Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 14, 1850, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 14, 1850 Page 1
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?"> ? i ' i t . ? ? - -,? i . *? ... i th: NO. 6789. Owr "Wellington Ctrmyoubw. VXUTHT.fl UilTuK PKUM PATRICK I1KXRT. Wamhsoton, April 12, 1856 Aur>ety h? regard to the Naehville Con eenticm? Cntnpfotntt of the South?Introduction of the IKibnot Proriso?The Miuiuippi Contention? Call and I/etign of the SithviUe Contention? 7V Docbineof State Righti?7V High Ground to b* (Untuned by tin D<lt%attt. The greatest anxiety pervade* the entire public mind, North and .South. Hast and West, throughant the length and breadth of the Federal Union of State* and Territories, in reference to the Southern ConvcnlMUi, which has been called by some States of the Southern section, to meet at Nashville, in Tennessee, in the- coining month of June. The mod almurd falsehoods have ap|>eared in the public journals in both sections, in reference to the motive* and designs of those States which have <aken an active part in favor of this convention, and which they have up|>ointed their most eminent men as delegates. The Washington papers have been tecuiu<g with nonsensical editorials, and articles extracted front other papers, attributing the most treasonable motives to all such citizens of the republic as are favorable to the meeting of this couventtou. Without noticing these felse, malicious, and imaginary motives, 1 will give a brief but true account of the design of litis convention of Southern Stater., and the causes which have led to its being Called. For a series of years, there has been an unjust, partial system ol general legislation pursued at Washington, which has benefited the Northern at the expense of the Southern section of the Union. The leading minds at the South perceived the tendency of nurli legislation, uml that unless checked, it must, in the end, absorb the rights and e<pi Jity of the Southern Mates in the Union. Until the ntroductioit of the Wilmot proviso discussion, this legislation aguiust the rights of the South had been -confined to the following causes of complaint:? 1. Uncipiul legislation in regard to the collectiou of revenue. 2. The expenditure of the revenue in appropriation# ahuoisi exclusively for the benefit of the free .States. 2. T!m? lack of legislation, on the part of Congress, ?o secure a compliance on the pin of the Northern Mate*, with the requirements of the federal constitution in reference to the surrender of f igitive -lave*. 4. An evident disposition on the part of the representation from the non-alavcholding States, composing the majority in Congress, to aet in sectional concert, and to receive |ietitior.s In agitate the s! ivery question, with the decign to abolish it in the Territories, and eventually force the entire South to do the same in the respective alaveholding States. All these causes of complaint did not ulurtu the South to such a degree us to cause their delegates to act iu sectional concert in Congress, or to forget '.he distinctions of patty in the more important object -of concert for safety und existence. The introduction of the Wilmot proviso principle into Congress, with the evident ami openly avowed design o| depriving the Southern St itcs of all right in the Territories, aroused th tt section from their lethargy, nzid incited them to prompt and determined resistance. It commenced with the issuing of the celebrated Southern Address by Southern member* of Conor*-.-*, with the exception of such ..a were wedded to party, and of keeping the ties of uarty U-twrea North and South unbroken.? I ne r.?*|a?iise to thw masterly uddn-a* l>y the 'na?*a? of the popalution of tho South, was wry general anJ wrv derided, ii wan dee.tied advisable that the South should act iu convert. \ convention w^i held at J*ck?on, Mississippi. in < >cto!?er, 18-li). At this convention were many leH.luifl men from other Southern Sutra. The -iiecuMunti of a general convention of the S nithern State* wan carried on out of doors, and finally the convention itself decided to call a Southern Convention for June. The movement of Mimukm|v< ha* t* en concurred in very generally l.y all the other " tale*; and though the objects of this general convention at Nashville have been ridiculed and iiti*r. present*.1, there ta no question tlint nearly all the diatriets in the Southern State* will lie represented at Nashville, and that the convention will speak the voire of the Sonth, and that it will he re-rcuot-d ft* in the people of there State*. The desij a of thia convention is undoubtedly to dh cui? freely tuid authentically th i grievance of die southern section, aud to tuka a stand, as a voLion, ill favor of a remedy. There can lie poaaihly no objection to this course. Let the South hold their convention, and then the North can he no longer in doubt of what the South want, or what they will have, or accede from the L'nion. llefter (o come to a final deci-ion th in to live along in the ( resent excitement, which tnu?t eventually end ia disunion, before the North are aware of it. The doctrine of State rights in the federal l'nion, Is a doctrine that has heen freely diacuaacd of lite years: and if any thing is fully and uicontcstibly established in the mind* of the |>eople, it is this truth?that the Tinted Stales and " federal Slatce" have the aame meaning?that the Constitution wu* adopted by the States a* State*? th it we are not a nation ol individuals, hut that we are a federal CO (Winunity of States, each State brint? a sovereign The secession of on" State would he laid enough, would cuuse much embarraminent, ..nd probably plunge the I'tiion into a very general civil War. tlow much lxtttr ia it, then, thai the entire section of Southern Slate* ahonld rn <! in convriitiou, discus* fully and f.eely tluur cause* of coiapiaint, and the redn-'s* they sock, and demand it with a united and uubtoacn front I The North wdl grant it, when they are this attitude; for we .honestly l?elieve that the convention a! N.ialiville have n<> detagn of nsking for anything whieh the ..nstitutjoo does not give them, if they had their rights, and which it is clear th'-y are fully alive to now. and which if not accorded them, will sever g.e Union sooner or later. When the convention is held, there will be no longer any doubt about the true sentiment* of the South, and measures will be iiiken at once which w ill end the controversy and rave the Tniou. I hare iw> douht that when the convention meet jat Nashville it will take high bat just ground, it will insist that the Southern portion of the L'nion shall not l<e derived of their full and equal rights an the territory acquired Irotn Mexico, or any ?>th-r belonging to the I mon ; and that if the North pt*s i.ny act by tladr nuyority m Congr*** to do so, that they violate the constitution, perpetrate an art of jnwn iiiju-tirr, ao.t d??rroy II - erpiiihiy of the .^outheni Statra n> members of the Vnlun, by nlanlnit' 11. ir k:<wiIi *n.| *?-. l< Ih ! ( the MateacotupriM IK lb* Northern portion of the t'uion, am I destroying rhe equilibriam of pe rem merit. The Naehvtlle < 'onveiilion will fnr'h-r nif.