Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 22, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 22, 1850 Page 2
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m ? I - Til ; HTTiu I I ---UiJWI SKETCH OF THE LIFE ( NAHCISO LOPEZ, ? THE frimiiuiiriiiie Genera] of the Cuba Invader*. (Frf>m the New Orleans Delta. May 10 J Within the iwist year mid u half, the n unc of C.e neral Lopez, of Cuba, has Ix-en familiar to the press and people of the United Elates, as the projector i und chief of a revolutionary movement content- j plated in that island, which was to have broken out in the summer of 184H, but which w.is frustrated by discovery on the i>at t of the government Many arrests were suddenly made, and he himself, after l>eing informed that nis principal friends had been arrested, (to the number of two hundred, as the account was first brought to him, though it proved afterwards to have been greatly exaggerated) had time to escape on board a vessel bound for llristol, I It. 1., (Hliode Island, not Kound Island); feeling i himself reluctantly compelled to take that step to i save bis friends front being shot?a fate which would have certainly awaited them within three ; days, if he had, at that moment, with premature 1 (suddenness, raised the standard of the revolution, j General Narciso Lopez is now a little aver lifty ' yenrs of age, having been born in Venezuela, in the year !"!>* or 171)9. His father was a wealthy | landed proprietor, owning large estates on the //ancs or plains, swarming with cattle, horses, Otec. His mother, who is still living, is one of thos. women of rare elevation of mora1 dignity, combined with mental strength. \s In > children, imbued with that noblest inTieritauc of nature, a re stamped from the outset as born to command, I Jeneral Lo pe* was their only son that lived beyond childhood, 4bough of daughter? us parents had some fourteen or til teen; an.! according to the habitual life of th" Uunot, |nusi ! aliiu.. I from lite cradle to the saddle, or rather, we nay rcihnps say, to the back of a ! wild l.or-.\ witho.t ..ny saddle?a training well calculated io la> tie found .tion < f that character and it..i'ii ot fe.nless hardihood, energy, and reso- i lutioi), which has been illustrated by his subse- 1 m - lit militaiy career. Though so successful ns a soldier, and though th.it sui ret' was achieved only by the display of extraordinary capacity as well as courage, it is sin- I guUr that < Jen. Lopez has never been fond of the military profession and life, lie did not enter it i fiom choice, but simply as a resource of despera- | tion, under circumstances forced upon him, at the age of fifteen, by the civil war then desolating all ; the Spanish South American provinces. His lather hud been stripped of nearly all his property, or had seen it rendered wholly unproductive, through the | operation of that cause; and, with such means as he was able to realize, he entered into commercial ; life at Caraccas, assist, d by his son, who, boy as h>- wis, was able to bear the burden of a large share (f it:* resionsibilities. At the town of Valencia, in the iut? rior. he had the charge of a brunch ?( his main establishment at Cnraccns, at the period of the sanguinary, and, for the time, devisive, battle of I,a Puerta, in 181-1, in which Jiolicar, at the head of ihe insurgent troo|>s, was de- 1 feated by the iSpanish army, under Gen. Moves. I Poll.p.r, thov.gh routed, sent orders to the garrison of Valencia, to maintain the place, which was done with heroism to the left moment, so long as resistance was jKiri-ilde?the inhabitants, who knew that massacre and plunder would immediately ensue on the entrance ol the victorious army, uniting in I the defence with the few soldiers of the garrison. I The town being an open one, this consisted simply in.defending the approaches to the plaza or square, in which w? re hastily collected all the property and I ? fleets, which it was considered most important to protect. The hou*e of Lojiez's father happen- i *d to he situated at one corner of the square, and the boy took an activc part in the de fence at that point, and before long found himself recognised by those collected at that i?oint, soldiers and citizens, without suspecting it himself, as their lender (It facto. His father, however, who was in Valencia at the time, hut a man of dillerent ntculd from the boy who then made his m.nden trial in arm*, took no part in it. The resistance j was prolonged three weeks, '.at no relief came from Bolivar, who, meanwhile, abandoned indeed all that part of the country which he had thus compromised, and made his way along the coast towards l'arcelona. The inhabitants of Valencia felt I itterly resentful at tkw treatment by th<- patriot leader, who had sacrificed them for the esca|>e of the routed fragments of his ow n force, by directing them to make a resistance only justifiable on the idea of his c< ming to their relief; while it could not fail to prevoke even a redoubled decree of the licidl ffNU'ltV will* u in :l ? ?.? ? . / n*nvii| in u r uii'ir rmi , straggle, the cor)',uerinc i>ariy wu> in the habit of nesting ?nv I own fulfill# into th*ir possession. MamcK of the men was the general ruie?a rule c?ft? 11 rni c^li made to include a proportion of wonun ?nd children. After the surrender of the j'lace, Litm was separated from nis father, being turn* d c ft as a child, wliile his father was herded w uh the men, uppoaed, in spite of the capitulation, to he reserved for iua>.?acre that night. The ho* li nuelf, indeed, esc*(>ed that very narrowly. With smit- other ccnij>anions, lie had joined a couple of negroes, slaves of his family, among a great numl?er mote who had huddled together in one spot for ?af< ty, that elites not heiitg usually included in the massacres of such occasions ; hut during the night fortunately issued forth with his two servants, in the hope of being able to do something for his father, or to hear something of him. In this ho|>e, indeed, he was mistaken, (though his father, as he afterwards learned, did Micoeed in fllectinc his own escape,) hut the nett morning, on returning to the place which they had left for that purpose, they found the gliaMly spectacle of eighty-*even 1m dies with their throats cut like sheep. After hiding kbout f>>r some time, feeling himself constantly liaMc to the same fate, and reduced to a condition ofent;te desperation, he determined to B'-eU safetv in the only situation in which it was to t>e found, f?y enlistment ns a soldier in the *miy ; and selected an opportunity of offering himself to a tergewntof more encouraging countenance thhn the others, by whom, not without some enIreaty, he waa aecepteil na n recruit?the sergeant little aufprcting that the boy of fifteen, and small in stature at that, whom he at first told to l>e oil ami play, wi s h ere after to Iwcorne one of the most dis- ' tintuished officers in the service. The former did not indeed live to see if, for this gcod-n&tured serffet nt fell shortly afterward-, it ha\ in:: l?en I. /'* <it to convey 10 him, ami i t others, the oiJerfor 1 the sen ice w hich was his last.* Hrch Wfts the circumstances which threw Ijo- | p? i into 'lie riulit??rv car??er. and w hich throw hint into if on the aide of the civil war of that t? ret? hed perir <1. 1l?* w?? n mere hojr, ami it ?u the only chnnoe of Itfr?while, nt the miw' time, there w a? ff> Ijr ih- n no inhabitant of Valencia who would h<t\e hriiialril to ahont llohvar, the chief of the r?tt ?t aide, na the Interest of enen.iea, had they hud the opj<c.rtnnity Si*'" was then. mofWfr, nnder the republican ronatdution t.f 1M2?to that, in the civil war at that period, tiie rjtife of ld>ertv did Bot aw>?*nr to l>e aolely on the patriot aide. Th<* Imttle of Li Purrta Wa? .lc?m#4 then to ha\c completely rnnhrd the rebellion m that region, th??t'Bh in fact the Mruirch wa? rrnewrd and protracted, with varioua tucew, till the final evacuation of Caraccaa hy the S|nm?h unity, la l"23 At the rnd of tie w.ir. I.npc7. w ho had tint* entered in the rank*, found Mtnwlf a colonel, li.iMng attain* d that rank at the ngr of tweniy-tUree, ihroufh the brilliancy and daring of hie ^ rvice*. Th? lirat occasion that attracted attention to him, waa *hortly after hia enlistment, during an attack upon a cera n place, which wna defended by field* worh?, ther< l?