Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 7, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 7, 1850 Page 3
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*? ; Tay*aa? ll? 6d a 14* In Bengal* little doing. ) I'diiD aorta trt hold flrmly ji (ritTH U firmer at A'16 on tin apot, at whick 250 , ton* were taken for ex port { SroAB.?'The market baa awwmefokr.lrnier tone. Tueawai kept a holiday but liner lirni tne trade ha* taken ] ,800 hhrf*. and 19 000 bag* ?ii l> 2,ao>) bo xe* Havana, from 36* Od a 42s ; 200 hhd* 8?i bli? Porto Kleo from fi 36a. t 42*; 10.000 bag* clayed Manilla at 35*. 6d. a 30*. i or export the inquiry continue* but buaine** la ] cheeked by tke advance required by holder*. 300 ca*e* < Bab la have been taken principally at 17*. for good brown, with low and inferior from Ma. a 16*.; 3.000 bag* low Muiuovado Manilla at 13* ; and AM) boxt* old whlta Havana at 31a. Our couiinental advices notice v favorable opinion teward* the article, aud a (lightly ? upward tend< ncy in price t Tali ow quiet at S6? 9d. on the apot; fur late deli- 11 cry. the price U nominally Use 34 a '!*? 01. 1 T?.*.?Ot C 270 packages at auction, on Tu?*1ay, ? about 3,200 found bujers; 2 000 packa^i* were fine ^ Congou uf lhi? year'* import, and eold tro.u la 2>.td. a 3*. 4>td , being a reduction of 2d a 3d on proviom niminal rate* In other *orts. no alteration took place. * The private market remain* quiet. ' Tiw.?Laura. 72*.: ttrait*. 7o?.; little doing in Kng- h lifh; tin plate* firmly maintained. ti To ha coo was very quiet; no transaction* have taken t> place thin week, i-iiber lor home use or export, but 0 .price* are firmly sustained. I TrarKwriaic There are buyer* of good rough at _ l? 6d., but not over, and parcel* held lor 7* h?ve been . warehoused A Munll paroel ot Ami<ric:in spirit* ha* been aold at 30*. 7 'j d., cask* included; Kuglirh is dull v at 20*. Cd . naked. v Whii iiu>m: is r-till quoted nominally at ?105 a ?170 C lor both Northwestern and Southern. p We have no material alteration nor important tram- , actions to nuticu in any other article*. v "Market*. ' Li?rreooi (v'iitvbv Mokkt-'IFuiui ay 21. -The ' market ha* experienced little change (iamig the pre- fcl Bent week : the latest advice* from thi t oiled State* B Hiving dccrea^iug relative receipt*, ami increasing de- 81 tall* of the injury already sustained by the growing f< crop, from cold, and from extensive inundation*. have t< jjiven confidence to holder* ; and although cotton I* (, freely offered ftill price* have b in gem-rally paid. t., The total sales of the week have been 31 600 bale* T>>day the trade have bought to a fair extent, and 5,000 . biles are aold. including 1.000 taken on speculation and for export. at previous rate*. The quantity al- e ready received aud that which may probably be yet e received of the present crop, fall* *o far below the aver- Ci S2e receiiil., of oruvlou* vt-nrs. a* to ean.<o an aniirrhea. in Ion that the supply may not be equal to the necessities tr of the trade ; and t j i- apprehension acquire* increased r> force, when viewed in connection with the unsatisfao- t) tory report made of the state and promise wf the graw- . i Ing crop. These facta are calculated to give confidence to holders, and the present relative high rates are fully c< and firmly uiaiutained, the authorised quotations of fair qualities of American being uniformly the same a* T -St the close of last week. Brazils and Kgy ptlans have pt keen in rather limited request, but they have also fully B maintained last week's prices. (jurats are ia go >d demand at former rates. 3.2G0 bales of American. 300 n l'crnams 50 Maranhams. 280 Egyptians, and 1 910 of t> Surat hare been taken on speculation; and 2.120 of *' American. 60 Pernams. and 320 Surats for export Sales 350 Sea Island Georgia. 12d a lttd.j 10 Stained " do.. 7J,'; 0 180 I nland, bowed. 0% a 7\; 126J0 New " Orleans, S?. a 8; 3.83n Mobile. ?i4 a 7'4 ; 1,220 Pernam til and Paraib, 7'? a 8; 650 Bahia and Maceln. 71-.' a 7%; an ?30 Maranham. 7 a7,?i; 1,700 Egyptian. ?'4 a 10; 4,170 di Surat, 4 a 5\ Imports?Ta this date. 1850, 631.541 c, bags; same time 184#, 1.018.377 bags. Stocks?On this ln date, 1850, 41*3.160 bags; same time 184?. 77 1.7'.*) bags. !, Sales?Total sales to the 24th May. 1849. SSd.380 bags; total sales to the 17th May. 1850. 8U7.700 bags. LiTKarooL Coais Market. May 24.?At the Liverpool J*' corn exchange, on Tuesday morning, there was a very limited sale for English, Irish, and foreign wheat of all * descriptions, and a decline of 2d per 70 lbs. from the currency of that day weak. Although superior brand* &{ of American fluur were still extremely scarce, and little ?i or none expected from tha States, even such attraded very few inquiries, and barely sustained 'imt# . prices; whilst French and Irish samples w^e {? a|ow request at an abatement of ttd. per -..w Barlev ci malt, and peas, being little not'oe(, miut ^ n?mi: naUy cheaper. English, a'a the g#(n(.rftl qualities of European beans difficult to sell at our waat and Egyptians maintained Kriday's in- >< provement. moderate demand at a slight _ amend^,ht. Oatniaiii remained unvaried. Thar* was *'.#aAe*gr attendi d market this morning and the 4(*?*(Vhuslne*s was on a very moderate scale, which P1 may l?e attributed in a groat measure, to the favorable p change to mild showery weather Wh-at and flour il barely supported the rates of Tuesday fine m*al!ng r< oats were scarce, and such were H4 per bushel dearer |j to-day. In the value of oatmeal, barl y. beans, and ft peas there was no alteration Indian c >rn supported tl the price of Tuesday 33s. per 4HO lbs. Is th<* quotation for the finest American yellow corn. LivKaroni. Msmkkts. May 24 ?Wheat and Floar?The i corn market closed firmly at the date of our last circular , of 10th instant, since when a favorable change ia tha -weather be* caused less animation in our market, aad P the prieea of both wheat and flour are easier, though D holder* are not pressing their stocks on the markets. D In Indian corn we have had an active business, and o prices, during the fortnight, have advanced 3s. per ? quarter for prime yellow. The transactions have been 0 both oti speculation and for export to Ireland where (i 'the consumption at present is represented as being large. Onr Imports during the fortnight are mode. Tate, particularly of Indian corn, a prevalence of nor- " tlirrly and easterly wind* having kept out vea?l* past " tfue There wan a fair attendance at market t'- C ?Uy. bat the trad* ruled dull, at a dorliua of 34. C per bu*hel on wWat and ?d. fnr bbl oa Hoar. t adian o ?ora Bra for yellow, and white rather advancing a, Western Canal flour, par bbl.. 18 a ?1* ; Baltimore _ KaMi; I'hiUdekphla. 2 i a 23* tld ; Canadian .uper- " Una Inspected 22 a \ extra flue and tin* 21, od a Y2* Od ; Ohio flour. 83 a 84*.. aoar. 18 to 21* ; Indian ? ?6n meal, white and yallow, l&a ; Wheat. I'nited " Mute* whit*, par 70 Iba . 0* .Id. a 0* Wd . red and mixed c dc . 4s. Od a 0* : yellow Indian corn, per **0 Iba . 3-1*; whit* do . 