-t th Th.. errtion that the inhabitem* rf the territories fmtrc a right to form a State when and liow they without th* consent of Ccngreve prtvioul/ girea, i* utterly destitute of foundiiion ; that it i* ilerogaort lo the m?v< reigntv ol the >t?i < o.111,111-,ng the I nion, to wlu' h tiie tertilonc* ?: <Ji-<-|.tre<| |,? i|,e constitution to belong, and in whom the sovereignty errr them re*idc*; i* revolutionary and anarrhicul in it* charsrter, trraeonnblc in it* tendency, and wholly uiMuatcinid by the practice of the governmrnt ; Ili tt to make a run- t11 :r 11 i.i.l fonn a >taie involve the highent power* of sovereignty, iitd that it cannot of courae tie rightfully |?ert??mied by inhabitant* residing in the temtorie*, without the j. rmiaeton of Conger**, a* the representatives of 4he I nited Mate* to w hoin the territories belong, or tn wh< in 'he ?o?er if i .v. - tin in ro'i.l-* . bit be *Mi ni,i? of tIf inh.' of t I.' rota to r ?k,a toneti'iitiiiii ti im a ?uie, without 'lie per i,i>eii>u of ( miKreM, m an otleri"i .v. unit the .n it eovrrrign'jr of the States r.f the I nmn, and that the iniK/UJiieitl purporting to be the constitution of C.ttil. tm* t* uMerly void .onl r>< n.i hindui.; for ?n (he inhabitants of California, nor on thi* government. nor on the State* It rejw?enia, andtlir ao e4lied S??>. I II II nmin- without unjr t T.ity whatever;?that all acta on the part of any department of ihlf gntfmiwiiti ot of the cituena of the United - .tea, intended to rn< mre-r or md the inhibi x at? tif California to make a ron?tiiution and form A Mate, f if, without the pernuaeion of Congre??. three h iv.- > -ni b n ! ,? .re uperljt ill, .r./. ( |,y the constitution,and ineon*i*fent with the nl|rg,. r.nce due to the joint *overeignty of the -Mate* of the . nion; th::t i' i* not within tin , moiti'iitionul r,uu .etrney of < oi?gre*a lo give vnlulitv to the imtrumem jetrjiorting to be the constitution of California, kitd to annul lite inhabitants of California into the n .*1 as a ."a tr under It, l>iw,ni?e, -cording to the fundamentr.I icinciplea of onr ayaletn of government. constitutions detive their validity from the iv-epic hy whoni.and for they are mud*, and tv-rauee it woala be wconetelr :it with, and suhver.ivr of, tlo" prioripie, to set on th- ,??io.i|.t. .n that I , ngreae eouhi give validity to the instrumen*. and ,uArHa constitution. by the act of admitting its ^habitant* into the Union;?th*t the Sivtea of the leathern portion of the Union are not opposed to t,e pn-vi-o, wh'i-h nvunlly h-*r* th'nam* of its audi or, l*can*e it hear* it, hut because it* aim i* to deprive the Southern State* of their due share in the territoriea of the Union, try a palpable violation -d the cniifc'itutinn by a lot?l disregard nf every orianplt Ol juvtiee and e^uahtv, "> be, if E NE adopted, by a subversion of their equality aa me natter* of the Union;?ami that an* attempt to admit the inhabitants of California with the intention to evade the opposition to the proviso, ought tft pirift* A Still llinr# ht?rn ami inilufnnnt opposition, because it would accomplish (he an me thing in a manner more objectionable, end involve other constitutional objections, peculiar to itnelf, and of a deeper and graver character, if pontible, than what has been set forth aliove; tnat they are more objectionable, because it would effect, indirectly and surreptitiously, what the proviso proposes to effect openly and directly; because it would exclude the Southern States more effectually from said territory, by being inserted in the instrument purporting to be a constitution, and what would bo claimed to be a constitution in'digress should endorse it, than it would l?e if inserted m the provisions of a territorial government; while it would be equally unjust and unfair if excluded by an insertion of the proviso by act of Congress, inasmuch as the citixens of said Southern Statea have been precluded from emigrating to said territory by the action of this government, and thereby of being a void in the fuimation of said instrument. The Nashville Convention will probably resolve, also, that the time has arrived when the States of the Southern section owe it to themselves, and to the oth-r St ilea composing the Union, to settle, fully and forever, all the questions at issue between them and the Northern section, and they would not adjourn until thev hnd done so. That the Nashville Convention will take thia giound I do not doubt. 1 know such to have t> vn the views and the opinions of the mighty mind of that illustrious, fur-seeing Southerner whose remains are now resting in a vault at the buryingground of the capital; and I doubt still leas but that there are thousands of Southern men who think as he thought, and who will be present to give tone, dignity and weight to the proceedings of the Nashville Convention. I cannot close my letter without doing a simple act of justice to one whom I believe a true-h;arled friend of the South. I allude to one of the Senators from Mississippi?General Foote. A very erroneous impression baa somehow been made upon the public mind, as to the relations of Mr. Calhoun and General Foote at the time of the foinier's death. It is believed that there was some bitterness between them. Such w is not the fact. Mr. ( 'alhouu told the writer, after the debate in the Senate, in w hieh he last took part, that he h id h id a conversation with Mr. Foote. who distinctly informed him " that he meant nothing unkind in saying whut he did in the Senate; that no had the best motives?he wished to draw him (Mr. C.) out, to make more full explanations in reference to one portion of his tgieecii." The great lamented replied, " You should not have done that?you should hive come to me, and had a convi rsutio'n privately, and then nsked such explanations as you desired, o.-fore sjieaking in the Senate on those points. Your remarks and intentions will he misconstrued bv those presses that are opposed to interests in which we Loth feel deeply interested." Alid even after this interview, w hen his health became more alarming, and lie saw only those few who h id access to him, he spoke kindly and warmly of General Foote, and i f his sincerity and devotion to the great cause of Southern justice, riglit*, and interests. He never lielieved lnaf Senator Foote. in pursuing the course he did. hiid the slightest wish or intention to do him injustice; hut he foresaw that opi>ositii>n presses would put that construction upon it. The differences between Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Foote were all of a public character; they all occurred in the Seunte. and were settled in the Senate. There was not the slightest intermission of their former cordial relations, save aurh as sicklies* interrupted, in General Foote'* ease, a* wi'h hundreds of otnej*, and it i* doing great injustice to General Foote, to say nothing of the cherished memory of the great deceased, to as?ume the existence ot' unkind or of unfriendly feelings on the pirt of Mr. Calhoun to General Foote, at the time of his death. Such was not the fuct. Patrick Hkxkt. Washington, Aprifll, 1880. Tf* StruetU fcr the Asrtndanru in the Srnnte? 71*? Comrte of Bmton?The Canadian Reciprocitf tlill?-Tht (Jalfihin Claim awl the Prtmlent. A frightful struggle for ascendancy in now going on ls-twren Mr. Benton and Mr. Seward, showing to the latter the utter hopelessness of his condition, rv ward is totally eclipsed l>y Colonel Thomas II. Benton, and is, at the hour I ant writing, casting a miserable shadow on the wall. Benton has, to-dny, come out fully against the compromise?being the only Senator from the South who voted against it. He was defeated by two votes. Had the five absent Senators from (Georgia, Texas, South Carolina, and Pennsylvania, respectively, l?ecn present, he would have been defeated by seven voles. It may be a comfort to Mr. Seward to be beaten in Mr. Ilenton'a company; hut it is no sort of consolation to him to know that his friends have more reason than ever to pray ihm his shadow muy never be less." He might have gained strength in breaking lances with ('lay and Webeter; but to be thus obliged to take a ronsmission under Benton?second, perhaps third, in crtr.nuuid?is humiliating indeed ' Benton is now the acknowledged free sod leader in the Senate. Aa he sjioke to-duv, Preston King, Wilinot, Allen, Mann, of Maasieluuk'ti*, and all ihe other fanaties, were