Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 7, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 7, 1850 Page 2
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fleet Is now in the bay ot Naples, in rompaay with tfce French fleet, awmung orders. The positions ?f the respective squadrons commanded by Admiral. IVrceral Lleschenes and l'arker, stand thuat? f,m<\ Mtn oJ- War. Englitk Mtn-qf-War. yrtadland . .. l!M>eaouoni yurru llOcannona ftlm; 1520 ' ? alcdonia . . . .121) " llrrrole ICO " (lungi'i 84 " Jmnnapei . . . 100 " Powerful M 11 lena 00 ' Vengeance ... 84 " Japltrr 80 ' Bt Ucrophon. .. 78 " Yaadcre. . .... 60 * Krolio 10 " Steam ?t gale I. Sic mm tVigatei. I>a?aarteii 12 " Odin 12 ? Mag. Uau 12 " Dragon 6 " j t'atou 8 " fin-brand.... fl " Spitefull 0 " tirowlur 6 " Total Ct>8can?ons Total Cltcannans As you see, France has the advantage. What will be the result I The French steamer "M.irval" left Toalon on Tuesday lust, on its way to Naples, with despatches for Admiral Dcschenes. The union between the Hourbons of the two branches is the prominent gossip of the moment. There is, it is said, a plan for restoration in France, as well as of a territorial rearrangement in Kurope, under the supervision of Russia. The reconciliation of the liouil ons, is the object of this combination. It is Mild that Austria, acknowledging its impossibility of maintaining itself in Italyj would consent to rcc?nve in exccange the lUnuhian |>rovinces; ihat i'ni^sia would augment its dominions on the north with Hanover and other small principalities around it; that Henry the Fifth, having t|,? it.rone i,f In* iinPMtnN. Uolll.l ?Her France, in return fur it* abolished liberties, several territorial indemnifications; and that the branch of ?'rleans would find in Italy miny very brillant compensations l>y which its members -would be consoled for the loss of the erown of France. If no words have been uttered relative to Kustiu, it is because, to obtain a piece of the "pie," the co-cp?r:.tion of France is requested. As it would !>e impossible to hope that llreat Britain would >uve it? colist-lit to such arrangements, one may expect a terrible war between England and Europe; atid during that war the French fleet, united to the Kussian squadron, would eipei the English men-of-war from the Mediterranean, and thus allow the Czar to occupy Constantinople. Such is the explanation given to this commencement of hostilities between France and England. The Congress of ilerlin terminated business on the Miili mst. Kiaf Frederick GuilhlM pronounced the speech of cltAvrt, which lasted about an hour. Two main questions had been placed before the eyes of thv members of tlie Congress: ? 1st. The conMitution of a federative Nate. 2d. The envoke of plenipotentiaries to Frankfort. It was ini| osMble to obtain an unanimous resolution opon either of those questions. The cabinet of lierlin projosed the adoption ot the constitution revised by the Parliament of Erfurte. It was supported by the majority; but the dissenters having at their head the i)iilie ofllesse Csssel, would not consent to it. The limitation of a federative State has not bet n constituted. They have only adopted the alliance of May 2t>, The Council of Administration will only be replaced by a College 1 ' i , , rTI??.r?? will nnlv l.r fhft . 11 f R r#? i u that, instead of the iinariiniity which was unavoidable in thr council, ihe ninjority will he sufficient in the college. It has been understood that all the j sovereign* would have plenipotentiaries at Frank- j fort; but the Congress could not agree upon the instructions which would l>e given to them. Prussia wished that they anight be the Banie for each power; but this was strongly opposed by llestie Cassel, Mei klenburgh, Htrelitz, and t<haunibourgLippe. Hesse-Darmstadt remained hesitating. You know thr.t the Assembly of Frankfort has been summoned by Austria. The object of it is to constitute anew the ancient German l?icta, or rather to tesume the traditions which have been interrupted by the revolution of 1848. The majority of the Congress uf Berlin thought that they must not consent to anything definitive, lest the federate fctale be acknowledged. But how is it possible to acknowledge it, since it has not been constituted! It is certain that the Provisional Congress of Erturte will now operate in order to maintain the Provisional Assembly of Frankfort, fcvery thing promises that they will succeed. But what government will enjoy tVio l>en?tit of these double provisional meetings ? Will it be Austria or Prussia? This is a very difficult Question, which will only be solved by time. In all cases, it is very certain that thiepeculier situation cannot last longer without l>eing a lots to Germany. As far us it goes, it is clear thut the nations of Germany, while seeking for " unity" nmidst the darkness of a revolution, have but reached the une?|>ected result of bout an rqunI share of action, of influence, and authority, between two rival |K>wers, and that thus a new addition has been made to the fatality of the causes and consequences of their divisions. The | arty of the revolutionary socialists has not yet abinuiom d its designs, notwithstanding all the losses winch have been the result of all its attempts. The laws against ixditical meetings and clubs being very severe, the conspirators have taken means of assembling in secret. There is no doubt that they are preparing for another contest. 1 An attt mpi of that kind would jdace the governments of the small States of (?ermany in a very d*pgereiis petition; and every statesman with whom 1 have discussed the matter, think* that the only way by which the princes of the second and thud rank cun avoid the threatening danger, will be to contract a firm and binding alliance with Prussia. As for Austria, that country, by the very inferior potition of its provinces, principally of Huniiaiy and Lcin'wrJy, cannot contribute as much as is wanted to the maintenance of order in Gernmny. News received yesterday, by telegraph, from Vieon*, dated May 17, announces that a decree of amnesty has been signed in favor of Hungary. ' With tins has also been voted the suppression of the custom houst s between Austria and Hungary, and an indemnity for the cities which have Battered by the war. The latest intelligence from Warsaw is of the 13th uikt. The great preparations which have b?? n made for the reception of the Czar Nicholas, and some German sovereigns, are terminated, and these potentates were daily exacted. A great many rumors are spread abrwad relative to the Congress which will be opened HtWars4W; but it is certain that its deliberations will be directed to the menns to be taken in order to restrain Ihe ultra-lil>eral tendeneiesof the WesternEuropean people. The Czar and his allies will regulate themselves upon the events which will take place in Paiis. For the prefent, the Russian authorities are very mild with the Poles, and this way of acting has nlso its a mi, no doubt. Armaments are daily underway; but there are not yet any sym(>toms of the march of the troo|* towards the frontiers. The forces are still comeniratcd in Lithuania and While Kmsia. Italy is very quiet. At Rome, the greatest order prevails: i.enrral iieni''au, who nun irrn wni hi the plate of General Barnsuay d'Hilliers, arrived on the 14;h met , al Civita-Vecchm. and was very favorably iwrifrd by the i<eoide. M de Kayneval, our ambassador to the Holy Pontittx, had left NaVff, and via* to arrive on the 'J'th last., al lionv. he Atchbishon of llesancon haa arrived ia tlin.? tropolie of tl.e Papal States, bearer of a present from the President, Louis Napoleon, to Pma IX. It ia a splendid < #/rfM< ir, w bich had hern ordered by N?i?ol?< n thr Great, during the Kmpire. to !