32 a 32* Od.; mixed. :i2 Ic. 32a Od. A*bes ti meet with only a retail demand at 20 a 28* par cwt a l?ard.?'There ha* bean rather more enquiry, aad n about 330 toi.a liawe changed hand*; fine 31a. 3d. a p la Od. Turpentine TUO bbl* ?old at ? ?. Od. a t>? Od. ** J!v*La J? a**ier to bur; '.1.600 bbl* aold at la. Td. a U* I'd for c?Binioa. Tar.?A larfe bu?inea* ha* lieaa * done from the uay. at ft*, a 9a. Od for about 3.400 bbl*. * Tallow fully support* former quotation* of 3V a b 27* 4d. per cwt . with a good demand Oil* are dull at n A78 a A'M2 par tun lor *p>rm. A *) Ilia a A"!2 lor whale. || and <31 lo. |or palm. Hire ? A *mall bualae** done t< At 18a Od a 20* Dyeweoda without rhanire. at AO a ? AO 10*. for Caaipeacby logwood, and A4 a A'4 2* Od for <c M Domingo Ku?tie A4 10a a A'S 10a. Nioaraguaw<>?d AT 10a. a Al.'s aa la quality. Ilatsa. May 23 ?The cotton market I* active Sale* ^ to 2 o'rlock, 2 ii32 bale*; price* Arm at aa advaaae at taut If. oa nixl kinda Telegraph Matters. NKW IM I'ROV KMBJITS IN TMK TKfJUI1IAFIf. I We were Miown a beautiful instrument, at the j office or the New York nod Erie Telegraph line, f -invented by Colonel S|?eed, of Detroit, which will 1 probably overcome the moat aerioua obatacle in the , way of telegraphing, and muat work an important i revolution in ihe bu?ioesa, where \ery important * point* to l?e connected are ao widely separated aa in v the United Mute*. The obatacle* in question ariae , from the impot-sibility of getting a perfect insulation ' t>y which to intercept the passage of the galvanic 1 current from the wire to the ground. The beat in- t rotated lines cannot work successfully more than z five or ri* hundred miles in ordinary good weather, " in one cm-nil; and in rainy weather, thia distance ) unlet be divided once or twice, cauaing aa many j interruptions in the tranamnwaon of a message. <'olonel Speed's instrument is designed to connect thoae shortened circuit* together, and, in fact, takes ' the plac??f a copyist and telegrapher at the connecting station, thus transmitting the message from one circuit to another, both ways, through the * longest line, or any number of circuits, without de- ' or repetition. 4?y means of thia invention, messages can be transmitted from this city to New ( <>rlcans, or to St. Louis, with the Mine deapatch e and correctness ihat they now are to Iloston, i Philadelphia, or Albany. The practicability of the improvement has been fully tested on the J Erie and Mi' hi/na line, where th- instruments v Imve been working at Cleveland and Jvtroit, 1 and messages transmitted from Iluff*ln to Mil- " waukie, through two instnimenta, or three eir- | crnta, in the most satisfactory and perfect ( manner. The practicability of one circuit work- ' ing an other both ways, haa also been fully tested on the New York and Erie line, wheTe the process has been in practice since July last, by means of a ( simple and ef)e? tire instrument invented by Mr, , I <?rncII, inn in npr hi nnnr* i fir i*nnicn ruri i of Cmdl'i InMnnnrnta, appear* lo fx- thr ??mf m that of f*prr?T*?thr Mmacr in u*r m, that ^pffd'l work* without the attention of thr o^rator at the connecting nation, whfffM, CornrilV rrquirre tirh attention ; tfwt on* may hr termed a drprndrnt, and the othrr an in<l<-prn<lrrit ronn^-mr We are happy to |rarn that Mraara. Cornell and Ppeed havr niadr arrangement* to iatrod'tre their improvrmrnta on thr Nrw York and Knr, and Eri? and Michigan lin*-?, and the l>ranrh fine* ronnrctad with tbrm, and thut aa ?oon aa a nrw wire ran be put on thr Imr, which ta to br davotrd exrlnairrly to through buainca*, tk? niilin< delay* that are now rxprrirnrrd in dr*p*tching mearigea from New Yoik to Chicago, Milwaalne. Cincinnati, and 9(. Louie, will be Jone away with, and our buaineaa mm may expect thrir an*wrr? aa prompt;? aa ihry now un tli?-rn from 1lo*ton, Washington or Albany. We hopr, ere long, to aer thia improvement iatrodnced on all the long line* in the country. orntir< ami halifax tsi.roa?iii i.iiic [rrt tn the Nrw Bnui*?lek*r, April 3&) Wr understand that great encouragement haa hern held out to the rompany that waa organised oine twa year* aince, at Wnehre, for building a lina betwerh that city and Halifax ; and little dotiM j ia mtertainrd but that the company will immedt- 1 atrly procred nnd accompliah that rnterpriae, ahonld the Legislature of thi* Province graat thrm i a fre? charter. untrammelled aa to the route to he choaen through New Bntnawicb, and aa t? where the director* aball re?*de. We cannot doubt but thai the lion .Mr. Wilawt, who, we uadartUad, ; ias the matter in hand, will loae no time in brincDg it before the assembly, and that that body will >roniptly and favorably respond to ihewishAof the Canadian company. NEW ELECTRIC TK1.KOR tPH COMPAWT IN BSSLA3D. The Britiah Electric Telegraph Gaa^ur*! MM, or the establishment of a new electric teleTuph company, came on in committee in the Joui>e of <k>n>mons, a abort lime since. Mr. Sergeant Wrungham, at considerable length, pened the case for the promoters, by anting list they were desirous of supplying the public nth electric telegraphs on u more economics! cale and a more improved plan than obtained at lie present moment. Arrangements for this purom1 had been made by the company with Messrs. lighten, the patentees of improved electric teleruphs. _Al the present moment there were in the 'nited Kingdom about <>,0<X) miles of railway open, >f which little more than 2,(XK> miles were supplied rith tclcuriiiih.x. IpHvinir i Ol/tl without thxt facilitv. n addition to this, h great many important cities ,nd towns weir without the advantage of electric elegraphs. By the proposed measure those ulret'ly upplied would tie supplied at a lower rate, while n the public generally there would he conferred he additional advantage of coin|>ctition. There rere neatly 'i.tiOOmilesofrailway nowcoHStructiiis', esid> s .">,(X)() niiles for which acta had heen obtained, i Inch at present were in abeyance, hut which might, nth u tingle way and the electric telegraph. hi1 onstiucted ut from one-half to two-thir<U of their repent estimated cost. The instruments and aj>aratus of the British Electric Telegraph Company re re much superior in principle, cheapness, expeitien, and certainty, to those used by the existing ompany, and the promoters of the new compmy ought to extend their operation*, by obtaining an ct of I'ailiament to enable more than twelve perOtis t'? be owners cf the patents, and to work them >r the benefit of the public Powers were intended > be taken to place the wires underground, so us i l>e out of the reach of damage, and from the Heels of atmospheric electricy?a great drawback nder the present system. The telegraphs under ic plans proposed by the new company could be reeled at less than one-half the cost of the xisting telegraph company, and the public would oosequently be benefitted in that ratio. The only rtitionera against the bill were the present Elecic Telegraph Company, who, of course, sought to tain their monopoly." Their petitions stated that ic wires of the new company would interfere with leirs; that they could not he laid down without their i>nseiit, and that their interests, as a public com?nv, were to be protected by Parliament. Mr. albot, Q. C., for the Electric Telegraph Commy, contended, at length, that the plana of the ritish Telegraph Company wen- infringements on ime of the imtents which the Electric Telegraph omimny already had in their possession; and that ie breaking up of the streets to lay down n?w ires would be attended with inconvenience. On ie room being cleared, on the question of the lorut undi of the Electric Telegraph Company, and on ie parties being re-admitted, the 1 Ion. Chairman lid:?The committee cannot give any decision to?y, the ^|*aker being at prayers; out it may he jnvenient to tell you what would lie their decision morrow. The committee have decided that ley do not think the i?-titioners against the proloters of the bill have any lorut ttantii against the ramble of the bill; but l am desired by the comlittee, to say that in our progress through the bill e shall be extremely glad to hear any objections tat can be brought forward by the petitioners gainst any of ine clause*. We will give our condere?:,on to any of the clauses that may be introuced, and that they may think will affect their inTest in any way. The committee then adjourned. ttAftOES FOR THE fSE OF THE TF.IJ?RArU W KNQup. [From the Klcctric Telegraph Manipulator ] Tliey are bailed upon a rate of Id. a mile for srnty words, 5s. being the minimum charge. 