discontent ?ud insurrection, and th >. iiou.,1 movement, which was sustained by t|i?- -nergy and public spirit of the Magyars, rcctiv. .; uo signal impulse until tlie expulsion of \1. lien i li. an event which left them tree lo choose then wn ministers, and ncceletated the course ot i?i in and revolution. In vain, against the seemingly m -.istihle might of Austria, had Hungary npp ! d to l'aris and to Frankfort. At this critical moment an i ie,ting application wh# iinlinrtljf uiuilr, on tin- > >f Kossuth, to induce Mr. .viiU'?, our I li. u Allaire* ul V ienna. to undertake mi interv.niu . tin-settlement of the diflei* tices Ih-iwccii Jii..; and the Imperial govcrnim lit. The natuic ?t hi* .qipHratloIl and It* result w ill !? seen by tel. o.lg tin* lib'* of the la-gatum hi Vienna, which i (. h irge will upon for your inspection, if you * . i it, in reference to this particular nmttei, as v? in respect to all other questions of interest v. . !i loneern Iluni;*rian mHh 11 c, and the objects i i i p<oi>o?cil visit to that tawtty. The unfortunate result of th plication alluded to, plainly shotted that th . of reconeihation was closed, find all questn . . iues were to li* determined oil the h tth-lh Id And, ill the Meantinie, the sudden atxlictioi. <>l i. Kmprror, and the elevation of hi* sure r? . ve been followed by a tnun ?>f events i.stiiih .? they were nnexpected. The litwgnri..i.s first sink beneath the ?tt? ke of the invudi r T t bios shortly became c hi ngt il. and now , th I of invasion has lieen foil' il bark, until n lb tens to overwhelm the Austrian Kuipire, in wi, u the nationality of Hungary bad been so Icrig i. .1 To tbe contemplation if I American statesman, Hungary, at this time, . ii is the interesting Spectacle of a treat pr< pb n.g superior to tbe enormous oppression which .- so bmg weighed her down, and she exhibit . th" same time, thr determination and the pow (we Inn*-) to assert and maintain her separate ...... .piul station among the powers ol llo earth, fdr i now described to us, by those who prefer t< uib-rstand her position, a* the represent..tivi < i iblieaiiism and of liberal principles. Her get pineal extent and situation. and her populutnn productions and mineral wealth, constitute r> ic . ? whose drvclop*menl would spredilv fwlli w I e successful struggle for indepr rale nee. In tin . new commercial uroaorct- would be unfold- d. <1 the port of Ki time, in trie Adriatic, her only port, wnuhl become unlocked and open to mIii i the navigation and stai les , t ib< I 'lilted St i The object of the Presto lit. .? I have said, is to obtain information in reg ri io Hungary and Iter resource* and pro-pettr, with view to an early recognition of her indepenm i.i , and the formatn?n of ri term mini relation' With her. Your largo rxnerietuein Kuroprau all it . nd the eminent ability wbii h distinguishes >? > ccrp-spondenee with fht* deportment, inspire th I't? nl- r?t with great ronhdenre in your iqanUu.-. ud for thnt reason, he frels no reluctance in I vu?g these delicate and important duties almost win i to vour own dineretion and prudence. Youw?j d ?n'e upon your own movrmrnt* and pieces of d tia.ition, m well aa ?|ion the particular pointi < I inquiry to which yon w ill direct attention; ti|?n tli pr< per mode- of im<proochinc M. Kossuth, si d bis confidential ad VivrNIKI HH'II iih n II I. -ii- wnirn yi?n may deem u proper to in !?? thrui on jmm of your government. Future iiiet ruction* to yon will depend in a crrnt degree tiiwn the re pi rt- and reptr*rftt*iipna which you hiav fiMii tune to time c? uuuumcaie to tliia department. In tin io? nnw Ivle, I liuiiimtkerfwUh a araled letn r. mm during you M in your rlfiei il rhanrtrr to the Minuter ?f Forum All. ita of Hungary," and an rcn r"l,y ' the ran.'', w lorh you will l?c at Id-ny to deliver, or to w ithheld, aa under eir* mn *ti ticca you nut drrm pio|?-r and expedient. Jlrfr re vou can reach l'.>th, 01 Ihr n'nl of thr proiiM< nil government if Hungiiy, wherever th.it may Ik. tTo* whole acenr 111 > l?r changed. and it may even Ikci mo improper f? r you to nuke nnv deim mtrafu n. In Iho c e?ami, indeed, in all other rarer?you will Ik governed l>y your own go<d judgment, and l?y cilcuni?tadcra. You may find it IkIIit and wfrt u?.l t-> truet thr comniunicaticw you may ileairr to m h' t your government to thr iiiMTunty of thr pi.Mir mail, or to aurh motir* of r< nv< y.incr ?> in > !> within your reach: hul to await your return to We?tem Kiirnpe. If any advantage i* offered l>) the use of the cypher, Mr >n;.* will fiirmeh you with a copy of thai who h it. m the legation at A icnn , and will explain It to you. As the trrxire to which you ire naaigncd if im I?ir1anl, and may p, ?,tMy Ik of aome peril, your eonifKn?aii< ii will |k at ilo- r to of ton dollar* a day, etnatii'i fr? m the iim, ,.f your receiving theae tn-'Mu i i n*. provided Vru proceed upon thr biiajncMof your iniwmn withu. a w. , h (Vom that day; la addon n to winch yout tr>,veiling and other nceera.ir> ikir.iuil expcmr*, during your ah.encc, and until Tour return to Part-, wdlV allowed you. 1 ctt will Keep a athct account of your expend* artually iueurred, and ti.hr voucher*, a* uaual ni ellcaee* where you can A Inter of credit' oa Meaara Baring, Brother* ft to. Hanker* of the tTBited ."fate* in I,nnd?ii, requeuing them to honor I tour draft*, to n amount not < v ding |,txm.|0| are, i* herewith enclosed a* an advance upon aneroid. , , H'ltheut intending to limit you, iit ta prmumed that feuf or five month* will he aifficient for effecting the olijert* in view, and enable yon to gather ami prepare the denireil information. Yon may, hereafter. aee fit to repair to Flume in the rourae or tow ard* the r low of your journey: and if you ahouId deem it adviauble, afterward*, to vt?t Tuaranv, and other poriiona of Italy, in pnmtiN of eommerrial cbjerta and inquirira, future inatnirtion* on the subject may Ik aettt to you, uj-on an intimation from yen to that effect, to viait the (>raad Ihik<% who, it UI understood, would be well disposed to w treat with us on terms highly advantageous, and to a whieh terms we might subsequently commit the ti rest of the Italian States. If it be determined to a instruct you to visit Italy for these objects, the term t> of your mission will be extended according to the p necessity of the case, of which you will advise the n Department. il I have received and read with profit and with aa- t! tisfartion, the despatch you did me the favor to ad- v dress to nie on the 10th ult., at my request, through 1 Mr. Hobertson; and 1 anticipate with pleasure t further communications from you in relation to our commercial interests, and the general condition of u political affairs in Kurope. Any suggestions froiu p you in regard to the former, will be most welcome, c and will receive my respectful and attentive consi- n deration. After your mission to Hungary is closed, fi and that to Italy, if this last shall be decided upon, c it is |>ossible that the President may desire to uvail f himself of your services in other quarters. At this moment the subject of the navigation laws of Kng- p land, among others, engages my closest attention, n and I hope to derive lights from your own views in li regard thereto, as you muy be pleused to present f them to this department. o Vou will furnish the detriment with a copy of the new constitution, if any shall have been