Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1850 Page 2
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Item ifls a 46s M for gwod to fine ardiuarT ; In other I descriptions no tnowrlion* have occurred and prices A l>nt bt considered nominal The continental advl a arc discouraging scarcely anything doing in any I the naar porta Thel'os* market ha* been further depressed by eontinned large arrival* of foreign wheat flour and oata, and price * of wheat have declined 2e per quarter We I quote good I nlted State* and Canadian wheat d4s. a 3fl? per quartir and flour IN*. a 21a. 6d per barrel. Indian com la 1* dearer : a email rargo of tialata arrived "fl the coast ha* been taken for Irelaud at 28i t 6<l per quarter t'oTTea On arrival of the advices per Niagara a steamer. there van an active demand, and pricea of b American sorts advanred \d a Md. per pound; "mi l. Orleans" la now quoted at Liverpool o\d par pound, J hot the market lin* *inre assumed a quieter appeara nee I h- sale* v it h us bnve consisted of 7 S0<> bales i Jurat, from 4l4d. a 4>?d., and 280 bales Madras 4 ,d a t V d ; Unto*. t* At the various public sales y??t?r l tv considerable progress was mado in realizing, bat mostly at rather reduced rates; good to tine yellow hark brought Us 7d. a 6s lud.; gamboge, very good quality. AH Ills a A'2; castor oil. 4d. for very d irk up i' .>1 lur line; iriim ar . i.'s : pam anittii 1 being rtarcc l>r< light up to X8 k. fid. for only middtii * 11 ing 3o? dean r Ll'l-on fai>?pariUa in roll* ] was bought in at Is ('<1 a 1*. I'd., or about 3d above it* value. Jamaica rolling reality at la. lOd. for felr ; vermilion dull at 4s. CI; rutch.'21i.; gambler. 11* a 1 lb? Cd.: camphor. buyer* at 70*. a 72*. fid.. lu-ld firmly at 7.'-* gum trngaranth I* much wanted, ordlaary M-rl* fi lling of XK 5* a X8 15*.; cream ?>f tartar, fio* a iJh* ; grrv. 6"f. a l?s*.; brown. 62* a Ma., argol. Bologun. 48f ; red, do*.; Turkey opium, It*, a 14*. fid.; j ?*tiicKc llvi-r. 4*. Him- ? Ft I'ctcraburg clean ?31 10* ; out-hot. X29; Manilla. X31 H u X32; jute. X10 a Xl? I llir-is.?33 914 Kaat India kipa wi-rc offered at auction yesterday, when 23 691 were rcallaed; the demand wa- liuiitrd. and on mbbUing and low qualitica a decline ot lad a lad per lb. wa? submitted to. Ianioo continue* in furor, and about 300 rliest* hare again changed hand* at 2d advance on the currcney ?t February P il.'14 che?t* are now declared for the enening Mny fi le*, Including riI- >ut 2.sno cheat* of the < >n w crop. The shipment* A?om Calcutta to 8lb March were?to Ortat Britain. K. 41b ohtsts. France, U.373 cheat*; 41-H rln -o I. I lilted Stale*, and 27(1 to the ; biulpli*; a total <d' 102 678 mound* The Ikon market i* hea\y and maker* are more disputed to make rule*, at X I 16.-. for bir*. and X5 for rail*, bi-th fru- on l oanl In H ale* ; Scotch pig dull, at 42* a4..f on the Clyde For Swede* there i* more inqciry and XI1 lOt.'i* freely offered for early arrival* of goi d fl*e*. I liom - JV. i in ?;ib ? of 1 :il el -pliant*' teeth, from ( Bi nit-nv. at X'22 6* a X2'J 6*. for teeth averaging from 'J6 to 76 lb* I I.**r ?There i* !* * Inquiry for export, but our last , quotation* are firmly maintained l.i**f > n t'uvj are lower ; tevcral eargoe* of square * Maiseilli - have been sold at X'.'i 2* (id afloat, and 600 | tojjf N.w Orleans at X6 7* fid. delivered: best New York still held at XT : London-made, Xrt '?* fid. a Xfi I On* Hp< tm maintain* It* price of ?82 a ?83. In j ommou ti:li little paving, au-i i|Ui'tution* unaltered ; (dive very -lull and (ialllpoll dilfieult of sale, iu quau- ' thy at X44 ; Unseed inorea off alowly, at 31*. Pd. per j wt . Kh Ale ut 20.000 bag* Ka*t India have changed band* at ii reduction of 3d a fid perewt.; low to mid white Bengal. 8s. I'd a Of ; ord and low Madras. 7*. a ( h* per cwl FaivrrTKi I* heavy, anil part only of 0 (MK) bag* at t auction 1 or found buyer* from 26*. a 2fi*. (Id. for Ben. v ysl being al-out fid. lower; nitrate aoda. 16*. a 16* 3-1. Srri Ttu.?60 ton* yesterday were aold at ?166*.at " Urhli h tin re are b w buyer*.* rn sr? j.? rnlly are tlull. and cheaper; we notice S Mle? of :too bags Pimento. from 5\d a &V1 ; <xk> Ur? pepper. Malabar. ii.Vid.; Sumatra, 3'> J ; 1.000 boxes rasaia ligtiea. 75a a 83a.; 60 ctnei nutmeg*. I 5la 4?l a 11<I ; ?4 casi ? mace. > id a 'As. 8d.; aud r ICO bags Bourbon (IvTM. 7d a 7's'l. per lb. 8i o*a.?There baa been a fiir ilematol for the trade I this week, alio have taken ...VlO Uhds. West Iaiiia. and F about .'rf> H o bags of Bengal and Mauritius at steady rates, with 1.WHI hlols. I'orto Itlco from 3>*>* fid. a 42* ; ' 1.CC0 baskets. H.iXin bags white .lat a, have been sold fur jj refining at 30s UJ a 4'2s In foreign descriptions for . export. the trun-arttors consist of four small cargoes ' wh.te Ilutana at Ills.. HI* I'd. .'(Us and 33*. 3d! re- n ?p?etivrly; 2,f"l basket* Java at AUs. ; 1.000 bores ycllaw Havana, lo* 3d a IP*. t?|.; aud a cargo of 1,06ft bov?s at 2< ? 7S d . afloat for Mediterranean ; 700 boxes w white aud GOO bores yellow at auction have been taken j( hi The ads ires from the continental port* offer uethiug of Interist M Tsiio* ?Quotation* remain eaactly as la-t post. with only a moderate Inquiry. Ts* ? Public sales have been held of 14.000 pack- " ages, of which 5 000 have found buyers at rattier lower n rates. Tin - British has been in rather more request at the n lute reduction There Is no demand for Ka?t ludia. j] ml quotation* are quite nominal. Tin Plate*. 1 C. Coke A7*.; 1. C. Charcoal 32*. per l*>r " In Toasi <o the tran-artioTis have been quit# lusig- it nlfeant; holders remain extremely firm Ti kr? sum:.?Two parerLs of Kougli sold at fi*. TQ'd. ' nd fs holders now ask 7s. fpirit*. American. in ftls fid. per cwt. In cask*. ,M H msi i so> i ?He quote both North West ami !*outh rn A' a A'I70 per ton. with rut her an upward ten- <*' deney in II i oi. Tlie neat serie* of pnblir sales of Colonial . W III rotlllusnee ?4 Ills at tuvilus Al'eul T ?D Unlet r have arrived. Ill Me ssi *. Jatkion A t o'a. 1,1 vrrpetol Ctrenlnr. ? Livrarooi.. A t r?1 1'.' I r) The inrr n-i i demand for antton. which wc advieed I tn enr rlr> ulnr ti c tilth inatant. haa been well initio- I " tallied throughout the paat week. In the lot-real 1 <1 which elap*ed up to the arrival of thv "Minm. 'M i . the tu< nitog of the 10th. great a: en dine** prevailed. " holder* i tiered their ilorki moderately. and price* had '1 hardening trtidrney; the aab-a of the three il iyi were eat imated n? a7 mm bale*. of which exporter* took 'J "00, and apeenlator* 4 (**) The intelligence hy the Meant- 5 er of the rapid falling off In the receipt* with the p affect produced in tlx- Am* rleau market*. ritt>< 1 rout* exc.ti rneiit here flatly in the day. come aalc* were | 11 eff. l-ted In the niiddltng qualities at a '?d per lb p Inehir, hat thl* advance *i -inewhat checked opera- | tion*. and ii? the Uav proceeded. eott< n w?- freely i " offered at n general advance of only i?d per lh It I v bring the Mani hc*li r market day. when tie'trade ara | not usually in large attendance |i. re the bu>lw'M wo ; * rotrtcti d to T W btW- 'aa half lo "peculator*. On si Tt edneeday the dcftiiind wa* more axteuatve. hut the j supply very abundant; tLe *a!e* were reported .'ttjli)i**? twice. A WW ol which w ere taken by con-um< r* Ou . '' Thursday th< re w na lc * animation and the tran?ac- n tier* were limited to fi.-ViO bulc*. I.MO of which wcra to . , ap< ei.iui. i* aiel rvp. rt. r* 1 he n c? nt vcrj large importation* MOdi hate*. In j t| the w?ek ending I'itli ln*tant. and a eonatderaete tin- I . port alto during the pa?t amounting to 4VJ??) ] 1 hair*, havi aff'-r ted n tery liberal unpply on the ni ir- ! t! ket The trade hate availed th-maehe* of thle itdvan . . tag* and. with the exception of one wri k In January lavt have taken larger 'quantity of cotton than at 1 I any "tin r lalloff thl* year. I _ In the IIasrheaur market, the new* per Niagara yr< due* d a gr> ater degree of excitement than ? < ex- I * fierieectd In thl# I'revb n* to the arrival of the 1 ( atcano r. a8wf dwt amount of hu*ine** w?