-?nc two haMiona connected together by a curtain of about lif?y yarHa in leafth. The j S|mniah f??lc? heinc I,< > .l into two rorii.n, en* , ir<?'d in attack ire tlic two bianoiH, t!i?- aiiuuni- ( ti? n of the one portion pave out, an<i aipnal heinfl made to th" other to that rflrri. the commander called for volnoteet* to l?*ad three mnlra, loaded wi ll ainrnvnitior fi?m the one ?ml ro the other, a , nervier r< 1111r 1 ntr a paa*^* alone the line of fir?* of , thr rn? my ration*d behind the cnrtain conne> tine i the two I.C|? 7 w iia *h" only one w ho ?oluntrcr- I ed, and he art out with the three nvilc* in a Mring. according to the ctiatcm of the country, the h<.?l , of eac h faatenrd h\ a Co I to the ti ll cf b? fore it. At about half Hie diatancc r<-ro?a, rn<> * vi iH' muif n ii >ir*u. i rtf nwio killed !? us: unluckily Ibr middle one. it via# nrrf?MI? to untie the nr.', ?nl f f ' l . .1 hi , | ill ntldft ? lit*. ?lnf h wJ* alum ->ly drh- . ? e?l by both partie#. lie Mcr?rd"1. hcvVvr, in reacniiij! hi# 4r?fin?1i?n. mm uoded, thotipli In* . fun wa# Imk'ti by one hall. I'i# pan:,il. ,.n-< m by another, ?rd b>* ? *p pi-rr< ! bf t Ihinl, with tin- . tlltfr nmr? *. i r?l? d. but not to d.-atli; nisd llie | |>lrr?* wa? taken | 1 lir nr*'H?y tl . ir jmn-v? , n ,1'. in general order. for the totunt'er who Ind if)?-red for ttaix , afrriahrr aertire, with i ii'H tn Inn rereivi ig an ?ffirr?*i tMiiDminn Tic conimi##ion, hnwrvf r. I.'- tb I lifr'tt. ' ' r - : r I, i d , |h< ' Ihup rniwil over Ihe head* of manv men, l??tli . jprwn and better inalit.ed. for anait*lnrh had . proceeded more from the de*p?ir and reckle##ne*? of hi* situation thi.ii from miy otlifr ?f>irit. and, in truth. Will h??pinp for r*c*pe from icp, to whi> Ii ' he wan Mill atrcnplv a*er*e; and the only reward he acceded ?? that of c*em;>fion from the drndjrerie* of a aoldier'* wotk. nnd of l>*in|r momied , inatrad of man-hint on f<*>l. to wlm h lie had n?\?r , been acrurtrmed Still, once in thr aerinc, the Thl? ?M en th? oeea*?on of the fr#? battle of Malor a. *h?n llie Fyan ah Oriml M?>ral>>#. who ?* !? ' feated made jood hi* retreat oalt l>y paerlfleinfr a eo- j luaan which hf ordered tn( defend a eertaln p??itloo.* i- * a> r? iee which wa* certain death, ia a war In which prleaaer* *ia*eted n? quarter and were not diaapFBaaetiy three month# afterward* a *eco?d battle waa *f*ht aear the ?ame rpnt la which tforala* aa? tie ior*a? and they tnand bedba of tha coin nan In ^nea- B tlca that ia t" my th?lr blaacfeed pfceietoa* to tha naoiher <4 tit handr d laid oat rn the iroand la re(r?- " tat array, by the patriot#, in rank tod Me a* lb< ngh i ' a m oakery cf dieeipiia* ia drath ' Eenius of the soldier, and the spirit of emulation of military honor, prevailed over hjs own aversion to the career; und, at nineteen, he found himself coiiv inander of a squadron of horse, a select force designed for critical occasions, to decide pending contests, a corps into which none hut picked nn'u were admitted, nnd with which it wub a point of honor never to turn the hack; and, at the age of twentythree, a highly esteemed colonel of a regiment of cavalry. lies-idcs other distinctions, he received during this war the raie military honor of the cros? of San Fernando, of the becond (the imnl distinguished) J, ; a reward not bestowed at pleasure, hut which is to he obtained only hy a public dem >nd by the person claiming it, and on the institution oi a formal process tor and against his right, everyl>cdy being free to interpose an objection, or to depreciate the nieiit i f the act for which it i* demanded. In lh<' whole army there was but onother individual who possessed this cross. l<oj>e/, not attaching much inij>ortiince to the act for which be v. .it urged to apply, and caring little, moreover, for the honor himself, was only induced to demand it by the cetnmender-in-chief, General Morillo, who taunted liini w ith being afraid of a rejection < t :Ji< tli'in.iud, ar.d who demanded his secretary to draw up the application, almost forcing the reluctant young officer lo sign it. In the negotiations for the withdrawal cf the Spanish army, he contributed much to cause the ani- h general?who could have protracted the contest much longer, though with no hope of eventual success?to relieve the country from the further | ressure of the evils of war, l?y his influence exetted in every manner consistent with military honor ; tinil it is no .-mull {ro?.f of what must have |.< < n the appreciation of all his character, conduct, and motives, entertained even hy those afiaiiist \vh< in he had thus scived, having l>een thrown by the circumstances above explained, i>n tie .Soani.-h side of the civil contest thus terminated, tnat on the conclusion of hostilities, he was invited hy the patriot government to enter its service, in the same 1 viii k hi Id by him in the Spanish army, lie dBcliii' d the ofler, not considering that that honor which had kept him in the service, jiermittcJ hint to accept it; and lie retired with the ewicuation ,.imy t<? Cuba, in the year ls2!l. Sincc tl:at date lie has been a Cuban, hiving nr-.rlied t>nd established hints.'If in the island. The reestablishmeiit of absolutism in Spain, by the aid of tl:*' French intervention, overthrowing, forthesec( nd time, the constitution of l>12, wholly prevented Ins resumption of service, though retaining his nominal tank The system then adopted was, to re<piire a "j i i tftwtitH' from all the ollicers of the army, sptciuily those susi<ected of too much liberalism, a process confitting in the adjuration of such sentiments, and in an oath of devotion and support of the lit order of things. Always not only liberal, but democratic, in heart as well as in principles, he would never content to compromise with his conscience in that respect; and he accordingly remained in retirement until, on the death of the old King, Ferdinand V11., the long-smothered liberal party bioke out from under the dcsj>otic incubus which had pressed it down, and assumed the ascendant in the government of the country. Maria Christina, the brilliant, bold, but unprincipled widow of the old King, after having caused the latter by his will to devise the crown to her infant daughter babel, in disregard of the Salic law, which had heretofore leyulated the succession of the throne of Spain, and therefore to the exclusion of the rights of l?on Carlos, the King's brother and next male heir, threw herself on tlie liberal party for support, and even resuscitated front its grave the constitution of 1M2. The absolutist or royalist party soon prepared to rise for the maintenance of the right of l'on Carlos, whose characterand views made him morecver their natural head. Christina, in anticipation of the severe civil struggle which all knew to be about to ensue, adopted the vigorous mciiMiise of disarming at a blow tie whole party throughout the kingdom, so far as it was practicable ; a service to which the |>eople were ummoned, and came forward eagerly enough to perfoim, with the aid of the troops that could he counted U(xin by the government. This movement, beginning at Madrid, was at each impottarii point the work of a day, and hy its smldendenness eo successful, that throughout the kingilt m, mx hundred thousand stands of arms were wrested from the hands in which they would otherwise have boom l>cen employed for the re-establishluentof 1 )<>n Carlos, the priests, and absolutism. 11 was in the mid ft of the tumult of this memorable diiy Ht Madrid, that Colonel Lojiez, (who hapI < ned to I ' at the capital with his wife, to reclaim a larirc sum of money arbitrarily seized from the family of the latter hy the government in Cuba,) ri apjieared on the scene, signally distinguishing hiinscll by the activity and boldness which he exhibited in In-tiding bodies of the people, in this cm tation if disarming the royalists. Always a thorough republican in heart and conviction, he was one of the most enthusiastic to welcome the ie\t\al of the old constitution, and the constitutionalist party, and hit joy took the natural form /.e?l?