formed, r Of lliilijjHry, nlid <uiju<uiii u? wuii iia <ijwittuuu>, 11 and whether any, und what other, nations shall v have recognised the inde|iendence of Hungary, or F intend to no so. Should the new government prove c to la-, in your opinion, firm and stable, the l'resi- 1 dent will cheerfully recommend to Congress at the c< next session the recognition of Hungary, Hnd you might intimate, if you should see fit, that the Pre- a, sident would, in that event, he gratified to receive n a diplomatic agent from Hungary, in the United ci States-, bv or beTore the next meeting of Congress, ir and that he entertains no doubt whatever, that in lj ease her new government should prove to be firm n and stable, her independence would be speedily re- w cognised by that enlightened body. s? I t; ansmit herewith the fWll |x>wers for conclud- ci ! ing a commercial convention, if it shall be practicable to form one, conformably with the foregoing tl instnu tions. ai I tun, sir, respectfully, your ob't servant, 01 J. M. Clayton. tii SAMPLES FROM A GREAT WORK SHOP. !l c< The World's Industrial Exhibition. British Lkoatiom, ) ol Washington, March, 9. 1850. $ re Sir.?1 have the honor to transmit to you herewith a copy of a commission which her Majesty, the Queen, has been pleased to issue, for the purpose of promoting an exhibition in Fiugland for the pt works of industry of all nations. ej 1 enclose also a copy of a letter which has la-en to addressed to the FWeign Office by the Board of w Trade, describing the nature of the proposed ex- ih hihition, and stating, with regard to those foreign ul countries from whence articles are likely to be sent to for exhibition, that the Commissioners are anxious in to la-plated in communication with such |>ersons th or 1 ouics who may be authorized to act on behalf cc of those jiersons w ho wish to become exhibitors. ni It is proposed that the exhibition in question shall ex take place in London, in the early part of the year th ISM. and I have been instructed to express to you or the conviction, on the i>art of her Majesty's govern- m mcnt, that the United States government will be fo well disjaised to promote the success of this under- w taking, and to reuuest that you will kiudlv enable th me to comply with the wish expressed by the Hoard cc of Trade on the part of the Commissioners. th 1 uvail myself of this opportunity to renew to you tii the assurance of my highest consideration. Pi H. L. Bl'lwer. pr Honorable J. M. Clayton, See. or.i at exhibition of tllf works of industry of all nations, 1851. nf Whitehall, January 3, 1850. cr The Queen lias been pleased to issue the following commission for the promotion of the exhibition rr of the works industry ol all nations, to be holden in !n the year 1851, videlicet:? ,n Victoria, R. m Victoria, by the grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain anil Ireland, Queen, liefender of the F'aith ; to our most dearly beloved 1,1 consort. His Koval Highness Francis Alliert Augustus Charles Liuanucl Iluke of .Saxony, l'rinee ri <>l Saxe Coliurg and Gotha, kniglit of our most no- el ble order of the garter, and field marshal in our aim)?our light trusty and right entirely beloved cn.-in ami councillor, vv utter Crancis I hike <>l' Hue- 1 clench and QucenslietTy, knight of our most no- " ll?- order of the garter?our right trusty and right r> \\> II beloved couMii William Karl of House, knight *' of (ur most illustrious order of Saint Patrick? ?ur i Hi lit trusty uml right well beloved cousin., ' mil councillors Granville George Karl (Iran- I" \i!l<-, uml I rani is Karl of Ellcainere?our right 1' trusty and well beloved councillor Edward I" (iei tlfey Lord Stanley?our right trusty and M well la-loved councillors John Kuascll, (common- ''' Iv called Lord John Kusm-11,) Sir Kol?ert Peel, l?a- ' tenet, TTrnry laibouchore, ami vvitnam r.wart ~ (llitilsloiie?our trusty and well U-loved >ir Arrht- J' bald Galloway, knight commander 01 our moat ho- " n< ruble order of the bath, and major-general in our v at my in the Kast Indies, chairman of the court of 0 directors of the East India Company, or the chair- " man i f the court of directors of the I'ast India Coin- '' puny fi-r the tune being?SirKirhard Westniarott, " knight?Sir ( hurley Lyell, knight, president of the geeb giciil society of London, or the |>reaident of the I? g? < l< gical society of London for the time being? " Thomas Hating, Ero., Charles llarry, Esq., Tho- I' mat Huzley, Eeq.f Hieh.ird Cobdni, Esq., William *' t ubitt, I. |., president of the institution of civil en- J' 11tin is, or the president of the institution of civ il en- ' gun r? for the lime l?oing?I harle* 1-ock Eastlakf, *' L't;.. 'J In 11las Field Gibson, Esq., John (rott, Esq., jj Si intu I Jrnti Loyd, Esq., Philip l*usey, Esq., and 11 W illiam Th? iiipsoii, Esq., greeting:? Whereas, the Society for the Promotion of Arts, I" Manufactures and Commerce, incorporated by our li y l charter, of which our most dearly beloved ci'nsort, the l*rince Allwrt, is President, have of late years instituted annual exhibitions of the works ?I Kim-hart uml industry, and have proposed to establish an enlarged exhibition of the works of industry ? f all nations, to lie hidden in London, in c, the m a r om thusand eight hundred aad HltyoNM, at which prize* and medals, to the value eifal least j, twenty thnu>-Rnil pounds sterling, shall lie swarded to thi- exhibitor* of the most meritorious work* t| then brought forward ; ami have invested in the ,| name* of our right trusty and entirely beloved eou- ? sin Fjs-nccr Joshua Alwytie.inaripiess of N'orihump- t( li n. our right trusty ami right well beloved cousin r uml councillor < Seorgc William Frederick, earl of ,, ( liirt-nib-n, kinglit i>t our most noble order of I he ,, garter ; our trusty ami well beloved ?hr John Peter j, Hi ilran. Iwronet, utitl JumesCotirthope Peache, esq. the Mini of twenty thousauil |ioiiiiils, to lie awarded r in pmrs ami medals as aforesaid ; ami have ap|H>int- p, ed i-ur trusty ami well beloved Arthur Kelt liari b y, esquire, William Cotton, esquire. Sir John j3 W iIIihiii LiibUs k, baronet, Smiiiiel Morton lVto, P quite, ami Haritn Lionel do Kothschild, to be the r, treasurers for all recei|its arising from donations, subscription*, or any other source, on behalf of or ri h vv .--ils I in* sn ul exhibition; our trusty and Well ,,, I-eloved I'eti r |e Neve Foster, Joseph Payne, ami 'I h? mas Wink worth, esquires, to be the treasurers for jsivineni of all executive expenses ; and our trusty hmI well Gloved Henry Cole. Charles Went- r wi ttli lalke, the yoiingi-r, (leorge Itrcw, Francis Fuller, ami ltohcrt fiMeohensnn, esquire*. with our tiusty and well l?lov..l Matthew Ihgby Wyalt, esquire. as their secretary, to be an executive comrmttrr for carrying the said exhibition into rtb-ct, fi tinier the direction* <>f our most dearly lieloved d consort; o Anit whereas the said Society for the Promot -in ft ol Art-. M.tiiul.u un * and Commerce, have repre- il wired unto us, that, in carry ing out the objects ;i proposed by the sun! exhibition, many question* inav iirise, regarding the introduction of prodtic- si tir ns into our kingdom from our colonies, ami from n foreign countries ; also regarding the site for the \ stud exhibition, ami the licet ino.ii- of eomlueting tj the ssnl exhibition ; likewise regarding the deter- ii initiation of the nature of the prizes, and the means ft of securing the moat impartial distribution of them ; a' aim 11*1 vr nisu nrmupil US, inal *'r WollM !?