1 m not disused to think that any such reduction s could prudently be made in these rates would roduct" nn adeuuate increase of telegraphic busies*. Where the mail service is so perfect as it is l this country, and the postal rates are so low, no duction in our tariM could bring us into competi<>n with the < leneral Post t IflN, and take much oni the letter bag. We have a sepirate extance: the electric telegraph is to do what the mail annot; it is to distance the carrier pigeon, to outirip the wind, to strike the hour-gUaa from the and of time, and level the boundaries of space, ind ro, while it may happen that matters are ocaaionally transacted by telegraph which could ave been accomplished by ordinary modes, yet it luet mainly be called into requisition when all ther means fail?when, in fact, service is required >'hich it is physically im|>osHil)le to accomplish therwiae. In a ureal conimeni il country like nis, and in a country where social relations are so xtensive, these emergencies are of hourly occurnet| IM) M W? lean from llie despatches inousted to us, are of the most varied character? ould we raise the veil of secrecy which, by our ompact with the public, we are bound to hold ver the currt s|>on(]enee intrusted to ua, we could et forth a volume of domestic anxieties, in fraglents, which could scarcely lie paralleled, inaarnch as it is more in times of pressing anxiety and f audden emergency, as 1 have aaid, that the pubc invoke our aid, as they call in that # the phyailan in tinea of bodily ailment. Theae anxirtiea re sometimes of an amusing character; at other are moat painful. We lime ordered a turU>i nd also a coffin; a dinner and a physician ; a lcnthly nurse and a shooting jicket; a special enine and a chain cable; an otTicer'a uniform and t>nie Wenhiun Lake n e; u rlereyman and a eounrlloi'swig; a royal standard and a hamper of line ; and ao on. Paasing over the black leather ag which some one every day appears to leave in ome train, pnssengera have recovered luggage of be most miacellaneons character by mean* of the rle^raph. In the trains have been left a pair of l^ctaclea und a pig; an umbrella and Layard'a 1 Nineveh;** a pnnie and a barrel of oyatera ; a Teat coat and a baby ; and l?oxea and trunks, *I id rnut ommr, without number. TUK CIJi Till' Tl IJCORAfll M At -TltlA. In lr* 17 this invention was first introduced into Austria, and at the close of l*W, it was extended rom Vienna to the following plscess?To Prague, iv Olmula, a distance of miles; to Prague, by nun, 249 miles; to Presburg, 40j miles; to < Mer?urg. 1734 miles; to Trieste, 335} iniles. The line rom Vienna to Munich lia<? been in activity since lie 10th of January, and the Gnxtllt d' Augtljowt s tiiabled to publish the course of exchange in hat city twentv minut* s after it has been declared n Vienna. The line from Vienna to Salzbourg, 'la Uni, it is expected, will be finished in a few vccks. and that from Prague to the frontier* ?f axofiV. in th? eourpM* of the summer Th lines un partly on the railroads and the eamtnon highrays, The posts on which the wires are placed ire generally about fifty French metres apart. The ost of lating down the telegraph, the German nile, has tieen calculated at *iK| florins 41 krenters, equal to aliout sterling (or alntut ?**?). I'he whole of the administrative superintendence * under the control of the Minister of Public A'oiks, the telegraph being the property of the [overniuent. Til* TTl WJRArH ti r? sat %, A telegTsph is to be eatablished at JM. Peteramtg. to he divided into two branchea, one laidng to Vienna, the other to Berlin. nir. rKtjnRAPii in irasc*. Several l.nglish engineers are in Paria ready to nter into contract with the government for contrnrtinp the telegraph on all the linea of railway, rhe subject i* un<ler the conaKleration of a eorninsMon, and it ia not known what system will be idopted. Favor ia ahown to the Pnisaian method . f latrimt ( ' ra m Pfi rl u itl> irilfln I < fi' K 11 # P. : round. Mr. IViin ha* l#en exhibiting hi* electric tele;raph in 1'aria, an<l claiming lor it a eupariontr vrr that of Whralilonr, in the fflftity with rhirh it orinta off the character* that are coneyed. Mr. Hrett ia likewiae there, preparing the ; ipuaratua formed of gutta percha, which ia to enelope the wire* that paaa under the water for he conveyance of electricity between l>orer and alaia; hut thing* are by no tneana in atich a atate f forwardneaa a miuht he imagined from the ragrapha that appear in the napera. I?! > ! Uallraanl> l?*wnpr ) An experiment ha a been made at the Klyare, hjr ?rder of the I'reaident of (he republic jof the electrohemiral telegraph of M. Bain. The telegraph * M lii i l hi. in the grand aalonn of the |?iUrr, md, aoon after one o'clock, the experiment* comnenrrd. Mr. Item, the inTentor, waa accom amed hy Mr. Macl*ouffall, by M. Walkinahaw. md hy l?r l^irdner. Tne President waa attended >y the Mimater of the Interior, hi* rhtf </* mhnft, md M. CherUief, Secretary-t iefteral of the I'reaiIrncy. M- de l'araigny, the French Ambaaa?dor if the Court of llerlm, waa alao preaent. M. I^ererrier, of the Inatitute, who haa taken great inereat in the invention of M. Hain, and who waa ireaent on Thumdajr at the Miniatrr of the Inerior, when the telegraph conveyed a long de patoh to Lille and hark, a diatanoe of S2S l.ngliah nilea, in lean than one minute, explainad the pro e?a lo the I'reaident of the republic. The I'rtnce omprrhendrd rapidly the principle, and the mode >f eiecution, which, he aaid, were a I moat marrelloua, and complimented M. Bain on the lal>or ind intelligence which he had diaplayed in bringng hia invention to auch perfection. Aa an in'tance of the extraordinary power* of thia telerraph. we may mention that, in the j*eaence of thIVfWent of the republic, a deapatch containing I.aa7 lettera, waa conveyed in the apace of fiflrive aeconda. being at the rate of nearly 1,-W etters per minute I>ia?*a va Haa I. On urat ae Catiraaat? ?A rmpllatatary 4lnn?r^ra* given on the ?th ln?t . to he 111 n KitaH OllWrt. HmWr of Onngran frnai allfntnla. an4 Me a etttaan of Alhany. kr tha arlnt "I "I tliat rlty f?Trrnl itotfaj ii-h#<t truth nu n vara prxent a?nrg tha*. O.nai J |T<>ai. Inbn Van Karen, Oavrraor Marty. *a4 other* at a^??l lota Onr California CowMptUtim. Sah Fkancisco, Cal., March 29,1890. Advxct about Emigrating to California?Great Full of Pruft?Smuthi?K, fyc., tfc. Yours oi the 7th February is received, and I am glad to hear that you are well. You say yeu h ive some idea of coming out here. If you think of such a thing, I would say come, but do not bring your family with you; as for yourself, I have no doul t but thut you ean make money here as well a* others. Times are as good now as tliey were when I first came out here, (eighteen months ago ) Wild ( peculation and gaiHbling in ruining hundred4, and the market here m> llucluuiing, that it id not safe to order anything Lumber, lhat was worth in November and December four hundred dollars |>er thousand, cau i?w be bought lor thirty dollars. J'oik, that wa? Worth forty-hve dollars j><-r barrel, wm*. sold yesteiriuy for ten dollars. 1'ilot ami naTV bread sells fO)m one to two cents j? r pound. Hardware,cl?>ihing? 4'c , will not pay expenses Liquors *ie worth nounuig, although half the town are rum K&opj and gambling houses. 1 will venture to say, thai one-half the merchants who have *hi|>ped goods col lure, will nt>er gel a cent for them. Men reputed to be worth one hundred or two bundled thousand dollars to~<d.iy, are to-morrow compiled to give up and make An assignment. Wbeu this town assumes anything like regularity, u 11 will make money?but ih< strife has been who will muke the most and soonesi; and the great r?ge for sjK'culation has caused nwiy to go over the dam. llalf of our town couucil liavr pocketed all they could get, and gone to the States. As for mysell, 1 am gelling along very welt. If 1 can take with me next fill $100,000, I will go home to the city of plenty, happiness and pleasuie, (New York ) If you should come here, you would be struck with wonder at the recklesi way in which business is done, (ioods arc landed, thrown on the beach, and if not taken away or claim* d, the street inspector erders them sold without being oiiened, aud invoices are sold for l...n,lru.l. ... I../.U OAn...