* alii r? i) to 1'iua VII. The Pope wa? drlighle I with this "tiering. The on!) important news to be mentioned, Ix-fore closing my lettrr, ia the contentaofa dispatch from China. arn\r,| by the I aft ?teatner. The Emperor of China, Tao-Kw ang (the Light of Reason,) died at Pektrt. February 28.1, at the age of US yeara, and hnn l>ern succeeded bv his ion, Yih, who ia sttd lo be very favorable to the fort igners. Yellow Kiver bad been ovet flowing, an>l in conseipiencc of it, . the greatest famine prevailed in the centre of China. Hill Hancae. Thouannda of individuals wrre duly dyirg of hunger, and the plague waa dreade<| ia th?" country. M D'Haalerive, ex-cnn*ul of France in Philadelphia, who hud b<< n, four months ago,changed from Wmznels to Havana, haa finally received bis # ictjvatvT from the cabinet of Mmltid. Thus eiidtd the clilliculty aim h had been made by the W|*ni?h government, which, alter the revolutioa of February. and after the decree of emanci(??tion delivetra by the provisional government, had declared that, for the future, no representative of France would be allowed in Culut, lo keep the title of Oenrral Consul at Havana. This had canned a very tenons debate, after which M. t).ivid, predceeaaor of M. d'llauterive, had aent hia resignation. 1 he Jt *r*al la Dtmocrmtir Pacifitfur, after a lung struggle against lb* tin>'s and persecutions of the govern me nt, hna cessed publication. The laat nnmber api-esred on the 22d intl. I aend il to yon. Adien. 1J. ||. R. th? o<>**!P or r*m*. P**t?, May 23, 1*0 Pmrrt?Lfmt* \afxU<m onM " (Mri 7sirlc"?Thtir Prrnmal AYj'ewsr*?7V IVtrtlHtr?Plnrtt of Amvtrmmt?Rnrhrl? \rir Plnyt?Altxmt and lAthordt? Jtnny M f'r*iirti of {r*Utmkr>f?ThtT^rrmtnf SpWowy*# -M'w*. iArmgtfon % <-r. To a man of observation, our city nfT??r* a trry strange sjectaele?a sight altogether dramatic and original II ia a mixture of the mo?l confiiaed and eoatradietory thing*, of the moat frivolous character*, and of the greatest contrasts. Two facts, as 1 stale in my political correspondence, predominate the threatening of a riot, and the war with England Nevertheless, the Parisians are always J "for keeping, till to-morrow, seriois affair*."* f When oae wishes to know the spirit of ihe French t Wtiaiica, be has but i? bate* to the conversa- ' tisns which are to be heard in the saloon*. Every occupation of the day is there represented, as if by a faithful mirrer 5 and, after an hour thus pawed, one may " guess" how much the fear of the future, and of its dangers, has power over the minds of thote who ought most to dread it. What takes place at the Elysee 1 Nothing very interesting. Louis Napoleon, always surrounded by the same men, who lead him without his own will, goes to Fontamebleau, to Chantilly, etc.? spends several hours with his ministers?gives audiences?receives every Thursday evening? rides on horseback at the Buis ilc li<w*op,tu?accompanies to her last place the oW Dutchess of Beauharnais, mother to the great Dutchess of Baden?finally, spends his time as a b(/ti bourgeois, while the socialists are on the alcrtr, and undermine the Llyece Betides tfiis imminent danger, our President is also undermined by his creditors and every tiling is daily augmenting the amount of Ins debts. Let me give you a description of his house, which is far, as you will see, from l>einsj as simple as that of your " Old Zack," who is satisfied to represent a great nation with $20,000 income, two secretaries, a cook, a valet, a coachman, two horses, a suit of Mack clothes, a eword, and without moustaches on his upper lip, or a decoration on his breast. Louis Napoleon has, unfortunately for his tranquillity at home, not mutated the simplicity of an American President. Ia'I me give you a description of his household:? M. Col Vaudrey. bis ni<l de-camp representative. M. Baerhinehi. l.i?ut -OoJ. of the Ktat Major ot the National Uuard of the Setae? representative. M. Kdisard Ney. Lieut vCol of llu^ar*- repreFcnta; tive. tl. Fleury. rhief of a battalion of Spalli" M. Napolo n Li pie, Captain of Ktat Major. tl. de Toulunpton, Captain ot Ktat Major. M. Armaud Laity. Captain of Infantry. M Meimeval. Captain of Artilitry M. Chevalier, (ieueral Secretary ot the President M KrichHiilt. ( bitI of the {Secretariat. tf Kniplojecs, 1 usher. 2 scrvautfl. Bl. Mooquard, Chief of the Cabinet; M. Pascal, #oufI chief i 4 Kroplojees. 1 usher. 2 servants M. Conneau. M. !>.. Doctor of t!? ? President. Messrs. T< bert de l.amballe. Lurry, and Laroque. Doctors of the Presidency. M flure. lit neral I utendant. - Employees, 1 servant. M. Porectier, Treasurer; 1 servant. M. Tblbon?tol, Military Commander o( the Klysce j :i Adjutant f!< nerals, 21 officers. M. Crumatte. Comruissaire of l'olice of the Elysie. 1 Employee, 1 servant 31 ballet. Kcgisteur (keeper) of the palace. 1 Kmployce. 6 servant*. 1 Val? t de chambre, chief 2 Valets de rbambre 1 Comptroller of expense. H usher*. 4 servant*, chiefs. 8 Valet* de pled (footmen), 4 lampists. IS fweeper*. 10 fervants 1 Linen mender. 2 aid*. 3 wardrobe women. 8 Doorkeeper*, 3 aid doorkeeper*. 1 Chief of < Itiee, 1 aid. 1 servant. 1 wine keeper, 1 servant, 1 silver keeper. 3 servants, 1 chief cook, 2 aid cooks. 2 cooks. 2 washers. 1 Hardener, chief. 6 gardeners. 1 Ccmptroller of the livery stables, 2 horse doctors. 2 postilions. 3 roarhmen. 2 gronns. 0 servants of the stable. 2 saddle makers. 2aide? numbering 173 person*, without speaking of the troops and policemen, which would et rtalnly amount to about 6UU MUM With such a numerous ]wr*unnel, the President of France certainly cuts a very fine figure; but his I income is not suflicient to puy all the expenses, and he is, in spite of his wishes, drawn into an abyss. 1 hope, nevertheless, to be mistaken, for Louis Napoleon, like " Old Zack," is a well intentioned man, and he wishes the glory of France, nn<l not its ruin. lie will go next week to St. Quentin, to nssist at (he inauguration of the railway of that city, and, from that place, he will proceed to the city of Lille, in the department of the North, where great preparntions are made for his reception. The weather has been still very variable for the last six days. We cannot complain ol having had already very warm wenther, and this has been very lavorable to the developement uf the foliage. I The environs of Paris are really charming, and ?>i?rv <1 ii ii /i I' il.ii u> uulr io mnriixl Iw n fi>jtiirul which soon becomes the rendezvous of all our fashionable people. One of the prettiest parting of this kind w as given on Sunday last, at the Chkteau d'Asnieres, one of the most magnificent public pluces out of Paris. The ball was fre juented by the " tip top" of the Parisian jieople. The women were dressed in their best attire, and the illumination was really splendid. Fireworks of great brilliancy terminated the festival, which will be rei turned at an early day. Mabillt It Chateau tin Ftiurt, la Chamirrr, and all the public gardens, are nightly encumbercd by the * 4?iIt youth of Paris" and all the foreigners, among whom (let me assure you) the Americans ate seen -in great numbers. The circus of the Champs Elytt-es, as well as the IIyppo<lrome, are also the rendezvous of fuahion, and all the proprietors aad um|ri of these public hmmmMi will make much money this summer, in spite of all the socialists and their opponents. The theatres have been very well attended for the last six days. At the Theatre Francais, Madame Kachcl met with a great triumph in the rrjniuof Angelo, a diuma, by Victor Ilugo, (the plot of which naa been borrowed from " 11 t Haramenlo.