# gra- |"| rrously pleased to give our aanrtion to this under- J taking, in order that it may have tlio confidence, I, ?*? T ' !> <1 h!I claasr* of our subjects, t.iit of thr n subjects of foreign countries ! |i Ni w. know >e, tlial wo, considering the premises, t, and earnestly d* -?inni: to promote the promised ex- tl 111' ! I'll, a hu h ia c 1.1) Iilnl* (I to fw <|| kjf'iit benefit tl to ana, agriculture. manufactures, ami commerce, , and reposing great tniat and confidence in your a fidelity, diecration and integrity, have authorized r and apt-?'iiiled, ami by thenr presents do authorize a' and appoint yon, onr moat dearly heloved consort, Fn uns Albert Augustus Charles Kiiiaiiuel, Puke f, if Nixont, Prince of JS?*e-( ohurg and liotha: n yon. M ailer Flam is, I >ukc of itucelench and g tJoeenr berry ; William, Karl of Koaae; Granville y i.. I il tiranville; Francis. Karl of Kile*- \ mere; hdward (ieoHrey, l*nrd Stanley; .lohn )< Fur aril, (cr tnnionly CMlletl l^ud .lohn Kuaaell;) ti .Sr Hobert I'eel, Henry |j*bourhcre, William |> hwart Gladstone, Nr Arehdmld Galloway, or the d < haiitnan of the court of director* of the Emi India a< (i mpanv for the time being; Sir Kiehard West- tj toe* oil. Sir Charley LyeII, or the president of the h I Veilingira 1 Society for the time being } Thomas p Paling, < harlea Party, Thomas Bazley, Kiehard p t i lalen. William Cubit!, or ihe president of the f< Institution of Civil Kngineers for the time being; tl ( bnrli a Lock Laallnke, Thornaa Field Giliaon. o .lobe Ooti, Samuel Jones t*oyd. Philip Pneey, and r M'ilh> ni Thi ni|ieon. to make foil and diligent in- ti quiry into the la-at m?de by which the production* of onr colonies, and of foreign eonntriea, may he in- n trodoced into onr kingdom; as respects the moat ( suitable Site for the said epilation; the general d rendnct of the said exhibition; and also into th# ? tcM m< de of determining the nature of the prizes, ii and of securing the moat impartial distribution of them. q, And to the end that onr royal will and pleasure M in the said inipnry nmy lie duly pronreuted, and " uifh e iiitu n, * fuither, and by three preaean, <j -ill and command, and do hereby give full power nd authority to you, or any three or more of you, o nominate and appoint Much aeveral persona of hility as you may think fit to be local rommislont-rs, in such part a of our kingdom, and in foreign arts, as you may think fit, to aid you in the prenises; which said local commissioners, or any of hi m, shall and may be removed by you, or any hree or more of you, from time to tune, at your t ill and pleasure, full power and authority being lercby given to you, or any three or more of you, 0 appoint others in I heir places respectively. And furthermore, we do, by these presents, give nd grant to you, or any three or more of you, full ower and authority to call liefore you, or any three >r more of you, all such persons us you shall judge leceaaary, by whom you may be the better inarmed of the truth of ihe premises, and to inuuire if the premises, and every part thereof, by all Iawul ways and means whatsoever. And our further will and pleasure is, lhat, for the impose of aiding you in the execution of these presses, we hereby appoint our trusty and well-l?eovea John Scott Kussell and Stafford Ileniy lorihcote, Ksquires, to be joint Secretaries to this ur commission. And for carrying into effect what you shall diect to be done in respect of the said exhibition, we erchy appoint the said Henry Cole, Charles Wentrorth Ihlhe. the younger, Oeorge Drew, Francis iillerf and ltohert Stephenson, to be the txecutive omnuttee in the premises, and the said Matthew igliy W'yatt to lie secretary of the said executive omniittee. And our further will and pleasure is that you, or ny three or more of you, when and so often as eed or occasion shall require, so long as this our on inhesion shall continue in force, do report to us, 1 w riting, tinder your hands and seals respective\ all and every or the several proceedings of your"lves had hv virtue of these presents, together ith such other matters, if any, as may be de*rving of our royal consideration, touching or conrrning the premises. And lastly, we do by these presents ordain that lis our commission shall continue ill full force no virtue, and that you, our saul commissioners, r any three or more of you, shall and may, front me to time, and at any place or places, proceed in ic execution thereof, and of every matter and tinker therein contained, although the same he not ntinued front time to time by adjournment. Given at our Court at St. James s, the third day January, IHflO, in the thirteenth year of our igtt. By her Majesty's command, G. Grev. Board ok Trade, January 15, 1850. Sir?I am directed by the commissioners up'inted by her majesty for the promotion of the thihition of the works of industry of all nations, he hclden in the year 1K51, to request that you ill move Viscount Palmeraton to communicate e fact of the appointment of the commission to 1 foreign powers at amity with her majesty, and acquaint them that the exhibition will take place London in the early )>art of the year 1HM, and at the commissioners hre anxious to Ik.- put in niniuuication with such persons or bodies in each ition from w hich articles are likely to he sent for ;hihition, as are considered likely to command e confidence of those who may become exhibits. The commissioners will have to consider any questions hearing upon the admission of reign productions, and some of those questions ill tie of a nature that will make it necessary for em to ascertain the views entertained in different utilities, before deciding ujkui them. They wish erefore to have a proper channel of communionin with each country, and they request that Lord slmerston w ill take such steps as he may think oner for supplying this necessity. The exhibition will he divided into four sections: 1. Raw materials and produce illustrative of the itural productions on which human industry is uployed. 2. Machinery, for agricultural, manufacturing, iguieeiing ami other pur[>o.se9, and mechanical ventions, illustrative of the agents which human genuity brings to hear ujain the productions of iture. 3. Manufactures, illustrative of the r proired by the operation of human iuii itural pioductions. 4. fN-ulpture, models, nnd the plastic ne.11%, illustrative of the taste and skill dm, I in icfi application of human industry. The commissioners are engager in end?i ascertain the amount of spare which will ieurcd for the display of these articles, for which irposc they will of course lequire some kind of Innate of the quantities of each which are likely . l?e sent from different countries. This will l>e ic of the lirsl points on which they will seek in.nnation when placed m communication with the roper parties. They will also have to mak inline in order to guide them in determining what uzes should U- given, for what articles, and under hat conditions. This, too, is a matter which w ill ivolve the necessity of foreign correspondence, lorccvcr. they will need a channel for commnnil? lor? ?ctt v wiHw'm ?? J rTWy oni time to time adout for the conduct of the rxht ition ; Mch, lor hKiff, as may Itlltc t" (1m ex* lusion of purtirular classes of urticlcs on account f their vize, the impossibility of preserving tlictn, r other reasons, or to tlie time at which urticlcs llcnded for exhibition must lie sent, or to the i-rmson which they will be admitted. It is unnecessary to go more into detail upon tha resent occasion, hs Lord 1'aimerstoo will perceive rom what has lieen already said, that so soon as roper chimin Is of correspondence have lieen per.ed, the commissi oners will have many matters i which to draw the attention of the foreign counies which are likely to take an interest in the unertaking ; and 1 am only to add, in conclusion, fiat it is of much importance that no time should e lost in making these communications, as there re several points on which early information is aitirularly necessary for the cotnim?uoners. 