>us duriii'', in the performance of this prac tical seivice to the cause ol Ins principles?a ser> ict w hu b w?? not at all one- ided, a considerable i>art of the national guard ami some of the troops being royalirt, and n-v? ral attempts being made by the latter W.rty to tally, and make a stand against the tide or popular enthusiasm that rose and raged round them, and finally overbore all resistance. More than once in the course of the day, Jx>pez was seen driving heft re him, singly, with Ins sword, ci nsnierahle bodies ol the royalists, armed with then pins, to the principal guard-house, to deliver iij their aims, treating them with little ceremony, and iiu:kinp them acquainted w ith the I'di of his \* rid, ;n:.1 ii.lb I'd ci'Winr them into oliedience to Ins ( ?M.iitainl, as tl.oj^li he had ki-n th'-ir own < il c er T I - ci i ' i '.in i,c of tli!? day w as, that he w.is Sienlily despatched to join the army, as first aidde-c.iiri|> to ihe < i mmandf r-in-i hit I, lien. Valdez; and after taking a nmfl tctive |>art in the war, beii l' Ufiiallv selected for the most daring military worn, if r?>nn?f inmaell, at its rloi.e, a gem ral, an 1 cn\rrrd with military decorations', anion,* whicli win ilir highh ili'iintniMiid one* of t)i*a trund i<>f k i t M. !( inii iiL'ililo nnil Uubcl l.i Caiolica.* |!i tv> irii liiin<rlf un<l VnMc/. (v, ho wu* after* aid* ( n|tain General of Culm.) a devoted fm-nt'ahip it )> < , v. Inch l.n? n?-\ ?-t nMiin#il any diinin cioii. Tlw only ,ure and u^>rii^Ut Captain Cenert a-nt to < i.l-u, v* .n.in iIn* luriiioiy of man, anil therefore n?ci -- .ri'v too toi 'l to !>? I< na left I.y 11??* ifoverninent ii. tlmi | o-i. \ alilrr I.a* nlw,iv? been re^.irde I I.y (x>pcz a? the meal virtuwu* man bmtthiiiR. in Imp |?-Vtii al M'aiiiiicntr, ? nenl !/<>,> < never wavered fn in In* hdelitjr to the democratic j?arty, kn< ?n in fpnin as tin1 lil?'tul <mttail i i>orty. Aaa know ii kini nimble member of that jmrty, he wa? i'lh^'int' dcoti.maadit-in-chk'foflhr Actional Guard ( l the k i L*'lc?m, a iot created for bint at a cnttcnl 1-etiod. lie, rt different periods filled the pout of con niHm'er-in-rhtefol vnrioua province*. Though exu -ivelv i are^ed l>v tlir ipieen mother Christina, hf t-.uly learned to ilerpiM* and dt?tru?t her, ar <1 Iter hlff, reltifh, nnd ititri^tiin^ j>olitic?. i n tlx oocf'Mon of the tmpular insurrection at Madrid, >* Ii ? h resulted in the ex pulsion of CKii*una from tlie Heffency, (ien. I*opez w.ia earnestly ?ol.? ited I.y tlie people to assume the comtu nil of the capital, aa Governor of Madrid, whirh, when he found it lrrwnl*nt on htm a? a datr of humnm itv. at a difficult ami crtfieiil moment, he cone- nted in Ho. TI.e city lieinjj threatened hy the army, lie made the mo?i en<-rgi tic prrpanrtiont for it* defence: hut h:i|^alv th<- withdrawal of the nhnoxinua tjueen Mother to IVria averted the neceaaitv of the Mnipple, far abirh he had hraeed the nenrea of the peoi le, |?T the tirnmeaa of hia resolution and the vigor of hia measure*. l>pertero. on v hotn the Government then devolved, an<l aho *'?on tt?r anointed Ke^ent hjr the Coite*, w ja anxious r< i?i.!11< l.<;?'< to retiiin the po?t of < rovernor of I,. 1n.? I ?l )-*?? r woul.l not remain, l < v.>n i the d ?f merpenry for whieh hf hnd been railed I'prn by the j^ee, le thetnaelvea, in a ntuiition n * hu ll ii nught become hi* ilmjr to art a:pin?t he ffrple for tl.e re|>re*-i.-?n ol tumult*, and three imea upon tho Urgent hi* resignation; * hich * aa orlv accepted, when he positively reu-ed to tube a negative answer. an I he relieved i prtem from the .Mficulty of lilting hla place, lijr liniwlf rrc< mmendinij a competent aneceaaor. Anterior t? thia wrind, he had been appointed a Penntor tf the kin;'l'?ti?, by the 11' r<*I rity of Authorized by thf constitution to noinii.ite tlii"" pe?? n* for the Henatr, from whoin the re*n l.i.J to re lei t one, J*eville took ctlectual i e?p* to m?hc good it* de*tre to l>e repn-aented l?y Lope* 1 v nnrwi k aa hi* colleagues In th'* nommai< n, two candidntea whom it waa impo#aihie for he court to adopt, the ??ne lwme the Infnnte I>on r*n? i-ro de f'ama, ?he uncle of the y<mng tjueen, md l r< ih? r i f Kii Cniloe. and the other bong n liM-nruifhcd Car Hat bishop. Ilia t'fhct of .sfnHtor nllorded 'Jen Lope* nn >; potWtmtjr of atudyinf the politic* of >p?in, the pit it M il artion of it* government. e*j<eciitliy ia 'I'lrnce to it? Apimrnn colonies. (Cul?a, hi* ownttv by adoption and tnarriuge, being the |>rin:jnl ('ii<,) which, ami'Wt the clash and splendor of in;??. 11 had nexer liefofe poaeraaed: and ht tril> irglv, for a while, forgot the latter, glorious a* Ik y !<;m1 hei n to linn, to avail imoi^lf of the adrntrj e?wia facilitir* of Ina |>oeition for the former. irHtt't aad indication were the firai fruita; rrsominfl to lie the liberator of Cuba, tkr ne?t. The > I ulte ( I lite Cuban deputies from their aeata in l.e Cortef? .1 Cortea eKi?tirs hy virtue of a constiutioii \\likh gate totlioee depitiicathe same right* mh'lr- trh(?e rotrt re|?laN them- had already a ?k< ned? derpfVelineof reaentment in hia hrraat, a in that of all hi* < uhen roni|>atriot*. Though a obiter In m i Uildhntd. he bad never had o'her e mi in t>. j".I 1 - ? - "? wr nail r BlIH H IO * KvfMCarim MMorlun* *fnl v?Ui hifh oI < l>?lr r?n wc?t fim.Ul.Ir rn-mr. r?Utin,r moM ***** th* m??n?r in which h?- ???*4 th# 1 i m* and lh? horor of fimrral Ct'nndrWt ?ho tt< ,i , irv?t 1 ? Ati n )>7 Mirptl'r. Ilnwrd | npvt. thn??l> mil* I p?4?*?t t?> rally th?- flying aarna* tb- ?ntir? I ntrm?t,<] ttftnnlly npvr-.<* th? nrntral. and to a i "? ?lt( ui mrfeir tb? liwamr of ;ha 4a j regard with telf-reproach his own glory acquired in the Spanu-h service, and to de*pi?e the glitter of his own uniform as a mere livery, no n?or<* honora ble in In* eyes than that which bedizened a rich man's ncgrtt i<Utsero in his own country. Such thought in the breast cf a man, so honest in conviction, eo resolute in will, and so fearless in execution, was no barren sentiment; and he deliberately determined to devote the rent at his life to the lilteration of his country, and the recovery of his own dignity ? measuring the latter by a far higher standard than the vulgar one of rank, military distinction, power, or court fuvor. designing his seat as a Senator, he insisted w ith Espartero on being allowed to return to Havana? h permission which he did not obtain without extreme difficulty, nor until after long resistance on the | art of the Regent, it being contrary to the jealous policy of S|min, in the government of her rich colony, the Qtte<-n of the Antilles, to allow an Amei lean born officer of rank, of importance, to go there. An intimate friendship with l-spartero, tne noble head of the liberal or progressist party in Spain, alone made practicable the inijiortunity with which Cen. Lopez insisted on hiu demand, which be even enforced by making it the alternative to a resignation of his commission; and it cannot be denied that his own determined purpose in going, and the consequences which have resulted 11cm it, prove clearly enough the |>olicy of that rule, on the part of the Spanish government, to which he thus succetded in causing himself to be made the fatal exception.* < General Valdez was at this time tiie Captain (Jcnerul of Cuba, to which post he had been shortly before appointed, to a pieat extent through the influence of Lopez, who had urged it strongly as^a UH'Miist i?