* doing, aud With lnrr? a-lng t nltdeoee tin the receipt of tne ad- v Wteea ftom the Initcd t*tatr*. *ptuner* and uinnufir- I turrr* ibmai'lvd hit hi r rale*. It l-iu g *t and , y*rti?. la tlx- f rmi t mi adtanr* of li.<| to -11 |?? r 1 |lrrr >c < Utimil li. II. rr>ar?? ! '?rription* of yarn >>l . ami ii< tli* fui <j?j*Utirs ' J In ,<! par lt> At . Hh UratH pmjhiw n> arrmllr wMwHI whwlmt, I aad fiklMli <1 at ?nwllliDewMl*tatrrl*lnrniilrvt<. I I1 ff tli? fnailBfiii i< KntnM till (itirfhv'willi | . rantlon but Ihr <t< nitnl lortho ('.? ? India*andChina 1 I* latMMtvr. aD'l fir h nt* *on*unipti n tiprv Pu iii< -? I " Sb al?? dataf, Wttb a brttrf fMtlag ] J 1 h* t rao-ar tlmi* of tli* w-iV andlnff ra'trrdaT ! ?bifh rti*td?il OT .- r Iml ? Ik* dally **tim an or.P'l to SI lit lab! Tlf ! > th* trail*, to.4*0; 1 a rprrnlalor* 12a*', andrrportar# h--*) fair up! >u I ' , oirr r;tt tul f\ hit Mwl'lla. Til; fair Orlranv 7'*'l ! atwl tin MJirg urban* t<*,d |?r lb rhr ?t ?>r It of Ami - n Fb .p rot tan l i Ihiji rt I bal-* again* < 37.7W '*bi. 1?4U, and of all kiti4> 6*0 again*! 61.: oio l?ln. P To da) tb* aair? ar* r*ttinat* I at S000 hnla* | .VJll of ri % h.i h ar* on *p< rnlatli n and for n|>(Ft. tho lo lop fltnily at th* ?6ti?? qantallon< '1 luourri iti niatk> t w* h irn no alitingo ? nntloo Th* trai artl<<n? arr altrgath. r ?.f a rrtall rharaatrf. at a *m ill dialta* In ia ln*t wrak'* prtri Am-rlcan * whaat l? i|U 16- ti 'a ?il o r 74 Ik*; W **t*rn o.nil w tlowr l*? tn 22* par harral Indian arrn Northern r? llnw and nlittr 1*27* M.. and Anutbrrn thii?o1. it* to 27* pit dfiSIha J W-t l*rd ib*r* b*? l-?on rathor mnn ln (nlrr hut th. arr.inl* ara lara*. ant littU abanp* In prtrr Miiiiiilcr. >>la . fr.?. ?i? N.arrni . a: tn f i.nil p -rk ?o . t a fair itrmamt. at fimor ratra i, l*iInn- Am-rlaaw nm hrrl ? ? to p. t tlirt*, , jiitBii c *? pork 4a to*** p*r karri I. , t< Narkrli. Mi'niiirn T?*o? Itrroar. April |o Th? partial b *trtt*an at naiBianli aim to tin- markot on | f, by tli? adi .it Irooa'it ly lh* Mantra. baa pwaaad a?aj ? I ! ? i n rtn oi In! ?.y a Ji o'dod want of anitna- . ' Son Th" bn-in* * doing li*? not b an artanair* ha. I |( li'tfriatlj ?tnrkrd by llM milanaa* which mmnfaotur.raar* m n. pillad l<> a-k Th* pri. a* of shirting*. J " rr.rtir*. aad j**ot*;?. liar* h.*n wrll *n*tain*il bal r< in alm<?t all otbor d rrlpti"ii? prodaavr* ttnd it dilll- ! .. u!t to obtain rirn tha .lightest adranaa ? " tot grkdfc*. T riotb*. and douii 'lira arr aloircl'h p m <1 n m| aratlnly not 1<'*t'd and th.- makrra of tlnna . arr anrj 4*> platnl In a wora# |?o*ttton Ahou' I tha raw iiiatirial u ilntaln tt? rraaant prior, with a ran. 1 tin i . I in 1,11* it. ...attain.. I.i.k a 1. IKI. . mark't liminl?V'it prMarilnti on <% arrfott* oral* la Inmtabl- In j?rn? thr?r la nn nltrrntlnn of any ! *! arn??.tn< n r ?<> r. , . rt ainrr Tnmlaf Th* mnrkcl * Ir n . with yr**t ftrninn*#, and thr ligiinaaa of tha wrrk hf I-. < ron?ldrmh!r r * mr Fount* I 01 wMih ?rr Prnrrr MyhrT rntr* h*?r Vrn yof th*n * rr fi nrrrnt on Tu.?dar Manufartarrr* for Ihr h na I ?m'l? bntf r?l?.| pf tty fr.. Ijr briny writ aoppltnt i with ordrr* for a f< w wrrk-fotarrJ. tint i-irn?*till th h?p high. f ^ I'wllre Inltllljrnrt. \i Tn/axfiriitt A woman !/ th* nam* of If tryarrt I ? Jtlvrr. "* htfrajotl, yr*trr>ta.T. on a rharyr < f thr?inir hit nrwlj-borlt infant d >wn thr ninti with tat rat t<> * ?lr?troj It lilr Thr womio wa* airc?lr?| l,y A?*l?tnnt , j. f aptain Tw man of th* ?l*tri nth ward. and iflf-r t Mrlntoh ritrlrntrd th* poor IHtlr lonort nt ?ti(T rrr oilt*. ft'in It* nnphaaant *ltuntl??o and now It I* m ?l?loy W*ll notwltb?tan?tlny thr wirkrd atlrmpt to rkr it* lib-hy thr unnatural mothrr Ju?tir* Illmkw- * ty rommitta-d thr *rrn*rd toj>rl*on for trial I, f *ar/r? <kf Sun'tnt M*y lira nrrrrtr 1 yr*. , trrday, a mnn hy thr naiwr of Jantra Prynan. on a hars?* r.| rfraliny >WO. aidrd hr a Woman rallrd Katr Hi Tt'at?r*. wha I* rharyr.I. al?o. with rtraliny that amonnt , , of tronry fr.<m John Mrt'ur Katr. It arrio*. ha? hrrn aohabttiny with Mrt.'nr a? hi* wifr. and on I'riJir | f*' tart. Rat* ttf with hrr tod and walkrd off. takiny w ih j( hrr f34'i in monry. whlrh tfrCur drrlarr* wa* hia , mowry Katr aft. r Irnrlny M?<'wr, wrnt to ||rr wlih I Prynan who I* bow under arrr*t a* hrlny an arrr.m i cv plira of Katr In th* rohhrry. Katr ha* arui.lrd thr | Oar r and la. thrrrf.w* not ondrr arrr*t. hut Dry nan I Am horn foamittrd fat Atrtferr hrar nj , <}c\ SEW YORK HERALD. jaivi ouiooa ibniett, PROPRIETOR AMD BDITOR PPICB.N. w. CORNER up Rtt.+ON AND NA8KAT7 STS. tux OAJL Y IIKKAI U. 1 ttntt per mm?97 arr j?n? . J HE H'EEKL Y h'EKjIl.D mry lBninVdaj.,??I* .tnf par ?vy, ar 9.1 par . (A* KurojMia e<tu?m 94 par .xunvtn, : vu lu?it W< uu*'agt. A1J. LEVI ERS by owm4, /or intwniinuu. or ntt O'kv'Tto po*l- felid, or IA? potligr iciW w dtduclad l'<*a\ kr m. wy r?witt'< <1. VOI.USTAKY OORRKJtPOWVKSl E, am, relieved from any auarler of the ?nrU . 1/ turd. mIM ha iberitJ/y piiH. for. MO Mlfjlt la tun / oiwaymow .iowwnumrnUonr B*? lo no* rrhr.'n rtjultd rtmarui'k-i. run*. ADVKKTItlEMEWf rrwir* rr.-ry oiorrMn#. AMI -em i n ii ': mni, i;u vv HtMM.. NIBI.O'3 GARDEN, br. ad way.-Bo* am. BO WERT TCEATKE, Bowery.?Tab Tube* Gi'a* iam**? hut BROADWAV THEATRE limaAwA*? Ronnwor. on r*? ut>hki rt ii it :r>?liAkHA< k k kim ? ui?i> or i'a-saob. BTRTON'S VHRaTRE ?'h?inH>r? Strwot?Tub Vica* or R un ucl-ir? l'nr*OT?CT?|i I ran.*. nation a i. the ATRK, Chatham Sqaaro?irum raamir -finALs 7 obtv Tmibtb*?Mr HBBCiur* Uitabt. tiiuint, altar ritoo.?ki kk ? h mii-rom tin Firrr. CHRISTY'S OPERA UOfSE, Ucohluioi' n*il-Enuopiak misxtbela. LYMPIC.?PlKfcOl'l XnrrHil.l MEI.ODION.?W MITB'I S?hkkai>er?. CIRCV9, Aitor Pl?r?? rgrkstbiaji Exebcixes. chinese mcsem?thi.vwi family anootheb cbbiMrriui. I)av a?i? hunt. ai'oi.lo k<>"?m9~ iivtchisxosi fim.t, lirw York, Soiillay, Slay 3, 1H30. Arrivals of NU-Ainshliia. "Within the lut-i four days, there have been four irrivals of steamship at this |>ort and Boston. The ' umbria arrived lit re on Wednesday ; the City of Glasgow come u|> early on Friday morning, while :he Canada arrived in Boston on the same day, ut levcn o'clock. The Washington, from South unpon, whence she sailed 011 the evening of the deMrturc of the Canada from Liverpool, arrived here r'eeterday morning, and has made, on the whole, a [uicker passage than the Canatfa, having more niles to run. She has brought oue day's later intelligence from London?to the twentieth of April. Three more steamships are due, and what with lur own steam marine und that of Lnglaud, we nay be said to be in the most enviable position kith regard to sjieedy oceanic communication with tnportant countries. 'or I nil mii nutl the Journeymen Carpenter*. We gave u very graphic re|>ort in our columns hie w eek, of a meeting of the carpenters, and the urious debate on socialism which was had there. I he views of this paper, in regard to socialism, were ustained and approved by n very large majority of hose practical, common sense men. who scouted he inf.inious doctrines of Greeley, Ilrislmnc, and lu.t ilk, who are endeavoring to introduce Puris nd Europeun socialism into this country. In reading this debate, we were much etrin-k itli tl?o absurd remarks of a Ilrishanitc, or wouldc socialist. He evidently did not know what he as talking about, lie has not yet learned the i 11 (' of socialism. In alluding to the proprietor cd editor of this pnjier, as opj?osed to the interests f the working men. the speaker said what was otoriously untrue. The editor of this paper commenced life r.s a journeyman reporter and editor, ltd has acquired property nnd position by hard, ldustriotts, ami persevering lal?or; and so can very other man in this country, who has health nil strength, by punning the same course. There hardly a rich man in this community w ho did not inmence his cntcer :>oor?befran as a tournrvman c i his lint- of business. The career of a few of our 1 ntling ikb iiiru inn.t cnr tlS lllsliUH'rs. Tin1 ?' te John Jacob Astor?who died not long ago, ?n?l > \* probably worth thirty million#?commenced his r ueer on this continent ris a journeyman pedlar, t ginning w ith candy, und getting on to fur pedling, when be commenced investing in real esite. His descendants now are stars ut the Opera. 