1 have the honor to la*. sir. Your most olal'i servant, Stafh>ri> 11. Nokthcott. Dkcartmknt of State, > WaMIIKOTUM, kprilfith, lsV) ^ Sir:?I have the honot to acknowledge the reeipt of your note of the Ihh ultimo, with the aoI'tnpHnying documents, relative to ?n exhibition >r the work" of industry of all nations, w hich is ropoaed to l>e held in Lnglund in the e.irly (sirt of le next year. Citizens of this country will, no onbt, lie eager to show specimens of their mge- j uity and skill np< n the occasion referred to, and > compete for the prizes w Inch the commissionrs are authorized to award. In the President's pilticli, the public ition of the correspondence beseen this department and yourself, on the aul> ct, will lie the l*et means for making the Anierinn public acquainted with the iiur|s>se of the xliibition, and with the desire of the commissionrs to place themselves m communication with ach persons in the United State* as may lie author:cd to act on h half of those who wish to become xhibitors. He hna accordingly directed that cor spondence to be published. I avail myself of this occasion, sir, to offer to v?tt newed assurain.es of tny very distinguished coi?ideration. Jons M. Cuttov. Kight lloncruble Sir H. L. Hi i.wkr. Tlve Mineral lamb of California. IIF RRPORT OF THE SBLFCT COMMUTES To WHOM ] WAS KS.FKKRFI' THE sfMnT of rt'ltlr OOMAISS, ! XI.VKIAI. LAN1M, XTC. FEMtt'ASY H, 1*50 BY VIR. WALTMA1X. Mr. Stxakkr?The cotnniittee to whom was re rred the jouit resolutions on the subject of pn'dic i tnain, mineral lands, cuatoni houses and brunch f the 1'nited States nunt, and money that rightidly belongs to the State of California, have h id he revolutions submitted to them under considermon, snd lieg leave to report. In the committee'a opinion, the most important abject embraced in the resolutions is that of the lineral lands. How- shall they be disposed ofl Vho shall lie allowed to w ork them? Tliese uiieaons are pregnant with interest to the .-tate, aflectvg as they do both the moral and peenntary we|ire of the commonwealah. Ihiring the past year waims of fon ignrrs from the Mexican provinces, rom South America, the elands of the Pacific, iurope, ami the penal colonies ot t ireat Hrttain. ! ave worked in the mining distnets, and. after exrarting from them hundreds of thousands of dolirs to exj?nd on institutions and places beyond the onnds onr State and country, have returned to heir respective homes without contributing anything to the prosperity of a people w hose hardnrned snd honorably purchased wealth they have l>propriated to themselves. Incited hy their mci ss. they w ill Is- succeeded, the present year, by j w aims latger and more greedy. i tic in m- una come wnrn ine qc. ?lion. "Miall a vrrign population have unchecked acceaa to f>ur ijnnf' dfiwiwl* an an?wrr. Involving it* it doea neationa of Mtntc intcrc?t and national policy, our committee feel that it rrqnirea aotncthing !>' end ? mere allnaion or haatv *n*wer. Thi* >.uS?ct, like moot Otheia upon which national legtalaon aakrd, ia fortified hy aecming nrgument* on < th aidc?. ( hi one hand we have a long and well fined line of public policy respecting such peron* aa may emigrate from the monarchical inatit na and nde of other countrloa to the republican lerainga of o?r own. Yonr committee ia not pfeirrd to recommend any general departure frotn a nliejr ao well in keejang with the apint of our inlitntiona; hilt the conviction forcea itaclf tt|>on liem, that the privilege of working the mine* of nr Ptate aliculd tw limited to the citr/ena of our i nniry. The reaaona horn which anch a convicr>n aprmga are nwmerowa: ? l?t. The mineral wealth of California Itaa !>een inde the pioperty t>f Olir nation at na> heavy an ntlay of money and life to iuatify an uelimited I irtuaten of it among men w ho, neither a* indiidtiala nor aa component pntta of oi r nati n, continued aught towanla the teeming of this wealth. 2d. The pfeaent policy give* tO'cittgoiM of other ationa what we refuar to eitirena of cur oven. Ian> of the laat ycar'a niun ra were "peon*" or eerfa"?a apeciea of alavrea. Theae worked nnar the durction and for the benefit ot their maa % ten, who by thin means accumulated wealth faster

than the American citizen, who is, by our .State constitution, prevented from bringing his slaves into the State with him. Why should we extend to others what we deny to our ownl What principle of our national constitution?what act of our national legislature?what international law, requires us to admit a South American with his slaves, where we will not admit one of our own citizens with hist 3d. With but few exceptions, the foreign population in our mines has no connection with, or interest in, the institutions of our State or nation. They are not even agriculturists, come among us to cultivate the soil, thereby identifying themselves with us, while at the same time they add to the productiveness of our Boil and the value of our products. They are mere adventurers, brought here solely by the desire to avail themselves or our mineral treasures, and intent upon returning as soon as they have glutted their thirst for gold. Like the absentees of Ireland, they tuke from the wealth of a country to whose prosperity they contribute nothing. Differing, as these emigrants do, from the classes that have heretofore visited our shores, it would be impolitic and unstatesmanlike to adopt the same line of policy towards them. 4th. The presence of such a large foreign population as is now rushing towards the mines, renders the position of our citizens insecure. Instances ol collision, resulting, sometimes, in the loss of life, have already occurred, and will again occur if there be no chsck put to the influx of this population. 