**) This inimitable actress has, no doubt, the most versatile talent that ever existed, ller personation of La Tizbi, a courtesan in love with Aticelo, was the ne jlur ultra of art, pathos and declamation. ller sister Kebecca, who performed the part of Catarina, was also received with much applause. The drama of " Jean Hart," at the Theatre de la Gaite, by Messrs. Kugene Sue and de Villeneuve, was nerlotmed on Saturday last, and went oil with much eclat. The dialogue, scenes and costumes ate excellent, and the playing of the actors capital. Messrs. Colin and I lortein, the able managers of that theatre, have already found a gold mine irf this new work. " Pauline," by Alexander Dumas, a five act play, is to be peiformed on Saturday next. S-'uch is, in u few words, the theatrical news in Paris. At the Opera, Allxuii makes always a furore; her admirable voice, her acting, (which is n< w cspital,) and her understanding ol the part of Fides in the opera, "The Prophet," are nightly a I plauded in the most deafening manner. Madame l.iiboide ai<|>ears n? xt week in the old o|wra. " The , Nightingale," which is said to beoneofner triuii'| lis. The newspapers of Sweden announce that Jenny I.ind has gone to Sto? k holm, to sing a part in a new opera of Messrs. Ji lin and Pierre llartinan, which is to l>e performed for the celebration of the wedding of the Prince Koyal with the Princesa l/ouite, of Holland. The whereaboats of the Swedish nightingale are so Hn known, now-a-days, sit.ee she lias been said to have suiled for the I'mted States?where I know she is, at least, expected?that it is natural for me. as well as for ninny others, to ask?"Where is Klisal" Loin Mont?-s is still residing in 1'nris, in a very quiet way. computed with her preceding whereabouts. The ci-dc\ant Countess ol Lanilfeldt takes only the pleasure of riding in the Chump d'Klysees, win te she always api?ar?? with four horses harnetted to her calash. Lola is a very extravagant woman, as you know, and she has m.iny caprices, like almost every metty woman Most have but one husband?she lias taken two. Most have, nowa-days, but two horses?~he has four. Not having the power of l>eing a lady of "quality," she wishes to have the peculiarity of being a lady of "quantity." A very curious festival took place on Sunday last, (10 o'clock, A M.) in the printing establishment of Air. Chaix It was the fth ol Gnlt mhurg, the Inventor of printing. All the intelligent finnli< s of our I'aiisisn printers, and many publishers and literary men, w? re present at thRt solemnity, which ums opemd by an ode of Merx, the lamed poet, delivrrvd by himself. Hathoillel, the celebrated bsr>t? ne, Hoger, the sweet tenor, and Mile. Grimm, the elegant prima donna ol the roniic opera hou-<e, sang their l>est melodies. All these artists ; uaid a tnl ute to the art of printing, which haa ta- ! ken the place of the "old fame," whose w ings are ] M tired In short, the festival of Guttemberg was i a very line stlair, and mad* an agreeable impression upon all present. I saw, the other day, the throne of the Kmperor Soulomjne I., of lla) ti, which has been made at the Marais. It is a monumental piece, covered wiihgolri, painting, medallion*, and surmounted wiih an imperial ctown of an immense si/.e. No doubt it is a strong srm chair; but Jwill it last? that is the question. It will be tent to I lay ti by the nr xl stesmer hound to the West Indies. 1^-t m? close my letter, by mentioning lo you the establishm* nt of Messrs. Livingston \ Wells, No K I'lace de la lionise. It is the central rendeavons of all IheAmericanseitherresidingor passIrg in Paris. Thesegentlemen, who have organized their Parisian house A Pjlmrruiiinr, have furnished it w ith all the most important newspapers of the l"mt? d States, Great llntain, snd France. All the walls are covered *nh maps, American steamers, sdvet litem* Ms of all kinds, im|>ortant lo all traveller. The portrait of old Zack stands in a very prcminent place, snd the star-s|<?ngled banner waves shove everything. There you may lind on s hr? k the names of all the Americans visiting Paris; for it is the mosl frequented place of our cantlal. At the head of Ihe establishment ia Mr. John Canchf is, a well know n gentleman in New >ork. whose atlahle manners are daily gaining friends lo the house of Messrs. Livingston, Wells A Co. The banking aflairs of thai house are already very important, and will become more so for the future. Yours, II. II. K. Several sdventurom spirits in Ilitll, incited by inr iimn) naurnng n?r< lints rrrrntlv rvCttwn, nrp ( rre?M?tirg rn r*|?ilii)? n to California. Th*jr rwt- i lrir| late rrfKclr" a *??wl ?M miling in tin* toaf- i rive at Pan rrnon.ro w rti"1i>iWy aft?r the ne*t j rainy wa^on. *' heliere th^jr are all young n>?n i f great mutability. j flw Omk Q?mUM. TBK FXI'LAKAI'lnNS IN Til* HKIT1MI faiu.lAMKNT. The House of Commons met yesterday after the recew. Lord Palmebston made a full and particular Etutement of the transactions out of which has resulted the existing misunderstanding betwixt the govert BP-nt of this country and that of France. In the foist instance, he vindicated himself from any suspicion of disingenueusness, or desire of suppression, in the answer he had given on a former occasion, with reference to the departure of M. Drouyn ife Lhuys, whom he requested, when he went to Paris, to communicate to his government the substance of their conversation, and with which vi?w he had sum>li"d him with copies of Mr. Wyse's despatches. When he (I?rd Pa liners ton) was questioned by M. M Gibson, he had not expected that the letter of (ieneral de la Hitte would have been re?d to the French Assembly before tie Assembly were in possession of the documents to which that letter referred; for he was justified in thinking that the explanations he hud fuinirhed to M. Drouyn de IJmys, if they did not remove the dissatisfaction of the French government, would, at all events, have mollified il.ir ifHlinvK: mill In- iir.Ui'd anv man who valued the good understanding between the two governments, whether he snould not have been guilty of the greatest indiscretion if he had at that moment disclosed the feelings revealed in tliat letter?feelings which, according to his impression, hod ceased to exist, and had fastened the French government to a dissatisfaction which might have passed away. The letter of General lie la llitte charged him with having broken faith with the French government: hut the papers would show that the functions of Huron (Iros as negotiator had been suspended, not by any act of Mr. Wyse, but by the act of M. Gros himself. Even after this, Mr. Wyse, so far fioni taking the earliest opportunity of renewing coercive measures, made a proposition to the government of Athens which,, if accepted, would have satisfied claims which M. Gros did not dispute, leaving other points open for further discussion. M. trios, on the 2-lih of April, notified ( flicially that he had no b'nger any opportunity to interfere, but he informed Mr. Wyse in a nrivate leiier that he thought that next day Mr. Wyse would receive from the Greek government the Idler and the money, and Mr. Wyse suspt nded coercive measures until after the tinie mentioned by M. (iros. The next question was, whetherit had been incumbent upon Mr. Wyse to refer the matter h< me for further instructions and to maintain the ttutv* ijun. From the first, the Hriti.-h government had accejted the good offices of France with the vit w of obtaining th?