1 he lute John (J. Costar was a journeyman hatter, nd died recently a mUlionatrr. The late John Jason wan originally n tailor, from Connecticut; ' he late Mr. Jones, a cooj>er?vet both were honest I nd industrious through life, und left large for- ; ' uncs, which their happj'descendants are enjoy- 1 ig in every genteel way. Stephen Whitney, ' . ho now ow lis Mocks of buildings in this city, lie- ' an us a journeyman clerk in a small grocery 1 tore. The Harpers, who* l<urine.-s now amounts to lillions, began us journeymen printers, and now uild churches ur.d endow juirsons. The llavcs levers were jotirneymcn sugar refiner*. C. II. lai-hall, the large ship owner, was a snilor before lie ii.list. The wealthy merchants, f^poflbrd A: rileston, were journey men?on* as a printer, lie other iii the shoe business. F.. h. Collins, lie great rteutnehip und packet owner, mil iter a I merchant, was a journeyman clcik in i commission house. Stetson, of the A.-tor louse, was a journeyman har-keeper at his turt. fhorilund, the rich cooper and landowner, i ns fir years merely a journeyman roop? r. And o it is iu eviiy rank, profession, and extended iu in? es, in w hirh men engage in this city. Our richest an l nio>t prosperous cititcna comiirneed with nothing, and have alinssed their for- ! tines by icrseveriug industry. We have very few ich men who were born rieh. Our laws arc gainst the hereditary accumulation of property, i kIi neiii *?n?. or grandeon*. h ilu* ronnlry, i m rally ?'*< jwor, f??r i! r-??<>n that their father* re no necessity to force litem to lalxtr, a* they, lie father*. have labored; mid the re?ult ia, after fet ycif!, the inheriteil property ta spent, and n<l> it.- w n> into the hand - of the hard working elianic or merchant, who, in In* turn, becomes h anil opulent. Socialism, a* preached t>y ireeley, Ihi lane, nnd those f How*, would ileiroy the very men they prrfi * to wish to Mc*? ml bear lit wi;h their infamous doctrine*. It oul I dotfi y the fabric t th* pro*(?"rity of every 1 one ft man. It would tlnw from Inrn In* hoa-"tt m.ingf. to feed and fatten a lot of lazy scamp* j ad tcouiidn I*. It w ould throw society into I ui.rehy and t onfasinn, and render thin country the | ell of earth. Our am stor* came to thi* country >r*c*|?the < < iali*iii of the old country. They j a me acre** the Atlantic to this va*t continent, to e frre from the ..trial sy f? 111 of Europe, and they unded a government upon principles of the iip *t liberty to tlie human r.icc. They came ere to etci , * from tyranny, oppression, an I the w? of land* which w re ngninpt all human a! freedi rn. 'I heae toe ia I lets are preaching up i? ir ungi !) r. fomix from what T?from an op r.-.v , tverntiu at ! ? h, no?wehntre a n\Tnit st at w I ieh rn 01* n n eoinjduin. It protects irry ritin n in life, prot^rty, ami pursuit*. The wnrtl of honest industry i* secured to all. Sorialm woul I destroy, overtop, an.I break down the*c -i i. e r<ftrauii*. it Would n h th tmiastrt* i- Virtiiou*. to fatten the I?sy and the vile.? (lulitnt would make |. in who l*l>or* in any purlit, *n<l ha* required * competency a* it? fruit*, prey of the vagabond and the loafer. Society i uld ! ? ir.e a nest cf villain*, wh -re the tno*t llnno'i* would be the I ft rewarded. Socialism i uld dt - toy the Mir?t lie* of human life, it ould destroy the huppi*^ relations of human extenee i n earth. I.dwity, fraternity and equality, in the alwtrnet, e neither laid nor good. As tier world i* orunfed, in the reality, th*y are hnntbng w ord*.? drrty i- i wI.en it is true lilrrty. A governient of tlifH> label* would Ir the wont of tyrants. Ii if move unscrupulous in it* etaetlon* than iy atbimry landlord dare l>e. Equality i? an mietibili'y. It I- in contradiction to common sense, doe ? not, and never can.eti*t, if equality i* conned acrordiniT to the socialist definirion. If it aid exist, if would destroy the motive of every nd and Iioim innn w ho i* oheyir.g the Ihvine crrf, "Jiy ih' tsrilofikjlkt shalt thou est P bread." By the word fraternity, as the socialist* have it, ail things would be common. Woman, and the endearments of home, and the sacred bonds of families, would be broken up, and all would be he !d in common. The virtuous and the vile would be one fraternity, and live iu equality. Stuff and nonsense ubout re-orgauuatit n of society! Let every hcneM man and every hard working mechanic fcout all such ridiculous notions and ideas, w hich are put forth by rascals w ho have nothing? not even reputation?to low. We are honest and sincere friends to the working classes. We belong to that class?we ever have, and ever shall belong to it?not only in profession, but in practicr. We have succeeded in life? we have made an independence?created projierty for ourselves by hard, persevering labor, night and day, for long years. We commenced at the bottom of the ladder of our occupation?we have gone through all its stages, and up every round. Our sympathies?our feelings?our goo-1 wi-hes, and our influence, are all enlisted in the cause of a class in w hich every one can do as much as we have dene for success, and by the vxereise of the same means, can succeed as we have succeeded. We are in favor of a just reward for labor. The laborer, in any profession or employment, is worthy of his hire, and that hire should ever be at such rates as w ill give him, nt the least, all the comforts and necessaries of life, and as much more as he can command, to save up for a rainy day. We w ill go heart and soul w ith our friends the carneiiters. anil everv nrher flam of mechanics, to accomplish thee* objeetB. Wc are in favor of their meetings, and of the free discussion of all matters for protecting themselves against '"bosses," or any body else?particularly against the makebelieve, ragged philosophers of the (ireeley school, who would use and victimize them. We arc opposed to the introduction of socialism into the meetings of our friends, for the best reasons in the world, and we have given them fairly and frankly. The report to which we have alluded is funny, and excessively good natured. We like it. The speech of the unlledged socialist is capital in its way. "Mr. Bennett would consider it a hard thing if any lot of men should get together and publish a n< * spa per which should have as good a circulation as the Herald." Not a bit of it. We would be as cordial und glad to take the proprietors of such a paper by the hand, as we would if Hny of the twelve journeymen at that meeting should beconc* "bosses," live out of town, keep a splendid horse, get up at 9 o'clock in the morning, and drive into town, and come to the Jhrald establishment, and see us and our two hundrid assistants, or as we would lie to see them now, without the imaginary fixtures alluded to by the speaker at the meeting. " There are splendid palaces up Broadway, and yet the mechanics that constructed them nrc living in very humble places." Is there anything wrong that it is so T The very men who own and live in those "palaces" probably acquired the right and pri\ilegc to do so, by the very means which the builder or mechanic who lives in the bumble place is taking, and w hich will eventually enable him to change bis residence front the bumble place