crowding round him in token of fealty. The national Unionists were posted behind Clay, Webster, and Cuss; the Se. note looked like a buttle field with two hostile sitides, Unionists and clisunionir t*. arrayed against eurh other. The disuiiionists, under lienton, brought nil their forces to hear on the peacemakers. The latter had five men in reserve, and yet MafMtfd ' Mr. MM ought In take Item putt experience. The " peace-maker " earn once very near being fatal to him, and I should not Iw at all" surprised?nay, 1 confidently expert, to ?ee him demolished by the great peace-maker, H?nry i Iny. Ber.ton is now the acknowledged leader of the administration, and the Xatirmnl Intelligencer th-ir nrkn' wlrdgi d organ In Conformity with this bis new position, he has already written to his friend* m Mis-ouri to vote either fur him (free soil) or for the wings. The divon-e between him and the demrrratic party ie complete. The fact is, there will l>e but two parties in the future?Unionists end disunionists; in other words, a national party threughout the I nion, and sectional parties in the North and I-'outh. The test vote was on the motion to lay Mr. Foote's revefution on the table ; on the appointment of the committee, the vote will not be taken before Monday next. It is understood that the Canada reciprocity lull, which was sometime since re-coniniitted to the ( '< remittee on C-omnierec, in the House, will lie Hgaiu reported to the House, together with a corrri iwfidence lirtween the Committee onCommTre and the fWretary of Btate, and between the Secretary of Brute :?n.I tin- brfttah Minister, ia which the I'ritifh Minister communicates to our government his power to pledge the British government to open the river St. Law reure. ami the adjacent ranals, to Amrriran citixen* and American shi^sng. This correspondence was instituted by the t W nnltee on (kmnierre, to avoid the neressttv ?f introducing inio the reciprocity hill any feature which could make this hill in itself a measure of reciprocity with the Imperial government, and thus o,? n the same (vivtlegea to other nations with whom we hsve n mmerrial treaties, containing the clause commonly culled the most favored nation clause," that is. the clause which promises to put the nation with which the treaty is concluded, on the terms of the moet trorrn m?tion. The r''dgr of the Hritiwh minister in full and mtirfnctciy, nnd the whole region of the Norihwcat in ileej.l) uitereetrd in thin pmilege. If I nm not rerjr mu^h mintnhen. the Pr?-nid-n,,? de? Inmtion, through the preoa nod otherwintt, Te miiih whnt rUnehtOH with the f.?rtn elicited froinMi* tertimonjr of the nrcretahcn before the ( omnuttec i n the < lalphin claim. The cnne neetne to he nn in)-terioun nn the dteapt cnmnre of I?r. I'nrkmnn ; hut the member* of the committee more en lift turned then the jury on the Wehaler Irtnl. Hnrrn.g l ad tarte, I hate no dotiM ('Mwfonl in it,nocent. lie made no necret before the I'renident, that he wnn the agent nnd reprenentntiYe of ttir claim } a fact which will go further than uny other to riculpate htm in the erea of the committee I'oreo pt I* .r?o. Wohootio April 1i. !* 7"*r Owaittn if Tlrrfern ItmHm <utnt'nw Clap, WVAtfrr, C??r and fWtr Drmrn drill*. Thr appointment of tbl* day lor thr lot practical n?OT?mr?t In legtalattow. by the Peaatr apon the mV jeet of the aiarrry gaaatloa. natarilly attracted a erowj to the lobhlaa and gallerlea of the chamber A Wong thr eprrtatove. for a alille. were the How York flrrmea. now on a etett te Washington The denote anr nnumally hall a rote wea eapaeted, and all th4 arallahte cherateea had haan drummed op Thr e(*na lion ear the acotloa of Mr Fawte te refer all t'?n eaV jeete roanewtad with the elavery dictate to a commit t"? of thlrtoem etc from thr Worth and from the Aiu'h?all whlft an I rl? d?miwiwn?, %ng ih,i-. # W YO SUNDAY MORNINi trmlk mm t* bo Horry Olay ?eaid MBKltUt to raport by bill or otherwise The otyuet oi the committee lo o gaaeral oomprouaia* Mil, Including? 1 The admleeien of Celtforale t Torritoeiol goeernnaente tor Utah (< ?. Deeeroh) end New Mexico, eoylng nothing ehont aloeery S. The settlement of theTexos boundary, by the purchase of the disputed territory. 4. The division of the .Stole of Texee. ee aa te pre ride tor the admission of one, two, or mere elsrebtstee from thet Stole Such blU. it te beiiered, will pee* the he note, ond poee the House The Immediate eeetion pending woe by Mr. Baldwin to exclude anything connected with the admlaeioa of California front the committee And this la the exoet ground of Col. Benton?that California must ooote by herself. If hen the aubje?t waa taken up. Benton had o prodigious pile of books arrayed upon hla desk, which had a r< ry < minou* appearance. It had ths appearance of me piling up 01 ine ncciMtr; uuuuuiuon ror anotner held fight m It ?? pretty evident from the count ot bom>? tnat the rnmmittee of thirteen would he orderod. end that California would be referred to it with the terrttoriea. The (juration was called for. when Mr. Kenton took the floor and ran over his authorities. showing that for sixty years, no State had been admitted into the Union, mixed up with tho settlement of any other question The compounding in thia case would ba an indignity to California, she having washed her handa or the whole of this vexed dispute on slavery. Mr Dickinson said, uulras the rote could be taken, he would move to go into the consideration of the bill of deficiencies. Mr. Clay would only take Ave ml mi tea, and replied briefly to the objections of Mr. Bentou. and could not see trie indignity. Mr Reutou rejoined. Insisting that the mixing up of California with the slavery question, of which she had washed her hands, was au Injury to her by delaying her admission, anil an indignity iu associating her with a thing of which she had washed her hands. Mr Dayton followed strongly with the same views. Mr. King replied, urging the necessity ot soine respect for the general sentiment of the Southern Slater li these territories go over this session, the hasards of settlement will become infinitely more dangerous and nlnruiing With some words between Mr. Douglass and Mr. Poole, the former moved to lay this committee on the table, tut withdrew it. In order to hear thk rxru.iATion or MR wr.ssTsa. Mr. Webster rose, and a dead silence prevailed. There was a general anxiety to hoar him. for thera was a general suspicion that his exact standing was somewhat complex and promiscuous ; but he made It j perfectly clear lie was willing to try the experiment "f this r. UJlnilte for a compound bill, lie shonld vote for it ; but he did not desire that it should be inforred that he intended to vote for the admission of California iu connection with auy other subject whatever lie thought, however, that it was all the same, whether I lie subject was referred or not?the Benate was ftill free to decide. Messrs K noto and Hale continued the discussion on the particular version of the instructions. M r foots modified his motion, to strike out'' scheme of crmpromise" in the Instructions, and iusert " plan of adjustment.'' Mr Kenton, in reply to Mr. Webster, urged that the sending of California with these other subjects, to a committee, la a manner tied up tlie ,Senate, and committed it to the duty of confirming their report. That was the difficulty, lie could never consent to the trafficking or trading of California Into the Union. This mixing her up with slavery looked like the lntlielioii of injuries sod indignities, as penalties for her exclusion of slavery from her borders. Mr King required it; and Mr lb utou explained, that he intended nothing offi utivs. Mr. Douglass moved to lay the motion for the committee upon the table. Test vote: tyes.'Jfi. n?ee.24. Absint i~ Cooper aud dturweon. of l'a ; Dawson and Berrh n. of Ueorgia; aud Houston, of Texas. One vacancy The Northern men who voted against laying the motion on the table were. Bright aud Whitcomb. of Inj diana; Dickinson, of New York; Cass, of Michigan; | and Wi loiter, of Massarhusetta And. unless we cuust | Delaware a* a slave !