<:nw.u . L,...., I . iiuiiuiciir, n uitii aic 01'iiiciiuico wuim uiuuouius. In conclusion, I say to yuu that this is a ureat field for ambitious >oung men like yourself, but about one-half that come here kill themselves drinking, and the discovery of gold in California will cause more distress and trouble ia families throughout the United States, than all the wars of Europe. Sam Francisco, April 20, 1830. Advtctt front J>m Grant?Bustntu Protpectt? Election in San Fta m itco?New Yorkcrt Elected to Office?I I'omen Wanted, fyc. $c. Again I take the liberty of addressing you a few lines in relation to the state of affairs here in California, as 1 know you have a deep interest in everything relating to the welfare of this country. Business is rather dull here at present, but the prospect is good for the summer and fall business. The reports from the mines are rather encouraging from the new digging*?Trinity Bay, Arc.; however, those who stay in San Francisco, and arc industrious, generally do as well a* those who trtvol through hit the diggings. The weather is now very pleasant and healthy. The forenoons are warm, and in the afternoons there is a very fresh breeze from the west, which is strong and bracing. ('u the 1st day of April, we had a very exciting election. (Speaking of the New York elections, they are no comparison). Col. Jack Hays, the celebrated Texan ranger, was the independent candidate for Sheriff, ana, for the first time in his life, he ran like a perfect racer. At every corner of the street would be heard the " hurrah for Jack Hays, the gunpowder candidate." The result whs, that he carried all lx>fore him, and at noon the whig* and democrats had thrown off their candidate for Sheriff, and tried to save the balance of their ticket, with Col. Jack Hays at the head. The result was, that the whigs elected three of their candidates, viz : Roderick N. Morrison, for County Judge: Calhoun Benham, for District Attorney; and Mr. Lndicott, for County Treasurer. The democrats elected seven on their ticket for cciintr officer*, four of which were New Yorkers? viz: John A. Mciilvnn, for Recorder of Deeds, foimerly of the 17th ward of your city; Kdward Callagh* r, for Coroner, formerly of the 3d ward of your city: Willum M. Kddy, of the 9th ward, was elected City and County Surveyor: and D. M. Chauncey, of Brooklyn, Was elected County Assessor. iI iri 1 ??? an vUotion u-itK an much good feeling as this, yet the excitement wu most intenseat every poll you would see the Mar* and stripes, banners vi?a, and wagons and teams running; hut the principal shout wu?"Hurra for Jack Hay* and Jack Mc(>lynn." Such is life in California. Kvery man resects the rights of hia neighbor; consequently everything passea oil' at the polls in good feeling. We are now u|>on the eve of another election? the first unJer our new charter?wheji we shall do away with all the old Sjmnish customs, and !>e regularly Americanized. The election will take placs lor charter officers the lattnr part of this month. 1 Irel somewhat interested in the reso'l of tin* election, aa there are a lew raorr New 1 orkers who are ahout to liecome candidates, some of whom I ?hall mention immediately after the election. I feel under obligations to ynu for the publication of my letter of the .'list I*ecenil>er, particularly th?t |*>rtion which related to the l*ost < ?<Tice, as I think It has had the desired effect. 1 would again impresa upon the readers of your valuable iournal, the importance of a Urge emigration of the daughters of Kve to this land of gold and plenty, where the smiles of " lovely woman" are like " angels' visits, few and far between." In conclusion, dear air, 1 aubacril>e myself very respectfully and truly yours, Jamk* ' Iiiant. Hajwtow*, Old Dry IHgging<?, \ Upper t alifornia, 21st March,1M0. \ Offrniiom in the Afmrt?'/he Kfftrt ?/ Iht VaU Wrathrr?A Rrtollinn Co* of Crvtlty?EmiftatUM?lh* Prrivltnt'i Mr wig'. As any information from thissection of the world is read with great interest by the |>eople of the Mates, I concluded (having a spare evening) to sit down and give you a few items with regard to the mining operations, and matters and things in general, knowing very well that it will prove interesting to a majority of the readers of the Arte York Urmhi, and which paper, by the bye, haa an extensive circulation in tins country, and ia read and sought for with great eagerneaaon the arrival of every ateamer; and it would also afford a better means of conveying news through California than having it published in the papers here, as the papers from the Mates sre resd with much more eagerness, and have a more extensive circulation, than the newsl?pers jml.lished in this country. This sectirn of the country has probably proved to lie as rich in mineral wealth as any ever yet discovered in California ; but during the last winter the mines have been worked so much, that it is with difficulty a loan can make common wages, although it sotuetimes ha|{M-ns that rich wots are hit ti|mn, where heavy suma are Iteing taken out, yeL as a general thing, front Ah to |I0 a fejr MIM mt i good work, where |?.?t year, from two to four ounces a dsy wss looked upon as nothing immoderate. (;ecrg< town a olace distant about 45 miles north fttmhere, will afford good diggings during tin* summer, on account of not having her n worked ftmrli Hnnncr lK<> u mfi r vhi> <rr#?ut <ir>r.f1i of anou and intensity of the cold having "impended nil mining o|>eraiionaia that region since lint ; fall and ? I have rrtriTtd al?oui *om? mine* having been diecovered in thr vicinity of the Middle Fork, I am inclined to believe that there are ome mining localities in that prelum which throw every thine completely in thr shade with regard to thr ipiantity of sold that lias ever been di*covcred in ( HlifoiTna Tintend leaving thitokn in a we*k or two. and tr?t thr mutter, and I only hoj>e it will pravr half a* rich aa reported. Thr location of thia rich district ia only known to a few, hut by thr time you Will harr received tin* Irttrr, it will hive been wrll explored, and in a very *hort time, every *rpiare foot of thr land will he claimed, and of cour*r tboae who get (km lir?t will *t?nd site heal chance. I am only waiting for thr *now to melt in the mountain*, to tie tip my blanket*, ami t ike prospecting tour, with three or four day* provision*, and a pick. abovel and p n, and try and hnd out a location for aummrr mining, and hv nrtt fall I hope to have my "pile" made. If I keep my health, my ofiinir* i*, that thi* aea*on will he the moat favorabl<-*in many re*|??ct* for mining in thi* country. Ily next fall, all the mine* will be pretty well marked out. and it will only pay companies with proper machinery to work it profitably, except other rich mine* be di*covere?| in the meantime. which, of coarse, will alter the mtiter very materially. From what 1 can lenrn. Feather and Yuba river* will I* very much crowded the coming eaten, a* the larger portion of th* emigrant* that came in l?*t fall and during the winter will *t?n for ihme region*, and Uke up all claim* of any account thai were not warked la*t arason For my own part, I think I will try the mountain*, a* they will not he ao much crowded I mm* mention of my having received inflhireiiee, a few dara time, of a lump of gold, that wa* found in the rnlhrin mine*, that weighed ! ? lb* I will nol touch for the authenticity of tfti* Malement, although I l*lwveii true. A in??l revolting caae of cruelty, nerci*e.l on a jcor dninktn man, occurred in fhil town, (if a I>l*ce consisting cf a coupb?bf hWnlrnl lop *t?a?tica,erected ?ithintbe l*?t year.can be nailed *uch) The unfortunate victim waa in a ?urtcr<ng condition, being f ntirtly without Either funda or friend*, ar.d a ?<i*ng?r (16 put up at a Hove heie, tad in a ehort time afterwards a watch was missing. The . owwi came in, and some individual* preaent pointed the victim out aa the man who had the watch. The cow.11uly ratcul then seized the poor uui'ortunatf?who waa puiliilly intoxicated?and dngged inm to the creek, and dipped him a number of time* under the water, which wan very cold at the tune, ihieatening lutii, if he did not give up the watch, to keep on dipping him until he confessed where it wan. The poor fellow denied to the last having taken the wtitch, und ihe wretch would have kept on dij>ping hint, had not oome of the hvsr niders inii