to as >ph ndid n palace as any in Broadway. lie has lie seme rights and privileges?the same motives | :o exertion?and the same security to enjoy what I te has earned, w hen he is rich, ns the present rich nan has. But what would our socialist friend i lo, (who thinks we would publish his speech if he mid us for doing it) 1 lie would npply socialism to he "palaer," and, of course, to the "humble lace"?for it would reach both?and both would be ihared w ith the villain and the vile. Would that lelp matters T No, no. Socialism is all nonsense, n ulling, mm, nypocnsy, r.isealitv, and visionary, ft who will preach it. We say to our friends, the arjienters, "cut it"?cut loose from (Sreeley and Irislxine, and attend ?o vnnr own business and oeugntion, faithfully. cheerfully, und with a will, and ou w ill all succeed ; and ull such fellows as these nnd Fourierites, soeiulists, and red republicans, a ill find their " occupation gone." Tut Swkt?i*ii Cosvrrni Njusnr*.?This PwrJisk man-of-war will leave this |?ort to-day. for Eloeton, and after remaining there a short time, will take her departure for Sweden. On her arrival on this coast, she was boarded, oA Harne- ; eat. about fifty miles south of the Hnol., by the pilot boat William J. Homer, nnd Mr. James Conner, one of our best pilots, took chnrgr of her, and >r< ught her into port in line style. It is the custom fiere to give the outward pilotage of a 'hip to the ilot who brings her in, nnd Mr. C. was engaged 0 take licr to ies. After utt- nding hermovenients ! while iii port, ("apt. I iljosliork informed Mr. C., on 1 Friday, that he had engaged the serv ices of a coast >ilot, who has nothing to do with the business of bis i>o|t, to take her to Post on, thus throwing Mr. C. out of the joh, to his lr -s of both time and money. This is unfair; and we mention it here in srdrr that the business may l>e understood hy those n n nminnd of foreign government vessels. Our pilots assume a high responsibility in bringing 1 en els of war into port; nnd the most difficult and Isngerous jmrt of the business is in boarding ships it n great distance at sea, nnd bringing them safely nto port. ll?nce the custom, which has heretoore Ion considered almost a law, of giving the utwurd pilotage to the inward pilot. Hence the ' ajusticr to Mr. Conner in tliio instance. We ^wak if this Weause |?ilot? run grout risks and ought tot to he knocked al>out like a cock-boat in a 'torm. This matter ought to bo rrgulhb d by Confrere. Nkw rity Aeovr Wx?hi>uto* Nri inr.?A , 'pit ndul city w ill l?c standing north of Washington '.jtinre, extending front one tide of the island to tlie th< r, in a few years. It will be n splendid failure, \ towot.r, if the city father* blindly go on, filling ip w i'h rubbish and pestilential garbage, withmt regard of sewerage. the site* ?.f beautiful mandolin. J'ifCRP" will make the whole enterprise louhifnl. The miasms in that region, in the minor r. w ill be pestiferous, causing sic knew, disease md death?and all for ihe want ef common prttlence, common sagacity, and a little liberality. Metropolitan cxjterience wem^ to have had no reight as yet. The w rone end of the improvclirnta has been taken up first. That which i* moat equirrd. ie to have good drainage, no parking down >f tilth, end space for the free air of heart n to ciren'tilafe through open spares r.nd br ad streets, nnd i liberal outlay upon the sngge-tiona of instructed mnds. inoi i.ah Ci>\.h m rioM.?Many uppeannrra, and he signs of the nfws;*iprra. very cleat iy indicate bat n singular union mar le exported between | Martin Van Burrn, the big cal l. and Wna. II. Sward, the small rotHloe. They arc coming ?r?rrr to each oilier every Aijr?cabbrijrea ami 'mall potatoes in the di?h. Such a rotlition not withtut the important object of wheedling he people of thin .wt?to to abandon their own inerret*, in aid of rfltte politin tn?. Tie' mwrrwnt ii' alrrerly commenced; and. between tl.ia untl tcit fall, certain portion* of tin whig p?rty will oalcfcc with the democrat*, ahowmi; n mttikcd [lance in the position ?>f the politiral parti-* of . In State. The plan ia quietly w ot king ilaclf out, : tr.d politician* and inter* will have to find MtM li*ed principle of action to held by, or ther win he w < pt on w ith the tide, which in nearly ready to take it* flood in r new- din rti??n. Have a care. tdtrTT-RK er lltr. It. ft vrtaa* on Sl.vrttT ?ri> in* CaTttoLtc Cm *nr.?Tln? ma*terly and Icqneut lecture, which we puhli?h to-day. w ill !>e cad w ith deep illtefett at the pre*ut crma. ematntir ft, a* if doe*, fi?m a divine who hear* *<> li'?'h i reputation in the fatliolic church. The rartp<nt hnntic* are rr hnk'-d With a nnldn- *# become# ' he Christian minister, hut which, we fear, will l?e i>?t npon them. The lone of moderation breathed it this dieroorre ia well calculated to throw oil port the troubled water* of agitation, while the ngrory of the argument cannot fail to Qoorinre ny one who i* not Nipdcd hJ the mental slavery r bigotry, I till w ash i so tom ivvksnoatino CoMMITTOS.? Conjecture strains itself lo prophecy the results of the investigations into the alleged corruptions at Waehington. Several members of the cabinet stand in no very enviable light before the world, and rumor has been very busy with their names. It is said by many that the array of evidence turainst fcome persons in tho'kcal>inet is very powerful and atartling, while others affirm that the proofs of evil deeds are not to be found. Which party are we to btlieve! Or, is there need to believe any party t Is it m 11 iiflicient that the dignity of the cabinet has b?-? n destroyed?its character ruined?by the statements which have been made, and that they cannot be washed clean from their defilement 1 The members of the cabinet may not be found guilty, but they will scarcely attempt to prove themselves perfectly innocent, und the consequence will lie that they CRiinot command, under the most favorable result, the confidence of their own party or of the people at large. They must go oti^ The Foot* a.nd Hemtos Assai lt.?This matter is undergoing an investigation by the committee. The telegraphic despatch from Washington gives us the first peep into the evidence, and we shall get at the end one of these days. Tins is the session of investigations. There have been several alreudy, and more are to follow. The California investigations?the cabinet investigations?the Alvarado Hunter investigation?the printing investi gntion, and several others, are all curious, all important, all exciting, and we shall he the investigating nation before long. (Jo on; Foote ami Henton are investigating. Let its all investigate. Anniversary op the Fri^ramation or the French Kepi buc.?We have a full re,-ort of this great festival, for which we shall lind a place tomorrow. The speeches were quite to the |*)iuf. General Avezanna and Forresti, the Italian refugees, spoke very handsomely, but Chevalier Wikoff sneaked uway when he was called upon. He is determined to keep silent. Why does he not come out 1 The Forrest Divorce.?By our Ilarrisbttrg despatch, it will lie seen that Mr. Forrest does not despair of his case yot in the Pennsylvania Legislature. lie will be forced, however, we presume, to have evidence brought into the courts of law, before the whole matter is settled. That is the fair way, after nil The Italian Opera at Mblo'c. The magnificent assemblage of beauty, fashion wit, and intelligence, to hear ' Luere/ia Borgia,'' list