*tete, Colonel Heulon was the only , Senator from a slave filale who voted for laying the j committee on the table Mr Bradbury defined his position to be In accordance with his instructions to exclude slavery from the territories and to admit California by herself. Mr Bentou gave notice of another amendment, excluding from the committee any consideration of the subjects? 1. Of slavery in the .Hates; 11 Of the slave trade between the Stale*; it. Of slavery In the arsenals, forts, and (lock yards; 4 Of slavrry In the District of Columbia. And that the committee be instructed to set upon no ' question connected with slavery, unless it shall be mentioned by name A conversation followed, on the version of Pnote's In strumous; m?r which, be to witbiiraw me in, end modified his motion ?i im simply to maka a reforfnc? of Mr. CUj'i rfwlnllonn lo l Mr Holl'i tlona to the proposed r< inmlttco of thirteen. without an* Instruction# whatever Mr Keotoa here nnrail the tlbrMalil imendnieit. and made a speech upon It. anil the w?er?l item# lo detail. ur,-u.k' n Mtl upon them 04 mMM to do a great d Nl to suppress this slavery ag'tetlon. Mr Mangum 111 u.hi they mM M reference. and appealed ratlirr Indignantly that the Senate rota thorn down Mr ("lay mnrad a niodillaatlon of the f?ur proposition# of Benton'# motion, and aaplainad It. After acme eonreraation among the Senator*, Urn Case appealed that the Senator from Kentucky withdraw tbaae abstract question*. a# hating no practical application to the object of the eoinmittea Mr Benton luatatad upon tha propriety of a rote upon the four important questions which ha had mired >lr Wrbeter here took the floor again. an<1 from the confusion Into whieh tha ?ut\joct wa# running he thought It to at. after all. to go in with the bill for the admission of California Mr Foots 'tplained that after the committee waa appointed, the Senate could go luto the California bill They would take it uu to-morrow If tb?y pleeaed Mr Buthr neid that t allfornla wa* strong enough to carry a bill for tha terrltorieia; but If California la admitted while the committee la out, what's the u*e of a committee at ail? Mr. fiaite-uh ' but that can't ha dona for a month Mr liutler Hut perbape tha committee will be altting for a month Mr font# Merer mind about that We ahell here : emrndmi-nta to keep the California bill pending We I want the moral Influence of thia committee on a general plan Mr Beulnn'* motion to egclude California from the r< manillee ' 1 llo amended III ll n ' ! Mr F.i..te waa I nited down. 'Jb te 'Jit. precieely the aame rote at the , IIrat to lay ..ti the talile Mr It eb*trr evidently waa puttied how to rote on (in* |in rto.o, btil a word from Mr Badger brought him to the mark It waa a tight choice between aye cod o. but he put In the no. and Benton'# motion waa I oat Mr tt bitromb. of Indiana, who haa heretofore bean eiuntrd half-and-hall free aoilar. went Handily on both tnala for the South with I lay I'aw. and Welxter A tar further eonvervntlow on a point of order. Mr. Halo mored the reference of Clay'# end Ml't resolution# to the Committee on Territories, aud we may aa well glre en epitome of them, to refresh the n eder'a remdlection Mr Clay '* resolution* are? 1 To admit California 2. To prorido goearnmeala fir the lerrlloriae. without a word about slavery 4 To buy the disputed territory of Tegs*. and daflue ' her boundary 4 liirlaring It laacnedlant, eaaept under tba aaeent of Maryland he . to abolleh slarerr In thle IHetrict. ft rieclartug It propor tu abolish the siare trade lu ; thia District fl l)i-i lering ll proper to proride for the reoepture of | fugitive sieves 7 1>I daring It uneonatllutlonal to Interfere with alavcry or the slave trade-be I wee n the S la tea Kr M'i rasolutlona: 1 Tor the admlaaion of California S. For gorernments for the Irrritorlaa, without a word about slavery 5 Far the purchase of the disputed territory of Teg! aa. and the daflalng bar boundary 4 I'mvidlng Aw the ediuleeiOB of two or throe in ire elera State* from Teiaa Burh are the rreolutlona which Mr Foot# proposes ! to send to tils committee of thirteen, end which Mr Hale ? motion would refer to the territorial eommittau Mr Button nuggc-tod an a<yo?mment Mr Dickinson I hope we shell not adjourn I wish to get at the deficiency bill to-morrow Mr toote I h?pe we shall not adjourn Mr. Benton I have not made tho mot in# Mr. Foots eppenled for the rommittee. Mr lllekinson said the Senator from Mlaeourl waa f< r res Miming tha constitution, and It waa about time to do It Mr. CI'men* waa opposed to refolding the resolution# n' ?*?? iprrimnni rnmmtufff, ?nu wmm ?? that It *i nlt bf |wrbap< M wall to Uy tha whola 1 ua;?aaa ayoii Ike tahla Mr llil* a met ion waa loot W to 31. Mr (mlm'a four propoaitton* of amandmrnl l"itioe up ?? n. Mr t'Uy Bornl hla naodiftaallon I l><n?rltiir It nnrnnatltilloual to lawiuiala on alatary In tho *UtM. and i I firnti'tllullntmi to l?gt?Ut* on lhi? alaro trade lalrwn tha Mat. a .1 Inr ipadlant to tatarfrra with It In tha forto, dothyard*. ha and 4. Inaip*d!*nt to aboltah It In tha Plitrtot of ft limhia * Afliraomt rrnvarantlon M*rtn Mr Ranton and Mr. rUf. th? former ?<raod to aooapt tha moiiittcatl >n <f lh? (attar, aa a ?ort of aoWiprnmUm, although tharayaaa eonatdarubla diffarana* batwaoo tha two mall ana flanton'a dlaclalnlwt tha anoatltutional |?'Mr In all tha four raaoa. and Involving tha highly important dael*|on of tho Ronata upon aaoh Rat oltlirr th? R.nton'a motion or (lay'a mdihtliog thoy in a i In d laawaa that war* ralnoia tad to arraat tha nation (f tha f. Iiaia <i|?n tha cmmlttoa, which, of oonrao: *n? thi main ety?al of Ranton. Mr t a-kad for n r-odin* of Mr Clay'* madid t allow Ituaaraod Mr t'Uy rtplainod It. Mr Ranton. fori"? potooa of proa aria* tho Waal I of .pi *'!(*lllilty and harm jnyjau^t-atod thondraata(? | RK H N Q, APRIL 14, 1850. of > ?dj )urnineot, and ftxvl night'e reel Hike euh|eet Mr. Poote?Oh! thare are a good many vk* would like Adjourn to defeat Action. Some delate followed, on motion to adjourn, byiMr. Dayton, in which Moaerv Dayton. Oaaa. Dickinson, and Hrntou. took n hand, when the s'ljouriiuirnl wee Ioct? 24 to 28. Mr Chase considered all these proceedings a waste af time, and thought It beat to lay the whole business an the talde. Mr Mangtiro made such a motion, bat on appeal withdrew it. when Mr Weheter explained that ha was not ready to rata on the serious question. Involved in the fear propositions of ltvnton and Clay Mr Clay explalued hU modifications, and moved to adjourn. Mr. Koote?Will the Senator withdraw It a moment' Mr Clay?Certain! v. Mr. Koote explalued, and appealed ft?r the committee