5th. Nearly every American citizen who has visited the mines, feels that the working of the same ought to be limited, us a matter both of right and safety, to out own citizens. No other government throws open its stores of mineral wealth, and puts in jeopardy the lives of its citizens, for the benefit of mere adventurers from other nations. bth. Our mining districts have a larger per centage of young men than can lie found in any other district within the .States, Most of these have left parents and friends at home, to whom their moral ehuructer und good name ure more precious than the wealth of the Indies. Away from the safeguards that have heretofore surrounded them, their position, ut best, is one of peril. The mass of adventurers front the country south of us, ami front the " botany Bay" of Knglund, is increasing that jvetil. It is not denied by your committee that among the foreigners ii\ ('alilorniu, ure many men of sterling worth, if such men could be admitted or retained, without our being compelled to admit or retain the others, this part of the subject would present an asja-ct widely different front its present one. 7th. In addition to the silver and gold in the mining regions, there are numerous beautiful und fertile valleys, with a good cltaiate, fine timber, excellent w ater, and all other requisites for a promising agricultural region. These valleys present strong inducements to tanners to bring their families ami settle in tliem; but the presence of a foreign population, already embracing a larger per rentage than can be found in any other ??tute in the Union, anil still on the increase, has prevented, and, while the evil lasts, will continue to prevent, American families from settling in them. Kvery correct principle of political economy calls for an early settlement of these sections by moral, industrious, and liberty-loving citizens. Without entering into u further statement of the reasons which have produced their present convictions, your committee would recommend: That our representatives in Congress lie requested to call the attention of that body to litis subject, and urge upon it the above considerations, and luoh others as they may deem necessary: That they l?e requested to ask, in the name of the government, and in behalf of the citizens of California, for the passage of such laws as Congress shHll lh?ai necessary to secure the exclusive working of the mines to American citizens, and such foreigners as have, in good faith, declared their intention to become citizens of the United States: Thai they he also requested to urge upon Conc ss he passage of a law empowering our Slate up to adopt such measures as may be nec -ary to airy out the al>ove views. Voir committee also recommend that our representatives in Conn sf> be requested to urge upon that bolv the policy of not selling the mineral lands, but, instead thereof, granting leases or permits, entitling the holders to work said lauds, on the payment of such sums as Congress may demaud, granting these louses or permits only for small tracts, and only to Ameriean citizens and such foreigners as shall have declared, in a constitutional form, their intention to become citizens of the I lilted Mates. It is well know n that in all countries the miners are, with hut few exceptions, more degruded than the mass of laborers around them. Various causes may contribute towards this result, but a principal one, in the judgment of your committee, is the system of monopoly whieh usually prevails in mining regions. .Monopolists tiret render it unm-oiifuhi, t>r I lie Istwirj-r to work for IlilllAclf ?Uld on his own ncroiint; then cheap nbor is sought: and cheap latior, without character, being preferred to dearer lalmr with character, the vicious are often employed to the rejectiou of the virtuous. If our own citizens only have uocesa to the mines, togeth? r w ith such foreigners as above sperilied, and are allowed to work on their own account, uuawed and untrammelled hv monopolists, then our mineral regions will he settled by a moral, intelligent, and industrious class. As there are valuable tracts of land, not mineral, in rlor-e proximity to the mining districts, which, if o? tiled l.v jiennanent fanners and trader-, would contribute to the pio*|?-rity of the iStatr, and the comfort and safety of the miners, a sound nolicy demands that substantial inducements Is- held out to encourage permanent settlers upon such lands. As leases would lie less satisfactory than deeds conveying the legal title of the government to the holders, a sale of the lands would be best. Your committee believe that if t'ongrees were to authorize thr rarlv sale of such lands, and in comparatively small lots, to he held exclusively by American citizens, and foreigners who have" commenced iocs to lieoenie citizens, highly benetici.il results would follow. Perhaps tome may doubt whether Congress has powei to take such action as is asked for ill the preceding sections of this pa|>er. Your committee have no such doubts. The mineral lands are the property, exclusively, of the United Slates, it is for Congress to say on what conditions said lands shall be worked, in what w ay, and on w hat terms aft 1 . II 1... 1 1 ef*ft- _ a l._ i-. I /..II a wit > miiiii ik' mini. i inn iHMiy nas inn (Hiwrr 10 extludr every foreigner from th# mines, to prevent any foreigner from holding real estate, fithrr ia'llip miner* Hands or miv oilier |N>rti?na of the public drmain ; if eo, it in clothed with constitutional power to do all that your committee recommend. If euch a disposal of the mineral Inn.In should not lie made a* your conimittee recommend?if Congress should ileem it more advisable to aell said binds. then we would recommend that they he aold in trncta not exceeding forty acrea; and if any tract la known to I* peculiarly rich in mineral deposits, that it lie eold in atill entailer portiona. Your committee cannot leave thia important subjeet, w ithout suggesting another feature in the sale of these landa, which would give confidence to the purchaser, aave him from pecuniary loaa, and alao protect the government from damage. The feature ia thia :?Ihvide the amount to Re paid hy the purchaaer into annual instalments, running eight or ten years, with the right to forfeit whenever the purchaser chooaea, nnd to I* forfeited and the land to revert to the United States, whenever any one of the inetnlmi nfa ia n?t |ainctually paid. If the lands are worth the aum whu-h the purchaser haa agreid to |uiv for them, he will he laith willing and aide to nay the stipulated aum annually?if they are not, he run rehnqiiiah hia claim, and he relea d froin hia obligation. Miould thia plan Ik- adopted, the poor laboring man would he ahle to purehsae, ami moat of thene land" would f?e held l>y actual aettler* and laborers, and not hy distant capitalists. It ia believed, alao, that if tlua method Ik- adopted, the land* will aell for more than they will bring on any other *yst>-m. It ia ik objection against thia plan, that name of the lands will l*> forfeited through failure. No Ian In will I* forfeited unlena the |airehaner haa agreed to pay more than their worth ; and even then Government haa received one or more payments upon the land, of which it again becomes the possessor. Nor is it an unimportant consideration here, that Gov ernment will, by thia means, obtain a most effective snivey of every part of the mineral regions of onr f*?ate, without tne ex|>ense of maintaining a " groh gical corps." The committee recommend the adoption of the following as a substitute for the first resolution : Hesolved, That our ffenatoti l?e and they are hereby instructed, and our Representatives requested, to uige by their . otcs Hiu! intho ni-i tic |> .ssagi- .1 such l.iw-s by t 'ongress as w-ill best effect the objects and views t n.braced in the foregoing preamble; Rnd recommend the adciition of the other resolu.1 .I.? I..., -i?i, .. ,i.? ._ to (fee civil mad therein referred to. That renolulion presents a Mri^rrl of great interest to the pe<>. pie of this MtHte^ and one which requires a more thorough inv- Hig.ition than the rotnnuttee haa l>ecn aide to give <t hnt from the want of time nn<l tl: proper official data, on which to haae a rejiort anifaMe to the