* redress to which we were entitled, and it was distinctly stated that ourdi rnandscouldnot be abandoned. M. Drouyn de I.buys had expressly stated the limit of the functions of M. Gros. nemely. that he wai to discuss the sums due to Mr. Finiay and M. I'acifico, but he was not to implicate in principle the negotiation of the English claims. There had, however, been a misunderstanding upon iliis point at Athens (the source of which Eoid Pulmerston explained;) so that whilst the functions of M. Gros were really restricted to ihe amount of the losses which Mr. Finiay and M. Pacitico should be proved to have sustained, the negotiations were broken ofi on a question whether Mr. Wyse should assent to a negation of the principle of our demands. The main point upon which Huron Gros insisted, and which Mr. Wyse considered himself lwund to withstand, was, whether or not ihe Greek government should engage to pay \* hat should appeur due from th?m. He thought, therefore, that General Lahitte labored under an error when he asserted that the negotiations had been broken ofl'by Mr. Wyse, and on a question respecting which he ought to have waited for further insiructions. He (Lord Palmerston) was not without ho|>e that, in a question of this kind, as there could be no intention on the |>art of the llrilish government to offer ihe slightest degree of atlront to that of France, in*- iie^uiiuiiuiio nuw ktuug i?ii iktiwccu nir iwu governments would end in a satisfactory m.inner.? lie trusted that to whatever decision the government of France might ultimately come, an to the matter at issue. there would be no ground for accusing Her Majesty's government of a want of pied intention, or a delinency of that friendly feeling which it was their desire as well as their duty to entertain towards the government and nation of France. After some observations upon this statement by Sir J. Walsh, Lord Maims complained that the papers had not been sooner delivered to members, who were not yet in a condition to form a judgment ui>on the juestion. Mr. bmTiiK admitted that the statement of Lord PlhMnM w m* a mastei ly OK, bill reproached Ins policy with jealousy and distrust of France. Mr. Hkmh Dsi MMONn considered the explanation of Lord 1'almeraton satisfactory. Mr. DisBAhi.i recommended the Houte not to rHtify the statement of the noble lord until the )?pers had been considered, lie did not thiuk it necessary to discuss the aflairs of Greece ; nobody si 11 posed that thev wete anything but n pretext; some cause which whs not stated existed for this demonstration. There wtre singular omissions in the * masterly statement" of the noble lord: it contained no allnsion to the convention of l^ondoa, nor to the position in which we were placed with respect to If iihsia nor to the i.slets of which so much had ' been heard. He would confine his view of the case to its narrowest issue. The French government \ had desired to mediate, but Lord I'almerston hud studiously avoided mediation and arbitration. Having accepted, however, the good office* of France, Her Majesty's government snould have acted cordially, sincerely, and frankly; whereas the evidence showed that they have not done so: if they had, the catastrophe would not htve occurred. Lord J. Kt ssem. said. Mr. Ihsraeli had fallen into a series of erTors. With respect to the convention of the 18th of April, M. tiros made the annrurcmient which, as Mr. Wjrse considered, put an end to his functions as negotiator on the 23d, and the intervening four days were not sufficient to influence in Greece the conduct of the British and French negotiators. Lord John explained the information of which lie w iis in possession when he gave the answer to Mr. I'israeli on a former night, and observed that in every future discussion of this subject he should feel it to be his duty to take his share of res|>onsibility?as hetid of tho government he considered himself to be mainly responsible; and that if thrrt trat any rs/Janntiim or propo$itum thry cuf/d make to the Funih n rnmrnt, rimtnlent with the k< nor of f.n gland, tiht<h u?u/J remote the mimnilmtanthttf and rtUort harmonv, thtre tr?i* no ijfort uhiih her Majrttv'i gorrriimrnt trtre not /n/and to make for that objn t. Tni kejr The Wanderer has k tters from Constantinople of the 1st inst., slating that the former Turkish eabinct went out on the 2?ih of April, and that the department of Finance was given over to llalet lifferdi, nlule the chief direction of law attnirs was taken by C'hebik Eflendi, late Secretary for Foreign Atiairr, and Ambassador at Home nnd Constantinople. Kifat i'atha has be?n appointed llre-ident of the Conneil. The insurrections in I!osnia, Smyrna and Samo?, ha\e been suppressed. The 1'Hsha Jochmus, late Minister to the Archduke John, is preparing to return to Tuikey. Th? Niw Kmi-rror o? Cms*.?Now, if the reporta ihnt have rea< h> d u* reapecting the new , I ii |?ror of China are to be relied ujon, he in by ! education and natural taMe* rii?pot.e <1 to aymimthize 1 with ' Youn^ China." If to, *f may look for increased restriction* and annoyance* to Ktir?|ir.in trader* at the outlet of hi* reign, and increased irritation on i he |?rt of Knropeana and American*, nlrei.dy aufiicieotly di*poa? (t to ri|,ht the maelvea hy their own tflbrta when tliey are or fancy theniaeive* aggrieved.?Daily Nturt. The California rtitni nirmn-The Kipnrti dim Ka|lan?l lo tha American Kl Uolalta. IFrrm the l.cmlon Time*. May 34 ) The Old World i* very *low to comprehend I California. It i* ** amazed and atnnihed at the h>crt*cle aa a man w ho hna *een ii wild beaat, or a meteor, or an exceedingly inipertiacnt stranger. Kvery Mep in the progress ol tin* dashing new Mate retina to take u* ly surprise; andliv the time we have opened our eyea wide enough to take in one wonder, another is announced. While our geologist* were talking about antiferoua Mret ma, and granite and qnar'*, there waa aaaemMed on the bay* nnd river* of California a community of a hundred thousand men?now, perhapa, < f double that number. W hile our humorist* were ndulging in grim jokes at the viciaaitudeaand peril* ofCalifornian existence, convention* hadl>een held, a council had been elected, oTiter had triumphed, at d the law# were obejfd. Py tht Itmtnriadpwadt him lad bttn ftnt ml frtm tht Ihamtt, a uly /,ad itf* t*t/t, haff-dtttmyfd hy firt, and rfL*ilt (f mct* darahlt mattrialt, and on a grander halt. At laat out people did begin lo move, nnd they ct mmitted all sorta of blunder*. We have newnewsfrem Pan Frsrcisco to the 1 at of laat mcntli, and our correal rdtnt writing in that city, at that date, inform* at ff *11 *orta of taurhtritt tinmited by our merchant*, usually aharp m ugh, but lairlr distanred hy California. Their > hip*. it ap|*ar?, nave arrived in the dead of winter, w I?n ti e toaila * ere imi?**ahle, and when the port a already choked with good*, w hich there were ro me; r>* of conveying to the interior. They *enl tut >11 rot'* rf rubbish, thinking that anything *(u'd(!o for the rough subject* with whom our fr.r<) had profiled that htmton* regkm. They wer? drrtsii a the goldhunter with *lo|* from the Minoru *, 11,il I n) log hia du*t with gaudy furniture and other t? fuse of our ihcp*. The?-e cargoes they aenl ] rut with aa little nr<caution they would an In- ! vestment of red cloth and glas* bend* to a newly ; ili?co\? red island in the Pacific, and they now find ' i ut to their coal that they might to have despatched * fkilfulandcautk)ii*?t:percargo,or cowaignedtheir reoda to n me respectable house at Pan Fwnciacn ibat tb( y e< ghl to be prepared to draw on Mesarn. Kt thtrhild'a agent at that city; rn?l, above all, that - " . V they ought to have complied with the Custom-houae