of thirteen. Mr Atcblaon moved to adjourn; and the Senate adtsaaeeeoaswl Such 1* the running thread of the proceeding* today. Mow for the explanation Ur Benton'* object wu* to defeat the committee ? Hie several appeal* tor California separately. and against the eommtttee. were strong and well put In ? He pleaded a* tor life and death, and at every point of the struggle lie wa? on hand, but when the exact motion wi.< Toet. he abandoned the main ieeue. and commenced hi ? ameudmeute. in which he succeeded no completely In tho entanglement of the question, that the only expedient wae au adjournment Mr. tVehetcr wae clearly puraled In tha extreme, al>out that rote to excludo or not to oxclude California front the committee. IIU"do-lrc wae Calitornla. but the conipromiee lay on the other *id*.| and he went It, but m> reluctantly, that there in no counting upon hie vote to-morrow, uuder the contingencies of dispensing with the committee which may be presented It ia till a licw thing with Mr Webster to aide with the South. It goes hard; but. thu? far. lie lute itcpt up to tile rack and is eutltlcd to the credit.nil the more from the novelty of lile position We have not much hope of this committee being reived: and If rained, not under expectation of a compromleo which will pane both bounce. If California i* to ne mixed up with the other dispute*. Should such a bill pass the Senute, the trouble will lie to get It through the llouto; or any hill, of any kind, In any chape. So fitr. therefore, from lcllcvlng that th? appointment of till* committee will nettle the i]iieetlon. we apprehend that It will amount to very little, one way or the other. Yet. a* it ran do no harm, and may do Home good, we may y?t bare the committee, although the prospect la. that the ennteet agalu*t It will lie renewed with renewed vigor to-morrow morning We have had a great deal of discussion ?the danger ha* tieeu talked away, and when the Senate rouiee to act. the real trouble fa ctlll 011 hnml. and come* up aa formidable a* rvor. The fact if. we are ju*t getting into the agitation, and Ood only knows when or how, or by what process, we are to get out. The difficulty I* by no mean* *urmounted. Ovtr Washington t'orreepondrncr. WaihiwoTo*. April 1 j. 1840 >inhtrt <\f the Commitire of Thnleen? HM of /V.lcisncie* ? The Call-in Claim?The Home an J the Cabinet From the persevering opposition of Mr. Ileiiton to Its election, the propnsod Committee of Thirteen on the slavery question was abandoued to-day, and the subject wa* lsid upon the table. From the declaration! of Mr Clay, however, whether the committee is appointed or not. there will be a motion to rombiue in oue bill? 1. The admission of California. 2 (lovernmi uts for the territories 3. The settlement of the Texa* boundary 4. Provision* for one or more slave States from the present Stale of Texaa And tilers appear* te be a clear majority In the Senate lit lav<>r of such a bill. The South Insist upon it, berausc If California I* flrst a linllted. they have ktroug reason to suspect that nethlug else will be dona. The r..- ill? ~ t> I k- - ? ...nlurlsll* reduced. The attempt to rlert th? committee Winn abandoned. Mr Dicktnaon'a bill of dollclencle* for the gorcrninml *xpcu*? a of the current year w?? taken up, with the amendment* of th? Committee of k'ltiauoe, the fir*t Wing to atriko out the appropriation of two L<W toward the wing* of tba Pateul ?? ?" Vrum Mr t>lckln*nn'* statement It appear* that tbl? Patent (>?e? via to eo.t only llOt itW. Alreedy hat* Ivan expended. mi l the wbola atruetura. according to thu plan adoplud, will coat from >000 OK) to >1200 000 Mr IHeklnaon tontnnlM that till* data of t atravaganoe* onght to ba stopped. 1 he motion to strike out waa debated by Meeere Pearr*. Iluuter. Clarke and Voote. in aupport of tba appropriation and by M-aara. Dlekinonn and Ptaalpe, in opporltiou to it; but it waa an uphill bualnea*. and at three o'clock the Senate adjowmrd orar to Monday In the Hour*. Mr. Kurt, of tha acleet com initio* on tba Ualphin rlaiui. pcrpteiad with the outcry and rumor* In tba nav>papera. and not pn??ra#od with Instruction* eon-ring ine wbola /round laid tha anbjaet Wfvra tha Itoude. and by rn*?lutlon, after a lirely di*eu>?l?n, tba < ouiur'ltoe ware /Ivan all tha powera re <jitlr< d to aift tha concern to tha bottom The temper of tha llouae appear* to ha In faeor of a thorough lamination and atrict Justice, notwithstanding the general lrapre?*ion that If Juatlca ba done, tba Secretary of War. and all rooocrned. inu?t ba ooadininej aa peculators upon the public traaaury Tba cabinet continue* In a atatc of *u*paudedanimation. They await lu tremulous anaiety tba report of tba llouaa roiumlttea. The cabinet bare lite adrautag'* of a aerial relatlon?hlp to tha member* of tha lloitta. whit b war Incline them to merey; for tha partle* of the ln?t winter, of Messrs Crawfor>l. Johnson Meredith and Co . were ear? agreeable. Indeed .Still, wa expect tbr committee anil the Hou*e to do their duty. WtiNirhia*. April i, 14M. TV CetapeatpftdM 1/ Hioip in lb .Very A lettar from the Her rat* ry of tha Mary, to tire llouae of Repraeentatlra*. furnishing a earlety of Inform.Hit n In relation to tba hemp eonaamod in tba rural aerate*. pre*. i,t< the following recapitulation of the J mount* rr*p*ctirel r of American and foreign h< nip pure ha* od aiuca l?ll:auaaiaaa wart a nurrwn tiawe. Yrart. Ten*. ( trf. tgrr. /A*, dm'I. foU. 1 "si ? t : ? |i!n 77 IN; 1 p 0 i> 1/' ? i t* rr ? I 4 ?,*?? ism 17 w 0 u Xt7i iw it: 13 | It 4T.33B 40 in* i>m it t x.m m INT P 3 ? en.tld J4 IMP y*. It t 14 5V!71 14 imp.. n 7 3 w it,lit 31 a a u mi mi ft raaatan raawr Tear*. , Tono. fW tfrr. f.h, Krai. I Ml 71 II it ? fid,.Ml PI I Ml 524 1 | It llil.OW ? teat mm a > -h M IMt u U 2 1* I.WR <tt IMA H 14 4 S 4.4M S i-a? ip; ia 1 u & itwin 1M7 oa a I Id ldp.744 ik IMC 9M 14 1 14 111.73* 4? IMP It 3 U 1.7* 73 aiiui "sat Tefal aacaat paid fur foreign trap IP W 1 Tatal A merit aa watnr-rstMd bamp SM Ml Pi Kieen paid fey fnraiga hamp la alaa yeara .. Vl".?w * Tha price* paid for foreign hemp, la different yeera. aaty from 41 to to >:ii6 par tow. aer?rdlag to the market The price* paid for Am*rloau hantp ran/a from fann to tifeo per ton Troh ol tmorosea ead fbriw* Ilea* pre fcpnl fret IV I Vp?e? Nl.ttr* KiTfrosilk nl ifMan, aa f V I7<A f. I.eftU. Ike a**aa of *|*ty te*t? of Amaeieee k*ata tarred rope of I It-14 lack, mad* af earaa Vi. IUM poaade. The mean of alatr t**ta of It<wa Rain* hretp tarre I rope of I It-14 lack, mala ?f earaa JW#, .t.MP t* TV aiean ! twaatr-foar le.t* of at. i'elerekari k*aip tarred t pe of I 13-14 la*V atad* of yara* pi, 1,'kil pn? l? TV an* of tin taa-a af Itellaa leu* tarred rap* *4 I It-14 lack, ma le af yaraa Mft. 2.30A gonad* Twt Wraarra Arreta iw aeraa Da. Raaonaa tea t?? Perot aa* Hr*ar.-ff* ar* ra<iu##ted by l?e Dtrrbf r. to nay that *lnr* thaatnU maat referred in In nwr In.t he he* flirt her |nre*tlpated the matter, at the reqneet of tha friend* of Dr f.trkman ami found that the fkrla were tbee* Dwiing the week after the dlaappearane* of |>r I'arkman llgbu were aeen by the prr-'ne rrfrrrrd to on niaotlwr of eoeuiage. in th? laboratory of Br Wahatrr at rary lata hour*; in .ma ta.tanra at about midnight; alt ?>f whlrh *u mi unuiual M to oxclta i-artloatar attention Rut noeprglare >u nerd an4 no hody an t an yraoa wa? anna in the laboratory Burlng th* following wart. aV*ath? laboratory la tha ear* of tha pot toe n#i?r? aa att.niitwa* trr^n.-ntly mall by la'tna of a >py/la**, to dlattagvl-h nt^Jrata and per?>n? within hut entlr?ly wtthent "uroaaa Nothing aonld ba bait thr < t iM thrro wrra lighta. and that latitat launchable I t? n? >ont>Uai*a aaaol to ha yawdng tw>f?c* tho a nd?w> Thr Hn'rinrnt of tha Altornry Qon?ral waa. not that tha rat* nr.- at tret eeyyoM-l aula! an lai4aii?IUt hat that It would ha MflUtla If any weight, alncr thr oty- rle w >ul?l ho ant Ihr-.utih two nt *due. ?rd lha wladowa of tha lahrwntory wara mi dirnra-d with hart and dirt uf rart -na tlwla aa to h? aawn"wSit lib" ground glane It now apprara that n<<-nrh artdrnrv la fart eitet?d ti af" alaa rr^naat?.t to atata that an thr autijart of (h- an|t|iM I to hnra ?r?rn Br tfabbtwIU tha body of Br Partmtn Hr Baarhar hnowa nothing la Ho.auI aaar -p..ha to h ai -n thr aubj.?t t?.w <11.1 ha aaar fonanlt th" |tInlhay tlrnaral with rabtiiwa to It We did not intend to Imi-ly that tt had any anai.aetl-.a with o .'?* nt; hut -unp- - I If to ha tha origin ofthoatudont Vary - Weetru Trm athi, .fynl lO ' Totat Hi ra ar Lent'*? *."- By th* f-dl .wlrvxfritn a r h.w Urbane firey.war. ad tho hi iff tent It will h?a. a that tha towa daHroyad aa r?n<.rt?