night, van quite an epoch in the musical annate of the metropolis. The house was thronged throughout. The very rose of beauty was seen close to the orchestra, and a thonsand blossoms of liveliness were scattered thickly everywhere. From the stage to the ceiling was one brilliant mass of enthusiastic admirer! of the lyric drama, whose enthusiasm actually rubbed thrm-elves of many of the rloaing notes oi Angela Itosio. Victti. Palvi. and Marinl Never have we witnessed more delight than on this occasion. If any came to doubt, they went away entitled. Angela Bosio triumphed. C. Victti delighted, ."alvl created a furor*, and Marinl drew down thunder. It was a great night for the public. and a great night for the vocalists. Bottesini's seal full of mnsir. looked through his eyes, while bis masterly tonch marked the bass which controlled the general harmony. Ardlti soothed every attempt at rebellious noise, and directed his assistants in a masterly manner, while Brrherinl prompted with bis usual skill, and k< pt the chorus alive to the time and the occasion. The trio, between fialvi, Mariui. and the charm log Ar.grla, ? ? encored. a* wrll aa the halUtla of 8ignora Vlrttl. 8alvl"a dellelooa modulation. cxpre*aion. feeling. and admirablr tour*, cnpttrated every onr. Marini eu*tained Li* great reputation, by hie clear and d< rieiie mrthod and noblr roiee, while Angela Boaio carried heraelf nobly through erery arone, executing her muaic with a fervor and flniah truly animating there wer rail* 8<r them, between the art*, which were ovation* for the performers, the applanee being of the moat enthuaieatlc character. To morrow night we arc to hare " Krianl,'' with T?deaen, 8elrt. C. Badlall. and lfartnl. It 1* the U*t night, and It will be a great oceaelon Pome muet atay away. Sporting Intelligence. CtMaariLLr Cor nr. L. I.?T*ottimg? Ji ereia iw r?r Pin n.?On Tuesday next, there will be acme fine aport over thi* beautiful track for a puree of $2io, I mile heat*, beat three in Ik.Id harne** for which Lady Suffolk l ady Moaeow. aud Confidence, will conteud ' Movement* of Individual*. Capt Henry llath. C. 8 A ; l?r A I. Price O Oil. ley T Abbott U. H X . end fifty-alx othera. arrived reaterday in the elty. and took rooui* at the Irving 1 llowee. Hon. John? Schoolcraft. tVa.hingtn; Hon It P I Martin. Jamctown; 8. P Pnckner. IT 8 A ; 8 A. , MrCrrrry. I 8 X . and ality.four other*, arrived yea* | terdaj. and took room*at the Aator Ilouae. Thr ayrrrpratr arrival* at all tha br>t<l? in tha e'Ar. yaatardaj. ?a? tWa hundred and Religions IntcUlnnirr. AK?IVKK*AttrF.M TN NFW YORK. Pi anar, 1!?? 6 Annual Farmon tor Amarlean li?ma MUaUt.ary Boal?ty I* n rbytartan Board of Foralrn MUbloa* Flr*t Pre*- | bytarlan Church. Fifth avanuc. half*pa*t 7 P II. far- j men by tba Br* Pr wailth. and a slat'iii'int af Ilia Ali??ioii? by una of tha Secretariat. V?w York Bibla Foalrty Tabarnarla. Sermon by Br* I>r Haldi*h. at half part 7 I' M American and Foreign Christian I'nion Sermon by 1 !t?r Pr Adam*. at tha Merrar etreel Praabytcrian A'hurch. at JJ, o'clock I' M Annual Frriuon of American Home Mi'ternary So- 1 cioty. Quarter-Cent nry Frrmnn of American Trart Society ? Cburrh r< rnrr rY Ti'urth atrect and Lafayette place, K"t (?. Fptlng. at 7% o'clock. I" W. Dlifonru- < u thr Pi <itl- u and laiportance of tha S*n<t?iih Mend* a* a MI*?lotiary tatlon.uith rarlnu* Matruimta?Church of the Purliena. by Pr . ClieeTcr, i'M Friend*' Yearly kin ting eotnuienre* continuing through the Week. Mount M?t A. American Seamen'* Frlaud Society Tabernacle, halt part 7PM Jm< uila Miraionary Society of tha Arrrnth afreet M < F t hurrh? Church In Fav nth tfrat. Addn*er? by i K?? Pr Fcott and Iter. Pr Purhln. at 7'g o'clock I'rrabytrrian Board of I'oraign Mi*?i?>u? Mi??i?n llouaa 4 1' hi Tt a???T. Mar 7. American Antl-*lerery Soei>tT?Tabernacle, in A M , w ?' 1 u |"| kii. *? PU?M (Tr U?v * ai lut rcfifir library American and rnrelyn Antl "lartry TatwrMrla.a r. M. *f? V<rk and American Sunday Saho-l I'm an ? , TaN-rnarlr. half-faM 7 P M hew York State t'oloniaatlnn Society R?f->rmrd ( Dtilcli rhnrch. # rner of Lafayette I'laee an4 Fourth atreet hulf f?M 7 I' If American Female Onardlan Fnotety Chorch af tba Fortune talon fqMrr. balf>yart 7 r M. American and Fnreiyn I'hrMian 1'nloa a* T?r llntlon'e I hnrrb fnleeraity I'lara. at 7V o'clock. I* W j FrmlAnnual m?-?tlny of Trinctora nf<!nc4?ty Inr I'm- i Halloa of Collifltt* and TW>'l"f|1(al Education In I be W ?t- 41 Ltt? My Mrn I Tiuiprranca t'<>ar< ntlca-llrick Church j ! Cha|><I.VA U Nir A Am rtaan Tract So? i?ly Tahemarle 10 A M Boel- , aaao W.eliny at the Tract llou'c. V A M Iretltntien for thr lUInd Tabemaale. 4 P M Aniri ran lima Mtrairuary Society - Tabernaela. ' balf ja.t 7 r M American Female Onardlan Society- T.adica' Meet- j ! try at llic llrme for the Frlendlaoa. oil Eact Thirtieth j at -at Fourth arenun. Annual mrctif: A??.-i-ted Atnmni N Y Tnlr.Tally . Th<< I 'ytral Seminary? at the Seminary. S T M. Tnr-aaiiat .Meek A merlcen Itil le Society- Tabernaele 101 II Bnai- ' n-e- mart Ira at Anolcty'e ll'-naa. ? A M imtriCHO Foreign and Ihrfetinn Cninn etanlny Inrtltat ' it for tl?? t)aa( and Dumb Tabernacle 4 1 F II American Temperance L'nioa Tabernacle. helf-pnat jr ? Am-rican Ita) t'*t TTcm'M!"l< esary Aoe'ety Jiorfolk ana fe'acUa| at lu A M. ' I'ul lie aonf< rencc in the nAaraoon. Fa man. Mat 10 American Board of ivrr.mieaknera free Foreign Ml*- : le a.o T.heninele 10 A M Meeting In behalf ol thr Amertaan Hoard of Foreign Mt?ctona? Tabrruarlc afternoon N. V 11 male Miaaionary Bedford atraet I Cfitirrh, 'P M Ai n?n>1 in. rtliiK of Ihr T.ii 1 i of il,r flotn. T?Imt nucl? 3PM Pr?r>4?. M?? It Airarioan and Fora'an MaM-alti futon CTinrah aarB#r f ' tirl'i ?trr?t lll'I UllfKIt |l??a J? hy Rot l>r Rttbun*. talf pu?t 7PM Mo?i ?t MiT 13 Ml?rt< nary F?*i?ly of M K t hurcb -Orr?D? atraat. T >? P M WlfiHrif Mn H A raar'a* n tnil Por?Wn bil>)? ?.-ai?1y Hoi#?!t rtraot apti?l Cliarok. JO A M armiiiva Ml Jnilr't rrra fbnrrh. Miatb iniM R? P* fUokn 7S ?' M . Pn ? Jt. rial! i linroh Allan atrrat Ri? O Thafrb r. It V, AM f Pro?l.jl< rlM CkVfvb Pnaiif Hrt'l *?T Mr Kin* {, ma a. |1 0 U*T?7. (ha Vnton, and the Catholic Chore Ik. LZCTL'SB BY THI RBV. DR. Ct'lOCnMB. On Friday evening. the Bev J. W. Cuinmings. D. D. of St. Stephen's Church. Twenty-seventh street. noer Fourth avenue delivered s lecture at the Tabernacle, Broadway, on "the Catholic Church, slavery. and the Union." The reputation of thir> eloquent and accomplished divine brought together a wry large audience, who listened to him with profound atti ution. and were not disappointed in their expectations A number of gentlemen occupied the platform, among whom were Judge Lynch, Dr. Prater, and John J. Colsbcrgher, Bev. Mr. Quinn. Louis Binnse, Dr. Hogin.Thos S Henry. and Peter Carroll. The Bight Bev. Dr Hughes took a baek seat in the body of the house, oa a listener, apparently not observed by the reTerend lecturer, or by the friends who surrouuded him Bev Dr. CrsiMiaos rose and addressed the assemldy as follows:? Lames am Gkwti.imew? Appearing before you in this place, to speak npou the subject of "the Catholic Church, fclavery. and the I'niou.'' I ain expected, if I understand my position, to explain with modesty and prudence, but, at the sauto time, with freedom and courage, what are the teachings of our church In regard to these important questions, without indulging in vague speculation* or in rhetorical rmbollirhm? ots This view of the case presents, at once, the ground upou which we meet. I do not speak as a politician?1 have neither the ability nor tn<- iuclinatioti to do so. The province of lnin who discusses Catholic moral philosophy, lies further back than the tleld of politics. lie is called upon to treat of truths which should rule political discussion; his maxims are to guidi the cnni-ch nce of the political orator and states man. but bo dial* with them as Mpurute Hud independent tact*, not. u* they com# before the public mau. united with praclieul interest* and contingencies upon will" 1) plul fm iu.? nruereetp 1 it ml parties take their stand. He who. iu timed of difficulty and discussion. bring* forward the truth's oi philosophy, us illitmiuerl by the doctrine* ol religion, has this advantage, that lie is iu no dancer of giving offence or causing bitter feelings.? Trulii belong* to others. as uiuch as to himself; and if he be honest and no funutir. he will l>e listened to with respect, if not with approbation If ho have n di-interesti d lore for the church ied for his country, his words will fall as oil upuB rubied waters, and his influence. where lie has n?W Influence, will be iu favor of peace. (Appluu.