regulations administered by a. very efficient officer. But even the United States are a good deal puzzled by their very forward and independent progeny. 'While the politicians at Washington are discussing the " Wihnot proviso," and while the slave States are ingeniously planning a large importation of slaves into California, the representatives of all the States at Sun Francisco have decided against slavery. It it*, indeed, as impossible to taj at New York us in London, what may be the next turn ofafluirs. Cities, we are told, spring up like mushrooms. The population is on the move, and at the rumor of a larger lump of gold than usual, a productive " pocket, ' or a rich vein, ofl they all ny to the ppot, and should the rumor prove to be true, a city soon rises at the nearest habitable site. The other day, apparently on a false report, five ships sailed at a day's notice from San 1-rancitco to a part of the coast three hundred miles to the noith of that city, with what result remains to be teen. Gold itself is the least profitable and least precarious speculation in California. The BHt ardent or more ingenious clas.s of adventurers ?|ieculate in " real estate"?that is, in bits of lsnd or flimsy buildings. As the buyers and sellers are equally in advance of their actual means, every bit of " real estate " in Sun Francisco is mortgaged nearly up to its value. (In these mortgages?and, indeed, on all loan*?there is paid a monthly rate of interest, amounting, fometimef, to cent, percent, per annum ; and in the United States there prevails a very natural apprehension, that should the existing pressure of the money market increase, the bill bnkerswill refuse to renew, the mortgagees will be compelled to foreclose, and California will exhibit the fbmiliur phenomena of a crisis, a panic, and a depression. To judge from our own experience, this consummation cannot be very distant. The money market, at the last date, was "excruciatingly " tight, as the above rate of interest shows. So lor.g us the gold pours in from the interior at its present rate?and the last steamer took out from San Francisco $1,700,000 worth of dust?the crisis may be averted ; but wo to these mushroom cities when supplies begin to flag. Our latest intelligence of the California morkets embraces almost every conceivable Tlescrii>tion of impoits, from ule and porter to bricks ana coals. Incidentally a few articles are specified beyond the usual ruii?e cf the prices current. Ilertz, the I ianift, arrived at San Francisco a few days I efore April 1ft, and announced a concert.? '1 he mm, however, our correspondent remarks, were too busy for this sort of thing, and as for ladies, there were none. So ladies, it appears ure a veiy scarce nrticle in California, and if the nt w cities ure destined to endure, there is an opening fcr such adventurous women as may choose to emigrate from a cheap market into a dear one. Men, too, are in undiminished request. As yet, there is no surplus of hands for the ordinary o(>erutions < 1 life. Strength and skill have their price, and if any young man finds he cannot elbow his way through the crowded competition of these ling settled countries, he will be able to turn his natural powers to some useful and profitable account in California, only a seven weeks' post from this metropolis. More than a visit or mere sojourn, unfortunately, as loyal men, we cannot advise. But why should not some of our youth, who now linng eo heavy on their parents' hands, see a little of the world and pick up a little experience, as well as a few sovereigns, in a visit to this veritable lit l'orado 1 Almost the earliest hero that we read of was Jascn. who sailed nobody knows w here, but half round the old w?rld, in quest of the golden fleece, which was doubtless a de[>obit of gold. It is not dishonorable to seek an independence, nor is it rash to encounter dangers in that search. Far better is it to plunge into u throng of strangers ten thousand miles from home, than to spend one's early life in courting a patron, and toliciting advancement over the heads of one's cotemporaiies, c< mi>anious, and friends. Hard as the alternative is, we would rather quit the crowded arena at once, and try fortune " in a fair field und no favor" somewhere or other where man is not a w?ed. Ocean Mall Stram?n. Till ENOI.AMi, KI TH AMUK'A, WEST INDIES, AJS'D ISTHMUS LINE. [From the London Atljenrum ] The long-pending scheme of the British government for the organization of a complete system of steam communication with the West Indies, Mexico, Brazil, and the I'ucitii-, to which we have already alluded, has just been brought to a conclusion. The main features are as follows:?1. There is to be a great trunk line of steamers?or, as the Times well calls it, a 44 great steam bridge" ?direct from Southampton to the Isthmus of rMiisma. Every fortnight, a first-class steamer, making frcm twelve to fourteen knots an hour, is to rail from Southampton by this line, stopping hrst at the Island of St Thomas, which distance it will ucccmolirh in about twelve days. In St. Thomas's liny three branch steamers will be waiting; which, receiving their respective mails, will instantly proceed on m*|>arate routes?one to Havana and the (iulf of Mexico?another to Porto Rico, Hayti, Jamaica, San Jago de Cuba, Honduras, Nicaragua, &c ; a third to the Windward and leeward Islands, as far as Iiemantra. The main line-steamer, having thus disposed of its branch mails, will steam on from St. Thomas's direct for the little town of Chngres, on the Isthmus of Pantma. llere it will disembark its Pacific mails for transmission acrosa the isthmus; and, receiving in return the homeward mails frtm the Pacific, will be ready lor its return voyage. Steaming back to St. Thomas's, it will there find the three branch steamers, whose return voyages from the three above mentioned route* will be so arranged that they shall always (except in case of accident) arrive in time to gi\e and take mails w ith the trunk-steamers; then it w ill proceed direct to Southampton, bringing the Pacific mails, and the mails of the three foregoing West Indian routes. It is calculated that, by this system of direct Atlantic steamers, an accelerated communication of from twelve to sixteen days will be secured for all the porta concerned. 1 To correspond w ith these arrangement* for the Atlantic side of America, it i* in contemplation by the Admiralty, "to agree with the Pacific Steam Navigation Company for a fortnightly mail to and from Panama and Valparaiso, in place of the present monthly steamer." This will bring ( holies, and consequently England, into much closer approximation to the western coast of ?outh America ; while it is possible that, ultimately, similar arrangements may be extended to California and the North American coast of the Pacific. 3. There is to be a monthly mail to Brazil, with an independent line of packet*. "Starting from Southampton, the steamers will proceed to Funchal (Madeira), Santa Crux (Teneliflr). Porty I'raya (Cape Verde), Pernambuco, Bahai, and Rio Janeiro. From Hio Janeiro there will be n brunch nacket to Monte Video and Uueno* Ayrea." The admiralty have not sanctioned the pioposed touching at Lisbon; which i* to be reL'tetted a* the advantage of the traffic between Portugal and the Uracils ia thus lo?t to the contractors. It i* supposed, however, that there will be a branch packet between Lisbon and Madeira, which will partly serve the i>ur|>o*e. The distance lirtween England and the Brazilian port*, according to the preceding arrangements, will b? a* follow*.?To Pernambuco eighteen or nineteen day*j?liahia twenty or twenty-one days;?Rio de Janeiro twenty-four or twraj h\< B?t one creat feature of thi* Brazilian line is, the possibility of its future extension so as to reach western and southern Africa. Porto Praya i* but "10 mile* distant from Sierra I^rone, which, accordingly, rould l>e easily reached by a branch steamer; while another branch steamer from Potto Praya to the Cape, would bring our South African possession* within thirty-five day* of England. As regards the period when the foregoing extsnsive arrangemi ntsareto be carried into efleet, much depends on the time that must elapse before the necessary preparations in the way of building new steamer* end repairing old ones can l>e c< ii | lete. It is hoped that the Brazil line mar be ready by August or September next; and though it would take a jear to gel the steamers ready tor the purposed U est India and Pacific route, ilia not unlikely thai even with the existing vessels sr mething of the plan may be carried inrtk effect sotn. '1 re sum of jC2lfl,000 per annum now paid to the We*t India Mail Company for the conveyance of the West India mails alone, will, it is understood, suffice to cover the eipenscs of the whole proposed system : betide* which, there will be a return hment of 4r.0,(>00 a year now spent in maintaining Her Majesty * brig* between Falmouth and Brszil. All this, we nny say in conclusion, increases the peremptory necessity of the great canal aeioss I'nni.nia. w hieh w ill sween the little tnwn ofChngrea out of it? preaent impudent littlencaa into nothingner*. thk rn t.m awt> rrN/?