| Illinium^' ll? UUII^' H mi Ujip/nmmj ui irturning to Cuba, with Valdt The latter, as liis meet intimate unci devoted friend, solicited permission that Lojie/. should accompany him, but without success; end it was not till several months afterwurdathat hefiaalljf effected hiAbjttt as bt> fore remarked, partly through hits threat ol' resigning his commission, and partly from the Regent's perfcnul attachment. It was, we believe, in 1SJ9, that he returned to Cuba. During the period of the Captain-Generalship ol Vuldez, lie nor, friendslup and gratitude combined to require him to postpone uny steps towards the hccunplishment of that great purpose which never slept within hia breast. The downfall of Kspartero, and the restoration <1 Alalia Christina to power, supported by Narvaez and th^ army, by canting the recall of the virtuous Valdez, (who was succeeded by (>*lk>nnell, the predecessor of the pr> sent, Kcncali.) released Jum from the jmtfonal obligations by \\ln< li at first lie had felt himself fettejrd; *nd hie friends i.n Havana were surprised at the evident content mid olieerfulness with which he received a chance 11 parties, necessarily depriving him of the posts which he held in the military government of tln^ Island. Under \ aide?, he was Governor of Trinidad and Commander-in-Chief of the Central l>?'partment, as well as President of the Military Commission. He ch.dly laid down these |>08t8 on the arrival of the period of opportunity, and freedom for which he had impatiently waited; and creating a pretext for returning to the central depal tment, in retirement, (retaining, of course, his position and rank as General, though not on duty,) by undertaking the workintr of an abandoned copper mine, he devoted himself mainly to his object of organizing pre|<arations for his intended rising of me oeopie agaiioi 11.< ir (>||>rcst>ors;?an oi>ject which, it i? scarcely needed to say, required extreme caution and tart, as well as boldness, though he well knew that the general sentiment of the people w as already strongly predisposed to a movement for independence. With this view he exerted himself in many wave to establish a personal popularity and personal regions, as extensively as possible, with the country p*ople of all the surrounding region, the gno/trvs. every one of whom is more accustomed to the saddle than to any other peat, so that they may l>e called a population of cavalry, whom a very little training under the inspiration of such a leader would make a mounted force inferior to none in the world. He employed every mode in his power to make himself personally ftaiiuliur with theta, to win their confidence, and to attach them by services and favors?an operation in which, always lavish and careless of money, he spent with an unreserved hand. Mingling thus familiarly among the gnajiioi in their own costume, and as one of themselves, he thus ore|>?'.red them to l?e in readiness for the approaching day. Aided by the res|iect due to his rar.k, the brilliancy of hi* military reputation ns the well know n bravest and boldest oilicer of Cuba, his genetosity and charoeier for humanity and gooa nature, he thus established an influence such that he has always l>een confident that the whole region would rise nt his voice, whenever he should summon the people to rally round the llag of liberty and independence. llav me determined early in 184H that the pro|ier time hid arrived, he w as only induced by some fi n-ndi to postpone Me MnM rising for a short time, in order to await the result of some communications whieh had proceeded from a highly distinguished American officer in Mexico, whs knew the state of public feeling in the island. This delay le?4, through tin accidental cause, to the discovery of ni? plan by the government, and the sudden arrest of Ins fin nds, and the necessity, as explained nt the beginning of this sketch, of his own |<recipitate < mUitkiition for this country, from whose friendly shores he ho| ?d soon to l>e able to return. 11 is plan for C uba has always been independence and annexation to the Aniencan I nion. After Ins escape, he was condemned to death.t Against the lerscns who had been arrested, (*onieof them, l<ethaps, with reason and some without.) no evi dcnce exiated, and the (pritt r part were reh'?aed? M>nie l>eing sent out of the country. The reM of lien. Lopet'a life has to h? written by a future l>iogru|?her. To the flight outline we have here given, we will only add a few anecdote* illuftrative of that enter})!wine fearle^ne.-* to w hich, uuitcd with a quick and keen perce|4ion, fertility of rcaoutcea, knowledge of men and gift of command, are to l< a*cril.ed the rapid and brilliant |,i nt i- o! Iiik militiuy ? i' i. r> ?, > ! ting which the mnti extraordinary cncnniMance ia, that while it \uti< commenced perforce, and a* the only chance fot )< *> life, hi* heait h? never been in it, and he ha* nevtr de?ired betti r than an opportunity of wi'hdrawing altogether Iroin the military profeaaion it?? if. (>n cne occasion. in South America, landing with an fX|?'dilion. aomewhnt a la Cortex, in a wiTd and unexplored region, occupied l?y a highly warlike iril-e ??f wild Indiana [/?dt t who never had. nor ever have, be< n tamed, ami with whom th?) had a eevcre engagt ment on landing, the wla le |?rty came well nigh perilling for want of water. Mtikifg into the interior in <|urat of water, iiftei 11.arching in a tropin.I climate for a w hole day without f nding Mream or pimp, they were at laat apptoached. at about Hinaet, tiy an Indian warrior, tnountfdon a mugnilitent her*, cream-colored, with Mack mane at.d fret. Lopex waa in adv.inre, with a miall column, w hen tfat- cotnin inder aum i <i. d him lo contult.ittcn. The veaaela from which they had landed the afternoon l*efore had tailed, mi ihat they had no mum. A numl<er had ultrady died of exhauation i.nd th ru. They contrived to make the Indian underatand their want, and he. in return, conveyed to them that he could ci mluct them lo venter, which they could teaih by day-bleak. Tut liere aroae the per11? xit) ?how far he * lo I*- trusted. 111.- jmrH-m might l?e lo decuy them away from the relief which they might otherwise, pcihup*. find in the rincct'on they w-cre puraulng, and lo lead them nil astray to a certain and horrible f;ite. In the imdM (4tki* anxioii? nncertainty, Lopez aolvcd the lifln nlty in a mode little likely to occur to another, by jtopo?ing to mount himaell behind the Indian, cii tlie powerful and fie>h horae <>f the l.itter, and to go at the utmost apeed in que*! of the water, lo verily what Waanndertfocd f:om the ?igna of the Indian; telling the commander that if he returned all would ?> courae I* w ell, while if he did not return. it would.prove that he wna killed?that the ltidmn Waa playing fal e; and that,therefore, fhey flu iiId in that caae infer that, by piifhmg on in the direction <hev were gimg, they would probably find relief. The oiler wua accepted, and hia cotripaniona remained *? the euol to await the reault, all the bnmla of daci|4ine l?ia? meanwhile wholly relaxed. A? it reanlied. tlie Indian conducted him Irnlv lliMinh nl i nnt^f I .f?? l.-i.l i~ - ...... B ...... ...... TO I'lUMgr MHO J the ili-i'ihf of tli'* fore.-t and of ihe night. mounted I liH.il a guide *ho mi;h: Ic.mJ him only into thr midM tfrnenufs. Mr reached the water,returned, u ii'l lijr conducting tlif m to it, raved thr live of the Whole expedition. 1' proved that tlie lodinn waa ?.l n tribe lioMile to thoae tigainat whow territory thr exprditicn waa i<rDreeding ??onie of hi* wive* had l>ern earned otl on n frrar, and he waa in purMiit of th?in when hr mm- mon the Mrnnger* whim hf iliMwrd. of roume, the <-nrmie* of hi* em mie*, ami there for- hi* friend*. The Indian < >rI heu* v ?* rrwitilfi not only t>v the recovery of hi* i?oit three lo*t l.urjdice*, I >ui hy lil<er&l present*, ni'd he afterward* proved h mvicrible guide. The ocritucn on w hirh hr received the cro?? of .^an Knnmido. *ha*c alluded to. w?* a* follow*:? Monllo, nt the heat' of a force of aevrn or eight thi i'Mind n?n. wa* purpling the patriot army of lVer. m:nil rrtng al?otit n,(?>, over the llanoi or plrir? of Venezuela, trying in vain to hring the latur to an engagement. Thi* the latter had, of e? ut?r, no difficulty So avoi<l. In* whole force con- , t.e|.??'? aeeret ?t*he? and tlrwa early adapted have I mrntf ti m m>ti)?ft nf?t !> ) mi triirh ?u*pieinn. In | 1 erfi-im* to t ut a that ?< ??ral v*r? before by a pro- I 1 f< dlrr ?'?r*tii*f trf m II itana nit Ttt m Taon then ' 1 faptain lirnrrat, hf had l-?o ulijrttril to a formal i Ir'ol n a rltarpe of eon?p?rinj for the independent* of | l hat n l< i. j . tail of h?? >"? ?l a Jinnrr. propoaed aa a | li a?t a xnlmiral to that rttael It* nrri-nlri hof. , i??r ii twdlltf Mi' faiml". md ?w arquitteit t > ?orn ht? |>ej*r* *el*rd by the *oT?rnm<>nt. waa a . tter to the ijvkiii r**lfn<nf hi* rcnimla*ion. whkh J ?*? t<> have been aen? to the i nptain tleneral a day or 1 wo Iwfrrr the rla r.f TM> ha* been dearrlhed. by* I