ifen d. lie then threw him on the bank, and left I.mi in a shivering condition. borne humane individuals then took the unfortunate victim to a house, hai a medical liiuii called in; l>ut of no avail, ut- he died in the comae of tin- night, from the brutal tieutnient he hud received. \Vh ,i makes the muter w urw, is the fact, that the watch was found the next day, and there vv as no evidence ?h it the unfoitunate man had stolen it A eoromr'a iutjuest waa held,and a veidiot return* d, that tin* d,-ceet-ed had died from the effects of the immersion m the water. A watrant wa? issued for the axreat <;l Kelly?the nume of the delinquent?and he wus brought before the magistrate, but, strange to say, waa ut liberty the next morning, although (lie evidence was conclusive that the deceased came to hi* de ath frorn injuries received from Kelly. Suc h ia the way justice is administered in this section of ilie world. I think if ever Lynching was justified, it whs in this case, where a man had taken ilie law into his own bunds, and administered it without any evidence of guilt on the part of the unf< ruinate victim. llobberiea have become very common of late here. A gambling teat was entered, a box openad. tad :m stolen from a monte de.iler. Another liuutc lost f*r)00 a few nights previous. I suppose the travel to California across the plains will soon commence. 1 do not think there will be one-quarter as many as crossed last season, as the iouniey was found out to be attended with great hardships and privations; and by far the majority of those who crossed the plains last season have written home very unfavorable accounts to iheir friends, of ihnt route; and I have no doubt but ilie route across the Isthmus is by far preferable; it will cost but a trill'* more, will not occupy half the time, and a number of privations w ill be avoided. The part of the President's message recommending the leasinir, selling, or renting the mines, has, as far as I can learn, created much dissatisfaction amcng the miners; and I have no doubt, if such a law were passed by Congress, it would have some difficulty in being enforced. The establishment of a poll-tax would be more acceptable. The principal objection to leasing or selling the mining district would be, the fact that it would be monopolized by stock companies and capitalists, to the detriment of the poorer working classes. C. F H. Mautsviuj, California, February 1,1850. Voyage to Sacramtnto City?Hungry Minrrt? liu*h to Supyer?Inundation*?I'uw of Sacramento City?Arrival and Rectpt ion of Captain Svttn'i Family?Strut at a Ranr/io?Snagt?Indian*? Acorn Bread?Arrival at Marysvillt? Size of the Place, fc. On my leaving New York, I promised you 1 would write you, but as you have many able corresjxmdents here, I have not written you. A few days since, however, I started for Marysville, on the Yuba river, and thinking you would not object to a few linea from this place, I write you. The LI Dorado was bound up the Sacramento, and 1 was one tmong her crowd of j>assengers. She had Bounded her last whistle, and the linaa were cast loose, and, pulling and blowing, she dashed through the waters of the bay towards the Sacramento. We drove along finely; and although to short time has elapsed since San Francisco became a city, and the Sacramento has been navigated by steamers, yet we could not complain of the accommodations of the LI Dorado. We were crowded with i?saengers; many, who had some two weeks' previous tied from Sacramento City, on account of the Hood, were now returning; oilier* were starting for the mines; others, and by far the greater number, were bound for the new and?(noon to be)? the great of Marysville, at the mouth of the ^ uba river. We were not long in passing through the different bavs, and at five I*. M., were at New York on the 1'acific. This place has increased greatly since last summer?then containing three houses. We here entered the Sacramento, and, as we expected, the durk lowering clouds gathered around us, and the rain fell heavy and fast; but the shower mioii |tassed away, und as the sun sent his evening r*y* o'er the surrounding mountain*, we were i|uite sure of line weather for our journey. I could not help but admire the beauty ot the scene, but that supper-bell called me away to the scenes below. 1 have always found the steamboat travellers in meals" is very common. The miners are "the pet* pie here,and ibcv are always ready." Wswere sailCalifornia ar* always hungry, and the "rush lor ing finely up the river, ana as the moon rose full sod bright from o'er the eastern mountains, and lighted up the dark winding {Sacramento, and the immense field* of water eatending 31) or 40 miles lack to the mountains and reflected on the white snow-capped Xsvcdas, it was a pretty sight, and nwny tunes during the evening were we gratified with similar view*. I W ilis are unknown, and we were all compelled to pick the softest *(*>(* and make it as comfortable as we could. The LI Lxsrado drove on, and we found ourselves, at sunns*, about five nults from Sacramento. The water was running swiftly down, and tbe trees were inclined down the stream, by the great rush of the waters. Vast plains were .inundated, and many there were, who had built their lu^ houses, thinking themselves safe lor the w inter,who were forced to leave in consequence of the quick use of the water. The p.isnengers h?d crowded the decks, to catch the lira! sight of Sacramento City, which soon came in si|<lit m we turned the river, und, ere long, we were alongside the embar'-adera, and ashore. JIow different the city appeared from what it did when I wm there in November' llousea wrre shut up; stores were closed; |?eo|?le were either rowiag around in boats, or were inking up to their knees in mud, aa they w orked their way through the streets; but the water was |rn?ing?it had left the city and hsd fallen three feet below the hank on the riverside. We found the steamer Lawrence was awaiting the boat from l>e|ow, and would start in the morning, up the Sacramento, for Yuba City and Marysville, and that, from the urance of the )>oat, oar load of baggage, freight and p4*senirers, would not be snvtll. The river being so high, a sieamlioat of light draft of w ater could get up the river over one hundred miles Irom Sacramento ( tty, ami thirty from the gold digging*, iii the Yuba, and a city had lieen laid out at the h*ad of navigation. Goods of every description were being crowded there, and stores were going up, and speculation was running high. There, auioug others, I was bound. The Lawrence hsd been whistling away nearly an hour, and finally, crowded with jieoide, and loaded down with freight, she stalled on ner wsy from Sacramento. Tne nver wns running down very swift, and our powerful stern wheel did not wish us ahead verv f*tl. hut still, we were on our way ii|>? the buzzing of the blower, the ringing of 111*" " pnjMtp bell "r in the handa of 11 practiced darkey, and the upaetting of one ipol?l ilin<-r over another in the crowd on the deck, were all in order, until thinga willed, an I then we were all right. Moat of our number were miner*, who had left the ritiep where they had bren during the winter, and who were determined to take an e^rly atart, and dig their remaining ahare of the "dual," an<l dig awajr. aa aoon bp poe?il?le?and there were hiiay apernlatom, jinifling iheir dollar*. thinking their luck? hit at Man arille?and there were tr*. der*, with gnoda, making tlieir venture* to the mine*, Arc.?nil were lor Man>ville. We nailed about lo A. M., and at I'. M. we were twrntyeight mile* from the city, aailing in aight of the coant range of mountain*, which were ahont fifty milea on our left Rcroe? the plain, which wan covered with water. Thounanda of cattle werodying on the banks of the