*r> *tra*riia. [l.ltfrpo?l Ccrri?|Kiiid?iif? of th? Manrbr<trr Ex minrr | The new itrimhlp Aaia, und^r the command of Caotain JiMlkma, take* her departure for Halifax and lSctten to-morrow (May 18,) about noon. Lettera t nd newfpapert, to be in time, muat be received at the Liverpool poM office before 10 o'clock, A. M. They will, however, be forwarded, if receded before twelve o'clock on payment of the unual late fee. Fhe h?a a very large numlier of her berth* erpaged. Hie ia expected to make the ahorteat pa?ra?re on record, and beta are lieing made that the atrivea in I?f?aton and landa her maila before norn, on Tueidav, the 2f*th of May?ten daya fn in the time *i?e Mart# from the Meraey. I Hie land?d her mails at 2 P. M. on that day J Touching theae mail atenmem, there ia a report currrnt here, that their ownera, Conard Ar Co., are not opfwera of the Oiling'a line, of which the Atlantic ia the firat to crow the ocenn from America ; but that, on the contrary, some of the company are aaid to be holdera of tharea in the line to aome extmt. It ia further reportrd that, ahould Ollina'a line prove aa awift and aucc eaaful in their voyage* aa ia r*pected, an effort will be made to *<?t both | the WrM India and Rraxil maila forwarded by the , t'niud CVmpeniea, the Amerktnateamerabririffing t tl.?m t? Ntw York , after which, they will be , brought over to Liverpool by the Cunard line. I regret to Kay that the Cambria, on her Ut-t outward pasesge, had a more serious accident done to her machinery than was reported, and that when it gave way, one of the hands lost hin life in consequence. A good deal of curiosity has been excited here by the arrival of this vessel, (the Atlantic,) but the general opinion appears to be that in point of symmetry and general external appearance she Joes net near approach her competitors of the Cunard line. However, considering all things, her tirst voyage has certainly been a very fair one, and Quite equal to that of the America, which sailed three days after her, from 15og ton, and arrived only on Monday morning. THE STEERING APPARATUS OF THE STEAM SHIP ASIA. At a late meeting of the Society of Arts, a communication "On the Patent Safety Steering Wheel" of Captain Fayrer, K. N., and Lieutenant Robinson, li. N., was read. It consists in the application to the steering-wheel of a friction band, similar to that used in cranes, which passes round a projecting circumference inside the wheel, and is brought down to a pedal on the deck, by pressure, on which any amount of friction can be put on the wheel. It is not desirable that the helm should ever be at a " dead lock," without the power of yielding a little to the shock o! a very heavy sea, as that would endanger the carrying away of the rudder. An adjusting screw is, therefore, provided, by which the amount of ultimate friction that can be put on the wheel is regulated and not left in the piower of the steersman." A great advantage of this invention is the power which it gives of fixing the rudders of vessels lying in the tideway or harbor,and thereby preventing the continual wear on the pintals of the rudder, and in time the loosening of the stern framing of the vessel. The principle has been ap i'licu iu iur icugr ruaui ciii|? A?ia. The Hermann. [From the Londnu Tillies. Miiy 121 ] Tlie United Stales mail steamer Hermann, Capt. E. Crabtree, tailed from Southampton, on the ultemoon of 20th ult., lor New York, with the American contract mails for Germany, France, and England. The Hermann has about 120 uassengets, and on freight 150 tons cargo from Bremen, and 60 tons from Havre. Considerable dissatisfaction has been long expressed by the merchants in the French trade, connected with the American and other steamers, at the difficulties thrown in the way of transshipping foreign merchandise, by the British customs regulations. The laws in question are certainly ridiculous in the extreme, and tend to injure British commerce, by prohibiting the | ossibility of a large traffic in foreign merchandise, which would otherwise be diverted to English ports. All goods from abroad, in transit to foreign countries, before tr*nsshii*nent at an Emrlish pott, have to l>e entered at the custom-house, with the same formalities as though they were intended for home consumption; the precise value, contents, details, weight, and quantity in each package have to be declared: und out of a bulk of goods a few packages are selected for examination, w inch, if not found to agree exactly with the original entry, the whole cargo is liable to be shopped, and its shipment interrupted. Besides this, the gouls, though really transferred from one vessel to another, have to be formally warehoused in one of the bonded warehouses, and then en ered outwards and re-exported, afterbonds to an almost fabulous amount have been given by the exporters. To comply with all these regulations, the goods are actually entered and declared in no less than thirteen different shapes at the custom house, and the great delay, extreme expense, and risk involved in the operations ot these perfectly useless formalities, totally exclude any but merchandise of the most valuable nature, front being sent to British ports for transhipment. A persistence in these regulations is no protection to the revenue, nor is it of the slightest utility in regard to the public service. It certainly matters not to the customs how large a quantity of foreign goods is brought to English |<orts for re-shipment, provided such goods are not landed for consumption in this country, and a trade of this nature ought to be encouraged rather than repulsed. A simple entry specifying 'he number of packages, their general contents, and aggregate value, is all that should be required beyond a bond to a reasonable mount for re-exportation. Laws so contrary to common sense must gradually disappear belore the force of public opinion. We perceive that already strong remonstruncea have been made from Liverpool against them, and as they are most injurious in their tendency and operation, and worthy only ?f an advanced stace of red-tapism, we hope that the demonstration about to be made at the Board of Trade will result in the abolition of the obnoxious formalities, contrary as they are in their effects to recognised free trade principles. We understand that the English and French houses connected with the trade at Southampton intend to petition the Board of Customs and Treasury authorities to the same effect. _ Central America. | Kji'W the London Chronicle J The prospects of Central America arc awakening ing greatness if beginning to be peiceived, and its ( adviintagra in a commercial point of view to be appreciated by those whose interest had not hitherto been directed to this highljrfavored country. The treaty