-o) The Catholic church, ladie* j anil genthmio. hid to speak in reference to this I qutslion of slavery, front the (line of her flr?t appear- t anee in the world. I'aguu (Ireeee aud Koine swarmed | with white slaves, beyond what we. who enjoy the light i of christian civilisation, cau believe possible. It must 1 e rt uiember. il that those nations lived In a stuto of I all but continuous warfare with tiie nations that surrounded thim, and that ull those who were not killed upon the battle field, or made to celebrate the triumph < f their comjtn rors by gladiatorial conflicts. remainedlubondage, with all their families The city of Athens, pot s? ssing IK) 000 free cilixcn* counted over to oth slaves. Cicero t? lis us that iu Jioine. shortly Is fore she became an i tnpire. there wi re scarcely Ii.ot?) holders of property, though the population amounted to 1.200CCO. ruder the empire things grew worse. The historian Tncitu* gives an account of IX) slaves who wire put to death in one house, iu Tirtue of a bsrbnri us law. rna< ting that when a Roman eltiaen was murdered in his dwelling, all his slaves should be killed likewise, a cire tint sta nee which ill it* l rates at once the numbi r and the hopeless condition of th~ bondsmen A motion was mud' before the Roman Senate to proscribe a particular garment fi r bondium u, but it was lest, "lest the slaves should count their numbers." The poet I-ueau. alluding to Ibis state of things, places in tlie mouth of Ca sar this remarkable eipression. "tl?? human rare lives only for the benefit of a few men;" an expression worthy to be u;ed by a heathen tyrant, aud to be recorded by a li-uthi n bard ? Those histetiCHl facts mid many others that could be adduced, justify the asrertion tlist when C'hristi- . nnity came into the wrorld. it was covered with I slaves. These slaves were, In ail but the uume. equal, | and in man} instance* superior to the proud masters | who held them in bondage. The slat. ry which oppressed tin in. was such that it not only deprived them of all j serial rights, hut | laced veil their lite* at the mercy i of ciiprtclous and cruel pprcs?ors. Puch was the state . of thing* the church had to deal with, such the evils she had to correct Let u* examine on what principles . she proceeds to ctreet their removal This point, ladies | and genii, men. though not surrounded perhaps with ' nineh < nthusissm. is the most important part of this lecture, for It illustrate* what I have most at heart ? the truth that the rhurrh. In (hi* matter, ha* always proem drd with the most consummate wisdom and prudence avoiding all ritnnn'i of fanaticism, aud still gaining the end she had iu view, to the satisfaction of the whole universe. The authorities from vrlilch 1 urHw, iu I'lpiiiuiuK uvw im-1 v **?*- ** ' In pronouncing upou slavery. what she ha* taught, and what ihc lia# not taught. ar? the councils, the dterw-n of pope*. the writing* of distinguished bi-hnp* aiid theologians. I ?ball cndemor to couiprms ihnr j testimony into as brief a space a* possible. reducing it ; under separate beads. It roust. however, be clearly , understood. that although what facts I furnish |M ! upon undoubted authority. I alone am responsible for the rotenirnta made up?u thein. I am not appointed, nor am I aenl here,to speak on the (treat topics ol the day, by any men. or for any purpose. I speak without any further authority, than that of a sincere Catholic, or independent American (l.nud cheers.) The earli'-st instance of slave-holding, by which Catholic authority has been , railed to allude to the subject In commenting upon the Prripturee isthat which was practised by the Patriarch*. ! There are numerous instance* in which these holy men accepted the voluntary submission ol slave*, others In which they possessed them l>v purchase or Cou<(Ucst. and others again in which they sold them to niw masters. No t'alholic authority eoudcnin* them fur hating acted thus. In the condition of pure- , 1y domestic society this stale of things was inevitable. It was even highly advantageous anion*-! a pus- j toral peopl*, for on* who *.< im j ,1 ,.f a >.? and herds, to give or to sell hi* n riiros during ail Irs ; lite, to a powerful and paternal leader, from whom he ' received in return the means of subsistence, and the 1 security he could not buve enjoyed al?u*.?(I'hocr*.)-? : lu the second place, slavety is fouud to have been | pel untied under the Mosaic law and practised by th" Jewish people Moss* established regulations, Indeed, which protected the life and limb, and the natural rights of the slave as a inau , but he neither c.u<b mncd that instltuti< n nor orJerrd it to be abolished. Coming now to Christ and the Apostle*, we tin t the church taking up this subje< t in the iuifilmcut of h r j own mi'sicn The Kedeinicr gave. a? a pr> ecpt. that i hi* disciples should " render uut?s I'nnr the things that are of Cn sar. and to Hod the things that arc | of lied,'' The Apostle ft. 1'aul applies this general rule to the ea?e under consideration, where he . tells servant* (which then meant slaves) to be sub- 1 missive and obedient to their masters, and when | he send" back to hi* owner the *1*1* ttncslinus. whim he bad baptised In the Christian faith.?- ! The j ritirlple thus aunounod DmM the r <411scls (if ti e church, as sha preceded on h-r heavenly mlrrl'u. ."be hoped f,.r a state of cisil cc|iial.ration among men. wlilrh would uudnubledly prove more favorable to t hri-tian morality Hut. at the same tliue. she rr'tieetcil the order of society which she fouud in the world flaiery eowM not have been , di unrrd and attai ki <1. with' ut subverting at a blow , the right* of property and the jurl?prnd< nee of the world little* were soon established, which ann lio- ' rated the condition of th* houd-nuin fevere laws . were poeeid. which prohibited the traffic of prisoner*. certain thnt wholraaW ahelltory 4rrri? *?? no| p.- ?> d t y lha Catholic rhurrh. lu l? -r? to mm up the i |n |i? ?i rJ*. < hri't an 1 tlx < hurt U <li.i 1 not bring to |.c?r i>) ?'n *lai rr>. a* nn ln?titnti-n tb* i I hrirlian coda ef poaltlra l*ict?lativ* Ju?tler Tb?y 1 l> flit t? l< r.<utr<<U)-<i t-mprn !. ?.r rrmorxt by tlx* ] l?w r>f i hri*l.*n rLaaity A? In other an*-* of the kind. ?< Ukcw !?? in tlii*; In ll?r umM of Cliri*- I t'*n charity. It hound torfl. tt lla wi rk* with holy j pM'drnre and * n !ig It lor ed Irtl. according to the diff*r<nt tlrtwUattt of I in*? plaraa. and par- o* It if linn In la and* r?lood Dial the rlmrrh did eo?. I itiun rrneity and rpprrwlon. Ik>l abrrr nbt hnnd | Ime-b 1 lu airlu. of right aodjnatlea, abc did ?o . by tiallrlt and Individual na.-lur ota. that for?ta*?*ry I x an Inililutlon. indent ndant of parttrnlar raw*. and ! Indipori'i nt f litr other law*, ah. ha* |r*ialate<| "Bl* in liar ci da of i hriaiian charity. Whan I *ar al.arity. 1 1 do ml tai an philanthropy, wh rh mean* ftiandahlp ht mm hul la applied In nur day to e?er> ?e|i.'ina i^fanalli i-ru nor d<> I mran aoh'lniartallty. hul th<-I?t of I'l.rt Im lull' ahiah th'.nch It aann -t ha am hod x-d In j lh? cod*- af thr ltg'*lalor, operatic loot.- powerfully ' than any hntran law brrauce #m .nallnr fr< ui tl ? , r-htinh tha fi untaln iftrulh and lMclna l?rr--JiMt h? ilia may of tl.*' number I* mora and p* miaui-nt ihan tha guidance of tha r.ur a and the vi.llauee , f lha *1rpBiothir (final ap|l?n? ) la th?*a la-t i rcmarfca. yen tiara lha a hop turn and Mil.