tl.nd who ha* *? ? It. a* a rery nolle and WatlfWI i I ' (O liril? r-r n. hn/ {hf dotj ?>f Military 1 an with tkat tf f?trk>tk*a ji fisting of firtf-rate cavalry, while the Spanish army was mainly infantry. Lo|*z wan, at this period, as has been above-mentioned, at the head of a picked SMMdron, reserved lor decisive moments, with which it whs a iioirit of honor never to turn their back. He had lost half of it in a severe engagement thut morning, and with the rest, thirty-eight ill number, wan inarching on the extreme flank of the aintjr, when he received an order from the general to gallop forward and barrens the rear of I'uez's retreating armv. Morillo had not recognised, at the distance, the fragment which remained of Loue/s squadron; which he would never otherwise nave sent on such a service, especially after the niorning'p work. Hash as the order was, it was of course obeyed. On the perfectly level prairie, which was the scene of the o|>eration, what ensued was in view of both armies. I'aez, urovoked at the indolence of the little squadron, halted snd put himself, in person, at the head of h splendid corps of about 800 men, his guard, the wellknown flower of his army, in scarlet uniforms, and e\ery man superbly mounted; and this corps was seen to detach itself from the main body and rapidly approach the little band, whose destruction seemed inevitable, before the swoop of that force. Lopez asked his men if they would stand or turn. The reply was that they would do as he should. Mis answer was to Hing himself from his horse, and command them twdo the simie,thus burning his ships; and then to form his men in line to stand their ground ps long as they could, with the lances and carbines, which were their arms. He thus repulsed the charge of Paez and his guard, refusing to surrender, maintaining himself till Morillo could hasten up all his cnvHliy to their support, and till the able l'aez, with whom his retreat was of much more importunce than the annihilation of this handful of gallani fellows, whom none admired more than himself, withdrew his guard, and left Lojiez, with what remained of his dismounted squadron, to receive the cordial embraces of his general, and the plaudits of the whole army, who hid witnessed the scene. On another occasion, in the Carlist war, in Navarre, he snved the commander-in-chief. General Valdez. lo whom he was at the time aide-de-camp, and a division of his army, under the following circumstances:?Valdez had allowed himself to be surprised with only a small part of his army, in a ullsge named Durango, where he had established his heed-quarters ; the rest of the army being scatteted in various directions, on different services. Suddenly, through one of those rapid movements cf concentration which marked the system of warfare of Zumalacarregai, the celebrated Carlist c< nimander-in-t'hief, he found himself surrounded in every direction with greatly superior forces, liiiiaiigo was situated in a valley, encompassed with hills of moderate elevation, of which the entmy tuddenly took possession. Ksca|>e ueemed impossible ; a bird alone, as it seemed, could carry the intelligence to the nearest Cristino division, situated ut Krmoa, ten or twelve miles distant, so as to summon it to the rescue. Colonel Lopez, however, volunteered to do it, claiming i! as his dutv and right as first aidede-camp. and pledirintr himself to hrintr m> the division ut Ermou. ^"he commander-in-chief, though regnrdin" the attempt as desperate, yet yielding to his demand, told him he might then take what fort e he required for the puqiose. ? 1 could not do it with the half of the division," was the answer; " but let me have your pieltald how, which you taught on my advice." It was brought and Lo]>ez mounted it, taking with'him only his orderly, (a fellow on whom lie could trust to follow him over and through anything,) the latter bein? mounted on Lopez's ow n favorite charger. Directing him to keep close to him and to regulate his race by his own, and, sine* it was not likely that oth would eeca|*\ instructing him as to the order to be carried to Lrmoa, lie set out at full sjieed from Durango, along a road which passed between two eminences, troth occupied by the enemy. Slackening then his speed, as he cot well clear of the former place, and aji?roached the enemy, but riding with entire confidence, he and his companion presented the appearance of deserters; and two squadrons which had at first detached themselves from the enemy on both sides te intercept them, slackened the pace at which they moved down the road for that purj>ose. He then, with a nica calculation of the distance at which lie might venture it, suddenly clapped spurs to his horse, and rushed through the shower of balls which innediately pouted down from both sides, and, in the pursuit, cleared the gauntlet before they could cut him off, and the thing wa* done. In the words Valdez's certification, " to the astonishment of the eneay, and of the army, both of whom were watching the operation, he traversed the line," and the army was saved. In all the acts of heroic daring, on the part of Lopez, which are familiarly current among the Spanish soldiers, and which, toffether with lus human ity, kindlier* and freedom from the arrogant pride habitual to the Spanish officers, have made him so popular with them, it is to be remarked that tht boldness if never recklessness; hut ia always elicited by a worthy occasion, und combined with that quick and acute calculation of the |>ossit>ility, which it the essence of military genius. We are unwilling to omit an incident in the military lilc of Ger.eral I.o|*7, in which our readers will not t ill to recognu-c the "high itoman fashion." Together with a large numTier of others, he was at one tinien prisoner in the hands of the Carlists, at a place nnined Contavieja, a fortified place hi the d? ( iIih of the Mountains of Aragon, which was supposed n safe place of custody. There were about seven hundred prisoners collected there.? I .ope 7. v* hp the highest in runk among the prisoners and was confined in a small room a(wrt from the rest, with four other superior officers. The t>o\?ri < i ct tin- place was a brutal an.I bloody wi-tcli, who lost no op|>ortunity of outraging hi* prisoners, lie was greatly enraged when a Christmo army, under Gen. Sen Miguel, now one of the most respectable officer? in S|min, began to approach the place to besiege it, overcoming, by extreme exertions, the difficulties w Inch had l>een supposed to make it inaccessible. The i Jovernor thereupon declared that the first gun tire.I against the place should tic the signal for death of alt the prisoners in it, froivGen Lo|ie* down, (nn act perfectly in accordance with the system of war of Cabrera, who columnrnicd for 1 ton Carlos in that quarter;) and offered I.o|?ez |iermis?ir>n to write to Sun Migue! to that effect?in the belief, of course, that he would difsuiide him from the enterprise. Lopez accordingly wrote, indeed, simply mentioning the fact which he had been requested by the Governor to eomnunictte; but adding, that Gen. Sun Miguel would, ol course, carry oui his own plans, without regard to this circumstance, which was. moreover, a preof that the Governor was afraid that h>- would not le abl<- to maintain the place Ifiitnt the apprehended siece. San Miguel, at length, made his appearance neforr Ca&taviejn, and l>egan to throwBp his siege wotks. The Governor then went to the room in wlu?h I/Ojex was confined, and told him that he dec|>ly deplored the necessity under which he was now placed, of ordering the execution of the pri.