between the governments of England and the I nited States with Nicaragua for making the ports of passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific through that territory neutral ground, has cauvd a tensation in the United Slates; general satisfaction has been expressed, and great good feeling manifested, nt the friendly position in which Great Britain and America have placed themselves for the purpose of carrying out this im|>ortant work. Our transatlantic brethren, with their characteristic enterprife, are likely ta avail themselves of the lichiuit-ic* lul l out bv the opening of the new country, before we, who are at a greater distance from the scene of operations, can make ui> our minds to move; but that both nations will be oeoeliitdl I.) the extension of commerce in that quarter there run be no doubt; the one |ierhii|* more directly than the other, but both will ultimately ( hare the advantages, and the interests of the two countries will be, as it were, bound up in one. Already emigrants from the United Stales are beginning to direct their attention to the new country. The commerce of Nicaragua and Costa Rica is feeling a fresh impulse. The port of San Juan, on the Atlantic, will soon be filled with ships and (earners ; and the Pacific harbor of Kealejo has become the coaling port of steamers between Valjaraiso, Lima, and Panama and San Francisco.? This harbor is said to be one of the finest in the world, here 200 ship* of the line might lie at all times with perfect safety. The following description of this noble port is from the pen of a late resident there, and is at this time particularly interesting " 1 may confidently say that the port of Kealejo is, at least, as good a port a* any in the known woild. I have seen Portsmouth, Rio Janeiro, Port Jackson, Talcujan.i, Callao, and Guayaquil, and to all of the?e 1 comider it decidedl? superior. It is a salt-water creek, into which several small streams of water ?ni|ty themselves. The entrance is ptotected by an island about two miles long, w hich leaves at ench end a channel where ships ran enter the hailtor, but extending oi>posite the mainland, foiming the port in such a in<inner/s to protect it entirely from any wind that could poatibly blow, and also entirely breaking the swell w hirh enters the outer hay of Couchngua from the ocean. The north entrance is about a quarter of a mile wide, ar.d that at the south of the island rather narrower, both being entirely free from rocks or hidden dangers, arid having in no part less than five fathoms depth of water. At one of these openings, vessels can at all times enter with a leading wind, from whatever quarter it may blow. The inside consists of a noble basin of water, nowhere less than four fathoms deep, with a bottom of mud. where two hundred ship* of the line might lie at all times in the most perfect safety. < >ne of the branches of the creek extends inUnd to within three leagues of the bike of Leon or Managua. The intermediate country is a gentle slope, where undoubtedly should enter one of the ends of the canal to connect the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, from the report of Mr. Bailey, it will be aeen, th?t the only <iift'icultica in the line he aurveyed are in rroaaing the chain of hills* l>eiwff n th?- Ijike of Nicaragua and St. John of the Suth, which would be entirely avoided by bringing the canal through the lake of I .eon, connected aa il ik with that of Nicaragua by a river that might be rendered navigable at a moderate coat, into the above-named branch of the K rale jo harbor, i Mix aecunnf the great advantage of an eicellent harbor at each end of the canal, beaidea many other* which are certainly not to be met with either at Panama, Tehuantcprc.or any other plnce. f.'o companion can be drawn bet ween the climate of Panama, one of the most deadly in the ktK wn world, and Nicaragua, one of the moat healthy for a tronical climate. The town of Realejo ia about two league* diatom from the part of the creek where veaarla lie ; but there ia avfficient depth for ainall veaaela to ccme within a mile of the town, and a verjr little labor would make it acceanble to large ahipa; but an enlightened government would probably prefer moving the tow n to the opposite aide of the reach, w here veaacla lie, where there ia a aite extrem-ly auitable for the purpoae, and where a quay might eaailv be erected capable of accommodating any numberof ahipa. In the time of the Spaniah government aeveral veaaela, aonie of 300 and 400 tona, Were built at Realejo; where the wood la very aupriior and durable. The port of San Jttan del Snr, to which place It waa proposed to bring a canal, aeema inferior to Realejo in moal reaped*. The Gulf of Pupagaya, w here the p?rt ia au?ati d, ia very difficult lo enlef for a failing veaael for five montha in the y?ar. The I'ruaaiana have made advantageoua propo- ala of peace to Denmark, moat probably in con?e- . iwnce cf their diflerence* wiih Auatrla. Thua ineren haa elK-ctrd what juatice could not accom- r| |Ti Items mt Europe. Large quantities of wine continue to be exported from Opoito to the United States; a great portion ot wbich will, no doubt, find ita wuy afterwards to England, and thua evade the Portuguese export duty. Accounts from Lisbon report that the cabinet contemplaled an alteration of the wine duties, consequent upon the new course of exportation via New York. M. Sue is described as a pleasant, jovial-looking, dark-complexioned man, of seemingly about fortyfix years of age, although in reality forty-nine; rather corpulent, dredges with care, and is altogether of a prepossessing appearance. M. Gay Lussac, the celebrated chemist, is dead. M. de Blainvillf, the "successor of George Cuvier in the chair of Comparative Anatomy at the Must um of Natural History in PariB, was found uean in one Di nit* carriages 01 ine nigni train on the ltoen railway. Deceased was seventy-two years of age. Accounts from the Lower Danube state that much destruction had been caused by swarms oi locusts. Mr. Ileald, the husband of Lola Monies, ban sent a letter to Uahgnani's AIes?cn$tr, denying thw late alleged doings of Lola. A Madrid letter pays that cock-fighting has become very fashionable in that capital, and that considerable wagers are made on vach con.bat. The infant prince will take the Christian names of " Arthur Pattick Albert "?the first in compliment to the noble and gallant Field Marshal, tlia 1-uke of Wellington ; the second in compliment to Ireland, and as a commemorative of her Majesty's visit to the " sister country and the last after lii* illustrious father, the Prince Consort. Several persona have been arrested in Bologna for crying 4* Viva Pio IX!" The conservatives have faincd a great victory over the radicate at Beme, in the election of the Grand Council. At Turin, the archbishop has been arrested, and imprisoned in the citadel, lor contumacy in rcaisting the oiders of the civil ]>ower. At Home aliairs remain in the same unsettled state. The Pope is not popular: it is even said that there has been a plot agamst his life. The mob will eviden:ly seize the first op;>ortunity to cause a distuibance. At Vienna, M. I5ach has resigned, and is to l? succeeded by liaion Pipez. M. Von Sohriierling, also intends to resign. 