im|>nrt*ncc of the subject, they have nothing but rumor and repon to act on?report* and rumor*, however, of which none ha* a doubt, and but few have any doubt* of the right* of the Mtate to thi* fund. It i* understood that another committee haa charge of the Mine subject j the* W ould, therefore, recommend that thi* committee ne discharged from the further consideration of thi* port of th- subject, and that it be reported to the committee already having that subject under consideration, and, if deemed advisable, the two committee* be asanri* ated together on thi* subject. At the Pennsylvania Blind Asylum, the number of Irritate*, on the 1st of January last, was W Of these nv? suppo- rd hy the State of Pennsylvania 45; *ew Jersrt^; Maryland. I; ttelawsre t ; hy relatives or (Heads, 0; hy fund* of the Institution. tl. Tht Jews. i To Tin: Enrroa ... I 1 OK thJl NEW YOKE Hkulb? , | Sin In your journal of the 6th instant, under the j head of "Mysteries of the Talmud," I find a long pai agraph, nearly every line of which contains a gross misrepresentation or a positive untruth. _ I know it is barely possible, in a daily journal containing such a vast collection of miscellaneous intelligence as i the Herald furnishes its readers, but that now and then matters will creep in that are peculiarly of- , fensive and objectionable. The paragraph in que#- , tion is one of tnat nature, and from its being level- | led at the believers in an ancient faith, ought to have , been scrutinised with more than ordinary circum- j i pection, when its rejection would have been cer- , tain, unless there should exist in your office a desire to puff in advance, and that gratuitously, an infamous publication. 1 do not write this letter with a view or a desire of opposing the issue of the announced brochure, but to repel the malignancy and expose the baseless assertions of the author of the article you have so pioininently inserted. He sets forth th.it "the age is signally illustrated by the exposure of certain secret practices and dark mysteries, hitherto concealed tront the knowledge of all preceding generations," and then hinting at the abolition of the Inquisition, and the abstraction of certain precious manuscripts, proceeds to state: "Bur while all this was taking its natural course, who would have drennptofbeholding the bloody mysteries of the Talmud ex|>osed in their tum, and of having the trial of one of the most savage and ferocious murders ever yet recorded in the annals of criminality, once more brought before the public! Who would have imagined tliat certain fanatics use human blood to moisten their holy unleavened bread!" Aye, who, iiuh ed, would have imagined that men, be they fanatics or freethinkers, would use human blood to moisten aught which they deemed holy! Not the Jew; for the institutes of liis faith, in those imperishable ordinances adopted by all Christendom, ray: "Thou shalt not Kill!" No, it was reserved for thu bigots of a faith which recognised human sacrifices, which has immolated heaps of men at the stake, j* uring out human blood like water on the earth?it was left to their heated imagination to conceive and uttei so atrocious a thought. It is unnecessary to point out to any man con- , versunt with the Bible, how false, as respects the Jews, is this renewed and oft-exposed lil?el, of the MM or requirement of blood in their ceremonies; how contrary and in direct violation of the letter und spirit of Judaism; but, in order that the many w ho take only a running glance at matters, ana who build their opinions upon the learning of their newspapers, may have a slicht inkling of the truth of the matter, 1 would briefly call attention to the . Mosuical eode, which not only prohibits the use of food h iving the slightest particle of blood therein: Sec 3 Lev it, v. 17, and 7 Levit, v. 26 and 27:? "Moreover, ye shall cat no manner of blood, whether it be of fow l or of beast, in any of your dwellings." " Whatsoever soul it be that eateth any manner of blood, even that soul shall be out otl from bis people." And again, 17 Levit, v. 10 and 14, concluding, " Therefore, 1 said unto the children of Israel, ye shall not eat the blood of no , manner ol neon: lor the lil?- 01 all Mesh is the blood thereof; whosoever enteth it shall be cut off." Thus every reasonable mind must be satisfied that the .lew Is strictly interdicted frotn the use of hlncd, or anything in which it is mingled; but there exi-t? a ttior |>ositive and imperative injunction tlian any 1 have yet cited, for, not contented with impressing on the- people's mind the Creator's ubhorrencc of the use of blood, tliut law, which is universally acknowledged as a law of |ove and kindness, after clearly and beautifully defining the distinction between homicide, justifiable or censurable, nn nslauglih r and murder, it proceeds to test most severely men's natural love of justice, for it says: "There shall be no satisfaction for murder, but the murderer shall l>e surely put to death. That the blood which is violently shed defileth the land, and it cannot !?e cleansed therefrom;" 8ft N itnhers, 8Sd and 8.1th v. In the rej-ctition of the ordinances in Deuteronomy, there is a severe addition to the penalties against ninn-slaying; for it deprive* the murderer of his last hold on earth, that of thp commisscration of his peoije, by imperatively enjoining that tliey shall be rigid and inflexible in the administration of justice, thus: "Thine eyes shall not pity, but life shall go for life." I km w it may be said that these are admitted IMosajres of the Isu>ks of Moses, and that the charge is levelled against the Talmud; now, I defy any man, no matter how' subtle a casuist lie may be, to point out any passage therein, which, by the most forced construction, can be made to l?ear an interpretation justifying the use of human blood for any purpose snwrtaining to Judaism. The enemies of Israel have be< n munifoid ; the deserters from the house of Jacob h ive been numerous ; and we all know what enmity is generally larrne by the outcasts against their inure favoredbrethren. How is it that none of these H|>o*tHtei>, these offshoots from the stem of Judah, have ever had the mendicity to asser.t that there was the slightest particle of truth III tlii-* hsss oNtrugcou* hi-el of " a sacrifice on the alt ars of religious stroeity T" The foregoing remarks ure directed against the allegations of the |>antgraph writer, which states " that an atr?>cious murder was jierpetrated by Jews to celebrate certain religious rites," and 1 trust 1 have shown the fuUucy of any such notions. As reflects Ids statement of the circumstances, with the exception of the diaappenranee of Father , To ma so and Ins servant, 'hey are eutirelv destitute of truth, or m> distorted that it is impossible to discern what is true from wdut is false. Of the disappearance of Father Toinaao. a Catholic priest, , and his servant, there was no doubt, and that they ( were murdered, there was every reason to believe; ( but that the murderers were Jew?, there did not , exist the slightest proof. It was clearly shown that the monk was generally liked hy the Jewish pop.I- , lation; that there existed much reason for coucluib ing that the crime waa committed by others ; yet tin- most revolting cruelties were practised to in- , duce th? accu.?