-oners, but otlered tliem another chance, bjr snying that Gen. Lnj<ex might go out to San Miguel's camp, to explain, in person, the state of things, so aa to induce the latter to w ithdraw?fivir.g hia word of honor that he w ould return in mediately. I^opex accepted the ofler; and. presentu g hitm elf to San Mitfiu-I and his officer*, w ho w elrcnx d him aa a favorite friend. Ml down to a c heerful breakfast, at which he explained the eiThnd on which he had l?een sent He executed it, however, in his ow n way, by advising San Miguel cf the best mode of attacking the town by stotm, giving him the l>enetit of the observations he had U en able to make of its defences inside; snd it w.ta agreed that the attack should be mad" the next day. The prisoners had contrived to obtain the promise cf some forty muskets from some of the Navarrere roldier* in the place, w ith w hich they would make at least some resistance to the amiable purpose of thejpovernor? resistance which might thus ntli'T.I a useful diversion during the attack. This l>eing all discussed, together wiiii the breakfast, Loi* i rose tu de|*rt, w hu h he was not suffered to do till he had overpowered the chorus of 011 o% it ion he encountered, bv the deel-irnliom of hi* itllriiiblr rfHilvtloA. thf Gormw cwftmJ lnm?elf very much aatoniahed to ace him back. The town wa* rigcroaaljr attacked tlir next day, and tokea by aaMiilt, thr (Hiaonera eacaping the impending fair (which, by Jhe way. a certain cura, ( i pint, who waa one of thr principal Carliat otiicara in the garriaoa. waa I ha moat eager to inflict) by the rapidity of thr operation, and thr terror wiih w >.i< I. tlir eairiaon *m impreased. "They had no t.mf, and they were afraid of reprinlr, thut waa all," waa (teneral l/0|>ez'a modest cc rumen tar)", on a recent occaaion, when the ingin lie* of some fnenda (who happened to oliaerve cn flip table a letter directed tofieneral San Miguel, at Miidtid.) elicited the |?rticiilara of thi? atory. in w Inch we aee a rav of the clnaatc glory of Kegnlua, though he himaelf waa the only one who aaw nothmg in it remarkable. Imtoi ran lh?i nvri:y ix Tnnrr.?The l'aria Prt-nt* publishes the following letter from L'onatuntinoplr!?The Amba--udor ot France has received infctmati> n of an Important discovery inade in the n? i^M>orhood of fcrzermim of an extenaive l>ed ol ro?l. aprcimensaf which hare been distributed to the consular body in the locality The province of l.r*er< um haa hitherto l>ecn without combuatible mntcrmla. and the only furl of the poor i? the dried dung of the cattle. Thecounfrr, though very productive. ia exceaaively cold, and the thermometer . ..rd-a?low ? 2k> degrees lelow zero The importance of thia diacover? mar he. therefore, rradily a|j>rfciated, and ia. probahly, but the prelude to otner and more valuable one*, for forein scientific men hare alrendy explored the mountaina ->f that part of Turkey, and ha** pomtirely atated hat the aoil, bearing an anology to that of the Alai, in the north of Kuaaia, ahould contain minea of rold and Mirer. The Tarfciah forerameaf, If ia >aid, intrnda fo hare the mine worked by the Oorernor of the prorince, who will pay a coaaxlcrahla ftfMt to the irt?t* % The Rochester Knocking*. New York, Inventh-Plack, May 17,1880. James Gordon Bennett, Ewj? Dear Sir?In an hundred, aye, even in a thousand, and ten thousand respects, 1 admire you in the admirable columns of your admirable |>aper. There is no doubt that the establishment of the Liverpool, London and Havre jackets, and the French revolution of INK), which sent to our shores such a large number of the haut ton?the (litt in manners, science, politics anil literature of that and other countries?in that commencement of the Tuhubthu of the olil monarchies?have had a great influence in giving to our population the exterior, and much of the fondt, of the retined i>eoplc of Euroj>e. Still, 1 nm persuaded that thedisapjiearance of those very many wrong notions ol men and things, and of that outlandish way of thinking, speaking and acting, which, twenty or twenty-five years ago, struck so strangely the European traveller amongst ( us, is mostly due to that great mover of hum tn intellect, the press?especially that of our Atlantic cities, and more especially to that great engine, over the furnace and safety valve of which you so distinguishingly presid*. However, even you are not without your faults ; end now and then the HrraJd exhibits lor or against diubtful or acknowledged facts?doubtful or acknowledged truths?prejudices condamnublet, and un obstinacy dt col route, in maintaining to the last its often wrongly based opinions, which really deserve, if not our blame, lAcrrjiationcin nostrum, at least, some occasional remarks. Please, then, with your usual bonlwtnmic,to allow me to oner a few of the lattft, respecting your incredulity with regurd to thai very creditable subject, 111 my opinion, the " Rochester knocking." Now, tir, you will not deny, I venture to say, that, if it please the Almighty Kulerof the Universe to permit or order that spirits released from their mortal coil, (which he created and continually preserves) should leave the unknown abodes where they rest, or sutler, (lor though 1 do not believe that there is a Purgatory, still there may be one,) and revisit the scenes through which, fur the good or the misfortune of their fellow-creatures, they travelled upon earth?or, that some of the evil powers of the air, (who, speaking inertly philosophically, may exist; and, in company with your an/ft gardieu, may, at this very moment, be looking over your shoulders and laughing, while you are hastily deciphering these lines,) should be unchained and let loose amongst us, that he can do so. Certainly you would not make him less powerful than the Thundering Jove of the pagan table (an old bronze statue)?which, by the by, tranimogri/te to represent Peter, is still, with its kiss-eaten toe, the sacred object of worship to the faithful in the new Cathedral at Koine, to the dij-gi'st and horror of obstinHte, confounded and ever to be confounded heretics like i>oor me?med culpd, tittd med ma.rimA ctdpA?I sineerely say, vico, prtcnr beat am Murium timper virginem, bcatum Miduulem arrhanqrliim orare pro mc ! !! There is nothing in the above supjiosition which implies contradiction, any more than in our belief that matter (contingent by its nature,) was created by Him, and made bv Hun from naught?and nothing more wonderful than in the reapi>earancc, at this season of buds aad Dowers upon trees, which, a few months ago, were shrinking under a sky heavy with the snowsof winter, like the bones of dead men. under the marble t.l?b* ilmt i n?ir tlicir graves. It does not follow f>f necessity?and I am willing to admit it?front these ?iwwhto prfninwe, thai all that which we conceive and clearly understand lhat the Almighty can, lie hat* done, or hereafter will do. It may l>e, (as is reported in St. Auguitine's City of God, lib. xxii., rhap. viii.,) that T,ucianus. a priest in a small borough near Jerusalem, dreamed a heaven-sent dreain, in which lie saw l?r. Gamaliel, who told him where the hodv ot St. Stephen had been buried, and ordered htm to search for it, untomb it, and carry it to John, Bishop of Jerusalem; and that, at the opening of the coffin, the earth actually shook, and the said holy bones having been carried to the city of I)uvid and niches in the church of Sion, immediately a heavy rain fell down from heaven, after a Ions period of extreme drought. It may be that the Madona of lx>retta, quietly seated in her snug rabanon, (Santa casa) came over the sea from Palestine, on the shores of the beautiful Adriatic, to the wonder of the shepherds nnd boukoloi of the march of Ancona? mirabilt vituf.'f All this it is certainly possible that the almighty power of God could have done, but, that he has pleased so to order and do, e'ett une autre ajfairc. Crrtlat rj'ifcpum africum, madanae qvt ari iutu iter R. R.Dort Puuyf It is i>ossihlc that I might go and play s.t marbles with the young urchins round the Jrt d'eau in the |Hirk of our magnificent Holt I dt I'illr, or trundle a hoop down Broadway: but that it is probable?ah' ah 'fen doutr; unless, indeed, (which is again |>ossible, however improbable,) I should chance to difcover the long lost Fontaine de Jourenet. I?living eighteen hundred years ego in the Prorinriit H timn'1 of ancient ( It 111?if (ioil had Itlfiiwd he fniiitil l.io? made SI. Joseph, then alive, (though i cannot conceive how this could have l>een effected under the ordinary laws of acoustics, without changing the timbrt of my voice, or Joe's /?mpanutti, or the nature of the rotuhf d'air between us.) and now, he dead, and I mill alive?Iki, J<>rrph, nit rit it, tid(ra icandcrt f ora pro noitii ? h?'nr. with Ml own earn, tiMM my pravers, i?npplicationr, and reque*ts. IJut, would lie have done so 1 and doe* he please to do to ? 