-toiw*' of , i it hoik dorlriua In relation to the in*tltuth>u el ilanty thtonil.otit lha world What lha c hurali taught In tha?ry ?!? f< Mowed *iirro?ifnll/ In practice: ."h- 1 pri arhrd ohadiritrr tn tha alara for lha |nia and ; I ada lha n.aatrr ha maralfi.l for four of hi* ju?t|ee j lla wl.o n rr.n ac ini ard h* who ohayad. wen- to art j la halit e dutlaa to di*rharg- tha ona toward* tha , that- of which a Mriat acaount wonld day ha da- ' r-'.andrd When Writing at tha thra*bold of tha liou*? 1 f tlod. tho n.a*t*r and tha ihtr IWf'l nil tehl <tla? inrtion*. and miw In aarh idhar only a brothar Tbay . IBflt together at prayer and o**a a-bad b|r**ing for ' laHlnr. If In tha courra of i mr.Hi* ?1*n* Ic-aria : tar. hi* lihrrty wa? glrcn a* a hoon of christian lore j ind hi* mannmioton wa* effrrtad Vfhr* thr altar of 'oil. (tin at applauaa ) Th* world ?a* gradnaMy pre- I Ni r* d by the chnrrh for the abandonment of M.ivry. ' nt her w> rk h-gan In tha aonla of tha ma' term It ari* rradnalty dona, ard rlurr and wwl't warn tonally j ill mi d at Ha mrnltr *hf?i ?i'i l)i? t'alholia rl.narh to* lair aha alii Mil* Ilia Ulinftli" ~f atara ry. ?ithot?t rapjal and without awldanna (I h r-> t I , 'ha draa not alt' mpl ta ramoTt rail by initialing cr. alar ' | *11 Mar a. rli ??iu?ln?.nMHy, but lfr?a, mra | | n toBparinK ?ith Iht* pruibnt ??J mild ronra*. ; | il'.ah ?i?.r# thr l'< ginning baa h.wn pur no I by tli? I hurah. rattain 'aplnga. whiah flout U|- n (ha agitnti n trrflonrd I y ultra amanf Ipatton-'ta. (. ani aUily >f thiK gloat aoa;Hl?a i-f l oud, n ) tha idem nftan wura.that atiah ?ayl?i|PT*?>IJ do ha'm to tha ratita thay in land aa.ilmtaly to uphold If a man otot that a' a attain tirua and plian. It would ha hatt.r to hora tha iilranahl-mant "f b<md?inan . dratad hla modar .Hon illl gain for Hm tl a rr.part arm fth< - ?>io I'ffar ram h!m Rut If ha atalm abaotn'a and Immadiata ifrd'm fortt'Bi on antrama prtaatplaa, th? rtgh?? ha arribra to tin m are rani!/ no right* at all a* ar thr ground* ara a-uaarrad rran whi h ia oatahll'haa tl<m, What *en*r la thara. frr f?mplr. In aaaaitlng that alaarr/ ought to ha d<>na an j with, baaanaa "all man w<> |. rn fraa 'hi a I# aanirarytotbi fhat that all man ara not t-rn fhaa f It ! to br and. mtnUI In a ?p?rltn it ?n<a, It |* fat?a or all n?<n arr born *la?a* nf ain and of Ilia daril If I l a n*d.r?tond poMiaall* and aerially. It la equally mtma. a# a*par'. nan abnndantly teetitie. at thr praant time. aa wall a* in all pnat age* of thr world. I th*y ray 'Jlerrry 1* a. ntrary to tha law* if li d and man " We hate aran how far tha Or*I rt of thr aM'tllnn ta bornr ?al hy tba rafirrnaaa | arr air dy re* le I tha Mo-nia dl.panaatt n and tha i a'rlnaa urd nf lb* Catb tie ebutvta iu tba ) - -1 1 9 trst age of Christianity Tha lattar part of the assertion la equally without foundation, lor wa know that alavary is not oontrary to tha laws of man; for in atanao. tha lawa of Georgia, whltb are tha laws' of man lor no ono will aay they are divine lawa. "AU moa are equal." A little reflection will show that the reverse l* the fact, and that men are very unequal. "It Uaerimo to hold slaves, therefore slavery be pat down, eoet what it may.'' Kven if the premises were true, what horrid consequences would flow from the conclusion It would lead to a civil war, and deluge the fair lace of the country with blood. The prluciple that we cannot do evil In order that good may eome, is sound Catholic doctrine; and those who talk abont the "rights of humau nature, the inalienable rigbta of man,'" ought to consider what crimes have been committed by thw application of this principle liow far these men have gone in the late revolutions In Europe, is now matter of historical record. They have cut throats, overthrown altars, subverted thrones, and would have subverted the republic itself, as in France, if they could. They imitate the Chinese, who. uccordiug to Charles I.amb, are very lond of roast pig. and burn down their house* in order that pigs may be roasted This practice was at length uhandoni d. a learned and distinguished Chinese liatiug discovered that a pig eould be roasted cheaper without burning the house. (Laughter.) Tocome to another assertion of the tanalies. They say, "If the Bible, allows slavery, the Iliblu ought to bo amended." What an incorrigible rogue the author of this sayiog must have been, especially if lie were a preacher. (Renewed laughter ) 1 he Creator did indeed endow the sotri of man with freedom; uor does the III bis anywhere affirm the contrary. Liberty is the gift of Clod ; and, though, man's freedom may be restricted by liunutn laws ami the circumstances in which he is plaocd. there is ne> earl My bond can interfere between man and God. A* wi U might it be attempted to tio down the memory of man when, by Its unigic spell, it calls up the scenes ot his childhood, or revirts to the events of past ages, which he had learned from the page of history. Freedom. therefore, cannot be rontrolled by men ; it is lite divine gift, and all arc equal before the Most High As it is true, that be who is outwardly a slave, nuty not be a slave, so it is equally true, that a man oil * n throne, with millions bowing down to him und kissing his sceptre, may he the veriest si tvo that ever tuggi ilat the our of the galley, or rattled the Links of a convict's chain. (Cheering) The miudaud the will know no bounds but the law of the Creator. I might refer to the fanatics in London, who talk about the American people as the friends of slavery. They say they might issue an order for t he redemption of siaves, and that they are ehurgmble with guilt in uot doing so Without stopping here to inquire into the practicability of the redemption ot' slaves, or the sup posed guilt of the Ameriuau people, let us just look at the cousUtency of these gentlemen. We do not find tli<in abandoning their speculations in slave-grown cotton, tobacco, rice, and sugar. Instead ot pulling down their cotton factories, they itre increasing tie ir number und enlarging their extunt. Their clash iug muchiut ry. with iron jaws, cries out for more raw food. (t.'beers and laughter.) These agitators have ni> objrctiou to sweeten, with molasses, the very throats that are hoarse in crying out against the slave labor from which it comes. (Roars of laughter.) W hen an American is travelling in England, they abuse , h in. because we will uot pluugu into the horrors ot civil war to put an end to slavery. They would not au in it poor Pninho to a seat in their cushioned pew. yet they accu-e us ot cruelty in not giving him a soat in the tictiatc. or in the House of Representatives. How vtry slow they are in removing the yoke oil tho mcks of their fellow subjects in the sister country. i v? In mi nt cheering, which lasted several minutes). What is the reason they do not send relief to the dowu-troudcu l>ut noble people ot Ireland! (Kouewc.l chier*) You will And many. very mauy, American*, and those, too, belonging to slave-holding ."latei, who have contributed to alleviate ber suffering* l.ut my word tor it. you will rarely meet one wba has done fo among these* .** ti e eliall now proceed to consider the nii?