< d to confess ; the rack and the tor- | ture were applitd, to wring from I'ratl suffering t humanity an admission lust living ihe persecutions. , At the period ? f the promulgation of the charge , against the Jews of Damascus, all hoi rope was slarthdby the bnrbaiity of the proceedings; tli" , courts of the Inoat einineiit ooleiituti'S lent llieir md to true? ili?% calumny to it* source?to punish the evil doer, and tu.ike restitution or amend* to tlie injured. The Court of France, of which the pripat wm it mihjert, repiiilinted the proceeding* of it* coii-ul; the Kmpciorof Austria admitted the innocence ot the crushed Jews, and w hen Ih it noble hearted philanthropist, ?*ir Movi Monteftore, (w h? in to know in to love.) in conjunction w ith the talented French advocate, M. Cromirux, i?|>penred licfnre Mehemct All, "defying the accuser* of our brethren to the proof, claiming a fair and open It ml, a* king for justice, Mid justice only," then, when the spirit of intelligent inquiry via* poured U|-on the subject, the thin shadow of ?u*picicn which lied been thrown over the people melted, and the Pach : granted the unronditioiial and honor*hie relouse of all the accused, utid a declaration, that hcnci-hirth they ehould aheolutely enjoy all their right*, in the same manlier a* they hud enjoyed them la-fore they had hern victim* of fa he accusations and unjuet torture. The year of ISKi wan prolific for pernrrution of the Jrw* in the Fast. At K nodes the* wittered from calumny, persecution* and torture; out justice, though dilatory, wa* perfect?they were tried ami honorably acquitted: and the same praiseworthy delegate of the Jew*, in hi* interview* m ith the Porte, "laid hefr re hi* majesty the *itualiou of the people. He pleaded earnestly, not for protection alone, luit for a ct niplete recognition of civil right*, lie pointed out the malice and the falsehood of their acrusera, and energetically vindicated the religion from the stigma ca*t u|a?n it ." Th?- result i?f these labors mi that the Sultan issued a tirmun, under hi* own hand, declaring the entire innocence of the .1 ewa, and ordering tint henceforth and forever tliev should enjoy equal right* and privileges w ith all hi* it her suhjert*. The government of (Ireat Britain, through ita foreign office, lent everv ooaeiMr assistance to the nu?-ion of Sir More* Montebore ; it fumiahed letter* of intnafuetion to all the official petM-nage* on the route, and T*or<l l'oneonhy, th> n linti*h Ambassador at < nnstantinople personally presented the mission to the Porte, and upon it* return to Knglund the government of the latter kingdom did, by a public State document, which, after Juicily reciting the foregoing particular*, stale*. " Wr, taking the ;>remi*ea into our royal consideration, and being de*irou* of giving an cape rial mark of our royol favor to the mid Sir Moaea Nlontefiore, in cMimemoration of (he*e, hia unceasing exertion* in Iwhalf i?f hi* inpireil ami peraecuted brethren in the Kant, i.nd the Jewi*h nation at large, have been graciously ideaaed to allow," Jrc. eVc.; tlina fully endorsing all hia proceeding*, and [roving mo*t convincingly that it concurred in the deci*icn* uf the continental sovereign*, entirely exonerating our holy n ligion from the foul calumny which had l?een hurled again* it. And all thia your pnragr:iplii*t would make appear a* the muninoienre of wealth?the bril* r> of the Koth*child?! w hut, bril?e all the sovereign* of Kurope.the Pone of Hi me included T How plausible ' And amidst all this alleged corruption, the veracious, mini tenlute Count Ratte Mantou stood invulnerable! I low like a truth ! That In the dim twilight of F.aatern civilisation, the barlwrou* notion* of former age* should find a congenial *oil and *pront forth, doe* not *urpri*e me ; but, that an Americnn journal of immcnae cir(illation, acknowleged ability, and extensive influence, should give a place and rurrency to the fantnsie* of bigottcd dreamer*, i* a rauae of much ' asioniahment and regret to ? Your*, reapectftilly, , RonrnT Lvoa, A|"fil 7, 1W0. 110 Namau street. T Jswrs OoaiKi* Rrsvrrr. Kso.. Ik kmron or thf Saw IoskIIfrautt? t M?w?I hare hern frequently struck with the particular chit your Uw reporter hu taken to state the creed of an accused person whenever a charae ?, sRaintt a member of the Mosaic faith has heen ' preferred. I hare heen at a loss to account for this ? questionable distinction bestowed on the foilowera n of that peculiar religion, while in like caeca, whe?i the accused individual belonged to another del nomination, no such care was taken by yoar reporter. If it be hi* aim to show,by this particular distinction, that the Jewa are rather novice* in the higher walks of crime, auch us murder, rape or arson, and that, in the metaphor or Kraeraon, the receiving of stolen goods is the solstice of Jewish crime, I "can assure liim, that neither my fellow-believers nor myself will ever be grateful to him for that equivocal compliment, which, to May but the least of it, prove# only the existence of bud taste and a coarse and vulgar mind, By his catering for the morbid appetite of ignorant and prejudiced emigrants?for no enlighteued, freeborn American will ever indulge in such vulgarity?and by his associations iu poucc courts, he may perhaps consider it an improvement on the finish of his paragraphs, to the merits of wliich he is perfectly welcome. I have hitherto viewed the matter in this light, aal hence 1 never found it worth the ink to address yot on this subject. But, when the same language appears in the editorial columns of your paper, of the 6th instant; when it is used to convey the idea of imputation; when the word 41 Jew " w distinctly and emphatically used, in your warfare with Mr. Noah, as a by-word and term of reproach; then silence i easen to be a virtue, and then I can no longer refrain from protesting most solemnly against aa accusation coupled with falsehood, worthy of darker ages. With the subject of vour quarrel with Mr. Noal^ or any other individual, 1 have nothing to do, and! wish you distinctly to understand, that the remarks and tendencies of this communication, wliich, to the best of my humble abilities, I'll try to define, are in no way connected with the polemic afluirs of others. Men are to be judged by their acts, and not by their religion. The first emanate from their free will; the latter is the gift of Providence; or, if you like it better, mutter of chance. It was not by rny choice, or by my agency, that 1 was born a Jew. If the religion of my ancestors, ufter mature reflection, had apja-ared tome incoiu,'itible with the laws 01 unit or won me coae ui mora is, i would have tried to change it for a better one. I candidly confess, liowever, that the belief in One indivisible Iteity, which is the true basis of Israel's faith, has hitherto roused no pang of remorse in my mind, and has left my conscience undisturbed and at perect ease. For this cause, for this cause alone, and 1 defy you to state for what elm-, the word "Jew" as a term of reproach to all believers in the same faitb, is almost daily paraded in the columns of yonr popular journal, casting imputation fir and wide oa the fair fame of millions of your fellow-beings, of whose religious tenets you seem even to be entirely ignorant. Must it not be hnrrassing to the feelings of every meinlier of that persuusion, to the fathers of families, to see themselves and their growing-up children thus assailed and villitied for no