1 leave it to you to decide. 1 fee your displeasure? I hoar your complaint, my dear air?"ui n? remits-rous vfrtirf" you exclaim ?"What haa all this fudge to do with the Rochester knocking* f I'm prude panrnft, t. v. p? which, being interpreted, mean.*. * If you please." What it ha* to do hen- is* simply this??that since God hap the power of allowing or companding spirits to revisit this earth, for motives incompreh< ntihle to us, the only uue>tion to decide is, if he migl t or might not have Utrlv pleased to <lo no 1 And why should lie not have done so at Koche?ter, or in itny other pa it of the country, for the adxancenient of ?omc good pur|?>se?audi a?, for instance, to show to iii< heretic* tli? treat value of holy water, or the mighty power of the service of \our church in exorriNmg, us contained in the Itcman missal, when it was |*rmitwd in the old woild, for just as imfortant reasons, as the history of the I'tig&ns, and our Catholic forefathers, clearly show 1 Did not the former teach, (and of course the subi'' nf gho*ta mu-tli.i\< Nnl^lM into.) lant tvnl mortuot i m anirntr. mmrt ??ttl rnm tu-orum nnitntr? and that both attach themselves equally to the living and the dendl l?id not Macrobius, (in tlie recital of the dream of Scipio.) affirm that those jVncM, m<ir\ (Chald.) animae, those /murhe of l'lato, (I presume he had seen them) descend M earth from the CraMish, and return to heaven from the CapricornT I Md not Numa with Kgeria, and Socrates *ith his daintfin, free!y converse, and daily consult! Why, the whole history of antiii u ? ~?j mm ,.u ... riwi?vi putii iiioiif, inynrnoun doing*. noi*y linlnmarrrt. ano trick* of rrvtnanlt' llow, I a*k y?u, could Alexander have been (lie M>n of the .love of the deaert*. (Hamman) of Thebe*. if tin i ..if pioneer of ilie wilderness. (rightly deified after death,) had not returned ana knock)d at the rlarmttorti**n of Olympic, the hmdrr ttjidtit of King Phillipt Or, how could Telemnchu* have seen again hi* dewIthaca and Penelope, if the Hatmm of Athena, (who waa nothing inore than the dep.irtea pru<h+ of Mime *cneible girl of old Cecrojaa, or eome Jumnt d'Ar<?tirvt in war, firet in peace, furt in the heart* of her countrymen?in the city of the nine borough*), had not withdrawn him, by the knocking* of old Mentor, frcm the lascivious embrace* of la rnmtew, la ntarla laronnr, i u In ilurhtttt?juM an you please?A'?? ham Vrm. Opvr"f ' Arid to come at last to proofs a* clear, a* strong, n* undeniable, a* thoae on which la haaed the authority of m tamtrtt. aa the r,water*. (fallt.) who keep watch Around him, ftyle the old g'-enarfier u /mnjluir, I'ioNono.rw lanl <ptt auccenaor of !?t. Peter, (who hy the by, never went to Home)?to come at lasi, I aay, to proof!*, front the more recent annala of our Catholic fori father*, (to the fiiitli of whom you have the happiness of belonging rr*T* rt Cf?r), every Sunday devoutly singing. in the church of St. Vincent? l,'u?tr* Ump* vtcilrs jriinrraa Kt 1# carem* rntli rtnent * rndrrdi, ?hair niangrra*. M la *amrdt memerent ?however thin you might grow in consequence)?to proof* of the nnmeroa* nppam ions which took place i.n org tliem, for *ome unfathomable design. at mndry time*, and id diver* manner*, do you dare to dou!>t, (omitting, of cour*e, a great number *mong*t them,) that Saint Theodoru*, In the be- jl (tinning of the 4th centory, wii actually led by i Mich ?n one, to pin and *et lire to the temple of ( Aniatia, in Cap|*doci* 1? that St. I'otamienne an- 1 peared to JH. B??ali* 1?that St. Itenedict really < *aw the nnima of fM. (iermain of Capua, carried , to heaven by angel* t? (the mode of conveyance | if not repotted : *o we are left indouht a* to whe- ( therit wa* hy their hand*,* wheelbaryow.ora !?mall box? rf??? In j*ttln tu.ttti *mt lt$ hrm* ongwrnfii? and that two monk* of the mo?t holy order of that ( name mo?t holy Benedict, (even as you contem- ( plate the *nn, in the clear *ky at noon, or the Mara t t midnight.) positively did we hi* hlewmd anima, t walking on a I'.ruwl* carpet, or a Gobelin, *tr? tch- t ed from heaven to Mount Cawin. < He wa* only one Af>-rn*vr CrajxivH? the renowned Uoppnet. the defender of the true faith I againM l'oit-roT*!, I>ii| in, I'nul Ferrt. Monaricnenr i de C Hiiibrai,otpure (ruion-love, and the llugiH'not i ( laude |!nt he wi;* n? * ttheleM no fool, any more | than yonrrelf, my dear *ir; nnd when he beliered | in the two vi?tin* of the I'rini-e** Palatine, of f whirh he rpeak* in Iti* imiifrm of th*t lady, r would you (lute to i!rvul t them? I *hall remind c )tu <f the Ji 't enly, Uh V.gh kttk, at Ik wm, t dlttiminhrcHt toutt la',cun<luite <lt tet demtiret anntei. " She shw a hen," saytt he, " that was afte one of her chicks, which a <loe was holding in hit mouth: the princess iminediuiely snatches the liUlc chick from the dog; when u voice in heard, say* inn : 'give him hack Lilt* little chirk ;i ??.? <1" prive hint of bis meal, he will be a bad watch!' 'No,' cried the princess, 41 shall never give it buc k !' " Then he explains, and e.dds, that this little chick was the soul of Aune de Goiuague, prince** l?latine ; that the hen wis the church; that the dog was the devil; and Ann"de Gonzague, whrv had refused to give back to the dog the little chick, was the gr&ee tficact ! ! ! Bear in mind, that the beautiful and magnificent piece of oratory, the equal of which exists in no known language, was delivered by the super be m%lt Jt Meaux, tiefore th creates! men of the greatest court of the grejti *: kingdom of the greatest kinir, (in spite oflii* dragimnatht, or missions boliitt in his provinces couth,) thnt were are or ever shall be?and ad miied, o/'piaudie, and reverently believed by nun*, niirts ubbeutt, high and low, elereey and all. It is absurd, nr vovi de/t!ui*r, to believe only tli.it which you see, hear, touch, smell or taste. Ix> vo;. deny that there was anciently a city call d Bubvlon, and a king over it, Nebuchadnezzar by nameT Of that Charles tlie Ninth, after the epouvtiMatUs masmcret of St. Bartholomew, (for which a 7V Drum tnudnmua was sung at Home, the cannon of Saint Angelo was fired, ud a painting on canvasordered, representing th' heretics cut to pieces, which" is si ill I standing i.i (he library of the Vatican,) was, day by day, and nitrht by night, ince.*santly troubled with the bloody sight of his hundred thousand victims !?tliit mother Angelica, Abbess of Port-royal, lone after her death, diacomt and take her old seat in (Fie church of that matron. having her rrotiir in her right hand, in order to converse with sister T)nrotheet?that there is an old mdoMnanrt dr )><irt Ir rot, commanding the deiwrted spirit of the Uiaire Paris, qiietl? hereafter tr> remain at rest, and perform miracles no more" and the wonderful cures (at the request of a virituble Catholic priest, well paid for the same,) made by 1c l'rinre de Hohenlt*, on diseased tiersons. whom he sees, or saw, (for I forget if he be dead or not.) whose tongues lie examines, ant. whose pulses he feels, with his spirit appearing in an instant nit chertt itrs iiinlotlct, though in bod /, he /.I... \ I? r. I 1- .J ? V?iir I'luitc,; *??