1 ?ifi'erences on the Hungarian question are said to be the cause of these nun isteiial changes. The Emperor will probably go to Warsaw, to meet the Czar, who was expected to aruve at that city on the 21th ultimo. The Exi'eki.mkytat. "tmi'to Ami.an \?A great nuniber of the berths have been already taken in the Viceroy, the steamer selected to make the experimental trip from Galway to Halifax and N'ew Voik. Subscriptions are daily pouring in. Among " the leading contributors are the Midl.ind Great Western Hailway Company for jCoOO : the Queen's College, in (ialway ; the Hoard of Works ; Lords Clancarty, Clonbrock, and Clanmorris; Mr. Hudley Persse, Mr. O'Fiaherty, M. 1'., Sir Thomas liuike. M. P., Sic , in sums varying from ?25 to JLB. Some l>ets have been taken u|?on the time to be occupied in the voynge. Several experienced teamen are of opinion that it will not t>e accomplished under ten days from land to land ; but this calculation is founded on the fact that the Viceroy is merely a channel steamer, and that, in order to carry a sufficient quantity of coal to make an ocean pafsage, she must, for the first few days, be so overladen as to be unable to proceed at her natural speed, which is at least equal to that of any oth?>. vessel of her class or build. Accot nts from Nineveh.?Letters from MrLayurd have l>een received so late as the 18th of March, in which he mentions the Arab reports of remarkable antiquities in the desert of Kaabour, which have never been visited by European footsteps, and towards the exploration of which he was just setting out, with an escort of Arab Sheiks and their followers, in all to the number of seventy or eighty. During his absence on this new track the. excavations at Kimrood are to be continued by the parties employed on that work, which has recently furnished interesting acquisitions to Mr. Laytrd s collection. One important inscription is mentioned, and more winged lions and bulls. Mr. Layard had received Major Kawlinson's first exposition; aad though he agreed with him in many respecta, he was not quite satisfied with his chronology, and rather adhered to the opinions put forth in Fits own work.?Library Qazette. Messrs. Baring's Circular. London, Friday. May 24,1850. f Five o'clock, P. M j The demand for prodaec Is gradually improving, but in the general trade of the eountry a want of activity is still ecm plained of, maauthrturers ia many branches failing to obtain remunerative price* fnc their goods. With One weather and good supplies, an unfavorable reaction has taken place in the corn market. Indian corn being the exception. Cottton continues very firm. Money very abundant. By the overland mail, which urived the 20th Inst., we have received advices to the following datesBombay 17th. Colombe 16th. and Calcutta 8th April; Canton 27th, Shanghai 20th. aad Batavia 28th Mareh. Amebic** Bvocas.?We have no great change or movement to advi?e, but price* are firmly maintained md there ha* been a fair bualnea*. particularly in )hlo O'i of 1870, which are now held at 111 United itate* 0?( Inscription*. 1W7-8, 109 a 110; d?. eonpoi* >onda. Ill a 111 >j Alabama, 07 a 69, do. 8terllng, 72 a '4; Florida 6 *. 83 a 36; Illlnot* Internal Improvement, Id a 47; Indiana State 6'*, 71 \ a 73 do. 2<{ per eenU. !8 a 20; Kentucky 6*. 97 a 00. Ma**achn*etU. 100; Ma* 'ylnnd V?. 01 a 03; Mlnolfcippl. Flaatera, 01); do i'f. It k 20; Michigan. 30; New York i n W1 a D* . Ohio # a. l-'O. 01 103; do. 1870.110 a 112; Pennaylvaala !>'* 17 a HHj Flrglnla 0'a, OA a 07; Canada 0'a. par. A?he?.?Prarla hare declined to 20*.; pota?a alow lale at 20*. Od. per ewt. . Co< hioial has been In requeat, and 000 bag* at anclon have found ready buyer* at rather higher price*. r?nerlffe 3* 84 a 3 lOd ; Honduraa Stiver 3e. 8d. a 4i , rlth a few black from 4* Id a 4#. 8d I Cocoa ? Stock Urge and demand limited Kale* conItied to ICO bag* Rahla at 27?. Sd.; and 1.000 bog* Orelada from 117* ?d a 42a 0d. Coin? 2MX) bag* native Ceylon. at auction hava brought 30* a 41*., and privately a few parcel* have >een taken at 40* at which holder* continue Arm ? There baa been rather more enquiry for Plantation deception*. and 300 caek* MX) bag* have reaitaad ataady ?rlcea ; Jamaica 46* a 68*. Od . Ceylon 46*. a 60* la orelgn kind* there ha* been little doing and qaotalon* are nominal A *mall cargo of St Domingo, lowever. ha* been aold afloat for the Mediterranean at 10*. per cwt In Holland and at Antwerp the article la [radually attracting more attention; at ll*mburg irleca tiave Improved, with a lively demand thr eiport The Co** market on Monday pen?d heavily. and price* of wb< at declined 1*. a J* per qr. Flour al*> ra* Od per I arrel and 1*. per rack cheaper, and difll ult ?l rale at the reduction On Weda?*<lay the trad* a* very quit t. T? day there wae again l*e* di*p <1Jcn ahown to purchase wheat, aven at a farther reducI' H'fla. Indian C"rn "n the other hand haa been In ireat eeqneat for Ireland, and *ever*l cargoea hava een aold at 20*. for Cal nic* to*, lor Ibraila. and 31* i :iu? f r Qalati. arrived on the c<">?t at which thera ire *1111 buyer* for anything near at hand Cotio* At public aata ji aterdey 1.8'X) bale* Madraa nd 4 300 hale* Hurat were offered, tha former an|<l >ri?kly ftna 4l,d for good Weatern up to for nid fnir Tiniilvelly being l, d *<lvnnre. of the !*urat : (to )>ale* were *<'ld fVr rn t',d al'.d for very ard I* uid fair being extreme rate* The private aalea coni*t ol 3 400 bale* Mirat frr,m4\d a ft'.d At l.lverool price* are firmly maintained, with a ataady denat.d;' mid. Orleau* ' *t!ll qanted 7d per Ih. Vacua, Ac ? In article* under thl* heal, traaaaeion? hare I.e. n unimportant In th? aWiu f pjhl ale* We not ire however *ale? of .: >> eh. ?t? la - lye. t nearly Id reduction J Me |{ *t 1 . 1 , l a a ISO I) T at 1* 11',d J F. 1* ,d II K ? 4d ? 2* M and native marlo from ]i. | * 114 |i> alea Ittnuoi aaldower brought A7 >* a X'7 1<>* a?? on* Sava tulla fuptlc have I t n Uk n from t'.'i 1 - a ......... i<air> gainl'IT at 11* M a 2" camphor !till at W? Turk.-y npmrn 14* ?? ? fd i|Ui< kfilrt r 4? < utch lv? r>.| a i>? Jl?>> St l'et? rei .?? i <-in | fr-.-lyat i.11; lanila i. : .2 a i. :t". jut* in n 4 d?tn in I fr- n I IJ * .14 f'.f common to * ...1 fair wiUi itix- fr. m X'l > * cm Tin- quart. r:y In > ?;.., w. r., ;v,t t-,?ri ? tii? aftern'w n TJi re?ult i* ?ery ?' i U.-tory. in ?l!, .'hi rhrfta hare fonnd hnjrri al j rir. ?. rompar.' I I it h ? < ! ? tier y >!,<.? I OK IB an ran* t.|nni'" of U n en*al. 2.1 II *<1 on dil l" mid K urpak. and from par f <? < II V K'lrx* -.rid Manila (If tfquantity ?"M. SMi rln -i- ba?? lin n takm f.r export In the north f Kurope mill M. .M . rran. an l',n fir Aiaeriaa. aed *(HI by the trad. and for re -ale Tin- lilnhe?t prl?4 i d for I'' rural wa? * ftd and 'm- I * cheata mi4. ) t?e Jara r< ulltrd frm 4* IM Be. per lb. |rr,i J her>. ha* been !< ? dolnj t? .? w > k andwitli n order ta hand we eould yirebue both ban ud iil> t' iI?t at rather within our ijuotAti n*. tli"iu'i n- large*! maker* do not lower th.ir pri-e* u.- .teli C In more den.and at 4.'.? for Oiixi'd nitnber* at tilai nw; Hwed.* 4111 10* a k IS l.ia i The r< finer* are burrr? if We?tem huh in ig* and barrelaat 30a.; the low price ot new butU r hrrk* all demand for culinary purpoe ? I.imiid 0??i? are of ready aale at t; f>r beet New. orh. and Ad ft* a ? )0e for London wade On e A ?n *11 parr.-l of upcrm liaaleto lay brought *1 Ifa a A.K. I and 4II tun* ja!? *"al w?re only irtly realm d at 4.'o a reduction of t.iMa per tun nth?rn ?o?.i|nn>? fcarce at 4 >4 I" ? lit c->d n .1 Inal X. . elite niifh n'fllerte<| we quota lialltp ill 42 d< wn to u f> t Birl"iry and I . Tint, palm >roa nut r 2? i.d a:ai? lln?ee.| In very limited request ) AM. hut Th* ?prMi1atl?e demand ha* ?nh*ld.'l an! r< II bae? H' nual at au?-tl"n hare bi eii o.ld ?tadeehn.' >rt low mid white aellinc fr m a I'Ja I>1I irnir 1 he ?ale? eoo-l?t of 2 ..>.0 half* Wenflp) rm i..? aiiA? '.? for 121> a \ lb? refra. t ion. beiffg >11 artcea. Nitrate anda 14* M a 14a wd Ri? H,i a 2 iOfl bal?? rhinaT.atlee haee been eoM. Ilefly third ela>* at Rd a 9d redurti'n and t<*? bal?? i)iiib at rteady rate? IT a quota I <atl?a *

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