-d by t?l | pre|h wai aot Lwgaaym t.n?.??|? hut l^ .|? Tnultia lu Vuratan Bataa gram t'afupaaahy ta lha ?14 alt hare been rawatred hy the ukanaar tylnatw wMt 1* a laara that au that day lufiruiati-a waa r.rnrrd at I'aaaniaahy <4 tha total .laalructlon hy In of tha town of Lawwua da Trnulaoa Tha at .roe of liltliifoi b i a and Praalat (laul h On ware the oaljr btill.lmga remaining at.hartard ThU "aiamitowa oa"i,ir? o.-. rauaad murh dtatra.a ar..- ( lha nof-.rtnoat i ha> Itau'a, who wag* d -yrtr*4 of aU AtUrf ERA] Remlff ike Hm. U??W Wekeiet to ike I < *? Addrne. VtmiauriH. April #, 1HM t I fi i ntln?ia ?It would be la fell thet I ahould et tempt to ripme tbe irelllretion which I ber? derived from pour letter of the tKh ultimo Thet gratification artee*. not ouly from IW manifestation of pereoual [ regard and oouildcoee. but eapecially. from tbe eri- , d<-nce which it afford*, that my public conduct, la j regard to important pending queatlona, la not alto- | ] netiu r dlaapprored by the people of Maaaaehuaette j Such a let tea, with auch name*. weurw ine. that I ] i hare not erred in judging of the eauaea of eaiatiug , ; diceoutenia, or their proper remedy ; and rnoouragee me to uerverere in that ouurte which my deepeat ronrlctlon* of duty hare led me to adopt The country need* pacification ; it need* the rectoratlon of | mutual respect and harmony, between the people In { one part of the Union and those In another. And. iu j my judgment, there is no sufficient cuuae for the eon- , tiuuauce of the eaUtiug alicnution between the North , end the South. If we will look at thing* justly an I ; calmly, there arc no essential difference*, either of , interest or opinion, which are irreconclleable. or iuc i- , pahle of adjustment. So far aa the question of slavery. ) or no slavery, applies to the newly-acquired terrlto- | rice, there le, in my judgment, no real and practical t point of importance in dispute. There is nut, aud there f cannot he. alarery. a* I firmly beliere. either in Call- ( fovnia. New Mealco. or Deaerel. And K till* b-so. t why continue the controversy on a mere ab-tractlon ' , 1 The other disturbing questions respect the restoration of fugitive sltTM, ami slavery in the District of Columbia; and 1 know uu reason why juat ami fair I ine^urea. all within the undoubted limits ami reqiilal| tlona of the constitution, might not bo adopted, wliich should give. on theao subjects, general satisfaction At any rate, we should make the attempt, because. so long ua there dbutensioua roullnue. they embarrass the I government, interrupt the quiet of the people, and j slarut tlicir fears, and render It highly improbable that ! Important acta of logi-lation alf"ctipg great objects | and lu whiclr the whole country ia deeply interested , run be accomplished Indeed, the ordinary op rations, i essential lo the existence of the government, and Ita ! daily administration, meet with checks aud hindrances, ! hitherto altogether unprecedented We must return ! to our old feelings of conciliation and regard we must ( ' refresh ourselves at thoae pure fountains of mutual I esteem, common patriotism and fraternal eotilijeuoe, i whites' beneficent and healing waters so copiously over' flowesi the laud through I he struggle of the revolution, j aud in the early years of tlie government. Tint day bus come when we should open our ears, and our j hearts to the advice of the great father of his country " It ia of infinite moment." said he. " that you should i properly estimate the immense value of your national I'nioli. to your collective and individual happiness | that you should cherish a cordial, habitual and iinI movable attachment to It; accustoming yourselves to I think aud of it as of the palladium of your ! political safety and prosperity; watching for its preservation with jealous anxiety: discountenancing ; whatever may surge-t ereti a suspicion that it ran in i any event, la. abandoned; and indignantly frowning upon the ?r*t dawning of erery attempt to ajleuate any portion of our country from the rest, or lo eufooble the sacred ties whieb now link together the various parts." Notwithstanding what may occasionally appear nil the -ui'face. the American mind is deeply imbued with the spirit of tills advice. The people, when serious | danger threatens. ?ill. In my opinion, ttand fast liy their government. 1 bey will suffer no linpairiuuf it M j foundation-no overthrow of itscoluiuua nodisorgiwii trillion of Its structure The Bain ma i tlm i mi-iuO . tiun are to stand; aud what we have to do. ia. so to : administer the gorernuient. that ull ineu shall be niaja more aud more sensible of its beneflrout operation* ] und Its luestfmabb' value. I It is not inappropriate that 1 should accompany : this answer to your loiter, by the ropy of a re it , r<a respoiidence lietwren the tloli llugli N .Smith. ( I d> legate from Ntw Meilco, now iu this city, and my- | t telf u I burn tbr linuor to be gentlcuion with profound p j ri?i>ol your obliged f.llowcitli-'li and obedient hum- 1 , Ue i-ervsut, DANIEL > RUvtry In \rw Nlealco. Wmiiiu<(*>, \pril I, ISM. I To tmi Hon. Huotl N Smith. DitrntTl raoM Ni* M> tiro : ? Dear Mir I leer.- to pr??Ttt you with a ropy o| ruy speech !< lircred in the ( milt on the 7th of Warrh last and to draw your attention to the remark* turn!* by mo on that urea-Ion. upon tho general character of the country of Now Mi-xlro. and It* adaption to ?li?a labor Vou bu?* boon a rnlilrut iu tha country far several yfar* and. aa I liava understood you to say. hart Imrtnal It from cud to and You aro a native of one of the slave States of this t'nlon. and of course acquainted with tha u-ust coat of clave labor, and tha mode* of cultivation to which it may be profitably applUJ You arc. therefore. I am cure qulta competent . to rtpreaa an opinion on the pninu that I have suggested cneh a* ahull lie -at I-factory I will lie obliged to yam. alao to at rte what the fact la. ut the prisent time, respecting tha riUcae-i of atavcry In New Metlco and whether tha eilstlug law* and constitution of tha eonntry allow It. ( have tha honor to be. IMy dear air, your obedient servant, DANIEL WilMTKK WaemsuTov. April 9tb 1*60 To no llaa. Dssiei. Wi a?r?;a. : or imk L'aivaa Mvaria Mrssra:? Dear Mir 1 bate the lionnr to arknowledgc tha reoeipt of your letter of th? Ath liKt . and reply to It with i arret pleacure New .Meaieo ii an r*c?edingly mountaneons country. Mante Ke It-elf h-iag twice as hl|(h as ! tha h'qheat point of the Alleglianiea. and nearly all the ! la lid. capable of cultivation i- of quel height th-uih a'-meofthe valrya have lees altitude above I he The eouutry Is cold It* general arrlenltural prodneis are w h- at aud corn and ?urh v. ? ( able* as grow in lite Northern Mtalee of this linlon. It is entirely tin?ulte.t for-lave lab.