- itvcui >i\ ituiKirru iiuirs uimmiii ? or rin versa, re '/ut eat la memt chose ? And, in fine, (hat on the summit of the Cordelieres, ai this very momeat, t he re are living volcanoes incessantly von tiling through their ever open mouths anl spreading over the neighbonng valleys, (accomi>amed with clouds of dust, end streams of mud and water.) fishes of the identical cla-swhich the darkies of i?t. Domingo harjioon on the shores of the sea of the defunct Caribees T?1 trust you do not ! And for what reason do you doubt the Rochester knocking* T They are true, sir, most true sir, most undoubtedly true, sir; and, m terminent, 1 shall most respectfully propose a committee, rwhlch you might appoint, to be sent to Koine, for the purine of obtaining a gallon or two of the holy water lately manufactured by his Holiness, and for rtMie-img that the said Holiness will please recite;. iVw ma:-ses. in order to apiwase the manes of the departed4>f our western siioies; and that a subscription be opened at youroflice to defray expenses of said committee, pay for the tau bfnte, and the taid masses for the dead, with the extra tlona tit irt/iiitiir, dona eis sent pit enam in place of the miserere nobis, dona nobis / arem of the usual ritual. A reverend gentleman of your church, with whom 1 endeavor to be inscribed a talcum factuiiu amongst you, assures me of the infallibility of thi* means Apropos.?I forgot, in speaking of th? o|>inions and belief of the heathen, to say that, granting those sentiments might have been the superstition? of the populace, the fancies of the poets, or the jeux d'csivit of journalists^ I desire to quote some res|>ectat)le nutnority, lvel'ore saying,, finis coronal rynit, andjai rhnnirur d'ilrr, <$v. $-r. I must, therefore, mention at least one whom you will not date to except against?the great upologist of the (Jhri*tiacs, the learned lawyer of Koiue, Fliny the your.ger. Listen, I pray you," to "the following:?"Tlia' which might make me believe," says he, "tha. there are real ghosts, is a circumstance which 1 was told huppeiicd to fortius liufus. At the time," adds the philosopher, "lie was without name or fortune; he had followed into Africa him to whom the government of the same had been allotted. At the decline of the day, as he was walking under a portico, a woman of n stature and beauty more than* liuman, apfiears before him. He is struck with tear. '1 urn Africa,' saul she; 'I com? lo announce to tlire that which shall happen unto thee: thou shalt go to Kome; thou shnit till the highest ofii ces, and thou si alt return afterwards to govern this province, where thou shah die.' Everything happened as she predicted. It is even saiif that, on hi* landing at Carthage, ami leaving lie* shift, the wmf personage re-apjx-ared to him, and (jree.ted him on the *hore." Again, (similarly aaat Rochester,) "there wa*. nt Athens a \ery larg*? and comfortable honsc, I Hit shunned nnd deserted. In the deep sile?ce of lh< night, a noise would he heard, as of iron striking against iron ; and en closer attention, of chains, at t M distilut. but gradually drawing nearer: then a ghost would be wen, having the form of an old man, very thin and dejected, with long beard and bristling hair, and chains to his feet and hand?. which he shook horribly. Hence frightful and' j wukcful were the nights to all those who inhabited that house." l'liny goes on to ndd : Athenodoius, tin- philo.^.nher, eotrns to Athens; th<? rent ot the said house bring for the aforesaid reason very low, he bin-* it. Hut, as soon as the night canu* on, whilst lie was rending and writing at the tabto in his chamber, and a profound silence reigned' j over all within and without, suddenly he hears the sound of iron striking against iron?as of chains clanking together: the noi?e increases; it draw-* nearer; it is in the room itself. Athenodontslooks; he perceives the ghot-t, as it had been pourtrayed :*? hun; it was standing and with on?* finger makine related signs to him to rise and follow. He gets up; he takes his light, and accompanies the ghost, which slowly precedes him, us if overwhelmed ' with the weight of his chain*. At length, bavins arrived at the yard or garden of the bowse, it suddenly disappears, leaving the philoaoph'-r alone, w ho gathers leaves and herbs, and places them on the spot w here the ghost was last seen, that h-: might >>e able to recognise it again by day. < >n the morrow, he hastens to ? p., IU.I. IT?|f them to order the spot in question to Ik- examined. It iiliecordinglr donr. They there found bones from which time had dfTomw the flesh. encircled with chains. After Ix-ini: carefully gat lie red, th?v were publicly l?uri*?d ; and, front the time that list duty was rendered to the dead, the living cc*?ed to I* troubled with his prrsencc." The ahove.l'lmy gives only on the faith of other*: l>ut the next case hr vouches for on his own, as it actually occurred in hi* house and family:?"1 have," snvs he, "a freed man. named Marms, who is not without instruction. As he lay in l>ed with Ins younger brother, he thought he saw some one i-eated on his couch, who awroached his head with a *< issors, and even rut off his hair from the top. We ?a* him with his head shaved, and his hair was found spread about him on the bed."J Pliny so profoundly believes in that mysterious and ghostly barber to his domestic* (for he al.*o shaved others of hi? household) that he feels perfectly secure against the cruelty of Domitian. We. in New York, shave those condemned to th? gallows?they, at that time, you know, used to leave them unshaved; and therefore he adds, that he accepted it aa a sign from heaven, that, as his domestic* had been shaved, he should be spared by the tyrant. Iai runt!uti<m til di^tu tir I'txonlt ' Tlie holy water, the holy water' The inaMes. the masses' The committee, the committee' my dear sir: and accept the humble and profound respects of one of the Hirohi'i constant reader. O. Miaco*, U. D. 1). I*. I). 1>. Ths Wrslrj an I'Mlversltjr and the Wllaiat PrsvlMt. Wrsi.r^ ai I nivi '?!! I*, May J"?, H'st , To ntr norma ? r mr Ilwutn:? We noticed an article in the 7Vt ?. inst , purporting to give a correct statement of the vote of the students of the Wesley an I'nivrrsity or.< the Wilmot proviso. If the gentleman, who so jrrario?i??y s>'gns himself' Honesty," really knew that " tnith will go as far as a lie," we wonder he did not attempt to give a true statement of the affair. Instead o' stnting that only about one-half of the student* were present, (which, by the way, Is untrue,) " Honesty" anould have naid that, at a eollc^e meetinjr, called immediately after evening prayer, and at which nearly all the students wet* ^resent, the resolutions were read, and notice given tha' they would be discussed that evening II" says 1j the resolution disapproving the Wilmot proviso ruiftar.l liti * - ? - - - : " ** ,.j m i>mr nnjnniy." now, mr, tn" rruui i*, the rrpolufion p?Med by n majority of fourteen? i pretty p(i?xl mnjoritjr, vrr think, considering that rme ycnr ago the university wa* head and shoulder* v\ ilrr.ot proviso. The resolution thst pAMnl by * ' !>arr majority" wa* thr one which instructed thr littimnin to *rnd thr revolution in regard 'o to our f^nator* and rrprnrntativeH in 'ongr**#. So much for thr first night'* proceeding* ' llone?ty" Mate* that, "on thr next night, a' * all collrgr meeting, thr vote *va? promptly rronsiderrd, and thr rrpolutiona consigned tn thr able l>f an overwhelming majority " llr fnrgot o tell iid that at thia dill rolle^* mrrting," whrn hesr rraolutiona were laid W|>on the tah|r, not >v< r f?u1y heads could he rpont^d. We hud >not intended to write a singJ* word on hr *iih)erl. nor should wr havr donr H, had it no' >rm for tn* gro** mi**ta?*m*ntii of th??"gt*T* iltd |otrnt" senior, " Hcnrsty." Wr **ger*tto ?ir? that, after having rrceived th? honor* of th" nstitntion, he go to mmf pUce, if ??ch ran p* M ..J ..>k! I m l nifr fi??hnmn. fVrUupp, Arr a faar fur'a I onrw, h* may b#> able to make a con?r? at*"

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