river, having died from atarvaUM kOMNWPfC An ted from tlinr foundation*, and the whole line of country we panned by, allowed great ravagea l.y the Hood. We nailed awifter after we were pome way up the river, and were aoon in ipht of Fremont, which ia pitiiafd on a Hie plain, at the head of navigation on the Sacramento, ami at tlie mouth of the Feather river. The crowd were on hand, and 1 waa much uroriaed to aee the tnrh for the JVitr York lirrald fur California?over a hundred were nold at fl *1", during the time we weir then*. Thepe are an enlightened peojde, and iren.ed to know where they could get the rjew?. Vernon ia PituateJ opj*>mte, and waa partly under water during the (food We ran npagainat the hank, and w*re *<>*n on>>ur way attain np the river. It food became known on hoard, thU C'apt Hutter and hia wife and family were in the cabin, lie had not neen hia family for near eighteen year*, and they amved in the lant Pte?m*r from i'anama, ar.d all were on board, boond for the ranch at iJant. Gutter, about ten mile# lielow the Yuba. on the fxeramento. They kept out of nifht until the tea ell rang, and the table waa aoon filled by thoae ii oat curiowa, where they were expecting to we Cap* futter and hia family Kvery one aeemed anxioua to p*e and converpe with them. They did not aeem to frrl very hapt<r, coming to the* new home. 'I he *nn had long nince irone down behind the roanr rang*. nod w? were nlowly feeling onr way through the name roup anas* which were lining the rivrr, poking up their hemlaat a?, n<>t very iMtlafectory In tin. Nfcholan ranch waa the atoning place frr the mtbt; and at eight o'clock, we Were land* 4 at the rantb A large ?</<>/>f VuiMang, with i numerous outbuilding*, were on the ranch; they hud lighted their fire* and had made everything ready lor our arrival. After the rush to aecuie beds lor the night, we sat down to our supper, which had been preyed bv the Dutch girls, and which wc were disused to fiuish with an appetite. Wc were told that the Indiana had encam,>ed in laige numbers in the valley, and we went over to *ee them in their lodge*; and after forcing our way through a crowd of snarling dogs, were among ihem. Uur visit was not very acceptable, and we had to force them to talk, which we found they could do very readily, when we bid them good bye. They are a miserable net, and are worth nothing to wotfc. Manv of us were quite comfortably \ roMtied lor dunng thenght, yet many found no place to sleep. At li A. M , we were again on our way ; the grumbling sleepers hud been disturbed, and the passengers wiio were in the c.ibin weie startled by the cry of "the is snugged !" " the is snugged!" as we struck something in the river. The small stairway was blocked up, anil were pressed tighter than they ever been, and could not get either way: but the ularin was toon over. We found we had struck a snag, and that it hud not damaged (he boat, as ."he Was going flow at the time; but wc kept a better look out in future. At sumise, we discovered a whale bout ahead, and as they held up, some of our pawngeis liegged our captain to try them a race. lie seemed willing, but they soon left us behind, and it could not be hailing very fast. J^ess than whale bout speed on a two hundred horse power boat! The fuim of Captain Gutter soon hove in sight? a beautiful tpot. They were ready and exacting him. The lawn in front of the main building was filled with his friend-*, and as we lauded, the Indians at each gun fired, ran away, jumping uboul three feet on every < xplosin. Tliey were welcoming the wife and family of their protector to his home. It was a i'leamiii? sight to see them meet after so long an absence; but we were off, and were sooh near the Yuba. A large encampment of Indians were on the high Mull near Yuba city and a< *ye jiassed they were seemingly as curious as ourselves, and they and their underground houses, and their acorn lulls were novelties to some on board. Yuba city was in si^ht at 4 JVM. We run up to the /nil at, r mi nillli; I litre I WHIKt'a "UOWn III lilt'' Indian village. The men hud gone to the mountains for gold, ami the women were making their acorn bread, uml didn't wem to mind or c?re who were watching them. We were hurried on hoard by the w histle, and soon were going up the Yuba, in sight of the new city of MarysviUe. There were over fifty houses up, besides near one hundred tents, and we had some ten or twelve houses, liesides twenty or more tents, wiili us. Two months ago the town was not thought of; now lots are selling from three to four thousand dollars. Here we were landed, and landed in Marvxville. Kverything was activity ; the miners were busy in getting ready for their start to the mountains, and the merchants in getting in their goods. Auctions were going on, and everything was business. The richest mines lie from thirty to one hundred miles from here, and twenty thousand people will be there this summer. There is now (Feb. 19th,) a fort of snow near Foster's Bar, and the miners are yet waiting to get farther north. A ball whs given ?t I lie city on the evening of the 18th, and it parsed off in fine style; the ladies were not numerous, but all were hunted up for twenty miles around, and, as valuable and scaice as they are, Marysville has a pretty good share. Speculation is at its highest point now, and many will get bit. 1 have got clear, and am off for Colorua to-morrow?so good bye, dtc. W. T. B. Chimo, February 15,1850. Important Diwortritt of OolJ?Bituminoui Coal Found?Southern California?Military Move- , nunts?JVhv Yorkrrt on the Spot. At length I am enabled to announce to you one of the most important discoveries of gold that lias yet been made. The party whgm 1 informed you in my last had gone back on the road from the Salt Lake to this place, for the pur|>ose of searching where some deposits of gold had been found, returned last niffht. brincine with them some of th<* richest specimens that can be conCfiwd. The gold is found emtiedded in quartz or felspar, and were extracted by the sledgehammer and pick. In some pieces of the rock that were brought in, one-tenth ol it a|>|ieara to be pure gold. Prof. Welch, lute of the Michigan University, who wait one of the party, informs me, that in his o|*nion he could have got $50 a day had he lieeu properly prepared. The deposit is very extensive. < !o)d deposits are known to exist in this region i in many quarters. The one just discovered is almut 1 fifty nules tbe other side of the Mohade river, and 1 there is no doubt that whole section of country to the Colorado river abounds with the richest miners! treasures. As yet public attention has not been | called to thein, but the coming season will not have passed before thorough explorations will have been i made. I In this ronnection I will mention, that there is 1 now hi work on tlnsranch h rly nt I in digging for coal, and with the most flattering pr?s|>ects of surcefs. Tin y have already exc*vatra some fifty feet into the Mile of a mountain, which gives strong inductions of a rich >u* formation. Should this enterprise succeed, it will l>e one of ih< most important di?co\erie* on the continent, considering the present stale of affairs in this, section. Should the efforts now being made to develope the mineral resource* of this section prove suerestful, il wJI lend |*>werfn||y to rhinffe the aspect of aflairs hi this Stale. As yet, the mhant igea of the southern portion ?f California have been qaMa overlooked, and, of the counties* multitudes who have gone through it, all have cone on the North. But, while it is a question if it does not prove as prolific in mineral treasures as the North, as an agricultural region it is far sii|>erior. Il la unquestionably the garden of the I aited States. As >ci the land is lidd mostly by s few l.irge proprietors, , and is appropriated lAainlv to the raising of slock; tut the high price that is now pind for cattle m causing them to sell oil ih< ir stock very rapi<lly, slid it is considered doubtful by many good judges whither