*- Labor Is cvrecllnglv abuadant and rheap It may be hired for three or four dollars a . month iu quantity quite sufficient for carrying on all the sgrlrultuva of the trrrltorv There la no cultivation raeept by Irrigation, and there Is uot a sufficiency of water to Irrigate alt the land. Astnthe evict>11 or at present of slavery In New Meaieo, It le the general un ler*tandlng that It has hewn altogether al? llclo-d by the laws of M?sloo , hut ' we have no esdabllched tribunal* which have pro. Bounce*]. aa yet. wluet the law of the land In thla respect la It la nuiversaily considered, however, that the territory D altogether a free territory I know of no persons In the country who are treated aa -lares, raeept such as may be eerranta to gentlemen visiting or peising Ihrnngh the country I may add that the strongest feeling against slavery universally pewval ts through the ubole territory, and I Sitpp.iae it qulta Ittipoaelhlr to eonrey It there and lualutaiu it by auy means whatever I have the honor to be. with regard. your obedient -errant. III'llff ,N SMITH Poller Intelligence. | .frresf a/ on OU f'estaie TSirt tin Wednesday ltd. i -ffieese I'attsrson and t'alrow. two of the Chief"* especial aids, arrested a Duteh woman railed Mary l.uti alias Muratmnli Italns on a charge of stealing from tha pre. mlsss. \n 13 Plflh avenue a gold watch, three -oil chains a small bijou. In the form ot an ac ,rn wl'.lt other jew. Iry lbs property of Mi-s Smith On the officer searching the prisoner he found eone -aled a porti a i?f the jewelry which waa identified by Wlea pmlth ae a portion of that stolen Moma sta months ago the above offieera arrested this woman and her bit-hand on a charge of stealing The Woman had ' e?nr<els-d eb ot h.r person inposksSs made In her pettirnuta. eonsljerable property stolen from n honse in ( bamtare strest and on her hnshand a gold wa'eh Waa found Lutl was tried convicted and? it l? Hie Plat* prison and his wifs was -cntene-I for -Ii months on MlerkwcH's Island An-I now It -e-ms st thv eaplration of her term u( Imprieoaiaent she la prosecuting h. r old business of stealing The officers observed her In Warren and Chambers streets visit eeverwl kSDsea. hot apparently, with ovt stealing anything At last, she entered the llr.mdway Hotel, c irner of Perk place llere she remained nearly an hour np -lairs and tha officers her .suing I inpatient of waiting for ber to eotne outwent up st aire, and found h.r in the fourth it vj ruuaaeklng the rooms, in -saeeh .< valuable* to carry away The officers took h-r Into 1 custody, and conveyed her before the Chief of I'otlee; end on eearehlng her person the property strive et- I Itsded to was Poind The Chtef committed her to prison U for trial. u I fn.keocst tt'e.ler One of the black Waiters at lh- ( livine Hones railed Itt.ti,.r1 Willi,,m- wis . re-tel W protrrdap hp offppr Mrown. and p-mrrppd tw'aro tha n lil? f of Polipo. on a tharffp of itmlln* a pit'd lh? ' propprlr of ri^lotiriKir i<mlth of Virginia It- >i Pnillh IIonii put np *1 th? hot at and th# o4M<4 waa l< taken Tr< u hia p>tM hj Ik' twaipl Mr .Smith l< pallrd Vcatprdap f'<r California. andthr nr<To wa? t 'TH | ?' milli a |a prhrni In inivt (Np 'liaft* r * K,J4*4 m |V h'irt /' ...?? t a >tpin K ?! h ll'ftn ma trrntol pi -tir-dar bj lh? p>ll.s of lb* pi fflath ward oa rhart'- "f rr-hk'n.? Patrl-k t'onnrll h r.-.i.trnt of "ti? an lniP'"llr Pli? <>f a atlncr hunting f vatrh ?a|u< <1 al H? whllr on a ?i?ll to thp I Polnta, ? In aptrrli of th* llama" in that rlrlnltp Th? Woman h w pannHtol hp H'iotiM to prt?on for trial a I l?rf# nf Pp),.i( A ib?n bp tlia nam* of riia'ha a A ft right wna arraatwd poatrrdlp. and dataln-nl hp tho " MMptatratn on a chargr <f |H?'| I I' Hr/me Vmwi^arl At thr w ?l? h f-tom W.. I ft n.iilap morning among th-crowd of loafrfi an.l drunk- 1 npita. am two itppant |.<ohing anon who ??r? ;ht ' In hp o?pir Baatinonil of thp Third want on a ?horgo r of loin* IntotlraUd and dt?ordrrlp In tha itrw? t r*- j ai..?lof ?'cn? anil kicking orrr h..*.-? t T!i A of Mr I'halon thr Iwr'-ar ?a? romotml fr mi lkr< ?1 a *a* and thrown down an ar.-a In I>pp .|rr?i The do.- a nrd#rlp g?nil. man ga?? th<*lr n-.m-a a? John TknM-.?ia 1 and (?...r*p MpwHoii-p thr f'WWirr W?a a fnun* IIUt>- 1 honrMark and aatd hp roM>d at Mo l-M thr litter j a rr-idiil at Mo 3.1 Boar ilro-t Th? < fl- to-*; thorn ? Into rn*|odp at two oVInck In lh? mm nln* a* I pan , ? r. ?pit thpin to tho alatlon honor wborn th- p worp .|r - I tainod until Ihp time nrrli rd la thr wwn'nt t-i (htn*?* 1 Ihi m baforp thppowrt Thp tn?-t??rata h< Id th .<n both j \ to hall in Ihr (wnt of PM? pooh ft lltplr fwtarn g> . I ( m ndnrt ( faMpip at (V kfanW All old t .i*o.m?r Pilling h.piprIf John (! Sm.lh *?i i-taplil lip oMo *r Worn! .,7 i thr Third want In tha art nf at aling a f .iltaa On Italn 1 Iff prop, rip valued at ? halm -tng I Jovuh 0 ' "Ppl'm M thr HiilUil htat*-. tidal Ttia aorvard nm. on honrd th* at r?h i at lino M.wtou i.irt I a aha arrived picked up tha talk* and ma. I a off. ?Vn h# wn* eteppod hp the otB'Pf Jmt.- - Mmti'-rl " * ffdVl l i to pru ii lor tri?t .D. TWO CENTS. 1 ?? - 1 -"" - T gyrt.1 Court. Before Chief Justice I laid A/ xmon m tmn.i-ri.m-bvnnktt r*. uauT-tai jvhok's ihat.qk?vhroict or tub TORT. iiirH it*t Ar.iL 13 ?On the opening of the Court thie MM* ng.the Judge commenced by remarking that ling* are said aud done to divert the attention of uriea from the main consideration* of the cause a. uteue All parties atand on e?jual footing in a eourt of I untie** This cane U Tory extraordinary; indeed, to bad seldom mmh one ntore extraordinary iu it* general aspect it preeeut# a charge againet the defeadaai of an aggravated character-that he Set on feot a plan to ruin this girl, aud enticed her into hi* eer?icea fur (hat purpose. which baring heen ulfeoted. to then set <>u f-ett a design to deetroy her teelimony bjr Inducing her to make talse oath*, iu order to deprlvw ber evidence of weight if u?.*d iigaiunt him Oa the other aide, the defundant represents that it I. a eonipiracy ugaiiist him got up through the agmov of the ttnilliH. hi* former partners, with whom ha has had lotnu controversy. The rliurgo aud the dcfeuce nrw? ent a case of a rery extraordinary charaoter Tuey and the girl, apparently intelligent telling her story, n the main aspect consistent, that shn had lieen. up o the time of her connection with the defendant, a haste girl, and detailing a long traiu of circum -taueea alculuted to impress themselves strongly ou tto nind On tho other hand from tlx* lestitn my ot the l< ft n*lant it up pears that site was a girl of etrlj loa*? labits. and Utterly lost to all sense of deceuuy ia bur ooduct and ill her language . and. if we believe he testimony of .Mrs ingle, she is aUo a thicl. 'he jury would mm the character of the evidence, jid it would be necessary to apply to it a strict rnitiny. lie would de?*-ri)>e to lln-m thn uat-jre f tins action. A suit of this kind is o lutaaaiy ailed an action for ecduotiou There is no sack ctloii knowing In tlie Inw II It I'llio mi.Ii>.'lUQa >1 a nlher to have a ilnlighter who U light in Her conduct, here I* 110 i|uc.tioo of parent mid child, but the .juee>>u I* then U thin defendant the fulhnr of tUevU'll of ihlch the girl ? *? prorrd to ho delivered. The wool to * the only perMiu who r?u toll who l> the father of hvr hlld It U important hero ui in every ca.o, to reitenibcr that when a plaintiff comet Into court It In bin luty to eatablUb the whole matter Hll*g"d, and If thn ury find that ho ha* lint done mo. ttiejr are biuud to in' the ih f. ii.|hnt the benefit S"?. kcayi.iy that tile in mini! were the) Mitlsfiel that'l int hvl an iilitnucy with the girl anil that he in thn father of I ho hllii. if *o tin y wouhl find for the plaiiilitT; but if tliuy rerr in ilouht they wouhl loare the mntter wh*roth?y ounil it. ami the defeudllllt wouhl bn cutitlod to their erdlct I n eaaee of thit kluit. the woman ia aim wt he only wltni ka. liecnune imeh net* urn not in ittnra of .uiilieoty ; ami if *li? in not t'r lie nonfilled in. ill ninetyline cu.c* out of one bundled. there would be uo edrr.*; hut when the rrhlonne goe? to iletell nmh ramarlion* an were here detailed. they would nea the icct auiiy of applying the greeted aeruiiuy to til i girt'e tcry to < <* whether it i? ennaietent or e intra t ot try. 'he learned judge here outline of llathvine Kunuctt'a evidence. If her etory be true ii uanifeally preeent* a ea#e of v.