\*tiou in relation to tbe Ameriran constitution. The framer* o( that great charter ot liberty did not Introduce the institution of slavery. They had to deal with it a? already in exl-Unce. None of thein denied that it win an evil. I'rior to the pas-dug ot the constitution, it existed in fo formidable and imposing ail aspect, ttint llicy found they muFt either let it alone. ?ir give up ull idea of freedom for white (Cbcere.) In tlir constitution of the United 8tat*'*, there I* ii'tiling opposed to Catholic doctrine. in that document, slavery Is only mentioned three tlm-s. 1st. It came up when the second subdivision of article brst. ei ctlon 1st. subdivision three, was to be framed. Axing the apportionment of representatives -a question e1 difficulty, and which gave origin to a great dial of diseussion in the convention The slavehold ing States wished to have represented the whole population. bond and free. The Northern State* wanted the whites only to vote. It waa settled by compromise, the uou slavehelding States agreeing that three-fifths of the number ol slaves should be added to the free population. to the number of free white peraon*. its fi lining the basis of representation, on condition thst tbey la- computed in the assessment of direct taxes also For Ibis, however, the North never received an adequate compensation, tor direet taxes were never rrsorti d to by the general government to any eonridrriiblc extent. Probably this mode of raising revenue will never prevail:? Perilou 0 subd. lst.-^Fhe emigration, or importation ot lurh persons, as any of the States now existing shall think pioper to admit, shall not be prohibited by Ct i gn '? prior 10 the year 180V but a III *f .iuty may lie impost d on such Importation, not exieediug tandollars for each pcrnon." Numcrona eOurti were made in the convention to at onrc the importation of slaves. The Snatheoiiiruled that it should be done, but not earlier tharv the year mentioned In 1807. a law was passed, probtMt ni tin .r imp. itu:b>ii. und.-r mm penalty. The lsw ol IH2D enacted, that if any person belonging tss veil el m the service ot or in part owned by, a el tiler, of the I uiti d elates, should seixe or decoy a negro or nililhlto nil KniiPil till h tnadi>1 with intmiit tn ntakd him a slave be should bee ndjudge-d ft xirate and suffar drill) 1 lie transportation of slave* from the United Mates to auv for run country. was prohibited by act? of 1794 and 1*800 I bis tact ought to be rrmemher?<< by Ki ill'hmrn. who boost *e? l<-u-tly of what their gore riimi nt has done for the suppression of the Mare trade, atid deiiouuee u? Our government ha* done more, under far greater ditlteuliiea. to restrict th*(trila vt slavery, which Englishmen iatrodueed. and wbteh existed OB th* spot. Motion 2. lut'd .Id -Enact* that ?lav?* escapingto a iiou ilax -holding Mate, shall be del he red to their owner* it thvy elium tlx ni ' 1 hi? i In use i. tn? v liable. if slavery be allowed to stand rt all. Ktery clatisc. therefore, except the last one which is indispensable. is in favor ol tne stave. Ilerr. tlx n. we have exam I Bad the principle* of the church snd of the American constitution. In relation |e lavny It is a large black ma?? covering the country, and l-idlng Its blessing* fr??ia view People aralrtid In speak of It Pome furiou ly attack it and l ibera a* lurx u-ly attack theiu for dnln so I n gi ttiftf rid of it. It i? not wewinry to put < many In gslxmis of gunpowder under It to blew it up< ! r In Mi wing up tlx rock, people mny b!"W tin ?>me.. tlilt g lire. and. pejbnps. in the operation blow tir? tlx torsive*. (Lotsd cheer*.) The folly of t hx*e ra?b and inconsiderate men reminds one ol the anecdote of the ItuliMn who got up Into ft tree to saw off a branch lie sat upon the branch be was cutting, but he newer tlx ngld. till It wa* too late, ha was aitting on the a rang side of the saw. and enii.e down al 1114 with lb* brnnib. (Laughti r ) Mar. ry may tie roaaidered ? Kir't? A* to the alave trade, or Importing slave* Iron foleign cwuntrie*. This view of the (lerstiewi n< ed not 1 1 m I x.r It Is alr-i 't) Hi.ii ,M< c-.nvllj - It txay be retl.'Sd<Trd as <|. no silc slavery, an I Duel In a dsilldc view?tirst. n? the mad attempt to a Complex >)Ui?tlM; aeroud, by ll ~ If. Hie dilkcuily ol speak Ir.j on slavery ie. that It I* tnlt'd up with othei interest* and the daugcr ?if wonnding. n>t Ma very itself, but other thing* e unrated wltu it I shall therefore *|>eak eif It by itself. The abuse* oft la Very are uufeurly nvge,| t, argunxnt* agaiuM slavery lissif. The prrfe-ct InailtiitieiiM in the world have abases when the reformation began abuse *1 xt*t*d and the ruler of the church dhl not deny ll: but they objected to blow up with tha abuse* the II e-k trend whew* base ih-y vere accoinuUled. but whose se.undue** and stability they did ne>t af feci. If I he wholesale refono'r* had sueeeeded UiiT * ?!>! Darr nnnllC'l H ' r'mrrh nit"fatli ?r I tKdiktt an am rdot? of a r'xinjt ani|..r. wh,? a|<i fo an <4tl on?. nhila at ?a?. (hat In- altbfl a pah- III * hi ( unit Tip that n-uld blow tha faatharr oP. lh? ahirb. n'a haa;.?. ThtoMUrr-pll <1 that th?-y >unii-nr *!>? i.l4 r> otli rl thai. If anah a vlnlant win-l a* tha. ram-. It nruld cart; Lia ???) with it tbonrfhtrr t Mrrttil ha* tarn d?ita in fciiropa. in theaa yara. In tha M*' of libarty. than In tan yrnra in Ann-rlaa. lu tha nnma of ilitirt, (l'haar? ) Tba fj?ta?i|on nap nr. bat*, la llnra autth.n* |.raatH-al in lh<a. anything It la pained fn-n ll-a ntafirntt of tba rhur--h an<X liar hiatoryf I think thaaa la Tha rbiirah. in thflr?t ?r% of chriatiantty. b*fnra talking "f tha ntioctian <>! rlarar? uada all thai amild I . ina.|a out of It f?r g->?4. * fia imprnTP<t tba anndi'l-n of th lata, a- rfcing on th- h at both of MMtof* and lataa |ii| alavary finally it.- 1 "tit of ilaalf, without tirl'noa. anal all lra plana. I at tba raault 1 ba only plan ?Mrh ?' ? to nf n p*a*tiaai on - fir tha M><4iti*n of alnaary. |a tha tmpr-rnin hi of aural lar nit i* a brat. and than of ttirir mind* in tb -It prnaanl - ii-tlH n Tbla mail ba don* not |.r aglfativn It ntual ha |on? hy ih. authority - f tha i|..t* Itmna tkraao lta?, in a a.-nrtiuta nai mtnnrr 1M tha graaaa.l #ln-aa Wa anna at ad Ural. and tha la*( ?f anah Mala in rtpaid to *lnra? anf-'W- l I,at lh?aa who ar>Irianda ( > iba t-iaek man 4<> nbat lh?t ann hy wort t.d a ?atn, la tn proti at him. and to obtain for h m Iho piliiiip' ah ah iba lt? alloa-a him If thay want to ni.iir in r-alalia* f?r that :-urp aa. i?1 ihara ?rt-tn l y Indnaa lha m- taiily and tha p?-.-l aanaa of Iba r n n.nnMy to ba n tba* 4 Iban i?lltl-n lb* Mat* I- ftrlali t.? -or 11.? irrarrtif any Uaaa nhirh ma* ? . m lytat.i Irai A linn-1 i?riy gr at aa--nl In tb? ritinliy n-t iban an iat iLaia Tba nihil -n nf n ? . i?rtll' ry ?||| atrial ibam atan. for it nil! aprand tbr rbntMirt uyrru-a fhrin no raaa> n t?> b"ll -* I I- . t #i ril-.ra ? ii I. . i . i... it I*Tif. niii maltlply t K* hi rut t.irtar imniga i * r.y ? li< ut? -i ?il? .J (<rlkr r-od of tha Mark pawn. 1 " 1 I. h.tta.iii ..o;?*o.( ?ti .rt Ml r t. I ; fr t ti ll I; 10 iia* HTrf I. rf| propel "i to Hii ft it tbr??rh the will of lb* UwimU r.' 11." irrrl> r 1 liorr tltifrhoiitina ^ratlinm arr tbn.x <1 iiaonri ?i, r?,?nj, ia fart; raaiy ?'?*< l? takrntoan liny ami to tioi^ntr thr in til l lha? rrn-ler llcr Mii'l and rrrklrt*. Mr at tba North hit a a trry high I n rf t urMltH Ara wa to hold <iur -'ou:lirrn 'i"lit u in at ah Va<l raputa. ?? nut to 'fcwnt it porrthi' hat tin y i on \ ? indurad to an kinitt; toward* th?d> 'littaT 1 br itifltirnrr of a a"**'*! rliaia and ot k?'.my ain>o*)ihrri would ??rin to br produrtita o* uiltim** ami r'nt|rnr?a Th? fowth-raar am ?t? tbrr naliona i? hold to b? gay. imagina itr. ijitirk i t dii tit' r? rhupr yrt ant wantealy rrnrl android iliiil>d Mt ?(->iak aftaa of thr rhitalry ofthr Wnmh' i? It r? tlir Fonihererr Who t"nn am nz?: u? for h.? t>rightlinra? and ho|dtn*a; why art with hlai a? If ha iad ao |ri.rr< ?ity. or a? If w# had monopoiiard all th? Milk <f human ktndnr'V (f hnra) A rr wr to Vallate hat thr f laatrra of tha Foatb arr rrady to lora ?lar# y for Matrrt a oka* Worrit nally with thr prittlabrn of Frut^i i aroiina and Oaor?in a? It wita with tha trb fbrinrra of Ohio, no aoiaa think It la with tha rralihy jroprlrttw In Kaalaaky that hla Intarwat to dara ?.f h? ing forward?d. waaa injarrd by th? praaraaa >f a nnairroa* Mara popntattna. irrat to twllaaa ha towid at ill uphold aiarrry ' W'a arr taught at tha latth t* tvoaxUr that trory Pool krrn (titwata at a

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