the new circumstances in which the country is placed will not render the raising nf stock less profitable lhan other business. Tii'-n, again, it is undoubted that the tuxes on real estate Will he Very M|k| Slid till-, to il pcwpln who h i%e never been in the habit of paying any, will soon render them unwilling to retain in their possession such large l>odies of land as they now puasrss, ? I i ..ii i - mU, as - > .hi, mi h'fh prices. (>ne excellent tract, the profs-rty of Mr. t ar|?enter, on the San (isbriel river, between Iam Angeles and San I'adrn, is in the market, as is also the Kancho del Chino, which, of itself contains Isnd enough to su^airt a |>oisilation of I. il a mil lion. It is, undoubtedly, the moat lovely vkll-y to nil California, aa I have oft?n beard those ^^y ? ho have tieen sll over the Stale. The land is ss good ss'any in the world, nnd every foot of it can |e irrigated. Should the Mormons not lie able to take it, I venture to atiffgeet I; as an nnd-rtakinc for sotne of your New \ ork speculators. E*peno about trxi ,0U) in laying off the valley into lots, an I in introducing water, and to a few yesrs f I.W.isio can be made out of it. la my last, I mentioned that some of the emiri Hi* itom >.?lt,> \ ii.-v to tin. ; i,.. had turned of! to the West, with a view of finding a pass through the Sierra Nevada into the Tuhtre valley. It was thought once that thev would all perisn, bat it is now paid that some of them have | got through to French's rancho, in the Tulore i valley. Tin* is situated directly at the southern extremity of the vr.lley, and about two days' ride from the Mi'sion of Sin Fernando. French and a nnnilierof other* ?ou i'ied there last fall. From the Colorado I hear that there is a large l<ody of Mexican tro? p? tliTe, connected with the lioiinitary survey, and tl?nt they are erecting for the American government buildings f??r the uae of troop*. These are situated on this side of the < olorado, just al>ove the iiK>uth of the (tila. Them km n il" ir way iii this rsneh. a eom|>any of drrgoous snd a company of infantry, who will occupy a building here. It is intended, ultimately, to erect a fort m the t'ahoone Pass, or on the M or hide river; tJen?ral Ifiley will lie down from the north in s few w ka 'o i ei. ct a i IV ttvnpa that are rommg h< re are ander the command of Ma^or f itjgersld of the dragoons, latent. Wilson and a lifother of Major F. are already here, making prrparaiii ns for the troops f.ieut. Wilson informs litis lliuf fit* ! < raA n.l?a ?a?nn is* Inm??.sa i huff of Keaort dr |? l'alma. in May |HMi It cuinr tluiiugh Willi Colon*! lirthitn'i ilr<unoM. t'apt. l>ona will command ?!?? rompnny of infantry that atr coining h'tr F? hnnry 22d finer I roromrrcrd thia Irttrr, I h?*r rntrrrd into ronvrftMitien wilh a parly who arr ahont to work the nrw mine. t >nr of tlir company i? Il<-niv I. Kiel, of J ..tir > Hy, ? bo i- no? - Wl lr?re here hunormw morning, with fc*gr? and apparatus of all hind*. It may intrrra4aomr of yon render* to know that thia nunr ia in the immediate n? u lihorhoi <1 of thr ?i?>t on whirh Frrmont'a party atnpped on the 25th April. 1*44. It ia fortylive milra hevond the Afna >1# Tnmaaa, and about twrlv ihto ?ide of the llrroandrx Spring T. K P ^ ? A party have juat amved from the mad from the Snlt I .a he, for relief. They aay th*-ir company left the Mormon atttlementa on thr |fth November, and that it embracca thr laat of thr wagon* that had arrived from 'hr State*. TTiey hare travelled Xmmilra through mow, and, ia ron?<-'|tirare, thrir tram* at* eghauMcd, and they arr now rermiting at thr Hernandez Spring, and will not attempt to rrnaa thr drarrt between It ami thr Mahodr river until relief ia aent ihem C*?4 |c|im?|l?| ronmlUH anlrtda a? l.yn'htarp. Va . reranO? It la aatd that be ?aa In the If. nph rrvtre ia A ft'**, aad mamti'M araa paay of Poli?h dragoon* under Ram. I* tha rtanfurtan ?ar i?4 9- 4 4* AatrlN attar Uaorfay'i iifrtaw I I I Th? LawrMMf Dlroree Cam. i defence or me. lawrsmcb?ljcttek peok tsb father or mm. lawkence. [From tke llMtoi 8m, Jhd? 4] ' am that iititrmeat, (tTludl the iwtlnlwa 1T< u uf and rwulti of IM diflcaltie* between T. of the a* And hi* wife, la bow Mac prepared far II. Lawrenea. - In the meantime we give plaoe the public prea* 'ole. from the m of gentleman the following an. *- with the whole matter, thoroughly convrreau '"en to the above matter tj raThe notoriety lately gi - LouUrille, and the ririwi cent legal proceeding* la . 'a the paper* refleatiag articled that have appeared . 'Mr. Lawrence, aaeaa upon the conduct andInteutlon** nly. Not content to dewaud a panning notice and r*. ~e* aad the prwwith arraying the rectitude of hii moti. 'nateaM to priely oi bin eoume. noiue journal* hare v 0 chflHMtbe lowest peritonei alnme. and have *aen fit w teilre hi* conduct ?- wanton and outrageou*. t(__ 1 he Mime pen* litre been ii-ed to ca*t reproaa*. upon the liucbeiid ii i?c likewise been employed to eaIovine the biiiuly unit nrconipli?hinent? of the wife, xl<I to represent her m an nmiable, and, in thi* eaae, a Jecply Injured woman. To all thin I object. There I. wrong iu the ca?e. but that wrong lie* at the door Mm Lawrence and her family In her rouroe and ooaduet there i? uiueb dinertlng the aulwadreralon of the prea*, und the term* wanton and outrageou* could 8b4 their proper object*, without travelling beyond the olty ot I oui?tille. Iler residence in Bonton win. short ; but It wu long enough to ptore that *he could never acquire any reputation among uh except lor foulinh display, and that it would be ImpoMible for her to gain thone ball roM trilimi ll* ill Whieh file ileh rhteit ?n.l ?kl?h mid. elsewhere to have obtained. After ibf rxptrinient Iih4 b?en tried, and she had learned the m .rtilyiu? truth that her dream* of con<ju*'i?t* in Boston could iwft't bo realixed. ahe det**rmtnI'd to return to LouUvllie and there renew th. life aha eo much loved. and for which ?he w?? alune fitted. accordingly went ; but she did not tear* until ahe had Brat promiaed to remain away only a few weelia and when her visit w?? o?er to n-turn to Boaton. It can be proved that when -lie net forth on thia ostensible visit, iihe had nut the slighteKt intention of coming bark, and that her object wait t . draw hor hmbaud utter her to Louisville although well knowing thia was contrary to his wishes and expectation* In a rhort time the impossibility of her return wan made nown by a li tter, we believe, and a* an excu*? for this course. it wa* alleged that her health would not dmit of a residence in Mixton. Thia plea of Ul health was rendered somewhat iiie-.tlnnabltf by the fart of her oiiHtant attendance on balla and parties In LouUvllie. Hut the fallacy of thia plea wn< atill further proved by it rei'iipaJ on the part of .Mr* Lawrence to accompany her h uaband to home tropical clime during the winter ; and there waa no escape from the convlrtion that 14 waa nothing but a apeclou*^ cloud of duat. raised U ctiirr u retreat, which otherwise admitted of no ax-' plauation or apology The entire want of conjugal regard which the da> parture and continued absence of Mrs iLawrenoe man.featii', wan further displayid by her c induct In Louiaville. and the willingnear with which ahe received the attentiona of admirer* The manner in which ahe derided the duties of a wile, and openly Insulted tha right* of a huaband. admitted of no defence; aad the leant ahe could have done under the circumstanoaa would have been to have declined the gayeties which be cboae rather to accept. Heartleaa and heedlei-a aa the ahowed hcraelf to be. ahe surely abould have remembend that the marriage rite had laid upon her obligation* whioh she ought to regard, and that it waa not by ooijuetry and frivolitv in the crowded ball room that her knowledge of tham oould be proved. But whatever she ihould have done, it is at leaat certain that during six month*, bv tha most unequivocal conduct, ahe publicly Insulted her buaband; that ahe made manifest that ahe had a* love or regard for him. and that the waa determined be should follow her, but ahe woutd never ohey him. Alter Mr. Lawrence had learned all this, after ail prospect or possibility of his wife's return hid passed fcway, he determined to uC no longer responsible for her expense*, and to let the world know the true light in which she abould be regarded. According!