earthly cause! If you think that Mr. Noah, or any other man, has oth tided you or ) ours, and that you have just cau-c of complaint agHin?t them, is it not mow- appropriate and to the (mint, to direct your attacks to their acts in general, or to their jvofessiona in particular! If Mr. Noah's acts, in Ins present pouitioa as Editor. Major, or Custom house ollicial, do not funmh ample sco|*- for that purpose, why, then, you might have even assailed him in his former Capacities, as Judge, Sheriff, Charge d'Att'iirra, {V-r. See., materials enough, I s|tould think, to use against any t in- men; hut, what in the name of sense, hit his religion to do with it! I toes the faith in the I nity of (io.1 induce a man to Is'coiiie a thief-catcher, or dis s the belief ui a Trinity incline a man's heart to become a stoolpigeon"! Is the pawnbroker's heart, whether Jew or Christian, ever softened by the influence of lh? one or the other! livery man ol common sense, when investigating these questions, will acknowledge, thHt these professions, which are selected alike by Jew and t icntile, have not the remotest reference to a man's religion. Having always given you credit for a great deal of round sense and judgment?which admission, emanating from an humble individual like myself, you may lake ut your own valuation?I must conless, that I have been grer.lly surprised by your unjustifiable attack on a whole cLaa of js-oplc, Without the least prcvygutioti on their part. The "wMth of Achillea," us St nppciW, however, is not even assuaged by a finale Hecatomb, but ii the mi me number of the Herald, the programme of another blood-offering is prepared to appeaae th? main s of I'atrix ho The ghastlj spectre of tin horrible tragedy of Damascus, the fiction of soiu! blood-thirsty idiots, got up bv a greedy bend in hit man shiqie ioextoit money fVorn tlie wealthy Jewi in Kurope, is gulvi.nued and raised from its restini place, w here for the lust ten years it h ,d slumbers! mmm im.iuiili -I.-nil -.vis I colon, worthv of the imagination amT]n-n of Kitgenc Sue, or Virtw Hugn, t???- carcase of one <>( the most foul and foolish inventu lis of the lihh century, i<- ag tin dragged before an intelligent |?d>lie. If there iasucTi a manuscript i.i existence?which, for retinitis that I intend hereafter to elate, I conrider very questionable?if a liook, with ill nutritions, is shortly to niipear, what is your object to herald it hefon-hunil, 4 /? Jenny laud, or 4 r/? Fanny Kllsler. to the favorable notice of the eominu ul) ! Let the fot-'k first la- pubic bed, and after the public tins had an opportunity to judge of i'a merits, it i? time to shake your gory locks at it." To prejudice the public mind against one pvrty, ||> predicting a sue' et-sful HMte for die pre!-"id'-I aawrtionr of the otiier, is, bv no means, n fur proreeding; particularly w hen the former, by the non?(>!? aranee of the promised publication, is entirely deprived of the means of defence. l^t it coiue, however, if it ever conies?and let it conie soon. 1 l>orrr?w one of your last quotations: ' '1 he blood of iWuigl is c n jcotect itself." My reasons for doubting the existence of a well authenticated document axe iiimiuicrable; and the l? w 1 have releclrd. 1 have chosen particularly for llieir atfiuity to commerce, living in a commercial community, where there are intellectual people i rough fully able to appreciate them. Firstly.?Is it reasonable to suppo.-s- that the pov -essor of so valuable n commodity, a* predicted ta your programme, would Tarry it, for sale, to u distant tnataet, when a much nearer one is at lund, where his w ares, if genuine, could certainly lie dia,>? ?! d of to more ach .iit.i'p-1 If I .urope. w ith plenty of superannuated old women, whoae heads are still filled with the prejudices of by-gone darl. ag"?, holds out no inducement to our speculator in tnanusrripta, is it likely that this country, funed for its light and tolerance in religions matters, will heroine the purchaser of such stuH"? .*< ronilly ? Whr.t mliMduid, or individmK of the Jewish faith, in this rnttntie, cm siiccesafulljr romts'te with, or bid against, tin- KothrcliiMs, th- oliiniibli-, th>- MoutiBorea, in l>widon;the FouldI >|fciiheinie, in Paris; the Hemes and Hehrrnds, in Hamburg; the Hatiibn-, in Copenhagen; the Mi haelsons, in ."^tis-kholin, and thousands of other wealthy customers. It surh a docsmenl, well 1uiim Mill -ik ii, mm i nn iiie ,?? t r, M ? ,,,? , is otlrrcd fur ?ule1 l?r'i? ll likely tint our ?wfiilslor in m?iiiifccrifi?? ??sU travel th ni> iri<l- of miles. U|<i?r hi merit to fin dangers of th* deep, and Dthers, to l?eg for jwnce, w hen lie t on Id get pounds t hsitiwl And lastly, I venture to insert, that hardly a man no Mi'h could lie I und to entertain a doubt of the rank tihettnllly of the whole affair, when be in told of a person travelling thousands of utiles from ill! IocmIiU wloo i mill.1 i i- v.|,| In have lien [ cijimiftrtf. to establish a fact in a distant region, which in the piece where the deed is said to IWV ( em perpetrated, rniild not lie pruverl. Who would ln?\e dreamed, ia forr this, that the Iloe'-uiian* -hnnld li .\ _ n>- I *no .? n?, there to try the murder of 1 ?r I'nrkmenf Xiatekr. Mr. Brtartt. Voo h id better ndvi?e your pro/cgf to pu to i alifonua, and try his hand a' 'otne other game; tlie eheat is loo imlpabte, and Aioeru mis :,rr not '!? gulled. . - thfV Mlisew ieilia|?s, in Itatmisrns. If it in your fancy of ides sure to have occasionally a hnsfh at old rlo', H will not, lei me HH?ure you, oflV-nd the een-dnlities of ativ intelligent .lew. though it might h oi me t,. kuppase that IV?fcs?nr Teufi l-> Imerkk's revereiM e for these mysterious vestments, during his visits to Monmouth r. rt, are of too transren lental a ca-te, to agree w jth your pmctK-al news I,et ine, howevii. return.I you. tint frequently under these garments a hum-m tswfy and an iniUioTtal soul ire hid, wh *r sntlerinks and wailings. ander the infliction of undeserved cruelty, are beam in heaven. It i- to* ml..r -in stmjsrt g, >. rally the world's sincerity a:ul candor; yet my belief that you posts o the Utter, as nbn the mind and sense lo appreciate and admit the justice of a claim, u?Inces me to hand you this article for nuldicatuni. I hand II to you ill. III order that It Ilia* iccall a circumstance to your mind that occurred nbciit eight years ago, which tmisl have fully onvinced you that the words of your illustrioua ountrytnan? A man's a man for a' thai.*' ire not only arydiralde to the Christian, hut alao t? he Jirw. Niw Yof*. April . 1MM). Our Inratan Cnrmpmdfiire. Fsostf sa or Tousf. March IS. IW 7V ItrrWdiM ml 7V*s?r? There Is revfdutlnnin the border# of this Mat*, baween T?t.a-ro ant t'trsja Th? MsMcuail-s (f.nrother*) are at the head of It. hut Marin la there sad 'lit In my opinion put them down without dlfllenlty The Maldonadne have heen Iron Me same men fee srs iT> this connlry otherwise evrythinc Is f"*'"s >le anil Kruno's friends have tacitly agreed to V?hss? hsmselres If you ran make anything of this, you caa do sa It 4 nceesury tn write with some ewre and precaution ml when no one l.li Inlhlsfrse country, for ' m het I he writer rniiibt And himself hvnRlnc to s tre? nr fine morning, one end of a rope tied to the tree nd the Other tohle neck, that the offender might haea lie beneSt of aa airing

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