-ry great egg r;?? at Ion tint t la ilitfi. oil to believe ttint a married man aVvitit dan deliberately the reduction of a f? uale and then exort to ui. *n* to deetroy the strength of tier tcilim my; heretore thn evidence doe* preaeul a rave difficult to be >eli? red. and it ought to tie supported by *l rony olrlumetanrce Thn girl'* manner a*lnitisHed liiui (the mtge) ; in the coureo of her rdiminution alia declared irciiut-luunc. calculated to>y li*r testimony, tlcll a* confe.?ing I hat ?lie hud ? licr-wlf to be * narrii d wouinn ; ami if *lie wn a married woman no ctlcu would lie hem Who tnhl Iilmheedn that ?ha a* married uu.l .ulMu.iuoiitly. with reference to tha oiitrover-y with the .Sniltlia. die *li?t. il III it llagley dd her lie had inenlioiied to hi* attorney that ah* a* a married woman It .truck the judge that tinea a* a point to determine, if llagl -y hud aenl her to inihrede he Qiuat have knowu (lie name wa* Lewij : In n why eon'ull her at Ih* lawyer'* nlttne. ?< to what ame rhe rhnuld take It i* by looking ettlieleiti louy in nil ll-> minute rirrum-mnr.x mat in.-/ wouia ? rmUnl to hi; bow .taud*. the matter Tht* vi-ry mporl*ul m t ?>f .winring .he w** married to Captain ,??b. i< tin-1 urtiiug point of lit* whoU rue If it waa lot n fnrt. -hi' .land- ult-rly ln?"rurat* with regard tn rutli and though h* *w ii"i prepared to any that n judgment of lnw ? por.ou Inking n fal.e oath in tier mrh airrtttn "tirrci. la to be rejnetrd by i jury. yet nill ?i tb? rlrruro-lnnno* nra f*i If aa'i.unti'il for. no jury would bo jn.-tlflid in ImUavia* him or no umn or woman in th* mminunlty would m free from iui b attark* Th* plnlnliff nil"*** that hi? :i9l<biiU wua a limliu of Itagley iuord-rta dierpiilt lo r testimony and on I tin part of th" Irf-uJank t U .aid to be ?n ap.dirnt of her own to nif?f ep o r ihanie Mb* *W"*r* that Itagley *?ld if aha did noi 0 algu hrr nam*. In* ?"ui I do nothing for hor If bat fact Imi i -iaOH-lo t to tbr lifillng of Dip Jury, ha olfpr* a ria~ni for lb" ponltton aba a**uoi?d arid In d they wouid any whether a faiaa oath takan und?r nrh etmminaiance* .houbl It nr an far aa to tenlv* bur of all rredibllily hut in ordnr to nika Sugh-T re. pun dbie reapecting tha adhUvlt. LUay ahantd aaitiin* how far he knew th* fart of the being maiw rb d ski' Diadn tin ?p dm laral i on of bar marring* t* Hr. * Inihiide and to per.on. in Mr llealey'* ratabilalluiflnl, Ibt-ra ii aoiui thing about it rio|uiri<a riolanal in-i Ski ?*yaIliatltatfley want".I an allrrati 01 iu lb* aft! Writ, Mb thia hh? ia -upportt-d hy Ib? attorney for lh" dnf.-iwiant; .he went bark to th? o(9m it ?n rioworn. Tha Judge tbrn r*ftTT*d to tli* Inatimony of Knttar au I Wood and aaid tli* jury would giro tn It tha wntghl Unit it di nianda The girl waa a?kad a* to hor o >n lurk, ind ah* drnlad thoa* art? of Inilaranay aw irn to by Xher wllnr?.i. If aba ) takrn 10 b* oraiiibio. a* nan ran doubt that thia a raw of aggraratrd anditalion; but thry ar* to look at all tho nlrruin*t*iinaa ind ar* what waa to eoreohoret* Ilia caani faoti of .he tea* Tbay bad on tb* othrr hand, a atrong lata if nldnia* eon t r* diet iug tli* alory l??l.| by tba gtrf; In-* kml tb* nuaaarom Inatanoaa of llb*rtla* taken rttli her and art* and language of In* awn which If ru? pro** that ah* an lo*t tn all ?*n>* of daranrjr ,iid utt?rly abandoned. .bowing. not alnna tba lail*-nry of her peraonal deportment but hrr eihibilioa f na pit-tun* ahowinilhat .he wa* not alon* atarly abandoned, bul In hrr mind It will be nportant to enquire tlm* th.a* tr?n?*oth>n* ooh plar*; II oiler thn alleged ardurtlon Ihry mlgtab * ih* raiiMi* of tbal art. though thry wnra of an grab nature a. rould not bn **ru Vookad for aa tha euemurtirra of her aednrtlon If bofnrii th? **duntlon II int only imp.arli". hrr moral mn.luat, but uttawiy db tr-.ya n?r regard for r.raelty l.yn.-b la a very I abort, n I wltne*. not ouly aa to tha rhararlrr of tbb irl but a. to tb* obarrralion* of Ih. father with rear d to Ba.ib y If* *tat*a .om? **ry gro.a aota and mgainge of the girl Tb* Ju-lg* h*r* apok* of tbb lai.nrr of Imp.writing wltn*--ea, whlrh ronld orb * doa* ly Ii dividual art* kn-iwn to a grraoa n thr lut by Ih. grnnral imprrwalon of tbb 1 m in unit r r~pr? ling hint a* to hla gnnrral rayt tlon ThU rulal.o appll** to Ih* atttaaka upon It* g. ni ral r< pulation of I alharln* Kuifn*tt fhr rutb and vrraclty Sli* an a-k> d a* to h*r trati iary with any otb.r fwanai mora particularly 'lib Manning and Van llrnnt. wbir-h ah* doblbb; ' dif.ndant hti d aa that .Ii* had thrn It gobb galnat h.-r rr-'dib'ltt r Th* Judg* hrr* r-f*rrad n Manning', tixtlutouy II* i|"*liu*<l to nnaw*r tbw tor* dlrart jU' -li nja and lh* t'ourt would not r unpad lim to ilo ao II* wa* tb*n a*k*d In anothrr form and >r .aid ha kua*w a matt othrr than llagh-y to bar* had rimin*l Inttmary with t'nlharln* Rimnrtt If thwy rrrw n-d -ati.firrl with a raaaonabla flrrlainty that Mr. Ikglry waa III* fat hrr of th* rhlld h* waa rntUlwal tn MrtirdM and tbry warn Mun I to Itnd *rr Jiot In da fhmr but If th-y rorn* a *onl*nry eonrlnaloft, to y would n< *t rim# t? a ooe^lon of damagra Thn ?ly dlrrrt injur* to lb* fat bnr La tb* lo?a of th* ehdd luring hrr I !l n? -aa tn I lh* r*pnn<* of It. whlrh arm* >ry trifling, but Ih* law In lla amiaty In peoti-rt pubic in 'a!, prrmita a Jur* to go furthrr and th*y Kara right to |.> t to th- injury to th* rhlld and tli* Ian* of ?r rrpulat). a In r.tlmaling th* damag**, thry ii uld look to tb* c1 r*aniWan-*a of tb* tmrtlw* Mr sinorn t?...k an **r*ptton to IhU part of th* wtga'a rharg. whi t* h* aa|<| th* jury might gir* ftirhi r *a nt|i*n*wlloti than for lb* l m* of *rr*l*a* Tb* jury af\*r an ihwtir* of about two bunra and b alf brought in a ??r.tWt for th" plaintiff yi MMdairgrw ti?fi-ndant'a rotin.*l waa unli r-tood to a ay that bn kl-nd* making a ra** for* n?wtrial 1 nltrd Htnten ( ?mmlml*nrr"i (Mtrr. H.,for* Rlrhard K ntdwitl Kag Aran. II I>. nnl. Uray and ffdaar l I'agan wora n ught hrf.ira th* t'obrailwalnbar fw ritninatioa, ndwg iIm aileprd rbarg* of baring dalaa f an Th-anw u.'him M . rrraign. on board Ihr pnrkrt ahln fn?r*b"? wbil* on hrr pn**ngr to tbia port Mr WlC ion lllankman and Mr rtummrr. pnwtnrrd aai lanra. n th? part of romj laioaat. t<> -bow tbal on tbr iu >m tg ( f tbr ?7th Mar.b hr waa waked tip by kagan. H* w.wti and 4 n?o*k hy hi* rummaging un.lar hi* pit >w hr bait hia money W b*n romptainant gat p betW|."n J ml t o'etorh h* fmnd hi* lothen an'?.l hi* liwrtb and thw m< n*r go** fin. bdant* .;~t't In tb* una V rtl* and kagan waa np nrlirr than r ual kagan told *r**rnt pwraona on i-ord tha *'.a?l at dlflarrnt tlmwa praelnn* to tha i4.b r*. I hat h* had only two ao*wrrigna and that b* imld b" hvd-np ahrn l?* nirlred In Naw York Oa la *rr.M b* dmlrd to th* i'ffl"i ra having nny mon*y bint him ?nd when h* w*a amar had I* < ?#*?igoa an found on him II* th"n drnietl having nny aao-a. * avnin *! **"hvd *nd four ativrr.ign* mor* war* -at. i onrt ?f <ttn?ral RrM|sn?. l.frfn th. Knnt.rl.-r m l AlHora-n Urim.i l?l r?n?|# trail II . Io.1l/rmot ! ( ommrl okopr aa rlrtilrUr I IT " i ; man M1|H JnhnllKr! waa |>ut on Irlal r ! -gad rttb alt. ui| linn l? Tintata ik, fnr-.n of a Hill- *?t bntit 11 jraua Tha criminal aa?* ill ?? all s** ? h?T<- br. 0 < ontmtttod on tli? ."Wth of Jan iaff ln?t I ?| f -nni I hi l4Milnmy of lb? IIUI' ill* lb* hf ll?rtl wlih h?r m ilhw. illhTi"""*' Mlanrk?r itid hullitaa trf?-w, thai i-n Ibn "?aalng ?f th?JJ<h fJintary, aha ami la Mr har?? a hakncy. vhinh la a Ml*?, knr -U?.t a blank and h?lf diaUM fr.a h?r ?*iar, nb.n ah ami ' ? th<* jrlannar (a at i#l f-llsa, lb f ?ar? .A %e i I * I. .1 I of >-' f "* 1 h " lomn a flit hi of atair* lain lha nrllar ah -r? HI al^ I' ?i|?l I a ? '.lit "ti of H< r | **?? Th.-ft-?al il'.anl vm i mall irlrt <*?* fof * * Tl* '' i .an all i aa. aall~l bt lb' mitlbrt ad tha ah Id Inatl Urd thai I.M l.illa palianf had h~a aaaf aaaah ah it ? Th# it> fall* at- III ' for puWmallna ? >'< ?? a aa rum l. -l and at ntanaad l? twa yaara hn??aaa an at In kh? Makr priroio Tho ah -th nf ?a ^rthqaafea vaa Ml at I.oalaTdla kj ' ;j " .k. .. jl-' J t?A "ib '.i ! M

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