/, tid adveitiaement, about which so mueh has been said, was published; and, for my part, 1 consider it not only perfectly right and justifiable, but aa being the ouly thing which a husband of independence, under tha circumstances, could have done. The mere fact that the parties in this raee were Hahj i* no reason why the same remedy should not be tried that would have been open to thoae in more moderate circumstances If a wife who moves In a higher sphere of society will desert her huaband, ahe mult expect the same treatment that would be due ta other* like her, and It her pride and position render tha publication of her fault* more humiliating, she should remember that she ran blame n eor but herself 1 here i*. connected with thi* unfortunate affair, aa I learn, a Urge amount of correspondence, which will ?;o far ta show who In thia oaae has been tha party ak ault. The day has. I think arrived when that oaa ba made nubile, andshiuld it be brought to light, there would be much aaUnUbtnent and Indignation, as well iu ui? m 111 nnwH auu uirvi'iru rwriftlB residents of the former city Let Ibtl correspondenoa be printed, and 1 fully believe that the sympathies and approbation of the public would be estanded ta Mr. Lawrence, and that ll would be difficult to Ind defender* for thoee whe by their Utters, have laid themselves open te merit* ii condemnation and eonIrmpt As all hope of reconciliation In this matter smw now to be destroyed, and as the course raeently paraaad by Mrs. Lawrence, her family and advocates, has hi ? ?t once unsourteous. uncalled for, and unjnst, therw s, at present, no reason why any sens* of dalioacy In uld farther restrain the publication of the truth, nd I hope tlist the ?b<>le affair will forthwith be I rough! cltarly to light For my own part I am glad bat the time has arrived when the story of Mr. Lawrence can lie told He Is now called upon to defend bis iteme snd honor, aud I am eertaln that he MS ronvitiee tha world of the justness of his motives and undue!. despite ot the testimony of certain oStisens of Kentucky and tha Strang' pleading of certain lawyer* I Louisville urnm ?"M mm. i.?*iu.k ?N rtntti. The following letter, from the father of Mrs Lawlence appears In the Louisville Jeuroai. of the NU ultimo;? , Lai inii.i s. May 0. IMO, I regret to learn that swme persens understand my testimony, ilirn in the divorce rasa, on Friday. as ? censure on Mr. Abbott Lswrmce To remove this impression and to correct an error In my testimony, and place my daughter In a correct position befor* tha pnblla. I make tha Moving statement : ? M hen my daughter applied to Mr Higeiow Lawrenea r< r (1(4 he did not furnish it, saylug he had not a* much money about him but proposed to her to borrow it o< his father Far tbi? purpose she wrote n note ta Mr Abbott Lawrence, slating the purpoae for whisk It n< wanted My former statement on tha trial gava the impression that her husband had borrowed tha nu ney far hvr This Is a mistake and I correal it la justice to all parties ei?nrern?'d The fact of this loan was spoken of to show that win n she spplled to her husband fur money ha ba4 nut lurnlrlud It. and that she was not forgetful of bar obligations anil that be ewnld have felt no fears of bar contrasting debt whi h h? would be called on to pay, lo justify bis advertisement Th? money was justly due ta Mr Abbott Lawrence and no Usoa waa attacked to him. by me. for receiving it This circumstance was the subject of cmnsot by counsel. but I am not aware that any other allnsioa wss made by any person, either counsel or witness, In Mterence to Mr Abbott La?rsnca or hla family, aalrulated tc censure th> m , I did beettate about the propriety of my daagbtar'a n mittina ilia money then As I intended to propnan to Mr Rlgelow Lawrence to coma to Liulsvllis to reside. I was unwilling my daughter should do an^bla( that might annoy or mortify bis lather, whoee eopssaa I wss amicus to obtain and I feared the prompt re. miltance of so small a atim would have that efT-at K J. WARD. A correspondent of tha Itnstoa llrraU of tha nth Instant says The unfortunate domestic difficulty I* tween the " Belle of the M'est" and T B l.awreaae. Ksq , hi r husband, of ibla city, ts n painful affair, not only to parlies and friends immediately int*routed. ill to all lovers of domestic happineas The graae attack np"a the family of the Una Abbott I serines In the late a |. r I i-ation of Mrs Bailie W Lawrence, for a divorce in a court at Lonlsvllte. aad the oae slded evidence there produced, would suem ta juitlfy the friends of Mr l.awrenee in publishing their side of the >|nestiau??course they have pr obably refrained from takiag nut of respect tor the lady Were the causes which led to this separation made public. I be lady wanld come In |.erbaa? for n share of the blams which Is e? lavishly li-apsd upon the Law rence family I will relate a little affair which probably waa the beginning of the diMcnlty foen after their marriage and return to H >*tea tba lion Abbott Lawrence gave tflargs party for the par poee of Introducing the bride to tha relative* aad irtends of the family Hut *bc (Mrs itallie Mr Lawrence ) flatly refused to attend It ller husband remoastrated with her and stated that her noa appearance would be an Insult lo his familv and frieads After much persuasion she Anally consented to go. aad she did go : and what could have been the fWelfftga at bar baeband of the father mother aad friends naasm I dad at one id the most laebl nable aad briUiaat ieveaa Ver glim In Poetou. when Mrs "allla Mr Lawrmsa nteredthe drawing room dreseed In a loose eel lea moralag drees Many each fantastic tricks aa tba *lK)t? might ?? ??H?. DDI ?ur!l alMIK a< (bat M ' ha hnrmilt I nnUttll* to h.?p?d upon hxtonM* amlly II to Iter lh?f wnr m4* known Tm? flxri ?* htm CtiHint Qi rtriM,- W r?tl In th* I'nrto (Wri thr humiliation* Inflirtad u|xttflnff*, ??4 ?Wf h writ* lk?mi?lrM npoa tto mrmory of nation*. w? find on* whl?-h rodonnda mneli I'm to lb* pUm* of that rountry Ibii to Ik* liikoior ( I Ki|Umi Wa m??n thr apology rorantly mn4a to Ik* nam* < f Kin? Ollko. by kin MintoUr of Fnrdfa AfTaira M LoaiiltM an.I ad lr'? <<! to Mr Wyan on aa roiint ol Ik* airaat of an ofllrar and I part of tka eraw of llrr Majaaty rklp th? I'kantom Can It ka tkal tlx> KnflWk f Trrntnrnl Imagln** tkat public opinioo In wall aa on tka oikar aid* of tka Mlantla. will tall (?< <-?taMI*k a parallel hatwarn tbla fact and ar nlfcar which ka? tarmtly kaan proclaim*! 1MB ihn I n|ll'k trlhnna. ?l? tka ?%aa of an Rngll'h "alloc, Iinotnlnloatly *! tad dragged to prl.on In ?|?tta of Ik* protrMatk>n? of tka Rrttirh agent*. and d?ialn*d tar? month* In tauth Carolina. l>ccaii*# h? *a? a en|?ro4 man* W.rrry lima tkat tki? |.ar?ll< I will pfaont ita?lf to tka mtad. frary tim* ikai tka karak <fa-mand* *<* ill ||). raaa nl Urrccr will b* <ontra*trd with tka aaana*lT*t.radrnraand caution thai l ord rnlm-r?tonaatnan* on tna rafaanl of tka Amartaan I nlon to comply with l.r claimed na aa ncl of ioaltoa. under Ibarra lail tkal tka particular U?? "f Month ranllnn 414 not nrraawtth tka faneral trwatlaa aaary tl?a wa any, thai Ikla to doar II *" alae ????l KnfUad, M haughty nnd an Inn ton) towarda n amall nation, hartfy Horn anaw to hbrrta ?kowa haraalf prndrnt. a ran I* wraknrw ?kan kr?n|M lat? coalnct ?ltk that pf?a4 nation, tka I nlt^d ptataa tkat naaat racataaa nn affront tamrty and lw? not alwayamaka dna reparation tor tkoaa which M may Itaaif harr ialtot?d npoa a than If* * aa Amrrtraa wltor. (hipped aa tack. and wa* nak Urttlek takfrak. William Ilnnly haa to?a aoaalctwd. kafhmlhnfaCrme ('inn la rroatdwwww. of ika murder of hla wit* t aff?ai*d ftoai the C>wniy Uo?rt af IthW